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0f ALASKAN GOLD.
million years in the smelting pots Of the great earth's furnace core, -t bubbled and boiled as the old gods tolled Before it was time to pout A million years in the giant molds Of granite aud micn-scliist It cooled and lay in the self-same way That into their hearts it hissed. /A million years, and the clouds of steam Wove rivers and lakes and seas And the mastodon to his grave had gone In the coal that once was trees. ,»|When the Master Molder raised his iv? hand, He shattered the gray rock mold Jsi«?!And sprinkled its core from shore to shore, And the dust that foil was gold. ^-Youth's Companion. In the Mirror cnoHE 1 soft llglits of the quiet res taurant brought rest to Boyn ton's tired nerves ho picked up the menu with a sigh of content. "This Isn't half bad," he mused, run ning his eyes down the card, "though it savors uncommonly of poolroom bulletins 'combination one combina tion two'—well," with a smile at the conceit, "reckon I'll play combination seven—'lamb chop, griddle cakc, ly onnals potatoes'—a huftgry fellow can't lose much on tliut—for sure. Hello!" his glance falling suddenly 011 a large Japanese screen, partially hiding one corner of the room, "there's an or |chestra, too hope they are on a par with the rest of the appointments. By TTt. 1 Jove! they're girls." In the mirror by the cud of the 1 screen a face had arisen, a laughing [v-y girlish face, and lis owner, tucking a /•, fat brown violin under her arm, and blissfully unconscious of Boyntou's "eager scrutiny, proceeded with much ^graceful posing and sundry deft and '/skillful jabs of a long, blacklieadud pin jsjto adjust a huge picture hat upon her small and shapely licnd. Evidently* she of the merry counte JT nance was trying It on, for slie turned "'^presently as If Inviting an opinion from some unseen companion—and at Vgjtbat moment she caught the reflection' got Boyton'B admiring eyes staring at sphcr In the mirror. «L The smile vanished, giving place to ^surprise, aunoyance and swiftly grow ling resentment but the look of utter chagrin that flashed over Boyntou's J®! faco as lie realized tliat ho had been guilty of a rudeness was clearly too nuch for the young lady's sense of "uior, for after a brief struggle, tlio rn lines at the corner of her lips tted into the suspicion of a smile a quick glance—half fun, half .ncc—she suddenly thrust out her •le, and with a saucy courtesy at eflectlon of the discomfited Boyn •slio disappeared. \Vell If she Isn't a peach," thought ark, gaziug ruefully at the empty lirror, while a curious thrill tingled •long his nerves. "What stunning hair she has. 1 wish 1 knew who she was somehow she seems different from any girl I ever lie dropped his knife ind fork lu astonishment, doubting his ars. rram LieMml the screen came the roVifekiug notes of a familiar rag-tlmo •4^ air, "Why don't you get a lady of your Sown?" remarked the violin, sarcastlc ,« ally. Mark grinned In spite of lilm «|p§ self. "IH Sot even for that, young lady," be remarked, "or my name isn't Mark gS Boynton—I am going to find out who you are." in re a in is Mark racked his brain to little pur Impose, but as he stepped up to pay his check an Inspiration came to blui LUu-cka! he ejaculated. •'Beg pardon sir," said the cashier, politely. "Why, certainly," she said nresently. In answer to Boyntou's In quiry, "the violin player's name Is Mlss Sturm—of course you can engage Jlior she will be much pleased a whist party at your sister's you say—please r| write her address. I assure you Miss Sturm will be on hand." Mark departed, chuckling. "Wonder what she'll say to-morrow night," lie thought, "I'll ask her to play 'Why on't you get a. lady," as I'm a slu er." 'Awfully obliged for tlie orchestra, vk," said Miss Boynton to her broth •he fol'lwiug evening. "I never 'ierv having anything so swell ja't for my whist don't you think a nice idea putting them behind the '.rubber plants V" pj "Great, Sis," replied Mark, "believe •tgrTO go and ask them to play something !fsfor me. "Here's where I take a trick," i'jHlie muttered, threading his way care 'fully between the little tables "Will you kiutiiy play, 'Why don't—' iv though Miss Sturm was to be here?" wound up Mark, leanlug against the piano in surprise. "But I vlins Miss Sturm," replied the stolid looking, round-face violinist, EBziijg at dumfounded Mark In mild vouder. .^_JHit I thought—(hat Is—where Is the ycmbs lady who plays at the restaur x!„anff*flrfitniaicred Mark. •fj "I vhas her," said the German- girl, ^Impassively, "the cashier, she half gif v*|me the Herr Boynton's card, and I haf pcome to—" but Mark, with an Incoher ^ent apology, retreated. "Trumped," he thought miserably, '^§"What lu the world can it mean? That Dutch girl Is as utterly unlike her as vi]darkness from light." It came over Murk all at once, iu a great wave of •lisappointmeut, how much he had en looking forward to seelug the ierry face that had haunted him all day. "I will And out who she Is," he |told himself, with vehement determi ,5 nation, "If I have to search all over *%Bost—Great Scott! am I awake?" At a table lu the far corner, unoccu pied, save for her dainty self, her bands toying Idly with the score card, was sltllug the girl of the mirror. It seemed au hour to Mark before he V:M reached Ills sister's side. "Maud," he .If'said eagerly, "who is that gill over Jthere? I—I'd like to meet her?" v|s Miss Boynton swept the room with j!