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Manchester Democrat. [volume] (Manchester, Iowa) 1875-1930, November 27, 1901, Image 6

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@H)e (Democrat.
BKOHSOH CASS, Publisher).
,!.v Distance doesn't lend enchantment to
one's view of the almighty dollar
The stork should have been given a
hlut that Papa Zimmerman's purse
strings could be loosened only by a boy.
Eighty-two per ccut of the house
keepers of the country get along with
out hired girls. The eighteen per
Love, like Ughtulng, seldom strikes
twice in the same place. That's why
widows usually marry for money the
second time.
Countries having the American en
gine only need a supply of American
coal to make them happy, and the coal
is rapldljgl'eacliing them.
I Girls, if you haven't found the right
one yet, don't be disheartened. A Chi
cago woman was recently married the
third time to the same man.
It was tlie irony of fate. A couple
of burglars broke Into a building at
Rochester, N. Y., which they supposed
was a warehouse. It proved to be a
Bad grammar may be cured by medi
cal treatment, acordlng to a German
specialist This discovery will be a boon
to some of our statesmen and would-be
I. "The Supreme Court of Michigan has
decided that bicyclists have a right to
ride on the sidewalks. There seems to
be nothing left to pedestrians but the
right to trust In Providence.
Sarah Grand, author of "Heavenly
.Twins," says American gentlemen are
the most chivalrous In the world. Ah,
there, Sarah, Just tell your manager to
forward a list of your lecture dates.
Hardly has the twentieth century got
well started before a speaker at a wo
men's club says the nineteenth cen
tury, of whlcft those who lived In It
were so proud, was crude nnd unciv
What a woman can't understand Is
how a man will stay up every night
for six weeks running all over town
trying to make votes for a candidate he
doesn't know, but getting hopping mad
If he has to run across the street to
get some paregoric for his own baby,
I "Don't watch the clock," was Mr.
.Edison's advice to a young man who
recently asked hlui how to succeed.
Profoundly significant Is that old joke
ubout the laborer who left his pickax
hanging In the air at the stroke of noon.
A hanging pickax Is the fittest emblem
for a confirmed clock-watcher—and the
pickax hangs always In the air, never
digs out a path for him to advance
Juliet's "What's In a name?" might
.lie asked regarding the vessels of the
'British navy which have borno the
iiames of reptiles. It Is said that four
jVlpers have been wrecked, the last of
the name but recently, and a Cobra
still more lately has broken In two
and gone to the bottom with officers
and men. Also four Serpents, three
Lizards, two Snakes, one Alligator, one
Crocodile, one Rattlesnake, one Basi
lisk, and two Dragons—which are not
reptiles, have at various times met with
disaster. Brltlsb tars, It Is said, have a
superstitious feeling of dislike against
sailing in vessels bearing such names.
Lucky or unlucky, the names are need
lessly disagreeable.
1 The decision of the Michigan Supreme
Court that bicyclists have a right to
ride their wheels on the sidewalks un
der proper restrictions Is likely to cause
a great deal of trouble In Michigan
cities and In those of any other State
which adopts the principle of the decis
ion. If bicycle riding were permitted
on the crowded streets In the business
sections of a city it would amount to
an Intolerable evil. Their total exclu
sion from sidewalks of this character Is
based upon the principle that the side
walks, as their name Implies, were set
apart for pedestrians, and that vehicles
of any kind which would Interfere with
the free and safe use of such sidewalks
have no right to be or to be operated
there, except as such right or privilege
may be granted by the City Council.
City Councils have, we believe, been
usually disposed to extend this privi
lege to Bidewalks through sparsely set
tled districts where there were no bicy
cle paths and either no pavement or a
very bad one. All the Just claims of
the bicyclist to the use of the sidewalk
when the conditions exclude him from
the street can be far better met, with a
due regard for the convenience and
safety of the pedestrian public, by start
ing with the principle that he has no
original right there and must get his
privilege from the Council, than by as
suming that he has an oroglnal right to
go there and that the Council can only
restrict the manner of Its exercise. We
do not believe the Michigan decision
will be followed by the courts of other
States, or that wheelmen generally will
regard it with favor. As a rule they
have no use for sidewalks where they
are liable to cqme Into collision with
pedestrians unless driven to them by
the bad condition of the street.
Life imprisonment Is at its best
punishment so horrible that only
sense of its absolute necessity can rec
oncile one to the infliction of it upon a
a fellow human being. To spend year
after year in close confinement, living
only In order to wait for death, Is a
thought from which the mind recoils,
and the strength of the instinct of self
preservation 4s nowhere more clearly
displayed than in the fact that men are
"willing to face this project rather than
shorten their tortures by submitting to
the noose or the electric chair. If, then,
life Imprisonment is in any case terrible
to contemplate, bow much is its terror
heightened when the person who is con
demned to undergo it Is so young aB to
make it seem probable that four-fifths
of his life will be spent within the pris
on walls! Smith Jones, of Warwick
County, Indiana, entered upon such a
term of detention a few weeks ago. He
is at present 13 years old, and has been
guilty of so cold-blooded a murder that
the Judge who tried his case, conclud
ing that he would derive no benefit from
the reform school, sent him directly to
btate prison, there to remain for the
rest of his natural life. If the boy is an
ordinary boy, betrayed into an act of
murder by sudden impulse, the sentence
passed upoir,him is certainly unjustifia
ble. A certain number of years in the
refoon school would probably send him
to the worl^ steady and respon­
sible citizen. But it seems likely that
the boy had shown tendencies that
made his reformation Impossible. He
was probably what the sociologists call
a "degeuerate" and what medical men
call a "pervert," with a physical and
moral nature so hopelessly diseased
that the only possible course of action
was to separate him from his fellows
and to put him in a place where his de
praved instincts, altogether ungovern
able under other conditions, might be
confined and repressed. It is a life lost,
but the loss seems inevitable. The most
careful investigation should be made,
however, and the boy's case should not
be abandoned until it is altogether hope
The other day a j'oung man, son of a.
