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Manchester Democrat. [volume] (Manchester, Iowa) 1875-1930, December 05, 1900, Image 3

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JUST COMMON FOLK8tggS
only sweetest bells were rung
ow w« should mla. the minor chim«a
Jf only grandest poet* song,
TMto'd be ao almplr little rhymes
Ths modest clinging vino adds grace
(To all the forest's giant oaks,
And 'mid earth's mighty Is a place
To people with just common folks.
JJot tbey the warriors who shall win
.Upon the battlefield a name
|To sound the awful din
Not theirs the' painter's deathless fame
Wot theirs the poet's muse that rings
The-rhythmic gift his soul Invokes
SThelrs but to do the simple things
(That duty gives just common folksy v.
Pate has not lifted them above
The level of tho human plane
[They share with men a fellow love
In touch with pleasure and with pain.
Ono great, far-reaching brotherhood,
,*Wlth common burdens, common yokes,
r"t&jid
common wrongs and common good—
God's army of just common folks.
An Unconscious Matchmaker.
O tell me, old fellow, how on
1earth it is possible for sncb a
metamorphosis to have taken
place. Not a month ago we sat here,
''two hardened bachelors, determined to
remain to to the end of our days, and
Dow I find you transformed into a most
devoted husband."
"XZ1 A hearty laugh was the Immediate
'i*nswer to thlsoutburst, and Dr. Tren
(ton,,to whom it was addressed, took a
puff at hl» pipebefore replying.
"Well, you see, Jim," he said, "I
-4 J.jthonght it would be fan to surprise you
Jthoroughly. for, once. But Delia shall
1 "jtell you thejstory, and you may lie sur
prised, to learn that yon yourself, un-
IconscIouBly, I admit, made up the
'JSjVmatch."
&W suppose It is for penance, TC1U,
'that la® to narrate my own mistakes
'jand misdeeds to Mr. Allison. Two
r„* months ago I was a stupid little coun
try girl. My eldest brother had sent
for me to lceep his house. Our parents
"have been dead many years and-I had
lived with an aunt Henry, my brother,
Iliad written me that It would be lmpos
•ible for him to meet me at the depot,
land that I should drive to the Tudor
ats, where he was living on the
Ourth floor. My poor brain was eer
jtalnly In a whirl after, my long drive
jthrough the noisy streets. When 1 ar
rived at the Tudor Flats I walked
^bravely up the stairs.
"I know you will laugh at me dread
Cully, iff. Allison, but you must remem
Iber that I,bad never before seen so
i'. ,'many stairs. In my Ignorance I was
"unaware that the entresol does not
count .therefore, when I arrived at a
1
"landing where a door was ajar and an
old man servant replying to an Inquirer
the the doctor would not.be home until
-'_Jt o'clock, I naturally concluded that I
Jiad reached my Journey's end, for my
brother also bears the title doctor. To
'old James' astonishment I walked
calmly In, saying:
'The doctor expects me. Please have
my luggage seen to.'
'"But, miss, I don't know,' he ven
S,_„'tured, 'I have the strictest orders never
'to allow.any one to enter my master's
study during his absence.'
"'I am'the doctor's sister, and he hlm
^eelf arranged my coming,' I answered,
condescendingly.
"With that he admitted me, mutter
ing 'Never beard about a sister,' Into
the smoky, dusty apartments, which I
assumed to be my brother's.
"Much to James' consternation, I set
7
to work and dusted furniture and
books, spread a clean cloth on the table,
i~, _and prepared a lunch (though James In
informed me 'Master never eats at home')
fresh-.butter, home-made bread,
cheese ham-and apples then decorated
'the room with roses and honeysuckle
brought from home.
"To pass away the time, 1 took up a
\-book and began to read.. A note fell out
jt"'®of this book. My eyes fell on the first
words and my attention was instantly
attracted. It was signed Charlie Alli
son, and read:
'Dear Old Man: So you have decided
to Install that awful creature In your
house, though you acknowledge that all
hopes of peace and comfort of your life
will be gone. My dear fellow, do be ad
''vised and give up this preposterous
idea. At any rate, don't be surprised if
-I cut your acquaintance for the present,
and leave you to enjoy the company of
Miss Delia. Your friend,
"CHARLIE ALLISON."
"My dear lady," interrupted Charlie,
"you don't mean to say—It Isn't possible
that any misunderstanding arose out of
that? My dislike and
"I do mean to say so," she replied,
laughing "It was quite possible—in
deed, natural—I should assume that
those words referred to me. I was at
first highly indignant and then began
,to cry. My resolution was soon formed
I would go away at once and not ever
see the heartless brother who had dls
cussed-me in such a manner before my
Tival.
"While repacking my bag I came upon
1 photograph of myself.- A sudden im
pul£o made me write a few words on
'the back of It and leave It on the table.
Then I heard stepB outside. It was
Henry, I thought. He should-not find
rae there. Seeing the door of a small
room open, I slipped In and closed It
behind me."
"Let me tell the rest," Interrupted the
doctor "I fancied I was dreaming as
'5 '-5% became aware of the Invitingly spread
^table then I noted two covers laid as
Jf foe a delightful tete-a-tete, and upon
^mjr napkin a photograph of the sweet
~-.jest face I had ever seen. Listen to what
.was written under it:
.. 'As I am so ugly as I destroy your
.peace and drive away your friends, I
leave you to lunch, alone and shall find
A home elsewhere.'