- a deliberate glance. "That girl with the auburn hair?" she said presently, "that's Editli Sinclair haveu't you met her yet? She's a Conservatory pupil." i?j "My brother, Mark," said Miss Boyn ton, "Miss Sinclair." A tide of red surged over Miss. Sin clalr's perfect face as her eye met Mark's. "You!" she exclaimed, with a horrified little grasp, "the man who—" "Exactly," responded Mark, "the man who—thought he had hired you to play here to-night—aud hadn't—evidently." Miss Sinclair laughed. "You took uie for Barbara Wurni, didn't you?" she said. "I gwssed as much when she told mi 9 gentleman had engaged mm If possible use only filtered rain water ifi making a solution and you will be surprised at the much better results you will obtain. Try rubbing around the edge of the plate, say one-slxtecuth of an ineli deep, with a pice of wax candle to pre vent frilling. Those who find difficulty In using a brush for spotting pinholes in negatives or prints, should try an ordinary wood en toothpick sharpened to a needle point. To dry plates in a hurry after fixing and washing, lay the plate In alcohol nnd let it remain two minutes. Rest plate on one corner when taking it out. It will dry In a few moments. Be sure, however, that it Is thoroughly washed before putting In the alcohol. An English amateur, who stands among the recognized leaders, has this to say on baud camera pictures that is interesting: "'Under-exposed and over developed this Is the true verdict which should be pronounced on perhaps three out of every four hand camera negatives. The error of over-develop ment is to a large extent due to the widespread but very misleading notion, viz., that prolonged development will bring out the details. To put this fine, crusted, old delusion in other words, it is equivalent to saying that prolonged development compensates for, or Is equivalent to, exposure. The hungry school boy is sometimes told that the thickness of the bread compensates for the thinness of the butter, a maxim •which sounds all right, but is not easy to swallow." All amateurs ought to do their own developing. It is really the most inter esting feature of picture taking. Any one with intelligence enough to go In when it rains can snap a shutter and then take the plates or Ulm to a pro fessional to develop. That Is not learn ing anything, aud moreover it is expen sive. Do your own work. Get intimate her that evening. Miss Sturm had an engagement and couldn't flud a sub stitute, so for a lark I got leave from the 'Con' and took her place—but aren't you going to play whist?" drop ping her eyes from Mark's Inteut gaze. "I don't know," said Mark, iu mock despair, "1 haven't auy partner—1 uev er had a 'Lady of my owu.' you kuow," audaciously. The red flashed back into Miss Sin clair's cheek, but she looked straight into Mark's earnest eyes. "WouldnT 1 do," she answered, saucily, *'for a partuer?"—ludlauapolls Sun. THE LARGEST AND THE SMALLEST ROAD COMMISSIONERS. The largest nnd the smallest road commissioners in America are shown in the accompanying illustrntlou. Samuel Wise, the little man, is the popular official who looks after good roads at Shreve, Ohio. lie is threu rnicincn CMBBifi feet, two inches tall, but very active and thorough In his duties. The larger tnau Is Frederick Creb bln, of Detroit, Mich lie Is six feet, one inch tall, and very large in pro portion to his height. Crebbln is -IS years old nnd Wise is 30. Crebblu weighs over 450 pounds, while Wise scarcely tips the beam at 75. Thus, Crebbin is just six times as large us Wise, although their duties are about the same. Both arc obliged to have their garments made to their special orders CASIMIR'S CHEF D'OEUVRE. The Great Inventor of "Potauc Ger miny" Ih to Retire*. Some tears are reported to have been shed by the gourmets of the Paris boulevards ou accouut of the In tended retirement of a modern Vatel, who for uearly half a century has pre sided over the culliuary department of the Malsou Doree. This famous cook, familiarly kuown as Casluilr, has been so devoted to his business that he has never seen Eiffel's tower. Casi mir laments the decadence of dlniug in Paris of recent years. Formerly, as ancient Casiuiir points out the crea tion of a new soup or sauce or dish was an event of equal importance with the production of a new play. The grandest day in Casimlr's life, says the New York Commercial Ad vertiser, was that on which he Invent ed or discovered potage germluy, a soup made with the yolk of two eggs, cream and sorrel. The potage was prepared for a dinner given by the Marquis de St. George, author of the Mousquetaires de la Heine. Casimir was as uervous over the receptiou of his soup as a dramatic author or a composer on a first ulglit. He had his reward when the marquis seut for him, and before the assembled guests pressed him to his bosom aud ex claimed: "Caslmlr, It is not a soup it is a great work, a masterpiece." FRENCH FADS. One Seems Altogether Without Rea son Another IH Reverse. The women of Paris are just now en gaged in rivalry in regard to who shall own the prettiest fox cub. Every so ciety woman has one, with the result that the little creatures are valued at from $20 to $25. When they become too large to haudle they are sent to the -4 'ii mateur I qrapht) with "the way to do It all yourself." A better acquaintance will come with the camera, and there will be a deeper interest in Its capabilities where ono does the developing and attends to the details. Often it Is said: "Oh, I haven't patience!" That's nonsense. Fractice patience. You have no Idea of what cau be done with very limited conveni ences, and well done, too, if you are really interested and try. The bottom shelf In a pnntry. or one put in the