0f ALASKAN GOLD.
million years in the smelting pots
Of the great earth's furnace core,
-t bubbled and boiled as the old gods
Before it was time to pout
A million years in the giant molds
Of granite aud micn-scliist
It cooled and lay in the self-same way
That into their hearts it hissed.
/A million years, and the clouds of steam
Wove rivers and lakes and seas
And the mastodon to his grave had gone
In the coal that once was trees.
,»|When the Master Molder raised his
He shattered the gray rock mold
Jsi«?!And sprinkled its core from shore to
And the dust that foil was gold.
soft llglits of the quiet res
taurant brought rest to Boyn
ton's tired nerves ho picked up
the menu with a sigh of content.
"This Isn't half bad," he mused, run
ning his eyes down the card, "though
it savors uncommonly of poolroom
bulletins 'combination one combina
tion two'—well," with a smile at the
conceit, "reckon I'll play combination
seven—'lamb chop, griddle cakc, ly
onnals potatoes'—a huftgry fellow can't
lose much on tliut—for sure. Hello!"
his glance falling suddenly 011 a large
Japanese screen, partially hiding one
corner of the room, "there's an or
|chestra, too hope they are on a par
with the rest of the appointments. By
Jove! they're girls."
In the mirror by the cud of the
1 screen a face had arisen, a laughing
[v-y girlish face, and lis owner, tucking a
/•, fat brown violin under her arm, and
blissfully unconscious of Boyntou's
"eager scrutiny, proceeded with much
^graceful posing and sundry deft and
'/skillful jabs of a long, blacklieadud pin
jsjto adjust a huge picture hat upon her
small and shapely licnd.
Evidently* she of the merry counte
JT nance was trying It on, for slie turned
"'^presently as If Inviting an opinion
from some unseen companion—and at
Vgjtbat moment she caught the reflection'
got Boyton'B admiring eyes staring at
sphcr In the mirror.
«L The smile vanished, giving place to
^surprise, aunoyance and swiftly grow
ling resentment but the look of utter
chagrin that flashed over Boyntou's
J®! faco as lie realized tliat ho had been
guilty of a rudeness was clearly too
nuch for the young lady's sense of
"uior, for after a brief struggle, tlio
rn lines at the corner of her lips
tted into the suspicion of a smile
a quick glance—half fun, half
.ncc—she suddenly thrust out her
•le, and with a saucy courtesy at
eflectlon of the discomfited Boyn
\Vell If she Isn't a peach," thought
ark, gaziug ruefully at the empty
lirror, while a curious thrill tingled
•long his nerves. "What stunning hair
she has. 1 wish 1 knew who she was
somehow she seems different from any
girl I ever lie dropped his knife
ind fork lu astonishment, doubting his
rram LieMml the screen came the
roVifekiug notes of a familiar rag-tlmo
•4^ air, "Why don't you get a lady of your
Sown?" remarked the violin, sarcastlc
,« ally. Mark grinned In spite of lilm
"IH Sot even for that, young lady,"
be remarked, "or my name isn't Mark
gS Boynton—I am going to find out who
in re a in is
Mark racked his brain to little pur
Impose, but as he stepped up to pay his
check an Inspiration came to blui
LUu-cka! he ejaculated.
•'Beg pardon sir," said the cashier,
politely. "Why, certainly," she said
nresently. In answer to Boyntou's In
quiry, "the violin player's name Is
Mlss Sturm—of course you can engage
Jlior she will be much pleased a whist
party at your sister's you say—please
r| write her address. I assure you Miss
Sturm will be on hand."
Mark departed, chuckling. "Wonder
what she'll say to-morrow night," lie
thought, "I'll ask her to play 'Why
on't you get a. lady," as I'm a slu
'Awfully obliged for tlie orchestra,
vk," said Miss Boynton to her broth
•he fol'lwiug evening. "I never
'ierv having anything so swell
ja't for my whist don't you think
a nice idea putting them behind the
'.rubber plants V"
pj "Great, Sis," replied Mark, "believe
go and ask them to play something
!fsfor me. "Here's where I take a trick,"
i'jHlie muttered, threading his way care
'fully between the little tables
"Will you kiutiiy play, 'Why don't—'
iv though Miss Sturm was to be here?"
wound up Mark, leanlug against the
piano in surprise.
"But I vlins Miss Sturm," replied the
stolid looking, round-face violinist,
EBziijg at dumfounded Mark In mild
.^_JHit I thought—(hat Is—where Is the
ycmbs lady who plays at the restaur
•fj "I vhas her," said the German- girl,
^Impassively, "the cashier, she half gif
v*|me the Herr Boynton's card, and I haf
pcome to—" but Mark, with an Incoher
^ent apology, retreated.
"Trumped," he thought miserably,
'^§"What lu the world can it mean? That
Dutch girl Is as utterly unlike her as
vi]darkness from light." It came over
Murk all at once, iu a great wave of
•lisappointmeut, how much he had
en looking forward to seelug the
ierry face that had haunted him all
day. "I will And out who she Is," he
|told himself, with vehement determi
,5 nation, "If I have to search all over
*%Bost—Great Scott! am I awake?"
