Newspaper Page Text
THE SENTRY'S CLOAK.,
J.P !he starlight Jcnisalora Bleepi* with her. white temple upreared to tfct iky Cold aa the night wind thnt plaintively sweeps O er the weird shades that on Calvary lie. -One w|bo^bas heard the dear Hps* that are Vanquish with love the vain Pharisee throng, .Walts at the tomb on the wind beaten'hill Throngh the night watches, so dark and •o long. Lonely Is she, for the sentinels dose* Wrapped In their cloaks, upon buckler and sword All save one Uoman, who, spuming repose. Guards the dnrk grave of the crucified Lord. .Not on the Cross is he thinking to-night, But ou the wife and chlldi-cu at homo Loved ones whose smiles were a father's delight In that far cot of liuperinl Rome. True uuto Caesar and rilate Is he Firm Is his footstep and stern Is his brow He who to Him never lowered a knee Feels not a thrill at the sepulchre now. Hark! from the gloom comes a sorrowful cry, from a heart thnt is bursting with pain. Files the malted hand to the sword on his F* As fror thigh, "Nay/* he exclaims, "'Tis that woman agaiu— "She who with tears yester-even was here. Pressing her bube to her rag-eovercd breast, Watching this cavern of Arlmathnen, Where the bold Nazarene now Is at rest!" Belslng the camp torch lie bastes to the form, Saylnffo^Tbe nlsht Creese Is chilly and ••Take thou my cloak—It Is heavy and warm— Cover thyself and thy shivering child." Kindly he fondtes the baby that-hides In the tblu robe of thnt watcher sin cere, Then to his dreaming companions he strides, From his dark cheeks roughly dashing a tear. Bright dawns the sun npon Olivet's^bfow., Bringing from IJeaferi the flj-st Euster sSt^flith ln«h-arc*Btumlerluff now—*. 8he. on the mantle'arid hff fluTheirlay. .* „.*•* All People Appear to Celebrate the 8|riax Festival* All peoples appear lo celebrate Easter to on© shape or another, the festival sig nifying rejoicing ut the .reawakening of nature in spring. Though associated iu this manuer with the vernal equinox, it Is nevertheless particularly moon-fes tival, and- most of its folk-lore has to do with the lunar orb one way or another. The Council of Nice, in the year 351 A. 1)., decided that Easter day should be the first Sunday after the first full moon following the vernal quuinox and if the full moon fell ou Sunday. then Easter Sunday was to lie the Sun day after. The moon suggests a like noes to an egg, which is the symbol of resurrection, and the rebirth of things. Now, the Chinese celebrate Kaster by making so-called "tnoon-cakes," and in sdulglug in various amusements thnt are •supposed to have to do with congratulat ing or rewarding the moon. In their ce lestial cosmogony the orb of night rep resents the female principle in nature, and they believe that a beautiful woman lives there—the goddess of the palace of the moon. On gold throne, whose radiating bright ness Dnziles the eyes, euhnlolug the scene. Sits a fair form, arrayed in snowy wliite ness. She is Chang-o, the be lutcous Fairy Queen. Rainbow-winged angels i,oftly hover o'er her, Forming a canopy above the throne: A host of fairy beings stand before her, Each robed iu light and girt with meteor gone. The above is a translation from a Chi nese poem, describing the Woman iu the Moon. The Chinese believe that a man, a frog "and a hare also dwell in the moon, and the last-named animal constantly appears In their art and in that of Japan, painted upon the disk of a lunar orb. Nearly all over the world the hare is associated with the moon m.vthologically, and it is on this account that the rabbit has so much to do with Easter. There has been much dispute as to why the hare should have anything to do with the moon, but nobody has arriv ed at. any satisfactory conclusion on the subject. It Is evidently a folk-lore no tion of extreme antiquity, which partly accounts for its wide distribution. The rabbit is uocturual in habit, comiug out at night to feed, and that may have started the ulea. It is asserted by stu dents of siich.giaUcrs that the left hind foot of a graveyard rabbit killed in the dark of the moon represents the last quiver of the moon, and on that account is lucky. A legend accounting for the rabbit in the moon is of Hindu origin, and was introduced into China with Buddhism. Buddha, according to this narrative, was a hare at one stago of his existence, and lived in friendship with a fox and an ape. Indra camo to.them disguised as a hungry pilgrim, and the fox and ape procured food for the god. But the hare was not able to capture anything suit able for the table, and, sooner than be inhospitable, he threw himself into the fire in order to become food for the guest. s?w-. 