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Manchester Democrat. [volume] (Manchester, Iowa) 1875-1930, March 25, 1903, Image 3

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THE. CANCELED MORTGEQE.
We're done a lot of scrimpln' *n" Hvin'
hand-to-mouth,
,We re dreaded, too, wet weather an*
we've worried over drought.
Fop the thing kept drawin' int'rest,
whether crops were good or had,
An* raisin' much or little, boomed It
swallowed all we had.
The women folks were savin* an* there
ain't A bit of doubt
But that things they really needed lots of
times they done without,
So we're Chreathiti* somewhat cany, an'
we're feelin' less afraid
Of Providence's workln's, since we got
the mortgage paid.
I wish I'd kept a record of me things
that mortgage ate,
In- principal nn* int'rest from begiunin'
down to date!—
A hundFe^dozen chickens, likely fowls
witn^rtlow legs,
A thousand pounds of butter, an* twelve
hundred dozen eggs,
Some four or five good wheat crops and
at least one crop of corn,
An* oats an* rye—It swallowed in its life
timey»ure*s you*re born.
Besides the Work an* worry, ere its appe
tite was stayed!
So we're feelin' more contented since we
got {he mortgage paid.
f'K
v.
We* re reached the point, I reckon, where
we're got a right to rest,
An' loaf.arouu', an* visit, wear our go-to
metin' best—
Keglectin* nothin* urgent, understand,
about the place.
But simply slowln' down by bits an* rest-
In* in the race!
In time 1*11 get the windmill I've been
wantin', I suppofe
The girls can hare their organ, an' we'll
all wear better, clothes,
For we're always pulled together, while
we've saved an' scrimped an* pray
,-j
1
ed,
An* It seems there's more to work for
since we got the mortgage paid.
-—Wall Street Journal.
An Accomplice.
SAY, Uucle Tommy," said ESrlc,
looking very woebegone, "you
might give me helping hand."
I shook my head. It's against all
my principles to muddle myself up In
other people's concerns. It Is a thank
less task at best, and InduceB Indiges
tion.
"Have a cigarette?" said I.
"You might just as well help me."
repeated Eric. "You know tlio 'Ogre'
thinks a deuce of a lot of you."
The "Ogre,'.' I should explain. Is
Eric's disrespectful way of referring
to his maternal uucle, Sir Richard Al
lotson, whose presumable heir he Is,
Sir Richard being a widower without
children.
"You see. It's this way," he con
tinued. "I haven't got a farthing In
the world, barling my allowance, and
the Ogre threatens to cut me off with
the proverbial shilling, or even without
It, If I marry. I can't even Induce him
to see Betty, or listen to anything
about her."
"As far as I can make out," said I,
Judiciously, "the case stands some
thing like this: You are In love with
Miss Betty Gasclct. She Is lu love
with her profession, and Incidentally
with you. Your revered uncle hates
her profession for reasons c» his own
thinks you, for similar reasons, an ad
Jectlvcd Idiot, as you so nicely put It,
nnd bids you choose between marriage
•nd a comfortable Income."
•'That's about the size of It,"
groaned Eric.
"Well, then, which do you Intend to
choose, love or lucre?"
"Don't be absurd," retorted Eric,
stiffly "there Is no question of choice.
Nothing will Induce me to give up Bet
ty, but at the same time I don't see
what In the world we are to marry on.
That's why I've come to you to see
If you can't coax the Ogre Into a more
rational and human frame of mind."
I happened to know Betty Cuselet
she wns a particular friend of mine.
She wns a lady of birth, and, being
possessed of a strong dramatic Instinct,
Inherited from her mother, and next
door to no money, she was studying
elocution, with view to making her
way on the stage. She wns a plucky
girl, and a pretty one Into the bar
gain also she was devoted to Eric.
All this he knew, too, but what he
didn't know was the reason why his
crusty but kind-hearted old uncle was
such a woman hater, and iu dead set
against marrlnfre. I did. It "-as nn old
story, and had been played to a finish
while Eric was still in the region of
the nursery. And this fact conjured
memories of bygone days, when Sir
Richard was a young man still, and set
uie thinking.
"I will see what I can do," said I.
&L-«
The next afternoon I had a long tnlk
with Betty. Three or four days later
1 asked Sir Hlcliard to come and have
a bit of dinner with me at the Carlton,
and lie assented.
"By the way." said I. "1 hope you
won't object, but I've got a young
friend of mine coining, too, a very
pretty girl In whom I take a great In
terest—a Miss Cnselet. She doesn't get
much amusement, poor Utile tiling, nnd
I thought It might cheer her tip."
'•8!
Betty was a good quarter of an hour
late—girls always are It Is their priv
ilege.
However, when she did come she
looked so pretty I found myself envy
ing Eric In secret, and wishing I was
some twenty years younger. She inside
herself so pleasant and agreeable, nnd
wns so witty and apt in her remarks,
that before we had finished the entree
even lllchard himself wns betrayed
Into a series of approving grunts.
it
2,-
Sir Richard piled her with more ques
tions as to how she lived and where,
all of which Betty answered truthfully
enough. Finally lie wormed out of her
the story of her engagement to Eric
nnd the obstacle of the hard-hearted
uncle—names carefully suppressed for
Betty, forewarned by ine, was perfect
ly aware who he was, and the situa
tion aroused her dramatic talents.
»Kf,
The way she pitched Into the selfish
ness, narrow-mindedness and general
perversity of that uncle was delicious
and when old Sir Richard agreed with
her (in all Innocence) that such con
duct was scandalous, I thought I
should have succumber to the pains of
restrained laughter.
