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THE SPIRIT THAT WINS.
While searching the archives for knowl edge. While after the rarest of lore. While seeking the richest of jewels In Wisdom's variant store, Remember this as you rummage For a mot of the Sage's wit, J® The best and rarest of lessons t$Wi Is: Git up, git up and git! Ages are filled with the dreaming Of verses the poets have sung, Filled with the anguish and sorrow Tragical muses have wrung From the loom of fanciful musing, But the essence of all the wit, The lesson of all the lessons, Is the lesson: Git up and gitl W0- From periods primordial On down to the time we live. It's simply a matter of Take, my boy If we can't a question of Give. .Remember this as you rummage 41 For a mot of the Sage's wit, Tl)e best and rarest of lessons la: Be just, but git up and gltl* —New Orleans Times-Democrat. I During the Cotillon I W A S N 1 dreaming, Terry. I wasn't, really. I was Just be ginning to get sleepy, and then 1 beard Martha talking to Jane In the lit tle dressing room, and I got quite wide awake, I didn't know what she said at first, and I did not mean to listen, really, till she said something about mummy." "Well?" aald Terry—he was In for It now. and lie meant to hear It nil. "Jane was augry with Mnrtba and said she ought not to say such things KiSiBSiS?: iXJ YOU THINK IT WOULD KILL V'ATIIKI'.V I don't know what It was—and then Martha said: 'O, you needn't pretend you don't believe It—It's as plain as the nose on your face—lie's going to run away with the missus, and some one ought to tell the master,' and then Jane cried out and said: 'It would kill him'-that was father, yon know. And then Martha said something about me, and Jane came Into the roojn with a candle and said: 'Are you asleep, Miss Dodo'/' And I pretended that I was. O, Terry, I had to pretend or I should have screamed right out. And then Martha came in and looked at me, and she said that she hoped that—tlmt .inununy would die tf the man took lier away, It was the best thing. And then-I think they cried, but I kept the clothes over my face." A hot word came upon Terry's lips, .but lie smothered it. "And when they had gone I ran out roil the landing—I was so frightened, 1 did want to see mummy, and she was Just going Into dinner and you were •with lier and, Terry, I was so glad that yon were there that I said my prayers all over again." Terry was sitting with one elbow on his knee. Ills head resting on his palm, niul his face In the shadow. From the big drawing room came the sound ot music and the rippling laughter of the children. He remembered now that Constance had told him with a look ot pain that the last few days her little daughter had been continually hover ing about her In the bouse and watched lier to leave It, always with extreme reluctance, nearly always eagerly of fering to accompany her—It was al most as though she bad understood. And ho bad laughed—laughed. Good God! "And I must not tell father—Jane said It would kill hlin—do you think It "would kill father, Terry?" "Not a doubt about It," said Terry, thickly. "Then I won't But I had to tell you, Terry. I've always told you things since I was quite a little girl, haven't X, Terry?" 'Always, Dodo." "Terry, can't you do something?" Terry puts hls„hands over his earn to shut out the maddening sound of the gay music, and groaned. "Oouldo't you And out tbe kidnaper, i4 BRIEF HISTORY OF THE GREAT BEAUMONT OIL FIELD. AILW IN THE BLAUMON1 OIL FIELD— SPINDLE TOP DISTRICT RECENTLY SWEPT BY FIItE grpHE remit disastrous fire in the Beaumont oil field again attracts public attention ton corner of the United Stoles II that Ib now a familinr locality to all newspaper readers, though it ha* been known to fame for less than two years Oil had previously been found at Corslcana, but it was not till Jan. 10, 1001, that A. Lucia borine on Spindle Top hill, struck gushing oil at a depth of 1,300 feet. The pressure was mich that a stream of oil shot 175 feet Into the air. Almost immediately speculators and oil experts gathered from all parts of the country. Land was honjrht or leased at a rapidly increasing scale of prices. The Beatty well was the second to "come in." On March °9 ami April 3 the Guffey wells struck oil. The lligglna company found oil on April 0. The Guffev company completed a second well on April 8, and on April 18 the Hoy wood well began to flow. Kneh new well increased the excitement not only in Beaumont, but in all parts of the United States, and interest in the marvelons wells was soon felt in Europe It was several days before the Lucas well was got under control, and it was not until the pipe was suuk below the cap rock that it was safe from being clogged with sand. Some of the wells spouted deadly gas ot first and some of them deluged the hill with oil before they could be controlled. Up to August, 1001, twenty wells were yielding oil In that month twenty-five were added and in September nineteen. During the latter part of 1001 and the first part of this year scores of other wells begau to produce. In the meantime Beaumont has grown into a boom citv. All the wells were found on Spindle Top within a radius of half a mile. Hundreds of places were tried outside of this limited area, but without favorable results. Besides hundred# of oil companies, genuine and fake many manu facturing companies have