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:1 2 h\ 11! '•4 6 & ^l)e JBemocrat. BBOHfiON ft CAKE, PuUiihew. MANCHESTER, IOWA. Iirls easy to induce the floating voter mnke schooner trips. The man who kicks himself for hav ing made a fool of himself only adds insult to injury. Clothes do not make the man, but his tailor frequently gives him nn expen sive appearance. Nobody can blame Gen. Miles for .wanting to have a chance occasionally to do something to earn his salary. The youngerJ£rs. Vanderbilt has not -as yet been deprived of the privilege of empk3*lng her uiother-lu-law's dress maker. Those who are satisfied with what they have accomplished will never be come famous for what they might ac complish. .. n— •_ Under the new code of railway 'eti quette It will, of course, be improper for the conductor to punch a passen ger's ticket. J. Pierpont Morgau has tuken a $12, '500,000 mortgage on Chill. There are only a few back couutles left for Mr. ..Morgan to acquire. The man who wears on chip on his shoulder and the woman 'who wears song-bird feathers in ber bat both lack something of good taste in dress. Bishow Fowler says there is no life so conducive to laziness as the minis try. Still, most of the ministers seem to overcome the tired feeling sufficient ly to write books betweeu times. The distressing news comes from At lanta that a youugster of that city swallowed a ping-pong ball and the physicians had to work several hours before the game could be resumed. Secretary llay has recently Induced a man not to publish a book on the Boer war. It has heretofore been sup liosed thut nothiug could arrest that disease once It got into a man's sys tem. Tlie Boston llerald thinks that Peter Power 1b the partner of the person who picked a peck of pickled' peppers. A reporter called at the Tower house to ask about this but was unable to tlnd Mr. Power lu. A newspaper man who saw a good deal of Prince Henry of Prussia puts the cap-sbeaf on all the eulogies by suylng that the prince Is the kind of follow with whom one could very pleasantly spend six months alone on a desert Island. That is the supreme and final aest of character for prince or peasant, whether a man "wears well." 1 Pneumonia claimed ten thousand ..four hundred and eighty victims in New York City last year, yet pneumo nia is classed as preventable dis ease. It is to prevention that modern sanitary science now devotes iteslf. If Havana can be purified from the seeds of yellow fever by evterinlnatlng the mosquitoes, why cannot New York uud the other great cities be swept clean of pneumonia germs? Nearly twenty-live hundred studentB assisted In a single year la the record of Andrew Carnegie's noble gift to the Scotch universities, as given In the llrst annual report of the trustees of the fund. One who knows the privations wltlch poor Scottish students will en dure for the snke of an education will be prepared to accept the statement of the trustees that the remission of fees has proved to be the greatest boon to a long list of deserving students. It seems Impossible for the average 'American to Indulge In any sport In moderation. Excess or nothing seems to bo the rule. It was so with roller skating and 'will be so with other forms of amusement. Wheeling may come In again after many years, but It will never rage again. Most of those ho use the wheel now do It os a mat ter of convenience In business and not 'for pleasure. People of means are tak ing up the automobile, and soou racing 11 be the madness of thousands for fa time. When the health of the driv ers shall be affected and the cost and annoyance of accidents shall become serious that sport will In Its turn de dine. It Is said that the Influence of the —-s cooking scbooh Is already being felt In domestic life, aud that the standard of living, or at least of cooking, Is ,much higher bccause of these modern Institutions. Formerly the school girl ate, or was told to eat, what was set before her, and grumblings of gas tronomlcal nature were uot tolerated. But now the young girl looks with a critical eye upon the cook's prepara* f'" tlous, and she known the reason why when these do not turn out well. .Through her the family lias lost much oC "s pathetic dependence upon the lirofessionai cook, and a eooklcss con I dltion Is robbed of half Its terrors wlleu there Is an amateur of no mean I ability within the family circle. And the effect upon the pupil herself Is most beneficial, for only one wlio has grown bruin-weary of figures and dates knows the delight of mixing up actual ingredients and awaiting ma ^^.terlal results. It Is also much to be hoped tlint the training of amateur ^i&'cooks will cause those who consider themselves professionals to look to Jfy. their laurels and to give over tlio hit |"|or miss methods of cooking, which— tv* «,8o often decide If our day be fretful and anxious or joyous and With higher culluary ideals the men tal and spiritual development of man a bought to be assured. 1 Speaking of the disturbance the Rus sian students are making, the Pall Mall Gazette remarks: "After all, it is the younger generation knocking at the door, and if the door is not opened it stands a good chance of being kicked In." The Russian police, In •JJ' .other words, are wrestling with the incorrigible. fco doubt the police ^ould sooner deal with Anarchists or Nihilists, whose heads they could bat ter and whose lives they could shorten (^ithout 1 exciting the unimosity of auy one except the professional King-kill er but the gentlemen at St. Peters ^burg say to the police: "Go ahead! Put ^down that rebellion!" aud the police fejrby-must either obey or resign. The sever- Jty of their task may be understood by Imagining the police of Cambridge and of New Haveu trying to suppress ?