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Manchester Democrat. [volume] (Manchester, Iowa) 1875-1930, February 20, 1901, Image 6

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ttt)e democrat.
BB0V80V CABR, PaUiihtn.
MANCHESTER. IOWA.
There Is a demand for an enlighten
ing work on "How to Be Happy
Though an ex-President."
We wish Mr. Wu joy In his efforts to
solve our race problem tor us. At any
rate, he can tell us some very true
things about the outrage of lynching.
Fashion Is beginning to comport with
good sense 111 one particular. A Wash
ington fashion expert snys small con
tracted waists are no longer fashion
able.
It has been discovered that some of
the young Vanderbilts pay taxes on
nearly a sixteenth of their possessions.
Obviously they lack the genius of their
progenitors.
New ruins are being discovered in
Home, but so far no proof lias been
brought to show that some dealer in
antiquities did not manufacture them
in his cellar.
A Pennsylvania man and woman
who have been engaged for fifty-seven
years have decided to get married. We
hope he has thorough confidence In his
ability to support a family.
The country needs an author with
the genius of Mrs. Stowe to write a
book which shall do for the lynching
evil what "Uncle Tom's Cabin" did
for negro slavery 1n the South.
Speaking of Senator Davis, liis col
league, Senator Hoar, said: "No spark
from his wit was ever a cinder in the
eye of a friend." Both as a tribute of
friendship and as an epigram Senator
Hoar's sentence deserves to live.
Alvord, the bank embezzler, has been
sentenced to thirteen years In the peni
tentiary. Good conduct may cut this
down to about ten years. Alvord's
stealings amounted to nearly $700,000,
or-almost $70,000 a year for the term
that he will have to serve. The pun
ishment Is not severe enough to re
strain other men from committing sim
ilar offenses.
One Sunday evening a rough-cast
!nan rose in the Reform Clum meeting,
and said: "I believe In owning up.
When I get into trouble by making a
fool of myself, or by letting somebody
else lead me out of the way, I ain't
goto' to shirk the blame. I am goin'
to take my own load on my own shoul
ders. I shall just speak up and \ay,
I, Bill Pike, did that!'" There's an
example, as well as a rebuke, for sev
eral kinds of whimpering sinners, in
high places and In low.
No reform would ever have been ac
complished If the element of self-Inter
est had been wholly eliminated. Ev
ery advance in the direction of popular
government has been due to the-dis
satisfaction of men with existing con
ditions and their determination to get
more out of life than had been allotted
them under monarchical institutions.
So, also, with the trusts. When the
people ot_H?e«United States feel that
"tSDyTTave the 'end.of the trans
action" they will, purely as u''master of
self-interest, apply the remedy wSu?fc
they may conceive to be most effective.
After a recent contest it came out
that iu some Instances the struggling
athletes were sustained by the use of
arsenic, strychnine and nitroglycerine.
The winner in a close trial may tri
umph because the trainer has been Ju
dicious in administering tonic drugs.
But does not the pharmaceutical road
to victory seem less attractive than the
old way which led through physical
strength and skill unaided by the stim
ulants which medicine oilers? There is
a modernncss about the possibility of
being beaten by a sixtieth of a grain of
strychnine, which to earlier athletes
would have brought both wonder and
regret.
One of the most astonishing achieve
ments of the Victoria era is the rapidity
•with which news is transmitted. The
New York Herald finds, in looking over
its files of 1837, that when William IV.
died (June 20) and the young Victoria
was awakened and saluted as Queen,
the news of the King's death was
brought to this country by the packet
ship St. James, hailing from Loncli i,
and did not reach New York until forty
five days after the event. Contrast that
-tedious delay with the posting of phy
sicians' bulletins and state proclama
tions in America, Australia, and India
almost before the ink with which they
were written at Osborn or London was
dry! Even Shakspeare's Puck was
slow when he proposed to "put a gir
dle round about the earth In forty
minutes." Sixty-three years from now
will our methods of transmission be
considered as slow and antiquated as
we consider those of sixty-three years
ago? «.
The cadets at West Point Miliary
Academy, realizing the storm of indig
nation that gathered as a result of the
investigations concerning hazing, have
voluntarily signed a pledge to abandon
entirely that practice which ha*
brought the institution so much dis
credit. The cadets have done well. The
military academy belongs to the people
and not to the cadets. The cadets are
not even patrons of the academy. The
people are tile patrons. Students at
tending other institutions where tfiey
pay tuition may be said to be patrons
of those Institutions. The cadets at
West Point pay no tuition. The people
pay for their education and pay the
cadets a salary besides. Therefore the
people have a right to dictate how the
academy shall be run as the managers
of no other institution have a right to
dictate. When the people learned how
their academy was being conducted the
cadets knew there would be a change.
The latter have wisely determind In ad
vance that they will reform. The peo
ple will expect the pledge to be kept.