"While puzzling about what this
might mean, I heard a terrific yell from
'Delia, my parrot I opened th» Btore
Toom door and Delia, my wife, fell Into
my arms.
1
"After explanations bad been made
jl restored her to brother Henry as
jhouBekeeper, but claimed her In five
weeks for my own. Now do you be
flleve that you are a matchmaker?"—
(Boston Post
RUSHING INTO THE CITIES.
"Young Men Invite Failure by Essay*
inv Untrie.1 Field*.
Some published fragments of the new
census, statistics are very depressing to
,the old-fashioned, yet very sensible,
'p '.^.people who have been hoping that the
V- movement of villagers and country, peo
pie to the large cities had been checked.
What is the meaning of the continu
ous rush to the cities? The old expla
nation was that farmers' sons and
daughters wearied of work that was
'jiever finished they had heard of city
-demands for labor and of city wages,
tpayable always In cash and at stated
dates. They had also heard of city
WlMauiftb 10me .gr wMch were said to
TWO POOR BOYS WHO MADE
THEIR MARKS IN THE WORLD.
MARCUS DALY'5 MONEY.
Capital represented by him..?100,000,000!
His personal wealth ....... 22,000,000
Copper Interests represented 75,000,000
First price paid for his cop
per mine 85,000
His annual wage roll paid.. 8,000,000
His horses cost 1,000,000
His works of art cost....... 300,0001
His private car cost........ 40,000
His hotel cost. 200,000
His personal living cost per
annum ........ 5,000
His annual income was ap
proximately 2,500,000
cost nothing, while others were very
cheap. But young people do not con
stitute the whole body of people who
are crowding Into the cities, for me
chanics and.artlsans pf all kinds are in
the throng for In the villages and coun
try districts employment Is Irregular
and pay unfertaln. 'The more aspir
ing of them hope for the larger oppor
tunities and recognition that the coun
try dares not promise tbey know, too,
that such of their children as Incline to
study- may become fairly, even highly,
educated In the city without special
cost to their parents.. Of the "seamy"
side of city life tbey know nothing,
for their acquaintances who "went to
town" have not returned to tell of It
few of them could return If they would.
The few who go back to the old home
steads are the men who have succeed
ed, and In any village such a man In
effect resembles a gold-laden miner
from Oape Nome or the Klondike—his
example threatens to depopulate the
town.
Nevertheless the rural districts ore
not going to be depopulated, except
when their soli Is very poor and their
malaria overricb. A countryward
movement started in some cities a few
years ago and it has been Increasing in
volume, it may be nlmost Invisible in
some localities, for 3,000,000 square
miles is an area so great that any city's
overflow might be lost In it. The men
who are trying scientific farming are
all from the cities and they have car
ried their city ideas with them. AB a
rule, city brain and city money are
suggesting and backing the rural at
tempts to have good roads, pure wat
er, perfect drainage, high farming,
high-grade schools, free libraries and
many other ameliorations of old-time
conditions. Yet in one respect the city
man in the country Is a disappointment
to all classes of the dissatisfied, for
when they talk of going to the city he
persistently says, "Don't," and he sup
ports his advice with a dismal array
of facts and figures.—Saturday Even
ing Post.
The American Is Vulgar.
"We must all agree that the American
has beyond other men an innate respect
for women and for helpless things,"
writes "An American Mother" In the
Ladies' Home Journal. -"He has usu
ally, too, a wide acquaintance with the
world which hlndeiy him from Intoler
ance and vanity. He has also a tact
too fine to blurt out unpleasant facts to
his companions, as does the English
man, who, quite nnprbvoked, hurls dis
agreeable truths at you. with a ferocity
and a gusto that is Indecent A week
with your dearest, English friends Is
enough to make you In love with lying.
The dc'&rer you are to them the more
likely are they to talk lncessautly of
the mole on your nose, or your vulgar
kinsfolk. The American has a .vivacity
almost French: he gives himself easily
to the occasion: he is ready to weep and
laugh with you, and is Sincerely inter
ested in your new bicycle or baby. At
the same time he has something of the
phlegm of the Asiatic, and seldom frets
or grumbles. He sniffs the odors of
foul drains, quaffs typhoid germs in
ills water, sits in overheated steam cars
and stands in overcrowded street cars
year afteryear with Imperturbable good
b'uinor.
"Why, with all these qualities—why
Is he not a more agreeable fellow? Why,
with all the traits that go to make up
a courtly gentleman—why
is he vulgar?
Simply because he Is not certain of his
own position. He asserts himself every
moment lest you may mistake him for
un Inferior. This uneasy self-assertion
is the explanation of all our bad man
ners. 'I'm as good as you!' is the secret
thought with which too many of us
meet every fellow-creature."
White House* Is Rickety.
"In the plan for building a new house
for the President elsewhere than on the
present site it has been proposed to
utilize the present mansion for offices,"
writes Col. Theodore A. Bingham, U.
S. A., in urging the adoption of Mrs.
Harrison's plans for enlarging the
house, in the Ladles' Homo Journal.
"One plea therefor has been that the
historic building should be left as It Is.
