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Manchester Democrat. [volume] (Manchester, Iowa) 1875-1930, December 11, 1901, Image 3

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THE THIRD DEGREE.
It the Master cures to judge mo by th«
tilings that I have done-
re
will be
no
|,i„co
ln
can
heaven for lila
foolish, erring son:
it the Master S seen the things that I
have anted most to do.
lucre I! bo uo salvation for me- for the
«"e»il knows cm. too!
But We wanted true to want to do the
things I knew were right—
1'0 the likes of me'll have
virtue in Ins sight?
I have soiled my hands with mischief
.. ,an1
1
'e wanted to do inoro.
And Was but because I didn't dare It
"w &sn doue boforc?
But behind the dirty deed I did. behind
tho wish I had.
There S been a longing to be straight, a
feeling I was bad:
ougli
110
Mono lias seen and known
beyond that double sin—
Ho knows my soul is somehow whole—
will bo let me in?
If there any place beside tho gnto to
Hvo a life or so
Id like to try it ail again. before I'm sent
below:
I'd like to try to want to do what's right,
and then, maybe.
ot
try to do It. and at last I might
bo free!
Tor a full-grown saint I know I ain't.
anil there plenty more as bitd.
Hut give us time and I know wo 11 climb
and ipakc his henven Kind!
•-Gelett Burgess in "A Gage of Youth."
#til
Clouds Cleared Away.
nwomankind
WAS lying lazily in the hnuituock
meditating upou tlio falseness of
III general and tlic
falseness of Dorothy Shepjinl—iu
whom I bad trusted so fully—lu par
ticular. had been sweethearts ever
HlllQg early childhood nnd were now
only waiting for the time wlieu I
would be able to provide a home Hut
tho newspaper bieli bad eomc lu that
mornings mall contained an account
of the marriage of Miss Dorothy Sliep
ard to her couslu. ltcglmild I'lerce
I had been Jealous of this cousin, the
year before, when he was visiting at
Dorothy home. He was handsome and
"Wealthy, while 1 was only an ordinary
looking fellow and a struggling young
lawyer.
But my reverie is broken by a slgli
from Mrs. 1- arley, 1113' portlv and moth
erly landlady, who for six summers
has boarded me in her comfortable
home lu the picturesque little village
of Hopetowm blie is In her rocking
chalc on the piazza opposite inc. en
gaged in the construction of a fearful
and wonderful thing which she calls a
'•tidy.-'
Again the heartrending sigh.
V\ hat Is the trouble. Mother l'ar
lev I asked.
.Well, Air. llarry. I suppose youll
think 1111 a foolish old woman, but I'm
feelln that bad this moruhr you
wouldn believe—and all because I
can have my picture took."
'Well, Mother I-arley. I ilkln't think
vanity was your besetting sin. Why
are you so anxious to be photograph
ed?"
Then the good old soul told me that
liet- son. who was out west, and whom
she had not seen for ten years had
sont her some money. !UHl bad begged
lier to have her picture taken for I1I111.
1
he photographer who had been settled
ln Hopetown had "skipped" one ulglit
about a month before, leaving all bis
apparatus I11 his studio, which he had
rented from Mother I'liiiev husband.
The nearest town was ten miles away,
and. owing to a weakness In her buck.
Mother Parley was uuable to drive so
far but she was inconsolable at lliu
thought of disappointing her sou ltlch
ard.
In my college days I had used a cam
era a good deal iu an amateur wav.
and presently I left the piazza and
strolled over to the potato held to In
terview Mr. l'nrlcy relative to a plan
which I had ln mlud.
Law! he ejaculated, "vou don't sav
you kin take pictures, too: Mv! But
won't ma be tickled!
I got the key aud went over to the
forsaken studio: found camera, plates,
paper and chemicals till.Ill good order.
and oarlv that afternoon Mother Par
ley. beaming with smiles aud attired
ln her "bundav best. came over to
pose. How delighted she was when I
showed her the proof the next morn
ing. and that evening she carried It to
tie weekly prayer meeting and exhib
ited It to all lier friends at the close
of the service.
I Dually yielded to their urgent re
quest to keep the studio opeu for a
week, and to make photographs of all
wlio cared to have them.
On the afternoon of the last .day
which 1 was to spend ln the studio I
was mounting some photographs of an
old maid with a booked nose aud cork
screw curls when I heard a gentle tap
at the door. 1 called Come In." aud a
v6ry pretty girl, dressed ln a neat bi
cycle suit, entered.
."Good afternoon, she began, with a
bright smile. My friend aud I are 011
a wheeling tour, and would like a tiu
tjrpe takeu with our wheels. If you arc
not too busy.
"I shall be glad to oblige you. and am
at liberty to do so immediately." 1
Bald.
"Well, then.'' she said, "would you
pleaseJit'lng In our wheels for us? My
friend is at the door with them, but 1
am afraid we cannot manage to get
them up the stairs.
»Wo went down together, and there
on the doorsteps stood Dottle! Before
either of ui} could speak the other
young lady exclaimed: He will carry
our wheels up. Dot, nnd will take our
tintypes right away.-'
Dottle paid no attention to her. but
came forward, all smiles and blushes,
with Outstretched hand. "Wbv. Hal!"
she said. "I never dreamed that you
had gone in the photo business! I
knew you were in Ilopetown. of course,
and when Nell suggested that we
should wheel down here aud see lier
auntie, who lived in tills neighborhood.
I consented, and didn't write to you
last week for fear I should let out the
secret, for I wanted to surprise you.
This 1b my future husband. Mr. Oak
loy. Miss Curtis, nnd now cotno on.
lets got those tintypes.-
Dorothv has been my wife for. two
happv yearn, and I have onlv one se
cret from her. That Is. that I thought,
even for a moment, that she bad been
false to me—my own loyal darling!
