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Manchester Democrat. [volume] (Manchester, Iowa) 1875-1930, October 24, 1900, Image 6

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3Tl)c {Democrat.
BBOISOV GABS, Paklldun.
MANCHESTER, IOWA.
The life Insurance compnnies must
have suffered severely b.v the Galves
ton dlsnster.
A Massncliusotts man 1ms declined
polllica office that pays $12,000 a yenr.
They that win glory on battlefields are
not the only heroes.
The cities of the country having
reached up Into the nlr about as far
as It Is practicable, It Is expected that
the next general move will be to bur
row underground.
That professor who has been explor
ing Indiana caves for the purpose of
finding out how old the world is evi
dently went upon the theory that
Mother Earth has the general fem
inine falling and is, therefore, endeav
oring to hide her age.
It is said by an American traveler,iu
Siberia that the Russians are much
more given to shaking hands on every
occasion than are Americans. This
traveler can never have hailed from the
bdundless, breezy West, or lie would
not have ventured to make such an as
sertion.
The psychologist's principle that
printed lessons arc three times as easy
to learn when accompanied by suitable
pictures, has been humorously applied
In' Manitoba. The farmers being dila
tory in adopting preventive measures
against the annual pest, the Govern
ment hung up posters iu every court
house and postofnec. This danger
signal pictured a grasshopper iu a
wheat field, with the inscription:
In-this wheat by and by.
While the taste of the legend is niore
than questionable, the appeal to the
farmer's eye and "funny-bone" was
promptly effective.
On the march toward Sbiloh, a young
color-sergeant noticed that Gen. Wil
liam Nelson always muttered to him
self when he passed the flag. One day,
as this happened, his adjutant sup
posed himself addressed, and called
out': "I did not understand, General!"
Thp reply came like a shot: "I said,
'God bless the flag!" "Amen!" cried
both the sergeant and the adjutant
"Amen!" repeated the thousands of
veterans of the Civil Wat1 who, during
the recent encampment in Chicago,
marched—old, battered, lame, loyal
down the banner-hung Avenue of
Fame. Not for self-praise, but for the
honor and glory of the flag were they
there. Nor could the most careless
spectator have failed to be reminded
anew of the beauty of our flag, the
respect due it, and the mighty heritage
lt has brought us. God bless the flag!
An exchange calls attention to the
fact that the scientific experiments
proving that a man can live on fifteen
cents' worth of food per day" have been
generally misunderstood. They have
been taken to mean that fifteen-cent
meals are enough for a man engaged in
hard physical labor. The experimenters
have all been men of sedentary habits.
Such men require a moderate diet. The
tissues are not exhausted as by hard
physical labor. The man who heaves
clay out of a ditch or who shovels the
coal into the firebox consumes tissue
and it must be put on again by food.
Sir. Hockefeller gels along with crack
ers and milk, but If lie carried a hod
he would soon fall on such a diet. The
sad part of this whole discussion is the
discrepancy between the Incomes of the
men who flourish on a moderate diet
and the Incomes of the men who must
have rich red corpuscles In their blood.
The census shows that the lake cities
have grown much more rapidly than
river towns. Thus Chicago gained B4
per cent from 1890 to 1000, Milwaukee
80 per cent, Detroit 88, Toledo 01,
CIcvelnnd 40 and Buffalo 37. On the
other hand, St Louis gained 27 per
ceut, Cincinnati 0 per cent and St. Paul
22, while Albany, Omaha and Sioux
City declined in population. The ex
planation offered Is that "ocean steam
ers and lake craft have taken advan
tage of .the economies which the larger
sized vehicles afford, while the river
traffic has not been able to do so. Na
ture has made It possible for the'Iake
traffic to. keep abreast of the times in
the increasing size of Its vesBelB and
so hold lfe own In competition with the.
railroads. In the case of the rivers na
ture bas Interposed a veto upon such
a development. This Is a telling argu
ment for the improvement of the wa
ter courses If the felling of the for
ests has destroyed the rivers as chan
nels of commerce, they should be re
stored and maintained.
The New York Commercial quotes "a
well-known dealer in spices" as saying
that in the one article of pepper adul
teration has gone so far that the con
sumer can now buy a pound of what
purports to be pepper—ground, packed
in a tin box, and labeled—cheaper than
the wholesaler could buy a pound of
pure unground pepper if he should pur
chase the whole stock In the country,
llence he says that there is little en
couragement for the wholesaler to be
honest In the selling of pepper, for If
he sells real pepper his prices must be
so much larger than those charged by
his competitors that his customers will
not buy from him. This Is, indeed, one
of the chief causes of.competition. The
consumer's demand for cheapness has
brought It about, or rather the dishon
est adultcrniion enabled a cutting of
prices that gradually have fallen lower
and lower until the adulterated article
has become the standard. If the con
sumer buys an adulterated article he
should know what be is purchasing.
Perhaps if the pepper's actual contents'
were kifown the consumer would^ba
tlnue to buy It at the lower price If it
lind been satisfactory in the past. This
Is the case with oleomargarine, which
people buy under Its real native as a
substitute for butter, but which, were
It uot for the oleomargarine laws, un
scrupulous dealers might sell as butter
at excessive prices. This is why laws
compelling the branding of adulterated
articles are advisable.