At a table lu the far corner, unoccu
pied, save for her dainty self, her
bands toying Idly with the score card,
was sltllug the girl of the mirror. It
seemed au hour to Mark before he
V:M reached Ills sister's side. "Maud," he
.If'said eagerly, "who is that gill over
Jthere? I—I'd like to meet her?"
v|s Miss Boynton swept the room with
j!- a deliberate glance. "That girl with
the auburn hair?" she said presently,
"that's Editli Sinclair haveu't you met
her yet? She's a Conservatory pupil."
i?j "My brother, Mark," said Miss Boyn
ton, "Miss Sinclair."
A tide of red surged over Miss. Sin
clalr's perfect face as her eye met
Mark's. "You!" she exclaimed, with a
horrified little grasp, "the man who—"
"Exactly," responded Mark, "the man
who—thought he had hired you to play
here to-night—aud hadn't—evidently."
Miss Sinclair laughed. "You took
uie for Barbara Wurni, didn't you?"
she said. "I gwssed as much when
she told mi 9 gentleman had engaged
If possible use only filtered rain water
ifi making a solution and you will be
surprised at the much better results you
Try rubbing around the edge of the
plate, say one-slxtecuth of an ineli
deep, with a pice of wax candle to pre
Those who find difficulty In using a
brush for spotting pinholes in negatives
or prints, should try an ordinary wood
en toothpick sharpened to a needle
To dry plates in a hurry after fixing
and washing, lay the plate In alcohol
nnd let it remain two minutes. Rest
plate on one corner when taking it out.
It will dry In a few moments. Be sure,
however, that it Is thoroughly washed
before putting In the alcohol.
An English amateur, who stands
among the recognized leaders, has this
to say on baud camera pictures that is
interesting: "'Under-exposed and over
developed this Is the true verdict
which should be pronounced on perhaps
three out of every four hand camera
negatives. The error of over-develop
ment is to a large extent due to the
widespread but very misleading notion,
viz., that prolonged development will
bring out the details. To put this fine,
crusted, old delusion in other words, it
is equivalent to saying that prolonged
development compensates for, or Is
equivalent to, exposure. The hungry
school boy is sometimes told that the
thickness of the bread compensates for
the thinness of the butter, a maxim
•which sounds all right, but is not easy
All amateurs ought to do their own
developing. It is really the most inter
esting feature of picture taking. Any
one with intelligence enough to go In
when it rains can snap a shutter and
then take the plates or Ulm to a pro
fessional to develop. That Is not learn
ing anything, aud moreover it is expen
sive. Do your own work. Get intimate
her that evening. Miss Sturm had an
engagement and couldn't flud a sub
stitute, so for a lark I got leave from
the 'Con' and took her place—but
aren't you going to play whist?" drop
ping her eyes from Mark's Inteut gaze.
"I don't know," said Mark, iu mock
despair, "1 haven't auy partner—1 uev
er had a 'Lady of my owu.' you kuow,"
The red flashed back into Miss Sin
clair's cheek, but she looked straight
into Mark's earnest eyes. "WouldnT
1 do," she answered, saucily, *'for a
THE LARGEST AND THE
SMALLEST ROAD COMMISSIONERS.
The largest nnd the smallest road
commissioners in America are shown
in the accompanying illustrntlou.
Samuel Wise, the little man, is the
popular official who looks after good
roads at Shreve, Ohio. lie is threu
feet, two inches tall, but very active
and thorough In his duties.
The larger tnau Is Frederick Creb
bln, of Detroit, Mich lie Is six feet,
one inch tall, and very large in pro
portion to his height. Crebbln is -IS
years old nnd Wise is 30. Crebblu
weighs over 450 pounds, while Wise
scarcely tips the beam at 75. Thus,
Crebbin is just six times as large us
Wise, although their duties are about
the same. Both arc obliged to have
their garments made to their special
CASIMIR'S CHEF D'OEUVRE.
The Great Inventor of "Potauc Ger
miny" Ih to Retire*.
Some tears are reported to have
been shed by the gourmets of the
Paris boulevards ou accouut of the In
tended retirement of a modern Vatel,
who for uearly half a century has pre
sided over the culliuary department
of the Malsou Doree. This famous
cook, familiarly kuown as Casluilr, has
been so devoted to his business that
he has never seen Eiffel's tower. Casi
mir laments the decadence of dlniug in
Paris of recent years. Formerly, as
ancient Casiuiir points out the crea
tion of a new soup or sauce or dish
was an event of equal importance with
the production of a new play.
The grandest day in Casimlr's life,
says the New York Commercial Ad
vertiser, was that on which he Invent
ed or discovered potage germluy, a
soup made with the yolk of two eggs,
cream and sorrel. The potage was
prepared for a dinner given by the
Marquis de St. George, author of the
Mousquetaires de la Heine. Casimir
was as uervous over the receptiou of
his soup as a dramatic author or a
composer on a first ulglit. He had his
reward when the marquis seut for
him, and before the assembled guests
pressed him to his bosom aud ex
claimed: "Caslmlr, It is not a soup
it is a great work, a masterpiece."
One Seems Altogether Without Rea
son Another IH Reverse.
The women of Paris are just now en
gaged in rivalry in regard to who shall
own the prettiest fox cub. Every so
ciety woman has one, with the result
that the little creatures are valued at
from $20 to $25. When they become too
large to haudle they are sent to the
with "the way to do It all yourself."