New Yorker, who left a million-dollar
estate, was in court, insisting that he
could not pay a judgment of $55G, or,
In fact, auy of his debts. He declared
that he had been reared in idleness, In
an atmosphere of wealth. When his
father died he left the son $0,000 a year,
and no more. He also left him as help
less as a baby, with a mind unstockcd
with a single thought that would sell
for money in the business world. Mus
cle! This young fellow had it, but he
couldn't compete with the poorest man
In a sewer trench. The ?G,000 was noth
ing for a man who belonged to several
clubs and associated with people who
could buy him and sell him and never
feel It Viewed from a moral stand
point, he is a good deal of a coward.
The man who buys things knowing
that he can not pay for them is a
swindler. You can uot call him any
thing else. If he lias anything moro
thau water In his veins he will work.
He will dump the clubs and high-living
associates and get down to business.
He will learn, and find no disgrace in
toll. But what of a man who allows
his son to grow up iu idleness? It Is an
Imposition. It Is not fair. It Is in
viting disaster. IIow easily fortunes
take flight in this country! There is
history for it. The millionaire of to
day may be the poor man to-morrow.
The moving van backs up iu front of
his Btone palace and he goes to live in a
tenement. There is nothing certain
about riches—uot eveu their paramount
desirability. It is often easier to make
money than to keep it. The youth who
grows to manhood without auy greater
idea of the practical side of life than
how to order a wine supper or guide
an automobile may have to wear his
tennis suit In lieu of underwear in chill
December, and the world doesn't offer
him much sympathy when trouble
comes. Every man should teach his
boys to do something. His bauk ac
count Isn't a part of the issue. The
real independence is called trained abil
ity, and It Is capital that is always
available. Every mau should have
some of It, for when he does need it
he needs it badly.
Miss Anna Lyle lias just completed
fifty years of teaching In the Philadel
phia schools, forty-one years of that
period as principal of a primary school.
Mr. Claus Sprecklcs has given $12,000
to the University of California. Mrs.
Phoebe Hearst has recently increased
her benefactions, in giving Hearst hall,
to the amount of $45,000.
The experiment Is being tried In a
large New York public school of giving
the boys shower baths in the basement.
The equipment is such that each boy
can have a bath once in two weeks—a
good deal oftcner than the boys would
bathe otherwise. The baths are taken
in recess time and the institution Is said
to be popular.
Among all the noble and magnificent
benefactions credited to American men
of wealth In recent years, we know of
none more wisely and worthily be
stowed than that of the late Lewis
Elkln, of Philadelphia, who left the
bulk of Ills fortune of $2,000,000 in trust
to create a fund for the benefit of dis
abled women teachers who have
taught In the public schools of
that city for twenty-five years, and have
no means of support. The fund will
provide the beneficiaries with an annui
ty of about $400 each. The bequest is
noteworthy because it Is almost with
out precedent.
Cleveland feels the burden of the task
of introducing free text books Into the
schools, having only $40,000 to expend
and has been trying to discover how
much It cost other cities to Introduce
thom. The Introduction cost has been
found to be varying, but a fairly uni
form average of cost for the main
tenance of the system Is GO cents for
each pupil, annually. In Cleveland the
original expenditure Is estimated at
$1.81 for each of the 55,000 grammar
pupils If all are given new books at
the city's expense. The system, how
ever, may be started successfully with
the $40,000 In hand if a plan to supple
ment the financial deficiency be adopt
ed. This plan Is to ask the parents to
donate to the schools the text books In
their possession, nnd 20,000 of them
promptly responded In compliance with
the request.
flushed, Poor Fellow 1
"When does the next train that stops
at Montrose leave here?" asked the
resolute widow at the booking ofllce
"You'll have to wait five hours,
"I don't think so."
"Well, perhaps you know better than
I do."
"Yes, slrl And perhaps you know bet
ter than I do whether I aui expecting to
travel by that train myself, or whether
I'nm Inquiring for a relative that's vis
iting at my house! And maybe you
think It's your business to stand behind
there and try to instruct people about
things they know as well as you do,
if not better! And prehaps you'll learn
some day to give people civil answers
when they ask you civil questions,
youug man but my opinion Is you
"Yes, ma'am!" gasped the booking
clerk.—London Answers.
Occupations In Norway.
Sixty per cent of the population of
Norway live by agriculture, 15 per cent
by manufacturing and lumbering, 10
per cent by commerce and trade, 5 per
cent by mining, and the remainder are
in the professions and the army and
navy and engaged In different employ
Wages of Railway Employes.
The New Zealand Government Is rais
ing the wages of its railway employes
to the extent of $100,000.
The division of soils of the United
States Department of Agriculture has
Just described a new instrument now
in use for investigating the properties
of soils. This is a great time and labor
saving apparatus, giving accurate and
reliable results, which otherwise would
require mouths to obtain.