Galveston is not to be abandoned. The
people of tiie stricken city have'taken
heart. There is no longer any talk of
givfiiy up the site to the winds and
lavH and moving to a more secure sit
uation. nr one way this change of
mental attitude Is gratifying. In an
other It Is to be regretted. It is pleas
ant to know that the Gslvcstonians are
recovering from the catastrophe which
overwhelmed them. It is not reassuring
to learn that they mean to tempt disas
ter onco more by rebuilding their city
ou a sandbar. What has happened OUR#
WW happen again. It)pre In qo assur­
ance, nor can there be any, that the re
cent disaster may not be repeated next
year or next month or next week. The'
chances are against it, but it is the un
expected that happens. So far as has
been learned, it Is not contemplated to
raise the general level of' the city, nor
would such a process remove the dan
ger, though it would diminish It. A city
built upon the sand of a peninsula, with
a bay ou one side and the ocean on the
other, can never be- accounted secure
from the ravages of floods and tidal
waves. Heaping up'sand adds little to
the security of the situation. Neverthe
less, It is clear that Galveston will
tempt fate again. Civic pride conjoined
with financial considerations will Ig
nore a danger which, though real, Is re
mote. The city will once more rise from
Its ruins and may In time attain Its for
mer proportions. It is safe to predict,
however, that a very large proportion
of those who endured the horrors of the
storm will never ngnin be residents of
Galveston. The population of the re
constructed city will largely be made
up of those who, not having faced the
flood, know nothing of its terrors.
The newspapers cannot overcame
their tendency to treat jestingly the
process of naturalization. They repro
duce the absurd answers given by ap
plicants to the questions asked them,
and record without reprobation the
high speed achieved by some courts,
which turn out new. citizens from the
"naturalization mills" at the rate of
four to the minute.. Non-performance
of a solemn duty by the courts fur
nishes some justification for the flip
pancy of the newspapers but courts
and newspapers alike ought to realize
that this Is serious business. The deg
radation of citizenship Is no subject
for a Jest. It is not an amusing thing
when illiterate aliens, who know noth
ing of our institutions and are with
difficulty coached through parrot-llk«
responses to a few simple questions,
are given a share In determining the
course of nntioual policy, through tliciri
votes for Congressmen, State Leglsla4
tares and Presidential electors. Therq
are sonic encouraging signs. New York
now has a law under which naturaliza
tion stops ninety days before au elec
tion. In Massachusetts, politicians,
aware that the local courts have more
time to examine applicants and more
knowledge of their antecedents, liavo
been In the habit of taking them, In
droves, before the Federal courts. But
new rules have been adopted by these
courts which are Intended to detect Im
posture. These and similar measures
looking to greater stringency will be
generally approved. For a temporary
advantage, politicians sometimes cast
scruples to the winds, In their desire
to get votes. But no man can seriously
and permanently wish to have Ameri
can citizenship debased. At present,
the tide of Immigration Is again ris
ing, and a considerable proportion of
the newcomers are wholly illiterate.
The social and economic evils arising
from excessive Immigration are inten
sified when Ignorant aliens are en-'
trusted with the ballot. The natural
ization laws are so generous that there!
is no excuse for evading them or turn
ing them into a dead letter. Strictly en
forced. they will not shut out one man
who has iu him the making of a good
citizen. Public sentiment should be
quick to condemn any laxity in their
Interpretation.
COUNT TOLSTOI.
file liaa Keccntly Been Anathematixcfl
by the Knssian Gr«k Church,
Count Lyof Tolstoi, who has been
anathematized by the Russian Church
on account of his religious and philo
sophical teachings, believes in the lit
eral interpretation of the sermon on the
mount, and Insists that the only Chris
tian life Is that which exemplifies the,
plalu precepts of Jesus. He holds that
tt.
S
mm
COUNT TOLSTOI.
a true Christian will do ns Christ bids
all to do. This theory has attracted
much attention to the eminent Russian.
His religious convictidtas are set forth
in his books, "Christ's Christianity",
and "My Religion," and have long been
condemned by prominent orthodox
teachers, who do not agree with him In
first principles. Tolstoi Is now 73 years
old. His first book, "War and Peace,"
was published in 1860.
IMPROVED HAND STAMP.
Device by Which the Style of Type May
lie Varied.
Here we illustrate a convenient hand
stamp which Is an improvement over
those now in use. With the old style
of stamp It has been possible to use
but one set of type, and wheu the stamp
was purchased the desired lettering
had to be set In place permanently. By
the addition of the little hook shown at
piflii
CHANOKAIll.K TTPE FOR A IIAXll STAMP.
one side of the frame and by a slight
change In the type base the lettering
may be varied without limit. A full
font of rubber type Is provided, and by
pressing the knob downward and lock
ing the mechanism against revolution
the t.vpo-i'ecelving plate is presented In
position to Insert tho (Jeslred lettering,
The device will HUQ be found con
venient In altering the dating stamp.