A better acquaintance will come with
the camera, and there will be a deeper
interest in Its capabilities where ono
does the developing and attends to the
details. Often it Is said: "Oh, I haven't
patience!" That's nonsense. Fractice
patience. You have no Idea of what cau
be done with very limited conveni
ences, and well done, too, if you are
really interested and try. The bottom
shelf In a pnntry. or one put in the end
of a chest, a pail of water, a couple of
pans, small red light, developer and
hypo, and there you are.
There is a wide field froni which the
amateur anxious to do something can
choose. Portraiture, perhaps, is at the
top of the list but undoubtedly most
difficult of all. Genre, hardly less exact
ing and more generally Interesting as
active human nature always is laud
scape with figures and figures with
landscape, each different from the oth
er, and both requiring much careful
study and thought, especially as to tho
suitability aud placing of tho figures.
Street scenes as pictures of everyday
life marine subjects, with the ocean
or the lake lu all their moods, and the
happy combinations of the always In
teresting fisher folks, aud the, to some
at least, equally Interesting yachts and
yacht racing. Architecture also offers
great opportunities, although lu this
country not so great as in some others
and last, although perhaps not least,
flowers and flora generally, although
generally classed as the lowest phase
of art, have brought fame to some and
may do so again to those who really
love and know how to arrange and pho
tograph them. Whatever phase may be
selected It should be stuck to, and stud
led In all Its bearings. Especially should
the artist make himself acquainted
with all that he possibly can of what
has been clone before in that line exam
ining and* analyzing the work that
pleases in our picture galleries and In
the higher class magazines, not with a
view to copy it, but to become so sat
urated with It as to form a style of his
owu by which his work shall be recog
nized as unmistakably his.
country aud are there set free on the
great estates of the rich. Fox cubs are
very clever aud very playful, but they
never ate quite tamo, and hence are
only temporarily safe house compan
When invited to spend the night at
the home of a friend, it is now imper
ative to add to the nlghtrobe and the
toilet auxiliaries a set of clean sheets.
Real# fastidious people do so. When
ihTi Qznr and Czarina were invited to
be the guests of Paris, their couches
were fitted by Franco with liuen from
the stock of royal napery accumulated
during the emperorship of Napoleon
III. The imperial guests calmly and
quietly directed their attendants to re
move the French linen and substitute
for it the pieces wrought with the
arms of the Rouiauoffs. This, it was
explained to their perplexed entertain
ers. was the Czar and Czarina's Invaria
ble custom, and it seemed to them to be
as imperative a piece of refinement as
the owning of Individual toothbrushes.
Now all the smart set pretends to have
been ever scrupulous in regards to indi
vidual bed llneu, and drapers are bap
P.v because It increases the quantity
and enhances the quality of their sales,
since their patrons consider that only
exquisitely fine, monogrammed or
crested sheets, ingeniously hand
stitched, are good enough for use when
A Cripple Creek Incident.
He was just in from the East, and
the pattern of his trousers were such
that even the dogs regarded him with
suspicion, lie was walking ahead of a
fair girl, his Cripple Creek cousin, aud
as they climbed the hill he caught his
breath and held it with an effort. The
beautiful girl behind him was the first
to speak. She had been debating
whether to call him down for walking
In front of her or heave a bowlder
against his shoulder blade. Finally
she took another course aud got him.
"This light air don't agree with you,"
she observed, sweetly."
"Perfectly," he gasped, using all the
atmosphere he had on his person.
"Is that so?" she gurgled, sarcasti
cally. "Why, your pants are so loud I
can hear them clear down here."
The man started slightly. Intending
to .freeze her with a glance, until it oc
curred to him that such a course might
require air, and, so thinking, hedrngged
his leaden limbs skyward.—Denver
Getting Kvcn with Joo Jefferson.
On ono occasion, just previous to
opening In one of tho large Eastern cit
ies, Joseph Jefferson discharged his
property man. Bagley, for humiliating
him before a number of friends by fa
miliarly addressing him as "Joey."
Bagley got drunk right away and that
night paid his way to the gallery to see
Mr. Jefferson present "Rip Van Win
kle." The angry frau had just driven
poor, destitute Rip from the cottage
when Rip turned and. with a world of
pathos, asked: "Den haf I no interest
In dis house?" The house was deathly
still, the audience half in tears, when
Bagley's cracked voice responded:
"Only 80 per cent, Joey—only 80 per
Mrs. Noobrido— Mr. Whlteoak had
some of my pie at the church fair last
night and he said It was very good.
Mr. Noobride—Well, now, that opin
ion, coming from him, is worth some
thing expert testimony. In fact, lie's
in the leather business, you know."—
Not Enough Good Ones.
Dried Peat for Fuel.
The Yisiaud-Bolmeu Railway, lu
Sweden, has made a satisfactory test
of dried peat as fuel for locomotives
without chnuglug tho fire bed.
He is a very good and unusual man
who puts his wife in the air castles he'
INFLUENCE OF IOWA,
HAWKEYE STATE SUPREME At
fcumwcr of High National Positions
Held by Ucr 8ons Rarely Kqunled—
t3haw* Wilson, Henderson arid Alii*
fcon tiie "Big Four.4*
Iowa to Be Supreme.