&• indignation of the studeuts at Yale ...... and Harvard—and at Kadcllffe, in ad dition. For we read that the young women of the Russian universities are as eager for reform as are the young meu, and that they suffer just as much in their eagerness. Now it Is an ex traordinarily serious thing for any government to be openly at war with Its young men and young woineu— with the younger generation. In a spirit of fun or in a moment of reck less enthusiasm our own college stu dents may lightly mock some munici pal ordinance but as for defying the police, and through them the officials of the government, and as for being flogged into submission aud bundled Into Jail by the score—that's a matter of darker hue. It seems that all those who represent Kussiau youth in the arts and the sciences are in a state of sedition. We fancy that Nicholas and his coadjutors are not giving all their attention to the Manchurlau question. The younger generation Is iuflamma ble, and Russia is foolish to be Indif ferent to that fact. The congestion of population In cities is uot peculiar to this country alone, though It Is probably more marked here than elsewhere. It has prevailed in Great Britain, but has been less no ticeable on the continent. It is Inter esting to observe that it is most preva lent, generally speukiug, where com mercial and industrial activity pre vails. The growth of the German capi tal, Berlin, for one example, has been exceptionally rapid—for the continent —since German industrial activity set In within recent years. Until a dozen or fiftceu years ago it was rather a sleepy city, even after the consolida tion of the empire, but by 1000 it had advanced to 1,843,000 population and stood fourth nmoug the world's cities, Loudon, New York and Paris outrank ing it and Chicago pressing close be hind it. Recently a new census has been taken and it now numbers 1,901, 507, showing growth at the "rate of about 30,000 per year. This rate has been surpassed In Chicago aud no doubt this city now ranks fourth in the world. It Is a curious fuct that of the four cities of the world the pop ulation In each of which exceeds 2, 000,000 two are in the United States, the youngest In the list of considera ble nations. One might think it ucci dentul in some way, but it is also true that the United States are the only one of the world's nations that has more than one city of more tlrnu 1,000,000 population. The last census gave us three und In equity should have given us four, for the populous suburbs clus tered closely about Boston are as truly Boston as the Back Rny and Beacon street regions themselves. Withiu a radius of twenty-five miles around the capitol on Beacon hill there must be considerably more than 2,000,000. The development of street railway lines has checked the congestion or rather spread It over wider spaed for each city, and ffi&t, together with the "good roads" movement, will tend to send a return flow from the urban Into the rural regions, but It will remaiu that urban growth will attend industrial activity and the grave aud abiding problem will continue to be how to keep it as nearly healthful as possible. MILK-CAN LOADING DEVICE. A valuable Improvement In the milk shipping Industry has just been erected at Lonelyhurst, acordlng to the artist, but the farmer is evidently not entire ly pleased with the prospect, as It intended to reduce the time necessary to load the cans into the car, which, o£ course, will lessen the time for eyeing the train and its passengers. It ha9 hitherto been common to accumulate the cans of milk on the platform to await the arrival of*the milk train, and then the cans are lifted and dragged into the car by four or five men, the train meanwhile bloclnkg the main line REDUCES DELAY AT MILK STATIONS. and preventing its use by other train The milk trains arc proverbially slow because of the delay incidental to this labor. Frederick E. Ticheuor, of Mukowon ago. Wis., has conceived the idea of a slanting platform, which shall feed the cans automatically toward the car door as soon as the train arrives, he details of construction are not shown I** ^»e illustration, there being a locking gate across the lower edge of the platform, which serves to keep the cans back from the exit. When the trair arrives this gate is tilted down Into he door way, being provided with a guide to feed the cans from the platform into the car without handling, the angle and height of the platform being such that a sufficient grade cau be attained to slide the cans In their guides. Each guide has a lock at the lower ml. and as soon as a row of cans is released they slide down t' grade and into the car. How She Raised the Fee. A poor couple living tu the Emerald Islp weut to the priest for marriage and were met with a demand for the marriage fee. It was not forthcoming. Both the consenting parties were rich in love and In their prospects, but des titute of financial resources. The fath er was obdurate. "No money no mar riage." "Give me lave, your rlverence," said the blushing bride, "to go and get the money." It was given, and she stepped forth on the delicate mission of raising a marriage fee out of pure nothing. After a short interval she returned with t^be sum of money aud the ceremony was completed to the satisfaction of all. When the parting was taking place the newly made wife seemed a little un easy. "Anything ou your miud, Catheriue?" said the father. "Well, your rlverence, 1 would like to know If this marriage could not be spoiled now?" "Certainly not, Catherine. No man can put you asuuder." "Could you not do it yerself, father? Could you not spoil the marriage?" "No, no, Catherine. You are past me now. I have nothing more to do with your marriage." "That alses me mind," said Cather iue, "and God bless your rlverence. There's the ticket for your hnt. I picked It up in the lobby aud pawned it"— London Tit-BIfs. VALUE OF A VACATION. By Hon. J. B. Formkcr. We hear a great deal of talk about the value of a va cation —"vacatiou" beiug used in the sou so of "doing nothing." I don't believe in that kind of vacation. 