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Did it ever occur »s® mi N *K a bank account, with j" Phone 107, ffsaa, "The Old Reliable" The First National. Bank of Manchester, WHY because we are the leaders in prices, quality considered. Boards $16.00 and up. The fly will soon be here. Now is the time to purchase screen doors and windows, A. full stock on hand. tWM h.Zzi'% to'you Cement at Your Own Price. t„ Drain tile, Bu-./jr pipev wire fence and all kinds of building material, lime and plaster. MANCHESTER LUMBER COMPANY. Y*rd Phone 156. J. W. Rabenau' Mgr. City Office Phone 455. TOWSLEE'S TRIED--SURE--VALUABLE A reliable application for Cuts, Sores, and Bruises. Made and sold only by R. A. DENTON. By June 15 alj.persons wishing mail de livered at their honses must be prepared with a suitable place for tne carriers to leave your mail. ,vt 4"' Why not get one at once,- have it put up* tell 'em to come on. If not, why not? /our choice of six approved styles of* mail boxes. We can please you in prices and goods. V" V7W\ 111 Main St. Manchester PHONE 129 Time Now to Plant Those Sweet Peas. Ouv own mixture contains the new and iino named varieties Admiration America lti '1 'jp.Jp~l .Zr- Catherine Tracy Miss Wilmott White Wonder 57 ENTKHKM AT ro»r Or*iur. AT I MANC11EST12H, LOWA. AS SKC0NU-0J.A MATTIIK, &*i ?t' Y& tf": I. disputable receipt. ^•••b "of 10*#''%^* men keep a chocking account witn .. We'll tell you. It enables them to keep their funds in a more secure place than the dfice safe. It gives them a better standing in the business world. It enables them to pay their bills by check, the returned check being aj Individuals finding a checking account very convenient and a sourco of saving. Money in one's pocket is often spent on the spur of the 'Q moment., while one is disposed to think twice before drawing on his balance in the bank. Get the Habit. Lay up for a rainy day. Slart 'V- -U YOU WILL MISS IT If you do not figure with the Manchester Lumber company on the West side. J' un K!~ t," W 1 & i^Hr •*hr w- BSS t. Mall Boxes -Ms 1 Apple Blossom Spencer Black Knight .. Coquette „r' Countess Cadogan Countess Spencer .Gladys Unwin T, Sha/ada These varieties make a well balanced mixture and will be a joy to be iold. You know we have never disappointed you in our mixture of sweet «34 /ft. JU, v, 1? jfe. A. E. PETERSON. EASTERN POLITICIANS IGNORE WESTERN LEADERS. Raymond, the Chicago Tribune's Washington correspondent,, writes in •terestilngly in reference to the mis takes of tiie wise men of the East, as follows: "It is strange that the eastern lead ers do not. seem to appreciate the great political importance of the near ly solid front presented by the sena tors from the states just tributary to Chicago. New England men have run the tariff for so long a time that they do' not take into consideration •any of the rest of the country ex cept as means of trading off so as to secure the highest rates on their own schedules. Most of tlu» eastern senators are absolutely ignorant of the west. Few of them ever go beyond the Alleghen ie.s, and when they do it is often in private car. They stop at a few hotels 4n the big cities, but are ignor ant and unconscious of the extent to which the west has begun to domin ate the politics of the country. With a western president, a west ern secretary of treasury, a western war secretary, and -secrtary of com merce and labor, secretary of agricul tural, secretary of interior all from beyond the ^Mississippi, the west has become to have a dominating influ ence in the executive administration. Eastern Men Run Congress. In congress, -however, eastern sen ators and representatives run every thing, dn spile of the fact that Illi nois supplies the speaker of the houftc. They make combinations which win and parcel out tariff fav ors to the far west or to the eouth to head off the attitude of the men from the central west. They are stVansely oblivious to the fact that 'behind the attitude of the Mississippi valley senators there is strong pub lic sentiment which cannot be ignor ed from a political point of view and which will make itself felt later on if the eastern men persist in their dangerous rule or ruin policy. It is a. fact which wise students of politics understand that the' real throbbing political heart of theicoun try beat? closely around the popula tion center, which is now probably in Illinois. The anti-slavery agitation in New England probably did more harm than good. It was the conser vative men of the Lincoln stripe from the interior who finally decided the policy of the governmeut and the ipiion army had its strongest sup port in men and in morals from the same section. It waa the attitude of the west on the silver question which raised up the neccssary bulwark to the Bryan wave. So, too, in the last campaign It was in XUo-'west. and liirthe west alone, that the battle was fought and won aiyl Bryan given his third defeat. Taft Aware of Revision Sentiment. Mr. Taft knows all this, and he is fully aware of the depth of the revi sion sentiment in the .western states. In all of his speeches during his western tour he constantly referred to his personal pledge of support for downward revision. I was with him for 12,000 