On P. D. Armour's tombstone might
well be inscribed: "The young man
who wants to marry happily should
pick out a good mother and marry one
of her daughters—any one will do."
For P. D. Armour never said a wiser
thing, and no man ever paid a finer
tributo to the mothers of this country.
It Is easy to Imagine the woman Ar
mour had In mind. She is a type of
the times. She is not too modern, and
there Is nothing anci-sut about her. Her
social qualities arc unquestioned, and
yet she does not live for society. She
reads and dresses and worships as her
conscience and inclination direct. In
the home Is found her kingdom. By
her example she teaches herdaughters
how to become good wives. The things
she teftphpg less than the
things that her girls actually learn
from her. Association as well as in
clination draw the daughters Into the
channels that lend to domestic happi
ness. Her example Is stnmped on their
young lives. She is the queen of a
hame to which the mind of the husband
and parent Is ever turning. Peace
abides there, and the household ma
chinery docs not jar. That is the wom
an P. D. Armour was thinking of, and
what she is it is possible for her daugh
ters to beeomc. The young man who
studies the mother of the woman he
wishes to marry Is wise.
Rural free delivery is an addition to
the postal facilities of the country that
has come to stay. When an appropri
ation of $200,000 was askeil for to In
augurate the experiment. Sir. Loud,
chairman of the House committee on
postofflces and post roads, objected but
when It was proposed to appropriate
$3,500,000 to go on with the business
the chairman of the committee had
nothing to say. Mr. Sperry of Connec
ticut, a member of the committee, had
much to do with getting the matter
started. He was for many years post
master at New Haven, and his practi
cal Ideas with reference to the conduct
of the business of the Postoffiee De
partment have been of much service.
Sir. Sperry gives it as his opinion that
it would bo useless now to try to pre
vent the spread of rural free delivery,
in which opinion, doubtless, the other
members of the committee, and the
department itself, agree. Rural free
delivery lias commended Itself to the
people of the farms, and since they
like it Congress would not presume
to withdraw or do much hanging back.
The wonder is that free rural delivery
was not undertaken before, but now
that it has proved of such utility and
popularity, the whole country is reach
ing out its hand, and expansion of the
system must go on until there are no
more townships to conquer.
Albert Edward comes to the throne
of England at an age when most men
consider their active llfework practic
ally over. He faces a task calling for
every energy of brain and body and
freighted with the gravest responsibili
ties. As an offset to this, he is stout of
frame, rugged of constitution, and gen
erally In robust health. He Is Idolized
by English, a fact that is accounted
for by his democratic habit of making
every man he meets his friend. His
princely bearing has been agreeably
shaded with courtesy to his Inferiors in
rank, and he has been active in ills sup
port of deserving public charities. In
entering upon his reign lie has the good
will of every subject—a condition that
lessens the difficulty of his position.
One of the penalties of royalty is the
obliteration of private feeling. The
state demands of the new king the per
formance of certain public ceremonies
with which his personal bereavement
must not be permitted to Interfere. HI
mourning for his mother must be oli
served iu secret Before his subjects
he must bear himself with cheerfulness
and dignity. It is a situation Identical
with that of the favorite actor, who
must strut and grimace for his public,
even though Ills heart be breaking. In
his youth tills king was a rollicking,
devil-may-care prince. He had the fol
lies of youth, and outgrew them. By
his acts as Edward VII. will be dis
covered the exact strength and quality
of his manhood.
THE MARSHALL CENTENN{mL.
Chief Justice Marshall was born in
Fauquier County, Va., Ill 1755, and was
the eldest of fifteen children. I-Ie
fought during the Revolutionary War,
participated iu the battles of Brandy
wine and Monmouth and suffered the
hardships of Valley Forge. After the
war he devoted his attention to law.
He distinguished himself in.the Vir
glnla convention for ratifying the
CltlBP JUSTICE MAHSUALL.
Uulted Slates Coustltutlon snt on tho
Supreme Court bench of tliat State was
one of the envoys lo France In 1708,
seeking a more perfect auiity between
the countries 'entered Congress in
179D, becoming*one of the ablest men iu
that body was Secretary of State and
of War and in 1801 became Chief Jus
tice, holding the position uutil his death
iu 1835.
Chief Justice Marshall maintained a
commanding position in the Supreme
Court. The most important decisions,
especially those on international law,
were pronounced by him. His decis
ions are to-day regarded the standard
authority on Constitutional questions,
and in the words of a biographer have
"imparted life and vigor not ouly to
the Constitution,.but to the body polit
ic." He is regarded as one of the
world's most eminent jurists.
The centennial of Marshall's installa
tion was observed not only at Rich
mond but at the natioual capital, where,
under the direction of the Supreme
Court, with the co-operation of Con
gress, commemorative exercises wore
held. The day was also observed in
American colleges, law schools and
public schools.
*"'S, Sunday School Enrollment.
Seventeen per cent of the population
of Michigan is enrolled in the Sunday
schools. The average for the States
and Territories of the Union is 1 per
cent.
