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Manchester Democrat. [volume] (Manchester, Iowa) 1875-1930, December 18, 1901, Image 6

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tfr (Democrat,
BEOHSOH ft CAKE, Pnblirfiera.
Any one cau be the foolish half of a
Mr. Rockefeller says that rlcnes may
lead to heaven. So may tlie eye of a
needle after you once get through.
It Is hard to Imagine anything more
contemptible than the man who howls
when lie Is beaten lit his own game.
The new I'rlnce of Wales Is prob
ably watting to get his titles on straight
before beginning upon the duty of set
ting the fashlou for men.
Mrs. Roosevelt may be able to dress
on $300 a year, but women who have
not the title of first lady of the land to
back them may not feel they can afford
to do it.
A Chicago woman saved her hus
band's life with a broomstick this,
however, is not the traditional purpose
to which this humble domestic imple
ment is put.
Either 500 children were named af
ter Mark Hanna In the last four vcars
or 500 parents liave considered mm
easy. At least that number of persons
have written.
Frank James frankly admits that he
cannot act. However, elevating the
stage ought to come rather natural to
one who has had such ripe experience
In holding up trains.
A celebrated preacher has made the
announcement that the world is better
than It used to be. Well, he may be
right Playing euchre and drive whist
for prizes seems to have gone out of
Mine. Sarah Grand claims that the
way to approach man and subdue him
Is by the dinner route, notwithstanding
the admitted fact that most of the pub
lic men of the country die of stomach
Deportation and permanent banish
ment would, perhaps, come nearer the
popular conception of the punishment
which ought to be Inflicted upon those
who conspire against the government
by propaganda and who advocate its
r- Some of the war veterans who tasted
blood In Cuba or the Philippines think
the sword should be abandoned, as it
gets between the legs and trips the
generals up. There Is nothing so de
moralizing to the morale of an army as
to seeo a fat general take a header over
bis sword.
Evidently the higher cultivation is in
need of some polishing up. A lot of
cows were lately shot by a party of
New York hunters under the Impression
that they were a herd of deer. In view
of this and the many casualties of the
Maine hunting fields natural history
ought to be Insisted on as a necessary
branch In the schools.
One o,f the latest fads, a corollary of
Palmistry, Is the "reading" of the soles
of the feet. People who are credulous
enough to have their feet read are
usually disappointed In results because
they are of that long-eared variety, of
the human Bpecles that are more likely
"to present hoofs than soles to the palm
ist and the lines in hoofs are somewhat
obscured. The crying need of these peo
pie is a blacksmith rather than a palm
If Genius for government and genius for
||buslness are not even distantly related.
Take the United States for example.
^Washington was a successful business
:?lman, but he might be called the first
j^aud the last of American Btatcseiricn
who deserved the title. Nearly all the
jother bright names in the history of
American government, from Jefferson
McICInley, have been possessed by
|'men, who. If they were not slothful in
^business, were by no meahs success
Si There Is a certain gratification nnd
^satisfaction In the knowledge that
grFrance has In prospect the establish
"t: rnent of a school In this country for
the purpose of studying American in
IJdustrles. To be recognized as the lead
ing industrial nation of the world Is
compliment, however well we may al
.ready know this to be true. France an
nouncos that It Is not her purpose to
f'pry Into the secrets of the various In
dUBtries, but merely to round out the
',V^ education ot her industrial students
with a practical knowledge of Amerl
j,ean methods and enterprise.
The court physician who, has King
Ed ward's health in charge gave expres
f0," slon to views full o£ good sense In a re
J, -"cent Interview. Summing up the rules
correct living he said "To live long
ijdo anything you like, but do nothing to
excess. The best rule of life is inodera
tion." Moderation conserves the life
A4aKL.iv &
dissipates tliein.
jjg And temperance, be it remembered. Is
-a much wider term than is contcmpiat
ed In abstinence from the excessive use
,7 of Intoxicating liquors. Many a tcm
perance advocate is Intemperate In
business, or In eating or In speech.
Many a man who does not drink to ex
cess leads an unnatural life because of
the demands of business, or of society,
or of ambition. Many a woman who
abhors Intoxicants strains every nerve
center to "keep up appearances." But
this court physician was not giving
fx*"', away any professional secrets. Any
physician who has made a study of the
human Bystein will freely agree as to
this recipe of moderation. Habit is
stronger than advice and habit leads
most persons to live unnaturally. Na
ture Btands up under the strain so long
Sx and then rebels. "They that are whole
i, need not a physician," but the average
man will not live a wholesome life.
Therefore the doctor.
"As the twig is bent the tree's in
cllned," Is a proverb which time has
not discredited. Modern pedagogy con
cerns itself more and more with tlio
cnreful training of the twig. The value
of early habit in play, work, associa
tion and conduct is acknowledged
everywhere. This is, we are often told,
the era of the young: children receive
every advantage, youth is barred from
no opportunity. Great enterprises are
In the hands of young men young wom
en mold In the schools the citizens of
the future, serve great charities, or
step forth from a sheltered life to
share the labors of the world. Fitting
ly this young country sweeps forward
toward Its destiny, borne on an Impetu
.ous wave of youth. But what of age?
What of the ancient ree. no longer
supple, Its twisted trunk hardened Into
shape, broken, gtorm-reut, yet vener-
able? To the understanding eye It Is
more interesting, more beautiful than
the fresh nnd flexile sapling. But do
the eyes of our triumphant young foil:
see and understand? Too frequently
they do not. Our young people often
fail sadly In reverence for age often,
too, they reverence yet shun it. With
the marvelons rapidly of progress, re
quiring an unprecedented adaptability
of mind and habit to material and intel
lectual changes, has come increased Im
patience of the conservatism and men
tal rigidity natural to age. It Is a re
grettable mistake and one not at all to
the credit of intelligent young people.