end of a chest, a pail of water, a couple of pans, small red light, developer and hypo, and there you are. There is a wide field froni which the amateur anxious to do something can choose. Portraiture, perhaps, is at the top of the list but undoubtedly most difficult of all. Genre, hardly less exact ing and more generally Interesting as active human nature always is laud scape with figures and figures with landscape, each different from the oth er, and both requiring much careful study and thought, especially as to tho suitability aud placing of tho figures. Street scenes as pictures of everyday life marine subjects, with the ocean or the lake lu all their moods, and the happy combinations of the always In teresting fisher folks, aud the, to some at least, equally Interesting yachts and yacht racing. Architecture also offers great opportunities, although lu this country not so great as in some others and last, although perhaps not least, flowers and flora generally, although generally classed as the lowest phase of art, have brought fame to some and may do so again to those who really love and know how to arrange and pho tograph them. Whatever phase may be selected It should be stuck to, and stud led In all Its bearings. Especially should the artist make himself acquainted with all that he possibly can of what has been clone before in that line exam ining and* analyzing the work that pleases in our picture galleries and In the higher class magazines, not with a view to copy it, but to become so sat urated with It as to form a style of his owu by which his work shall be recog nized as unmistakably his. country aud are there set free on the great estates of the rich. Fox cubs are very clever aud very playful, but they never ate quite tamo, and hence are only temporarily safe house compan ions. When invited to spend the night at the home of a friend, it is now imper ative to add to the nlghtrobe and the toilet auxiliaries a set of clean sheets. Real# fastidious people do so. When ihTi Qznr and Czarina were invited to be the guests of Paris, their couches were fitted by Franco with liuen from the stock of royal napery accumulated during the emperorship of Napoleon III. The imperial guests calmly and quietly directed their attendants to re move the French linen and substitute for it the pieces wrought with the arms of the Rouiauoffs. This, it was explained to their perplexed entertain ers. was the Czar and Czarina's Invaria ble custom, and it seemed to them to be as imperative a piece of refinement as the owning of Individual toothbrushes. Now all the smart set pretends to have been ever scrupulous in regards to indi vidual bed llneu, and drapers are bap P.v because It increases the quantity and enhances the quality of their sales, since their patrons consider that only exquisitely fine, monogrammed or crested sheets, ingeniously hand stitched, are good enough for use when going a-visitlng. A Cripple Creek Incident. He was just in from the East, and the pattern of his trousers were such that even the dogs regarded him with suspicion, lie was walking ahead of a fair girl, his Cripple Creek cousin, aud as they climbed the hill he caught his breath and held it with an effort. The beautiful girl behind him was the first to speak. She had been debating whether to call him down for walking In front of her or heave a bowlder against his shoulder blade. Finally she took another course aud got him. "This light air don't agree with you," she observed, sweetly." "Perfectly," he gasped, using all the atmosphere he had on his person. "Is that so?" she gurgled, sarcasti cally. "Why, your pants are so loud I can hear them clear down here." The man started slightly. Intending to .freeze her with a glance, until it oc curred to him that such a course might require air, and, so thinking, hedrngged his leaden limbs skyward.—Denver Times. Getting Kvcn with Joo Jefferson. On ono occasion, just previous to opening In one of tho large Eastern cit ies, Joseph Jefferson discharged his property man. Bagley, for humiliating him before a number of friends by fa miliarly addressing him as "Joey." Bagley got drunk right away and that night paid his way to the gallery to see Mr. Jefferson present "Rip Van Win kle." The angry frau had just driven poor, destitute Rip from the cottage when Rip turned and. with a world of pathos, asked: "Den haf I no interest In dis house?" The house was deathly still, the audience half in tears, when Bagley's cracked voice responded: "Only 80 per cent, Joey—only 80 per cent." A Judge. Mrs. Noobrido— Mr. Whlteoak had some of my pie at the church fair last night and he said It was very good. Mr. Noobride—Well, now, that opin ion, coming from him, is worth some thing expert testimony. In fact, lie's in the leather business, you know."