sprung into existence as a result of the discovery of oil. Pipe Hues were built to the railway and to tidewater at Port Arthur only sixteen miles distant. A lively demand for the oil as fuel soon arose Manufac turers used It in furnaces, and steam vessels and locomotives began to use it instead of coal. Companies were onranixed to extract the illuminating oil from the petroleum and others devoted their attention to the asphaltum. The price of 'oil at the wells was kept at about 30 cents a barrel. The output of the wells is more than 1,000,000 barrels a day—more ttian that of all the rest of the United States. Already Texas oil is being delivered in tank steamers to cities on the Atlantic coast and in Europe. and make blm stop—couldn't you, dar ling?" Terry's face was hidden in his hands now. Then he raised his bead sudden ly and looked at her. "Dodo—suppose—suppose," ho said, hoarsely, "that I could put my linger on the scoundrel—what then?" "O. Terry, you could go to him and make him stop. You could tell bow good and sweet mummy Is, and how we all love her. Perhaps he's got a little girl of his own, and If yon tell that I oan't live without mammy he will be sorry. Perhaps he could tnke some one who wouldn't mind a bit some one who lias no little girl, or fa ther, or you. O, Terry, tell him .I can't let mummy go. And when I am a woman father says I will be rich, and I will give it all to him—I will give him everything—everything. O, Terry, tell him that." Terry caught the little, sobbing, tor tured creature In his arms and pressed Ms face tightly against her fair head. Then lie pulled out his handkerchief and wiped her eyes. "Dodo, my sweetheart, listen to me. Mummy Is quite safe—no one is going to take her away. If—if anyone thought of-at least—." lie stumbled In his speech, and then went on boldly. "I know the fellow, Dodo, and lie Is heartily sorry that lie ever thought of such a thing. You believe me, when I tell you that mummy Is all right?" "Yes, Terry." She looked up at blm trustfully. She knew that her darling Terry would make things riitiit. "Dodo, sweetheart, I want you to promise me this: that you will try and forget all that you have told me, and never mention It to anyone, and that you will bo very good to niumtny, and love her with every bit.of love in your warm little heart. Promise me this, dear." "I promise, Terry—Terry, darling!" lie stooped and kissed with a so lemnity that awed her—It did not seem a bit like her old luuglilng Terry. But she felt that never had she loved him as she did now. "My little good angel!" said the young fellow, with an odd break In Ills voice. "Cio and play with the others. I'm going to have another smoke." She kissed him and clung to blm with a tenderness and trust that moved him deeply. "There Is nothing to trouble you now, dear. I will make it ail straight." She went away obediently aud quite contentedly, lie watched the slender, white figure until It vanished then he turned away with a mist In his eyes. And he was miles away the next morning when his brief farewell was taken up to Mrs. Garth. Aud after wards she thanked God that she bad been saved at the eleventh hour for the future held much happiness for lier, and the deep, trusting love of Dodo's father won hers, so long with held.—Chicago Tribune. THE POPULAR HERO. In Fiction He la Alwaya l?ati»g. Drinking or Smoking. When the liero of the popular short story Is not eating or drinking he Is smoking, says Martha Baker Dunn in the Atlantic. Ills chronicler flavors ills pages with tobacco smoke nnd punctuates them with cocktails. In Joy or In sorrow, in the most romantic no less than the more commanphioe moments, the hero "lights another cigarette." Emotion unacompanled by nicotine Is something of which ho evidently has no conception. It Is tile same, too, with the up-to date young man In real life. lie knows, if lie has been properly trained, that while a toothpick should be in dulged in only In that spot to which Scripture enjoins us to retire when we are about to pray, a meerschaum pipe Is a perfectly well-bred article Tor public wear and one which enables him to fulfill agreeably that law ot his being which suggests that he should always be putting something In ills mouth. At college ball game not long since, where, as is usual on such oc casions, clouds of ineetisc were rlslns to the heavens from the male portion of the spectators, I amused myself by observing a young man who sat In a carrlago near me, and who while the game was In progress smoked a pipe three times and tilled In ail the In tervals with cigars and cigarettes. I knew something about him and had frequently heard him referred to as "a first-rate felllow," but If anybody had asked him If ho believed himself capable of a single pure Impulse of the soul, entirely unmixed with bodily sensations, lie would have stared in amazement. HIE MAN WITHIN THE GlIN. Here Is tbe lti-lnch gun which Tins Just been completed at the Wntervllet arsenal. This view shows the tuuzzic, with a man In it whose weight is 105 pounds. The gun is immense, when one considers the quality of the metal con tained in It, which is, of course, the best that scieuce aud skill can produce at the present time. It Is bu. up of nine pieces of steel forcings, the ilrst piece being the tube, all in one piece, 4S feet loug. The whole length of tho finished gun is 40 feet, the diameter at breech end is Cft feet, nnd at muzzle 2 feet 4 inches. Its weight is 130 tons, and it Is rifled with 90 grooves. The breecb-loaillng mechanism is operated by the one movement of turning a crank. Twenty turns of the crank swings the breech block out ready for the llrlng, which is done by pulling a lanyard after the primer has been placed in position and connected with electric contact. The firing mechan ism is connected so as to make it im possible to explode the primer before the breech block Is properly closed aud locked. At llio Concert. "Is that a dead march they're play Ing?" "Why, no It sounds lively," "Well, It will lie dead when they get through murdering it."