In common uie,
Saves the Feed*
Ma^iy a horse when fed on the street
wastes a portion of the feed by splUIng
It out of the feeding device in trying to
get at it, and with tho Idea of prevent
ing this loss Thomas A. Howard of
Baltimore has devised the fee"! bag
shown In our Illustration. The Inten
t»c.n Is to supply just enough feed at
time in the lower chamber t« keep
cicn with the demand, the remainder
ef the grain being contained hi the
hopper shown at the rear. The supply
hopper Is suspended behind tile anl
nml'R throat by straps attached to the
bridle, and the front portion -fs held
In place by a strap attached to the
ch(*ck rein. A stiffening ring
!sj1accdat
AUTOMATIC FEF.I) BAO FOM IlOKSES.
the top of the feed pouch, and in the
bottom is a wooden disk hollowed out
In tiie upper side to throw the feed
toward the center and prevent Its ac
cumulation around the sides. It Is ob
vious that the grain will l'ecd by grav
ity Into the feed pouch, and that the
swpply will be dependent upon the
amount consumed by the animal. An
Important feature of the device is that
when the horse lowers its head the
pnueh Is raised by the action of the
check rein, thus allowing the animal to
obtain a good mouthful with little ex
ertion.
Husking Horse.
The husking horse shown In the cut
In made of light matcL'ial. The rung
should be one and ono-fourth Inch stuff,
put In with Blioulders cut down to one
Inch where It goes through the legs.
COliN Ill'SKlMO HOItSK.
i'lie rung Is put down so the ears of
corn will uot catch when pulled for
ward. Corn husking mnkes lame backs
*nd sore hands. The horse will help
the back, and the following recipe will
help the hands: Tale white wax, one
fourth ounce: spermaceti, one-fourth
ounce almond oil, one ounce glycerin,
two ounces. Melt tl.o wnx and stir in
the oil and glycerin.—Ohio Parmer.
Ice House of Straw.
The illustration, reproduced from the
American Agriculturist, shows how to
turn to good account straw stacks
«ometlmc8 found on farms. The clienn.
est sort of a framework which need not
ICE JIOUSK WITH TBENCII.
be tightly boarded up will answer. The
floor should he leveled up and a drain,
consisting of a trench partly filled In
with stones, .lug to carry off meltage
water. Entrance should be through
a lonf passng. with several lock* to ef
fectunjly cut off air currents. All sur
face water must be conducted away
from such a stack and hogs krpt out
or they will burrow iu and admit air
to the lee.
Gcnepftl I'llrpo.e Fa nil
1IIK.
It has been well said that the gen
eral-purpose farmer who Is also good
gardener has a better living for him
self and family than tiie special-crop
farmer, If ho docs uot make as much
money some years. Why shoi'ld he
not? I.'e grows his own beef and
pork and mutton, his poultry and
eggs, Ills fruits and vegetables, and If
he wants 10 cat them he has not to
count the cost of them. If he ha? any
surplus ho can get money to supply
such other necessaries as the farm does
not supply. If railroads are stopped
by a strike or town roads blocked by
heavy snowdrifts, lie has 110 fear of
starvation, and If unexpected visitors
arrive, there is no.need of rushing off
to market to get food for them. He
Is the ideal Independent farmer, If he
Is out of debt, and he and his faJnlly
are in good health. And they are the
kind who are apt to lie out of debt, for
such a one will usually sell more than
ho is obliged to buy every year.
Grange Libraries.
One of the great advantages of the
Grange Is that it may, at small cosS to
each member, procure au assortment of
agricultural works upon almost ev?ry
department of Canning, and these, with
the publications of the Boards of Ani
eulture and the Kxpcriment Statir. is,
would make accessible to all the opin
ions of the best authorities upon al
most any subject. Tlio Individual farm
er may not feel that he can afford to
purchase all of such books as he may
need, but If each member pays yearly
the price of one book he will have the
advantage of studying many. If es
says arc to be rend or lectures deliv
ered by a member they can use those
books for such facts as they wish to
present, and they will speak with f.u
thorlty, while those whose experience
floes not coincide with that-of the wftt
?r, or who does not agree with the tte
orles advanced, should uot be afraid to
expresi Ills opinion and glvn his reasons
Cor It, We have soen times wliea tie
rSxS'fe".
books were wrong aud the farmer right,
though usually scientific Investigation
reaches results that give more accurate
Information than guesswork, though
the latter may he founded on a certain
amount of. practical experience. And
the agricultural papers should alfrays
be kept on file In the Grange room, and
speakers led to comment on such state
ments as they see In them that geem
new or interesting to them.
Cattle for Breeding.
There is a marked increase in the de
mand for fine cattle for breeding pur
poses, which is not confined to any spe
cial kind, says the American Cultiva
tor. All the leading breeds have their
friends and advocates, and each has
special points of merit worthy of con
sideration. Just at present there Is an
embargo on European cattle. Official
advices to the Department of Agricul
ture report that Hie foot and mouth
disease Is very prevalent among live
stock throughout almost all of Europe,
except Norway, Sweden and Holland,
and importations of animals from Eu
ropean countries, principally Germany,
France, Austria, Belgium and Switzer
land, is being prohibited by this Gov
ernment. A special permit from the
Secretary of Agriculture Is required for
file entry of all these anlmnls subject
to contagious disease, and applications
for permits from the countries where
the dlsense Is prevalent are being re
fused by the department.
Kail lowing* of Clover.
A New Jersey correspondent of the
Germantown Telegraph writes that he
has had much trouble in getting a catch
of clover, and in one field lie had failed
several times to get catch of grans or
clover with wheat. One year he plowed
it as soon as the wheat was off, and
mixing a pound of flat turnip seed with
the clover and timothy seed for an acre
lie sowed the field with that combina
tion and rolled It In without harrow
ing. Tiie season was dry, but the tur
nips came up well, and when cold
weather came he could have harvested
a large crop. Most of. them were left
to freeze In the ground. The green
leaves nearly covered the ground, and
when snow came they caught It and
held It there effectually protecting the
clover and timothy. In the spring the
turnips wore decayed and furnished
much food for the grass and clover, and
he had one of the best stands thnt he
had obtained in many years.