The tree full grown cannot bend. At it
grew, so it stands. Only fret, failure
and injury can result from trying to
effect a change. Nevertheless comfort,
counsel, aud that wisdom which Is
higher than mere knowledge are found
In seeking the cool tranquillity of its
To the man who has not dallied with
Croolco's tubes and docs not know an
X-ray from an ampere the work of ex
tracting sunbeams from cucumbers
Would seeui to be a mere kindergarten
game compared to getting light from
decayed meat. And yet tills apparently
impossible trick has been performed by
Prof. Gorhain of Brown University.
Instead of trying to extract light from
old shoes or cigar stumps or sawdust,
as most any ordinary scientist would.
Prof Gorhain tackled the decayed por
terhouse steak. In its undisturbed state
the passe porterhouse has never emit
ted anything but odor under the magic
wand of the professor It will emit
enough light to run a photograph gal
lery. The phosphorescence of fireflies,
of decaying flsli and vegetable matter,
which gives aglow to summer seas, lias
long been known to science. The phos
phorescence of these minute animal and
vegetable organisms is produced by oxi
dation, the same as the heat of our
bodies. This oxidation, of course, is a
chemical action. Starting with this
knowledge as a basis, Prof. Gorhain bo
gnu experimenting to find the materi
als that would produce the greatest
luminosity in these decaying organ
isms. He has at last found three chem
ical salts which when applied to decay
ing meat will produce enough phos
phorescent light to take photographs.
The object of the experiments Is to
finally produce a light that is entirely
devoid of heat. In these days when
the servant girl problem fills the culin
ary department of the average home
with doubt and uncertainty, almost any
efrigerator may contain complete
phosphorescent light plant. A bottle of
the professor's salts would tlitis make
any well-regulated home independent
of the gas trust. Hereafter the family
need not hold its nose as the odor of
the decaying feline is wafted from un
der the porch. I.et the dead cat be
dragged forth, suspended from the
porch ceiling and made to glow in phos
phorescent beauty. Tills is an age of
science, when even the decayed things
of life may radiate light aud beauty In
stead of smelling to high heaven.
Harvard College paid $48,348.30 to
the City of Boston last year as taxes,
mainly for the property held as invest
A memorial tablet to the memory of
the student volunteers of Missouri State
University, who died in the war with
Spaiu, has been put in place in the
Academic Hall of the university, and
will soon be uuveilod with appropriate
Fifteen little princesses of Siam at
tend a school at Bangkok opeued by an
English lady. They receive lessons each
day in readiug, writing and music, but
much more time is spent in learning the
duties of housekeeping. They cook the
meals iu turn, set the table, write the
menus and arrange the flowers.
It is interesting to note the appro
priations that have been made during
the last nine years by the Geueral As
semblies of Missouri for the State Uni
versity. In 1802, tlie year the univers
ity was destroyed by lire, the amount
was $204,000 28!)l-0o, $133,000 1807-98,
$100,000 1808-00, $142,700, and this year
Supt. J. M. Greenwood, of Kansas
City, has no faith in the ability of the
boy who smokes cigarettes. He says:
"I have yet to tiud an inveterate cigar
ette smoker who began early in life
that ever completed the sixth years'
work in the ward schools. A large ma
jority of them drop out of school dur
iug the fourth and tilth year. The effect
of cigarette smoking is positively harm
ful without one single redeeming qual
ity. It dwarfs ami enfeebles the intel
lectual faculties. It unfits the mind for
any mental exertion or the concentra
tion of attention on any subject to be
studied. Finally it destroys the will
power and the victim loses the ability
of self-determination. The outcome
may be summed up in a brief state
ment: It is the most etliclent agency
for human wrecks that has yet entered
into our civilization.
Notable Sermons.
The pulpit at Westminster Abbey was
once occupied by a preacher who was
not a clergyman^ and had never been
ordained. This was In December, 1873,
when Dean Stanley invited Prof. Max
Mueller to preach on the religions of the
world. It was one of tlie most interest
ing sermons ever heard, and when
printed afterward brought in several
hundred pounds.
The world's sermon record is held by
the late Mr. Spurgeon. His sermons
have been published weekly for lifty
years past, and (here are still enough
to last several years more. Over 100,
000,000 copies have been sold, and their
profits exceed those of any other half
dozen preachers.
For the most valuable single sermon
ever preached, It, is, however, not Mr.
Spurgeon, but Canon Fleming, who
holds the record. This discourse was
first heard from the pulpit of Sandrlug
ham Church, on tlie. sad occasion of
the death of the Duke of Clarence. It
was afterward published aud its profits
hare since amounted to a total of £1,498
($7,490). The .uoney lias been equally
divided between the Gordon Boys'
Home and the British Home for Incur
ables.—London Answers.
Sioux Borrowing.
Among the Sioux, when one family
borrows a kettle from auolher, it is
expected that when the kettle is re
turned a small portion of the food that
has been cooked in it will be left in the
bottom, as the owner must always
know what was cooked in her kettle.
A rich man who gives nothing Is like
a tree without fruit.