— Philadelphia Press. Not Enough Good Ones. Dried Peat for Fuel. The Yisiaud-Bolmeu Railway, lu Sweden, has made a satisfactory test of dried peat as fuel for locomotives without chnuglug tho fire bed. He is a very good and unusual man who puts his wife in the air castles he' builds. INFLUENCE OF IOWA, HAWKEYE STATE SUPREME At THE CAPITAL. fcumwcr of High National Positions Held by Ucr 8ons Rarely Kqunled— t3haw* Wilson, Henderson arid Alii* fcon tiie "Big Four.4* Iowa to Be Supreme. Under Roosevelt Iowa seems to be the favored State. In the near future she will have more men in high places of the federal government than any other commonwealth and the influence which any Western State has heretofore wield ed in national nffnirs. Though in pop ulation she is but tenth and in area twen- DAVID R. 1IKNDKRS0N. (Speaker of the House.) WILLIAM 11. ALLISON". (Senator.) JONATHAN 1*. I1)1.1.1 VKIt. (.Senator.) Secretary Shaw will hold the most responsible position in the government, next to the President. There arc under this official 2t5,000 office holders. A rash word from him would throw Wall street in a panic and probably convulse the finances of the world. A single act might prevent a panic and save the pub lic credit. No other cabinet ollicer hns so much power, and no one Is called on to use such good judgment and wise dis crimination as he is in time of public crises. The Department of Agriculture is gen erally regarded by the public as an insig nificant place. Those not familiar with it have eoinc to look upon it as a sort of a fifth wheel to a wagon. Yet it has been taking place rapidly as a very influ ential position in the government. Under Secretary James Wilson of Iowa it has brought the farming class of the country in direct touch with Washington. Since Thomas B. Reed of Maine show ed the country how great a power the. Speaker of the House could be, that office has come to be regarded as the most commanding in the legislative branch of tho government. Speaker David B. lieu derson of Iowa has held the influence that the lteed rules and the Reed meth ods give the presiding otllccr of the lower house. It is needless to call attention to the prominence of Senator William B. Alli son. lie ifc one of the sages of the Sen ate, whose kuowledge of government af fairs is surpassed by none and equaled by but few and who is one of the four or five men who, when acting together, can dictate in large part the policy of the Senate. At the forthcoming session of the Legislature in his State he will be accorded an honor never before conferred on any one—that of being elected to his sixth consecutive term in the United States Senate. Other men have been elected for as great a number of years, but there has been a break in their ser vice. Senator Allisou is chairman of the important committee on appropriations. Oilier Prominent lowatiB, The men mentioned constitute Iowa's "Big Four." When one considers the iuliuence which attaches to the position which Representative William P. Hep burn occupies—that of chairmau of the House committee on interstate and for eign commerce—it would seem as though the number should be enlarged to the It's "Why do some people thluk wicked to go to the theater?" "Well, I suppose it's because people who make a practice of going so often go to the bad.r Philadelphia Bulletin. "Big Five." This chairmanship Is of par ticular importance this session because the committee will handle legislation re luting to an isthmian canal. This is the greatest measure Congress will be called upon to handle. Another important chair inanslnp is held by Congressman Join) A. tmg T. Hull. A*s the head of the House com mittee on military affairs he will have charge of all legislation relating to the army. John F. Laeey, another lowan, is chairman of the House committee on pub- lie lands, and Robert G. Cousins is at the head of the committee on expenditures of the Treasury Department. The latter is one of the most eloquent speakers in the Itonse and his gift of oratory, com bined with that of Senator Jonathan P. Dolliver, gives Iowa brilliant and sufll cient representation among tho speakers of Coiigress. Though a young member, Dolliver, because of the experience gain ed in thb House, and by reason o£ his ability* promises to commniid an influ ential position in the Senate. V' Time wns when Mnine hnd an Influence ih national affairs—by reason of the sii berlor ability of her representatives at Washington and the important places they occupied—which wns far greater than the population of the State seemed to warrant. That was when Blaine was Secretary of State iu Harrison's cabinet, Reed was Speaker oi the House, Frye and Hale were on some of the most im portant committees in the Senate arid Dingley, Boutellc and Millikeu were among the prominent men in the House. Some years previous to this New York had occupied the supreme place in tho national government. Cleveland was President, Manning and Fairchild were Secretary of the Treasury at different periods, Whitney occupied the navy port folio and Dan Lninont, as private secre tary, was laying the foundation of a suc cessful career while acting in a confiden tial capacity for the President. At present the director of the mint is an towan—George K. Roberts, journalist, Statistician and financier. Should he be retained by Secretary Shaw, Iowa would have ten men occupying positions of more oi* less promineuco in the national gov ernment. Great is the Ilawkeye State. THEIR DIGESTION IS GOOD. Boyn Sometime* Eat us Much as a Dozen Grown Persoust The appetite of the average small boy Is ono of the marvels of the century. An English school master who lias made special study of the gormnn dlzlug capacity of bis pupils testifies that while be found a superabundance of capacity there was actually little or no limit. Perhaps, after rich cake, both fruit and plain, the first flavor, according to the school master, is condensed milk. This is often eaten without a spoon by simply making two small holes in the top of tho can nnd placing the lips against them. Then after this came chocolates, chocolate cream, chocolate candy, chocolate cake. "It may be thought I am exagger ating," he says, "when I say that I have seen a boy»of 10 years eat in a single afternoon enough food to satisfy an adult party of twelve persons. I have myself known a little, frail boy to eat a portion of a rich cake, a