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Manchester Democrat. [volume] (Manchester, Iowa) 1875-1930, February 05, 1902, Image 6

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€ljc democrat.
BBONSON & CABS, Publishers.
MANCHESTER, IOWA.
The Methodists nro trying to raleo
$20,000,000. So aro wo.
Tbo Ohio man will please sit down
and give the Iowa mail a chance.
After tho King of Slam has Inspect
ed tho United States ho may signify a
desire to bo annexed.
A. little spanking now and then is just
necessary, It seems, In tho White
House as In any other.
The cabinet is maintaining its record
for members with oue-syllablo names,
dflge is'8ucceeded by Shaw.
Tho government of New Zealand,
when it came to the bridge, decided to
cross on an American structure.
Lucy Page Gaston finds that cigar
ettes ore adulterated. Evidently they
are trying hard to make cigarettes bet
ter.
Wheu there is talk of a cabinet va
cancy every man iu Iowa starts percep
tibly and wears his haud tucked into
bis vest
So long as they keep Alfred Austin
off tho work, the revision of England's
national anthem will not bo viewed
with, alarm.
Italy's commercial invasion of Amer
ica, now that wc think of it, may be
reckoned among the successful affairs
of that kind.
King Edward has decided that there
will be no court jester at the coronation
ceremonies. Waiting so many years for
the crown is a serious matter.
Prof. Jacques Loeb of the University
of Chicago has an elixir thnt holds off
death from sea urchin's eggs. This
ought to be a great thlug—for sea
urchins.
When the now telephone service
which will enable talkers to see each
other while conversing comes Into use,
will it be necessary to cross the wires
for cross-eyed patrons?
A New York man has been paying his
wife's alimony in postage stamps of uu
negotiable denominations, which sug
"S£fits that the champion mean man
would better look to his laurels.
The Emperor of Germany recently
talked in eight languages during one
day. Still, that isn't much. A neighbor
who pounded his thumb the other even
ing used eleven in about four seconds.
The fable of the dog who lost his
piece of meat In trying to reach for the
larger piece which he saw reflected In
the stream below him is respectfully
referred to the notice of tho Panama
company officials.
Congress will use the District of Co
lumbia as a sort of experimental sta
tion for divorce reform. A law Is to be
formulated for tbe district which shall
serve as a national model. There 1b call
for great wisdom In the making of such
a law.
1
According to some persons, Marconi
is either suffering from a diseased
Imagination or given to unbridled men
dacity. According to history, Fulton,
Edlsoil and along line of other pioneers
In the field of Invention were once re
garded as crazv or worse.
4
Representative Eddy's statement that
there are not a dozen men In Congress
who, on a strict salary basis, could com
mand from private corporations or In
terests the salary the government pays
them Is no sign that any member Is to
Introduce a bill for the reduction of
Congressional pay.
Chinese diplomats broke over an old
tradition when they attended a dinner
given by Minister Conger, in which
American women participated. Former
ly It was considered degrading to dine
with foreign women. When the Chinese
nobles expose themselves to cultivation
by the charm of American womanhood
It is easy to see a finish for the musty
traditions of centuries.
The submarine boat, the Fulton, re
cently remained sixteen hours under
as many feet of water. Its officers and
cr&w spent the time in entire comfort,
unaware of the great gale that was
blowing above. If the International
Association to Prevent Seasickness
would only contrive attachments by
which tbe life-boats on ocean liners
might take susceptible pasengers down
to the bottom of the sen while storms
rage above,—and bring them back
alive,—its claim of practical utility
would bo no longer questioned.
f^There was never nil innocent and im
proving pastime, suitable alike to tho
learned and the luity, to compare in
genuine fun and literary profit with
the spelling "bee." So general has be
come the vice of bad orthography that
signs multiply in favor of a revival of
the "bee." There will be a little more
difficulty than of old in agreeing upon
a standard, but the words spelled moro
ways than one are comparatively few
and not important. Teachers of spell
ing, the few that remain In the schools,
should be the first to encourage tho
Jolly "bee" and nro liable not to be the
last to be spelled down.
Tite new Hay-Pauncefote treaty re
moves the diplomatic obstacles which
hindered the construction of a canal
across the continent, In Central Ameri
ca. The report of the canul commls
Blon presents the judgment of experts
that the Xienrngunn route Is the best.
The attitude of Congress promises
prompt action. So the connecting of
the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, which
has been a dream of adventurous spir
its for centuries, approaches realiza
tion. Tbe enterprise, when begun, will
have behind It the resources of a great
nation and the canal, when completed,
will be the property of the United
States, operated and controlled and its
neutrality guaranteed by the United
States alone. That one nation should
spend two hundred million dollars, and
jr, probably more, In building a great pub
lie work In tho territory of nnother na
tlon Is unprecedented. It is justified
by the fact that the new waterway
will bring the commerce of the Pacific
coast ten thousand miles nearer the
ports of the Eastern coast At pres
ent the distance by water from San
Francisco to Cadiz Is less than tbe dis
tance to New York. The cutting of
the canal will end this anomaly, and In
profiortlon to the length of tbe water
ing will save to commerce a greater
NliWiBWiWIHW
is^^v, '•?*?,* r?
distance than any other canal that
hat been or could be built The
canal will promote general peace
and international commerce. It will
be open to the ships of all nations on
equal terms, and will lighten the coBt
and lessen the tlmo of transportation
for all. The day which witnesses the
turning of the first spadeful of earth
on the canal and the day on which the
flrBt vessel passes through it will be
historic days for the United States and
for tho whole world.