Iteglnald Pierce has taken the house
opposite ours. "The twin Dorothys."
as we call our wives, are Inseparable
friends.
TRAPS TO CATCH TIQERR
Powerful 8teel Snares that Hold the
Brutes Securely.
Capturing tigers by a novel method
Is now being adopted in Sumatra and Is
proving almost Invariably succusful.
wmi
*1+1.11
TRICKS OF COUNTRY FAIR FAKERS
w/tm.'
Rgmemr VAtcst,.
Next ui fuvor i» the knife hoard- A
board costs from $1.50 to $3.50- aud
complete out lit—board. 100 rings md
eight.v-four kuives—may be had f.»r
$14.50 and upward. Knives may he had
from dO cents a dozen to a dozen.
I hose knives, the cheaper predominat
ing and costing about two and a half
cents apiece, are conspieuouslv display­
Ah soon as a tigers lair has been found
natives arc employed to construct a
wooden fence nine feet long ami tour
feet wide a short distance a wa.v trom it
and in this inclosure it* then placed ns
a bnit a dog. which is tied to one of the
feuce posts. A narrow entrance lends
into the Inclosure mid there, deftly con
cealed under earth, leaves aud houghs
of trees, lsplacod a strong steel trap,
which is so designed that any animal
that places Its foot on It is eertalt to be
held captive.
Tills trap is of recent invention and
consists of strong si eel plates nnd
equally strong springs. When It is set
the plates form sort of platform and
as soon ns the tiger which has been
lured thither by the dog sets his foot
thereon the springs are released and
the cruel steel grips the leg and holds
it fast.
Powerful ns the tiger Is. ho cannot
free himself from such bondage and as
those who have set the trap are never
far away lie is iu a short time either
killed or securely caged. At the same
time the dog Is released and. indeed, he
could not be removed from the inclo
sure as long as the trap was set. since
this Instrument, strong as It Is. never
theless is so delicate that the pressure
even of a dogs foot would release the
springs and cnuso the animal leg to
bo crushed iu a twinkling.—London
Telegraph.
INDIAN PRAIRIE DOG HUNTS-
The Little Aniiunt* Are Deemed Dniutv
Diali by the Navajo*.
The Navajo Indian, while he cantio:
be prevailed upon to cat a rabbit, is
greedily fond of fat prairie dogs. Large
communities of these small animals
abound on the western plains, and tho
Navajo has resorted to many ingenious
methods for trapping his coveted dain
ty. One of them is by the aid of a lilt
of mirror placed at the entrance to a
burrow. When the animal ventures
from his bedroom, deep underground,
he sees a familiar Image mocking hhn
at the front door, aud he hurries out to
confront the impudent intruder when
he Is pinned to the ground with an ar
row.
But tho most effective method is
what the Indians call the rain hunt
As soon as the steady downpour of
summer raiu begins every Navajo who
can walk repairs to Jhe prairie dog vil
lage with hoes, sharp sticks, or anv dig
ging implement. With these they hol
low out trenches, that will lead the
storm water luto as many burrows as
possible. Soon a little stream Is pour
ing down each small home, aud the in
mate. much disturbed, pops out to see
what the matter can be. Mnnv of*the
animals remain tinder ground until
they are drowned, and their bodies llo.it
to the surface. After such hunt, in
which many pounds of prairie dogs are
generally secured, there is a feast for
many days In the Navajo huts.
Desirable Qualities In an Opal.
Iu judging an opal, color Is of the
greatest importance. Red tire, or red
in combination with yellow, blue and
green, are the best. Blue by itself is
quite valuless, nnd ihe green opal is not
of great value unless the color Is very
vivid and the pattern very good. The
color must be true: that Is to Bay. it
must oot ?un In streaks or patches, al
ternating with a colorless or Inferior
•KfWVtmctMMe 04MF.
CilOOUED liAMHUNCi TUOI.S SOLD TO I'l.EHCK FAItM Bits
country fair is the hnrvest tunc
II for the genial faker. Tho faker is
not a husbandman aud ho sows not.
nnd neither does he gather up and bind
into bundles. 11ml vet. when the harvest
season is over the faker has more money
than the honest farmer who has tilled
many golden acres. Por the fakrr gets
up early the morning and goes to bed
late at night, und lie makes money all the
livelong daw
Ihe temptation to get something for
nothing, or at least mueh fur little, to
flirt with coquettish fortune, is irresisti
ble. I hough man knows full well that
the faker is not at the fair mere Iv for the
sake of his health or for a pleasant out
ing, and that his tricks put to shame
those of the heathen Chinee, still the vic
tim will take tho one chance out of a
milliou of beating the game. lie doesu
beat it, for the game wasn rigged up
so that he could beat it. Mill he is will
ing to tako the chanco. and he suffers no
disappointment wheu he fails.
Chief among the catch-pcuny attrac
tions of tho faker is the cane rack. Ihe
eane rack outfit does not cost the faker
much. A nut raek may be bought for
fioui Oo cents to and a canvas one
for from 50 cents to (.'alios cost
ftom 50 cents a dozen to $1.50 per dozen.
