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Manchester Democrat. [volume] (Manchester, Iowa) 1875-1930, January 27, 1909, Image 6

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10 C0MKSP0NDENT&
tor thfc* paper •honld b«
I bp ftte bum tha Mtfww^not ainmntiy fa
P^HmUob, htM aa «tU«bm
mt
A London paper publishes »n article
entitled "Why Clever -"Girls Don't
Marry." They frequently do v.
A Michigan man has been sent to
Jail for stealing a 2-eent stamp.' How
that man most be despised In Pitts
burg!
The girls who get married this year
will be able to hold their heads up
proudly, knowing that they are free
from snsplcion.
Ohamp Clark says the average price
of a woman's hat Is $9. And yet It
would never do to refer to any wom
bat as an average one.
Now that Mark Twain Is a trust he
should have himself Investigated and
show Henry Rogers what a real hu
morist can do on the witness stand.
Count Bonl de Castellane declares
that he doesn't want any more Gould
money. Qffi It be possible that he had
the foresight to save up some of It
for the rainy day?
It's all right for Bonl to withdraw
his demand for $60,000, but If he gets
the custody of his sons without an al
lowance we're afraid there will be a
new child-labor scandal In France.
Another county has gone dry and
Emperor William announces he will
never drink again during the remain
der of his life. The temperance move
ment is making some mighty-strides.
Some, of the prophets are predicting
le Atlantic will be crossed by
during the present year. If
ohn W. Gates can be Induced to bet a
million on It the matter will be set
tied.
An organization has been formed to
teach farmers' wives how to cook..
What farmers' wives would really like
to know is how they can get rid of
about half of the cooking they have to
do now.
i1
A married couple In Montclolr,*'N* J.,
separated because of Incompatibility.
He was an inveterate tobacco^chewer
and she had a habit of kissing the
cat Cautious persons will be careful
In bestowing their sympathy in this
case.
The girl who has neglected to pro
pose during leap year and finds her
self still alone and unsought may be
expected to begin agreeing with the
poet that "of all sad words of tongue
or pen the saddest are these, 'It might
have been.'"
Can the proposition that the mini
mum salary for an unmarried Episco
palian clergyman In the diocese of New
York should be $1,200 and for a mar
ried clergyman $1,200, with a suitable
place to live in, or $1,500 In money, be
taken as an official statement of the ex
act cost of a wife?
Mme. Curie, co-discoverer with her
husband of radium, has been promoted
to full professorship in the-University
of Paris. A woman who can discover
new truth is certainly qualified to
teach it, and the young men In the ubl
verslty can afford to sit with respect
at the feet of this remarkable woman
of science.
The general express business of the
country 1b controlled by six companies,
although the Bureau of the Census re
ports thlrty-{our such companies In op
eration. This is largely owing to the
fact that the six big companies are all
that do business in more than ten
States. Nineteen companies do busi
ness In one State only. The companies
operate on friendly terms with the rail
roads, and agree to charge at least 50
per cent more than the freight rate on
all articles. Indeed, the railways are
part owners of some of the Independ
ent express companies. This partner
ship arrangement may ultimately re
sult in the absorption of the express
companies by the railroads themselves
There Is more and more recognition
among enterprising church denomina
tions of the fact that mere doctrinal
abstractions or dogmatic dlscuBslons do
cot deeply Interest young folks. The
Imaginative and luminous mind of
youth needs the poetry of things, some
what of Its own flavor and kindred.
The kernal none the less still continues
to be the truth though enveloped In
attractive guise. What should be the
exact limit of such attractiveness will
always be a matter of discussion. That
It may—and very readily—be carried
to excess is obvious. Among preach
ers, as among laymen, there will al
ways be those Inclined to the spectac
ular and the eccentric. Latitude, with
these, means occasional wide flights of
fancy, excessive Intermixture of senti
ment, display and moral principle, and
Insufficient devotional exercise.
In view of the excessive severity of
the arraignment of the modern home
to which the American Sociological So
ciety was treated by Mrs. Charlotte
Berk Ins Oilman, one almost expects
some Judge to ask the poor home
whether It has anything to say before
sentence Is pronounced against It As
a matter of fact, the modern home
need not hang Its head In shame and
sorrow, and is in no danger of con
demnation. It has done very well con
sidering its prehistoric and even hls
torto past and It goes on Improving.