This Is certainly to be insisted on.' But
it is said the mansion is too pure a
piece of architecture to be marred by
additions. This, however, Is a specious
argument, since the original design con
templated side additions,-and If the
building in its present state were used
as offices It would be wrecked In five
or six years. Those who have no ex
perience with public buildings or with'
this building In particular, have no con
ception of the wear and tear on a Presi
dent's office. It surpasses that on any
other office In the country. The present
Executive -Mansion was lightly built,
and is already expensive to keep In
proper repair. Its floor beams are not
strong enough to endure office use.
Great difficulty has arisen In the past
with the few rooms now used as the
Bresident's executive offices, and great
watchfulness has to be constantly ex
ercised. Several times the floors have
threatened to break through. The stairs
have already broken down, one flight
being now supported by a chain. Still,
to remodel for offlce use only, the whole
HENRY VILLARD'S DBED5.
Reported the Lincoln-Douglas debate*.
Reported the first Lincoln campaign.
War correspondent, the Civil War.
Foreign correspondent of American
newspapers. ..
In 1801 owned New York Evening
Post and Nation.
In 1875 president Oregon Steamship
Company.
Receiver of Kansas Pacific Railroad
Company.
Completed In 1883 the Northern Pacific
Railroad.
President Northern Pacific Railroad
Company.
President Edison General Electric Com*
pany.
Chairman in 1889 of the Northern Pa
cific directory.
Marcus Daly graduated, from digging potatoes to digging copper and accumu
lated a fortune of $50,000,000. Henry Vlllard rose from reporter to railroad
president, became a Napoleon of finance, lost two enormous fortunes, and died
a millionaire.
Interior of our historic Executive Man
sion, would be not only a very expen
sive matter, but would fall to meet the
requirements of the case, and also, It Is
believed, the approval of the country at
large,".
An Epitaph fbr Buskin.
The London Academy has awarded a
prize of one guinea to J. E. Anderson,
Lalrbeck, Keswick, for the best In
scription suitable for the proposed me
dallion of John Buskin In Westminster
Abbey. Mr. Anderson's epitaph is as
follows:
He Taught Us
To Hold
In Loving Beverence
Poor Men and Their Work
Great -Men and Their Work
God and His Work.
In connection with this competition It
is Interesting to quote what Buskin
himself said on epitaphs: '-Take care
that some memorial Is kept of men who
deserve memory in a distinct statement
on the stone or brass of their tombB,
either that they were true men or ras
cals—wise men or fools. How beauti
ful the variety of sepulchral architec
ture might be, in any extensive place
of burial, If the public would meet the
small expense of thus expressing Its
opinions in a verily instructive manner,
and If some of the tombstones accord
ingly terminated In fools' caps, and oth
ers, instend o'f crosses and cherubs,
bore engravings of cats-o'-nine-tails as
typical of the probable methods of en
tertainment in the next world of the
persons not, It Is to be hoped, reposing
below.
The Girl and Her Vooatlon.
"The future wage-earning girl should
have In her mind during the latter part
of her school life the selection of her
profession," writes Margaret E. Sang
ster In the Ladles' Home Journal. "I
think it well for her, too, very frequent
ly, but with ln-tention, to cast about
among her friends for suggestions, to
ask the kind offices of one nnd another,
and to rnnke known her need of im
mediate employment so soon as she
leaves school. Many good positions are
lost because of Indecision, or false
pride, or unwise reticence on the part
of those who seek them. The mental
attitude of the girl In search of employ
ment should be neither Indifferent nor
patronizing she should set in motion
every legitimate means, .and let those
who 'may be able to assist her know
something of her situation. They can
help, and she can seek with much great
er hope of success If the goal in view
be something definite."
The Cabman Explained.
"I thought to have a little fun with a
Paris cab-driver one day," Bald the
tourist, "and so 1 walked up to him
and told him to drive me to the tomb of
George Washington. The fellow hesi
tated for half a second, and then told
me to Jump In," continued the tourist
"After driving me about half a mile
he halted in front of a monument on a
square, ani gravely announced,—
"'Behold zee tomb of zee George
Washington!'
"I got out and walked around and
had a good look at the shaft, and then
returned to the man to say, 'But why
does the Inscription refer to Christo
pher Columbus?'
'"Because, monsieur,' he replied as
he pretended to examine a wheel of his
cab, 'they were twin brothers, and died
In each other's arms to save zee crown
of England!'"
Key to the Working-Girl's Success
"Whatever vocation the girl wage
worker settles upon she may as well
accept the fact, first as last, that slip
shod performance and inadequate
equipment will win no favor, will not
even secure a foothold," writes Marea
ret E. Sangster in the Ladles' Home
Journal. "The ranks are everywhere
crowded, and the second-rate work
must go to the wall, in most fields the
supply Is well in excess of the demand
and only the capable, the efficient, the
competent and tho trustworthy may
hope to find their niche. As a grain of
satisfaction let It be added that those
possessed of these desirable qualities
those who are ready for service and
are responsible in their work, are sure
to be appreciated and will never cease
to bo wanted."
Cities that Grow Most Rapidly
The census bulletins confirm the
truth pf the statement that the glowing
American cities are those where manu
facturing can be carried on economi
cally.
Guards on European Royalty
Every royal palace In Europe has its
special private police, who, in one guise
or another, are always on the lookout
for suspicious persons.
Sport for Real Fishermen.