At last the fool who rocked the boat
has been run to cover, and tho law has
Its hand on him. He is the typical
practical joker of a breed which on
April 1 puts pepper !u the .baby's
mouth and gleefully yells "April fool!"
when the child shrieks In agony. As
he grows older he stretches a rope over
the sidewalk at night, and his soul is
tilled with delight as pedestrians come
to grief. If a leg or two Is broken
or a skull is fractured he Is always
sorry, and declares that he was only in
fun and didn't mcau to hurt anybody.
Then he roaches the age where he
rocks a boat or drops a lighted match
into the Fourth of July fireworks, and
he weeps bitter tears at the funerals.
That brings us to Frank ltinehart, of
Hagerstowu, Md„ and the time is Aug
ust. A merry party, including ltine
hart and Mary Flnfrock, were lowlug.
Uinelmrt was a born "cut up." He
wanted to give the ladies a good scare,
and rocked the boat. Ho was im
plored to desist, niul answered It by a
violent rocking, at the same time roar
ing with amusenieut. Then the boat
capsized, and all were rescued with the
exception of Miss Flnfrock. Her body
was recovered two days later. Mr.
ltinehart felt very badly about It. Ho
was also vexed when he was Indicted
for manslaughter. The Jury deliberat
ed for 41 hours, was unable to agree,
and there Is to be another trial soon.
Whether a conviction Is reached or uot
tho case should be a lesson to practical
jokers. It should even penetrate the
Intellect of L. B. Spalding, of Taft
vllle, Vt., who sent a note to his wife,
telling her thnt he would never be
seen again alive. Ho wanted to see
how she would take the uews of his
death. It wns not so much of a joke
as an experiment. After ponds had
been dragged and Mrs. Spalding's miud
had been wrecked so that it is doubtful
if she is ever saue again, the jovial
husband was found playing checkers
with a friend. He IsVcry sorry.
MRS. PATRICK CAMPBELL.
The Great British Actrcas Who Has
Keen In America.
Americans have had an opportunity
of seeing Mrs. Patrick Campbell, the
celebrated British actress, of whom
they have read much, but who has up
until recently limited the display of
her talent to England. Next to Ellen
Terry she is the most distinguished
actress of the day in her country,
though she is but 33 years of age. She
began her theatrical career as an ama
teur and so pronounced was her suc
cess that she secured an engagement
with a minor professional company.
Her Rosalind won the admiration of
critics. When she first played in Lon
don she was recognized as a great
actress, but it was not until she made
her appearance in the part of Paula,
In "The Second Mrs. Tnnquery," that
her first dramatic triumph was
achieved. This play had been written
two years before Its first production,
-Mils. PATRICK CAMPBELL
Arthur Pinero, the author, refusing to
allow it to be acted until he hnd found
some one who seemed equal to creat
ing the role. It was llnully entrusted
to Mrs. Campbell and tho playwright
never had reason to regret thnt he gavo
It to lier. She held London spell
bound.
When the actress arrived In this coun
try the el(?rk of the first hotel at which
she registered, one of the most ex
clusive In New York, declined to give
her a room, unless she left behind the
mite of a dog whose head peeped out
of her snble muff.
"What!" she ejaculated, "mean you
to refuse to allow me to keep Pinkey
Pankey Poo In my roomsV Then, sir,
you may rent your lodgings to some
one who cares more for her comfort
than for her best friend."
A few hours later she was comfort
ably situated at another hotel, where
dogs aro occasionally allowed.
"Pinkey Pankey Poo," she said,
"whom wo sometimes call Rita for
short, Is a monkor-grlffon and I paid
$250 for him at the imperial kennels of
the King of Belgium. These animals
used to he employed for fighting pur
poses, the encounters taking place on
tables, 150 years ago."
Groat Singers Off the Stage.
I remember how amused I was when
Madaino Eames told me how capitally
Jean de Reszke, who undoubtedly Is
tho greatest of living tenors, imitates
animal sounds—how he "bow-wows,"
and "meows" with the same voice
which has thrilled thousands. Also
how Edouard de Reszke delights in
imitating the sounds of various orches
tral instruments but in order to do
this he Is obliged to assume the pose
of the player, so that If he Is imitating
the sounds of a cello he sits as if he
had the Instrument between his knees
and were drawing a bow across tbo
Imaginary strings. As for Plancon,
whenever lie and the prima donna step
out upon the stage together he al
ways whispers to her just as they are
leaving the wings, "Now they are go
ing to see the two most beautiful
noses in the company."—Woman's
Homo Companion.
liurgcst Casting.
The biggest casting ever ordered is a
steamship strut to weight 18-1,000
pounds, to be made at Chester, Pa.
Length of Submarine Cables.
The aggregate length of the world's
submarine cables Is 187.353.172 nauti
cal miles.
'V-
Formers1 I^cttcr tlox.
