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Manchester Democrat. [volume] (Manchester, Iowa) 1875-1930, October 04, 1905, Image 3

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"Bennett o' Blu«.
Alt Ave years oM,
This tale Is true
fa all respects of Bonnets o' Blue—
A dear little maid:
Not just for rhyme,
Am I writing this.
("Am 1 keeping time,
And lockstep, too, like a soldier
"Beautiful eyes of sweetest hue."
She plaved around when the day was
All alone with no playmate there,
"Twas the time of battles and sword
and hum— __ 'V'
Of bugle nolo,
("Am 1 with the drum,
And lock-step square like a soldier
"Beautiful eyes and sweetest hair."
'Twas In time of battles and she knew
no more—
Than the battle song and the war
man's lore,
She marched with curls and banner
and gait—
Of knightly grace,
("Am I marching straight.
With lock-step lore, when the can
non's roar,")
"Soldier child with her soldier lore."
When the spring bird sung.
Not just for rhyme—
Am I writing this,
("Am I keep time
And lock-step, too, like a soldier
Beautiful eyes of sweetest hue,
"Tttrt and angels and Bonnets o'
•—Capt. Wm. Page Carter in American
Illustrated Magazine.
Two Fingers for
His Life.
One blustering night last February
I sat pressed in against the wall at
Capt. Sol McDaniel's little shop.
Early in the evening* among the
crowd of regular callers, a big, red
faced fellow, unquestionably a New
foundlander, came in and greeted the
©Id captain warmly. He extended his
feind. "I'll have to offer you my
l«ft, cap'n," he said. "It's the best
I'v# got. The other one was damag
ed a little when we'lost the Peter
I was never so surprised In all my
life. Our skipper was not the man
to mix up a joke and a serious mat
ter. I saw the companlonway full of
men struggling to get up on deck. A
crash came on our starboard quar
ter. In pushed planks and timbers
almost on top of me. I was the last
man up.
'A steamer,' thought I. But when
I raised my head up above deck and
caught sight of the big square sails
of a bark towering above us in the
darkness, I was more surprised than
ever. Every man that sat in that
cabin knew that our vessel's side was
stove In for a space great enough to
sink her in a very few minutes. The
thoughts of cold. Icy water and a
rough sea flashed on my mind.
"I heard a foreign voice yelling out
away up above us on the bow of the
bark. I couldn't understand a word
he said. He was terribly excited.
'"Heave over the port dories!" our
skipper shouted. I started forward
along the port side after the rest of
the hands.
"Our vessel lurched ahead on a sea.
Then on came the bark, crashing. Into
us again. The planks even forward
to where we stood began to rip and
tear apart under our feet.
'"We're going down, skipper!" sang
out one of our fellows. I could see
from the way they fumbled the work
getting the dories overboard that
they were confused.
Hendry, you get a line aboard of
her quick, if you can!' cried the skip
per to me. I started back aft round
the cabin house, intending to get to
the other side, to where the bark had
cut Into us, gram the and of any- piece
of ''c 3 I could get hold of on our
Ceck |)gd cllntb lip ob th^
headstaya. Than 1 could make the
rope fast to help all hands up. But
my intentions miscarried.
"I threw my arms round in the
darkness for the bark's big chain
bobstay, the stay running from her
stem at the water-line up to the end
of her bowsprit. But I could find no
trace of It. I knew that it must have
been carried away when she struck
us. There were no other stays low
enough for me to reach them, I knew.
I turned, and grabbing the end of our
main-sheet, lying loose on deck, stood
ready to jump at anything offering
me a chance to get aboard the stran
"The noise of the two vessels grind
ing together, the roar of the wind and
sea and the slatting of sails and
booms were deafening. I could hear
nothing above It but the wild yells of
the foreigner on the back. We lurch
ed ahead again on a sea. I felt some
thing swing h&rd against my back.
I turned and grabbed it. 'Twas the
big iron chain, the bark's bobstay,
dangling in the air from the end of
her bowsprit. Gripping one of the
big links in my right hand, and tak
ing a turn in the main-sheet with my
left, I sang out with all my might:
"'Cap'n, come round here! We
can all get aboard of her!'
"Not a word came back to me from
them. I did not know whether to try
to go back to them or not. While I
stood trying to decide, I felt our ves
sel begin to fall away on a big sea.
It seemed to me that when the big
craft lurched ahead and struck up
again that she must bear us under.
"The chain I held to-with my right
hand suddenly grew taut. It began
to pull away from me, and I knew the
two vessels were drawing apart. I
must let go either our own main-sheet
or the bobstay. 'Twas haTd to decide
which to'do.
