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Manchester Democrat. [volume] (Manchester, Iowa) 1875-1930, December 30, 1908, Image 6

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Tbe phenomenon came back to her
mind several times that day, but Lldu
was downtown sbopplug, so Mrs. Dili
peek said nothing. In fact, all her
life Mrs. Dlllpeck had said nothing.-
For one reason, Lida was so very
pretty that the sternest resolutions
melted to treacle at her smile and it
was easier to follow around doing
the things Lida should have done than
to scold her about the omlBslon. And
then, to her mother. Lida was still a
'. mere child, who doubtless would re
form when she grew up.
Asking in a rather hopeless way
that afternoon whether Lida remem
bered to get the silk she wanted and
receiving an affirmative answer from
that young person, Mrs. Dlllpcck was
actually alarmed.
"Does your head ache, Lida?" she
inquired. "You are sure you aren't
feverish or anything?"
"Good graclouB, no!" her daughter
told her. "I never felt better! Why?"
"Nothing," said her mother.
"There's so much' sickness around. I
Just hope you aren't going to be
slckl"
Two days later Mrs. Dlllpeck had
another shock. Entering the library,
she found her daughter rearranging
the tables and chairs.
"Don't you think It looks homier
this way, mother?" asked Lida.
Up to that time Lida, with her
laughter and harumscarum ways, ap
parently had never observed whether
the chairs were placed on the celling
or side walls, not to mention the floor.
Mrs. Dlllpeck sat down heavily.
"I guess so," she said, anxiously, as
she gazed at her daughter.
The rose bloom on the cheek was
perfect, the eye was bright Still,
Mrs. Dlllpeck was not satisfied. She
felt Llda's pulse.
"I JuBt know you're going to be 111
or something," she lamented. "Oh, I
don't know—I have a feeling! No,
you look all right but one can't tell
by that I never saw any one look
better than my own cousin tbe very
day before she was taken down with
typhoid I"
Ik was the cook's day out and when
Mrs. Dlllpeck sturted into the kitchen
to prepare the family dinner Lida fol
Jowed her. There was a hesitant look
upon her face and she stumbled In her
speech.
"Mother," she said, "won't you
please let me get tbe dinner to-night?
Honestly, I'd-like to try! I never
have, you know!"
Mrs. Dlllpeck held to the gas range.
Through her mind flashed the succes
sion of Thursdays since Lida bad
grown up and the cook had been out.
A book or a tall always -had Interfered
with her mother's desire that her
daughter- should learn to keep house.
w™
SOKE WONDERS OF ASTEONOMT.
By Camltle Flammarloa.
The silent solitudes of the moon, distant as
they are fi^im us In terms of terrestrial meas
urement, ai'£ but the 'mere suburbs of our
planet compared to the limitless immensity
that lies beyond. Not for from here, not far,
that is to say, astronomically speaking, nt an
average distance of something under fifty mil
lion miles, we come to a most Interesting
world. So many resemblances to our own
abode do we discover at once that we would be almost
Justified were we to Jump to the conclusion that this
world is placed where It Is in order to enable us to
adopt Juster conception of the universe, and thus
enter Into more intimate relations with that bountiful
nature Jn whose
exist not only all thi worlds,
but all the beings inhabiting them. To this world we
have given the name of Mars.
What beings organized like us would do on Jupiter
It Is impossible for us even to guess. Since Jupiter occu
pies more than the equivalent of twelve terrestrial
years In performing its Journey around the sun, the
Jovian year contains no less than ten thousand four
hundred and fifty-live days. In this gigantic world we
con distinguish neither continents nor sens It is entirely
... enveloped In a dense, Impenetrable, atmospherical envoi
op*. What lies beneath these banked up masses of
clouds) Is there a liquid ocean? Is there a still burn
lng kernel? Neptune, more than two thousand Ave hun
dred million miles away, is on the frontier line of the
solar system as we at present understand it. We now at
.. last boldly enter upon the regions of the infinite.
WHAT IS MAN? THE HINDU'S ANSWER.
By Mme. Jean Delalre.
In one pithy line an Indian writer has
expressed the essence of his failh: Brahman
1s real the word Is illusory man's soul is
Brahman and nothing else. ThuB, for the
Indian sages, man as well as nature is an
Incarnation of the divine, an Involution of
God and they conceived .evolution as the
slow, patient return of all things to their
divine source. Involution and evolution were
the two aspects of manifestation, the two poles of cre
atlve activity, involution, or the Unconditioned, the
All, limiting Itself- within tlie forms of the material
universe, tbe one appearing as the many God becoming
man and evolution, man becoming, or rebecomlng God—
the slow ascension of nature through age long periods,
from the mineral to the plant, the plant to the anlmul,
the animal to man, the man to God involution and evo
hition, or the morning and the evening in the vast "day
of Brahman"! the outbreathing and tbe inbreathing of
Atman, the Great Breath Involution, the sowing of the
divine seed evolution, the Ingathering of the divine
harvest
Whence'comes this knowledge? Hindu scriptures thou
sands of years ago anticipated the latest discoveries of
LOST HOPE.