1 One vStfiuUng neifo that bright Form from »the dead Bee's the lone woman In sleep's heavy yoko. Cries, as no wrenches the robe"from her head, "What dost thou here In the infidel's cloak?" Then from the Hps of the Savior there come Words full of tenderness, sorrow and pain— ."Lo, of My mission the substance and sum, By you poor soldier to!d over again!" —Thomas Frost. ODD TH.NGS ABOUT EASTER. As a reward for his self-sacririce Indra translated him to the moon, where he •*»its at the foot of cassia tree, pound in? drugs for the genii iu a iuortar. Ail Eastor Parable. Once in a sheltered garden there bloomed beautiful ilower so sweet and pure that the south wind forsook ail other spots to sweep ceaselessly, caress ingly around it, whispcriug soft words of love. But one day the flower faded, nor could the south wind with warm kisses revive its drooping head. Then came the gardener through his garden, who, seeing the dying flower, plucked it from its stem and, tearing out its golden heart, burled it deep iu the black earth. "Cruel, cruel man!" shrieked the south wind, because it understood not. Ail winter long the cold white suow lay on the heart of the flower, and over it the south wind sobbed its rage-at the pitiless gardener. But when the spring came, behold, the flower arose, more beautiful than before! And the south wind, understanding, kissed the bronzed chtek of the gardener in joyous penitence. For kind of heart is the gardener of the universe, though mau, foolish nnd fickle as the south wind, understands him not, aud, as one who loves all growiug things will stoop to brush a little blem ish from the humblest flower, so stoops he to remove tho smallest sorrow from the tiniest blossom in his great garden of light petaled stars. faster Plant. Lognnds. The Christian legends connected with plants generally explain their behavior duriug Passion week. The aspen still shivers with -Teniorse because, when Christ passed, it iiad boldly faced the heavens instead of bowing its head in compauy with the other trees. The Savior casf one look on it, aud tho mem- ory of that sorrowful glance is handed down even to this generation. The willow was used for the scourges, and .oyer since it has drooped its arms in misery. The elder h? commonly sup posed to bo the tree upon which Judas hanged himself, and it is not even to be touched for firewood. However, it af fords a safe refuge in a warring of the elements, for not even lightning will deign to strike it. A fungus that grows on the elder and is now known as Jew's ears was originally called Judas' ears. The oxalis, or wood sorrel, was stand ing nt the foot of the cross and received some drops of the precious blood. These she still carries. The Italians have the -fit 0a§ter-3Tn?e ^Jofidee^u At Eastertime, with radiance rare, In all her glory, faultless, fair, -r~ On promenade the maid nppoui l* No traces left of Lenten ii us, An object gay ami debonair £1%TA» His heart is dizzy with tlo^p ur, That stylish hat, those violets due To nod their heads and domineer, ft At Eastertime. He knows how much this wliole affair Makes doubly sure the suutlo snare Ho is not jealous, has no fear That ho will lose her low, the dear, The bills are what makes papa swear At Eastertime. —Herbert llaus.^-. same legend and call this' little blossom "alleluia," as if the very flowers re j*jced in tho great gift to the world. The scarlet anemone, too, is said to bear the stains of Christ's blood. ..„.46.,.. Variety in Easter Offerings. It has become so much the custom to send keepsakes aud remembrances to one's friends on holidays that one's purse is ngtipc* almost all the year round. This Easter the shopkeepers have been most, considerate, nnd "prices for all purses" is the rule In more than one shop that, makes a specialty of appropriate holiday gifts. The silver basket filled with grow ing ferns or the potted lily in a jardi niere of priceless pottery is a gift of the plutocrats, but just as dainty and grace ful is a bit of silver or ltuysorzina cost ing $2 or $3, a photograph of some fam ous paiutiug mounted on rough wliite hristol board and inscribed with an Eas ter greeting in gold, a piece of art gluss for desk, mantel or table, a rosary, bookmark, a daiutily bound book or any one of a hundred pretty trifles. These little gifts are tied with white ribbon, with a card attached, aud all one has to do is to select, pay aud with one's greeting send off the offering. Prom 25 cents to $3 covers all expense.—New York Commercial Advertiser. Tho Lesson or tho Season. Ages pass, but each retuftring Easter briugs again its lessons of sacrifice, of uusclfishuess aud of great love for hu manity. Great snowy bauks of lilies, emblems of purity, are offered iu re membrance of the greatest self-abnega tion in the history of the world. In vast cathedral and modest chapel vi brates the majestic music of praise for that most wonderful resurrection, upon which is based the faith of tho mighti est peoples of the earth. i-sm'-v Gaiety is not a proof that the lienrt is at case, for often in the midst of laughter tho heart Is sad.