"I felt our vessel shoot down and
ahead Tn the sea. The big, heavy
chain drew me along our deck to the
rail. I braced my feet against it
and pulled back with" all my strength.
I grew so confused in the next second
by the drawing apart of the two ves
sels, the thoughts of my duty to our
crew and the terrible roar all round
me that I seemed unable to think at
"The chain bid up taut and hard.
My feet slipped on the icy rail, my
knees wabbled. Then off I shot from
o'ur deck after the bark's stay, my
feet trailing along in the water. I
roared out to our crew with all my
"The main-sheet was still wrapped
round my left hand. I started to push
the frayed end of it through one of
the links in the chain to take a turn.
But I had no sooner pushed the end
Into the link than the rope drew taut,
so taut that I couldn't get a turn. I
took a firm grip on it with my hand,
so as not to lose It altogether.
"I heard the excited voice up above
me on the bark's bowsprit keeping up
a continuous yell. Then another join
ed him. I looked all round me in
the darkness, to see if they had low
ered any rope to me, but could see
"I began to call out to them to
come down on the bobstay, when
away drew the two vessels with a
lurch, the rope and chain grew hard
and tight, and I was raised up out
of the water. I hung there In. the
air, clutching the rope in one hand
and the stay In the other.
"While I hung there'another voice
broke'out above me on the bark, and
sung out:
"'You speak English? Speak
French? Speak German, or what you
speak?' And I knew right away that
the strong, calm voice belonged to
the captain of the bark.
'Throw me a rope, quick!' I called.
Then my arms drew out straight. I
bounced up and down between the
tightening chain and rope as it I was
on a throbbing clock-spring. A sharp
twinge shot across my back from
shoulder to shoulder, a burning sen
sation ran the length of my arms
then a numb, prickling feeling came
over them. Down I dropped into the
water. I had lost both my holds!
"The first plunge Into the frosty
water is hard. It struck me all over
like a stinging slap. I came to the
surface right away—in fact, I fell
flat and didn't go under far.
"Then I began to swim. I roared
once, then again. Then with a jolt
my. nose bumped hard against some
"I couldn't see a thing before me.
Twas all black. I put up my hands
and could feel the big, cold planks
and seams of a vessel. 'Twas not
ours I could tell by the wide planks
and the rough seams. It's the bark,'
thought I 'She's cleared our vessel
and is sailing pff.'
"'Oh, aboard the barlt! Oh-ho,
cap'n!' I sang out.
"But with every word the side of
the big vessel seemed to slip along
by me faster and faster. My fingers,
trailing along her side, clutched at
every little rough spot, every paint
blister, in the butts where her planks
came together, but nothing gave to
the digs I made.
"She was leaving me behind fast.
I felt that my chance was gone. I
began to wonder where the rest of
our crew were, and if our vessel had
gone down.
"I roared out again with all my
might, 'Let go a boat or something,
'American man, you aft here?'
came back the captain's voice. 'You
forward there? Or where you are?"
"'Right below you here! Throw me
something, quick!' I cried. But with
my words the side of the ship slip
ped away from my hands. She seem
ed to draw my strength and courage
away with her again.
"'Catch a rope!' I heard the cap
tain sing out. But before I could turn
my head to look for it, I began to
spin and twirl round in the big eddy
in the bark's stern. In I shot, and
brought up against it with a thump.
"I put up my hands when I struck,
and made a wild lunge for anything
I could get hold of. My right hand
slipped along her sloping stern to the
water. Then my lingers struck into
a little crack. I drove them ahead as
far as they would go. They were in
the jamb round the rudder-post.
"When I started to move ahead
with the vessel and bring strain on
them, my fingers began to slip back
from round the wet post. I put up
the other hand.
"'O captain, come quick!' I cried,
when I felt my hold with both hands
slipping away, and I jabbed the fin
gers of my right hand in as as I
could, in the attempt to get them
Into the narrow space between the
rudder-post and the circular groove
that tivwg in, gut It was of
"Hendry," said the old skipper, aft
•p he returned the newcomer's greet
"I beHeve that's the only happen*
out of Gloucester here that I
don't know all the particulars of. Sit
down here, son, and tell us about It.
We'd all Mke to hear."
Hendry needed a little urging, for
he was a man not much given to talk
ing. But when the other visitors
warmly seconded the captain's re
quest, he consented to tell the story.
We all settled back on the hard
benches, and Hendry began:
"We left the harbor here this time
last year for Flemish Cap Bank. We
Were after a trip of codfish and gray
"Our skipper, Sarge Bohlin, waB,
what we winter bankers call a driven
On that trip he lived up to his repu
tation, and drove the vessel straight
offshore from Cape Ann lights for
flemish Cap in the face of everything
we met.