A bulldog bites tirst and barks after
ward.
Many a man praises virtue who ucver
thinks of practicing It.
LnJ
Bald Dusty Rhodes to Weary as be liold the
frylug-nnu
Above the lire on which reposed bis good
tomato can:
"School history's a lliirl
A-tellln' things ns uever was, aiT things as
couldn't be,
A-gujin' people all de time but Hain't
a-gnyln* me.
(Stop splttln' In de Are.)
,4det
a is I
RtuluTfion'n8 Chief Justice.
On Feb. 4 the ceutennlal of the in
stallation of Chief Justice Marshall,
the eminent American jurist and fa
mous interpreter of the United States
Constitution, was observed at Rich
mond, his former home. In view of this
the General Assembly of Virginia char
tered the John Marshall Memorial As
sociation, organized for the purpose of
Inlying his old home iu order lo pre
serve it as a permanent memorial.
Among those in the association are
Chief Justice Fuller, cx-Prcsidont liar
rison, Senator Hoar and Lyman D.
Brewster.
sat de couldn't tell a lie."
"Now, tbar's dat tule u' Wnshlu'tou—de
biggest man nt all—
Dey say be couldn't tell lie (dat can's
ubotit to fall).
No wuttci* hofr he tried.
De biggest kind o' fool knows bow—you
never lias to lam—
Much less a umu as smart as him (dat
meat's iibout to burn),
De bLs'try simply lied.
"Thar ain't no man what's got de sense to
be a president,
An' manage din bis country, an' mind de
adver'uient,
But what could tell a lie.
It makes me tlivd to see slch things writ
down for folks to read,
An' Wasbln'ton would say so, too (I won
der wur's dat bread).
If he was standlu by.
•'All meu can lie, an' not hjuf try It's part
o' human natur
An' If It isu't In 'em born it comes little
later.
(Say! Kill dat blasted dog!)
One thing Is shore—-It's bound to be—If
Washln'ton was great
Re could hu' lied as easy (old pard, take off
dat meat)
As fallln' oft a log."
—Chronicle.
VALLEY FORGE TO BE A PARK.
All of the young students of American
history will be glad to kuow that the
house in which Gen. Washington had his
headquarters at Valley Forge is to he
preserved if possible ns a historical mon
ument of the Revolutionary days. The
building, which has fallen into decay, is
to be thoroughly repaired, care being
taken not to change any of its features
or destroy its venerable look. Some of
the rooms will be iitted up us a museum
for Revolutionary and colouial relics.
If the plans are fully carried out the
land around the house known as the Val
ley Forge estate will be constituted a na
tional park, to which all chiildren can
go and renew their memories of the early
history of their land. It was Valley
Forge that witnessed the hardest times
of our struggle for liberty. Here Wash
ington uudcrweut Ws severest trials
here the American troops passed that
terrible winter, half starved and poorly
clad, many without shoes, and their
movements about camp could be traced
by blood-marked footprints, while the
British troops in Philadelphia were en
joying every comfort a large city could
afford. Valley Forge Is the dark back
ground against which is silhouetted the
noble figure of Washington, and it is well
illlH'lMli
ill/,J'1!'li-v,
WASHINGTON 8 HEADQUARTERS.
to have Valley Forge to rcmiud us of our
debt of gratitude to those who bequeath
ed to us our heritage of liberty.
Funeral at Mount Vernon.
Washington's request that his body be
kept for three days was strictly observed.
It was Mrs. Washington's desire that the
funeral be delayed a week to allow no
tice to be seut to the government and
personal friends. But the physicians
wisely deemed the protracted interval
imprudent and on the following Wednes
day, just as the bright winter's sun mark
ed the noon hour, the funeral services
were held. The body had been placed iu
a plain mahogany casket, which stood iu
the center of the long Virginia veranda
just opposite the hospitable doorway
which aided so many times before to wel
come the coming or speed the parting of
the beloved commander-in-chief. The ob
sequies were conducted according to the
rites of the Protestant Episcopal Church,
augmented by military and Masonic hon
ors. The casket was followed by a mourn
ing bnml of relatives, friends aud neigh
bors and placed in the family vault at
Mount Vernon, while guns of a ship an
chored in the Potomac boomed the mel
ancholy tidings that the greatest chief
tain of the time was dead.
The same dny that witnessed the quiet
funeral of George Washington brought
the news of the national loss to Philadel
phia, where Congress sat in session. A
paueogei' traveling from Virginia com-
mnnicated the report to a compnuion pas
senger in the stage that took the place
of the railway train of this modern age.
On arriving in Philadelphia tho passen
ger started immediately for Congress and
soon the sorrowing olftcials were convinc
ed of the truth of the report. Congress
immediately adjourned and the following
day resolutions were offered in the House
of Representatives by John Marshall
which contain the celebrated expression,
"First in war, first in peace and first iu
the hearts of his fellow citizens." But
the sentiment is not Marshall's, though
popularly attributed to the eminent jur
ist. The words were the thought of Gen.
