Newspaper Page Text
IMPROVED LABOB CONDITIONS.
By Vice President Fairbanks. There has been during the pnst few years a very noticeable Im provement In labor conditions. Tbls bas been due In a large degree to the perfection and Influence of la bor organizations and to tbe co operation of many thousands who have believed that the Improvement of the conditions of labor was a matter of the very first'lmportanco to the great,body of our citizenship, c. w. junuiAaKB. such gratifying Improvement Is duo" to a wide discussion of labor's Interests and to the edu cation of the people as to Its condition and as to Its real and Just needs. In the earlier days those who advocated an Improve ment of tbe conditions of labor and sought to enact laws for Its protection were regarded by many as agitators, ai encroaching upon certain vested or natural rights of employers. Much progress has been made since then. The reforms which have been effected and which are now generally regarded as Just, the Improvement of con ditions In many hazardous undertakings for the protec tion of the persons and lives of operatives, the Improve ment of Insanitary Conditions which surrdund many places of labor and other Improvements are proof of the wisdom of organized effort and of discussion. SCOPE OF HAN'S WORK. By Pro!. Kenyan L. ButterSeld. Tfie sharp distinction sometimes drawn be tween vocational studies and culture studies Is already being modified. Some time it may be obliterated. Probably we shall have a new definition .of culture. At any rate,, vocation hereafter Is to be glorified not only for what it contributes to national and Individual pros perity, but for its educational possibilities. Vocation is not merely technique. It Is not merely breadwlnnlng. At Its best it Is a form of social service In which tbe whole man is engaged. It relates Itself to most of the individual demands for growth find even more vitality to the social demands of fmnlly and of state and of civil society. Hence we shall discover a wny-of making vocational training also a liberal traln- THE DAISY-FIELD. -Man looked upon the sky by night, ••. And loved :its -tender azure, bright rWith many a softly beaming light And tang his Maker'* praises. "Tbe sun declares-Thee in Thy dread But from the Wars" Thy peace Is shed: Would that'"by day they comforted!" .. God heard .and made the daisies. All In a firmament of green Thefr golden orbs now float, serene, Twinkling with rays of silvery tfheen, To comfort him who gazes. Back Home When Alzora Dunn had shaken the dust of Brattlevllle^ from her feet— literally, for It was a hot, dry summer —and departed for Chicago, Gus Mitch ell of course had been at the railroad station .to see her off. BrattlevlUe boasted only 700mhablt ants and the celluloid collar was. still regarded with favor In Its "society cir cles. Around his ccllulold collar Gus wore a narrow black string tie with crumpled ends and there iwas a photo graph button of Alzora in the lapel of his coat Be also had abalone shell cuff links. ..In spite of this he had a good, square jaw and a look in his eyes that a woman could trust. 'He bad a. heroic smile on his face as be crushed Alzora's fingers: at. parting. "Sou're sure, Zory?" .he asked, a trifle tremulously. "There Isn't any hope for me? You don't care?" For an instant Alzora Dunn, her yel-' low balr shining In the sun, her pretty, frivolous face pink with the excitement of her departure, felt a sudden qualm. Ever since she could remember Gus bad tagged around, after ber. Of course she liked him—but marry him, Of late she had felt that she was born to shine In higher circles. The letters of a girl friend who had gone to Chicago and was a clerk in the store .where a position now awaited Alzora had caused her to look at Brattleville with scornful eyes. She shuddered to think that she might still be stupidly measuring ribbons In Gus Mitchell's father's general store ,had It not been for Carrie's letters. When Alzora spoke to Gus at parting It was as from a great height, bending down to one in a lowly rut, one for whom she had a friendly, pitying re tard. '*No, Gus,' she said. "I like you and all that—but I don't love you The train whistle*^ long as It spun across the bridge.' As Gus Mitchell stood watching It with a lump In his throat he thought of Alzora at picnics, at parties. In his buggy, laughing up at blm. Be bad felt she cared for him and it came hard.' Alzora rarely thought of Gus the first few weeks In Chicago. The newness, the excitement, the .rush dominated her entirely, and underneath ran the cur rent of expectation. Hadn't a girl at the wiblte gpods counter upstairs mar ried only the previous week a traveling man who made $2,000 a year. There were six in Alzora's