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Manchester Democrat. [volume] (Manchester, Iowa) 1875-1930, August 20, 1902, Image 6

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GABS, PnMifian.
My boy, don't rook tlie boat.
It is easier to make records nnd wills
than it Is to break tliem.
Many a man sets himself up as a
hero because lie has no valet." x\
Even the lecture bureau managers
have deserted Colonel Aguinaldo.
An amateur Is a person who has en
tered the first stage of Ignorancei,./
Mary MacLane Bays she has decided
that she Is not a genius. Now maybe
she Is one, after all.
Give a boy his choice of presents and
he'll take the one that turns out the
most noise.
Along withN the nonappearance' of
Mr. Edison's storage battery is the two
minute trotter.
There seems to be a widespread
movement among British statesmen
to give the boys a chance.
Gold-brick purchasers are born often
enough to keep the manufacturers
from going out of business.
If every man wanted to do what the
world wants him to the whole thing
would be greatly simplified.
Experience teaches. No boy who has
held a cannon cracker in his hand till
It exploded ever repeats the perform
The Governor of Yucatan reports that
his country has neither a war nor a
revolution on band. Well by gum!
Another miracle.
lane Toppan, the Massachusetts mur
deress, declares that she wishes to be
known as the greatest crimlual that
ever lived. Did Jane ever hear of a
Lucretia Borgia? '7
Japan has made a greater appropri
ation for her exhibit at the St. Louis
World's Fair than waB made by any
one of the United States, which Is an
other sign of Japan's progressivenesB.
Professor Small must not be too hard
on the sons of the rich. In his lecture
at the Chicago University on "Bents
and Interest" he denounced wealthy
young men who lean back in their sea
green automobiles and live on the in
terest of their fortunes. It is not to
be denied that the young man might
spend bis time and money to better ad'
vantage. But if the son of the rich
man still prefers his sea-green nutonio
mile, who shall say that he is doing
nothing for the community? He is dis
pensing his money In a legitimate way
instead of cornering other people's priv
ileges. He may withhold from the poor,
but in his way he is giving activity
to business and employment to honest
labor. He may come to grief by squan
dering hiB millions, but that is his own
matter. The community cannot suf
fer by a spendthrift as it can and does
suffer from the miser and the monopo
list. Professor Small must give the
rich young man some credit for bene
fiting the community, even when the
youth is sitting in his sea-green auto
mobile and merely enjoying the land
Albert Andct was recently in Jail in
Chicago for house breaking. The state
ment brings up a mental picture of a
low-browed character with furtive,
manner and restless eyes. But Albert
Audet who robbed boarding houses is
not that kind of a mau. Albert dress
es in the mode and when arrested eight
complete suits, none of which cost less
than ?60, were found lu his trunk. He
is a fine-looking, soft speaking young
gent with marks of birth and breed
ing. And he is well educated. He
holds a diploma for bachelor of arts in
a Montreal university and is a gradu
ate of a medical college. Maurice Grau
paid him good money also for the use
of his voice. He sang in the opening
cast of "Florodora." What link did
Fate neglect when It forged the chain
of this gentlemanly burglar's make
up? Birth, breeding, bearing, refine
ment, physical and mental gifts—but
somewhere there was a weak spot.
Here it Is: His principal complaint,
after confessing to his crimes, was
that he couldn't lie down on his wood
en jail bench without wrinkling
clothes! Vanity. It has been pointed
out again and again that ostentation
and sballow pride in her clothes has
ruined many a girl. But It Is also true,
though less remarked, that conceit in
raiment has spoiled many a boy. The
youth who thinks more of his clothes
than be thinks of his character is in
v- The London Times asks if nothing
,y?-'ean be done to stop the continuous
v. wholesale exportation of rare and early
f" imprinted books and Illuminated manu
l/'Ai'Bcrlpts to the United States. If sorae
Wtstbing Is not done speedily all the treas
ures referred to with the exception of
those In public libraries will be shipped
across the Atlantic. Whoever wishes
to sec the best collection of the hand!
work of the first English printer will
have to visit the United States. It is
difficult to see what can be done ex
cept for Englishmen to outbid Ameri
cans when rare books come on the
market. In Italy there are laws which
forbid the sale to foreigners by the
Italians who own them of certain
^classes of paintings and statues. En
^i-gland Is not ready for such legislation,
yr which would be looked ou as an inva
-jt slon of private rights. Of course, if
4%tt3EngliBhmen were so patriotic as to ac-
'-.^cept a lower offer from a countryman
^for an illuminated manuscript in order
that It might remain in England there
would be no occasion for complaints
like those of the Times, but because
of his love of art and antiquity the
American makes the higher bid and the
A- English owner, becaUBe of his commer
cial instincts, accepts It. The Times
might lead in the organization of a ua
ht tional defense fund for the purchase
of rare books and manuscripts which
otherwise Mr. Morgan or some other
"1 American will carry off with hiinwhen
5 ever offered for sale.
