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Manchester Democrat. [volume] (Manchester, Iowa) 1875-1930, December 05, 1900, Image 6

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fl)c jBeroocrat,
BE0H80H ft CAEB, Publiiher*.
Without you, geufle reader, the re
corded population of tlie United States
would be only 70,203,210.
At the present rate of Increase the
population of the United States will bo
100,000,000 long before the census of
The man who sells his vote Is doing,
on a small scalo, exactly what Bene
dict Arnold did In a more conspicuous
Teller Alvord seeniB to have proceed
ed on the practical .principle that It Is
just as well to get a plenty while you
are getting.'
A story Is told of a wealthy young
Englishman, who was cured of blind
ness on his wedding day. AVlth most
men It takes longer.
You can tell a man by the books lie
reads. In the valise of Alvord, the
$700,000 bank thief, were found "In
Luck-at Last," "Kidnaped," "A Study
In Scarlet," and "Around the World in
Eighty Days.1"
It seems like "old times come again
once more" to read of battles with Carl
lits In Spain. These reactionaries
spring up like weeds, and nobody out
side the land of the grandees seems to
know the why or wherefore.
A collection, of political curiosities
would properly Include. {"resident:
Pierce's Cabinet, the only one in the
history of the country which remained
unchanged during the tour years of an
administration. It Is remarkable that
the cabinet of Lord Salisbury, which
constats of nineteen members, has not
suffered a single change in the five
rears since the summer of 1895, when
the present government took office.
Women earn their dally bread In al
most every branch of human Industry.
Women make or help to make cofHns,
bricks, tiles, sewer pipes, tools, boxes,
barrels, furniture. They are In all the
professlons they are stockholders and
partners In various kinds of business,
and as to the more conventional occu
pations of women they are galore. In
the more unusual ways we have had a
woman anthropologist, a woman for
ester, women who urine and women
who deal In stocks. One woman spent
fifty years making a bead bouse and
lately was found-dead with her unfin
ished work before her.
The real "yellow peril" will be pres
ent when the Ohlnese are awakened to
the full knowledge of the resources of
their empire and have their attention
strongly directed to manufacturing.
What the civilized world has most to
fear Is the arousing of China from her
present lethargic condition to a realiza
tion of the possibilities within her
reach. Tho Chinese are Industrious and
thrifty. They are willing to work and
to work for small wages. They can
easily be taught to do almoBt anything.
They quickly become expert operatives
in cotton factories and It would not be
difficult to teach them to be skillful
workmen In all kinds of. manufactur
To tread on theBrUish lion's tall and
make lilin roar for joy Is an exploit
worthy of the cleverest Frenchman. At
a recent dinner of a London literary
club where "Max O'Rell" presided, G.
A. Henty, an old African war corre
spondent, made a vigorous speech, and
•t Its close some one demanded a toast
for South Africa. Monsieur Blouet,
who favors the Boers, was In a delicate
position, but bis wit and courage never
faltered. He proposed, "God save
South Africa!" and the toast was drunk
and applauded tremendously. Of course
Monsieur Blouet cherished a "mental
reservation"—that South Africa, should
be saved from England Instead of to
England but doubtless he Is grateful
ly loyal at least to tfie English lan
guage, which offered him the means to
conceal his thought.
Samuel Stoltz, of St. Louis, left bis
home In Russia twelve years ago to
come to America. A wife and six chil
dren remained In the old country, Stoltz
having only enough money to pay his
own passage. He said he would send
for them when he had "made his for
tune." But fortune came slowly to the
peasant emigrant. He was compelled
to send for the brood In installments.
As soon as he had enough money he
sent for one of the children. One by
one the youngsters dared the ocean per
...•: lis to go to father In America. The
wife was the last to come. Recently
she arrived In St Louis and the family
was reunited. Learn a lesson of pa
tience, constancy and devotion, oh ye
prosperous. What think ye? Have you
the courage, the endurance, the high
spirit of overcoming hardships and of
hope long deferred of this Russian
peasant? If not, keep still. Your„.re
plnlngs are out of place.
Dr. Arthur MacDonald and Dr. Ella
B. Bverltt, of Washington, D. O., after
being engaged to each other for a
while, 5iave come to tire conclusion that
one's career Is of more Importance than
the "accident" of marriage. Dr. Mac
Donald says professional women should
not give up their pursuits to marry, and
Dr. Ella quite agrees with him. That It
Is possible to marry without abandon
ing one's career can be proved by mod
ern Instances. Edith Sessions Tupper,
for Instance, has done more and better
newspaper work since she got married
than before, and her husband has had
remarkable success In his career. Mrs.
Mary Ellen Lease Is also an example
of a career-following woman whom mat
rimony could not balk of her alms. To
turn one's back on Cupid for the sake of
science, art or literature Is to mistake
means for ends. Cupid -do6a not exist
for the sake of science. Science, art, lit
erature and the other things we.pursue
In careers are but the handmaidens of
Oopld. When the right person of the
other sex turns up, both of these career
loving doctors will recognize thlB fact
The United States, which was a coun
try of Inferior cities up to the time of
the Olvll War, Is now rapidly becoming
the country of great cities. By 1890 the
v, urban tendency had gi"own so marked
that our larger towns outnumbered
those of the British Isles. We had
'twenty-seven cities with a population
of more thSn 100,000 each, against the
twenty-six of Great Britain and Ire
land, and we had fifteen agalnst'flfteen
containing a population of more than
200.000 each. Of course there has been
an Increase In the. old country since,
but It Is equally certain that we have
Increased our lead. Of cities of more
itliau 200,000 population It is possible
•that there are now eighteen in Great
!»3 Ireland, wfcUp w« liftYe
nineteen, and one of these. Greater
New York, represents a combination of
two which counted separately In 18D0.