family and never had her father's income exceeded $900. Only two—and $1,000 each to spend! Not that Alzora was distinctly mer cenary, but such things were like fairy -tales to her. It was not long before the floorwalk er in her department began finding that the best vantage point for him was near Alzora's counter. At first It made her nervous, for the girls stood rather In awe of blm. Then her coquetry as serted Itself when she found tfine times out of ten that if she looked up he was looking at her. "Gee. Hatton's struck, Isn't he?" Carrie said to her at last "Never no ticed a girl before—too stuck-up for us! He can't keep his eyes off you I" Alzora blushed. Hatton was very tall and stiff, like a clothier's dummy, and wore marvelous collars and won derful neckties. No one would ever connect the Idea of abalone shell cuff links wltbJIilm. One knew by Instinct that hewope links of plain-sold. He had beautiful pink'finger nails. He looked like the heroes In the paper novels Alzora bad read as a school girl, and when it came about that he got Introduced and called upon her she was very happy. She remembered Gus only as belong ing to some far-off hazy existence that made ber shuddei to recall, because it 6^ HE HAD BEAUTIFUL FINK FINGEB NAILS. roseate dreams as to what she would do when she was Mrs. Hatton. It meant a six-room flat at least and a girl and anew tailor suit twice a year and gloves to match, always. When Gus wrote she put his letters aside and neglected to answer them. She could think of npthing to say. It was qnlte by accident one day that Alzora went Into the stockroom just be fore closing time and across the room saw Mr. Button seize a small boy in overalls' who had stumbled against blm. He shook the boy violently, cuffed his ears and swore at ktm, then in his hurry stumbled over a box-and swore some more. His face was black and ugly. He flushed as he met Alzora and SOME CHINESE HILLS ABB CBUDE Beana or Grain Damped Into Hollow PlM. of SlMonry and Rolled. China in the Interior of the empire presents many odd sights to the trav eler. In some_ sections the mills for the grinding of cereals, while not up to the Btandnrd lng. Agriculture Is to be amply reeognlzjed^ii the schools. If-agriculture, properly defined and tfiughtiis efficient educational material, both city and 'COvtatry boy may profit by It, the one because he will renchaiuiowledge of and a sympathy with nature not easily secured in any other way, the other because he Is utilizing his environ ment—physical, Industrial and social—as a means of education. "PINK TEA" DIPLOMACY. By Spencer Eddy, V. S. Minister to Argentina. The old conception placed on diplomacy by of European and Amer ican plants, are fairly well equipped, but far Inland, where the forces of civilization have not made material headway, the "mills" present a ludi crous sight to the one familiar wltb the 12,000-barrel plants in the flour centers of the United States. Grinding beans In tbe interior of CshIm Americans is fast disappearing. It has not been so many years back since the impres sion prevailed that a diplomatic post was noth ing more than a medium through which our country maintained Its social entente cordlale with other nations. And this interpretation of the functions of the office was held also by the men In the service themselves. But men of pink t$a proclivities are no longer wanted in the service. A school for Instruction for those who wish, to enter tbe service, conducted on the lines of some Institution like West Point or Annapolis, would raise tbe standard of American diplomatists still further. It ls impossible for a youngster to jump Into the field anil compete with" older heads, but with three years of hard training in such a school be would be fully qualified for the work cut out. LACK OF POLICE SUPERVISION. By President Bllot of Harvard. In no other civilized country of the world is there such absence of effective police supervision as in the PRESIDENT ELIOT, bas no strong arm. it grated on ber nerves. Mr. Hatton always said "one" does so-and-B6 in stead of "you" no matter how many times it occurred In a sentence, and he called Alzora "dear child." He took her to the theatei- once a week and brought her'candy. "You're a perfect wonder," Carrie told' her, enviously. "It's because you're so pretty I Copping out a swell one like that the first thing I Wouldn't he howl at Oust Ah, my! Think of Gus and Mr. BattonI" Alzora laughed, but she felt ashamed of herself because she remembered that look In Gus' eyes, but she dreamed United States. One must say that there is none in country districts and that In urban districts it is or dinarily Ineffective. Even well known members of the criminal class are under no effectual