"We got some flfty thousand weight
of fish—'snatched them,' as we say
In winter. And when the glass show
ed an able norther rising, we headed
for home. It was night when we got
under way. The wind had already
ahaken up a good hubbly sea.
"Our crew was a good one. Every
night we used to get together aft in
the cabin, headed by the cook's fid
dle, and sing till we grew sleep. The
skipper was one of the kind that al
ways stood a watch on the runs In
and out.- That night he had the lay
from nine to eleven o'clock.
•"Twas so black and thick, you
couldn't see the sheer-poles from the
wheel. Sitting down on deck to get
In the lee of the house, out of the
cold wind, the skipper would poke li^B
head into the companlonway every
now and then, and roar out, 'Pumb!
Pumb! Pumb! Pumb!' at every rest
(n our songs. His big voice would
•tart a laugh among us below every
"We hat got round to 'The Island
Belle," a down-home song every one
of us knew. We bad finished the
first part when in roared the skipper,
'Pumb! Pumb! Pum—' Only three
times he shouted, then he stopped
"All hands seemed to be waiting for
the fourth one before we started off
on the second part of the song. Then
suddenly the skipper cried in a differ
ent voice altogether:
'"Jump, men! Jump quick!'
'American man, hang on one min
ute more!' cried out the oaptaln, over
the atern, to me. 'WB're coming up
into the wind!'
"But I could not hang on. I had
nothing to hang on to. My strength
was gone. My left hand slipped en
tirely away. I must let go and sink
before the big ship could come round
into the wind and lose her headway.
"Now my hold with my right hand
began to draw away. Then I felt
something tighten against my fingera.
It bore and pressed them hard.
"They are putting the helm hard
down," said I, 'and it's squeezing my
fingers in the jamb.' By Instinct I
jerked my hand back toward me.
Then, shutting my eyes and teeth, I
forced it back Into the little crack as
far as I could.
"A terrible pain shot up my numb
ed fingers and arm. The big rudder
post turned slowly but surely. It
held me there fast until they swung
down and reached me from over the
bark's stern.
"It spoiled my hand, but It saved
my life—the only one of that crew."—.
Youth's Companion.
The Toyland of the World.
A Toklo correspondent of an Amer
ican weekly has much of interest to
say of Japaqese toys. "Japan is the
original toyland. I really think that
Santa Claus must have a branch es
tablishment in Toklo. There are me
chanical toys that go about as if they
were alive—tin turtles walking
around on the earthen floor, mice
scampering under counters and
around on the shelves, huge gor
geously colored paper butterflies and
dragon files buzzing around in the air.
There are no toy-carriages in Japan,
because in Japan there are no real
carriages. But there are toy jlnrlki
shas, which are little two-wheeled
carts pulled by little brown men un
der great big mushroom-shaped hats
Instead of by horses. And there are
toy cagos, which are the oddest kind
of grown-up cradles, that two men
carry, suspended from long bamboo
poles, upon their shoulders, and in
I which grown-up folks have to sit,
curled up Turk-fashion, until their
feet go to sleep and they are forced
to demand the privilege of getting
down and walking. These are the
'carriages' of Japan, and, as toys,
would probably puzzle the average lit
tie boy or girl at home."
Rosiettl's East. Indian visitor.
Gabriel Dante Rossettt, poet and
painter, was once visited by an East
Indian prince who said to him:
"I wish to give you a commission
to paint a portrait of my father."
"Is your father in London?" asked
"No, my father is dead," replied
the Oriental.
"Have you some photographs of
him or any portrait?"
"We have no portraits of him of
any kind."
"How can I paint a portrait of him,
then?" asked the artist. "It is Impos
sible. I could not think of attempt
ing anything so absurd."
"Why is it absurd?" demanded the
prince gravely. "You paint pictures
of Mary Magdalene and Circe and
John the Baptist, and yet you have
never seen any of tEem. Why can
you not paint my father?"
The prince was so insistent that
Rossettl yielded in,.sheer desperation.
He painted an ideal head that was
certainly Oriental and also regal In
its bearing. The prince came to the
studio In great state to view it. When
the canvas was uncovered he looked
at It steadily and then burst Into
"How father has changed!" he
cried.—Everybody's Magazine.
A New Boule de Suit.