Danger of "Educated lgnofance»"
Our government
can bo no purer
than a majority of
its citizens. OUr
aim should be to
tench our youth
that the first duty
of citizenship is the
exercise of the di
vine right guaran
teed by our -consti
tution through no
.live participation
in the selection of
their public ser
vants nnd in deciding upon those policies
of government which shall prevail. Gov
ernment cannot he made perfect any
more thnn the human mind may attain
omnipotence, but as education advances
wo can improve upon old methods, aud
wo can demand from our public servants
honesty nnd fidelity, and by tho exer
cise of the elective franchise in our pri
maries nnd caucuses secure tlie highest
standard of ability. If, however, as is
too often the case, the so-called higher
education leads us to forego this right,
then wo deserve lnlsgovernment and
spoliation and tho arraying of one por
tion of our people against the other. Ig
norance provokes discontent, and, if I
mny bo permitted to use the term, "ed
ucated iguorauce" provokes anarchy nnd
Teach our youth that the principles for
which our forefathers fought nr?as dear
to them as "to those who took part in
that great struggle teach theiu that the
great battles which ended In the emanci
pation of tlie slave are the glory of our
country and were but another step la
advance in our system of government
imbue them with respect for our Hag
teach them that otTr country is really
the home for those who love liberty, that
it is truly the refuge for the oppressed,
and that it offers equal opportunities
Governor of Xew York.
Passing of the Hawaiian.
of the white man is
not always a boon
to tho savage it
means, sooner or
later, his doom.
Tho red men are
nearly gone, the ab
origines of Austra
lia are passing, and
the Hawaiian race
is rapidly melting
away before the
sunlight of civilized
In 1853 there were 71,019 Hawalians
in the islands still, even though foreign
ers had already begun introducing civil
ization. In 1872 tho nntive population
had dwindled to 40,044, to which must be
added 1,487 part Hawaiinns—children of
nn Hawaiian mother and a foreign hus
The next twelve years saw a further
drop to 40,144, nnd au increase of part
Hawaiinns to 4,218, while iu 1890 there
were only 34,430 llawaiians and 0,180
part Hawaiinns. Six years later*tho Ha
waiians number 31,019, and the mixed
population 8,485. Tlie latest census
brings to light the fact that not only has
the pure native population continued to
diminish, but the part Hawaiian num
bers have decreased from 8,485 to 7,835.
The Hawaiian population is now actually
one-third tho number of the Japanese Im­
Mies Helen VanderbUt-'VVnckcrman
Slandered-Into Insanity,
In St. Giles' Infirmary, London, is a
young woman in the worst stages of in
sanity. Her eyes have a terrifying look,
her once handsome features have lost
much of their beauty, and she suiters
from delusions, refusing to eat because
she believes that some one has attempt
ed to poison her.
A year ago this young woman was a
merry creature—one of the most idol
ized persons in London society. She is
Helen Vandcrbilt-Wackerman, and her
home is in Buffalo, from which city she
went to London three years ago to
study music and art. Her beauty won
men. ller face, forehead, hands and
neck wore all of a soft Ivory tint. Her
hair Is golden, her eyes are brown, aud
her shoulders and neck of such forma
tion that artists raved over them. Sev
eral painted her and others sought her
for a "pose." One of the portraits was
by.Ellis Roberts, and so strikingly
handsome was it that when It was hung
In the Royal Academy by the Hanging
Committee, of which Hubert von
Herkomer was a member, he objected
to It, for he said it was "too beautiful
to be true." It was not like anything
on earth. When Introduced to the sub
ject he realized that the portrait was
not false and he appealed to her to sit
for him. She granted the request, and
while posing for him was treated as a
member of the family. In society she
continued to be a favorite.
One day, as unexpectedly as the
lightning Hashes from the sky, there
came to her a request from the artist
to whom she was sitting to leave his
home, because of certain things he had
heard concerning her conduct prior to
entering his home. Pained and indig
nant, she demanded the name of her
detractor. Herkomer refused to say
more than that lie himself believed her
good, but* that the stories besmirching
her name compelled him to insist upon
her leaving his home.
The matrer diu not end there. The
friends of Miss Wackerman took up
her cause, such men ns the bishop of
London and United States Ambassador
Choate demanding au explanation,
which was not forthcoming. Herkomer
was finally obliged to leave London In
disgrace and is now living In Germany.
He at one time lived in Syracuse, N. Y.
That was before his departure for Eu
Despite the mairnillcent expression of
faith In her given by her friends and
by eminent persons, Miss Yunderbilt
*f *V J«*
«T- Vat
migrant there have been 20,834 to over
01,000 Japanese. In fifty years there
will be scarcely any Ilawaiiahs left to
inhabit the Hawaiian Islands. l*he old
customs and habits of the Itawailans are
dying out foster even than the race itself
The llawaiians do not work hard or
systematically. In the' old days, before
the advent of missionaries and traders,
nil the Hawaiinns lived comfortably with
out the need of working, thanks to the
natural resources always available. Civ
ilization brought to them the necessity
of working for a living and seeing others
occupy the lands which once were theirs.
Japanese and Chinese and other alien
races have come into the laud, and do
tho better kinds of work, and the Ha
waiian is left principally to fishing and
boating, though even here the Chinese
have intruded, and will soon drive out
the poor Hawailans.
It is sad to watch the passing of any
race, and doubly so when the natives
are,such fine, well made, generous and
good-natured souls. But* the civilization
of the white man is not kind to any of
the colored races, and they go out one
by one. With the cud of the llawaiians
another picturesque race will have dis
appeared from this earth.
Fellow Royal Colonial Society.
Capital and Labor*
These riotous protests against the ap
parently beneficent purpose of the
Queen appear all the more remarkable
when one remembers how Olga has
heretofore been adored by her hus
band's subjects. She is a woman of ex
traordinary intelligence nnd high-mind
ed principles. She is tall and of com
manding presence, with splendid hair
and a most wluulng smile. Throughout
the kingdom she Is renowned for her
unceasing and wide-reaching charity.