The physical properties of soils are
recognized by plant physiologists to be
of the greatest Importance in plant
economy. Even in the consideration of
climatic conditions it is now generally
considered that for most plants the con
ditions of the soil hold equal rank with
atmospheric conditions. A high tem
perature in the soil under favorable
conditions promotes extensive root de
velopment a high atmospheric temper
ature under equally favorable condi
tions favors a heavy growth of foliage.
A deficiency in water of either air or
soil is attended with distress.
The new apparatus as devised by the
division of soil is an electric affair. It
registers a half-dozen or more various
soil properties. This method depends
upon the principle that the resistance
offered to the passage of an electric
current from one carbon plate to an
other burled In the soil depends upon
the amount of moisture present be
tween the carbon plates or electrodes.
This resistance Is measured.
The illustration shows the instrument
as used in the field, with the carbon
electrodes and temperature cells in
place. The carbon electrodes and tem
perature cells may be burled in the soil
at the beginning of the season and re-
Booker T. Washington'. Career from
Slavery Up.
Brooker T. Washington, whose enter
tainment by the President created na
tion-wide comment, is a fine example
of that much abused term, the self
made man. He was born at Hall's
Ford, Vn., about 1858. He was a slave
until freed by the emancipation proc
lamation and never knew who was his
father. lie was named Booker Talia
ferro, probably because there were
many prominent people In tile common
wealth by that name, but the name
Washington he took after he became
free. As a child he was buffeted about
main undisturbed throughout the year.
The moisture record obtained conse
quently deals with the variation In
moisture contents In the same portion
of soil. This Is one of ilie advantages
of the method, since It has been shown
that the moisture contents of a seem
ingly uniform soil may vary as much as
4 per cent within an area of one square
rod. Consequently In order to obtain
consistent record of the change in
water It is nceessnry to deal with the
same sample of soil, which can only be
done by this electrical method.
The scale of the Instrument is ar
ranged on decimal plan, so that the
various soil properties can bo deter
mined directly upon the scale of the
It was observed by Prof. Whitney
that soil areas of the Connecticut Vnl
ley were practically Identical as re
gards texture and water content with
certain areas In Florida upon which the
finest of cigar wrappers are being
raised from Sumatra seed. Experi
ments were accordingly made on one
of the Connecticut areas, using the
same seed and methods of cultivation
and curing employed In Florida, with
the most satisfactory results.
Should the moro extensive experi
ments ii*'iv In progress support the ear
lier work, as there Is every reason to
expect, the result will be to Increase
greatly the area adapted to the growth
of the finest quality of cigar wrappers
known, and there will be raised in this
country tobacco now imported to the
ninount of $0,000,000 annually.
be the finest collection ever obtained
on active service.
Over a thousand specimens of West
African birds, killed by himself and his
native collector during the campaign
in Ashanti, were brought back by Lieut
"This is the biggest collection of
birds ever brought out of Africa at one
time," he said to a London Mail repre
sentative. "I have been collecting in
Africa now for nine or ten years. One
lias to be a specialist nowndays.
"It is a pity that the government docs
not Insist on officers In out-of-the-way
parts of the world collecting birds and
other things. The German officers do
in drudgery and want. As the property
of the Maiden family lie probably had
more comfort in the "nigger quarters"
than in the poorhouse to which his
mother took him in West Virginia.
There as a mere child he worked in
the salt furnaces and then in the mines.
While working in the mines and fur
naces the child had a chance to get a
few moiitbs of schooling every year,
but he secured employment with a New
England woman and had an opportun
ity to attend night school, and then and
at odd times "between jobs" he worked
and studied until 1873, when he started
for Hampton School, of which he had
heard much. Out of the $0 a month
which the woman for whom he worked
paid him for his services his savings
were small, and when he reached Rich
mond on his way to Hampton he had
to go to work to get enough money to
make himself presentable at the insti
tution. But he became the star pupil
of the place, and was graduated with
honors, although he worked his way
through. After spending a little while
in his old home and teaching school he
returned to Hampton as a teacher, and
then started the institution at Tuskc
gee, Ala., which will always be a no
table monument to his energy and his
helpful work in the iutercst of his
The college was started In 1881 in a
shanty. The idea of a higher school
for blacks in that part of the country
caused amusement. But to-day the
Tuskegee College has 40 buildings on
its 2,300 acres of land, and 1,200 pupils,
representing 27 States, are being taught
in the institution. A new hospital is
building, a Carnegie library is under
way and a new dormitory, the gift of
John D. Rockefeller, will soon become
a part of the institution. The students
receive Instruction uot only in the or
dinary school brauclics, but iu 28 in
dustries, each pupil selecting the one
for which he is bested fitted or toward
which he has the greatest inclination.
"I formed a resolution," Washington
says iu one of his writings, "that I
would try to build up a school that
would be of so much service to the
country that the President of the
United States would one day come to
see it. This was a bold resolution, and
for a number of years I kept it hidden
in my own thoughts, not daring to
share it with anyone." This dream was
realized, and the visit of President Mc
Kinley and his Cabinet to the sclfool in
December, 1898, is the brightest spot iu
the history of the institution. In 1800
Harvard University conferred a degree
on hiiu and among those similarly hon
ored then were CJen. Miles and Bishop
British and German OiQccra Send Home
Valuable Specimens.