In Paris the police have discovered
a woman' whoso peculiar sort of pa
triotism has been compared to that ol
Boule de Sulf in Guy de Maupassant's
story. She was arrested recently for
having robbed a German merchant of
£68. To the Magistrate she made a
strange declaration. She said that
her main object in life was to decoy
Germans and to rob them. Sbe went
about with them to cafes and music
halls, and while affecting to be very
interested in them she picked their
pockets. In this way she had an
nexed for several years past over
£700. She had picked the pockets
of exactly sixty-seven Germans,
and she was proud of it. As her
reason for thus acting, the woman
said that in 1870 her family in Nor
mandy had been completely ruined by
the German invaders, who stole hei
father's cattle, pigs, fowls, and evei
plate. She was then obliged to gc
out as a dairymaid, but not being ac
customed to servitude she came to
Paris, and began waylaying and rob
bing Germans. The Magistrate list
ened to this tale calmly. It made no
Impression on him, for he sent the
new Boule de Sulf back to the depot,
there to await trial.—London Tele
,.Protection for Ruin*.
Great Britain's government Sas"de
cided to secure and protect for the
nation the ancient ramparts erected
by Edward I. around the town of Ber
wlck-on-Tweed. These ruins are of
great antiquarian and historical
value. They form one of the most in
teresting monuments of the bitter
strife that existed for centuries be
tween England and Scotland, as they
are situated right on tha-border. The
walls include the old bell tower from
which a flaring beacon gave warning
to the English farmers of the ap
proach of the bands of marauding
Scots.—New York Globe.
!|g| Pay Days In Norway. 4^
In Norway on pay days saloons at
closed and savings banks open un
til midnight. Servant girls hire for
half a year at a time by contract
at public registry offices. There Is a
telegraph box on every street car.
One writes the message, puts on the
right number of stamps, and drops it
In the box. Farmers can borrow
money from the government at three
per cent. There are practically no
Illiterates. The average wage earn
ings are |88 a year. There are more
reindeer than horses, more ghee
than cows. Sife5,
The Stock Exchange Bear.
A bear in a stock exchange is, as
everyone knows, one who looks for
ward to a fall In stocks, and sells in
the hope of being able to buy at a
lower price before the times comes
for delivery. The name Is supposed to
be derived from the story of the man
who sold a bear's skin before had
The language of ship Is language
of signs. But notwithstanding this
circumstance, all possible questions
may be asked and answered, and every
item of Information given in the full
est degree by its medium, even though
the conversing crafts be miles asun
The alphabet of this silent tongue Is
usually flags of various shapes and
colors. But should the distance be
tween the ships, or between the ship
and a signaling station, be too great
for colors to be distinguished, or
should the wind be blowing between
the two so that the flags are end on,
one of two other methods must bo
adopted. The first Is to represent each
letter by combinations of three shapes
—a cone, a ball and a drum. The sec
ond is to make use of semaphore
having three arms, the positions of
which with regard to one side or the
other of the post, and whether they
are horizontal, upturned or downturn
edf indicate the letter desired.
As the ships which speak to each
other are frequently of different na
tionalities, it is necessary that the sig
nal should be international or common
to all and this is so. And another de
sirable thing Is also provided.
It may occur to you that if a mes
sage, even one of brief length, were
to be spelt out letter by letter, the
operation would be exceedingly tire
tome, and consume time that perhaps
could be ill afforded. To remove these
When a ship desires to speak to an
other, she opens the bnll by hoisting
her ensign with the code flag beneath
The ship spoken to Immediately re
sponds to the signal by hoisting the
answering pennant at the "dip"—that
Is. two-thirds of the way up to, say,
the masthead or peak.
The first then mnkes the desired
signal, which may consist of two.
three or four flags but never more
than four.
Should the second ship comprehend
the signal, she makes known the fact
by hoisting the answering pennant
"close up," in which position it is re
tained till the signaling craft has haul
ed down her flags. It Is then lowered
to the "dip" again In readiness for the
continuation of the message.
Should the signal be not distinguish
able, or appear not to be applicable to
TJI—Pilot hit been sent you.
QDS—How does the land He?
FTS—Mu»t take In more ballast
the situation, the ship spoken to must
Intimate the fact by hoisting the proper
flags for the purpose, keeping the an
swering pennant at the "dip" until the
signal Is thoroughly comprehended,
when it is hoisted "close up."
Two-flag signals, from A to
are urgent and of Importance, and
take up ten pages "of the code book,
"Want a pilot," "Machinery out
of order," J, are examples of the na
ture of these hoists.
Three-flag signals occupy the great
er part of the Code Book. The bear
a A
to A S T.
Then there are the names of the
various coins of all countries, for ex
ample, A Y—a rupee, followed by
the weights and measures, A I—a
ton, decimals and fractions, X—
.09, and auxiliary phrases—1. e„ con
taining the auxiliary verbs, such as
W, "They must not be."