Alas for the man who never sees
The stars shine through his cypress trees I
Who, hopeless, lays his dead away,
Nor looks to see the breaking day
Across the mournful marbles play!
Who hath not learned, in hours of faith,
The trutii to flesh and sense unknown,
That life is ever lord of death,
And love can never lose its own.
—John Greenleaf Whittle!.
THE MYSTERY OF LIDA
1'
Mrs. Dilpeck paused with her hand
In the air over her daughter's dresser,
paralyzed for the moment She had
wandered in as usual to banish tbe
disorder which Lida always left be
hind her and for the first time that
her mother could remember there was
nothing to straighten up. The top of
the dreBser was in precise array, not
showing even a collar bow or a hair
pin thrown down carelessly. The mir
ror surface Itself was dusted.
"Well!" breathed Mrs. Dlllpeck.
"Well 1"
It had always seemed too bad to break
Into Llda's engagements. And now—
She gazed, mystified, at the beseech
ing young creature before her, whose
yearning eyes were on the saucepans.
"Why, you'd spoil everything!" ob
jected Mrs. Dlllpeck. "You run along
—I don't mind doing It!"
"You never let me," Lida mourned,
rebellious]}-. Then slie brlgfitened. "I
can set tbe table, anyhow!" she said,
triumphantly, and darted Into {he din
lug-room.
Mrs. Dlllpeck was so preoccupied
that
Bhe
salted the coffee and flavored
the custard with onion extract Cer
tainly something was wrong with
Lida! The child's conduct was 11 turn ti
ll nt I and her mother* was vaguely
worried.
After dinner, when Lida had depart
ed for the theater, her mother sat
thinking and frowning.
"What's the trouble?" asked Dlll
peck over his evening pnper.
"I don't know," confessed his wife.
"I don't feel' rlslit about Lida. She
seems well, but I'm afraid she's com
ing down with something. She doesn't
act like herself!"
"Pooh!" said Dlllpcck. "She loons
SUE LOOKS WELL AND UAPI'V.
well and happy to me! She's all
right!"
"You haven't got the eyes of a motli
or," said Mrs. Dlllpeck. "To crown It
all, I found her trying to cut out a sh.rt
waist this morning, and she has alwuyg
loathed sewing! And she was singing—
actually singing, over It. Then you try
to tell me!"
"Ilow do you make mluce pies, moth
ers?" Lida asked the^ next night, nt
dinner..
fcven her father stared. "My!" he
said, with clumsy pluyfulness. "What's
struck you?"
Lida blushed. "I Just wanted to
know," she said.
It was the next day thnt young Flick
worth broke the news to them that he
and Lida wanted to get married. After
the excitement had calmed down Mrs.
Dlllpeck wiped her eyes and smiled a
watery little smile.
"Anyhow,"
Bhe
western science, and taught the cyclic processes of crea
tion or evolution, vast periods of activity.and passivity.
Worlds are born, attain their apogee and die the hu
manities they have evolved are born, attain their full
est development, then pass on to other planets, other
universes. The perfected men of one great world period
become the teachers, the guides of the infant humanity
of another planetary cycle. These are the wise ones,
the holy ones, the gods that walked* with men whose
presence in the early ages of the world Is. hinted at In
all scriptures of all natl6ns. To their inspiration are
attributable the sacred books.
HYGIENE OF EMOTIONS IMPORTANT.
By T. S. Clouston.
Whistling to keep up courage is no mere
figure of speech. On the other hand, sit all
day In a moping posture, slgb and reply to
everything in a dismal voice, and your mel
ancholy lingers.
One Is for every man for some period of each day to
Indulge in a quiet bit of solitude and communing with
himself. Most of us nowadays read and speak far too
much and think too little.
THE BIIGHT OF DIVORCE.
said, "I'm glad It's
only matrimony and not typhoid fever
that made Lida act so odd! I knew It
was something!"—Chicago Daily News.
A PROFITABLE BUSINESS.
God-Makliiir la One of India's Moat
lmmenae Induatrlca,
Few of us realize that Into the vast
triangle of Hindustan is packed one
fifth of the entire human race—more
than 200,000,000 Hindus, 60,000,000
Mohammedans, 10,000,000 aborigines
and well over 33,000,000 of other mis
cellaneous peoples, making up a pop
ulation of over 300,000,000, speaking
scores of different tongues and divided
into hundreds of separate states.
Tbe most important lhdustry of In-
$./
*S«S
There is no more valuable precept in moral
education than this: If we wish to cure unde
sirable emotional tendency In ourselves we
must assiduously, and In the first Instance
cold bloodedly, go through the outward movements of
those contrary dispositions which we prefer to cultivate.
