Sli* old resident of Alton tkH tti
visitor to the river bank in front'of
Um City- Hall and, polnttni wm the
UlMlMlppl to an Wand .heavily wood
•d with Willow*, Informs him .that then
la the "Lincoln-Shield* Park." On tb*
ltd of September, 18*3. writes Walter
B. Stevens In the St. Louis Globe-Dem
-jerst, the stage coaches rattled down
the lone vailer -through- the bluffs ,of
Altos and unloaded an extraordinary
passenger list at the Plasa Hotel. The
people sitting and standing on the wide
double galleries of the three story,
UnM roof, wooden hotel, looked and
wondered aa James Shields, the Bute
Auditor, accompanied by Col. White
sldss and' several other well-known
Springfield politicians stepped down
from the coach and went Into the ho
tel._They Wert amaaed when- another
•abide delivered "Abe" Lincoln, the
lawyer B. H. Berryman and William
Butler About the same time Elijah
Wt and J. J.H*rdln and several oth
ers, well-known public men of Rllnols,
I rove Into town. "Jim" Bhlelda bad
challenged "Abe" Lincoln and they
had challenged "Abe" Lincoln and they
were going acroes the river to light on
Missouri soil with "broadswords," the
regulation cavalry sabres of the Oni
ted States'Army. Those were the
years of "dragoons" In thla country.
As aoontas tbe ferry reached the Isl
and Mr. Lincoln ..waa taken In one di
rection and Mr. Shields In the other,
llray wers glven seats on-lop and left
to themselves while seconds and peace
maker* discussed the situation. In a
abort time a serious defect In the pro
ceedings on the part of Shields came
to light. The challenge had-been-tent
prematurely. Tbe mistake is explained
«ulte clMriy In the Alton traditions.
Lincoln had amused himself and had
entertained the Whigs hy writing fun
ny lettan to'a Springfield paper about
the Democrats and Mghlng.hla epistle
"Aunt Rebecca." Mary. Todd, who
afterward*" became Mra. Lincoln, and
Julia Jayne conspired to add to the
gayety of the community by getlng up
an "Aunt Rebecca" letter of .their own
composltlon and sendtng it to the paper
along with some Terse* which, they
signed "Cathleen." The letter which
the girls wrote went outside of poli
tics and contained a burlesque proposal
of marriage to Auditor Shields. Now,
the Auditor, afterward a United Statea
LOVX AXD VAXa.
I l*ek*d for Fame,
Am! Lav* cam* flitting by,
But paused a While,
With baud, wings to sigh
Bat vttti I looked- foe Fame,
Asd Love fled by:
Vssmt cam* at last
When hope was almost sped
Fam* came at last,,
When youth and Joy had.fled
And then I looked for Love,
Bat Low was dead.
*.t. Marshall. j£l3%
The Gypsy's Gem
Tbs first notea qf tbe Toreador scibg
tailed a group of idler* and sightseers
near and cordial hand clipping followed
,lbe. final note of the gypsies' music, for
there wars, ringers'. In the band who
knew how to use tbelr voices. Tbe
•pace near the eottageafforded a bril
liant scene these galsdays there were
•lwaya round about thoee curlous ones
who most have-their fortunes told—
bum aa well "as women, skeptics and
believers alike trying for a peep into
lb* future through the eye* of tbe palm
coder, the horoscope Interpreter and
Senator from tlirie States, and a brave
general of two wars, waa'H fiery young
man. While Springfield laughed,
Shlelda began an Investigation. He de
manded Of the editor the real name of
"Aunt Rebecca," The girl* became
frightened. Bunn, the banker, went
over to Mr. Lincoln's office and said:
'!We've got Into an awful fix."
"Whafa the matter?" asked Lincoln
"The girls have written some "poetry
oh Shields," Said Bunn. "Didn't you
sm It In the paper? Well, Shields says
he won't stand It. What sball we do
"Ton go back and when you meet
8hlelds tell him I wrote it," said Lin
Shields accepted thla without verifi
cation and sent the challenge. The
peacemakers, hurrying "to Alton,
brought the true story of the author
ship. The facts came out In the con
ference on the island, and the seconds
began the Interchange of. notes. Shields
saw the error of the proceeding further
when he learned that Lincoln was not
.the writer. For an hour or-more the
writing and exchanging of notes went
on. Meantime the population of Alton
stood In a dense mass on the river
bank looking across'the channel and
having a good'view of. all of the move
ment*. -"Bill" Souther, a newspaper
reporter, kept hi* eyes on the prin
cipal*. He told that for some tluie
after the landing Lincoln and Shield*
•at quietly on their "logs. Lincoln said
nothing, and Souther thought he lookfed
serious. After awhile something hap
pened, and Souther said that When he
saw It he "nearly blew up." The bun
dle of sabres bad been laid down near
the log where Lincoln waa sitting. Lin
coln reached out and' took up one of
the weapons. He drew the blade slow-,
ly. from the scabbard, and Souther said
"it looked a* long a* a fence rail."