—Do Genlis. Eastern Story that la Still Greatly Enjoyed by ths Boyi. "I see the shop windows full of all sorts of pretty things that betoken the approach of Easter," said Mr. Snoggle* tou, "but none of the displays attracts me so much as that in a Malu street window which is largely devoted to dyed eggs and dyes for coloring Easter eggs. It takes tne back to boyhood as nothing else could do. They tell me that here iu the north tho children.dou't have very much fun with Easter eggs, but In the south, where I was raised, we used to have great sport from Good Friday to Easter Monday, and the old customs still survive to a large exteut. 'Picking' eggs was the popular sport with the boys. It was not altogether as harmless a form of gambling as fond parents usually Im agined. "The process is simple. The contest ants must first be provided with the re quisite number of hard boiled eggs, usu ally dyed iu gay colors. Sometimes we used to he able to buy real dyes aud boil the eggs iu them, but the popular meth od in the little towu where I was raised was to get all the scraps of gay colored calico that could be obtained, wrap each egg carefully in the calico and boil it. This would result iu transferring the pattern of the calico to the egg, aud the gaudier the colors the better we liked them. The brilliantly colored print? which are made for tho negro trade iu the south are seldom seen in the north, but they were just the thiugs we waut ed. "Iu 'picking' eggs the chullcnger at tempts to break the shell of the other contestant's eggs with his own egg. The eggs are held tightly in the cjosed hands, only the points protruding, and one boy strikes with the point of his egg the point of tho other, the blows being only just hard enough to crack the shell of one of the eggs. The one whose egg is broken forfeits the egg to the owner of the stronger egg. I have known boys to accumulate many dozen eggs iu this way in the course of the Easter holidays, although if these is no cheating the besf egg is sure to be broken sooner or later. "Rut the boys in my town used to be up to all sorts of tricks. Of course all eggshells are not alike. Some have much more lime in them than others, and the eggs of the guinea hen, or 'guinea keat,' as the fowl is always called in the south, are ever so much harder than ordinary hens' eggs. So guinea keat eggs were barred in egg picking, and every egg offered for picking was carefully in spected by the other boy before the chal lenge was accepted to make sure that it was not a keat egg. It is easy enough to tell tho difference ordinarily, the keat egg being smaller and of a more pointed shape. —Buffalo Express. *J! EASTER ISLAND. VC A Curious Story About,One of the Polynesian Group, Far away in the Pacific oceau lies a lonely volcanic islaud which is called Easter island from the fact that it was discovered on Easter day, 1722, by a uav i£ator named Roggereen, a Dutch ad miral. its real name is Rapa-Nui, and its Polynesian inhabitants nre fast dy ing out,. Comparatively few explorers have visited it, and, contrary to the joy ous spring name, it^^as, it is a deserted place. What makes Eqster islaud of Interests are the numbers of curious colqsgal stone? heads and busts,, chljed mJ®, which' abound there, evidently the work of the. natives hundreds oflyears ago,_ A few of these are erect, but ipnny have fallen. P? The legend says that King Xlikhlhu settled in Rapa-Nui and retired into a cave, where he carvedvand cut all the gigantic heads, Mvhieh removed them selves to their present position ou the island. When ho became old, he did not die, but was turned into a butterfly, which is called in that country by his name. Tukuihu used to search for eggs in the nests of the sea birds, and when he lost his human form the chiefs who wish ed to succeed him agreed to search for a eertaiu number of eggs nnd the first to collect them was appointed king. It seems singular that eggs without any especial significance should have been so important on Easter island.—Chicago Inter Ocean. Easter Pastime and Benevolence. A Hungarian Easter custom is the Kalaka, It is a custom with something besides either foolish superstition or per verted church legends behind it. The farmers of a certain district get together and give one of their number, tho poor est man in the place, a day's work. Af ter the day of communistic labor is over a supper and dance are given. A saving bank for colored people, with a colored woman for president, has been established recently in Rich mond, Ya. The aggregate deposits for the llrst day were $75,0(K). Locomotive engineers, on the run from Crews to London, a distance or 100 miles, have to notice no fewer than 285 signals. I kSt 'a THE STATE OF IOWA. OCCURRENCES DURING THE fa PAST WEEK. Slater nf Clinrity Klopca from Convent willi Lovcr-lMoodlioiindH Not Counted Kvliublc