The reward of persistency will Infallibly come In the
.fading out of anger or depression and the advent of real
cheerfulness and kindliness in their stead. Smooth the
brow, brighten the eye, contract the dorsal rather than
the ventral aspect of the frame, and speak In a major
key, pass the genial compliment and your heart must be
frigid Indeed If It does not thaw.
There Is no doubt that there Is a mental gymnastic
that can be practiced by reasonable men who wish to
keep their mental facilities correlated and under con
trol, Just as bodily gymnastics do for-the muscles and
tbe Internal organs.
By Cardinal Olbbaaa.
Government figures show divorces are mul
tiplying about three times as fast as the
population. They disclose that one mariage
in twelve ends In divorce. Men and women
enter the marriage state without regard for
the sacred nature of the bond they are under
taking. They look too much upon life with
regard only to what they can get out of It,
and with too little regard for that solemn
word, duty. The-fault Is not in our system of educa
tion, but Is the result of a false, loose interpretation of
the Gospel, and the attitude of society towards those
who have been divorced. If divorce Is to be checked
we should frown upon all divorced parties, and we
should also have uniform, strict laws 011 the subject.
dla 1B agriculture, for the people area
race of farmers, and nearly two-thirds
of the masses cultivate the soil, eking
out a living so scanty that the slight
est failure of the monsoon brings acute
distress, If not positive famine.
It Is perhaps for this reason that
India Is the most god-ridden region
on earth. Her deities are numbered
In millions, for quite apart from the
greater gods, every little hamlet be
tween the tremendous Hlamalayas and
Cape Comorln has its own set of dei
ties, dreadful and beneficent. Thus it
will not be hard to believe that god
making In India is an immense busi
ness. Just now there Is a feeling of
deep wrath nrnong the native arti
ficers over this holy and most profit
able Industry being cut Into by for
eign merchants and traders. Only re
cently an enormous five-tiered Jug
ernaut car of gaily painted wood and
steel was made In Calcutta, and of
late years Birmingham and Philadel
phia have both secured big slices of
tb£ traffic in gods.
Every village, especially. In South
India, is supp&sed to be surrounded by
evil spirits, always on the watch to
inflict disease anj misfortune on the
people. At the same time every little
hamlet has also its guardian spirits.
RUBBER AND ITS PROGRESS.
It HnaJPlarcd a Significant Part In
CITIIIBIBB the World.
Two Interesting facts with regard to
rubber have been brought, out by the
international rubber exposition in pro
gress nt Loudon, says the Columbus
Dispatch. One is the great variety of
important uses to which the substance
has been put, and the other Is the pro
gress that 1b being made In increasing
Its production. Thirty countries have
sent exhibits to the exposition In ques
tion, and It is estimated that there Is
displayed In the building where the ex
position Is held $5,000,000 worth of
rubber In Its natural and manufactured
forms.
In Ills speech opening the exposition,
Sir Henry Blake declared that "during
the last half-century rubber has played
greuter part than any other substance
In expediting human progress." With
out rubber, 110 ocean cables, with all
that they mean of friendship and com
merce among nations, would have been
laid. The working of every factory Is
In some way dependent upon rubber it
is used for valves, washers, etc. It en
ters into the preparation of a multitude
of things, such as telephone mouth
pieces, musical instrument mouthpieces,
pumps, vessels for holding acids, elec
trical batterleB, and all kinds of levers
and switches for electrical work, while,
made Into belting, it Is said to be su
perior to leather.
It has been used for street paving,
and It is only Its cost that prevents its
general use for this purpose, since Its
advantages are manifest. Rubber-pav
ed streets would be cleanlyTnW'nolse
less and are said to withstand tbe wear
of heavy traffic better than brick or
stone.
NecdleM Expense.
He—The astrologer described you ex
actly, and said that I should marry
you.
She—Don't you think It was a waste
of money to consult blin?
He—Why?
She—I could have told you the same
thing myself if you had asked me!—
Tit-Bits.
Cynical view.
"Was his courtship a success?"
"No."
"Why, I thought he married the
girl?"
"And so he did.".
.r- —Birmingham Age-IIerald.
Keen Baalneaa Man.
Noah landed 011 Ararat.
"Fine," he cried—"a mountain and
seashore resort 111 one!"
Herewith he started to build a sum
mer hotel.—New York Sun.
Stand In frbut of a mirror when look
ing for your worst enemy.
The popular cynicism that riches
keep men out of prison, while the poor
have to suffer the full rigor of the law,
has had a number of severe Jolts re
cently. The long line of men In high
positions and seemingly the possessors
of vast wealth who have violated the
law, been detected, tried and now are
undergoing punishment is a strong In
dication that the millennium of equal
Justice has at last dawned.
In the consideration of such instances
of this nature as that most recent one
In Chicago,^Peter Van Vlissingen, and
C. W. Morse in New York, a prominent
feature is the fact that, while reput
edly wealthy, when the bubble burst
the millions they were supposed to
have owned were found never to have
existed, or, if they did exist, to have
been of pnper, the fictitious value of
which was demonstrated when the first
winds of adversity struck the fragile
figment.