control, and by merely changing from tlmo to time their field of operations often succeed in preying on the community for years.,— The law. then his countenance cleared magically. He was suave, polite ami majestic as usual when be Bpoke to her. "Are you going to be at home this evening?" he aBked. His very presence, dared her to remember him as he had been two minutes before. "No, I—I Bban't be home to-night," Alzora heard herself stammering as she turned and fled. She felt of a sudden very homesick and afraid and disillusioned. What would It be tp have one's husband look at one that way when he was annoyed —or speak that way? For a long time Alzora sat In tbe dark at her window thinking that night and then she turned, up the gas and, getting out Gus' letters, sat down and answered them. It was almost as good as talking to htm.—Chicago Dally News. Far-sighted Cortea, The Tehauntepec railway scheme was originally proposed four centuries ago by the dlscoverer-conquerer Cortez. —Review of Reviews.. The facts ^regarding this Interesting announcement are susceptible of brief statement. -In the 8prlng-ottbe year 1510 the magnificent oceangoing steam yictit- belon^ng .to. S^i^^jjiu Hernan Cortez entered the harbor of Vera fflHrtheorbg 'ctoonean.earPdyr pu pu Cruz. Senor Cortez was taken ashore in his naphtha launch. He PRIMITIVE STONE FOB GRINDING PURPOSES. China Is a laborious Job. A stack of round maspnry Is set up and hollowed. The beans or grain is dumped In and then rolled to the proper degree of coarseness or otherwise. Two persons operate the roller and, like the Indians, the men iiaro no scruples against as signing tbe women to the task, a task comparable only with the treadmill. 1. Shy. The czarina of Russia Is said by peo ple who know her well to be verjr «hy, and to usually sit wltb bar ayea cast waB met on the beach by tlie representatives of Montezuma, who took him for an in land spin in an eighty-horsepower au tomobile. The Idea of the Tehaunte pec railway developed in the mind of Cortez in consequence of the frequent puncturing of the' rubber tires of the car by cactus thorns as the machine plowed its way through the jungles. Alas! Cortez neglected to live long enough to witness the practical results of his intelligent foresight.—New York Sun. Has Many Crowna. The Czar has as many crowns as a fashionable lady has hats. He Is re garded by his people as a religious as well as a secular monarch, and there fore has crowns for every possible state occasion. The Busslan Imperial crown Is modeled afterapatrlarchal mi ter. Five magnificent diamonds, rest ing on a huge glowing ruby, from the cross at the summit Diamonds and pearls of utmost perfection render this crown unrivaled among all others, and there Is one sapphire In It which Is said to- be the finest stone of Its kind ever mined.—London Tld-Blts. down. When she does lodk up on be lpg addressed or wishing to speak to any one, she scarcely ever does so without a quick glance and flush of shrinking diffidence. Xou then cannot help thinking what a pity it Is to so constantly hide such large and beauti ful eyes as hers. Soft and brilliant blue gray they are, and fringed with long dark lashes. Exceptionally tall and slight, she Is noted for the mar velous fineness of her proportions, and her face Is beautiful In its'Greek con tour of feature, especially In profile, when one sees the continuous straight line of forehead and nose to perfec tion. Her expression has been de- scribed by a celebrhted artist who had th« honor of painting her portrait aa. one of "singularly sweet wistful sad ness." Her hair, which, is bronze gold In sbade Is luxuriant and long, and In Its striking beauty makes a fit ting crown to the charming ensemble of face and figure.—Busslan Dispatch Ox a Duel. She—Married life should be on« sweet song. He—Yes, like one of Mendelssohn'! —-wltboot word#—Boston Transcript FROM THE COMMONER =:S S. MR. BRYAN'S PAPER Sisrnlfloanl silence. The Republican party Is silent on the question of publicity of Campaign funds. Mr. Taft says that the. list of contribut ors will be auuomiced after electionJurt now he desires to con'ceal the sources of the Republican "slugh" fund. There are wneral instances on record of the willingness of Republican: manag ers to make public campaign contribu tions after election. One of these oc curral during the insurance investiga tions in Now York thjee years ago. The question of-the donation made by the. Equitable Lite Assurances -Society came up in connection with a mysterious loaft of $685,000, made by -the Mercantile Trust Company to the EqultSblef Cornelius N. Bliss, who wa&~ treasurer of the Republican national rommitteeand also a trustee in the Equitable .Was ask ed Oris