1 think thut the great majority of business and pro fessional men de lio.N. J. u. FORAKER. r'Ve their greatest pleasure from keeping busy. If a rann is in good health the keynote of a vacation should ecnter around the mind. The ideal vacation is the one that r«»au aud improves the mind at the same time. Now the best thing for meutsl rest I* a change of scene. 1 speak, of (SJUMO, of myself now, hut every man must choose for himself his own plan of recreation. What would be a very agreeable occupa tion for one might prove very stupid and fatiguing to another of opposite tempera ment and tastes. The successful or hopeful man who is Interested in his busiuess gets real stim ulus from that business. He gets real enjoyment from it. Obviously, uuless he runs his system down, ail he needs is a change of scene. The man who takes good care of himself, has the proper amount of sleep and is not run down, has no special need for physical recupera tion. A change of scene and air will freshen him and have the effect of muk ing him see life from a new viewpoint. COURTS LIKE SLOT MACHINES. By Ctarence S. Darrow. There ore a good many tricks in the legal profession. Some people imagine that the law was made by wise men for the pur pose of dealing out justice to all men alike, but there never was a greater mistake. The law furnishes no remedy for the poor. You cannot get into court in the first place without money, and once you get lu, you certainly won't get out with auy money. The lawyer will see to that, but you'll get justice if you pay euough for it. There Is no coiiRoudlty that 1 know of that is regulated so much by what you pay for it as justice. I don't mean by that that you can get a great deal of justice for a great deal of money, but you will get very little justice for a little money. The courts are like a niekel-iu-the-slot machine—you put your uiiouey in and await results. Suppose a poor man gets his legs out off by a street ear. The rich never get their legs cut off, because they can afford to wait and let the car get out of the way. The first thing the poor man has to do is to hunt up a lawyer who will take his case for one leg, or half a leg, according to agreement. Then the money is dropped'in the slot and the man sits down to wait. If ho Is lucky his case may come up in two years. It may take three or four, but 1 have known instances when it did not require more than two years. The case is tried in the Circuit or Superior Court, aud, if the plaintiff recovers the price of his legs, the mutter goes to the Appellate Court. The functiou of thut court Is to pass judgraeut on what the other court has done, aud the poor mau's case may be reached iu two years. Of course it will then go to the Supreme Court, unless the man loses, and it will take another year there. If everything is HE WROTE BET BOLT. Dr. English Wan Poet, Ductor, Law* yer aud LeitUlator. Dr. Thomas Dunn English, who died at his home in Newark, N. J., recently, led a versatile career, being a poet, physician, lawyer, editor and legisla tor. He was of Quaker ancestry— the family name originally being Augelos—and be was born in Phil adelphia In 1810. lie began his liter ary career as a writer for the Phil ad el a wheu he was only DK. T. D. ENGLISH. 17 years old. In 1830 he was gradu ated In medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, but after a short prac tice he turned his attention to law, aud wus udmlttcd to the bar in 1842. In the following year be wrote the fa mous song, Ben Bolt, which enjoyed animmensepopulurity,aud which came ftgaiu into vogue a few yeurs ago, when De Maurler revived It in his Trilby, wrongfully using is as an old English poem. Slugulur to say, Dr. English re garded it as a scrappy piece of work, and we believe at one time regretted buviug written It. For a time Dr. English was connect ed with a New York paper, and then launched the Arlstedeau in Philadel phia. It was short-lived, and Dr. Eng lish went to VIrgiula, where he lived five years, und where he wrote a novel depicting southern life. In 1850 he settled in New Jersey and began the practice of medicine. He also entered Into politics, and sat in the New Jer sey Legislature iu 1803-04. Tliose among whom he dwelt thought so much of him that they sent him to Congress two terms. Meanwhile Dr. Euglish kept his pen busy, and turned out several volumes, besides writing pamphlets and essays. It Is safe to say that of all he wrote Ben Bolt will be the longest remem bered. COST OF ROYAL VISITS. King of Italy and Emperor William LeuHt Expensive of Guest*. The ^ilg reception given to Prince Henry of Prussia by the United States makes it interesting to learn that the most economical royal visit a country can have is the King of Italy. The German Emperor is also an economical guest, as he does uot care much for mere show. Give him some soldiers to look at and a review aud it Is all he wnuts. It has been estimated that a private host cau entertain the Emperor for a week In the very best style for the trifling sum of £1,000. Leopold of Belgium is an expensive visitor. To entertain him and his suite for a week costs no less than £4.000. The lust time the Shah came to England It cost £20,000 to euterlain him for a week, and there was uot "much doiug" at thut. The little visit of the Czar of Frauce cost the republic a pretty penny. Spe cial messengers were sent to invite him at a cost of £1,000, and £10,000 was expended In cleaning up Duukirk, where he was to laud, aud putting it In a presentable shape. The govern ment erected triumphal arches at a cost of £10,000, and spent £1,000 for flags. Then there were 5,000 picked troops to be got ready, besides the reg ular review troops. These picked -AC*,-* running smoothly the man stands a chance of