It
the case of Van Vlissingen. like
that of Paul O. Stensland, whose ca
reer as a forger was so nearly parallel
to that confessed by the Chicago real
estate man, conviction was swift and
sure. Stensland staved it off for a
time by becoming a fugitive, but found
that the law was Inexorable. When
he was arraigned he pleaded guilty and
asked the privilege of beginning his
sentence with the least possible delay.
To-day he wears the prison gray uni
form of the good conduct convict at
Jollet prison, the same as does the
poorest criminal In the penal institu
tion. For him, too, the rule of silence
Is enforced as completely as it Is in
the case of the most obscure thug or
cheap .thief who Is his companion In
Ignominy.
Fate of Van Vllaelnsen.
To tbe same fate Van Vlissingen was
sentenced after a trial lasting little
longer than an hour. No abjectly poor
man could have had a more speedy con
viction than has this man who, suppose
edly wealthy, found himself in such a
position that he was able to steal the
vast sum of more than $1,000,000 from
people who trusted him aS much be*
cause they thought him beyond the
necessity of peculation as for any other
reason.
Of course, the cases of Von Vlissin
gen and Stensland are not true exam
ples of the alleged condition against
which socialists and ^others who harp
continually on the favors of the rich
and the troubles of the poor complain.
When they were finally discovered In
their crime neither put up a flgbt In
reality their fortunes were such bub
bles that when the denouement came,
they vanished into nothingness.
A somewhat similar condition con
fronted George R. McReynolds, the for
mer grain broker and warehouse man
convicted for defrauding banks by
means of fictitious warehouse receipts.
McReynolds, however, put up a hard
legal flght extending over a number of
months. The highest courts were .in
voked In an effort to hnve him bis lib
erty, but, despite sufficient money to
secure all legal aid possible and the
powerful Influence of the friends he
had made In his affluent days when he
was rated a millionaire, he had to go
to prison and don the hated gray uni
form.
Newton C. Dauglierty, the embezzling
Peoria educator, had short shrift, al
though an effort was made to save him
the disgrace of going to prison. But it
was unavailing, as have been efforts
made since to have him pardoned.
John A. Cooke, the Chicago politi
cian, reputed to have amassed a com
fortable fortune through his connec
tion with politics for years, fought as
bard as any man, possibly, who ever
went to prison. Not only bis own
means, but millions of dollars of the
money of his wealthy associates, were
at bis disposal, and used lavishly. But
neither that nor political "pull" saved
him.
Hon* Not Saved by Riches.
.The Morse case in New York is an
other example of the lnexornbleness of
laws made for the government of rich
and poor alike. Dcaiing In millions, the
Ice king had transgressed the laws at
times when In bis arrogance he believed
himself stronger than the law. His
hard-fought trial, only recently finish
ed, which resulted in bis being sen
tenced to prison for fifteen years, which
In his case amounts practically to life,
and the refusal of the court to admit
him to ball, have placed hlin securely
behind prison bars, while his lawyers
still are seeking legal loopholes
through which their client rnaj escape.
The cases of former Mayor Eugene
A. Schmltz of San Francisco and Abra
ham Reuf, the wealthy and Influential
political boss of the western city, are
fresh In the-public mind by reason of
the attempted assassination of Prose
cutor Ileney, who has been the nemesis
of the graftere of the western coast
Once Schmltz and Reuf were sentenced
and actually served several months in
prison. Then they were released "on a
technicality, but the law Is pursuing
them more vengefully now than ever,
and Ruef was at liberty when Ileney
was shot only because of his ability to
furnish $1,500,000 ball.
The case of Harry K. Thaw, who
killed Stanford White, Is probably the
hardest contested In which the wealth
of the criminal played an Important'
part, In the annals of the country.
But even in the Thaw case It Is possi
ble that his wealth has been against
him. At any rate, had it not been for
the Thaw millions he woOld either have
acquitted 01 convicted promptly,
without all'the harrowing suspense,
and tbe expenditure of a million dol
lars, that has not even resulted" In giv
ing lilm bis liberty. His wealth mad*
It possible for blm to be branded as In
sane. It saved him from the electric
chair, but bad he been very poor the
circumstances leading up to tbe crime
probably would have caused a Jury to
be merciful.
In this connection the human sym
pathy which normal beings feel Is
found more correctly the cause of
biased verdicts. In the case-of men
who have occupied high .and respected
positions In a community, the Judge
anil the Jury cannot help remembering
the man'B former estate, similar to
what they themselves are enjoying,
his wife and his children, if he has
them, and most such criminals have.
The "put yourself in his place" idea 1s
strong, and shrewd lawyers take pains
to develop It
But sympr.lhy benefits the rich no
more than the poor, except as It may
be manufactured by money. The case
of Johann Hoch, the wife murderer,
and Blllik, whose case has'been in all
the courts of the country, although he
had no money, refutes the charge that
it is only'the rich who can Invoke all
the machinery of the law In their aid.