Witncrecf} Wants $5,(KM) Damages for lMiyKicnl Hurts. Forgetting the devotion to goodness and the vows she had taken to burv her self from the world in the robes of a Sister of Charity, the charming young Catholic woman who took the name of Sister Annette eloped a few evenings ago with an old sweetheart from the mother home at Cedar Kapids. From Chicago, where the romance was culmi nated in a marriage, she has written friends in Burlingtou that she is glad to be again of the world and is not sorry for what she has done. She said: "Had 1 not been obliged to teach music to young men till 8 o'clock in the evening I In all probability would not have taken the step I have." Last year Sister An nette was a music teacher connected with Lourdes Academy, one of the most popular of the parochial schools iu the Stele, nt Burlington. Last July she was transferred to Cedar Kapids, where life became a dull monotony for her. Sud denly there was a change. On one of her few excursions to the city she met au old sweetheart. Just what plan's were laid nnd how" rapidly are not known. A few days ago, however, after night had fallen nnd just before the-sis ters were to retire for the night a black hooded creature climbed down the fire es cape of the school and, enveloped in a heavy coat, was hurried away by her lover, who had come from Burlington. Taking a fast train to.Chicago, the cou ple were married, and now all Iowa Catholicism is discussing the elopement. It is the first time iu the history of the State thnt the sacred vows have b'eeu so broken. Rloodhoiind? Not 1'elinhlc Witnesses, The Supreme Court in an opinion by Judge Weaver granted anew trial iu the famous bloodhound case in which Harry McClurg claimed damages of Mayor Brenton and Chief of Police Brackett in the sum of $10,000. The case was tried by Judge McHenry, nnd the court di rected a verdict for the Mayor and chief. The court holds the case should have gone to the jury. In the opinion Judge Weaver says a man has the right to undisturbed possession of his home, and that the work of bloodhounds in tracking a man to his home is not pre sumptive of his guilt. In the summer of 1002 Dcs Moines had an epidemic of chicken thieves. The Mayor procured bloodhounds, who smelt a scent to the home of McClurg. a deacon in the Valley Junction M. E. Church. The Mayor and chief forccil an entrance and made the arrest, but acquittal followed and later the damage suit. Wants $5,000 Unniaucfl. Suit has been tiled in the District Court by Harry Goodnow, a farmer liv ing southwest of Ames, against Willis Ball, also a furmer, asking for $5,000 damages for injuries received in a fistic encounter at the Goodnow home. It seems that the trouble stnrted at the Ball home a few nights previous. Both parties hud been imbibing quite freely and Goodnow made some threats that he wor.M do Ball up. A few nights later Ball with several of his companions went to the Goodnow home and called the young man in question outside and im mediately assaulted him with his lists and succeeded in breaking three ribs, breaking his jaw boue and badly injuring one eye. Woman Killed by Cars* Mrs. Charles Hildebraud, the wife of a prominent stock shipper living nt Lock bridge, was instantly killed by a fast freight train near Lockrldge depot. Mrs. Hildebraud was assisting her son in load ing a car of horses, and stepped from one track to avoid a passing freight, on to another in frout of a passenger train. Kills Herself and Child. Because she was jealous of another wotnan. Mrs. William Greenfield, }cnrs old, killed herself and her 1-year old child in I)es Moines. Mrs. Greenfield, with the fhild. locked herself in a room and turned on the gas, where she was found by her husband. State News in Brief* There is au unusual amount of petty thieving at Dubuque. Couucil Bluffs Republicans renominat ed Mayor Dell G. Morgan. Fort Dodge has let the contract for two miles of asphalt paving. Burlington busiuess men are agitating for the abolition of the trading stamp. Robert Taylor, a Plymouth County farmer, was killed in a runaway acci dent. L. IX. Jones, for seventeen years a guard ut the Fort Madison prison, in dead. Improvements aggregating $50,000 will be added to the Ottumwa water works [int. Commander McCracken of the cruiser Moines is a native of Jefferson 'County. Rev/J. II. Sharpe has resigned the pastorale of the Deuisou Presbyterian Church. Work will begin on the new 'Iowa Methodist hospital ot Des Moines in a few days. Woodbury County teachers have ap pealed to the boards of education for higher wages. There is an epidemic of measles at Clarion, between fifty nnd sixty cases being reported. The city of Ottuuuva has not beeu defeated in a single damage suit iu the past five years. William Hatch, a pioneer resident of Dubuque County, dropped dead at Far ley while shoveling snow from the* walk iu front of his home. Bids