Kings cost 05 cents per hundred. With
this outfit and a permit the faker sets
up his raek un four stakes, which are
puiposely louse, so as to allow tin* raek
to buay slightly. 1 hen he plants his
canes.
ho cheaper ones predominate, but
canes with swelled heads are occasionally
seen and here aud there are crooks, si.nie
reproducing a miniature, a lower member
missing, the torso of \euus. Ihe rings
vary from one aud one-iquarter to one
and three-qurters inches inside diameter.
ihe heads of some of the canes ar»» al
most as great iu diameter, aud those with
crooks are turned in such a wav that it
is almost impossible to ring them miles*
tho ring is dropped immcdiatelv upon
them. It is ditticult even to ring the
smaller canes, for thev stand Ioos»ly iu
the raek. aud a side blow tips theiu so
that the ring slides off.
ed with alt the blades open, nnd therein
lies the secret of the knife board. I ho
cuutiing faker arranges his knife board
so that the rings slide over them as water
does a duck back.
he wheel of fortune seems as fair as
any game can ln». vet the arrow has a
sneak aud the faker can stop it at
any number or article he desires. A
wheel innv bo bought as low as $10. In
cluding 2o0 pieces of jewelry, but this
is of the cheapest kind, riugs. for exam
ple, being quoted as low as one cent
apiece. With this cheap wheel the tirst
protit at 10 cents a whirl, without auy
sneaking, amounts to $1
o. aud the busi
ness requires no previous experience.
A full outfit of 2«»0 pieces of jewelry
costs but $«. thus making a gain of $-0.
nnd some fakers make as much as $50 a
day.
ihe higher the cost of the wheel the
more easily aud qutcklyi the inouov Is
made, as thev are fitted with large pins
to separate numbers or colors, and the
arrow point has a screw feather, making
a certain winner of anv desired number
or color and avoiding all possibility of
dispute.
Nothing is more tempting than the
striking machine, and nothing looks fair
er. Hut these striking machines are in
genious arrangements, 'and, iu the words
of an advertisement of a new kind now
on the market, can be manipulated
without a helper. One of these uiar bo
had for $50, while prize cigars are offer
ed to the fakers for ^10 a thousand.
lied, white and blue is a dealing game.
There is a "layout" with three shields on
it. one red. one white, one blue. A box
and sixteen halls, live of each color and
one "dealer's percentage" goes with the
ouilit. Havel's place their moiiev on a
given shield, a slide opens in the box,
and out pops a ball. It the ball is of the
same color the player puts his money
he wins. If not he loses. If this was a
fair gainc the pla.vcr. bv the law of
chanco. would stand some show of win
mug. hut as the box is fixed the dealer
can produce a ball of an.v color he de
sires. vet auy one not in the secret can
examine the box at an.v time and find it
apparently square, yet It is tricky box.
There are half a hundred tricks work
ed with cards, and all of such a nature
that they can be worked without the
slightest fear of detectlotf.
Hut the visitor to the fair Is looking
for fun. The faker and his outfit enter
tains him and he doesn't begrudge the
money.
quality. I iittcrn Is described ns belli*
an important factor, tho several vari
eties being known us "pinfirc" when
the Main Is smaII harlequin
lu the- iuloi l» all In small square*,
the more regular the better, ami the
"flnshlire," or "ilashopal." when the
color shows as a single flash, or in very
lai^e pattern. Harlequin Is the most
common, aud Is also popularly consid
ered the most beautiful. When the
squares of color are regular and show
as distinct, minute checks of red vol
low blue- and ^li-en. It is considered
niagiulicciit. Some sionos show better
on edge than on top.
Shuttered Traditions.
oil young scoundrel." exclaimed
I the unwilling father-in-law. when the
1
eloping couple presented themselves for
parental forgiveness and a place to live
}ou conscienceless scamp: Vou stole
*»y daughter away and disregarded all
the conventionalities of society Vnd
yet you ask forgiveness!"
\ou old scoundrel, what did vou
do: rctored the new son-tn-luw.
What did you do? Vou let us elope,
and lUO-uot pursue us on horseback
wltli/a shotgun. \uu have shattered
iill the traditions of elopements ami
have blasted ail the romance of the
aflair for us. We might ns well liny
got married to the ninilv-tum-tum of
the church organ, nnd let vou pay tho
bill. Vou haveirt a spark of apprecia
tion in vour inake-up!'
(.rushed by the merited criticism- the
fnlher-in-law invited tliein in to sup
per, for they were rather hungry Hal
timore American.
Serving Double Purpose
Jhe proprietors of a Hartford res
taurant utilize their garbage lu a profit
able way. 1
liree years ago they bought
an outlying farm. It was In a run
down coudition, unsighrlv. and over
grown with weeds and bushes- A drove
of hogs was placed upon the farm, and
the table retuse carted out daily in
cans aud fed to thoin Iu vard of sev
eral acres In the edge of a dense wood
half a mile from the road. Since thou
the farm has been brought into good
condition, mowing lots cutting nearlv
live tons to the acre, the old "bush pas
ture burdened with a iieavv growth
of millet, fourteen acres showing corn
seven feet high, and ten thousand cab
bage plants making a fine growth
M*KlnIey Mrst Iiplotnntic Victory
ihe tirst social lucident of l»re«d
dent Mclvinleys first administration
was his granting Vice President Uo
bart precedence over the ambassadors
Lord Paunccfotc Is known to have re
ported this Innovation to bis foreign
oflice, which Is said to have thereupon
inquired in fo the custom uf other
countries. It was eventually agreed
that Mr. Ilobart should be regarded as
the heir to the Presidency aud there
fore on the same social looting with
the crown princes of European mon
archies. whose social rank Is second
only to that of the heads or state their
royal parents.—Ladies' Home Journal-
j.lio company ninnuers of her hus
band and sons is oue ot the greatest
trials In a woman lite, and that of
her daughters hor greatest comfort-
The proofreader points out the typo
graphical error of the compositor's
ways
Abuse of the Cheek Ketin
-tho accompanying Illustrations are
takeu from leaflet issued by the II u
tnanc Lducation Committee at Provi
dence. U. I. Ibis
committee is call
ing attention to
some of the ways
in which our do
mestic auiiuals are
abused. A good
deal of fills abuse
TOKTL'Ui:.