Young man, if you want to succeed
in life, beware of self-indulgence. That
vice is the bane of modern times, Your
forbears succeeded because they exer
cised the virtues of self-restraint-and
self-sacrifice. Those virtues souud
strangely in your ears. You have little
conception of what they mean. In
your grandfather's youtfc there wore
no beating and cooking stoves, to say
uothing of gas ranges, your grand
mother cooped the tneals it the fire
Miico or in a Dutcli oven. There wert
kerosene lamps, uo railroads, no
leiegraphs, no telephones. The civili
zation of those times was not rich In
Invention, but it was rich in men and
women. There were few luxuries lu
those early times and little temptation
to self-indulgeucc. Lffe is made easy
for you in one sense and hard for you
in another. Mastery of self is more
difficult now than it was fifty years
ago. There are less difficulties to over
come and more temptations in the
way. And if you are not careful of
your opportunities the children ?f
other lands will outrun you. It is the
children of the foreigners who are do
ing the heavy work of the land and in
so doing they are building up the pbys-
The last official act of Judge Andrew
Ellison, who died In St. Louis recently,
and who for tveuty-tjvo years was a
circuit Judge at Macon, Mo., was to re
fuse a decree for a divorce. When the
divorce proceedings came up for trial
the judge waved aside the lawyers and
took the case himself. He asked a few
questions and read numerous letterc
written by the parties to each other.
Then he Bald to the litigants:
"I suppose that you have both been
hasty at times, but you have three lit
tle children, who arc not responsible
for these troubles. The law of both
God aud man says It is your duty to
reai- these children, aud in the face of
the fact that you both come from good
people and have good hearts, I will
not be an instrument—the last act of
my official life will not result In the
severance of two young people and in
the making of orphans of three little
children. I will not do it." It was
Just before Christmas. The Judge, an
other "Daniel come to judgment,"
pleaded with the couple to return home
together and to-day they are living in
harmony. Unhappily for society, few
Judges will thus exert themselves for
the reconciliation of man and wife.
They forget that it is the aim of the
law to reform, to pacify and to concil
iate. lu fulfilling the letter of the law
they forget the spirit of it. Moreover,
this judge knew all the stops of the
human organism. He knew what
heart strings to touch. The weakness
of the belligerent husband aud wife was
the children. Three little children,
three tender ties between husband and
wife that Hatred could not disentangle.
These could never be "his children"
nor "her children." Always and for
ever they would he "our children."
The little ones had done no wrong.
Why should they be branded and hu
miliated and made forever sore of
heart? That was the tender spot and
tlie judge touched it deftly. Because
it Is the best thing loft to us from
Paradise the home lives always In the
shadow of Its foes. The devil would
linve only man and wife inside its
walls. But God, knowing its needB,
sends children.
Here is a microscopic photograph ot
the eyes of a common house fly. The
microscope brings out many things
which are unseen by the natural eye.
The fly has large eyes nnd a number
of eyes In one eye, which make him
hard to catch.. This picture not only
shows the eyes, but the head as well,
enlarged many thousand times its nat
ural size.
The Kaiser Astonished.
Philadelphia has been delighted with
a story about a prominent citizen of
hers whose name Is chiefly known in
connection with the dry goods trade.
During an expedition to Norway the
German Emperor visited a ship of the
Hamburg-American line, aboard which
was John Wanamaker. He was pre
sented to the ICalser aud at once grasp
ed, the Imperial hand, exclaiming: "I
am glad to meet such an enterprising
young man that Is just the sort of
thing we admire in America." The un
conventional greeting seemed greatly
to please the Emperor.
Unexpected Eruditiou.
An absent-minded professor of lan
guages dropped Into a restaurant one
day for luncheon. "What will you
have, sir?" asked the waiter. "Fried
eggs," replied the professor. "Over?'
said the waiter, meaning of course to
ask whether he wanted them cooked
on both sides or only one. "Ova?
echoed the professor, surprised at his
apparent familiarity with Latin. "Cer
tainly. That Is what I ordered. Ova
gallinae." This tlie waiter Interpreted
as meaning "extra well done." and that
Is the way they came to the table.
Mitigating the Whistle Nuisnqce.
The Belgian railway authorities are
desirous of minimizing the effect which
the ear-splitting screech of the locomo
tive produces upon the nervous sys
tems of passengers. The engines are
to be furnished with whistles pro
ducing two tones and softer in effect
than tlie ordinary signal, the former to
be used in railway stations or when the
train Is passing platforms crowded
with passengers.
"Delighted to see .vou! How did you
enjoy your visit to the Riviera?" "Oh,
not very much. There wasn't a soul'
where I was staying except intimate
Mobbed the Umpire,
First College Girl—I liear you girls
mobbed the umpire at the class game?
Second College Girl—Yes we called
her "a mean old thing," and told her
she was 'perfectly horrid.' I'uck.