third of a one-pound can of condensed milk, four ounces of mixed chocolate, a hand ful of assorted sweets, two oranges, one apple, four gingerbread cakes, a dozen Brazil nuts and two large'pieces of peppermint candy. "Did it make him ill? Did he lie down and groan nnd await the coming of the medical man with tho stomach pump? Not he he just had one or two faint symptoms of uneasiness which ho quickly dispelled by a few well drawn gapes, much after the manner of a sleeping baby. Then lie walked about for a time and presently accepted an Invitation to Join In a game of ball." The school master's observations ROBERT U. COl'SIKS (Member of Congress.) JAMES WILSON. (Secretary of Agriculture.) IOWA MEN WHO ARE IN FUJHXTIAL AT WASHINGTON. ty-fifth among the State of the Union, she will be first politically. The State which was the twenty-ninth member of the Union will overshadow, by reason of the prominence of its representatives, ail its predecessors. This exaltation of Iowa will occur when Leslie M. Shaw suc ceeds Lyman J. Gage as Secretary of the Treasury. have led to the very natural deduction that a boy's condition Is In many ways different from that of the trained strong man. The latter could not eat tho things that a boy could because his fitness is mainly muscular, while the boy's Is. in addition to being mus cular, organic. The man may have a sluggish liver or faulty kidneys and still be a strong man, but the boy who runs and romps ami turns somersaults and shouts and hiughs and twists and turns and shouts hasn't single blem ish. Iu Public Places. It Is Impossible to perform some of the simplest ads of every day life with anything approaching grace. Did you ever watch a man taking a drink of water In a public place. In a railroad statiou or on a train, where he Is aware that many eyes regard hi in? Watch this sonic time you'll find it Interest ing. Tho man, you see, holds the glass in his right hand while he drinks, and it Is his inability meanwhile to make his unoccupied hand look graceful that makes the spectacle worth while. Ono fellow, as he stoops over the cup in an elegant attitude, an attitude like that of bowing, solves the enigma of what to do with his left hand by putting It In his trousers pocket. Another holds it behind his back. A third puts tho thumb of it In the pocket of ills waist coat, nnd a fourth swings the hand like a pendulum tp and fro at Ills side. But all men, do what they will with their left baud, look awkward and self-con scious when drinking in public, nnd It is amuslug to watch them. Iicmurkublo Caves. Two remarkable caves have been dis covered in France, in which the walls are covered with drawn and painted figures of the paleolithic epoch. These are mostly figures of animals, and some of them have been drawn with striking correctness. In the first cave, at Com Imrelics (I)ordogne), the figures are drawn with a deeply engraved line and are vigorous in execution. They In clude tho mammoth, reindeer and other animals extinct in France. Iu the second cave, at Font-de-Gaume, not far from the former, black lines are used, ami sometimes tho whole animal is painted black, forming a silhouette. Red oclier is also used iu the figures, which are sometimes four feet long. Many of the figures are covered with a stalagmite deposit which often reaches an Inch iiythickness. Mine. Pompadour, whose head-dress has given a name to a well-known stylo of wearing the hair, spcnl 100,000 franca a year on perfumes and poma tums. New York City has thirty Japanese Metbodlafe. tVhy Not Fire Lous? President Uooscvelt can possibly af ford to take some risks witli his repu tation as political idealist his repu tation as man of courageous honor and justice he ought not to imperil. Until Mr. Payne shall have begun the restoration of the spoils system In the postal service we need not dispute his appointment to Mr. Roosevelt's cabinet. But if the time lias couie to reconstruct the cabinet, why does Mr. Long remain? He has destroyed the morale of the uavy aud smirched its reputation. lie hns affronted tho pub lic senso of justice nnd decency. Mr. Roosevelt knows this, and his contin ued toleration of tills unfit person among his constitutional advisers, has done more than any other thing to Impair confidence In the judgment nnd courage of the President himself. Tho issue comes plainly before hliu lu the miserable miscarriage of Justice In the case of Rear Admiral Schley. President McKluley, who was orlgln nlly responsible for Long, would uot have allowed him the opportunities he hns abused. Dewey was designated by McKinley the other two members of tho Court of Inquiry were Meetcd by Long, nhd have carried out his orders. Their absurd and outrageous finding, in utter disregard of truth, wns what he expected of them nnd could not fall to receive ids approval. But every in stinct of Theodore Roosevelt's manly character must revolt against it. And he, not Secretary Long, is commander in-chief of the uavy and responsible for its .security aud honor. If this preposterous finding be al lowed to go on record,' to the detriment of a brave and successful officer whom the nation delights to honor, Theodore Roosevelt must bear the blame aud suffer the resentment. The secretary has had his way long enough it Is time for the President to take the case out of his bands aud set aside tho whole proceedings. He was not responsible for the inception aud growth of the disgraceful conspiracy, but his administration will be dis honored by Its consummation. It Is for blm to brush aside the quibbles of the narrow naval pedagogues and give expression to the nntiou's confidence in the men who have won its victories. If this should drive Mr. Long from the cabinet It will please the country nil the more. The PresUleut is thought to be turuing his attention to politics. bad politics to load bis administration "at"uiu u*«et with the disgrace of the persecution of Scluey. A still stronger argument for his cour ageous Intervention is that it would be right. Tho American people will for give much to one iu whoso controlling bcusq of righteousness they cau confide their disappointment will be bitter if Theodore Roosevelt falls lu so con spicuous a test.