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Manchester Democrat. [volume] (Manchester, Iowa) 1875-1930, October 17, 1900, Image 6

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for Spain! The Spanish wheat
]rop of 1000 Is tlie biggest for a genera
There is said to be a scarcity of mon
4'CJ'S in America. From a monkey
a mine good Lord deliver us.
Tliey may change the character of
lie season's waltz, but young people
Yj.'IU always find some pleasant way to
et around each other.
The New York man who says that he
ft his wife because she earned more
loney than he could evidently doesn't
now how to appreciate a good thing.
If St. Louis has attentively studied
the financial history of the world's
fairs of the dccado now closing It has
learned how not to do some things ir
The Duke de Abruzzi is going to try
again to discover the north pole. We
wish to tender the Dulse a heartfelt
apology. We have wronged him. We
thought,he would stay and lecture
about it.
The mosquito never shows apathy or
indifference. She Is always earnest and
enthusiastic. This Is doubtless the
cause of her success. If It were cus
tomary for mosquitoes to vote none
would ever be absent from the polls.
Through the stoppage of Japanese
emigration to Hawaii since annexation
there Is now a call for laborers in that
island. The young laboring man of an
adventurous turn has a chance to see
a little of the United States and judge
for himself as to its annexation policy.
The young men of to-day are too fin
icky—too much given to self-analysis,
self-pampering. Their shoes and neck
ties cost more each year than did the
entire wardrobe of their grandfathers.
They feel a sense of degradation in
email beginnings and plodding and they
wait for success ready-made to come to
them. The young man of to-day can
not .bo-president of a bank or judge of
•T/'a court the flftit week he is from school,
and he feels like the famous Ell Pussley,
that he has "no chance."
The House of Representatives elected
In. November will doubtless be the last
one chosen under the present appor
'Uonment of members to the various
States. When thd census returns are
/fully made up, Congress will decide
how many Representatives shall be al
lotted to each State, and then the States
will be divided by their legislatures into
districts. Whatever changes the new
apportionment makes In the States as
Buch, it seems certain that the large
cities will gain something at the ex
pense of the rural districts.
Life insurance men say that within
ten years the grip has come into the
front rank of causes of mortality. One
American company had 22 deaths from
it In 1800. In 1892, It bad 133, aud In
every year since from 20 to 40 deaths
have been reported. The medical ex
aminers add that the figures understate
the fact, since many deaths ascribed to
pneumonia, for instance, are really
caused by this vicious Influenza, which
seems not only to Btrike at one's weak
est point, but permanently to enfeeble
the whole system. Probably the pecU'
liar depression induced by the disease
lirlnn tn —1"
iFromthe WtMl«tos-\5rTijafig~covr
'pies have been ruBlilng off to St
Joseph, Mich., to get married. It does
not appear that It was cheaper to get
the knot tied there than elsewhere In
Michigan, which Is not an expensive
State as a rule. But the place got a
name as a Gretna Green and became a
magnet for the victims of Cupid. Later
these couples were startled by the news
that sham clergymen have been taking
advantage of the opportunity to earn
fees, and many are asking whether or
not they are really "spliced" or will
have to go through the agony over
again. In choosing a Gretna Green It
Is evident that lovers should be very
The Literary Digest translates a
statement to the effect that the most
recent statistics show a decrease of the
birth rate In every European country,
the average decrease being 8 per cent,
since 1891. This is a curious fact, and
seems to show that the Malthusian the
ory failed to take Into account certain
conditions In nature that tend to pre
vent the overpopulation of the earth.
For some time It has been known that
the birth rate In France has been unsat
isfactory. But it was not suspected
that every country In Europe was In
the same declining condition, though
to a less degree. There Is still an an
nual Increase of population by births,
but the fact that this lncrense is dimin
ishing is remarkable, because, should it
continue, the crisis would be reached
and populations begin to die out. Per
haps Macaulay's New Zealander may
yet have the opportunity to view Eu
rope as an uninhabited waste.
A handsome monument has recently
been erected at Pittsburg to the mem
ory of Stephen C. Foster, the popuiar
song-writer. The design represents
the composer In the act of writing a
melody, and at Ills feet the figure of an
old negro who cannot be mistaken for
any other one of his race but "Old
Uncle Ned." The monument is a grace
ful tribute to the memory of the com
poser whose songs have given pleasure
to thousands and occupy a unique place
In music. Originally written for min
strel performance, they are typical of
the music of the negro race, and as folk
songs take a high place. Though not
belonging to the "higher music," they
have been deemed worthy of perform
ance by Parepa, Pattl, Nllsson and oth
er eminent vocalists, and have been
used as themes by Dvorak in his sym
phony, "The New World." Foster died,
leaving many imitators, but no real
successor. His work Is of such import
ance, humble as it is, that no history of
the progress of music In America would
be complete without extended refer
ence to it. In this connection It is fit
ting to suggest that a similar tribute
should be paid to the memory of F.
