-Detroit Free Press.
MADE HOME HAPPY.
"8he made home happy:" These few
words I read
Within a churchyard written on a
^No name, no date, the simple word
JPold me the story of the unknown dead
A marble column lifted high its head
Close by, inscribed to ono the world
But ah! that homely grave, with more
thrilled me fnr more than his, who
•i- armies led.
-f'She made home happy!" Through the
long, sad years
The mother toiled, and never stopped
Until they crossed her hands upon her
l&nd closed her eyes, no longer dim with
The simple record that she left: behind
Was grander tbau the soldier s, to my
A mind. +^y sfe
•f" New York News A?
The Kid's Chance
HERE was a kid for you—a typl
who hud Brown
to the age of IS In the tough
towns without being 'entirely spoiled.
The quartermaster at the fort tOJk him
on to help around because the boy was
~*fiot old enough to enlist, and yet want
ed to get away from the vicious life lie
bnd been leading. He wns fresh and
slangy and up to a thing or two, but
we found him to be right at heart. He
couldn't read or write, and he couldn't
•id four and four together, aud furth
ermore, be didn't want to learn. He
had a muslc.il ear, however, and with
in a month after a battered old bugle
hnd-beon given falui he was doing fairly
well at the plaluer calls. He had set
^Isisartoiv Becoming a bugler, aid
'.'.When this became known there were
t'those who offered their'help. In si*
months without being able to read a
note, that kid could blow any call In
the books. It was proud day for hint
when he wiis allowed to blow his flrst
official calls, but there was no t-'h
-for him. There were buglers enough
and .one or two to spare, and the kid
was an outsldcT.
The Seventh had seen two or three
Ir.dlau campaigns, and of course there
was mure or less story telling hv»bnr
f. rai ks. The kid was an Interested
-listener to coch and every one, and
next day lie would go out and practice
til? longer with bugle and revolver. It
gradually dawned upon us that the boy
was waiting for his chauce, and some'
of us determined to help lilm""get It.
There was no question about Ills cour
nge, but It wns one of years. He'd no
father, mother or gunrdliin, but there
was no show for him to pass the re
•*_ crultlng officer. He had been with us
•./ a year innt a half and most of Ills
toughness had disappeared when Ucd
Cloud'broke loose again and led 300 of
his warriors Into the valley of the Ite
As a flrst move on our part, thirty
of our troopers were ordered to
make a night ride and get ahead
of the Iudlans and give warning to the
settlers. While the best mounts were
being selected and saddled the Kid ap
peared among us and whispered to
Bergt. Bliss, who wns to have charge
of us under a Iieutennnt.
"Sarge, It's my chance. I've been
waiting for It these two yenrs. Don't
turn me down and say I can't go or
you'll break my heart."-
The sergeant looked at him for a
minute without replying and then
turned away. He neither consented nor
..opposed. That was enough for the Kid.
He disappeared like a flash and when
j. we rode through the gates he was at
the rear, mounted on a barebacked
liorse he had gobbled from the corral.
.Over his shoulder wns slung his o'.d
bugle and In his belt a revolver, and
he meant to follow wherever we led.
He'd have been ordered back fast
enough bad the lieutenant known of
his presence, but no one gave lilm
away. We put our horses to the gal
lop at once and held them to It for
hours. At midnight there wns a wait
for twenty minutes, and then it was
on again. When daylight appeared
y(fxe had covered fifty miles and were
'entering the valley. The ICId had
stuck to us like a butr, but kept out of
jiight of the officer.
We were drawing long breath for
-the last gallop when a scattering rifle
lire was opened on our front and two
or three men toppled from their sad
dles. It was "left Into line" and a
rush for a ridge a hundred rods away
~and we reached It to flud ourselves
surrounded by Indians. We had head
ed Red Cloud off, but he had got us
'Into a box. There were enough loose
-boulders on the ridge to make a stout
breastwork, but every one of our
horses and two more men were down
before we bad completed-It and were
standing the redskhiB off. Red Cloud
didn't move on the valley with part of
bls force, as he might have done, but
held every one of his 800 bucks close
In band to accomplish our extermina
tion. He'd sooner raise the scalp of
rone soldier than slaughter half a dozen
"citizens, and he had old grudges to pay
off. The entire band circled us and
'opened a steady fire, and every man
realized from the start that our posi
tion was almost hopeless.
It was half an hour after we reach
td the hill before any one missed the
Kid. Then It was believed that he bad
OUT ON A SPREE.
fallen when wo flrst struck the Indi
ans, or being in the rear, had been cut
off. There were plenty of others to
mourn for. Lying as snugly as we
could behind the boulders, and firing
only when the redskins seemed In
clined to rush, twelvo of our thirty
•were killed between sun and sun.
There wasn't the slightest show of re
lief from the fort or from the valley,
and If Red Cloud rushed our breast
works after night had set lu the affair
would have been over In ten minutes.
At sundown the firing began to die
away, and hnlf an hour later there
was silence except for the songs of the
crickets and the yelp of the coyotes.