She founded a model hospital and goes
personally twice a month to inspect the
Infirmaries so as to be certain that the
sick are provided with every comfort.
During the Russo-Turkish war, and
again when Greeks aud Turks clashed,
she attended the wounded with her
own hands. Besides, she is a goml
mother and a devoted wife nnd she
superintends the education of her chil
dren. By birth she Is a Russian grand
Looked Like Cherries.
There are many varieties of red pep
pers, or Chili poppers, Iu the market, or
•io tfj
The most serious
and persistent evil
that disturbs co-op
eratiou among our
people is found iu
the contentions and
quarrels between
employers and em
ployes. Surely, as
an original proposi
tion there should bo
no antagonism in this country between
labor and capital. On the eoutrary, they
should be in one close alliance and friend
ship. Our institutions forbid that an ex
planation of such antagonism should be
found in class jealousy and abuses.
I desire distinctly to disclaim any. in
tention to suggest what may be tho cause
or causes of the dislocation which unfor
tunately so frequently occurs in the re
lationship of labor to capital. Whether
it results from unreasonable and irritat
ing demands on the part of labor, or
whether our workiugmen listen too credu
lously to malign counsels, or whether
again the trouble arises from the greed
and avarice of capital and of its immense
aggregations, I do not pretend to say.
Perhaps all these have a share In creat
ing the ditlleulty. But there is antag
onism in this relationship where there
should he a generous unity of purpose.
The situation itself proves that some
where there are members of our partner
ship in American citizenship who act In
violation of partnership duty and I am
sure that I venture nothing in making
the assertion that the only remedy for
this situation must be found in a return
to the observances of tho law of Ameri
can co-operation. This return will not
be accomplished by nursing real or im-
Wackerma'n worried about it until her
mind finally gave way.
Whoso Beneficent Purpose lias Lid to
Futal Kiots.
The recent liots In Athens, in which
the troops and great numbers of stu
dents clashed with fatal results on both
sides, and which have been followed by
the resignation of the cabinet and dis
turbances in the legislative houses, had
their origin in a most i)ecullar cause.
A desire on the part of Queen Olga to
do something for what she considered
the good of the soldiers was responsi
ble. Durlug the Graeco-Turklsh wai
she was everywhere told by wouuded
soldiers that they had not read the
gospelB because they dldu't understand
the text, which was in old Greek. Tho
Queen then arrauged for the publica
tion of a translation of the gospels into
modern Greek, exclusively for family
use. The Holy Synod of the Greek
Church protested against this proposi
tion, and the. metropolitan of Athens,
Procopius Oeconlmldis. held au audi
ence with the Queen, in which, how
ever, he did not so energetically cham
pion the-opposition as was desired by
those who objected to the translation.
Queen Olga would not change her plan.
Recently the students took up the mat
ter and, armed like soldiers, paraded
the streets and occupied the university
buildings, their purpose being to resist
by force the work of translation.
aginary injuries on the part Of labor
not by lordly aiid selfish arrogance on the
part of capital. A beginning must be
made by conspicuous examples of a rec
ognition of tho duty and obligations
which are tho conditions upon which the
full orijtiyniciit of our partnership ad
vantages depends.
These examples should induce conserv
ative and tolerant counsel they should be
prominently recognized and appreciated,
nnd constantly pressed upori the view of
all who may be remiss in their obligations
to American co-operation—whatever the
scope and nature of these obligations may
People Who Must Be Amused*
Sorry is tho lot of the man or
woman who must be amused ev
ery minute of the time. They
dread a quiet Sunday afternoon
or a rainy evening, when no
one is likely to come in or it Is
impossible for thenl to go out.
Of course, somo of theso people just
"growed that way." When they were
in infancy their mothers spent days and
weeks doing nothing but keeping them in
a good humor. They were never thrown
on their own resources nor had to make
the best of circumstances. On the other
hand are tho cheerful folk who are
"pleased with a rattle and tickled with a
straw.'" They manage to havo a good
time almost anywhere. A blessing up
on these simple hearts who take the
world as they find it, without a murmur
and, always looking for the good aud
pleasant, realize essentially what they
expect! They are tho conservators of
sane living in the world.
There is a class which amuses Itself
directly at the expense of others. It Is
composed of those who pride themselves
upon their wit. Reportee and sharp lit
tle turns that have reference to another
are a sort of revel to them. Bringing
into notice tho foibles and peculiarities
of even a friend is not beneath their pur
pose to pose as wits. But retribution in
the form of the loss of friends and the
faculty for pcrcelviug the ludicrous, be
coming at last weakened through over
work, degenerates into caricature, or pos
itive siliiuess.
It does not need a long experience to
show us that those who surreuder them
selves to the desire for amusement miss
its realization. The everyday duties, tho
close-at-haud service, the longing to be
worthy of the gift of life, while driving
from tho mind the unworthy aim toward
getting a good time out of the world, will
instead supply that peculiar, broad, va
ried, interest, which furnishes happiness,
including that lower order of satisfac
tion named amusement.
Ought to Have Poo! Tables.
Physiological and
biblical BClencc
demonstrates that
the primal aud uni
versal desire on the
part of children la
to play. The church
ought to provide a
place for its young
people to hold so
cial daucing par
ties. The modern
church ought to
have billiard and
pool tables and ten
piu alleys for its members. Iustcad- of
belaboring legitimate amusements let tho
church recognize their value and their
necessity iu life.
R. A. WHITE, D. D.
cherry in appearance, nnd these are
called cherry peppers, and are hotter
than all the others in fact, no ther
mometer can go high enough to show
their hotness. A box of these peppers
was displayed in front of a commission
store on Front street yesterday, the top
layer packed with steins down, so that
even an Oregonian might have taken—
or, rather, mistaken—them for Royal
Anne cherries. A passerby stopped to
ask the price of the "cherries." He
was told $1.50 per box. lie asked how
much the expressage would be to his
home in Kansas and was told 90 cents.