Nicholls Crouch at Baltimore, tho com
poser of "Kathleen Jilavournecn," one
of the most truly musical and popular
of ballads, both In tune and text.
Though an Englishman by birth, lie
came to this country in 1845, and re
mained here until his recent death. His
ballad was written here, and may Jjo
fairly claimed as belonging to Ainorlr
can music,
contributor recently, an) the statement
was mnde that a Chicago contractor
had declared tlie contrary—that work
iugmeu ought not to marry. The reason
given by the contractor for his belief
wns that wages were too low for labor
ing men to support families on. The
writer cited ai» instance where a young
carpenter secured work during the
summer at $2 a day, but in winter
could get little or nothing to do, so that
he earned only about $300 a year, or
less than $1 a day, with rent at $15 a
month, $180 a year street car fare say
$20 for the year groceries and clothing
for the family, however small, would
more than consume the remaining $100.
The day laborer, working, say, 300
days in the year, gets perhaps $100
more, but must live upon the poorest
of fare If he has a family of five or
more to feed. Let us figure for him.
His bread or flour will cofet not less
than $25 for the year his meat bill, say,
$60, which is less than 20 cents' worth
day potatoes and other vegetables
half as much more—a total of $115.
Add $120 for rent, and how does the
poor man clothe himself, not to speak
of wife and children? Verily, it Is a
serious question whether laboring men
can afford to marry. It is not much
better with office clerks in the city,
salesmen In stores, etc. Few of them
get more than enough for a fair living
for themselves, and many can earn
scarcely enough to pay board and
clothing expenses and can not lay up
anything for the future. Such facts
show tlie folly of farmers' sons and
daughters going to the city to Improve
their prospects. At home they are sure
of food, shelter and clothing of some
sort. In the great towns their very liv
ing Is precarious. The superiority of
the farmer's calling is strikingly shown
In this, that, however hard the times,
however slack the labor market and
low the wages in all the Industries In
the manufacturing or trade centers, on
the farm there Is always work to be
done that either presently or remotely
will pay well for the doing. It may be
repairing, making improvements, shel
tering the stock or Implements, hauling
out and spreading the manure, killing
weeds, trimming the orchard, or any
other of the thousand and one jobs
about the farm. There Is always some
thing waiting for tho Improving hand
of the farmer who has a mind to work,
and his work, if inteligently and faith
fully done, pays every time.
Chronic Klicumntism.
This name should, according to all
medical usage, represent a continua
tion of an acute rheumatism in a less
violent and painful form, and such
cases are actually found under the
name chronic rheumatism. Yet this
name, as ordinarily employed, desig
nates several affections, all of which
are characterized by pains in the joints
or in the muscles, which have a ten
dency to persist indefinitely. There is
a form of chronic rheumatism which
affects tho patient like' the acute dis
ease, except that the symptoms are lem
mnvkefl lliii i•
nU&Jtpl uiBure is comparatively
slight, and the swelling of the jolntB
may be scarcely noticeable. As in the
ncuto variety, various joints are affect
ed successively. The disease may final
ly become concentrated and remain
fixed In a single joint. In this disease
there is but little disturbance of the
general health, insufficient, Indeed, to
disturb the patient's avocation. Yet
there are Instances in which move
ments of the affected part cause con
siderable pain, and pntients may be
even confined to the bed. After long
continuance of the disease the affected
joints may present Irregular enlarge
ments and stiffening?, wlille the mus
cles of these limbs become small from
lack of use.
In many cases of acute rheumatism
the severity of the pain varies extreme
ly with the weather so that such indi
viduals are usually able to foretell, by a
few hours, the occurrence of cold and
moist weather. There is a variety of
rheumatism, so called, In which the
pain is felt chiefly along the leg bones,
the "shins," and occurs especially at
Treatment—One of the most import
ant features of treatment of chronic
rheumatism is care In wearing flannel
next to the skin throughout the year.
The administration of drugs Is by no
means certain to produce beneficial re
sults. Some cases are materially benc
fiteed by the regular employment of tho
hot air, or hot vapor bath, the Turkish
bath, etc. The fact Is, that tlie treat
ment of each case of chronic rheuma
tism Is largely an experiment which
can be successfully accomplished af
ter considerable time has been spent In
trials of drugs and remedial measures.