Under Roosevelt Iowa seems to be the
favored State. In the near future she
will have more men in high places of
the federal government than any other
commonwealth and the influence which
any Western State has heretofore wield
ed in national nffnirs. Though in pop
ulation she is but tenth and in area twen-
DAVID R. 1IKNDKRS0N.
(Speaker of the House.)
WILLIAM 11. ALLISON".
JONATHAN 1*. I1)1.1.1 VKIt.
Secretary Shaw will hold the most
responsible position in the government,
next to the President. There arc under
this official 2t5,000 office holders. A rash
word from him would throw Wall street
in a panic and probably convulse the
finances of the world. A single act
might prevent a panic and save the pub
lic credit. No other cabinet ollicer hns
so much power, and no one Is called on
to use such good judgment and wise dis
crimination as he is in time of public
The Department of Agriculture is gen
erally regarded by the public as an insig
nificant place. Those not familiar with
it have eoinc to look upon it as a sort of
a fifth wheel to a wagon. Yet it has been
taking place rapidly as a very influ
ential position in the government. Under
Secretary James Wilson of Iowa it has
brought the farming class of the country
in direct touch with Washington.
Since Thomas B. Reed of Maine show
ed the country how great a power the.
Speaker of the House could be, that office
has come to be regarded as the most
commanding in the legislative branch of
tho government. Speaker David B. lieu
derson of Iowa has held the influence
that the lteed rules and the Reed meth
ods give the presiding otllccr of the lower
It is needless to call attention to the
prominence of Senator William B. Alli
son. lie ifc one of the sages of the Sen
ate, whose kuowledge of government af
fairs is surpassed by none and equaled
by but few and who is one of the four
or five men who, when acting together,
can dictate in large part the policy of
the Senate. At the forthcoming session
of the Legislature in his State he will be
accorded an honor never before conferred
on any one—that of being elected to his
sixth consecutive term in the United
States Senate. Other men have been
elected for as great a number of years,
but there has been a break in their ser
vice. Senator Allisou is chairman of the
important committee on appropriations.
Oilier Prominent lowatiB,
The men mentioned constitute Iowa's
"Big Four." When one considers the
iuliuence which attaches to the position
which Representative William P. Hep
burn occupies—that of chairmau of the
House committee on interstate and for
eign commerce—it would seem as though
the number should be enlarged to the
"Why do some people thluk
wicked to go to the theater?"
"Well, I suppose it's because people
who make a practice of going so often
go to the bad.r
Philadelphia Bulletin. "Big Five." This chairmanship Is of par
ticular importance this session because
the committee will handle legislation re
luting to an isthmian canal. This is the
greatest measure Congress will be called
upon to handle. Another important chair
inanslnp is held by Congressman Join) A.
T. Hull. A*s the head of the House com
mittee on military affairs he will have
charge of all legislation relating to the
army. John F. Laeey, another lowan, is
chairman of the House committee on pub-
lie lands, and Robert G. Cousins is at the
head of the committee on expenditures
of the Treasury Department. The latter
is one of the most eloquent speakers in
the Itonse and his gift of oratory, com
bined with that of Senator Jonathan P.
Dolliver, gives Iowa brilliant and sufll
cient representation among tho speakers
of Coiigress. Though a young member,
Dolliver, because of the experience gain
ed in thb House, and by reason o£ his
ability* promises to commniid an influ
ential position in the Senate.
Time wns when Mnine hnd an Influence
ih national affairs—by reason of the sii
berlor ability of her representatives at
Washington and the important places
they occupied—which wns far greater
than the population of the State seemed
to warrant. That was when Blaine was
Secretary of State iu Harrison's cabinet,
Reed was Speaker oi the House, Frye
and Hale were on some of the most im
portant committees in the Senate arid
Dingley, Boutellc and Millikeu were
among the prominent men in the House.
Some years previous to this New York
had occupied the supreme place in tho
national government. Cleveland was
President, Manning and Fairchild were
Secretary of the Treasury at different
periods, Whitney occupied the navy port
folio and Dan Lninont, as private secre
tary, was laying the foundation of a suc
cessful career while acting in a confiden
tial capacity for the President.
At present the director of the mint is
an towan—George K. Roberts, journalist,
Statistician and financier. Should he be
retained by Secretary Shaw, Iowa would
have ten men occupying positions of more
oi* less promineuco in the national gov
Great is the Ilawkeye State.
THEIR DIGESTION IS GOOD.
Boyn Sometime* Eat us Much as a
Dozen Grown Persoust
The appetite of the average small boy
Is ono of the marvels of the century.
An English school master who lias
made special study of the gormnn
dlzlug capacity of bis pupils testifies
that while be found a superabundance
of capacity there was actually little or
Perhaps, after rich cake, both fruit
and plain, the first flavor, according to
the school master, is condensed milk.
This is often eaten without a spoon by
simply making two small holes in the
top of tho can nnd placing the lips
against them. Then after this came
chocolates, chocolate cream, chocolate
candy, chocolate cake.