He planked down $2.40 and the box was
marked with his address and handed to
an express messenger.
When the Kansas man had gone a
person who witnessed the transaction
asked the dealer what he meant by
swindling him. The dealer asked how.
"By selling him peppers for cherries
was the answer. It then dawned on the
dealer that the Kansas man had really
supposed he was buying Oregon cher
ries, and he began to wonder what
would happen in suffering, bleeding
Kansas when the peppers reached there
and were tasted. And he Is still wond
ering.—Portland Oregonian.
A Bee ns a Barometer
Such should be the title of these lines,
for whoever observes theso interesting
insects finds it easy enough to foretell
exactly the kind of weather to be ex
pected. At least, that is the opinion
of many raisers of bees.
Generally the bee stays at home when
rain Is In the air. When the sky is sim
ply dark and cloudy these busy workers
do not leave their dwelling all at once.
A few go out first, as though the queen
had sent out messengers to study the
state of the atmosphere. The greater
number remain on observation until
the clouds begin to dissipate, and It is
only then that the' battalions entire
rush out in search of nectar. A! bee
never goes out in a fog, because 'it is
well aware that dampness and cold are
two fearsome, redoubtable enemies.
We do not mean, however, that the bee
is a meteorologist in the absolute sense
of the word. Its cleverness consists in
never being taken unawares, for it pos
sesses untiring vigilance. Often one
may observe the sudden entrance of
bees into the hive when a dense cloud
hides the suu, nnd even though the rain
is not in evidence.
The Trials of Genius.
'•John, dear," she raid, in her sweet
aud affectionate voice, which she only
used on rare occasion «, "are you well up
with your Christmas workV"
"Pretty well," he ighed, as he put a
period to a poem \.liich had almost
given him nervous prostration. "Why
do you ask?"
"Because, dear, I'm afraid you are
undermining your health, and I want
you to take a recess and write me a
short story to pay for my new dress,
couple of poems for my hat nnd glo\
and a good, stirring campaign song i.mt
will bring In enough for a ton of coal,
nnd one or two of those darling love
poems for some lard and a sugar-cnre
ham, and ham dear, is only 12 cents a
pound."—Atlanta Constitution.
Tho Wuter Boatman.
The insect known ns the water ooat
man has a regular pair of oars, his legs
I being used as such. He swims on his
back, as in that position there Is less
resistance to his progress.
mnny shapes nnd sizes. They are nil ule house locked, ho has
"hot 1' the tongue,' but some are hotter
than others. One \uilety ^esonibles porch
muii goes houiu mid finds
deslro to
|n tho comfortable rocker on the
Maraliul at theliea Slain.
Marshal Itolla Smith of Chelsea was
shot and killed by bank robbers. The
three lawbreakers escaped on a hniid car.
About 12:30 o'clock in the night Bert
Compt, a young business man of Chel
sea, was returning from a dnnce when
he was stopped by three masked men
who wore trying to break into the buiilr
building Tho robbers thought Compt
was tho village marshal. They gagged*
bound niid blindfolded him nnd tied him
to a pilo of lumber under nn elevator.
A few minutes later while returning to
complete their robbery at the bank the
desperadoes encountered Marshal Smith,
who suspected they were crooks and drew
his revolver. He was instantly shot
through the head nnd died a few hours.
The murderers rode on a hand car to a
place near Long Point and then walked
across country to Gladstone, where they
boarded a Milwaukee freight train.
Girl Shot by ccldent.
Tho home of Sam Thompson, who lives
about seven miles southwest of Grinnell,
was the scene of a terrible accident. The
older boy had been hunting. Setting
his loaded gun iu one corner of the kitch
en he went out to sell some skins to a
Jew peddler. Two little brothers, aged 3
and 3 years, got the gun and it was dis
charged, the load of bird shot going
through the shoulder of one and tearing
a great hole as large as a child's hand.
The physician says that there is small
chance of the child's recovery.
Sentence for Defranrilns Girl'.
Bert .tohnson, alias John Linderstraum.
alias Peter Seterstrauni, alias .James
Anderson, alias Henry Mnnderson, who
was convicted at Des Moines on a charge
of obtaining money from a number of
Swede servant' girls by falsely represent
ing house in Sioux City, lias been giv
en a year in the penitentiary at Fort
Madison. When lie gets through there It
is likely lie will be arrested by an Illinois
sheriff, who has a warrant charging him
with embezzlement. 1
1'lre Loin In Starch Works.' .:1
The National Starch Manufacturing
Company's plant in the southeastern part
of Des Moines, one of the largest plants
of the kind in (he world, was destroyed
by fire. Several hundred employes were
about to quit work for the day aud all
escaped. The city lire department for
lack of water could only keep the h're
from spreading to the adjacent property.
The loss on building and contents is esti
mated at about $200,000, insurance uu
Tudienmit Unite Fhonts Lover.
For some reason unknown Miss Mar
guerite Knntz, a pretty young socicty
woman of Hastings, and a daughter of
the proprietor of the Hastings House,
shot Operator R. L. Wilson. The bullet
entered the shoulder just above the heart
and was later removed. The young man
will recover. He and Miss Kuutz were
lovers. The shooting is said to be the
outcome of a quarrel.
Hoys Attempt Korcory.