Is thoughtless-—that
Is, the owner or driver does not desire
to torture the animal. lie either does
not know an.v better, or else does what
others about him have been doing for
enrs. here are nianv wavs iu which
the tlghl, overdrawn ehvck-relu annovs
or injures the horse. The picture show
ing the wrong wav of •checking well
illustrates the trouble. In fact, the pic
tures are a whole storv in themselves,
ihe leaflet mentioned makes a strong
argument against the tight check, quot
ing some of the most noted breeders,
drivers nnd horsemen against It. Here
are two samples—the first from Win.
Pritchard, president of the ltoval \ct
erlnary College. London:
ihe continued pressure of the bit of
the beaiing-reln (check-rein) deadens
the surrounding portion of the mouth
with which It is in
contact, thus pro
ducing a partially in
sensible condition of
It—a coud.tion most
ilksuited to receive
a sudden impression.
as a check from the
driver, lu the event
of the horse stumbling
I would, therefore, sav that, instead of
presenting horses from falling, the
beniiitx-icin calculated to render
falling inure frequent. Other not un
common results of the use of this In
strument of torture are distortion of
the windpipe to such a degree as to
impede the respiration ever afterward,
excoriation of the mouth and lips,
paralysis of the muscles of the face,
etc. Another writer savs: "Tvlng oue
part of an animal body to another
doe* not necessarily keep him on ins
feet. It is the pull from the arm of the
driver that makes the horse regain him
self when lie stumbles. One might as
well say that tying a man head back
to a belt at his waist would prevent
him from falling it he stumbled lu a
race."
from anv cause:
To Kill tinectii,
It may not bo generally known that
skim milk or buttermilk readily mixes
with kerosene, forming an emulsion
which destroys Insects without danger
or injury to animals or plauts on which
they might be that might result om
the use of pure oil and water, says the
American Cultivator. We first learned
of tills from using this mixture for the
scale Insect, or ndte. which causes
scaly legs on fowls. We found that one
or two dippings or washings with it
would cure the worst case of scaly leg
and leave the skin as smooth as when
first hatched. We never had occasion
to try it f&r lous.v animals, for we nev
er had one. but wo do not hesitate to
rccomiuend It. and we have lately seen
Its use advised for ticks on sheep.
using a gill of kerosene to one gallon
of milk. We did not make our mixture
so strong of kerosene nj that, but per
haps the larger tick uia.v noorfrrstrong
er nppllemion than an Insect so small
as to be scarcely visible to the naked
eye.
About Selling Apple*.
If apples are sold to commission tusn
or fruit dealers it is best to consult
tliein as to the time and inauuer of
plckiug. grading and packing, says
I'armers Tribune. The.v are familiar
with the wantn of the trade aud know
best how to meet its demands. A large
crop ot good winter apples can some
times lie disposed of to the best advan
tage by selling In the orchard for a
lump sum. This obviates the work aud
worry of marketing, and holding such
a perishable crop for higher prices is
risky business. It is not apt to pay
uuless oue Is pood Judge of the mar
ket nnd the fruit Is well stored. Where
the apples are sold on Ihe trees one
should be able to correctly estimate the
quantity of apples on a tree and know
the highest price which thev will com
mand on the market. Hut however the
crop is sold. It la well for the orchard
1st to have the poking under his con
trol. as trees are often in Hired, limbs
broken, etc.
Testing ee l.
ihe result of tests made bv compe
tent men with samples of seeds sent
to the HufTalo Lxpositioti proves two
things: I'irst. the necessity for care on
the part of farmers in buying seeds
only from reputable seedsmen, ami
second. the tleslrabllitv ot testing all
.-•eeds during the winter, that the loss
ot both seed ami crop inav be avoided
In the tests referred to the percentage
ot good seed was very low In the ma
jority ot eases. With some samples
the good seed was found to be onlv
about -'0 per cent ot the whole. In one
test of orchard grass sold at per
hundred pounds, the good seed was
only lO.o per cent of the whole, junk
ing the real cost ot the good seed
iste.40 per hundred pounds. It is true
the original price ol per hundred
pounds is low, but ho result ought to
have been better even then.
Nation* for Jiilcli Co\v-
It is generally "tnulerstood that the
average cow ought to have between
two aud three pounds of digestible
protein daily as a part of the ration
Oue often finds one or more cows in a
herd that will do well on a ration con
taining less than two pounds of pro
tein. aud on the oilier hand some of the
herd need considerable more protein.
Wheat bran of good quality is gener
ally conceded to be an Ideal product
to feed with corn and other grains- al
though we may obtain much more pro
t&ln and considerable mineral matter
from feeding cotton-seed meal, but
this may not be fed iu large quanti
ties. (.iluten meal supplies protein in
other sections, while In still other sec
tions dependence for protein is plnced
almost wholly on cowpea liny and al
falfa. with small feeds of cotton-seed
meal, the hay of the cowpeas and al
falfa being ground. The essential
thing In to obtain the best quality ol'
protein for ones herd at the smallest
possible expense.—Exchange.
Two Hundred Libb Hens.
How can bu produced hens that will
lay -200 eggs per aunom? By scientific
breedlug, as for a good butter cow or a
cow milker, or for a good trotter or
I1I3U jumping borsa fcxperiuieufs have
been made to intrcaso the number of
row 8 of com on tho cob with success
ihe same moth Is applicable to poul*
tij breeding. \t 0 will start wltli a hen
that lays 1-0 eggs, borne of her chicks
will lay 1.J0 per year. I- rom theso we
tvlll pick out layers and so on nut 11 200
01 better are the result. At the saius
time It is just as essential to breed out
of males from prolific lavers. as it Is the
females iu laet. It Is more so. If we
look after tho breeding of the females
only we will Introduce ou the male side
blood which Is lacking in proficiency,
and thus check every attempt lu prog
ress. It is just as essential that the
male should be from the hen which lays
17o cg^s and from a male that was bred
from a hen that hud loO eggs, as it is
that the hen should be trom one that
laid 175 eggs and whose mother laid
lou eggs.— Poultry llernld.