"There's no such thing as acting
nowadays," said Sir Richard, apropos
of things theatrical.
"When I was a young man, my dear,
I once knew a woman who could have
acted Rachel's bead off, or Bernhardt's,
either, only she made a fool of herself,
threw It uj and married some parson
fellow."
"What was her name?" asked Betty.
"Her name, ch? Never mind her
name," grunted Sir Richard.
jtrfc's'
\hti
&
But I saw hlB face twitch with pain
It was his life's secret that was being
touched upon.
"Was It Vlole* D'.himaine?" said Bet
ty, softly.
Sir Richard Jumped as if he had been
rtwt.
•V* 1*4
Betty pointed a finger and laughed.
"The old curmudgeon," said she—
"I'm only quoting, you know- is ono
Sir Richard Allotson!"
Sir Richard glared for a minute, and
then the situation suddenly dawned
upon him. and he laughed till I thought
he would have a fit
"Smoked, by gad!" said he. "So
you're Eric's young woman, are you?
Bless my soul—to- think of It! Well,
my dear, I'll tell you oue thing—
you're twenty times too good for him.**
"And the curmudgeon," said Betty,
archly.
"He's an old Idiot!" replied Sir Rich
ard. "Don't pay any attcntlou to him.
I'll undertake to bring him to his
senses. Come along, let's go and flud
that undutlful nephew of miue."—New
York Dally News.
MODESTY AND TITLES OF HONOR.
Few Untitled to Use '•Ksquire**—-En
glish Vlcxv of Prncticc.
Can we not come to some working
agreement on the use of the suffix
"esquire?" From dictionaries you may
make up a list of the people who are
entitled to It—tlie eldest sons of
knights, and their eldest sons in per
petual succession nnd so on to justices
of the peace nnd bachelors of law. But
in modern practice It may be said that
every one who wears a collar Is ad
dressed as "esquire." Yet there is a
curious modesty among Englishmen.
Scores of stamped and addressed en
velopes lie upon our table every day
(In case of rejection), says the London
Chronicle. The superscription Is In
variably plain John Smith or.George
Robinson. There are two courses open
to us. We must write "esqulro" after
John Smith's naked name, or we must
accept the hint nnd suppress a sufllx
which current misuse has made value
less.
A correspondent writes: "I am one
matmr
Leather-covered cameras generally suffer in the winter season of the
year from the effects of moisture or from stray snowflakes to the extent
that the leather will begin to peel away from the frame in parts. This may
be prevented by giving them a coating of a celluloid varnish, made by dis
solving some waste films from which the gelatine lias been cleaned, In nmyl
acetate. If a little aniline black is dissolved in the varnish, old cameras
on which the leather has lost its luster may be made to look like now.—
Camera nnd Dark Room.
One of the most iroublesome drawbacks the aninteur has to contend
with is fog. it may happen that one has negative which appears very
satisfactory in nil ways but one, and that one defect Is an appearance of
slight general fog all over the film.
This may be due **, defective light in the dark room, from some stray
light which has got t\r*ihe plate while changing when on journey, or it
may'have been caused by a general spreading of light which has got to the
exposed plnte through a steamy lens, as when exposing upon a very bright
subject In cold, damp weather again, it may be caused in some such man
ner when exposing upou a bright cloud, and so the brilliant light illuminates
the interior of the camera far too much.
If we prepare a solution of perchlorkle of iron 10 grains In an ounce of
water, and, after soaking our negative In cold water for a few minutes
until the gelatine feels soft, we pour off the water and flood the plate with
the iron solution for about half a minute after draining we shall probably
find on examining the negative that the fog has gone. It is then advisable
to rinse the plate in water and transfer it to a clean fixing bath for five
minutes.
Foggy negatives arc caused by an unsafe light, too much light, decom
posed developers, contaminated dishes, traces of hypo, over-exposure or
under-exposure, nnd too much forcing with alkali. If the plnte Is fogged, and
yet the edges are clean, the plate is most probably over-exposed too great
a density with still, clear shadows means uuder-exposiire.
When we get circular transparent marks, they are generally caused by
bubbles In the developer, nnd especially Is this apt to happen with old solu
tions.
Black spots are often seen produced by dirty dishes.
In case of metallic or irldescqnt stains, which are often seen when plates
are stale or have been kept in a bad atmosphere, perhaps the best plan Is
to take a fine rag, and having dipped it In methylated spirit, rub gently with
the tip of the finger, changing tlfe rag surface as it becomes dissolved.
When negatives show signs of frilling, It Is a good plan to add a little
Epsom snits to the washing water. If there is any reason to expect that
the plate may frill, it may be immersed in a solution of Epsom salts pre
vious to derelopment.
Formalin Is also very useful for this purpose, nnd the uses of alum are
too well known to need enumeration.—American Photographer.
"Eh? What? Why, bless my soul!
How did you guess that?"
"She was my mother," said Betty.
8ir Hlcliard looked at her steadily,
and nodded his head.
"That's It," he murmured—"that's It!
I thought I seemed to know your face.
You're very like her. My dear, your
mother was the best nnd most beauti
ful woman In the world. We must be
friends, you and I. You won't mind
being bored with an old fool like me
now and again, will you, dear? Only,
you see, your mother and I—" He
stopped hastily and choked a little.
"But how," said he, "do you come by
the name of Cnselet? Your mother
married a man called Stopford, a par
son In Lancashire."