Then, too, our cities of over 100,000
have Increased to thirty-eight, which
must leave the islands hopelessly In the
rear. The towns containing 25,000 In
habitants and more now number 159, as
against 124 In 1890, a gain of about 20
per cent, and one which Indicates that
there Is no such concentration of Indus
tries In a few bands as to provent a
wide distribution of business. But It
is naturally tho older sections of the
country which have the greater num
ber of these populous places, Just as It
Is natural that England should have
more large cities than New York Stale.
The proportions given are 51.3 per cent
for the North Atlantic division, 80.8
per cent for the north central division
and 17.9 per cent for the southern,
western and Pacific coast divisions. In
time the west and far west will approx
imate the gains of the east, since the
conditions along the same degrees of
latitude should grow to be very similar
with the Increase of population. The
country which had but a little more
than 3,000,000 people when the repub
lic was established, and which Is still
reckoned as a wilderness by many for
eigners, needs but a few years In which
to far surpass all records for urban pop
ulation. It will have to be compared
not with other countries but with con
tinents, and It will be a marvelous and
Inspiring spectacle to see such a great
population of one speech and one flag,
bound together by the closest ties anS
enjoying the most perfect political lib
erty, equality and authority that were
ever conferred upon the citizens of any
Device Which Holds the Shoe While
You. Do the Shining.
Many a nickel and dime could be
saved If people would polish their shoes
at home Instead of waiting until a boot
black presented himself, but very few
persons have acquired the knack of
rapidly bringing the leather to the de
sired state of polish while on the feet,
and no one likes to hold the shoe on one
hand and brush It with the other. In
the picture we show a device which
seems to do away with the Inconveni
ence of the work and provide an effec-
tive method of holding the shoe while
the brushes are being manipulated. The
base Is -formed of cast Iron or other
heavy material, which will remain rigid
under vigorous use of the brushes, or
the frame may be made of wood and
secured to the wall or other solid sup
port. On opposite sides of the curved
top plate are sliding Jaws, which grip
the edges of the sole when the lever Is
depressed, the tightening of the rope
forcing the Jaws toward each other.
When sufficient force has been exerted
to hold the shoe rigid, the lever Is In
serted In one of the series of notches
and the polisher Is ready to proceed,
using a brush In either hand, or a pol
ishing cloth, if desired.
Implement Will Rapidly Force Off
the Hoops.
The purpose of tho Invention Illus
trated In the acompanylng cut Is to pro
vide an Implement which will rapidly
force the top hoops from barrels to al
low the ends to be removed or Inserted
and the barrels headed up. A foot Is
provided, which rests either on the
chime and projects inside the barrel or
engages the head if the barrel has not
been opened. This foot forms the ful-
crum for the lever, wnlch Is provided
at its outer end with a curved hook to
be slipped under the hoops, when a
downward movement of the lever de
taches them from the staves, the Im
plement being moved to two or more
positions to loosen the different parts
of the hoop. When used on a hogs
head or large barrel the fulcrum and
hook can be reversed, when a lifting
movement will have the same effect
Tho inventor Is Joseph A. Beronlo, of
Memphis, Tenn., and he claims that the
Implement will do Its work rapidly,
without Injury to the barrel or hoops.
Rat Showed Hlin the Mine.
The actions of a rat led N. It. Ingolds
by to the discovery of a rich gold mine
In Arizona. He named the property the
Rat Hole mine.
Mr. Ingoldsby has been spending sev
eral months near Mammoth, on the San
Pedro River, In Arizona, ills purpose
was to enjoy the hunting and make a
collection of the animals and minerals
of the Southwest. He pitched, his tent
in the canon of the San Pedro in the
Santa Catarlna mountains.
He had no neighbors ami was for a
long time unable to account for the dis
appearance of small articles v.bat he left
lying about his camp. At lust he no
ticed that when anything was taken
something was left In Its placs. This
was usually a bit of stone or wood.
The culprit he found to be a large ro
dent of the species known as the trad
ing rat The habits of the animal mjde
an Interesting study for Mr. Ingoldsby,
and he often lay awake at night to
watch for his visitor.
A silver spoon was missing one morn
ing, and In Its place was a piece of
quartz carrying free gold. This still
more excited Mr. Ingoldby's curiosity,
and after several attempts, he succeed
ed In following the animal to Its home.
Near by was the ledge from which the
gold-bearing quartz had been taken.
Mr. Ingoldsby made an examination
-thorough cnouph to prove that his dis
covery was of considerable value.
What He Writes.
Miss Wunder—They say Mr. Long
hare writes for the magazines. I won
der what be writes.
Mr. Sourdropp—Oh, he writes,"Please
send me a gsmple copy."—p&ltlmore
Makine Chsesc.
I have. made an occasional cheese
throughout the year and enough In the
spring and summer to go a great way
toward paying the grocery bill, says
Louise A. Nash In the American Agri
culturist. Three milkings may be used
In winter and two In summer. Care
must be taken to cool the fresh milk
before adding it to the other. Place
your double boiler on the back of the
stove, the Inner one resting on some
thing, and put in the milk. I'our warm
water Into the outer boiler and bring
the milk to 82 degrees. For from live
to seven gallons of milk add about half
a teaspoonful of the coloring fluid and
half that quantity of reiinet previously
mixed with a little water.. Stir thor
oughly and leave it to coagulate at the
same temperature.