The general vocabulary Is Indicated
by the flags A to N P. "Pilot
has been sent to you," I, and
a in re a as S
may be given as illustration*.
The degrees of latitude and longi
tude, divisions of time, height of the
barometer and thermometer, are sig
naled by a hoist comprising two flags
under the code pennant while figures
from cipher to five millions are de
noted by two flag! over the code pen
Geographical signals are shown by
four-flag hols*!, *vch as: T-—
O 4 8 9
V.',' vy
The code flag over one flag has va
rious significances. For example,
wheu It is over the hoist denotes
that cholera, plague, or yellow fever
is on board. Over I, •'Have not a clean
bill of health." Over E indicates that
the flags which follow do not allude
to the code, but must be taken as rep
resenting the letters of the alphabet
each stands for. This is the alpha
betical signal, aiul Is employed when
a name or address Is about to be spell
ed out letter by letter. The code flag
over arid over indicate, tn one
case the end of a word or dot between
initials, and in the other that the al
phabetical signals are terminutml.
Numerical signal-—!, e.. that the fol
lowing flags are to be taken as repre
senting the figures assigned to each
of them In a table found in the boon—
is made known by hoisting the code
peunaut over M. Over N Indicates the
decimal point, and over O the end of
the numeral signal.
If the name or the number contain
more than four letters or four figures,
It must be given in more than one
hoist: for four Is the maximum num
ber of flags of which a hoist must con
sist. And if a letter or figure be dupli
cated, or contained more than once in
any name or number, such letter or
figure "must, on Its second occurrence,
begin or be in a second hoist, and on
its third occurrence, it must begin or
be in a third hoist."
The illustration of the distant and
Objections, a code has been made out
dealing with all matters marine, by
means of which a host of flags (from
two to four in number) indicate whole
aentences. Tor example, the flags Q,
and 8 ask the question "How docs
the land lie?" If, O, "Are you In dan
ger?" And so on.
In the illustration of the flags here
given of this international code of slg
nnls, the various colors are Indicated
thus: Yellow by dots, red by vertical
and blue by horizontal lines. You will
therefore have no difficulty In picturing
the true appearance of each.
It Is only since Jan. 1, 1902, that
the code ns here Illustrated has been
in exclusive use. The former code pos
sessed no flags to represent the vow
els X, and have been added and
an alteration has been made in the de
sign'and colors of a couple of the other
flags, and L.
You will notice that one of the flags
—a pennant, or flag running to a point,
having two white vertical stripes on a
red ground—Is termed the code signal
and answering pennant. When in use
as the first, It Indicates that the inter
national code Is being employed. When
used as the second—as the answering
flag—Its significance Is equivalent to
"I notice you aro wishful to communi
cate with me."
Coda Flag.
semaphore signals Is almost self-ex
It will be noticed that each letter of
the alphabet Is indicated, in the dis
tant by a hoist of three shapes—a
cone, a ball, and a drum and, in the
semaphore, by the Inclination and posi
tion (with reference to the post) of
three arms.
The cone with the polat upward Is
termed number 1. and corresponds
with the semaphore arm pointing up
ward. The ball is number 2, and Is
equivalent to tlin horizontal arm of
the other. The down-pointing cone
corresponds with the down-pointing
arm of the semaphore, and Is numbered
3. All these positions of the arm are
on the side of the post opposite to the
Special Distant Siffnal—1« War Declared.
Indicator. Number 4 Is represented by
a drum or by a horizontal arm on the
same side as the Indicator.
Owing to the fact that these distant
and semaphore signals take more time
than the flag system, requiring always
two or more hoists, thirty-seven spe
cial urgent signals needing one hoist
only have been provided in the Code
Book such as: "32. Short of provi
sions. Starving." "24. Want water
immediately." "312. Is war declared?"
The "Stop" signal indicates the end of
the sentence.
Bcmaina One of the Unsolved Prob
lems of the Century*
Dallng with the science problems of
the twentieth century Professor A. E.