for the V. M. C. A. building, which is to be erected at the Iowa State College at Ames this summer, .have been opened. The lowest bid was «WO,4GO. Max Seligman, a clever insurance Swindler nt Des Moines, who defrauded the Equitable Life Company out of sev eral thousand dollars by false repre sentations iu securiug notes which the company cashed, was sentenced to five years' imprisonment. Iu Iowa City A. W. Ilannafin com mitted suicide by hanging himself with a steel wire. He was in Mercy hospital for treaotment. Charles Lovelett was terribly burned ut Washington. He was startiug a fire with kerosene, when there was an ex plosion. He may die. J. F. Benckendorf, a prosperous farm er owning one of the finest farms iu Calhoun County, has sold his property and joiued Dowie's ranks. The City Couucil of West Liberty unanimously grauted franchise privileges to the Iowa City, Daveuport aud Mus catine Railway Company. A telephone message from Goose Lake Hells of the robbery of Charles Buech'i clothing store of clothing valued at $500. Suits aud overcoats constituted most of the loss. George Irinseher, of Dubuque, who claims title to the Servian throne, has employed an attorney and will sec to establish his claim and secure what money may be due him as a member of & royal family. Veteraus of the Franco-Prussian war, residing iu Davenport, are considering & plau for the erection of a monument in one of the public parks of that city In commemoration of the establishment pf peace between Frauce and Qermnny. Des Moines policemen want a raise Id salary. Mayor U. II. Kain of LcMars has resigned. The Tama Commercial Club has been reorganized. An outbreak of smallpox has occur red at Wadena. An addition will be built to the Des Moines City Hall. The cigaret has been tabooed in the Woodbury County jail. Burlington women have begun an agi tation for a cleaner city. Burlington socialists nominated Wil liam Strauss for Mayor. Fire destroyed the residence of J. S. Wilson, near Washington. The city ofllcials of New Sharon have purchased a pair of bloodhounds. The Dubuque woman's club has start ed a campnigu for a cleaner city. Des Moines is to hove a new State bank, headed by G. E. McKinnon. The Iowa building at tho world's fair is completed. It cost about. $37,000. Potatoes are now being imported into the State from far-away Washington. The Chicago Great Western has be gun work on its new depot at Clarion. Workmen are placing the foundation for McGregor's new electric light plant. C. X. Smith's store at Grinnell was damaged by tire to the extent of $1,000. An effort is being made to cancel the $2,000 debt on the Washington academy. W. J. Adams, for six years chief of the Mason City fire department, has re signed. The $25*000 debt against the Daven port Presbyterian Church has been can celled. An underwriters' club has been organ ized by the iusurance men of Fort Dodge. Oliver E. Reece has been appointed postmaster at Abbot, vice J. C. Zoller, resigned. Ottumwa is to have a city laboratory for the detection of germs of infeotious diseases. The present prison population at Fort Madison is 45t, eighteen less than a year ago. Des^ Moines college is trying to raise funds for the erection of needed new buildings. West Liberty citizens have raised nearly $2,000 for the purchase of library site. A saloon consent petition is in circu lation iu Carroll Count}*. A bitter fight has developed. Flower growers of Davenport, Rock Island and Moliue have formed the Tri Cit.v Florists* Club. Sneak thieves have recently stolen $200 worth of goods from the Batterson store at Muscatine. Mayor Becker of Davenport says he will veto the ordinance requiring steel curtains in theaters. Tlie Des Molues park commission will offer prizes in order to stimulate the beautifying of the city. Iowa railroads are laying iu a very large supply of coal, fearing a bitter min ers' strike in tho East. Dubuque socialists uamed Ernest lioltz for Mayor and also placed com pute ticket in the field. .lohn Sullivan, 18 years old, of Du buque, has confessed to the burglary of a saloon iu that city. An avtosiau well, to be at least 1,000 feiH deep, is being sunk at \^est Lib erty. It will cost neatly $4,000. Iowa operators and miners have post poned a decision on the scale, awaiting a decision iu tho East. Morris Less, a Des Moines carpenter, drew $550 from a bank aud in half an hour hud lost $500 ou the street. Three more worthless citizens QyDen-v-suy notion ison-.hnyp Ipft urgent invitation of a vigilance commit tee. Atl telegraph and telephone wires in the business district of Des Moines will be placed uuder ground the comiug sum mer. A new bank has been organized by the business men of Garrison and promineut fanners living in the vicinity of that town. Charles II. Dilworth, president of the West Des Moines school board aud a prominent citizen and bauker, died sud