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THE DAWSON TRAIL.
.Get down to your work, yon dog of a slave dog! Oft down to your work, I say! |It*« a tough, hard trail we've come, dog, (And the camp is far away. |Pull for the life of us both, dog, jPor dark is the end of day! .Get down to your work, you dog of a dog! (Get down to your work, I say! &6«lB the sun in the southern sky jRoO ts the trail behind the sleigh Bed Is the foot of the sled-dog gray) iOold Is the end of day. Get down to your work! Shall a man for a dog Throw a man's life away? He trail grows dim, and the tree trunks Stray In tho northern sky the maidens play The goblins dance in the Milky Way Black is the" end of day! —Harper's Magazine. PRIVATE LANGFIELD Wtary HEN the men of the service Jeft Vaidez to build the mili lines through the interior ot Alaska, Langfield went with tliein. He was undeniably plain, undersized and over sensitive, and that was why be felt certain that Dolly could never love him. To be sure, he had had no Intention of loving her, but when six [feet two of well-developed manhood, Jin the person of Tom Perry, came down ifrom Circle City prospecting, Lnngticia [found'Intentions and love had nothiug do with each other. Tom and Dolly had known each other, tin the States, and Langfield watched (With hopeless pain the renewal of their [friendship. She had'^rown shy wltli film since Perry caqte, and there could but one.reason, £e a.'gued. Ho did lot blame*:h^r Uifre was nothing In Im to insplfl) '*5 woman's love, and •m—^ So he packed his flute and ils knapsack and left with scarcely a Ifkrewell. The men we're not fond of Lungfleld. iHe bad a way of shrinking. Into bim Belf that only Shivers, the camp mas cot, a lank, mongrel Slwnsh with tho stump of a tall, understood. Langfield seldom joined the camp fires, but when the fever broke out ^angfleld was the first to offer bis ser vices. He was not afraid of contagion, he told the sergeant, and anyway there was no one at home who needed him. -After that he and Shivers took up their Quarters in the hospital tent I The fever had its run, but only one, thanks to the nursing, was borne up the trail and laid away under the snow. Mngfleld planed a pltfce of spruce scantling and drove it in by the mound, but his hand was unsteady, and his eyes were heavy and dull. The top sergeant, on his rounds tho next morning, found him sitting up In his blankets. His face was swollen and discolored, and ho was talking ex citedly to Shivers. "You mustn't let Dolly get the fever," he said, "she's so little. Nor Tom— promise me you won't let Tom." Shiv ers whined and thrust lils muzzle Into his master's palm. "She couldn't help loving him," Langfield continued de fensively. "You know she couldn't yourself!" He fell back on the pillow and tossed restlessly for. a moment. "It'll be cool up there under tho snow," he began again, "and I won't be heavy to pack. And say—He sat up, pull ing the dog close to him, "maybe she'll forget—that my hair was—red." The men wero very tender to Lang Held after that, and Shivers seldom left his bedside. When, some weeks later, he became convalescent, he seemed smnller and slighter than ever, and his hair morevlvldly red against the pinched, .white face. They carried him out Into the sunshine, but his eyes wandered regretfully up to the Bnow. In a month he was at Ills post again, doing the work of two men, with scarcely the strength of one. He went down the mountain one night an hour behind time. The trail yras slushy, and the enrly gray twi light lent a soft Indistinctness every where. Suddenly he paused. From somewhere there came a faint cry, weak and indistinct, but undeniably human. Langfield made a trumpet ot his hands. "Hel-lo!" he shouted, and strained his ears for tho reply. Some ten feet down the trail a gln cler stream had gullied out the bank, tts ley, slate-colored waters fell almost perpendicularly over the rocks. Creep •ui% slippery edge, he peered over id called again. A faint voice an-' Bwered. A steep, shelving path was Just vis ible, and he clambered down to It, Scratched and torn by the brambles at every step. A little farther on a roll of blankets Impeded his way, and he knew that somewhere In the ravine be low he would find a prospector. The man proved to be a big fellow, but the light was too dim to see Ills face. The force of his fall.had wedged one leg between the crevices of rock, «nd It took Langfield's entire strength to extricate him. He pressed his can teen tQ he stranger's lips, and rubbed him vigorously. "It's no use," said the man at last, "I can't make ItI" and he sank limply on the bank. The night wore on. Slowly tho gray skirts of dawn swept across tho east em sky. The prospector could not sec 'Langfield's face* but the slight, droop ing slioqjders seemed familiar. The pain was growing unbearable, and he groaned. Langfield started. "Yes, yes," he an swered absently. "I'd forgotten," and Jumped to his feet The morning light was flooding ev erything, and It fell upon the two men, its they, looked Into each other's eyes. Langfield drew in his breath with sud den sharpness. The other muttered an oath and leaned weakly back to ward him. "You I" The man nodded. The lines on Langfield's face were tense and drawn, and he steadied hlin self with an effort. "Well," he said at last, "It's three miles to caipp, and we'd better be moving." There were a few drops left in his canteen. He offered them to his coni lon, converted himself into a prop tho wounded side, and the 'slow, -ney down the trail begau. fhem talked much. The •v on the