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Manchester Democrat. [volume] (Manchester, Iowa) 1875-1930, January 01, 1902, Image 6

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3flje ^democrat.
BEOH8QJ A CASK, PuMiahu*.
MANCHESTER, IOWA.
"Oats lead In Intorcst," says the mar
et report. Must be wild ones.
Mnkliig our Indiana citizens wouldn't
ip tbem to wit-support, unless they
ed 111 closc States.
The TJnited States navy burns four
les as much coal now as It did ten
sirs ago. Just watch our smokel
The Philippines are fast becoming
rlUged. Spitting on the floors of pub
buildings there is now prohibited.
All women arc liars In a court room,
ays a New York magistrate. This Is
mkind, and, we sincerely hope, untrue.
Steam plows and reapers are crowd
ing horses off the farm. About the
only use a horse can be put to now Is to
send him to war.
Mrs. Bradley Martin has decided hot
to wear a coronet at King Edward's
coronation. This will greately detract
from the gayoty of the event.
The new consumption cure requires
the patient to sleep out of doors, so as
to give the other microbes a fair chance
to kill off the tubercular variety, mm
gist
There Is a boy In Iowa who gets ftp
In his sleep and husks com. That boy
should have little trouble In finding
farmers who are willing to hire him.
With American marines guarding the
line of the Panama Railroad there will
be the best of assurance that there will
be no Interruption of communications.
Pretty soon the sword wtfl become
obsolete everywhere save in the
swashbuckler drama, a lot more mili
tary experts having declared against It.
A surgical sewing machine has been
Invented In Paris for emergency use
upon injured persons. But who would
it to go about with a cheap machine
sflred scar?
ig Edward has given Sousa a
wedhl for playing his marches at the
r°'V
IHJ
%xh
Pa'aPe- The King will be sorry
«Brs"^vhen every band In England
Is to playing those pieces.
he credit men of the world are put
funny marks opposite the name of
Sick Man of Turkey. He is so ut
bankrupt that If he were an ordln
merchant he would be closed out
Two Philadelphia girls have gone
over Into Macedonia to get a name by
being captured by brigands. It Is safe
to say that no United States watshlps
will climb tho Bulgarian mountains to
look for them.
The fear that the forests of the coun
try will become destroyed Is accompan
ied by some apprehension that the tele
phone poles In cities will become so
thick that pedestrians will be obliged
to blaze a. way.
"Emperor William knowB much more
about •hip-building than anv of us"
says P-wf. Von Halle. And still the
wonu. \goes and still the wonder
grows tnnt one small head can carry
all Emperor William knows.
In a recent general estimate on the
riches of the millionaires 3. Pierpont
Morgan's wealth is placed at $400,000,
000. This may be $100,000,000 more or
less than what he Is actually worth, but
what's $100,000,000 to Morgan? ygm
The unfortunate Juror who blew out
the gas and was found dead in his room
was not really different from very many
other persons who are selected to de
cide questions In tho courts affectiug
the lives and property of litigants. The
poor fellow simply got found out
A good pun Is rather uncommon, but
a Joke that may be so described wus
made recently by Andrew Carnegie, to
whom some advocates of an Anglo
American alliance had appealed for an
emblematic flower. Mr. Carnegie
promptly suggested the dandelion, urg
ing that the American "dandy," in the
shrewd, Yankee, business sense of the
term, Joined with the British "lion,"
would result In a blossom which must
..rule the world. He was evidently not
thinking of Yankee Doodle Dandy,
whose sentiments in the olden time
were not In agreement with those of
Jobu Bull.
Should one have a vision of a public
library with dishes of disinfectants at
the door, and the sign, "Germs cheeked
here," he would be sure that It was a
dream. Yet when the number of un
clean hands of those who use the books
and papers Is taken Into the account,
the sanitary vision might almost be
considered prophetic. The danger to the
health of the community caused by
offensive visitors to libraries is real, if
not measurable. A free library should
not be open to persons whose Inck of
cleanliness makes them centers of lu
fectlbn.
Pneumonia Is tho cause of 40 per cent
of the deaths occurring In the fall, dur
ing the winter and throughout the
spring in our climate. The danger of
exposure from which colds may be con
tracted cannot be exaggerated. Not
withstanding many denials there is no
doubt that G'rover Cleveland was re
cently In serious peril from this cause.
The death of young George M. Pullman
from pneumonia In California is not
perhaps an Instance that can be cited
in speaking of that disease in the lake
belt or along the seashore. But it is an
instance illustrating the'fact that In the
Pacific as well as In the central and
eastern parts of the continent consti
tutional debility from any cause Invites
the ravages of -pneumonia and that
strong systems only can repel its at
tacks. Beware of pneumonia. Build
up tho system by nutritious foods re
enforced by Innocent tonics. Keep the
raw airs from chilling the respiratory
organs.
Something fiandsome in the nature of
a public testimonial, to which all the
sensible people of the country would
be privileged to contribute, should be
conferred upon the members of the
grand Jury of Washington County,
Maryland. That body has endeared It
self to most men and women by return
ing an indictment for manslaughter
against a boat rocker. Other grand Ju
ries in other parts of the land, by the
dozen, by the score, and by the hun
dred, have had chances to distinguish
themselves in this particular, but it re
mained for the gr^id Jury of Washing-
Ctoanty,. Maryland, to demonstrate
-ifliieiico of a boat rocker's
not sufficient to stay the
hands of outraged Justice. Tho dp
cumstances in the case are not pecu
liar. The circumstances In a case of
boat rocking never are. Last summer
a party of young people were rowing
for pleasure on Lake Keyor, In the
State named. In the party was the liv
evitabie smart young man, whose pres
ence has blighted many a summery out
ing that would have been made Joyous
by his absence. This smart young man
found that he could amuse himself
greatly by rocking the boat, nnd ho
rocked It violently. The girls screamed,
and this intensified tile smart J'oulig
man's enjoyment. Uc rocked the boat
all the more violently, A ltd it finally
tipped ovr. Five of the occupants ware
thrown Into the water, and one of the
young Indies was drowned. Nobody
will be surprised to learn that when tho
boat capsized the boat rocker swam
valiantly for the shore and left his com
panions to their fate.