"Yes," said Betty "but a few years
before his death he changed It to Case
let, in order to inherit a small legacy
from a relative—It was one of the con
ditions."
"And what about this man, this un
cle fellow, who is making you unhap
py You must let me go and see him,
my dear. I would Uke to do what I
can for you. I may have some influ
ence."
"Oh," said Betty, "I don't think he'll
be horrid any more now."
"He'd better not," growled Sir Rich
ard. "Hang the old curmudgeon! Who
is he? What's his name?"
5TOCKH#
$
j)hol(»[rapht|
of those persons who occasionally send
you contributions with nn addressed
cover in case of rejection and though
I am legally entitled to one of the min
or titles of honor, I always address to
my 'naked name' and do not expect
you to add anything. I do this be
I cause It Is unbecoming to brandish
one's self titles that others properly
give one, Thus I tnlk of the lord chan
cellor, but that dignitary signs hlm
self merely 'Ilnlsbury,' C.' A liarrls
tcr Is by convention always 'learned'
as an officer is 'gallant but neither
would so describe himself on Ills cards.
I once tried to persuade lord mayor
of London that ho should not himself
use the word 'Lord,' though others
should so style him, nnd I quoted thu
example of the lord chancellor. I was
unsuccessful, but he wns little shak
en when I pointed out that Ills official
decrees were headed simply 'Jones,
mayor.' I have always doubted the
propriety of a clergyman styling him
self 'reverend and have been sure of
its Impropriety ever slnco the court's
(decided (In1-flic case of the" noncoii
formist minister's tombstone) that
'reverend' wns not a title of honor, hut
merely a laudatory cpltliet."
The Medicinal
Value of Water.
The human body Is constantly un
dergoing tissue change. Worn out
particles are east aside and eliminated
from the system, while the new are
ever being formed, from the inception
of life to its close.
Water lias the power of Increasing
these tissue changes, which multiplies
the waste products, but at the same
time they are renewed by Its agency,
giving rise to increased appetite, which
in turn provides fresh nutriment. Per
sons but little accustomed to drinking
water are liable to have wasted prod
ucts formed faster than they arc re
moved. Any obstruction to the free
working of natural laws at once pro
duces disease, which, if once firmly
seated, requires botli time nnd money
to cure.
People accustomed to rise In the
morning weak nml languid will find
the cause In imperfect secretion of
wastes, which many times may be
remedied by drinking a tumbler of wa
ter before retiring. Tills very material
ly assists In the process during the
night, nnd leaves the tissue fresh and
strong ready for the active work of
the day.
•Hot water is one of our best reme
dial agents.
A hot bath
011
going to bed, even In
the hot nights of summer, Is a better
reliever of insomnia than many drugs.
Inflamed parts will subside under
the continual poulticing of real hot
water.
Very hot water, as we all know, Is
a prompt checker of bleeding, nnd be
side, If It Is clean, ns It should be, It
aids 111 sterilizing wounds.
British Trailo I ti'turns.
British trade returns for 1902 show
an Increase In exports of £3,517,004, and
111 Imports of fG,870,080.
MAP OF SCANDINAVIA AND FINLAND.
A I 9 E
8HAPEP PORTION BHQWS XIJE ARfiA AFFECTED pv- PAMT|Mt,
J.
THE STATE OF
^v-Pi\
Celebrated Land Cn« Is Ktitlcd—Ex
cursion to Sliiloh for Dedication of
Monuments—Doctor Deserts Young
Wife-Co-operative Store for Lehigh,
The celebrated Trainer & Eggart vs.
Pratt land case was tried in this term
of court at Clarion. The court grants
Trainer & Kggnrt one-third interest in
the 800 acres of land located near Big
Wall Lake. It seems that about two
years ago Messrs. Trainer and Evgart
of Acklev contracted with the attorneys
of Mrs. Pratt of Ronton, Mas?., for the
800 aer^s of land, hut on account of
there being a minor heir the court held
that they had no right to transfer the
interest of this heir. They asked for
$10,000 damages for the forfeiting of the
contract, but Judge Kvans held that they
were not entitled to damages inasmuch
as the attorneys had no authority to
make such coutract. The care included
about $40,000.
Vctcran^lMnn an Excursion.
The committee on transportation for
the dedication of the Iowa monuments
at Shiloh has been at work recently pre
paring for one of the most interesting
excursion parties that has ever gone
out of Iowa. It is estimated that there
are several thousand old soldiers in Iowa
who went through the campaigns in and
about Pittsburg handing and Shiloh and
on down Into Mississippi. The Iowa
monuments are to be dedicated on Me
morial day next. A large party of
Iowans will go to the event and Gov.
Cummins is to deliver the principal ad
dress.
Divorce for Desertion.
Minnie Smith was granted a divorce
from her husband, II. Ed. Smith, of
Dows, by tlie court at (.Marion. Mr.
Smith has beon neglecting his family for
some time. He was formerly postmas
ter of Dows, but was addicted to gam
bling and drink and he recently left his
family and went to Idaho and since that
time they have heard nothing from him.
Doctor Dcs?rt* His Wife.
I.isconib is in the midst cf another sen
ration, and this time it is due to a case
of* wife desertion. J)r. John F. Cook,
who has been practicing at Liscomh since
Jan. 30, left his wife and 2-year-old babe
a few days ngo and a letter received
later by the young wife announces the
fact that he does not intcud to return.
Mrs. Cook is penniless.
A Co-opcrntive Store.
The labor unions of Lehigh, a town
made up chiefly of miners, brickmakers
and other laborers, are about to open a
co-operative store with the object of put
ting out of business the other enterprises
In tlie town and to put the finishing
touches to the deadlock which now ex
ists between the merchants and the la
borers of the town.