Since the government lias begun to
establish free delivery In tho rural dis
tricts It is obligatory upon cncli far
mer to provide a convenient and safe
repository for tho mull matter, or the
carrier cannot be compelled to ac
commodate him. The letter box re
cently designed by Edsoti W. Phillips,
of Cassndaga, N. Y., and showu In
the picture, lias number of advan
tages to recommend Its use in this ser
vice, the principal improvement being
a signal to Indicate both to the farmer
and carrier If there is anything In the
box. This is accomplished by setting
the bright-colored metallic Bag In a
raised position. The mast which car
ries the flag is pivoted on tile side of
the box and has a short finger lying
parallel with the mast. When the
mall matter is to be Inserted In the
ron IUTHAI. MAIL nouTEs.
box a turn of the crank releases the
interior catch nnd allows the lid to be
lifted. As the lid falls the carrier or
farmer lifts the mastB and sees that
the projecting finger enters a tube at
the side of the -lid to support the flag
in an upright position. Tile box is, of
course, water-proof, and the Interior
locking mechanism prevents the blow
ing open of the cover by a strong wind.
CoWh for the Daii-ymuil.
•At the recent convention of the Iowa
StHia Dnlry Association ex-Go v. Hoard
Df Wisconsin made
one of bis mas
terly off-hand ad
dresses. In Ills
opinion Iowa
farmers are fool
ish In feeding the
wrong kind of
feed to the wrong
kind of cows. He
related how he
had employed a
man to visit 100
see what kind of
cows each kept, what they fed and the
cost nnd find from the creamery books
how much milk each furnished. It was
found that thirty-five of these 100
farmers milked their cows at an actual
loss aud that every one of these losing
herds consisted of dual purpose cows.
"The reason for tills," he said, "Is
Ignorance and nothing else." The farm
er was trying to dairy without cows
suited to dairy performance, nnd he
fed foods not suited to the production
of milk. The high
est profits in ev
ery ense came
from the herds
which were dairy
bred and dairy
fed. Tliey had
dairy form and
aptitude and food
containing a suffi
ciency of protein.
W. D. 1IOAHD.
creamery patrons,
1IOL8TEIN HEAD.
Mr. Hoavd's main contention is that
the patroi! Is lu the rear. The cream
oryineu and the creameries arc reason
ably up to date, but the patron lias
not progressed. lie Is in the rear, and
so long as this is the case no satisfac
tory progress can be made, for ho
creamery can prosper without milk
from prosperous patrons, and they can
not prosper If tlic milk pays little or
no profit.
Iune Menl for Cows.
Dairying arc looking Into the ques
tlon of feeding their cows bone meal
as part of the daily ration, hi order
to supply Mine and bone making ma
terial. Tli"s same question is also In
teresting tLose who raise hogs lu large
numbers. At tills time few conclusive
experimeutt are on record, hence the
only advice that can be given Is to try
the plan with both cows and hogs that
are fed largely on a corn ration, and
note the results. There is little doubt
but what results will be beneficial for
stock that consume considerable succu
lent food, but the well balanced grain
ration ought to give the desired results
with cows without resorting t» the
bone mell experiment. As a rule, there
Is too mhch feeding of bulk during the
winter and not enough variety In the
ration, nnd farmers will not get all
there IS out of feeding until they work
out for themselves one or more bal
anced rations for their herds.
Destroying Foul Brood.
At tie annual meeting of the Ontario
Beekeepers' Association at Woodstock,
Out.. Professor Harrison of the Onta
rio Agricultural College at Guelpli, de'
scribed a new nnd simple method of
destroying the germs of foul brood. He
placed combs containing larvae dead
from this dlscnsu, capped cells of
brood, and cells of honey, In a box
which was alr-tijlit except for a small
hole at top aud bottom. Then a small
alcohol lamp was arranged with the
reservoir at tin- top containing forma
lin, nnd connected by a rubber tube
witl: tiie bottom of the box. This con
veys to the box the formalin vapor
produced by the heat of the lamp.
Whim the box is so completely filled
with formalin thut the gas issues free
ly ftoin tjic hole In the top, both holes
are tightly closed for one hour. Pro
fessyr Harrison has been unable to ob
tain an/ signs of life from foul-brood
germs treated in this apparatus.
SViliter Work in the Orchard*
Nine out of every ten men who have
orchards which need pruning badly
will give as an excuse for the neglect
that they have no time to spare for
the Work, yet all of tlieui have time
and to spare during the winter. It Is
admitted that to advocate winter prun
ing of fruit trees Is contrary to the
ganeral Idea of when this work may
be done to advantage, but skilled or
etiardists do It each year when the
snow does not prevent. Experienced
f/ult growers kuow that the tree may
be pruned safely any tlmo after the
leaves fall until the sap begins to flow
freely In the spring, and, this being
tbe case, the pruning should be placed
rzpong the winter Jobs. The writer was
much averse to winter pruning up to
Ave years ago, but has since practiced
it with the best results. Three years
ago the trees Iu a young orchard were
0\JjaTr. *j
^f£A
pruned ta .Tanuary, when It was neces
sary to jostle the' snow oft ef the limbs
in order to see where to use the knife
to advantage. The following crop, the
first olio, wag good and two very large
crops have followed. This plan of win
ter pruning gives one all tho time In
(he spring to devote to work that can
hot be done at any other season.