Two young boys, aged 1J» and living
west of Low Moor, were arrested charg
ed with attempting to pass forged checks
to William Porter and trying to pass
others upou prominent farmers. One was
offered to Charles Wenzel and the for
gery was detected. It is claimed the boys
drew up the checks aud made them look
like originals of the signatures used.
Brief State Happenings*
Waterloo is being victimized by passers
of bogus ihoncy.
The postotlice at Sinclair has been dis
continued mail to Parkersburg.
T. W. Ilathfield has been reappointed
postmaster at Greeley, vice B. K. Par
well, removed.
Burglars entered the store of B. Rich
ards at Rands and stole money and goods
to the amount of .$100. No clue.
William Sharpies*, white, was shot aud
killed near Oskaloosa by Buck Williams,
colored, as tlie result of an old grudge.
Jesse Oldham, a farmer who lived near
Wintersot, foil over a precipice while
walking in the timber ami broke his neck.
Kinsman Pust, ». A. R., of Des
Moines, has started a fund for a monu
ment to Gen. Kinsman at Council Bluffs.
The tax agents now working under a
contract with Dubuque County have add
ed $-12,000 in back taxes within three and
one-half mouths.
According to the Globe-Gazette's "pros
perity census" Mason City has a popula
tion of about S.HOO, an increase of a trille
over '00 in the last,year.
Harry Angel was smothered to death
in a well near Biakesburg. lie was en
gaged in digging a well and while at the
bottom was overcome by foul air.
The East Des Moines school board has
determined to adopt the one session a
day system in the high school for an ex
perimental perind of one month. If the
pupils make satisfactory progress the sys
tem will be continued.
In the forthcoming biennial report of
the Stale superintendent of public in
struction theiv*"will be an- emphatic in
dorsement of the present system of free
text books, which has been adopted in a
number of counties in Iowa.
Alice Scott, nKcd
years, daughter of
a wealthy »Mlar Rapids resident, died
from ptomaine poisouing due to partak
ing of almond butter put up by a so-call
ed "health food" concern. Charles A.
Scott, her father, was critically ill, but
will recover.
John Machlin. a janitor at the Volger
saloon at Muscatine, was tilling an acety
line lamp when the jet was left burning.
The result was an explosion and Machlin
was blown through the window, lighting
on tlie sidewalk outside. He is painfully
The monster steel towboat, "Peter
Sprague," the largest of its kind in the
world, which was constructed by the
Iowa iron works last summer, slid down
the ways ami into the waters of the Mis
sissippi the other day in the Dubuque lee
harbor, where it will remain until com
pleted in the spring.
Dr. M. X. Voiding of Des Moines has
been elected by the State board of con
trol as the superintendent of the new hos
pital for the iusane at Cherokee.
Rev. A. A. Johnson, pastor of the Af
rican M. E. Church of Oskaloosa, was
shot and seriously wounded in his pulpit
by a colored girl, Anna Nelson.
Cornelia Lusch of Jackson, Minn.,
through her attorneys, lias filed pupers
and commenced an action in the District
Court oS Butler County against the in
corporated town of Parkersburg, where
in she asks for judgment in the sum of
$5,000, as damages for personal injuries
received by reason of a fall on one of
the street crossings iu defendaut town.
W. l'\ Reyuolds, a traveling salesman
of Sioux Falls, S. D., has beeu arrested,
charged with the murder of Samuel
Crofter, a colored clergyman, at Ireton.
Mrs. John Krnyer, an old woman, was
struck by a Chicago Great Western
freight at Dubuque. As the engine rouud
ed a curve it struck her unawares and
she died three hours after.
Some of the inferior grades of tea
sold iu this country are bought In Chi
na ns low as 3 cents a pound.
man Isn't necessarily as cool as a
bccauue he as sour as
-f U*
...' .3.
4-^ Si
Christian Nelson, aged 23, of Masofi
City, committed suicide at Los Angeles
by firing a bullet through his heart. Nel
son aiid his companion, Egloff Anderson,
were peuiiilcss.
An iudictmcnt for murder irt the first
degree was returned at Mt. Ayr against
•Matt Hunter for the killing of Ilomcr
ilollaiidi aiid the cose goes over to the
February term of court,
Harry Augel was smothered to death la
a well near Biakesburg by damps. Mr.
Angel was engaged iu digging a well and
while at the bottom was overcome by tho
bad air* When the,body was taken out
life was extinct.
.Li D. Thomas, nn attorney of Musca
tine, against whom Judge Wnde has or
dered disbarment proceedings, has been
captured in Bismarck, N. D., aud will bo
returned to Muscatine, where action will
be taken in hirf cast*
Michael McCahe« a Wealthy farmer,
was found mangled on the Milwaukee
tracks neat* McGregor. His friends b»
lieve he was murdered for his money and
his body placed on the track. There is
no known reason for suicide.
Charles Meinkcy of Fontanelle, a juror
in the Balliett mining case on trial in
tho United States District Court in Des
Moines, was found dead in his room In
the GreiTe House. It was evident that
he blew out the gas before retiring and
was asphyxiated. Meinkcy wos a farmer
and estimated to be worth ?50,000.
Two Waterloo families have left their
homes to take up their residence at V*Ion
City, established by Rev. John Alexander
Dowie on the shores of Lake Michigan.
Tho families are those of Louis Bmnn
and Clarence Iten. Relatives of both fam
ilies endeavored to persuade them to re
nounce their intention, but to no avail.
The tax agents working In Dubuque
under a contract with the county have
added $42,000 in back taxes within threo
and one-half months. They expect to
swell this sum to nearly $00,000 before
the end of the year and are confident that
before their contract expires the totfal
additions made by them will reach $100,
George Howard and Edward Mumford,
ex-convicts, were convicted at Cedar
Rapids under four indictments charging
them with assault with intent to murder
and with intent to rob J. J. Smyth and
Samuel Shafer, business men. Albert
Ray, an ex-eonvlct, turned State's evi
dence. Howard is a nephew of ex-Sena
tor James F. Filson.