When the curd will break oft clean
from the bottom of your finger, it Is
time to cut. A long carving knife or
anything that will reach down to the
bottom of the pan will do. Cut each
way, leaving about an Inch between
the cuts. The heat may now be raised
gradually about two degrees every five
minutes to 98. Begin in a few minutes
by shaking the boiler to help the fl3'lng
off of the whey, but gently, so that the
fat does not escape. Presently stir
and-repeat the stirring every two or
three minutes. In about half an hour
the desired temperature ought to be
reached. The curd will soon be half Its
size, and when pressed between the An
ger and thumb the clots don't stick to
gether. It is now time to take off half
of the whey. Leave It covered an Inch
or two that It may develop more lactic
acid and the curd mat together, after
which remove it from the remaining
At this point I take up the inner boil
er and place the curd In the two colan
ders, leaving It there to drip Into the
large boilers. This, the clieddarlng
process, goes on at 90 degrees. Occa
sionally change the bottom of the curd
to the top. When chcddared, instead
of a tough, spongy mass, the curd is
the texture of cooked lean meat, clastic
and fibrous. About the same quantity
of salt is required for cheese as for
When the heat is lowered to 78 de
grees, It Is ready for the press. At a
higher point the fat Is liable to escape,
and if too cold the curd particles do not
adhere. Bandages are easy to make of
cheesecloth. Sew a strip the circum
ference and height of your tlii to a
round piece the required size. Another
round piece will-lie needed to lay on
the top of the cheese before folding the
wall piece down on It.
Commission Dealers.'
Farmers would often receive more
satisfactory returns from goods shipped
to the commission merchants if they
would take a little more pains to put
them up in a neat and attractive man
ner and send them so that they would
arrive In good order and condition but
the men who do this nre apt soon to
find regular customers to take their
goods and do not need to consign them.
The Inexperienced man, who does not
know how to assort, grade and pack his
produce, and the careless one, who will
not try to have them look their best, or
the dishonest one, whose goods are not
of the same quality when they are out
pf sight as they are on the surface, does
Cot keep a steady customer long and is
obliged to accept what prices the com
mission dealer may obtain or be will
ing to remit. And if lie doubts the qual
ity of tle goods he does not offer them
to Ills best customers, or try to get a
high price for them. He Is ready to dis
pose of them at the first offer. Delays
In transportation are also responsible
for low prices many times, because
produce of a perishable nature loses
quality rapidly and must be sold quick
ly after decay begins, even If sold at a
Institute Lectures.
The holding of fanners' institutes has
been of great advantage in many locali
ties. Even when the chief speaker or
essayist has not been of the best, and
sometimes just because he was not the
best, he has helped to bring out opin
ions from local farmers whose ideas,
no matter how poorly clothed ill lan
guage, "were adapted to the locality and
more valuable there than the opinions
of one who had obtained experience
upon different soil, in different .climates
and under different conditions. There
Is also in many places a disposition on
the part of the hearers to ask questions.
They are uot coutent to be told the best
way to do their work, but they want to
know why it is better tliau some other
way, that they may judge if it will be a
better way uuder their conditions, or is
only better when conditions are better.
Every step taken in this way is a step
in advance. Farming is uot a railroad
where one must follow a certain line of
track, but often a route through an un
known territory where one must ex
plore to fiud the best path for himself.
Houne Plants*
Many people have poor success with
house plants because their houses nve
too good. They are kept at a uniform
heat by hot air furnaces, which furnish
a dry heat, and the rooms are so care
fully closed against cold in the winter
that not a breath of fresh air gets In.
Plants need pure air, and they need
moisture for their leaves as well as for
their roots. The woman who has a few
plants in the kitchen where they get
the steam from the laundry work, and
where the outer door is swinging open
often, or windows are'opencd to let out
the heat or odors, will have thrifty
plants though she devotes but little
time to them, while they mnv fail to
grow well In the bay window of a mod
ern comfortable sitting-room.
converted into cash every week or
every month. There is no long period
of being entirely out of money, and
having to run along on credit for
months at time as often farmers do
who depend upon the sale once a year
of some leading staple crop, perhaps to
find that the value of It must go to pay
the accumulated ati-ounts, and the sys
tem of credit begin again. Not only Is
the cash buyer favored by lower prices,
but he Is a more careful buyer. It
seems easier to many to purchase what
they may want, when It can be bad on
credit, than when tl^e money must be
counted out, and thus many things are
bought "that could well be dispensed
with. The fanner who plans by poultry
and dairy, garden and small fruits to
have some Income every week Is usu
ally the most prosperous.
Selcctlni- Seed Wheat.
The experiment stations and farmers
who have tralued themselves to close
observation of cause and effect have
given evidence many times that the
amount and quality of the wheat crop,
aud of other grain crops, depends large
ly upon the qunllly of the seed used.
The larger and plumper seed gives the
most vigorous growing plant It stools
out more, usually has a stiller straw, If
It is not forced by the use of too rank a
fertilizer, by which we mean one too
rich in nitrogen, and therefore the bet
ter the crop. But there are other things
desirable In a good grain crop. One is
to secure large heads well filled, and It
may also be desirable to have the grain
grow rapidly and mature early, either
to obtain the best result In a short sea
son, or to escape insect attacks. The
best way to secure this would be to se
lect the earliest maturing large heads
to be found, and reserve them for seed.