'K ':g_
Ilaby tlecf.
1'liose who want to produce what Is
known as balry beef, or animals Well
grown aild well fattened for the butch
er at mi age ailj-Where from 18 months
to years old, know that tliey cannot
alTord to let eveii one day pass without
nitikihg some gnitt in flesh. Some of
theln have learned thnt tills gain eau
be made at the least cost while the
rinln'ials are growing, by the use of suc
culent food, grass In the pasture and
green crops to supply its place When a
drought cuts the grass short, or by
roots nnd other Vegetables that have
not mtich market value. Of course,
these foods make but a soft flesh, and
we might say water flesh, because the
percentage of moisture lu meat grown
upon stich food is larger than that
made from corn and other concen
trated grain food. But there fire those
who claim that ensilage and grain fed
together will make as large a gain, or
even more, lu live weight than any
other succulent food, and at the same
time, If properly proportioned, make a
good, firm flesh, not too fat, and not so"
soft as to shriult iu the cooking.—Amer
ican Cultivator.
The Fnrm Horse*
Mr. \V. J. Overton, of Illinois, writes
to the Breeders' Gazette, that he does
not believe the place for the draft
horse is on American farms. He has
raised some of the largest and best
draft horses In the county, nnd sold
them at the yards at figures not
reached by any other draft horse in
six months, but he never could get
the work out of them that he could
get out of a good-sized American horsu
with ns much Morgan blood as he
could get. When they tried to breed
their small or medium sized mares to
the draft, horses they thought they
wanted larger horses. They got them
larger In some parts. It might be in
the legs, tiie head or the body, but
usually not all in one colt. No oue
will claim that they have as good
wearing breed of horses as they had
twenty years ago. '"the farmer who
only raises colts for his own use, with
now and then one to sell, liaci better
stay by the good-sized, smooth, Amer
ican-bred horse," he says.
Agricultural Exports.
Our agricultural interests, which
have had the Intelligent fostering of
the Bureau of Agriculture, show the
results, not only in greater production
and better quality, but In the unprece
dented Increase in the foreign demand,
as shown by the bureau's report on
foreign markets. Some of the con
trasting figures in our export trade be
tween 1870 and 2890 are as follow**
Indian corn, $1,000,000, against $70,
000,000 wheat flour, $20*,000,000,
against $73,000,000 cattle, $500,000,
Against $30,000,000 cured meats, $0,
000,000, against $03,000,000 cotton
seed oil, $15,000, against $12,000,000.—
Exchange
Value of Liquid' Manure*
Every farmer should know the value
of liquid manure. The Pennsylvania
station publishes the result of their
tests, sboYVihg that the urine of cat
tle contains half the nitrogen and
three-fourths of the potash as original
ly contained In the Xood. Surely this
valuable plant food, which, if returned
to the soil is capable of producing
about half of the original crop, is worth
saving. Liquids can be saved by
means of absorbents, straw, leaves, etc.
Many modern barns are now built
with manure cellars under them for
preserving all the manure, liquid and
coarse.
Rye UB Food for Pigs.
In Germany they tested rye as food
for pigs in comparison with barley. In
some cases the pigs refused it alto
gether, and when given in large
amounts it was not eaten readily. As
a single ration it should not be con
tinued long, and it ought In all cases
to be soaked or carefully ground. It
gave best results when fed'with, other
feeding stuff that has a larger percent
age of fiber, more protein aud less of
the carbo-hydrates. It Is not a good
concentrated food for young cattle or
hogs.
Treatment of Milk Cuttle.
It should be as much for practical
reasons as for sentimental ones that
the cows arc not overheated prior to
milking aud that they have their thirst
anticipated by constant access to pure
water. The humane treatment of milk
cattle wisely directed is always esson*
tial to the most profitable results. No
dairyman can practice cruelty to ani
mals and expect to obtain a decent
price for his milk or butter. This is an
inexorable law promulgated by nature.
Preparing Charcoal for Hens.
It Is a good plan to always have some
charcoal where the hens can get at it,
as there is nothing that can be fed to
hens that has the effect which char
coal has in preventing disease. You
can feed them charred corn ^once a
week which will take the place of
charcoal. You can char It by putting
the corn, ear and all, in the oven nnd
leaving it there until it lias burned
black, after which the fowls will glad
ly pick it from the cob.
Furui Notes.
The importation of the date palm
has been a success.
Egyptian cottons arc being success
fully grown.
Macaroni wheats are being success
fully grown in our semi-arid localities.
Kaffir corn is a wholesome poultry
food, but not so fattening as Indian
corn.
Sumatra tobacco is being successful
ly grown in the Connecticut valley and
In Florida.
Brood coops, cleaned, whitewashed
and piled in tiers under a shed at this
season are marks of a careful and suc
cessful poultry keeper.
A small sleighbell on the necks of a
few members of your turkey flock may
keep foxes and other thieves from car
rying out their evil designs.
When young cockerels fight remove
the vanquished to the pullet pen for a
few weeks. If left with his conqueror
he will neither grow nor fatten.