—rhiladelphln Iiulletln. Don't get gay too often the chances are eight to ten that you will be com pelled to make It good. MAUSOLEUM OF A VOODOO PRIEST. Langlade, Hayti, lias a mausoleum covering the remains of a Voodoo iiriest. The structure is made of clay, the same kind that the people use for the con struction of their huts. It is 15 feet liigli and 25 feet long. Curious faces ni:d palm trees have been painted on the sides of the tomb. The representation of the coffin is also made of clay and is about the size of an ordinary one. The priest who lies buried under the mausoleum was the chief "Papa I.oi" in Presi dent Solomon's time, 1887, and the \ooduo worshipers have frequent gatherings around tbe tomb. They used to sacrllice children during their religious rite's, but this custom died out, or rather, was stopped by the authorities, and they now arc content with killing goats in coancetloii with their eereniouies. Few white people baTe succeeded in attending Voodoo festivities, but I gained a clear account of how tliey are carried on through an old negro. The ceremony Is a long chant. Each singer keeps on one clio-d, and as they ail sing in a differ ent key the chaut has a weird and unearthly sound. The song Is accompanied by three tambours (drums), each of which is of different size. One is very large and Is struck regularly and slowly all tllrougV the clmnt. Another is small and has a Hat sound. The third, a medium-sized dmo, is played with both hands and feet. The player moves Ills feet np and dowi. *he sldes'of the drum to produce either a high or low sound. They end the ceumony by drinking the hlood of a freshly killed goat. There are stili many adherents of VoodooSsui in Hayti, which dates back to the time the Spaniards brought uegroes as slaveB from Attc# to the We.t indies, 7'•: r/' THE STATE OF IOWA. OCCURRENCES DURING PAST WEEK. Treasurer of Johnson County—Woman Shootn Youth on Fair (•round—New Hartford Iiohhcra Frightened Away Without I'lundcr, Accused by tlu* Board of Supervisors of Johnson County, and by County Attor ney Ztnunt of misappropriating about $1,800 of public fund*, former County Treasurer Dennis Mitlier was victorious In the District Court at Iowa City. The prosecution was beaten by the statute of limitations. The county averred that the shortage was discovered in 1900, but that the money disappeared during Mr. Maher's term (*04-'95). Recently tho board called on Maher and his bond*mm to replace the money. The bond was in the sum of $75,000, and on it were Ilep resentative George W. Koonts, George W. Lewis and A. E. Swisher, Judge M. J. Wade and other prominent citizens. Tho former treasurer asserted his inno cence, but the defense was technical, be ing based on the claim that the statute of limitations was applicable. In hand ing down his decision the judge held that due diligence was not exercised by tbe Supervisors that they ought to have examined the treasurer's books and doc uments rigidly long ago, and thus have discovered the shortage. He also held that the statute of limitations began to run three years after the year of the al leged diverting of the funds. Bold Robbers at New Hartford, A bold but unsuccessful attempt was made at New Hartford to blow open the safe in E. J. Dunham's general merchan dise store. Four charges were placed in the safe in the attempt to break it opeu. At half past 8 o'clock in the morning J. A. Cousins heard a loud report and suspecting that an attempt was being made to blow ojen the bank he proceeded to investigate with the discovery that robbers were in Dunham's store Instead of the bank. A crowd soon gathered around the store and several shots were fired through the front end of the store. The robber returned the firing and made good his escape through a back room and out the rear door. The safe contained $200, which remained secure, as the safe withstood all four charges. About $75 worth of silks and velvets was found near the school buildings, which leads to the belief that there were at least two men in the robbery, inasmuch as the last rob ber carried nothing with him. Mother Avenues Dnuchter. Sirs. Maud Smith, prominent In the social life of Des Miiines, shot and mor tally wounded Harry Claris, aged 18. whom she accused of betraying lier daughter, a handsome girl of IT. Olark is the sou of a restaurant keeper nnd was employed in his father's stand on the State fair grounds. At 8 o'clock, just as the crowds were pouring into the grounds, Mrs. Smith, accompanied by the girl, ap proached the staud, and. calling Clark to the door, shot at him five times, two of the bullets taking efTect. He fell to the ground and was conveyed to a hospital In a dying