As startling a case of duplicity as lias
ever been exposed Is reported from
New York. Joseph Goldman, good hus
band, fond father, reputable business
man, was also leader of a baud of
thieves nud receiver of stolen goods.
For many years lie had led these two
Hves without detection. Suddenly two
of his accomplices, under fear of pun
ishment, turned upon him, and, iu or
der to lighten their own sentences,
gave evidence tliat left no doubt of his
guilt. He was proved to be Implicated
In a dozen clever roliborlos which were
carried out under his direction. Ill
fact, he seems to have devised the vil
lainies which his confederates execut
ed. He was contriver and manager.
Tho others simply carried out Ills In
structions. It was not that lie was
exposed to sudden temptation and
yielded. His guilt was darker than
that. For years he had conducted a
systematic robbing business. He bad
a large loft in Water street where he
stored stolen articles, and from that
"fence" he distributed his plunder
through tho city. It was necessary,
therefore, that he should live a contin
ual lie, and that, he should have been
able to do so for so long a time shows
cither a remarkable steadiness of will
or else a total want of those moral
principles which, when they are violat
ed, lead to uneasiness and remorse. Ho
was tried, found guilty, and sent to tho
penitentiary. Ills lawyer pleaded for
leniency on the ground that his life as
a business man had been irreproach
able. The Judge rejected the plea con
temptuously. He refused to admit that
the man who Is a burglar by night
should be given a lighter sentence be
cause he Is a hypocrite during the day.
He thought such a man deserved a
heavier sentence than one who did not
lead a dual life.
Plans are under consideration for a
greatiGermnnlc museum at Harvard.
Miss Helcu Gould has now begun to
make gifts to colleges, and has given
$25,000 to Ilutgers College.
Seth Low, Into President of Columbia
and Mayor of Now York, received his
first honorary degree from Amherst,
and he values it very highly.
Twenty thousand dollars have been
spent at tho University of Michigan in
remodeling the boiler house. It takes
thirty-two men to care for the univer
sity property.
Jessie Fausett, a young colored girl,
was graduated from the Philadelphia,
high school, taking the alumnae schol
arship. This enabled her to take a foui
years' course In some college.
According to the report of President
Schurman, of Cornell, tho number of
students in tho university is 2,0S0. The
property of the university, exclusive of
the Western lands, is $10,870,200.
After forty-ouc years of service Iu tin
public schools of Chicago, .Tunics
Dewey has retired. Born iu Wostfield,
Mass., he was graduated from Williams
In 1854, and has taught Greek and Latin
to ninny of the most prominent men
and women of Chicago. During his pe
riod of service the high school lias
changed its location on four different
occasions.
There is said to be a school In New
York where the, suddenly-beconie-rlch
young woman may master tile art of
becoming a lady, and for a stated sum
learn the proper manner iu which to
sit, stand nnd walk, and even take one's
leisure elegantly. There are classes for
the "buds" and classes for tho matrons,
and the older the student tho more it
costs to acquire the knowledge. The
curriculum Includes calisthenics, spj
clal exercises, dancing and conversa
tion. For tho women who have risen
recently to the dignity of brown-stone
front there are all sorts of serviceable
exercises, among tiieui Imaginary con
versations, in which the student ac
quires a knowledge of tho way people
talk In London drawings rooms, and
even what she will hear nnd reply when
a titled foreigner asks her hand In mar
riage. Tile teachers pay cspeclnl at
tention to the hands and feet, which
thfcy assure their patrons arc the truest
Indices of good breeding, and will he
sure to betray the origin and lack of
training unless the lessous are rehears
ed continually.
Hunt with Bow and Arrow.
A now class of sportsmen has.been
growing up within the last few years,
whose distinguished characteristic is
based upou the lino followed by the late
Maurice Thompson, sportsman and
author.
Thompson disdained to use the shot
gun on small game, preferring to match
skill against cunning. He made it a
practice not to kill game until he was
close enough to watch and study It. So
he took a long bow nnd went into the
woods after quail and grouse. He hunt
ed rabbits in the same manner and was
very successful.
AVhcn ho went after quail he stole
upon the flock in its haunts and picked
off the birds with arrows that made no
noise nnd did not frighten those that
remained. In tills way he grew to know,
the haunts and habits of his quarry as
the shotgun hunter never does. Rabbits
he stalked In a similar manner. Tho
point to be won was to see the rabbit
In the little "form" where It spends tho
day, In surroundings that re ir It well
nigh Invisible and shoot it before tt
could run away. For squirrels he took
an ancient flintlock rifle.
Most hunters are not handicapping
themselves to this extent says the New
York Times, but take Instead of bow or
flintlock a small rifle with which the
head may be snipped off a quail or
grouse and a tiny puncture made in
rabbit's skull.,
I*.
,r-,
A'i'. .-»V
The World's Population
There fanii beeH
nn enormous jh
erenSe in .the popu
lation of European
countries nnd of
peoples of Euro
pean origin during
the last century.
Turning to Australasia, tile decline in
the rate of increase is great and palpa
ble, but there the perturbations duo to
Immigration linvo been greater than in
tho case of the United States, because
tile country settled mainly between 1850
nnd 1870. In England there is a similar
though not so marked a decrease.
The rate of growth of population of the
communities might still bo considerable,,
even if no higher than iu the last few
years. An nddition of even 10 per cent
only as.the average every ten years would
far wore than doublo tho 500,000,000 iu
a century, and leave the white popula
tion at this century's end at 2,000,000,
000. Secondly, some of the rates of In
crease mentioned, such as that in Austra
lasia nnd the United States at certain
periods, are quite abnormal, nnd duo
largely to exceptional immigration.
Finally, there is tho question which
many people have rushed in to discuss—
namely, whether the reproductive power
of the populations iu question is as great
now as fifty or sixty years ago. It is a
question which cannot be rushed, nnd 1
am unnblo to commit myself to the belief,
heard from some quarters, that the rate
of increase in these populations Is, as in
France, coming nearly to an end. The
gravity of the stationariness of popula
tion iu France lay in the fact that the
death rato there remained high, while the
birth rate fell.
