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IS GOVERNMENT NECESSARY TO MAN?
By Count Leo Tolstoi. The governmental order of things 1B a tem porary and certainly not a perpetual form of life. And just as the life of an Individual •"r children, gained wisdom with age, BO the life of na "tlon3 also changes and perfects itself, only not like an ^Individual, In a few years, but In the course of cen votaries and ages. And as for man the chief changes oc ^r/cur in the invisible, spiritual sphere of his religious ^consciousness. \A' People who, owing to the existence of government ^organizations, have advantageous positions, picture to themselves the life of people deprived of governmental ^.authority as a wild disorder, a struggle of alt against %-^all, just as if we were speaking, not of the life of anl -„"'male, for animals live peacefully, without governmental violence, but of some terrible creatures prompted in .. their activity solely by hatted and madness. But they imagine men to be such merely because they attribute to them qualities contrary to human nature, but which have been perverted by that same government organiza tion under which they themselves have grown up, and which in spite of the fact that it is evidently unneces sary and merely harmful they continue to uphold. And, therefore, to the question, What would life be without government? there would be but one answer— namely: that there would certainly not be all the evil which Is created by government. There would not be property in land, there would be no taxes spent on ^•things unnecessary for the people there would not be the 'separation of the nations, the enslavement of some ^by others there would not be the waste of the people's (/f: best powers In preparations for wars there would not •«.«« be the fear of bombs on the one side and of gallows on the other there would not be the Insane luxury of soine and the still more insane destitution of others. WHAT IS THE SECRET OF HAPPINESS? By Sidney Dark. The wise man discovers exactly what he needs to be happy and endeavors persisteutly to acquire the essentials. Dullness means a lack of Imagination, and without imagination life and happiness are both impossible. Religion and art, from one point of view, share the same mission. They bring to man the sense of amaze ment. They teach us that the world is a wonderful SONG. Give me back my heart, fair child To you as yet 'twere worth but lit tle Half beguller, half beguiled, Be you warned, your own is brittle. I know by your redd'nlng cheeks, I know it by those two blacl^ streaks Arching up your pearly brows In a momentary laughter, Stretched in long and dark repose With a sigh the moment after. "Mid it! dropt It on the moors! Lost It. and you can not And It"— My own heart I want, not yours You have bound and must unbind It. Set It free, then, from your net, We will love, sweet—but not yetl Fling it from you —we are strong Love Is trouble, love Is folly Love, that makes an old heart young, Makes a young heart melancholy. —Aubrey De Vere. OTHER PEOPLE'S IDEAS On the morning after her niece's wedding Miss Kitteredge put on her rubbers and walked over to add a few finishing touches to the daintily fur nished apartment in Indiana avenue, which was awaiting the return of the hnppy pair from their bridal trip. She was surprised, on entering, to find the groom's Uncle Horace survey ing the place with evident satisfaction. There was. however, nothing strange about this, for It was well understood, in both families, that It was due to Uncle Horace's liberality that Robert and Dorothy were beginning life with two sets of draperies at every window and real Circassian walnut furniture In the reception room. "Pretty complete outfit, eh?" he observed. "Oh, It's perfectly beautiful," re plied Miss Kitteredge. "None of the others have bad anything so fine. You see," she explained, "Dorothy Is the fourth one of my nieces to be married and I've helped each 'one of 'em to fix up her home." "I've noticed that you were doing your full share toward fixing up this cne," said Robert's Uncle Horace. "Did they turn all the hard jobs over to you "Old-maid aunts come In handy at weddings," said Miss Kitteredge. "But I've injoyed It, even though 1 did get tired." "Better sit down and rest a while,1 suggested Robert's Uncle Horace. "These things," Indicating by a ges ture the furniture of the reception room, "don't look as though they were made to sit on. I suppose, though, that they're the