question, according to the' report published by the Chicago Record-Herald a Republican newspaper: "Did you, as treasurer of theRepute lican national committee, accept or receive a contribution of $100,000 from the fund of $883,000 wiiicli figures as-"a '.loan 'to James W. Alexander and Thomas .Tor dan. as trustees from the Mercantile Trust Company, tlie existence of ibat loan being known to you as a director of 'the Equitable Society?" Mr. Bliss' answer was: "I tfbsdlutelj refuse to answer any such question The question is .a' decidedly improper one," rlhis was'the' willingness,.of the treas urer of tlie Republican national commit' tee to make public the,source of the par ty's contribution,, nearly a year after the election. Subsequent investigation re vealed tlie fart that not only .tih'e Equit able, but the Mutual, the N3w York IJfe and otlier big insurance- companies bad contributed tens of thousands' of "dollars of their policy holders' money to the -Re publican campaign fund. Tlie $200,000 fund' which Harriman raised was not made public until two and a half years after the election and tjien Hi rough no voluntary, action on Hie part of cither Mr. Harriman or Mr. Roosevelt. The Record-Herald's publication, is an interesting dhapter upon tih'e question, of the willingness of Republican managers to .publish .campaign contributions, even after election. v. Ana Why Not Aldrlclif President Roosevelt'denounce* Senator Foraker .for his Standard Oil affiliations. Why not Senator AUlrich also? Is it be cause Foraker opposed Taft, while Aid rich is for Taft? Ijast winter the St IvOuib Globe-Democrat, a Republican pa per, said fahat Senator Aldrich has"cap rtalfctic affiliations" and "openly consults, with the men who control in that hasy, yet positive, element popularly known-as the Wall street croypl.",' it is said that Mr. Aldrich "seldom takes any. step,:in or out of the Senate/without consulting with his New Torts connections," and that "he is related to tbe men. wlho con trol Standard Oil, and has made/millions in association with them." Yet the Globe-Democrat says "he pos sesses the ability to' apparently unite ini common causa.the incongruous elements of the Senate and direct them'along a common channel." The Globe-Democrat is now admitting what has for. yeaqs l^eeii dharged by Democrats: Maybe. ^c^Jild rich's success is not entirely due'to his ability. Maybe the elements of the Sen ate which Mr. Aldricb controls are not so .'incongruous" as some would have us believe. Certainly he is not the only member of the United States Senate who ^has ".capitalistic affiliations." is President Roosevelt silent about Aldrich? tion agent in -the Senate. Mr. Taft's campaign manager says nothing about Aldrich. .J# Difficult to BalMouThem This Yen*, YTalter Wellman, writing to. tihe .Chi? cago Record-Herald from Cincinnafif O., says "It is significant that the Republican managers are endeavoring to induce em ployers to bring pressure upon their men, as was done in 1800 very effectively and to a lesser extent. In 1000. But it is ad mitted these tactics do not work as well now. In the first place, employers are not much disposed to. exert themselves. Most of them are opposed to Bryan, and some of -them think his election would be bad for business, but few of diem are intense about-it~or care to incur the ill will of their men by trying to coerce or frighten them. In the second place*'labor *won*t stand for it/ In tfbe words one factory manager, 4tbat has played out.' "Here in Cincinnati was a case I.know of. The owner of a shop called in his foreman and said to him: 'Sullivan, I think it only fair to tell you that if Bryan is elected tihitf" shop will be closed tibe 4tih pf November. 1 am a little ahead of the game, and will keep wliat I have and shut down rather than risk my profits in the Bryan dull t$mes. Now, how are you going to vote?' 'For Bryan/ replied Foreman Sulli van, 'and so will most of the 1S3 menjn the shop/ v/ Watch the- Threats. Every one hearing of threats to dis dharge woridug men in the event of Mr. Bryan's election should communicate the fact to Norman B. Made, chairman Dem ocratic committee, AuditoriuM Annex Hotel, Chicago, 111. The names of suoh informants will not be disclosed by Mr. Mack. "Will the era- of hypocrisy eyer cease?" plaintteely inquires ttie PhiJadelplhja Ledger. Ask "Dear Harriman/' ot''Sen ator Foraker. They ought to know some thing about if .. Judge Taft, who sent a woriririgman to jail.^n the testimony of a hired spy, is naturally 'supported by a man who willingly condemns this fellows without a hearing on tbe testimouy of a man whom he once~ denounced as "the real osjsassjn of McKlnley." WITH TH£ SAGES. -All education should lead to action.