SIR ROBERT GRIFFIN,
Ex-rrcsident of tho British Statistical
Society.
Why There Are Fewer Ministers.
To those interested in theolog
ical education this statistics of
the seminaries for tho last six
years have given ground for se
rious thought. These statistics
indicate a steady declino In at
tendance, amounting, in some
enses, to from 40 to 45 per cent. The
anxiety thus awakened is not allayed
when one turns from the seminary stage
of education to the collegiate nnd academ
ic situations as regards preparations "for
tho ministry. In all colleges and schools
a decreased number of students is report
ed similar to tho falling off at tho semi
naries. It appears, therefore, that the
lowest point in the ebb has not yet been
reached.
It has been alleged that the church has
lost its hold upon the community that
it has been Invaded by the spirit of
worldllness, commercialism and material
ism, demoralizing the religious life of
young men and rendering them unwilling
to take up tho trials of ministerial life.
It has oven been questioned whether the
church could survive Christian civiliza
tion. But why tills commercialism, char
acteristic of the past half century, should
have made Itself felt la tho theological
seminaries only during the last five or six
years hard to see.
It is further alleged that heresy trials,
agitations for the revision or abolition
of creeds, discussions regarding the origin
and literary form of the books of tho
Bible (commonly known under the head
SWIFTEST OF QUADRUPEDS.
Greyhounds Hold the Rccerd for Get
ting Over the Ground Fastest*
Three men in a carriage, followed by
four dogs, alighted at one of the road
houses just beyond Kingsbridgo while
1 was resting there lust Friday, and
proved to be so interesting in their con
versation that I lingered many minutes
beyond my time to listen to them and to
learn something that I did not know
before. When the dogs took me into
their confidence their owners did tho
same.
It appears that they hnd been out in
Westchester County, running the dogs
and mnking a record for their perform
ances.
"There is the fastest animal that runs
on four legs," said one of the men, as
life pointed nt long, lank, sinewy En
a a
a countenance fairly beaming with In
telligence. "1 don't mean that partic
ular dog," lie continued, "but I do mean
his variety, and he Is not the slowest
member of it by any means. Wo have
just been trying liim under careful tim
ing, and found that he went, when on
full gallop, twenty yards a second.
That means a mile hi a minute nnd
twenty-ciglit seconds—a speed that
conios very near that of a carrier pig
con and would leave far behind any
quadruped that we know of.
"This Is a matter that I have studied
and know something about. There arc
few thoroughbred horses that can ex
ceed nineteen yards a second, and I
hnve known greyhounds to better that
by four yards. Foxhounds have a rec
ord of four miles In six and a half min
utes, or nearly eighteen yards a second.
That is fast going, and as good as the
most rapid of the hare family can do.
"This speed is to some extent on in
herited gift from away bnck, for I have
been informed that wolves can run all
night nt the rate of a mile in three
minutes. Kanscu says that Siberian
dogs can travel forty-live miles on the
ice in live hours.
"This Is fast going, but these grey
hounds hold the record."
WHY THE NAVY LACKS MEN.
No Chancc for Sailor to Beach an
Officer'* llerth*
The Navy Department Is having nn
exceedingly hard time in keeping the
enlisted force up to within several
.thousand of the maximum allowed by
(aw, says a Wapliiiigton special to the
Pittsburg Dispatch. Manv office
WflKfeF
1'g
Tho growth all
round was from
170, 000, 000 to.
about 510,000,000,
000, while the
growth of the tjriit
oil States was front
5,000,000 to SO,000,000, and Of tile Eng
lish population of the British Empire
from 16,000,000 to 55,000,000. Germany
nnd Hugsla also showed remarkable
growth from 20,000,000 to 55,000,000,
and from 40,000,000 to 135,000.000, re
spectively, while France hnd only grown
from 25,000,000 to 40,000,000. The first
effect necessarily is to assure tho pre
ponderahco of white peoples anlodg the
l'ices of the world.
In the United States, which has im
mensely grenter virgin resources with
Which to-supply Its population, it has
been noticed that the town population is
increasing disproportionately. In tho
United States, in spite of the magnitude
of increase of population, recent growth
has not been so fast as earlier In the nine
teenth century. Until 1800 the growth in
each census period, ranged between !53
and 30. per cent. Since then it has been
80 per cent to 1880, and Is now about 21
per cent. The obvious suggestion, that
possibly immigration has fallen (TIT, as
compared with what It used to be, would
not account for the diminished rate of
increase of the population generally.
I
of tile higher criticism) have had the ef
fect br repelling men from the ministry
of at least some Christian churches. Oil
the contrary, however, it would be nat
ural for young and vigorous meii, as la
the poet, to be attracted iy trials and
discussiorts ad afforditig a field for accom
plishment.
Other.authorities tell us that the recent
financial crisis and the revival of busl
iiess "which has followed it are tho chief
causes Of tho trouble. It is true, no
doubt, tiiat wiieh thb panic of 1893 caine
many ydung meu just entering 011 their
studies preparatory to a theological edu
cation found it imposslljle to continue.
These probably would have been entering
the seminaries within tho lust two or
threo years. It is truo also that with
the return of prospority these and others,
who would have looked toward the minis
try uuder normal conditions, have been
attracted into business by tho opportuni
ties offered in that sphere.. Theso expla
nations are but partial ones.
Over against these conjectural and un
satisfactory quests for the reason of de
creased numbers in the seminaries may
bo advanced the theory that the supply
for several years past has been larger
than the demand. If we take the Presby
terian Church as typical we shall find
that for twenty-five years, ending with
1895, the number of churches grew more
rapidly than the number of ministers. Hut
during the six years since 1805 the num
ber of ministers has increased so much
faster than tho churches that at tho
present day there are more ministers on
the rolls in proportion to the ntimUer of
churches than at any time in history. The
curious feature of the case is that this
extraordinary increase in the number of
ministers came precisely during the years
which show tho steadily diminishing num
ber of students in the seminaries. The
conclusion cannot be avoided, therefore,
that the condition in the theological semi
naries is due to the conviction that there
are too many ministers already.
If this be the correct diagnosis of the
case, it follows that there is no serious
ground for alarm to the Christian Church.
