OCR Interpretation

Manchester Democrat. [volume] (Manchester, Iowa) 1875-1930, December 25, 1901, Image 6

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of Iowa

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84038306/1901-12-25/ed-1/seq-6/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

I is?
^Tlje JDcmacrat,
BROKSOH & CAES, Publishers.
What relation is the yoke overcoat to
-tbe Mother Hubbard?
The namo Seth is having a liberal run
at New York christenings.
Hie world is full of people who would
do wonderful things'if they could only
get started.
"Faint heart never won fair lndy,"
but it undoubtedly has often saved it
self a lot of trouble.
The cruiser Albany is said to be a
S menace to health. Admiral Oervera will
testify that the Brooklyn was also anti
,r health.
Oklahoma will cheerfully accept eith
er single or double statehood. The only
kind she objects to is deferred state
Kural mail carriers resign to tile num
ber of ISO a month. Thus has our mar
\elous American progress developed^an
office that has to hunt the man.
An idiot has been cured by surgery
.' in New York. Now let surgery try its
,r,'"x hand on some of those Anglo-maniacs
•who swallow the ends of their canes.
Madame Sarnli Grand declares that
men are happier than women, Per
haps that is trie. They have more to
make them happy. They have the
Of all the definitions of what consti
tutes a wise man that of a Chicago ed
itor lilts it off the best. A wise man.
says this editor, "is one Vho knows
what not to say."
A British firm has secured tbe con
tract for constructing an electric rail
way in London. The circumstance Is
considered so remarkable that all the
English papers arc crowing about it.
The cause of the death of LI Bung
Chang Illustrates the scripture, "He
that controlleth his own spirit is great
er than he that taketh a city." Chang
died from a flt of anger. Although he
could control millions of men and of
money he could not control himself.
Khaki-dyed tentage Is the rule In the
army now. No more white tents will
bo purchased. White is too conspicu
ous. The poetry of the service, in peace
and in war, has made much of the
snowy canvas homes of the men but
war Is not carried on with even the in
cidental purpose of furnishing material
to tbe bards.
Of the sixty Cuban school teachers
who have begun a two years' course at
tlie New York State Normal School at
Newpaltz, Principal Doremus Scudder
declares lie never had so eager, inter
esting and congenial a group of pupils.
Besides book-learning and the Englisu
language, their Instruction includes
cooking, keeping a house clean and otbei
domestic arts weaving, carpentry and
such practical industries as will grpw
out of their home environment gym
nastics to correct their weak muscles
and "short wind," and the vital art of
amusement for their leisure hours. One
of the girls, in a fleeting moment of dis
couragement over all she had to learn,
recently exclaimed "Our brothers who
gave their lives for Cuba did not begin
to suffer as we who are living for
In the old days of the Hudson Bay
Company, trade with the Indians was
conducted wholly by barter. The stand
ard of value was a beaver-sldn, and
guns, knives, powder, lead and blankets
were exchanged for furs without re
course to coin. In time, however, the
trade produced its own currency—a
•1^ J, stick or tally known as the "made
Ssfii beaver." This was issued by the com
i^Vipany and accepted for the value of one
'-"j beaver-Skin at any post. Some flavor of
the old romance will attach to the new
Canadian gold coins to be-known as
..the beaver, the half-beaver and the
'double-beaver. They will be the coun
terpart In value of our eagle, half-eagle
'Jand double eagle, the heaver being the
-'-"national bird" of Canada as the eagle
Is of the United States. It is safe to say
that Interest in those new coins will not
be confined to people who care for ro
While European engineers discourse
concerning the redemption of the Sa
hara desert the process of the redemp
tion of arid lands in the United States
is being practically carried out. An
,, irrigation company Is rescuing about
a million acres of desert land in south
western Arizona, southeastern Califor
... nla andTJorthcrn Lower California.
\'"f_ This desert land needs only water to
.• make it flt for cultivation. Since June
of tills year hundreds of families have
./been brought to this district by the
Irrigation company which is prepare!
to water the vast sun-baked area. Dur
-,,7 ing tlie present season crops have ma
tured on 1,500 acres and in a short time
over 50,000 acres will be ready for tlie
Man with the Hoe. Within three years
it Is estimated the fertile land will be
increased to 500,000 acres, providing
a livelihood for thousands of settlers.
Already the population of tills once
desert land has been increased from
five voters to one thousand. Tlie larger
problem of irrigation must doubtless
be solved by government action. The
4ffemand for more land is growing into a
great chorus of pleas and it must reach
Washington. Meantime private enter
prise is working on a sdialler scale In
a very successful way. The desert is
to blossom as the rose.