— -oethe. Perish discretion when it interferes with duty.—More. Measure thy mind's height by tho shadow it caBts.—Browning. The tragedy'of tbe tongue is its pow er of irremediable harm.—Austin. Life is too short to dwell on failures —push on to a new success.—Lavater. Happy Is that mun whose culling is great and spirit humble.—Demosthenes. The way to gain a good reputation is to endeavor to be wbut you desire to appear.—Von Moltke. There is nothing so great that I fear to do for' my friend, nor nothing so small that 1 will disdain to do for him. —Sir Philip Sydney. All pleasure must be bought at the price of pain. For tbe true, tbe price is paid before you enjoy it for the false it Is paid as surely, afterward.— Foster. "L llnvh.es Amirem Hnfkea, Little Rock, Ark., Oct. 13.—To the Edi tor of The Commoner: In his western crusade Gov. C. E. Hughes of New York indulged in hilarious ridicule Everywhere he spoke of that pl&uk in tthe Denver -platform providing that legislation should be enacted to. prevent atiy corporation or combination in the form of a trust from controlling more than fifty per cent of the output of any manufactured product. He held up his hands in assumed.horror over tihe fact, as contended by ihim, that this would deprive many thousands of work in the industries wfoere-.Hhey had been trained and turn them out on society with out tbe mrinis of making a living. The reading public is familiar with his bois terous argument but I have seen" no where, either in speeches or in the cur rent publications, any allusion to the Governor's amazing -personal inconsisten cy. It was be .who-'prepared and used every power of his Office' to enact into law tlie New YOfk insurance statute pro viding that no life insurance "company, however great its accumulations or how ever large it/s plan or ^however many with their families might 'toe dependent there on for a livelihood,, .should be allowed to write more than otte hundred and fifty millions of risks in ajty one year. It may have an acquired onptrcity to write three imes that amount, but it must stop and turn out to grass two4hirds~ of its em ployes and dependencies. The parable perfcct and migflit be cemented on nt length with profit as .a test of the Governor's sincerity. C. S. COLLINS^ Like Bacon. Mr. Taft plcatvthat his party can re ceive large contributions fftm the inter ests to be benefited without being obli ligated to tliem or Influenced by them, recalls the plea wltfdh 'Francis Bacon made when impeached before the House of Lords, for talcing bribes. ~He said that while he had taken them, they had never influenced his judgtnent, but he .was removed in disgrace. It Is a pity he did not know of the modern method by which one protects himself from influence, while at the same time getting the benefit of the contributions by merely, saying that it is distinctly understood by the gi/per that the receiver will not be influenced by the gift. But men are usually influenced by tbeir benefactors. And this recalls' Itiei story, of a discussoh that was going on* at Lin coln several years ago while the Legisla ture-was in session. A number of legis lators,. lobbyists and newspaper men were seated in a: hotel. office dismissing' tho question, "What is an honest man?" Af ter several -opinions-bad been expressed some one asked Herman Timme, a Doug las couuty mem6err to give an answer. Herman replied: "Veil, I tink an honest man is one who will stay bought." The great corporations finance the Re publican party's .campaign and tJiey will control tljeTiepubliean officials whom .thear elect. iv' Union Democratic Victory Will Prosperity. The Democratic party wants, prosper ity in this country. It wants permanent prosperity. It wants that prosperity shared by every,_eltUen. And it knows that you can have no permanent pros perity, no permanent progress, no per manent peace unless you have harmoni ous co-operation between labor and- cap ital, between employer and employe.. And tflie Democratic party knows that you can uot.^ ha ye Jiarmonious co-operatiqn tweeti labor^and capital except on a bams of justicehw between man and matti-and* we ask foi*'Justice for thoise whd' toll.