Whenever lu the providence of God
larger number of ministers shall be need
ed, the church may be trusted to furnish
them. ANDREW 0. ZENOS, D. D.,
Professor in McCormick TheologicalJ5em
inary.
The North American Indians.
If a people in
vades a strange
country in which
another people,
with its peculiar
civilization, has liv
ed for a long time,
one of two things
usually happens
either tho invaders
absorb or extermi
nate the invaded
after a. certain
length of* time, or
ihey aro absorbed
by the original inhabitants. Thus the
Romans iu ancient times absorbed the
numerous peoples which inhabited the
Italian peninsula and brought them into
tho fold of Latin civilization. On the
other hand, the Indians of Mexico and
South America to a great extent absorbed
the conquering Spaniards and Portu
guese and lowered their level of civiliza
tion.
In the case of the Iudians of North
America, however, neither of the two
things happened. It has always been a
wise rule with the English people in its
colonial invasions all over the world nev
er to mix with the inferior races of the
invaded countries. That is probably one
of tho reasons of the invariable success
of England's colonial policy. The inva
sion of North America offers one of the
best examples of that policy, if strictly
adhered to. The white invaders have
fought bloody wars with the Indians, who
desperately resisted the forward march
of civilization. Periods of bitter strife
have alternated with periods of peace and
friendly commercial relations. In spite
of all that the invaders have not absorb
ed any considerable number of the In
dians. There was no dauger at any time
that tho blood of the millions of white
invaders would become debased by the in­
geniuses of the bureau of navigation,
of which Admiral Crownlnsbield Is the
head, appear to have come to the con
clusion that the "paper" of the depart
ment soliciting recruits is not alluring
enough. So they have devised a new
pattern of a poster intended to wean
the young man away from the plow to
the forecastle. The first line consists
of the words "Men Wanted!" followed
by a large number of exclamation
marks. This line Is set up in letters
about six inches high nnd of propor
tionate heaviness. Set up on shore it
might well be used as a landmark by
tlie able mariners who designed it.
Heneath the scare line is a fine plio*
to-engraving of the new battle ship
Wisconsin, the queen of the navy, both
as to size and to speed. Beneath the
lars and cents upon which the young
man who has forsaken the farm or the
shop may win undying fame for him
self in the naval service of his country.
The poster Is so unlike the Invitations
to enlist heretofore issued by the gov
ernment that it Is likely to attract a
good deal of attention among the class*
of men It Is desired to reach. But It
Is liot lack of good advertising that
keeps Americans out of the navy. Ap
parently It hns never occurred to the
ofllcors who devised the poster that the
fact that a young men cannot rise from
the ranks to a commission Is the bar
that keeps ambitious young men from
entering the service.
They can never rlse'above the rank
of a non-commissioned officer. No mat
ter how deserving he may be, the boy
ivho enlists In the navy must always
regard himself as socially and mental
ly the Inferior of the more fortunate
boy who has been educated at govern
ment expense at Annapolis. He must
also be ready whenever one of the more
fortuunte souls so decrees to render
nluiost any sort of menial service.
Facts About Boiling Water.
It may seem presumptuous to suggest
that few people know how to boil wa
ter, but such Is tho case. The boiling
point, uuder ordinary atmospheric pres
sure (sea level), is 212 degrees Fahren
heit this point changes according to
the altitude. When bubbles form on the
bottom of the kettle, come clear to the
surface and rupture quietly, without
making an ebullition, we have simmer
ing. At tills point the thermometry
should register 180 degrees Fuhrenh'
nnd It Is at this temcrature that/'
jk meats and make soups. \Vh
hoTin to form on the 8l"
I'1
f... f,.v I ...'V. sVr-O
fusion of the blood of half a million of
Indians. However, the Indians havo not
become assimilated.
Like the other four races, tho Indians
live within the territory of tho Ameri
can republic, but their life Is apart from
that of the other races. They stand com
pletely isolated and live, so to say« merely
because the white invaders have not'en
tirely exterminated them. A foreigner
traveling through the United* States will
find it rather difllcult to convlnco himself
of the existence of Indians on tho Amer
ican continent. The Indians are there,
nevertheless. The Uhlted States govern
ment snends nearly $10,000,000 a year
fOr their support aud education.
Scarcely *a century ago the ihdiaris oc
cupied practically the entire terrltdiy
Of North America excepting the Atlantic
coast an£ part of the coast Of
the Gulf of Mexico. Kearly three
millions of square miles Of a total of
U,GOO,000 were occupied by the Indians,
who never numbered more than 500,000.
Now thorp are but 230,000 Indians loft#
the majority Of'whom live upou reserve
tlori8. A century ago they were the nc^
tual owners of three millions of square
miles of territory, while now they are
confined to an area of 220,000 square
miles.
The number of Indians in the United
States Is steadily decreasing. The last
census shows that it has diminished by
40,000 sinco 1870. Thus it seems that
the Indians are destined to sharo the
fate of tho buffalo. Deprived of their
hunting figrounds aud confined to a quiet
agricultural life withiu the narrow limits
of their reservations, the Indians live a
miscrablo life like a wild bird in a cage.
Tho lack of proper food and hardening
exercise makes them easy victims to tu
berculosis and other diseases, and whisky
causes their rapid degeneration. There
is but one logical finale to the struggle be
tween tho whites and the Indians—the
complete extermination of the latter.
FELICE FERRERO,
WM? Italian Anthropologist.
&&&
Woman's Fashionable Clothes*
I believe the dross of women
this year to be th*«ugltcst the
world has ever seen. IIow swift
ly upon the heels of another
doth each calamity tread!
First in ugliness come the
dragging, ill-conditioned skirts.
Who fashioned and formed these ungodly
garments? There they are, thousands
and thousands of them,, daily paraded up
and down the'sidewalk, lop-sided, bedrag
gled, Inefficiently held up by clutchiug
hands, stumbled over and stepped upon
by scores of awkward feet. Those skirts
—why was I born to see and wonder at
them? Next to the abominable trailing
street skirt, in ugliness at least, comes
a certain cruelly common atrocity in the
form of along cloth sack. A loose, bag
gy, shapeless, bulging monstrosity which
makes the woman who wears it look like
an unmanageable, half-exhausted balloon.
