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Manchester Democrat. [volume] (Manchester, Iowa) 1875-1930, January 08, 1902, Image 6

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3fl)e Democrat.
JBOHSOV & CABS, Fublitheri.
A man who would try to slab a ghost
ould stick at nothing.
Happiness, Ilk® the raiubow, Is hard
locate after it once gets away.
There's plenty of room at the top, but
iost of us want to be where the crowd
Man is two-legged animal who tries
to work all the other animals for a liv
Aunt Carrie has got her divorce and
was also awarded the custody of the
feather bed.
Justice Is again accelerated by a di
vorce granted to a man because his
wife has cold feet.
When three women sit down to talk
about a new dress pattern a small boy
with a toy drum Is inaudible.
The Russian nihilists are continuing
their policy of masterly inactivity. The
Czar uses cigarettes to excess.
An American dentist has been fixing
the sultan's teeth. The United States
government inay have to collect the
The late James Monroe will be re
membered much longer on account of
his doctrine than on account of his
A purchase of real estate in I'aris for
a Yankee skyscraper has alarmed
Frenchmen who revere the Eiffel
King Edward's coronation rites will
last four hours, during which time he
will be compelled to abstain absolutely
from smoking.
There are several sovereigns over
here who are anxious to get a good
swift kick at Prince Henry, who has
been abusing Wllhelmlna.
A western Judge has decided that oau
age is not sausage unless It Is In links.
We may yet have to admit that the
-'olor of the hair makes the dog.
Chicago has a 4-year-old boy who
smokes strong cigars. This is bad but
let us bo thankful anyway. Wo have
ao 4-year-olds who write poetry.
On Pltcalrn Island In the South Pa
.flc Occan, mail Is delivered only once
year. That must be a pleasant place
jr the man whose bills come by the
King Chulalunkorn of Siam is prepar
I to attend the St. Louis Exposition,
.is but fair to the king to say that his
headquarters will not be 011 the Mid
When a man has to ask his wife for
the price of a haircut, the spiritual af
finity is due for a Jar. We are not sur
prised, therefore, to learn that Henry
and WUhelmlna of Holland are out.
That man who was supposed to be
dgpd—showed poor taBte in returning
'Just as bis wife was starting on a wed
ding trip with another man. He might
at least have permitted them to enjoy
a pleasant honeymoon.
Chicago woman has been paying
a man to keep him from
ing In evil spirits and having her
arried away by them. Still, there are
about two million more people in the
city who. have not been worked In that
A Philadelphia bank teller has been
stricken with smallpox because he han
dled germ-Infected currency. This Is
unpleasant news, but it will hardly
abate the fondness of men, women and
children, in Philadelphia and else
where, to handle money, even if it is
not fresh from the mint or the bureau
of engraving and. printing.
The Department of Agriculture urges
strongly the Introduction of a new In
dustry, the cultivation of flowers—par
ticularly roses—for purfume-innking. It
Is believed that in California the oil, or
attar, of roses can be distilled on a
scale so extensive that American per
fumers may ultimately become inde
pendent of foreign producers of attar.
In any event the industry, which Is pe
culiarly adapted to the tastes of wom
en, wlu be a new and largo source of
domestic Income.
Thousands of microseoplsts arc em
ployed In Germany to prevent trichino
sis by detecting diseased pork but If a
tenth of the money thus expended were
used in dissuading people from eating
raw meat, the desired result would be
attained more completely. A medical
Journal uses tills illustration to show
"how science outruns statesmanship."
Perhaps It Bliould be reminded that sci
ence can deal with things as they ought
to be, whereas legislators must move
slowly because of the Interests, habits
and prejudices of people as they are.
Can you tell by the manner in which
rainwater eats Its way down a hillside
whether^Ue soli was originally cov
ered with forest? If the tract of land
was once wooded, can you by the same
sign tell about how long It has been
cleared ,Sucb observations are full of
Interest The rains make rapid work in
eroding newly cleared and newly tilled
land and hillsides but the prairie has
reached a state of comparative equilib
A consular report of the tests made
of two American locomotives In use 011
a Bavarian railway says that they are
found satisfactory In every respect but
one. They whistle after a fashion
which sounds "unearthly" to musical
German ears. Tliey screech in the
way familiar to all who live near Amer
ican roads Instead of letting out gentle
murmurs as foreign-built engines do
when they wish to .attract attention.
It Is not strange that there should be
such a difference in whistles. In the
United States innumerable country
roads cross the railways at grade. Men
and live stock trespass on the tracks,
while they do not abroad. It is neces
sary to have some device to warn hu
man beings and cattle that they are
In danger. No better device than the
ear-piercing whistle has been discover
ed. In the early days of American rail
roading the signs at road crossings read
"look out for the locomotive when the
bell rings." It was soon discovered
that the rattling of wheels often kept a
driver from hearing the soft sound of
a bell, and the whistle, whose shrill
•ound pierces through everything, was
Substituted for If- It will be an easy
matter for American locomotive build
ers to put 011 the engines which they
send abroad the toy whistles to which
foreigners are accustomed and which
answer there all the purposes of a
A young wouinn lingered In A. store
elevator the other day after It had dis
gorged the crowd. "Seventeen Is the
limit," she said to elevator man "you
took in more than twenty." "You have
collected six fares without ringing up
one," said a lady to a street-car conduc
tor. "I am responsible for two please
ring them up." "I do not care to discuss
the matter here," said a tail college girl
to a hackmnn. "I will pay you what you
ask, take your number, and make in
vestigation later." "Waiters six and
eleven," reported a woman to a hotel
clerk, "fail to serve me civilly when I
do not fee tliem." These four com
plaints, all overheard in one day, seem
to confirm the rumor that American
good-natured indifference Is waking up.
