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Manchester Democrat. [volume] (Manchester, Iowa) 1875-1930, July 30, 1902, Image 6

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€ije ^Democrat.
BBONSOK & CAES, Publi»h«r».
MANCHESTER,
A Bailor isn't necessarily a pugilist
/.because be boxes tbe compass.
-fe What a tiresome old world this
would be If folks could have their own
"iVajr all the time.
The excitement of dodging taxes does
great deal to prevent high society suf
fering from ennui.
It Is never safe to gauge the senti
mcnt of the country by the cheers In
the Congressional galleries.
Schwab has begun giving money to
colleges. We 'nay expect that It will
he "Dr. Schwab before long."
President Palina says he and his
.family lvlll live plainly. On $25,000 a
year they can afford to live as plainly
as they please. (S'lrf
As It youug Alfonso of Spain did not
already have enough trouble on his
hands with the Carlists and an empty
treasury, his advisers are trying to get
him married.
Prince Henry is In training for fur
ther diplomatic work for his brother,
the Emperor. He has recently been
visiting Ireland, where they keep the
Blarney stone.
Senator Dolliver says poor people
•re the only ones who Iinve a chance
In the world. Still, as Senator Will
iam M. Stewart says, "It a man has
money he doesn't need sympathy."
The latest one is "SIcme," with an
imported French accent over each "e."
Of course it Is our old friend Mamie In
disguise, but just as sweet and charm
ing as ever. Grayce and Alls are more
easily recognized.
The doctors report that the trouble
with Hobsou Is "compound hyper
metropic astigmatism, retinal hypere
mia and trachoma." Gracious good
ness! Why don't they give the poor
man a pension and let him go?
It Is announced that the British au
thorities have introduced plug-pong
Into Imbecile ivards of poorhouscs for
the purpose of affording the Inmates an
easy and innocent amusement at a
small cost So It seems the game has
Ita value after all.
A. woman who married a man who
claimed to have German estates that
proved a myth, has secured a divorce.
Quite right. It is evident It was not
the man Bhe was marrying, but the
•states, and since they do not exist
the marriage is void. The only wonder
la that any divorce was legally neces
sary from a man who counted for so
little In the marriage.
More evil is wrought, so
says
a cele­
brated physician, in the systems of
boys from 12 to 20 years by lack of
sleep than by any other one cause.
Franklin's "early to bed" has not lost
Its force. Concerning the "early to
rise," Chevalier Bunsen used to say
that by always getting up tour hours
before other people he made his year
Into sixteen months Instead of twelve.
Inasmuch as an hour's mental or physi
cal work In the morning is generally
worth two late In the day, even the
mathematics of the chevalier were not
seriously at fault.
Eighty years .ago a writer In the Lou
don Examiner made sport of the pre
vailing passion for newspaper person
alities ID a paragraph which, with
change of hero, would be pertinent to
day: "The Duke of Wellington gener
ally rises about eight. While he Is
dressing he sometimes whistles a tune.
He uses warm water In shaving, and
lays on a greater quantity than the or
dinary man. While shaving he chiefly
breathes through his nose, with a view,
as It is conceived, of keeping the suds
out of his mouth. The duke driuks
tea with his breakfast, which he sweet
ens with white sugar and corrects with
cream. He eats toast and butter, beet
or eggs. The eggs are generally those
of the domestic fowl."
What a mean Captain Kidd sort of
pirate the "substitute" man Is! You
ask for somebody's sarsaparllla or
somebody else's powders, and be Bays:
"Haven't got it, Jjut I have something
Just as good." Then he hands out an
article made by a robber. No other,
word fits. The world Is full ,o£ Imi
tators. A man with genius and ambi
tion discovers something'that is of real
use to humanity. He manufactures It,
he puts It on the market, he spends a
fortune Introducing It It Is the only
way no jjurtter how meritorious an ar
ticle Asr It has to be advertised. You
wp'ild think that the man who had
r?
iised money and time and skill would
ue allowed to enjoy the fruits of his
flaring and energy. Not so! Along
comes the robber, the imitator, the
leech. He puts up something in a box
or a bottle, copies the successful man's
wares as closely as he can and. keep
.out of Jail, cuts the price and asks the
dealer, the man who Is nearest to the
consumer, to do the rest It Is an In
expensive way. There are no adver
tising bills to meet—nothing to do but
copy and grow fat on the efforts of
stinore honest individual. It Isn't fair.
it discourages ambition, and very often
It gives to t.ie consumer something
that Injures Instead of benefitting.
When you know what you want, ask
,• for It, and GET IT. That 1B the only
prompt and efficient way to deal with
tbe substitute pirate, who has not iue
brains to do business on business lines.
The conclusion of peace In South Af
•j.%" rlca Is a cause for world-wide congrat
ulation. The precise terms matter less
than the fact that an end has come at
last to the war which for nearly three
V*j'J years has desolated the two former
:|V-/ Boer republic and parts of Natal and
Cape Colony. On both sides there has
,,,:% been heroism, and on both sides, also,
8
there has been a large measure of hu
manlty. It is doubtful if so protracted
and obstinate a struggle was ever
fought out to a conclusion with less of
wilful cruelty. It Is characteristic of
brave soldiers that they learn respect
Vi/K for each other from the experiences of
/vJjS battle and after the bitterness of this
-w 'P long struggle has passed, there will
abide on either side this sentiment of
respect to temper and ameliorate fu
ture relations. It Is highly Important
,v
that this should be so, for the British
v, and Dutch must live together In South
Africa, and must together work out tho
problems of civilization. It would be
a calamity if the work were long in
terrupted by the perpetuation of old
pnlmosltles, wjiethflr of raca or politics.
