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Manchester Democrat. [volume] (Manchester, Iowa) 1875-1930, January 21, 1903, Image 4

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®l)e Democrat.
BEONBOH ft QAMt, Publlihtn.
If yon would bo man of maik, lot
the tattoo artist get his work tn on
you. wjC
Sir William Hlngston says there Is
danger In the surgeon's knife. We
have for some time suspected as much,
It's wonderful how easy it is for a
small man to swallow his anger when
the other fellow happens to be a
Just as the Pacific cable Is being laid
Marconi has fixed things so that tables
are not needed. Why couldn't he have
made his plans public a little earlier?
Sitting Bull's son now stands on a
western railroad embankment as the
motive power of a shovel. In the long
run the spade Is mightier than the
Although the paragraphers are aware
that the name of the new French min
lster to Venezuela is Weinor, none of
them has yet suggested that he Is
probably the Wurst.
The cake walk has been exported to
Paris and, like many California wines,
will doubtless be imported after a little
as the genuine Frcnch article. They
call it the danse du gateau.
An Ann Arbor professor has discover
ed (even new posons. The old favor
ites, however, will still continue in de
mand, and answer all legitimate and
illegitimate purposes of destruction.
Dr. Lorenz says he is going to work
only half the time after he is DO years
old. Dr. Lorenz Isn't working on a
railroad. If he were he might be glad
to have a chance to work even a quar
ter of the time after he has had his
..fiftieth birthday.
A man who had lived by begging,
who had slept in ash barrels, and
whose clothes were the cast-olf gar
ments of other people, died In Toron
to the other day, leaving $100,000 In
cash. This proves conclusively that it
can't bo taken along.
Advertisements signed by a Shanghai
Chinaman which have recently appear
ed In £ome of our American periodicals
have a quaint, delightful flavor of that
wisdom which is world-wide. "I want
smart youth sell my Chinese curios,"
announces the Shanghai man. "If he
catch much business, he earn many
cash." This is worthy or Ben Frank
lin himself. To be sure, Franklin
would have used different words, but
he could not have stated the fact more
Ibraham Khan Dovleti, who has re
ceutly been appointed Persian ambas
sador at Athens, is said to be the first
ambassador sent from Persia to Greece
since Darius sent heralds In 491 B. C.,
to demand earth and water from the
Greeks as symbols of submission to
him. The Athenians made arrange
ments to welocme the Persian this time
with Imposing ceremonies, as they do
not intend to kill him, as their ances
tors did the messenger of DgrJus—Ai
fEough Persia Iift&»hjdJW~minlster In
Greece for more thanTwonty centuries,
It has been represented In Athens by
a consul In recent years.
The "affair of honor," as the duel Is
called In France, is, fortunately, dls
-Unltea StttfeK" Never
theless, this country has its own af
fairs of truest honor. A New York
banker, who eight years ago was over
whelmed in a financial crash, recently
paid the $700,000 from which the bank
ruptcy courts had relieved him. In
1894 he ivn's so poor that he had to
borrow money for a railway fare. To
day, by honorable business methods,
he Is again a millionaire. Some years
ago another New York banker, who
had once failed for a lnrge amount,
gave a dinner to all his former credit
ors. Under each plate, attached to the
name card, was a check covering the
debt and Interest which, in honor, al
though not bound by law, ho owed to
each guest.
The child born in the United States
a hundred years hence will live longer
than the child born in 1900. That is
to Bay, his chances of greater longev
ity will be assured under normal con
ditions of birth and living. This docs
not Interest the youngsters born in
1900 or those born In 1800, but It Is
the most important fact disclosed by
the vital statistics of the twelfth cen
sus. It shows that the average length
of life in the United States is slowly
but steadily increasing. Ten years ago
the average length of life was thirty
one years, while the last census shows
it to bo thirty-two. This means-if
the same rate of Increase Is maintain
ed—that the average length of life In
the year 2000 will be forty-two years,
and, Incidentally of oourse, the num
ber of centenarians, as well as those
who pass the scriptural milestone of
threescore and ten, will be greatly In
creased. Willie this advance of one
year in length of life in a decade may
strike the ordinary individual as very
•slojnr progress, if lie will only keep In
mlnS the littleness of a century when
It comes to measuring the age of the
human race he will find himself grow
ing very skeptical as to whether such
a rapid Increase can be maintained.
Much less significance attaches to the
figures giving the number of centen
arians In this country in 1900, for an
occasional centenarian may be found
In localities that appear to present few
eruditions favorable to longevity. The
important conclusion to bo drawn
from the vital statistics is that the
conditions of life, including a wider
observance of hygienic and sanitary
laws, are growing more favorable to
longevity of the American people.
After China and India the order of
the more populous countries of the
world is: European Russia, 100,000,
000 United States, 70,000,000 Ger
many, 50,000,000 Austria, 47.000,000
Japan, 43,000,000 United Kingdom,
41,000,000. In all these countries ex
cept the United States the increase
from decado to decade is for the most
part from the native stock. Of the
United States It Is said that its popu
lation would decline if it were not for
Immigration, and this fact or assump
tlon Is treated in quite an alarming
style by J. Weston, a writer for the
Nineteenth Century, whose article is
entitled "The Weak Spot in the Amer
ican Republic." Mr. Weston appeals
*0 efoow that In Ifaesachu-
settc there are 1,743,710 persons of
foreign birth and foreign parentage In
a total population of 2,800,340. "The
population of Illinois," he adds, "is
4,S21,550. Of these 9GG,747 are foreign
born and 1.4DS.473 of foreign parent
age, so that the proportion of genuine
Americans In this typical Western
State is no greater than It is In Penn
sylvania. In California it is less. The
native clement is stronger in the
South, but it is not due to the produc
tiveness of the American, but to the
productiveness of the Negro." Taking
the country as a whole, the foreign
birth date has gained on the American
birth rate until it is four to one. It Is
the rule for families to decline as they
are more and more removed from their
foreign origin. "Nowhere, not even
in Prance, is the problem so serious
as it is in the United States. History
may be searched In vain to find a par
allel for a country dependent on for
eigners for its vital strength." Mr.