O. W. Cooley, the veteran landlord of
Waterloo, who moved to Parkersburg
somo time since, was drugged and robbed
In Waterloo the other night. Two un
known men are implicated in the hold-up
which Mr. Cooley says was effected by
giving him a drink of liquor cntaining
"knockout" drops. A diamond ring and
a small sum of money was secured by the
The suicide of Henry Bouck, a wealthy
bachelor and miser, at Gruvcr, it is be
lieved, will prove a solution ot a mys
terious disappearance from Independence
way back in the time of the rebellion.
George B. Bouck, on old and highly re
spected citizen of Waterloo, believes that
the suicide is none other tliivi his broth
er, Warren Bouck, who enlisted in the
Union army during the first years of the
war and had never been heard from since.
Fifty Italian laborers employed by the
Chicago Great Western in the work on
their depot yards in Fort Dodge, went on
strike. On Dec. 1 wages were cut from
$2 to $1.75 a day. This caused discon
tent. They also complain that the cli
mate is .too cold for them. Wild scenes
attended the strike, one of the men,
Pole, going so far as to threaten the life
of the depot agent. The company paid
the men and shipped them back to Chi
Superintendent Barrett has given out
his biennial report on school libraries,
which shows that the school districts of
the State have expended nearly $50,000
for library books out of the school funds,
and in addition to this $23,420 raised
from voluntary contributions. The total
number of volumes nor/ in school libra
ries is 433,554, of which 110.815 were
purchased during the year. The report
shows that 4,245 rural schools are pro
vided with suitable library cases, and
that 7,073 sub-districts and 2.335 inde
pendent districts have school libraries.
The approaching session of the General
Assembly will prove to be an uuusually
busy and important one unless present
signs are a failure." Moasuresrof signifi
cance along a wide variety of lines will
require consideration. That the session
will last the traditional one hundred
days appears to be certain, judging from
the large amount of work that will have
to' be disposed of. The secoud Mouday
in January, in this instance Jan. 13, is the
date fixed by the constitution for the
meeting of the Geueral Assembly and It
is likely the session will not be conclud
ed until well toward the close of April.
The State Superintendent of public in
struction has discovered that for many
years a number of school districts )u
Frankenmuth and Birch Run townships,
where there is a large German popula
tion, have beeu using public money to
conduct sectarian schools, in violation of
the laws of the State. It has been tho
practice to teach the German language,
to give instruction in the Bible and cate
chism of the German Lutheran Church
Several of the schools were held in church
buildings. The State superintendent has
notified the district officers that hereaf
ter they will not.be entitled to primary
school money or to the mill tax set apart
for the support of the common schools.
After having been kept apart for fifty
years by a lovers' quarrel, T. J. Ogle,
a wealthy resident of Crawfordsville,
Ind.. has married the sweetheart of his
youth, Mrs. Anna Ash by of Russell, at
that place. The bridegroom is 70 nnd
the bride just a year youuger.
The big Ilarmcr pinning mills iu Bur
lington were fired fuur times within
twenty-four hours. Kueh time the llnmes
were disrovered before nn.v grcnt dam
age was (lone. The property was recent
ly sold under mnrtgngc to K. T. Dunknrd.
The lusurauce will cover the loss. Com
panies are investigating the matter.
Becnusu no one could be found to act
ns postmaster tho government has wiped
the town of Butler Center olf the map,*-
,1 itlnnn ili.ir itniui 1„,
and a place that once promised to be
leading city of ccotral Iowa is no more.
The town at one time was the county
seat of Butler County and gave promise
of attaining proportions of a city.
Ill Davenport the jury upon whom rest
ed the fate of Albert Itcrndt, indicted
upon the charge of murder in tlie h'rst
degree for the killing of Ed Thodc, on
April 27 last, returned a verdict tindiug
tho prisoner guilty of manslaughter, the
maximum penalty for which crime upon
conviction is eight years' imprisonment
in the State penitentiary.
Fire in a shoe shop near the Iowa Cen
tral posseuger station in Oskaloosa caus
ed the death of one man and badly
burned a second. Dave Bartow, former
ly councilman from the First Ward und
a promineut citizen, died of burns receiv
ed in the tire and Nathan Elliott, pro
prietor of the shop, is suffering from a
badly bnrned hanil and a number
scorches about the head
wus being plaei'd over the shop.l The
tar pot hoilcil over am) the whoVplace
was in (hunt's in an instant.
Who Is the hero ot the play?" "1
can't tell you bis name, but he's an
"Is she a polite girl?" "Not at all.
She finds It Impossible to break hcrselt
of the habit ot telling the truth.' te
He—Now, don't you bother to help me E
on with my coat. She—It's no bother.
It's a pleasure.—Town Topics.
Heredity. "Wot you doin\ chile?"
"Nothln', mammy. "My, but you Is ,,
glttin' like yooh father."—Baltlmovo
World. -V
Blobbs—"Wigwag must be making an "v
awful lot of money." Slobbs—"I should
say he Is. I actually believe lie Is male- jl
lug more thnu his wife can spend." fig
'I believe Mrs. Hemlock would rather
quarrel with her husband than with
anybody else." "Decidedly! Force nl
ways seeks the line of least resistance
Doctor—Did you take my prescrlp
tion, nia'nui? I'atlent— Yos but, say,
doctor, paper's awful hard to get down,
an' It didn't seem to do mo no good.—
Chicago News.