The furmer who sows large areas may
think tills too much trouble to get all
the seed he needs, but he should remem
ber that if there is a profit In doing so
for one acre, there would be a greater
profit In doing so on a hundred. A mod
ification of this plan is to select In this
way enough to sow a small plot very
tlilu, so that each plant will have a
chance to do its best, and then reserve
a piece of the best land to sow that on
It to produce seed wheat A continua
tion of this proccss for a few years
would result In the production of an
extra early, hardy and prolific wheat
Even easier but less effectual would be
the selection of heaviest grain for seed
when winnowing It We think the first
named plan the best, because the type
of the entire crop might be fixed in that
way, so that a permanent Improvement
would be made.—American Cultivator.
To Filter Cider.
Cider Is greatly improved by filtering
as soon as It comes from the mill. If the
very best results are wanted a charcoal
filter Is necessary. This can be quite
easily made from an ordinary cider or
whisky barrel. Remove one head and
make of it a false bottom two inches
above the other head. On the false
bottom nail strips of hard wood. Be
tween Uiese strips bore holes. Have a
faucet near the bottom of the barrel.
Above the false botom place three
inches of charcoal broken to the size of
birdshot, first laying down a picce of
coarse oloth. On top of this charcoal
put another layer of cloth and four or
five inches of clcan, well washed wheat
or rye straw. Above the straw put a
circular, hard wood grating with open
ings an inch
so square. Fasten this
in place. Turn water into the barrel
aud keep it running through until it
Issues entirely tasteless. When this Is
accomplished, the filter is ready for use.
Of course the filter will become clog
ged, when it must be recharged. When
properly filtered,'the cider will be free
from albuminous and mucilaginoua ma
terial and will keep much better than
when not treated.—American Agricul
Labor Savinc in Farming
It is stated by the experts of the De
partment of Agriculture that seventy
years ago, or in 1830, It cost a little
more tlian three hours work to produce
aud harvest a bushel of wheat At the
price then of 0 cents an hour the labor
expense was 18 cents a bushel. Now a
bushel of wheat is produced and har
vested for each ten minutes labor spent
on it, as an average, and while wages
and cost of the use of machinery are
estimated at 20 cenls an hour, the cost
per bushel is but.3 1-3 cents. They
claim that the seven principal crops of
the United States were grown and har
vested In 1809 at a cost lessened by the
methods and machinery that have
come into use since 1850, by $081,500,
000. That is quite a saving as com
pared with the old methods. In fact,
under the old methods and without the
machinery that has come into use with
in the last half century the whole peo
ple of the UniUs] States could not pro
duce and handle the crops of the pres
ent .year If all were engaged in agricul
Harrowing Wheat.
Often a rain may come after wheat
has been sown, and on clay land so beat
down the soil that it will crust over or
bake when the sun comes out so that
many of the plants cannot get through.
The use of a light harrow with fine
sharp teeth will remedy this very
quickly without injury to the plants
that are up, or those that.are germin
ating. Nor does it Injure wheat to use
such a harrow on it In the spring when
the clover seed is sown, unless the roots
have been thrown out by the frost, In
.vhlch case a roller Is needed to press
thd plant roots back into the earth.
Digging Sweet Potatoes.
Sweet potatoes, acordlng to the Ohio
Farmer* should not be dug before the
middle of October. Before frost tho
vines should be cut off and the tops of
the ridges covered with earth. After
digging keep them In a dry, airy room
for a month in order to dry them out
thoroughly. Then sort them, rejecting
every bruised, broken or rotten tuber.
Wrap the perfect ones separately in
paier, put In boxes and keep in dry
room as for squashes. Remember they
must not chill or get damp,
Iteniy Money.
One of the advantages of tut dairy
and the poultry business is the ease
Mid frequency with wUicii tbey coo be
Too Much Salt. ~r"
Too much salt is used by many but
ter makers. The whole tendency among
consumers is toward fresher butter. In
England and on the continent butter
made In those countries Is served par
ticularly fresh and white. In the best
restaurants and hotels In the larger
cities of tills country the butter con
tains very little salt.
Sowing Timotny.
There is no belter way of getting a
good stand of timothy than to put the
ground in good order and sow the seed
about the last week in September op
first of October, oae busb«l tg tlx wm
Cigarettes Under the Ban—Mysterious
Death*at Lehigh —Crowd at Albla
Threatens Lynching—Bravery of an
Actress—Ten Yeara for Hoot.
The sale of cigarettes in Iowa has been
discontinued as tiie result of a decision
in the Supreme Court of Tennessee. Iowa
dealers who sell them now do so at the
peril of prosecution. A stir vfas created
among tobacco dealers when an order
cainc to them to ship" out of the State
at once their entire stock of cigarettes
and cigarette papers. The order came
from the American Tobacco Company,
whieli had been backing the dealers prior
to the decision. Iowa and Tennessee have
similar laws, which require thp payment
of a mulct tax of $300 annually for per
mission to sell them, the view taken by
the legislatures being that they were in*
jurious to the public health.
Mystery in Man's Death.
The town of Leliigh is considerably
disturbed over the death of Charles A.
Blomhcrg. The coroner's iuquest shows
that he died of pneumonia, induced by
iusufiicient care while he was suffering
from serious burns. Just how he receiv
ed these bums is a matter of considerable
mystery. They were received, according
to the unsupported statement of Blom*
berg, on the night of Nov. 3, when he
claims that a stone was thrown through
tho window, struck him in the chest and
threw the contents of a burning lamp
which he held in his hand over his left
arm, side and back, inflicting serious and
paiuful burus. According to Blomberg's
account four young men were the ones
who nre responsible for the deed. It is
allegod by others that Blomberg's inju
ries were self-inflicted while under the
influence of liquor,
An Actreas Stop*
The large audience that was enjoying
the performance of the realistic piny,
"Way Down East," at Davenport, was
given an exhibition of naturalism that it
had not expected and which, for a few
moments, was alarming in the extreme.