Dolbear says concerning the all-em
braclng mystery of electricity:
"Here on the threshold of the new
century we are confronted with the
question, 'What is electricity and the
answer implied by the question seems
to demand a something which could
be described by one who knew enough,
as one would describe some new min
eral or gas or thing. Some eminent
scientific men are befogged by the
question, say it Is some ultimate un
knowable tiling, and hopeless as an In
quiry. If It be a something It must
be described by Its constant properties
us other things are. If it be unlike
everything else then It can not be
described by terms that apply to any
thing else. All material things have
some common properties. A glowing
coal Is an Incandescent,solid, flame Is
an incandescent gas, but neither glow
nor flame exists apart from the matter
that exhibits the phenomena. Both
arc conditions of particular kinds of
"If electric phenomena are different
from gravltatlve or thermal luminous
phenomena It does not follow that
electricity Is miraculous or that It Is a
substance. We know pretty thorough
ly what to expect from It, for It Is
quantitatively related to mechanical
and thermal and luminous phenomena
as they arc to each other so If they
are conditions of matter the presump
tion would be strongly In favor of elec
tricity's being a condition or property
of matter, and the question 'What is
»l 6
14-1 S
-r r.i/ -it***'
electricity?' would then be answered
In a way by saying so, but such an
answer would not be the nnswer appar
ently expected to tile question. To say
it was a property of matter would not
be much more Ijitelllglblc than to ly
the same of gravitation.
"At best It would add another prop
erty to the list of properties we al
ready credit it with, as elasticity, at
traction nnd so on. In any case the
nature of electricity remains to be
discovered and stated in terms common
to others forms of phenomena, and It
Is to lie hoped thnt long before this
new century shnll have been completed
mankind will be able to form as ade
quate an Idea of electricity as It now
has of heat."
Professor Ilolbear Intimates In his
article the belief that the field of In
vestigation and research remains as
large and fruitful as It has ever been
Fearful Sccncs of Slaughter nnd Anon
In tlie Caucasus.
The rioting In the Caucasus between
'I altars anil Armenians, in which
many thousands have been killed or
Injured nnd millions of dollars' worth
of property destroyed, is the most des
perate outbreak that has taken placo
In Kustsia for many years. For more
than a week fierce fighting has been
going on between the rival factions
in Baku, the great oil city on the shore
of the Caspian, and in a score or more
of scattered villages. The principal
cause of the outbreak, according to
St. Petersburg advices, is the Moslem
hatred of the Armenians. The Tartars,
ho are followers of the prophet, are
a cruel and rebellious people, brookiug
restraint of any kind and intensely
hating the Christians. How the first
-iash between the factions occurred Is
not stated In the reports coming from
the scene of hostilities, but the dis
turbance, once started, spread like
wildfire, until Baku and scores of oth
er places wore experiencing all the
horrors of actual war.
While Baku was the storm center of
the fighting, there was great slaughter
in outlying towns and throughout the
wholo oil region. In the village of
Shusba the fighting between Tartars
and Armenians continued five days
and several hundred persons were
killed or wounded. Almost the entire
town was destroyed by incendiaries,
the government buildings, churches and
schools having been burned. A score
of other places shared a somewhat
similar fate. A large number of the
people in Duduktkhu, Achilla. Edilu
and Bukutan were slaughtered and
the villages having been plundered by
the Tartars were then set on fire-
At Balakhan a serious conflict oc
curred between 1,000 Armenians and
the government troops which had been
dispatched to maintain order. Orders
had been given to the soldiers to shoof
down all rioters, whether Tartars or
others, and the Armenians, on refusing
to disperse, were raked with artillery.
That the Armenians, however, are
capable of giving a good account of
themselves Is evidenced by the fact
that In the Baku district thev have
killed or wounded 1,500 Tartars
The government troops sent to the
disturbed region have proved unable to
restore order and heavy reinforce
ments are r.ow arriving at Baku. That
city is utterly demoralized. Incen
diary fires have laid a considerable
portion cf it In ashes, and hundreds of
tanks filled with oil and naphtha have
been destroyed. Hundreds of refineries
in and about Baku have been burned
and the loss inflicted upon the oil In
dustry alone will reach $00,000,000 All
production is paralyzed and the indi
rect as well as the direct loss to trade
Is enormous. Even with order restored,
and that srems to be still far off. It
will take more than a year before con
ditions in the Baku region will become
normal. The Tartars are still plunder
ing and burning wherever opportunity
offers and are daily being worked up
to greater fanaticism. The following
incident which occurred in Baku
shows tuelr desperate spirit. A band
of them barricaded themselves In the
house of a rich Mussulman and fired
from the windows on a patrol officer
who summoned them to surrender.
Ti Tartars continued firing while ar
tillery was brought up. The guns laid
the house In ruins, the Tartars perish
ing to a man.
Never Heard or Howells.
An amusing little incident was re
lated recently to William Dean How
ells. It seems that a reader of many
novels from the West went into a New
York bookstore and asked a bright*
looking clerk for Howells* last book.
"Yes, we have it," replied the clerk,
and handed the customer a book by H.
G. Wells. "No," said the Westerner*
"not Wells—Howells—W. D. Howells."