The Indians bad been called off to
cook, eat and rest, but there was no
way of escape open to us. At the flrst
move to leave the little fort the whole
pack would have been upon us. We
bad scant rations and less water, and
wfe were too worn out even to talk.
Some of the men even slept and mut
tered In their sleep us nlglit attack
was waited for. The hours went by
and none came. Red Cloud figured that
another day of long-range flre would
wipe us out, nnd why .Iflee a score
of bis warriors In a night rusb.
At 11 o'clock, with the silence of the
grave around us, there suddenly camo
to our ears the notes of a bugle. Tbey
were clear and bold and defiant, and
came from the direction of the fort.
In an instant every man of us was on
his feet and cheering. In an Instant
the 800 red devils around us were call
ing to each other lu alarm.
"Column close up!" came the bugle
call. "By fours, right wheel In line!
Take open order!"
We cheered nnd cheered again, aud
we flred by volley to let our friends
know that we still held out. Wilder
grew the alarm of the Indians, and we
heard the hoof-beats of their ponies
Now the bugle blew "officers' call,"
and we were bewildered, but the con
fusion among the Indians came when
the calls, to "Trot!" "Gallop!" and
"Charge!" filled the air, and away
went Red Cloud and his 800 bucks In a
wild flight, and over the rough ground
LAHr AID LUR
came chasing up to the very boulder»—
the Kid! As he sat on his horse and
peered over the boulders at us he
raised the bugle to bis lips and sound
ed the call of: "I can't get 'em up In
"God, boy, but what doea this
mean?" demanded the lieutenant in a
"It was my chance, sir," calmly re
plied the Kid.
"Oh, I was left behind when you bits
the reds nnd got boxed up, and I lay
around In the woods back there all day
and fixed up this scare for 'em."
"And there's no one with you—no
soldiers, no relief?"
"Naw. Me and my old bugle did the
whole business, and the reds won't
stop running for ten miles."—Detroit
An Englishman's Experience.
A prominent marine engineer from
London, who was recently sent to Bal
timore to Inspect a British steamer,
tells the following story:
"It was in the days of the 'shovel en
gineer,'as the men were called who had
reached the tlirottle through the stoke
hole, that British steamer was at
Huelva needing attention to machin
ery. A new and young superintending
engineer was sent from England to
look over the vessel. Being of the new
school of engineers aud with a Board
of Trade certificate, his questions wcro
very technical aud correspondingly be
fogging to the minds of tho two en
gineers who had reached their posi
tions by a long service In the fireroom.
In the course of his Inquiry of one of
them lie bad reverted to the pitch of
If you are unable to find an oppor
tunity go to work and make one.
FOUR WEEDS THAT MAKE GOOD EATING^
80UK SOCK UJTP.-VDMRMCC. SKFFLFLNI MOMML
Four plants, useful as pot herbs, or "greens," grow wild In most locali
ties throughout the Middle West nnd In great abundance. The most fa
miliar Is the dandelion, which Infests the lawns and Is mndo conspicuous by
Its yellow flowers. The dandelion belongs to the aster family and derives
Its name from the French "Dent-de-Liou"—tooth of lion—because the edges
of tile leaves are In some degree like the teeth of a lion's Jaw. Such bright
authorities as the Encyclopaedia Brlttanlca recognize the leaves of the dan
delion as a food.
As a rule the dandelion Is among the first plants to make Its appearance
In the spring, but when it has blossomed It Is not palatable as food. Mixed
and cooked with other pot herbs it adds to the acceptable flavor of the
whole, Its bitter taste being conspicuous.
Wild mustard, a small, low plant, with rough leaves, with clusters of
small, bright yellow flowers Is another food plant. Generally It appears In
May In places where the soil Is rich. The leaves, when raw, have the flavor
of mustard, and the plant Is really mustard. Generally the growth Is close
to the gronud, the leaveB spreading out somewhat like the dandelion. The
flowers are on a stem, perhaps as much as twelve Inches In height The
leaves are like radish leaves and having the same rough and hairy appear
Sour dock is another food plant. Its leaves vary from twelve Inches
long and three Inches wide to two or three Inches In length and half an inch
in width. Tliere nre several kinds of dock that which most resembles the
edible variety Is yellow and has a much smoother, thinner leaf. The veins
of the leaf are very distinctly marked And unlike most lcaves^the veins Inter
sect one another nil over the back of the leaf. The general appearance of
the leaf Is similar to horse radish.
Tlie most plentiful and probably the most acceptable of the wild greens
Is what Is known as "lambs' quarters" and sometimes as "lambs' lettuce."
The Encyclopaedia Brlttanlca, Standard Dictionary, and books on botany
recognize tills plant as a food plant. It belongs to the order valerlanaceae
of the botanists, and Is widely diffused throughout the Northwest. The leaf,
when full grown, is three or four Inches long, is thick and heavy, and has a
white, dusty appearance on the under side. In shape the leaves are what
the botnnlsts denominate oblong-lanceolate, sometimes with a toothed or in
cised base, which in common phrase would be rather long spearhead shape.