The severe morality of modern times
threatens the supremacy of one whose
gray hairs alone ought to protect him—
110 less a personage than that areligiver,
Santa Claus. It has been decided by
many wise mothers that this Christmas
fiction gives children their first knowl
edge of hypocrisy and deceit, and that
there is an unbecoming skepticism
about the young man of seven or eight
who has outlived the St. Nicholas delu
sion nnd a certain air of contemptuous
pity towards oilier victims of tills de
celt. Moreover, they declare that It Is
demoralizing to make an Idol of one
whose only virtue Is a reckless habit
of gift-giving aiul about whoso other
habits little is known. Yet 011 the oth
er hand it lias never been proved that
those who have been thus amiably de
luded were any the worse for the decep
tion in after life, r.nd, in fact, many
who have outlived ail delusions love to
hug to themselves the memory of their
faith 111 this giver of good gifts. Of
course the saint himself has felt his
power weakening in late years and he
has lived to see automobiles preferred
to reindeer as a means of locomotion
and to have his travels through chim
neys marred by the odors from gas
logs, yet he has persisted in ills benevo
lent habits In spite of these drawbacks,
and it seems a pity to add anything
more to Ills pack of miseries. Parents
will decide for themselves In this mat
er, but at present it looks as if, 011 the
coming nights before Christmas, when
"mamma in lier 'kerchief and 1 in my
cap" settle down for a long winter's
nap, the worthy pair will not be dis
turbed by tile clatter of Santa Claus'
One of the chief difficulties to be over
come in mastering the piano Is the ten
dency of the hands to assume nn incor
rect position, the desire to drop the
wrists seeming to be a fault with all
pupils. William Bolirer, of Montreal,
Que., believes that his hand guide—
shown herewith—will aid greatly in
overcoming this fault, besides auto
matically raising the hands to the prop
er level when playing on the black keys.
The arrangement may be attached to
any piano without damaging the instru-
ment, the screws which secure the two
supports being inserted underneath the
keyboard. The guides can be raised or
lowered until adjusted to the player's
needs, and the rolling carriages offer a
minimum resistance to the movement
of the hands lip and down the key
board. The wheels are rubber tired and
the wrist guides are suspended from
pairs of spring bows, which are de
pressed agaiust the wheels when too
much weight is applied to the guides
by the drooping of the wrists. This In
creased pressure thus serves as a brake
to preveut movemeut of the carriages
as soon as the hands drop to an im
proper position and also removes the
tendency of the pupil to depend too
much 011 the guides as a means of rest
ing 'he arms when tired.
HrotlicrsMarried SMcrn,
mid tlie Four
Have Lived Together fnr 75 Years.
Ludlow Deliam and Billot Dehain,
brothers, are 113 and 01 years old, re
spectively. They are married to sisters,
whose respective ages are 91 and OQ.
All four are alive and well. The two
couples live together in a bumble home,
near Chesterfield, Ohio. Siucc the dou
ble marriage, almost three-quarters of
a century ago these people have never
been parted for a period exceeding two
weeks. The brothers courted their
wives together, proposed and were ac
cepted the same evening, and were
married together.
Reciprocity Limited.
In May and June steamers laden with
green pease and strawberries leave
Brittany daily for England. These are
the spoils of the rich lauds about
After Fashodn and the Dreyfus affair,
when an anti-English feeling was ram
pant, a grocer of this district, distin
guished in ills abuse of the British, de
nounced the whole race as "despicable
"Why 'despicable preserve-mer
chants?' some one asked.
"Because they make the jams they
sell lo us. They have 110 sugar and 110
fruit. Despicable? Why, they take our
sugar and our fruit, and they make us
buy their jams!"
A story as slight as tills from the
Rev. S. Baring-Uoukl's "Book of Brit
tany" would be overweighted by the
addition of a moral, but it may be hint
ed that to err peasants and politicians
—of a certain stripe—are liable alike.
A blessing iu disguise usually has a
hard time proving its identity.
The institution
called upon In the
near future to sup
ply the kind of ed
11 0 which
"unites profession
nl nnd culture in
terests ibto uiiity
of purpose" will
have a character
ind alms distinctly
tlifferout from tiib
other established
schools. It will be
neither a high
school a luminal training school, nor
& trade school. It will not he a high
school, since the culture element will be
subordinate to practical technical train
ing. Manual training, as this term is
now understood, will not be taught, al
though the excellencies of this branch of
study are recognized. Instead of a gen
eral instruction in using tools or design
ing things, the following practical sub
jects will be taught: pattern making,
forging, foundry and machine shop prac
tice. It will not be a trade school, how
ever, as its activity is not limited to the
teaching of one particular trade, hut em
bodies in its curriculum such studies as
will enable a young man hot merely to
carry on his business, but will also give
him the knowledge necessary for good
citizenship and the culture demanded by
the standard of life of the large middle
class. In the technical high school a boy
should be able to tit himself for indus
trial pursuits aud a girl should receive
Instruction in the "home making ai ls.'