mountain, "ted from It the i-the ledge be yas astir, path paused, eased the sick himself beside since the day 'nd giddy. For helplessness vuld this man j- -l-'l- 4- ^jl..j. I WONDERFUL BRAIN WORK RAILWAY POSTAL CI.EItKS UNDElt EXAMINATION OF SCHEMES. n^HINGS that a railway postal l| clerk must remember hove In creased In such volume that one would think every cell of his brain would be filled with the name of a postotficc or railway connection, and the wonder Is that the clerk's mind does not falter under tho pressure. De spite these facts, cases of Insanity among tills class of public servants are rare. One Chicago postal clerk main tained for several years a record of 21,000 cards (whlcli take the place of letters In examinations) with nn aver age per cent of correct distribution of a fraction over 00 per cent. He knew how to reach that mauy offices In sev eral States by tho shortest, quickest route, and he knew the correct location of cach: office in its State. A elerlc on the New YoVk and Chicago railway postolfice must know the cor rect location of every postolfice in a group of States made up of Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, Indiana, Minnesota, South Dakota'and Nebraska. In these seven States thero are 12,317 postof fices. Not only Is the clerk required to be "up" on tho general scheme, which means the correct location of the postolfices In each State, but he must know how to reach the whole 12,000 postofllces from one or more stations. A clerk running between Chicago and Minneapolis underwent 110 fewer than seventy-eight examinations In fifteen years, learning 13,300 offices In. fifteen different sections of the United States. In some of these examinations lio was required to make a Chicago city distri bution, which means that while run ning over the country at the rate of a mile a minute lie must distribute letters to the carriers of the Chicago delivery. He must know not only where every public building and leading mercantile house is located, but also how to divide the numbers on particular street so that ho can "tie out" ills letters to the correct carrier, according to tho route of the latter. This same clerk made thirteen examinations in ten months, with an average correct distribution of 00.88 per cent. In twenty examinations he came out of nlue of them with a clear 100 per cent each. Think of such a task, taking Into con sideration the puzzling similarity of names that are used to designate post offices. Then, too, must be considered the fact that there are hundreds of cases where in each State Is a postoflice of the same name. For Instance, in the States named above there are five post offices named Hamilton, six Grants, four Gnrflelds, four Genevas, four Smlthvilles, four Spnrtas and five Jef- Blione have everything which he had been de nied? Lnnglield mechanically slipped his hand to the sheath 111 Ills belt, stole a glance at ills companion, and saw that his eyes were closed. Ho drew out the knife and held It behind him. Just then Perry gave a stifled moan. The sound brought Langfield to Ills senses. What was this he had intend ed to do? A fit of trembling seized him. He rose to his feet, though he reelod as he did so. There was a swift movement of his right arm, and some thing glanced In the light and fell far below them in the brush. "No ono needs me," he thought, "and Tom "Come," he said aloud,"'we must get sou down for—your.wife's sake." The man did not reply at first. When he did his voice was a trifle husky. "I have none," he said. Langfield stared at him. "Why—Dol ly ho blurted out. "She—" He began and stopped again, but Perry uu derstood. "N—o," he replied, with an effort, "she didn't want mo." He turned his bead aud looked unsecingly across the valley. "There was someone else," lie said. "Someone else?" Lnngflcld stupidly repeated. "Yes," answered the other, "and It seems, the fool couldn't understand!" There was a moment's silence. "She's waiting till the company's ordered back," lie added. Langfield drew his hand across his forehead. The snow, high up on the mountains, seemed a swimming sea of white tho little stream beside them roared like a cataract In his'ears. Perry made an effort to rise, but fell back In a spasm of pain. "She loves—my God, man!" he cried vehemently, "are you an Idiot? She loves—you!"—Ladles' World. A FIGHTING GOVERNOR. Minneiota Executive Would Suiaah a Railroad Combine. Few_ fights against combines have aroused more Interest In this country than the one In the Northwestern States In opposition to the on so lldatlon of the Northern Pa cific aud the Great Northern and Bur lington Railroads. Gov. Samuel It. Van Sant of Min nesota, who has led the battle against the roads, has had the support of a number of other Governors. fc, Gov. Van Sap has an lntcr stl GOV. VAN BAKT. Cfll'oer. He (nil ed under President Lincoln's first c. for 75,000 men, but was rejected on a count of bis age, being not quite 17. Again he tried and was rejected, but finally was accepted as a member of company A, Ninth Illinois. Before he wps allowed to go to war, However, he Mail Clerks' riemorteB •'%Heavily Taxed. fersons, and so on. In some Instances there is a postoflice of tho same namo In each of tho seven States. As one may Imagine, this only tends to confuse the average mind. Periodically the clerks are examined at railway mall headquarters. Packs of cards, each card bearing the nflm* of postofflco, are furnished a candidate for examination. He takes a position in front of a case of pigeon holes»label ed with the names of different railway postoffices throughout