At Kyak, Alaska, are great fishing
grounds. Halibut are caught there
weighing 350 pounds, cod forty-two
pounds and salmon flfty-elght pounds.
English Public Buildings.
The public buildings of England alone
are valued at ft snip approaching
n,mmooo,
NEW CENTER OF POPULATION.
ven.u. Officials Place Inscribed Board
on a Farm Near Columbus, Ind.
Ten years ago the census bureau, lo
cated the center of population of the.
United States eighteen miles east of
Columbus, Ind., just orer the line in
Decatur County, near Westport, 39 de
grees 11 minutes nnd 50 seconds west
latitude and 85 degrees 32 minutes and
S3 seconds north longitude. Since 1890
the center of population has shifted a
little to the north and a little to the
west. It Is still In the State of Indiana,
not far from Columbus, in the southern
central part of tho State.
The center of population Is the center
of gravity of the population of the
country, each Individual being assum
ed to have the same weight. The meth
od of determining that center is as fol
lows: The population of the country is
first' distributed by "square degrees,"
as the area Included between consecu
tive parallels and meridians is desig
nated. A point is then assumed tenta
tively as the center, and the correc
tions in latitude and 16ngltude to this
tentative position arc computed. In
1890 the center was assumed to be at
the Intersection of the parallel of 89
degrees, with the meridian of 80 de
grees west of Greenwich. This would
have made the center of population of
the United. States Just two miles due
nortlt of Seymour, |n Jackson. County,
Ind. From this assumed base the veri
fications were made and the true center
was located.
The movement of the center has been
Bteadlly westward. On the accompany-
lng map its unwavering march toward
the west, with occasional dips to the
south and the north, is shown. In 1790
It was east of Baltimore twenty miles.
In ten years It had moved forty miles
westward. The annexation of Louis
iana brought it south and west, and iif
1820 it was sixteen miles .north of
Woodstock, Va. In 1840 the pioneers
of the West brought it north, and in
1850 it had moved south again. Texas
had come Into the Union. The growth
of the great West had switched It back
to the north in 1800, and it was near
Ohllllcothe, Ohio. War reduced the
population of the South In the decade
between 1800 and 1870, and the center
moved north near to Cincinnati. Iii
another decide It bad cleared Cincin
nati In Its westward progress, and in
1870 It had settled In central southern
Indiana. The past ten years has car
ried the center westward about twen
ty miles and northward about seven
miles.
Upon Information given out by Gov
ernment Census Director Merrlam, a
party at Columbus by mathematical
calculations located the -center of pop
ulation tn a wheat field on the farm of
Prank. Wright, nine miles north of the
city and one and a half miles north of
Taylorevllle, In the southwest corner
of the northeast quarter, section 16,
town 10, range 6 east. An inscribed
board marks the spot.
LIE TO THE CENSUS TAKER.
Women and Misrepresent Their
A EC. from Different Motives,
Fenilnlne vanity, as It Is related to
the desire to be esteemed young, and
boyish ambition to attain the manly
and voting age of 21
"years, are plainly
shown In census figures. This is-no new
revelation In the taking of the twelfth
census, but it is an old tendency which
has been shown by the figures of the
past censuses of the United States, as
well as of other countries. It has again
been exemplified In the figures relating
to the census of Cuba. A study of the
statistics of Cuba has shown an exces
sive number of fema.les between the
ages of 15 and 19 years, inclusive, when
compared with the number of males of
that age. It-looked, In fact, as if there
were a good many thousand girls of
that age In Cuba who would never find
mates In life and who would end their
days in single blessedness simply be
cause there were so many of them com
pared to the youths who were growing
up with them. That Is what the figures
would appear to indicate to the lay
man, but to the census expert they
mean something else. They simply
mean that girls below the age of 15
wish to represent themselves as older
than they are, while those who have
passed their teens cling to the nge of
youth to the extent of even deceiving
the census enumerators. Young ladles
who are sensitive on the subject of
their ages fear that the enumerator,
who generally lives In their neighbor
hood and frequently knows them, will
"blab" their ages to all tho marriage
able young men and perhaps interfere
with some attachment that bids fair to
ripen into mellow love. The fact is, the
enumerator, as a rule, is perfectly cal
lous to the significance of the census
figures and forgets them as soon as he
records them. In Cuba 10 Is equivalent
to 25 years In the age of a young lady
living In the northern portion of the
United States.
The last census showed_thnt In the
United States there was an excess of
girls between 15 and 19 years, but this
age, as the favorite of young ladles, Is
the general average of north and
south. If the statiBtics could be com
piled separately It is thought by census
experts that the Northern States would
show the favorite age to be two to three
years older, while In the south It would
probably be a year or so younger.
The ccnsus statistics of England
show an excess of women between 20
and 24 years of age, which indicates the
favorite age of ladles in that country
The degree of error wnlch is introduced
Into census figures by this systematic
fibbing of young ladles about their ages
Is readily and unmistakably detected.
In the case of th% young men the
number of those who are shown by the
statistics of tlie United States to be 21
is far in excess of what it could be. ac
cording to the number of those who are
under and above that age. This Is sim
ply the result of ambitious youth to
Y9W»S age, to Cuba, where
expectatlon of voting has not been
nourished by the boy all his life and In
duced a preference of 21 as a desirable
age, the lust census showed no excess of
men of that age.