money and Jn aim tie price which
Great Britain has had to pay for her
new acquisitions in South Africa Is
prodigious. A recent parliamentary
piper put the total money cost, allow
ing for the continuance of the war until
next March, at more than eleven hun
dred million dollars. The mind does
not easily grasp such figures, but some
Idea of their meaning may be obtained
when It Is remembered that this sum
exceeds the enormous Indemnity which
Germany exacted from France, out of
which she paid the whole cost of tho
war of 1870-71, and had several hun
dred millions left for pensions, fort
resses and railways. But the appalling
loss of life, the thousands of desolated
homes In the British IsleB, and the stlu
more distressing calamities that haw
fallen upon the brave and enduring
Boers—these things make the heart
sick at the thought of the cost of war,
and constitute the strongest possible
argument for peace.
There is a wonderful story In the life
Otis R. Freeman. He is dead. He
was the oldest practicing physician In
America. He was a useful man. A
great many years ago Otis Freeman
mapped out his life work. That was
probably years before you were born,
for he arrived in 1800. Wealth didn't
attract htm. It isn't always the thing
that useful men yearn for. The fel
low who grubs for money, who loves
it, who piles it up, who makes the dol
lar his standard for measurement, Is
often selfish, rarely useful to his kind,
and seldom content. Dr. Freeman con
sidered these things and decided to do
all tho good he could. Nearly all doc
tors are philanthropists In a way.
Sometimes they use their skill for
money, sometimes for experience, and
often—more often than the world
knows—for charity. It Is a fact that
should make humanity feel very kind
ly toward the profession. A practic
ing phj'slclan at 03. 'Pblnk of tho
army of men and women and children
that old doctor had treated. Think of
the pain he had banished, the dying
moments he had eased, of the people
who became well and strong because
of his skill. He was a war veteran,
too. At the battle of Sailor's Creek,
Va., he worked steadily at the ampu
tation table for fourteen hoars, and
from 1862 to the close of the war he
was actively engaged, not making
wounds, but healing them. The more
he doctored the more he sympathized.
He whs as tender as a woman and al
ways kind. It wns his ambition to
work right up to the close of his life—
to wear out, and he had no more fear
of death than he had of sleep. Five
days before his death he set a broken
arm for a boy and Insisted on seeing
all patients who called upon him. So
there you have the life story of a suc
cessful man, whose days Bpanned al
most a century. He left no fortune.
Many of those whom he benefited have
forgotten him. He was a success. The
human being who does good to satisfy
the voice of conscience needs no monu-.
ment The man who deliberately leads
a useful life, because of Ills noble
qualities of heart and mind, leaveB liis
impress on the world.
of
Summer Is the time for health, or
should be for those who know how to1
profit by It, yet it has special dangers
which must be guarded against. These
are mostly due to heat, and the higher
the thermometer rises and the longer
It stays high, the greater they arc.
The chief sufferers are city dwellers,
and it Is of them mainly that one thinks
In very hot weather, and especially of
the poor In the cities. They usually
live In contracted quarters in high tene
ments, In small, poorly ventilated, gun
less rooms cleanliness is often impos
sible to them, for even if certain fami
lies are clean, they suffer from the dirt
of their neighbors It Is almost impossi
ble for them to get fresh and well
prepared food and the walls of their
houses and the pavements of the
streets, baked during the day in the
merciless nun, give out their heat like
so many Immense ovens through the
night
This can be endured for a short pe
riod, but as the heated term drags on
day and night without relief, condi
tions become worse and worse, and
finally deadly. Children, especially
babies, suffer most, but all, young and
old alike, are threatened at such a
time.
The two chief ills are sunstroke, the
direct result of the stifling heat, and
digestive disturbances, caused by food
which has begun to spoil. Much, how
ever,. can be done to avert these Ills.
Those who are obliged to be In the
streets during the day should carry um
brellas, and be deliberate In thel#
movements they should be lightly and
loosely clad, and abstemious In food
and drink. The less ment the better,
and no wine or beer should be taken.
In the house the air should have',
free access to. every part, especially to
the bedrooms and living rooms. It is
a foolish practice to elOBe the. windows
and draw the shades, as so many do. It
Is a fact that this often does keep the'
temperature a degree or two lower
than the outside air, but the confined
air soon grows stagnant and unfit to
breathe. It is far better to have an
(inappreciable Increase of heat, and to
have the air fresh and constantly
changing.
Water Is the great supporter in hot
weather water Internally and water
externally—not Ice water, but cool
water.
Much water, little food, free air, mod
erate exercise, long rests, avoidance of
the noonday sun, and scrupulous clean
Unoss—these are tho preventives of dis
ease in the worst of torrid spells.
New Brand.
"Say," called the hardware drummer
to the proprietor of tile railway restau
rant, "there is something wrong with
this sandwich."
"Oh, I guess yes," said the traveler.
"Why, the blamed thing Is so soft I can
actually bite a piece out of It without
breaking my teeth."
8ome Consolation.
Dlgga—I tell you, sir, it's a great
thing to be a poor man.
Bigg®—How do you figure it out?
Dlgga—Why, my inability to buy:an.
automobile Ib alone a clear aavlng o£*t
i«u* *1,000.
0*
DEPEW.
AaSi.ii
ywtrty
FORTUNES Of THIS DECADL
By Chauttcey M. Depew.