milps or so on that trip, and can testify from per sonal experience that he never fail ed to make that pledge, and that it was received with intense satisfac tion by the people to whom he was speaking. The western senators who have been fighting Mr. Aldftch represent not &reat corporations or machine pol itics, but the real, live, throbbiing sentiment of the Mississippi valley and beyond. In spite of this fact, short sighted inen from New Eng land persist in the attitude of defi ance to this public attitude of the west, and the present prospects are that any tariff bill which is passed, even if it is signed by President Taft, as seems likely, will be only in a small mcustirc a redemption of the pledges which helped win the west for %he Republican candidate. There was no shrewder judge of public opinion in the United States in the last generation than William iMc Ivlnley. He had the faculty of keep* Ing his ear to the ground, and often when ho was accused of vacillation, or delay, or lack of nerve, he was merely waiting to assure himself of what the people really wanted. He was a believer In the idea that the people were supreme, and that the president or senators who did not epre«ent them when they had fully made up1 their nuinds, betrayed, ^their trust. Listened to the Interior. When he wanted to find real cry stallization of public sentiment in the United States he never Vent to the Atlantic seaboard for his informa tion, because he knew well the cor porate and immigration influences of that scction. "Instead of that he lis tened to «uch good purpose that dur ing the whole of his administration, Involving as it did the building up of an eutirely new system of colonial overnmcnt, after the carrying on of a &ucees?ful war, he never made a serious political blunder. At the risk of repeating something may have written long ago, it tsecftns just as well to tell the «tory of when and where and how William i.McKinley developed his expansion policy, which prevails today and which is- accepted by the people as final. It ds a case directly in point because President MciKnley was wise enough to know, that when the great interior mass of the people had made up their minds that fact created the only safe guide for the establishment of a great public pol Icy. It is a pity that Senator Aldrich and his satellites have not been able to take a lesson out of the same book. Itso h'appens that at the present time thq two senators No lifted liaml may cover?" "From eating of forbidden fruit,/J itrolher, my briber." The three ghosts on the sunless road Spake each to one another. "Whence catue that red burn on your foot No dust or ash may cover?" "I stamped a neighbor's hearth flame out. Brother, my brother/' The three ghosts on the windless road Spake each to one another, "Whence came that blood upon your hand "Ko other hand may cover?" "From breaking of a woman's heart, Brother, my brother." "Yet on the earth clean men we walked. Glutton and Thief and Lover White flesh and fair It hid our stains That no man might discover." Naked the soul goes# up to God Brother, my brother." from Iowa are leading the attack on a New England tariff. Mr. Cummins is a new man in the senate, but he has been a tariff revisionist for years and he made good almost im mediately after his arrival here. Dolli,ver an Old Hand. Senator Dolliver is an old hand at the business. He served in the waya and means committee, in the makdng of the Dingley tariff and in making and unmaking of the war revenue act I can testify from personal experi ence that he was one of the best equipped men on that committee dur ing all of his service. He was infin itely better posted than Mr.. Payne and he ought to have ibeen on the finance committeein the senate, and would have been if the powers that be over there were not personally afraid his great ability would force a reduction tariff. Both of these Iowa senators are protectionists from the word go, and yet both of them are in favor of a moderate and reasonable reduction in the tariff. That they faithfully represent the views of their people no man can doubt. This points the moral that I have been so long getting at. In the early fall of 1898 hostilities with Spain had been suspended. A protocol for a treaty had been agreed upon In Au gus^juid the treaty Itself was signed 'in Paris some months later. With the armistice President McKinley found It possible to leave Washing ton. He went out to the Omaha exposition and from there he took a 'trip across Iowa, down into Missouri, eaetwardu^nto Indiana, and back" to Chicago, where a great peace carni val was in progress, of which he was a nfial. figure. I was with him on the whole trip and remember some things which for. obvious rea sons could not be printed in full at that time, although they were hinted at in. my dispatches. What Thoy Wanted to Hear. When we first steamed out of Omaha early in the morning the crowd to greet the train at Council Bluffs was small. The .president made one of his usual speeches, re. ferring to the great prosperity of the country which had followed the enactment of tho Dingley law. The crowd was respectful but not entus iastic A little farther on a variation of the same speech was tried at some cross road stopping place. It had the same reception. For the third time the experiment' was made 011 a larger crowd and again the lack of any wild enthusiasm was apparent, and this, too, in a state where 51c Kinlcy was known and loved by ev ery one. After tills third experiment the president came back in to the car and sat down on a couch at the end of the room. I could see he was preoccupied, and apparently a little anxious. After thinking over the matter a little while he brightened up. 