condition. After the shooting Mrs. Smith calmly handed her empty re volver to a bystander, and, accompanied by l-.fi- daughter, pushed her way through the excited crowds, hoarded a street car and started for home. Before reaching there she was arrested. She nink nn defense of her action. Truant Husband Forniren-" After pursuing her husband from Belle Plaine, for a th»ft of $200 Mrs. Peter Mattheya located him at Waukegan, 111, accused him of stealing her money, had It all returned to her, effected a reconcil iation and toojcjiir hunbund bock to their home. The ttiety: took place two -weeks before. His wife lost track of him in Chicago. Thinking that she might get a clew by calling on relatives of Matthevs who lived in Waukejjan, the woman wviit there and solicited the aid of the police. It was learned that Mattheys had started work in the wire mill. He "was found in his room at a boarding house and aroused to see his wife standing before him. He turned over tho money nnd the woman cried, with the result that they made up and left fur Belle Plaine. Kobs Firm ami Ends Life. George Jones, who has been the cashier of the Einstein & Morris clothing firm in Clinton for the past two years, com mitted suicide by taking poison, dyiug at the home of his parents, near Audorer. According to a confession Jones made to his employers a few days ago, during the past twenty months lie has stcrten Mfl.OOO, although the firm declares It was robbed of fully $15,*I0. Thursday the sheriff went to his house to arrest him, but the young man was dying at the time and the warrant was never served. He lied the following forenoon. Jones* meth od of robbery was to tear up the ticket* of purchase as they came to the desk and pocket the cash. Within Our Borders.' Ottmuwa claims a population of 22.251. Blaekhawk County farmers want more rural mail carriers. Clyde 15. Hammond has been named as postmaster at Dows. Elijah Livingston, a Davis County pion eer, is dead, aged SO years. Rev. tJ. \V. Ilertzog, a pioneer Baptist preacher, is dead at Monroe, aged SI years. A pottollice has'beeti established at Uiflcs* with Samuel Brubaker as post master. Mrs. Philip Grimmer's home at Ottum wa was entered by burglars, who secured about $20. Charles Gilbert, aged 1(1, lost a leg while trying to board a moving train at Davenport. The capacity of the plant of the Na tional Biscuit Company at Davcnjort will Im doubled. Public improvements in Mnrshnlltown this summer aggregate $200,000, with as much more already assured. The Council Bluffs high school will hereafter graduate classes in January and June of each year. Bev. T. J. B.issett of Thorntown, Ind., a well-known Indiana educator and Meth odist minister, has been elected presi dent of Upper Iowa University at Kay ette. A. 13. Morgan of Mason City was seri ously injured by being kicked over the heart by a fractious horse. At the third annual reunion of the Picken family, held recently at Fremont, 210 of the 512 kuown living relatives were present. The Davenport canning and packing company has been absorbed by the Amer ican Canning Company, otherwise kown as the trust. A number of Dubuque capitalists have purchased a farm near that city aud will erect a handsome and modem summer home for the use of the newly formed Country Club. Dr. James Edmonson, a former Pres byterian minister at Marshnlltown, is dead at Nevada, Mo. George Willetts aud Gluts. Clark, Santa Fe trainmen living at Fort Madison, we.-c robbed of $48 by footpads. Mrs. James Gaullagher, who was ar rested for alleged complicity with James Holada in the murder of her husband, made an attemptnipon her own life while in jail, according to the statement "f County Attorney Zmnnt at Iowa City, lie says she has to be constantly watch ed. Her arrest was brought about by the statement of Holada, who l^us been incarcerated since fUe ijnjrder five uwuths 1 W- Creston barbers have formed a union. There are just 1,000 persons of school age at Weverly. THE There is $1,000,000 on deposit in the banks of Monticello. Eleven recruits have entered the regu lar army from Ottumwa. The postoflice at Clayford has been dis continued mail to Onslow. The Columbia Savings Bank at Colum bia, capital $12,000, has been chartered. Free delivery postal service has been established at Washington, effective Dec. Bev. D. Austen, an aged minister of the Methodist Church, is dead at Jeffer son. Articles of incorporation have been filed by the AValford Savings Bfink capital $10,000. C. W. Stephenson has been appointed postmaster at Troy, vice J. M. Garrett, resigned. The socialists of the Third District nominated F. A. Lymburner of Dubuque for Congress. Tax ferrets have so far turned into the Jones County treasury about $17,000 in back taxes. The attendance at the Glenwood asy lum for the feeble minded is 070, the largest on record. Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Ferguson of Mon ticello have just celebrated their fiftieth wedding anniversary. The Waterloo City Council is consider* ing the feasibility of lighting the alleys in the business district. The total premiums paid by the man agement of the State fair this year amounted to over $20,000. The improvements in the Northwestern yards at Clinton have been completed nnd the new tracks are now in use. Four young fellows who robbed a sa loon at Otoe of a quantity of liquor were arrested and fined $25 and costs. Rev. Father Marrlett, pastor of the Catholic Church at Stuart, has resigned and will remove to Baltimore, Md. Plans are being made for a sewerage system at Washington. The public square in that city will be paved With brick. The Council Bfciffs City Council has passed an ordinance regulating the speed of automobiles to twelve miles an hour. It is announced that President Roose velt will speak at Des Moines from a stand to be erected in the capitol grounds. Mrs. Mary B. McKee of McLeansboro, 111., has been appointed a seamstress at the Sac and Fox Indian school at Tama. An electric line is now in operation be tween Des Moines and Altoona. The line will be pushed on to Mkchellvilie and Col fax. Mrs. Amanda C. Wells of Davenport, who was terribly burned by an explosion of gasoline, has succumbed to her in juries. The strike of electrical workers at Ot tumwa has been settled. The union was recognized and an increase In wages granted. The business portion of Barnum, which was recently destroyed by fire, is being rebuilt with one and two-story brick blocks. The home of B. Seavey of Rieeville was robbed of two gold watches and other property. It Is supposed to be the work of tramps. WilHam Howard and Maude Solt, prominent young people of Glidden, were killed by a Northwestern passenger train at Ralston. There are large yields of potatoes at the State institutions this year. At Glen V0(] it is thought the field will be fully «JO bushels per acre. The saw mill and box factory of the J. II. Ka»»er Lumber Company were burned at Mnscutlne. The loss Is $40, 000. insurance $15,000. The Iowa Socialist Publishing Com pany has incorporated at Dubuque. A paper will be-issued weekly doevotod to propagating the socialist belief. Deposits in Des Moiues banks »how a decrease for the year of $3,250,000. Iv is said that heavy investments in lands In the Northwest caused the drain. Work on the improvements at the Sol diers' Home in Marshalltown may have to be suspended for the time being on account of the inability to secure labor ers. Joseph Murphy, an aged man living alone, was found dead in his home near Eldon. The coroner was summoned and pronounced his death due to heart dis ease. The hardware store of Georsrc Clapp at Muscatine was visited by thieves who carried away about $300 worth of shot guns, razors, pocket knives and revolvers. No clue. Itockford ladies have taken in charge the matter of erecting the new opera house. The delay has been ended by the letting of the contract and work wiil be gin at once. The Western Union Telegraph Com pany is trying the experiment of em ploying girls as mesKeugers" in Des Moines. The experiment has so far worked successfully. Woodson Ragau, Ella Clark's lover, ad mits that he shot aud killed the latter in a joint near Diamond. He says he did it to save his own life. He alleges that the girl attacked him w4th a knife. The appearance of thousands of black birds which feed upon the corn crop is causing uneasiness among the farmers. Tho birds tear open tho husks, devour the upper part of the ear, aud leave the bal ance to rot from exposure to the ele ments. The new law relating to the disposition of dipsomaniacs is having a ^aluttiry ef fect upon the veterans in the home at Marshalltown who are inclined to look upon the wine when it is red. Two have already been sent to Mt. Pleasant, and others are beginning to exercise a little more moderation in their tippling. T. G. Wood, a rich farmer of northern Indiana, came to Clinton a few days ago and signed a pro-nuptial contract with a woman who gave the name of Mrs. Dod son and went to Chicago to get married. The woman disappeared there with his money. Wood is now trying to locale the woman. Mrs. Emma Poindexter shot and killed her husband, Emniett Poindexter, at Itockford, in a fit of jealousy. She shot her husband as he slept. Poindexter was 23 years of age. and a member of a prominent family, lie had been married a year. Mrs. M. A. Shahan of Grinncll was se verely injured by the explosion of a can of tomatoes which she had just sealed. It was feared for a time that her eye sight would be destroyed. Martha Giesler has sued the Dubuque Electric Company for $10,000 for injuries received by being struck by a car be longing to the defendant company. She alleges carelessness on the part of the employes. Iowa postmasters have been appointed as follows: Dundee, Nelson Gilbert, vice Amasa Stone, resigned Freeman, J. F. Wickham, vice Herman Hnmbliu, resign ed Tuskeega, Everett J. Teale, vice G. A. Fosdick, resigned. A Mrs. Wells of Davenport was badly burned by an explosion of gasoline. She was applying the fluid to some furniture, when a lighted match which she held in her hand set it on fire. Mrs. E. Lee. a well-known Marshill town woman, had a narrow escape from death. A carriage in which she was rid ing was struck by a C. G. W. switch engine nnd demolished. The lady was not seriously injured. A woman claiming to be Lottie Stoweil of Polk County is uuder arrest at Stoke dale, Pa., where she is suspected of hav ing committed numerous burglaries. She was caught by means of a bear trap set ia a store which she attempted to rob. warn trv. ,r* Slgna of a Good Milker. When It comcs to buying or raising a dairy cow too many neglect to con sider whether tbe cow, from her gen eral appearance, seems to be fitted to do good work In the