—^ Mr. Bryan's speech at Cedar Rapids. Two Contributor!. .William Nelson Cromwell, the -legal representative of B. H.. Harriman and the Wall street lawyer who engineered the Panama deal, was the first big con tributor to the Republican campaign fund. ^Je^'gave $30,000 to' the. Republican na tional campaign slush fund. Now it is announced that Andrew Carnegie, head of the steel trust, has made a- donation of $20,000 towards financing the election of Judge Taft. These are the two contribu tions from trust sources that have reach ed the public, and indicate very clearly on which side the trust interests are ar^ rftyed iu this campaign. Attention Travellns Salesmen. Every traveling salesman who desires a.:copy of the Democratic campaign text book is invited to send his business card to The Commoner, together with a re quest lor the text book, it will, be im mediately forwarded to him. A supply of .thrae^bboks have been secured by The Commoner for the'use and benefit of trav eling salesmen. "Mr. Taft is a pronounced revisionist— has been one for over two years._^ Htf wants the. schedules revised and cut down/' says the Milwaukee Sentinel. Then why doesn't he say so? AH be has said is that he believes some of the'sched ules are too high and others too low. Railroad men who went through the Pullman strike will, of course, fall over themselves to contribute money to the Republican campaign fund, provided they can send it to Frank Lowden, son-in-law of Pullman. |'I can not hit a man when he is down/' said Mr. Taft recently. This is poor consolation to Mr. Foraker as he now site-and fondles his sore ribs. We trust that the/jarmert- of the "West %ave not overlooked, the fact that this fiqe fall weather they are enjoying-cornea to them under the beneficent provisions of the pingley law. To date President Roosevelt has not indicated just how thoroughly James Schoolcraft Sherman might push "my policies" under certain contingencies. ::F.oraker? "B pluribus un'um.-f" Mixed Parentaare. A small boy, writing a composition on Quakers, wound up by saylug that ttfe "Quakers never quarrel, never get into a fight, never claw each other, and never jaw back." He added: "Pa Is a Quaker, but I really dou't think ma can be,"—Tit-Bits. Either Truthful or Unlucky* "He's a very truthful man,- isn't he?" "I guess so. He goes fishing and never seems to catch anything/'-HDe trolt Free Press. In the Art Gallery, Old Lady—Haven't you got any n^ore figures in marble? Attendant—No, madam these are aU* Is'there sopie particular one you are looking for? •Old Lady—Yea. I Want the statue of limitations I've heard my husband, talk so much about. Foolish Man. Meyer—Jugglngs lias a good record pi a pedestrian. .• Oyer—Then what-Is be always try liV'to break It tori 'i Prof. H.'Kammerllngb Onnes of Ley Cen has succeeded In liquefying" he lium. Terrifying In Its destructive aspects tnd ajipalllng In its danget', yet In tensely'fascinating In its possibilities for beneflting .the "world, the latest explanation of chemical science bas placed mankind literally wltbln but a tew degrees of the frozen, pole of knowledge. Heat Is life cold Is annihilation. The final and absolute extremes of these ire. as yet heights so exquisite and depths so profound that thfey mock at once the lens and the plnmmet-llna of human conception. For the. sake of convenience, hojr erer, science hos establlsbed. a pure ly arbitrary starting point for the measurement of heat and cold. This is called-the "absolute sero,"' and. Is died at 459 degrees, below the fam iliar sero mark., of the Fahrenheit thermometer—a point which chemists have vainly sought to reach- ever since. Prof. Dewnr most nearly ap proached^ by his astonishing feat of liquefying air and hydrogen. But even Dewar's greatest cold was hundreds of degrees from absolute sero That was some ten years ago. Now" comes news from the old town of Lev den in Holland—birthplace of the elec tric buttery—tb'nt Prof. H.. Kammer llngb Onnes of that city has succeeded in liquefying the rarest and most vo Mttlr of all gases. He bas reduced fi&Uum Jo a visible fluid," determined ItS'ltepipcrnture nnfl made the Incred ible dlscovcry that It is but a frac tion over four degrees from supposed ly theoretical Jumping-oB place of Jack" Frost*' In order to appreciate the-rast »l|f nlflcance of Prof." Onnes' achievement it Is only necessary to recall the means by which the .air Is 4:ept at zero tem perature In a cold storage warehouse. As everyone know.s, evaporation causes cold." It is the evaporation "of the wa ter wjth which yoa batije your face —not the temperature-of the water 't lelf—which produces the -sensation of coolness. According as the evaiioration Is slow or rapid, the "cold produced is less or greater.: So. in cold storage plant, ammonia gas, wblch is extremely" vol atile. Is allowed to evaporate,'either directly Into the air or It^ls released in the presence of brine (which freezes only at less than zero temperature) tuid the -brine, taking the, temperature of the evaporating ammonia, is then, distributed in pipes' throughout tbe es tablishment. Thus the desired degree of cold Is Imparted to the storage rooms. Kow fancy. If you can, a" cold, com pared with wblch the. deadly chill from ammonia gns. :Is hotter than boiling oil »11 this the temperature of liquid