"It may be thought I am exagger
ating," he says, "when I say that I
have seen a boy»of 10 years eat in a
single afternoon enough food to satisfy
an adult party of twelve persons. I
have myself known a little, frail boy
to eat a portion of a rich cake, a third
of a one-pound can of condensed milk,
four ounces of mixed chocolate, a hand
ful of assorted sweets, two oranges,
one apple, four gingerbread cakes, a
dozen Brazil nuts and two large'pieces
of peppermint candy.
"Did it make him ill? Did he lie
down and groan nnd await the coming
of the medical man with tho stomach
pump? Not he he just had one or two
faint symptoms of uneasiness which
ho quickly dispelled by a few well
drawn gapes, much after the manner
of a sleeping baby. Then lie walked
about for a time and presently accepted
an Invitation to Join In a game of ball."
The school master's observations
ROBERT U. COl'SIKS
(Member of Congress.)
(Secretary of Agriculture.)
IOWA MEN WHO ARE IN FUJHXTIAL AT WASHINGTON.
ty-fifth among the State of the Union, she
will be first politically. The State which
was the twenty-ninth member of the
Union will overshadow, by reason of the
prominence of its representatives, ail its
predecessors. This exaltation of Iowa
will occur when Leslie M. Shaw suc
ceeds Lyman J. Gage as Secretary of
have led to the very natural deduction
that a boy's condition Is In many ways
different from that of the trained
strong man. The latter could not eat
tho things that a boy could because
his fitness is mainly muscular, while
the boy's Is. in addition to being mus
cular, organic. The man may have
a sluggish liver or faulty kidneys and
still be a strong man, but the boy who
runs and romps ami turns somersaults
and shouts and hiughs and twists and
turns and shouts hasn't single blem
Iu Public Places.
It Is Impossible to perform some of
the simplest ads of every day life with
anything approaching grace. Did you
ever watch a man taking a drink of
water In a public place. In a railroad
statiou or on a train, where he Is aware
that many eyes regard hi in? Watch
this sonic time you'll find it Interest
ing. Tho man, you see, holds the glass
in his right hand while he drinks, and
it Is his inability meanwhile to make
his unoccupied hand look graceful that
makes the spectacle worth while. Ono
fellow, as he stoops over the cup in an
elegant attitude, an attitude like that
of bowing, solves the enigma of what
to do with his left hand by putting It
In his trousers pocket. Another holds
it behind his back. A third puts tho
thumb of it In the pocket of ills waist
coat, nnd a fourth swings the hand like
a pendulum tp and fro at Ills side. But
all men, do what they will with their
left baud, look awkward and self-con
scious when drinking in public, nnd It
is amuslug to watch them.
Two remarkable caves have been dis
covered in France, in which the walls
are covered with drawn and painted
figures of the paleolithic epoch. These
are mostly figures of animals, and some
of them have been drawn with striking
correctness. In the first cave, at Com
Imrelics (I)ordogne), the figures are
drawn with a deeply engraved line and
are vigorous in execution. They In
clude tho mammoth, reindeer and other
animals extinct in France. Iu the
second cave, at Font-de-Gaume, not far
from the former, black lines are used,
ami sometimes tho whole animal is
painted black, forming a silhouette.
Red oclier is also used iu the figures,
which are sometimes four feet long.
Many of the figures are covered with a
stalagmite deposit which often reaches
an Inch iiythickness.
Mine. Pompadour, whose head-dress
has given a name to a well-known stylo
of wearing the hair, spcnl 100,000
franca a year on perfumes and poma
New York City has thirty Japanese
tVhy Not Fire Lous?
President Uooscvelt can possibly af
ford to take some risks witli his repu
tation as political idealist his repu
tation as man of courageous honor
and justice he ought not to imperil.
Until Mr. Payne shall have begun the
restoration of the spoils system In
the postal service we need not dispute
his appointment to Mr. Roosevelt's
cabinet. But if the time lias couie to
reconstruct the cabinet, why does Mr.
Long remain? He has destroyed the
morale of the uavy aud smirched its
reputation. lie hns affronted tho pub
lic senso of justice nnd decency. Mr.
Roosevelt knows this, and his contin
ued toleration of tills unfit person
among his constitutional advisers, has
done more than any other thing to
Impair confidence In the judgment nnd
courage of the President himself.
Tho issue comes plainly before hliu
lu the miserable miscarriage of Justice
In the case of Rear Admiral Schley.
President McKluley, who was orlgln
nlly responsible for Long, would uot
have allowed him the opportunities he
hns abused. Dewey was designated by
McKinley the other two members of
tho Court of Inquiry were Meetcd by
Long, nhd have carried out his orders.
Their absurd and outrageous finding,
in utter disregard of truth, wns what
he expected of them nnd could not fall
to receive ids approval. But every in
stinct of Theodore Roosevelt's manly
character must revolt against it. And
he, not Secretary Long, is commander
in-chief of the uavy and responsible
for its .security aud honor.
If this preposterous finding be al
lowed to go on record,' to the detriment
of a brave and successful officer whom
the nation delights to honor, Theodore
Roosevelt must bear the blame aud
suffer the resentment. The secretary
has had his way long enough it Is
time for the President to take the
case out of his bands aud set aside
tho whole proceedings. He was not
responsible for the inception aud
growth of the disgraceful conspiracy,
but his administration will be dis
honored by Its consummation. It Is
for blm to brush aside the quibbles of
the narrow naval pedagogues and give
expression to the nntiou's confidence in
the men who have won its victories.