denly. Tho Farmers' Bank of Garden Grove, with a capital of $00,000, and the Bank of Coin, having assets of $S0,050. have nssigued. The Waterloo ministerial union has appointed a committee to revive, if pos sible, the Chautauqua iu that city. The club women and husiuess men of Murshalltown have united in guarantee ing support for the Chautauqua proposed for that city. A number of G. A. IL posts through out the State have adopted resolutions favoring the proposition for a State park at Davenport. The management of the Burlington Y. M. C. A. is endeavoring to raise $20,000, payable within five years, to clear off its indebtedness. Tho creditors of the Tisgah bank, which failed last July, have employed counsel and will eudeavor to force a settlement of their claims. Jos. Moore, a prominent business mau of Ooawa, is defendant in a $5,000 breach of promise suit, brought by Lu cinda Greek, of the same place. At Des Moines. G. B. McNabb has sued the Elliott Hotel Company for $10, 000 for false arrest. McXabb was charged with trying to boat a board bill. E. L. Pardee, a rural mail carrier at Walnut, resigued aud was re-appoiuted and given a $300 contribution by the patrons of the route wheu no successor could be found. The report of the superintendent to the board of control shows that the In dustrial school for girls at Mitehellville had 210 iuiuates Feb. 20, as compared with 208 ou Jan. 81. Gov. Cummins has named George Blanch of Belle Plaiue as a member of the State board of veterinary medical examiners. lie will succeed Win. II. Heck of Mnquoketa. Keokuk's water is not good, says the State chemist, after examining samples of water seut him. The report says the people are driuking nine hundred col onies of bacteria to the cubic centimeter. The total cost of the North £ixth ave nue Melan arch bridge at Des Moines Is now estimated at $145,500, more than $50,000 above the original estimute made three years ago, when the coutract was let. Gov. Cummins has issued a procla mation setting aside Friday, April 29, as Arbor day. Ho urges a general ob setvauee of the spirit of the day, and recoinmeuds such exercises in the schools of the State as will stimulate a love of nature. The planting of trees in prac ticable places, the original purpose of the day, is given significant emphasis as an important service to the public and to future generations. Tho Supreme Court has sustained the decision of Judge McVey in the Bou bright case from Polk County aud up held the judgment of $15,015 agaiust the estate of John S. Bonbright in favor of his widow on a pre-nuptial contract entered into at the time of his second marriage in 1889. The heirs of the es tate hud sought to have the decree set aside on the statute of limitations aud for other reasons. Nearly all the stock necessary to build at Cambridge a cauulng factory which will employ about a hundred meu, wom en and boys and which will pacjit from thirty-five to, forty thousand cans of cor® per day has been subscribed, stliiiiill Handling au Unruly Hog* Any one who 1ms tried it will teslify, thnt It is not an easy task to handle stubborn hog, nnd most hogs are stub born. If one has occasion to do this work the rtevicc shown In the cut is simple and effective. Take a strong rope about the diameter of a clothes line nnd about ten or twelve feet long. From this cut off three feet and tie a loop in each end, then tie the remain ing piece in the center of the looped piece and bring the loop over the snout of the hog after slipping the loops iu the llrst piece over his hind feet. Have a ring in the long looked piece, and through this slip another rope, nlso looped, so as to come over his neck, as shown In the cut. This rope may be heavier than the first one, and if the FOR. HANDLING animal is unruly and strong, the end which is.shown over the back of the hog extending to the hand of the one who Is.driving It, may be slipped over his rump and Into the lower loop nnd tied, leaving a long loop lu the driver's hands for better control. The illus trations show clearly liow the contriv ance is constructed. To Grow Fine Celery. A Michigan gardener writes: Take any land that will stand drought, put at least one load of well-rotted manure on every square rod of ground, plow and fit the ground well, set plants In rows 10 inches apart and six to eight inches apart in t.ie row (set with an old brick trowel), keep the surfuce well worked till the plants cover the ground, after which no weeds will bother. By raising celery by this method the plants become dense, and consequently darken the lower parts of the plants, causing the celery to' grow white from the center. None but White Plume will grow successful ly tills way. White Plume can lie grown In single row and be blanched by placing bundles of corn stalks on both rows. Bundles should be at least eight inches iu diameter. I grew White Plume