Holding the blade by the back "Lincoln
looked closely at the edge, and then
after the manner of one wbe-has been
grinding a scythe or a corn knife, he
been In demand—a riot Of the gypsy
colors, with burning eyes that melted
Into mischief in a flash, and teeth and
Up* so perfect one could guess they
never would foreteir unhapptaess.
Esewhere In tbe village' wery. merry
kings—eating and drinking,' all the
rough diversions Of the early days, the
ways that men and Women have ever
•ought for whlllng away the time. Be
neath a canopy were MistressMadge
and prim companions in aewlng Indus-,
try. whlle new tbe stllfMls* Betay lln
gerad for a word with stalwart Hugh.
Crossing -the village green in pair* and
iroupa were others of tbe comely maid
ens, and all the~'smal! beys of the townr
wyn'ig more serlousTliirsults, played
merrily at leap frog, quolU and other "THCI IHT rAI.ll IS WSOItO."
Within tbs public houses wen heavy
SlscoUrse of tbe stock, arid clinking of
tbe glasses,-.and boisterous applause
when one-would make attempt at wltti-
Behind hie counter" smiled' the
jrotund keeper among the fables and
the benches supple John Jooved 'con-,
•tantly with potables and lights. From
ail the meadow, land and tenant houaes
round, the men were come to share the
rillags cheer. These moved not at the
uotes of ai^ wng from hear tbe Hath
away jpttden, botburled their coarse
(aces ones again in cup or mug, and
These were momentou* days. lie
court wu oorne- In brave amy were
eourtlers and warriors and aallors bold,
all picnicking. The servants ran about
In liveries resplendent. Important per
socages stalked hither and away In
heavy grandeur. Court, ladles and their
maids-looked on the village'and tbe
country foil disdslnfully in part, bat
eome took Interest and made acqualnt
ancs here and there.
Tbe-latter, friendly ones, flocked up
to hear the gypales alng. and When-the
sang wes ended clspped end eought to.
know from members of the band what
food or 111 future held fpr them. One
visitor, a youth, a abort an4 sturdy lad
hearing and wltb bronae of open
air and ssa, looked In t^ie face* of the
gypsies and strayed about fr«u place
to pUcs to beer what patrons of the
A gypoy la** mads bold to ask him:
fiir.-havs your futuro told for gold a
bright career may wait tbae I'll tell
tlMe whom for frledds t» .hold« and Who
tlMOr are that hate tbee."
.* "Htr, laa, but are ali tfia nwmbere
thy oompany In algbtr be-aaked.
"All but one maid who resdeth
palms," she answered him.
"TImo will I wait," he aaid, "and
ses if she can tell ^e What I wiah to
know. It to the om who ia the inoet
demanded that must know the nioati
and'I will wait to bave ber peer into
tbe dark -for me."
But there were tbope: who were not,
so determined, and srould buy forecaet*
Indiscriminately, iM a he left him and
told other*. plea*ent fib* to qiake them
smile and mostly spared them what of
painful truthTahe read that fate waa
holding back for them.
Then came that one to view who' bad
He ran to h^r. "Now read uiy'palm,"
lie aald, "and'I will pay thee well."
"It la my line," she answered him.
"The good cause needeth, funds, and I
will "tell thee truly what the future- sha asked pointedly.
holds' for thee. I pray thy palm be
amooth and hard, then hast thou for
tune's. high, regard.. But If It be all
lined and craned, then shalt thou be
Together then they sat and, redden
ing, he stretched his hand where she
mlgbt see the .palm.
She reached to take It, and showed a
sparkling gem upon her linger. And
when he. touebed the gem. he thrilled
In all 4he nerves that carry shivers, to
*nd'fM* but-whether-from her touch/or
from the magic of'the stone he could
"Alas," sh» said, ""tto. lined" and
acarred tliy calling works thee over
hard. But hard means triumph "at the
last thou Shalt be Tlcb ere years have'
"So rich that I shall own-a-stone
like that?" he queatloned:
f-*There Is not wealth enough to buy
It—'tla my luck stone, lad," she "said.
'•Now this Hue here, a bold, full
curve, denotes a trained and steady
nerve it Is of Intersection* free—thou
must a gallant sailor be."
"All but the gallant," he broke in. "I
have never done a gallant thing. The
sailor's life Is one of good,'bard toll
and sudden perils," If you will, but
landsmen are the onea to whom are
offered chancea to conduct themselves
"Thon_dost not read thy life and
duties right." she .said. "Bach time
thou swlngest mld lthe lofty sails 'or
ilyest up and down the ropes thou com
est nearer to thS captaincy, tbe'goal of
thy highest hopes. The stone I wear
upon my finger tells me'where thy.
thoughts most linger."