Grass Farming.
Few articles In the agricultural line
of writing have attracted more atten
tion or perhaps done uioce to arouse
a determination to do better than those
of Mr. George M. Clark, which we have
published this season, upon grass grow
ing. XInny writers before have urged
the need of more thorough fitting of
the land before sowing grass seed, of
using manure and fertilizers more free
ly, and of seeding with more seed. But
with Mr. Clark It Is not a matter of the
ory. He has practiced what others
have preached, and he lias practical
results to show for what he has done.
Others may have grojvn as tall grass,
but they guessed at the height, and did
not measure It.' Sonie may have had
as much hay upon acre, but they did
not weigh It. It did uot become a mat
ter of record, and a true statement of
facts would find many doubting Thom
ases—American Cultivator.
Improving Pastures.
Experiments .at the grass station at
Abilene, Texas, have shown that natu
rnl pastures may be Improved by disk
ing the land, loosening the surface and
tl'us trapping the grass seeds that oth
erwise would be blown away until
cllught by some natural obstacle In
stead of lodging where most needed. It
was also shown that the same process
helped to retain the water falling on
the land instead of permitting It to flow
away over the hard surface. Also that
a deep furrow plowed every ten to
twenty feet had the same tendencies,
catching the seeds in their flight and
also the water from rains, causing It
to sonk Into the ground instead of run
ning away to the draws, where It can
do but little good. Careful experi
mentation Is every year developing new
and valuable truths bearing upon farm
ing and stock-raising.—Texas Farm aud
ltancli.
Working Bntter!
If the butter Is sufficiently solid aud
at the right temperature, 58 to CO de
giees in summer and two to four de
grees warmer in winter, the process of
working can be entirely completed be
fore taking from the churn, says a cor
respondent of the National Stockman.
Should it not be possible In sammer
to hold It at a proper temperature and
It becomes too soft for final treatment
It-may be removed to a butter bowl
aud placed where It will harden, when
the finishing touches may be given. It
is tiutlrely needless to rework butter If
prapei' temperature has been secured.
All that working means anyway Is to
evenly Incorporate the salt and expel
the surplus moisture. If this can be ac
complished at one operation further
manipulation Is not only unnecessary
but altogether harmful.
English Sparrows Again.
It is reported that the milllnerH, or
thoftf who furnish them with supplies,
have discovered that by piecing, dyeing
and other tricks of the trade the.y can
take the skins and plumage of the Eng
lish sparrow and Imitate almost any
of the birds, wings and other feathered
ornnmeiits with which the gentle.,- sex
have been accustomed to adorn their
hats, excepting the ostrich feather and
as there is no restraint upon killing the
sparrow they propose to keep up the
supply In that way. This is one case
where wa think the Imitation should be
preferred to the gcuulne, and If this
proves true wo shall hope to see every
hat covered with the counterfeit re
semblance of nettrly all birds that fly,
and some thnt do not resemble anything
that ever wore feathers.—Exchange.
Clover ft raw.
The straw'left after clover seed has
been threshed
0111
Is not ns good as
clover hay early cut,'.vet If It Is handled
properly it makes very good forage. It
Should not be allowed to get too ripe
before cutting, as, If It. does, the seeds
from the larger heads, which ripen flrst
will drop out In ,ilij curing, and the
seed sayed.. will be /roni the smaller
headii tlipt ripen, lai|. .Thus Is the s'?ed
less 'n ouant.Iiv, a'tirt often Inferior In
quality to thosejMileh inljrht have ob
tained by cuttjp/nvlijea the larger heads
had Just turneddeep brown, while
the vnliiii of tU6 strajv'!»lesscueij,—fJ*.
ChlBgC.
-i ,*. :r-.
j,
BM«ONESS VON SWARTZENSTEIN
Wife of Germany's Minister to China
Was Au American Girl.
Maud Roosevelt La Vlnsen, now Bar
oness von Swartzenstein, whose hus
band has been recently nppolnted Min
ister from Gcrninny to Chlnn, was one
of the belles of Washington three win
ters ago. She Is an American woman
of the highest type—beautiful, well ed
ucated aud well born. She is a blonde,
whose blue eyes are the glory of a face
that Is delicate of feature. Her figure
is slender and graceful. A member of
the Roosevelt family, and a second
cousin of Governor Roosevelt, she was,
after her debut in New York City, a
conspicuous beauty in the most ex
clusive sets, but she wns truly "a penni
less lass in a long pedigree," and her
face was lier fortune. She spent her
winters with her mother's cousin, Bar
oness von Orendorff, in Washington,
with whom she frequently went
abroad. The acquaintance with Baron
Mumm von Scliwarzensteln began lp
Washington, when the diplomat was at
BAHOKESS VOX SWAKTZENSTEItT.
tached to the German legation. The
Baron was also principal, of an interna
tional school of languages, for Germans
do not think it beneath them to turn
their talents and accomplishments to
account, even though they may be pos
sessed of wealth. The handsome young
Baron wns 35 years old when lie flrst
met the beautiful American girl. They
fell in love nt first sight. When the
Baroness von Orendorff took her niece
abroad, the baron followed, and their
little romance had for a background
many European countries. There was
wedding by and by in Germany, and
the bride said to her friends: "I would
have married my dear German fiance
If he had been plain Tom Smith, with
out a coat to his back."