Among the medicines which arc most
frequently useful are the iodide of
potassium, -gulae, and cod liver oil.
The following formula may be given:
Iodide of potassium Five drnclims
Tincture of guiac Two ounces
Water Two ounces
Mix, aud take a teaspoonful four
times a day.
Other cases will be benefited by using
colchlcuui with the alkalis. An exam
ple of such mixture is the following:
Wine of colchicum root One drachm
Bicarbonate of potussium.Three drachms
Uochellc salts Three drachms
Peppermint water Four ounces
Take a tablespoouful three times a
The Curso of Gold.
"Papa In afraid somo man will marry
m. .. ,, W8 for my mopey. Po yon ttilnU any.
abe quMtloo whether workloemsa OHO voiilrt?"
•kould marry op not wai dlicmattl la «gunjo men will do Umwt MtftWn*
MM 9t our dully pnper« by rsftilir I for money," V-' i?:
Republicans Not Only on the Defensive*
but They Are on the Han.
Two features of the present campnigU
Jesorve special notice. First, that the
lefectlons from the republican party
:an no longer bo denominated local iu
sidents. The tide Bryan-ward sweeps
»vor the nation aud Democracy vounts
its recruits In States all tlie wfcy from
Ualne to Oregon. Early in the cam
paign, the Republicans asserted, aud
perhaps even believed that large num
bers were deserting their parly as a re
sult of local couditious. Tlicy now cou
edc their mistake acknowledge the
defection to be untlonal, the dissatis
faction general, and arc using every ex
pedient that can occur to the mluds of
desperate politicians to keep the fol
lowers of the party In line.
The second feature of the campaign
that deserves special notice is this, that
tho Republicans now acknowledge
themselves to be fighting upon the de
fensive. They no longer under the com
mand of their party generals, make bold
attacks upon Democratic positions.
Offensive warfare has become, with
them, an Impossibility. They arc fight
ing strictly on the defensive and they
acknowledge It.
The Chicago Tribune, heading tho
speech of Senator Beveridge recently
delivered at the Auditorium, Chicago,
used the following as a sub-liead: "He
defends policy of war," and the speech
was In very truth an elaborate defense
of the foreign policy of the present ad
ministration. Senator Beveridge was
kept so busy durlug bis entire speech,
'explaining" the actions of McKinley's
administration that be did not find time
during his entire oration to attack a
singlo principle of the Democratic plat
form. Every practical politician appre
ciates the disadvantage of lighting
upon the defensive. It is a couditlon
calculated to fill the manngers of Mc
Kinley's campaign with gloom, and to
cause tho Democratic leaders to be
come jubilant over the prospects of a
victory that is every day becoming
more and more a'matter of certainty.
Tho Republicans are upon the defen
sive more than that, tlicy arc on the
If Consistency Is of Any Importance!
What Do Yon Think of Thin?
We present without comment two ex
tracts from writings by Theodore
Roosevelt. It may Interest some read
ers to try guessing what the candidate
for the Vice Presidency really does
think—If he thinks anything at all:
There seems to he equally little doubt
that the currency is only one, aud by no
means the most important, amoug a hun
dred causes which profoundly affect a
The United States has been on a gold
basis and on a silver basis it has been on
a paper basis, and on a basiB 5f what
might be called the scraps and odds and
ends of the currencics of a dozen other
nations, but it has kept on developing
along the same lines, no matter what its
curreacy has been.
The forccs that most profoundly shape
the course of a nation's life lio far deeper
tiian the mere use of gold or silver.—The
odore Roosevelt in the Forum, January,
The financial question is always of such
[ar-reaching and tremendous importance
to the national welfare that it can never
be raised in good faith unless this tre
mendous importance is not merely con
ceded, hut insisted on.
No issue can be paramount to the issue
they thus make.
If we are to prosper the currency of
this country must be based upon the gold
dollar worth IOC cents.
So intimate is the connection between
industrial prosnority aud
rt-nt of mft'ound finance.—From
Theodore Roosevelt's Letter of Accept
ance, Sept. 17, 1900.
The Harm Has Been Done.
The strike of miners in the Pennsyl
vania coal fields is causing much con
cern to the Republican bossc3. They
have not forgotten the Homestead trou
bles in 1802, nor their effects on tbe
national campaign of that year. Sol
diers and Piukerton detectives, obeying
tbe mandates of heartless capitalists,
make poor campaigners among the
common people. A needy miner shot
down while assertlug his manhood
speaks louder to the hearts of the
American masses than all their force
and artillery.