Wltb all Its imperfections—and these
It shares with other human Institu
tions and with human nature itself—
it manages to put to the front millions
of tolerably healthy, tolerably moral
and tolerably Intelligent men and wom
en to do the work and carry on the
civilization of the known world. It is
true that extreme poverty, like Idle
ness In luxury and parasitism, is bad
for maternity, and It Is true that In too
many homes tbe provisions for child
culture are still sadly Inadequate. But
It Is not true that we have reached the
parlous state where "the woman re
fuses to go back, the home refuses to
go forward, and marriage waits." Few
of us would send woman back to slav
ery and abject dependence If we could,
And most of us understand that we
couldn't If wptjyould. Revolutions do
feot go backwOtf, -kind tbe progress of
ftroman Is assured. As to the home,
never 3as been so unreasonable as
to refuse! to advance. It advances
tfowly, to h»*ure, but this shows wise
do* realization of
"pur
:•':-Imfc?
food faith oath* put
tf Ik* Write mlyoaepaatda of tha paper. Bt
P—WwU*rty aanfal,
la (lTing bubm
xa&
dates,
to han
Be letterfasi Igeiee plal»
and dlstine^
The'Gomezes seem to bs the Smiths
of tropical America. ..
Its solemn responsibilities. The home
knows that not everything is advance
which Is so described in formidable
volumes and at sociological meetings,
and It wishes to be certain of the next
step before taking It. Industrial, edu
cational and social conditions are re
acting on the liome as on other basic
Institutions. Our various problems are
Interdependent, and no sovereign rem
edy for all our ills Is In sight. Society
Is struggling, developing, making ex
periments, accumulating knowledge.~It
cannot give its entire time and atten
tion to the future, for the simple rea
son that man docs not live by high
thinking alone. We must use such light
as we have to make the modern home
a fit place for all who "dwell In it To
improve education, to eliminate unnec
esary poverty, to remove unjust in
equalities, to disseminate Intellectual,
moral and aesthetic culture is directly
and Indirectly to raise the morale anil
ennoble the atmosphere of the home.
PHOSPHATE IN SOUTH SEAS.
Larsreat Known Depoatta of High
Grade Phosphate.
The islands of the Pacific ocean con
tain the largest known deposits of high
grade phosphates. A London company
controls the deposits In Ocean and
Pleasant Islands, In the Gilbert group.
The deposits on these Islands are es
timated at 50,000,000 tons, of which"
scarcely 1,000,000 tons have been mar
keted. By the employment of a large
number of Chinese, Japanese and na
tives the company !b now marketing
230000 to 800,000 tons a year, of which
100,000 tons go to Japan, 80,000 to Aus
tralia and the remainder to Europe.
Europe also receives yearly 100,000 tons
of high grade phosphates from Christ
mas Island and more than 100,000 tons
of lower grade phosphates from Tunis
and Algeria.
Notwithstanding the very large de
posits owned by the London company,
the mining of phosphates pays so well
that not only that company, but va
rious other Investors, have been, anil
are, making constant efforts to discover
other phosphate deposits, and in many
Islands deposits, small In quantity and
poor In quality, have been discovered,
as in the FIJis. Recently, however,
phosphate of good quality has been dis
covered on three islands in the French
colony of Tahiti and dependencies.
These islands—Makaten, Matahlva and
Nlau—lie- In the northwestern part of
tbe Tuamotu nrchlpelhgo of eighty
atoll Islands. It is also probable that
deposits exist on other Islands of this
group. The deposits in Matahlva and
Nlau are small, but the high grade de
posits in Makatea are estimated at
10,000,00 tona, with many million more
tons of an inferior quality. The qual
ity of this deposit ranges from TS to
to per cent. The island has an eleva
tion of 230 feet—the highest of the
group—and an area of six to eight
square miles. Although many. others
are Interested in these deposits, they
will be worked by a French company,
just formed in Paris for that purpose.
As Makatea is surrounded by coral
reefs and has no harbor, tbe phosphate
will have to be loaded at deep sea
moorings outside the reefs. On ac
count of tbe expense incident thereto
it will be some time befqre tbe com
pany can make any considerable ship
ments, but In the course of a few years
it Is considered that the capacity of
the works will be 200,000 tons per an
num.
As Makatea Is so near Papete, the
commercial center of this colony, the
working of the phosphate deposits on
that island will add largely to the busi
ness and prosperity of the colony.—
Philadelphia Record.
WOMEN WAS ON DRUDGERY.
Endleaa Scrubbing and Houaedean*
Ins Declared Bad for the Sonl.
The State Federation of Pennsylva
nia Women has placed Itself on record
as against the "drudgery" which its
members say Is the mistake of tbe
housewife of to-day, according to a
Pittsburg dispatch to the New York
Times. It was decided that there was
entirely too much washing and ironing,
cleaning and scrubbing in the life of
the average housewife, and, while there,
could be no objection to a little mend
ing nnd darning, It was certain that
something muBt be done to cut down
the scrubbing and cleaning.