Ficklc Chicncoan to Pay.
On instructions of Judge Kothrock in
the Superior Court at Cedar Kapids the
jury returned a verdict for $5,000 in
favor of Mis Jennie Dunn of that city
against Dr. Warren Itced of Chicago in
a suit for breach of promise. The de
fendant failed to appear. Miss Dunn
rued for $20,000.
ftatc News in Brlel«
Otiumwa women have formed an im
provement association.
A. P. Nash has been appointed post
master at Otranto Station, vice J. D.
Kelly, resigned.
The Cllntou County, jail Is crowded—
sixteen prisoners now being confined on
various charges.
Dr. Alvin Cole, for thirty years a prac
ticing physician of Fort Madison, is dead
at the age of 05.
An effort will be made to form an autl
clgaretto association among the school
boys of Burlington.
The question of incorporating the town
of Lost Nation is to be submitted to a
vote of tlie residents of that village.
The name of the postofQce at Com
potine has been changed to Larson, with
David H. Thompson as postmaster.
State Dairy Commissioner Wright is
seudiug out circulars to farmers and
dairymen advising the growing of alfalfa.
The Iowa miners, in session at Des
Moines, voted down the proposition to
raise the membership fee irom $10 to
$25.
Officials of the Great Western road
predict that passenger trains will be In
operation over that road into Council
Bluffs by the first of July.
A statement issued by the State fed
eration of labor shows that there are
at present 720 local unions in the State
with a membership of 45,000,000.
After hearing a fortnon at Corydon
by Miss (jlcesou, an evangelist, on the
text, "Be not deceived God Is not mock
ed, for whatsoever a man soweth that
shall he also reap," Elijah .Thomas, ag«»d.
18 years, went to the county attorney's
ofllce and confessed to the 'setting on
fire of the Uea barn Feb. 10, by which
fire nine head of horses were cremated
and which caused a loss of $30,000. The
only reason he gives is that he wanted
to see a bonfire.
In Fort Madison, as Joseph Moffet,
the foreman in the Iowa Button works
Inside the Iown State peuitentiary, was
passing behind a convict, the follow
struck him .In the face with a button
saw, fastened In a largo chuck, cutting
two very large and deep gashes on his
face just below thp eye. Immediately
after the blow which felled Mr. Ifoffet
to the floor ami left him lying uncon
scious, half a dozen convicts came to the
foreman's rescue, caught the enraged
man, choked him into submission, and
carried him to the guard before the offi
cial had fully realized the trouble.
The Great Western road has perfected
an arrangement by which its rolling stock
can be repaired in the shops of the Rapid
Transit Company at Waterloo.
The authorities of Webster City have
ordered that the law regulating fire es
capes be complied with in that city. All
buildings over two stories in height will
be compelled to put on the fire escapes.
Because the girl he loved rejected his
suit, Peter Schaeffer, a Dubuque youug
man, procured a revolver nnd was threat
ening to exterminate two rivals, the girl
and himself, when he was taken in cus
tody by the police.
At the beginning of the year there
were IKX) case* on file in the equity divis
ion of the Polk County District Court.
In the past two months 220 of these
cases have been disposed of.
Dr. Lewis Schooler, who has been
denn of the medical college of Drako
University for nineteen years, has re
signed from that position, his resignation
to take effect at the close of the present
term.
Mrs. Kaiser, whose husband recently
committed suicide by cutting his throat
on their farm near Baxter, has gone
violently insane from brooding over her
troubles. After the father's death a son
attempted to kill himself.
Because of alleged dissatisfaction
among some of the members of his flock,
Rev. J. R. McKaig has rerigned the pas
torate of the Methodist Protestaut
Church at Newton.
After fifteen years of service for the
Burlington road as superintendent of
bridges, "Jack" Taylor of Creeton has
announced that he will resign from the
company's service Aprl) 1.
In United States Court at Dubuque,
suit for $25,000 damages has been
brought against the Illinois Central Rail
road by the widow of Frederick Acker
man, an express driver of that city, who
was killed it) ft ^osBjng accident last
September, rc
4
riW^s"
itittf
IOWA.1church
OCCURRENCES DURING THE
PAST WEEK.
•W" V. ..."V." V-:R.:.WA'R'VR-
Tne Methodists will build a new
at Massena.
A husincrs men's association has been
organized at Yarmouth.
A Chautauqua association has been
organized at Indianola.
Luke & Farrell, Waterloo plumbers,
have made an assignment.
A combined Masons* and Odd Fellows'
temple will le built at Lucas.
Otto Weiss, a prominent business man
of Fort Dodge, is dead, aged 30.
An opera house is among the improve
ments contemplated at Kellerton.
Des Moines hackmen have formed a
union and will demand shorter hours.
The Jewitt Typewriter Company will
erect a $30.IXK) factory In Des Moines.
By a majority of 100 Davenport vot
ers defeated the free text book proposi
tion.
It is estimated that there are 2.000
people in Des Moines hy the name of
Smith.
The Elks' Improvement Company at
Des Moines has incorporated capital
$00,000.
The union labor organizations of Ma
son City have united In a central fed
eration.
Des Moines wants the 1003 tourna
ment of the Transmisslsslppi Golf As
sociation.
An armory is to be built at Fairfield
for the accommodation of the local mi
litia company.
Municipal ownership of the electric
light plant is being seriously considered
at Shenandoah.