Instruction should be practical nnd fruit
ful of immediate results. All the courses,
therefore, should lead toward specific em
Heretofore the foreman in the factory,
the draftsman iu the architect's oflice, the
contractor, the stationary engineer," as
well as many others in the ranks of the
skilled workmen, received their training
during the years of apprenticeship while
doing practical work as the exigencies of
the day demanded. As much as time aud
strength allowed aud ambition prompted
they endeavored to pick up such informa
tion and culture as a course in a night
school could give, or as conversation with
better educated men or newspaper read
ing and cham-c opportunity would afford.
At best it was a hard struggle, nnd due
appreciation of economic, social and pro
fessional values was often gained by loo
many sacrifices and the loss of yeaVs 'in
unnecessary experimenting.
Many a man or a woman perfectly fa
miliar with the three *'KV' of primary
education never mastered the two "It's"
of secondary education—range aud readi
ness. hile high school courses will give
range, which is "the apperception of a
large number of facts of different char
acter, they may fail to impart readiness
and mastership in one pursuit or study.
This must be acquired by practice "in
apperceiving the same or closely allied
facts." On the other hand, a trade
school, whose aim it is to develop the
abilities of its students in one direction,
fails to give range and perspective of
mental vision.
fcxamiuing the statistics offered by the
different reports of school superintend
ents it is interesting to nolo that on an
average only one-third or one-fourth of
all the pupils enrolled in the grammar
grades enter the public high schools or
private institutions of secondary educa
tion On the opening day of the*Chicago
public schools the enrollment was divided
among the different divisions as follows:
S.r,ifiS grammar schools,
00,000 primary schools, 12(1,500. Fur
thermore, the reports of high school sup
erintendents show that about one-third
of all the students enrolled leave during
or at the end of the first year. Of the
remaining students about ouo-fifth leave
during or at the end of the second year,
and another fraction at the end of the
third year, so that only about one-third of
the original number of students who en
tered the high schools graduate.
Why do so few students enter the high
schools? And why do more than one-
First Minneapolis Huslmud to Suffer a
Penalty Under Minnesota Law*
To (Jeorgc A. Kcuuey belougs the dis
tinction of being the first man convict
ed in Miuueapolis under the new law
treating abandonment of or failure to
support a wife us a felouy. The court
was lenient with him and gave lilm the
lowest penalty-only niuety days in the
workhouse—instead of the limit of
three years iu the penitentiary. Mr.
Keuuey's bad eminence should be ti
warning to other men, says the Min
neapolis Tribune, who are inclined to
neglect, evade or shirk their duty to
their families.
The Minnesota law Is a new depart
ure in sociology. Heretofore such of
fenses have been treated as misdemean
ors. The delinquent husband could be
tiued-in which case the wife usually
hustled around and raised the money
to pay—or compelled lo give bonds for
good behavior or sent to jail iu default
of security. But now he is confronted
by a hard-labur proposition.
If Iiis failure to support Ids family
arises from laziness he finds that he
has "jumped out of the frying pan into
the lire," in being compelled to work
for the State under more disagreeable
conditions than free labor could pos
sibly involve. If he has means or prop
erty lie would naturally prefer to draw
upon his resources rather than Incur a
penal .sentence.
It is not to be presumed that the aver
age man will sin more than once in this
direction if the law is vigorously en
forced against him. If he cnu show
that he has done the best lie can nnd
that his failure to support his family
arises from Inability to find employ
ment that is, of course, a good de
This law gives the wife a better
chance than she had before. She can
insist that her husband perform his
whole duty as the family provider and
if he willfully refuses or neglects to do
so she can have him "sent up" and
Edison's early wanderings brought
hiiu at 17 years of age to the Cincin
nati ollice of the Western Union Tele
graph Company, where his absorption
in electricity and predictions of its fu
ture power confirmed the nickname of
"Luny," which clung to him even until
ills fame was established.
"We have the craziest chap iu our of
fice „uid the telegraph manager to the
editor of (he Cincinnati Commercial
(liizette. "He does ail sorts of queer
thlugs. I shouldn't be surprised if he
turned out to be a genius some day.
Let me tell you his last prank.
"We have Deeu annoyed for some
time by cockroaches. They Infested
-f I**—*
jit- liUil
half of these students leave the high
school during the first two years? Cer
tainly ofteu for various reasons not to
he attributed to our educational system.
But It cannot bo denied that many do
not enter, or leave soon after entering,
because the subject matter Is not well
suited to their need. To supply just
such subject matter should bo the
aim of tho technical high school. It
should attract all children who cannot
afford to spend four additional years of
general study In a high school, and who
are yet desirous of continuing the stud
ies they like and understand, thus pre
paring themselves better for practical
pursuits. It should relievo the high
school of students who show no particu
lar aptitude for theoretical schooling, but
who may develop excellent qualities un
der another regime, the ends and aims
of which arc more clearly perceived and
better understood both by pupils and par
ents. LOUIS C. MONIN, PII. D.,
Professor of Economics and rhilosopliy
"in Armour Instltuto of Technology,
England has been
fighting a brave foe
in South Africa. I
believe that every
E is a is
ready to pay a just
meed of praise to
tho brave men who
have against such
odds, and with a
tenacity aud cour
age that are wor
thy of their race
and of their his
tory, maintained for so long a time the
resistance against the overwhelming odds
which England has thrown against them.