It was decided to raise a fund of
$15,000 to endow a scholarship at the
State College of Pennsylvania, to be
known as the Kate Cassatt McKnlght
memorial for "permanent domestla
science." Many ringing addresses were
made In favor of this move, Intended
to teach the glrlB how to mend, etc.,
make the home happy. It would seem,
however, that the mop and the scrub
brush are Aot to be Included In the
curriculum. Mrs. Anna 0. Tllllnghast
of Tltusvllle brought down tbe house
by exclaiming tragically:
"What effects, think you, will an end
less round of cleaning and scrubbing,
washing and Ironing have upon a hu
man soul? How far toward the Ideal
in moral and spiritual development will
such a soul be able to advance?"
It was thought best not to Include
the scrub brush in tbe resolution, and
some of the more calm members, after
due deliberation, presented the follow
ing resolution, which was passed:
''Whereas, Believing that the safety
and continual blessing of our country
rest upon the sanctity and comfort of
our homemaker, and that for the ac
complishment of these desired condi
tions we must act In sincerity and co
operation therefore be it
"Resolved, That this Federation of
Pennsylvania Women raises $15,000 for
a permanent domestic science scholar
ship at State College, this fund to be
properly Invested In good securities as
fast as accumulated, the Interest accru
ing thereon each year to be used for
the purpose aforesaid, this scholarship
to be known as the Kate Cassatt Mc
Knlght memorial."
No Donbt a Reader of "Punch."
A hearty laugh had gone almost
around over the story of the fisher
man who, to locate the place on the
lake where he had had good luck, cut
a nick in tbe side of his boat "Al
most around," for the Englishman sat
solemn and silent. About five minutes
later, however, he awoke with a roar
of laughter, and when asked the trou
ble, replied: "Well, wouldn't It be a
corking good joke if that fisherman got
a different boat the next time he went
out 1"
Not Yet.
When tailors see three-cornered hats
in Plcadilly and Bond .street it will
be time enough to lay In a stock of
pink dress suitings. But unless we are
mistaken, this sort of tlilngwlll not
trouble the present generation. The
present tag* Is for quiet tones.—Tailor
uid Cutter.
HE
BTJIERS OF A STRICKEN COUNTRY.
VSSVijrt
'4/
THE (CALAMITY IN ITALY.
The great earthquake zoneB of the earth lie generally In long lines of
gradual curve, following mountain chains of volcanic rock. In the often
harassed Slclllan-Calabrlan region the fanciful might trace upon the map a
sickle of death, comparatively narrow, curving slowly from the east to the
northeast. Its beginning is In the mountnins of Central Sicily, Its end In the
narrow Instep of the boot of lower Italy.
In this stricken region Sicily and Calabria are Joined. The mountain
rock merely dips under water at the Messina straits. Etna, two miles high,
the greatest volcano of Italy, Is in modern phrase the power-house of the un
governable force that kills men so pitilessly. The old fable held that
Enceladus was here Imprisoned, breathing flame and shaking the earth with
Ills Btruggles to be free. Vesuvius'to a slight extent only, Stromboll on Its
Island between usually In a somewhat greater degree, sympathize with the
giant's throes.
Messina is almost at the center of the earthquake zone, but its greater,
foe is the sea. Here are Seylla and Cliarybdls of the ancient navigators.
The car ferry that connects Sicily with the mainland is often interrupted in
winter. Three days of south wind, the dreaded "sirocco," and it-must stop.
The narrow funnel-like strait, that piles a winter storm into such dangerous
waves, pinched up the tidal wave of the earthquake Into the wall of water
that overwhelmed Messina and Regglo. The water killed- Its scores where
the earthquake had slain one and flro and pillage followed, as If humane men
were merely making war.
Along the stricken eastern shore of Sicily, nnd on the western shore of
Calabria the railroad follows the sea at low level. At every station villages
have huddled on the flat land at the foot of the hills, the flshermen'B huts
•dgtng the very beach. In all these luckless places the tidal wave must have
repeated upon a smaller scale the horrors of Messina and Catania.
As when Vesuvius last broke loose, people will wonder why men choose
to dwell In such scenes of danger. But between the great disasters that m.i™
so portentous a printed list aro long periods when the slopes are golden with
lemons ripening nnd the rich soil smiles with double harvest*. A volcano Is
not such a bad neighbor. It always gives warning, and in Its worst fits en
riches the soil. The earthquake in its appalling fury and unescapable sudden
ness is a different matter.