Various theories are entertained by
people who have no chil i-en as to when
children should he spa ked, how they
should be spanked ai. 1 when they
should not be spankeU. Almost any
parent is qualified to give an expert
opinion as to how often the neighbor's
children should be spanked, but when
It comes to his own children he wan
ders about in a hazy atmosphere of
doubt, seeking advice from all the high
dome thinkers who have made a study
children in the abstract and who
ve a large assortment of theories re
•ding their government. They read
addresses delivered at mothers'
!ongresses—for every mothers* con
gress is almost certain to have two or
three mothers in it—and they listen to
the pedagogical and sociological pro
fessors expound their theories conceru
Ing the proclivities and ratiocinations
of the juvenile mind. But children, un
fortunately, cannot be studied in the
abstract they are decidedly concrete.
One must get "in touch" with them in
the concrete way In order to handle
them and understand them. Besides,
the theories of those who study them
a sS*
at safe instance are conflicting. One
nutlior'iy says (hey may be spanked
until they reach the age of 12, another
declares they should not be spanked
at nil. At Inst the situation is cleared
by a judicial ruling ou spauking. Judge
Tuthill, who presides over the Juvenile
Court in Chicago, places the spanking
age at 10 years. After child Is 10
years old, says the judge, spanking has
uo effect. Notwithstanding the gener
alization of the learned judge, it is prob
ably a fact that- the "spanking age"
depends upon the child, and the judge
might have added that in most cases the
parents should be spauked and*not the
Things art moving along in the edu
cational world. Even the higher insti
tutions of learning are making what
appears to be a strenuous effort to
catch up with the procession. It appears
to be dawning upon thein that Ignor
ance of spelling nfid inability to recite
the multiplication table are not always
the hallmarks of genius or the open
sesame to scholarly distinction. At the
Northwestern University, Evanston,
111, the students have stopped grubbing
for Greek roots and are digging up the
little green spelling books. They arc
compeljed to go away back and sit
down with the clemontals of an English
education because of a ruling of the
faculty that no student will be allowed
to graduate from the institution who
spells yield "yeakl," or shadow "sliad
clow." The boy who spells villaiu "vil
lan" may get a hundred in chemistry,
but as spelling is a fundamental proc
ess in the art of communicating thought
the university believes it will be more
useful to a young man in the battle of
life than knowing the formula of liydro
zincite. Of course this will bo regarded
as a very old-fashioned proceeding on
the part of the institution at Evanston.
It is not exactly in line with the "new
education," which lays very little stress
upon the "three claiming that
"readin', 'ritin' and 'rlthmetic" may
now be regarded as the non-essentials
of education. But a condition con
fronted the university, not a theory.
Most of the students admitted to the in
stitution come from high schools and
academies. Their inabiliy to spell the
commonest words in tlie English lan
guage made some of their mauuscripts
unintelligible. When a youug man is
writing about a wonderful feat and
spells it "feet" how is tlie professor to
know what he is driving at? The fact
Is, we will have to go back very close
to the little country schoolhouse in
some of our educational ideas. Not all
the youug men who are attending the
colleges will be able to hire stenogra
phers and typewriters to do their spell
tug for thefn. Moreover, who is to do
the spelling for the stenographers and
Professor Pickcrinjr Has M*nde a Won
derful Tiscovery.
Prof Edward C. Pickering, of Har
vard Observatory, has startled the
world of science by successfully analyz
ing liglitniug with
the spectroscope.
She Wanted to Know.
One Sunday morning in the Brooklyn
Tabernacle, while the pastor was in tlie
midst of an interesting sermon and the
eyes of the great congregation were
lixed upon him, and stillness pervaded
the huge edifice, an exceedingly comi
cal incident occurred.
Down in the center of the church, al
most crowded out of sight bj' her older
neighbors, sat a black-eyed miss of six
years. Directly in front loomed the
bald head of an aged man.
While the little girl was looking, a
fly circled around and alighted on the
bald head. It stood motionless for a
second, and then moved softly ovei^
the smooth and shiny surface.
The aged gentleman was deeply en
grossed in the sermon, and for a while
evinced no uneasiness.
All the while the child's eyes followed
the movements of tlie fly. She was
deeply interested.
Suddenly the old gentleman's arm
shot up and came down with a resound
ing whack upon his cranium. The little
one behind had been waiting for this.
Sliding out of her seat before her
mother could check her, she placed her
chubby little hands on the old gentle
man's shoulders, and, peering over into
his face, unmindful of the time and
place, asked with much animation:
"Did 'oo kill it?"
President Luubet is well protected.
His secret guard consists of twelve
men, under tlie orders of a police com
missioner. These men watch constant
ly over his person. When he receives
they mingle with the guests close by
him, and when he goes out they follow
him, aud have orders never to lose him
an instant from view. When lie drives
they accompany him on bicycles, and it
Is only then that they can be recogniz
ed. This guard of twelve men alone
costs the state the nice little sum of
75,000 francs a year.