As the plant grows older the stem ncqulres ridges. The leaves aud
younger growth on the plant Is good to eat, at any time. Sometimes the
plant grows to be five feet in height and in formation is much the same as
that of a tree, having limbs and branches. The flowers are small in dense
clusters and almost Invisible. The plants described are good as long as tbey
are tender and should be cooked the same as spinach.
Dandelion farming Is carried ou extensively In Europe. In tills country
the only place where they raise dandelions for food Is In Rhode Island. As
to gardening, uot ranch skill Is required. The seed must be sown one spring
In order to have marketable plants for the next spring. Thus It taker a year
to get a crop. Iu addition to the foliage, the root used for medicinal pur
Finding his companion, he who had
been drinking in professional wisdom
from the new overlooker said:
'Sandy, mou, that new "super" Is
clever fellow. He even asked about
pitch for the propeller!'
'What? Pitch for the propeller!'
said the second. 'Why, Archie, he re
fused me paint for the.engine room!'
THE HAWKEYE STATE
NEWS OF THE WEEK CONOI8EUY
i® i' "CONDENSED.
Vaat Increase In Amount of Real Es
tate Assessments—Fire Store to Con
ceal Hobberjr—Korarer Caught—Farm*
er Found Dead—Preacher Vindicated,
An increase of from two to three hun
dred millions of dollars in the valuation
of real estate in lown will he realized
this year, ifvlhe abstracts of nxsesKment
from the counties that have thus far
come into the revenue department of the
office of Auditor of State Carroll in Des
Moines ave an indication. TUu» will mean
an increase of from fifty to fifty-five mill
ions in the tavnhle value of real prop
erty in the State. In addition, there will
be a great Increase in the valuation of
personal property. Ten countie?—Osce
ola, Boone, llenton, Cedar. Clay. How
ard, Palo Alto, Pnwerihiek and Itlnggold
—"have reported, and these show an av
erage Increase of $3,000,000 each in real
Store Robbed and Fired.
Thieves entered the store of Nason &
Whitehlll, at State Center, and after
helping themselves to goods, the value of
which cannot yet be given, set tire to the
building and made their escape. The
rtobery was- not discovered until the pro
prietors began cleaning up the store after
the fire. It appears the fire was start
ed in the basement of the building and
after making some headway was extin
guished by the fire department by the
nse of a chemical engine. It wns not
known at that time that any goods had
been stolen, but a later examination
showed that a lot of valuable goods had
been taken nnd the fire apparently been
started to cover up the crime.
Forger R. P. Paler Caught.
R. P. Daley, wanted in Cedar Rapids
on two charges of uttering forged checks
on the firm of 1*. Wallace & Son, nnd at
Burlington under another name, on the
charge of utteriug three forged cheeks,
and attempting to utter a fourth, has
been caught at ftloomington, II). Iiis i« a
strange case. Tire forged cheeks are
uniformly for $28. The victims have
been shoe dealers without exception. The
forgeries have all beeu on building con
Tho Prcacher Is Vindicated.
The church trial of Rev. Thompson of
Blberon, which was held at Tauin, by a
committee appointed according to the
rules of the M. K. Church, resulted in a
•erdict of complete vindication. The
charges were preferred by his divorced
wife, who got a decree at the last term
of the District Court without resistance
by the defendant. Her statements to
the court wcro entirely unfit for public
Olrl Poisoned by Nutmeg.
Miss Esther Snyder of Mount Ayr is
In an almost helpless condition, the re
sult of nutmeg poisoning. Misa Snyder
waB ill and her mother suggested that
the eat a riuall piece of nutmeg. The
girl ate a nut and a half, and went into
a semi-«tupor, her limbs became numb
and partially paralyzed, and her heart
action was so faint that it was only with
difficulty that the doctors were able to
keep her alive.
Prominent Farmer Found Dead.
A prominent Dane farmer, Xela Han
sen, living near Kimballton, was found
dead In the roud about a mile routh of
Kimballton. The physician said the
cause of his death was apoplexy. Mr.
Hensen had spent the evening before
at a neighbor's at Elkhorn, where there
Is now being held a conference of Danish
Lutheran divines, and it is supposed that
the excitement (he being a very aged
man) was too much for him.
Wltkla Oar Bordsraa
The Waukon Condensed Milk Co. has
Incorporated capital $60,000. -v.
The strike of the workers at the Dav
enport button factory promises to be a
Study of the Scandinavian language
will be added to the course at the State
Fireman lumper of Waterloo, an Illi
nois Ceotral employe, wns seriously scald
ed by a bursting steam pipe.
John George, a laborer, was killed by
the cars at LeMars. The coroner's Jury
returned a verdict of accidental death.
Three thousand pairs of rubber !oots
were sold by Des Moines shoe dealers
during the recent high water in that city.
The people of Sac County have the
Beaumont fever nnd are preparing to
punch the earth's crust up that way full
of oil holes.
Present MeLnne of the Idaho State
University is being considered in connec
tion with the presidency of the State
College at Ames.
Judge SMras of Dubuque is temporar
ily tnking the place of Judge Thayer in
the United States Circuit Court of Ap
peals at St. Paul.