General Charles W. Russell, assist
ant attorney general of the United
States, declares that it isabsurd to cay
that wealth prevents prosecution, or,
In general, convictions. He refers to
the work of Bank Examiner Moxey,
who appeared'as the principal witness,
for the prosecution In the Morse trial
and who lias the reputation of having
sent thirty-three wealthy and so-called
respectable men to Jail. But money
helps, General Russell admits.
"The whole thing Is analogous to the
care of a sick poor man and a sick
rich mnn," he said In a recent inter
view. "The rich invalid -ean-hlre the
best doctors he can take all the time
that is necessary to get well he can
avail himself of proper climate and
environment, and it's a matter of com
mon sense that he stands a better shew,
of recovery than the other fellpw. Just
so with poor criminals and rich crim
inals.' The rich one's chances for ac
quittal are better because he can afford
to flght longer."—Chicago Record-Her
ald.
KAISER'S OPERA BILL 9800,000.
When He Command* a Performance
He Buys Ont the Honse.
Some Interesting statistics are pub
lished regarding the extent to which
the German Emperor personally subsi
dizes tbe Royal Opera House and the
Royal Theater In Berlin, says the New
York Times. Of a total of $625,000
expeuded on them by the Prussian
budget, $112,500 Is contributed from
the Kaiser's private exchequer. In ad
dition he bears the annual deficit some
thing like $75,000, sometimes as much
as $100,000.
Thus the Imperial patronage of dra
matic and operatic arts represents a
tidy sum of over $200,000 per annum.
Even this, however, does not exhaust
the list of the Kaiser's theatrical ex
penses, for every time he commands a
performance, the seats for which are
distributed to bis personal guests and
friends, be must buy out tbe entire seat
ing capacity of the theater, averaging
a total of $1,250 for each such affair.
The salaries of the Kaiser's operatic
add dramatic stars are, of course, small
compared with those paid In New York.
Not one gets more than $10,000 a year.
The general manager of the whole royal
theatrical department receives only $4,
500 a year In addition to lh£ free use
of-the official residence. Nevertheless,
tbe bill the Kaiser will have to foot at
the end of this year will be the heavi
est he has ever paid, for it Includes
the cost of producing his cherls]
torlcal pageant the Assyrian panto
mlme, "Sardanapalus," which alone
cost over $75,000 before the curtain
rose on the first performance. IV
Mylea Standlah, Hla Boole*.
Here Is a facsimile of Myles Stan
dish's handwriting found on the fly-lea
of one of bis books.
The volume, which was recently offer
ed for sale for $1,000, Is entitled "The
Passions of tbe Minde In Generall," ly
Thomas Wright, published In 1021.
Capt Myles Standlsh, human sword
blade, whose valor saved the Pilgrims
at Plymouth from utter destruction at
tbe hands of hostile Indians, went back
to England In 1025 on business for the
colony. Before his return, In 1626, he
bought thlB book and carried It back to
America with him.
The title Itself Bbows the sort of lit
erature our stern New England ances
tors reveled in. Ilnd Standlsh brought
home a novel or a book of poetry It
would doubtless have scandalized tbe
whole Puritan settlement.
ir:,''
Far Flelda Arc Greener.
A bdy alwnys brags of what be wll!
do when he's a man.
And when he becomes a man he al
ways boasts of what be did when Jn
was boy.—Plck-Me-Up.
,yW~W
It is better to leave land unplowed
than to plow up more than can be well
tilled.
Keep salt where your cows can get
at It every day 111 the year. The ani
mals require It.
Clean out your currycomb once in
awhile. An old file or a heavy wire
nail is good for this purpose.
To make excelsior axle grease take
tailow, 8 pounds palm oil, 10 pounds
plumbago, 1. pound. Heat and mix well.
The manure product for a single cow
according to figures of the Department
of Agriculture ranges In value from
$30 to $40 per year.
The Crosby peach has proved Itself
the best for northern and"eastern grow
ing. It is the hardiest peach known
and Is a sure and regular bearer in
New England.
In feeding the hogs sec thnt you do
It in a clean place and in-a clean way.
On many a farm feed Is wasted be
cause of the slovenly way In which Jt
1B fed.
A chcap farm paint cnu be made
from one gallon of skim milk, three
pounds Portland cement, dry paint
powder to give desired shade. This
compound must be kept well Btlrred,
as the cement settles. Stir up not
more than oiie day's'supply at a time.
Bora llosUtag for Education.
The statement is published by Knox
(111.) College that by far the larger
per cent of the new students entering
last year came with the intention of
earning all or part of their expenses
while in college. The same authority
says that more of the old students are
working this year than .ever before at
Knox. At least 05 per cent of the stu
dent body are supporting themselves to
some extent. Some nre doing reporting
work on tbe local newspaper, some,
have positions with the merchants of
the city, especially the clothiers, others
wait on tables at restaurants and lunch
counters for their board, while still'
others find it-better to do general work
for certain families In return for board
and room.