Wheat can be profitably substituted
for corn to the extent of one-half of
the grain ration where it Is relatively
cheaper than the corn, which is the
case in some sections.
When dozeu eggs bring as much in
the market as a pound of butter, the
farmer who keeps hens and manages
them well is a little ahead of the dairy
mau whose cows hardly return enough
for their keeping.
4
y^-J
V?* 'tf
r1-
%. .*
1
zv
MANY BOLERO SUITS.
NUMEROUS AMONG SPRING MOD
ELS FOR SPRING WEAR.
Outdoor Affaire Are-Mostly Simple*
and Few striking Fancies Are Seen
~filoii86 Fronts Continue, Though
Quieter in Cut and Color*
New YorV correspondence:
NLESS a quick
foY shift is made soon,
P| bolero suits will be
I ns numerous in
I spring ns they have
I been recently They
are present in im
pressive numbers
among spring street
models, iu bhecked
tweeds, striped
heavy cloths arid
smoothly finished
materials. Boleros
have been so varied
in recent seasons
that dress design
ers would be lock
ing in sense if, in
an attempt to con
tinue the stylish
ness of such jack
ets, they offered
but one general
kind. Yet those
spring bolero suits thnt nre outdoor af
fairs, are. simple for the most part, nnd
fetf striking fancies are seen in the
jackets. A representative type appenrs
In the initial picture. It wns red cheviot,
with black velvet sniior'collar and much
stitching. Boleros for dressy get-ups are
variously complex, and while they may
bo. ns heretofore, the most highly
•rr-#
"r'-r-
The third gown was mahogany red, light
weight broadcloth. Black velvet in tabs
and belt, and white satin covered with
ecru late in front and sailor collar, were
other features.
The belt buckle of this last gown.was
placed as are many such ornaments, but
the buckle worn in front Is likely to be
ft. practicable fastener. In either place
the buckle is likely, to be very showy. For
such there is a great .variety in enamel*
ling, which is so beautifully tinted that
it looks like jewels. Gold or enamelled
buckles are the more stylish sorts, except
with gray and-white gowns, when sijver
is more harmonious. Gun metal comes
In here, too, both In buttons and buckles.
Belts still have a plnce among the pretty
novelties. They .nre made of strands of
black.velvet held by metal slides, which
gives ,them the pointed effect in the back.
Premiere Cantlnlere.
Mme. Vialar, who has just died, was
"premiere cantlnlere de France," a title
given her by the Minister, of War in
1855, for the care she took of wounded
soldiers in the Crimea. I dare aay
other cnntlnleres were just as heroic,
but tiiey did not command attention to
the same degree by their beauty. Mme.
Vialar was 22 when she went to the
Crimea, hnd had the features, especial
ly tlip magnificent eyes full of resolute
expression, that would have made the
fortune of a theatrical Boadlcea of
Joan of Arc. She was decorated under
fire by Marshal Canrobert with the
military medal.
During the siege of Paris she was in
the affair of L'Hny and Les Haunted
Bruyeres, and then served in ambu
lances. When Thiers, or rather Baf
thelemy-St. Hilnlre, decided that the
vivandlere must no longer move with
the regiment Mme. Vialar retired with
a fairly good income to her native
CONTRASTED TYPES OF BODICES.
wrought feature of the costume, their
trimmings usually arc matched or echoed
by those of the skirt. This rule for close
mating is illustrated by the right hand
gown of the next picture, a white broad
cloth trimmed with black satin bands and
with tabs of the goods. AU 0ver ecru
lace appeared in front and sleeves, a rose
ruching of black chiffon topping the for
mer. For this style of gowns the di
versity in boleros is as .great as that of
the gowns themselves, since the jacket's
complexities are the keynote of the en
tire costume. Fancy vests and waist
coats furnish a fnlr share of surprises,
too.
Designs for late winter nnd early
spring'show interesting changes in skirt
nnd bodice gowns of crepe cloths, ensh
meres end the numerous soft, clinging
cloths and silks. Skirts for the newer
of these suits usually are trimmed with
some kind of passementerie or handsome
ince. while the bodice has a yoke of some
form or other. As a rule tho bodices are
rather severe, the bolts being stitched to
the waist and worn over the skirt. Some
bodices are made with yoke backs, others
are plain with a few gathers at the waist
line. All are boned and intended to fit
perfectly all nround. Blouse fronts con
tinue, though they are uot as pronounc
ed for the coming season. Coat bodices
are striking even when simply made be
cause of their extreme length. In the
middle of to-day's first group is one of
tliese, a willow green ladies' cloth, with
pipings of white silk. Blnck velvet pas
sementerie and stitching were the only
other-trimmings. Coats of this typo may
be trimmed strikingly, if that is desired,
show suits including now a little of such
treatment. An extreme example is pre
sented here. It was tan panne velvet
trimmed with black velvet and white
lace. A more frequent and, it would
seem, a more sensible source of original
ity, is the separate waist, and these are
numerous, handsome nnd in all manner
place. She scarcely knew how to write.
Her criticism of "La Debacle" was
"Any one who has been through a war
can tell at once that Zola knows noth
ing*about it, but that would not matter
If he only knew how to entertain his
readers."—Paris Correspondence Lon
don News.