the country. Ho "throws1' the enrds, distributing them to proper routes, just as lie would pack ages in a postal car. After he finishes the examiner goes over the cards and charges up the errors the clerk has made and gives him his percentage ot correct distribution. The clerk also Is examined on general and "standpoint" or station schemes at different times. There are some features about the work that one would think would ren der it impossible for a clerk "to main tain his "lay" of tho States, -which he is expected to work. He may have a run which lands him in Chicago to con nect three lending railway postoffices running between Chicago and New York. With but little notice he may be taken off the .run and be brought to Chicago In the afternoon instead of 2:20 a. m. Notwithstanding this inter ruption, lie goes on with Sis work with but few errors. It Is asserted nt railway mall service headquarters tlint there are clerks who have reached the capacity of their minds In the matter of remembering names. They now remember so many that it would be absolutely impossible to learn another State or' part of a State. It would seem that of the mill ions of cells In their brain machinery none are left to fill, all having been taken up In the prosecution of the ex acting duties Imposed by their occupa tion. Another queer plinse of the work Is that not always do the' clerks who stand the best examinations nnd make the best averages show the best rec ords In the car. A man may have a State In the most exact manner, but lack ability In remembering railway connections or something else which he is required to remember. The evidence of wonderfully reten tive memories Is found In the general run of examinations made at headquar ters. In one year nt tho offices of the sixth division of tlip railway mall ser vice in Chicago 2,427 examinations were made. Cards to the number of nearly 3,300,000 were "thrown" and the average per cent of correct distribution reached 98.4S—Chicago I'ecord-Herald. had to have a written permit from his father. The Governor was a great favorite not only in his own company, but throughout tho regiment, and was In the thick of many famous battles. Aft er the war he studied In New York city for some time and then went' to Gnlcs burg and graduated from Knox Col lege. Soon after his graduation he •went Into business with his father at Leelalre, Iowa, and tlicy built one of the first raft steamers on the Missis sippi. For a number of years Gov. Van Sant was general manager of tho Van Sant & Musser line of steamboats. He went to Winona, Minn., In 1883 nnd was losely identified wltii the city's best In terests and actively assisted in all pub lic enterprises. For two years he was Ifl"the council as alderman and was the unanimous nominee of the Republicans for the office as Mayor of Winona In 1888. Later he was sent to the State Legislature and In 1805 was Speaker of tho lower house. Tills is his first term as Governor. RECENT CAPTURE MADE OF A RARE WILD BIRD. The Ianimergeycr Is a species of the vulture of which little lias been written, or, Indeed, known, but one of which was recently cap tured. It Is found chiefly In Southern Europe and Asia, In mount nlnous re gions. Neither fitted nor Inclined to'lead a life of sanguinary a a re It a quets on carrion. Its powers ore adapted to Its instincts. Its beak Is feeble compared with that of the eagle. Tho toes are longer, feebler, with huge hooked claws, and Incapable of graspiug a heavy weight during flight. Where he finds ills food, there he ban quets, never attempting to enrry It to his haunts. Of a powerful *ud robust build, he has neither the bill nor tho talons of the eagle, tho former being elongated aud hooked only at the top and the latter comparatively small and feeble. Nor has he en exclusive appe tite for blood, carrion and putrid ani mals being greedily devoured by it. This rare bird attacks lambs, kids and the weak aud sickly of the flock. The strong limbed chamois Is not secure, nor, when rendered desperate by hun ger, will the ravenous bird forebear an attack on man. Children are said to have often fallen a sacrifice to Its ra pacity. Our Coal-Producing Lungs. —-hmiic acid exhaled Destructive Cabbaae Worm. The common- white butterfly seen In cabbage fields is an imported Insect and very destructive, says tho Orange Judd Former. The adult female insect is shown in the il lustration. The eggs are laid upon cabbage and allied plants, producing the well-known green cabboge worm. After feeding for a time the worm leaves"~tlie plant changes to a chry salis, from which the adult emerges shortly afterward. There are several broods each season. Attempts have been made to destroy these pests by the cultivation of contagious disease, which hns been found to attack the worms. This rem edy, however, has not been successful and other means nlust be followed tor its destruction. Hand picking the worms, although tedious, Is an effec tive remedy on small areas. Insect powder, known nlso as pyrethrum, or buhacb, may be mixed with six or eight times Its bulk of flour and dusted on the plants. It should be applied CABBAGE PEST IN VARIOUS STAGES. about once a week. It is not injurious to humin beings. In some places hot water has been .used to good advantage. It can be applied at a temperature of about 130 degrees without Injuring the plant, and Is sure death to the worms where It reaches them. Paris green Is perhaps the simplest and best remedy.:-vv~ TV* Money in Potatoes. 