dairy or not. Now, It Is to be admitted that you cannot tell certainly whether a cow Is a deep, rich milker from her general appear ance but still, so large a percentage of the high quality cows of the land have certain external signs thnt have come to be regarded as the marks of a good cow that It Is folly to overlook these marks when selecting cows for one's herd. One of these special signs that Is extremely important may be comprehended under the term "ca pacity." In order to turn large amount of hay, grass, ensilage nnd grain into A GOOD UlLKEIt. milk and butter a cow must have a large, deep body and a large udder. The cow illustrated shows the great deep body and the splendid develop ment of udder that characterize the big milkers. A cow's body Is a butter and milk factory. You cannot expect to make much butter and milk In a small factory. The "wedge-shaped'' cow has a deep body where depth Is needed— where the machinery of the body Is at work converting fodder into dairy prod ucts. Notice the fullness In the fore part of the udder and how well It runs up behind, with tbe large, well-placed teats and Its general appearance of large capacity. Such au udder, wheu milked out dry, will fall In loose, soft folds, like an empty bag. It is a good type to breed to. Yet iu a limestone soil we have seen green manuring work wonders, and so It will on land recently cleared, where the bushes nnd brush had been burned on the ground. Phosphates, potash and wood ashes may be put ou to grow the gre^n crop, and if used liberally will benefit that and the succeeding crops. Sowed on the surface nnd har rowed In they do not waste or do any harm If the amount is much more than one crop needs.—American Cultivator. How to 8ct a Hen. Here's a good way to set a hen. The nest is made in a roomy box, with a cover. Nailed to one side of the box is little slat yard, slats on top also, In which water and food are kept con stantly. The hen can go out Into the yard at any time, cat and drink, and BEST FPU A BETTEH. lias no temptation to wander away and let her eggs get cold. Where several hens arc sitting, a contrivance like this for each saves all bother of looking after them, to see that two do not get on one nest, etc. You put food aud water in the dishes—the hen "does the rest." C. D. YOuug, in Farm and Home. Success with Poultry. Those people who do not have good success In hatching eggs under hens, usually will not do much better with the Incubator. They may be divided into two classes, oue thnt is careless and neglectful, and the other that Is altogether too fussy, who wants to be stirring the hen, or feeding her. or handling the eggs three or four times a day. For either of these to suc ceed with the Incubator there must bo a thorough reformation a determina tion to follow the Instructions given exactly, nnd do no more and no less than Is explicitly laid down, and to do It by the clock. This can be done, of course, but how many can or will settle down to those rules? Ideal Animal for Beef. The first point observed in an ideal animal of beef type is his form. This will approximate the rectangular. It will show a body that is compact, sym metrical, broad, deep and close to tho ground. Legs are only of use to carry the animal around, lie Is "straight in his lines"—that is, the lines from the top of the shoulder to the tall head. and from the brisket back to the purse are as nearly parallel as possible, as are also those from the center of the shoul ders to the center of the thighs, no devi ation from the horizontal being allowed the top line. This will give the form a rectangular appearance. Qhago Knrichcs Sotl. tQjr ^everat mouths the $r?uud unt $• MtWi neath Is not only enriched, but grows much darker In color. Anyone may try an experiment as follows: Select the poorest spot of ground on the farm, lay over a strip of any length, but about a yard wide, a few inches of straw, aud cover with a board, or. If preferred, lay only a board on the grouud. If tho place Is seeded to something nfter tbe covering is removed the difference iu growth between tbe portion previ ously shaded and that not shaded will be very marked. Status of the Fnrmintr Industry. There are 10,438,022 persons engaged In agricultural pursuits, while all oth er industries engage 18.S45.000 persons. One-third of the entire area of tills country is devoted to tilling of the soli. There are to-day 5,730,657 farms In the Unitvd States, nnd the value of farm property, including Improvements, stock and implements, Is $20,514,001,838. The number of farms has quadrupled In the past fifty years, while the value of the farming land to-day is five times as great as the selling price of fifty years ago. More than 1,000,000 farms have been laid out and fenced In by settlers, principally in the West, in tbe past ten years. Fifteen thousand farms were given away by the Government during 1901. When the Indian Territory is opened for settlement, about 1904, 8,000,000 acres of fine farming land will be offered for sale at low prices, and farming will receive another valuable acquisition to Its ranks. There are 300, 000,000 acres of unsettled land in the United States ready for immediate oc cupancy. Tlnr total acreage used for farming purposes is S41,000,000 acres—an area which would contain England, Scot land, Ireland, Wales, Trance, Germany, Austria, Spain, Japan and the Trans vaal, leaving sufficient room for several smaller countries to go In around the edges. None of these countries, or all of them combined, would make a re spectable showing with our agricul tural products. The value of farm ex ports In 1901 was $051,028,331.