Now Type of Plow.
A circular-wheel plow Is something
entirely new in this line. Popular Me
chanics describes It as follows:
"It consists of a wheel feet In di
ameter, on the outside of which blades
or cutters are driven counter to the
direction in which the maohlne is mov
ing.
"The wheel Is hung on a frame and
has neither hub nor central axle, the
sprocket wheel by which It Is made to
revolve applying force at the perimeter
or rim. By, this plan, so the Inventor
claims the central lever /strain upon
the heel Is avoided and the knlVes
are gently forced through the soil,'slic
ing off layprs. One end of the frame
on which' the wheel is hiing is vertical
ly hinged to the rear axle of a power
traction truck. Wire cables are attach
ed to the outer end of the-, frame and
carried over pulleys at the top of two
upright posts. Below this the ends are
attached to a drum upon which the
cables which lower and raise the cut
ting wheel are colled."
Keeping Apples-In Ground.
*,
I have kept apples until the next
year's crop ripened with little or no
rot at a cost not exceeding 3icents per
bushel as follows:
Pick tliem as loon as ripe store In
the coldest place In an outbuilding, or
the north side of trees lyill do cover
about eight inches with'straw, hay or
like^ material to exclude the sun and
light, as apples keep better In the dark.
As soon as freezing, weather comes
sort the apples carefully. Then dig 11
trench twelve Inches deep and about
three feet wide and of convenient
length put in two or three inches of
straw, hay or crab grass—I use the
latter. This is to keep the apples clear
of the ground. Then put in the apples
about three high and cover with the
same material used to bed them. On
top of this put about three Inches of
dirt, which should be patted with the
back of the shovel, so it will shed
water. When the ground freezes down
to the npples (In fact, let some of the
apples freeze) cover the trench with
•bout twelve Inches of hny or com fod
der nrrnnged to shed water and keep
the frost till spring. About the last of
April the apples may be sorted and all
those that show signs of rot placed In
le cellar or any other cold place.
You will find the npples kept this
way will be fresh and crisp—much
better than if kept in the cellkr. I
put very few apples In our cellar, and
that Is when I take tli'ein out of the
trench as we wish to use them, as the
trench Is unhandy to open and close.
Care must be taken when opening to
keep out frost and air and warmth—
Jacob Faith.
.: Feed the Land.
One often sees an extended 11st or
cheap or abandoned farms offered at
bargain prices. In most- Instances the
property can be purchased at less than
one-hiilf of what the improvements
cost The laud has become so-unpro
ductive as to be unprofitable for cultU
vatlon. Yet the farms once produced
fair crops and supported their owners
in contentment nnd comfort The men
who carved these homes out of the
primeval forests were fairly prosperous
and many of them accumulated liberal
competences.
The original owners were indus
trious, frugal and prudent In managing
their holdings nnd each year witnessed
an increase to their wealth. They
practiced mixed husbandry and always
made fertilizers of their forage and tbe
bulk of, their grain. Tbey kept, a rea
sonable amount of stock and grazed
their animals on pastures seeded with
clover aud other nutritious grasses.
The droppings of their flocks and herds
fed the soil with fertility and the land
became more productive annually.
When rotation of pasture fields to cul
tivated crops occurred the farmer was
assured of a liberal reward.
The development of tbe rich prairie
lands of the West prostrated the agri
culture of the East. When continental
railroads penetrated the government
Uuids and afforded an outlet to tbe
r-
fcV-.TV-V^ ...
a
«$ $H
-. &(«£%»
products of unimproved Western prai
ries. great herds of cattle and sheep
were produced on the free ranges or on
land that could be purchased at govern
ment prices: Eastern farmers could
not compete with the Western ranch
men or wheat growers on, cheap, fertile
lauds and the products of the West
soon dominated the markets of the
Bast. This meant to the Eastern fann
er not only the elimination of animal
husbandry, but also the~deterioratlon
of the fertility of the Eastern farms.
Following a system of cultivated crops
the land declined in productivity until
the crops did not pay the first cost of
production, and the sons of Eastern
farmers sought employment and homes
In the industrialists of cities.
Experiments are being made of recla
mation of the abandoned and cheap
farms of the East with artificial fer
tilizers. The humuB nitrogen, potash
and phosphoric acid of the soil need
to be restored to give the soil Its virgin
vigor. While commercial fertilizers
accomplish much in the restoration of
worn ont land, %nlmal husbandry ap
pears to be necessary for the reclama
tion of impoverished farms. The drop
pings of animals and operations of
legumes are the more rational regime
for exhausted land fertility and to
maintain the productivity of naturally
fertile soli.—Goodall's Farmer.
Best War
n«kt
the Weevil.