A peal of laughter startled them and
they looked up to see more of the gyp
sies, llatenlngr "She hath a promising
subject," whlspeped one. -'Aye, he has
a slmple band," the second said. "Beth,
tell htm trufe,'?" another counaeled, "or
he'll h'aunt your day£. Let him know
tbe "worst and best clear away the
And- they danced away to other
parta. telling one another of their win
nings and of how they had almost been
trapped by some sharp-witted patron
trying to deceive, tbem with $lse Inforr
matlon, Juat to lead them on.
"I read, too, that thou are- In trou
ble," said tbe girl.
"Tbou are the first to know it," said
tba youth, readily, but wincing in her
alght. "How man who is most
"times abroad have troubles? Tell me
"Thy trouble bides at home," she
"Then dost thou truly -know," admit-,
ted. the youth. "Now tell, me what 1
shall do. for I will not longer-sail the
aea- In such uncertainty Lt has cursed
my Voyages ot late. I am a man"—he
said It a*, a youngster doth who feels
the blood bounding In him each day
niore swiftly than tfcfore—"I am a
man I pray thee bid me take my trou-.
Us by the throat and strangle It"
"Best take it by the band and plead'
with U," ahe said, "or look It In ths eye
And say your Inmost thought"
"Aye, look It In the. eye—and be
abaahed," he answered. "1 cannot say
my inmost thought without some help.
Is theiy no firmness or no ^readiness of
speech' Writ In Tny pKlu, dear gypeyj"
"A plain all curleycues and tails—th*
began to feel gingerly the edge with
the ball of his thumb. By this time
"Blll'f Mouther'was tremendously in
terested, Holding the sabre by the
handle, Lincoln stood up-and looked
about hlini He evidently Baw what he
was lpoklng tor In a willow tree- sev
eral feet away. Raising the mighty
weapon with his Jong arm, Lincoln
reached and dipped one.of the topmost
twigs -of the wlljpw. When* he had
thoroughly satisfied himself as to the
efficiency of the broadsword he sat
down. A few minutes later the corre
spondence was closed on terms-"honor
able to both parties."
As the. boat put back to Alton the
spectators on the bank were horrified
to see lying prone upon the deck a fig
ure covered? with Jilood,'while'a well
known Aitonlan leaned over tbe figure
plying a fan vigorously. Not until the
boat was close In shore was It seen that
the figure was a-log of wood and that
the "bloody" covering was a red flannel
shirt Wentworth dropped the fan,
stood up and grinned.
Lincoln was 6 feet and '4 Inches, with
an arm length In proportion.. Shields
was 5 feet 6 Inches, chunky and short
limbed. "Bill" Souther marveled much
over the willow tree .exhibition,'and
wondered how long Shields could, hare
stood up against snch odds.-
owner's purpose always fails," she
"A miserable outlook," be" said, and
set his face.
"But thine hath no curleycues nor
tails, nor anything but well-defined and
proper lines—a lifeline long and red
and deep, denoting friendship good to"
keep. Thou lovest one who Is fickle?"
I cannot tell," he said. "I mayhap
should have brought her palm as well?"
"It Is not needed nowi" the gytsy
said. ,"Come, here'* an arrv.w well de
fined, sharp-pointed, short and blunt at
end. What Is the message fate design
ed by this war token us to send?"
"The srrbw ftust. "mean the service
of the king," he said promptly. "I am
In the navy."
"The- arrow: means not service,", she
returned. 'It slgnlfles, 'rather, loyalty.
Thou area loyal man?" -s^„asked.
""Always, everywhere," he boasted.
"Then why seekest tbou Information
of thy 'Iove affairs of soothsayers she
'"TIs writ' that- soothsayers know,"
he answered vehemently, "and I do" not
I cannot tell If I am c-herlsbed in her
heart or If In my absence I am half
forgot I. cannot even tell If I ain
present In her mlhd when I am near,,
for then donverseth she most flagrantly,
with other and. less worthy men."
"Less worthy men. Indeed."
"1 deem them so."
"But Is thy Judgment much to be
depended on? Thou seemest but a
youth thy blood Is quick to take of
fense tby heart protesteth over trifles
-and standeth round In way of buffet
ing. When thou are older, thou wilt
better know the other sex .and realize
that when 4hou art moat -flouted thou
'art ihost regarded—when thou seemest
most madly to purstte, shonldst thou
But hesitate, she would run unto thee."
"Tlion shouldst knbw women well,"
he (aldt "but ho# know I that thou
:sayest true ofswhat'my- power wlll be
come with years?"'..