It is easier to break a promise than
it is to fracture the crust of the average
boarding house pastry.
Bewai'e of the amateur who plays po
ker with a winning smile.
How Hospital Doctors Care for
Heat Victims—Work Calls for
a Vast Amount of Energy and
Often in the End Death Wins.
HE average person who reads of
the great number of denths and
prostrations from the heat in
New York has very little idea of what
a wotk the hospitals do in caring for
the army of sick the torrid weather
brings to them, writes a correspond-
lcal, mental and moral fibre that you ent Their work Is a constant and
lack. Don't make fun of the immi- fierce hand to hand fight with death,
grant. He comes of a large family nnd the battle never begins until after
and Is glmpy. The man who gets the the dread messenger has a strong grip
largest salary in this country is named ou his prey. The heat has fired the
Schwab. Your greatest enemy Is a blood of the victim to such a point that
disposition to self-indulgence, self-ln-1 he lies helpless and inert, the blood
dulgence In drink, or passion or Boclal thickening and threatening every min
dlsslpatlon. If you are to run your
race with patience and poise you must
deny yourself. Sounds strange? It Is
Ute to clog the veins and bring about a
condition In which the heart cannot
perform Its accustomed office. The
lungs labor, and life hangs in the bal-
tlle b0
It is the work of a moment only to
m° °m !wetCher'
removo a
OfT, then, to the hospital, ou a race
for life. Most heat cases arc desper
ate ones, and the run back to the" hos
pital is accomplished at a gallop, while
the surgeon bends over his patient in
the ambulance, rubbing him with ice
or performing any other service that
may be necessary for the alleviation of
the sudden malady that has attacked
Quickly, when at the hospital the
bard drive safely ends, the patient is
carried into the receiving room. By his
temperature the mode of treatment is
decided. If It is only a few degrees
above the danger point, which Is 102
degrees, the patient Is taken to one ot
tlie wards aud sprayed with Ice water
until the temperature is reduced. Often
this takes a long time, but the work of
spraying may aot be neglected for a
single Instant nnd the attendants must
be faithful In the work.
Sometimes the temperature Is at 111
degrees. "Bath!" la the quick verdict,
and off the patient goes to the bath
room, which is all ready for his occu
pancy. Off with his clothes in a trice
and lay him on the concrete floor, his
head resting on a rubber-covered pit
low. Scarcely Is he rested there before
the doctors and nurse?, who have been
stripping their own bodies in an adjoin
ing room, appear in bathing trunks and
girt with towels.
Thoy play a stream of cold water on
him, recumbent, with a spray nozzle,
while one of them places an ice pack
under Ills bead and pieces of Ice under
his arms. The tliermqmeter lias al
ready been placed, and a nurse slaps
the man's legs, arms aud body vigor
ously. In heat eases the blood recedes
from the surface and must be brought
back for proper distribution over tlie
system. The vigorous slapping materi
ally assists In this, and brings the hot
life fluid Into reach of the cold spray.
Lumps of Ice, with which one of the
physicians rubs the man's chest, melt
as though they were being placed
against a hot stove. One hand only is
used for this, while with the other the
physician keeps careful watch of the
pulse, listening closely at the same
time to the breathing.
Ten minutes of this work—and it is
hard, manual labor—and perhaps the
breathing becomes belter, the pulse
more regular and the temperature
lower. Tlie work goes on now with
some hope or a living Issue, the water
splashing over nurse and doctor and
the ice still melting rapidly. There Is
Not Eujoyable.
cessation of the slapping and rub
bin-,', for normal temperature has lift
yet been reached, aud. notwithstand
ing the work that lias already been
done, the palieut is still far from safe-
Suddenly, perhaps, aud without an
instant of warning, (he breathing tens
es. Dropping as though it were red
hot, the hose with which he has been
spraying the patient, the physician
falls to his knees astride the senseless
body and beglus the work of superin
ducing artificial respiration. 'J'lie pa
tient Is now on the very blink of death
and must be pulled back if possible.
Anodyne Is Injected Into his veins aud
tlie water and Ice continue to be ap
plied. the work of Inducing respiration
still going on.
Thus tlje tight yrtges top bp)t an hour
or more, and the temperature of the
living furnace Is brought down to 107
degrees—still five degrees above the
point of putative safety and convales
Bat again, perhaps, the breathing
ceases, and the doctors fairly leap at
their patient in more vigorous meas
ures. The seconds seem minutes be
fore the unconscious chest again
heaves with the breath of life, and
ether is injected Into the leg. It Is a
stroong restorative and has a stimulat
ing effect Ten minutes later his tem
perature has gone down to 103 or there
abouts, but once more he collapses and
Is again pulled back by the desperate
working of his arms and the kneading
of his chest
ance when the doctors begin their
First comes the call that tells the
hospital that one more unfortunate 1b
In dire need of assistance. In a mo
ment, almost before the bell stops ring
ing, the ambulance Is bowling out of
the gate, the driver glancing at the slip
of paper containing the address to
which he Is expected to drive. Through
the streets, then, at the best possible
speed, sparing the horse not a bit, for
a human life may be passing away, he
drives, regardless of the consequences
to him if his vehicle should strike an
obstruction, the physician who accom
panies him clinging as best ho can to
the sent lu the rear of the ambulance,
until he stops short at the place where
the waiting patient lies, helpless.