The report of Anamosa prison for Feb
ruary shows 432 prisoners Feb. 28,
against 420 Feb. 1.
An elevator costing $20,000 will be
built at Ames to take the place of the
one recently destroyed by fire.
M. G. Allen, a Des Moines undertak
er, is seriously ill of blood poisoning as
the result of handling a corpse.
After a warm fight, the proposition
to incorporate the town of Geneva car
ried by a majority of sixteen votes.
Timothy Ryan, a son of William Ryan,
a prominent citizen of Creston, was in
stantly killed by a fall from a horse.
The Rev. I. O. Stuart of Shenandoah
is 80 years of age and has spent fifty
five years in active work as a minister.
Thirty-two families will leave the
einity of Tcrril and seek homes at vari
ous points in Dakota, Minnesota and Can
ada.
Fire at Moore Station destroyed the
store and dwelling of Martin Stewart.
The loss is total, as there was no insur
ance.
A new greenhouse, to coRt $2,200, will
be one of the most notable of the im
provements made on the State fair
grounds this year.
Tests made at the State college dem
onstrate that the Iowa brick equalled
products of other States, and excel in
crushing strength.
The shoe store of E. C. Arney at Fer
gusou was entered by burglars and goods
to the value of $50 stolen. There is uo
clue to the robbers.
Fire In the Capitol City Woolen Mills
at Des Moines caused damage aggregat
ing $60,000. One hundred men are
thrown out of work.
Oliver Conger of Iowa has been ap
pointed clerk in the office of the supervis
ing architect of the Treasury Depart
ment at $1,000 salary.
The Clinton school board has promul
gated a decree that uo more married
women will be employed as teachers in
the schools of that city.
Prof. Ilolden of the Iowa State Col
lege. at Ames Is endeavoring to arrange
for an international corn-judging contest
at the St. Louis exposition.
Rev. John Wagner, pastor of the Con
gregational Church at Popejoy, has re
signed. He will remove to Chicago and
engage in evangelistic work.
Myrtle Gullck was Injured, her homo
wrecked and the blacksmith shop of a
grading gang demolished by an explo
sion of dynamite in West Des Moines.
Dr. William C. Roskoy of Davenport
died suddenly at Kewanee, 111., and it is
believed he committed 'suicide, lie was
05 years old and of a prominent family.
Davenport Christian Scientists will
henceforth have a church building of
their own, having recently purchased a
structure which will IK? suitably remod
eled.
Owing to the world's fair at St. Louis
In 1004, there will probably be no exhi
bition given under the auspices of the
Iowa State Agricultural Society that
year.
The report that the pearl-bearing
clams are becoming scarce in the Mis
sissippi river is denied by an authority
on the subject who has recently investi
gated the matter.
The Dubuque Malting Company has
signed a contract to employ uone but
union men, and the employes in all de
partments have been given a large in
crease in wages.
Over 200 people assisted in the proper
celebration of the golden weddiug anni
versary of Mr. and Mr*. Isaac Stonerd of
Toledo. The couple were each presented
with a gold watch.
El Murphy, an employe at Mercy hos
pital at Webster City, crawled into the
hospital furnace while intoxicated and
when dragged forth five minutes later
was found to be fatally burned.
Three young boys ran away from their
homes in Pella In a determination to Fee
the world. About the fir.*t thing they
saw was the Inside of the Des Moines
city jail, where they were detained pend
ing the arrival of relatives to accom
pany them home.
The Woman's Christian Associatim of
Council Bluffs will begin the erection of
a four-story hospital building, to cost in
the neighborhood of $00,000 as soon as
the weather will permit. The present
hospital of the association is small. Incon
venient and badly crowded.
Mayor Brenton of Des Moines will at
once take up the work of securing the
money necessary to buy a silver service
for the cruiser Des Moines. The City
Council will be asked to donate $1,000,
and the effort will be made to raise an
other thousand among the citizens.
Masked burglars entered the home of
Mrs. Lawrence in Burlington and bound
and gagged her son Edward. He was
found lying on the floor gagged and un
conscious. The two trunks in the room
had been rifled, and the contents were
scattered over the floor. The boy was
almost dead.
Jonathan James, an inmate of the
Boone County poor farm, threatened to
kill his wife and then himself. He has
been adjudged insane and taken to a
hospital for treatment.
The population of the State institu
tions, exclusive of inebriates, is as fol
lows: At Independence, 900 children
at Gleuwond, 078 insane at Clarinda,
013 at Mt. Pleasant, 880 boys at El
dora. 512 girls at Mltchellville, 210.
Frank Landers of Ottnmwa is under
arrest ou a serious charge. Laudcrs, an
gered by the trespassing of school boys
ou his property, loaded a gun with shot
and salt and emptied the contents into
the legs of a boy named Burton.
Seven stockholders of the Union Oil,
Gas and Refining Company of Ohio, rcsi
dents of Dubuque, Hampton and Prim
ghar, have brought action asking an ac
counting, an injunction and appointment
of a receiver. The Union Company has
floated $3,500,000 of stock.
It was reported to the federal author
ities that the Continental Bank of Chi
cago had cashed on a forged signature
a draft for $3,200 that was in a tack
of through mail stolen from the Uniou
station transfer office in Cedar Rapids.
The draft wae issued by a Waterloo
bank aud payable to the bank at Gold*
field, Iowa. Several other large draft*
are missing,
FoUUnc Skeleton Stairs.