The theater is near a railway station and
the sudden shriek of a locomotive whis
tle frightened a spirited horse which
was enhancing the realism of the stage
scenp. The terrified animal reared and
would have plunged into the. orchestra
had not'Miss Beryl Hope, the leading
woman, faced it and by waving her cloak
in his face turned him back into the
wings. The audience was almost in a
panic, but fortunately there was no stam*
Miners* Strike Causes Shortage*
Quite a serious condition has arisen at
Ira, owing to a- strike of coal miners at
the coal banks south of there. The Blot
ter Coal Company has shut down and
the Little Black Diamond is idle because
of lack of men to operate it. The coal
banks at Valeria and Colfax have also
been closed. This is about the time of
year when farmers and others lay in a
supply of coal and unless matters are ad
justed serious inconvenience will result.
The men are demanding higher wages for
mining and if the demand is granted it
will mean higher prices for coal.
Soldiers Guard Negro.
Considerable excitement attended the
hearing at Albla of Alva Booker, a ne
gro, who is charged with having made
an attack on a white woman of-that
place. The prisoner was taken from Ot
tumwa by Sheriff Doner and a company
of militia and marched to the court room
in the center of a-hollow square to pre
vent violence on the part of a crowd that
had gathered. A change of venue was
granted, and the negro was returned to
jail. The crowd showed much feeling
against the prisoner, but the gathering
lacked a leader, and there was no out
break. \.-
Husban 1 Gets Ten Years*
Jerome Hoot was sentenced at Wat
erloo to ten years in the Anamosa pen
itentiary by Judge Blair for the attempt
ed murder of his wife with an infernal
machine, which he. sent to her by express
from Chicago. Hoot, protesting inno
cence, addressed the court at some length,
asking clemency, but he was given the
•full penalty.
Brtct State ftiappcmng*.
The little town of Derby has voted to
Mason City is kicking on account of its
election returns.
The principal streets at Earlhain are
to be macadamized.
A hospital association has been incor
porated at Waterloo.
The public library building at Corning
is neariug completion.
The new Baptist Church at Iowa Falls
is almost free of debt.
Numerous arrests have been made at
Glenwood for illegal voting.
The Congregationalists at Chapln have
formally dedicated their church.
Tax ferrets' work in Tama County has
netted the treasury about $5,000.
Harry Lozier, a Des Moines lad, had
his collar bone broken while playing foot
The Iowa Central has built new stock
vards and made other improvements at
It is estimated that $140,000 was ex
pepded in building improvements in Char
iton this year.
The tax sale lists this year in Jones'
County are about the smallest iu the
history of that county.
The three tramps who held up four men
in a bor car near Albia, and then com
pelled them to jump from the train, have
been found guilty. It iu expected that
they will get ten years each in the peni
A joint near Gladstone was raided aud
nearly eight gallons of whisky seized, to
gether with some beer.
A party of Holstein business men or
ganized and purehaserd the Merchants'
State Bank at Correctionville.
Mrs.'C. W. Snrchett, aged 50, residing
near Algoua, jumped into a well in an
attempt at suicide, but was rescued.
Thomas Cook, employed on a ranch
near Moville, was kicked under the chin
by a cow and severely cut and bruised.
Joseph Hall, a young farmer near
Holly Springs, was instantly killed by
the accidental discharge of a shotgu.
The foundation has been completed for
tiie new college huiidiug at Fairfield, but
work on the superstructure will not he
commenced till spriug.
The exercises of the Woodmen of the
World at Logan in dedication ofHhe mon
ument over the grave of John H. Baxter,
who died July 20, were witnessed, by a
large coneoursc of people.
Joseph Hall, a young farmer aged 30,
married, witli one child, lies dead at his
home live miles northeast of Iiolly
Springs, shot through the side accident
ally. In putting the shotgun back into a
wagon it was in some manner discharged
ami the full charge of shot entered Mr.
Hall's side.
Harry Nicholson was instantly killed at
(jilmore City by the discharge of a turget
gun, in the hands of his companion, Ben
Gregg. The boys were shooting at a
mark. Young Gregg was loading the gun
and let the hammer slip just as Nicholson
stepped iu front of the gun.
Tom Taylor was sentenced to five years
in State prison for shooting and badly
wounding E. H. Barrett last spring. lr.
Barrett is a banker and* one of the lead
ing citizens of Dunhip. Taylor was in
censed at Barrett because lie fancied,
*^ough mistaken, that Barrett had used
ois influence with the school board
against Tayloj's daughter, wi*o fo
A sewerage system is being installed
at Newton.
Hog cholera has nsade its appearance
in Jefferson County.
The First National Bank at Williams
has commenced business.
The town of Mystic voted against
granting a telephone franchise.
Work will be commenced soon on the
new fair grouuds at Marion.
The capacity of the heating plant at
Mason City is to be increased.
Twenty-five unlicensed dogs met their
doom in one week in Masou City.
John Roy was struck by a fast train
at Dow City and fatally injured.
••The grand jury at Des Moines ignored
several charges and iudicted four.
The Iowa Central Railroad is busy
building new stock vards at Ackley.
The new Milwaukee depot at Jefferson
will not be erected until the spring.
The ministers of Wright County have
orgauized and will fight the saloon men.
Two new State offices have been cre
ated, that of State expert accountants.
John Hill and William Cramer of Stu'
art were seriously injured in a runaway.
Thirty applicants passed the examina
tion in Des Moines to act as mine fore
The State Bantc at Bancroft is soon to
be converted iuto the First National
Rev. C. W. Park has resigned the pas
torate of the Baptist Church* at Fort
Dode Arenda, near Grundy Ccuter,
dropped dead while shoveling corn from
a wagon.