Harrisou E. Spangler -of Adair has
been elected general manager of athletics
of the University of Iowa by the board
of athletic control.
John Crovisier of Woolstock was kill
ed at Cincinnati, Ohio, by coming in con
tact with a live wire. He was employed
there as a lineman.
Joseph Gafford of Burlington, president
of the Iowa Grain and Produce Com
pany, died suddenly of apoplexy, aged
70. lie was prominent in business af
fairs nnd an old resident.
The Rock Island Railroad has had
plans for a new girder bridge to cost
about $75,000 acrons the Des Moines
river in Des Moines. The recent flood
may cause a radical cbauge in the plans,
as the engineer failed to take Into con
sideration a stage of water such as was'
It is said over 300 head of cattle have
died of clover bloat In 8cott and adjoin
ing counties in the past month, iufiicting
a loss of $10,000 on farmers.
Henry" Barhope of Lowden was reri
ously injured while assisting in moving
a granary. He was under the structure,
when the supports gave way and he was
pinioned to the ground. He will recover.
Damages aggregating $402,000 nre
claimed by owuers of lands affected by
the proposed drainage ditches lu Wood
bury County. The cost of construction
ifr&oe would be $75,000. It is probable
the ditches will not be built.
George Simons, Jr., aged 30, of Batn
via, was drowned while fishing. He went
into the water to unfarten his hook,
which had become snagged, nnd was seiz
ed with cramps.
Ottumwa citizens at a largely attended
mass meeting urged improvements to pre
vent a repetition of the recent disastrous
flood. It is planned to straighten the
channel of the Des Moines river through
Mrs. Ed Kos of Riverside accidentally
shot herrelf. She was going up stairs
carrying a loaded revolver and fell on it,
causing its discharge. The bullet went
through her thigb, making an ugly
Secretary Wesley Greene of the State
Horticultural 8oclety is of the opinion
that the extreme wet weather in Iowa
has not done grent damage tc the fruit
crop. The plomt and cherries were near
ly all destroyed by the frost of May,
but the other fruits are coming along
The commencement exercises of the
Iowa State College were held in the col
Jege chapel. Degreea were conferred upon
seventy-tfaree graduates from the scien
tific, engineering and agricultural depart
ments of the Institution. The commence
ment address was delivered by E. Ben
jamin Andrews, president of Nebraska
1/oMars may get free postal delivery.
A gas lighting plant has just been in
stalled at LeMars.
An unknown man, a laflferer, was kill*
ed by the cars at LeMnr*.
The assessed valuation of the dty of
Burlington is $ir,000,000.
A combined armory and assembly hall
will be built at Fort Dodge.
The Waterloo Ministerial Union will
make a fight against all slot machine*.
The new Presbyterian hospital at
Waterloo will be located on the Weet
There has not been case of Infec
tious disense In Burlington for over a
An industrial parade will be the fea
ture of Fort Dodge's Fourth of July cel
The residence of P. Kelly, at Ryan,
was struck by lightning and burned to
Fully 85 per cent of the ice stored In
De.i Moines was swept nway by tho
At Mount Joy. Mrs. Mary Geitz, aged
01, while in a fit of melancholia, hung
herself to a hook.
The new electric light plant at Wash
ington is now in successful operation. It
is owned by the city.
Two children of Alex Snyder nre dead
ft Des Moines as a result of exposure
during the recent flood.
A rystem of drainage ditches, to cost
about $8,000, is planned for a portion of
the country near Nichols.
Otto Schmidt, aged 22, of Clinton
County, was drowned while attempting
to ford a swollen stream.
Rev. B. F. W. Cozier, formerly of Des
Moines, i* dead at Moscow, Idaho, where
he went in search of health.
The Iowa Masonic Library at Cedar
Rapids was robbed of coins, stamps and
other relics valued at $1,000.
The Dubuque street car strike is still
unsettled. The employes have rented
hacks and will run hack lines.
It is agaiu asserted that the Illinois
Central is backing the new Des Moines,
Iowa Falls and Northern Road.
Glenwood husband wants a divorce
from his wife because she plays tattoos
oil his head with a stove poker.
.Miss Sadie Miller of Waterloo will go
to India as a missionary under the aus
plceM of the DunKard denomination.
The Fort Dodge Military Band has
been made the official musical organiza
tion of the Fifty-sixth Iowa Regiment.
Sister Agnes of Dubuque has been
elected reverend mother superior of the
entire order of Sisters of Mercy in Iowa.
The Iowa Central State Medical So
ciety will hold its semi-annual conven
tion in Marshailtown on Tuesday, June
Louis Goochee, a Hamilton County
farmer, was seriously burned by the
breaking of a bottle containing carbolic
The Iowa Central has signed an agree
ment for one year with its engineers and
firemen, granting a slight increase in
Mort Rosshaul, a porter in a Dubuque
hotel, has Just received $22,000 as his
share of the estate of a relative who
died in New York.