Employer—And how loDg were you in
your last place, my good man? James
(Just out of Folsom peultentlary)—Ten
years, sir, aud I never had a single ...
evening out.—Ex.
'Why, gentlemen!" cried the after- 1
dinner speaker, tragically, "what would
this nation bo without the Indies?"
"Stag-nation, of course," murmured the
Cheerful Idiot.-Judge.
Didn't you go away at all, Mrs.
Dash?" "No Mr. Dash said he was so
well fixed now that we could afford to
stay at home If we wanted to—so we
did."—Detroit Free I'ress.
He—I shall never marry until I meet
a woman who Is my direct opposite.
She (encouragingly)—Well, Mr. Duffer,
there are plenty of bright. Intelligent
girls in the neighborhood.
A Guarantee and a Promise, "Do yon
guarantee this goods not to fade?" "Ab
BOlutely! And If It docs we will sell
you new goods to match the changed
color."—Indianapolis News.
0 1 1
A new tap-not
pa an I
bratod by making you this dish. Now,
just guess what It Is." Young Hus
band (chewing on his burut omelet)—
"The diploma?"—Fliegemle Blatter.
Not His Fault. "Do you realize," said
the economist, "that there Is a heavy
surplus In the United States Treasury ?'i '.
'Well," answered Senator Sorghum, "It
ain't my fault."—Washington Star.
Newlywed-j-"Why don't you take a
wife?" Bachelor—"My Income Is only
sufficient for one." Newly wed—"Well,
If she really loved you she would prob
ably be satisfied with that."—Puck.
Don't you miss you husband very
much now that he is away. "Oh, nol
At breakfast I just stand his newspaper V-S"/
up in front of a plate and half the time
I really forget ho Isn't there."—
"That Is your bUBband rapping!" an
nounced the medium In a solemn voice.
"My husband rapping?" said the wid- ft
ow, absently "gracious! he must havo
forgotten his night-key!"—Philadelphia
liccorcl. Z:
In His Favor. She—Papa says that a
young man who smokes cigarettes will _.
never set the world on lire. He—Well, -i
that's the first good thing I ever heard
any one say of a cigarette smoker.—
Youkers Statesman.
Dr. Brown—"Well did you keep the
thermometer in the room nt.70 degrees,
ns I told you?" Mrs. Murphy—"I did,
Indade, doctor, but 1 bad a hard tolme
to do It. The only place It would stay
at slvluty was fornist the chimney- •,
Poet—I was pleased to sec my poem
1n your paper. Is there any money--
Editor—Oh, no we slia'u't charge you
anything this time. It Is your first of
fense, you know. If, however, it is re
peated, we can not lot you off again so
easily.—Boston Transcript
Young Wife—"I received to-day a
beautiful diploma from the cooking
Manocuvors. Lieutenant Nobs (Just
arrived)—How long will you take lo
drive me to the fort, cabby? Cabby—
TeD lninues, captlug. by tho short cut
through the lialleys. Ilnt the military
alius goes the loug way rouud, through
the fashionable part o' tlie town, yer
honor, which takes an hour. (Cabby
gets Ills hour.)—Punch.
"'Cordln t' th' statoots," began Judge
Wayback, as he stood up, "I'll hev t»
glv' y' ten years t' th' peuuyteuchurry."
"But," exclaimed tlie lawyer for the do
fendant, jumping to Ills feet, "there are
extenuating circumstances." "Tliey ls?"^,^
cried tlie Judge in alarm. "Ef I thought 7,
tliet, durned If 1 wouldn't giv' him flf-
teen years."—Columbus Journal.
"There, my dear," said the returned
hunter, "there's one bird for you, any
way. Bagged lilin just ns I was about
to give up In disgust." "Oh, Georgel" «i
she exclaimed, "it's a carrier-pigeon.
Isn't It?" "Not much! It's? a quail."
"But It has a card tied to its leg. with
some message on It. Let's sec. It says:.:.. ....*
'John Jones, Poultry anil (inniQ, Con
tral Market.' "—Philadelphia Press.
Tho doctor examined bis patient care- _*
fully, and, with grave face, told Uimx-'S
that be was very 111, nnd asked If be had
consulted any one else. "Oh," said tho
man, "I. went to see a druggist and
asked his advice, nud he——" "Drug
gist!" the doctor broke In, angrily V'
what was I he good of that? The best
thing you can do wheu a druggist gives
you a bit of advice Is to do exactly the
opposite." "And he," tho patient con
tinued, "advised me to come to you.'*
Cuvior-s Opportunity.
Baron Cuvlor, tho renowned natursl
1st, then only eighteen, accepted a sit-
untion ns
tutor In a family living near
Fecainps in Normandy. Tho house was
nonr tho sen and he often strolled on
tho bank. One day ho found a strand*
ed cuttle fish. He took it home, dissect
ed it, and began then tho study of
luscae, ill which ho won such a reputa*
ttion. Tlie ocean was his text book..
This was his opportunity to learn from
that text book. By embracing the op.
portunitles offered In his three years'
residence by tho sen lie became one of
the shining lights in natural history.
Canada's Homestead Law.
Canada lias a homestead law. Farm
lots of 200 acres arc granted to each
head of a family and 100 to each male
adult on condftlou of their bonding
log house !Gx20 feel, cultivating IS
acres In every ,100,, ami DesidlQg
of jtoffniy In each year doting fire years
the property.
.luiiies lTnderwooil. a imminent citizen,
was struck by a (.hii'tfu
ern fast freight at^u-l .luncliott. He
died an hour late*"
Some men are born poorP so me
poverty, and some marry extravagant
Poets uuty be bam, bat a mi.
are better paid.

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