recovering for his legs lu about five years, if he is not dead before that time. Then, when he divides with his lawyer, after having existed five years without being able to work, I want to know where he comes In, in the matter of justice. Take my advice, and don't try to get justice: you are better off without it. unless, of course, you have plenty of money. CUBAN GOVERNMENT'S OPPORTUNITY. By 6en. Leonard Wood. The Cuban gov ernment will have the finest opportu nity to show what they can do that any people have ever had before them. They come into a government with $500,000 in its treasury and with its people loyal uiul law abldlug, who will do all they cau to support Estrada Palma and his cabinet. GEN. WOOD. The income of the island Is fully equal to its financial demands at this, time, and 1 believe the Cubans will keep it so. 1 think they are capable of govern ing themselves now, aud it Is a certainty that if they fail it will not be because they did uot have the opportunity to show what they could do. The people are depending upon the United States giving them a market for their two prin cipal crops, sugar and tobacco, and they have every reasou to expect that this government will give them the relief. WIFE'S SHARE IN HUSBAND'S INCOME. By Mrs. Wm. Toti Helmuttt. The married woman has a right to a certain proportion of tier husbaud's money. When lie gives it to her he is uot grant ing her a privilege, but uckuo.vl edging claim. The amount that should come to the wife must, of course, be decided by circum stances. Though the husband may pay the butcher and grocer, the milliuer and the dressmaker, he should not run into the blunder of fancying thut his wife has no call for any uioucy beyond the occa sional dime or quarter he grants her. There is convincing testimony that the majority of women have to ask their husbands for spending money, or hypoth ecate their household accounts iu order to get it. I know one Ideal husband who has never in a married life of thirty years obliged his wife to go to him for money. There is a certain drawer in her desk where he places what he can afford to let her have every week. The drawer is never allowed to get empty. More over, he never asks ber to account for a cent of it. That inau should have a halo for his daily wear. Plenty of other husbands make a household allowance, or even a dress al- troops were specially trained, drilled and quartered for .over six weeks at cost of £20,000, and twenty-five mili tary bands were put down in the esti mate at a cost for food and extra ex penses at £2,f»00. The naval review held for the delectation of the Czar cost £50,000, the Item for coal alone being £20,000. lu saluting, powder to the value of £5,000 was burned, and the cost of guarding the Czar was es timated at £10,000. On housing aud feeding him and his suite the sum of £15,000 was spent, and there was an extra appropriation of £10,000 for "sun dries."—M. A. P. LEISURELY THEFT. Tennessee Blockaiuitn'u Gradual Ac quirement of un Eniflnc. "Ours is a peaceful section," said Col. Dan Turner, of Memphis, Tenn., to a group of Western men who had been discussing robberies, hold-ups and crime in general. "But when we do thing down in Tennessee, we do it right, and robbing people or corpora tions Is done to the queen's taste, wheu one of our citizens sets out to do it" "Not long ago it became necessary for oue of the railroads to build a small branch line, and a traction englue was sent down there with the first load of road-building material to haul ties on heavy trucks from a little mountain hauilet near where the road was being built. When the workmen had finished hauling the ties the englue wus placed alongside the road until It should be convenient to haul It away. It remain ed beside the road about six months, and when the contractor came along to clear up he was rather amazed to find that nothing but the boiler of the trac tion engine remained where lie had placed it. To make matters worse, every bolt and rivet that could be re moved from the boiler was missing, too. A search was instituted, but the mlsslug purls of the machine could not be found. "Some time after the theft of bis en gine the contractor had occasion to drive through the country again, and stopped at a negro's blacksmith shop to have a shoe fastened on his horse. While the smithy was ut work the con tractor wulked arouud the shop, and to his amazement found in one corner of the place the missing purts Of his en gine. He immediately charged the ne gro with stealing it, nnd the man ad mitted his guilt. When the contractor had recovered from his surprise ut the find he asked the smithy why he had out taken the boiler, too, nnd the latter replied that he was making tackle to take to the roudside and lift the boiler into bis wagon when the contractor took the thing away.—Washington Post. IN HIS WOODEN LEG Wus Found $15,000 After the Junk JDeuler Died. For twenty-five years Gideon Mason, a junk dealer of Trenton, carried his savings arouud iu his wooden leg, nnd when he died he was worth $15,000 in cash. Masou lost Ills leg In a railroad accident years ago. He never would tell whence he came. He had kuown better days, he said, nnd rum had caused his downfall. Wheu he wa* able to get out on crutches he took the pledge. Friends bought him a wooden leg and a push cart, gave him a few dollars, and he begun buying and sell ing junk. Mason prospered. When Uie •first wooden Ibg was worn out MasJpu appeared with one of his own manu iKTiVefgiilgl unBvai iowance, to xueir wives. But many more dole out what they think will be needed, and apparently imagine that their wives can get what change they need in some mysterious, unexplained fashion, with out having resort to the ordinary mouey making means. If women were not long suffering crea tures there would have been nn organized revolt long ago. No man has a right to submit his wife to the humiliation she must often undergo when she Is obliged to decline to make small contributions in church or club, because she has not the ready money. She may have an ne couut in half a dozen shops. Her cloth ing may be the euvy of her friends, her house may be finely appointed, but when it comes to a call for a chance quarter or hulf dollar she has not the cush In hnud. Let the husband, at any rate, give the wife a chnifre to prove whether or not she is to be trusted with money. There are few women wl» are unworthy of hnving the charge of their own spending money. As a rule, they are quite as careful as their husbands iu the inattor of Hinnll expenses, and have a horror of bills that is oftcu unknown to the lords of creation. NEEDS OF THE NEGRO.