—News, Macon, Ga. The Tariff and The Trust** Congressman Dalzell of Pennsylvania, second member of the ways and means committee of the house, nnd said to be closer to Speaker Henderson than any other representative, declares that the Dingley tariff bill will not be molested by congress. 'It should be remembered, incidental ly, that as Mr. Dalzell is one of the most influential Republican leaders lu the house, it may be uaturally assumed that he is in duty bouud to protect the Interests of the trusts. That assumption would account for the following re markable declaration he makes: "The only excuse offered for tinker ing with the tariff is that trusts may be punished whereas it V? well known tiint the trusts cannot be punished in Lhis manner." Many men of brains have declared that the only way to get at the trust through the tariff. Therefore when Mr. Dalzell assumes that the contrary "is well knowu" he either purposely or In advertantly errs. If protective tariff was justified when our "Infant industries" were real ly infantile, it hns proven the mother of the trusts wbiclrwerc begotten by a manipulation of the monetary system. In reply to Mr. Dalzell it might be said that tho attitude of such men as himself warrants the belief that a re vision of the tariff is exactly the way to punish the trusts. The Republican party iu tho last cam paign, as an offset to the cry raised against trusts by the Democratic lead ers, made voluminous promises of anti trust legislation. Now its delegated members in congress are growing red faced in the'"cndenvor to bead off le ouly logical anti-trust measures so far luggested. It Is noteworthy that iu urg ing tlmt tariff revision would bo futile they fall to present any other means for obtaining the end they professed to be so desirous of in 11)00. If the trusts themselves were not so nnxious to assert that the tariff has nothing to do with them, the people might receive the declarations of Con gressman Dalzell and Congressman Grosrenor with more credeuce.—Kan sas City World. Dettceuding to Machine Politics. According to special dispatches lu some of our Republican exebnuges President Roosevelt lias already begau a retrograde movement, aud Is de scending to machine polities In order to advance his personal political for tunes. The case to which special at tention is culled at this time Is that of tho appoiutmeut of Francis 10. Baker to a United States Judgeship iu Indiana. It is regarded In Washington as well as lu Iudiana as a "jolt" administered to Senator Fairbauks, who it Is well known aspires to'the Presidential nom ination by his party lu 1004. It seems that Baker is a very special frieud of Senator Bcveridge. He is what may be termed the original Bcveridge num. Ills backing was exclusively Beveridge. Senator Fairbanks and all the Republi can Congressional delegation from In diana with oue exception were for auy other than Baker. In appointing Ba ker, therefore, the President has turned down Fairbanks nnd all his following, thus notifying them if they expect any favors from him they must be "good Indians." Fairbanks did everything In his pow er to avert the blow. He withdrew his indorsement of Monck nnd declined to Indorse any one candidate. He would be satisfied with auy of a dozen names. If any but Baker had been appointed it could have beeu billed as a Fairbanks victory, the significance of which seems to be that Roosevelt recognizes in Fair banks a rival for the Republican nom ination in 10M. He does not trust him, and'tife will not allow him to dis |ense the federal patronage, Beveridge 1 may be on the Roosevelt ticket as can* didate for Vice President. At any rate lie will help land Roosevelt delegates 18, Indiana. Thus It Is tlmt our good aud strenu ous President Is engaged iu looking af ter his feuces, aud he is evidently go ing to use the federal patronage to down his opponents.—Illinois Register. Blowing Hot anil Cold. The actlou of the commissioner of in ternal revenue lu holding the Philip pines to be domestic territory for the purposes of taxation is in direct con flict with the attitude of the treasury department in holding the Islands to be foreign territory for tariff purposes, al though it Is In harmony with the de cision of the Supreme Court In the Por to Rico cases. It will be recalled that tho Supremo Court held that Porto Rico became do mestic territory for taxing purposes im mediately it passed under the sover eignty of tho United States, nnd that no duties should have been collected on goods shipped from tho Island to this country. In the next case it held that while Porto Rico was not foreign terri tory during the military administration that Congress wns empowered to treat it as such In tariff legislation and that the Porto Rlcan tariff was constitu tional. The Philippines occupy the same re lation to the United States as Porto Rico did prior to the passage of the es tablishing of a civil government in the island, aud, unless the Supreme Court takes another twist, tariff duties levied on goods coming from the islauds to this country or entering the Islands from American ports will be hold to have been illegally collected. By the same reasoning the action of the com missioner of Internal revenue will bo mniutnlned. The government at Washington, how ever, is clearly illogical in exacting cus toms duties and at the same time col lecting an Internal revenue tax on ar ticles subject to such a tax and shipped to the Philippines. The Philippines cannot bo both domestic and foreign territory.