One thousand cotton planters from
Central Louisiana met at Baton Rouge
to devise mbans for fighting the boll
weevil. Government experts and' boll
weevil experts addressed tbe confer
ence. Dr. W. D. Hunter of Dallas,
who has conducted tbe government
fight lu Texas, delivered tbe leading ad
dress. The main points -In the system
of control were stated by Dr. Hunter
as follows
1. Destroy weevils In the fall.
2. Destroy weevils that may have
escaped burning and be found along
hedge growths, fences, etc.
3. Prepare land early and thor
oughly.
4. Provide wind rows and plenty of
space between the rows for the as
sistance of the natural enemies of the
weevil.
5. Insure an early crop by plant
ing early maturing varieties.
6. Chop early and give frequent cul
tivation in pursuance of the policy of
making the crop.
7. Where labor Is sufficient pick the
first appearing weevils and Infested
squares, but do not burn the squares.
8. Use a cross-bar of iron or wood
on cultivators.
0. Do not poison for the leaf worm
unless Its work begins at an abnormal
ly early date.—Baton Rouge Letter.
DECENDANT 07 PENH'S FRIEND.
Aneeator of Philadelphia Clergy
man Waa nn Advlaer of Founder.
Almost within a stone's throw of the
plot of ground where William Penn
made his treaty with the Indians, and
In a church whose membership consists
mainly of descendants of old colonial
settlers, a historical sermon was
preached Sunday night on the life of
William Penn by a clergyman who
boasts of being the great-great-grand
son' of one of the Pennsylvania found
er's dearest friends and counselors,
says the Philadelphia North Amerlcan.
The church is the Emmanuel Episcopal
at Glrard avenue and Marlborough
street, and the minister the Rev. Ed
ward Giles Knight.
According to the clergyman, there
has always been a Giles Knight. About
fifty years ago, because one generation
forgot to name any of the boys Giles,
one of the family bad his first name
changed by special act of legislature.
Giles Kuigbt, tbe first came to this
country with William Penn in the good
sblp Welcome in 1082, and when the
compact with the Indians was made
was an earnest adviser of his chief.
Like William Penn, Giles Knight bad
quarreled with his father, then mayor
of Bristol, England, over religious mat
ters, and he sought refuge in this land
that he might' worship his Creator in
his own way, and when and how be
pleased.
11' his sermon Dr. Knight did net
touch upon his relationship with the
colonist, but devoted his talk to par
ticulars of Penn's early life.
Another member of Emmanuel
church proud of bis ancestry is John
P. Eyre, one of the vestrymen, whose
great-grandfather at one time owned
the very spot Of ground on which Will
iam Penn first landed.
Certainly New to the Baalneaa.
She was newly married and did not
know a little bit about either house
keeping or shopping. It was a crush
er but Gus, the grocer, was an experi
enced man and clever, so he kept writ
ing and did not even smile.
"I want ten pounds of paralyzed
sugar," she began with a businesslike
air.
"Yes'm. Anything else?"
"Two tins of condemned milk."
"Yes'm."
He set down pulverized sugar and
condensed milk.
"Anything more, ma'jun?"
"A bag of fresh ualt. Be sure lfs
fresh."
"Yes'm.' What next?"
"A pound of desecrated codfish."
He glibly wrote "desslcated" cod.
"Nothing more, ma'am?"
"No."
"We have some nice horseradish,
Just In."
"It would be of no use to us," sbe
said "we do not keep a horse."
Proad ol Them,
"Pardner," said tbe tall tramp af
the water tank, "yer don't seem much
worried about dem openings in de un
der part of yer shoe."
"I guess not," chuckled the short
tramp as he Warmed his feet'on the
hot cinders "dey are de windows of
(He sole.*'
Not Grambllnff*
"Don't you find it pretty expensive
to keep up that blg^tourlng car?"
"Yes, I do. But I'm not grumbling.
You see Martha agreed to give up play
ing bridge at tbe Fleecem's" if I'd buy
the car. Ob, I'm saving money, all
right."—Cleveland Plain Dealer.
It is a waste of time to try to make
some people believe thnt there are two
sides to a question.
-VI
Milk that is delivered to the homes
of New York City each, morning comes
from 80^227 dalrle*.
t»MHHWH I II 1 1 1
^POLITICS
OP TH9 DXV
Give Ua
In a j»lumn aud a half letfer" to
William Dudley Foulke of Richmond,
Ind., the president of tbe United
States denounces' Delavan Smith of the
Indianapolis News and W. M. Laffan
of the New YoTk Sun as thirty-third-1
degree liars because of their editorial
charges that a syndicate of Americans
made a $28,000,000 rakeoff In the pur
chase of the Panama canal.
The Intemperate terms of hls lette#
exceed anything with which the publle frvs&i
has hitherto been favored from his pen,
and he enters a general denial on he
half of bis brother-in-law and the ad^'i^®1
ministration that there was a dollar of
gr^ft in the deal.
The letter states explicitly that all -r.
tfes papers In the case have been at aU
tines' open to the public, and that the
United States purchased the canal di
rect from the French government and
holds the receipt of the official liquida
tor of the company. Further than
that It sheds absolutely no light on the
affair.