Lee, who repeated them in the eulogy
which ho delivered at the request of Con
gress at the funeral ceremonies held iu
Philadelphia. Marshall in his letters is
careful to give^ee tho credit of the com
position and explains the first use of the
famous sentence. It appears that Lee
was not present in the House of Repre
sentatives when the intelligence of Wash
ington's death shocked and 'grieved the
olllcials. Lee wits a personal and iuti
mate friend of Washington and learning
of the offering of the proposed memorial
to t.lie President he came to Marshall
with a set of resolutions which he de
sired to be inserted in the document. The
final sentence of the composition contains
the famous sentiment so aplly descrip
tive of the personality of the great man
passed away.
His Care lbr Relatives.
Mary Washington, mother of George,
lived until she was 83 years old, and
died only ten years before her son. She
is chiefly remembered from her proud
title of "Mother of Washington." Her
influence upon the development of his
character iu youth and early manhood
seems to have been slight, for he was not
at home.much after he was 14 years old.
Tie never cluimed his share of his fath
er's estate, which was in her possession,
and he gave her direct support during
much of her life. Washington was hurt
deeply by a puaposltion made in the Vir
ginia Assembly to give his mother a pen
sion. and at Ills earnest request the pro
ceedings were stopped. He was devoted
ly attached to his stepchildren, and treat
ed them with the greatest kindness. He
carefully educated his nephews, and one,
Buslirod Washington, achieved nronii
nencc as a lawyer during the administra
tions of Adams and Jefferson.
Used by Washington.
This carriage is now in the historic
collection at Mount Vernon.
Story of Washington.
With great trouble a small body of men
were busy hoisting a heavy log to the
top of a blockhouse that was being re
paired after an assault in one of the
campaigns of the War of American In
dependence.
As the log swung to and fro tho voice
of a little man was heard encouraging
the workers with a "Heave away! There
she goes! Heave ho!"
By aud by there rode past an officer in
plain clothes, who asked the little man
why he did not help the others.
"Sir," was the pompous reply? "I am a
corporal!"
"Indeed,",said the other, "I did not
know that I ask your pardon, Mr. Cor
poral."
Dismounting without further ado, the
oflicei* lent a willing hand till the job was
done. Then wiping the honest sweat off
his brow, he turned to the little man and
remarked: "The next time, Mr. Corporal,
you have a bit of work like that in hand,
aud too few meu to do it, send for the
commander-in-chief, and I'll come again
and assist you."
With which offer and rebuke Gen.
Washington left^he astouished corporal
to his own reflections.
Washington's Answer.
The Father of His Country was a
shrewd observer, of men, aud lie under
stood feminine character pretty well,
too, as witness the following letter writ
ten about a ^oung lady who was eou
templatiug a second marriage. It was
evidently in respoiise to some appeal for
his advice that Washington wrote: "For
my own part I never did, nor do I be
lieve I ever shall, give advice to a wom
an who is setting out on a matrimonial
voyage. First, because I never could
advise one to marry without her own
consent, and, secondly, because I know
it is to no purpose to advise her to re
frain when she has obtained it. A wom
an very rarely asks an opinion or re
quires advice on such an occasion till
her resolution is formed, and then it is
with the hope and expectation of obtain
ing a sanction, not that she means to be
governed by your disapprobation, that
she applies. In a word, the plain Eng*
lisli of the application may be summed
up iu these words:
4I
His optic features bleud
Did he iu all truth state the way
He got his bold black eye,
His fame would not resound to-dnv
As one that could not Ilo.
Earth has nothing more tender than
a pious Roman's heart.—Luthe^
W
GEORGE WASHINGTON.
I'if* rv
As the uation which he founded grows
in extent, in wealth, in population, iu
grandeur aUd in worldly importance the
fame of Washington broadens and takes
on more and more thef glow of sublimity.
It is only iu looking back from the im
mense present upon the humble past that
the vastness of Washington's work can
be properly appreciated. The founda
tions that he laid still firmly support the
mighty structure that. has risen upon
them, although it seems impossible that
he could have foreseen the immensity of
the results which were to follow his ef
forts. But that he did see^rand possi
bilities for the poor little republic which,
after patient effort and in the face of
heart-breaking discouragements be fath
ered, is clearly shown in his public ut
terances. Washington was not one of
those who "builded wiser than he knew."
In his mind the glory and the future
power of the United States were cer
tain. It was no speculation, no nothing
to-lose-and-all-to-gain venture with him,
and the prophetic vision that he seemfe
to have had was no doul*t responsible
for the firmness of the base upon which
our government rests.