They, have proven a focman worthy of
our best efforts in warfare. Without dis
cussing which side has been right, no
matter whether we, as Englishmen, con
demn the cause for which they have been
fighting, we laud their strategy, their
bravery, and admire their tenacity.
It behooves England to meet tho re
sistance with a spirit and tenacity that
is tho equal of tho burghers. This alone
will make of England a nation worthy
to be their conquerors in war, and their
friends in peace.
British Secretary of State for the Col
You can hold
your position If you
fit yourself to its
mold so as to fill
every crevice. Bo
like a cake. At
first it Is a soft,
spongy dough, and
is poured into a
mold which, it but
half fills. As. it bakes it rises and
crowds every dent in the mold. Not con
tented, it bulges over tho top It makes
a cake larger than the mold will hold.
So, young man and young woman, be
larger than your mold. After you have
tilled every crease aud crevice of your
position to advantage, work out at the
top. It is tho largest cake that brings
the most money.
Always keep your promises. Your em
ployer will never ask you to do more than
is possible. Remember that an unful
filled promise is as had as a downright
untruth. Live within your means. Never
let a month pass that you do not put
something in the bank. Saving is the
the sink. Tliey don't now. Luny fixed
them. He just ran two parallel wires
round the sink, aud charged one with
negative and the other with positive
electricity. Bread-crumbs wero tlieu
scattered, and when Mr. Cockroach ap
peared and put his little feet on the
wires, ashes wero all that were left to
tell the tale."
In this cockroach annihilator was the
germ of the incandescent light.
Hot water bags have grown to be a
positive necessity Iu the household of
late years, one advantage of this class
of heaters being that they retain the
warmth for an extended period of
time. But the heat will eventually di-
minisli beyond the point where the wa
ter bag is useful, when the water must
be renewed. As this cannot be always
done conveniently it has occurred to
Samuel A. CJotcher, of St. Louis, Mo.,
that the water might be constantly
maintained at the required temperature
by an arrangement attached to an or
dinary lamp. He lias applied the idea
in the manner shown, simply connect
ing two bags with a coll of pipe in con
junction with the flame. As the latter
can be readily regulated it is easy to
vary the temperature to suit require
ments The inventor does uot confine
himself to the use of the heater for Iu
door purposes, but applies the same
principle to the lieatiug of foot-warmers
in carriages aud sleighs, obtatuiug the
heat from a lantern carried on the dash
board for lightiug the roadway.
get rid of him. Its enactment is an im
portant slep in the direction of the prac
tical accomplishment of women's
.Edison nnd Hi« "Annihilator."
One of the pranks of the youtliful
Edison, when his genius was just begin
ning to show itself, is described iu Col
lier's Weekly. Probably the danger to
human as well as insect life involved
in Ills electric "ninilliUutor" prevented
its general adoption.
Along the Yukon.
The outlook for gardening and some
agriculture in the cold interior region
of Alaska is decidedly encouraging. Al
though the season was unusually late
last year, new potatoes, cabbage, cauli
tlower, beets and other vegetables were
ready for the table before the middle
of August, and lettuce, radishes aud
turnips grown in the open had been in
use for some weeks. Flower gardens
containing a large variety of annuals
grown from seed furnished last year
were in full bloom. At the station at
lilt in part, rye, seeded the previous fall,
wintered perfectly and was ripe In
•July. Spring seeded barley had ripen
ed about the middle of August, and
there was quite a prospect for oats and
wheat to mature. Extensive areas of
excellcut land were found on the Lower
first great basic principle in the founda
tion of success. Dress neatly and plain
ly, for an employer marks a man as a
fool who apparels himself with cstrava
ganco and glaring colors. Never try to
win the favor of your employer by slan
dering your elbow workers. Slander al
ways sticks. Show kindness to your feU
low employes, but do not let it he forced
kindness, for that deserves no thanks.
Resolve slowly* arid act quickly. He
member, It is better to bo alone than in
bad company, tliat you cannot give your
employer or yourself full value if you
try to work after a night of dissipation
that silence, like cleanliness, is akin to
godliness, and that a clear conscioilco
gives sound sleep and good digestion arid
clothes one in nn itupregnablo coat of
mail.—James J. Ilill in Success.
Among the tragic figures ot
life is the man without peculiar
gifts and graces, fitted by na
ture for nn ordinary place, but
forced by circumstances nnd un
due persuasion into one of emi
nence, or at least of publicity.
Just at present the pulpit does not often
allure men who have no fitness for it
except that of Christian character, but
time has been, nnd that not very long
ago, when the piety of mothers induced
them to urge the ministry on sons who,
in the most exacting of professions, could
only fail. Nothing in this world is sadder
than wastefulness, and there is absolute
waste when a man who could make an
excellent shopkeeper, or a notable me
chanic, or a thoroughgoing farmer, is in
stead pushed into a place where, besides
consecration, ho needs love of study, per
suasive eloquence, instinctive tact, and
nn almost universal sympathy. The same
criticism applies to others of the learned
professions. The army and tho navy are
beckoning more of our sons than of old
forestry is coining to thfe front as a new
profession journalism has been added to
the vocations made practicable to tho lib
erally educated, and in brief, a young
man with brains, pluck and persever
ance has no excuse for not getting on if
only he can secure tho right introduction
and beginning.