hydrogen. Then, with this as a new point of departure, try to Imagine a cold so profound that betride It ,liqu.J hydrogen itself Is as a boiling oil, aad the ..frozen'. heart of an ice plant IS hotter than tbe bowels of a smelting furnace, and .vou have some conception of tlie temperature^—if it can be cali 1 temperature—of liquefied, helium? Dr. H. T. Oalpln, a well .known anthorii on refrigeration, a. member .of the Condon Society of Chemical In dustry, tbe American Chemical Society and the'Society of Electrical Engineers, attempted to explain in: non-technical language what the new discovery means to science and humanity. "The liquefaction of helium," he said, "to of the most startling aud far-reach ing signlSance. It opens the door to possibilities of wblch students of refrigeration have long been aware, but which thus far have been beyond our reach In actual practice. It' is apparent,"for example, that if we. can distribute ammonia chilled brine'from one room of a cold storage warehouse to all tbe other rooms In It, we-should, theoretically, be able to distribute it from a central point of houses, office buildings, theaters and the like, at a distance, as is done with gas and steam. "But the size and the cost of the plant required, the impossibility, of de veloping a degree of cold which will not be dissipated In transit unless pipes of prohibitive size are employed, has placed the. Idea In the category ©f_ laboratory dreams. EH-on the use. of liquid air or liquid hydrogen would not obviate 'This last, objection. The cost of the production and the distribu tion would outweigh the benefits. "Science does not recognize, the im possible, however, and If Prof, ennes bas produced a liquid which, forced to distant points through pipes small enough to be strung like telephone wires, is so cold that such, distribution cannot materially Impair Its effective ness—and this seems to be tbe case— science has achieved a most revolu tionary triumph." jp- Way. of French Walter.. Three Americans traveling in the French provinces thought at dinner fhat they would go a Uttls higher than the vln ordinaire Included In their 8 franc, table d'hote, and accordingly one ordered a bottle of Margaux. The sec ond ordered Pantet Canet The third ordered Haut Brlon. -The waiter, suit ably Impressed with these: orders, re tired. But he incautiously as he re tired left the •door open, aud thus. It was that the. throe startled guests heard him giVe their order to these terms:-, ,• "Baptiste, three-bottles of~the red.'* In a Parisian cafe an American or dered a bors d'oeuvre, sole^ agneau pee sale, artichoke salad,, peche Melba.and so on, and when the waiter brought him a bill of 30 francs he paid it-like a inan. -After his change was brought he counted, it and pushM a franc to wttTd- the waiter for a'tip. But the: man, pushing .back the franc, laid In gentle reproaqh: .. "Pardon, monsieur, but that Is the counterfeit franc."—San Francisco Ar gonaut. 4JUXU0US HOTEL CUSTOMS.. Wher* Krrry Cut War! Casta a Peaar. A curious custom prevails at an Edin burgh hotel, says Tit-Bits. Whenever a customer 1b heard to swear he is re quired to place-a penny in a box on the bar counter. -It Is not a matter for surprise, that the landlord hears much iess bad language than'some of his fel low publicans in the capital of Scot: land. The following la a quaint Idea for provldtag-fdnds for picnics and social evenings. It Is carried on with much success at an Asbton$n-Mersey inn: A "knocking club" is connected with the Inn,-and when a customer calls for refreshments he is expected to knock on the table or counter before drinking. If be fails' to do this he is fined, one penny! Any one-who wrongfully accuses anoth er of breaking this unique rule Is -also fined. The money thus obtained pro* Tides funds for many enjoyable outings and pleasant evenings during the course, or the year. At another hotel, known as thk Old 'Hundred, cusfomers are allowed only ode drink. If one Is not sulllclent to quench their thirst they are'obliged to go ont of the hotel and take a walk be-1 fore they are allowed to, have another. Till recently the proprietor of an old time hotel In Warwickshire used to In vite all his customers to accompany-him and his wll&to the service at the parish" church on Sunday mornings, which was situated on the opposite side, of: the road, the house being closed while they were away. On returning each custom er was Invited to partake of refresh ments offered by tbe hospltableiandiord free of charge. Visitors to a certain hotel in Aber deenshire" who wear brown boots must remember to keep them In their room over night. Otherwise the boots will be blacked, regardless of the original color of the same. In one of the rooms