"The" stone upon 'my finger- tells me
all—of thee and ot thy. maid who Is so
steeled how that she seemeth firm as
any wall—yet that If thou persist she
"Thou wouldst counsel firmness and
"As-1 know tbe future and the sex,"
"So be It, then," he said, "but I much
fear thou knowesbgypsy maidens only,
and 'tis no gypsy inalden that hath cast
her charm on me."
"No gypsy inalden? Then thy palm
is wrong. Take back thy fee straight
way and run along."
He shook his.head. "She Is no gyp
sy," he" explained", "only a makebe
One of the strangest farms in the
world Is situated In Southern Califor
nia, 2G5 feet below the leVel. of the »ea.
The place la known. as Salton. It ls a
salt farm of about 1,000 acres. Here
the salt lies, as deposited by nature,
from six to sixteen Inches In depth.
The salt farmers are buqy harvesting
this crop the year round, and though
the harvest has continued for over
twenty ye^rs, during which time more
than 40,000 tons of salt have been har
vested, only ten of the l.OOO.acres of
the farm have been worked.
The'salt Is Brat plowed up Into fur
rows It Is then thrown Into conical
plies by men with barrows, after which
It Is taken to the reduction works near
by and put into maketable condltlop.
The work Is done by Mexicans and Cfil
nese, the Intense heat being more than
Americans can endfire.—New Orleags
Not So New.
"A"chap came along yesterday tak
ing order^ for metal mothers."
"What. on earth are *metal moth
(Mrs. Blunder has Just received 'ig
telegram from InjJIa)—What an ad-,
mlrable Invention the telegram is she
exclaimed, when you come to consid
er" that this message has come a dis
tance of thousanda of miles, and the
gum on the envelope Isn't-dry yet—
Was there' ever a man: who ^wanted
to be mairied in church when his time
D'anlcr- Waan't-. fliiii. i.''
"When George Ade was
January he called at the Di
Press to see his old friend,
C*ry, the publisher of that paper,"
They were soon engaged In a dlscus
slon of Carj-'s favorite hobby—the col
lection of curios' and antiques. Half
an hour later nn uplirtliig of reportera'
heads Indicated that the guest was
leaving, accompanled-by the "old man,"
who was engaged .In an enthusiastic
description of a certain mahogany shav
Together they Journeyed out to. the
Cheapslde of Detroit—Michigan' ave
nue—to the store of a dealer In sec
ond-hand goodB, named Lareau. Here
.the mirror was to be found.
Ade inspected It carefully and found
It to be all that Cury had claimed for
it—a fine type of the so-called "colo
nial" period of furniture making. The
price was $10, and Ade at once agreed
to take It
In a big, round handwriting he
wrote his name and tbe address of hta
Indiana farm upon Lareah's much-be
thumbed order book and instructed
him to ship tbe-mirror at once. No
mention was .made of how or when pay
ment wal to be made.
Late that afternoon the telephone-In
Mr. Cary's' office rang. Mr. Cary an
swered and the following dialogue en
"Hello, Mr. Cary this Is Lareau.
Xou know that fellow named AJte that
was In. here with you
"His name Is Ade, Mr. Lareau
"Ah I thought It" was Abe, and—
"No he's a farmer down In-" In
"Well, Is he 'good'?"
"Yes, lie's good, ne (Mowed me
check for ?S0, and be owns Bis farm
clear. He'll pay you when he geU the
"Well, I guess I'll take a chance,"
and the greatly reassured Lareau bung
up the receiver.
"Love is blind." "Tou don't mean tc.
my that Miss Skads _has accepted
you."—Houston (Tex.) Post
"Maude was afraid the girls Wouldn't
notice her engagement ring." "Did
they?" "Did they! Six of th^m rec
ognised It at once."—Tit-Bits.''
"Is.the new filing system a suecess?"
"Great!" "And how's business?" "Oh,
we've stopped business to attend .to the
filing system."—Boston Traveler.:
Algy—Myrtle, what are yonr. objec
tlons to marrying me? Myrtle—1 have1
only-one oblectlon. Algy. I'd have to
live with you.—Chicago Tribune.
Father—What Is that noise, in the
parlor. Tommy?. Tommy—-Tha.fs sis
dropping a hint .She wants that young
man to go home.-—Chicago Dally New*.
Hewitt—No news Is. good 'news.
Jewett—That may be but If you are
reporter..you can'f make yl)^.clty
editor believe iC-r-Town and' Country.
Sbo—I don't lee why a woman
shouldn't "wear! a man's clothes 'tt she
wants to. He—She'll never want to.
"Their honeymon is about ovex."
"What'a the matter?" "He's come to ths
conclusion that It really Isn't fun to
help her wash tbe dishes.'-'—Detroit'
Young Man—Why do you adViStPiliss
Smith to-go abroad to study music?