New York State has more cows than
Pennsylvania and New Jersey com
bined, and more than any other one
State in the Union, Iowa being second,
Illinois third, and Wisconsin fourth.
The entire number of cows in the States
and Territories is 10,202,300, with a
totgl valuation of $514,812,100.
The analysis proves
that the element
Jjydrogen is a com
pound substance,
perhaps the basis
of all other ele­
I a
of a single indivis
ible element, as
chemists have sup-
rnoF. ncKEWNG. posed. And a start*
llngrevelation is the fact that the photo
graphs of the spectrum of a streak
of llghtniug, showing that it is
made up of lines belonging to chemical
elements which spem to be split up into
still more elementary substances, pre
sents a remarkable resemblance with
the spectrum of Nova, the new star in
Perseus. There, too, the spectral lines
of hydrogen appear curiously different
from their ordinary appearance, and
both In intensity and position bear a
close resemblance to what they show
itrthe spectrum of lightning. What re
lation can there be between the vast
glowing air of that distant star, too dis
tant to be measured, presumably ablaze
from center to circumference with in
tense heat—a conllagration extensive
enough to involve many such worlds as
ours In destruction—and the cool air
thatenwraps our little planet and carries
the clouds and rains that make the
earth inhabitable. Nova was discovered
only a year ago, and the mightiest ex
plosion of lightning is insignificant as
compared with an outburst such as that
which produces a new star, and yet
both phenomena—the lightning from a
summer cloud and the gigantic out
break of power that caused an extin
guished sun in Perseus to burst again
into flame—produce a similar effect.
Unit linen Cement Floor,
A cement floor is quite expensive, but
if properly made will last for many
years. By using a cheaper grade of ce
meut than the Portland for the foun
dation, the expense of the floor will be
much reduced. To make the filling,
take one part of cement, three parts of
clean, sharp sand, and live parts of
broken stone. Mix the saud and ce
ment while dry, and mix thoroughly
then add sufficient water to make a
paste. Work the mixture with a hoe
until the sand particles are covered
with the cement. Spread this mixture
on a board platform then spread the
broken stones over it and mix all un
til the stoues are completely covered
with a coating of the cement. Tlie sur
face on which the cement is to bo
placed should be graded with a slight
slope toward the gutter, as shown In
the illustration, the plan calliug for an
arrangement where the cows stand rear
to rear, the gutter being in the middle.
When the surface Is properly-graded,
spread the mixture over it to the
depth of at least four inches, and com
pact it thoroughly. Tills tilling should
be left until partially dried before the
top coat is given. The time for drying
will depend somewhat on the weather.
For the second coat, only lie best grade
of cement should be used, mixing one
part of it dry with three parts of good
sand, addlug water until a stiff mortar
Is obtained. This mixture should then
be spread over the foundation mixture,
and should be about an inch thick. The
gutter should be cemented also, and be
made with the slightly rounding center.
The gutter should slope gradually to
one end of the stable, where a vat
should be placed to hold the liquid.—
Indianapolis News.
f"elf-Feeder for Cattle.
Tlie Iowa Homestead publishes an
Illustration of a self-feeder for cattle
which a correspondent of that journal
built. Above the triangular hopper Is
a floor with traps in it ruuning the en
tire length of the building, aud the
hopper can be replenished from time
to time, as occasion requires. Feed
can be stored here for bad weather. A
door, shown in the illustration, Is
where the self-feeder Is replenished
from the wagon when the weather is
Silos and Knstlnce.
An exchange says that twenty years
ago there were not twenty-five silos in
America, and now there arc at least a
half-million. We will not vouch for the
accuracy of their figures, but know that
they increase rapidly each year. To use
an old phrase, they seem to "fill a long
felt want." We are proud to think that
we wrote in their favor more than
twenty years ago, when many other
agricultural writers were either con
demning the Idea, or had nothing to say
about them. The ideas in regard to the
variety of corn to raise and mode of
growing have changed much in that
time, and while then the larger varie
ties of Western com were grown and
sown thickly to get as large a crop as
possible to the acre, with stalks twelve
to fifteen feet high, now the majority
KCCIU to favor tlie smaller varieties of
field corn, like Longfellow or Compton,
mid phuiting at distances that will tend
to a good growth of ears, which are al
lowed to become nearly matured, if not
quite glazed over before they are cut.
Some even let It become glazed, and
then wet it as put into the silo, and
claim to have good ensilage.—American
Font Walking Horses.
Horse breeders and trainers almost
entirely overlook or neglect one of the
most valuable features in a horse, and
that is fast walking in draft and road
horses, writes a correspondent in Prac
tical Farmer. This seems never to be
bred for, and as to training for St, I,
for one, have never seen it done but
once. If the breeder will select a fast
walking mare and stallion, the colt will
most likely be a fast walker, but no
attention is now paid to this point.