1 In. some localities, notably in sections of tho East, considerable money has been made from potatoes this season, one man marketing 2,000 barrels from a little over twenty-two acres at an aver age of ?2 a barrel. Such cases are, of coursc, unusual, and due to the high prices Incident to a short crop. The yield, too, Is out of tho common and' secured by the following treatment of the Roll: As a foundation far the big crop of potatoes a field in sod is select ed, heavily manured, plowed under and planted to corn, which Is faithfully cul tivated until waist high. The following spring the ground Is plowed deeply, which brings up the retted sod, which is fined by the use of a cutting harrow and drag harrows until It Is In shape for the seed potatoes. Potato planters are used, the seed being dropped four teen inches apart In the row with the rows three feet apart. After planting the plot 1s harrowed, and then cultiva tion begins and Is kept up thoroughly until the plants meet across the row, the cultivation being done as close to the row as possible at each operation. Thorough soil preparation aud constant and thorough summer cultivation are tho secrets of success In potato grow ing.—Indianapolis News. For Winter Hgsi. It is not nn easy matter for ono not having had some years of experience in poultry rnlslng^to feed the laying hens during the winter profitably. Corn cuts too large a figure in the winter food of poultry. It is a valuable food'beyond all question, but It Is fed too liberally when eggs are wanted. An almost perfect food for laying hens Is clover hay, but of course they can not eat enough of this to give them tho food quantity needed. The best way to feed clover hay is to have it chopped fine and then scattered on the floor In small quanti ties for the hens to eat of It as they will. This is better than mixing It with the grain or the soft foods. Of grains If one has a supply of corn, wheat and oats with which to alternate, these with the clover hoy, bone meal aud ani mal food once a week will keep the hens In good laying condition. Quanti ties aud times aud methods of using the several grains are best worked out by the feeder according to the needs of his flock and his location. In cold sections more corn will be neeessnry than In warmer locations.- Keeplne App'es In Winter. If largo quantities of fruit are to be kept there Is no way equal to the mod ern cold storage process, but this Is ex pensive. Oftentimes, however, one lias a few barrels of fine fruit designed for home use or to keep tor a select trade, aud these may be kept in good shape by cither of the following methods. Only the finest and most perfect speci mens are used In either case: Take good barrels, and in the bottom of each place oats an inch deep. Then wrap ench apple. In newspaper and pack a layer on the oats, not permitting the apples to touch. Then put In another layer of oats, and on this a layer of apples, as before. Continue this until the barrel is full. The other method is simply to omit the oats and pack the apples In the same way, after wrapping cach specimen In oiled or waxed pa per. In either case the barrels must be kept In an even temperature, where it is cool but above the freezing point Americnn Poultry. Mr. Lewis Wright, of England, who lias been, If he is not now, called one of the highest authorities oil poultry breed ing nnd growing that ever put pen to paper, says that the American breeds are better than the much-praised Eng 'Jsh Orpington breeds, originated a few years ago by Mr. Cook, of England. He also pronounces the American breeds as bred here better than the same breeds when bred In England. Thero they Incline to the Cochin type In all the American breeds, more cushion, fluff imd feathers than American-bred birds, which detracts from their utility, though the English think it adds to hpauty.—Exchange. *v Blight pull of the horse will bring over tnc shock. With a boy to lead the Wso nnd a handy hitch to tho rope you can average a shock a minute nnd have it in much better shape for husk ing than when torn down by hand. Yoti can In this way pull over a day's husking while the dew Is on, and tho fodder will be damper for husking than if left standing till wanted. It will be another advantage to you if you are careful to pull over your shocks so that you can face the wind while husking, letting the wind blow the fodder to you and not away.—Ohio Farmer. Winter Poultry Ynr l*. When poultry arc conflned during the winter they should have yard ill which to run on pleasant days, If no scratching shed can be provided. A good plan is to protect the yard on the windy side by piling cornstalks liigli against the fence. Then have a heap of coarse, strawy manure In the yard, sufficiently large to keep the soil from freezing hard. Cover as large a space as possible with this heap, or, better still, have several such heaps, and pro tect them wjjh boards, so that the fowls cannot get at them and scratch. Uncover one of these heaps at a time, and pile tho material In another spot, then spade up the soli where it lay. If the pile was high enough the soil can be easily loosened, and, exccpt in very cold sections, will not freeze hard again In several days. A little grain thrown on this spaded space will keep the fowls busy and happy. An hour each day when the sun Is shining brightly In a spot like this will keep tho fowls ir good shape, and they will turn out eggs regularly. A Ration for Sheep. Where there is a fair supply of mixed clover and timothy hay on hand, It Is comparatively easy to carry a flock of sheep through the winter at light ex pense, provided they are In good shape when they are put into winter