SMUGGLING IN PHILIPPINES.
Swift Boat Bring* Contraband Goods
from Oriental Ports to Islands
Smuggling in the Philippine Islands
Is assuming proportions that make It a
menace to Insular revenues, says the
Manila Times. It will surprise the or
derly and law-abiding to know that
only a few dayB ago a cargo of khaki,
smuggled into the country by way of
the east coast of Luzon, was floated
down Laguna de Bay and the Paslg
for distribution in Manila, yet such Is
the fact.
The cloth was dropped on the east
coast somewhere near Baker, lugged
Across the mountains to a secluded in
let on the lake and boldly. brought Into
Manila. Sleuths of tbe government got
track of It before it was landed, but
there was no way to stop it
There Is smuggling, too, in the north
country, but Its. greatest home Is in the
gulu archipelago, with Borneo as Its
base. There In that back alleyway of
the sea It has gone on for ages without
let or hindrance. Hundreds of swift
going vlntas are engaged in tbe illicit
trade ,and heretofore they have carried
on the traffic in the light of day.
It has never been anybody's business
to watch them. The trade was good
for Borneo and Spanish sovereignty sat
lightly in the sea of DyakB. A month
•go when a legislative committee went
from Manila to investigate the question
it found a hundred boats loading con
traband on the Borneo coast and it
Itumbled upon a party of ninety Chl
fiese who were coming to the Philip
pines by the underground.
Suppression of the use of opium in
the Philippines has made the drug the
great prize of smuggling. It haB gone
to a fabulous price in Manila, Hollo,
Bebu and other cities, and there are
riches for the fellow who can run it
Across the Sulu Sea. And there is mon
ey in other articles, as witness the in
nocent khaki cloth that circled Luzon
and came In by way of the Luguna ex
cursion route. The government Is plan
ning to meet the Sulu situation by
building a fast cutter, but two could
do more work than one, and there must
(ater be another for the north coast,
And later anotber for the east coast—
Manila Times.
A Qoeer Teat.
fhe grocer said to the applicant I
"Tour references are good. Show
op your style of weighing out five
iounds of sugar. There's the scales."
The applicant wreathed his face In
amiable smile all salesmen wear
&d weighed out the sugar with dls
tgtph and accuracy. He put on too
EtBf fu|ar at first he Added
patty
full half pound before the scale bal
anced.
"You'll do," said the grocer. "You
understand the scale trick. It Is plain
that you learned your trade In the
thorough old school way."
"Yes, sir," the other answered. "I
learned In the country, and almost my
first lesson was that In weighing. You
must add, add, add, till the beam tips,
because all that adding pleases the cus
tomer—seemi to him almost like a gift
But lf/'Sn the contrary, you subtract
from the quantity on the scale the cus
tomer Is affected In the opposite way
—you seem to be robbing him. He goes
away convinced that you are a stingy
cheat."—New Orleans Times-Democrat
INLAND CITIES AS SEAPORTS.
A Proper Outlay on Internal Watera
Would Bring Marveloua Returna.
We are spending hundreds of mil
lions of dollars upon Panama, partly as
a military measure, partly to enable
ships to save two transfers and a rail
haul' In carrying between the east and
west coasts, partly In a spirit of Ideal-
Ism—desiring to give a great free road
way to the world, says John L. Mat
thews in Success. If we spent an equal
sum or even less upon our Internal
waters under a systematic plan of con
servation we would make virtual sea
ports of Sioux City, Omaha, Kansas
City, Pittsburg, Minneapolis, St. Louis
and Chicago would save all the trans
fers and overland rail haul which now
burden the grain of the northwest nnd
the Iron of-Pittsburg would make it
possible for gunboats of considerable
size to hasten to points nearly every
where in the Interior of the country
nnd to defend with equal force the
shores of the great lakes and those of
the gulf and In the end we would
have, not from tolls, but from the by
products of our Industry, a net return
of more than the original capital every
year to nation, state and individual.
We know from long and careful ob
servations, nt what times water will fall
—a vast amount in spring and very lit
tle In autumn and winter. Our task Is
so to conduct it that there shall be at
all times a fairly standard amount in
the great rivers that it shall do, In
passing to the sea, all the good it Is
capable of to agriculture, forestry, com
merce and In the development of pow
er: and that it shall be prevented from
doing any damage by soil wash or by
any other means.
Amblgaoni,
'The baby has something the mat-,
ter with his stomach."
"How do you know?"
"Because we had It taken oat and
^5BBBP**WPPW»bso «h
THE FARMER'S SOT.
Xn Many Inatancea lie Haa a ma*
taken Idea of City Lie.