We shall have reason to linll it as a
wholesome sign of the times when Ameri
can youth cease to bo indifferent to poli
tics. A country in which any man, how
ever ohscuro his origin, tuny, through de
termination to overcome obstacles and
fine strength of character, arrive at tho
highest distinctions in the gift of the
republic, ought to stimulate youug men
to splendid endeavor and rich achieve
ment. One regrets to observe an aver
sion on the part of many.men to study
political economy, and a singular lack of
responsibility in wielding that power of
the unit which in the aggregate is so tre
mendous a force in our national life.—
Margaret E. Sangster in Ladies' Home
Yukon, upon which there was an abun
dant and often luxuriant growth of
grasses over six feet In height The
abundant moisture aud long days dur
ing the glimmer months account for the
surprising luxuriance of vegetation In
that far north region.
"Moral Suasion.0
A youthful supervising principal,
who does not believe In corporal pun
ishment, but in moral suasion, was
summoned the other afternoon to the
classroom of one of his teachers. John
ny and Tommy, the teacher complain
ed, had been throwing pencils at one
another, and she had been unable to
make them stop.
"Then I will try a. little moral sua
sion on them," the supervising princi
pal said. "I will take them Into my of
fice, sit them down before me, aud
from now till half-past 5 I'll keep them
throwing pencils at each other. I will
also make them write the word 'pen
cil' 500 times, and I will make them
hand nr* in a UOO-word composition on
pencil throwing."
The teacher approved with a re
spectful smile ot this Ingenious pun
ishment. It was then 2 o'clock, and at
5 she made ready to go home. Her
way led her past the principal's ollice,
and she looked in. He sat reading at
ids desk, and Johnny and Tommy, the
two boys, stood about seven feet apart,
throwing pencils at one another with
a weary, bored air.—Philadelphia Itec
Turned Over to Mary.
A recently published story of the late
Lord Morris illustrates his scorn of red
tape and petty details.
A questiou had arisen as to the cost
of heating the Irish law courts, aud a
consequential treasury official was sent
over from London to Dublin on purpose
to investigate the matter.
When he introduced himself aud ex
plained his errand, Lord Morris smiled
with suspicious bianduess and said:
"Certainly, 1 will put you Iu commu
nication with the person immediately in
charge of that department."
Then he sent out a messenger, and
presently there entered an old char
woman. Lord Morris arose aud left
the room, saying as he did so:
"Mary, here is the young uiau to see
about the coal."
The Worm Will Turn.
The housewife peeped into the soup
kettle, says a Oermau paper, then look
ed reproachfully at the "lady help."
"You've forgottou the onlous again!"
she said. "It seems to me you can\
remember anything!"
"Excuse me, madam," returned the
maid, respectfully but lirmly, "I know
nearly all of 'Faust' by heart."
A Wild Guess.
"Li Hung Chang is said to have has
tened his death by a fit of anger."
"Perhaps he discovered that one of
his 3,000-year-old eggs was bad."—
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
What, has become of the old-fash
ioned child that "made fapesV"
Ono Kjre Open.
When the Democratic candidate for
president spoke nt Minneapolis, during
the campaign of 1SJM», Former Senator
Washburn addressed a letter to hi
asking certain questions. It was an un
usual tlihig for a man of Mr. Wash
burn's promlhchee to inject himself into
a public speech, but Mr. Bryan read his
letter at the meeting nnd responded to
It. It seems that Mr. Washburn Is
getting acquainted with the trust ques
tion. In a recent interview he dlsctisseS
the subject with intelligence and even
vehemence. It is gratifying to note evi
dence of revolt among the Republicans,
who are responsible for nn administra
tive policy that permits the trusts to
thrive and fatten upon people at large.
The Commodore in a recent Issue com
menting upon flie Washburn incident,
says It is glad to give circulation to
the following extract from Mr. Wash
burn's interview:
Steel rails can be manufactured today
at a fair profit and sold at $17.50 a ton.
At that price the rail mills would make
a larger profit on their product than
the flouring mills would make by a
profit of 10 cents barrel on flour—
which tho flouring mills would be glad
to make, but do not. From the best in
formation I have been able to gather,
steel rails can be manufactured at
about $1(1 per ton. Sold as they were
two and a half years ago nt frl7.*0,
there was a profit of $1.50 a ton, which
Is more thau the profit on flour at 10
cents per barrel, and that is a larger
profit than is averaged by the flouring
mills of this country. Yet sucli rails
now being sold at $28 per tou, making
It easy to understand, with such enor
mous profits, how tho steel mills are
enabled to pay dividends on shares
three-fourths of which are composed of
water. I do not know just what sum
would be required to rebuild these
properties, but from what I am able to
learn I am satisfied that they can be
reproduced at less than one-half tho
amount for which they are capitalized.
The consequence is that the people and
oensumers of the country are being
taxed to tills enormous extent in order
that the trusts nnd consolidations may
pay such dividends. And yet, with this
condition of things, we now have a duty
of $7.80 per ton on steel rails! And
what I have hero said of steel rails
can also be said of structural steel,
which now enters into construction of
different kinds of such an enormous
extent. If this is not robbery I would
like to find some stronger word to char
acterize It
"Robbery" is a strong word, but Mr.