quar ters. With all the clover and timothy they desire grain ration of a pound a day, made up of two parts of wheat, one part bran and one part, oats, with a handful of oil meal, will keep them in splendid shape, even the breeding owes. Enough roots should be obtain ed to give them an occasional "feeding of them. If the supply of hay is short corn stover may be substituted for roughage, but if this Is done it may be necessary, with some sliecp, to Increase the grain ration slightly. Tho ration as given will be found very satisfac tory by feeders whose crop of corn Is limited, but who have a fair supply of hay and corn stover, and can buy the gralus mentioned at a fairly low price. —Exchange. Home-Made Grain Bins. Where comparatively small quanti ties of grain are to be kept, barrels may be utilized to good advantage. Select two well-made sugar barrels and set them on a platform raised a few Inches from the floor, building a rack about them to hold them in position and having the back strip of this rack the same height as the barrels. If this is done the cover may be hinged to this strip and will come down closely over the barrels. Tills plan is an improve ment over the usual way of covering the barrels with a blanket or old bags. By having the covcr the horses- or cows can not get Into the barrels should they get loose. These bins need not be confined to two barrels, for as many may be used as desired, but it Is best to-arrange the covers to cover every two barrels, so that they may be more easily raised. BnfT Breed. of Pcwis. The buff fowls of various breeds seem to bo one of the poultry fashions of the present. Buff Plymouth Rocks area couiparatlve & ly new variety, jy,' but one which has come rapidly to the front on Its i,.». own merits. Bcnu- X--"-' ty and utility com- I ''A bine to make these a fine general purpose fowl for 'farmers. Weights nnd points are the satae as for Barred Plymouth Rocks, but the plumage should be an even shade of golden buff. Golden YVynu dottes nro newcomers and very popu lar. The buffs are probably the most numerous and best liked of the Co chin family. Buff Leghorns, a com paratively new but very popular varie ty, have taken a foremost position solely on their merits.—Exchange. BUF1' FOWI* Ginseng Culture. Under the most careful culture gin seug gives promise of sometime amounting to something, but it is doubtful if it will bring In any more money than a good crop of any of the stundnrd things we grow. Growers In all sections of the country agree that under the most favorable conditions and with the best care, better care than could be given if areas were larg er, the plant Is an exceedingly slow grower. Some of the experiment sta tions will make lests of ginseng, while the directors of other stations refuse flatly to have anything to do with the plant. Its slow growth would Indicate that yearly crops are not likely, evep after the plants become well estab lished. vVj Draft Horses Popular. The draft horse now enjoys' the high est prosperity and greatest popularity of any breed of horses among the American farmers. The prejudice against the draft horse being too big hus given place to the universal desire to raise them as large as possible and farmers generally want to raise draft horses for the morket, nnd they have learned that tho big draft mares and young geldings make the best farm teams, and as fast as tliey mature the markets take them at good prices.— Live Stock Journal. The Economical Pic. 'f Pigs are able to make much more ef fective use of the foods with which they are supplied than any other class of farm animals. Experiments have shown that, while tho pig is capable of laying on flesh at the rate of one pound for every five pounds to seven pounds of dry food which it consumes, cattle require to cat from ten pounds to twelve pounds nnd sometimes from fourteen pounds to fifteen pounds ot dry food for every one pound of in crease in weight that they show. Hardening Horses. Subjecting colts aud horses to hard ships and exposure for the purpose of hardening tbeui and giving theiu a re* sistuit constitution, says Farm and Uailk, Is wisdom of the same kind as thallpyitbited by the idiot who would leav ne piece of machinery exposed to nent8 so that it may be en able -3? under adverse conditions. oru 'eeh ile- iculhtz Cheeae. ,, ripening u'rents 0 No Hope for Tariff Reform. President ftoosevelt's first annual mes sage has been read by all thinking men, regardless of party affiliation, with probably more interest than has any Presidential message in recent years. There has been a general expectancy that this man's first declarations of public policy would be strenuous, at least In spots, and that he would tackle some hew ideas and hahdle them in an original way. The message is a well Written document, which everybody who knows the Rooseveltlan literary style expected, and which all will com mend. Otherwise it is merely interest ing as a tale that has been told In the regular daily history of our times by the up-to-date newspapers of the coun try. The President takes strong ground in the matter of anarchy in the United States, but suggests 110 more effective remedy thau the suppression of an archistic meetings and the deportation of anarchists to the country from whence they sailed to Amcrica. Indeed it would puzzle anybody to suggest anything further that would be practical along that line. Under most heads the message tocats questions fairly from a Republican standpoint, but there is a notable ex ception in the case of the trust subject. The President will be accused of