The great trouble with country boys
is that they are not aware of the cir
cumstances under which the city boy
is compelled to live and work if be has
to'cam his living by tbe sweat of his
brow. The Ides held vp to the coun
try boy Is to go to town and get a nice,
easy, soft snap such as So-and-so has.
How m£ny of them do It? Not one in
a thousand. Far more go there to find
work in Borne close, stagnant mill, to
sweat amid the fumes of steam or to
bacco Bmoke, or perhaps in some Iron
mill or foundry, surrounded by the
curses of their fellow men, toll out a
weqry day of eleven or thirteen hours
and after the day Is over go home—
and to such a homel Up some little
back street In a bandbox built of brick
and named a house more than likely
our workman has his home, there to
pass away the weary hours of the
night amid the heat nnd stagnation of
probably a filthy street only a few feet
wide, hot close and dirty. In any
large city on some sultry night one
Ses
tay see the workmen and their faml
in these little narrow city streets
stretched about the steps and pave
ments In all conditions. These are not
slums either, but fairly respectable
neighborhoods.
To such a condition of life many oft
our country boys' have gone and many
more are to-day preparing to go. Fat
pay and big pay envelopes? Not in
these times. If our city laborer aver
ages $12 a week he is a. lucky man.
Tens of thousands get less rather than
more. Country boy, before you make
the change, in the name of that coun
try you have been taught to hold. In
reverence, look and do not leap! If
you understand farming there are Just
as many chances on the land to be
worked out as there are In the city.
This Is a great country, and If yon
do not like the kind of farming you
are working at there are many othera
If you belong to a family that follows
the grind, grind syBtem -of all work
and no play, when you reach your ma
jority and start for yourself follow
up an easier system. Do not condemn
country life Just because you have been
unfortunate enough to be brought up
In the home of a man who knows noth
ing but grind. Do not overlook the
fact that If such a man was your boBS
In the city he would grind your life
away. Long, long before you were 21
years old you would be occupying some
six feet of green turf, where at last
you would not hear the dreaded call
and curse of the boss.
Country life may not be and proba
bly Is not what many would like to
color It but, all things being equal. It
Is far preferable to city life. That is
Just where it comes in. City life is
never compared with country life on
an equal plane. Remember that If you
must work In the country for a living
you will have to work in the city for
one, too, and if you possess the ability
In yourself to rise above the ordinary
workman in the city that same ability
will carve out a -home for you In the
country. Look before you leap, con
sider all tblngs, and If you are sure
you can better yoursedf In the city go
If not, stay ox the old farm.
ANOTHER ROMANTIC TRAGEDY.
Parla Kxcited by Senaatlon Equal to
Dreyfna and Humbert Affalra.
Paris has a real sensation, quite the
'biggest since the Dreyfus case, still so
fresh in mind as to need no special
mention, and the Humbert affair, which
Involved tils— obtaining of millions,
loaned to a shrewd adventuress having
a trunk full of alleged gilt-edged se
curities that were afterward found to
be only worthless pnper. The exclto
ment produced in those instances pales
to insignificance by comparison with
the present Incident, which, with Its
revelations pointing to the possible ex
posure of a national scandal, promises
.to attract world-wide attention. It 1b
the recent arrest of Mme. Stelnhell,
following her confession that for
.months since the Blnylng of her artist
husband and Mme. Japy, now known
to have been her step-mother, who
were found strangled in the home of
the artist on the mcrnlng. of-May 31,
her attempt to find the assassins and
the Innumerable fantastic clues fur
nished the police and the newspapers
were only a desperate farce to conceal,
the real author of the crime, herself.
The crime In question was peculiar.
Stelnhell was a portrait painter and a
grand-nephew of the famous Melsso
nler. The assassination of the woman,
Mme. Japy, is supposed to have been
Incidental to the killing of Stelnhell.
He was the man it was desired to get
out of the way. Stelnhelj, his wife and
Mme. Jnpy lived together. The wife
was found bound and gagged In bed,
and at first she declared that she had
been thus treated by three men and a
woman, all unknown to her.
It Is now learned that Mme. Stelnhell
was receiving tho visits of several
wealthy men, among them a Maurice
Borderel, and that she had promised
each of them that she would marry
him In event of ber becoming widowed
or divorced.
Testimony from every quarter seems
to upset completely the charges of the
royalist press that the late President
Felix Faure was the victim of criminal
dealing, but even M. Dupuy, his pre
mier, does not deny that Mme. Stein
liell was wltb him shortly before his
mysterious. death In 1899.