Another degree lees of temperature,
and he is further away from death aud
nearer to the life for which the doctors
are battling as though their own lives
depeuded upon the success of their ef
forts. A few degrees more and all will
be safe, and the doctors hope they will
pull him through. Three times more,
however, they must Jump quickly and
resume the suspended work of Inducing
artificial breathing, and frequently Iii
ject stimulants in the region of the
heart. Rapidly, but scarcely percep
tibly, because of its feeble strokes, the
pulse beats continue, and the patient
begins to make vigorous movements
showing such strength that the doctors
believe they will win the battle.
Finally, after an hour and five m!n-
utes of
work, the fight seems to
won. A shade below 102 Is the tern-
.Uie Pr°strated man. perature now, and the stretcher bear-
ors nre
called. The patient, placed be-
|tween blankets, is carried off to a
portion of his clothing, clap an ice- ward, the doctors rejoicing as they fol
pack, already prepared, on his head,
and place some cooling substance about
his body wherever tlie skin can be
readied. Meanwhile the mercury lu the
Burgeon's thermometer, held In the
mouth of the patient by some friendly
hand, has been expanding to show the
temperature to which the blood has
mounted. By this the surgeon judges
whether or not he will bo obliged to
resort to a hypodermlo injection to
stimulate the action of the heart.
He reaches the ward alive.
to be used as a hospital. Furthermore,
this strange man says he will give away
all the rest of bis fortune ere he dies.
His fortune is variously estimated at
from $1,000,000 to $10,000,000, and Mr.
Slimmer is 73 years old, so be will be
giving away money pretty rapidly in
the next few yearB.
Mr. Slimmer Is no novice at the game
of charity. Be has already become
famed about the State—In fact, through
out the United States—for his mall ev
ery day Includes a great heap of pray
ers for money. But they are twisted
Into knots nnd tossed Into his waste
basket. Abraham Slimmer gives as he
chooses and not because be is asked.
Thus he knew of the Finley Hospi
tal at Dubuque. He found It was a
worthy institution. He wrote a Bbort
letter. "1 will give $50,000 if you raise
a like amount," be said.
The other $50,000 was raised and
Abraham Slimmer wrote out his check.
He never has been known to give to
any but the Sisters of Mercy without
asking the recipient to secure a like
amount from others. He wants this ev
idence of good faith, he says.
It- 1b estimated that Mr. Sllmmer's
gifts have already amounted to $300,
000. He believes charity that vaunt
eth Itself Is not genuine.
"If you mention me in naming the In
stitution I will not give you a cent,"
was whnt was told the Finley Institu
tion at Dubuque.
So no one knows just how much
money he has given away. He exacts
promises from those he helps not to re
veal his name.
His largest contributions have been
to the home for aged Jews in Chicago
and are thought to have amounted to
about $100,000. Tlie Sisters of Mercy
at Cedar Ilaplds were given $10,000 re
cently. Waterloo was offered $25,000
for a hospital providing like 'amount
was raised, but the town failed and
tho money was not given.
Slimmer lays good claim to a position
from which he may with impunity con
demn philanthropists giving away
money that was unjustly earned. He
was born In Germany and emigrated
to Illinois when 14 years old. Later
he located in Waverly. It was In the
d-ys when live stock dealing was not
a vocation. The profits were large, but
sometimes the losses were equally
great. Slimmer set to work to master
tho business. His native shrewduess
stood him in good stead and he seldom
lost. When tho men of the Mississippi
Valley now called lumber kings were
new at the buslnesa Slimmer put bis
money Into sawmills. Here he pros
pered again. For fifty years his money
has been earning more money, till now
he very probably is the wealthiest man
in the Stale.
But in all this, Abraham Sllmmer's
busluess methods were scrupulously
honest. He made no enemies. To-day
lie Is the most loved cltizeu of Waverly.
There Is no man to say Slimmer took
from him one dollar to which he had
no title. Slimmer cares only to help
those who cannot help themselves.
This Is why he makes such large do
nations to hospitals and homes for the
Cure for Uneven Shoulders.
Doctors and tailors have noticed that
the number of patients and customers
who have even shoulders Is Increasing.
Tho right shoulder Is usually higher
than the left. This is true especially
of men engaged in literary work. The
effect Is due to tho way men sit or
write at their desks. The right elbow
rests ou the desk, throwing one shoul-
denly, however, in a twinkling, the life
that has five times been brought out ot
the shadow, leaves the body forever.