It Is often desirable to have tlie stairs
In the wngon house or barn so arranged
that they may bo removed quickly. As
this is not often practicable, the next
best plan Is to have them so constructed
as to fold up out of the way. A good
method of doing It is shown by the
sketch, In which shows one side of
the stairs, the dotted lines representing
the various steps. The steps should not
be less than three feet in length nnd
eight inches wide. The upper end of
the lower portion of each side Is hinged
to the side of the btllldlng at f, while
the lower end is hooked to the floor at
g. A rope,.b, Is attached to the stairs,
PLAN OP FOI.UINO STAIRCASE.
passes over two pulleys, and Is there
fastened to a weight, c, which is just
heavy enough to raise the free end of
the stairs up to the ceiling. When the
lower end of the steps Is released the
whole folds up closely against its up
per floor and Is entirely out of the
way. Two or three feet of the rope are
allowed to dangle ns seen at d, by
which the whole nppartus Is again
pulled down into position. The weight,
c, should slide up nnd down close to
the side of the building, so ns to be en
tirely out of the way.—D. E. Smith, In
Farm and Home.
For the Former.
Six million two hundred thousand
farmers' bulletins ou 140 different sub
jects were printed for the Department
of Agriculture during the past fiscal
year. As there are about six million
farmers, exclusive of agricultural la
borers, In the United States, this Is
one pamphlet for each oue. If any
farmer did not get his copy, it was be
cause he did not apply for it, for they
are nearly nil turned over to the mem
bers of Congress for free distribution.
There is hardly ft subject In which
farmers are Interested that Is not dis
cussed In some one of the various bul
letins. Information Is contained In
them about the feeding of farm ani
mals, hog cholera, how to kill weeds,
the care and feeding of chickens, but
ter-innking and the care of milk, the
vegetable garden, good roads, breeds
of dairy cattle, bread-making, how to
raise apples, rice culture, tomato grow
ing, sugar as food. Insects affecting
tobacco, cotton and grapes diseases of
potatoes nnd apples, how to detect
oleomargarine and renovated butter,
tree-plantiug on rural school grounds,
tlio Angora goat, nnd scores of other
things.
It would be diflicult to estimate with
any degree of accuracy the financial
benefit which has accrued to the farm
ers from the perusal of these bulletins.
Such men as believe they must be con
tinually studying to keep abreast of
the times aud to understand the possi
bilities of their business have been the
most diligent readers of the publica
tions of the Department of Agricul
ture. It Is the benefit which these men
have derived that Justifies the contin
ued expenditure of money by the gov
ernment for free education of this
kind, an education almost as necessary
to national prosperity as that provided
for the children In the public schools.
The Forcitic of Pole Iicnns.
The forcing of dwarf or bush beans
under glass has been a favorite practice
at certain seasons of the year with most
gardeners, but the use of the pole or
running varieties is just beginning to
receive attention. The pole bean, like
cucumbers, tomatoes trained to one
stein, sweet com, etc., must have plen
ty of head room or space above the
bench or bed In which to develop, and
doubtless this accounts for its not hav
ing been considered heretofore. The
modem lettuce and cucumber houses
with the beds directly on the ground
are well adapted for tills crop. The
soil should be well enriched, containing
an abundance of available plant food,
preferably a sandy loam composted by
mixing equal parts of rich dark loam,
sand and manure. The beds may be
made directly upon the ground, with
the prepared soil avcraglug about seven
Inches In depth.—Denver Field and
Farm.
Movable Fences for Phcep.
It would pay grain farmers to have
a movable fence, or, as they are called
In England, hurdles, to inclose a flock
of sheep where they have taken oft*
oats, rye or wheat and do not want to
put in another crop at once to keep up
the fertility of the soil, says American
Cultivator. In England they are used
not only for tills, but they often break
such fields and sow them to the Eng
lish or flat turnip nnd then hurdle the
sheep on them to eat the turnips after
they are fairly well grown. This doubly
enriches the field, which Is one reason
why the fields In England have a heav
ier turf than we often produce here,
and why they carry more cattle and
sheep to the acre than we average.
Weigh the Hny.
But few farmers weigh the hay given
stock. It Is true that to weigh hay for
each cow every time a herd la fed Is
tedious, but by weighing a quantity a
few times one will be able to come
close enough to estimate the quantity
In feeding. The object should be mt to
overfeed. A great many non-producing
animals receive more than tl.ey require,
although they may consume It. Ten
pounds of hay a day should br? sufficient
for an ordinary horse that Is well sup
piled with grain. The amoujit allowed
cattle should depend upon circum
stances. Cows giving milk will consume
nnd utilize more than steers.
Manaecmcnt of Stce*) Slopes.
Some very good land is located on
rather steep slopes, but goeji as pasture
because the owner fears to break it up
and run the chance of serious injury
by washing. Such fields, when culti
vated, should be covered with some
thing all the time. Rye sown early in
fall will do much to hold the soil dur
ing the season of heavy ralu. The
land should be kept In sod much of the
time to supply vegetable {natter, which
*'^Biaapiii|ppw^w^
,» \jr ^tfm f*-
R1''
-R"^
•«*•*,„
makes the soil like a sponge to take up
and hold the water. Clover Is a grand
crop to follow a hoed crop and rye on
these steep fields.
Grain Foods, Good nnd Rad.