dis honesty in the way he haudles the trusts and their causes. He makes the assertion that "The creation of these great corporate fortunes has not been due to the tariff nor to any other govern mental action, but to natural causes in the business world, operating in other countries as they operate in our own." Will the President have the—well, we will call it "strenuosity," to maintain before any American audience that he Is honest in this assertion? If the tar iff has not created these corporate for tunes, such as the steel trust, what was the tariff placed on steel products for? If the tariff on steel was not for the ex press purpose of giving the American steel manufacturers an advantage over the foreign manufacturers, what was the tariff made for? Will the operation of the American tariff on steel help tho English and German, steel manufac turer the same as It helps the American steel manufacturer? Great Scottt President Roosevelt, can you expect us to believe this? Do you expect us to believe that you actually think that the tariff has not assisted the American Knit Goods Trust in pil ing up its millions of wealth? It is a pltjr that President Roosevelt would mar an otherwise fairly con sistent Republican document by toady ing so unreasonably to the extreme tar iff faction of his party. The thought ful, independent men of both parties have up to this time looked to Roose velt for,frank and honest expression on the issues that are now occupying pub lic attention, and we have looked for ward to his first message to see a fair discussion of the tariff, in which he would at least ta.ke a position abreast of the advanced statesmen of his own party who have begun to see glimmer ings of the new dawn of industrial nnd commercial freedom. If a man like Roosevelt must fawn before the tariff barons of America with the obviously false and foolish assertion that the creation of the great corporate fortuues of the tariff protected industries "has not been due to the tariff," then what may we expect of other men, who are ordinary and common, and who make no pretence of independence or "strenu osity?" Alack and alas! Poor Roosevelt! Wichita. Kan Democrat. Must Face the Issue. There Is little.reason to doubt that the protected Interests of this country will favor such action by Congress on the reciprocity question as shall seem to contain a promise of tariff reduction without offering a genuine menace to the great monopolies, says the St. Louis Republic. The trick would be well worth turn ing if the American people could be kept In ignorance of the bunko nature of such action. Following Congres sional legislation as thus directed by the trusts the Republican party would doubtless proclaim to the voters of this country that the Republicans them selves were removing the tariff burden from the shoulders of taxpayers. In this rnannor, the shrewd represent atives of monopoly interests believe the issue of tariff revision can be kept out of the next national campaign. There Is no longer a possibility of entirely ignoring this issue and refusing point blank to abandon the priuclple of the high protective tariff. The people are too fully aroused to the iniquities of the present tariff to be longer fooled by tho argument that protection benefits the consumer. They know that protect ed interests which sell their manufac tured product cheaper in Europe than at home constitute a heavy burden upon the home consumer and are unfairly en riched at his expense. The only ex pedient now left to avert tariff revision Is found in the crafty movement for reciprocity treaties with certain for eign nations. Luckily, however, there is little doubt that the American people already see through the flimsy game being at tempted by the Republican party. The Congressional debates on the question of reciprocity and tariff revision prom ise .to be of peculiar significance. One of the certainties of the situation is that they will make the Issue tff the tariff revision the most vital issue of tho Presidential campaign of 1004. On that issue the Democratic party can appeal to the country with confident hope of victory based on the party's faithfulness to the people in opposing the evil principle of the trust-creating tariff. Our Expanding Notional Expsndlture The estimates submitted to Congress yesterday by Secretary Gage call foe appropriations aggregating $010,827, 088 to cover all departments of tho government for the fiscal year 1902 1003. This is only $4,000,000 more than the total appropriations made for the current fiscal year, ending June 30, 1003. It is when we compare it with the total appropriations of but a few years further back that a budget of $010,000, 000 seems huge. It Is twice the sum total of appropriations for 1808—ouly three years ago. \And it Is $153,000,000 In excess of the' total appropriations for 1601. TM« '**"to IPfsSr i§«S It would be uureasonably pessimistic, however, to overlook the fact that the country is growing also by* leaps and bounds, and that our annual expendi tures and per capita tax burden are still the smallest of all the nations that compare with us in numbers, wealth and productlvp power.