Other things being equal, if a team will
walk 50 per cent faster than another
It will be worth 50 per cent more. Once
let the public become interested In fast
walkers and the breeding of farm and
draft horses would be conducted with
that end lu view, to the great benefit
of all concerned in such stock.
Tyinc Up Uerry Hushe*.
Where the snow is liable to drift and
bank up over raspberry canes, break
ing them down, it is a good plan to
group them in bunches and tie the tops
of a dozen to twenty canes together
very much as a shock of corn fodder Is
tied, using a piece of wire. This keeps
them erect, and the weight of the
snow will come on the whole bunch
rather than on each cane singly. They
usually break so low as to be useless.
To keep them from breaking is the'
thing to do.
Jn the Cow Stable.
The cows' stable should have light,
ventilation, cleansing, drainage, no of
fensive matter allowed about the sta
ble, suliieient supply of pure water and
wholesome food for the cows. No
dairyman should be so uegligeut as to
be responsible for the transmission of
£t\ vSaU-'&Akil
disease through the sale of milk for the
want of cleaulluess. Our best authori
ties claim that the danger from cow tu
berculosis is small compared with the
danger which may occur fr^p unclean
liness and improper sauitary conditions
about the dairy.
Sheltering Tools*
The farmer cannot afford to have
good tools and machinery on his farm,
unless he can afford to have buildings
to protect them from the weather, and
he cannot spend an hour or a day more
profitably than In cleaning them up,
overhauling them aud making repairs
on them before they are likely to be
wanted again. The plows, harrows and
more expensive machinery left out of
doors this winter will deteriorate in
value more than one-fifth. Tlie loss
would more than pay the interest ou
the cost of a good building to shelter
them in, and in many cases exceed the
taxes on tlie farm. If they were not
properly cared for when last used, take
one of these tine days and gather them
up, clean them, oil all tlie iron work
and paint all the wood work. Never
mind getting a painter to do the job.
Buy a can of ready mixed paint and a
cheap brush. Use any color that you
like, but use It freely, not as an orna
ment, but as a preservative of the wood
as the oil is of the iron. Wc heard of
two farmers who owned a harrow in
partnership, and thought it should be
painted, but could not agree on the
color. Finally they compromised, and
one painted his half black, while the
other used yellow ochre. We never
learned which half wore out first.
While overhauling, see that all bolts
and nuts are in place and broken parts
mended.—Masachusetts Ploughman.
Comfort for the Hotr,
The comfort of any living thing
means a great deal, aud if a hog is not
comfortable, he will not do his best
The real object In keeping hogs is to
make a profit out of them, and the hog
that will respond the best to good care
and a variety of feed Is tlie best hog
to have, says the New York Farmer.
There is no profit in keeping hogs to
see how much cold and heat they can
stand, or to see how long they will live
shut up in a small yard, fed on dry
corn and filthy water. You can't starve
a hog Into dollars. The nearer we can
come to supplying all the needs of outf
hogs, the more pay we will get for our
labor. There cannot be a set of Iron
rules laid down, governing the feed and
care of a herd of hogs. Wo must use
our thinking apparatus and keep the
hogs comfortable. A good breeder was
asked, "How do you mix your swill?"
He replied, "I mix it with brains."
We can't make a success uuless we
give our business our best thought.
Wc must study the hog, his wauts, and
keep him so his coat Is sleek, with a
nicely tipped ear and two curls In his
tail, conteuted, happy and comforta
ICdncatins the Roy?.
There is a large and growing demand
for youug men who understand modern
dairy methods. There is also much de
mand for educated help in other
branches of farming, aud so gr^at is
the general demand that the boys on
the farm who Intend to make farming
a life work will do well to look Into the
matter and make an effort to secure the
necessary instruction. It is not possi
ble to obtain a thorough education In
agriculture in a little time, but a good
knowledge of modern methods in some
of the branches maybe had in a short
fime and at small expense. This, cou
pled with the practical knowledge pos
sessed by the boy who has been
brought up on the farm, will make him
capable of taking and holding a profi
table position. Many of the agricul
tural colleges have dairy departments,
in which modern methods are taught,
and any earnest youth with a good
commou school education can complete
the course at an expense uot exceeding
$100--in some colleges for much less.—
Indianapolis News.
Honey in the Cellar.
The average cellar in most places is
about the worst place that could be
chosen to keep honey, remarks an ex
change. For extracted honey choose a
dry place, for comb honey a place that
is dry and warm.* A place that will not
keep salt dry will not do for honey. It
absorbs moisture as does salt and will
become thin and in time may sour.
Comb honey in a damp place will at
tract moisture, and finally the cells will
become so full that the honey will
ooze out through the cappings and
weep over the surface. Freezing will
crack the comb. A good place to keep
honey Is in the warmest part of the
kitchen, perhaps on tlie upper shelf of
the cupboard.