ABLE TO SKATE ON WATER.
How a German Sen Captain Moves in
Bhoes Thirteen Feet I.nnir.
,: Cnpt. Grossmann, a German sailor, is
the inventor of a pall- of shoes for walk
ing on water. He recently gave an exhi
bition on the Rhine at'' Worms near the
new and Imposing bridge across the
stream named. The shoes are mnde of
tin, weigh twenty-two pounds each, and
together are capable of sustaining a
OnOSSMASN ON WATER 6KATKS.
.weight of more than 220 pounds. They
are about thirteen feet long and arte
provided with "three-hinged metallic
flukes, which admit of easy movement
forward, but retard movement back
ward in the water. Cnpt. Grossmann
uses a paddle to assist him in his
tVMery promenade, and finds It espe
cially useful In turning. It Is said he
bas saved twenty lives by the use of
these shoes.
MARTINEZ CAMPOS.
He Was One of Spain's Foremost Sol
itlerB and Statesmen.
Spain lost one of her greatest military
heroes in tiie death recently of Marshal
Arsenlo Martluez Campos. For the past
thirty years he has
figured largely In the
affairs of his coun
try. He was nearly
SjJJfJpa 00 years of age. He
Joined the military
at an early age, and
his conspicuous sbllr
ity won him rapid
promotion. He went
through the Morocco
campaign in 1859,
and first served In
Cuba from 1864 to
18T0, the rank of
MAKTINEZCAMPUS brigadier general be
ing conferred upon him for bis services
on the Island. He was in several en
gagements with the Cnrilsts, and aided
greatly In placing Alphonso XII. on the
throne of Spain. He was afterward
made captain genernl of the army and
In 1877 was appointed commander-in
chief of the army In Cuba,
where he brought the ten-yenrs'
war to a close in 1878. He again went
to Cuba in 1805, but his liberal policy
of treating with the Cubans resulted In
his withdrawal and the substitution of
the notorious Weyier. He was twice
premier of Spain, had held the portfolio
of war, and at the time of his death
yas president pf the Senate.
A Summer loe Hole.
Near Coudersport, Potter County,
Pennsylvania, is a hole In the mountnln
from which flows freezing air. A man
was sinking a well for mineral wealth.
At the depth-of twenty feet he was
compelled to quit or freeze. About May
Ice begins to form in It, and continues
to freeze until October. There Is no
Ice in the hole In winter. The warmer
the day, the more Ice there Is In the
mine. The air becomes more frigid the
closer one goes to the cavern. There
Is no water iu the bottom of the shaft,
but the water dripping down from its
sides freezes. Tiie lee begins to form
less than a foot from the top and coats
the sides of the shaft several Inches
thick, What causes the Intense cold
and where the air comes from are quel"
tloni that have not been natlsfactorlljr
{UtiWMfd.—FhtUdelphls Prou.
TljeNettS oj |oto&
Director John It. Snge of the Iowa
weather and crop service has prepared
itis annual preliminary estimate of the
crop yields for Iowa. A 6nal calculation
will be made the 1st of December, but It
will iucreaee rather than decrease the
present eHtimate, which is a conservative
one, allowing for all possibilities of loss
and shrinkage. For each of the principal
cropi* the yield is as follows: Oorn-8,
018,600 acres at 41 bushels per acre, a
total yield of 853,865,000 bushels. This
is 18,000,000 bushels more than was pro
duced In ony previous year. Wheat
Winter, 10 bushels per acre spring, 15
bushels per acre total yield, 22,405,580,
against 19,574,972 bushels last year.
Oat»—85 bushels' per acre, total yield,
180,707,150 bushels. Rye—17 bushels
per acre, total yield, 1,702,500 bushels.
Barley—28 bushels per acre, total yield,
14,048,720 bushels. Flax—11 bushels per
acre, total yield, 1.197,900 bushels. Tame
hay—1.4 tons per acre, total yield, 3,
508,470 tons. Potatoes—72-bushels per
acre, total yield 10,770,900 bushels. The
total yield of cereals is placed at 581,•
349,020 bushels, 10,000,000 bushels high
er than in auy previous year in ten years.
It is 131,000,000 bushels above the aver
age yearly output for the past ten years.
Fottml In Poldlers' Home*
William H. Tuthill, mourned as dead
isnce Oct. 28, 1883, is said to have been
located at the Soldiers* home in Califor
nia. Tuthill formerly lived at New -Al
bin, where he became a member of the
A. O. U. W. of Iowa. He disappeared
at Ottawa, Kan., and several years later
his wife, Harriet A. Tuthill of Dubuque,
brought suit to recover on a $2,000 policy
held in the order. The case was tried
twice in the District Court. Tuthill was
located, it is said, by an application his
wife mndo for a pension, a search of the
records revealing that a man of the same
name, company and regiment was being
paid a pension in the Soldiers' borne of
California.
Old Swindle Works Well.
A fellow giving his nafiie as C. B.
Brown came to Davenport recently and
advertised for young ladies to do art
work. He ogreed to pay them $7 per
week, but required a deposit ranging from
$1 to $5 to insure good faith. A great
many girls called on him aud complied
with the requirements by making their
deposit. They were to deliver the work,
but when they reported he had disappear
ed with the money.