Nothing more
marks this decade
from others thau
the sudden accumu
lation of fabulous
fortunes. When I
ad at
Yale there were
only two multi
millionaires in the
United States, John
Jacob Astor and
GOMMODORO VAN.
dorbilt. Neither of them at that period
had reached the $10,000,000 limit. There
were not in the whole country twenty
people worth a million dollars. To-day
there are more than one hundred in Pitts
burg alone who have passed that figure.
These vast fortunes, themselves so con
spicuous, so almost incomprehensible, are
at present more matters of curiosity thau
of antagonism. Most of the possessors
of them have shown a wise generosity in
the .distribution of their wealth. In no
other country in the world, at no other
period, have the rich from their abun
dance given so lavishly to education, phi
lanthropy and patriotism. Last year the
known sums which were thus contributed
amounted to the high figure of $107,300,
000.
The sudden acquisition of almost in
calculable riches by so many in the lust
five years has produced maiiy singular
results. The most ghastly^ misfortuue
"which can happen to a man who has been
successfully prosecuting and increasing
his business until he has passed middle
life is to be compelled to sell out and re
tire* He may receive a sum far beyond
any value he ever placed upon his plant
and good will. Nevertheless, the sale is
generally accompanied by au obligation
Hot to resume and compete. Little cut
side the factory or ofliee interests him
because the cells of his brain have be
come, some of them, abnormally active,
and others paralyzed through disuse. He
can think of nothing and he cares for
nothing but tho shop and its results.
Books, literature, lectures, travel, polities,
society, and play bore the life out of
him. I know half a hundred such men
•who have come to this coudition within
the last few years.
WOMAN'S DUTY TO SOCIETY.
By Mrs. Donald n'lcan.
The first duty "of a woman to
society is to make herself agree
able to those whom she does i.ot
consider to be in society.
It is easy enough to be agree
able to one's friends. The test
of breeding, of course, comes in
one's attitude to one's inferiors and one's
enemies—two classes which a woman, lu
considering her duty to society, is very
likely In her own mind to exile from so
ciety. On the contrary, they are very im
portant members of it. She ought to
know this because they occupy so many
of her thoughts.
An attempt to be agreeable usually
takes a very obvious form—that of flat
tery. Flattery is exceedingly bad form.
Flattery is the spurious coin, the gold
coin is pimple gruciousness. A cardinal
principle of being agreeable is to be gra
cious. Graciousness includes a negative
talent—the talent of snubbing nobody.
The bane of social intercourse Is nnub
blng. Snubbing is adopted presumably
to emphasize one's superiority to the per
son snubbed. On its face It defeats Its
AN HISTORIC STRUCTURE.
Benedict Arnold's New Haven Home
May lie Torn Dowu.
In a dismantled condition, the prey
of relic hunters and the ravages of
time, there stands iu Water street, In
Now Haven, Conn., a bouse erected by
the most Infamous man who ever called
America Ills home and which wns later
occupied by one of the most renowned
of Golumbia*8 sons. It Is a residence
erected by Benedict Arnold lu the City
of Elms In 1771. Water streetln colonial
days was the select residential street
of New Haven. Arnold, then a daslilug
youug fellow, conducted a drug store.
He prospered In business, married well
and branched out into tbe East Indian
trade, iu which he made a fortune. lie
was one of the most prominent men lu
New Haven at the outbreak of the
revolution and the mansion on Water
street sheltered many a distinguished
guest. Then came his brilliant career
iu the army and his subsequent igno
minious betrayal of his country.
Time and the encroachments of busi
ness Interests have brought llie Hue old
colonial mansion down to the level now
of Its less aristocratic neighbors, but
traces are still to be seen of the mag
nificence of which It once was proud.
Tho house is now part of a lumber
yard, and the parlors and spacious
chambers where Arnold and his bride
lived and received the elite of the towu
are now occupied with piles of scant-
IIOJIE OF BliJTEBICT
AHSOIA).
ling, and the colonial staircases are
now changed to lumber elevators. In
a short time what Is left of the old
house will be torn down aud the space
It occupied turned into a woodyard.
Willie no attempt has been made by
New Haven people to save the old Ar
nold house, as it can be believed that
the reputation of Its flrst occupant Is
no great source of public gratification,
many ot the finest pieces of Its original
architecture have been preserved. An
tiquarians and unpoetlcnl junk dealers
liavc banded together to raze the old
place, aud what remains to-day is the
merest shell of the old structure. Tbe
mantelpieces, carved English oak rail
ings and the furniture have all been
scattered among museums throughout
New England. But there still remains
the original exterior, and the window
blinds, doorways, cornices and much of
the original decorations are still left.
Not only Benedict Arnold, the traitor,
but Noah Webster, the famous lexico
grapher, lived ill this historic old man
sion. and the rooms that once eclioed
with the laughter and gayety of the
days before (he revolution also liar
bored In later years the silent scholar,
as the pages of his great dictionary
grew under bis hands. Webster came
to New Haven in 1708. Up to that time
the Arnold mansion bad remained un
occupied so great wns the aversion of
the people toward anything In any way
connected with the traitor's life. Web
ster remained there until 18X2, when he
removed lo Amhert, Mnss.
MACHINE MADE TORCHON LACE.
Austrian Invention Imitates Hand
Mode Product.
Some fair Imitations of band-made
Uc« are already manufactured by ma-
^iisnwwi^
1
own end. For the -woman who wishes
to be agreeable to society naturally
wishes to make society believe in her.