It is fitting, therefore, that the na
tion should do him honor. It is well that
schools should have special exercises on
his birthday—that the children of the
land should thus be impressed with the
splendid character of the man and the
fitness of doiug him honor. It is well,
too, that commerce should in a measure
be suspended that the public should see
fit occasion for patriotic demonstrations,
and It would be well if every citizen'
could devote at least a part of the day
to a study of Washington's life and
achievements. No one could do so with
out being better for it—Chicago Daily
News.
WASHINGTON USED AS A NAME.
Hitndre Js of Cities* Towns and Counties
Called After Hint.
No man was ever honored so much in
having States, cities, counties, towns, isl
ands and various other things named af
ter him as Washington has been. Coun
ties in twenty-nine States are known as
"Washington," and 100 places to which
mail is addressed are named in his honor.
There is generally at least one "Wash
ington" in every State, and there are
Wasliingtonville, Washington Plains,
Washington Court House and various
other derivatives of the same name. Sta
tistics are obtained not easily in regard
to the number of streets uamed after the
Father of His Country, but there is not
a town of auy size which does not have a
Washington street or Washington ave
uue. There are numberless Washington
parks. By States, in the naming of
counties aud towus, Washington has been
honored as follows:
Names of Slates. Couutlcs. Towus.
Malue 1 1
New Hampshire 1
Vermont 1 1
Cuuueciicut 3
Massachusetts .. 4
Itliode Island 1 2
New York 1 12
New Jersey 24
Peuusyivunlu 1- 18
Maryland 1- 7
Delaware
Virglula 1 8
Weht Virginia 4
North Carollua
jS
wish you to think
as I do but if, unhappily, you differ
from me in opinion, my heart, I must con
fess, is fixed and I have gone too far to
retract.'"—Troy Times.
I'nicss 11c Hud AfllJuviU,,
If Washington hi splitting wood,
Or'"boxing with a friend,"
llad got a blow by chance that should
SUBSIDY GRAB SET BACK. new offices in the line and 150 in the
staff, and all of these rich plums are
Senator Hanna and his ship subsidy
t0 bc
grab received another hard jolt Tues-
day. 1. or the second time since it was
taken up for consideration in Decern-'
bcr it has been rudely and effectively
Then Senator Allison reflected the
opposition to the actual Republican
leaders of the Senate In the methods
employed by the ship subsidy grab
lobby by exclaiming with determined
voice:
"Then, Mr. President, I move that
the consideration of the District of Co
lumbia appropriation bill be proceeded
with.'
Haqpa looked on with reddening face
and clinched hands. He was evidently
under great mental strain, but appre
elating the character and quality of
the odds arrayed against him, he re
mained silent. His precious bill went
tumbling down to the foot of the cal
endar.
Make Them Pay for Opprcion*
Rumor has it that a strong lobby -will
represent tho holders of $450,000,000
Spanish-Cuban bonds when the new
constitution for Cuba comes before
Congress. The, idea Is to have Con.
gress take some action toward compell
ing Cuba to assume payment of that
enormous obligation contracted" by
Spain in the effort to p.ut down the
Cuban revolution. Spain alone ls re
sponsible for the payment of those
bonds "Spain alone used the proceeds
of their sale to support Its tyrannical
rule In Cuba. If any lobby appears
1n Washington to urge an unjust claim
against Cuba It should be invited to
transfer itself to Madrid and convince
the Spanish government It was wrong
when It repudiated the debt.—Pitts
burg Dispatch.
The Forthcoming- Jnnlcct.
There ls a delightful junket ahead for
about three eminent "Americans who
stand well with the administration. A
"special embassy" Is to be sent to Lon
don as the representative of the PresP'
dent of the United States at the. coro
nation of King Ddwnrd. A special em
bassy was sent to the coronation of the
Czar and also one to attend the jubilee
of the late Queen Victoria. The latter,
It will bc recalled, consisted of White
law Rcid, Admiral Miller and Gen.
Miles. It would be safe to wager, how
ever, that Gen. Miles will not be of the
next party.—Savannah News.
Why It Came to I.iclit.
The report of the Taft commission,
telling how lovely everything Is In the
Philippines and how only a few police
men are now needed there, was In hand
for along time, but was not put out un
til the army bill was as good as safe.
This ls close work, to be sure, but-pre
senting the commission's report now
gives excuse for an extra session ot
Congress in which to do something for
the Philippines, and in which It ought
not to be Impossible to push tlie ship
subsidy bill a great deal further along.
—Philadelphia Times.
refrnndinB the Syndicates
Even the firm and adamantine gorge
of the administration rises nt a $08,
000,000 river and harbor bill—not be
cause of Its wastefulness, but be
cause of Its huge inroads on the sur
plus at a critical season when all sorts
of syndicates are clamoring for oppor
tunities to empty the public treasury.
Should an executive veto be deemed
essential In the party Interest the In
nocent would suffer with the guilty
the important public work with the
petty private job.—Philadelphia Rec
ord.