Hanna recognizes these facts. After
reaching New York the other day from
Chicago, one of his first acts was to call
on J. Pierpont Morgan, and a report of
the interview says he told this big
financier that unless the coal strike was
stopped at once the election of McKln
ley was in peril. "This strike will ruin
us," Hanna Is reported to have said,
"and you with your great command can
stop it." Mr. Morgan was told that no
money was wanted from him, that the
Republican committee had all the
funds it wanted Its presing desire was
that the strike should be euded until
at least after the election, for every day
of its continuance was winning "thou
sands of votes for Bryan. Cornelius
N. Bliss, former Secretary of the In
terior Senator Scott, of West Virginia,
and the President of the National City
Bank, were with Hanna, and they
joined their voices In an earnest appeal
that for the sake of party success the
strike should be settled at once.
It is too late. The harm has been
done. The pitiful wall of the miners,
that they might as well starve Idle as
starveworklng.hasbeen heard through
out the land, aud the Infamous indus
trial system that enriches the few and
pauperizes the many must go. It would
be Incredible, were not the facts ad
duced, that men with families of
young children were compelled to work
In the mines at an average of less than
$250 a year. Some of them, as wns re
cently stated, at a meeting of the
miners, never had In their possession
even one dollar In cash of their earn
ings. It was all traded out as fast or
faster than it was earned, In the
demands of the miners granted it
would not, In the minds of au outraged
people, be regarded as a condonation of
the crimes and cruelties against robbed
and crucified and too patient labor.
the question. Does not the condition
of things in North Carolina aud In oth
er States, including a recent deplorable
outbreak in your own State of Ohio"—
referring to tho race riot in Akron—
"prove that we have a race problem at
home sufficiently serious and difficult
to deter us from adding to it by taking
on S,000,000 people of alien races In
the China Sea?"
At another place Mr. Bryan met a
question as to the status of colored peo
ple at the South by advising his ques
tioner to read Mr. McKinley's treaty
with the Sultan of Sulu, recognizing
slavery and polygamy and guarantee
ing tlie expenses of keeping the Sul
tan's harem.
To a question whether he would ac
cept Senator Hanna's challenge to de
bate, Mr. Bryan replied: "Yes, provid
ed Mr. Hanna is to bo President in the
event of my defeat!" Could anything
be sharper?
It Is a pity that the etiquette of the
campaign forbids a debate between Mr.
McKlnley and Mr. Bryan.
What Will Bryan Do?
Of the subordinate issues Mr. Bryan
gives trusts and monopolies the first
place, aud well says that—
Theappaillnggrowth of combinations
in restraint of trade during the present
administration proves conclusively that
the Republican party lacks cither the
desire or the nblllty to deal with the
question effectively.
He repeats his suggestions as to spe
cific remedies, but this pledge goes di
rectly to the point
If elected I shall appoint an Attor
ney General who will, without fear or
favor, enforce existing laws.
This is what the country needs more
than new laws—and what it has never
had under any administration, Demo
cratic or Republican. And this is the
strongest point in Mr. Bryan's favor.
Nobody questions that he would ap
point such an Attorney General, and
sustain him with all the great power of
the executive office. Nor docs anybody
doubt that if President McKlnley shall
be re-elected we shall have the same
or another corporation lawyer and trust
promoter as Attorney General.—New
York World.
It Is estimated that William McKln
ley has changed oftencr than anything
or anybody, not even excepting the
lie changed on the money question.
He changed on the sugar tariff ques
He changed on the plain duty ques
He changed on the "who will haul
down the flag" question.
He changed on the forcible annexa
tion question.
He has flopped and floundered like an
eel out of water. He has shifted and
evaded and side-stepped like a cham
pion pugilist, who depends more on
ability to dodge than ability to hit.
He has advocated both sides of every
question of public Importance. As was
said of Reuben, so may it be said of
McKlnley: "Unstable as water thou
shalt not excel."
Election by Popular Vote.
The Presidential campaign is not
political battle, as it should be, for the
entire country, but is a conflict narrow
ed down to a few States which are
properly classed as doubtful. But If
the President were eleeted as the re
sult of a popular vote, every voter from
tho Atlantic to the Pacific, from the
lakes to tlie gulf,-would be aware that
his vote would aid in determining the
question of whether his candidate did
or did not
wfeBfHrtHSj'S&ft'cainpalgu would, un
der such circumstances, be just as ac
tive and exciting in Vermont as in
New York, because every vote that
either the Republicans or the Demo
crats In Vermont could add to their
strength would aid just so much in
bringing to their candidate tho support
needed for success.—Boston Herald.
What the 6trlke Means.