Keelinfr for Profit.
The object of keeping and feeding
animals is profit, and it should always
be a matter of study how to get the
most weight at the least cost,'and not
only how to get the most weight sim
ply. A 4,000-pound steer was a brill
iant example of feeding, but as the
meat costs 25 cents a pound and its
value was 10 cents it was a dismal
failure from the point of view of the
To Clean Milk Utcnftlls.
Rinse first with cold water and then
wash thoroughly with hot water and
afterward Introduce live steam if pos
sible. If this is not available, keep In
boiling water for eight or ten minutes.
Let them stand in the sun as much as
Agricultural Atoms.
Sourkrout by the ton is a Pennsylva
nia industry.
Black rot has done great Injury in
New York State cabbage fields.
Recent trials indicate that malted
barley is not au economical feed for
work horses.
An airtight silo, a mature crop and
careful packing are the essentials of
successful ensilage.
A deficient and inferior wheat har
vest In France is the report of the
United States Consul at Rouen.
Gather, pile aud burn the old cucum
ber, squash and melon vlues and thus
reduce the next crop of beetles.
Tobacco dust treatment kills root
aphis of trees. Uncover the roots as
far as they can be traced, cover with
tobacco dust and replace the soil.
Spraying with bordeaux resin mix
ture for the control of asparagus rust
at the Geneva (N. Y.) station has giv
en a gain of almost ouc-lialf iu quality
and quantity.
Jf *1
President'a Widow rpintla Her Days
ThiukinsrO.ily of the Past and Await
ing the Mcsicuger of Death—Life
Has No Interest for Her.
The saddest woman in all the land to
day Is its former happy ."first lady,"
Mrs. McKinley, who In the sorrowful
atmosphere of her home on North
Market street, Canton, is pathetically
solving the poet's problem of "living
on earth with her heart iu tlie grave."
For "her the world, as she formerly
knew It and had lived in it, is no more.
Its suushiue and its joys, its pleasures
and Its allurements, its ambitious and
its glories make no appeal to her. The
sun of her life has set—extinguished
by the infamous deed in Buffalo's Tem
ple of Music—aud she sits In the dark
ness thiuking of past splendors aud
happy joys and bathing her soul in the
reflected rays of memory. Her world
is now her home and—the cemetery
Westlawn Cemetery, where in the fam
ily plot her two children lie and tlie
vault where soldiers stand sentinel over
the dust of her hero and idol and the
nntlon's martyr.
Throughout her life, from the time
wheu as Ida Saxton she pledged her
faith to William McKinley, she was
wrapped up in him. While inspiring
him with her own sublime faith lu his
abilities and in heaven, she learned,
on account of physical feebleness, to
lean upon him and they grew up in
happy, wedded life In as close a com
panionship of spirit as the ivy and the
oak. The oak is uow fallen aud the
ivy is bent and torn, deprived of its
In the North Market street house
After the President's funeral it was
Mrs. MeKinley's custom to go daily to
tho vault and sit for a time by the eas
fcet. A rocking chair was placed there
for her accommodation, and a strip of
carpet was spread on the floor, lest tlie
dampness might injure her health. Her
friends feared that these visitations
might induce cold and more serious
consequent sickness, anil recently their
importunities prevailed to this extent
that Mrs. McKinley is now satlsiled to
drive to the tomb, whose gloomy walls
and dark recesses her earnest, pleading
eyes seem to pierce. From the tomb she
turns to the family plat where her
children lie mid then sue returns to her
home, where ever before her eyes is the
memory of two children stricken iu In
fancy and Hie image of him, cut down
like a flower iu tlie zenith of his powers
and usefulness, and at the height of his
political fame.
She has 110 desire In life now save to
die aud be with liiiu. This feeling she
expressed soon after (lie funeral and
the same feeling burns lu her longings
still. To those around her she speaks
little. She sits silent, contemplative,
with fixed eyes aiul_ pathetic face, her
thoughts being ever ou him who is
gone, lier sister, Mrs. barber, con
stantly attends lier, but the most as
siduous care cannot recall her mlud
from her own and the nation's supreme
She lias lost all interest I11 the little
domestic labors that formerly enabled
her to forget that she was au Invalid.
It was lier custom to embroider and to
knit slippers and turn out many other
kinds of handiwork. These little ar
ticles she used to give lo her friends as
presents. Sometimes they went to
bazars when money was lelng raised
for charity. Hut the knits.and em
broiders 110 more, 'i he pastime so long
delightful to her no longer appeals. All
her thoughts are attuned to one heart
chord and that vibrates only to the
memory touch of William McKinley.