Telegrapher in Trouble.
Occasionally the form in which Brit
ish peers sign their names leads to curi
ous mistakes. Not long ago, for in
stance, the Earl of Glasgow had occa
sion to send telegram to the city from
which he takes his title. He walked
into one of the telegraph offices in the
West End of London and filled out a
form. The young woman behind tbe
counter was a typical specimen of a
class which Is the subject of frequent
indignant communications in the Lon«
don Times.
"You've not signed the-telegram," she
said to the Earl, who thereupon added
his signature, "Glasgow."
"You old fool, I told you you hadn't
signed it," exclaimed the young person
when the dispatch was returned to her.
"Ain't you got sense enough to write
your own name?. How many times
d'you suppose wwant the .address?"
"Lord Glasgow silently produced a
card, which, he handed to the p«rt
young woman.. Only, those who have
knowledge of the reverence of the Brit
ish masses for a lord can appreciate
the collapse which followed.—New
York Times.
Spends Large Fortune In 8plt« Work.
It is hard to understand any one tak
ing revenge upon a government, but a
Spnniard, a well-known merchant, for
FOR AFTERNOONS AND CALLS.
of materinis. Ilnudsome striped cloths
are-shown for those bodices and make up
beautifully with passementerie or cmi
lace.
Afternoon dresses nre uot productive
of a deal of novelty at just this sensou,
hut this is hccause the oulpni of them is
smnil. Those made now n.-tlect new
fashions ns surely ns does tho more abun
dant product. Three nre showu in the
second of the accompanying pictured
groups. At the left is a pnlc biscuit cash
mere, the skirt's three tlotniccs edged
with white silk polka dotted with black
velvet. Elaborate applique of heavy
ecru lace appeared on both skirt and
jacket. Dull yellow crepe de chin© was
th* material of the second dress, white
silk hemstitching, cream lace and blue
velvet, the last for the belt, finishing It
some years fought tiie Argentine Be
publlc. He was employed by tliat gov
ernment until for some reason or other
he wns dismissed. He then vowed
vengeance against the whole country,
aud spent $200,000 In endeavoring to
thwart Argentine commerce In every
way possible. When this sum was ex
hausted he formed a bnnd of gaucbos
to rob people on the highway, pull up
the railways and make things generally
uncomfortable for all residents In the
republic. It ended ln his being captured
aud sentenced to Imprisonment for life.
Tbe word Esquimaux means "Raw
Flsb Eaters."
Patronize thou who advcrtlM.
IOWA LEGISLATURE.
Neither house was in session on Thun*
day. Instead, the members of the Gen
eral Assembly, accompanied by Senator
J. P. Dolliver, Gov. A. B. Cummins,
Lieut. Gov. John Herriott and the famt»
lies of all the members where they hap
pen to be In the city, went to Iowa City
on the first of a series of junketing trips
which will include the three State edu
cational institutions. The party left over
the Hock Island by special train. There
were four coaches to the train and all
comfortably well filled when it left the
depot. The run is of less than three
hours and brought the party to the Hall
of Liberal Arts at the State University
In time for' the program opening at 10
o'clock. Embraced In the invitation to
tbe members of the General Assembly
were announcements of a reception in the
afternoon given by President and Mrs.
MacLean at their home. Not only was
this courtesy extended, but a noonday
dinner served by the citizens of IoWa
City and the faculty of the university
as well. The trip to Iowa City was in
the interest of securing an appropriation
for the university, but there is a growing
sentiment In favor of making these bien
nial trips to the educational institutions
for their general benefit. The special
House committee to pass upon tbe cre
dentials of the member-from Plymouth
County decided not to unseat Fields, the
present incumbent, who was elected by
the Republicans. The contest was
brought by J. C. Cottrell, the Democratic
candidate. The action was dismissed on
the grounds that the contestant failed to
file his notice within tho limit of time
prescribed by law.
No business of great Importance was
done on Friday in either house. Many
bills were introduced. The first that has
been heard of the mulct law cat the pres
ent session was the presentation of peti
tion* In the Senate asking that a tlmo
limit be placed on petitions of consent.
The principal petition emanates from the
Presbyterian synod of Iowa, another
coming from citizens of Sheilsburg. These
petitions point out that there is at pres*
ent no time limit, and ask that the life of
the consent shall expire in three years.
There is also some talk of a measure for
the .relief of tho liquor dealers of the
State from the exactions of the tribe of
blackmailers. The object desired is to
protect those who have complied with
the requirements of the law from being
made the prey of unprincipled men, who
Induce minors to secure intoxicants, and
then hold up the seller for his unwitting
Infraction of the law.