Durlng ber confession Mme. Stelnhell
was In great distress of mind and
qpbbed out: "I hope to Justify myself
before a man whose love I have now
Ititot forever." This man is said to be
a French nobleman and In his Identity
is believed to He the key to this ro
Mntlc tragedy.
Tsga/immssag
DEATH OP ADMIRAL .DEFEATED BY JAPANESE.
ADMIRAL ROTES TVENSKY.
Admiral Rojestvensky, who died nt St. Petersburg recently, would have
been more fortunate If he hnd gone down with bis flagship on that-'fateful
27th of May when the Russian armada met the doom of the Spanish thfto
centuries before. That Is the feeling of men of the seafaring races, with
their tradition that seaman nnd ship are one. Probably Rojestvensky did
not feel so, for he endeavored to escape. He was not of a race born to the
mastery of the sea. And In some measure that explains bis failure and his
country's, for It was his country's more than his.
Sinovl Petrovltch Rojestvensky was rbout CO years old, and for years
bore the reputation of being the most cool-headed and scientific officer in the
Russian navy. In the summer of 1004 he started with the second Russian
Atlantic squadron from the Baltic for Vladivostok. Arriving In the Far East
Admiral Rojestvensky was Joined by other Russian vessels, and then bad
flfty-slx ships under his command. May 27-28, 1005, occurred the battle of
the Sea of Japan, In which .the" Russian fleet was practically annihilated and
its commander taken prisoner. A naval court of Inquiry Indicted Admiral
Rojestvensky for surrendering to the Japanese, but he was acquitted on the
Plea that at the time the surrender watf made he wn's unconscious from in
juries received in the light
It is not given to the men of all races to say, with Hawke, when warned
of the lee shore and the rising tempest: "Sir, you have done your duty.
Now lay me alongside of the French Admiral." It Is-not given to all'to say,
with Farragut: "D the torpedoes 1 Full steam ahead 1" Nor is It
given to all to say, with Craven: "After you, pilot," and make of his sinking
ship a tomb of Immortal gisry. Yet, says the Chicago Inter Ocean, though
Rojestvensky lacked that marrow of tradition or that final touch of grace
or fortune and so did .not In the manner of bis death give dignity to -bis
share of a colossal failure, It must be remembered that to htm was doubt
less due the boldness of an enterprise which, had It succeeded, might have
changed the" course of history. A strong Russian fleet in the Pacific, with
an almost impregnable harbor In which to refit, and energetically operated,
would have lifted the weight of the Japanese army in Man'choorla for a time.
One branch of the Russian service—the railway—had learned by experience
to do Its work well. Given little more time and the Russian armies might
have been reorganized for- victory.
We know now that Japan consented to peace not merely because all,that
was Immediately fougbt for had been won. There was also a. consciousness
that'Japan could do but little more, and a possibility thnt Russia, if given
breathing space, might do a great deal more. To give Russia time to make
a new-military machine to take power from the transportation machine was
the mission of Rojestvensky and the armada. It was a bold design, and Ad
miral Togo knew what Its success:—what letting the Russian armada even
get by—meant for Japan. There was a full realization of Its meaning In
Togo's battle signal: "The fate of the Empire depends on this effort Let
every man do his utmost!"
Rojestvensky failed, and-with him Russia failed as a sea power. And
with failure In sea power Is recorded judgment against the Russian system
as a producer of real national efficiency. There may be another Russian
navy, but not until Russia is irnde over and can breed-men who more than
know—men who have the Instinct for sen mastery nnd live and die In co
ncordance with It—can Russia really count In the dominion of the seas.
FATHER JOHN OF C^ONSTADT.
Death Talcea Ruaalan Prleat to Whom
1
Uan^ Miracle* Are Credited.
The once famous apoBtle of all tbe
Russlns, Father John of Cronstadt,
whose death occurred recently in St
Petersburg after an illness of over two
years' duration, was revered and
adored not merely among the lowly
but by royalty as well.
Born Nov. 30, 1829, he achieved early
fame, coming into prominence soon
after taking a priesthood at tbe An
drew Church of Cronstndt. Although
not a factor in the political life of Ills
country, nor a lending dignitary of the
church, Father John stood out conspic
uously whenever Russia attracted the
world's attention, whether because of
national sorrow or rejoicing.
A scoffer nt superstition and a broad
minded man, nevertheless be was uni
versally known to tho people of Russia
as the holy seer nnd miracle workei
of the empire. This resulted from the
deep Impression his zeal and devotion
to the church wrought on the people.