Similarly, in former times, Mrs. Mc
Kinley loved music and was as happy
as a school girl iu the midst of little
family functions and the quiet enter
tainments furnished by her friends. But
these, too, are of the past. She no
longer cares for them. It is doubtful If
she ever thinks cf them. Her mind has
but one subject and that subject ab
sorbs all her thoughts, waking and
As to her physical health, she is as
well uow as at any time in many
years. That Is, she is in her normal
state of invalidism. But it Is not her
mere physical condltiou that gives tho
most anxiety. Some day it is feared
the awful load of sorrow that weighs
upon her mlud will prove too heavy
and her life will go out at the same
time. Hers Indeed is a melancholy, pa
thetic widowhood. Her frail body sub
mits to the encroachments of time, but
her heart is divorced from it and lies
buried in the grave.
She Rules Manchester.
A recent guest at Tandagaree, the
country seat of the duke of Manches
ter, was taken by the young duke into
a large room, which was fitted up as
a nursei^-. The room was filled with
toys of all sorts. Here were soldiers
and hobby "horses and the playthings of
a boy, and here, again/ dolls and doll
houses and tlie various gow-gaws and
baubles which interest little girls. The
young duke who is not credited with
much sentiment, said to his guest that
the room had been the nursery of him
self and his twin sisters, both now
dead. He kept it just as it was, with
the toys scattered over the floor, as tlie
three children had left them years ago.
He is alone surviving.
No one takes more interest in this
room than his American wife, who al-
Mrs. juciumey is rommaou at every
turn of tbe sorrow tlisit sliouds her
life. Wluin lier lmslinud was living lie
was b,v lier side whenever lier condition
warranted his presence. No matter how
heavy might bexthc cures of State he
fonud time to read to her, and every
day before dinner tlie family Hlblu was
opened and a selection was read. But
these thoughtful ministration's are hers
uo uiore to enjoy, and she turns from
the iiud olUees which others would
pay to commune with the dead.
ways refers to tills trait in her hus
band's character as 011c of the most
lovable. Kroni those who know tlie
couple and who have seen tliem this
year, it is learned that tlie little duch
ess has absolute control over her hus
band, and that he obeys her as a child
would un elder,pel-soil. Her influence
ou him has been wonderful, and he
has now settled down to a quiet domes
tic life. Occasionally tlie old desire to
be a boliemahi is revived, says the
New York Times, but Ills wife watch
es him very carefully aud makes him
give a good account of himself, which
lie never fails to do.
Willing to Obey.
The proprietor of a department store
told tills anecdote recently of himself
and one of ills employes, a man of 40:
"Philip is a sort of factotum around
here and 1 pay liiiu ?IU a week. One
of Ills duties Is to sweep out the spaces
behind the counters three or four times
a day. and lie never objected to doing
tills until lately. Recently the newspa
pers gave him some fame on account of
the delicate wood carving that he does
at home In the evening, and the noto
liety swelled ills head a little. Ho eaiue
to me the other day and said:
'Boss. I don't mind sweeping out
early in the morning or late I11 the
evening, when tlie store's empty, but
1 think it doesn't look just right for me
to be seen doing that menial kind of
work by big crowds of people. I am
not ashamed to do It, only I'm pretty
well known ns an artistic person, and
it looks undignified for an artist to be
seen with a broom lu public. Can't I
have a boy?
"I laughed and replied:
'Philip, your point Is well taken.
Hereafter, only sweep out when tlie
store is empty. Wheu the store Is full
aud a sweeping is necessary you just
come and tell 1110 and I'll take tho
broom and do the work for you my
Tubes on Ocean Ijincrs.
The boiler tubes of a liner if placed ill
a straight line, would reach nearly ten
miles, and the condenser tubes more
than twenty-live miles. Tho total num
ber of separate pieces of steel In the
main structure of the ship is not less
than -10,000.
A 3 WrK
A Democratic Pntyi
With lilt' opening of tha first session
of the Fifty-seventh Congress the con
gressional campaign of 1002 begins.
The Philippine question will be the
most important matter considered by
this Congress and in all probability the
most important issue lu the campaign
of 1002. The Democrats not only have
an opportunity to make a strong appeal
to the country ou this question, but
it is their duty to do so. Tlie Repub
licans do not dare to meet the issue of
imnerialisin openly and honestly they
do not dare to invite judgment upon a
colonial policy they do not dare to
candidly avow their purpose to hold tho
Philippine Islands permanently. A
large majority of the rank and Hie ot
tlie Republican party cherish the belief
that their party Intends ultimate inde
pendence for the Filipinos. The Demo
crats can remove this delusion by com
pelling the Republicans to accept or re
ject tho Democratic plan of dealing
with the Philippine question.