What the anthracite strike means
may be judged by the following fig
ures: A
Number of men iu anthracite
Number belonging to unions..
Number that will go out
Number of persons deprived of
Union funds on hand $450,000
Average dally wages received
by miners
Average wnges of day men at
Daily loss in wages
Area of coal fields, square
Average annual production,
tons 75,000,000
Hut Is There Any Help for It?
The Republican party can't afford to
have Mr. Hanna on the slump. That
Chicago speech of his must have made
President McKinley's blood run cold.
It 1ms scut a shiver through the whole
Republican body. Mr. Ilanna Is the
only Republican yet heard from that
applauds It, though the Democrats are
delighted with it, Mr. Bryan especially,
pluck-nic" stores owned by tlie coal ~P'1"a'olphla North American (Rep.),
barons, where the unfortunate under- Senators Stood by the Trusts,
ground dclvers were forced to purchase The House of Representatives by a
the insufficient necessaries of life and practically unanimous vote passed a
the materials used by them tn their oc- very stringent piece of anti-trust legis
eupatlon. They were compelled to pro
duce, too, for a ton of coal as high as
3,000 pounds, which the coal baron sold
for nearly the equivalent of two tons.
These facts and conditions are now
known to all voters throughout the
land, and even were the few moderate
latlon, but It was pigeon-holed by the
Senate. The Senate Is overwhelmingly
Republican, and it is therefore the most
obedient servant of the trusts and the
pirates.—Memphis Coin mere!
a 1-Appeal.
The Iebs Vote in Indiana.
If the Republicans are counting on
the theory that all the Debs votes will
como from the Democratic party they
arc making a grevlous error. The bulk
of the Debs vote In Indiana will como
from the factories of the gas belt, which
rolled up such great Republican ma
jorities In 1898.—Indianapolis Press.
Playing with Edged Tools.
Occasionally some one interrupts Mr.
Bryan while speaking, by asking what should Get Together.
may be considered smart questions. Mr. McKlnley says "the Filipinos
Then be is sorry and wishes lie opened fire upon our army." In his ofli
liadn't. cial report General Otis says tho first
When Mr. Bryan was speaking In shot was fired by «u Auierleuu picket
Ohio about the oonaent of the governed upon a Filipino. Before Indulges la
In th# Philippines, some one oalled out, any more letter wrliinu McKlnley nnd
"How about North Carolina?" Mr. otU should get toother jmrt ogm un
Bryan retted "l thank roy frlonfl for en modus viveadi,
Monslgnor Martinelll wns educated at
Rome under Cardinal Scplaecl, of tho
Angelica, being ordained as a priest
March 4, 1871. He is a member of the
Order of St. Augustine, to which his
Ninety cents a day seems to bo a
very munificent outcome of McKinley
The "Syndicated President."
Where docs Mark Hanna turn when
he starts to raise the enormous cam
paign fund which he warns his sup
porters is essential to the election of
Mr. McKlnley? Does he go to the peo
ple? Not at all! He goes rather to tlie
full money-bags which have been
made rotund by McKlnley bounties,
McKlnley subsidies, McKlnley con
tracts and other Mckinley benefits, con
tributions from which are not merely
tithes from favors received, but the ex
pression of a lively hope of favors to
come. What word can more accurate
ly describe a presidency obtained by
tills menus, for these ends, than that
employed by Mr. Oluey—"a syndicated
presidency V"—New York World.
brother. Cardinal Martinelll, who
donned the liabit In 1SG3, also belonged.
Shortly before his ordination, the mon
slgnor lived for some years in the Au
gustine community in Ireland, where
he became familiar with the English
language as it is spoken by our Irish
cousins, and his acccnt still suggests a
slight brogue.
In 1889 Archbishop Martinelll was
elected to the post of prior general of
his order, and in 1S95 was confirmed in
this office for ft term of twelve years.
It is doubtful if anyone niuong the All
gustlnes is more popular or more wide
ly loved, and none surely have a more
potent influence.
Resigned to His Fate.
The following story of a negro slave
is told by a French oflicer conducting
an exploring expedition recently up one
of the rivers which Bow Into the Congo:
"One night while we were in camp
there came from the jungle a youthful
voice crying out to our boatman tn the
Yakonia tongue: "Halloa, SangosI Do
you kuow on the Ubanqul the Yakoma
chief Dembnssl of tbe village of Dl
"Yes! we know him."
"Is he still living?"
"He wns living when we left Uba
"lie is my father. When you see him
on your return, salute him for me. Tell
him that his son, now become a man,
has not much to complain of In his situ
atiob, but that he longs for bis native
country, bis father's village and hlg
friends. Tell them that I am a slave
of the Saugo chief, and that he treats
me well."