But when she snubs any one whom she
considers beneath her she Is giving am
ple proof that either she or her ancestors
have not been used to the grade of society
in which she finds herself and that she
is, therefore, not what she would have
others believe.
The woman who has a right to the so
cial position she occupies, and whose fam
ily for generations has been in the same
position, will Sad it necessary to snub
no one—neither those whom she meets
socially and whom she does not consider
her social equals, nor those in other walks
of life with whom she is brought into
casual contact.
Graciousnesrs to her friends and to her
servants, to her acquaintances and to her
sewing woman, to her children and to
every one asking a favor of her, to those
who are gentlewomen and to those who
are Hot—that is the first rule of conduct
for one who fulfills her duty to society
by being agreeable.
The duty of making one's self agree
able to society means simply a woman's
duty to let her best impulses rule her all
the time. So this becomes a rule for gen»
eTal conduct as well as for social inter
course.
HOW TO CURB TRUSTS.
By James J. tttll.
The commercial
expansion of a na
tion Is the best in
dex of Its growth.
Next to the Chris
tian religion and
the common schools
uo other siugle
work enters into
the welfare and
o. J. HILL. happiness of the
people of the whole country to the same
extent as the railway. Great Britain
has retained possession of the oriental
trade for the reason that she furnishes
the lowest rates of transportation to and
from,those countries. We are now pre
paring to challenge her for such share
of this busiuess as can be furnished by
the manufacturers of the United States.
Iu a country as large as ours, carrying
on enormous undertakings, large amounts
of capital arc necessary, and this capital
can be more readily furnished by corpo
rate ownership than in any other way.
The only serious objection to so-called
trusts has been the method of creating
them for the purpose of selling sheaves
of printed securities which represent
nothing more than good will and pros
pective profits to the promoters.
If it is the desire of the government to
prevent the growth of such corporations,
it has always seemed to me that a sim
ple remedy was within its reach. Under
the constitutional provision allowing
Congress to regulate commerce between
States all companies desiring to transact
business outside of tho State in which
/5SSr
'VttiMHteiHiiMi^^
Most
they are Incorporated should be held to
a'unlform provision of federal laws. They
should satisfy a commission that their
capital stock was actually paid up in
cash or in property, at a fair valuation,
just as tbe capital of the national bank
is certified to be paid up. With thai sliB
pie law the temptation to make companies,
for the purpose of selling prospective
profits would be at an end. At the same
time no legitimate business would suffer.
AMERICAN FARMERS FOR HAWAII.
ByRobt. W. Wilcox,
LOADING WHEAT BY ELECTRICITY.
Behold the electric stevedore! It snfforeth not from fatigue and it qinttetli
not even at the lunch hour, and yet it loads wlieut upon vessel in a style far
beyond the possibilities ot human liniids Just watch it. it .vou please. Tlie sacks
of grain come aboard by a sort of trolley and are dumped into the hold at the
rate of one every two seconds. It is, la tact, the latest achievement ot electricity
as applied for power purposes. The picture from the Year Book of the Depart
ment of Agriculture.
cbiuery. A recent Invention by au
Austrian named Matltsch renders It
possible to reproduce one more variety,
known as torchou lace. The real ar
ticle is a moderately coarse but pretty
lace aud Is used on garments which It
is desirable to put through a laundry.
Ilerr Matltsch, after being associated
with the lace Industry iu Vienna and
inventing a machine which did not give
satisfactory results, went to Nottlng
ham, England, where he perfected the
model iu 1891). It was then necessary
to make the jacquards for each pattern
that it was desirable to produce. This
pnrt of the work was performed upon
tho Inventor's return to Vienna. Hith
erto It lias been necessary to have a
separate machine for each design.
With the Matltsch machine It Is only
necessary to substitute one jacquard
for another, as In weaving cloth.
Tho inventor does not Intend to or
ganize a company to make lace, says
the New York Tribune, or even the pro
duction of more machines. He has al
ready put nearly $100,000 luto his ex
periments and Is now looking for a
company to buy Ills rights. The Not
tingham lace manufacturers profess
not to be disturbed by the prospect of
competition and say that.tbe Matltsch
machine will Injure French manufac
turers chiefly. In Vienna the papers
think that a new era In lace making Is
ahead.
WAS A ROSY-CHEEKED GIRL
ONE HUNDRED YEARS AGO.
This is a picture of Mrs. David B.
Stamp, of Kluciivillo, Orange County,
N. V. She is a little, old. almost for-
"~"WnS. DAVID B. STAMP.
or
These government lands I want divided
up into homesteads to encourage Ameri
can farmers to go to Hawaii. Instead of
dividing the government lands luto home
steads of 100 acres, as in the United
States, the best lands could be divided
into twenty-acre homesteads and the pas
toral Innds into eighty-acre homesteads,
either of which would give the American
fanner a fine homestead to support his
family all the year round.
To give an idea of how fertile the best
land is, the sugar corporations produce
an average of ten tons of sugar to the
acre. The rice planters produce two
crops a year, aggregating between 5,000
and 0,000 pounds to the acre. The same
land planted with taro, a plant akin to
elephant's ears, which is the staple food
of the natives, will produce somewhere
between 40,000 and 50,000 pounds per
acre, and it sells at one cent a pound
MILITARISM VS. COMMERCIALISM.
By
w.
Bourke Cochran,
This nation has been a world
power—a world power of sur
passing value to the civilization
of the world. It has assumed
the primacy of civilization be
cause from the very hour of its
birth it has been devoted tun­
swervingly to justice. I believe that this
country is commercial, that this is a com
mercial age, that commercialism is pre
dominant but far from regretting, 1 glory
in it.