At Des Moines Judge McPherson of
the federal court sentenced John Jones
to pay a fine of $500 and retirement in
State prison for fifteen months for boot
Ida Kodtman, an Iowa Falls domestic,
narrowly escaped death as a result of
taking internally a dose of liuiraent In
tended for external application for rheu
A Wright farmer who Is a firm believ
er in the theory of extensive drainage,
has eight men at work putting tile in his
farm and will have thirty miles of it be
fore he finishes.
Jim WjilHams, an Ottumwa colored
yoiutli, was shot by a circus hand at
Washington. The shooting followed a
quarrel. The boy will recover. No ar
rests were made.
The new well at the Washington water
plant was completed at about 238 feet
and is a complete success. It has been
tested and will furnish from 00,000 to
80,000 gallons daily of the purest water.
A committee of the employes of tho
Davenport pearl button workers, who
were locked out recently, waited on Su
perintendent Krause and were informed
that the directors had refused to euter
tain a proposition to take back the men
and girls without prejudice and reinstate
their former wage system.
Iowa will have no woman's department
and no board of lady managers at the St.
Louis exposition. This was settled on
at a meeting of the commissioners at
Des Moines after a discussion that last
ed nearly all day. It was decided, how
ever, as a compromise, to appoint a com
mittee of three women, whose function
will be to assist the different departments
in the exhibit of whatever pertains to
the woman's work.
Miss Frances Moore, who was drown
ed at Chicago the other day, was a
daughter of Rev. C. A. Moore, pastor of
the Edwards Congregational Church of
Davenport. The young woman, in com
pany with the young man named Miller,
who was also drowned, were on a pleas
ure trip to the Spanish caravels in Jack
son Park lagoon. It is presumed the
young woman fell into the water and that
Miller perished in trying to rescue her.
Dissatisfied with the mental attain
ments of many of the priests of the
archdiocese and wishing to impress upon
the minds of young Catholics that recti
tude should not be the only qualification
for admission into the priesthood, it was
decided at the recent synod held in Du
buque that hereafter the younger priests
of the archdiocese of Dubuque must un
dergo an qral and written examination
once a year In theology, church history,
canon law and other subjects in which
priest should be conversant. This ac
tion was taken on the advice of Arch
Rev. S. M. McConnell has resigned
the pastorate of the United Presbyteriau
Church at Wyoming, and will accept a
call to Stauwood.
The meeting of the Upper Mississippi
Turnbezirk, which was to have been held
In Des Moines June 15 to 18, has been
postponed until Aug. 9 to 12. The de
cision was made because of the floods.
Evn Shonk, aged 43, of Des Moines,
attempted suicide by drowning. She was
rescued. The woman's household goods
were lost in the flood, and she declared
that as she had lost her home on earth
she hoped to flud one in heaven.
Colonel Humphrey has announced the
appointment of A. IJ. Rule of Mason City
as quartermaster of the Fifty-sixth Reg
iment. and A. F. Peddle of Emmetsburg,
Rev. A. P. Church of the Presbyterian
Church at Wyoming, has resigned, after
a continuous pastorate for over ten years,
and will become the pastor of the First
Presbyterian Church at Lansing.
Mis* Margaret O'Laughlin, who claim
ed she was incarcerated in a Dubuque
hospital at the instance of jealous rela
tives and who had filed habeas corpus
proceedings^ to secure her release, has
been taken away from the asylum by a
The Milwaukee railroad has offered
the town of Lohrville fifty cars of gravel
for graveling the street leading from tho
depot to the town.
The town of Jeesup has recently com
pleted a system of water works and now
the City Council has chosen a fire chief
and a strong fire company has been or*
The business men of Dubuque are talk
ing seriously of combining and asking
that a writ of mandamus be issued In
the District Court compelling the com
pany to operate the street cars. The
general opinion is that nelthe? side is
making any especial effort torard a act*
of the trouble, i.
The Former's Garden.
The common expression that Ameri
ca Is a nation of dyspeptics is gener
ally understood to be true, and it is
also true that, In proportlou to tho
population, there nre more dyspeptics
among farmers nnd their families than
among tlie city population. It is absurd
.that such should be the case, for if
'any class of people has a chance to
'be healthy it is the farming communi
ty. The fact remains, however, that
the majority of farmers cling closely
to a diet In which there Is little varia
tion. Probably the lack of fresh frulta
and vegetables 1ms more to do with
their stomach troubles than anything
else. The writer remembers visiting
one of the wost exteuslve growers of
truck In the vicinity of Norfolk, Va.
More than 500 acres of this man's
farm was devoted exclusively to the
raising of vegetables for market, yet
during a stgy of three days tho only
vegetable placed on the table was a
!«cant supply of cabbage at one meal.
For some unaccountable reason farm
ers seem to think that a kitchen gar
den Is a waste of time and labor, nnd
they go through the summer wl»h
scarcely a fresh vegetable of auy kind.
This is a mistake, for the expense of
a garden sufficiently large to supply
an entire family with vegetables Is so
small that it ought Dot to be consid
ered. Make tho garden near the house
where an hour of spare time daily will
keop it in e*od condition and give that
variety in food which is necessary to
good health. Surely there ought to be
enough variety raised on the farm in
all lines to give the best of each to the
homo table, and with proper manage
ment it can be doue without cuttiug
off the Income materially.—St. Paul
Convenient Small Harrow. T-!