Miisnr Culture.
We have not been an advocate of
sugar-beet growing because we have
bel.oved that a good farmer enu grow
other crops on good land wilh less la
bor that will bring more moner. but
we have not tried to injure the busi
ness, as a (icriunu paper would do
when It says, -Plow iu tho spring, re
gardless of mud and water. Stop everv
dnun that inav be carrying the wnter
away from the beet fields. I-all plow
in* is to retain the moisture. Spring
plowing must aim to secure every bit
of moisture for the beet field." We
have grown some sugar beets, not for
the factory, but for stock feeding, and
we would say to anv one growing for
either purpose do not plow or sow the
seed until the grouud Is dry nnd firm,
lo plow regardless ot mud and water*'
will insure a small crop of beets that
are scarcely worth feeding to the cow
or pigs. I*all plowing should be done
to lelleve the laud of moisture and not
to retain it, and thus It should be, when
it Is possible, up and down the side
lulls Instead of around them, that the
water may be drained oil by the bot
tom of the furrow, below the earth that
Is turned over. As we never visited
Cierniany we will not sav tho advice Is
not good there, but we know of no part
of the Lulled States where we think It
would be good. Hut we will give a
little bit of what we think is better
udvlce. If you grow sugar beets do
not sell them at $4 or $• a ton. when
jou have cattle or hogs to food theiu to.
unless you can get back all the pomace
made from theiu.—New Lngland Home
stead.
lnfluen-/i in Horse*.
Stimulants and tonics should be
given from the siart lu eases or influ
enza. («lve one drain dose of aeetanl
lnl and oue ounce of alcohol In water
c\ory three, four or six hours, accord
ing to height of fever, and when fever
drops to 10- degrees or less give a dram
ot quinine three times daiiv dissolved
In two drams of tincture of iron, then
mixed with a pint of thin oatmeal
gruel, ln the feed mix from the start
from twenty to thirty grains of nux
vomica Irrespective of the other medi
cines and Increase the dose gradually
If the animal Is weak and staggers- Af
fected animals should be kept In com
fortable stalls or box stalls where thev
can have good care aud feeding.
I'crtili/.uttr I:oimo Plants.
The following formula Is one of the
best mixtures for house plants, and the
ingredients may be obtained at anv
drug store at si^iall expense: Sodium
nitrate, three-fourths of a pound: drv
sodium phosphate, one-quarter of a
pound sodium sulphate, one-half of a
pound. Pulverize aud mix thoroughly,
packing away In a covored jar. When
wanted for use dissolve at the rate of
one tablesoouful of the mixture to a
gallon of hot water, nnd when cool ap
ply at the rate of a half cupful to the
soil In a six-Inch pot. once in two
weeks. Mils fertilizer will improve
the growlli of all plants except calla
lilies and others of a similar class,
which do nn|ch better when stab'e ma
nure is freely used.
in a
It often happens that the fowls are
not properly fed during the moulting
season they are good while getting
their new coat ot leathers and seem to
be long in recovering afterward and
getting down to laving. When this is
the case some of the best-known con
dition powders are good to use as a
tonic. 11 one objects for anv reason
to using condition powders, then give
plenty ot whole wheat at Ihe night
lccding and add fresh linseed meal at
the rate ot half a pint to each fifty
lieus. to tlie morning mash. A handful
of animal meal may also be added lo
advantage.
Dnniscr 111 l-cedlric Sw.ll.
Swine that are ted 011 hotel swill and
kitchen slops often become victims of
a sickness showing much the smile
svuiptonis as those of hog cholera, he
animals suffer from diarrhea and par
tial paralysis, and nearly alt of those
attacked die. The trouble Is caused by
the presence of a quantity of alkaline
soaps in such swill, which poisons the
swine. It is never safe to teed hotel
swill, aud it is safe to feed kitchen
slops onlv when we know that no quan
tity of soap has become mixed with it-
Inrin Journal.
The icrul Purpose Cow.
I lie inrmer who keeps a tew cows
generally desires to obtain the largest
possible quiiuiii.v ot uiilk and vet have
nuiinais tlmt will make good and prof
itable beet when thev are desired for
that purpose. his kind of a cow
should be ol good form, but she should
be larue and ot the shape most accu
rately described by the word "roomy."
She should be a good milker In every
sense ot the ord, of docile disposition,
capable of bearing a large calf, aud
vet easily fattened when drv.
I'illl I'l itll til 1£.
When the ground is reasonably moist
it Is sate to plant some things 111 the
fall in prettv high altitudes, such as
the blackberry, raspberry, grape, cur
rant. gooseberry, shrubbery ami small
fruit trees, which can all have their
lops bent over aud covered bv a hill ot
earth after being planted. The top can
also be covered to prevent evaporation.
If the planting of these, however, is lo
lie done in a very exposed situation, ir
is usually best to deler it uutll spring.
—Iowa Homestead.
Improvement in
The hog has been improved in the
last, twenty years to Midi an extent
that he is aVle to mature earlier and
produce a larger amount ot grain and
growth from the samo quantity of food.
The improved pig shows the great feed
lug capabilities and earlier maturing
qualities that have beou bred into him.
No time is lost. Pigs can be marketed
as quickly as a crop of grain.—Kansas
armer.
Tree Protectors.
Tree guards and other protectors are
now iu order. A str.p of wire fly
screening is about the best thing we
kuow'of. and it will remain on the trees
tor several years.—Lxchnnge.
Ji. nvJ
OR
4
Recti.(ttioti of Trn*t*.
By the Inevitable progress of busi
ness events it would seem that public
opiuloii is rapldlv shaping itself lu In
dorsement of Democratic leaching upou
the trust question. And from a more
or less vigorous defense of the opera
tion of trusts Republican purt.v thought
has turned Its attention to showing how
the evil of irust monopoly, now recog
nized. ina.v be averted.