Washburn wants something even
stronger. What will he say of an ad
ministration that permits the robbery
to go on without making an effort to
protect the public? Possibly Mr. Wash
burn has only one eye open with this
he sees the trusts very clearly. When
he gets the other eye open he will be
able to see the party leaders who are
standing behind the trusts and receiv
ing for campaign purposes a part of
the money extorted from the people.—
Rurlington, Iowa, Journal. *t 7
There is no point which ought
to be so strongly emphasized,
no fact which so needs to be
impressed upon those women
who are to work for the differ
ent political parties, as that of
their utter powerlessness to help
or hinder. Tho party leaders welcome all
the grist which comes to their mill they
do not reject any fuel which makes
steam they accept every element which
increases the enthusiasm, nnd they hon
estly desire tho sympathy and co-opera
tion of women. But, in politics neither
the labors nor the opinions ot women
have any appreciable influence unless en
forced by the ballot. There are object
lessons without number to prove this as
Would it not show more wisdom, com
mon sense and self-respect in women to
organize and work to make themselves a
part of the electorate before thev labor
in behalf of any political party? No one
party or one class of men will over en
franchise women, bu^ it will have to bo
done by a combination of the friends iu
all parties and all classes.
Workiaemaii'd Prosperity.
A Chicago newspaper has compiled
this interesting comparative table, a
study of which will enlighten the house
keeper who Is trying to locate that
"prosperity" of which so large a boast
Is made. It gives the prices of certain
leading articles of food in 11)00 aud
1000. 1001.
'Cents. Cents.
Rolled oats, per lb.... 2Ms 3*4
White meal, per lb.... V/j 2*4
Marrow beans, per lb. 3 4
Pea beans, per lb 4 41^
Tapioca 4 5
Honey, per lb 18 v' 22
Butter, per lb 20 28 to 31
ISggs, per dozen 18,20 20 to 25
Nuts, per lb 10 18
Peaches, per can 28 30
Pears, per can 28 31
Cherries, per can .... 30 35
Apples, per peck 25 35
Potatoes, per bu 40, 50 70 to 85
In meats a big jump in price has
taken place since early summer. The
figures given below (for Chicago) are
for April and May and the present
April and Present
May. Cts. time. Cts.
per lb. per lb.
Porterhouse steaks.17 to20 20to30
Sirloin steaks 10 18
Round steaks 12 to 14 15 to 10
Chuck steaks lOtoll 12
Roast beef 8 to 10 10 to 18
Lamb chops 14 to 10 10 to 18
Mutton 8 to 10 10 to 12
Lamb, hindquarters lO'/j 12%
Pork 10 1-3 12 1-3
Veal chops 10 to IS 18 to 20
Outlets 22 23 to 24
—Paducah, Ky., News-Democrat.
Harmony for Democracy.
Senator .loues was re-elected chair
man of the caucus, a positlou which
lie will hold, unless lie voluntarily with
draws Iu the meantime, for two years,
carried with it the prestige of mi
.loriiy leader on the tloor of the Sen
ate. Tlie caucus was entirely harmo
nious and free from friction of any sort.
It was attended by all of the Senators
who 'lave heretofore been atliiiated
with tlie Populist and Silver Uepubli
can parties, including Senators licit
Held and Dubois, of Idaho, Hmris, of
Kansas Teller, of Colorado, and Gib
son and Clark of Montana. McLnurlu,
of South Carolina, was Uot present,
however. Senator .loues had received
uotlce from Senator I'lntt, chairman of
(he Committee of Itepublleaus which
lias been delegated io s«!ect tho com
mittees. that I be ItepnMleiins would
take care of McLr.urin's assignments.
This notice wns accented by the Demo
cratic caucus us a concession by Me-
ti -.K ^2.
SiSSSSSK J&. t&tB&Si
Laurln that hereafter he will class him
self with tlie Republican Senators.
An Informal discussion of the Hay
Pauncefoto treaty resulted iu tacit
agreement that the Democrats will not
placc any obstacle In the way of the
ratification of that Instrument. If a
two-tlilrds majority of tho Senate Is
prepared to vote for it tho Democrats
will consent to the vote being taken at
as early a date as tlie majority desires
to fix.—Kock Island Argus.
Two Face to Face*
That Republicanism nnd Democracy,
tho two great American forces born
of principles that have divided senti
ment since the foundation of tills gov
ernment. now stand face to face be
fore tho country In their proper align
ment Is a fact not to be regretted by
those who desire a consistent settle
ment of existing issues.
There Is no present need and no ex
cuse fot the organization or mainten
ance of other political parties In this
country. The questions to be passed
upon In the near future arc primal In
their nature and were long ngo
weighed and analyzed by Republican
and Democratic thinkers respectively.
The paramount Issue Is that ol govern
ment by and for a privileged class at
the sacritlce of the rights of many, or
government by and for the many at
the sacrifice of the unjust privileges ol
tlie few. Tlie Republican party stands
for the privileges of the few. The
Democratic party stands for tlie rights
of tho many.