Girl Trie* Hard to Murder.
Miss Flora Powell, daughter of J. A.
Powell, a guard at the Fort Madison pen
itentiary, attempted to shoot Harry Hill
of Milton, formerly a guard at the. peni
tentiary. The revolver failed to dis
charge, though it was snapped Vbree
tlmesi Hill took the weapon from her
and she is now in the hands of the sheriff.
Hill is under indictment on charges
brought by Miss Powelir
1
Cnpt tired a Bnrslnr.
Thieves entered tho Bolton hardware
store in Des Moines, and as one of the
number was leaving the building he was
placed under arrest. Several knives and
revolvers that had been stolen were re
covered. It is possible that the man was
working alone, but it is more than likely
that he had accomplices and that they es
caped.
A Rnrglary at Minden. :v
Burglars entered the hardware store of
Stuhr Bros, at Minden and helped them
selves to revolvers, razors, silverware,
etc. It is estimated that they took goods
valued at Entrance wits gained by
removing the glass from a back door.
There is no clue to the identity of the
perpetrators.
State Iteme of Interest*
Jerry Klinger of Des Moines, who was
dragged by a switch engine, died of his
injuries.
Burglars carried away, about $300
worth of clothing from the st?re of Geo.
Speidel at Iowa Citv.
The 2-year-old daughter of John Hart
man, near Steamboat Rock, fell into a
tank and was drowned.
Frank Grantr a young farmer near
Floris, committed suicide by cutting his
throat while desuondent.
Two Northwestern switch engines col
lided in the yardu nt Marshalltown, bu.t
no one was seriously injured.
William James, near Fairfield, had his
cheek bone broken by a horse swinging
round and striking him with its head.
Two wagon loads of beer seized in a
drug store in Des Moines was dumped
into the river by the authorities there.
William Ilibbs at Oskaloosa is perfect
ing a new corn harvester which promises
to revolutionise corn harvesting work.
The son of William fiollingsworth,
near Centerville, wns shot in the body
by the accidental discharge of a shot
gun.
The steel railway system at Des
Moines will bo extended to Saylorville
aud Marquisville for coal hauling pur
noses.
Work is progressing slowly on the new
buildings at the Soldiers' Home in Mar*
shalltown, but they will be completed
near contract time.
The report of the Auditor of State
shows that the deposits in the State and
savings banks during the past three
months have increased $3,526,849.
A greyhound wns locked in a millinery
store in Fort Dodge a few nights ago,
and iu the morning it was found that he
had destroyed nearly $100 worth of hats.
Natb.in I. Ely of Davenport has been
ndmitv^i to practice before the Interior
Deportment.
A man named Grtitsclnnacher has serv
ed twenty-eight years in street car ser
vice in Dubuque.
John Duwar, a prosperous farmer near
Washington, was duped out of $100 by a
lightning rod swindler.
The teamsters at pes Moines will make
a bard, fight to prevent the street railway
from carrying freight.
Davenport has just settled a damage
suit for $208 on account of injuries re
ceived on a defective sidewalk.
The stone work on the Federal building
at Dubuque has been accepted and now
the other work will be hurried to com
pletion.
Dubuque cannot vote on the library
proposition in conjunction with the pres
idential election, so says the Dubuque
county attorney.
.. Ed Shultz, a farmer near Marble Rock,.
WAS held up by three footpads and severe
ly bruised, but escaped by his frightened
horse kicking one of them down.
Dora Singleton, the self-confessed mur
derer of her husband,.wan acquitted by
the jury at Burlington, who reached an
agreement after having been out eleven
and one-half hours.
Frank Brown, principal of the schools
nt ITrbana, has been appointed to a clerk
ship in the Treasury Department at
Washington.
J. H. Shuster of Pocahontas had hia
right hand and forearm badly mangled
in a corn thresher. He lost his left hand
some time ago.
A Des Moines firm secured the contract
from the board of control for twelve
tons of coffee foi\ the girls' industrial
school at Mitchellville.
The pioueers of Scott County who set*
tied there before 1840 are to have their
ofimes perpetuated in tablets of stono,
which will ho p)ac«d In th« court home at
Dmnportf .v.
The new street car loop in Des Moines
has been completed.
Eight weddiugs in one day was Clin
ton's record recently.
Burglars are working with great regu
larity in Council Bluffs.
The new addition to the high school at
Ames has beeu completed.
The new Rock Islaud depot in Des
Moines is almost completed.
Three hundred and eighty-five boats
passed Davenport last month.
T. S. Taylor of Denmark, who was
shot by burglars, will recover.
The contract has been let for a new
town hall for Valley Junction.
During the past six months there have
been forty-eight deaths In Iowa City.
Mason City is now out after tbejoca
tion of the Odd Fellows' orphans' home.
Excavations have been commenced for
the new bank building at Dallas Center.
The street car company in Des Moines
has asked for a franchise to carry freight.
At the recent State thedical examina
tion in Des Moines fourteen failed to
pass.
Yorktown now has a bank. It com
menced business with a capital of $10,
000.
One hundred and fifty-four prisoners
in the Anamosa penitentiary atteud
school.
It is estimated that 1,000 students will
be enrolled this season in the State Uni
versity.
The C., B. & Q. is pushing the work
of double tracking between Fairfield and
Batavia.
October 1 the postofflces at Ion and
Morton Mills bccame domestic money or
der offices.