celery 33 inches high last year on high ground, and It was as white us snow*. I find the Giant Pascal is best for late winter use, but it has to be earthed to blanch. These two varieties are the best to One-Man Corn Sled. Make two runners, one 5 feet and one 7 or 8 feet long use 2x0 stuff place 2 feet apart and nail boards on top as shown in cut. Fasten a scythe blade on for knife. It is better than the steel plate knives. Knife should run high on edge and ut an anglo of about 43 degrees from the runners. ONE-UAX CORN SLED. Tho object of the long ruuner is to keep the sled from bucking to one side, which Is caused by the cutting being all done on one side. We stiiud' up to cut in large corn, and put on a box and sit down in small. It is a waste of labor to knock the corn down on sled and pick it tip again. Keep it up in your arms. The single sled is? now preferred to the double ones here. I nm a boy 14 years old. My father has taken the Practical Farmer since before I was born.—Archie Orange,. Gulcsburg, Kan. Sheep for Mnttou. Mutton as a human food is guinim rapidly in reputation. So much im provement has been made in the meth ods of breeding, fatteniug. slaxightcr ing and ripening mutton that a grert army of people who were once preju diced agaiust It no longer timl any thing the matter with it. Good au thorities predict that the time is rapid ly approaching when as ninny sheep and lambs will be slaughtered in this country as there arii hogs and cattle slaughtered now. History shows us that In old countries "mutton is the poor man's meat. The reason for this is that It can be raised at less cost. Digestibility of Foods. The value of cattle foods depends largely upon their digestibility. There Is more protein In straw than lu corn fodder, but the latter Is more digesti ble. Some coarse foods are valuable, however, in assisting to digest the con centrated foods by giving bulk to the mess and separating the materials, es-! On Fowiuts Clover, Sowing clover is an absorbing ques tion with farmers who desire to keep up the fertility of their land. When seed is high there is always a disposi tion, with some, to defer sowing clever uutJl anoiuer year, and plow up the fleUls again. Seed may be cheaper next year, you know. This manug« inent may have kept these same field* under the plow for years, making IT: more uncertain to secure a catch, and requiring more acres, every year, t secure the requisite amount of grain. I It is unwise and foolish to fail to sow clover because seed Is dear. Diversified Fannin** in the Kxtrcme. The managers of the Maryville (Mo.) great length of time Street Fair offered a $10 prize to the Nodaway County agriculturist who should exhibit the largest number of farm products grown on his farm this season. W. R. Bosley, of Ravenwood, drove up-with a wagon load of stuff and took the prize. His wagon contained a stalk of coru thirteen and one-half feet high white, red, yellow and speckled corn iu ear wheat, rye, buckwheat^ rape, timothy- seed, oats, thirteen kinds of f/een beans aud peas, three kinds of pop corn, two kinds of cucumbers, one red pig, a turkey, two chickens, two Guinea fowls, hedge balls, strawberry vines, one cabbage weighing fifteen pounds, celery, summer and winter let tuce, peanuts, two kinds of beets, horseradish, asparagus, blucstera grass, slough grass, clover hay, prairie hay, carrots, green mustard, six kinds of pickles, seven kinds of jelly, jam, cher ries. three kinds of parsnips, three gourds, two kinds of sunflower seed, sweet corn, can of honey, castor bean, one sunflower, the flower of which I measured forty-six inches In circumfer ence sugar cane, two kinds of millet in stalk, an oyster plant, four kinds of radishes, turnips, four kinds of Irish potatoes, two kinds of sweet potatoes, cabbage, cauliflower, two kinds of squash, greeu lettuce and onions.— Baltimore American. Wecdin? Out the Cows. 1 operate a farm dairy, make but t'»r a specialty, nnd I wish to say that ir4 my opinion you cannot too strongly urge fiie farmers who keep cows to krep a dally record of what they arc doing, w_eigblng each mess of milk and testing often enough to get an average of its butter-fat, so that at the cud of the year they can tell Just what each cow is worth, from a butter point of view. For more than two years we have done so. At the end of the first year, although we thought our herd was all good, we found twelve out of twenty-five cows that did not pay. We sold those and re placed with others some of our own raising and some by purchase. This year we find 30 per cent profit over last year. We have not found the daily record hard to keep. Few farm ers stop to figure. A cow that pro duces 200 pounds of butter per year from $30 worth of feed, which sells for 20. cents per pound, loaves only $10 for care and the risk. The cow which makes 400 pounds of butter from $30 worth of feed leaves $50 for care, risk nnd profit, besides a whole lot of sat isfaction to her owner. You never know which cow makes this profit for you except by using the scales and the test.