A dealer In old Iron may know noth
Ing of prize fights, yet he's familiar
with scraps.
Weston does not go into the causes of
the decline, but ho quotes approvingly
from a writer In the Popular Science
Monthly as follows: "We have not so
many people as we should have had If
immigration had never come to us and
the native stock had continued their
old rate of Increase." It is a question,
however, if this old rate would have
been continued, and It Is doubtful If
there is much force In Mr. Weston's
warning that "only homogeneous peo
ples ever become great." Homogen
eous at most is only a relative terra,
and the French, whom he does not
rank among the great, are perhaps
nearer homogeneous than the British.
Their Works Live After Them ill Kx
BKRcrated Fiction.
There was a world-wide gulf be
tween Drake and Morgan but it was
Spanish ferocity that tanglit the bucca
ncers their bloody trade and bestial as
they were, they were not "utterly des
picable, for they fought marvclously.
L'Olonnois at Maraeaibo, Morgan sack
ing Panama with his 1,200 ruffians,
put the fear of death into the
Spaniards. But neither Spaniard nor
buccaneer could stop the growth of
commerce and civilization, and early
In the eighteenth ccntury the great
fleets that followed I.'Olonnois and
Morgan had dwindled to crazy ship
or two commanded by such overrated
scoundrels as the "pirates of New
Providence," petty rascals, whose loot
was generally as paltry as their crimes.
Thero lias been a curious conspiracy
among those who have written upon
the subject to exaggerate the wicked
ness of these men as if their truculent
swagger, their blood-curdling violence
of language, had served to Impose
upon their modern biographers as well
as to Intimidate the degenerated sailor
men of their own day. Howard Pyle,
of Wilmington, Del., published one of
the latest histories of their exploits
under the title of "The Buccaneers and
Marooners of America." From this we
learn that Captlan William Ivldd, who
was hanged at Execution Dock In 1701,
never killed anybody but Ills own gun
ner, whose skull he crushed with
bucket. According to "Tile General
History of the Pyrntes," published by
Cnptaln Charles Johnson in 1724, his
greatest booty amounted to about £8,
000. Captain Edward Teach, otherwise
Blackbeard, the Bristol prlvatecrsman,
who sailed from New Providence as a
pirate In 1717, "stands par excellent
(sic) in an unique personalty of his
own." Here is his description: "His
beard was black, which he suffered
to grow of an extravagant length as
to breadth, it came up to ills eyes. He
was accustomed to twist it with rib
bons in small tails, after the manner
of our llamlllies wigs, and turn them
nbout his ears. In time of action he
wore a sling over ills shoulders with
three brace of pistols hanging in hol
sters like bandoleers, and stuck light
ed matches under his hat. which, ap
pearing on each side of his face, made
hiin altogether such a figure that im
agination cannot form an idea of a
fury from hell to look more frightful."
Yet only few years ago just such a
figure might have been encountered
in the public streets on nuy 5th of
November.—W. .T. Fletcher, in the
Cornhlll Magazine.
This young American is Edwin P.
Osgood, engineer In chief of the sani
tary department for his royal highness.
How lie came to get
the job Is Interest
ing. About year
and a half ago the
Siamese minister at
IV as li 1 to re
reived an official
note from Chula
longkorn asking for
nn American sail!
lary engineer to put
lils capital, Baug
tok, in sanitary con
With the aid of John IX Long, then
Secretary of the Navy, Mr. Osgood was
secured, and so pleased has been the
King with liis work that his curiosity
was stirred to see a country that can
produce such bright young men.
Mr. Osgood has been In Bangkok
about a year, and during that time he
and lils wife have been the recipient of
numerous courtesies at the hands of
the royal family.
As a matter of fnct, Mr. Osgood is
his own boss, for lie practically decides
on the work to be done. His sugges
tions In all matters are invariably
adopted. Bangkok is a city of a mil
lion Inhabitants, and the work which
tile American engineer had before lilm
can be imagined.
Mr. Osgood Is but twenty-six yean
of age, quite .young to be tile sanitary
head of a nation of 10,000,000 people,
and with a territory as big as Texas.
He Is a member of the famous Osgood
family. Ills lather, Colonel II. B. Os
good. Is a civil war veteran and was
chief of commissary at Santiago. One
of his brothers, W. 11. Osgood, was
killed in Cuba, and another brother,
Henry, is connected witli the health
department of Manila.
A Simple .Suggestion.
"Yes, lie built a cannon in accord
ance with the principles of his inven
tion and it cost a great deal of money."
"I want to know."
"It did. Ami when it was all done
he didn't have money enough to tire
"Money to fire it. (Joe whi/, but that
seems awful extravagant! Why didn't
ho touch It off with a matchV"—Cleve
land Plain Dealer.