The stretcher bearers, again taking up
their burden, wend their way to the
morgue, and the body of the man who
was picked up In the street awaits
This is the story ot an actual case
that came to Bellcvue Hospital,
In a large majority of cases the pa
tient reaches the ward living. He is
then put In a cot and Ills temperature
carefully watched. This Is the great
danger iu heat prostration, aud is met
at once with spraying and by stimula
tion if necessary, if there should be
uion than one rise in temperature tne
chalices for recovery are very small,
congestion and clogging of the veins
being almost certain to snap the feeble
thread of life,
Abraham Slimmer to Give Vust For
tune Away to Poor.
Millionaire, bachelor, philanthropist.
Abraham Slimmer, of Waverly. Iowa.
recently moved out of the $50,(56(5 resi
detice ixj which be has lived for fifty
years, took up bis habitatiou in his
woodshed and turned over his mag
nlflcent home to the Sisters of .Mercy
der higher than the other. Few per
sons when writing keep the shoulders
erect. The reason that few women
clerks are so affected is because the
most of them use the typewriter, which
forces them to sit more erectly. When
yon uotlce that you are affected the
best thing to do Is to change your way
of sitting at your desk. Two slipple
exercises will help you out The arm
of the lower shoulder skould be ex
tended upward, the hand grasping a
dumbbell that of the higher shoulder
should be lowered and be made to sup
port a heavy weight
Tho Origin of Woman*
According to Hindoo mythology" at
the beginning of time Twashtri created
the world and man. But when he
wished to create woman he found that
lie had exhausted all the materials at
his disposal in tlie creation of man.
There remained no solid elements.
Twashtri, perplexed, sank into a pro
found reverie. Presently he grasped
au idea and took the roundness of the
moon and the undulations of the ser
pent, the flexible branches of plantB
and the tremor of grasses, the slehder
ness of tlie reed and the velvety touch
of the flowers, the lightness of leaves
nnd the glance of tlie roe, the evanes
cent glitter of a sunbeam and the tears
of the clouds, the fickleness of the wiud
and the timidity of the hare, the vanity
of tho peacock and the softness of the
down which trims the breast of the
sparrow, the hardness of tlie diamond
and tlie sweetness of honey, tlie cruelty
of the tiger and the warmth of the fire,
the coldness of the snow, the chatter
ing of the jay, and the cooing of the
turtle-dove, and out of these things
woman was made.
Slam's Cultured Monurch.
King Khoulalonkorn of Siam is for
au Asiatic mouarch unusually ad
vanced. His palace at Bangkok has
been fitted up with electric light and
all the newest Improvements. He baa
even Imported a number of phono
graphs, which delight his ear with
choice musical selections. H[S majesty
cau speak English aud several contin
ental languages with fluency.
True wvels" seldom ablo lo oxpi'oss
Itself. In words.
Automatic Poultry Feeder*
Another Inventive genius has forgot
ten tho needs of man long enough to
devise an Interesting and novel cou
trlvanco for tho feeding of poultry,
which, If it works as the designer In
tended It should, will mean a large
saving In the amount of labor neces
sary in the care of fowls, and also' in
the amount of food.
It consists of a feed box equipped
with a trap door In tho bottom opera
ted by a slide, which In turn 1b at-
tached to an arm reaching to an In
clined step on the ground. The step 1b
really a shallow box In which bait Is
put to tempt tho fowls. Tho bait Is
corn scattered on the bottom of tho
box, which is covered with glass. The
fowls are lured by hunger onto the
board and they pick at the kernels they
can see but cannot get. The weight of
the fowl releases the slide In the grain
box and enough food falls to the
ground to satisfy the hungriest of owls.
The Idea Is that a fowl will not walk
onto the boards unless hunger prompts,
and so the Inventor hopes that the law
of supply and demand will work ad
Time of Cutting Hay
^The results of experiments couducted
by different stations show that the de
gree of maturity at which hay is cut
Influences very largely the shrinkage
during curing. At the Pennsylvania
station early cut hay lost on an average
20 per cent In weight, while late cut
hay lost only 21.5 per cent. Timothy,
cut when just beginning to bead, lost
76 per cent of water In curing when
cut at the beginning of the blossoming
period, 06 per cent, and when cut a
little later, or about the usual time, ST
per cent. The Michigan station found
a shrinkage of about 00 per cent In
curing clover. At the New York sta
tion meadow fescue mixed with a little
red clover lost In one lot 02.08 per cent
nnd in another 53.25 per cent during
curing. The moisture retained In cured
fodder varies with different kinds. At
water states that for New England
timothy hay retains oh an average 12
per cent of molsnrc, clover hay 14 per
cent and corn fodder 25 per cent.
Lime -with Fortilizers.