Lieut. Boyd Alexander, lifie brigade,
who Is well known at South ICeusing
ton (London) museum for his studies of
birds in Africa, has just returned from
the west coast with what is believed to
)ii [V
so already. The colonial office at Berlia
obliges all its officers to collect natural
history specimens whether they like it
or not, and though their work is in
many cases rough and ready it is bet
ter than nothing.
"We know very little about the birds
in the great bend of the Niger and
Hausaland, and absolutely nothing of
those in the regions around Lake Chad
and Darfur. There is not a doubt that
when these great areas come under in
vestigation it will bo found that one
great zoographical region exists from
northeastern Africa right across to the
west coast. When 1 have finished ex
amining my collection of birds they
may throw considerable light on the
"Marching with the relief force to
Ivumasi I left my native collector at
Prahsu, where ho formed the uucleus
of tlie collection. As the country be
came more settled he gradually worked
his way up to Kumasi, making collec
tions at each station on the lines of
Seared by a lawyer's Card.
A Newark lawyer was sitting In his
office when Mrs. B., a friend, entered,
and proceeded to tell him of the diffi
culty a Mr. C. was in through a loan
he had made to Mr. D. Mr. C. was in
great need of the money, but Mr. D.
refused to return the sum, which was
quite a large one.
"I think," said Mrs. B. to the lawyer,
"that if you should take hold of the
case you could collect the money."
"All right," said the barrister, think
ing of the neat little fee that would be
Ills after lie had succeeded in inducing
Mr. D. to part with the sum claimed
by Mr. C. "I'll give you one of my cards
to hand to Mr. C. If he will step in and
see ine I'll handle the case for him."
Shortly afterward the lawyer left the
city for a few days' outing In the coun
try. On his return he inquired of Mrs.
B. what had become of Mr. C. and his
claim against Mr. D.
"Oh, lhat'p all settled," replied the
woman. Mr. C. said he just went to
Mr. 1)., showed him your card, and said
lie had retained you In the case. Mr. I),
paid the money at once."
Now the lawyer Is wondering where
his prospective fee is coming in. Ho
believes he has a good case against Mr.
C. for about 1 per cent of the amount
of Mr. C.'s loan, but has not decided
whether to press the case or not.—New
ark News.
A Daugerous Man.
"Papa has forbidden you to come to
the house. Ho says you are a daugerous
"Dangerous! What can he mean?"
"He says you are the kind of a man
who will bang around a girl all her life
and never marry her."—Life.
A man's head is so turned by a wom
an in his courtship days that after he
marries it revolves around so rapidly
In untwisting that it Je likely to come
Fiftyfonr Millions iu Earnings—Most
Lines Show Satisfactory Results*
For Iowa's railroad service there has
been paid out during the past, year the
sum of $54,357,804.38. Ia other word*,
a tax of about $18 per capita on the
basis of the State's population has been
turned over for the support of railroad
traffic in Iowa. The money received
from the entire corn crop of Iowa for
the year 1001 would just about foot the
bill. The sum of $54,357,894.38 repre
sents the gross earnings of the thirty
railroads operating in Iowa during the
past year, while tbe sum of $18,030,
099,09 represents the net income of the
roads after operatiug expenses are de
ducted for the year.
Tbe aunual report of the State Board
of Railroad Commissioners this year will
si/0w an increase of over two million
dollars in the gross earnings of Iowa rail
roads during the past year. It will also
show an increase of over $000,000 in the
net earnings of Iowa roads for the same
perhvl. Though the report will show a
slight reduction in the number of em
ployep on the different roads, there will
be a substantial increase in the amount
of wages paid. Enough new line lias
been built within the State during the
past year to bring the trackage up very
near to the 10,000 mile mark. Accident
statistics have nut changed materially.
The Northwestern road heads the list
with an increase of $842,431.00, followed
by the Milwaukee with a gain of $588,
0(12.30, aud the Itoek Island with $381,
905.10. The Dubuque and Sioux City
road is not far behind the Rock Islaud,
its showing being $340,085.50. The Great
Western with $183,595.39, the Minneapo
lis and St. Louis with $140,074.14 ant!
the Wabash with $120,440.05 show tli6
next largest Increase. Large decreases
are reported by the Burlington, Cedar
Rapids and Northern, the Chicago, Bur
lington aud Quiney, the Iowa Central aud
the Union Pacific. These range from
about $200,000 down to $20,000 and less.
The net earnings of the Iowa roads
increased in the sum of $019,245.90, or
from $17,420,253.10 to $18,039,499.09
The total deficit reported by four roads
including the Wabash aud three smaller
ones, amounts to $207,107.58, thus mak
ing tlie net increase in net earnings really
but $352,138.41. The Wabash, in spite
of its large increase in gross earnings,
has reported a deficit of $101,149.10,
nearly four times as large a deficit as it
reported a year ago.
The Milwaukee heads the list of in
creases in net earnings with a gain of
$708,505.93. The Northwestern follows
with an increase ot $309,340.00. The
Minneapolis aud St. Louis, the Omaha
and St. Louis aud the Mason City and
Fort Dodge all report good increases.
While the Wabash is the only trunk line
reporting a deficit, the Burlington, Cedar
Rapids and Northern, the Chicago, Bur
lington and Quiney, the Great Western,
the Rock Island and the Iowa Central
roads all report decreases in net earnings
from last year.