You know she has no talent Old Man
—I-live next door to Miss Smith.—
Town and Country.'
Teacher—"What do you understand by
the word "•^elf-denlal Pupil—It Is
when some one coifies to' borrow money
he says-he Is not at
"Old Cush landed In this country In
his. bare feet ten yearB ago. Now he's
got millions." "Sou don't say 1 Why,,
he's got a centipede skinned to death,
hasn't he?"-—Cleveland Leader.
"Those two girls are devoted to each
Other.'1-- "So It appears." "And yet
they love the same man." "Oh,, impos
sible!" "Not at ail the man Is* tbelr
"My dear friend, I beg you to lend
me fifty dollars," wrote a needy man
to ah acquaintance "and. then forget
me forever. I am noF.worthy* .to be
"Young man," said. Ttfr. Bluffklns,
"when I was your age. I always, stood
at the head of my class." ('Well," an
swered thtf fearfully precocious boy,
"maybe teachers were easier tp fool
then than they are now."—Washington
"Do you think we oUght to .have a
bigger army and a larger navy?" "Oh,
yes," replied the beautiful girl. "It
would be so nice If all the boys af
the' dances could appear--'-In uniform,
with epaulettes and braided collars."—
Young Surgeon (hi hospital, after
having Just removed a patient's leg)—
Does the operation meet your approval,
doctor? Bead Surgeon—Very well done,
except for a slight mistake. Young
Surgeon—Why, what's the matter?
"Bead "Surgeon—You're amputated the
wrong leg.—Illustrated Bits.
liMk la HorMbvei.' .-
The superetitlon about^ luck^^Jn jug?
shoes dates back too far for record, but
wak npt always confined to the horse
shoe. Any piece of iron fpund in one's
path was accounted a sign of good luck,
and as horseshoes were more commonly
picked up than any other article o!
that metal that partlciilarobject at laal
became thfc standard' emblem of good
fortune "and the suppose^ defense
against bad luck. In Aubrey's "Miscel
lanies," wrltfenlWO years ago, the au
thor mentions baring seen the horse
shoe nailed up In church, anil' he- also
says that "most ."Of the houses in the
west end of London have the horseshoe
Birmingham "Age- ion thresholdCVI The horseshoe to
^poeseas vlrtuejmust have been found,
i: not ptircbasedsor looked up. Admiral
fcn had groat faith.In the^uck of
horeeihoe, and jone waa nailed to
the mast of bis ship, the Victory.—
Tbe man who Is liberal with prom
lses ls apt to be miserly" when It comet
to making good.
The average country woman is air
ways as dlsyusted with tbe. showing
«F new millinery as the men are.
Hlito^le Scene When Me First Took
the Omth mm President.
Of all the monuments that have been
erected to American heroes and states
men none seems more fitting and appro
priate than the great bronze statue of
George Washington on the stt'ps of the
subtreasury building at Wall and Broad
streets. New York City. This, splendid
likeness of the Father of His Country
marks the exact spotj where he stood
when he took the oath of office on April
80, 1789. Furthermore, It marks tbe
exact financial center of the nation
whose destinies Washington so ardent
ly proclaimed to .Congress and the as
sembled multitude on that faroff day.
When Gen. Washington, on bis way
from Philadelphia,' came up .the bay
In a handsomely decorated bargp all the
vessels In the harbor except ohe were
decked with flags, and there was a con
tinuous roar of saluting guns. Tlie sin
gle vessel' which wore no"galii dress
was the Spanish man of-war Galveston.
She stood off Governors Island black,
grim and sullenly silent There was
feeling of Indignation among the crotfds
on shore when this was noticed, but at
the moment when the President's barge
came abreast the warship the Galves
ton's yardi) were manned as If by magic
and her rigging burst Into a bloom of
fluttering flags as. her guns crashed out
the presidential. salute. Arm In arm.
-With Gen. Kriox, Gen. Washington walk
ed across Battery park. A'carriage
was in'waiting to convey the Prfesl
"dent to. his lodgings In Cherry street,
hut he preferred to walk, leading a
dvic and military parade up Broadway.
At dawn on -the following day -the
national salute was fired at Bowling
Green.- GCTl. 'Washington arrlvedVwIth
a military and civic, escort at Federal
hall at noon and was led to the Senate
chamber As he'entered Vice President
,"Slr, the Senate and House of Repre
sentatives of th8 United" States, are
ready to attend you to take the. oath
required by the constitution, Which will
be administered by the chancellor of
the State of 'New York."
'I am ready to proceed," said Gen.