The use of lime on farm lands Is
largely for the purpose of sweetening
the soli, and as It has little or no manu
rlaii value there Is no good reason why
It should be applied ip connection with
commercial fertilizers, but many rea
sons why It should not be so mixed. If
the commercial fertilizer contains ni
trogen In the form of ammonia |he ac
tion of the lime will be to set free the
ammonia and It will escape Into the
air of course if the fertilizer was ap
plied to the soli at once after being
mixed with the lime the soil might re
tain most of the ammonia, but It 1b
taklug a risk that ought not to be
taken. The same loss of fertilizing ma
terial takes place when lime Is mixed
with some other chemicals, and the
loss Is even greater with some than In
the case of mixing with the nitrogen in
the form of ammonia.
Gate for the Hojfi.
Ray Eveland sends the Iowa Home
stead a sketch of a gate through
which hogs may
pa an
will restrain the
cattle and calveB
from follow! ng.
Make a small gate
and hang It with a
palrof small binges
as shown In the Il
lustration. Let the
gate hang downward so it can swing
both ways and the hogs will soon get
on to the combinatlqn of opening it.
No Wheat Famine Imminent,
Argentina, according to book just
published by a Germau authority, K.
Gerger, has 157,000,000 acres suitable
Cor wheat. This Is three to four times
our present wheat area. At present
Argentina produces about IB,000,000
bushels a year. Herr ICerger asserts
that It cau raise at least twenty-four
times as much, or over 2,280,000,000
bushels, when all the land capable of
growing wheat Is under cultivation.
This would about double the existing
wheat supply in the world. Calcula
tions of this character are always more
or less illusory, but there Is no doubt
whatever that In- the humid region of
Argentina only about one-slxtleth of
the surface 1b as yet under the plough,
and that the supply of wheat lands
seems to be equal to any possible fu
ture demand for years to come. Since
1880 when Mr. Robert Woods Davis
was predicting that the United StateB
by this time would be Importing wheat,
the world supply of wheat has more
than kept pace, iu good years, with
consumption.—Philadelphia Press.
A -40,000-Acre Farm.
The agriculturist who carefully culti
vates 40 or CO or 80 acres and callB It a
(arm Is Uk-ely to look upon a "quarter
section"—the regulation homestead of
160 acres—as a large estate an entire
section (a mile square) he would doubt
less regard as a tremendous area, and
a half dozen sections would seem like a
whole province. What would such a
man think of a farm on which 100 to
100 men are employed a farm whose
farthest corner Is 17 miles from the
farm house a farm tbat requires three
bookkeepers aud stenographers to make
a record of its activity? That is the
scale on which M. M. Sherman con
ducts bis farm in central Kansas. He
has more than 40,000 acres. Every
year he sells more than 2,500 fat
beeves. If a man were to start to ride
around his farm on horseback, follow
ing the fence line and riding 50 miles
a day, tie would not make the circuit
In two days.
Success with Foultrj
Those people who do not have good
success In batching eggs under hens
usually will not do much better with
tlje Incubator. They may be divided
Into two classes, one tliat Is careless
and neglectful, And the other that
altogether tco fussy, who wants to ba
stirring the hen, or feeding her, or
handling tite eggs three or four times
a day. For either of these to succeed
with the incubator there most be a
thorough reformation a determination
to follow the instructions given exact
ly, and do no more and no less than
Is explicitly laid down, and to do it by
the clock.
The Roots of Corn.
Any person who will make a carefnl
examination of the com plant will find
that first a system of very fine thread-,
like roots are formed as near the sur
face of tho ground as they can find
heat aud moist soil. These spread out
horizontally, aud are almost certain to
bo destroyed or pruned by the cultiva
tor shovels. As the plant develops
and has more need for food a second
set of horizontal roots are formed larg
er than the others. These are the main
feed roots of the plant, and In loose
soli they grow five to Beven feet long.
If the condition of soil will permit,
these roots will derelop at such a
depth below the surface as to be safe
from the cultivator shovels, but as
they branch out Into numeroua^fine,
fibrous roots tbey actually fill the fine
cultivated soil to draw food from ev
ery particle, and only shallow cultiva
tion will prevent Injury to them.
Besides the two sets of horizontal
roots as described, there aro usually
two or more sets, beginning at or near
the base of the stalk as brace roots
and go straight down luto the subsoil.
They have been traccd as deep as four
feet These vertical roots have few
fibrous roots attached, but serve an Im
portant end In being able to bring
moisture from the deep soil, late In the
season, when droughts are likely to
Ab will be seen, the roots of the corn
plant develop as the top grows, also an
understanding of the root development
suggests the method of fertilization
which should be through all the sur
face soil, and not In the hill nor In the
row fiily. The-cultivation should be
done so as not to Interfere, with the
roots that want to occupy the ground
prepared for them, yet at the same
time prevent evaporation of the moist
ure by maintaining surface mulch of
fine earth by frequent shallow culti
vation.—Up-to-Date Farming.