An Kpidemic of Jobberies of Small
The recent series of bauk robberies in
Iowa has thoroughly alarmed the bank
ers of the State and steps are being
taken to guard the smaller banks of the
State and.also to secure special detec
tives to work on the ease. The robbers
have left a number of clues and good de
scriptions of men supposed to be the
robbers have been furnished those iu au
thority. The recent robberies in Iowa
witli the amounts secured are as follows:
Bauk of Hinton $l,fi00
Matlock bauk L',000
Bank of Salix, uo los*
Farmers' bunk, SUellsburg 1,000
Private bank at Arlspe 400
Hardy bank 1,000
Bank of lludd 1.C00
Bank of H'lxley 750
Bank of Plymouth 1,500
Bauk of Greenville
After the robbery of the bank last
named, the robbers were pursued and
one of them killed. Two others surren
dered to the olllcers. The amount of the
loss at Greenville is not given.
It is believed the robberies have been
by one gang, which is the first time any
organized gang has operated iu the State
for several years. Previous losses by
bauks in the last six years were as fol
Bank of Klkport 850
Saving* bank at Sheldahl UTS
Farmers' aud Merehuuts' bauk at
loutowu 1,823
Commercial bank, Ulppey 1,757
State bauk, Ellsworth tf,800
State Savlugs bauk, Gait 1,015
Bank of Lorliuer 400
Farmers' bauk, luwood 1,(138
K. Bourquliu & Co., New Hartford.... 150
Botnu Valley State bauk, Hastings.. 2,185
Badger Saving* bank u-iO
TUor Savings bank 2,732
Stute bank, Hlairsburg €,©30
Bradley's bauk, lCldon C.ifOO
Hardy bank (1805) 700
First National bauk. Grlswoid........ 650
Milton Bros.. ISurlvllle CO
Adel State bauk, unknown
Lehigh Valley bank, unknown
Hope for lown War Claim*.
There is hope for the Iowa treasury yet
on account of those old war claims that
Capt. Lothrop dug up last winter. The
court of claims recently passed on the
claim of the State of Pennsylvania and
awarded that State $000,000. The case
«*!W identical with that of Iowa in every
way except possibly on the score of the
statute of limitations. The Pennsylva
nia claims were filed long ago. It is pos
sible that sonic or all of the Iowa claims
have beeu outlawed by neglect, but un
less this is so it is morally certain that
Iowa will get. about $700,000 from the
general government. This will make the
Iowa treasury ovcrllow—jiud yet there
are ways iu which the $700,000 can be
spent to good advantage.
The Next LegU'nture*
Ou joint ballot the Twenty-uiuth Gen
eral Assembly of Iowa, which meets the
second Monday in January, will stand as
follows: Mouse, Republicans 85, Senate
39, total 124 Democrats, IIousc 15, Sen
ate 11. total 20 Republican majority 98.
Two years ago the Democrats had nine
teen members of the House ami sixteen
members of the Senate, making thirty
five altogether, aud the Republican ma
jority was eighty.
An)/)i)if Our Neighbors.
The posWllicc at I£nod has hocn dis
continued mall to Bedford.
There ate three petitions ou file for
free rural tuail delivery out of Canton.
A postofllce has been established at
Lahoyt, with Emerson G. Glover us post
John Kit^burg. a superintendent in the
Lehigh mi.ies, near Webster City, was
instantly killed by falling from the top
of the shtft to a platform, ouc hundred
feet below.
Burglary gained an cutrnuce to the
store of W. C. Kruiick at Corniug and
stole about $50 worth of furs and gloves.
There is no clue to the whereabouts of
the robbers.
Compauy A of the Twenty-fifth Iowa,
held a reunion at the residence of Col.
D. J. Palmer at Washington. Col.
Palmer led this regiment to the front
during the Civil War.
Father P. Laurent, pastor of St. Mat
thews* Church at Muscatiue, has just
celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of his
Stephen E. Roberts was found dead
while uittiug upright in a chair at Ply
mouth. Death is supposed to have been
due to heart diseuse.
Fish Commissioner Lincoln has notified
the authorities st Boone that he will
place a car load of fish in the Boone river
at that place.
Gov. Shaw has issued commissions to
G. EL Van Houten and Wesley Green*
of Des Moines, as additional members
of the Louisiana Purchase commistioo
tram Iowa* .&•
Balicoclc ou the Tariff*
Representative Babcoek, of Wiscon
sin, liaa just returned from Europe,
enthusiastic over his tariff plan. It
will be remembered that before he
crossed the ocean he cast a bombshell
Into the Republican camp, of which he
Is one of the burnlug aud shining
lights, which caused no end of conster
nation among the faithful, by advocat
ing a tariff reform that borders on free
trade. Since his return Representa
tive Babcock is quoted In an Interview
In tbe Milwaukee Sentinel as saying:
"I want to see the Republican party
abreast of the times, dealing with pres
ent conditions, and uot grown moss
back like the democracy.'
How his party may preserve Itself
from decay he explains In detail, and
his views probably Indicate the at
tempted line of action of the progres
sive wing of the Republican party In
the next session of Congress. "When
any article can be manufactured in the
United States cheaper than anywhere
else," he says, "and is an article of ex
port, the duty produces no revenue and
affords no protection, but simply en
ables those who secure control to' make
such prices as they see Dt In the do
mestic market up to a point where It
can be imported." Therefore, Mr.