STORY OF A SMOOTH DIME.
Like the Proverbial Cat, It. Never
Failed to Come Back.
That there is a whole lot of truth in
that old saying about a bad penny al
ways turning up, a youug physician
friend of the Saunterer firmly believes.
The illustration of it he banks on was
furnished by a silver dime.
"I got it in change somewhere," he
said, in telling of the Incident. "It was
worn almost so smooth upon both sides
as to closely resemble a piece of tin. I
noticed It particularly because of a pe
culiar mork upon the edge. As soon ns
I discovered the unwelcome coin in my
pocket I determined to get rid of it.
Dropping into a cigar store up in my
neighborhood, I bought a cigar and
handed over the polished dime. The
cigar man looked at it suspiciously, but
as I am a good customer of his he took
It.and said nothing.
About two hours later as I was about
to take a car down town after lunch I
concluded to buy a paper. My car was
coming and I rushed over to a news
stand on the corner. Grabbing up the
paper I wanted, I threw down a quar
ter—the only small change I had. The
newsdealer hurriedly gave me my
change and I got bnck to the car track
just In time to swing myself on the car.
"When the conductor reached me I
pulled out the change, and lo, there was
MAP SHOWING WESTWARD MOVEMENT OF THE POPULATION'S CENTER.
O I O
•C®tUMSU»
.CHILblC
I860
cncih
1900**
GOOD CHEWING-GUM TOWNS.
Salesman Say. They Are Mostly In the
We it and Northwest*
J. J. Amend, traveling reperesenta
five of one of the largest chewing-gum
manufacturing companies in the United
States, expressed surprise, in speaking
to a New Orleans Times-Democrat re
porter, that the establishment of a
chewing-gum factory at that point is
talked of.
"It is true that much of the gum we
use comes by way of New Orleans, In
its raw state, from the tropics," he said,
"but I can see no other reason for put
ting up a factory here. I don't believe
sugar Is ally cheaper here than It is in
the North, and glucose is no cheaper,
if as cheap. Then- this is a very poor
market, locally, for chewing gum."
"Why is that?"
"I don't know the reason, but it is a
fact, nevertheless. Why, I know lots of
towns in other parts of the country that
use ten times as much chewing gum
yes, fifty times as much—as New Or
leans, and they are not nearly as big as
this city, either."
"Where's'the best market for chew
ing gum in the United States?"
"All west and north of St. Louis. Lots
of gum Is sold throughout Kansas, Ne
braska, the Dakotas, and Minnesota.
Kansas City is a great town for it"
"How about Chicago?"
"Oh, Chicago is one of the greatest
chewing-gum cities in the country. Chi
cago has gone ahead of New York in
this respect. New York used to be a
great town for it, and one couldn't go
anywhere In the city without seeing
girls working their jaws as if their lives
depended on it. But the caricaturists
and the paragraphists made such fun of
the hnbit that a good many of the girls
stopped chewing, "and the sales fell off
very heavily. Boston was a pretty
good gum town at one time, but never
so good as our Western cities.
"As a rule, the newer the city the
better the chewing-gum trade In it In
an old city, like New Orleans, the peo
pie don't seem to take to the habit at
all. The French element here hurts us,
for the French are not gum chewcrs.
The Germans don't chew gum, either.
In some of the places where there are
many Germans, as in some of the cities
of the Northwest, we sell but little
chewing gum. The young people liko
it, but tho old people won't let them
use It I have seen many a boy spanked
by hiB German mother for using chew
ing gum."
Legend of the Violin. i.
An ancient legend tells us that one
day as Orpheus, son of Apollo nnd the
muBe Calliope, was walking by the sea
trilling In soft cadence a song taught
him by the celebrated teacher Linos, he
was attracted by tho sound of sweet
mustc, which aeemed byt the echo of
his own glorious voice. He walked
along, singing, and the sound approach
ed, as if to meet him, till finally It sang
at his very feet
Glancing down, ho saw the shell of a
turtle, which had been cast high and
dry upon the beach and left there by
the receding waves. The little thing
had died and dried up so that only the
sinews, shriveled to strings, and the
shell remained. The dried up sinews
were tightly stretched across the hollow
shell, and the wind, as it listed, touched
the strings, causing them to vibrate
over the shell sounding board and give
forth the sweet, sad tones.
Enchanted, lie bore his treasure home
and from it fashioned the viol shell,
with which he ever after accompanied
his voice, and the nymph, Eurydice,
enchanted by Its magic, became his
bride.
The American Parlor.
"We have a prevalent folly of setting
aside a room in our houses which we
very rarely use," writes Edward Bok
protesting. In the Ladles' Home Jour
nal, against the bad taste exercised in
furnishing our homes. "If means are
at our command we crowd such a room
full of puuy gilt chairs, upon which no
one dares to sit on the walls we hang
Impossible paintlugs, with equally Im
possible, massive gold frames an 'ele
gant' sofa upholstered In silk or satin,
with a gilded frame, is Introduced a
gold clock which never runs is put on
a mantel of solid onyx a 'Chippendale'
cabinet is added—whicn always har
monizes BO superbly with a Louis XV.
sofa or chair—and we have what we
call a 'drawing-room.' If we are of
pgkPHI*
1620*
my worn -dime. I knew it by the pe
culiar mark on the edge. Handing the
conductor another, I shoved the coin
back into my pocket and rode on. On
the corner near my office is an Italian,
at whose fruit stand I spend a good bit
of money cncii day.