Paper Berry Box*
The paper berry baBket has been re
cently Introduced, and If one may
judge from the opinions of those who
have used It the present season it will
be most welcome. TUe Illustration,
from a photograph, shows the form of
the box. it Is made of so-called water­
proof paper, Is well ventilated aud the
Inside Is treated to a coat of parafflne
so that It Is moisture-proof and odor
less. If manufacturers can get the
price of this box down so that it Is
cheaper tliun the splint boxes now used
the paper box Is destined to have a
large sale. It carries the fruit In good
condition for long distances and, ap
parently, It does not dry out so readily
as in the splint baskets.
The Law About Dishorning.
In some States it Is unlawful for any
one but a graduate veterinarian to dis
horn cows. The idea is, of course, to
prevent improper treatment of the ani
mals. The reader who Is an expert at
dlslioruiug, qnd who sees a chance to
do a favor for a neighbor, or to turn a
penny lu tills way, should first Inquire
into the law of the State'. If there
are any calves to be kept, take care of
the small horns before the button ap
peal's by applying caustic potash, ob
tainable at any drug store, to the spot
where the button may be felt. Moist
en the stick of potash and rub It over
the spot, being careful uot to cover too
uiucli surface, for it will take off the
hair aud burn tho flesh. Treat the
youngsters in this way, and there will
be no dishorning to do later.
Imporilnir Butterine. :S&i
It Is now reported that the latest
scheme of the manufacturers of but
terine Is to Import colored margarine
from Europe, thus avoiding tho ten
cent tax, and placing it in the list of
food articles Imported In the original
packages. Wliether^.they expect to
send the oil to Holland and Denmark
and have It manufactured there, or
will export the completely made ar
ticle, either colored or uncolored, and
then bare It sent back aB Danish or
Dutch butter, we do not learn yet.
Possibly If they try the latter method
It will sell at higher prices when It
comes back, as Jamaica rum made In
Massachusetts, or French brandy from
California, or champagne from New
Jersey apples, sell for more after tbey
have made tho two ocean voyages.—
Exchange. WMi
Saving Nitrogen in Stables*
Experiments In Europe have proven
that the loss of nitrogen from the ma
nure In stables amounts to 03.0 per
cent where only straw is used for bed
ding, and but 48.3 per cent where peat
was used. In the sheep shed they
found a loss of G0.2 per cent where
straw was used, and about half as
much where poat or earth was used.
Dry earth rich In bumiu or vegetable
matter is about equal to peat. A good
plan for using tbem 1b to put the earth
or peat over the straw where the ma
nure drops.
Whitewash Is the cheapest disinfect
ant we know of. A coat of whitewash
in a poultry house sweetens It up won
derfully. It Is not necessary to try to
do an artistic job. Any brush or even
an old broom may be UBed to apply the
wash. A spray pump can be bought
cheaply and will save time in white
washing. Whatever Is used, don't for
get to whitewash.—Exchange.
Cheap Lice Killer.
A correspondent in the Poultry Mes
senger says a most effective and cheap
liquid lice killer can be made by dis
solving a pound of naphthalene crystals
in 1V4 gallons of kerosene. Put the
mixture Into a jug or can and shake
occasslonally. I* will be ready for use
In twenty-four or forty-eight hours.
Paint roosts aud dropping platforms.
Cottonseed Meal.for Horses.
Cottonseed meal Is successfully used
as a teed for horses and mules. It
may be better In winter to.combine
the meal with corn, though some have
bad complete success with the meal at
an exclusive grain ration for both
horses and mules.
Grazing Lands in Large Tracts.
Sheepmen In Wyoming are still tak
ing up latgc tracts of grazing lands.
One party bought 60,000 acres recently.
It Is stated that tbe price paid wat the
liigbegt ever obtained for similar ludit.
Knlcker—-'Were there any suspicious
characters about?" Booker—"Only two
As they reckon time: "How long has
she been on the stage?" "Only abonl
three divorces,"—Chicago Record-Her
Some one has named a cigar after
Mary MacLane. It emits a blue flams
and sulphurous smoke.—St Paul
Nathan Hale Is reported to have said
"I am sorry that 1 am not a cat, so 1
could give nine lives to my country."—
Harvard Lampoon.
"Noodellea never disagrees with any
body." "Yes that's what makes It aa
disagreeable to have blm around."—
Indianapolis News.
Father—"Well, my son, what did yon
learn at school to-day?" Little Proc
tor—"Not to sags Tommy McNuttl"—
Chicago Dally News.
Bragge—"I was knocked senseless by
a cricket-ball two years ago." Tbe bay
In tbe corner—"When, does yer expeck
ter get over It?"—Tlt-Blts.
Truth's echo: "Good men, yon know,
are scarce." "Yes, 1 know, and even
bad men hare to make themselves
at times."—Boston Courier.