'These people are so -prosperous," lie said, "and they know It so much better than we do, that they don't care to bo told about it. "Me had struck the nail on the head with his unerring 'political saga city, and he proceeded at once to apply the remedy. At tho next station there was even larger crowd, as I remember, and tho president cut out a great deal of his prosperity talk, but referred to tho ne&ssity of finding tnew markets abroad for the products of the farms. Instantly there was a whoop from the crowd and the president's face brightened. He had discovered what the people were thinking about and he was exceedingly quick to give them what they wanted. When the train slowed up again Mr. McKinley, who was a wonderful campaign orator, extended his re marks to the desirability of finding an American market across the sea. The crowd went wild. They made application to the Philippines at once and it was easy to see that they were practically unanimous In decid ing that the vast territory conquered by Dewey would remain under our flag. Again the president caught the inspiration of the moment and later on some of us were surprised to find him saying that our flag was flying on far away Islands across the sea and that the flag was not to cc down. Forming of Expansion Policy. And so it went The expansion policy was formulated in the presi dent's mind there and then. He went on from one -statement to an other until by the time we had reach ed Burlington, where he was received with a great torchlight demonstration the president of the United States in repeated speeches had practically MANCHESTER IOWA, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 115, 1901). 11 Bv Theodosla Garrison. The three Bhosts on the lonesome road Spake each to one another, "Whence came that stain about your mouth LI 1 IIJII.J WII l|. Ul IJ IJ tMH «Ne, k,„ V' w»« v^' 3 outlined his policy of retaining tho Philippines. All this, it must he remembered, was before the peace commissioners had ever started abroad. There was no fighting going on, but we were in: a position to control Cuba, Porto Ri(.n, and the Philippines beyond all question. Late in the evening I called the president's attention to th^ fa:t that he, in one day, appar ently had developed a great national policy of vast importance. He ^tap ped a moment and said in his qv.lot way, although of course I cannot re member the exact words: "I suppose It is true that my pro gressive speeches this day while traveling across the state of Iowa will be taken not only at home but abroad as a basis for the policy w? ill insist upon ip negotiating the treaty of peace. I don't care much if that Interpretation is put 011 thesj speeches. No man, whether he be president or congressman, and 110 col lection of public officials can create any great public policy. They can only register tho will of tho people. "I would rather have the point of view of these Iowa farmers as a bas for my future policy than the ad vice of great merchants or college •professors or famous statesmen. It true I have progressed in a single day, but I believe you will surely find that the sentiment wo have found expressed so decidedly here In Iowa today is the sentiment of all the people, and that in the long run it wlll decide the question of policy, 'hether we believe that policy to be wise or not." Day In Iowa Fixed National Policy. President .McKinley was wise in his generation. I know that he felt some douibt as to the wisdom of keeping the Philippines, and later 011 he was careful to leave a door open for giving the people their independ ence when they had fitted themselves -or It, but it was one day across the Iowa prairies which fixed the policy of the United States as it exists to day, and it was fixed not 'by an arbi trary decision of the president him self-but by Ills accurate gauging of the determination of the people that the inlands should not go back to Spanish misrule that they should not be turned over to Germany or Japan, but that the American white men should bear their burden and build, tip the Filipinos to the point where our spoils of war should not degenerate into a prize of mere Eur opean diplomacy. It is a pity that Mr. Aldrich and •Mr. Lpdge and other men who ought to kndw better do not see that wheji Senators Dolliver, Cummins, Bever idge, Bristow, La Pollette, Nelson, ^tfVap$^and others 'take "the stiind they do they are only representing public sentiment, which in the long run will be Irresistible and which can define the tariff policy just as easily as it did the greater one of .territorial expansion. It might be a good idea to put Mr. Aldrich, .Mr. Lodge, Mr. Crane, and some other of the eastern senators on a special train and let them go touring and making