A young man named Powers of Fergu
son had a collar bone fractured while
playing baseball.
A franchise is being considered by the
Council at Waterloo for a new street
railway company.
T. R. Beveridge, a farmer nt GSldfield,
grappled with a burglar in his room at
night aud captured him.
Davenport is to have a Y. M. C. A.
building, and one citizen has donated $2,
000 to the building fund.
The total output of the canning fac*
tory at Atlantic this yenr was 173,000
cases, or 4,130,000 cans.
John Gordon of Burlington fell down
an elevator shaft and was seriously in
jured, though not fatally.
The big glucose factory at Marshall
town is to reopen and will be in full
operation before a month.
Col. J. C. Loper of Des Moines was
badly crushed by his horse rearing up
and falling backward on him.
Seventeen prisoners were discharged
from the Anamosa penitentiary duriag
September, and thirteen were received.
The school ccnsits of Marshall County
shows that there are 4,505 boys and 4,415
girl's attending school in thnt county.
The 3-year-old child of Ed Zimmerman
of Belle Plalne was burned to death
while playing around a bonfire at Grin
nell.
At a wedding at Clemons the bride ac
cidentally shot herself two hours after
the ceremony, but the wound was not se
rious.
The new town of Royal, on the new
line of the C., R. I. St P., has a number
of fine new buildings, including a bank
building.
A 14-year-old. lad named Prentice of
Ames was pinched and badly bruised
while stealing a ride in a car of lumber
at West Side.
At Muscatine three prisouers, Morris,
KenoeUy and Walker, made their escape
from the county jail by sawing the hinges
off the door.
It is, now thought that fhc gang of
horse thieves which has been operating
in Benton County so successfully, has
beeu broken up.
A story emanates from Mason City
that a man there on a wager ate^forty
two soft lioiled eggs, a dozen raw oysters
and drank a glass of milk.
Archbishop Keane of Dubuque iu ad
dressing German Catholics, said it was
absolutely essential that they should
learn the English language.
The administrator of the estate of Kate
Hemping, who was killed by a North
western fast mail nt Colo, has sued the
C. & N. W, for $5,000 damages.
George Baker of Chariton was run
dowu by a C., B. & Q. train and his
team killed, and a jury has awarded
him a verdict of $2,000 damages.
Thomas Pling of Ferguson had a leg
crushed in the tornado that struck that
town, and will be taken to Chicago,
where the limb will be amputated.
Business men of Burlington will con
duct a recount of the city's population,
which the Federal census credits with a
gain of only 000 persons In ten years.
It came as a surprise to people of Du
buque to learn that the Supreme Court
of Iowa has reversed the decision of the
Dubuque District Court in the case of
John McGarry. The latter was convict
ed of murdering Attorney I.avike some
two years ago. All the evidence pointed
to McGarry as the murderer. It was oue
of the most brutal and cowardly murders
that ever occurred in Dubuque. McGar
ry was sentenced to life imprisonment,
but this decision means a new trial be
cause some technicalities were uot ob
served in the first trial.
The new bridge over Indian creek in
Council Bluffs is completed and the fin
ishing touches are now being put on.
The Milwaukee's new railroad shops
at Dubuque have been completed. They
replace those destroyed by fire last win
ter.
Fire in the IowaManufacturing Com
pany's plant in Oskaloosa destroyed a
large number of expensive patterns. The
loss is estimated at $0,000, with insur*.
ance of $3,200. The fire will cause an
additional loss on account of delay in
work. The origin of the blaze is not
known.
W. H. M. Pusey, surviving member of
the banking firm of Officer ft Pusey of
Council Bluffs, has been adjudged in
sane.
Francis Forest Dolliver, a pickpocket
following Pawnee Bill's show, who was
arrested at Fort Dodge, escaped from
jail at that place, sawing the *bara of
his csll.
Mrs. W. H. Carter attempted to com
mit suicide in the Des Moines city'jail
by turning on the gas in her cell. Jailer
Daniels detected the odor of gas ema
nating from that cell, though the door
was closed tight, and opened the door
just in time to save the woman's life.
She had been arrested for intoxication.
The city of Marshalitown will fight
the bill of the hydraulic engineer, who
was consulted as to water supply and
will carry the case to the Supreme Court.
One of the objects of the Des Moines
Dairy Association that is being formed
in Des Moines is to oppose the State law
which requires milk dealers. to pay to
the State an annual license fee
Charles H. Wilson, a traveling man
representing the Earl Clagg hide house of
Fort Dodge, was struck and instantly
killed by lightning during a brief thunder
atom. WUson was at the rendering
works of his company and when struck
was talking with two other men, neither
of whom Injured or felt any iboQH
He Reflects: "Destiny," said the pen*
alve boarder, "Is like a chicken—Jt lan't
everybody who enn carve It to his en*
tire satisfaction."—Puck.
Amicus—So you have another baby at
your house what Js be like? Eminent
Critic—Well, he is not very Interesting,
but he Is mighty convinc!ng.—Llfe.
The Ideal: The Vegetarian—What
kind of* a dinner did my wife put up?
"Fine! We had greens and salad, and,
In fact, a dinner fit for a cow—I mean
for a king."—Life.
Mrs. Chatter—Do you believe all th%
disagreeable things you read In the pa
pers about people? Mrs. Tattle—Oh,
dear, no!—only when they are about
people I know.—Chicago News.