1
South Carollua
Georgia 1- 1
Florida .... 1
Alabama 1 2
Mississippi 1. 1
Tennessee 2
Kentucky 1
Ohio 11
Indiana 0
IllluolH l&X 8
Michigan 3
Wisconsin V'-* 3
Minnesota lv- -. 3
Iowa
Missouri 0
Arkansas 1«'
Louisiana 2
Texas IT*" 2
Kansas 1 .. 3
Nebraska 1 3
South Dakota 1 1
Montana 2
Idaho 1 1
Utah 1 1
Colorado 4
California 7
Nevada W 3
Oregou 1" 1
District of Columbia
He Was Wise.
Grandpa—Whose birthday will we eel*
ebrate on thfe 22d
Bobby—Sister's twenty-first again.
Even in the darkest hour of earthly
ill woman's fond affection glows,—
In tlie Interest of Subsidies^
It Is quite likely that the extra ses
sion, if cnlled, will bc as much for the
purpose of granting subsidies for ships
as for providing a form of civil gov
ernment for the' Philippines and ar
ranging the details of government in
Cuba. And when subsidies are given
to the shipping Interests it may be
taken for granted that other Interests
will press their claims for bounty. The
administration will be fortunate in that
event If it shuts the doors of the treas
ury before the surplus hns vanished.
Having Things Their Own Way.
The trusts arc certainly having things
eheir own way. It may be said, with
much more ruefulness than humor,
that they are preparing to ride the
American people a merry race on land
aud sea alike. And It's the American
people Who must pay all expenses and
lose the race If McKlnlcylsm and trust
ism continue to prevail In American
government.—St. Louis Republic.
Rich Plum** ta lie Distributed.
Some of the Senators at Washington
betray unusual eagerness to get the
army bill out of the way and on the"
federal statute book. This measure
preates. aipon? other things, about ogQ
distributed by the President, sub-
ject t0
confirmation by tile Senate. It
ls tl)e Iargcst sl|cc ot
has beeu
displaced from its commanding posi-1 naturally aroused among the patron
tion as the unfinished business of the
Sennte. Mr. Hanna was on hand to
see the grab kicked about the chamber
like a football and he hadu't a word to
say in protest. Senator Frye, know
ing what was coming, had convenient
ly absented himself,
Thus he was not
forced into the position of having to
yield or refusing to yield.
The grab, says a Washington corre
spondent, was laid before the Senate
at 1 o'clock while the District of Co
lumbia appropriation bill was being
considered. Senator Allison, however,
had no intention of permitting an im
portant appropriation bill to be thrust
aside. Acting upon the authority vest
ed in him by tlie steering committee at
its meeting last week, he endeavored
to let down Frye and Hanna without
jolting tliem too severely by moving
that tho ship subsidy bill be laid aside
temporarily. Senator Jones of Arkan
sas promptly and emphatically object
ed to this course. He said that the
effect of granting the request would
be to continue the ship subsidy bill as
the unfinished business and he did not
believe that this should be doue in view
of the condition of tlie Senate busi
ness. If the appropriation bills should
fail, their failure, he said, would bo
due to keeping the ship subsidy bill
pending, and he thought that the conn
try should understand this provision to
6et aside everything else for that meas
ure. Senator Jones declared that there
were other subjects more Important
than the.ship subsidy grab that ought
to take precedence and Informed the
Republicans that If an extra session
were called It would not be called be
cause the Democrats had not given
them an opportunity to transact the
legitimate legislative business of the
country. He wound up by objecting
to temporarily laying the ship subsidy
bill aside.
patronage that
offered for many a year, and
anxIety
tor its prompt enjoyment ls
ag(v.ioving
Senators.-Phlladelphia Rec-
ord.
Olney'a. Word. Fully list
ifie!.
The most scathing indictment ot the
money power in politics during the re-.
ceut
presidential campaign came from
the pen of Richard Olney when be an
nounced his preference for the Bryan
presidential candidacy. There were
many who regarded his utterance as
extreme. Yet the justification of his
indictment may now be based upon the
single fact of the triumphant return of
Mr. Quay of Pennsylvania to the Unit
ed States Senate. So sodden a tri
umph of plutocratic power Impels us
to turn back to Mr. OIney's words and
ask if they were not an accurate de
scription of the influence of "commer
cialism" in the country's affairs.—
Springfield (Mass.) Republican. ..
Distributing the Plunder.
Economy In public expenditures 1b
now regarded by most Senators and
Representatives as an old-fasbioned vir
tue. They manage to distribute the out
lay so widely that nearly every com
munity gets some part of it. This keeps
any section from making a loud outcry.
It has taken but a very few years for
the expenses of running the Federal
government for a two-year period to In
crease from $1,000,000,000 to $1,500,
000,000. How long will it be before the
$2,000,000,000 mark Is reached?—Sagi
naw News.
Afraid of Disclosures.