Babcock persists In his plan of at
tempting to put steel on the free list.
He was confirmed In his belief by
what he saw In his recent trip abroad.
While he was In Dublin one concern
there ordered 20,000 tons of steel from
the United States at a price of $5 per
ton less than It could have obtained
the metal for in Great Britain. "This
is no mere selling of our surplus In a
foreign market," Mr. Babcock says,
"but It Is dominating the world's mar
ket. And yet they yell for protection."
Naturally conditions have made It im
possible for Europe to compete with
the United States in the producing of
steel. Mr. Babcock sees no reason for
the federal government to help United
States steel trust under such circum
But, however, much beauty the Wis
consin congressman may sec In free
trade In steel, that lusty Infant, the
steel trust, will not admire It, and will
kick like a giant against taking away
Its power to levy a heavy tribute upon
the consumers of Its product In this
country. And Mr. Babcock will find
that ho has raised an Issue which. If
he can carry his plan through success
fully, will split his party up tho mid
It is true Congressman Babcoek de
clares that he is still a protectionist,
but he defines protection as "the fos
tering of Industries In their Infancy."
That "gag" however, won't work with
the gang that provides the grease for
keeping the Republican machine in mo
tion. What the robber tariffitcs want
Is the legal right to rob and plunder,
and If that is taken away from them,
they will cut off the supply of boodle
and then, where, oh where, will be the
g. o. p.?
This Is a sad outlook for the Repub
lican party. Mr. Babcock, however,
contemplates It with equanimity, and
holds that It gives his party a rare op
portunity to take advanced grounds.
So It does. It gives the Republicans
the opportunity to step up right along
side of the Democrats In the advocacy
of tariff reform, a position the Dem
ocrats have held for* a generation—tho
champions of the old Jeffersoulau doc
trine that was put Into operation be
fore the war and under which the sails
of United States commerce whitened
the seas of every quarter of the globe,
and their flag waved In every civilized
Undoubtedly Mr. Babcock has point
ed out the right way to relieve the peo
ple of this country of robbery and op
pression by trusts aud robber tariffites
generally. But will the party follow his
directions? Not If tho steel trust aud
other tariff robbers can help it, and
they think they can.—Illinois Register.
Anarchism or. Partisan.lilp*
Is there really any danger to thii
country from anarchism? We mean
anarchism in Its proper sense of opposl
Hon to all government—the theory that
government In any form Is wrong and
unnecessary. There Is a broader and
less correct Idea connected with the
term In much of its ordinary use—a
sense of mere lawlessness—but anar
chism Is a theory, a principle, and not
the mere outbreak of Individual pas
sion or resistance to restraint Iu a
sense anarchism Is lawlessness, but not
ail lawlessness is anarchism.
It may seem Idle to ask this question
on this day, when an anarchist dies for
tho-assassination of tlie President of
the United States, but let us consider.
We have had three Presidents assassin
ated In tills country, but only one of
tliem by an anarchist. The other assas
sinations were by partisans. Ot course
tliey were not sustained In their action
by the parties or factions with which
they affiliated, as the anarchist is, but
the underlying motive which urged
them to their crimes was partisan feel
Booth was uot an anarchist. He did
not believe that government was essen
tially bad. His theory was that Lin
coln's government was tyrannical. It
was ail insane thought that prompted
nil Insane deed, but It may well be ques
tioned that any man who Is worked up
to the crime of assassination is really
sane. Gultcau was not an anarchist
What he wanted was not the absence
of government but a different control
of government. There have been other
assassinations than those of Presidents
in tills country, and other attempted as
sassinations. Where can you point to
ouc that was due to anarchism?
Anarchism is not a uatural product of
a free country. It Is the fruit of repres
sion. Given a free press aud free
speech, men may voice their real or
Imagined wrongs and learn from the
opinions of their fellow-men that they
are uot such victims as they lmaglue.
But stille expression, suppress freedom
of thought and speech, make those who
think they have cause for complaint
gather in secret places and whisper
their grievances to those who sympa
thize, and you have the basis for anar
chism. The natural tendency In such
case is to consider those who suppress
complaint as the Immediate authors of.
the evils complained of.
Any Individual can readily see the
evils of the vice of others, but not the
evils of his own vices. The gamester
may loathe drunkenness, but he sees
no harm In gambling. So wltb nations.
American detestation of anarchism Is
so universal because anarchism Is for
eign. It Is not a native product. But
\merlcans do not see so clearly tbe
t,t, uS'% ft Jf?t?
evils of Intense partisanship, because it
Is their own defect And moderate par
tisanship Is not an evil. It Is almost es
sential to popular government It Is
intemperance in this, as In many other
things, that deserves condemnation. No
sane man can consider the partisanship
of Kentucky admirable or beneficial,
even though It shows a dangerous ten
dency to spread.—Indianapolis Sentinel.
Panama vs. Nicaragua
Within tbe last few days we have
had more thau one Intimation from
Washington that a majority of tbe
members of the Walker Isthmian canal
commission are In favor of the Panama
One correspondent goes so far as to
say that the report of the commission
will give a decided preference to that
route. Another, who probably comes
nearer to the mark, says that for obvi
ous reasons the commission will ab
stain from making any recommenda
tion. or that at most It will content It
self with supplementing the presenta
tion of facts with tho suggestion that
It would bo well to take over tho Pan
ama canal If the company would accept
a reasonable price—say $50,000,000.