It is now. for Instance, quite gener
ally stated that President Roosevelt
has verv well defined ideas as to tho
proper method ot treating the trust
question, ihe remedy now put fortli
by certain Republicans is "publicity."
A publication under direction of the
law. of the business of corporative com
bines. Hits Is Democratic teaching,
nml countenancing the popular demand
for trust regulation, honest Republican
thought turns to formulating plans to
correct the evil.
ihe limes has frequently pointed out
that the real "mist question" was not
the description of combine, inn* the dis
sipation ol organized capital directed
to industrial development, but the con
trol and regulation of such combine,
i.ack of national authority and eonllicl
ot Mate jurisdiction has often been
stated, but I'ederal law lias been shown
to be ample, and the power ot national
authority complete.
As a hist step in trust regulation
publicity of corporative business Is in
deed essential, aud it Is the introduc
tion to that control which Democracy
claims over affairs of large public con
cerns. irusts, as beneficiaries of public
power, as the cus odians. bv their In
corporative grant ot popular contract,
owe duties to the public, among which
may surely be stated a regard lor the
general Industrial welfare and a proper
contribution of tax I11 support of the
(.lovernmeiit and its institutions. I rust
capital and trust profits are property
just the same as bricks and mortar,
though oue inav be callcd "personal
and the other "real" estate. All prop
erly is subject to public inspection and
examination lor the purpose of assess
ment of value for .fust taxation, and the
revenue derived by the owner is a cri
terion lor tax estimate. Trusts are not
only private hut puhtic or scml-public
corporations, for the conduct of their
business concerns the whole people.
1 heir existence calls into action other
principles of the law beynml those or
dinarily found applying to common
business venture.
Public knowledge ot the business of
grantees of public favor, such as trusts
are. gives to the whole body of the peo
ple the proper Information of profit and
loss and enables the law-maker to im
pose- a proper tax upon the propertv.
Ibis tax is the initiative to trust reg
ulation and should come by initiation
of trust if capital is wise. No greater
stroke of business policy could be
made In America to-duv than the ad
vance of remedy for the evils ot trust
operation by the trust Itself. Honest
American business needs no cover, nor
does it tear popular view, and legiti
mate business must at all times be will
ing to contribute to the general treas
ury of the whole people. Anv other
course will surelv destroy any trade
operation In America.
Publicity of trust business will lav
bare the truth of trust operation and
furnish a basis tor equitable taxation:
It will furnish the necessarv evidence
to guide trust control, which is but the
proper popular supervision over nation
al business aflairs. and it will preclude
the use of illegal business methods in
trust business. It is not combine Itself
which menaces American business
thrift and energy or invades our busi
ness purity it is the operation of com
bine which makes the regulation of
trusts the plain duty of American law.
—RulTalo Times.
-'i emoeriicy Still Lives."
The following Is a leading editorial
hi the Washington Vost. a Republican
pa pop, in its issue of Nov. 7. under the
above hcadlnir:
It question whether anv partv
other than Ihe Democratic could have
retalued such vitality as was indicated
in ucsdny elections. In similar cir
cumstances we believe the Rcpuhhcuu
organization would have beou hopeless
ly dislocated. Mr. Cleveland left the
Democracy divided against itself lu
l&Hi. The war with Spain, two years
later, and tho popular enthusiasm
which followed equipped the Republi
cans tor au even greater victory In
I 00. 1 lie lead^ship of Mr. Isrvan add
ed a fresh element ol strength to his
antagonists. 1 be now conditions
brought about bv tho war and the vast
wave ol public sentiment favoring ac
quisition. commercial and territorial
expansion—all this attracted thousands
to the Republican standard. Partv lines
were broken down In the novel fervor
of an inflamed patriotism, and everv
emotion ot which the human iieart is
capable conspired to Isolate the Demo
cratic partv trom the sympathies of the
American people.
-\ct it now appears that many huu
dreds of thousands ot voters saw their
wn.v clear to supporting the organiza
tion without forfeit of anv wholesome
patriotic conviction. The fictitious Re
publican establishment In Kentucky,
brought about by the Hrvnu schism of
LSiHi. tell Into ruins. Ihe Democratic
restoration is complete. In New Jersey
the Hcnublicnn majority has been ma
terially reduced. In Maryland all in
dications point to a final overthrow of
Ihe Republican advantage obtained In
ISOo through Democratic treachery and
detection. Ihe victory ot the tuslonists
iu (ireater New iork Is of purelv local
significance. That victory would not
have been possible but for the co-ope
ration of thousands of Democrats. No
party issue was at stake. The verdict
in New \ork was merelv for cleauli
ness and decency at home.
-Altogether tho Democrats have
every reason to felicitate themselves.
No party ever fought ngainst such
overwhelming odds. No such strain
was ever put upon the courage and fl
dellly of party men. It Is true that
the Democracy has won
110
victories ex­
cepting in the case of KentucKv and.
perhaps. Marvlaud: but it is evident
that the stout old partv is alive, that Its
vigor Is returning, and that, freed from
the false leaderships and the imprac
ticable heresies that have so futallv
handicapped it during the past eight or
ten vears. it has before It a career of
usefulness and Incalculable possibili
ties. The Democracy may well take
heart."
A company of Democrats at Maiden
Rock. Wis., united In issuing a state
ment giving their reasons-f6r being
iiiifitniiWriiHi
3K&I
Democrats. One was an editor, one a
physician, two blacksmiths, and oue a
minister, one a stone cutter, one a drug
gist. one a local agent ot the railroad,
one a teamster, one a fisherman, otic
a carpenter, one a merchant. It Is evi
dent from the occupations which these
gentlemen followed that the Democrat
ic party Is not a partv of any c^ass. but
the partv of people In all walks of life
who believe In "equal rights to all and
special privileges to none.