On every farm where small fruits
and vegetables are grown a oue-horse
borrow Js a grent convenience. By
Its use the lighter weeding Is done nnd
the surface of the soli kept loose at
euinll expense of labor. If one has a
lever harrow two of the beams may
be used for this one-horse harrow, or
the beams may be readily made with
lumber of proper length, using long
wlro nails for the teeth. The beams
are fastened together in a shape,
as shown In the cut and a wooden
A LLOMT MADE HARROW.
frame is constructed, as shown to sup
port the handle. If a blacksmith Is
conveniently near the support for the
handle may be two iron rods running
from tfie corners of the harrow to tho
handle. A board may be placed over
the frame and heavy stones set upon
It to weigh down the tool if it is found
too light for certain soils. This tool
will be found especially useful in corn
cultivation durlug tho early growth of
Summer Shade for Powltrj/
here fowls are kept partially con
fined there should be some arrange
ment for furnishing the proper amount
of shade. If the poultry yards can bo
built around a number of trees this
will be all sufficient, but If this cannot
bo done, then plant a row of corn
around the outside of the fence, on
the suimy side, just far enough from
the fence so that the fowls cannot
reach it. A row of sunflower plants
will answer the same purpose, or the
plants may be castor beans, which mil
provide shade aud ornamentation as
well. A neighbor of the writer rets a
double row of the tall growing cannns
around tVe sunny side of his poultry
yard, and thus obtains attractive
bloom nnd the desired shade at the
same time. Plant seeds of whatever
is to be used of the seed kind now or
set the plants of other sorts. Morn
ing glory vines may be used by sow
ing the seedB a foot frgui the poultry
yard fence and running strings to the
top of the fence. This plan gives one
shade quickly nnd at small expense.
lopth of Corn Cultivation.
Depth of cultivating corn varies
with circumstances, lu wet seasons
it is often absolutely necessary to stir
a soil deeply iu order to dry it out.
Deep stirring is also necessary in wet
seasons when weeds have once got the
start of tho cultivator. The practice
of cultivating a uniform depth of four
inches throughout the entire season is
quite common, 4t being claimed that
weeds are most effectively destroyed
at this depth, while the four-inch
mulch conserves the moisture as well
as a deeper one. There are those who
advocate plowing deeply at all times,
although, on the other hand, they nre
taken to task by others who claim
that it 1B just as prudent to remove
the leaves from the stalk with a knife
aB to cut the root with a cultivator.
One instance is given where a compari
son of the deep nnd shallow method of
cultivation gave a yield of twenty
bushels per acre in favor of the shal
low method.—Iowa Homestead.
A Dairy Futile.
They organized aud built a cream
ery, hired an expert, made fine buttw,
sold all they could make and were
making money. The son of the prin
cipal stockholder got the idea that he
would like to be a boss butter maker.
He knew nothing about making but
ter, and his idea was based on his
iguorance. Influence was used, the
expert was "resigned," aud pa's boy
took his place. At- once things went.
Purchasers returned the alleged, not
•'gilt edged," butter and wrote, "When
we want axle grease we will let you
know." In a month pa's boy's butter
had ruined the reputation of the
creamery. The other stockholders then
kicked pa and his boy out, hired the
expert back, and prosperity returned
with hiin. Moral—The "pull" may
generally be depended upou to sprain
the business that Is subjected to It.—
New York Farmer.
Keep Account, with the Cons.
If farmers would open Individual ac
counts with their cows, a great many
of them would doubtless be surprised
at the number of animals tbey are
keeping merely as luxuries. It Is uot
a safe rule to go by general Impres
sions. Those who have tried keeping
accounts have found that in many
CM«« tbe cows that were tfewght to
be the money makers of the herd did
not In fact yield any profit, while oth
ers which had been considered less
valuable provided a good cash income.
Phcep on Small Farms.
It Is mistaken idea to Buppose that
lerge areas are required on which to
raise sheep. It is true that it will not
do to crowd too many on a small area
with any Idea that they will get their
living from the vegetation there, but
if, say, one lumdred sheep were to be
kepi on fifteen or twenty acres, prop
erly handled, together with proper
feeding, would bring desirable results.