The optimist: Grandpa—"Well, Hor
ace, we haven't caught any flab Ifs
hard lines." Horace—"But we had good
luck digging worms."—Chicago News.
Pugilistic—Nell—"Did Miss Bilyuint
act as If It was a severe blow when sh
didn't get the prince?" Belle—"Yes,
she took the count"—Philadelphia
Sunday-school teacher—"And so Lot's
wife was turned to salt Can any ons
tell why?" Wicked Willy (from th«
rear)—"She was too fresh/'—Harvard
Hardhead—"Well, erery man has a
right to bis opinion." Pepprey-^"Yes,
but tbe trouble is be can't be made te
realize that there may be a wrong to
It"—Philadelphia Press.
"That author keeps his Identity close
ly concealed." "Yes," answered Miss
Cayenne "until read bis books 1
thought it was due to modesty." "Isn't
It?" "No. Discretion."—Washington
Far from It: Girl with the Gibaen*
girl neck—"Fan Bllllwlnk has begun to
show her age, hasn't she?" Girl with
tbe Julia Marlowe dimple—"I should
say not She's begun to try to hide It"
—Chicago Tribune.
It was bcr first ride In an automobile
and she was deeply Interested In the
horn that was used to notify people to
clear the way. "Papa," she said.
"Well?" he returned. "Make It snore
some more."—Chicago Post.
'Haven't you read that loroly new
novel?" asked the first summer girl.
"No," replied the other, "tbe only edi
tion of it I've seen has a horrid yellow
cover that doesn't accord with any of
my gowns."—Philadelphia Press.
'Sociable: "\Vell, well," remarked
Farmer Korntop at tbe Zoo, "this here
lion 'pears to be real good-natured."
"Mobbe," suggested his good wife, "it's
one o' them social lions ye read about
In the papers."—Philadelphia Press.
"This Is a remarkable climate," sa.'d
the tourist. "It Is," answered the old
settler. -Ever since I have been here
I bare wondered how a climate could
change so many times day and every
time for the worse."—Washington Star.
Upgardson—"I bear there is some
complaint that the continual dampness
is rendering many pianos useless."
Atom—"! hove beard of Its ruining a
great many pianos, but I haven't beard
any complain about It."—Chicago Trib
The superintendent—"Now, children,
why do we love to go to the beautiful
parks? What do we find there that Is
always fresher and purer than it Is in
the city?" Truthful Tommy (with
cheerful promptness)—"Pop-corn, sir!"
"Yes, count, in all tlie park there is
ito place I like so well as under this
old, old tree." (Sighing sentimentally.)
"There are tender associations, you
see." "Alia. 1 comprehend, mam'selle.
You have yourself planted tbe treel"—
"I can't Imagine anything more un
satisfactory than a meal at our board
ing house," said the chronic kicker.
"No?" replied the impressionable young
man. "Evidently you nerer got a kiss
from your best girl over tbe telephone."
—Philadelphia Press.
"How does It come you resigned your,
position as office boy?" Inquired tbt
gentleman of little Jlmmie "didn't you
like your employer?" "Yes," replied
Jlmmie, "I like blm well enuf, but I
didn't like tta' brand uv seegars be
smokes."—Oblo State Journal.
Baker—"Didn't see you In your auto
mobile yesterday." Butler—"That was
because I was under It. probably.
That's where I spent tho greater part
of the day, fixing things that had got out
of kilter. I don't know as I shall get
much riding In my machine but I shall
learu a powerful lot about machinery."
—Boston Transcript
Remarkable Item: "Got a big stoi'y
to-day," said the marine reporter.
"What Is It? Wreck?" asked the city
editor. "No. The brig Albatross came
into port from the South Atlantic, and
she'B the first one to come in In a month
that doesn't report having had her
deck covered with volcanic ashes while
five hundred miles from Martinique."—
Baltimore American.
Worry Causes Dyspepato.
Worry Is a cause aud a source of
much unbapplness. It seams the faea
with line and furrows and bas a most
depressing effect upon that hypersen
sitive organ, the stomach, which at
such times becomes a most unwilling
and laggard servant. Indeed, It is safe
to say tbat unless encouraged by a
cheerful temper and bright or, at leajt,
hopeful thoughts, the stomach will play
truant or sulk or do no good work. The
physiological explanation of this Is the
close alliance of the great sympathetic-'^
nerves, which are worse than the tele-r'iv
graph for carrying bad news tbe worlcJiA*'
and anxiety which depress the bralnf^Vf
cause simultaneously a semi-paralysis
of the nerves of tbe stomach gastric
juices will not flow—and, presto! there
Is Indigestion. One sign of mental
health Is serenity of temper and a self
control tbat enables us to bear with
equanimity tbe petty trials and jars of
life, especially those arising from con
tact with scolding, irascible, Irritating
persons. Serenity of mind comes easy
to some and bard to others.
About every so often a woman re
members what the books cay, and da
tides to cali "pride" to her reCcue.

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