His Daily Exercise.
"Mr. Carnegie is much better, isu't
"Yes, he sat up the other morning
and seemed to take a keen interest In
"Has he taken any exercise V"
"Yes. He gave away two libraries
aud a church organ before breakfast
yesterday."—Cleveland Plain Dealer.
ny H'. J. Kinsley, Handwriting Expert*
In the last quarter of a century the
identification of individuals by menus
of their handwriting has been used
more and more in criminal as well as
civil cases in the courts. Through the
handwriting of the Individual will shine
his personality as in no other thing ho
iloes. It is more personal ofttlmes than
w. .7. KiNbLi.v.
Hie person himself as frequently—iu
fact, nearly always—there is less change
In the handwriting from year to year
than in the features of the individual.
And where changes in the handwriting
tj0 0CCUr,
Sculptures Wrought by Nature in the
Great Canyons of tlie West.
Famous the world over are the grahd
canyons of the Colorado and of the
Yellowstone. In both there is a wealth
of coloring. The ravines are abruptly
countersunk in a plateau and both are
mainly the work of water. But the
Colorado's eanjon is more than a thou
sand times larger, and as a score or
two new buildings of ordinary size
would not appreciably chauge the gen
eral view of a great city, so hundreds
of Yellowstoncs might be eroded iu the
sides of the Colorado canyon without
noticeably augmenting Us size or the
richness of its sculpture. But it is not
true that the great Yosemite rocks
would be thus lost or hidden. Nothing
of their kind In the world, so far as 1
know, rivals El Cnpltnn and Tlssiack,
much less dwarfs or in any way belit
tles them. None of the sandstone or
limestone precipices of the canyon that
I have seen or heard of approaches in
smooth, flawless strength and grand
eur the granite face of El Capitan or
the Tenaya side of Cloud's Rest.
These colossal cliffs, types of perma
nence, are about 3,000 aud 0,000 feet
high those of the canyon that are
sheer are about half as high, and are
types of fleeting change, while glorious
domed Tlssiack, noblest of mountain
buildiugs, far from being overshadowed
or lost in this rosy, splry canyon com
pany, would draw every eye, and, in
serene majesty "nboon them a*" she
would take her place—castle, temple,
paloco or tower. Nevertheless, a noted
writer, comparing the Grand cauyon
In general way with the glacial Yo
somite, says: "And the Yosemite—ah,
the lovely Yosemite! Dumped down
into the wilderness of gorges and
mountains, it would take guide who
knew of its existence a long time to
find It." Tills is striking and shows up
well above the level of commonplace
description, but it is confusing and has
tbe fatal fault of not being true.
In the vault which he Invented aud
built as a safeguard against prema
ture burial rests John M. Pursel, who
died recently at Wllllainsport, Pa.
While the widow and other mourners
stood about the quaint wall of ma
sonry the pall-bearers shoved the cof
fin into an iron compartment just
large enough to receive it. The cofiin
lid was not screwed down. Immedi
ately craftsman commenced to place
a covering of steel over the opening.
This was bolted and cemented in such
a maimer that it could be removed
from the outside only by means of
violent force. Should the inmate re
vive, however, he can uufasten the
door by manipulating a combination
lock on the inner side.
For years Mr. Pursel was haunted
by the dread of being buried alive. He
made an exhaustive collection of news
paper clippings on the subject and de
voted years of his life to personal in
vestigation. His family objected to
cremation. Then he conceived the
idea of building a vault which would
the main characteristics re­
main. A man personality is mirrored in his writing as
it is not even in Ids photograph.
It is in the natural, wholly unstudied writing that a
person's characteristics are plainest shown, and these are
the specimens sought for by the expert when called upon
to make a comparison. In school and early life we try
to acquire a more or less model hand and strive for a cer
tain ideal. The exigencies of business in later life modify
this Ideal hand until it lits itself into our life in such a
way as to serve our purpose by recording our thoughts,
stamping our personality on it, and to a greater or less ex
tent reflecting our character. Many people mix character
and characteristics. By the first is meant traits of char
acter iu the individual ly the secoud, peculiar and per
sonal marks In the haudwriting that establish the identity
of the writer. When we attempt to disguise our writing
we face the following propositions: 1. We must know all
of the characteristics of our handwriting. 2. We must be
able to eliminate theiu at will. If we wish to simulate the
handwriting of another person we have the added proposi
tions: 1. Wo must know all the characteristics entering
into his handwriting. 2. We must be able to acquire these
characteristics at will. I do not believe thero is an indi
vidual who lives who knows and can successfully do these
things. And but few people even know the characteristics
of their own handwriting.
by Judith A. Armstrong.
When does a woman reach the height of her
attractiveness is a question which has puzzled the
opposite sex for ages, and even now male opinion
is strangely diverse upon the subject. As a
matter of fact, it depends as much upon the man
as upon the woman. Some men think that a girl
of 18 is without comparison, others that she pos
sesses the most charms at 28, while others again
aver that at 38, when she has trained herself to
the world, she has greater influence over the sterner sex.
Be that as it may, a womau's attractiveness is not regu
lated by her age, her beauty or her powers to draw ad
mirers, for in the latter case her fasciniaton is not long
lasting. It often happens that the plain girl is the most at
tractive. The most brilliantly gowned woman, however
beautiful she may bo, does not neeessniily possess tlie
greater attractions. She is admired as one might admire a
beautiful picture, but she is not the girl who claims the
affections. The clever woman is admired in the same way.