The clerk looked nonplused, and, going
to the back of the store, conferred
with another Intelligent-looking spec
tacled clerk. Both "apparently were at
a loss, and the second young man came
forward and said: "Will you please
tell me If he lias ever written any oth
er books'/' "About sixty," retorted
the Westerner, and with a sad smile
for the passing of the bookshop he de
parted to seek "Miss Bellard's Inspira
tion" in the better informed depart
ment store.—Harper's Magazine.
The "maternal instinct" in woman,
which every one admires, is largely
responsible for her demand that her
husband also ask her consent when he
leaves the house, the same as the
children ask It.
rn h*fcji= ij*
111 W
it* N
Hi, J.
is! a.
31* W
Is $
I he .hiiuiucM? tonsui at roitlniul, Ore., and the commissioners from
•inpan at the Lewis iiiul Clark Kiposition united, at the Instance of the lm
peil.il go\eminent, in a grand peace jubilee carnival at tbe exposition. The
Mikado instructed his commissioners lit the Portland fair to evert their
ulinoM efloits to make a notable showing for Japan. Accordingly, the Jap
anese commissioners set themselves to the task of breaking the St Louis
lecoid. The.v seouicd more than linlf the space in the Oriental Exhibit
I'aliice, making by far the best showing of any foreign government
When it became e\iilent that the. peace envoys at Portsmouth would
reach 1111 agreement, the Japanese determined to give exprssion to their ap
preciation of President Roosevelt's efforts ns a peacemaker by arranging
some sort of a celebration at the exposition, the onlv place where the Jap
anese people at this moment are officially taking part in anv American en
terprise of general public importance. Tlie.v lilt upon the Idea of a peace
Jubilee carnival. It Is said that about $10,000 was expended bv the Jap
anese representatives in the carnival, and the day was known 'as "Japan
Day" at the exposition.
IScnntiful Mrs,Cnton Who Has Married
the Merchant I'rioce.
Seldom does a marriage attract
greater public Interest than thnt dir
ected toward the union of Marshall
Field and Airs.
Delia Spencer Ca
ton, which was re
cently solemnized
In Ixmdon,
Marshall Field is
tho world's great
est merchant, hav
ing immense inter
ests in all parts of
the globe. Jle Is
the largest taxpay-
1-it.LD. or In the United
States and probably our second rich
est citizen. Ills wealth is conserva
tively estimated at $2"D,000,000, though
it may be much greater than this. His
great stores In New York and Chicago
arc world famous, and his name is
almost as familiar in Europe as It is
in America. lie Is 70 yeai of age,
nearly (3 feet in height, erect In bear
ing and handsome in face. His is a
face and form which would attract at
tention in any company, as the per
sonification of business acumen and
sterling citizenship. Ills first wife
died nine years ago, and since that
time ho has gone very little into so
ciety, confining his visits to the homes
of a few intimate friends, the Catons,
who were his neighbors, being among
the number. Ills residence Is on
Prnlrle avenue and the Caton mansion
is separated from it only by a narrow
Mr. Field was born on a Massachu
setts farm and speni his ooyhood days
there. At 17 he went to work in a
country store. A little later he went
to Chicago and secured clerkship
in a wholesale dry goods house. At
the age of 25 be was taken into part
nership and from that day to this his
fortune has grown.
Mrs. Caton, who is 53 years of age,
though she does not appear to be more
than 40, is by temperament and en
vironment admirably suited to be Mr.
Field's helpmeet. Ills friends are hers
aud his tastes, which she thoroughly
appreciates, are her tastes. The two
personalities arc declared to be well
suited. Mrs. Caton is amiable and
tactful. Her good nature Is part of
herself and knowB no ending. She
is a natural entertainer. For years
she occupied a place in Chicago so
ciety hardly second to that held by
Mrs. Potter Palmer. Her dinners and
special entertainments at her home
were famous when the present genera
tion of social butterflies was holding
sway in the nursery.
Mrs. Caton is the daughter of the
Spencer who helped to found the
house of Hlbbard, Spencer, Bartlett
& Co. As Delia Spencer twenty
seven years ago she met and was won
by Arthur Caton, one of the most cul
tivated and handsomest beaux of the
period. The courtship was brief and
was started at Ottawa, 111., where the
Spencers lived. Mr. Caton, who was a
native of Oneida county, N. Y., became
wealthy and his wife inherited riches
from her parents. Mrs. Caton also
was among the most prominent patron
esses at the charities, balls and horse
shows. Her husband was a good whip
and, being fond of horses, he indulged
his whim extensively. At the last
horse show he drove four-in-hand to
general applause.