The object of every war that was ever
waged, at least in the old world, was
plunder—that is to say, profit. Vanquish
ed countries are despoiled more scientifi
cally, but more successfully, by tribute.
Militarism is the pursuit of profit by plun
der commercialism is the pursuit of
profit by industry. No fortune, however
great, but was produced by peaceful pur
suits. America has given a shining les
son to all the world for the benefit of
all ages. It has tnught that the'pathway
to advantage is through honesty and jus
tice and not through violence aud plun
der.
blue Hudson, and tbe prettiest girl,
at that, for many uille in all directions.
But. that Is exactly what she did do
aud what she was, aud now as she sits
among the gntliering shadows of life's
twilight, waiting for the night to fall,
she can look backward across the cen
tury and say that the world with all
Its teeming .millions has been born
again since that far distant time when
she was a little girl at play.
Mrs. Stamp was born on the shores
of the Hudson one hundred and eight
years ago. She spent her girlhood
there and saw the trial trip of Robert
I* ulton's lirst steamboat. She remem
bers when the country rang with the
praises of General Washington. She
remembers the (lay he died. She re
members the Marquis de Lafayette,
Andrew Jackson, tho war of 1812, and
recalls most of tlrs principal events
that have taken place In her lifetime.
Mrs. Stamp spends most of her time
at her spinning wheel, which, like her
self, belongs to an almost forgotten
time. Every garment that she wears,
as well as nearly every piece of fabrlc
in lier humble home, is homespun
goods, the work of her own hands.
The I'rinee aiul tho I'alnter.
When King Edward was still Prince
of Wales, lie sat to Julian Story for his
portrait. The I'rinee could give the
painter but a short time, so Mr. Story
worked at high pressure, A little Inci
dent given on the a\i:liorlty of the Lon
don Chronicle exhibits the manly sym
pathy of the present sovereign of En
gland.
While the Prince walked back and
forth at Intervals to rest, the painter
worked at the background, never put
ting down Ills palette. The result was
that Ills thumb went to sleep. Toward
the end of the sitting the painter was
pulling his thumb to get the blood into'
circulation, when his loyal sitter saw
and sympathized.
The next day, when the Prince eame
for a second sitting, he said:
"I didn't sleep very well last lilght,
and I thought of you. 1 was worrying
about your palette. Couldn't you have
the thumb-hole padded V"
He Served Two
gotten woman, living In a little, old, Husbnnd—Hurrah! My employer has
almost forgotten town. You would given me a week's vacation.
scarcely believe to see her that shej Wife—How nice! Now you can take
was an old woman as long ago as the down tbe stoves, elum out the cellar,
outbreak of th- Civil War you would and whitewash the kitchen,—Chicago
scarcely believe that one hundred! News.
years ago she was a plump, red-cheek- No man ever realizJs "h^Ti^ich trash
ed girl playing on t|ie jhofep of owgfi tjntll lie moves,
l..-r*S5s /"jMV
.JbuHT from h....„(.ntlon
•Uri
-':'w
^|WINDMILL IN A TREE.
Hawaii.
I am deeply Interested In the'
bill providing for the division
of government lands Into home
steads for the farmers and mid
dle classes, because at present
we only have in Hawaii the
very rich and the very poor—tiie
poor being the laborers or coolies.
Out of the population of 100,000, near
ly 00,000 are Asiatic, 00,000 being Jap
anese and 30,000 Chinese. There are also
several thousand Porto Iticans, but they
are undesirable, as they would rather lie
in jail all of the time than go to work.
The land area of Hawaii is 4,000,000
acres. Of this area 2,000,000 acres are
iu the hands of seventy men engaged In
sugar raising and cattle ranging. The
other 2,000,000 acres, which constitute
the government lands, are rented and
leased to the sugar corporations, the
leases ranging from five to sixteen years.
Happy .Blending jf Nature and tti*
chanical Construction.
A windmill is apt to be a very prosaic
and ugly construction, but many at
tempts have been made with varying
success to beautify these very useful
and economical power producers. Our
engraving Illustrates how nature and
mechanics are sometimes blended. The
trees serve only AS a support for the
platform at the top, and as sid€ rails
of a ladder, it being necessary only to
provide rouuds. The trees serve also
to stay the iron Supports. The wind
mill, which was built by i. G. Benster
of Moline, IU., is of peculiar construc
tion, there being no gear wheels nor
crank, the power being transmitted by
an involute wheel which is apart of the
stool wheel to which the fans are at-
WINDMILL IN
A
TTTKE*
tached. The surface of the involute Is
perfectly smooth, as is a.lso that of the
wheel attached to the pitman carrier,
the one rolling upon the other. The
mast Is of tubing, the pitman being
carried down inside. The wires for
throwing the mill out of gear are at
tached to a thimble on the outside of
the mnst. From this it will be seen
that the trees are uot needed for actual
support.
A number of these mills have been
attached to trees and have been giving
excellent results. It is also possible
to carry the mills around on a wagon
and set them to work at any part of a
field.—Scientific American.
SOCIAL INSTINCTS OF ANTS.
Show Strong Sense of Devotion to Com
mon Veal—True to Duty.