The Democratic platform of 1000 not
•illy, presented a plan for the peaceful
and permanent setttlement of the Phil
ippine question, but it presented the
only complete plan that has been of
fered to the American people. It reads
as follows:
We condemn and denounce the Phil
ippine policy of the present administra
tion. It lias Involved the republic in un
necessary war, sacrificed the lives of
many of our noblest sons and placed
the United States, previously known
and applauded throughout the world as
tlie champion of freedom, in the false
and un-American position of cruBhlng
with military force the efforts of our
former allies to achieve liberty and self
government. Tho Filipinos cannot be
citizens without endangering our civil
ization they cannot ljc subjects with
out imperilling our form of govern
ment, and as we are not willing to sur
render our civilization or to convert
the republic Into an empire, we favor
an immediate declaration of the na
tion's purpose to give the Filipinos, first,
a stable form of government second.
Independence and, third, protection
from outside interference, such as has
been given for nearly a century to the
republics of Central and South Amer
The Democrats can afford to take
their stand upon tills platform and chal
lenge the attack of imperialists. More
than a year has elapsed since the elec
tion of 1900, which, according to the
Republican prophecy, was to terminate
the war In the Philippines. Every month
lias shown more elearnly the failure
of Republican arguments and tlie evils
of an imperialistic policy. The Demo
cratic platform changes that Imperial
ism "has Involved the republic In un
necessary war, sacrificed the lives of
ninny of our noblest sons and placed the
United States previously known and np
plauded throughout the world as the
champion of freedom, in the false and
un-American position of crushing with
military force the efforts of our allies
to achieve liberty and self-govern
The war is unnecessary because the
Filipinos are ready to lay down their
arms whenever independence is prom
ised them. The sacrifice of life has con
tinued unabated and the imperialists
seem as little concerned about the death
of American soldiers as they do about
the killing of the natives. The effect of
imperialism has manifested Itself in the
failure of Republican leaders to ex
press any sympathy for the Boers, or to
feel an interest in their struggles for
liberty and self-government. The indict
ment which the Democratic party made
against the Republican administration
was sufficiently sustained by the events
that had transpired prior to the con
vention, and the trend of events since
that time has furnished overwhelming
evidence in support of that indictment.
Let the Democratic leaders In the sen
ate and house present tills evidence in
tlieir speeches so that It may reach the
entire country through the Congres
sional Record.
Why do the Republicans hesitate to
outline a policy? The reason is sug
gested in a portion of the platform al
ready quoted: "The Filipinos cannot
be citizens without endangering our
civilization they cannot be subjects
without imperilling our form of govern
Tbe Republicans are not willing to
say that they intend lo make (he Fili
pinos citizens with a voice I11 the con
ducting of our (and their) federal gov
ernment. This would be to propose a
heterogeneous government which would
ultimately fall to pieces because of di
versity of races and interests. Neither
are they willing to declare that the
Filipinos are to be kept subjects for
ever, for this would be plnlnly incon
sistent with our form of government,
our traditions and the well-nigh uni
versal sentiment of our people. When
one understands that we must put the
Filipinos into training for ultimate citi
zenship or condemn them to perpetual
servitude under a colonial system
when one understands tfint we must
either hold before the Filipinos the
liopo of full participation. In our gov
ernment or doom them to despair,—
when one understands this alternative
he readily sees why tho Republicans
refuse to divulge their purpose.
The Democratic plan for the settle
ment of the Philippine question Is iden
tical with the plan proposed by the Re
publicans for the settlement of the Cu
ban question, and the Republicans can
not reject tlie Democratic plan without
showing some essential difference be
tween the rights of the Cubans and the
rights of the Filipinos. First, a stable
form of government must be estab
lished in the place of the one over
thrown by us, but It will be easy to es
tablish this stable government when
the Filipinos know that it is to be their
government. There would be insurrec
tion now ill Cuba If we lmd treated the
Cubans as we have treated the, Fili
pinos there would now be peace in
tlie Philippines If we had treated the
Filipinos as we have treated the Cu
bans. We have not scrupulously ob
served the promise made to the Cubans,
and yet the confidence which tile Cu
bans have felt ill ultimate Independence
has led them to submit even when our
demands have seemed unreasonable
and unjust.
Independence is tho desire and the
right of the Filipinos. If we denied
tliem independence and gave them full
citizenship I11 our government It might
possibly be satisfactory to tliem, al
though it would be dangerous to us, but
the Republican leaders do not promise
tliem citizenship in this government of
their own. The Filipinos are not enjoy
ing tlie guarantees of our constitution
they are enduring a carpet bag govern*
ment such as the American people
would uot submit to. Wc are not giv
ing the Filipinos American liberty,
American institutions or nn American
constitution. We are giving them nn
arbitrary and despotic government, for
a government imposed by force and ad
ministered according to foreign ideas
is always despotic, no matter how bene
violent may be the purpose of those who
administer it.