"How came you here?" asked the
"My father, debtor to a Bougbou,
sold me to his creditor eight times
twelvo moons ago. From market to
market I have passed, through many
hands to finish here fifty moons ago.
She Is Only Seven Years Old,
Weighs 180 Pounds*
Green County, Ark., boasts one of tbe
heaviest girls In the United States for
her'years. She Is Elmar Spear and
age Is only 7. De
spite this she
1 8 0
pounds. Her bight
is 51 inchest. El
mar Is phenomen
ally strong and
can readily lift a
man weighing 200
pounds and carry
hlmacrossa room.
She enjoys excel
lent health and
her mind is as
bright as her body
is abnormally de
veloped. If ijer ki.mak spkai:.
present rate of growth and develop
ment Is maintained she will probably
be the largest and heaviest woman in
the world.
Archbishop Martinelll a Man of Rare
Charm and Tact.
One of the most popular as well as
diplomatic representatives which the
I'ope has ever sent to this country is
Archbishop Martinelll. Although lead
ing a most secluded life at the papal
legation at Washington, his popularity
extends throughout the United States.
He was sent to America in 1800. In
him are united tho most lovable quali
ties of the Latin race. Tactful and pos
sessing a knowledge of the traditions
of the people amoug whom he lives, he
Is ever careful ngainst'offeuding. The
Infinite pains, too, th
1 1 1 1 I a
both to the people of his own/church
and those of other communions who
have the privilege of knowing him.
You will give my message to my peo
ple, will you not?"
Taught How to Kindle Fires.
Up In Oregou they are teaching In the
special schools a number of simple
household duties. For instance, one of
these is how to kindle a fire. Now, at
first blush, It would seem to be trifling
with time to teach a boy or girl how to
start a fire In a stove or on a hearth.
But as a matter of fact tbe mass of
children grow up without understand
ing that art. It requires a certain skill
and knowledge, which It Is found the
many do not hi
Even Later.
He had been talking and talking and
talkiug aud talking until the poor girl
wns so tired and sleepy she didn't
know whether it was this week or last
week or come next Suuday, aud tbe
clock ou the mantel was holding up Its
hands, either iu pity or in protest. FW
nally it occurred to the young man that
an evening call had its limits, at least
In a latitude where the nights were not
six months long.
"Bless me," he exlaluied, starting up
suddenly, "it certainly must be time I
was going home."
"Oh," she said in a dazed kind of a
way, "it must be a good deal later than
that."—Detroit Free Press.
A Japanese Auction.'
A Japanese miction is a most solemn
affair. The public do not cnll out their
bids, but write their names, together
with the amount they are willing to
pay, on slips of paper and put them in
a box. These are looked through, and
the article awarded to the person who
has made the biggest offer.
A Bud Situation.
"Travel in the Swiss Alps Is danger
"Yes, It Is I climbed all over the
whole plnce once, and didn't meet a
man who could understand that I
wanted to borrow a dollar."
London's Hospital*.
Mure than J,000,000 people are treat
ed in the hospitals of London each
people never sympathize with a
wife's devotion when she calls her hus
band "darling" If his collar Is soiled,
and he needs cleaning up.
Ireland lias the most equable climate
of any country in Europe.
I "A
Aron liulleft). Population.] Area tmtles). Population.
China 4.218.000 483,000,000[Au»trill« 2,078,000 6,000,000
Canada 8,490,000 6,000,000iEurope 1,340,000 276,000,000
The above map shows at a glance, with an approximation to accuracy, the
relative areas of China, flnmida, Australia and all ISurepe. without Scandinavia
and Russia. Kuropo will be readily recognised, standing white on tbe black
background of Australia. Cnnnda forms the shaded background to Australia,
and tbe blaok lino running roughly around all ropresimta tho area of China. "TU
diagram and the figures attached give aome ldta at tit rastsest of th» Aaplwt
gttpnt. wiiloh ku ttllttt Into wroty u4 06131.
Kathasttaii Mounts High at the COB*
•entton of Democratic Clttbs*
Hearty to the greatest degree was the
reception accorded William J. Bryan,
Bourke Cockran and the other speakers
of the day at the convention of the Na
tional Association of Democratic Clubs
at rhdianapolis. The big Tomlinson hall
auditorium contained largo audiences at
all the sessions, but in the afternoon,
wheu Mr. Bryan was to speak, the at
tendance was noticeably larger. When
the presidential candidate appeared ou
the platform he faced a sea of people.