—Milwaukee News. Arc We to Imitate Weylcr? The information contained In the dis patches yesterday that Geu. Bell hns notified the Filipinos of Bntangas province that on Dec. 28 he proposes to concentrate them in the neighborhood of tho towns, Including their goods and live stock, will uot be agreeable news to Americans who had hoped that the to* 4vas over In the Philippines. This military oiw«*-tneans the Inauguration of the dreaded rulaugentrado system of warfare, which horiiKcd the civ ilized world when the Spanish gcncr«.\ Weyler, attempted to crush the Cuban rebellion, and which is now being prac ticed by tho British in South Africa. The dispatches say that the roads from Bntangas and Laguua provinces "arc lined with a continuous stream of native men, women aud children in carryalls, carts and mounted on cara bous, seeking safety from tho horrors of war." Tho people are being driven from their homes with the threat that if they do not herd themselves In camps, to be under military guard, they may suffer death and confiscation of their property. We condemned this plan as murder and Weyler as a butch er when Spain adopted it in Cuba, aud it is hardly possible that the same hu mane Indignntlou will not now express itself when an American army officer Is resorting to method entailing so much misery to non-combatants. It marks tho beginning of another chap ter of the Philippine blunder, the terri ble cost of which in life and treasure we are only beginning to comprehend. —Buffalo Courier. AdmiHnl Dcwey'tj Sweeping DinHcnt Admiral Dewey's dissent Is sweeping nnd unequivocal, lie declares that tho blockodes at Cienfuegos and Santiago were conducted effectively and that the passage from Cienfuegos to Santi ago was made with as much dispatch as possible. He does not mcutiou the retrograde movement or the Colon af fair, perhaps because he does not con sider them important. lie does send a shiver through tho Sampson party of the navy department, however, by as serting that Schley was the senior of ficer of the American squadron on July 3, that ho was In absolute command and is entitled to the credit due for the glorious victory which resulted iu the total destruction of the Spanish ships. Who IH Benefited? Wc pay at the rate of about $85,000, (XX) a year for tho little more than $5,000,000 a year of Philippine trade wc get, while European nations pay noth ing for the more than $18,000,000 a year they get. These figures do their own talking. Twenty million dollars for the Phil ippine Islands, $85,000,000 for main taining an army in the Philippines one year, $00,000,000 Spanish war claims. Being a "world power" makes a beauti ful topic for an after-dinner speech, but it's a little expensive.—Peklu, 111., Times.' Why Hitch Tariff IH Opposed. There is a strong and we believe ft growing sentiment lu this country in opposition to the protective tariff bosed on two grounds.'One is that protection is uot now really needed by any healthy industry, that there is uot auy Import ant industry that cannot easily hold the home market against foreign competi tors. Tho other is that protection is grossly abused, that it is made the means of high prices at home, despite low prices abroad, and that It fosters and strengthens trusts and monopolies. —New York Times. The Handmaiden of Monopoly. Reciprocity, the handmaiden of pro tection, as high-tariff Republicans now delight to term that vague and evasive policy, will doubtless be found to have earned the title beyond all dispute be fore the fifty-fifth Congress shnll have reached the day of liual adjournment. What still remaius to be seen, however, is whether the general public will be fooled into believing that such a hand maiden serves any but monopoly inter ests.—St. Louis Republic. VlciotiB in Ever)* Feature. Tlie^hlp subsidy bill Is a steal pure and simple. It proposes to take the people's money and present It to indus tries already established and profita ble. It Is iu the interest of a class. It is vicious in principle. Healthy In dustries are not developed in such man ner. The bill rests upon falsehood and misrepresentation aud It ought never to become a law.—Rochester Herald. *1^ 10W A TEACHERS MEET HOLD THEIR ANNUAL CONVEN* TION IN DES MOINES. Capital City Entertains More than 1,000 of the 8tnte*n Pedagogue*— Many Addresses Delivered by Bio* qucnt Speakers—Officers Are Elected* Des Molncs correspondence: The annual meeting of the Iowa State Teachers' Association wns held In this city, and there was a large attendance. Over 1,000 teachers were present. The State educational council held a meeting preceding the convention. In the council there was a bitter fight over county examining boards. One faction led by County Superintendent H. E. Dealer of Clarindn wanud to recommend to the association that such boards con sist of the county superintendent ex oflicio and a member selected by the teachers in the county institute. Another faction, headed by Superintendent H. O. Sheakley of Des Moines,' wanted the hoard of suxervision to name the board. It wns decided to recommend