There must have been an over-produc
tion of some kinds of cloth last year, and
tho shrewd manufacturers havo proba
bly iuduced the mysterious beings who
dictate the fashions to "work off" tile
superfluous material upou au unhappy
world. Would that the moths might get
at these baggy horrors.
All women do not wear tho lop-sided,
draggly skirts, or.tho bulging sacks, but
there arc dozens of these thiugs in sight.
The hats aren't so bad as they might be,
but the hair is worn in such a way as to
banish all thovght of hats from the head
of wearer and beholder alike. It is a
strange fact that this handful of hair,
dragged down over one side of the face,
is always counterbalanced by the lop
sided skirt. Every feminine creature
seems to instinctively haul down her
front hair on one side, aud clutch at her
dress skirt on the other. The effect is
nightmarish.—Ada C. Sweet In Chicago
American.
Poetry Out of Date.
There is no great thought, no
worthy emotion, which may not
be better expressed in prose than
in verse to-day. Verso was the
primitive expression of man's
thought. Ithytlim was the char
acteristic of its' first crude lit
erary efforts. Ilomer, Dante and Shaks
pearo cast their thoughts and emotions
in verse because the metrical form was
the onjy adequate method of expression
invented iu their day.
English prose has been developed to
the point, however, where it is a finer,
more subtle instrument of wider scopo
than English verse, and poetry's chief
excuse for being has been destroyed. Lit
erary truth is truth to nature. Poetry
is artificial nnd bears the deadly brand
of iusincerity in its form.
OSCAR L. T1UGGS,
Professor in Chicago University.
surface of the vessel and come toward
the top of the water, there is a motion
iu the water, but it lias not really
reached the boiling point It is only
wiien the thermometer reaches 212 de
grees Fahrenheit and the water Is In
rapid motion that it can be said to boll
and the atmospheric gases still con
tinue to be given off with the steam for
a considerable time after (lie water lias
commenced to boll rapidly In fact, it
Is dilticult to determine when the last
traces have been expelled. It is safe to
suppose, however, that ten minutes'
boiling will free the water from Its
gases, make it tasteless, and render It
unlit for the making of ten, coffee or
other light infusions of delicate ma
terials.—Ladies' Home Journal.
Why the Snow Is Not lllack or Red.
AVliy is the snow white is question
frequently asked. Because black snow
would be dangerous, so would red or
yellow. These are "warmlug-up col
ors," and they change the sun's rays
to heat. Such snow would soon melt
again nnd prove very poor protection.
But white snow throws back the sun
light lu just the form in trhlcli it re
ceives It, nnd thus the snow can be
long on tho ground. Throw dirt on the
snow, and its dnrk color quickly makes
It ent Its way in whenever tho suu
shines on it. After snowstorm, once
let the horses' feet mingle the dirt of
the road with the snow nud slelghiug
will soon be over.—Ladies' Home Jour-
lini Fisk's "Woodbine."
A parngrapher wonders where -Jim
Flsk got Ills favorite expression when
lie had ruined nn enemy or'overcome
an opponent: "He hns gone where the
woodbine twlnetli." It was simply his
picturesque way of saylug "Gone up
the spout." All through Jim Flsks' nn
the State the woodbine twined aroun I
and climbed up the tin spoilt lending t,
the eaves of the veranda or porch.—
New York World.
Tho Dear Little Thing.
"th, pshuw!" cried tho fond young
mother, who was wrlting^to her dearest
friend, "this dictionary Isn't eompleto
at nil."
"What's the matter?" inquired her
I husband.
I
4,I
want to find out how to spell 'oot
Auuistootsmps.'"—PIiibuiotnM.. ..
Did you e'
a He and
the truth?
you 6tart to
OP INTEREST IN IOWA
A DIARY tF NofEWQrttHY HAP
PENINGa
Killed on Railroad Crossing—Murder
Indlctmcnt Stands— Governor-Elect
bumniiiis Announces Ills Program—
Jury Disagrees In Bclrd Case*
A fatal ftccidciit occurred at the cross
ing of the'C. & St. P. tracks at llart
ley. Herman Asnius is dead nnd his wife
severely injured an a result of a collis
ion with the east-bound passenger train
whilo on their way home. The accident
occurred about a block and a half from
the depot. There is a steep grade at
this point. Astnus was driving In
buggy with his wife and child. A bill
iard was prevailing and prevented a clear
visioii of the track. The train was forty*
five minutes late and,Asnius apparently
was not aware of this fact. He did not
see the approaching train until it was
upon him. Tlie engine struck the bug
gy squarely, carrying it to tlie depot oU
the pilot. Mr. Asnius' skull was crush
ed and he died In a short time Mrs. Ae
nhis was tlirowrt through the tilr for
distance of several rods and picked up
unconscious. It Js thduglit, however,
that she will recover. The child mirucu1
lously escaped apparently unhurt.
lie Must Stnnd Trial.
The District Court at Newton has over
ruled the motioii to quash the iudict
ment for murder against Cliester Tyler,
accused of murdering and rObhiiig lr.
Kailor in September. The motion was
based on a claim that the indictment
was irregular, for the reason the court
hnd appointed nn assistant to the county
attorney and permitted him to remain
in the grand jury room during the time
the evidence upon which the indictment
is based was being taken. Immediately
following this ruling the court reassign
ed the case for trial Dec. 23, and at the
same time, the defense signed a motion
for a change of venue, based on a claim
that the prejudice existing in Jasper
County is such that the defendant can
not secure a fair trial.
Jury Disagreed in Murder Case*
Tlie jury in the case of the State of
Iowa vs. Cal Beird, charged with mur
der iu the first degree, was out thirty
nine hours nt Keokuk, and being unable
to agree was discharged by Judge Banks
in District Court. Belrd Is accused of
killlug Captain t)undey of Nauvoo in a
saloon brawl, but maintains that he lired
his revolver in self-defense, as Dundcy
was advancing to attack him. Beird was
indicted for murder in the first degree
and has been in jail two months awaiting
trial. lie is a printer, having worked in
Keokuk for many years and being well
known. The shooting affray occurred at
a saloon after the regular closiug hours
at night.