^ liy Booker T. Wmshington. Negroes should be taught that their salvation Is in learning to own and cultivate intelligently md skillfully the soil. Agricul ture will prove our salvation, and the race should be slow to abandon the farm. Just now a In rge proportion of the race needs that education which will make the youth re turn to the farm and produce fifty bush els of corn where ouly twenty-five grew before, rather than yield to the tempta tion to go to the city and attempt to live by their wits. For 250 years the negro was worked. What lie wants to learn now is to work. For one to learn that work Is honorable and to be Idle is dis honorable is at the foundation of civil ization. It Is not the negro who has been prop erly trained in hand, head aud heart who commits crimes. It is the ignorant, shiftless negro who has no regular occu pation, who has not learned to love labor and who does not own a home who Is usually the criuilual. When a man be comes the owner of a piece of land and a decent house and has a bank account, he becomes, I notice, at ouce a conserva tive. law-abiding citlzeu. GREAT COURT OF PUBLIC OPINION. By W. Bourke Cockrmn. The modern uewspaper In col lecting the news assembles the civilized world in mass meeting every day to consider the eveuts of unusual importance that have occurred lu the preceding twen ty-four hours. When the uews paper undertakes to do more than collect thi uews. It becomes intrusive. When It misrepresents the news, It is disloyal. When it falls short of collecting the news, It Is inefficient. The great court of public opinion, with all the facts be fore it, Is abundantly able to reach its own conclusions, and its judgments are irrevocable and Irresistible. The newspaper that attempts to fore stall them or control them fails, and brings discredit uion itself. The news paper that records them becomes au effective instrument in enforcing them. The moral of all this is' that the news paper that collects the news assiduously and publishes it faithfully is performing a function of the highest importance to civilization. facture. It was very clumsy, bulging at the top. During the past six years Mason was accompanied un his rounds by a dog that was equipped with a wooden leg made by Mason to take the place of one It had lost. The dog aud the man were Inseparable. Mason was found stretched ou his bed. dead, the other day. The county physician found a cavity in Mason's wooden leg, in which were concealed a will, $15,000 In bills, and the pledge he had taken and kept for twenty-five years. The will was heliographic It set aside certain amount to pay the expense of a burial, and provided for the care of the dog as long as he should live, gave 55,000 to a friend, and the residue to be spent in buying artificial lluibs for worthy cripples in Mercer County. Two days after the death of Mason the dog was found dead ou the grave of its master. In accordance with Mason's wish, expressed in his will, the dog was buried at his feet.—Newark News. Worship by Machinery. A story is told of one of the old-time pillars of a New England church who held out firmly for a long time against the Innovation of an orgnu, but when he fiuully yielded did so without rei serve. From violent opposition he be came the most strenuous of all the congregation us to the fiueness of the instrument to be purchased. "Seems to me you aren't consistent,'1 said one economical brother, re proachfully. "Here a month ago you couldn't speak hard enough about"or guns, and now you go to advocating extra expense In getting the best that's to be had." "SefiTjere," said the deacon, grimly, "if we're going to wordshlp the Lord by machinery. I don't want to putter around with any second-rate running gear."—Youth's Companion. Put to Base Uses. Autograph letters of Wagner have been discovered In use as jam pot cov ers. A German journalist found them at the house of two maiden ladles, sis ters of a musiciau long since deceased,' who had formerly been in intimate cor respondnce with the author of "Parsi fal." The ladles were exhltiblng to him with much pride their cupboards full of jam, when the journalist saw some writing on the covers, which he recognized us that of Wagner. The su perior thickness of the paper, which almost resembles parchment, had sup plied the reason for its application to domestic use. Million* Live on the Ocean. The population of the ocean is esti mated at 3,000,000. That is to say, the number of sailors and others whose business is on the high seas equals the inhabitants of the thirteen original col onies. Lust year more than one-sixth of tills ocean population, or to be mor« exact, 550,000, ofilcers aud men, of 4,343 vessels, entered the port of New York. Where Sho Was Trained ''"t "She is great talker." -vv.• "Yes her father hnH uhvays had theater box, you kuow."