such boards should consist of the county superinten dent ex officio and two members named by the supervisors. Tho association on Saturday decided to ask the Legislature to adopt a new plan for tho admisslou of teachers. County superintendents now examine teachers and issue certificates to them. It is pro posed to put this power into the hands of county boards of three members each, of which the superintendent shall be chairman. It wns also voted to ask the Legislature to give power to the Stote board of educational examiners to issue lifo certificates. At the meeting of the principals and superintendents' sections It was decided to ask the Legislature to pass a law mak ing it a jail offense for persons under 18 years to smoke cigarettes in public, with the provision that when the person arrested shall give information as to who sold the cigarettes ho may gain his re lenso and the penalty be transferred to tho seller. Chancellor William Bayard Craig of Drake University, in the symposium on "The Teacher Problem" at the State Teachers' Association convention, made a comparison between the salaries paid teachers in Iowa and other States, with the result that Toya pays her teachers loss than nny other State in the Uniou with the possible exception of Louisiana. Chancellor Craig also took a position that more normal schools In the State ar« Dot needed, but that rather the upbuild ing and strengthening of the present In stitution at Cedar Falls is to be desired. In presenting tho "present" of tho teacher problem, Chancellor Craig said: The State of Iowa requires about 19,000 teachers to supply its school rooms. To fill vacancies that occur during the year and provide substitutes an additional 10, 000 arc employed. In the past year 4,W8 male and 23,841 female teachers were on the pay rolls, a total of 28,789. The sta tistics do not give the average salary paid the teucher in the ungraded schools. The average salary for the wholo num ber of teachers employed by the State Is given, but the comparatively high sal aries of city and town superintendents nnd principals are counted in. It makes the average for the male teachers $40 per month, and for tho female, $30. For tho teacher in the ungraded schools a salary of $10 and $20 per month is not uncommon. In the matter of teachers* sul'ries Iowa makes the worst showing in thi Union, with the possible excep tion of Louisiana.- Illinois gives men $00 and won.on $51 Wisconsin, $tK and $30 Inliona, $48 and $40. Tlio lowest of tbes*. an ndvanco of 25 per cent over tho average Iowa, and no tone of the rich States in thr Missis sippi valley pay their school teachers as much as they deserve, when the chartffr" tor and importance of the work they are doing for the republic are properly es timated." The committee on necrology, composed of A. N. Currier, II. H. Seerle.v, II. II. Freer, H. C. Holbngsworth. C. F. (jonl try nnd J. 11. 1. Mam, looking over tlio records, found that ten active and honorary members were unable to answer to the roll call because of death. Tho committee prepared skctchcs of the fol lowing: J. J. Doffelmver, snpermtendent-olect at Boone. Already There. Towue—Do you really think the auto mobile will gver figure in a war? Browne-liver will? Gracious, my man, haven't you ever henrd a contro versy between two chnufieurs as to the merits of their respective machines?— Philadelphia Press. A Suesotion. "No, I'm not very well impressed with the house," said the prospective tenant. "The yard is frightfully small there's hardly room for a single flower bed." "Think so," replied tho agent "but— er—mightn't you use folding flower beds?"—Philadelphia Press Veterans In Spanish Army. Spanish soldiers who bineii in the Barber—Can't I sell you a bottle of this tonic, sir? It will positively pre vent the hair from coming out. Customer—No, tlmuk you. You see I'm a married man, and the easier it comes out the less it hurts.—Chicago News. Electricity fbr California Towns, All Southern California cities look forward to be supplied with electric power from Kern Itlver, where at first 15,000 nnd later 45,00Q^iorse power will be obtained from an 800-foot fall, J? J— T! v. 'J ^7 fct®? The association elected officers as fol lows: President—Charles Eldred Sheldon, In dianola. First Vice-President—Adam Pickett, Mt. Ayr. Second Vice-President—D. A. Thorn burg, Grlnnell. Third Vice-President—Agnes Robert son, Cherokee. Secretary—W. F. Barr. Des Moines. Member of Executive Committee—W. II. Bender, Cedar Falls. Among the well-known speakers who addressed the association at Its various sessions were: J. P. D. John of Ureen caHtln. Ind. Max Roll. lit. Rev. J. L. Spauldlng, Catholic bishop at Peoria, III.• II. II. Seerley, W. M. Beardshear, tleo. McLean, (lov. L. M. Shaw, W. L. Toin lins of Chicago nnd Inspector J. L. Hughes of Toronto. *-IS 5# 4 yj Helen Elliott of Ottumui J. T. Merrill of Cedar Ruuids/^-' Theodore S. Parvin of Cedar Rapids. Jacob Wernli of Le Mars. J. II. Moyer of Atlantic. Maj. Dinwiddle of Cedar Falls. Prof. James Simmons of Urinnell, J. M. Mehnn of Des Moines. Miss Alice Stmitz of Harlan. -*r ipl if-fa. 1 fjrst Wnlthy* a Favorable Time. "Did you ask the old mnu for daughter?" "Not yet." jl* ay "Why notV "I'm going to wait until ho begins to feel the benefit of his fall advertising." •.'•A-i'p —Cleveland Pliin Dcalei his sfcV Effeminate. "What sort of nmii is Mr. Llzzlboy?" "He's the wrt that can go to a Satur day mntineo and not feel out of his cle ment there."—Philadelphia Press.. If yrr & AigX 4 war with the United States have found ed a vcteraus' association. No Use for It. ms