She may be intellectual aud clever, but she is always louc
ly. The man feels that he has to look up to her, and a
man hates to look up to a woman.
What, theu, is the magical thing that makes one woman
Infinitely more fascinatiug than another, and draws the op
posite sex iu whatever sphere she moves? Some might call
it individuality, others might term it her personality, but it
is really her attitude of mind. It is those moments when
a woman is most indifferent, most independent, most her
self It is when she is making least effort to be so that she
Is most attractive. Some women are born with this calm
indifference, this absolute independence that draws tuen an
the magnet draws needles.
The wow.an who wishes to be most fascinating, there
fore, casts &side her self-consciousness, and interests herself
primarily i:j subjects oilier than the study of nttrae,ting the
opposite box. Let. her be domestic and useful, with an in
dividuality of her own, a method of striking out for herself
without the assistance of those about her.
By Dr.
DOCUQCS, Professor in
Wherein lies the secret of American success?
There are undoubtedly many causes which have
led to the marvelous development of that country.
A young aud energetic race of people of strong
vitality took possession of the enormous resources
of a virgin continent, fifteen times the area of
Germany. The people who left the old continent
to find new homes in America were by no means
of an inferior character. There is no country In
Europe that has not given some of Its best men to
help in building up the American union. Many were
compelled to leave Europe for political, others for. religious
reasons, but the majority simply emigrated to find an
opportunity for remunerative occupation. Whatever the
motives of the emigrants were, the latter were of a char
acter considerably above the average of those who re
mained at hoiuec. The men who traveled tliousauds of
miles to find for themselves new homes necessarily pos
sessed more than the ordinary measure of energy and
courage. The nineteen millions of people who crossed the
Atlantic during the last century had confidence in them
selves and in the future, and were seeking. If only In a
material sense, a country better than the one in which they
were born they were masters of their own fate.
The TJuited States may be compared with a crucible of
continental dimensions. By the melting and fusing to
gether of elements of different nationalities the American
nation was formed. The fundamental character of the
Americans remalued specifically English. This new race
had at its command the entire marvelous abundance of
natural resources of the new countrs*. Free from all preju
dices, traditions, and hereditary Institutions, which have
been an obstacle iu the development of the European na
tions, the new country freely grew and developed. The first
aim of the people was to accumulate wealth. That Is still
the aim of the Americans, toward which they are striving
with all their might and energy, and for that reason they
easily overtake their competitors, whose strength aud en
ergy Is used up In various other pursuits. ...
By Arthur J. Balfour, English Premier.
1 think we all sometimes envy the
lot of those happy people who lived at
a time when it was within the capacity
of any single individual to master
without any undue effort the whole
compass of human learning and of
human knowledge.
That day has now passed. What will
it be lu some generations hence? I
am almost glad that I shall not live
to see that day—a day at which I sup
pose the specialist will have an enor
mous and almost unutterable contempt
for the generalizer—for the philosopher
or the generalizer who attempts to
bring within the compass of one sur-
a. J. halfouii. vey and one view the general results
of human knowledge and where the generalizer will him
self feel lost in the mass of knowledge, the mass of detail
which will meet the student in every branch of knowledge
who really intends to master its secrets.
Tlio settee nnd table Illustrated have distinct individuality, aud would
find flttiug place iu tbe ball sitting-room ot some old farmliouse. Tlio settee
lias an lnvitiug-looking mattress cushion covered with blue-green tapestry (or,
of course, any other color or material that may be preferred), and the large
square pillows have an air of substantial comfort well lu keeping with its
simple yet pleasing construction. Tlie gate leg table forms an appropriate
accompaniment, fulfilling the fundamental principle of suitability to its pur
pose, while it is at the same time pleasant to the eye. One can picture the
two with, for background, some quaintly decorative "Voysoy" paper, such
as the "Squire's Garden," with its characteristic peacocks and forniAl trees,
helping to make up a room artistically striking and yet with a quiet homely
charm rendering it essentially liveable. The effectively shaped vase on the
table, soft green in color witli oxidized silver mount, is a harmonious detail
iu the group which must uot be overlooked.
permit of egress in case of tlie resus
citation of a supposed corpse.
With tlie aid of his soli, Thomas, lie
built such a tomb iu Urandvlcw cem
etery, at Wllllamsport. The body of
it is of solid masonry and it tits into
the side of a hill. Fivo compartments
of cast iron were inserted horizontal
ly, one for cacli member of Mr. Pur
sers family. Each chamber is shaped
similar to a coilin and is open at the
outer end.
All of tile steel heads which are to
cover the compartments are littod
with combination locks of Mr. rur
sel's Invention. Should he or the oc
cupant of any of tlie other chambers
return to life tlie working of the com
bination from within would loosen tbe
head and give freedom.
Sea Yarns Not in Demand—
und l.ove Stories Preferred.
Down on tlie Hast river side a push
cart vendor of cheap books lias recently
taken his stand, ilis specially is books
for the seafaring men who abound ill
his immediate neighborhood, but with
considerable shrewdness the enterpris
ing purveyor of "something to read for
everybody" lias ehusen for his location
a spot whence he can trap ferryltes as
well as the mariners and wayfarers.
liri.sk is the business being done by
the street book merchant, and by far
the greatest proportion of it Is witli
sailors. For the present he is confining
himself to soiled novels (with here and
there a few religious books) ut "bar
gain" prices, a humble nickel purchas
ing any volume on the cart.