The administration might safely Ig
nore Neely's charges, but It cannot Ig
nore the refusal of the surety company
which is on his bond to make good his
alleged shortage. The company invites
the government to bring suit, and If the
government does not bring suit It will
admit that it fears disclosures which
the suit would cause. It ls practically
certain tliot there are much bigger
scoundrels hiding behind Keely and
Rathbone.—Indianapolis Sentinel.,
Keeping UkIt Facts Under Cover.
News from Washington Is getting
right Interesting. No more Information
is to be given to the public in matters
where the servants of the nations are
caught In wrongdoing. "The good of
the state" demands that the record of
their deeds be kept a secret. The peo
ple are u&t to bc trusted. The looting
in China, as the Lawslie Inquiry In
Cuba, Is to be withheld from the people.
—Lafayette (Ind.) Journal.
A Qnarrel of Monopolists.
The well-nigh universal demand that
tfie United States shall keep hands off
the latest Venezuelan imbroglio rather
disproves the claims of the imperialists
tjiat they have succeeded In cultivating
a warlike spirit in America, The people
of the United States have enough of
war now. They are not thirsting for
blood. The quarrel In Venezuela ap
pears to be a controversy between those
"who are engaged in trying to monopo
lize the bounties of nature.—Des Moines
Leader.
The President'* Purposes.
The President believes in having two
strings to his bow. He Is exercising
unlimited authority as commander In
chief of the army. He desires also un
limited authority as an extra-constitu
tlonal ruler. Thus he will be ablo to
give the Filipinos any kind of govern
ment military or civil or a little of
each, that his imperial wisdom may de
termine. What becomes of the Con
stitution of the United States in the
meanwhile is not giving him much con
cern.—Philadelphia Times.
Something Not Yet Explained.
Just .why, nt the request of the na
tional asphalt trust, the government
nt Washington has sent the warship
Scorpion to Guanoco with orders to
make war upon Venezuela in certain
vaguely defined eventualities does not
appear. The Scorplou Is not a very
formidable vessel, but the Ivearsarge
or the Massachusetts ls said to be
scheduled to follow her. Is tills tho
opening of a new chapter of expan
sion?—New York World.
Having a Hard Time.
The troubles gathering about Mark
Hanna and his subsidy bill are increas
ing -with the "process of the suns."
Nearly every new Senator who has
been clected' will be against the sub
sidy bill if it goes over to the extra
session. The new ones who have come
in the Senate this session in the place
of those removed by death or to fill
vacancies are not in favor of Hanna's
looting scheme.—Duluth Herald.
The People Pay the Freight.
llonna, Depew, Frye and tlie Inter
national Navigation Company, the Pa
cillc Mall Steamship Company and the
Standard Oil Company will doubtless
rejoice greatly when the subsidy bill is
passed. The American people will not
rejoice. They pay the freight—and the
freight in this instance atnounts to a
$180,000,000 tax on the "people.—St.'
Louis Republic.
Did Not Quote Lincoln.
Gov. Yates pronounces Abraham Lin
coln the greatest Illinolsan. But he
didn't dare quote from hiqi while mak
ing speeches "during the last presiden
tial campaign.—Kansas City Times.
Stern Measures.
"What have you got in that pack
age?" asked Mrs. Moxley, when Henry
came hope the other evening.
"Hns Mrs. Smith brought back that
coffee yet?"
"No."
"Has Mrs. Tutwller brought back
Bertha's piano music?"
"No."
"Has Mrs. Efflngton returned my
'Richard Carvel'?"
"No.''
"Is Mrs. Willoughby still lu posses
sion of your clothesline?"
"Yes. But what have you got in that
package?"
"That package," returned Henry, sav
agely, "contains a big red placard label
ed, 'Beware! Smallpox wltlilu!' I'm
going to tack It upon the house and see
If we can't stop this borrowing around
here for a while."—Indianapolis Sun.
As seen from the moon the earth
would appear four times greater In dia
meter and 13 times wider in surface
than the moon does to us. The illumi
nation of the earth is 14 times greater
on the o)oo|i than the moon is on th?
e&«b.
Sweet Pancakes.
Three eggs, one cupful of milk, one
half teaspoonful of Bait,.one teaspoon--,
ful of Bugar, one-half cupful of'flour,
half a tablespoonful of oil. Beat the
whites and yolks of eggs separately,
mix them together and add the salt,
sugar and half the milk, stir In the"
flour, maklhg a smooth paste. Then
add the rest of the milk and lastly the
oil. Beat well and let It stand an hour
or more before using. Bake on a hot
griddle In smal cakes, spread each cake
with butter and a little jam or Jelly,
then roll them, Bprlnkle with sugar and
serve at once. These are especially
nice for tear
Coffee Caramels.
Delicious coffee caramels can be
made by boiling together two cups ot
granulated sugar and one-half cup ot
strong black coffee for five minutes.