The introduction of bills continues un
abated in both branches of the Legisla
ture. Twenty-one bills were Introduced
in the house on Saturday, the following
being tho most important: By Boysen, to
appropriate $33,100 for a girls' industrial
school at Mitchellvllle and $47,450 for an
Industrial school for boys at Eldora by
Langiu of Clinton, to pension judges who
have* served four years by Baker, to re
move the circle from the bead of the bal
lot by Larrabee, to decrease width of
roads from sixty-six to fifty feet by
Hawkes, for the Torrens system of land
registration by English, to appropriate
$10,000 to the Benedict home in Des
Moines.' Kendall moved to reconsider
his resolution passed a few days ago pro
hibiting presentation of petitions, except
when the subject they related to was un
der consideration. The resolution was
reconsidered and hereafter petitions may
be presented nt any time. In the Senate
important bills were introduced as fol
lows: By Hobart, appropriating $138,000
for the Cherokee hospital by Crossley,
for the listing and taxation of mortgages
on real estate by Dowel!, appropriating
$300,000 for the completion of the State
historical building. At the third district
State caucus E. A. Alexander of Clarion
was nominated for trustee of the State
Agricultural College, O. E. Pickett for re
gent of the $tate University, and C. H.
McNides of Mason City, W. A. Mclntire
of OttumWo.and B. F. Osborn of Green
County were "indorsed for trustees of the
State Normal School.
The House committee ^._on normal
schools has voted to report favorably the
bill converting the institution for the
blind at Knoxvllle into a State normal
school. Kendall of Monroe introduced
in the House on Tuesday a joint resolu
tion for the appointment of a committee
to investigate the causes of mino acci
dents. The resolution is prompted by the
late Creek horror. It was strongly op
posed and went over until Wednesday
In the Republican Tenth District caucus
Harvey Ingham of Algona was defeated
for regent of the 8tate university by J.
H. Allen of Laurens. The Cummins
forces of the district fought Ingham. The
Republicans of both houss at a joint
caucus nominated regents and trustees
of the educational institutions.
Legislation Hecommended.
The following changes aud additions
to the Iowa statutes have been recom
mended to the coming Legislature, or
probably will be introduced to that body:
To appropriate $375,000 for the State
Agricultural College.
To' appropriate $3io,000 for the State
University.
To abolish bill boards.
To appropriate $100,000 for the State
Normal school.
To appropriate $150,000 for the sol
diers* monuments to be erected by Iowa
at tbe Vicksburg field.
To permit damaged persons to recover
for mental anguish.
To repeal the law creating a board of
public works for cities.
To compel the State penitentiaries to
furnish, at cost, to countics, rock broken
by the convict labor.
To compel physicians and midwives to
report vital statistics and providing com
pensation therefor.
To repeal laws charging industrial cor
poration fees for incorporating in this
State.
To give school superintendents in cities
the right and power to examine their
own teachers nnd issue certificates there
to, Instead of the county superintendents.
To give tbe fish and game commission
er power to appoint deputies, who shall
receivo compensation in the shape of
part of the fines collected from illegal
hunters.
To establish an inebriate hospital for
drunkards on the same basis as the State
insane hospitals are now maintained.
To establish an additional State normal
school, at a cost of approximately $100,
000.
To establish State reformatories for
men and women at the Anamosa prison,
making Fort Madison the one State peni
tentiary.
To institute the paroie and indetermi
nate sentence systems.
To institute meat inspection in cities.
To inspect imported cattle for tubercu
losis.
1
To license barbers.
To make divorce laws more stringent.
To permit the State fair to mine the
coal under the State fair grounds and
expend the proceeds in permanent im
provements.
To appropriate $250,000 for the St
Louis exposition.
To compel insurance companies to pay
the full face value of policies, whatever
the value of the burned property. (Val
ued policy.)
To appropriate $300,000 for the com
pletion of the State historical ball, only
$f50,000 being used within two years.
To appropriate $250,000 for the com
pletion and decoration of the State cap
Itol building.
To repeal the Blanchard anti-compact
law preventing insurance men from con
ferring with respect to insurance rates.
To insure the property of the State of
Iowa, amounting, outside of the State
capital, to about $15,000,000.
To appropriate $50,000 for a State ar
senal.
To appropriate $848,127 for the State
institutions within the management and
control of tbe State board of control.
These are days of great atkf multiplied
honors for Iowa hut of all the good
things recently said about Die Hawkey*
State, nothing reflects higher credfr vpoti
the commonwealth than the proud boat*
in Gov. ShaWs biennial message that
there has not been a lynching In Iowa
during the past ten years. These years
have developed a camiral of lynching*
In other States, their atrocity ranging
from brutal to fiendish. The entire ab
sence of lynchings in this State during
the same period emphasizes with gnat
force the law-abiding character of onr
people. Gov. Cummins in hfs inaugural
address dwelt with especial pride on this
IoWa trait. The good citizens of Iowa
should gutfrd With a noble zeal these lau
rels of the State. They should resolr*
that, no matter What provocation may
occur, they will extend this decade of
honor to a century. Justice Is done is
the courts of Iowa, and it is raref Indeed,
that a guilty man escapes. An occasional
miscarriage of justice, however, is not
sufficient reason for mob violence. Lynch
law injnres a 8tate infinitely more than
an occasional failure to punish a guilty
criminal.
The following decisions have recently
been handed down by the Supreme Court:
Mayer, appellant, vs. B., C. R. 4 N,
Railway Company, Linn district, affirm
ed Cusman vs. the Carbondale Fuel
Company, appellant. Polk district, af
firmed Bailey vs. Hughes et al., appel
lants, Marion district, affirmed Emmer*
son vs. Miller, appellant, Jefferson dis
trict, affirmed Vincent,. appellant, vs.