Among tlie wares are a remnant lot
of "Vanitl Fair" (complete), novels by
Daudel, Scott, Cooper, etc., all pub
lished at prices ranging from a quarter
"Xo, sir," replied the vendor lo nn
Inquirer, says the New York Times,
"there is no demand for sea yarns, ex
cept among youngsters. The sailors can
tell better stories than many in books.
Anyhow, tbe ship folk gel quite enough
of tlie sea, aud the reading matter they
want Oil a voyage Is a rattling good
love story or a detective yarn with
plenty of excitement In it.
"Some sailors, before going off oil a
long voyage, buy as many as twenty
oAks (it a tide, and others cluh to­
gether and take quite a small library
on board to while away their Idle
"Almost any sort of story sells well.
All that the sailors ask is something to
interest them, and they don't bother
about style or the author's name, go I
can sell here heaps of books that would
be dead stock around Uroadway, even
if I were allowed to peddle there."
IJlernry Slcn in Prison.
Vanishing Newgate, besides Its
chronicles of crime, lias other interest
for newspaper readers, and, above all,
for newspaper proprietors and writers.
Among "tbe early martyrs to free
dom," to quote the language of one
who has written its chronlelcs, was
Daniel Defoe, who, however, learned
by tlie easy way in which tlie irony of
ills "Short Way With Disseutors"—
hanging for preachers and banishment
for congregations-deceived both high
church and dissenters, the way to
write "Itobfnson Crusoe." But he had
to pay dearly for the lesson, three
times in the pillory, lluo marks flue and
I lien Itev. Mr. Lawrence, having
called Ceorge I. a usurper, was lined
£500, Imprisoned three years, whipped
twice and stripped of his gown. To
say nothing of Thomas I'aine amf oth
er "martyrs," the record brings us to
John Wilkes. Xor can the Times for
get that its founder, Mr. Walter, was
imprisoned for alleged libels against
three royal dukes. And the soldier
lias a reason to remember with grati
tude A\ illiain Cobbett, who was lined
£1,000 and sentenced to two years' Im
prisonment for protesting against cor
poral punishment In the army.—Lon
don Times.
The Very Mni»]
Juggles—Military experts are rather
disappointed iu regard to the destruc
tiveuess of modern engines of war
Waggles—Why don't they hire the
inventor of the toy^iistol to get up
something on a large scale?—New y0rk
After a woman has had her thirty
flfth birthday she worries more over
getting a bank account than she does
aliout meeting her "fate."
In a campaign of education it Is
often difficult to distinguish between
pedagogues and demagogue*. r,
Fees frcrtch Large Amount Deputy
Marshal Accused by Former Counter*
foiter—Revival Lender Falls Into
Law's Hands.
Figures ore given out it) the oflU'o of
Secretary of State Martin showing tbe
fees collected from the filing of articles
of Incorporation and amendments in 1002,
The showing made breaks all previous
records. The total fees received in tlio
year 1002 amounted to $218,748.38. In
1901 the total of the fees recelveil was
$54,189.50. The actual increase iu fees
in the year by reason of the changes In
the law, removing the limit of $2,000 for
filing articles of incorporation, is $130,
015. The value of thin can be better
appreciated when it is remembered that
tills Is the equivalent of about two and
one-half tenths of a mill tax. The entire
amount of fees from this source the past
year Is the equivalent of about four
tenths of a mill tax. The largest fee re
ceived was $125,000 when the Kock Isl
and reorganised. Another fee of $15,
000 Bad previously been received from
the Hock Island by reason of ah in
crease of stoek. There was also $2,015
received from the Newton and North
western road when its articles were filed,
a gain of $."15 over the fee that would
hare been charged under the old law.
Deputy Marshal Accused.
A warrant has been issued for ihe ar
rest of W. A. Richards of Dos Monies,
charging him with the crime of robbery.
It 1b alleged that Richards, who for ten
years up to Pee. 15 hist wan deputy
United States marshal, was nn accom
plice in the sensational robbery of Pat
rick and Sarah Sullivan in the town of
Hamilton the night of Jan. 1. Frank
Baird, one of the robbers, who is thought
to he about to die iu tlie Knoxville jail
from bldod poisoning resulting from his
wounds, has made a confession alleging
Richards took pnrt in the robbery. It
developed later that Richards was the
officer who secured the conviction of
Frank Baird for counterfeiting in 1804
and that Baird had sworn vengeance on
the officer. This is believed to be the
basis of the charge made by Baird that
Richards was implicated with him in the
robbery of Patrick Sullivan of S2.000
Jan. 3. Richards also has received many
anonymous and threatening letters re
cently and feared for his life on account
of some of the gangs which he had brok
en up.
Attempted Siiicidb Near Klocktoi).
Turner Black, a farmer living live
miles south of Klncktnn. attempted sui
cide. He had been luiving trouble with
his wife for two or three days. Late in
the ovening he secured a razor and de
clared his intention to cut his own throat.
He changed ins mind, and going to the
bom secured a rope and hung himself iu
an apple tree. A nesuby neighbor dis
covered him in the act, and rushed over
and cut the rope before strangulation
occurred. Dr. A. K. King was called by
telephone, and after administering an
opiate, succeeded in cpiieting Black. Mr.
Black is subject to fits of despondency.