In order not to leave my readers un
der the impression of crime among
ants, 1 shall give an account of a trait
of devotion to the common weal, writes
August Forel in the International
Monthly. A swarm of Formica praten
sls was closely pressed in its nest by an
army of the same species, and crowds
of alarmed defenders issued from the
entrances to the nest and ilew to take
part in the light. Like Satan, the
tempter of old, I placed near them a
beautiful drop of honey on a piece of
paper.
At any other time the honey would
have been covered In a few instants
with ants gorging themselves, but this
time numerous working ants came
upon it, taBted it for scarcely a second,
aud returned to it restlessly three or
four times. Conscientiousness, the feel
ing of duty, invariably prevailed over
gormaudism, and they left the honey
to go and be killed while defending the
community. I am hound to own, how
ever, that there are ants less social, in
which gonnandism does prevail.
Comapred to the manners of other
sociable animals* and especially to
those of man, the manners of ants ex
hibit a profound and fundamental a#
gregatlon of facts of convergence, due
to their social life. Let me mention
devotion, the instltnctlve sentiment of
duty, slavery, torture war, alliances,
the raising of cattle, gardening, har
vesting, and even social degeneres
cence through the attraction of certain
harmful means of enjoyment. It would
be ridiculous and erroneous to see in
the fulfilment of this serlos of acts, in*
dividual reasoning, the result of calcu
lated reflection, analogous to ours. Th«
fact that each Js tfxed and circum
scribed within one species, as well as
the fatalistic character it has in that
species, prove this superabundantly.
But it would be as grave a mistake to
refuse to recogul/.e the deep natural
laws that are concealed under this con
vergence. Is tho case different as re
gards our actions, though they are In
finitely more plastic and more complex
Individually? I do not believe It.
A CANALBOAT VILLAGE.
Kvery Inch of Rpacc Is Utilized in
Their Tiny Cabitie.
People who object to living in snug
quarters and think that love In a cot
tage ts altogether too contracted for
continual affection, should go aud take
a look at the cabins iu the canalbuat
village in New York harbor. Those who
are preparing to live In trunks aud
grips during the summer could get tin*
lesscr.is there of'snug existence.
The whole cabin is not much larger
than an ordinary bedroom, but how
every morsel of space is utilized! If
there is a square inch of Interior that
gets away without doing Its duty in the
great work of containing things it must
have a politician's talent for evasion.
The tidy little kitchen stove is so
•.•loso to the wall that you wonder If
the latter was not made of asbestos to
guard against fire. The clock Is about
as small as our ingenious Connecticut
friends have yet been able to make
contain twenty-four hours. The pnutry
cupboard-and-storeroom combined pos
sess the appearance of having been
packed and then put under hydraulic
pressure.
The carpet pattern, says a writer in
Will Carleton's magazine, Kvery Where
(for a eanal-vilhigw nhvays insists on
having her Hour neatly clad), is ap
propriately minute. A tiny library
whispers its titles from an unexpected
corner. Minute bedrooms for child or
adult appear to you now and then like
prone ghosts. Several pictures, nar
rowly but visibly framed, cover the
wooden wainscoting.
Countermanded.
liagson Tatters—Gee! Wouldn't yer
like ter be slttlif In one o1 dem swell
restaurants, eatin some strawberry
shortcake?
Hungry Higgins—I ordered some o'
dat dis mornln', but I changed me mind
a'terward.
Ragson Tatters—Corntf off!
Hungry Higgins—Sure but the wom
an said if I wasnt* satisfied wld cold
meat an' bread she'd sic de dog on me.—
Philadelphia Press.
Let a girl have her own way about
ter marriage. Poor thing, ehe TpjU
gmr it again.
liV.-'i
eNe
Adam tfngny, Keokuk capitalist, is
dead
A button factory will be built tkl IJot
enpo'rt.
tfohsfcr City wants a government
building.
Laurens' new opera hemse is nearing
completrm.
Tho Dallas County courthouse will be
dedicated Aug. 15.
The i)'ubu(jue County fair will bo held
at Cascade Sept. 0-j£
The recent flood* will cost Dallas Coun
ty in the neighborhood of $20,000.
Onawa Is planning a street fair to be
held during August or September.
The total cost of Hlnekhawk County's
new courthouse, complete, is $145,000.
The body of au unknown man was
found In the Mississippi near MetJregor.
A grain elevator, with a capacity of
60,000 bushels, is being built at Lau
rens.
The Tri-Clty Carrin«e Works at Da
venport have filed an application in bank
ruptcy,
Marshalltown's new fire wagon was
struck by a switch engine aiuil badly de
moralized.
George llabaline's store at Yarmouth
was burglarized of a large quantity of
merchandise.
Charles ltinggold, a Des Moines saloon
keeper, was robbed of $100 in cash and
a diamond pin.
Prof. Ceo. L. Pierce of Oberlin has ac
cepted the position as director of music
in Tabor College.
According to assessment figures there
are nearly $12,000,000 worth of personal
property in Dubuque County.
The Waterloo school board will expend
nearly $12,000 in installing new heating
plants In that city's school buildings.
The Waterloo City Council Is consider
ing the advisability of erecting a cre
matory for the disposal of city garbage.
Mrs. Edwards, an Indianola lady, was
•thrown from a buggy during a runaway
find received injuries that may prove fa*
tal.
A portion of the mill daut at Algona
was blown up with dynamite. The mis
creant and his motive are alike a mys
tery.
Isaac L. Brown of Marshalltown Was
re-elected graud master of Iowa colored
Free Masons at the annual meeting at
Keokuk.
Mrs. Mary Gilley, a resident of Black
hawk County for over forty years, has
ju6t died at Gilbertville. She was in her
98th year.