Among the hundreds of feeds Inge
niously combined from the grouud
grains, or containing portions of these
grains left as byproducts in the man
ufacture of malt nnd spirituous liq
uors, of starch, sugar and glucose, of
breakfast foods or of vegetable oils,
the feeder finds a wide range of puz
zling compounds. Led only by his
eye, touch or taste (helpful ns these
nre to the purchaser who Is guided by
good understanding of principles) he
would find It exceedingly difficult to
make a sure selection of the feeds best
suited to his needs. Oat hulls, corn
cobs, coffee hulls, cottonseed hulls and
other materials are very skillfully used
as ndulterants, so that In some feeds
now for sale the percentage of fiber Is
so great that nearly all the energy rep
resented lu the food must be used to
masticate the material and pass It
through the animal's body. Of corn
nnd ont feeds on the market at least
ten brands examined by the New York
station contained from ten to nearly
sixteen per cent of fiber while a mix
ture of equal parts of corn nnd oats
should contain less than six per cent.
Good oats normally contain less than
ten per cent of fiber, while several oat
feeds examined contained from twen
ty-two to twenty-nine per cent nnd
sold for from $20 to $30 or more a ton.
Prices of feeds of equal value also
vary remarkably In markets lying side
by side. One denier in New York sells
a certain brand for $30 a ton, another
dealer In the same city asks $40. Good
bulletins for those who feel the need
of studying the subject nre Nos. 217
of the station at Geneva, N. Y., nnd 85
of the station at Amherst, Mnss. Some
of the new feeds nre desirable, and
some nre decided frauds. Fortunately
the Stntes are Investigating so closely
nnd testing so many samples that It Is
possible to size up the various products
at pretty nearly their true feeding vnl
ue.—American Cultivator.
Homc'Mndc Carriage Jack.
While the heavy jacks used on wag
ons answer very well for the carriage
as well, a lighter jack, such as Is shown
in the illustration, is easier to handle.
It will take but a little time to make a
jack of this kind by any one who Is at
all handy with tools. The standard Is
made of lnch-and-a-quarter stuff, three
Inches wide and tapered to two Inches
GOOD CARRIAGE JACK.
It is thirty Inches long. The I' /per
also one nnd a quarter Inches thick,
five feet and six inches long e^.d four
Inches wide. Twenty Inches from the
bottom cut a notch and seven Inches
n&o?e another notch six inches farther
up bbfp a hole for a three-eighths-inch
bolt amTbolt the piece on to tbo stand
ard, so It will swing freely. To use the
appliance, place the notched bar under
the axle of the carriage, lifting the
wheel clear from the ground, nnd the
standard will swing Into place and hold
securely. Easily made nnd light, such
a jack should be owned by every man
who has a carriage to oil.
Stay on the Farm.
The'country boy sighs for city life,
and when he finally reaches the goal
he begins to wisli himself again among
tho birds and Jlowers, says Country
Life. With the coming of old age he
regards himself lucky If he can get
his feet back on mother earth. The
strife is ns great to acquire sufficient
wealth to purchase land on which to
spend the declining years as was the
youthful struggle to get a foothold iu
the city. The smiling sky and the
green earth seem to be the natural
heritage of man, and no one feels this
quite so keenly as the one who has
had a taste in youth of the sweets of
rural life.
Demand for Horses,
Express horses continue in the most
active request in the Chicago and oth
er wholesale horse markets. One reason
for this is that the forwarding corpora
tions arc doing an immense business.
In the United Kingdom there Is a short
age of desirable horses of this type.
lon*t Mix Your lCggs,
Pon't set Brahma. Wyandotte and
Leghorn eggs In the same incubator .it
the same time. The amount of mois
ture or ventilation required to hatch
one will be too much or Insufficient to
hatch the other variety.
Farm Notes.
Sow part of the clover ciu-ly unci part
luti'. Tlint is. sow tlio same prouml
twiio. This makes double work, but
also oftentimes insures a double crop,
and sometimes a crop against uo erop.
Cold water will absorb about 30 per
cent of its own weight of salt, aud boll
lug about 40 per cent. This makes what
is known as a saturated brine, which
always means all the suit that the wa
ter will absorb. Iu saltlug butter the
brine Is seldom made strorger than 30
or 34 per cent of salt.
The man who attempts to produce
several pure-bred varieties of corn on
a small farm will soon find all of his
varieties mixed. Ordinarily It Is very
difficult to keep a slnglc. variety on the
quarter section farm, for the reason
that the breezes will waft pollen across
the road from the neighbor's Held.
The cost of weeds to the farmers In a
community Is enormous compared with
certain other expenses. Weeds rob the
soil and entail labor from spring until
fall. If the farmers in each community
would unite nnd determinedly light
weeds for three years, not allowing a
single one to grow if possible, they
would tlnd their expenses greatly re
duced, owing to the cost of production
of weeds and thelc destruction being re
moved.
Subsoiling is matter which has its
advocates, but many scientific agricul
turists oppose It. It ls( claimed that,
although the subsoil plows break the
soil to a low depth, yet It destroys the
channels which admit the flow of air
tiud water below the surface. That
as plaut roots penetrate deeply and die
they leave chanuols, which are numer
ous and which arc Increased every year.
Breaklug the soil, it Is claimed, de
stroys them nnd lessens the supply ot
mpl«ture.
ISskB
&
•'ILLWRJI...
8*
Most of the men who own flying
machines are holding them for a rise.
—Baltimore American.
Mrs. Henpecque—Married men lire
longer than single men. Henpecque—
Yes and it serves them right.—Detroit
Free Press.
"Mary," said the mother, sharply,
"you musn't say 'Well I never/ That
Is slang." "Well I never Blang mother
If I know it."
"I used to consider him one of the
most Interesting talkers I ever heard."
"Yes but that was before he began
telling the cute things his baby says."