Revival Leader Arrested*
A. Marstoii. an ex-e»nvict and lin»
singer, was arrested nt Shneyville nud
taken to Tama, where he is wanted on
a charge of attempting to pass a forged
draft. lie was arranging to hold a re
vival meeting when arrested. Iteeently
he gained the eoutidenee of Mr. Ooburn,
an evangelist, and soon led the singing
at St. Paul's Church hi CedHr Kapids.
He claimed to have a 4,00j^riere planta
tion in the South, for whiclf he was try
ing to secure the services of a preae:»cr,
a school teacher and numerous foremen.
When he was exposed he left town
Elgin Creamery Defeated.
.lodge McPhcrson of the federal court
at Council-Bluffs practically dismissed
the claims of the Iowa creditors of the
Elgiu Creamery Company. The S,000
Iowa creditors of the concern had agreed
with the company that patrons who fur
nished milk or cream should receive 40
cents on the dollar 'of their claims while
those who had claims for hauling the
supplies should receive 100 cents on the
dollar. The patron and hauler are prac
tically one and the same party ami the
settlement is considered a victory for
the creditors.
He Blaslicd His Own Neck,
John Weber tried to kill himself en
the platform of the Mediapolin station by
slashiug liis throat with a rusty jaek
kuife. After he had butchered himself
frightfully and was nearly dead from loss
of blood'he was discovered by the night
operator. Physicians were summoned,
who sewed his neck together and the man
was taken to the county juil. Webor
was out of his mind.
Dejtructive Hlaze nt Mnlvarn.
Fire, supposed to have been caused by
defective light wires, damaged Beattie's
dry goods store at Malvern to the extent
of $3,000 partially insured. The wind
was blowing sixty miles au hour and the
tiamcs were with dilHeulty kept from
Our Horden*
The police of Clinton made 700 arrests
in 1002.
Ottumwa police made 309 arrests dur
ing December.
Fairfield expended $78,000 in street
improvements in 1902.
The new depot of the Iowa Central at
New Sharon is now in use.
Davenport claims a population of
000, based on a directory census.
The annual meetings of the Iowa
Academy of Science will hereafter be
held iu May.
The will of John Fagan, a Biacklmtvk
County farmer, leaves his entire estate,
valued at $14,OCX), to the poor of Wat
Jefferson County supervisors will re
sist the payment of paviug tax assessed
against the court house property by the
city of Fairfield.
The syrup refinery operated at Daven
port by the glucose trust has closed down
temporarily for hick of coal, throwing
400 men out of employment.
•Fire supposed to originate from a de
fective Hue destroyed the implement store
of Fred Feyerabend in Walford. Much
of the machinery was saved. Loss §'2,•
000, insured.
George Oeorgeopolis, the Greek who
disappeared from Mason City, was found
wandering around the country in a de
meuted condition. He was sent to Chi
cago for treatment.
Bobbers entered the home of Fritz
Schllehting, six miles west of Daven
port, pounded Mr. Schliehting into in
sensibility, cruelly treated his wife and
little son, and stole- $31 in cash. No
Albert C. Abbott, manager of a Buf
falo, N. Y., oil company, and well known
to the oil trade throughout the country,
died at his home in Marshalltown, aged
07 years. The decedent was a past u*jiuil
matter of Iowa Masons.
a past u«^u
3^r?-n -^*Tf
Mrs. Mary Morgan, 103 years old, died
at Dubuque.
Mr. and Mrs. Charles Seits of Clinton
celebrated their golden weddiug.
Ex-Gov. Horace Boies has fully re
covered from his recent serious iliuess.
One hundred and seventy-five miles of
railway were constructed in Iowa in
During 1902 property to the value of
$0,270,478 iu Woodbury County changed
A fine specimen of red fox, the fur of
which is very valuable, was killed near
Des Moines journeymen horseshoers
have won their contention for a nine
hour day.
Work has been abandoned on all the
Great Western extensions In tbe State
until spring.
Harry Burrell, a former popular Des
Moines baseball player, Is reported dead
in Montana.
Some towns in western Iowa report
that many icopta are already burning
corn for fuel.
The new buildings at the Iowa soldiers'
home at Marshalltown will be completed
about Feb. 1.
The directors of the Davenport woolen
mills have declared an annual dividend
of 10 per cent
Fire destroyed the restaurant of Theo
dore Paulos of Clinton. Loss $2,000,
partially insured.
LcMars has a wonder in the shape of
a five-legged colt. The freak is healthy
and likely to live.
Charles It. Fox, a wealthy lumberman^
Is dead. lie was a resident of Musca*
tine for forty years.
The home of Joseph Stover, near Iowa
j»ty, was destroyed by fire. Loss $1,
000 Insurance $500.
Allen Dearth, aged 97, a pioneer resi
dent and the oldest citizen of Warren
County, is dead at Indianola.
Uev, William P. James of Brookfield,
Mo,, has accepted the call to tlie pastor
ate of St, Paul's Episcopal Church, Mar
A. A. Seifert, a prominent business
mail of Kddyrille, was found ill the rear
of his residence frozen to.death. He
had been ill.
The new main building at the Ames
College will be located on the ruins of
the one recently burned. It will cost a
quarter of a million.
The 13-months-old child of Michael Ca
liiH of Keokuk was fatally burned by its
clothes catching fire from a stove near
which it was playiug.
Ben Knudson, for thirty-five years a
resident of St. Ansgar, fell from a trestle
near that city and received injuries which
rendered him helpless.
Mrs. J. F. Hcndrickson of Chariton
was seriously injured by the explosion
of a pot of sassafras tea. Tlie sight of
one eye was destroyed.