Winterset will vote on the question of
Issuing bonds in the sum of $10,000, the
money to he used in enlarging the electric
light plant.
Representative Asmus Boysen, of Au
dubon County, is a candidate for Repub
lican State Committeeman from the
Kintli District.
The receipts of the Fort Dodge post
office for the past fiscal year were $30,
000, au increase of nearly $4,000 over the
preceding year.
Rev. F, A. Zickafoose, pastor of the
Congregational Church at Clay, has been
offered a place at Rock Rapids, and has
accepted his new pastorate.
Gov. Cummins has appointed his sis
ter, Miss Anna B. Cummins, as parole
clerk to succeed E. O. Patterson, reargu
ed. The position is worth $1,200 a year.
Louis Cerny, 12 years old, was run
over in the Belle Plalne railroad yards
by a C. & N. W. -train and received in
juries from which he died in a few hours.
Burlington carpenters threaten to
strike. The action of the boss carpen
ters in buying lumber handled by non
union yard men is the cause of the trou
ble.
Iowa people believe in life insurance,
the amount now carried in this State be
ing In excess of $534,000,000, on 382,0G4
policies and scattered among 128 com
panies.
Petitions for "Injunctions against four
saloonkeepers at Mapieton have been
filed before Judge Oliver at Onawa.
They are charged with dircrs violations
of the mulct law,
Judge Hutchinson has set aside the
verdict of $0,000 In tho famous breach
of promise case of Mary Chrlstiauson
vs. the estate of Frank Crmn, at Onawa.
Another trial will be had.
There Is a movement on foot to erect
a railroad Y. M. C. A. building at Mis
souri Valley. The Northwestern Railroad
will give $7,500 toward the building pro
viding the citizens raise $2,500.
Tramps robbed a fellow traveler and
threw him from a Milwaukee freight
train near Dubuque. The man was
fouud lying along the track and removed
to a Dubuque hospital. He will recover.
The executive committee of the Cedar
Rapids District Camp Meeting Associa
tion of the Des Moines conference ot the
United Evangelical Church has arranged
a program for a camp meeting Aug. 10
21, on their grounds at Center Point.
One hundred and sixty uew rural mail
carriers have been added to the service
in Iowa within the pnst two weeks.
There are now about one thousand car
riers in the State. The advance in their
pay from $50 to $00 per month has In
duced a larger per cent of the carriers
than ever before to stick to the work as
steady employment, and the ellicieuvy of
the service has been greatly Increased by
reason of this fact.
Des Moines city officials favor tho con
struction of permanent dykes to protect
that city from future floods. The esti
mated cost would be $200,000.
George II. Warren, an Insurance so
licitor and collector, litis disappeared from
his home in Des Moines. The police and
his fiituily fenr he has been fouliy dealt
with. Ills accounts are iu good shape.
The members of the Iowa world's fair
commission have decided to allot $150.
000 of the State's appropriation for the
erection of a building at the world's fair.
This will leave $75,000 for making ex
hibits in the depnrtment buildings.
The attorneys for Mrs. Hossack may
ask for a change of venue when tho case
Is called for retrial. If the change is
granted the trial will likely take place In
either Marion or Madison County.
L. W. WarreJI, Ira A. Fudge of Des
Moines, Thomas E. Holmes of Under
wood and Harry D. Smith of Raudalis,
Iowa, have all been appointed special la
borers iu the Treasury Department.
Two portraits of Rev. Dr. Salter of
Burlington, the oldest active minister of
the State, are being painted. One will
be given to the Burlington city library
and tbe other to the State Historical So
ciety. The cost of the two will be near
ly $1,200.
Iowa postoflices discontinued: Argo.
mail to Leclaire Coralville, mall to Iowa
City Amity and Plalnvlew, mail to tVal
cott Cosgrove, Ferndale and Windham,
mail to Oxford.
George Dewey Mann, a 3-year-old
youngster, was struck by a batted ball
at Emery. The blow jerked the lad's
head back so quickly that he broke his
neck and died immediately.
State Chemist Davis has completed
the analysis of tho stomach of Mrs.**
Maude Lambert, who was found dead
June 28 at Marshalltown. He found un
mistakable evidences of poisoning. The
mystery surrouudifig be? death may nev
er be clcqniij,
Waterloo's city treasurer has disposed
of $19,000 refunding bonds.
Waterloo musicians hare organised a
band on a stock company basis.
Joseph H, Scales, an Ackley pioneer*
is dead at the advanced age of 92 years.
D. J. Barker of Ottuinwa was fined-v
$30 for violating the oleomargarine law.
Carrie Nation may attend the conven
tion of Iowa Prohibitionists at Water
loo.
Iiev. J. G. Johnson, a pioneer Baptist
minister of Burlington, is dead at St.
Louis.
John Ivolcting has been appointed post
master at Bayfield, vice E. S. Scbllilg*
resigned. -v
William Kern has been appointed post-
master at Houghtou, vice William Fitter,
resigned.
Tho postofflce at Watson has been re
established, with Rudolph W. Fett asv
postmaster.
M. Youug of Ralston possesses a Strad
ivarius violin for which he has been of
fered $1,800.
J. II. Wolters of Davenport hsd a foot.
crashed while attempting to board
moving train.
Work has begun on the new govern
ment building at Creston. The structure
will cost $100,000.
Three historic cannon have been placed
at the disposal of the park commission
ers of Iowa Falls.
Congressman Laccy will spend soms
time among the ruins of the did dwell
ers in New Mexico.