of a Dumfries public house is an old arm chair which Is Bald to have been fre quently used by the' poet Burns. A small hotef In Wales until quit* re cently was used by tbe Catholics as a place of worship on Sundays, and po lice court proceedings were held on fh* premlaes during the* week. New Blatae ladaitvlHs Though the Maine farmer has food and clothing enough for tmnxdlat*. wants of .himself and family, though he pays no rent and never knows ths tight pinch of poverty that la often felt In the tenement districts of th* big cities, be frequently lacks for ready .money and In order to relieve this con dition he resorts to various expedients, says the Philadelphia Record. In the last dozen years a score or more of new Industries have" been un dertaken In rural Halne. There are five, times as many hens kept In Main* today as. there were. ten- years ago.. Three larjs firms are canning, rabbits for shipment Ten years ago .a man couldn't sell rabbits for ten cints carload. There -are three, condensed milk factories, more than eighty cream eries and over 100 corn and apple can ning establishments In active operation Where there was not one twenty years ago. Popcorn In the eai? Is shipped front Malne nojv.by the carload.- Ten years ago more than half of the corn that was popped In Maine was raised la N'ew -..Jork and Massachusetts. On* couiity in Maine has Increased ltii yleld of potatoes by over' 5,000,000 bushels within-the docade. Last blocks, han dles for axes, hammerv brusbes and brooms, veneerljf hardwood, exctlslor, starclT by the .trainload, canned "bin* berries by tlie shipload, canned clams and bottled elam Juice, sealed Jars of "sweet, sardlneis by. tbe million are also' amonit the" hew articles which -Matas produces and sends away for sale. KEFUSB BDBNIVa BASKET. Derle* for Getllai Htd RaasakaU A^imolaUoia, "OB my! Whatever shall do..with-" all this rubbishV' exelalms the house keeper, beholding, a "miscellaneous col lectlonof papers, scraps and "past* board boxea,tb* roundup of- tb* regular weeUy cleaning.' A. Illlfe Award. I have flown so high that I consider the palm beneath me."—Kansas City Times. A RBMABKA.BLB FIGUBE IN A TYROLESE DANCE.' "'r-' By courtesy of Mr. W. A. Balllle-Orobman, the well-known expert on Tyrol and Tyirolese, we ar* enabled to illustrate a remarkable figure In an equally remarkable dance. Mr. Balllle-Grohmdn describes the movement at follows ln bis book, "Tyrol and" the Tyrolese:" "In Brandenburg, and one or two other Tyrolese valleys which "boast of a particularly muscular fair sex, the girl at the conclusion of her swain's fantastical Jumps catches bold of him by his braces and hoists falm up bodily, aided, of course, by a correspond lng. Jerky action of her partner, and while he, balancing himself wlth botfcl^lit hands on her shoulder*, treads the celling of the low room to the tune the music, she continues her dance--round tbe room, displaying a strength and .power that .can only be appreciated if one bas seen the strapping six foot fellows that are thus handled by their fair partnen." Such dance* an rapidly falling into disuse, and It Is well-nigh Impotable for the ordinary tourist to wibMM om nonraday*.—lUMtrated Lgndon Mswi. -",HL I :^-j !*p it ashman decllni^i to take anything but ashes, the robblsk man picks out-oiil}1 a a bUbkino. oimAOK. find use for, and the second-hand man will have nothing but'whole papers, and they must b* clean at that" This little monologus maybe heard moat anywhere. The con ditions are about the same In any dty of- large or medium size. There Is a great-deal of accumulated material atound a house which is quite difficult to dispose of. It might be burned, but an effort to dispose of the mass In an ordinary stove would^ more than likely lead, ,to ^aster^even, if th*, stove is .of raitable'proporti%iis to accommodiaSf''' the.collection. Most of them are not' The. housekeepers quandary-- has led' to'tbe.ihventlon-oir a model devlc* t»-' be added to the eqnlpment of th^ honse hold. It is a refuse ^destrnctor, (a" wtjich the accumulations of the house hold are to-be disposed of by burning In tbe back yard without danger. Th* destructor Is a basket of wire built on an rjron frame, supporting it several Inches above the ground. Int?*tb!s tb* household accomolatlonji-are dumped, as well as the sweepings, A-match ap plied soon reduces the big pile to a handful bf dust Such a device soM £,1 completely the problem of the dlspo*al..M,,!''r?. of a great deal of material. W- "To yon we' award the palm.*? -iJRjp "Can't you give me something mow lofty," masked the aviator, disdainfully.': A wonian says of every hired gltl she*ever has: "My, but she can mak* the buttgr fly!" DANCING WITH THE FEET ON THE CEEUNG. RJpne aoV