—New Tork World, Clash In Cuba. While in his arguments for reciprocity President Roosevelt has taken a posi tion not altogether In accord with the views of aggressive high tariff mem bers of his party, the Cuban paragraph of his message is a bold defiance aud challenge to immediate combat. The general reciprocity suggestions are cau tious, the conclusions of the discussion being that "the natural line of develop ment for a policy of reciprocity will be in connection with those of our pro ductions which no longer require all of the support once needed to establish them upon a souud basis, and with those others where either because of natural or of economic causes we are beyond the reach of successful compe tition." That might be construed as an Indorsement of the Babcock bill and the principle underlying it, but it is not in consistent with the proposition now finding favor with the party managers of postponing action by the device of a commission, to investigate and report what productions no longer require the support of high tariff duties. But there is no ambiguity in the Cu ban paragraph. Rcmiuding Congress of his precediug arguments In favor of re ciprocity as a general policy the Presi dent says that in the case of Cuba there are weighty reasons of morality and natural interest why the policy should be held to have a peculiar appli cation," and he "most earnestly" asks the attention of Congress to "the wis dom, Indeed to the vital need, of pro viding for a substantial reduction in the tariff duties on Cuban imports into the United States. Cuba has, he says, "In her constitution af firmed what we desired, that she should stand, in International mat ters, in closer and more friendly rela tions with us than with any other power and we are bound by every con sideration of honor and expediency to pass commercial measures In the inter est of her material well being." That is plain and unmistakable lan guage. A "substantial reduction in the tariff duties" on its sugar and tobacco imports into the United States Is what Cuba asks. A powerful interest in the President's party in Congress has de termined there shall be no reduction nt all. The President says that "weighty reasons of morality and national Inter est" require a "substantial reduction' and that It is a "vital need." The posi tion already taken inside his own party is that it may be a "vital need" for Cuba,. but it Is a "vital need" of our own sugar and tobacco interests that as much of the Cuban product as possible shall be kept out, and Cuba may die of a surfeit of its own sugar for all they care. Here is a clash at the very beginning. But what can the President do should Congress not heed his urgent plea? If Congress were to* pass a bill obnoxious to his sense of "morality and national Interests" he might veto it, but when Congress simply refuses to pass the measure he desires, the President is powerless in the case.—Cleveland Plain Dealer. New States. Arizona, New Mexico and Oklahoma are all getting ready to apply for ad mission as States, but Oklahoma seems the only one which has much chance of success. Oklahoma, at the last cen sus, had a population of 398,331 and has since made a large addition. If admitted it would at once be entitled to two members of the lower house of Congress beside the two Senators. While the money question was upper most, and Western States showed a tendency to go Populist, no State could hope to get In, but uow it is believed Oklahoma could be "trusted." The Republicans AVIII have a natural desire to make a friend of the new State by being sponsor for its introduction into the sisterhood. The only thing now in the way of Oklahoma is the argu ment that as soon as the necessary treaties are consummated with the re maining Indian tribes that the whole territory of Indian Territory will be added to it, and that this can be more easily and simply done while the terri torial status is maintained. As to New Mexico, there is no likelihood of ad mission. New Mexico lias the popu lation of a Congressional district, but its inhabitants are essentially foreign. Arizoua has a population of but 122, 000 nnd does not promise to have much more.—Des Moines Leader. Expects Roosevelt to "Make Break.*' Senator Fairbanks believes that be fore the end of his term President Roosevelt will make some bad polit ical break that will forever kill his chances for the nomination in 1904. Acting on that belief, the Senator will introduce and push the Chinese ex clusion bill nnd such others as will beuefit him in different sections of the country in the hope of getting that nomination after Mr. Roosevelt has been eliminated from the list of candi dates. Both Mr. Mondell nnd Senator Fair? banks hope to ha^ve one of their bills enacted Into law before the Christ mas holidays. Labor organizations all over the country have adopted resolu tions favoring the re-enactment of the preseut exclusion law and the people of the Pacific coast and Rocky moun tain States Insist that the Mongolian shall be kept out of the country.—Sault Ste. Made, Mich., News-Record. The Poor Sheep. When your Republican friend at tempts to twit you about Republican high prices for stock ask him why the rule that makes hogs and cattle higher does not apply to sheep as well. The poor sheep, so amply protected by the Republican tariff, seems to be In a bad way. The man who doesn't know that supply and demand controls the price of a commodity should be made to go away back and sit down.