'Gl'me 10 cents' worth of peaches,' I
exclaimed, rushing up to him after
alighting from the car. 'I'm In a hurry.'
"He wrapped, up the peaches, and,
shoving tlie smooth dime into his hand,
I grabbed the bag and ran. 'There,
the confounded thing Is gone at last,'
I thought. 'I'll stay away from that
stand for a day or two or Until he gets
a chance to work the dime oft on some
body.'
"I reckoned without my host Along
about 4 o'clock in the afternoon I sent
my office Ixy out for some change to
give a customer who wanted to pay a
bill. Whether or not you believe It, the
very first coin I caught sight of in the
several he brought me was that con
founded 10-ccnt piece.
'Where did you get tills change?' I
asked.
'At the saloon around the corner,'
the boy replied. 'Why?'
"I was too qjucli worked up to an
swer. As I afterward discovered, the
saloou-keeper had sent to the Italian
for change and the latter had worked
off the dime on him. In turn, the saloon
man had gotten rid of it by sending It
to inc.' Where Is the dime now? In my
collection of curios, properly labeled,
and I wouldn't part with it for ten
times its value."—Philadelphia In
quirer.
moderate means, then we make the
'drawing-room* as closely resemble one
in some wealthy home we know of as
possible, only with limited means we
must purchase cheaper articles. Then,
we have as good an example of the
showroom of a cheap furniture store as.
It Is possible to obtain. If we are poor,
then we set around stiffly four or five
black haircloth chairs we put a marble
top table with a plush-album on it in the
center a haircloth sofa which no can
possibly stick on a Franklin stove that
Is never lighted we hang a wreath of
wax flowers In a glass case on the
walls a carpet riotous with the mast
gorgeous roses Is put on the floor, nnd
then, nfter We have carefully pulled
down every shade in the room, so as to
exclude God's pure sunshine nnd get a
nice, musty and cemetorial smell In the
room, we have what we call, in Ameri
ca, a parlor. And in either case we
have a 'best room,' so best that we
never use it, and people shown Into it
are always glad to get out of it But
we have a 'drawing-room,' or a 'parlor,'
and, in the minds of some, without such
room no house is complete."
Too Much lbr John.
A Nome correspondent of tlie Boston
Transcript says thut the Eskimo Is be
coming familiar with many of the ad
juncts of civilization. But the tele
phone Is still beyond his comprehen
sion. One of them pointed to the wire
which runs-from Nome to the military
barracks at Noine.River, three miles
away, and passes along the tundra just
back of my tent
Him catch birds?' be asked.
No, John,' I replied. (Auy Eskimo
Is John, colloquially.) 'Him telephone,'
suiting my English to his as far as
possible. But. John did not look en
lightened, and I attempted further ex
planation.
'S'pose man talk, Snake Blver. Wire
catch him. Man Nome lliver, he hear.'
'John looked at the wire, then at me,
i\ud his face took on a grieved expres
sion. •.
'Humph!' he said. 'Plenty He.' And
he walked Indignantly away."
King Oscar Was His Host.
A story Illustrating the sinipie bon
homleuof the King of Sweden aud Nor
way Is told by M. Gaston Bonnier, the
botanist M. Bonnier was botanizing
near Stockholm, when he met a
stranger, similarly occupied. The two
botanists fraternized, and M. Bonnier
suggested that they should uuch to
gether at an inn.
'No come home and lunch with me
Instead," said the stranger and he l^d
the way to the palace and opened the
gate.
M. Bonnier was naturally astonished,
but his new acquaintance was most
apologetic.
"I'm sorry," he said, "but I happen
to be the king of this country, and this
is the only place I've got to entertain
anybody in." So they went in nnd
lunched, and talked botany together
all the afternoon.
Zangwlll's Estimate of Fame.
Israel Zangwill, the Jewish novelist,
wrote his "first book when he was a
student at London University. The ef
fort occupied four evenings—he always
works In spurts—and he aud a friend
paid £10 to have the tale published In
pamphlet form. It sold well at a penny
a copy!" One little shop in Wliltechapel
alone sold 600 copies, and it even got
on to Smith's bookstalls. Zangwlll's
advice to would-be authors shows that
he has not made a name without suf
fering. He says: "If you are blessed
with talent, great Industry and conceit,
it is possible, by dint of slaving day
and night for years during the flower of
your youth, to attain to fame Infinitely
less widespread than a prize fighter's."
Florida Tobacce.
Florida, according to local papers, Is
becoming one of the great tobacco-pro
ducing States, and the product lias been
pronounced In some respects equal to
that of Cuba. Sumatra wrapper tobac
co raised in Florida recently took the
prize nt the Paris exposition over the
world.
In the Darkest South.
"But there was no evidence against
the l.Min who was lynched,-" protested
the stranger.
"No evidence?" said the citizen.
"Why. ho was as V'ack as the uc \f
-Pyck. ..
I
FUTURE OF THE DEMOCRACY.
Uarke 1 Change in Character of Party
Policy Is Probable.