If this should drive Mr. Long from
the cabinet It will please the country
nil the more. The PresUleut is thought
to be turuing his attention to politics.
bad politics to load bis
administration "at"uiu u*«et with the
disgrace of the persecution of Scluey.
A still stronger argument for his cour
ageous Intervention is that it would be
right. Tho American people will for
give much to one iu whoso controlling
bcusq of righteousness they cau confide
their disappointment will be bitter if
Theodore Roosevelt falls lu so con
spicuous a test.—News, Macon, Ga.
The Tariff and The Trust**
Congressman Dalzell of Pennsylvania,
second member of the ways and means
committee of the house, nnd said to be
closer to Speaker Henderson than any
other representative, declares that the
Dingley tariff bill will not be molested
'It should be remembered, incidental
ly, that as Mr. Dalzell is one of the
most influential Republican leaders lu
the house, it may be uaturally assumed
that he is in duty bouud to protect the
Interests of the trusts. That assumption
would account for the following re
markable declaration he makes:
"The only excuse offered for tinker
ing with the tariff is that trusts may be
punished whereas it V? well known
tiint the trusts cannot be punished in
Many men of brains have declared
that the only way to get at the trust
through the tariff. Therefore when Mr.
Dalzell assumes that the contrary "is
well knowu" he either purposely or In
If protective tariff was justified
when our "Infant industries" were real
ly infantile, it hns proven the mother
of the trusts wbiclrwerc begotten by a
manipulation of the monetary system.
In reply to Mr. Dalzell it might be
said that tho attitude of such men as
himself warrants the belief that a re
vision of the tariff is exactly the way to
punish the trusts.
The Republican party iu tho last cam
paign, as an offset to the cry raised
against trusts by the Democratic lead
ers, made voluminous promises of anti
trust legislation. Now its delegated
members in congress are growing red
faced in the'"cndenvor to bead off le
ouly logical anti-trust measures so far
luggested. It Is noteworthy that iu urg
ing tlmt tariff revision would bo futile
they fall to present any other means for
obtaining the end they professed to be
so desirous of in 11)00.
If the trusts themselves were not so
nnxious to assert that the tariff has
nothing to do with them, the people
might receive the declarations of Con
gressman Dalzell and Congressman
Grosrenor with more credeuce.—Kan
sas City World.
Dettceuding to Machine Politics.
According to special dispatches lu
some of our Republican exebnuges
President Roosevelt lias already begau
a retrograde movement, aud Is de
scending to machine polities In order
to advance his personal political for
tunes. The case to which special at
tention is culled at this time Is that of
tho appoiutmeut of Francis 10. Baker to
a United States Judgeship iu Indiana.
It is regarded In Washington as well
as lu Iudiana as a "jolt" administered
to Senator Fairbauks, who it Is well
known aspires to'the Presidential nom
ination by his party lu 1004. It seems
that Baker is a very special frieud of
Senator Bcveridge. He is what may
be termed the original Bcveridge num.
Ills backing was exclusively Beveridge.
Senator Fairbanks and all the Republi
can Congressional delegation from In
diana with oue exception were for auy
other than Baker. In appointing Ba
ker, therefore, the President has turned
down Fairbanks nnd all his following,
thus notifying them if they expect any
favors from him they must be "good
Fairbanks did everything In his pow
er to avert the blow. He withdrew
his indorsement of Monck nnd declined
to Indorse any one candidate. He would
be satisfied with auy of a dozen names.
If any but Baker had been appointed it
could have beeu billed as a Fairbanks
victory, the significance of which seems
to be that Roosevelt recognizes in Fair
banks a rival for the Republican nom
ination in 10M. He does not trust
him, and'tife will not allow him to dis
|ense the federal patronage, Beveridge
may be on the Roosevelt ticket as can*
didate for Vice President. At any rate
lie will help land Roosevelt delegates 18,
Thus It Is tlmt our good aud strenu
ous President Is engaged iu looking af
ter his feuces, aud he is evidently go
ing to use the federal patronage to
down his opponents.—Illinois Register.
Blowing Hot anil Cold.
The actlou of the commissioner of in
ternal revenue lu holding the Philip
pines to be domestic territory for the
purposes of taxation is in direct con
flict with the attitude of the treasury
department in holding the Islands to be
foreign territory for tariff purposes, al
though it Is In harmony with the de
cision of the Supreme Court In the Por
to Rico cases.
It will be recalled that tho Supremo
Court held that Porto Rico became do
mestic territory for taxing purposes im
mediately it passed under the sover
eignty of tho United States, nnd that
no duties should have been collected on
goods shipped from tho Island to this
country. In the next case it held that
while Porto Rico was not foreign terri
tory during the military administration
that Congress wns empowered to treat
it as such In tariff legislation and that
the Porto Rlcan tariff was constitu
The Philippines occupy the same re
lation to the United States as Porto
Rico did prior to the passage of the es
tablishing of a civil government in the
island, aud, unless the Supreme Court
takes another twist, tariff duties levied
on goods coming from the islauds to
this country or entering the Islands
from American ports will be hold to
have been illegally collected. By the
same reasoning the action of the com
missioner of Internal revenue will bo
The government at Washington, how
ever, is clearly illogical in exacting cus
toms duties and at the same time col
lecting an Internal revenue tax on ar
ticles subject to such a tax and shipped
to the Philippines. The Philippines
cannot bo both domestic and foreign
Arc We to Imitate Weylcr?