speeches to crowds In the rural districts of Illinois, Indiana, Minnesota. Wisconsin, Kansas, and other states. POPULAR FEELING AND TARIFF BUNCO. The St. Paul Pioneer Press, tho leading republican newspaper of Minnesota, I11 an editorial entitled as above, strikes at its party's tariff program in the following wrathful language: "The most wholesome thing for con gress to do at this juncture would be to adjourn for a few weeks and dis tribute -itself among its constituents. It would get In touch with the practically universal exasperation and disgust of the witers with the Payne bill, the Aldrich monstrosity, and the cheap skullduggery and chicane which have caracterlzed the framing of the house and senate measures. But there Is not the slightest hope that congress will consult Its con stituents. The -tariff framers do not want to put their heads In the sand and imagine that there is no trouble in store for their blessed protected industries. They can't and they won't see that unless they grant the just and reasonable demonds of con sumers for a more moderate tariff on -necessities, and for free raw mater ials, particularly for free, lumiber, free wood pulp, free hides, free iron ore and free coal, there will be a storm that is not unlikely to put an end for good and all to the republi can party as at present constituted, or at least to the domination of the standpatter and reactionary, and to extreme protection for any industry whether It needs it or not. Let congress commit the crime it threatens to commit and by a little judicious leadership on the part of the democratic party, by sloughing off tree trade, free silver and other popullstlc excrescences, that party would be likely to carry, four years hence, almost every state In the Mis sissippi valley. To' elect a republi can president against a sound and sensible democratic candidate stand Ing on a platform of common sense, there would not only have to .be a republican candidate and platform unequivocally pledged to a definite tariff policy, but a complete change in the feeling that now exists. "It is probably not exaggerating to say that millions of voters west of Ohio are ready today to rebuke con gress for its evident Intentions in a way that will disturb the gall even of that hoary old sinner, Aldrich. For the rank and -file of the republican party Is mad, and mad dean through. They are not only exasperated at the 'gold brick' which it i» the purpose of Aldrich and his followers to hand fmtqmifmmmt '.'////Av'/. A' them they are still more exasperat ed at the evident assumption that they are a pack of dolts and block heads who can be bamboozled with impunity. "It is time for congress to wake up to the facts.- Either the consumer of this countyr. are going to get what they demand, genuine revision down ward, with raw materials 011 the free list, and without any administrative 'jokers' or any 20 per cent, maximum trickery, or there is going to be the dickens to pay two years and four yoars hence in the republican party. Failure to comply with the demands of the rank and file will split the party wide open. "These are not threats. They are a plain statement of popular feeling as expressed in this state by individ uals and as revealed in the columns of the press of the country from one end to the other." PARTING OF THE WAYS. From the New York World. Because he was once a Democrat MacVeagh's words "of warning do not please the rump Republicans of tho Senate. When plunder and plutocra cy are afoot it is usually enough to denounce as "Democrats" all who re sist their advance. Conditions arc changed to some extent when the chief obstructionists chances to be Secretary of the Treasury in the Cabinet of a Republican President. Mr. MacVeagh's admonition to the Republican supporters of the pro tected trusts in the Senate was as follows: No great leader of an American par 'y can fail to understand the value of Independent thought and action in tho party itself if only this inde pendence alms at the party's liberal izations and progress, and if it seeks In and through the party to answer more perfectly the deliberate and wise demands of the nation. And you and I must agree—for, we cannot es cape the conclusion—that -it might be come the duty of a great party leader to create for his party a new major ity and control. Because this message from Mr. Taft, who is the great party leader referred to, was borne by a man who was once a Democrat it is no less binding and Impro !sive. The Repub lican party, from its organization to the present day has profited greatly in power and intellect by its Demo cratic recruits. They were the back bone of Lincoln's Cabinet. They may prove to be equally Important in Taft's. There is nothing ambiguous in Mr. MacVeagh's "new majority and con trol." It means of course a coalition between, the liberal, ai\d progressive Republicans and such Democrats as are loyal to their professions. There may not be enought of -these to cre ate at once a "new majority and con trol," but they are numerous enough oven now to prevent the passage of a monopolistic tariff bill over the Preside'iral veto, and that, beyond question, Is tho interesting prospect which the Secretary's speech fore shadowed. The Democratic party went to -pieces in 18G0 on the issue of an inhuman plutocratic slavery system. It is the glory of the American peo ple that, strong as is their attach ment to party, nox political organiza tion has yet been able perpetually to maintain solid ranks in support of a vested wrong. Is the liberal and pro» gressive element of the Republican party, with the President at its head, about to separate from the wing that is wedded to the insatiable plutocracy ot the tariff? _____ 6: WHAT IS A HAVANA CIGAR? From the London Chronicle. What is a- Havana cigar? 