Political AH*u«9inution.
(iov. Durhln of Indiana follows the
example of his predecessor In otllco by
refusing to iionor the requisition of the
t»overnor of Kentucky tor the extradi
tion of ox*liov. Tnvlor. The latter, as
ts well known, is under indictment for
complicity In the assassination of W ill
lam (ioebel nearly two vears ago
l»ov. Javlor. while thus a fugitive
from Justice, as the term is. has been
received with honor nnd applause at a
Republican national convention, and
President Roosevelt, while tiovernor
of New lork. was reported as offering
to J'a.vlor a secure asylum in that
Slate. Indiana, however, under a Re
publican (.iowrnor. affords all protec
tion needed.
We should sav that this partisan
shielding of Tnvlor had gone about lar
enough. It has come to parlake of the
character of Republican condoneuient
of this assassination, (iov. Durblu
states, in his communication to the
Governor of Kentucky, that only a con
viction that Taylor will not receive a
fair trial leads him to deny the requi
sition. Hut he says:
"Does not the action ol the Court of
Appeals of Kentucky. 111 its reversal of
the initial convictions I11 Judge Cau
lrill court, emphasize the contention
of the Governor of this commonwealth
that these men sought to be extradited,
cannot, secure a fair and just bearing
And the answer would certainly seem
to be that the action of the Kentucky
Court of Appeals goes to show that
the due and fair processes of justice
iu Kentucky have nut been wholly sus
pended in tills matter, and are less
likely to be now, with the murder two
years back, than when the trials re
ferred to took place.
W bother the tiovernor ol one State Is
thus justified iu refusing extradition
and in impeaching 1I10 agencies of jus
tice In another State. Is a question
open to but one answer. Gov. Durhln
savs be chooses "to "make use of the
right ami the duty, as the executive
of the commonwealth, to exercise a dis
cretionary power ot refusal. lite
constitution of the Ltiited States pro
vides:
"A person charged lu anv State with
treason, lelonv or other crime, who
shall flee from Justice and be found in
another State, shall, on demand of the
executive authority of the State from
which lie fled, be delivered up. to be re
moved to the State having jurisdiction
ot the crime.
Mils does not seem to leave much dis
cretion to Gov. Durbln. There has
been question of the nature of the
-other crime referred to. but It has
never been questioned that the term
would cover such a crime as that
charged against Taylor: and the weight
of legal opinion leans to the Inclusion
of all offenses, big and Utile, even stat
utory offenses peculiar to the State re
questing the cxtraditlou.—Springfield
Republican.
Hooscvc aud Trust*.
Ihe repeated rumors that President
Roosevelt Is going to take strong
round for anti-trust legislation find
some confirmation in the statement
th.it Kepu sentative Habcock proposes
to push his bill for putting iron aud
steel products on the free list. It is
more probable that Habcock wouid
start a movement or that kind In case
he had an Inlimation that it would
meet executive approval than other
wise.
On the other hand there are reasons
lo doubt that the President will go to
the leiigtu that is presented by tlie
Hal-oik bill. It takes the slmplo ami
sensible course of putting ou the free
list tho products of trusts that increase
prices to consumers iu this country
there Is uo question that the steel trut
does this because it sells its products
cheaper abioad than in the United
States. Mi. Habcock realizes that if
hi.-* bill passes the same principle will
be applied to the products of other
trusts.
Hut there has been no indication as
Mi that I resident Roosevelt really fa
vors going to the rout of the trust evil
iu this way. He has never yet com
mitted himself publicly to such a poll-
When be was Governor of New
\ork he recommended legislation for
publicity as to the capital and opera
tions ot trusts, and there were sugges
tions to the same effect lu his letter of
acceptance of the nomination to the
Vice Prcsldencv.
Hill there is a very material differ
ence between provisions of tills kind
which, iu fact, go only to the protection
of Investors In trust stocks, and pro
visions that strike directlv at the trust
as a public evil. What Is wanted Is
legislation that will take awav the op
pression of the consumer by increased
prices, and that will break the power
of trusts to control legislation- Mere
publicity will not benefit the public or
injure the trusts. In fact, the most im
portant facts connected with trusts are
known already. 1 here is no secrecv as
to their capitalization and not much as
lo their methods. Something more rad
ical than that will be needed.—Indian
apolis Sentinel.
An Independent American Citizen.
W bile tiding in a Maine country road
a traveler observed a field of corn
which was overrun with rank weeds,
and midway of the piece was a largo
conspicuously displayed sign with the
following: Notlss: None of \our Husi
ness It Mils Corn Aln Hoed."
I he wool growers who llsteued to
the palaver about "protection of home
Industry are uot saving much- but
the indications are that thev spcud
most of their waking hours thiuking-
It is to be hoped that tho future Mrs.
Depew Is a good cook. The world sliud*
ders at the Idea that It may be deprived
of the geuial Chauncev mauuderings
becnusc of a poor dinner.
he use of perfumes became so ex
travagant in Athens during the time
of Solou that he issued au edict forbid
ding Atheniuns to use them except In
certain specified cases.
The greatest collection of books is the
National Library of Paris.
AMONG THE BIG ONES.
CHICAGO BRANCH POSTOFFICES
RANK WITH BIG CITIES...
Amount of Kminess Done at Board of
Trade 8tationt ltlcli ln tbc Largeati
BurpaMca That of liuffulo, Detroit*
Ruuana City aiiJ Minneapolis.
In the 1 square miles covered by
Chicago letter carriers there are for
ty-six postofhees known as stations,
the building on the lake 1 rout known
as the postotlice being the mother insti
tution. The tact that iliev are only
stations does not clothe some of them
with the dignity the.v should have, for
when the business ot the Hoard of
irade station alone is considered it
ranks with many of the great citics of
the country.