—Re view of Reviews. Yield* of Chceso From Milk, With ordinary milk the yield is about 2.5 pounds of cured cheese for each pound of butter fat in the milk. The per cent of butter fat In different milks very nearly determines their rel ative values for clteesemaklng. Pro fessor Van Slyke found by a series of experiments that with milk rang ing from 3.4 per cent to 4.4 per cent the amount to each pound of but ter fat was 2.72 pounds of green cheese, or 2.5 pounds of cured, live weeks. It was found that 5 per cent milk made I but 2.4 pounds of cured cheese for each pound of butter fat, but the better Plowing Under Green Crops. While we advocate plowing under green crops, when they are not worth quality of the cheese from the richer more for stock food than for manure,! milk was thought to compensate for we believe that there are some soils the slight difference In quantity. It where tills practice may do injury twill be seen that a hundred pounds of rather than good. If the soil is light 4 per cent milk made ten pounds of and sandy, lacking nitrogen, or when cheese and a hundred pounds of 5 per It Is stiff nnd needs to bo made more cent milk made twelve pounds of porous, then nluiost any green crop Is cheese. a good manure for It. Where it Is low and wet, aud perhaps has too much acid Iu It, a heavy crop of clover or other green tuanure will usually be an -Jpjtirv to the succeeding crop, unless lt^lfSlwn also a dressing of lime in some form, and wo woidd prefer to pay more for a good phosphate of Hmo or fine ground phosphatlc rock, with /n addition or potash, than to use either slaked lime or sulphate of lime. Corn-Uasklng Peu. Miles R. King, of Macoupin County, Illinois, writes in Iowa Homestead as follows: "I have not seen ap illustra tion of the new husking- peg:, and slnoe ii great a ail would W 1 seVid y^m Rkotch of one fl®f have been using. It will require a short.time to become accus tomed to one of them after the old 1'ashloned peg has been used, but when once a person gets used to them ho can make good headway In takiug out cpm* They are sold lu all the markets, and consist of a stout strap with a hook at tached, as seen In tho illustration/' SIiccp. The shepherd who does not dip at least once a year Is way behind tbe times, and two dippings scarcely puts blm abreast of them, l^ong experience lias taught us that twlce-a-year dip pings bring more comfort to the sheip and more profit to the owner. Enough more wool can be clipped at shearing time from the twice-dipped sheep, cheap as wool now Is. to more than pay the total cost besides, the great com fort and thrift of the sheep and pict ure to the shepherd. An Ohio man has held his clip of wool for seven years nnd finally sold considerable of it far below what bo was offered for It. Such Instances are numerous enough to Illustrate the folly of holding products from year to year in hope of securing higher prices for them. Better take a fair price when offered than to hang on for something beyond the market or Its immediato probabilities. The man who held his wool seven years lost at least 25 per cent of the selling price on his longest held wool in interest alone. There is big difference between idle wool and busy money that should not be over looked when the holding proposition is under advisement.—National Stock man. Weight of Horse* The weight of a horse is an impor tant Item lu estimating his value for draft purposes. Tor the fine-boned horses, with well-developed muscles, may do as much work as the heavy luined one for a short time, aud is even better for road purposes. But In plow ing or other heavy, steady drawing, the light horse becomes useless. Then, In price, the weight is an importaut Item. If a gvod horse weighs over ,000 pounds he may sell for more than $1 per pound 1,800 to 2,000 pounds, for less than $1 per pound. Under that the price rapidly declines, 1,200 to 1,500 pound grade horses selling at 25 and 30 cents per pound, though it is consid erably more than any other grade of stock on the farm will bring. Buddiui and Top Grafting, Among Northern nurserymen and fruit growers budding Is commonly practiced In July and August. Or eliardlsts are taking up this system of propagation aud using it in place of or in connection with top grafting. If the buds fall to live, tbe branches can be grafted the following spring. Tho operation Is more easily and quickly done than grafting. Get After the ISorcrs. The complete shading of the soil rap idly enriches It, even without the appli cation of manure. It may be that shad ing causes a "deposit of nitrogen from the air every farmer knows that wher ever a stafk of hay or straw has stoodJ|loue In August, we do It in September, In August we get after the borers In the orchard. We find them by the wood dust around the stein of the tree. We go a(£o#-tticm with a sharp knife nnd a6fiiall wire. If we do not get the Job 4^* 6pys Fsu'ui Jourual, if&ir 8W r1 He—I am told that your admirer's name is legion. She (blushlngly)—Oh, no, Ills name Is Jones. She—"I am going to play Chopin." He—"In what fiat':" She—"Why, In our own fiat, of course." Wlgg—"Is he a man of Intelligence?" Wagg—"I suppose so. At any rate, he has uever served on a jury." Nell—"Love doesn't seem to agree with Maude. She Is thinner by twen ty pounds than she used to be." Belle —"She has loved and lost, eh?" Merchant—"I want this ad. where everyone will see It." Solicitor—"We charge higher rates for space on the baseball page."