The truth of tills continued align
ment Is plain. In the approaching ses
sion of the Fifty-seventh Congress the
representatives of Republicanism will
bo found voting for the upholding of
the trust power, for the passage of the
$180,000,000 ship-subsidy bill taxing
tho people for further enrichment of
the syndicates, for tho maintenance of
the Dinglcy high-tariff law embodying
tho principle which created and stlil
fosters the trusts, for whatever col
onial policy may be dictated by the
trusts. In each Instance named the
Democratic party will be found light
ing for tlie rights of the people ns
against these Influences of the priv
ilege. There lias never been a time
when the two great parties were moro
clearly and distinctively arrayed one
against tho other.
That the people understand liow
definite Is the approaching conflict be
tween Democracy and Republicanism
is indicated by tho practical elimina
tion of smaller and Inconsequent po
litical parties from the field of battle.
There will not be one Populist or silver
Republican member of the United
States in the approaching session. The
National Congress will represent with,
exactness the existing alignment of the
American people. The two great par
ties will exclusively occupy tlie Held
In the political contests of 1002 and
1004. Tills fact Is full of promise for
Democratic victory. The party of tho
people has never been stronger, more
aggressive or better organized than
now.—St. Louis Republic.
Rotiish Riding Temper/'
The thing about Mr. McKlnley that
gnve liini power mid the confidence of
the people In his judgment wns that In
a remarkable degree he possessed
equipoise. He did not hurry, he was
not excitable, lie did not show irrita
tion, he did not scold. Mr. Roosevelt
is the opposite. A special from Wash
ington gives this Incident:
"President Roosevelt, after waiting
half ail hour for Ills carriage, came
somewhat excitedly through the cor
ridors of the White House this after
noon, proclaiming that such a thing
would not occur again. Clad iu Nor
folk jacket, corduroy knickerbockers,
yellow leather leggins and rough rider
hat, turned up at tho side, such as he
used to wear In war days, lie looked a
veritable rough rider. He clanibercd
into Secretary Cortelyou's government
carriage and started to meet a friend
on the outskirts of tho city with whom
he hud an appointment for a cross
country walk.
"To Roosevelt It Is unpardonable to
keep one waiting. As he emerged
from tile inner door the attendants
scattered and realizing that his ex
cited manner was the cause of their
flurry a merry twinkle shone from his
eye as he looked from the carriage
window. He returned, however, in
good humor.'
There is something about such nil In
cldont that makes one feel that It Is
not In keeping with the position of tho
President of the republic.—Ablllue,
Kan., News.
A Pliillipiiinc Totmcco Trnnt.
The Financier of London said last
week: A combine Is being effected
among the tobacco growers of the Phil
ippine Islands, with a capital of be
tween ¥0,000,000 and $7,000,000. The
scheme Is being carried on in London
under the auspices of the Rothschilds,
who, through their Spanish invest
ments, have large Interests In the Phil
Democratic Senators at Washington
are a unit for party represenfhtlou as
well ns parly principle. They will pro
test earnestly against tho proposed plan
of the Kepubllenu leaders to reduce
their representation on the Committee
on Claims, lirigntlon and Commerce.
Tliey have no objection to the Republi
cans increasing their own membership
on all the Senate committees so long
as tliey leave Democratic representation
untouched, but they have strong ob
jections to any plan which will tend to
lessen Democratic prestige Iu commit
tee work. Tlie attitude of the minority
was clearly dcliued In a resolution
which was unanimously adopted by the
Democratic caucus yesterday afternoon.
The ea.ucus was called by Senator Jones
aiul was the first meeting of Demo
cratic Senators that has been held to
discuss parly questions since the open
ing of the tifty-sevcuth Congress.
Tho paper adds: "The contracts and
concessions were obtained through
some of the American peace delegates,
who, In typically Yankee fashion, man
aged to combine private and official
business. The name of a promineut
American commissioner is being freely
handled about London, but without any
apparent justification. The chief pro
moting, It is said, Is being done in New
York, though the names of the parties
doing it are not announced. According
to the report, however, the Rothschilds
have a largo hand In the affair."—
Sprlngtield, Mass., Republican.
Iu view of the strong argument for
reciprocity made by Mr. McKlnley in
Ills last speech, aud President Roose
velt's declared intention lo follow tho
policy of his lamented predecessor, It
would be supposed that tills subject
would occupy a prominent place In the
message. As a matter of fact, of the
30,000 words in the document only 000
are devoted to reciprocity.
The message as a whole leaves the
Impression that the President, In his
desire to be conservative, consulted so
many persons and took so much advice
that there Is comparatively little of
Theodore Roosevelt left in It. Later on,
however, as has happened with other
chief executives, he Is likely to "And
himself."—New York Herald.
No man knows any one except him
self, whom he judges Ut to set free from
the coercion of laws and to be abandon
ed entirely Ills own choice.—Johnson.
'Bridget, did you call the boys?" "In
dade an' Ol called thlm everything O)
cud think of, bat they won't git op."—
Brooklyn Life.
Wlgg—The average run of people
have very little sympnthy for each oth
er. Wagg—Nonsense! Haven't you
ever noticed how folks cry at a wed
"I wonder if this bridge pays?" said
Lord Lennox, In approaching Vauxhall
bridge. "Go over It," said Hook, tho
punster,"and you'll bo tolled."—Youth's
Mrs. Porkcbops—Bah I They're mer«
parvenus. Mr. Porkcbops—Er—got theUr
money since we did? Mrs. Porkchops—
Why, yes they've Just struck oil In
Texas.—Brooklyn Life.