Mrs. Caton has traveled consider
ably of recent years. She has been
presented at several European courts
and is a familiar figure at the Euro
pean watering places patronized by
royalty and the aristocracy of the old
Mr. Caton, who was a warm per
sonal friend of Mr. Field, about a year
ago died suddenly In New York City.
Some people value a man's friend
ship by the amount of money he is
willing to lend.—Detroit free Press
It's etulcr not to waut tbluRs than
if to get ttieav.
When showing the violet shade, the
thickness of the film of a soap bubble
Is about the one million two hundred
and forty thousandth part of an Inch.
Taper car wheels made by pressure
from rye-straw paper are usually good
enough to take a second set of steel
tllres after the first set has been worn
out by a run of 300,000 mllea-
A firm of Baltimore architects bas
drawn plans for a building without
any wood In Its construction. It will
be six stories In height, the entire
structure to be of re-enforced concrete
and steel. Even the doors, window
sashes ond door Jambs will be of
Ihree human lungs—one white, one
black and one gray—form au instruc
tive exhibit In an Edinburgh museum.
Ihe llrst came from an Esquimaux,
who breathed the pure air of the Arc
tic regions the second, from a coal
miner, who Inhaled much coal dust,
the third, from a town dweller, kept
In city dust and smoke.
Tbe proposed new calender of
Cnmiile Flammarion. the French as
tronomer, begins the year at tho
ernal Equinox (March 21), and to ev.
eij quarter gives two months of thirty
days and one month of thirty-one
days. The ib."th day, set aside as a
fete day. Is not counted In any month,
two such days following leap year.
The object of tills plan Is to make tne
same dates fall always on the same
days of the week nnd thus give ft
calendar that is good for any year.
At tho Lowell Observatory In Ari
zona photographs of the planet Mar»
were taken last May, showing. In
whole or part, about a dozen of the
narrow markings on that planet which
are railed "canals." Some of these
photographs, which are less than a
quarter of nn Inch la diameter, linvo
been reproduced In one of the observa
tory bulletins. As shown in these re
productions, the markings, except In
the case of one or two of the broader
ones, are very faint, but yet recogniz
Prof. Henry I,. Bolley of the North
Dakota Agricultural College an
nounces. as Interesting news, that the
led spores of some of the Important
lusts nfTccling wheat are capable of
withstanding not only the drying
winds of autumn, but the intense cold
of a North Dakota winter. They have
been found surviving upon dead
leaves, dead straw and the partially
dead 01 green leaves of living grain
or grasses. This applies also to other
Important rusts which attack wheat
and allied grasses. Heretofore It has
generally been assumed that the
spores are quick to germinate and
short of life, and simply spread the
disease from plant to plant during the
summer season.
Although the existence of tantalum,
the new material employed for In
candescent lamp filaments, has been
known for a hundred years, it is only
very recently that the metal has been
prepared In a pure state. This is ef
fected with the aid of the electric
furnace. Tantalum combines extreme
ductility with extraordinary hardness.
When red-hot It Is easily rolled Into
sheets or drawn Into wire, but upon
being heated a second time nnd then
hammered it becomes so hard that It
has been found Impossible, with a
diamond drill, to bore a bole through
a sheet only one millimeter thick.
Such drill, working day and night
for three days, at 5,000 revolutions per
minute, made a depression only a
quarter of a millimeter deep, and the
diamond point was badly worn.
Good Business.
A writer who spends his summers at5'1'
tbe seashore tells the following story:
An Ignorant countryman who saw the
sen for the first time was much im
pressed with the effect of the blue
water and asked a fisherman If he
could tell him the owner, as he would
like to buy a gallon to take home to
his wife. The fisherman replied, proud
"TJs, me man—we own ltl"
"Land sakesl" exclaimed the rustic.
"Could you sell me a gallon for 80
"Sure," said the fisherman and he
disappeared, returning In a few mo
ments with a Jar of water, for which
he received the countryman's 50 cents.
The latter departed with his pur
chase. Returning later in the day, af
ter the tide had gone out, he gazed In
silent wonder at the water, which had
reached far from the bea
"Lumme!" he exclaim/ "don't they
do a trr 'c!"—Harper's '.Veekly. -v
Thought It Was a Proposal.
The Man—1 trust, Mrs. Backbay,
that you don't agree with Maud Gonne
when she says brainy women should
not marry?
Tbe Girl from Boston—This so
precipitate, dear Mr. Breezy!—Cleve
land Leader.
Wild Barley tn India.
Parley grows wild In the mountains
of Himalaya, where it Is apparently In

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