The Vice President, Senators' and
chancellor then led the wuy to-the
openAiutsjpe gallery, and there—on-the
spot where the statue now stands—tbe
oath of- office was administered.. As
Gen. Washington stepped upon the bal
cony the multitude Jn the street burst
Into cheers. Gen. Washington wore a
suit of dark brown cloth, white silk
stocfcjngs, silver sh'oe buckle*, and at
hit side there hung steel bilted sword.
His commanding figure towered above
those ..who stood about him. 'As he
klss?d the Bible and said "I swear,"
Chancellor Livingston raised bis hand
and shouted, "Long live George Wash
ington, President of the United States!"
A" few minutes afterward and while
the crowds still shouted In. the streets
he delivered his Immortal Inaugural ad
dress to the assembled Congress.
The Boyhood of Wanhlnarton. ..
George Washington waa born at a
time when Indians had scarcely left
the woods and the .pirates the shore
-near his home. _-George's grandfather
jived in the midst of these awful sav
ages, and his father, had heiped to
chase the whooping barbarians beyond
the mountains. Chotauk, where tbe
Wellingtons. lived when George was
a boy, was one of Virginia's "wonder
ful places. The ships came there to
trade there was the general store
house of crops there tbe planters met
the outer world.. George at an early
age "became acquainted with those
trade centers, -and he spetit much time
on«-the great line of travel between
the North and'South that ran across
the Potomac Into Virginia. .V
While at school he used^to*dlvtde his
li!a.vinates Into two parties or armies.
One of these was culled French and
the other American. A big boy named
William Bustle'commanded the French,
while, George always led the other,
and every day these two armies would
tnrn out and uidrcli and fight.
At school he learned surveying,
which he afterward'put to very good
Use laying out divisions of the Mount
Vernon estate for his brother and sur
veying the. plantations or the neighbor
Already, In his boyhood days, Wash
lngton established a reputation for an
iroh-IIke power of endurance and a
springy vigor of Steel, an Invincible
will and a
of going straight
The following Is an entry found In
"Went n-huntlng with Jacky Curtis
and catc-hed a fox after three hours'
chase found it in the creek."
Teacher—What reason have we to
bless the mime of George Washington?
Bobby—He gave us. a holiday Just
when skating Is line!
Thfa: were talking about tlie fhtlier
of .His CouutiT on therstreet car, and
"Yes, he was indeed a great and
"Hut for liini we might never have
K"lined our Independence," observe.1 a
".Ai tTT- should like to see a flag fly
ing from everxbuilding In the city ou
his birthday,"' added a third.
"But he lsu't dead," said a little old
woman wlio had been listening.
"What! George jVashlngton not
dead?" exclaimed one of- the men.
"Oh, It's George Washington ye are
speaking of, Is it? Upon my sowi,
I thought-It was of me husband, Jimmy
O'Shaughnessy, and I was ready to
agree with ye tintt, barring his coming
home drunk about once a week, a
better man never wore shoe leather.
Coon wid yer gab about the- man that's
dead. I'm not 'Interested."
"WELL, HEBE WE AKE AGAIN!"
—and first tai the heart
of the cherry tree.
When Weary Walker split the wood
He feared that he would catch it,
put when tbe other hoboes howled,
"Who worked dtf a* ?'-V he oalj. yowled,
"I did It wit* me "hatchet
WASHINGTON H£AOQTTA£T££S AT VALLEY POEGE.
Tradition Has It That Washington Himself Once Mounted Guard
Before the Door In Order to Allow the Exhausted Sentinel to Go Inside
ty.Bo Fed and Oozed for.by Martha Washington.
Railona In Beef ProdveUM.
Some of the general conclusions
drawn from tests in rations for beef
production by the Nebraska Station fol
"Alfalfa hay with corn alone, give*
large and profitable gains.
"The use of well-cured corn stover
with alfalfa and corn, while It may not
produce larger gains, will make the
gains less costly because £f Its low
market value, thereby Increasing the
profits over corn and alfalfa alone.
"The results of two experiments Indi
cate that linseed meal is a little more
valuable than wheat bran for supple
menting corn wben fed with prairie hay
or corn stover.
"When alfalfa 1* made at least half
of the roughness with prairie hay or
corn stover, good gains may be made
and at less cost than when no alfalfa is
red, th& protein being supplied by the
use of linseed meal. In other words, It
Is possible to grow protein on the farm
at a price much below what It will cost
on the market in the form of some com
mercial protein food.
"The results of a single experiment
In which but little more than half a full
feed of corn was supplied two lots of
fattening steers suggest the possibility
of making a larger use of bay In fin
ishing cattle for market than Is ordi
narily made and at less cost, especially
where hay .Is relatively low ancf corn
high In price.
"From a commercial point of view Hie
results of tl^ls entire series of experi
ments go to show that cattle feeding
can be made profitable when discretion
is used in the selection of foods for the
Comdlmental stock Poods.