Not one, but many: Mrs. Stubbs—
They have captured the cleverest hotel
robber In the country, dear. Mr. Stubbs
Indeed! Which hotel did he keep?—
Tft-Blts.
Literal: Mistress—What in the world
are you puttiug ashes on the floor for,
Bridget? Bridget—Shure, mn'am, an*
didn't yez say to doost the parlor?—
Town and Couutry.
The modern novel is bounded on the
east by blood, on the west by thunder,
on the north by gossip, on the south
by inanities, and is surrounded by ad
vertisements.—Baltimore News.
"Doctor," said the wife, "do you
think dyspepsia makes my husband Ir*
rltableV" "X know it," replied the man
of medicine. "I'll try to get him well
so 1 can get my bill without a kick."
"Little Boy," remoustrated the Kind
Old Lady, "don't you know 't is very
wrong for children like you to
Personal: Mrs. Clifton—Yes, she
was furious about the way In which
that paper reported her marriage. Miss
Avoudnle—Did it allude to her age?
Miss Clifton—Indirectly. It stated that
"Miss Olde and Mr. Yale were married,
the latter being a well-known collector
of antiques."—Saxby's Magazine.
"Why don't you try *to Jive down
your past?" asked the visitor
jail. "It's no use," answered the pris
oner. "Not if you're sincerely sorry."
"Beln' sorry don't do no good. When
dey've got your picture in de rogues'
gallery you've got to git out o* de busi
ness. It's worse dan beiu' up aglu a
trust."—Puck.
Washington officials say youug wom
en haudle money more rapidly than
older ones, and there can be no doubt
about It. The nmouut of money that
can pass through the hands of a young
woman has frequently paralyzed a
young husband who thought he was
something of a spendthrift himself.—
St. Louis Post-Dispatch.
Fiendish revenge: The burglar soft
ly opened the door of the suburbanite's
sleeping apartment, slipped inside, but
found nothing worth stcaliug. "Darn
him!" he soliloquized: "I'll get some
pntisfaetlon out of him, anyway!"
Thereupon he set the alarm clock on
the bureau for the hour of three, and
softly departed.—Chicago Tribune.
Could recommend them: "1 would ad
vise you," he said to the friend he was
taking home to dinner, "to try some ot
niy wife's brandled peaches. Of course
1 know you don't care for them ordin
arily, but these are worth trying." "Ex
tra good, are they?" "Well, I bought
the brandy myself and dumped an ex
tra bottle of It lu when she wasn't
looking."—Chicago Post.
The baby's cries outclassed: Mrs.
Fiunegan—Shure. Mrs. Murphy, does
yez baby croy much wld cuttin' his
tathe? Mrs. Murphy—Indnde, Mrs.
l'Mmiegan, lie twists up his mouth a
bit, but whether Its croyln' or laughln'
It's meself that don't know. Mrs. Pin
negmi—It's kiddln* me, yez are, Mrs.
Murphy. Mrs. Murphy—Indnde OPm
not, Mrs. Fiunegan It's a boiler foun
dry that we live next dure to.—Phila
delphia Telegraph.
Things that Make England.
The recent elevation of a certain En
glish nobleman to the peernge was
made the occasion of a presentation of
silver plate from his teuantry, with an
address of congratulation. The oldest
tenant on the estates got up and said
that he had himself attended seventy
rent audits, and that his house had been
lived In by people bearing his name for
260 years. It Is little things like this
that make England so sturdy, substan
tial and permanent, In comparison "with
the nervous, volatile, unstable life of
this country.
Same Proscription.
"These shoes, doctor," said the cob
bler, after a brief examination, "ain't
worth iueudlng."
"Then, of course," said the doctor,
turning away, "I don't want anything
done to them."
"But I charge you two shillings Just
the same."
"What for?"
"Well, sir, you charged ino Ave shil
lings the other day for telling me tlior.
wasn't anything the matter with me."
—Tit-IHts.
The less faith a man lias 111 himself
tlje move explaining ho has to do,
-?s^aWB
v.''- -. :U
4
Bmoke
cigarettes?" "Aw, gwan," replied the
Incorrigible, "do youse expect me t' eat
'em?"—Cincinnati Commercial Trib
une.
"I understand," said the German
town girl, "that you and Charlie ar«
engaged." "Not j*et," replied the truth
ful maid. "Although he held my hand
for over an hour the other evening, and
that's a good ways toward being en
gaged."
"John, dear," said the poet's "wife, "I
wish you'd write a poem that'll buy
three pounds of beef nnd we'll need a
sonnet for ham, an ode for a sack of
flour, a lyric for lard, and a quatrain
for a box of matches. There! I believe
that's all this morning."—Atlanta Con
stitution.
"In your vermiform appendix," tl»
surgeou told him after the operation
was over, "we found, strange to say,
a small brass tack." "That proves I
was right," feebly answered the slclc
man, "when I said it was something I
had eaten In mince pie."—Chicago
Tribune.
"Yes," said the meek-looking woman,
"I'm glad Mr. Barker isn't on jury
duty auy more." "Did he flud it irk
some?" "Very. Mr. Barker couldn't
express nn opinion without appearing
to agree with some of the other men,
and It irritated him terribly."—Wash
ington Star.
Jeweler—Diamond shirt studs? Yes,
sir here's a set, neat little stones, for
$125. Customer—Iluh! Out home in
California 1 can get Jeweler—Ah*
yes, pardon me, here you nre. Just look
4tt4hese big flashes. Three ""mtfl fltfcl
Sell"yotKthat set fprJ3.D0 —Philadel
a
1V#
J'
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