A Stranger Held Up.
A young man from New York, who
claims to be en route to his home, but
necessarily delayed in Fort Dodge on ac
count of Inck of funds, wan a vietim^of a
hold-up. The young man claims to have
received-a remittance from home late in
the afternoon nnd enjoyed the evening
at the opera house before continuing his
journey. En route to his hotel he was
approached by two men, one of whom
presented a revolver and tho admonitlou,
"Hands up." He acquiesced. Only $5
in change was takeu, $30 in another
pocket being missed. He was unable to
give a good description of the men.
Finds Gold in His Ducks.
The discovery of gold in the crops of
his poultry has iuduced Jacob W. Jones,
a farmer residing near St. Charles, to do
some quiet prospecting on his land. Small
particles of gold were found in every
duck he has killed, which creates the
belief in the 'existence of gold deposits
along the bank of North river, in which
the ducks spend much of their time. Mr.
Jones asserts that gold was found along
the river forty years ago, but not in pay
ing quantities. The farmers In the vi
cinity arc greatly stirred by tho news.
Will Tax Railroads.
Gov.-elect A. B. Cummins has an
nounced his program with respect to the
taxation of railroad property in Iowa,
He proposes the creation of a non-parti
san commission of three men to investi
gate nnd determine the actunl valu« of
tho railroads in this State, their conclu
sion to form the basis of the assess
ment by the executive council. He sug
gests the postponement of the da to of
assessment from March until .luly, so
that the railroads may be assessed at the
same time other property valuations are
equalized by the council.
Seed Corn Is Vital Need.
"My advice to the farmers of Iowa,"
said F. S. Smith of Birmingham, Ala.,
"would bo not to put off saving corn for
seed. The matter is vital and delays
are dangerous. Sixty per cent of the Iowa
corn is unfit for planting, and gro rt care
should be taken in selecting the seed."
Mr. Smith is In Iowa" purchasing seed
for a big seed house of Birmingham.
8tate Items of Interest*
The Mississippi river from its source at
Glazier lake in the far north to a point
south of Quincy is a solid mass of ice.
The creamery at Pettis postoHice was
destroyed by lire. Loss $2,500, partly in
sured. It is expected that the creamery
will be rebuilt.
Charles Ilolmnti, an engineer employed
on the Milwaukee road, was struck and
instantly killed by a freight train engine
at North McGregor.
H. S. Storrs, superintendent of the
Creston divisiou of the Burlington Hail
road, confirms the story that he is to
resign his position with the C., B. & Q.
and will take a position as assistant su
perintendent of tlie Luke Shore UaKroad
Jan. 1, with headquarters at Indian
apolis.
According to the last census, Iowa is
the second State in the Uuion in posses
sion of cattle, hogs, sheep and horses.
Texas has 9,540,070 head of cattle, whilo
Iowa has 0,J$00,849. The llawkeye State
really ranks first in quality of cattle.
Kansas conies third with 4,493,043 head.
Iowa has nearly double the number of
hogs of any other State, tlie figures be
ing 9,091,095, Illinois coming next with
5,904,103 head. The Northwestern States
produce the largest number of sheep,
but Iowa had 1,050,710. But to counter
balance that, this State Icads-in horses,
having 1,401,427 head.
While Joe Cook, accompanied by his
brother, were on the train starting east
for treatment for mental failure, lie
jumped from the train and sustained fa
tal injuries. Cook was a prominent and
popular stockman of Adel, and a success
ful horse shipper. His brother is a lead
ing merchant of Adel. It was a ease of
deliberate suicide.
Ed Evans, the Scott County-jail break
er, has been captured at Wulcott. 11c
was arrested there for the theft of a
i! i:nber of watches ami other jewelry,
lie escaped from the jail at Davenport
by breaking the lock of the door while
the jailor was in another part of the
building.
The Shiloh commission appointed by
Gov. Shaw will ask no more money at
the hands of the coming Legislature. The
twenty-eighth General Assembly appro
priated $50,000 for the purpose of mark
ing tho ground occupied by the eleven
Iowa regiments iu the battle of Shiloh,
together with $2,000 for expenses. This
latter sura will ijotwquite
pense* of H»«»
Charles A. Holman, nn engineer ou the
Chicago, Milwaukee nnd St. Paul Rail
road, Was instantly killed by his engine
in the yards nt North McGregor.
fit a resolution passed by the directors
tff tn£ State Board of Agriculture J. li.
Sago tfas fccdnitrierlddd almost unani
mously for reappointment 88 director of
ihe crop' and weather service.
The new school house at Pckay Watf
completely destroyed by fire, together
with all the contents. The loss will be
from $1,300 to $1,500, with $900 insur
ance. The origin of the fire is unknowri.
At Mason City after seventeen hours*
deliberation the jury in the case of the
State of Iowa vs. W. M. Smith returned
a verdict of not guilty. Smith wte fchat'g*
ed with attempted-rape. The cvlderictf
against him was entirely circumstantial.
The faculty of tho college of liberal
arts at Iowa City has voted to adojlt the
semester system after this year ir\ pref
erence to the old threo term system. The
other colleges of the university will prob
ably follow the lead Of the faculty of
liberal arts. The change is one much
desired by the students
Judge Oauibfey of Knoxvllle has issued
orders that persons convicted of crime
add Bciitcltced to jail shall serve out tho
hard labor clause. Uc Intends to put
them to work for the county. The ruliug
was Uiade to get at the illegal liquor sell
ers of the county, who hnve been In the
habit of feeding at the expense of the
county without work.
A State appropriation of $150,000 is
asked for by the Vicksburg commission
in its" report to Gov. Shaw. Tho com
mission recommends this sum bo ex
pended for tho crectiou of an elaborate
State monument, one monument for each
regiment nnd battery engaged in the
campaign aud siege of Yicksburg, and
for the erection of such historical tab
lets, monuments and markers as may bo
dcclded. upon by a commission to be
named for that purpose.