Data regarding the character of the
Ingredients In condlmental Btock foods,
the results obtained in feeding tests
with such materials, and formulas for
making-such foods at home are sum
marized In a Wisconsin bulletin.' Tbe
author's conclusions follow:
Stock foods are of no benefit to
healthy animals when fed according to
manufacturers' directions either as to
Increasing the digestibility of the feed
eaten or rendering It more effective for
production of meat, milk, wool, etc.
They are of no benefit as a cure-all
for diseases of the various classes of
live stock neither do they possess any
particular merit In case of specific dis
eases, or for animals out of condition,
off feed, etc., since only a small propor
tion of Ingredients having medlctual
value Is found therein, the bulk of tbe
foods consisting of a filler which pos
sesses no medicinal properties what
Exorbitant prices are charged for
these foods, as Is natural, considering
the extensive advertising the manufac
turers are doing, and the liberal com
missions Which they pay ngenlr dnd"
dealers. The large sales of stock foods
are doubtless mainly to be attributed
to Tttese facts.
By adopting a liberal system of feed
ing farm animals and furnishing a va
riety of feeds, good results may be ob
tained without resorting to stock foods
of any kind. If a farmer"beHeves It Is
uecessary-to feed stock foods at times,
he can purchase the Ingredients at a
drug store and make his own stock
foods at a fraction of the cost-charged
for them by the manufacturers. He
will then have the additional satisfac
tion of-knowing Just what he Is feed
ing, and ot feeding a concentrated
food" Instead of one largely diluted
with nonmedlclnal Ingredients.
Alfalfa Is not the name of a particu
lar brand of political "new-thought" In
tbe Prairie States, as certain benighted
Easterners have supposed. Nor Is It
the nume of an Indian tribe. The
word comes from the same language
whence we get algebra, alchemy, alco
hol and a host of other substantives.
It Is good Arabic, and means the best
fodder. The Spaniards Introduced the
name and the thing into the Western
Hemisphere, and some of It Is sup
posed to have come up to us from Old
Mexico a long while ago. In 1854 Its
successful cultivation begaii in the
yVest, when seed was brought to San
The East ought to know more about
alfalfa than it does, for It has been
wrestling with tbe problem of growing
it for more than two centuries. But
the colonists called It "lucern," a name
they got from England, and by any
name they called It It refused to grow
In paying quantity. Before their time
the world had long .known alfalfa. It
seems to have originated In the south
west of Central' Asia.- When the Per
sian, Xerxes, led bis big army Into
Greece In 490 B. C., he brought the
alfalfa along to provide. In the thor
oughgoing Oriental commissary fash
ion, the forage for his horses. Alfalfa
got Into Italy In the first century of
our era, and as the monograph by J.
M. Weatgate, published by the Depart
ment of Agriculture, states: "Such
early Roman writers as. .Virgil and
Pliny give what may still be regarded
as excellent lnstrnctlpns regarding the
handling of alfalfa fields."
Which brings us to the plant' Itself.
Says this same document: "It"may
briefly be. described as being a ..deep
rooted, long-lived, herbaceous forage
plant, belonging to the botanical fam
ily legumlnosae, or pod-bearing
plants." It resembles clover, -and Its
chief peculiarity is-a tap root often ex
tendlng 15 feet or more into the~solI.
This Is why It flourishes In the seml
arld regions of the West it sinks Its
root down where moisture may be
found. That Is one reason It.does not
flourish In the more humid East with
Its sourer soils. Only In tbe limestone
belt of Central New York are there, In
all the East, single counties where as
many as a thousand acres are devoted
The seed that Xerxes brought alpng
with him as an afterthought when he
crossed the Bosphorus has had a more
lasting effect on the destinies of man
kind than the Invasion which the
Greeks rolled- back at Thermopylae,
Salamls and Platea.—New York Man.
HoUmm Feed. for.. Stock.
For a number of years molasses has
been used In Louisiana: for feeding llv£
stock, particularly work horses and
mulea. Probably the greater number
of draft animals In the Sugar district
get. this food either alone or mixed
with oats and com. The
to like It and are thrifty alid In good
condition. Sugar mules, as they are
called, bring from 20 to 25 per cent
more than muleB kept on cotton
-plantations and fed cotton seed or cot
ton-sesd meal. As molasses is a waste
product In the manufacture of sugar,
it is a very iSieap feed and a valuable
one. Mixed with com and oata in
equal proportions and pressed Into a
solid massT'the rakes become, quite
hard After they are thoronghlj^VAMtwl
out they ani ground into a flm^pov
der and this powder is used at -feed.