The information contained In the dis
patches yesterday that Geu. Bell hns
notified the Filipinos of Bntangas
province that on Dec. 28 he proposes to
concentrate them in the neighborhood
of tho towns, Including their goods and
live stock, will uot be agreeable news
to Americans who had hoped that the
to* 4vas over In the Philippines. This
military oiw«*-tneans the Inauguration
of the dreaded rulaugentrado system
of warfare, which horiiKcd the civ
ilized world when the Spanish gcncr«.\
Weyler, attempted to crush the Cuban
rebellion, and which is now being prac
ticed by tho British in South Africa.
The dispatches say that the roads
from Bntangas and Laguua provinces
"arc lined with a continuous stream of
native men, women aud children in
carryalls, carts and mounted on cara
bous, seeking safety from tho horrors
of war." Tho people are being driven
from their homes with the threat that
if they do not herd themselves In
camps, to be under military guard, they
may suffer death and confiscation of
their property. We condemned this
plan as murder and Weyler as a butch
er when Spain adopted it in Cuba, aud
it is hardly possible that the same hu
mane Indignntlou will not now express
itself when an American army officer
Is resorting to method entailing so
much misery to non-combatants. It
marks tho beginning of another chap
ter of the Philippine blunder, the terri
ble cost of which in life and treasure
we are only beginning to comprehend.
AdmiHnl Dcwey'tj Sweeping DinHcnt
Admiral Dewey's dissent Is sweeping
nnd unequivocal, lie declares that tho
blockodes at Cienfuegos and Santiago
were conducted effectively and that
the passage from Cienfuegos to Santi
ago was made with as much dispatch
as possible. He does not mcutiou the
retrograde movement or the Colon af
fair, perhaps because he does not con
sider them important. lie does send a
shiver through tho Sampson party of
the navy department, however, by as
serting that Schley was the senior of
ficer of the American squadron on July
3, that ho was In absolute command
and is entitled to the credit due for the
glorious victory which resulted iu the
total destruction of the Spanish ships.
Who IH Benefited?
Wc pay at the rate of about $85,000,
(XX) a year for tho little more than
$5,000,000 a year of Philippine trade wc
get, while European nations pay noth
ing for the more than $18,000,000 a year
they get. These figures do their own
Twenty million dollars for the Phil
ippine Islands, $85,000,000 for main
taining an army in the Philippines one
year, $00,000,000 Spanish war claims.
Being a "world power" makes a beauti
ful topic for an after-dinner speech,
but it's a little expensive.—Peklu, 111.,
Why Hitch Tariff IH Opposed.
There is a strong and we believe ft
growing sentiment lu this country in
opposition to the protective tariff bosed
on two grounds.'One is that protection
is uot now really needed by any healthy
industry, that there is uot auy Import
ant industry that cannot easily hold the
home market against foreign competi
tors. Tho other is that protection is
grossly abused, that it is made the
means of high prices at home, despite
low prices abroad, and that It fosters
and strengthens trusts and monopolies.
—New York Times.
The Handmaiden of Monopoly.
Reciprocity, the handmaiden of pro
tection, as high-tariff Republicans now
delight to term that vague and evasive
policy, will doubtless be found to have
earned the title beyond all dispute be
fore the fifty-fifth Congress shnll have
reached the day of liual adjournment.
What still remaius to be seen, however,
is whether the general public will be
fooled into believing that such a hand
maiden serves any but monopoly inter
ests.—St. Louis Republic.
VlciotiB in Ever)* Feature.
Tlie^hlp subsidy bill Is a steal pure
and simple. It proposes to take the
people's money and present It to indus
tries already established and profita
ble. It Is iu the interest of a class.
It is vicious in principle. Healthy In
dustries are not developed in such man
ner. The bill rests upon falsehood and
misrepresentation aud It ought never
to become a law.—Rochester Herald.
10W A TEACHERS MEET
HOLD THEIR ANNUAL CONVEN*
TION IN DES MOINES.
Capital City Entertains More than
1,000 of the 8tnte*n Pedagogue*—
Many Addresses Delivered by Bio*
qucnt Speakers—Officers Are Elected*
Des Molncs correspondence:
The annual meeting of the Iowa State
Teachers' Association wns held In this
city, and there was a large attendance.
Over 1,000 teachers were present.
The State educational council held a
meeting preceding the convention. In
the council there was a bitter fight over
county examining boards. One faction
led by County Superintendent H. E.
Dealer of Clarindn wanud to recommend
to the association that such boards con
sist of the county superintendent ex
oflicio and a member selected by the
teachers in the county institute. Another
faction, headed by Superintendent H. O.
Sheakley of Des Moines,' wanted the
hoard of suxervision to name the board.
It wns decided to recommend such boards
should consist of the county superinten
dent ex officio and two members named
by the supervisors.