Mrs. Younglln (going out)—John, do
you suppose you cau hear tbe baby
from where you are If he wakes up and
cries? John (who Is reading tft« news
paper)—I dunno I hope not
An Editorial Encounter: Nubbs—IIo
went Into the editor's office like a roar
ing lion and came out like a postage
stamp. Bubbs—How was that? Nubbs
—Licked.—Detroit Free Press.
A Costly Feed: "We had a feast for
a king at our boardlng-housc yesterday.
It Included all the choicest delicacies of
the season." "What were they?" "Hash
and succtotash."—Cleveland la 1 a
How It looked: Wife—I've gotten so
that I don't care If you are not at home
more. 1 have resources of my own.
Husband—Y011 don't menn to say that
you have lenrneil/to quarrel with your
Kitty—1that young chap, Charlie Os
good, lias fallen in love with a chorus
girl. Jane Well, there's nothing
strange about that. Young boys always
fall In love with girls old enough to be
their mothers.
"You seem to be much Interested In
me, my little girl. What Is It?" "I
don't sec how your face can be so
smooth nnd clear papa says yo» have
traveled all over tho country on It"—
Boston Transcript
A Trifle Mixed: Tess—What Is ab
sinthe, do you know? Jess—Oh! I
think It's one of those fake love po
tions. I read In a book one time that
"absinthe makes the heart grow fond
er."—Philadelphia Press.
"Tell me," he sighed, "tell me, beauti
ful maiden, what Is In your heart?"
Miss Henrietta Bean, of Boston, gavo
hlin a look of icy disdain, and then
vouchsafed tho monosyllable reply:
"Blood."—Baltimore American.
Some colored folks naturally blue:
Miss Johnson—Mellndy Jackson says
she has blue blood In her veins! Miss
SnoSalke—Well, she orter hab! De fe
male side ob her house has been han
dling washing-blue for ten generations!
For art's sake: "Grlselda," said tho
visiting relative, "you ought not to try
to sing when you are shaking with tho
chills." "1 haven't got the chills, aun
tie," replied the church-choir soprano
"I am practicing on my tremolo."—CM
cago Tribune.
"Dld-you ever try any of these hcaltli
foods?" the sympathetic friend asked
of the dyspeptic lady. "Yes," she re
plied, "aud I'm not going to eat any
more of them." "Why not?" "Because
they spoil my appetite."—Cleveland
Plnin Dealer.
Before the bout: "Is Mickey In con
dition?" "He's as fltie as silk. Ah,
Mickey's great boy. He's got some
thing up his sleeve that'll astoulsh all
thim other duffers." "What-ls It. -Mis
ter Doolan?" "It's Ills nr-r-m."—Cleve
land Plain Dealer.
First Teamster—Well, I see, Moike,
we've declared a stroiko at the Selby
works. Second Teamster—Kuw! Is
that so? And why? First Teamster
Well, you see, It wns this way: That
fellow Winters, who made the big haul,
wasn't a member of the union.
How lie did it: Moses—How did vott
mnke your fortune? Levi—By horse
racing. Moses—Not betting? l.evl
No, I started a pawnshop Just outshlo
the race-course for the people who
wauted to get homo when tho races
were over.—Philadelphia Press.
Providing himself with business:
"You run your automobile very fast
through the streets," said the flieud to
the doctor. "Yes," replied the man of
pills nnd bills "I'm always In a hurry
to get there and, besides, when times
are a little dull, I can pick up a few
cases on the way."—Cleveland Plain
Man's secret power: "Iu all my
life," she said, with a sigh, "I have
seen only ono uiau that I would care
to marry." "Did he look like me?" ho
carelessly asked. Then she flung her
self into his anus, and wanted to know
what secret power men possess that en
ables them to tell when they aro loved.
—Chicago Record-IIcrald.
Hard to tell: "I see your names in
tho papers a good deal," commented
the old frlcud "I suppose you're really
In society now." "My wire thinks we
arc," replied tbe man who had become
suddenly rich, "but sometimes I bavo
my doubts." "How so?" "Well, when
there's a swell charity entertainment
to be given, with boxes quoted at two
and three huudred dollars or more, the
evidence seems to indicate that we are
very much I11 society but when somo
exclusive private function takes place
there seems to be nothing but wlijt
you might call negative evidence. 1
think possibly It might be correct to
say that our mon^y Is in society, but
we are not."—Chicago Post
Unexpected Kriidilion.*
An absent-minded professor of lan
guages dropped luto a restaurant one
day for a luncheon.
"What will you have, sir?" asked the
"Fried eggs," replied the professor.
"Over?" said the waiter, meaning, of
course, to ask whether he wanted them
cooked on both sides or only one.
"Ova?" echoed the professor, sur
prised at his apparent familiarity with
Latin. "Certainly. That is what I or
dered. Ova galliuuo."
This the waiter Interpreted as mean
ing "extra well done," and that is tbe
wny they came to the table
Faith and Works
One day last week a Berkeley student
in one of Prof. L. Dupont Syle classes
came Into tbe recltatlon-rooin so late
that the English teacher made a mild
remonstrance at the extreme tardiuesi
of the youug man.
"Professor," replied the young fc
low In excusing himself, "my wat
was slow. I shall have no faith In
after this."
"My dear fellow," said Syle, "w
yon do need Is not faith, bnt works
San Francisco Wa\ e. if}

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