The principal reasons given for pre
ferring the Panama route are that It Is
free from tho treacherous shoalB and
violent winds of Lake Nicaragua and
from the difficulties which must be en
countered In securing a safe and per
manent channel through the San Juan
river. There are Indeed river difficul
ties on both routes, but those on the
Nicaragua route the commission, it Is
understood, find to be much more se
Another reason sometimes given Is
because the Panama portion of tbe
Isthmus Is' much less subject to seis
mic disturbances. Still another rea
son is that the Columbian government
Is more friendly and more disposed to
make satisfactory terms than are the
governments ot Nicaragua and Costa
These considerations are not likely to
prevail with Congress. The fact whlcb
probably will bave most weight Is that
the distance between the east and west
coasts of the United States Is consid
erably less by the Nicaragua route. The
time would be less, though the time
consumed In passing through the canal
would be greater.
For commercial purposes It may yet
be found that the Tehuantepee route Is
the best, and a translsthmlan canal
may never pay, In the commercial
sense. But for the transference of our
warships from one ocean to the other a
canal Is Indispensable and may prove
to be of the highest Importance.
This is likely to be' regarded as a
vlr.il consideration, not for commercial
reasons, perhaps, but for military rea
While, therefore, much may be said
lu Congress about the comparative com
mercial merits of the two canal routes,
much more will be thought about their
military merits.
Senator Morgan Is right, no doubt, In
assuming that the Nicaragua route Is
the only one to be seriously thought of.
—Chicago Chronicle.
Men Cannot Be Made Loyal by I.awa.
The Philippine Commission having
found that soft words do not turn away
the wrath of the natives, who want
their liberty, and not hypocritical
smiles and fair promises, has drafted
an act against treason and sedition.
It Is drastic 111 its nature, and Is ex
pected doubtless to awe the Filipinos
Into accepting the government provided
for them without their consent. The
act provides that death shall be the
penalty for treason, and Is framed to
include those persons giving aid and
comfort to the Insurgents as guilty of
treason. Persons who utter seditious
words or speeches, or who write libels
against the United States or the Insular
government are punishable by Impos
ing a fine of ¥2,000 or two years' impris
onment for breaking the oath of alle
giance a fine of $2,000 or Imprison
ment for ten years is Imposed. For
eigners are placed under the same law
as the Americans and natives. Such
a law If administered with fairness,
would be tyrannical, but administered
as it wlU be without regard to the
kind of evidence against alleged viola
tors, and as a weapon of "forcible as
similation" It Is oppression of tbe most
despotic character. But it Is just
the kind of law the Imperialists believe
in, and would like to have enacted in
this country, and then construed to sup
press free speech aud a free press. The
Iron hand of tyranny Is tbe preferred
method of Imperialism to establish and
sustain Its unholy purposes. It will not
be long before there will be an effort
made, under one pretext or another, to
curtail the liberties of freemen here by
laws similar to those this despotic com
mission is promulgating in the Philip
pines. The Czar of the Russlas never
promulgated anything more arbitrary
and unjust than tills ukase of the Phil
ippine Commission. Hundreds of Inno
cent people will be put to death or
thrown Into prison to rot, under the
workings of this law. It ought to be
abrogated by Congress. It will create
nothing but contempt In the hearts ol
the Filipinos for this country, and will
strengthen rather than allay the antag
onisms that exist to the government
that Is being forced upon tlie people.
No vindictive law ever made men loynl.
In order to make men loyal to a gov
ernment they must be led to respect it
If this treason and sedition law Is car
ried Into effect In the Philippines in the
spirit In which It has been passed we
may expect more frequent outbreaks
than ever, with more serious conse
quences,—Illinois Register.
Young Men at tho Head of Colleges.
The youngest college president Is
said to be John II. McCracken, who, at
25, presides over Westminster College,
at Fulton, Mo., while Ills father, Henry
M. McCracken, Is the executive head
of New York University. Jerome Hall
Raymond, president of the University
of West Virginia, was elected to that
ofllce when 28 years old. President
Boothe Colwell Davis of Alfred Uni
versity, New York, was elected when
82 years old. Rev. Burrls A. Jenkins
was two years younger wl.eu lie be
came president of the University of
Indianapolis. Dr. Daniel E. Jenkins,
president of Parsons College, Iowa,
was just 80 years of age when he took
the place, In 1806. Dr. Jacob Gould
Bchurman was 88 years old when he
went to preside over Cornell Univer
Gen. William 3. Palmer has given TOO
acres of ground as a municipal park for
Colorado Springs.
Profeeaor Haeckel Gives Out New
Evolution Theory*
That Professor Ernst Haeckel, the
distinguished Gormau naturalist, and
the world's greatest living advocate of
ihe blo'.oglcal the
ory of evolution,
has' reversed hl»
views of half a
century and taken
a stand with Prof.
Itudolf Vlrchow In
opposition to Dar»
1 1 Is the
moiit made In
liisxsr- liAi-cKKL. Paris.
It Is stated that during his expedition
to Java, begun last year, Trof. Haeckel
has found striking evidence In support
ot the theory, advanced for the first
time only a few months ago by Vlr
chow, that monkeys are descended from
man, and not man from monkeys. That,
In fact, monkeys are nothing less than
degenerated humans.