The Des Moines Trades and Labor
Assembly has asked that only Iowa
labor be employed on the Iowa building
at the St. Louis exposition.
The Fort Dodge Commercial Club is
trying to induce a farm machine manu
facturing company employing seventy
five men to locate iu that city.
Mrs. Catherine Duncan has brought
suit for $10,000 damages against the city
officials of Wilton because they searched
her house while looking for intoxicating
TIm 8-year-old son of I.Medrich Bor
ehers of LcMars swallowed a buttonhook
three inches in length. The buttonhook
was located iu the child's stomach by
means of an X-ray.
Amanda Strayer, a teacher in the Wat
erloo public schools, was fatally burned
by the explosion of a gasoline can. She
was emptying the gasoline from the can
Into another vessel when the gas was
The Auditor of State has made his re
port on the condition of State aud sav
ings banks Dec. 8 last, which shows that
as compared with Sept. 15 last there was
a decrease of nearly $5,500,000 in de
posits, and a decrease in hills receivable
and credits subject to sight drafts of
Iowa Leuda in Rural Mail Routes.
According to the last reports from the
Postofflce Department at Washington,
Iowa leads all the States as to number
of rural mail routes and carriers. The
present number is 1.2H. On Oct. l." Inst
the number was 1.0H2. as against 038
for Illinois, 877 for Indiana. 88T» for
Ohio, 809 for New York and 382 for
Minnesota. The farts as now brought
out by reports nre that Iowa has over
10 per ccut of the rural mail routes and
carriers in the entire United States. Since
October. Iowa has had 121 new routes es
According to the official report of the
Department of Agriculture, Iowa is sec
ond to Illinois, aud the second highest
State in the Union in the production of
corn the past year, the acreage of same,
also of oats acreage and production. The
report shows that Iowa had 9,302,OSS
acres of corn, producing 297,080,010
bushels, as against 9.023,080 acres and
372,430,410 bushels for Illinois. This
State had 4,003,138 acres of oats and a
production of 124,738,337 bushels, while
Illinois had 4,070,303 acres aud 153,450,
423 bushels.
A trio of highwaymen entered the
home of Mr. and Mrs. Sullivan in the
outskirts of tlie town of Hamiitou at a
late hour of the night. Mr. Sullivan
had just sold a farm and had $1,800 iu
the house at the time, which was evident
ly known by the robbers. They present
ed revolvers to the astonished couple and
demanded that they stand up with their
faces to the wall and hold their hands
aloft. There was nothing for Mr. and
Mrs. Sullivan to do but comply. One of
the robbers stood guard over them while
the others got the money. They com
pelled Mrs. Sullivan to tell where It was
located, so that the securing of the cov
eted cjrah was an easy task. The two
who made the search left the room first
with the money in their possession. Then
the other man followed on the run. Mr.
Sullivan was quirk witted and immedi
ately seized his shotgun, which was con
cealed near by. He hastened to the door
and fired at the retreating man. The
robber evidently turned just as the (hot
was fired, for ho received the charge in
his face and the whole side of his face
was torn off aud one eye destroyed. He
fell to the ground unable to proceed. But
the other two men showed fight and open
ed fire on Mr. Sullivan. lie returned the
fire two or three times and felt confi
dent that he hit one of the men. He
was not harmed. The two fled in the
The management of the Burlington
system has decided upon improvements
for 1903 which will cost at least $5,000,
000. Considerable portion of this sum is
to be spent in getting ready for track
elevation in Chicago. The most impor
tant work will be on the Burliugtou pro
per in the Slate of Iowa, and largely
west of Civaton. The work will involve
the abandonment of between thirty and
forty miles of old track between Bed
Oak and the Missouri river. This sec
tion is full of curves, which will be
straightened by the building of consid
erable new track.
Fivo^uew buildings, a science hail, li
brary, academy, literary hall and recita
tion hall, costing in the aggregate $300,
000, will be built at Fairfield us au addi
tion to Parsons College.
A company has been formed at Mur
'shalltown, capitalized at $50,000, torect
au artificial ice plant. It will bo in op
eration by May 1, and be the largest
plant, of its kind in tlie State.
Because Uev. Cornelius Hoover, a re
tired Council BlufTs minister, secured
from the county overseer a load of wood
for a tenant, a widow who had been ill,
(lie latter had her landlord arrested for
obtaining goods under false pretenses.
The woman objected to the charity.
Charles Auderson of Cumberland was
found dead in his bed iu tlio Atlantic
Hotel at Davenport, with an empty laud
anum bottle beside him. A coroner's
jury decided he committed suicide, but
the cause is unknown. An uncashed
draft for $100 on the Bank of Cumber
land was among the papers iu his pock
John Nido, a prominent Swcdisli resi
dent, shot and killed himself at his home
lu Iiockford. He was associated with
John Nelson at the time the latter In
vented the kuittmg machme, and was
interested with hmi in a number of his
patents. Poor health is believed to have
led to his suicide, yf--.
So Polite.—He—Won't you sit In this
chair, Miss Spooner? Miss Spooner—
After you.—Punch.
"Are you familiar with the motives
of Jigganiui's new opera?" "Yes ho
needed the money."—Puck.
Nodd—"How did you come out of
{hat scrape with your wife?" Todd
—"As usual, I apologized for being
Hght."~Brooklyn Life.