Add to it one cup of cream and con
tinue the boiling until It strings irtffn
dropped from the spoon or until It Is
almost brittle when dropped into cold
water. Pour the mixture on a Better
or marble slab that has been previous
ly buttered or well moistened with sal
ad oil. When It Is cool cut It Into
squares.
Virginia Fruit Cake.
One cupful each of sugar, molasses
and butter, one-half cupful of cream,
three cupfuls of-flour, three eggs, yolks
and whites .beaten separately, oue tear
spoonful of cinnamon, one-half tea
spoonful each of allspice and cloves,
one-half small nutmeg grated, eight
ounces of raisins seeded and cut, Ave
ounces of currants and three ounces of
citron, one-half teaspoonfol of soda.
Mix In order named dissolve soda In
two teaspoonfuls of water and add It
last. Bake In slow oven.
Shrimp*, Newberx Btyle.
Have hot In a chafing dish a tea
spoonful of butter. Into this put the
contents of one jar of Epicurean
shrimps. Drain them well, however,
first, and perhaps wipe them so that
they may fry a bit In the butter with
out coloring. Then cover with cream.
Let this heat, but not boll, and when
quite hot thicken It with two eggs teat
en up with a teaspoonful or more of
sherry. Add salt as you think it ls re
quired, and a little cayenne.
Maple Ice Cream.
This is simply ice cream sweetened
with maple sugar. Scald a pint of
cream add to It eight ounces of scraped
maple sugar, stir until the sugar ls dis
solved. Take from the fire, add a ta
blespoonful of caramel, a teaspoonful
of vanilla, and when very cold add an
other pint of uncooked cream. Turn
Into the freezer, and when thoroughly
cold freeze ns ordinary Ice cream,
Cocoanut Padding.
To half a tea cupful of grated or pre
pared cocoanut add the same quantity
of grated bread or cake crumbs. Mix
these with half a pint of milk, two
eggs, an ounce of butter and two table
spoonfuls of sugar. Beat this all well
together and bake for an hour In a deep
pie dish which has been well buttered
The oven should not be too hot. -Serve
hot or cold with a custard sauce.
Chicken Sand wichet.
For chicken sandwiches, chop one
pound of meat, dark and white fine.
Add one tablespoonful of butter, one
tablespoonful of mayonnaise dressing,
and season to taste with salt, pepper
and celery salt, adding chopped capers,
if they are liked. A tablespoonful of
fincfy chopped celery may be -substi
tuted for the celery salt.
Creamed Ham.
Cut In symmetrical pieces the bits of
ham left, over from dinner, being care
ful to reject every bit of bone, fat and
gristle. Put In a pan, with just enough
milk to cover, and simmer for a few
moments only. Thicken slightly with
flour, season with pepper and a table
spoonful of chopped parsley and serve
with toast or baked potatoes.
Cheese Crisps.
Make tiny cream wafers and spread
with a mixture of two tablespoonfuls
of parmesan cheese, half a teaspoonful
of mustard and a few drops of tobasco
sauce or dash of paprika for those who
like milder seasoning. Toast these
slightly in tho oven and serve hot. The
wafers should be spread lightly with a
little softened butter.
Broiled Oysters.
Dip selected oysters In melted butter,
theif In seasoned cracker crumbs lay
them on a fine wire broiler, well greas
ed, and broil quickly till the Juice
flows. Serve on toast.
Kitchen Hints. 7
Water crackers, when spread witn
grated cheese and slightly browged In'
the oven, are dainty to serve with
salad.
If hot grease Is spilled on the floor
the Instant application of hot water
will prevent It from soaking into the
wood.
Anew way of serving poached eggs
Is to pour browned butter over slices
of toast before placlug the egg upon It,
and sprinkling the whole with finely
chopped pickle.
To remove any dish from a mold
when cold, wrap a hot cloth about the
outside of the mold for a minute or
two. To remove a hot dish, wrap a
cold cloth about It.
Salt fish Is more quickly freshened
and Is also said to be more delicate In
flavor If soaked in liftlk Instead of wa
ter. Milk that has begun to. turn Is
just as good as that which Is perfectly
sweet
Nice china, of which almost every
one possesses a few pieces these days
should never be rubbed with anything
gritty. Sapollo, etc., ruin Its gloss and
destroy Its color, and the gloss once de
stroyed or scratched spoils Its fine ap
pearance. China, hand-painted, gold
banded or even plain white, should be
washed In plenty of worm water and
wiped upon a soft cloth.
Tho descendants of Gapt. John Un
derbill, the famous Indian fighter, who
tiled so many of the Matlnnecock
braves over 200 years ago, are to com
memorate the deed of their ancestor bj
a monument at Matlnnecock' Point,
which can be seen from the land ap
proach and from Long Island Sound.
Frederick Degetan, the newly elected
.delegate from Porto Rico, spe&ks Eng
lish fluently and has won amn'm «n
author and lawyer. He i^a graduate
of the University of Madr?B and holds
degrees from the CollegA of Salupu,
W GrflWHfy

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