Every seat was occupied, the aisles were
crowded and the luill was thronged as
it probably never was before. Probably
0,000 to 7,000 persons were present and
only the limits of accommodation held the
attendance to that number.
The audience was as enthusiastic as It
was large, and cheers at frequent inter*
vols compelled the speakers to pause un
til the ball became quiet enough to per
mit them to .proceed. Tlie managers of
the association express themselves as
much pleased with the success,of the In
dianapolis meeting, and express the opin
ion that the cause of Democracy will be
advanced as one result of the convention*.
Mr. Bryan's address was an extended
one. In opening he expressed his appre
ciation of the work being done by the
association and President Hearst, saying
that he believed in the policy of forming
such clubs and that the party needed
thein. The work of Democracy, being
of the people, must be done by the people,
he said. Then he turned to the great is
sues of the campaign. On the subject of
the administration policy in the Philip
pines he said that he could not better de
scribe its complete surrender to the doc
trines that underlie monarchies and om
pires and despotisms than to mention Uie
fact that when a king dies a Republican
President can send a message of condo
lence, but that when two republics ex
pire no Republican sheds a tear.
Gov. McMillin of Tcuuesscc made a
brief address on the work that faced the
clubs and was followed by Lewis G. Ste
venson of Bloomington, III., son of Adlal
E. Stevenson, whose speech treated of
the issue of imperialism. Augustus
Thomas of New York also spoke briefly.
The convention uuauimously adopted
the report of the committee on resolu
tions. The resolutions commend the
Kansas City platform declare a Demo
cratic club ^iould be organized in every
precinct in uie nation appeals to every
Democrat iu the country to pledge him
self to win one vote for. the party de
clare that the evidence that great corpo
rations are endeavoring to control the
votes of their employes is too plain to be
denied condemn the present administra
tion for its flagrant violation to enforce
the federal unti-trust statute denounce
the administration for "permitting two
republics iu South Africa to be destroyed
without one word of sympathy con
demn failure to vigorously prosecute the
men connected with the Cuban postal
frauds urge that all American institu
tions are iu danger proclaim sympathy
with the coal miners of Pennsylvania in
their stand agaiu6t the authracitc coal
trust and hope they may secure such
speedy settlement ns will afford them bet
ter wages assert the election of McKln
ley would ineau the perpetuation of war
taxes, entangling alliances with the mon
archies of Europe and colonial exploita
tions in remote parts of the world, com
pelling an increase of the national debt
and enforced military service, and declare
the election of Bryan will mean the elc
vatkm of the country.
George B. McCiellau of New York
made an address denouncing imperialism,
and brief addresses were made by Mrs.
Eva McDonald Vallish of Washington,
D. C. Mrs. Maribah Walker of Chi
cago, president of the National Women's
Bryan League, aud M. L. Lockwood of
Pennsylvania, presideut of the Natloual
of fuel, loss of time aiTd danger to life
and property. But, then, why should
parents by neglect of home duty force
this new task upon even a special
school system?
fast gathcrlug t'lic wealth of the nation
into the hands of a few men.
James It. Sovereign, ex-grand master
workman of the Knights of Labor, spoke
briefly of the relations of labor to poll
tics. Bishop J. Milton Turner, minister
to Liberia under Grant's administration,
urged the tiogro youth to turn to the
Democratic party as its best friend.
Bourke Cockran was the speaker at the
closing sessiou of the convention in the
evening, lie was apparently laboring un
der difficulties from hoarseness, but de
sflte the fact he endeavored to make
himself beard. He devoted his speech to
the question of imperialism.
Imperialism at It. Worafc
The Itepublican leaders are anxious,
and very nnturnlly so, to create the im
pression that the policy of this govern
ment in Porto Rico and the Philippines
does not involve any departure from
the principles upon which the Ameri
can Republic was founded. They will
not succeed, however, either by the
apologetic methods adopted by Mr. Mc
Klnley in 'his letter of acceptance or by
the flnt denials of Mr. Schurman, Sena
tor Lodge, and other Imperialists who
think the American people can be
bluffed by such tactics. If there were
no such thing as Imperialism, why
should the Porto RIcans be virtually
"subjects" of the United States, why
should tariff duties be Imposed upon
the products of the Island, and why
should they be denied the privilege of
free trade with the country of which
tlicy are a part? Why should their
status In such matters be different from
that of the inhabitants of otffer terri
tory of the United States—of Arizona
and New Mexico, for Instance? Why
should the government nt Washington
impose educational and property re
strictions upon suffrage In Porto Rico?