Fudge—"So you have given up smok
ing? Did it take much will power to
do It?" Judge—"No it was 'won't*
power."—Baltimore Herald.
Not to Escape.—^"What did Miss An
tique do when she was finally success
ful in finding a man under her bed
send for a policeman?" "No she sent
for a minister."—Judge.
"I wonder what he'd do If he could
see himself as others sec for about it
minute?" "Pshaw! He'd say lie was
jealous of himself nud go it (O tbe
same old way."—Chicago Tribune.
Spoko From Experience.—Friend—I
haven't seen you for some time. Poet
—No. Fact is, I have become a good
deal of a recluse lately. Friend—I
feared as much. How much do you
Doctor—Your temperature is up to
one hundred nnd seven. Auctioneer
(drowsily)—Hundred an' seven! Hun
dred an' seven! Going, going nt hun
dred an' seven! Who'll make it a hun
dred an' eight?-Chicago News.
A Change.—"Well." said Noah, as h«
hunted for a dry spot on the top oC
Ararat, "a lot of people came down to
the pier to josh us when we started,
but I don't see any of them around to
poke fun at our home-coming."—Life.
Hauiley—You seem interested in the
horse show have you any entries
there? rhamley—Well-er-yes. Ham
ley—Prize winners? Phatnley—I hope
so. They're my three eldest daugh
ters, and all marriageable.—Philadel
phia Press.
Son of the House—Won't you sing
something, Miss Muriel? Miss M.—
Oh, I daren't after such good music
as we have been listening to. Son of
the House—But I'd rather listen to
your singing than to any amount of
good music!—Fundi.
"I don't suppose he meant anything
unkind," said the young woman "but
it was a very startling coincidence."
"What do you mean?" "Just before
Harold and I got married hi* friends
persuaded him to join a 'don't worry'
club."—Washington Star.
"Well, well!" he exclaimed, as he
tacklcd her first pot-pie, "where did!
you get this?" "I made that out of
Mrs. Shoutcr's cook book/' replied the
young wife '"it's a "Ah!" be
broke in, "this leathery part js the
binding, I suppose."—Philadelphia
"If one would hear really tiue mu
sic," said the Wagnerlte. "ouc must ex
pect to pay well for it." "That's
right," replied HausUeep. "Now, I was
listening to some music to-day that
was great, but expensive—a couple of
tons of coal rattling Into my collar."^
Philadelphia Press,.
"And when you marry," she softlj
said, "I hope you'll remember to Invite
mo to the ceremony." He looked
thoughtful, "it will be awfully erpwd*
ed, no tioMju," hf said, "but I think I
can ring you In somehow." And a mo*
ment or two later she declared the ring
was au astonishingly good fit.—Cleve
land Plain Dealer.
"I'm so-glad the boys of your com
pany gave you that handsome revol
ver," said the wife of the militia com
pany "wo need have no fear of the
burglars who Infect the neighborhood
now." "That's so." replied the cap
tain "I've got It locked up Iu the safe
at the office, where they can't get at
It."-—Philadelphia I'ress.
"I wish," said Senator Sorghum, pen
sively, "that you would refralu from
circulating these reports that I am
willing to pay for votes." "Do you
deny the chargeV" "That has uotliing
to do wlih the case. I don't want ev
erybody who might be willing to vote
my wny to feel that he Is wasting
money."—Washington Star.
In a Fix.—"1 knew a man once who
didn't believe in swearing, and he
came home ouo day to find all tbe
water-pipes .frozen, two of the chil
dren down with measles, the cook
gone, together with all the spoons, aud
his wife's r'- aunt come to make a
Visit." "What on earth did he say?"
"He said, 'Oh. fudged,"—Washington
Light iu Darkness.—A Freuchinau
was paying his first visit to Loudon,
and was walking through Hyde Park
on ouc of the many foggy metropolitan
mornings with an Euglish friend.
"Fog! Ha, ha, mou, fren," ejaculated
the Frenchman "now I understand vot
you mean ven you say ze sun nevalre
set on your dominion. Ma foie, It does
uot rise."—Toledo Blade.
Nothing New.—A gentleman teleg
raphist "called" a youiMg lady operator
lu auother office repeatedly without re
spousc. At last the "click, click"
came, and he telegraphed back ve
hemently "I have been trying to
catch you for the last half hour!" The
maiden wired back: "That's uotlilugJ
There Is a young man here who's been
trying to do the same thing for two
years, aud he hasn't caught iut\yet!"—
Tlio World Must Not Know."5
The great Duke of Wellington, whose
watchword was duty to his sovereign
nud the Euglish nation, was a soldier
first, last, and all the time. Such, too,
he wished lo appear. His jealous care
of his reputatlou, as a fighting man Is
amusingly disclosed In Frederick
Goodnll's recent book of "Uemlnls
cences," In an anecdote of the duke's
later years when, as warden of the
Cinque Ports, he lived at Walmer
His grace commissioned Wllkie to
paint "The Chelsea Pensioners," and
agreed to pay hhn twelve hundred
guineas. Tlie picture finished, in duo
course the artist waited upon the sol
dier, who,'to bis surprise, began with
great deliberation to count out the
twelve hundred guineas lu notes aud
"Your grace, it would save you much
trouble If you would write me a check,"
said Wilkie.
The duke looked up. "What!" said
he. "Let Coutts' clerk—and thus the
rest of the world—know what a tool
I've been to spend twelve hundred
guineas on a picture
He hhook his head nud resumed his

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