—Baltimore World. "Have you auy Marconi roses?" asked the man entering the florist's "What are they?" Inquired the puz zled dealer In flowers. "Wireless ones." Customer (in restaurant)—"Look hero, waiter, I've found a button In this salad!" Waiter—"That's all right, sir it's a part of the dressing!" -Tit-Bits. Muggins—I understand thnt friend of yours is millionaire. Is he one of tho open-handed, extravagant kind? Dug gins—Yes, ludecd. Why, he even pays his taxes. "I'd have you know that I've turned away thousands," stormed the heavy tragedian. "Naturally," sueered tho comedian "your acting would turn away anybody." Dolly—"Your ride in the auto must have been just lovely and exciting." Madge—"it was exciting, but not love ly. Charlie had to use both hands to work IL"—Judge. Prison Visitor—"What brought you here, my man?" Convict—'"Danged if I remember, but It wasn't an automo bile, 'cause they didn't have none in them days."—Philadelphia Press. "Did yew ever salt sheep?" asked the farmer of the new hired man, who came from Colorado. "No," replied tho new hired band, "but I've had consid erable experience In salting mines." "What! you call me pretty? Why, I am an old woman my hair is turning white, nnd, look, here Is a wrinkle!" "A wrinkle! No, madam, It Is a smile that has drifted from its moorings!' "What is your nativity?" asked tho magistrate. "I ain't got any, y'r hon or," said the blear-eyed Inebriate, feel ing lu his pockets "the police took ev erything I had."—Chicago Tribune. Father—"I thought 1 heard our John nie say he was sick, and now I sec lies out coasting. Did you do anything for him?" Mother—"Yes, I brought In all the evening coal."—Ohio State Journal. "I suppose you set a good table," re marked tho mau who was looking for board. "Well," replied tho landlady, three of my regular boarders arc laid up with the gout."—Chicago Daily News. "I'm sorry you don't like the new nurse," she said to her husband. "She's so good about singing to baby and keeping him quiet." "Yes," was the calm reply "but I'd rather bear the baby cry." The little girl was watching liet mother and father discussing a plata oysters the other night. "Mn*1* ma," she said, alter some "you cat them face iuKJ?#fi*r^5n't jou?" Mrs. Younihrlde—I've come to com plain of that ilour you sent in-. Grocer r—what was the matter wirtflt? Mrs. IwmiglH'lderi-it was tough. I made a pie Mth It And it was as much as my husbatic^cOujP do to cut it.—Philadel phia Presfc^Kj- Weary WltHe-'^ )ai*tWriu good ^ayV.work In thirty minutes." Frayed Fagih^ggxplain yersoif." Weary Wllj. •Me—""wSlf I'ljfut in six pies, a pan (loughfiufs ou' ,iour jars uv prcscrvj 1 at's a good day's work fer any woi an."—J udgc. Tho Suitor—I wish to marry your eld' est daughter, sir. Her Father—Oh, you do, eh? Are you in a position to sup port a family? The Suitor—I think so, sir. Her Father—Well, you had better be sure of it. There are ten of us all told.—Chicago News. "What Is the greatest fib that ever Impressed Itself on your experience, Snapper?" Well, by all odds, the worst oue 1 ever heard was tlmt your quar tette perpetrated last night when they •'eatftfc-. round to the house and sang, "There's Mi^lc4a the Air." "Why is it that t&vCew pejple seem anxious to talk to Mr. clS^j^|toiiv seems well informed." "Thais the difficulty," answered Miss Dimple ton. "He's one of those dreadful men who know enough to correct* your mis takes when you quote.the classics, and who doesn't know enough not to do It." Schoolmaster (.turning round sharply) —Which of you is it that Is daring to make faces at me? Six youngsters (in chorus)—Freddy Brown, sir! School master—Ah! Then you six boys stand out and be caned. If you saw Freddy' Brown making faces, it shows that you were uot attending to your lessons Fun. "I am selling a new cyclopedia," be gan the well-dressed uian who had been ushered into the reception room on tho strength of his make-up "would you care to look at It?" "'Tain no use," replied Mrs. Neurieh "I'd break my neck If I ever attempted to ride one of them fool things."—Chicago' Daily News. Stereotyped Phrase. Many of our stock expressions. like "rather late," do not mean anything If one takes their meauiug literally. A little dialogue from the Washington Star Is a case iu point. "Did any of the Inhabitants escape with his life?" Inquired the mau who wants harrowing details. "1 didn't stop to ascertalu," answered tho man who is luijrowingly exact. "It struck uie that if anybody es caped without his life there wasu't much use In his escaping, anyhow." Kusy to Go Off. "So your former employer is consid ered a big gun?" interrogated tho friend. "Yes, a rapid-fire gun," sighed tho clerk, who had been discharged with out notice. I'uper Clothing in Japan. The lower class of the Japanese em ploy hardly any other material thau paper for their clothing. Where wages are exceedingly low cloth Is an im possible extravagance. When a boy goes to a party, he doesn't care about refreshments ho Wflhts something to eat. 4 ,V"V