Horses and mules-^fed \on molasses not
only keep fat and sleek, but are capa
ble of hauling extrnordinaryijfiSpvy
Feeding Hogt* ,/-•
Professor Dietrich of the Illinois Ex
periment Station devotes his wfiola
time to the,, study and teaching of
swine husbandry,- and- he says ths
average market hog should weigh 800
pouuds at 8 months of age. For the
Pig 2 to 0 mouths old protein is the
most important feed. Without pro
teln It cannot build up the lean meat
or grow to any size.
Protein is found in sklmmiik, clover
and alfalfa. Com Is nine-tenths car
.bobydrates. Oats have a little 'more
protein than corn, but not sufficient for
the pig. Rye contains a little more
protelu than does corn. 11:1 rley is
one of the best feeds on the farm It
contains more proteirKthau does rye.
In clover and alfalfa thefcejIs a large
bulk for the required- nutriments and
pigs cannot get enough for a inaxll
growth. Even If you have com and
cloveV It Is still necessary for the
young pig to have some protein food
—cowpeas, soy beans or Canada field
peas. There Is nothing better grown
on the farm to balance up the ration.
Rape Is a bulky feed for fattening,
and It Is necessary to use nitrogenous
feed with it. If you feed clover hay
in racks the pigs will not eat as much
of It as If It were chopped up as fine
ly as possible, scalded with steam and
mixed with slop. You can buy mid
dlings (low-grade flour) if has pro
tein, but not enough. Tankage meat
and blood'.meal a re-very much richer
than shorts. Perhaps the most concen
trated nitrogenous food we have la
tankage. It was found by test that 00
per cent tankage contained about 10
per cent of digestible protein. There
Is danger In feeding too much protein
It Is worse than feeding too little.
During the last two months of the
feeding period carbohydrates or fatten
ing feeds are of greater-importance.
We must use feeds that are digestible
like corn, wheat, flour or middlings,
but bran Is practically Indigestible for
the pig. Oil cake.contains as much
protein as middlings and ranks with
meal, blood meal or oil meal the last
IS* perhaps better because It contains
much ether extract.
It Is much better to mix the feeds
tp feed cprp-^t one time,, and
something else at another' time. Oth
erwise the pigs are liable to get too
much of the protein feed, lose their
appetite "for corn, and become stunted
for their lives.
SALT AS A-.PANACEA.
Some of the Many and Varied D«e*
to Which It Ia Pat.
Salt can almost be regarded as a
panacea, so many and varied are Its
uses, says the Family Doctor.
We are told that It clcanses the pal
ate and furred tongue, and. a gargle of
salt and water Is often eflicaclous.
A pluch of salt ou the tongue, fol
lowed ten minutes afterward by a
drink of cold water, often cures a sick
headache. It -hardens gums, make*
teeth white and sweetens the breath.
Cut flowera may be kept fresh by
adding salt to the water.
Weak ankles should be rubbed with
a- solution of salt, water and alcohol.
Bad colds, fever and kindred affec
tions may be much relieved by using
fine dry salt like snuff.
Dyspepsia, heartburjuind indigestion
are relieved by a cup of hot water In
which a small spoonful of salt has been
Salt and water will sometimes revive
an unconscious person when hurt If
brandy or other remedies are not a(
hand. Hemorrhages from tooth pulling
Is stopped by filling the mouth with.
salt and water.
Weak and tired eyes are refreshed by
bathing with warm water and salt
Many public speakers and singers use
a wnsh of salt and water befpre and
after using the voice, as it strengthens
the organs of the throat.
Salt rubbed Into the scalp or occa
sionally added to the wafer In wash
ing prevents the hair falling out
Feathers uncurled by damp weather
are quickly dried by shaking over a
flre In which salt has been thrown.
Salt should always be eaten with
nuts, and a dessert fruit salt should b«
The Corn Crib.
The core crib should be narrow and
slatted on the sides and ends so that
a free circulation of nlr Is possible in
all directions. Some farmers place hol
low crates In the cribs
filled, so there will be no heating or
spoiling In the center of the mass.
Heatlffg destroys Jhe corn germ.
Promoting the Glad Rxprcailoa,
"Have you done anything to make
life more cheerful?" asked the optimist.
"Have you helped anybody to smile)"
'I should suy so. I have helped more
people to smile than anybody else In
the neighborhood. I'm a dentist"—v,
Washington Star. 3s7i'
LmI Bat Not Least.
"Young man,"'said the heavy father,
do you understand the style In which
my daughter has been- accustomed tu
live? She has always had every luxury
'And now I'm the luxury she wants,"
murmured the suitor.
... lUy Be So.
Miss Knowsltt—He's very rich now,
but I hear he started life as. a sewer
Miss Kuttlug—I guess that's the
reason why the daughter Is so anxious
to have the past burled.
f?ach person lives best who does bit
best for one day at a time, and then
refreshes himself for his level best tht
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