Charles Weitlngf a Davenport child,
swallowed a kernel of corn. Death eor
sued from strangulation.
II. G. Dolling of Farmlngton was kill
ed by a Columbia, Mo., man in a quarrel
over the'' payment of a debt.
Conservative estimates place the dam*.
ace by the recent Hoods in Woodbury
County at nearly $1,000,000.
The Royal Hotel at Waterloo )ias been
closed'and the proprietor, H. W*. .Guy,
has filed a petition in bankruptcy.
The second annual tournament of the
Modern Woodmen of Southern Iowa will
be held at Creston, Aug. 0 and 7*
Ed. Ilicklin, County Clerk of
Louisa
County, is mentioned as likely to secart
a deputyship under Collector Weaver.
T. J. Williams and Ellas Smith, both
over 00 years old, were fined for usinff
profane language on the .streets of Bben
andoah.
Farmers in tho vicinity of Mason City
are paying as high as $45 a month for
farm hands, aud they are hard to g®t
at'that price.
Counterfeit silver dollars are in cir
culation at Fort Dodge and the pollc*
think they are on the trail of a gang 0^,
bad money men.
While fishing in the Skunk
Knight, a young man liVipg^feasIfigour
ney, was drowucd. was*
the water and got beyond his depth.*-
Tbe wedding of Lieut, Harold Ham*
moud, United States infantry, and Miss
Mary E. Pierce, niece of Edwin H. Con
ger, minister to China, took place lu
Des Moines.
While carrying a lighted lamp, Miw Ita
Kelley fell down stairs at her home in' *»r-.
Hartley. The lamp exploded and- Misa*
Kelley received fearful burns. Her re
covery Is doubtful.
The Secretary of State has turned
0V€P
to the State treasury tbe sftm of
818.75, fees collected during June. This-
Is the largest amount of fees ever JNfc
celved in one month. .. -j*.
The trustees of lowfl College, Grlnnell» ..
have sued the estate of the late-^Kdwio c.-.
Manning of ICeosauqua for $20,000,
which they allege Mr. Manning »«ref«
to donate before he died.
The union linemen employed by .the
Town Telephone Company at Keokuk re
fused to obey a strike order sent by the
State organizer on account of the re
fusal of the company to recognise th«
union at Des Moines. Tho men say they
think more of their wives than of the
Des Moiues "hello" girls.
While Mrs. .lames .Tones, living south
of Iowa City, was attempting to refill a ,•
lighted gasoline stove, an explosion oc
cun'ed, and the burning oil covered a 6
mouths-old child sitting on the iloor near
by. The baby was terribly burned and
died in great agony. The mother was
also slightly injured.
G, W, Thornwall, a farmer living
south of Elwell, was drowned in th*
Skunk river. The river, which is greatly
swollen, had cut off a number of cattle
upon a higher poiut of ground and while
engaged in their rescue he fell into tha
water and was swept down.
yy
Frank Lealiey, a drug store clerk at
Marion, recently from Chicago, was in
stantly killed by taking hold of a Hvo
wire, which connected with an electric *n--.
fan, and several other parties about tbe 'J.
city were severely injured lu a like man
HP^. It is believed the trouble was caus
ed by a transmitter being burned out.
A sensational murder story comes from1'".
McGregor. A few nights ago Hcgry
Wilson of that city was found lying along.
the Milwaukee tracks with his skull'
crushed. He was removed to McGregor,
where he died without regaining con
sciousucss. A Miss Lillian Ellsworth,
who bad been keeping company with
him, Is under arrest, as Is also William "j
res bury, a cousin of tbe murdered man.
Presbury is said to have been jealous of
Wilson's attentions to the girl. He claims
his Innocence.
From 0 to 12 o'clock the other night
over five Inches of rain fell at What
Cheer. A cloudburst occurred at. the
head waters of Coal creek, Vblch fio.w^
through the city. The creek rose at the
rate of five feet per hour, flooding the ..
entire valley. The Standard Oil tanks,
tho City Hall, the What Cheer Drill
Co.'s building, Valerius' saloon, Crow'a
restaurant and other buildings were, de^
stroyed by the flood and great damage ..
done to all branches of business. Every
bridge In the city was washed away and
several families are homeless. The Joss
is roughly estimated at $100,000,
Julius Lineau, 10 years old, fell Into-a.
small pond near Wheatland and drowned
before he could be. rescued, He was
watching other boys in swimming and
lost bis balance. •'-.
An order has been ismied by the Post- ..
-master General establishing three sta
tlous of the postoffiee at Dubuque, with
facilities for the transaction of money
order and registry business and for sal*
of postal supplies.
The revenue offices for the sale of rev^
enue stamps at Otftimwa, Keokuk and
Clinton In the southern district of Iowa
have been discontinued. There will be
no changes In the Des Moines, Burling
ton, Davenport and Council Bluffs offices
The board of directors ot Amity .Col
legt at College Springs elected Rev. Mr.
Smith of Burlington Junction, Mo., as
president of the college to fill the vacan
cy caused by the recent resignation ot
President Calhoun. President Smith li
a retired Presbyterian minister.
Stillwell Goodwin of Osceola, aged 9
years, was shot by a playmate whlll
practicing with a 22-cn liber rifle, 'i'hs
lad refuses to tell who fired the shot
and will keep the secret If he lives.
Should the wouud prow fatal, however,
he has stated, that he will give the
name of his slayer before he passes away.
The shooting was tbe result of the cart1
lets handling of the rifle,

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