"1 must be full of electricity," said
C., proudly. "When I stroke a cat, all
her hairs stand on end." "Oh, that's
nothing," replied T. "my dog can make
her do that by just looking at her."
Tramp—Madam, have you an ax?
Lady of the House—No. Tramp—Hare
you a saw? Lady of the Uouse-Jfo,
I have no saw. Tramp—Theu give me.
a little something to eat, please.—Har
lem Life.
"Etlza, why do you write so many let
ters in such hot weather?" "Well,
David, if I don't keep all our relatives
posted on the awful heat here they will
be landing on us to visit."—Indianapolis
Journal.
Evidently the Head of the House:
"No," said the man at the door, "I
have no views on politics." "Well," re
turned the political canvasser, "in that
case I'd like to interview your wife."—
Chicago Post.
"Mrs. Gabbe," observed a friend of
the family, "Ib very superior woman.
She can converse Intelligently, I be
lieve, on a thousand different topics."
"Yes," sighed Mr. Gabbe, "and she
does."—Tit-BIts.
How It Happened: First Citizen—1
haf attended der bolltical meetings of
bot' parties der last ten years. Second
Citizen—Ah! You like to hear both
sides? First Citizen—Nein! Ipelongto
a prnsa pand!—Puck.
Not Afraid: "She talked to him just
to let him know sbo wasn't afraid of
old bachelors." "Yes?" "And he talked
to her to let ber know that be wasn't
afraid of widows." "Well?" "Oh.
they're married now."—Chicago Record.
A Double Blow: "Yes, we bad quite
a blowout at our house this morning."
"Peculiar time for it." "Yes the now.
hired girl blew out the gas In the gas-,
stove, and tbe gas blew out the side
of the kitchen."—Cleveland Plain Deal*
er.
"Did you dance until the wee sma'
hoursV" asked one young man. "No, I
didn't We danced till the last car bad
gone, and 1 bad to walk three miles.
They were tbe biggest hourB I ever re
member having encountei*cd."—Wash
ington Star.
Byles—Did you ever come across a
more conceited fellow than Bulger?
They say he is an atheiBt and 1 believe
he Is. Bonter—I wouldn't like to go as
far as that but 1 do'know that he
doesn't recognize the existenco-of-Mtta*,
perior being.—Brooklyn Life.
Impressed on Her Memory: "It's
been four years now," said the deserted
lady, "since he left me and his happy
home. I remember It just as well as
yesterday—how he stood at the door,
holding it open till six flies got in the
bouse."—Indianapolis Press.
Stranger—1 uoticed your advertise
ment In the paper this morning for.a
man to retail imported canaries. Pi^
prletor of Bird Store—Yes, slr.v. Are
you looking for a job? Stranger—Oh,
tfo. I merely had a curiosity to know
how the canaries lost their tails.—Chi-!
cago News.
He—I saw that farm that was adver
tised, and I think I'll buy it. She—OhI
Then we'll move away from the hateful:
city for good? He—Yes. It's a fine
place fourteeu acres and a pond-on it
She—Won't that be nice? We can raise
pond lilies and watermelons in it.—Phil
adelphia Press.
There was a piece of cold pudding on
the lunch table, and mamma divided It
between Willie and Elsie. Willie
looked at his pudding—then at his
mother's empty plate. "Mamma," he
said, earnestly, "I can't enjoy my pud
ding when you haven't any. Take
Elsie's.11—Life.
A Long-felt*" Want: Boss—I don't
koow whether to discharge that new
boy or raise bis salary. Maoager—What
has be been doing? Boss~-He rushed
into my private office this morning and
told me there was a-tnau downstairs
who would like to see me. Manager—
Who was It? Boss—A blind man.—Tit
Bits.
A Contradiction: Politician—My boy,
the door to every successful business Is
lalieled "Push." Thoughtful Youth—
Isn't your business a successful one,
sir? Politician—Well, yes. 1 flatter my
self that it Is very successful. Why
do you ask that? Thoughtful Youth—
Because, sir, see your door Is labeled
"Pull."—Detroit Free Press.
Repartee: Observing the manager of
the drug department, the woman ac
costed him Inn spirit of badinage. "I
have kleptomaula," she said "what
would you advise me to take?" "The
elevator, by all means!" said tbe man
ager, wittily.' "And not something just
at good?" exclaimed the woman, affect
ing great surprise.-Detroit Journal.
Diamonds Said to Be Alive.
A diamond is as much alive as a man.
Thus declares Professor von Schroen
of the Naples University. According
to blm the so-called inorganic bodies
possess quite as much life as organle
ones. He also claims to have photo
graphs of the chief events in the life of
a crystal, from Its birth Inward. One'
of the most curious of these is thus de
scribed: "The crystal meets another
one from a different mother. The two
strike at each other they flgbt, strive
and clusp with each other. It is war
to tbe death. It Is a case of the survi
val of the Attest. One must die. But
no two crystals from the same mother
ever fight, no matter when tbey meet."
In which particular crystals seem to be
superior to human beings.
How They Get Even with' Him.
If a mau In China doesn't pay his
debts at the UBUUI time, tbe New Year,
bis creditors carry away the door of his
shop, thuH permitting all the demons
and eyil spirits to enter.
Vacant Land in South Dakota.
8oUth Dakota has an aggregate of U,
000,000 acres of vacant government
land which 16 now subject eptry br
qualified applicants.

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