—Detroit Free Press. Trees ou Western Prairies. In some of the Western prairies trees are now being planted for shade, pro tection and beauty, in areas of various sizes up to hundreds of acres. Idleness Is such a slow traveler that poverty soon overtakes it :vT^ Talent Is of no use to the mari^who hasn't th? courage to use it. Hanria's Star is Rising. Directly following the death of the lameutedMcKluley It looked very tnucn as though President ltoosevelt would have a walkover for the nouiluation. He was the beloved of the nutiou at large, and only his tactless doings of the last three or four months have hurt his chances materially. But since Mr. Uoosevelt began to descend the scale of national popularity. Mr. Hanna bus been "doing things." He has suddenly blossomed out as the violent friend of labor, whereas three Or four years ago he was the lutolerable employer who "ground under the Iron heel of oppres sion" his own people nnd those whom he could'In auy way Influence. He has suddenly become warm admirer and the bosom friend, the earnest advocate, the tearful defeudant of the concrete worklngmnn of the United States.— Denver Post. Some of Our Own Medicinc* We greatly injured the British tin plate industry by our tariff and we hailed the crippling of It as conclusive proof of the wisdom of our policy. Yet all the while we have had free access Into British ports und Into the ports of all the British dependencies nnd many of the British colonies. We know that if Great Britain acquires dominion over any portion of the earth's surface she will, unless she at once erects a self governing colony, admit all the nations of the earth to free access to the trade of that territory. Therefore it would be strange Indeed If we, who have nev er hesitated to tax foreign trade even to the point of destroying it, should have the brazenness to object to any taxes that Great Britain might see fit to levy on our trade.—Indianapolis News. Crowninshicld nt the Coronation. Crownlushleld will go. England will see us at our best. We trust to the stormy and remorseless sea of the most beautiful nnd valued thing we have. Hitherto we have guarded him from peril of all kinds. Wrapped in our tenderest solicitude, as some price less bit of bric-a-brac is wrapped in softest down, he has been kept safe and warm, far from the devouring wave, ^ppond the reach of the impious and cruel hurricane. England's attention is respectfully but firmly called to the sacrifice we now make to our ecstasy. Had we sent the whole American fleet nnd imperiled every man-Jack on the active list we could uot have testified more eloquently to our love aud rever ence.—Washington Post. Boosevelt Bound Hand and Foot The Uoosevelt who was a terror to bosses, a champlou of independence and a defender of good government ex ists no longer. The hope of a nomina tion for the office which he at present accidentally holds has been dangled successfully before his eyes, aud the Roosevelt of to-day Is as clay in the potter's hands to the selfish, practical politicians who infest the government at Washington. Candidates for office are oftentimes said to be "In the hands of their friends." Mr. Uoosevelt has placed himself in the hands of the self ish and cold-blooded bosses, who plot ted his undoing in 11)00, and who had him shelved—but for the accident of death.—Albany, N. Y„ Argus. The English Tax on Bread Whatever may be the ultimute pur pose of Joseph Chamberlain iu revers ing the trudltioiial policy of Great Britain aud establishing protection in place of free trade, the Immediate ef fect of the scheme of taxation on which the new budget Is based will be to stir up the English people as they have not beeu stirred In thiB gene-i tlon. What the Chancellor of i.*e Ex chequer proposes Is a revival of the "corn laws" which provoked the politi cal revolution in Cobden's day. Are the English people more subservient than when they arose against that im position?—Boston Post. Wasting the President's Ulme. Nearly three-fourths of the Presi dent's working time is worse than wasted In reeclvlng people who have no business with him, merely Idle In truders, sightseers, Congressmen, Intro ducing constituents and applicants for petty places. Public affairs demand ing the personal attention of the Presi dent have so iucreased In number and Importance as to require all the energy of a robust man, and it is impossible for any man to carry that burden and devote many hours a day to the crowd without breaking down.—Philadelphia North American. Roosevelt Is Losing Ground. Mr. Uoosevelt Is dally losing party friends. With a stubborn conceit un warranted by any qualities of states manship or calm judgment, he disdains the aid of such ripe advisers as Mr. Mc Klnley had about him. As things are going, the President may have a bard struggle for renomlnatlon, which Is manifestly his sole present aim. Among the intelligent and practical elements of his party there Is strong nnd grow ing doubt of the possibility of his elec Uon if he is made the candidate in 1004. Buffalo Courier. 6avlnir Time in the White House. Uoosevelt has found it necessary to reprimand so many officers of the army ind the navy that, according to re port in Washington, he has decided to iave breath by Bhouting a reprimand with strenuous eloquence luto a phono pupil and then arrange it so he can turn on the machinery whenever occa sion needs by simply pressing a button. The plan has the further advantage that If an officer falls to call ut the White House for his reprimand the ma :hlne cau be scut to him.—San Fran slsco Cull. Our Policy Mwit Be Cbaugcd. If tlie United States are ever to gain the conlideucc of the Filipinos It must be by a contrast with Spanish pro :edure. It American generals and petty »tHcers think that the new propaganda :s to be exemplitled by cruelties aud persecutions It is time for the Presl ient halt. Extremist* uiay call Dlu order "encouragement ene ny." Fortunately, the great mass of tlu American people think otherwise.