The recent defeat sustained by the
Democratic party is calling forth from
prominent Democrats expressions of
opinion as to the expediency of mak
ing a marked change In the general
character of the party policy. The talk
uow heard of the adoption of a policy
upon which a majority of the present
party and'the old-time Democrats can
get together is likely to form an im
portant feature of subsequent develop
ments In America party history.
It will be observed that the leading
members of the Democracy as it was
eight years ago declare themselves
Btrongly in favor of some such plan.
Mr. Cleveland hopes that steps will be
taken toward "the regeneration of the
Democratic party." Mr. Olney in his
public letter early In the campaign indi
cated that he would be In favor of a
similar revision of tlie party policies.
Mr. Whitney, Mr. Dickinson nnd many
other Cleveland Democrats hold sub
stantially the same view. From Mr.
Bryan himself, however, and from
some of his close followers comes the
declaration that the party must stick
to its present courses, not even aban
doning the doctrine pf silver coinage.
Unquestionably the near future is
likely to bring about an Interesting
crisis in the affairs of the Democratic
party. The fact that the party has been
:\vice defeated by heavy majorities can
uot fall to have weight for merely po
litical '.'onsideratlons and without re
gard to the intrinsic merit of the issues
Involved. But "reorganization," it must
be remembered, Is in fact a practical
matter—an affair to be worked out by
the mechaulsm of party organization it
self. The reorganization, if it is to
come, must begin in the revolution of
Democratic sentiment, which will have
a chance to express Itself at the Con
gressional elections two years hence
and in the State conventions.—Chicago
Becord.
What They Voted For.
When the people voted for the re
election of Mr. McKinley they also
voted for the following propositions:
The passage this winter of a ship sub
sidy bill whereby John D. ltockefeller
and his confederates are to receive a
free gift of $180,000,000 of the people's
money. The protection of all existing
trusts for four years and the establish
ment of many new ones. Criminal ag
gression in the Philippines, whereby
8,000,000 people are to be conquered
and made subjects instead of citizens.
The abrogation of the Declaration of
Independence. The protection of sla
very and polygamy in our island pos
sessions. Government by Injunction,
which does away with the rights of
trial by jury and makes the laboring
men helpless In the hands of their em
ployers. The degradation of silver and
the retirement of the greenbacks. A
government by Wall street Instead of a
government by the people. The placing
of our dependent provinces in' the
hauds of corrupt carpet-baggers and
opening a thousand places for Buch
political scoundrels ns Rathbone and
Neeley.
Tho laboring men may not have
realized that they would get all these
things when they voted for a full din
ner pail, but they will get them all
and the prospect is that in addition
they will be cheated out of the full
dinner pail before many months roll
over their heads.—Nonconformist.
Uae'eas Diplomatic Attaches.
We assume, as a matter of course,
that the United States government has
lmd nothing to do with the alleged
theft from the French war office of the
plans and specifications of the new
French Held gun. It occurs to us, how
ever, that in view of the current scan
dal, of which the United States is evi
dently the innocent victim, It would be
wise to finally withdraw from our for
eign diplomatic establishments all mil
itary, naval and Irregular attaches.
There Is no earthly excuse for the ar
rangement upon any hypothesis of good
faith and friendly dealing. All the in
formation of which we can honorably
avail ourselves will come to us without
the aid of these attaches. Anything
beyond that must be the fruit of dis
reputable and clandestine operations,
of which we should be ashamed.—
Washington Post.
Subservient to the Trusts*
Mr. McICInley's first administration
was devoted to faithful service in be
half of the trusts at the expense of the
American people. Under no other
President had there been witnessed so
complete a sacrifice of the rights of the
many to the privileges of the few. Tho
American government was trans
formed into a caste government—the
very evil most dreaded by Its founders,
and against which they most strenuous
ly warned those who should come after
them. The result has been a tremen
dous Increase of trust formations and
a. trust power so great that the com
bines were enabled to re-elect to the
presidency the mnn who had so signal
ly represented their Interests in the
government.—St. Louis Bcpubilc.
Democrat. AVIII Be Powerless*
In the Fifty-seventh Congress Demo
crats will only be uncomfortable and
out of place. If any are allowed to
keep the places to which they have
been elected they will be compelled to
sit helplessly by while the Hanna ship
subsidy job Is jammed through, while
the English Nicaragua Canal appro
priation is made for the benefit of the
administration construction party and
while the trusts come in and amend
their various tariff schedules to give
them a greater pull at the public blood.
—Washington Times.
The Hnnna Boom Launched.
The Republican party will now take
notice that the M. A. ilanna presiden
tial boom has been formally launched
and must be taken Into serious account.
As for his own disclaimer of any Idea
of taking the nomination, it must be re
membered that "no man ever refused
the presidency of the United States"
and that although there have been in
stances where nominees protested and
declared they could not accept the nom
ination, not one of them but promptly
yielded under pressure.—Cleveland
Plain Dealer.
Senator Vest on the Outlook.
Senator Vest sees nothing to cause
despair In the recent defeat of tiie
Democratic party. He places as the
prime cause of defeat the disposition
of the American people, manifested in
quite a number of instances in the past
history of the country, to sustain an ad
ml^lfltjfttlQp thftt.le.engage^ In a war,
regardless of the ethical merits of tin
controversy. Thousands of patrlotlo
citizens, who were renlly opposed to
McKinley's foreign policy, Senator Vest
thinks, voted for him at the last elec
tion because they thought that we
should first end the war lu the Philip
pines and then settle other questions.