In proposing protection from outside
interference the Democrats offer to the
Philippine republic tbe same guardian
ship which has been given to the re
publics of Central nnd South America,
a guardianship that gives to the smaller
republics the protection of our strength
without making them the victims of
our greed. For seven ty-flve years the
Monroe doctrine lias been a bulwark
to the Independent governments which
have sprung up to the south of us. It
has not involved us In any consider
able expense, but it has been immense
ly valuable both to the wards and to tho
guardian. When England recently as
serted the right to tlx arbitrarily the
boundary line between her Sonth Amer
cani possessions and Venezuela, it only,
required a firm, but friendly warning
from the United States to prevent a con
flict nnd sccure equity and justice tor
No nation in Europe would wage war
against the United States in order to se
cure the Philippine Islands, and It Is
doubtful if any of the leading nations
of Europe would be willing to allow,
any other European nation to own the"
Philippine islands.
The Republicans said that it would
cost us an enormous sum of money to
extend the Monroe Doctrine to tbe
Philippine Islands. It has tilready cost
us an Immense sum to attempt to as
sert our own authority In those islands.
Against-thc Republican prophecy we
place Republican history against the
ungrounded fear of expense we place
the money already expended. When
wc try to govern the Filipinos against
their will and tax them without repre
sentation, they flgbt ns, nnd we have
found that they are able to force us to
vast expenditures. If, on the other
hand, we protect them from outside
Interference, they fight the nation which
attacks them Instead of fighting ns,' and
if they can give other nations as much
trouble as they have given us they will
not require much help from us to main
tain their Independence.
The Democratic position is not only
sound, but It Is unassailable it rests
upon the Declaration of the Indepen
dence it is in harmony with the consti
tution nnd the bill of rights. Now that
the party can choose tho battle ground,
let Is challenge the Republicans to at
tack the conscience nnd the moral sen
tlment of the people as well as the prin
ciples of free government. If the Demo
crats will present united front on
this issue—nn issue upon which the
Kansas City convention was unani
mous—there Is hope of a victory that
will not only reinstate the Democratic
party, but restore the government to its
old foundations nnd the nation to'that
high position among the nations to
which its ideas and its ideals have en
titled it.—Lincoln Commoner.
Chinese Immieration,
The Washington Post sayff: "One of
tho questions on which the people of
the United States aud ^thelr Congress
have made a decision that will not be
reversed is that of Chinese Immigra
tion. After the most exhaustive in
vestlgatlon and discussion, during
which many ot the most prominent
statesmen and leaders of thought in
ail professions changed their views, It
was decided, nnd we believe, Irrevoca
bly, to bar out immigrants from China.
The reasons for that decision need not
be repeated here, for "the world knows
tliem by heart.' A more (ighteous de
termination of any question of public
policy has never been made. The jus
tice and expediency that Inspired the
Gary exclusion act will dictate Its re
enactment with such amendments as
experience lias shown to be necessary
to facilitate the accomplishment of the 1
object of that act. There is almost
solid unanimity of the press in favor
of this course. The protests that greet
ed the first movement for Chinese ex
clusion long ago gave place cither to
silent acquiescence In or approbation
of that policy."
There is no successful argument to
be placed against a policy which has
for its purpose the exclusion from our
shores of a class of people who can
never make good citizens, as a class, but
who, 011 the other hand, will ever prove
a menace to our peace, happiness and
There are certain classes of foreign
ers who are not objectionable as citi
zens of this country, but those classes
arc such good citizens in tlie countries
of their respective nativity, that they
do not constantly knock at our doorj
for admission.
We nre a pretty goocP'teople all to
ourselves, and. while a policy broad
enough lu its scope as to siiut out nil
foreigners would not do, there is 110
need for us to break our necks falling
over each other in our efforts to Induce
foreign Immigration to the United
states. JZ
Should Pur Schley.
Tho government should pay Admiral
Schley's portion of the expenses of the
court of inquiry. He has spent a life
time in the service of his. country and
made for himself a brilliant record.
He was viciously assailed by the navnl
ring nnd had virtually the whole ad
ministration to fight. This was a very
expensive undertaking, nnd yet he had
to do it or leave a name tarnished with
tbe slanders set afloat by the adminis
tration's pets. For these reasons tbe
expenses he incurred' in the court of
Inquiry should be borne by the govern
ment. We gave Spain $20,000,000 for a
war In the Philippines. Why can we
not give Schley, the greatest character
in the war with Spain, at least simple
justice?—Joplln, Mo., Globe.
Caused Sina'l Democratic Vote,
The Democrats of Ohio polled 106,857
less votes in Ohio this year than they
did In 1900. This was doubtless the
reRult of apathy due to the failure of
the State convention to stand up and be
counted for Democratic principles as
embodied in the Kansas City platform.
It never pays for a party to go back on
itself.—Illinois State Register.
Distant people are often near enough
so faryis money Is concerned.
-m il

xml | txt