Ellis, Monona district, affirmed Lanza
vs. LeGrand Quarry Company, appellant,
Marshall district, reversed Rale vs. Mc
Gregor, appellant, Crawford district, af
firmed Marshall, appellant, vs. Heiiry et
al.. Warren district, reversed Shope vs.
Mitchell et al., appellant, Dallas district,
modified and affirmed. Taylor vs. Anchor
Mutual Life Insurance Company, appel
lant, Mills district, affirmed Johnson, ap*
pellant, vs. C., St. P., M. A O. Railway*
Woodbury district, reversed Montgom
ery vs. Downey, appellant, Mahaaka dis
trict, affirmed.
The reception at the State Honse fol
lowing the inauguration of Gov.''Com*
mlna was attended by the largest crowd
that has been in the capital for many
years. The corridors of the capitot were
full to overflowing, at times amounting
to a dangerous jam. The Iowa 8tat*
Military Band discoursed excellent Inusle
throughout the evening. Tbe crowd wan
a crush in the vicinity of the entrance to
the Governor's office. The guests were
received by Gov. and Mrs. Shaw, Gov.
and Mrs. Cummins, tbe retiring and the
new Lieutenant Governors, SenatorDolli*
ver, members of the Supreme bench*
State officers and other dignitaries of the
State.
The legislative committee of the county
superintendents* section of the'i IoWa
State Teachers' Association held a* meet
Ing the other day at the office bt Hon.
R. C. Barrett, State superintendent off
public construction. The committee con
sists of Superintendents Hise of Ply*
mouth, Brown of Webster and Gray of
Grundy counties. The purpose of the
meeting Is to draft a bill to the Legisla
ture asking that the office of county su
perintendent be placed on the same^fcalary
basis as other county officers.
If the plans of the committee are car*
rled out, Iowa's buildings and otbershow
ings at the St. Louis exposition ill be
among the best. The total of $2&8,00Q
ls suggested. Of that amount $100,000
is for tbe main building, $00,000 for man
ufacture exhibits, $20,000 for the admin
istration buildings and accessories, and
$40,000 for music and art. A Mil will be
drafted by Senator Berry of Indianola
for presentation to tbe Legislature.'
The State executive council has ap
pointed a board of five to conduct the ex
amination of State mine inspectors next
spring. The new board consists of D. C.
Phillips of Hiteman, a practical engineer
Edward M. Gray of Des Moines, an op
erator Harry Booth of Knoxvllle, an
operator John Caldwell of Seymour, a
miner, and John Owens of Beacon, a min
er. Mr. Owens is the only member of the
old board who is reappointed.
Iowa appears to be leading all tbe other
States of tbe West in the number of
rural free deliver)* routes established and
being established within her borders.
Wright County is just now taking the
lead in the number of new routes. Ten
new routes are now in operation in.that
county, serving a population of 5,000 and
covering an area of 257 square miles.
The Governor lias received from Miss
Heleu J. Adams of Boston the flag car
ried in the Civil War by tbe Ninth Iowa,
together with a letter giving the history
of the relic. The flag was presented to
the regiment for its heroic conduct at the
battle of Pea Ridge. It will bo placed
with the other old flags in the capltoI.
Forty-five counties were represented at
the meeting of State Auditors' conven
tion. The principal action of the conven
tion was the adoption of a resolution
asking an increase in the amouot of feea
retained by auditors from $1,200 to fir
500.
Among Oaf Neighbors
Gladstone will bujld a telephone line to
Tama.
Mt. Vernon believes it will have a can
ning factory. \j
Stanwood and Qlin will be connected
by a toll line.
Bennett will vote on a municipal watfcr
works proposition.
Hampton, with a population of 3,
oqo,
has no fire company.
Two additional 'telephone lines a|p
slated for What Cheer. K'
Horsemeu at ^nshington will frgan*
ize a driving association.
The citizens north of Monticello havs
-asked for a rural route.
Building at Mt. Vernon Is more activs
than for any other year.
|k
I
7
ft-
The Methodists of Rockford will In
augurate a series of revivals.
Tbe Swedish Lutherans will c^ect a
church at Betbesda.
Two Calamus trappers have Ipld thelv
winter's catch for $280.
The Lovell State Bank has cohsmencsd
business at Monticello. I
The Cedar County norma], institute will
be held the first week )u April, ii
Movllle has forbidden the keeping el
hogs within the corporate limits?
The Farmers' Institute of Flank lia
County will be held at Sheffield Feb.
20.
John Burdess, a -.veteran coal tmerater
of Mahaska County, is dead at &e age
of 77..
Whooping cough hns caused several
fatalities among children in the vicinity
of Olin.
Officer Fiukelstine of Des Moines waa
seriously injured in a fight with two local
toughs.
Dr."Park A. Findley of Des Moines
has been appointed surgeon in the regu*
lar army.
Will Stevens of Spiing Lake, while
trapping for wolf. cau?ht a fine speci
men of otter.
Ail iusnue litr.uiger wan arrented at
Brighton whih' in K-nr ii (J.
Ingersoll for the of co!!f&iug a
1)111.

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