—Kansas City Times.
Dangerous to the Party in Power*
The scheme to scale down Southern
representation^ in the lower branch of
Congress must reach fruition within a
year or go over for another decade^
since anew reapportionment, based on
the census of 1900, must now be made.
The chances are heavily against the
consummation of the scheme, not be
cause the Democrats will have the par
liamentary power to preve.nt it, but be
cause the Republican politicians, of
whom the leading one is the President
himself, are pretty sure to regard the
enterprise as inexpedient from a pasty
viewpoint—Springfield (Mass.) Repub
lican.
Kapacity Know. No Bonnda
The extortion of the trusts are first
made in those articles which constitute
the necessaries of life. It is easier to
collect tribute upon the food which the
people eat than In any other way. But
we have also the spectacle of Andrew
Carnegie holding up flic United States
government on a contract for armor
plate for our new warships, showing
that the limit of tlie power of monopoly
is not the domestic necessities of the
jjeople, but extends to include the needs
of the nation as a whole.—Boston Post.
Mn.t Get Back to First Principle.*
During the two presidential cam
paigns the Democratic party has been
misled by jack-o'-lantern politics. It
must come back to base and get down
to bed rock if it hopes to stand upon
its feet again, and unless It does. lh$'
7,000,000 votes It polled last, week wili,'
begin to disintegrate, sloughing "off
from the main body State by State nil
til the party itself peters out after the
manner of Its great antagonist of other
days.—Louisville Courier-Journal.
Teach the Lesson Thoroushly.
It Is most desirable, in our view, that
responsibility should be brought home
to the Republican party and at what
ever cost to the country. It will not
learn otherwise what Republicanism
means to it And the Democratic party
can well afford to endure the pain of a
temporary defeat this year In order that
the lessou to the country may be taught
so thoroughly for once that It will never
be forgotten again.—Charleston News
and Courier.
Not So Terrible After All.
We believe In the dlgulty of the Sen
ate and we rejoice that there are men
there who can maintain that dignity
against the upstarts that In the course
of events get there occasionally. There
is every reason to hope that it will be
preserved, even when Roosevelt holds
the gavel. He is not such a terrible
person as he has been represented to
be. His thundering has all been In thi
Index.—Cincinnati Enquirer.
Sandbagged by the Salt Trust* ai
The salt trust has advanced the price
of table salt to $2.50 per 100 pounds,
A little while ago It was selling the
same grade at $1.10. All classes of salt
are proportionately advanced, so that
every packer, meat retailer, butter
manufacturer, grocer, baker, ice cream
maker and finally' every housekeeper
will feel the blow of the sandbag and a
rise in the price of their wares is in
evitable—Minneapolis Times.
Mormons Know Their Friend.
No change in the recent votes of
States, as compared with 1890, was
more remarkable than that In Utah.
This year it gave McKinley a plurality
of about 4,000. In 18DG it gave Bryan
a plurality of 51,000. Perhaps the be
nevolent attitude of .Mr. McKinley to
ward polygamy In the Sulu Islands has
given rise to hopes of similar kind
treatment by the "saints" of mormon
dom.—New York World.
Congress and tbe Trust*.
Wee do not believe it possible for Con
gress to reach all of tlie trusts. Some
of tliem are under the exclusive control
of States. But Congress enn lay Its hand
on tariff-protected, monopolistic extoi
tiouers and put a stop to tlie flagrant
abuses of protection. It can do thli
without reducing either wages or reve
nues. Failure to do it will be trifling
with power and duty.—Washington
Post.
Just What Is Wanted.
Certainly Mark Hnnna will press foi
the passage of that shipping subsidy
bill, the measure that would allow ves
sels to sail in ballast at a profit. The
people will pay the subsidy and the
happiness of the vessel owners will be
increased. Also the Supreme Court
may be expected to dccide that such a
law Is not class legislation.—Cedar Rap
a
Time Enonch to Make Sure.
President McKinley will have foui
more years In his high office—eight al
together. In all that time we ought tc
be able to learn whether It Is really
he who makes the crops grow abun
dantly, secures reasonable prices foi
wheat and procures employment foi
the workingmcn at some sort of wages,
or Is simply lucky.—Cincinnati Enqolr
The People Pay the Bill..
As the trusts boost prices the people
begin to realize that, after ail, those
millions collected from the trusts by
Hanna to run a McKinley campaign
finally come out" of the pockets of the
people. Electing a President In this
glorious laud of the free and home of
the brave Is getting to be a mighty ex
pensive luxury.—Toledo Bee.
A Task for Congress.
The coming session of Congress will
be asked to cut down the war taxe«
about $15,000,000. It may be posslbla
to cut off some of the taxes of the cop.
poratlons without interfering with the
burdens of the plain people.—Rocheetei
Herald.
The People Need Protection*
When the salt trust, the meat trust
and the other trusts are able to squeeze
76,000,000 o£ people, Is it possible thai
they need protection? It Is rather the
people who need It—Savannah News.
The Greatest of Humbugs.
There never was a more blatant and
preposterous humbug than the pretens*
that the Republican party Is opposed to
Its own hideous offspring,- the trusts,-»
QoJufflbua (Ohio) Prvsi-Post,

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