At the beginning of Ills ministry in
1855, his zeal, his personality and Ills
unique methods appealed to the mediae
val spirit which largely prevailed
among the people nnd In the Russian
church, and he wielded wide influence,
FATHEB JOHN OV CnONSTADT.
becoming firmly lntrencbcd in Russian
hearts. Quickly his fame spread. He
was credited with healing powers nnd
with the ability to perform miracles
the raising from tbe dead of a girl In
a St. Petersburg hospital was attrib
uted to him by peasants, and soon his
louie became the Mecca of many long
pilgrimages by the faithful suffering
from maladies. The sterling qualities
of Father John were admitted also by
the late Emperor Alexander III., who
constantly honored and befriended him,
and who sent for him to administer the
last sacraments of the church when he
lay dying. He was a conspicuous fig
ure at tbe solemnities attending tbe
coronation of the present Czar, and the
Empresi allowed her faith In him by
-f
vr
making a pilgrimage to the snrlne of
St Sernphin to offer her most fervent
prayer.
In his church Father John was urg
ent along the lines of missionary en
deavors in foreign fields, and of this
Interest the Russian Orthodox Church
of St. Nicholas In New York City hns
received ample share. Known to but
few of his followers by his surname of
Sergelff, he was Father John to all
and as Father.- John Russia mourns
him.
One Uae for "John."
It .was the boast of the "Iucompnr
ible Lnundry Company" that It em
ployed no Chinamen, thn£ It Jtd better
•vork than Chinese lnuiidrles did, and
Ud not wear out the clothes so quick
ly in washing. One unKieky day, how
ever, the company's building -^caught
Are and was partially destroyed. By
-,'reat exertion nearly all the contents
.vere saved, but In a highly mixed and
tangled-up condition.
Drlvera of the company's wagons
were sent round to the various custom
ers to assure them that tbey would
'ose nothing that their shirts, collars
and cuffs were all safe, and -would be
delivered to them, properly laundered,
with a delay of only a few days.
"Wasn't everything piled In a heap
when you got tblngs out of the build
ing?" asked one of the customers.
"Yes," said the driver to whom the
question was addressed.
"Well, how are ever going to separ
ate them?"
"Oh, we've got a—eif—Chinaman
sorting them out," answered the driver,
with some reluctance.
Benutlful Siberian. Trlbea.
A party of prospectors Just re
turned from Anadalr, Siberia, relates
some grewsome tales of the habits of
the natives in that section relative
to the manner in which they dispose
of tbelr aged and infirm. During the
stay of the party three men and one
woman were done to death by tbelr
nearest relatives -and their bodies
were laid on tbe tundra for tbe
ravens to clean up.
Bull of the Irlah Secretary!''
A genuine bull Is credited to Mr.
Augustine Blrrell, secretary for Ireland,
by a Bristol correspondent of the Lon
don Dnlly News.
"It Is easier," Mr. Blrrell affirmed In
the course of a public speech at Bristol,
"to face your foes in front of you than
your friends behind ypur back."
Alike In One Way.
"He's quite wealthy and prominent
now,"—said Mrs. Stan-em, "and they
say he rose practically from nothing."
"Well, well!" remarked Mr. Border.
"That's Just what I rose from—at the
breakfast table tbls morning."—London
Answers.
A man said to-day: "If I bad the
money I have paid out for cantaloupe!
that were worthless, I would to rich."
OJUTJtB POPULATION.
Ita Hifration Weatirard ReAarkatly^
Uniform in Rate and Dreetlofc,
This center of population in 1900'was
in the ffta'te of Indiana:- In I7Bff Uif—
center was twenty-three miles eastrot
Baltlmore, In the Btate of Maryland
or virtually on the Atlantic Bhoro lint.
Its migration baa been slow' and n.
markably uniform, both in rate and 111v
direction. It has moved for 110 yeara
along the thirty-ninth parallel of lati
tude, and Its totnl variation in lati
tude has been less than one-third A
one
degree.
The westward movement has aver-'
aged less than a degree in a decado,
notwithstanding the Incredibly swift oc
cupatlon of a vacant continent by a
movement of population westward. Tha
It should not bo forgotten that tha
geographical center of the United
States lies some hundreds of miles west
of the Mississippi river. The eastern,
half of the country, therefore, em
braces the Atlantic lowlands, tho pral
rles and Great Lake plains, the gulf
lowlands and the forests and minerals
of the Appalachian mountains and Ap
palachian plateaux. Over against thetk
are the arid and mountainous areas of
the West
Certain areas will be reclaimed to In
credible productiveness, and the mln.
ernl wealth is vast but the center nt
population may be expected to remain
permanently to the eastward, of tht
geographical center of the land.^rleo
graphical Journal.
lore,
Love Is a tree whose branches grow
In different directions.—Rev. Dk
Young, -Methodist, Montreal. ..