Taking twenty acres as the area to be
UF-ed, it would be a good plan to divide
this into three fields two fields of five
aires each and one ten-nc*£ &*dd. The
fix-acre plots should be so*#fl in rape
or some other special feeding crop, and
the ten-acre field used for general
grazing. In this plot there should be
shade ami water, and the grain feed
ing should be done here also. Tlie
fields of rape should be used alternate
ly: that is, give the flock of sheep ac*
cess to one field four or five hours a
day for oue week, then to the other
field In the same manner. If these
fields were profitably pastured the re
sult of the droppings would make
them sufficiently rich for almost any
crop when it was desired to use them
In that way, which could be done by
liming movable fences, so that other
iltdds could be used for the sheep in
The Far»— jojr,
The lot of the tarmer boy is undoubt
edly lighter now than It was a half
century ago, as many old Daviess
County farmers can attest who have
dropped corn all day by hand In a
furrow "laid out" by a horse driven
by a single line attached to a single
shovel plow and keep it up for two or
three weeks. Most old people who
have lived bn a farm have had this
experience or have followed the boy
who was dropping corn, day in and
day out, covering It with a hoe. For
ty years ago a boy who could drop for
two coverors could earn his 50 cents a
day, while tlie ordinary loy who was
hot so swift could earn 25 to 35 cents
a day. As a matter of fact a boy
could get over more ground and plant
a much bigger acreage than a man,
but then, as now, there was an un
written law that he should not re
ceive men's wages. Before the days
of labor saving machinery, farm work
for the boy especially, was a constant
round of drudgery, and It was little
wonder they wanted to get away from
It. Now it is otherwise, and life on a
farm is preferable to most other pur
suits In life.—Exchange.
Care of Lambs.
In the case of twins, it is well to
place them with the mother In a small,
separate pen, for a day or two, in order
that they may become acquainted, an/i
to avoid the danger of one of the laiufrf
straying away, which may cause trou
ble. When lambs are born weakly,
more care is required, and unless the
shepherd Is with them to see that they
are suckled soon after birth, they aw
liable to become chilled and die. If the
lamb is too weak to stand up and suck,
it should be held up and some milk
milked into it* month, when it will
soon take the teat aud help itself,-or
the ewe may le gently laid upou her
side and the lamb brought to the teat
on its knees or side, and helped aa
above indicated—New England Home
Savins: CWver Hajr,
Saving clover hay is not*a difficult
matter if .the climatic conditions arc
favorable, while it is almost Impose)
ble to cure It in good condition in
catchy weather. Where large areas
have to be cured it is impossible to
adopt the method of shocking It, it
being much better to cut after the dew
Is off, starting the tedder shortly after
the mower and rake up and haul the
next day. In this way hand labor,
which--Is so expensive, is dispensed
with. It Is better, says Iowa Home
stead, to allow the crop to stand until
the first heads are brown rather than
cut it during catchy weather,* as It
will spoil less standing than when cut.
There are two certain methods of
capturing the plum curculio. First Is
by Jarring the tree every morning for
three weeks, after the plums are set,
catching the weevils in sheets laid on
the ground. The .second Is by colon
izing large tlocks of chickens in coops,
or lu yards, under the trees.
If farmers were as careful and sys
tematic in the management of their
herds as the breeders of pure breeds
are with their cattle, much better re
sults would be secured from ordinary
stock. Even the best breed will fall
if not rightly managed, and all classes
of stock can be made more productive
if extra care is given.
Veterinary surgeons state that the
milk is the first thlug affected when a
cow becomes 111, and that the milk
will show Indications of coming milk
fever and garget a week before any
outward sign can be discovered. A
sore, or anything that may be liable
to poison the bloo'J also poisons the
mill at the same time.
It Is mistake to expect that eggs
will hatch precisely in twenty-one
days. While this Is the rule. It Is not
an Invariable one. Some will hatch in
nineteen days, others in twentjvone
days, and others will require twenty
five days for incubation. The causes
are various—such as getting too cold,
too much heat, lack of moisture, want
of vitality of either or both of the
parents, and the age of the eggs.
In giving salt to animals It should
be done in a manner to allow each
animal to partake of as much as It
desires and prefers, instead of giving
the salt in tlfe food, thereby compell
ing some animals to use more than
they wish. Each animal has its indi
vidual preference, and the proper
mode of allowing salt Is to place it
where the animals cau have access to
It at alt times, as each will use only
the amount needed.
Weighing the milk Is the best h»eans
of registering the capabilities and pe
culiarities of a cow and her yield. If
done one day each week and noted
down the table so constructed will be
a most efficient guide to the total quan
tity yielded, the rate of increase, the
average or season's yield, the times of
calving, the time of going dry, the ef
fects of a particular food, etc., while a
sudden decrease is the first symptom
of any disease or trouble.
The effort to produce the seeds of an
apple exhausts the tree more than to
produce the much better quantity of
meat, because seedB contain a much
larger proportion of the mineral ele
ments. As much meat or pulp can be
grown on 500 fine large apple trees as
upon 1,000 small, inferior ones, but
the production of seeds will be onlyi
one-half as great. Thus "thinning"
not only adds to the value of the pres
ent crop, but economizes the energies
of the tree for future ones.
"Bromley seems to bo getting rich?"
"Yes. Ho Invented a collar butto
chaser that Is a great success."—Bz.
"I'm not afraid of thoso horrid auto
mobiles any more," said the off horse.
"Nor I," said the nenr horse, "X help
one home every day."
He—The fact Is that you women
make fools of the men. She—Some
times, perhaps: but sometimes we don't
have to.—Boston Transcript.
So yon went to see one of those
old New England plays. Was It real
istic?" "Indeed It was. Why, when
the rninstiinii -came up Uncle Henry's
corns began to hurt him."—Magailne
Angry Voice (from top of stairway)—
Verena. what did you lot him In for?