— St. Louis Hopubllc. The Atrocitie. in the Philippine.. It Is time that Congress stripped the mask of "benevolent assimilation" [rota this administration. Let the peo ple have all the facts HO 3? CJ carefully con- :ealed and so unblushlngly denied by the War Department. Let them see what really has been done lu their name In the torture of non-combatants, tbe murder of prisoners, the burulox $ Indiscriminately of all dwellings In vil lages where some few "Insurgents" have been found. It Is a bad story, but when the people And out how bad It Is they will also And a remedy.—Boston Post. Can't Wean the liubet*. Tlie dlQlculty with the liabes whom Congress has taken under Its protecting cure Is that they never are weaned. They suck eternally, no matter how great their size. The steel tariff was enacted to protect some infant a quar ter of a century ngo In the Schuylkill or Lehigh valley. We still have a high tariff to protect the billlon dollar Uni ted States Steel Corporation. There Is no limit to the hungry thirst of an In fant once It Is put to the mill .—Phila delphia Times. Doe. Not Concern I'olitICM. There "an be no consideration of the political standing of the trust at a time liue this. The fact thut Hannn's cam paign committee Is largely Indebted to tbe beef trust, or that the Tammany or ganization iu New York has begun ac tive measures to suppress the monop oly cannot be allowed to count. One of the main articles of the food of the people is being arbitrarily raised in price, and that is something outside of and far away from party politics.—Bos ton Post. Babcock HUM Been Muzzled. Congressman Babcock, of Wisconsin, lias been re-elected chairman of the Itepubllcnn Congressional Campaign Committee. Now the Diugleyites have Mr. Bubcock where they want hlra. lie must tish. cut bait or go ashore. Ills arguments In favor of electing a majority in the next Congress, which will perpetuate the Injustices and ab surdities of the existing tariff, will be awaited with general, not to say fever ish, impatience.—Albany Argus. How to Put Ourselves Right. We shall never put ourselves In the way of winning the friendship aud con fidence of the Filipinos until we make them believe that we regard the illegal and unauthorized killing of one of their number as being quite as wrong as such a killing of nn American soldier. We can accomplish no good purpose by killing Filipinos merely because they are Filipinos or because some other Filipinos have killed Borne Americans. —Indianapolis News. Militarism Must Be Curbed. It would be more lu keeping with democratic government to have the army so organized that Its control and direction cannot be divorced from con gressional supervision. That Is the reasou the old English organization has been preserved In England and in the United States, where In both countries the people have some rights that kings aud presidents are bouud to respect.— Atlanta Constitution. Cheap Labor and a 8ubsidy. Some of the shipping compaules that are stoutest lu asking for subsidies on the plea that the higher wages paid to American seamen puts It out of tbelr power to compete In ocean-earrytag are yet opposed to the proposed feature of the Chinese exclusion act forbidding the employment of Chinese sailors on American vessels plying betweeu China aud our Pacific ports.—Philadel phia Itecord. Corporations WillJSlect Them. Should Senator Depew's Republican confreres In the Senate stand by lilni ns those In the committee did the ef fort to secure the election of Senators by the people will fall. The Senators will still for a time be selected by the corporations, not by the people. Which would mean, of course, the election of Senators of the Depew type.—New Or leans Times-Democrat. On a Perilous Voyage. It Is quite evident, even to landsmen, that the Republican Bhlp Is trying to sail between Scylla ond Charybdls, In stormy weather at that, 111 dealing with the tariff question and Its relation to Cuba. If captain nnd crew do some thing for Cuba they will strike certain American Interests In a fatal spot if they do nothing for Cuba they will cre ate oil embarrassing situation.—Cincin nati Enquirer. Profit* Not Philanthropy, the Object. Trusts are run for the benefit of the capitalists, not for the benefit of the workliigmen. Senator Hanna to tha contrary notwithstanding. Just as was the case when the tariff shut out^pr eign competition, so now when the gi gantic combinations recently formed have shut out domestic competition, dividends Increase, not wages.—Hous ton Post. Breeding Trouble for Himself. If the President persists lu the pur pose which It Is announced he has of immediately forcing Gen. Miles upon the retired list he will, In our Judg ment, commit an net which he and his administration will In the future have abundant cause to regret.—Boston Transcript. Issues that M'lll Bring Success. Should the paramount Issue In tbe next campaign be the control of the trusts uud the related questions of the tariff and the slilpplug subsidy steal It will mean victory for tile Democrat ic ticket.—Peoria Herald-Transcript. The Bishop anil His Cigar. Not long ngo a bishop of stately mien and sunctiinoulous expression went down to a small country town to lec ture, arriving early Iu the afternoon, and, of course, being at once spotted by the Inhabitants as something par ticularly great and saintly. He went Into a chemist's shop, and In a tone that froze the young blood of the as sistant, said, "Young man, do you smoke?" "Y-yes, sir!" replied the trem bling youth. "I'm sorry but I learned the habit young, nnd I haven't been able lo get rid of it yet." "Then," said the great divine, without the movement of a muscle or the abatement of one shade of the awful solemnity of his voice, "can you tell me where I CAN get good cigar?" WORLD HIS PARISH. •f \"'vV rHE LATE REV. OR. TALMAQE 8POKE TO MILLIONS. ftarly Life of the Fuiooui Divine HS A Questionable Proceed inn:. While the report that the President would not uccept the resignation of his Pension Commissioner until a higher post was ready for him did not deceive anyone as to the real status of the case, It did take ofT a little of the raw edge, and It Is to be regretted that President ltoosevelt's eagerness to "promote" a faithful public servant, whose retire ment from otiice was expedient for po litical reasons, was not us strong as his desire to curry favor with the fac tion demanding the removal of the Pen sion Commissioner.