'The London Sessions jury 011 Wednesday appear to have been of opinion -that a cigar made in England of Havana tolracjpo cannot rightly so be called. And George Augustus Sala, who knew as much about smoking as most peo ple, and had studied Cuban cigarmak ing 011 the spot, once set forth that three kinds of cigars oome from- Ha vana itself. First, genuine Havana, made of tobacco grown, cured and rolled in tho Island of Cuba second ly, cigars composed inside of United States or European tobacco imported into Cuba, with an outside wrapper of Havana leaf. Thirdly, cigars brought ready made from Europe, mostly from Bo-een and Switzerland, and re-exported'from Havana to Eur ope, where they pay duty and are sold to the unwary as "Havanas." A DRY JOKE. Au English laborer in Cheshire at tempted to drown himself, au Irish reaper, who saw him go into the water, jumped after him and brought him safe to shore. The fellow making a second attempt, the reaper again saved hiin. -But the laborer, deter mined to do away with himself, watched his opportunity and hanged himself behind -the barn door. The reaper, who saw him, never offered to Interfere or cut him down. When challenged for this afterward by the farmer, he answered: "I took him out of the water twice, and, knowing he was wet, I thought he liung himself up to dry."—London Tit-Bits. AN UNCONVENTIONAL GRADU ATE. "So you've just graduated from college?" snaps the head of the firm. "And I suppose you think you know enough to run my business If I give you a place?" "I hadn't considered that phase of the matter," replies the graduate. "I called to Inform you that I have com •blned all your rivals and am willing to let you Into tho comblnatloh if you will talk business."-Chicago Post 4- fc Jtl «!. st. t-f Meet, .1 Or Beat All Competition TOESEABias&rosTER aOWriBESS Facts you should Know about a mattress before you buy one difre^n"erbcTween"hVemy short^^cro^n h^rii'^atlfl^0"0"-^1'3' their We"libe nheaM»Heton^0whether We have opened a Feed and Coal establishment in the Board way building on lower Franklin street We have purchased the coal business of C. H. Parker, and are prepared to suptriv Your wants with all kinds of HARD AND SOFT COAL at lowest possible prices. We also carry a full line of Mill Feed, Chicken Feed, Lime, Cement and Plaster. Try some of our "BEN HUR" FLOUR. Every sack guaranteed. Call and see 11s. We solicit a share of your patronage, GEO. E. PACKER TELEPHONE 171 ESTABLISHED 1867 Commercial Deparimenf-:-Savings Department Progressives-Conservative We can accommodate you on accounts and loans. ,, We invite your business. W.m. C. Cawi.ev, President. R. W. Tiruii.l, Vice-President. X^Ji? S mi*h a"ke' bl" th"e i\£ CiiASr NOW IS THE TIME TO BUILD., White Lumber is Cheap. 2 sgjij 2x1 and 2x6 8 to 10 ft long at §18.00 per thousand. 2 Red Cedar Shingles 5 to 2 at §2.75 per thousand. 5 Lath $2.00 per thousand. S I will build a good barn holding 100 head of cattle and 100 tons of hay for less than §1000.00. ••jiCome and see us. S The Hockaday Lumber Company Telephone 10b. Manchester, Iowa ~0*040*0*0*0*0«0*0**0*0+&»0«0*0«0*<y»0«0»0*0«0»0«0«04ll! JUST RECEIVED A. fresh car of that famous (lour 'THE SEAL MINNESOTA' Every Sack is Guaranteed to give satisfaction or your money will be refunded. I also have on hand a full line of flour mids, Corno hen feed, germ mids, mica grit, bran, oyster shells, rye mids, lit tle chick feed, low grade, lime, corn and oat chops, cement, rock salt, wood fibre plaster, barrel salt, cement plaster, lubricating oils, roofing, roofing paints, etc. "UNIVERSAL" THE STANDARD PORTLAND CEMENT ut Wholesale Price in CAR LOTS. C. H. PARKER. Pbone 113 Corner west of Court House Us at our office Let us call on you Our prices if you rcan We ask is a chance to meet Eclipse Lumber Co. Phone 117 NO. 24 is the The softness, elasticity and durability of cotton-felt mat. u«d Zi?»TLyZy """tity °£''1C E'eate^ fibres 0f the IE is the quality of the cotton, the long, strone fibres and ih» special "web-process" of lavftig them, that Vive StearnS & Fn«t^ .¥"'trfses Tthlm»uttresS'~show co"°n from P«fect comfort and wonderful life-the reason why there are more sold than any other made. They never lump never need remaking. They are made in fn„r grades—a mattress to suit every purse. Come in. Let us show them to you let us unlace this 7 ur tSS" Open Closed 2'ou can SEE 1 the inside you stocjc throughout. New are arriving daily. BROWN, eiactIr We glad to do it, you arc ready to buy or not. stoc^hrouffhout5 iSJUStgoods an°thcr e*ample what is inside. of the excellence of oir The Furniture Man New Feed and Coal Store. |f -V J. SEEDS, Cashier. C. W. ICiiAGY, Asst. Cash'r.