Vfoveltlea.
The church will fall that lives on
novelties.—Rev. William Byron For
bush/Congregational
1st, Detroit
Bible Promlaea.
The Bible contains 30,000 promises,:
all tested and found true.—Rev. Henry
Hepburn, Presbyterian, Chicago.
Civilised Religion.
The religion which Is to influence ouv
civilization must be a civilized relig
ion.—Rev. c. S. S. Dutton, Unitarian,
Brooklyn.
I.eaaona of the Paat.
We should take In everything thnt
will Inspire us to better living. We
must not disregard the lessons of the
past.—Rev. C. C. Buekner, Disciple,
Aurora.
The Fountain Head.
The soul of man needs God, and can
not get along scientifically without God,
as all science points to that fountain
head.—Rev. Dr. Duval, Presbyterian,
Winnipeg.
Conacloaa Rectitude.
There is no superiority like the su
periority of conscious rectitude. It is
the strength of righteousness. It Is the
strength of God.—Rev. E. P. Farnham,
Baptist, Brooklyn.
The Common Man.
This is nn era of the eommon man.'
Slowly but surely he is coming to his
-own. He' is fighting for Industrial
democracy and there Is nothing that
can stop blm from getting It.—Rev.
Charles Stelzle, Apostle of Labor, Bos
ton.
Ideale.
Every man should have his ideal and-^'^T'
should fight for It, as the color bearer
is entrusted with the emblem of the
army's success, and refuses to surren
der It even at the cost of his life.—Rev.
Charles F. Carter, Baptist, Lexington,
Mass.
Men Wanted by God.
God wants men who aro single-heart
ed and not double-minded. He wants /i
men' who have the courage of convhS"**!^
tlon and who -will do his work accord-'*
lng to the laws' as laid down by theti I
Bible.—Rev. J. II. Llttell, Presbyterian,
Wheeling, W. Va. ..
Heaven and lleU,
Our heaven and hell are not the ple-„, 'T.
tured ones of the Mediaeval Agea, but^V
the conditions that arc within us/ Wis"®
may reach down and get into tounetHv
or we may rise up to the \erenity -of
heaven's peace.—Rev. Algernon
Crapsey, Rationalist, Rochester.
Useful Manhood*
Many men center all their energids^,.
in an effort to make their names hous4-&'-^„
hold words in the hoines of the nation,
but fame frequently becomes infamy.
The man with a clear, conscience and""**^
the desire and ability, to live the right
life may possess both fame and wealth s*.
.to advantage to himself and thos#?\,
about him. Such an individual: 'pos
sesses power, character,'"serenity and
poise, all of wliWh go to. make up a
perfect and useful mauliood.—Rev. W,
S. Bovard, Presbyterian, Indianapolis,
A WIdf R*ng«,
When the surgeon who happened
be spending a night at Bushby Inn had '*5^
set the brokeijjeg of the weather beat
en stranger who was the chief victim
of an automobile accident the patient
looked up at him anxiously. "See
here, doc," he said in a husky voice,
"I haven't got much of any money.
Would you take out your fee In trade
"Yes, I guess so," said the surgeon" "'*5'*
cheerfully. "What 1b your tra^g?"
""Well, I've got a number of. things
I can do soon as I'm on my feet
again," said the patient. "I can bang
window blinds, or I can Put on light
ning rods, or I can play the corned
and I can do 'em all first rate, If I'm
the one to say it, doc."—Youth's Com
panlon.
Expanding the Simile.
"I, sir," said Mr. Dustin Stax, "ani
like the busy bee. I have industrious-'
ly stored the good things of life."
"Yes. And anybody who' tried t?
stop you was very likely to get stung."
—Washington Star.
Nature is always stronger than oal*
t\u» -, $w»
fitftj
To
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easterly position of the center of popu
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the eastern part of the continent' waa
first settled and was settled from tb«
east The easterly position of the cen
ter of population is also due to the
more evenly distributed and more abun
dant resources of the eastern hati of
tbe United States.
Nov
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The Secret of Happlneaa,
The secret of happiness in eveiy life
is to be doing what you feel you can
do best, and to have your own Ingle
nook. To do what you can do best In.
eludes the entire gamut, from house- .,
keeper to society queen, though
should like to turn the gamut upslda Si'Sii
down by putting the homemaker at the
top Instead of the bottom of the scale.' .,
Your own Inglenook you most 'hnve§e:m
married or single, if you. would takefi®
into your life all the happiness it of
fers, and give out of your life all ths
happiness it owes the community.—
Pall Mall Magazine.
i!

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