—Rochester Uerald. IIEV. BO Hit Work an a Preacher and Author —He Was Always Interesting, Al though Sometimes Dramatic* To the rank* of our great men death huH paid another visit and on her som bre pinions the soul of Uev. Dr. Thorn- DeWItt Tnlmnpe has passed luto eternity. Thu news of the death ot this master preacher carried deep and sincere sorrow to the entlrfe Christian world. The hea't of this einlueut clergyman first throbbed with life ou January 7. 1S32, In Hound Brook, X. J. He re ceived Ills education In the University of the City ot New York aud the New Brunswick Theological Seminary. ID iS5G he was ordained pastor of the Re formed Dutch Church of Bellevue, N. J.*, und since that time had had charge of congregations In Syrucuse, N. V.. Philadelphia, Pa., Brooklyn, N. Y., aud Washington, D. C. Iu 1809 he was made pastor of the Central Presbyter ian Church of Brooklyn and it was during his occupancy of that pulpit that he delivered the wonderfully ve hement and pointed sermons which have found admirers In every part of the world and have made his famous as a preacher, lie addressed, his audi ences In the large edifice known as tbe Brooklyn Tabernacle, a building T. DE WITT TALMAQE. with a seating capacity of 3.000. Dur ing his pastorate this building was thrice destroyed by lire and as many times rebuilt. In 1802 the distinguished prelate was given the degree of A. M. by the Uni versity of the City of New York, and In 1884 he received that of D. D. from the University of Tennessee. Author as Well as Preacher* Bexldes his labors In the lecture field he was the author of many religious volumes and has. at various ttjnes. performed editorial work of a re»lgl"bus nature for publications In New York and Chicago. Since 1804 he has made Washington, D. C., his home aud al though for the last few years he had not been so active in religious exhor tation as during" his stay In Brooklyn, he has, nevertheless, doue much for the cause by means of printed sermons* editorials aud lectures. Itcv. Dr. Taluiage was a thorough student of human nature, a deep thluk er and a mftn of convincing argument With the possible exception of the late Henry Ward Bcccher, uo delineator of the doctrines of the gospel has ever had such widespread attention. The 6orruons and lectures that he delivered during the twenty-live years of his spiritual jurisdiction in Brooklyn did much toward uiuklng the man world famous. Through a system of supply ing various publications with his ser mons ahead of time, they were copied and recopled by the press of this coun try aud Kurope until the lessons were placed before the eag'U* eyes of mil lions of readers on both sides of the water. His lectures were delivered In a strikingly demonstrative and even sen sational manner. There was no limit to the means to which he might resort lu order to keep his listeners on tha alert regarding the subject lu hand. It is told of hlui that upon oue occaslou when he was about to address a con course of some 5,000 people, he walked to one end of the 50-foot platform up on which he stood, buttoned his coat and wheeling around dashed madly across the platform, head thrown back, arms swinging wildly, nnd bringing up with a jump at the other end then suddenly turning to his audience be began his fc-crmou with the forcible ex^_ clamation, "Young man you're rush ing to destruction!" This is only one of the many instances in^hkh his originality of manner was shown. IIis world-wide reputation, however/ was not entirely due to the sensational eccentricities of his prencblug. Tal mage possessed a keen miud, superior judguient^and great literary ability. Ills addresses wheu In printed form, deprived of the euilfclltsliuienhr of ora tory, were In themselves Intensely In teresting and bespoke the masterful genius of their author. The world has perhaps brought forth more finished orators and greater theo logians than Uev. Dr. Tal mage, but few. If any, of them have enjoyed so great a prestige while in the eye of the public, nnd nt their departure left so deep and lastiug au Impression. SSglg- NamtiiK the Chilli. ffiS. Now. necessarily, when the new girl lmby arrived there was much discus sion among the members of the fam ily as to what her name should be. "We will call her '(Jcraldtuc,'" uald the tlrst grandmother. "1 saw thut name lu a story once, and always wanted to try It on a baby." "Oh," murmured the second grand mother, "that would never do. Let us call her 'Kanchou.'" "But don't you think 'Eltessa' is a pretty uaiiic, and so odd, too?" put In one of the aunts. "Excuse tue, ladles," ventured tile poor father, who sat nearby, "but you seem to forget that we are trying to Und a name for a human being, and not for a live-cent cigar."—Baltimore American. New Cannons of Paper. ICru'pp. the great manufacturer of cannon, lias lately completed a num ber of paper field pieces for the use of the German infuutry. Their caliber is a little less than two inches, and the pleceB are so light thut one soldier cuu easily curry oue, but the resistance Is greater than that of a field piece of steel of the same caliber. Wvt'-" Benefit In Perfumes. Tbe London Lancet says that tbe es sential oil that forms the base of all perfumes Is a powerful antiseptic, aud possesses disinfecting properties equal to those of carbolic acid. A perfumed handkerchief, therefore, mny not only please the sense of smell, but prove guard against InfecJIon.