Articles of incorporation were filed with
the county recorder at Dos Moines by
the directors of the Ehion and St. LTOtiis
Itallway Company, the capital stock of
the concern being $100,000, in shares of
$100 each. The chief place Of business
is to be Eldon, where most of the stock
holders of the company reside. This com
pany has been doing business for sornQ
tipus and Its articles of incorporation
state that tho business shall be to build
and maintain railroads.
The announcement hfis been made by
the engineering department of the Chi
cago Great Western Itallway that the
contract for the construction of the Fort
Dodge viaduct, crossing the Des Moines
river, the Miuneopolis and St. LOUIB
Hallway tracks aud two highways, a
short distance below Fort Dodge, to the
King Bridge nnd Construction Company
of Cleveland, Ohio. The total length of
this structure is to be 2.5S5 feet, about
half a mile, and the height 138 feet.
Clarence Cole of Geneva recently re
turned from Chicago, bringing with him
a number of trophies that camc into his
possession in a manner that has few
parallels in the long list of street rob
beries which are a part of the street life
of .Chicago. Mr. Cole while walking on
State street after he had sold five loads
of cattle was attacked by three thugs,
who wanted his watch. Mr. Cole prompt
ly knocked two of them down, and
brought home two hats, one overcoat and
one umbrella as the spoils of victory.
Constable Charles Feist of Finehford
is nui-Ning a bullet wound in his side, in
flicted by a gang of robbers whom he
chnsed from the town while in the act of
robbing a store. Several petty robberies
havo been committed during the past two
or three months. One of the stores of
the place has becn^twice entered and a
quantity of boots Vtfd^tehoes taken. Offi
cer Feist discovered urgaug of three men
in a buggy nud followed them into the
country, where he'' overtook them and
ordered theiu to Surrender. Eight shots
were fired nt the constable..
An old man named Cousins was found
dend in the little building in Burlington
where he inade his home. IIow long he
had been dead when the body was dis
covered, and how he came to his death,
these and other qucstlous are puzzling
the coroner and the police. Cousins was
found dead on tho floor. The body was
dressed and lmdly burnt nbout the upper
portions. There was burned paper over
his head and ashes about his face and
neck. Thero was a deep, ragged cut In
the left side of the face, running from
the lower lip to the eye, which looks as
if it might have been the result of a
blow with a rough or dull instrument.
The Iowa Sheriffs' Association has
elected ofllcors for the coming year as
follows: President, U. C. Kennclley of
(iiithrie vice-president, Lew Hodson of
Warren secretary and treasurer, George
W. Mattern of Polk legislative commit
tee, L. W. ICnowlton of Mitchell, C. E.
Dirt of Buchanan, F. L. Anderson of
Audubon, Charles Swinehart of Adair,
A. W. Mltter of Hardin, William A.
Mucnzenmeier of Des Moines, G. W.
Mattern of Polk, A. B. Tupell of Sac,
L. B. Cousins of Pottawattamie, E. L.
Dietrich of Iowa, L. H. Wolfe of Frank
lin, Lew Hodson of Warren, H. M. Mil
ler of Ringgold, Fred W. Jones of Diek
insou.
George C. Dubose, confined in the de
tention hospital at Ottumwn, suffering
with smallpox, is charged with being an
Embezzler, while Michael Livish of Chi
cago, who discovered the alleged crime,
lies in suicide's grave. Dubose was
confidential bookkeeper for tho Iowa and
lllinois^Coal Company until he-was tak
en ill. Livish, who lived in Chicago,
came on to fill the place temporarily dur
ing Duhoso's sickness. He soon discov
ered the alleged shortage, and reported
it to his employers. Then the probabil
ity that he might be instrumental In send
ing Dubose to the peultentiary brought
on a fit of remorse, and he resigned, re
turning to Chicago. Later came the news
thut lie had committed suicide, undoubt
edly the result of brooding over tho mat
ter. Dubose has not been arrested, but
Is under surveillance.
Fred Moffatt of Marshalltown was
found dead in bed iu the Logan House,
Des Moines, with the gas turned on. Ho
hnd registered on the first day of the
mouth nnd had been there ever since. He
left two letters on tho table that indi
cated that it was a case of suicide.
Prof. Gus E. Iteiss, a prominent mer
chant of Grinnell, has been made the
defendant in a $20,000 breach of promise
suit, brought by Miss Lou Koster of
Mnttoon, III., and as a result the forth
coming wedding of Prof. Ueiss with Miss
Margaret E. Crowley of Edinburg, 111.,
has been declared off.
II. B. Carpenter, a deserter from the
regular army at Fort Leavenworth, gave
himself to the olllccrs nt Ottunnva. He
was taken to Des Moines and turned
over to the proper authorities. He de
serted about a mouth ago,, but said he
would go back willingly.
Thomas F. Nolan, Democratic candi
date for the State Senate from the Du
buque district, who *vas beaten by Col.
P. W. Crawford, has served a notice of
contest for the seat on Crawford. This
will bring two contests for seats in the
Senate before that body, the other being
brought by James E. Bruce of Anita
against Dr. J. M. Euimort of thevCass
Shelhy district.
The Commercial Hotel burned to the
ground nt Jewell Junction. The building
wus used for sleeping rooms for those
who boarded elsewhere. The cause of
the fire is unkuown. The loss is placed
at $2,000, with insurance of $1,000.
John Peters, aged 25, a young man ot
Boon' who only a few weeks ago was
and ten days ago began in the
.-vice Of the Chicago and North-
Raihray, met with an unfortu
.cidcQt on his inaideu trip out of
tsburg. Peters was acting as head
.i.nau un& was in the cuginc when a
•sion occurred, resulting iu Peters get
his left nrai badly crushed, necessi*
ig iu amptUatiou at the shoulder.
SOLONS SOON TO ME»
IOWA GENERAL A8SEMBLY ABOUT
TO CONVENE.
leading Feature of the Coming Bctsiot*
tVllI Be Bills to KcdUtrlct the
State--
Northwest Wants More Legislators
and Another Congressman.