The State Board of Health of Iowa has
been awarded a silver medal at the Paris
The dwelling house of Mrs. Morse at
Algona was destroyed by fire. .Loss
about $3,000. II
The principal and teacher in a school
at Union have been discharged for flog
ging a pupil,
The postotSce at Arlington will become
a presidential office Jan. 1 postmaster's
salary, $1,000.
Two farmers near Rockford lost a fine
horse recently through colic. It was
valued at $2,000.
Henry County has sued one resident
for $2,828.32 back taxes, the result of
tax ferrets' work.
Frank Pomeroy of Muscatine has not
been heard of for two months and his
friends fear foul play.
The Fort Diodge mattress works were
totally destroyed by fire. They will be
rebuilt at once. Loss $4,000.
Dr. Charles Henry has been appoint
ed a pension examining surgeon at Corn
ing, and Dr. L. A. Lubler at Indianola.
An effort will be made by the miuisterB
and Christian Endeavorers at. Dubuque,
to close the saloons there on Sundays.
The receipts of the Shenandoah post
office for the year ending Oct. 31 were
$10,085.16, thus entitling it to free de
A civil service examination will be held
in Des Moines Dec. 15 for the position
of elevator conductor in the postofllce
William Roberts, one of the most prom
inent swine dealers of the State, has just
passed away at his home in Paton at an
advanced age.
One hundred thousand dollars' worth
of Muscatine city water works bonds,
bearing 5 per cent interest, have been
sold to a Cleveland firm. After Jan. 1
the city will owu and operate the water
The corn shredder got in its deadly
work on a farm near'Osco. Peter Yog
lcr, a prominent and well-known farmer,
was the victim and as a result of bis in
juries will be totally deprived of the use
of his arms.
Mrs. N. E. Sturtevant, residing alone
on Coates avenue, Dubuque, committed
suicide by drinking carbolic acid, and her
dead body was found in bed. She is sur
vived by a daughter, Mrs. William Bax
ter of Alta. Mrs. Sturtevant was in
The 2-year-old child of Andrew C. Nel
soq, living in Algona, recently had a nar
row escape from death by the gasoline
route. The child's mother was cleaning
the stove .and had some of the poisonous
fluid in a cup, when she happened to look
up and was horrified to see the child
take a sip from it She dashed the cup
away, but not before the sxiall self-de
stroyer had taken several swallows.
Another ease of horse stealing is re
ported from Cascade, where such of
fenses have been numerous for a year
past. Ben Fegan tied two saddle horses
to hitching posts on Main street and
went Into a store. When he returned
both horses were gone. The matter was
considered a joke played by some
friend, and Mr. Fegan went home and
waited until the uext day before beiug
convinced the horses were really* stolen.
By sawing his body iu twain, Lewis
westhoff committed suicide. He was a
widower, and the burden of caring for his
four children was more than he thought
he could hear. So when he weut with
some neighbors to saw wood near his
home the swiftly revolving toothed_ in
strument presented to his mind a means
of immediate relief. lie threw himself
across the saw's path, aud the halves of
his bod} dropped from the table before
the horrified bystanders could make a
move to iuterfere.
A very sad accident occurred at Ro
land when Louis, the 10-year-old son of
Lars A. Britson, a prominent lumberman,
was accidentally shot and killed by his
older brother while the lads were hunting
rabbits iu the lumber shed near their
home. The elder, boy, John, was carry
ing the shotguu and as the younger boy
chased the rabbit from under the shed
leveled the gun and 'fired just as the lit
tle boy ran in front of the muzzle. The
full charge hit the little fellow in the
right side. He staggered a dozen yards
toward the house nnd fell dead.
Mrs. Lucinda Allison of Clinton was
found by neighbors in her bed in an un*
conscious condition, having lain that way
for five days all alone.
The mammoth stone riven to Cedar
Rapids by U. J. C. Bealer, upon which to
mount the big cannon in the little city
park was ruined on a recent night by
the frost, which cracked it in two in the
middle. The stoue was an immense one,
probably the largest one ever taken from
the quarries. It measured something
like 5x0x12 feet and weighed almost as
much us the monster cannon which was
to rest upon it.
In Fort Madison at the home of ex
Policeman A. C. Payne, his daughter
Miss Grace Payne, narrowly escaped be
ing killed by the .accidental discharge of
22-callber target rifle, in the hands of
a 12-year-old adopted son, Lloyd. The
girl suffered a glancing wound and Is ir
no serious danger.
Lampson P. Sherman, brother of the
late John Sherman, died at his home in
Des Moines, after an illness of 'several
months. Mr. Sherman suffered a stroke
of paralysis some time ago, but his con
dition was not alarming until the death
of his brother brought on a second at
tack. Blindness followed this stroke, aud
the patient gradually sank to his death
Winfield has voted ou the question
whether the town should establish a gas
light plant or not. A larger vote than
ut the previous election was cast ou ac
count of the determined effort made by
those opposed to the proposition, bat the
friends of the enterprise signally tri
George McFarland, who was shot in a
camp of movers uear the Des Moines
river bridge by his brother-in-law, John
Simon, who was one of the party, died
at Keokuk. Simon was taken iu custody,
had a preliminary examination before
.l^idge Miller in the Superior Court and
was held to the grand jury on the charge
Mwvit with latent to commit gmxtar*
Iowa has a convention on Its hands.