Why should the Porto RIcans be sub
ject to our immigration laws and treat
ed ns aliens?—Bnltlsnoro Sun.
McKlnley a Irving Nesative.
The Republican pnrty of to-day is a
complete negation of the party founded
forty years ago. The leader of that
party is the personification of political
negntlon. He has negatived his pre
viously declared opinions on bimetall
ism, on a war of criniiual aggression,
ou civil service reform, on what be de
clared to be "our plain duty" toward
Porto Rico, aud will probably reverse
himself on other positions before he
leaves office for good on March 4 next
The Re«ult in Vermont*
The Republican vote, as it now ap
pears, has fallen off 10 per cent., while
the Democratic vote has Increased 18
per cent. And right here Is the danger
that'threatens tbe Republicans. Such
Democratic gains and Rpubllcan losses
in closer States would be fatal. If the
conditions that have prevailed In Ver
mont should develop in Indiana the
Democrats would carry tbe State by a
large plurality. Tlie safest conclusion
for the Republicans to draw Is that
they have a hard fight on their hands.—
Indianapolis News.
New York'* One-Man Convention,
Mr. Piatt has assembled himself In
convention nt Saratoga and nominated
Republican candidates for fie office of
Governor and Lieutenant Govivnor of
New York. Both of the (ontiftmen
named Arc distinguished nationally
one because of his long services as
Piatt's lobbyist at Albany, the other for
waistcoats which must be heard to be
appreciated. It only remains for the
Umpire State Pguiocracy to bring out
a clean ticket to put New YorU safely In
the Bryan column next N'ovoifltw,—
How members of the Chicago fire de
partment reach a high window when the
ladder iB too short.
A Sorrowful Chanse in the Life
Pnlma Schroder.
From the footlights, where a few sea
sons ago she was a favorite, Falma
Schroder has descended to the ranks
of the New York newsgirls. Once a
queenly beauty, she is now a cripple,
supported by crutches. Miss Schro
der Is a California girl, who first ap
peared on tlie stage in "The Streets of
New York." Lnter she took, part in
other plays and was on the high road
to success when, one morning, whllo
riding her wheel to get some medicine
tot "Tier mother, who^Hi'^eBaj
with lier in NeSv York, shetga
ed down by a trolley car, di
length of a block and left maimed and
helpless. Her motbci', also an Invalid,
proposed suicide, but the younger
woinnu refused. Instead she got a bun
dle of pnpers, went on crutches to the
door of tlie Casino, where she had once
keen a favorite, and took her station ns
a newsglri. There she may now tie
Found, nlglit nfter night, selling her
pnpers and eking out a scanty living for
herself and her mother.
The "lucky" advertiser always hap
pens to possess a lot of common sense.
—Profitable Advertising.
For local business the local newspa
pers are by far tbe best advertising
mediums.—The Ad Writer.
Advertising is valuable exactly in
proportion to tbe extent to which tbe
thing advertised Is found to bear out
tbe claim made for It.—Montreal (Can.)
The force and profit of advertising
consists in constantly keeping before
the people your location what you have
to sell, tbe prices nt which you will sell,
and in religiously keeping every prom
ise.—St. Louis Star.
Newspaper advertising Is the very
best "bustier" any firm can employ,
going into thousands- of homes and
reaching people who are approachable
In no other way. It is an Indispens
able part of every modern business.—
Saginaw (Mich.) News.
The question is often asked. Why Is
newspnper advertising the most profit
able? And it is to be said that most of
the answers have failed In giving the
actual reason. The first reasonjs, that
the newspaper advertisements find the
public mind when It is in an explana
tory and receptive condition. When a
person In his own time Is reading a
newspaper, lie will naturally take in
with the news of the outside world
those facts which are of use in man
agement of his home and tbe purchase
of his supplies. The second Is, when a
seller puts his advertisement In a news
paper he at once enters into open com
petition with all others In the same line
of business his facts and prices are
stated with the knowledge that they,
will be noted by these competitors as
well as by the public, while the adver
tiser by circular or sign seems to be
endeavoring to do a quiet, non-com"
petltive business.—Paterson (N. J.)
Tho ltcal "Flowery Kingdom."
Flowers bloom iu the Sandwich Isl
ands all tbe year round therefore It It
believed that that country Is more de
serving than Japau of the title, "Flow
ery Kingdom."
London's Population.
London has a population of 4,260,000,
equaling tbe combined populations of
Paris, Berlin, St, Petersburg and Rome,
A Confusion of Codes,
No less than five systems of law are
In use in Gcrfu»uy.
Patience li a good.thing to turn Is
tbU worldt I} Wm pftttKge* t? kill 9

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