Ernst Haeckel, now professor ot
zoology at Jena University, was the
first distinguished scientist to fully ac
cept Darwin's theory when the "Origin
of Species" was published. The scien
tific world was trembling on the brink
ot the revolution he caused later by
the publication of "The Descent of
Man," when Haeckel anticipated Dar
win In his most far-reaching conclu
sions, and In a measure prepare*} the
world for the startling doctrines hinted
at In tbe "Origin of Species" and fully
promulgated In "The Descent ot Man."
Since then Haeckel lias been the moat
advanced among the evolutionists. He
has long asserted that the history of
man Is complete In all Its essential de
tails, and that all that now remains to
be done Is to fill In here and there su«b
concrete evidence as zoological and
paleontologlcal research shall reveal.
In his "Systematic Phylogeny," a
monumental work In three volumes, he
made a theoretic systematic arrange
ment of the vegetable and animal
worlds living and extinct on tbe baals
of the law of evolution. Tbe work haa
been called a vast pedigree tree, with
man at tlie top and the lowest non
nucleated cell at the bottom. In this
pedigree there were no empty or un
accounted spaces. Haeckel construct
ed hypothetical animals and organisms,
and to lilm, In theory, there was no
missing link.
Twenty-five years before the discov
ery ot Dubois' pithecanthropus Haeckel
had foreseen In his phylogeny Buch a
creature, and he had christened it "pith
ecanthropus allalus," or the apelike
man before language. He gave to It
a place midway in the order of life be
tween the highest ape and the lowest
In 1890 Dr. Eugene Dubois, a Dutch
army physician, traveling in Java, un
earthed the fossil remains of a hitherto
undiscovered creature. There were only
a thigh bone, two molar teeth, and a
cranium. Scientists hailed the creature
reconstructed theoretically from these
few fossilized bones as the veritable
missing link. The size of the cranium
showed that tlie creature had cranial
capacity for exactly 1,000 c. M. 3, as
against the cranial capacity of the high
est known gorilla of 05 c. M. 3, and tbe
cranial capacity of the lowest form of
human, the Veddah woman of Ceylon
or tlie bushinan of Australia, with 1300
c. M. 3. Tbe thigh bone and teeth were
those of a fully developed human of
medium height.
Dubois called his discovery tbe pithe
canthropus erectus, or the apelike man.
Scientists- differed as to the origin of
tbe pithecanthropus, and tbe late Prof.
Cope, of tbe University of Pennsyl
vania, was of the opinion that It was a
species of the homo neanderthalensls,
and about 17.000 years old.
To- Haeckel tlie discovery was of Im
mense importance. In September, last
year, he organized a small expedition
and set out for Java in the hope of mak
ing fresh discoveries. corroborative of
Ills systematic phylogeny. He, with all
other scientists who had Investigated
Dubois' discovery, regarded the pithe
canthropus as having indisputable vis
ual evidence of one of the most import
ant steps in the evolution of man.
"If Prof. Haeckel has made any such
discovery," said Dr. Edgar Grant Conk
lin, professor of zoology at the Univer
sity of Penusylvnnla. "or If he has re
cantcd his former multitudinous writ
ings and lecturlngs sufficiently to make
auy such statement It means tliat-one
of the most remarkable revolutions In
biological science has taken place. If
he lias made discoveries there," contin
ued Prof. Conklln, having explained
Uaeckel's position with regard to evo
lution, "which would cnuse him to re
verse all his established views, to re
cant the preachings of a busy and a
long lifetime, they must be of an im
portance I cannot pretend to calculate."
Paid Teachers for Bunday Schools.
For the purpose of reaching ultimate
ly an Ideal Sunday school—one In which
every officer and teacher Is an expert
there lias been set ou foot in the Church
of the Holy Communion, New York, a
movement which Is designed to work
out this end. It is proposed to create
an ediicatlonal endowment fund of
$100,000, the Interest of which shall be
used to pay the educational experts who
shall teach the teachers, to pay the
heads of departments iu the school, and
to compensate, so far as possible, all
teachers who will acccpt remuneration,
provided that they can demonstrate
their fitness, based upon preparation,
conforming to established standard of
requirement.—Saturday Evening Post
Small Pay for Ivan Ivanovltch.
The Russian soldier is wretchedly
paid. He Is the worst paid soldier In
Europe, aud, therefore, has a very hard
time during his four years of service,
unless his good folks at home are In
clined to be generous. The Infantry
soldier is paid about 10 cents a month,
and the cavalry soldier only little
more. Sergeants receive about 50 cents
a month, aud young officers from $15 to
$50, according to their regiments. The
higher officers are also very poorly paid
by comparison to officers of rank In oth
er armies.—Pearson's Magazine.
Accumulative Wealth.
"I suppose," said the Inquisitive tour
ist, "that tlie wealth ot this country la
in the soil."
"I reckon It is," replied the poor farm
er, "I don't know nobody hereabouts
thet ever got any out of It, so I reckon
It's still tliar."—Philadelphia Press.
Switzerland's Export ol' Watches.
Switzerland's export of watches last
year broke the rec-onl. It consisted of
2,300,420 nickel watches, S,086,777 sil
ver and 800.258 gold watches, besides
nearly 7.000 chronographs and repeat-
No, Iudeed!
"No' news is good news.'" some folks say,
Ajid yet we can't conceive It
Is likely they could make, to-day,
An editor believe It.
•-Philadelphia Press,
I ri-*- "1-.

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