Complete returns from every county in
the State give the proposed constitutional
convention 480 .majority. This is a very
close margin and while the figures given
are absolutely correct so far as unofficial
data can make them, it will take an offi
cial count to dispel all doubts. The vote
For convention 171,745
Against convention 171,205
Majority for 480
Many peculiar things are manifest In
the returns received. There seems to be
no particular political complexion to the
vote, although the Democratic counties
apparently have given a majority against
the holding of a convention. The north
west seems to have given a majority for
the convention in every county except
Emmet and Monona. Buena Vista,
Woodbury, Cherokee, Clay, Lyon, Dick
inson and the **5t have all given major
ities ranging from 2,000 to a paltry hun
dred. The telegraphic reports from the
county auditors. give expression to the
idea that the majority of those Who voted
never gave what they were voting for a
moment's thought or consideration. Conr
sequpntiy it is a reasonable theory to pre
sume that they confused the convention
proposition with that of the Titus amend
ment. Madison County seems to have
had a grudge against the amendment
and rolled up a good-Sized majority in
opposition to the proposition. There is
strong probability that the Prohibition
ists of Iowa will push a prohibitory
amendment before, the constitutional con
vention, if one 1§ held.
"The corn crop in Sown will still exceed
the 800,000,000 mark," said Director
John R. Sage, of the weather and crop
service. "Recent reports from some of
our reporters throughout the State indi
cate that the crop Is goiug to be even
larger than was at first estimated. Tho
quality, however, will probably be some
what impaired by the wet weather of the
fall, and the value of the crop' will be
lessened considerably. This will have
comparatively little effect, however, as
the great bulk of the corn crop is fed
right here in the State, and the merchant
able value does not affect materially the
value of the com for home feeding pur
poses. Practically all the corn raised
in Iowa is sold in live stock, and the
profits are always good. A small percent
age of the corn will be reduced in value
by mouidlug to the extent of 3 or 4 cents
per bushel, perhaps. The fall has been
too wet for the highest success of the
grain crops in the State, though the yield
will be enormous. believe the yield
will be as high as forty or forty-one bush-"
els to the aero. Last year it was thirty
six and a fraction."
The State board of control has formu
lated a set of rules for the government
of county institutions where insane are
kept, and the rules will become effective
at once. The last Legislature, upon hear
ing the report of the special investigat
ing committee, in which the manner of
caring for the insane In county institu
tions was criticised, passed a law plac
ing these institutions under the supervis
ion of the board of control, and the new
rules arc for the purpose of correcting
the evils mentioned in the report The
new rules prohibit the keeping of sane
paupers Tlth insane patients, and provide
that male and female patients shall be
separated, with female attendants for the
female wards. They also provide for ad
ditional attendants, so that all patients
may be properly cared for. The new rules
are directed particularly to sanitation and
State Superintendent of Instruction
Barrett has issued a circular givlog^ In
formation of township graded schools and
the transportation of pupils to central
schools in the rural, districts. He says
that in twenty-five counties of the State
children have beeu transported to such
schools during the past year. Thirteen
counties have established township high
srtiools. These will give the pupils of
the rural districts educational advantages
equal to those enjoyed in the cities. The
superintendent besides giving the statis
tics of this new movement also presents
an argument in its favor, from the point
of superior advantages and decreased
cost. The law governing the necessary
changes is also given and answers to cer
tain questions asked.
The two National Guard companies of
Des Moines, known as Companies A and
II of the Fifty-first Iowa, are about to
disband nnd be mustered out on account
of the absence of an armory. In nearly
all the other towns of the State where
there are companies of the National
Guard, armories have been built. It is
understood that Company will be mus
tered out very soon unless something Is
done. An armory could le built for $10,
Btate Items of Interest*
A canning company is being talked of
at Creston.
Pocahontas is to have new $12,000
bank building.
The town of Bristow has purchased a
new fire engine.
Dickinson County has made-a contract
with tax ferret's.
Rural free delivery service will be es
tablished at Logank
Daylight thievery .'•? the order of the
day at Marshalltown.
One farmer at Ames lost a-herd of 200
hogs through cholera.
Charles Fochen, a colored prisoner at
Davenport, fell dead in his cell.
"Jacob Levltch, a cigar salesman at Des
Moines, was buncoed out of $G00.
Grinnell is to have an association that
will look after the best interests of the
Mrs. John Smith, a Des Moines lady,
fell on a sidewalk and broke her hip
The handsome new passenger depot of
the C. & N. W. at Ames is almost com'
The school board ht Marshalltown will
refund its $12,000 worth of outstanding
Fifteen orphans from New York have
been found homes in Story County.
Grinnell has fair prospects of secur
lng a buggy manufacturing enterprise.
John P. Nelson, a railroad laborer, fell
under a work train at Quarry and lost
an arm.
O. S. Morgauidge of Mondamin fell
against a buzz 6aw and almost severed
one arm.
The Firemen's Association in Marshall
town has purchased a burial.ground for
Its members.
Xhe residence of J. Clark at Buffalo
Center was destroyed by fire, together
with contents.
Miss Mae Weber, matron in a hospital
at Fort Dodge, has fallen heir to $30,000.
The eighty-foot tower on the new court
house at Iowa City is ncaring completiou.
The petition for saloons in Appanoose
County fell short of the necessary num
ber of votes.
A valuuble vein of coal has been dis
covered while sinking a well on a farm
at Washington.
A combination public hall and lodge
room will in all probability be erected at
Cushlng next spring.
The Home for the Friendless at Du
buque received $5,000 cash by tflQ wlU
»f the Ute Henry $tout«
Removing Stains*
To remove fruit, ten, coffee or choco
late stains, spread the stained cloth
over a bowl and-pour boiling water
through from a height so that It will
strike the place with force.