It is quite true, as Mr. Roosevelt
states, that the $40,000,000 was paid,
and paid in France. But it is also
quite true that only $12,000,000 of that
sum ever reached the original stock
holders of the De Lesseps PaQama
Canal Company.
Mr. Roosevelt declares that "the
United States government has not the
slightest knowledge as to the particular
Individuals among whom the French*
government distributed the sum." In
the absence of that Unowledge-how can
he honestly say that no American mada^fg
a dollar out of'the deal?
Mr. Itoosevelt tells us that no rM
ords have been destroyed. Then the
books of the liquidator will shpw how
that $40,000,000 was disbursed. The
only absolute proof of honesty Is dis
closure of that disbursement, and any
department clerk can collate and tabu
late the whole transaction In half a
day-
It will not take up half as mncb
space as this latest white house ful
mlnatlon, and Its publication will be a
much better answer to criticism. Fact*
and figures sre preferable to froth and
fury. Let Mr. Roosevelt give us all ths
facts.—Chicago Journal.
Snoh a Deacaat.
It Is with a feeling of deep humllU
tlou that tbe admirers of Mr. Roosevelt
will read his statement about proceed
ing against certain truth-seeking news
papers for libel or against the editors
and owners of them for criminal llbaL.
In ngne of tbe many personal contro
versies which have marked his career
during the last seven years has he ap
peared to such sad advantage.
Time was when anyone who showed
a disposition to doubt the Rooseveltlan
word, to maintain any but an attitude
of profound respect for the Roosevelt
lan gospel or to Impute to Mr Roose
velt things that he might have-said or
did say In confidence was swallowsd up I
and overwhelmed with an avalanche of
torrential abuse- aud cast summarily
into the outer darkness, to be thrown
np by an angered sea on the rooks
at
oblivion or something of that kind.
The corridors of seven years
at
time
are strewn with the mangled remains
of the Impetuous and misguided men
who ha^e dared and been undone. Never
before has there been even a remote kuf
gestlon of'recourse to such a.'coward's
weapon as the courts of justice. Never
before has there been a hint that Theo
dore Roosevelt panoplied with, right
eousness and made Invulnerable by nlm
bus of sanctity and omniscience, could
not defend himself against tbe world
-and cbnfound his foes and detractors
And what a descent it Is! From the
majestic heights of Individual sufficiency*
wlth an alert finger on the halr trlg
ger, to the depths of the Avernus peo
pled by common folk dependent on the
law! The chances are If someone
should pick a street quarrel with Mr.
Roosevelt he would turn the other cheek
and call a policeman.—St Louis R»
public.
-Cans* of the Defclt.
For weary weeks students of political
economy and writers on questions of
finance have been puzzling their brains
over the question of the large and grow- •I*-'
lng deficit in the national treasury.
They have tramped all around the'"
.edges of tbe question, considered ths
tariff as a revenue producer, descanted
wisely on our foreign trade, gathered
statistics from far and near to show
that the commercial depression was.
world-wide, and left the whole matter
In a muddled condition.
Now along comes United. State*
Treasurer Treat and puts the whole
race of politicians, statisticians and
economists to flight with a "single elo
quent, Illuminative sentence. The de
ficlt is due to the increase In expendi
tures. it Is so plainly, painfully slm**
ple. But will the politicians, the statis
ticians and the economists accept ltT
They will not. On the contrary, they
will prove that In a two-bllllon-doUar
country the expenditures have nothing-A 3^5
to do with such a question. They wlil
prove that just before an election It to
Indispensable that Congress work in-—
genlously to satisfy the populace,-that
all questions of economy be ignored and
that the appropriations be so framed
that the majority of the votes be won
for the party of extravagance. Tie
great expenditures, assigned by Mr.
Treat as'the capse, are ofllttle Interest
and no consequence. The deficit Is
caused by Congressional conduct which
was entirely justified hy tbe results,of
the election last month.—St Louis Re
public. v"
Short Welsrhta nnd .Rich Dnttes.
The sugar trust is defendant In 1
series of "suits by tbe government to re
cover $8,624,121 for forfeitures (wd
back duties on Imports of sugar since
1001. The government alleges that hs
trust's weighing scales at the Brooklyn
docks were adjusted to give short
weight.
But whether the Bugar trust has beta
"short weighting" tbe government or
not there Is no dispute
OB
to Its system-
atlc plundering of consumers through's
tarlff tax.
Even- Claus Spreckles, now an Inde.
pendent refiner, told the ways and
means committee the other day that ab
solute free trade would be bettSr than
the present unjust tariff schedules
"under which the sugar trust- isT ths
principal beneficiary and is able to
exact special privileges and conditions
on sugars produced in Louisiana and
tbe Hawaiian Islands."
SI
It Is the same with all the predatory
trusts. Their tax on the necessities 0*'
luxuries of Ufe may seem Infinitesimal. J.5&,
It makes a colossal aggregate whan tk*
article Is universally consumed.
H1

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