—F. C. Shepherd, in National Stockman. How to Market tbc Mutter. Those who possess the knack of inak ing butter that has that fragrant flavor that distinguishes the produce of many farm dairies, oflen make the mis take of keeping the butter on hand too long after it is made before marketing It. It will be found that however pnl atable it may be, aud however good tho flavor it possesses when first made, It will have escaped after too long ^-,1 keeping. Even when transported long distances it loses its distinctiveness while in transit. In fact, it seems that butter which possesses to a large de gree this much-desired flavor deterio rates much quicker than an Inferior kind. As a consequence of this, the farmer's wife who makes a superior article which has a local reputation for excellence should endeavor to dispose of the product to local trade, or at least sell it so near home that It will be but day or two between the churn and the customer. This can be easily managed in almost any locality where there is a market for It by securing a list df private customers and furnish it to them direct as they need it. This class of patrons are much more profit able year iu and year out than the city hotels or the commission bouses orTiS. .Qjose customers who buy in the gen oral market, i-o I'revcnt J'luck Rot.' As a preventive of black rot In vlns»v4V yards next season'the North Carollnt K.&*} experiment station recommends that all dead leaves and rotten grapes b« raked up and removed and rotter grapes clinging to the vines nnd tnfi lises picked off. S* Loose shredded bark that can be readily pulled from the vines prun- £^4 ings, dead grass and weeds should bf burned in fact, anything capable of harboring the dustlike spore should be destroyed or taken away. *m While the vines are stUl In a dor- xt% mailt condition, spray with tho coppef sulphate solution, thoroughly wetting the vines and posts, and paying par tlcular attention to bunches of tendrils or rough surfaces on the posts that would be likely to retain the speves. it ^v, is much easier to keep black rot out of a vineyard once cleaned than to keep it down In a vineyard uot cleaned. Asparnzu* for the Family. One hundred plants will furnish the average family with a supply of this most delicious early vegetable. Thev should not cost over $1. and hence In stead of being looked upon as a luxurV it should be common in every family garden. Rich sandy soil is best, but It, will thrive lu an.v soil If given a reasonable show. Palmetto, Couov er's, Collossal and Bans Mammoth are recommended as very satisfactory va- -v- rietics. The plants should be set as v: *irly In the spring as possible, in rows* 30 inches apart and 18 in the row. Pliiut in holes or trench, six inches v. deep, filling it up gradually, and do not cut the stalks, except sparingly, until the third season. It readily responds to good care and fertilization and Rhouhl be liberally top-dressed with is manure each fall. Fomc Kansas Wheat Yield*. The banuer yield of wheat In Kunsa* Is said to be that of Joseph C. Ort, in:"M Gove county, who thrashed 228 bush pis of G2-pound wheat from three acres of au old corral, and 4,503 bushel# (ele- va*or pedully when the coarse foods are re duced to a fine condition. Even but a portion of the straw foods Js di gested, they are prepared for the ma nure heap by the animals ami are thus increased In value compared with wttstcful use. weight) from a 100 acre field. The seed was Turkey red, one bushel to llie acre. The three-acre piece had been heavily fertillzed-for vegetables, and after these were gone he again fer tilized nnd plowed it lour inches deep. Goo) Milkcra' Milk elm. y'4' Good milkers will almost invariably show a well-devoloped milk vein. This big vein which carries the blood from* the bag or udder to the heart for purl lication should constitute considerables of a network on the udder itself and should then continue well forward on the belly and disappear in the region!, of the heart. Point the Wngons, Well-painted implements are gener-p& ally accepted signs of thrifty farming.'Vc: A dollar's worth of raw linseed oil and^n color will answer to cover the runuing^^ part of a farm wagon. Have plenty of&vss5 shed room with closed lront and ralses*? the wheels away from the dump earthil:^ when the wagons are stored for anys/As 1 Blowing Out Woodchncka* A quarter of a pound of blnstiug powder will usually do the work. It iso doue up in a stout paper bag with a' yard of cowmou blasting fuse tied into it. Poke the charge as far down as possible. Tamp the hole solid with atones and earth, light the fuse and proceed to the lie&t hole to repeat thq tyeratlou. """"'Es®Si£rw-o( jAt,-.