For.an Ink stain that Is still fresh
soak the cloth. In milk, changing the
liquid as often as it becomes discolored.
If It Is dry and obstinate, use Javelle
water or salts of lemon. If the former,
pour In on the cloth over a bowl and
allow It to stand for a short time, then
wash thoroughly. If salts of lemon Is
employed, place the cloth over a bowl of
steaming water, sprinkle the salts of
lemon on the stain and allow It to stand
until It fades away. Then scale thor
Lemon and aunshlue are the nntldotes
for mildew. Rub the lemon on the spot
-and place it In the Bunllght.
Iron rust yields to salts of lemon or
Javelle water if cither Is applied ac
cording to the directions for -removing
Soak grasB stains In alcohol and rub
the cloth until the oolor disappears.
Kitchen Weight* nnd Measure*
Four teaspoonfuls of liquid make one
Four tablespoonfuls of liquid, one gill
or a quarter of a cup.
A tablespoonful of liquid, half an
A pint of liquid weighs a pound.
A quart of sifted Dour, one pound.
Three kitchen cupfuis of cornmaal,
one pound.
One cup of butter, half a pound.
A solid pint of chopped meat, one
Ten eggs, one pound.
A dash of pepper, an eighth of a tea
A pint of brown sugar, thirteen.
Two cupfuis and a half of powdered
sugar, one pound.—Ladles' Borne Jour
Abont fc-'nlt.
Salt puts out a lire In the chimney. ...
Salt In solution inhaled cures cold la
the head.
Salt In water Is the best tblug to clean
willow ware and matting.
Salt thrown on soot which has fallen
on the carpet will prevent stain.
Salt on the fingers when, cleaning
fowls, meat or fish will .prevent slip
Salt In the oven under baking tins
will prevent their scrolling on the bot
Salt put on Ink, when freshly spilled
on a carpet, will help In removing the
Salt thrown on a coal fire when broil
ing stenk will prevent blazing from
dripping fat
To Whiten Clothes.
Into a large saucepan—porcelain Is
best—put four pounds of bicarbonate of
soda and four quarts of hot water. Stir
frequently, with a wooden stick until
the soda is dissolved. Then add one
pound of chloride of lime, stir occasion
ally until the solids are dissolved. Then
let the liquid cool In a kettle. Strain the
clear part through a cheesecloth into
wide-mouthed bottles. Put the stoppers
in and set away until uscdr Any part
that is not clcar con be put into separ
ate bottles, and used for cleaning white
floors and the tables It Is also good for
cleaning the sink, traps, etc.
This is an acccptnbie way to prepare
an egg for an invalid. Separate a very
fresh egg, keeping the yolk unbroken
In the half shell. Beat the white to a
stiff froth. Then heap it up in a pretty
white bowl or cup, make a well In the
center and drop in the yolk, nearly cov
ering It with the white. Stand the bowl
In a small saucepan with a little boiling
water cover the saucepan and steam
one minute. Drop a tiny bit of butter
and pinch of salt on top and serve from
the bowl.
Berlin Salad.
Pour over two cleaned, separated
lionds of Boston lettuce one-half cupful
of smolclng-hot butter cut up flue and
add one cupful of cooked and seasoned
dandelion greens, oue tablespoonful of
minced chervil and pepporKiass mix,
spread onto a plate, cove with potato
rings with'fried-cake cutler and boiled
tender In seasoned soup stock OU cen
ters with cooked lentils spriukle over
all two tnblespoonfuls of vinegar nnd
one-half teaspoonful each of salt and
Substitute for Creatn.
Boil three-fourths of pint of new
mlllt put a level teaspoonful of flour
into a cup with the yolk of an egg. Mix
well together, adding a little sugar.
When the milk boils, draw It buck from
the tire, ami ns soon as it has cooled a
very little pour the boiling milk on It,
stirring briskly, so that It may not be
lumpy. I'our back Into the saucepan
and beat over the lire, stirring one way,
till the egg thickens. It must not boll,
or It is spoiled. When cold, It Is ready
4'-^ Oy»ter 8a1od.
For oyster snlnd, put the oysters Jn a
saucepan over the lire and let tliem
cook till their edgra curl. Put them in
a strainer nnd let them cool. Cut about
tlic same quantity by measure of celery
lu small pieces. Let the celery and the
oysters, the latter cut in quarters, mar
inate In a French dressing. Serve on
leaves of lettuce with mayonnaise
dressing. Garnish with sliced lemon
and sprigs of parsley.
How to Clean Bras..-
To remove verdigris or other old d!»
coloratlons from brass, ordinary house
hold ammonia will be found sufficient,
says the Delineator. For obstinate
stains it should be applied ~wlth a soft
brush, though-usually a piece of flan
nel wet In the ammonia will do as
well. Afterward the high polish of the
brass may be restored by Uie use of"
polishing paste or pomade.
Steamed Krown Bread.
One cup of sour cream, one cup of
sweet milk, one cup of molasses, one
cup of seeded raisins, one quart of gra
ham flour, one teaspoon ot soda, one
teaspoon of salt. Butter a round bak
ing dish and pour In the bntter. Steam
three hours and put In the oven a few
minutes to brown on the top. Never
remove tiie top of the steamer until
ready to dish up the bread or pudding.
ISreiUl Sauce.
Cook half a cup -of bread crumbs and
a cup aud a half of milk over hot water
for twenty minutes, Add a tablespoon
of butter, salt and pepper to season
Browu half a cup of breud crumbs li
a tablespoon of butter and sprinkle lib
wUiy-ovw wttU tlmtiRleg and sauce.

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