You know we don't allow canvasser*
here! Strange Voice (in hallway be
low)—I am getting names for the blue
book, ma'am. Changed Voice—Verena,
show the gentleman Into the parlor.
I'll be down In a moment.—Chicago
The sagacious wife watches her hus
band's angry efforts to find the collar
button that has rolled beneath the bu
reau. "I should think," she says, "that
you would have two collar buttons."
"You should!" he snorts, reaching un
der the bureau for the fiftieth time and
rasping his hand along the floor. "It
takes a woman to figure out some way
to double a man's troubles!" Now
"I think you'd like the pastor of the
church I belong to," remarked the pas
senger with the skull cap. as the con
versation drifted to religious topics.
"He neiver preaches longer than twen
ty-five minutes." "I have no doubt I
should like him," replied the passen
ger with the side whiskers. "The pas
tor of the church I attend every Sun
day preaches sometimes an hour or
longer." "Horribly tiresome, Isn't It?"
"Not to me. I'm the preacher."—Ex.
"Papa," said the distinguished states
man's petted daughter, "you have nev
er told me anything about the house
In which you were born." "No, my
child," he replied, with a groan, "i
have not. I could not bear to destroy
the fond Illusion that your father Is a
great man. 1 am not a great man,
my dear. I am an Impostor. I was
not born In a log cabin, but In a three
story brick with stone trimmings!"
And he turned away In anguish.—Chi
A Peoria friend of the late Colonel
Robert G. Ingersoll tells how, while
Colonel Ingersoll was living In Pooria,
he was called upon one day by Gen
eral John A. Logan, says the New
York Times. The colonel was upstairs
at the time, and General Logan was
ushered Into tlie library, where, on a
table, were three volumes of Vol
talre's works, an edition de luxe rep
resenting all that wns best In the book
binder's art. General Logan picked
them up one at a time, absorbed In his
admiration of their beauties. While
so engaged Colonel Ingersoll entered
'Colonel," said the general, holding
one of Ihe volumes In his hands, "this
Is the most magnificent volume I have
ever seen. 1 do not want to seem lm
pertinent, but would you mind telling
me what these books cost you?"
"Those books," began the colonel, the
twinkle In his eye growing brighter at
each word, "cost me—the governorship
Of course It was an Irish philosopher
who said: "If you would keep your
head above water you must not let the
grass grow under your feet," "Mi
Mother—lias young Meadows asked
you to marry lilm, Ethel? Ethel—
About the same thing. He said that
If he ever should mnrry he thought he
knew the kind of girl that would suit
The world Isn't what It used to
be," complains the cynic. "Formerly
a man had some chance now It Is just
like—Just like "Just like a church
fair," said the listener, 6npplylng the
lacking simile without an effort."—
"I suppose that if you marry my
daughter you will expect me to pay
your debts?" "Shouldn't think of put
ting you to so much trouble," answer
ed Earlle Byrd. "You can give me the
money and I'll pay 'em myself."—
"I really think you ought to go to
church with me once In a while," she
urged. "My dear," replied the wily
man, "my good fortune makes that
entirely unnecessary. I have a wife
who Is good enough for two."—Chi
cago Evening Post.
Guest (at dinner)—Ah, that's good
old ale. Pardon my asking, but where
did you get It? Subbubs Home
brewed. Guest—Beally? The chicken
Is delicious, too. Is It oue of your own
raising? Subbubs—Yes, homo brood.
They had started for a stroll. "There
Is our minister," he said "I'm going
to ask him to Join us." "To Join us?
Oh, George, this Is so sudden! But
hadn't you better speak to' papa be
fore engaging the minister, dear?"—
London Spare Moments.
"I sing so much," said the man who
thought he could, "lfs surprising I
don't have some trouble—some throat
trouble." "Ob, that's not surprising
here In the East," replied Peppiwj^
"We don't lynch people here, even for
"So you are not going to Europe
again?" "Not for a long time," an
swered Mrs. Cumrox. "It Is our In
tention to live In America, thereby
calling attention to the fact that we
can afford to pay the highest price*
for everything."—Washington 8tar.
Mrs. Jenner Lee Ondego—My hus
band says Americans spend $100,000,
000 a year In foreign travel. Mrs. Sell
dom-Holme—I don't doubt It, but It 1*
all well spent. Why, I consider the
French accent my Esmeralda acquired
from her two yearB In Paris worth
every cent of It.—Ex.
"Yes," said the critic to the aspiring
foimg playweifht. "there are great pos
sibilities in tnls jttey—-of—yews£
'Thank you. It Is very kind of you to
Bay so." "But there will be greater
possibilities In the fellow who Is clever
enough to find them and get them out."
The timid young rann at the plcnla
hastily asked his sister to Introduce
him to the young woman In the blue
shirt waist. "Miss Tlppltt," said his
sister, "this Is my brother, Mr. Tap
pltt." "Gl-glad to meet you. Miss Tlp
pltt," he said. "Pardon me for men
tioning It, but you are sitting on a
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