Tho coming session of the lawn legis
lature bids fair to be about the usual
length. There will be no contest overAho
two United States Senators, and, ac-..
curding to a Des Moines correspondent^
WU'tafd L» Eaton of Osage will be chos^^t
en Speaker by acclamation. There is
more or less division over the other offi
cers of the two houses and a large num
ber of candidates have come out for each
Of the offices.
The agitation for redisricting is grow
all over the State, and it would hot b»
surprising if stfveral bills would be ift*
troduced along this Utte, The people ot
northwestern Iowa want more Senator®
and -Representatives and they wabt an
other Congressman. Among the other
questions that arc to come up are Uppro
priations for the St. Louis exposition*
There seems to be a general sentiment
among the people of the Stntc that Iowa
ought to be as well, If not better, repre
sented at this exposition than nny of the
Western States. A large appropriation
is probublo, and the least sum that has
been mentioned is $250,000.
Large appropriations have been asked
by all of the educational Institutions,
and they will probably secure plenty yHSj'{
money to pay their running expense® and
for future improvements. The board of
coutrol has asked for larjre appropria
tions for all of the State institutions*
The aggregate is over $8^600,00Q, the
greater part of which is for improvement*,
in buildings.
It is prohahlcfthat another bin for bi*
ennial elections wifl be introduced. Sen
ator Titus, who Introdnced the bill that
passed the last General Assembly and
was carried at the succeeding general
election, does not return. It is under
stood, however,"tliat a bill similar
to
the
ono which he Introduced and which tr*9
declared not to have become a law by the
Supreme Court because it was not en
tered in full on the Senate journal will
be again introduced. It is probable that
it will carry if it does, for the people oC
the State really waut biennial elections.
There may be some railroad legisla
tion. John Hughes of Iowa County will
undoubtedly reintroduce his antf-pas*
bill, which was defeated by the Ian
Legislature. It provides that the taking'
of passes by any public official tf the
State should be an offenso subject to
punishment He will be one of the lead
ing members of the Coming Legislature
nnd may be chairman of the ways and
means committee in the House.
The insurance into&sts of the State
are organizing to oppose any legislation
prejudicial to their interests. For tho
past several years the insurance com
panies have perhaps been placed nnder
mora restrictions through legislation than
any other industry.
It is conceded by Democrats and Re
publicans alike that Senators Allison
and Dolliyer will be elected without op
position. All talk of Mr. Cummins be
ing elected to the Senate and Senator
Allison's acceptance of a portfolio in tho
cabinet has ceased. Mr.-Cummins is a
candidate for Senator when Senator Alli
son retires, but not before them. There
is no likelihood that Senator Allison will
retire at the present time. He wishes
to make the record for the longest con
tinuous term of service, which he will ac
complish, if he lives, some time during
his next term.,
RURAL FREE DELIVERY.
New Routes to Be Established In
Various Counties February 1*
Baxter, ono carrier length' of ronto,
21 miles population served, 025 carrier*
Frank W. Sego.
Colfax, two carriers length of routes,
44% miles population served, 1,375 car
riers, T. F. McEvers and W. H. Pen
quite. PoBtoflicc at Greencastle to be dis
continued.
Eddyville, two carriers length of
routes, 49% miles population served,
1,025 carriers, J. E. Carroll and K. Jit.
Epperson.
Monroe, two carriers length of routes,
4016 miles population served, 1,005 car
riers, II. E. McCouies and'W. .1. Evans.
Rose Hill, two carriers length of
routes, 40 miles population served, 1,0115
carriers, W. S. Hawkins and W. A. Wad
dle.
Bennett, length of route, 21 miles route
covered, 29 square miles population serv
ed, 510 number of houses uu route, 1UJ
carrier, Frank L. Smith.
Dana, length of route, 21 miles area
covered, 24 square miles population serv
ed, 500 number of houses on route, 100
carrier, Joseph Davis.
Duraut, length of route, 21 miles area
covered, 27 square miles populatuu
served, 505 number of houses on route,
101 carrier, Nick Lammack.
Laurens, length of route, 23 miles area
covered, 40 square miles population
served, 525 number of houses ou route,
105 carrier, J. Hughes.
Paton, length of route, 25 miles ikw
covcred, 21 square iniie$ population^
served, 525 number of houses on route,
105 carrier, Joseph S. Winter.
Springville, nddition service route No.
2 length of route, 25 miles area covered
25 square miles population served, 585
number of houses on route, 117 carrier,
William S. Palmer.
Scrantou, length of route, 22 miles
area covered, 20 square miles popula
tion served, 510 uuinber of houses on
route, 102 carrier, James A. Hayes.
West Side, two carriers length of
routes, 47 miles area covered, 70 square
miles population served, 1,000 number
of houses on routes, 200 carriers, O. R.
Kracht and W. C. Smith.
Damages for Electric Shock*
The jury in the case of Harter vs. the
Colfax Electric Light Company return
ed verdict for the plaintiff in the sum
of $775. This Is the case in the Jasper
County District Court, in which ilavter
a traveling man, sued for personal in
juries received while a guest at the Ma
son House in Colfax. His injuries wcro
received in nn unusual way. Harter had
gone to the bath rooms of the Mason
House preparatory to taking bath,
when nn electric wire fell over and
around his body, giving him terrific
shock and alleged permanent injury.§f^.
Among Oar Neighbors, ^r-^'rv
A steam radiator in the pump houso of
the Waterloo Water Company exploded.
Fireman Loorais was standing near the
radiator at the time and hnd a rnlracn
lous escape from being instantly killed
It is annouueed with authority thut the
Chicago Great Western Railroad is going
to double-track Its. liues into Iowa next
season. The improvement will extend
from Chicago to telwein next year, and
as soon as possible it will be extended
to a point a few miles west of Fort
Dodge, which will be the~junctlon of the
Omaha and Sioux City brauches of the
Great Western.
The first State convention of the Iowa
congress of mothers meets nt Des
Moines on Jan. 23-25. A flue program
is being prepared.
J. D. FosteiM Couneantville,
rived In Mason City for a vis*'
brother, Wm. C.-Fosters
oil dealer. The brothe*
since 1801, and the xi
surprise. j?
Voting machines
municipal election
Moiues next Marc.
ors agreeing to pi
machines provider'
agree to purchas
each.
ppt-
W
I
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