Tho association on Saturday decided to
ask the Legislature to adopt a new plan
for tho admisslou of teachers. County
superintendents now examine teachers
and issue certificates to them. It is pro
posed to put this power into the hands
of county boards of three members each,
of which the superintendent shall be
chairman. It wns also voted to ask the
Legislature to give power to the Stote
board of educational examiners to issue
At the meeting of the principals and
superintendents' sections It was decided
to ask the Legislature to pass a law mak
ing it a jail offense for persons under
18 years to smoke cigarettes in public,
with the provision that when the person
arrested shall give information as to who
sold the cigarettes ho may gain his re
lenso and the penalty be transferred to
Chancellor William Bayard Craig of
Drake University, in the symposium on
"The Teacher Problem" at the State
Teachers' Association convention, made
a comparison between the salaries paid
teachers in Iowa and other States, with
the result that Toya pays her teachers
loss than nny other State in the Uniou
with the possible exception of Louisiana.
Chancellor Craig also took a position
that more normal schools In the State ar«
Dot needed, but that rather the upbuild
ing and strengthening of the present In
stitution at Cedar Falls is to be desired.
In presenting tho "present" of tho
teacher problem, Chancellor Craig said:
The State of Iowa requires about 19,000
teachers to supply its school rooms. To
fill vacancies that occur during the year
and provide substitutes an additional 10,
000 arc employed. In the past year 4,W8
male and 23,841 female teachers were on
the pay rolls, a total of 28,789. The sta
tistics do not give the average salary
paid the teucher in the ungraded schools.
The average salary for the wholo num
ber of teachers employed by the State Is
given, but the comparatively high sal
aries of city and town superintendents
nnd principals are counted in. It makes
the average for the male teachers $40
per month, and for tho female, $30. For
tho teacher in the ungraded schools a
salary of $10 and $20 per month is not
uncommon. In the matter of teachers*
sul'ries Iowa makes the worst showing
in thi Union, with the possible excep
tion of Louisiana.- Illinois gives men $00
and won.on $51 Wisconsin, $tK
and $30 Inliona, $48 and $40. Tlio
lowest of tbes*. an ndvanco of 25 per
cent over tho average Iowa, and
no tone of the rich States in thr Missis
sippi valley pay their school teachers as
much as they deserve, when the chartffr"
tor and importance of the work they are
doing for the republic are properly es
The committee on necrology, composed
of A. N. Currier, II. H. Seerle.v, II. II.
Freer, H. C. Holbngsworth. C. F. (jonl
try nnd J. 11. 1. Mam, looking over
tlio records, found that ten active and
honorary members were unable to answer
to the roll call because of death. Tho
committee prepared skctchcs of the fol
J. J. Doffelmver, snpermtendent-olect
Towue—Do you really think the auto
mobile will gver figure in a war?
Browne-liver will? Gracious, my
man, haven't you ever henrd a contro
versy between two chnufieurs as to the
merits of their respective machines?—
"No, I'm not very well impressed
with the house," said the prospective
tenant. "The yard is frightfully small
there's hardly room for a single flower
"Think so," replied tho agent "but—
er—mightn't you use folding flower
Veterans In Spanish Army.
Spanish soldiers who bineii in the
Barber—Can't I sell you a bottle of
this tonic, sir? It will positively pre
vent the hair from coming out.
Customer—No, tlmuk you. You see
I'm a married man, and the easier it
comes out the less it hurts.—Chicago
Electricity fbr California Towns,
All Southern California cities look
forward to be supplied with electric
power from Kern Itlver, where at first
15,000 nnd later 45,00Q^iorse power will
be obtained from an 800-foot fall,
The association elected officers as fol
President—Charles Eldred Sheldon, In
First Vice-President—Adam Pickett,
Second Vice-President—D. A. Thorn
Third Vice-President—Agnes Robert
Secretary—W. F. Barr. Des Moines.
Member of Executive Committee—W.
II. Bender, Cedar Falls.
Among the well-known speakers who
addressed the association at Its various
sessions were: J. P. D. John of Ureen
caHtln. Ind. Max Roll. lit. Rev. J. L.
Spauldlng, Catholic bishop at Peoria, III.•
II. II. Seerley, W. M. Beardshear, tleo.
McLean, (lov. L. M. Shaw, W. L. Toin
lins of Chicago nnd Inspector J. L.
Hughes of Toronto.
Helen Elliott of Ottumui
J. T. Merrill of Cedar Ruuids/^-'
Theodore S. Parvin of Cedar Rapids.
Jacob Wernli of Le Mars.
J. II. Moyer of Atlantic.
Maj. Dinwiddle of Cedar Falls.
Prof. James Simmons of Urinnell,
J. M. Mehnn of Des Moines.
Miss Alice Stmitz of Harlan.
Wnlthy* a Favorable Time.
"Did you ask the old mnu for
"Not yet." jl* ay
"I'm going to wait until ho begins to
feel the benefit of his fall advertising." •.'•A-i'p
—Cleveland Pliin Dcalei
"What sort of nmii is Mr. Llzzlboy?"
"He's the wrt that can go to a Satur
day mntineo and not feel out of his cle
ment there."—Philadelphia Press..
war with the United States have found
ed a vcteraus' association.
No Use for It.
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