The ten largest postoflioes of tho
United States, uot counting chlcngo as
a whole, are. in their order. Now \ork,
Philadelphia. Hostou. sr. l.ouis. Hrook
lyn. Cincinnati. Hnltimorc. sun Krnn*
clsco. Pittsburg ami Cleveland, lieu
conies Chicago Hoard of irade sta-
tlon. the busiucss ot which in 1000 was
$S7b.OOO. his figure exceeds the post
oflice business of the citv of HufTalo by
900.000. Detroit bv $11-10(10. Kansas
Citv bv $187,000. 'and -Minneapolis b»
$ui:.ooo.
Next in volume of business transact
ed is the MonadmK.'k Hullding station,
with a business of jftwo.ooo. followed?!*,
by Milwaukee with 5ikW.iMX. lticideii
tally the Chicago and Milwaukee post-.'
mnstors receive the same salarv. Chi-,
eogos stock hxchango station Is tho
next postoflice in size, and ranks with
New Orleans. Indianapolis. Rochester.
Denver and Newark. 1 he "Crillv sta
tion. at lu7 Dearborn street, with a
business last vcar of $408-000. and tho
Masonic Temple station, with JM0.UKJ0,
rank with Oninhn. Providence. Colum
bus and Toledo. South Water street.,
station leads Hartford. New Haven.
Richmond. Jorsov ttv. Dnvton. I.os
Angeles and Memphis. The station at
the I nlon depot is in the same class
with Albany and Syracuse.
The next largest postotlice In tho
I. lilted States is substation No. 10.
away out on West Polk street, which
lias the honor of being presided over
by Clerk Jane Addams ot Hull House.
Although there are lew people hi that
neighborhood who carry cm extensive
correspondence. Miss Addams' station
did a business last year ot Jsi2 l.00o.
pulling it iu the same class with Nash
ville. leiin.
I he Stcck.vards station docs the samo
volume of business as Seattle and
Scranton. The station at 42S West
Madison street travels with lrov. Ltl
cn aud Salt Lake Citv. Ihe oue at
Uucoln Park ranks with Trenton. Du
luth. Houston, llarrisburg. Mobile. Gal.
veston and Spokane.
At this point offices doing a business
above $i00.000 practically end. tho
^-d street station comlffg next with
about svSO.iK.10 of business, and ranking
with Springfield. 111.: Elmlra. N. V.,
and Little Rock Ark.—Chicago Post. ••m?.
SOME DIVORCE FIGURES-
Percentage of Reparation in Hurope
and Australia.
Happy marriages are commoner In
Lngland and Wales than in anv otlie?
country, if the statistics of divorce are
auy criterion. These statistics at lease
show that comparatively few mar
riages are so unhappy as to occasion au
appeal to the divorce courts. John Mac
doiiell. the editor ot tho civil judicial
statistics, has added to that publica
tion the results of a foreign statisti
cian inquiry, showing the proportions
ot divorces to every thousand mar
riages in various countries. In Switzer
land they were 10, in Prance thev were
Jl, In Rouuiania lio, in Prussia IS. in
the whole German empire 17. in Den
mark l.t. iu Holland 1^. In Hclgium 11.
111 Sweden less than 11 (lO.uj and in
Austria under (4.S). but in England
and Wales they were well under 'J. per
l.ooo— that Is 1.0. The figures for Rus
sia are given iu a form unavailable for
comparison, as the country is divided
tip Into religions. Catholic divorces are
naturally as low as o.*j, divorces of or
thodox church people 1.7 and Protes
tant divorces t».7. Mr. Macdonell has
supplied the number of divorce peti
tion 111 tin1 Australian colonies for cv*
cry loo.ooo population. According to
this there is a remarkable prepondor-.
a lice of divorce in New South Wales.
I'or 1:1»..» petitions granted 111 that col
on.v there were only 7..» uranted In Vic
toria. 4 In Western Australia. .7 in
New e/aland. ^.7 in lasmatiia. 1.0 in
south Australia and one lu Oueeusland
There lias also been a great incense
iu recent years in ihe number of di
voices and separations in liie Austra
linn colonies grouped.as a whole.—Lon-.
don News.
RICH MAN FLIES TO
LSCAPE MARRIAGE/
Alfred Hob. the diamond billionaire
and friend ot ccii Rhodes, has been
driven from Knglaml bv mothers who
a
1
od him with their
attempts to marrj*
him to their
daughters, ^.iiere
Is hardly an un
married woman of
noble birth of
prominence iu Eu
rope whom he has
not been reported
as engaged to
wed. At last. It
Is reported, lie lias
declared Ills rage
at it all and has
lied to his villa at
.\li ui:o m:iT. salso Magglore.
Italy. Cecil Rhodes is his onlv guest,
aud lie will invite uo woman, be she
mother or maid, to his retreat.
Hcit was born in Hamburg in 1S S.
He went lo Kiinbetiev 111 1875. attract
ed b.v talcs ot the vast wealth of the
diamond mines, and It was ho who first
organize 1 the gigantic monopoly that
lias made fabulous fortunes for him
self. Rhodes and their associates.
She Hoe«urt l)u»rve It.
••On what grounds does she seek
pension: Her late husband wasn iu
the war.
"Well, I don't know, she certainly
didn't give him much peace, and he
had the reputation of belnjs a kitchen,
colonel."—Philadelphia bulletin.
it M«y s.
Mr. Gilgal \n\. the horse show)—Let's
talk about carriage horses.
Miss Teeters—Isirt that a hackney
subject?—Philadelphia North Ameri-
A PefiuitiO".
Mrst Hoarder—W bat is the exuet
meaning of -viands'?"
Second boarder—Oh: Things vou get
to eat when you tUin loard. -Puck,
iiiiiisi

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