—Black Hills, S. Dak., Press. We are taxed too much by our nation al government, and these excessive ta^es are said to have brought in $130, ,000 more of revenue thau the nation [edod during the past year. And yet most oppressive taxes will not be iitced. because If duties ou imports jjYttftf^tfut'down the combines coujdu't ^»ake such Wg prolits, Home Cleansing Gasoline Is the best thin* cleaning your coat. Haves clean cloths aud pour only a 1 fluid into a vessel at one ti evaporates rapidly when expo Go over the coat very careful bing a small portion at a tir. well-soaked cloth and then it with one dry, and when the come soiled take fresh ones, as. taking plenty of time to the' the secrets of successful cleaul sure to select a room without or lamp light for the cleaniug as gasoline is highly inflammab.o au dangerous when used near a blaze. Th professional cleaners will make the coa look like new for a trifling sum, if it 18 not badly staiued. rf^-wL Cream Datesi'1"5'--7''-'" Tako the white of one egg and anfy equal amount of cold water. Beat gethcr until well mixed. Purchase two^i pounds of confectioners' sugar, and stir In a little at a time until the egg is so^. thickened that it may bo rolled. Fla-^V vor with vanilla or any flavor that is^i preferred. Put on a board and knead^ for a few moments. Remove tho^i1 stones from half a pound of dates, tako^J apiece of the sugar the size of a hick-' ory nu% roll itju the hands until tlief £,ft* length of the date. Prepare two ptaccs in this way, aud stick'one on each sido&to: of the date. Pinch them closely to-': gether so they will adhere. Sta'nd away until slightly hardened. Tobacco Is the J3est ImecticidCi Most of the insects common to houso plants dislike tobacco ns mucluas does the cleanly housewife. The Ast way to use It as an Insecticide u%m win dow plants is to secure good/handful of tobacco stems, place them la an old basin, pour boiling* water upin .the'm, and let them stand for seyeitfbJmours. Then drain off the liquV) Into or tub deep enough for Immerslnfi^ tops of your plauts in, nnd with warm water until it sho a faint tint of brown. Then tak plants one at a time, and hoi tops down, in the water, washii. clean.—Ladies' Home Journal. Tonffh Steaks Mads Tender. Bread Board. Revived. Recently a very economical and at tractive custom is being revived amoi the dainty housewives in the use ot tSb bread board on the table. These boards are made attractive by the ladles /with. poker decorations ot wheat heads, oat sprays and rye tops. These decorations^ are only put upon the beveled edge, the:'si top being left clear nnd white for use. It requires some practice to cut the bread neatly, thus offering a new ac complishment to the lady presiding fit the table. O'*"' Ojitcr Sandw clie3. Half a dozen large oysters fried and perfectly cold, lay a crisp lettucc leaf (lipped in French dressing on them, buttered slices of white bread, or spread a little innyonmilsc 0 You can make a beeksteak of the !n-^ ferlor quality such as rump or lound, as tender as the most expensive cuts if treated to an oil bath twenty-four hours long. A tablespoonful of the finest oliver oil is sufficient. Tour it over the steak,* then rub it with the fingers luto every' part thoroughly. Put It In a cold place, the coolest corner of the refrigerator in -J summer or a well-chilled pantry in win- jj ter. Sometimes In a large hotel the 3 steaks are cut a week before thdy, are wanted, well oiled and put In cold#to- I rage. 011 each leaf. Cut the oysters Into nice Utile slices, crosswise, rejecting the hard part, and lay the slices, overlapping ono another, between the lcttuco leave*. ''V: Scalloped Apples. Pare, core a»l cut'in slices some good, tart cooking apples, put a layer in a bakiug dish witli sugar, cinna mon and a grating ot lemon rind, dot with tiny lumps of butter, then anoth er layer of apples, sugar, etc., and so on until the dish is full. Add a very little water and the juice of a lemon, and use a little more sugar nnd btittpr on top than 011 tho other layers. Bake until the apples, are thoroughly cooked. Cover until nearly done, when the cover should be removed to allow them to brown. Serve hot with cream or hard sauce! 4 Medicinal Vegetables. Does someone in the family uecd tho purifyiug touch of sulphur in the blood? Give them turnips, onions, cab bage, cauliflower, watercress and horse radish. Surely a varied enough list If the liver ueeds stimulating, serve tomatoes. For kidney troubles, aspara gus will be beneficial. Celery Is of tre mendous benefit to those suffering from rheumatism and neuralgia. It is also good for nervous disorders. Carrots form blood aud help to give a pretty^-., complexion. Beets and turnips arc also th# beneficial to the blood. Chocolate Pudding. Vw Beat one-quarter of a pound of but ter to a cream and stir iu six yolks, one at a time, then add a quarter of a pound of flue, sweet chocolate grated, cup of almond? blanched and: chopped fine, six tablespoonfuls of grauulated sugar, aud one tablespoon ful of citron cut very fine, beat the whites of eggs to a stiff froth and stir, in at the last Pour into a mould aud££^ boil three-quarters of an hour and send' to the table hot with whipped cream poured around it, or any fine sauce, served in a sauceboat An Artistic Breadboar.1. Cut the meat from the breast of an uncooked chicken. Mince, pound and puss it through a sieve, then mix Jn halt a pint of very stithy whipped^- cream, salt to taste, pepper add S BIX V. KMy An ordinary wooden bread-cutting board may be rendered decidedly artis tiec by the application of poker work. Select a circular board aud sketch a design in wheat sprays or wild roses around the edge, scattering a few petv*1 als on the board hg if blown off. Burn the design iu, p'oligjf*"*"*'1 tone down with oil. Tako choose a board of fine grain. Souffle of Chicken. ... BO 111 t).'-'•' mincctl mushroouis or-—-truflles. Put is ix re In to a a a steam for twenty mlnutil ^lUVU out and serve with supreme poured over It in When his present term ex 1903, Mr. Allison, of Iowa, beeu a United States Soimtor consecutive years,