proper caper." "Yes," she replied. "Dorothy says they're excellent examples of the style of Louis—something—I can't pro nounce it—and that the lines are ex tremely good, If you know what that means!" "I don't," he said. "But I think I'd prefer the lines of these big leather chairs In the den." He settled his portly frame in one of them and Miss Kitteredge perched herself flutteringly on the edge of the couch. "I mustn't sit but a minute," she said.. "I promised Dorothy that I'd arrange the things In her kitchen cup boards. It's funny," she continued, remlniscently, "what different ideas people have about fixing up houses. Now, when Emma, my oldest niece, was married, she was crazy to have eveiythlng oriental. There was a big Japanese umbrella hung from the ceil ing and things embroidered with scratchy gold thread and big vases with dragons on 'em and little bamboo tables scattered around till you couldn't walk through the rooms. PAPERS PEOPLE Is not stationary but continually changes, moves on and perfects Itself. so the life of all mankind Is unceasingly changing, mov ing on and perfecting Itself. As each Indl vldual once played with toys, learned the lessons, worked, got married, brought up The unhappy man Is a dull man, and the dull man is the man without a soul. That Is the truth, and the whole truth. The dull man eats and drinks and works and sleeps and grumbles and sniggers and is just a rate payer. Most of us have to do all these things. We have to be ratepayers. The horror come9 when we are just ratepayers—and nothing more. The dull man never laughs at himself, never plays the fool, never loses his head—never dreams. A street Is a street to htm, not the scene of daily and innumer able dramas. A child is a child, not a bewildering conundrum. He believes the evidence of his eyes (he actually boasts of it), and fancies that things really are as he sees them. There is no conceivable error so utterly false, no heresy so mischievous. 'Margery was the next one and she was wild over mission furniture and fuzzy Navajo rugs and Indian pottery with queer black figures on it. "But Clarice, her sister, always de clared that mission furniture was 'pos itively brutal' and when she set up housekeeping she went In for the co lonial style—mahogany bedsteads with pineapple posts and an old spinning wheel in the parlor, you know. "And now Dorothy's trying to make her parlor look like the palace of some wicked old French king!" Robert's Uncle Horace laughed—a big, noisy, hearty laugh. "You've had considerable experience fixing up houses according to other people's ideas," he said. Miss Kitteredge sighed gently. "Of course," she said. "I don't have any time for housekeeping. I make dress es—gowns, I mean—when I'm at home and I Just board but sometimes, just to pasB the time, I picture to myself the kind of a house I'd fix up if I was doing It." "What would be your Idea?" he ask ed, regarding her with interest. "Well, In the first place," she de clared, "I wouldn't bother so much about having things match and har monize, because I think it makes a better variety if they don't. And the things In this place," she continued, "are kind of dull and fady, don't you think? I'd have brighter colors and more varnish. I'd have a carpet with big red roses In It and a fancy mantel "WHAT WOULD BE YOL'B IDEA?" with lots of little places to set knick knacks on and a cuckoo clock. I'm afraid," she admitted, "that It wouldn't be a bit artistic, but I'm sure it would be cozy." "That sounds good to me," remark ed Uncle Horace, as she paused for breath. "I've boarded a good deal, too. It's fourteen years since my wife died." Miss Kitteredge jumped up. Even in her youth she had never been the kind of woman who regards every sin gle man she meets as a possible hus band and for many years she had felt only a second-hand Interest in matri mony. She had quite forgotten that Dorothy's new uncle was a widower! What must he think of her, chattering to him like this? Positively confiden tial with a man she had never seen until three weeks ago! "I must get at those kitchen cup boards," she declared. "Don't be in a hurry," said Uncle Horace. "Let Bob and Dorothy fix their own cupboards! I want to talk to you. That bouse you were describ ing Is exactly what I've been wanting all these years, only I didn't know it! And you are exactly the kind^ of a woman I want But Miss Kitteredge had fled to hide her old-maidenly blushes in the kltch- cf fairy palace, the palace of hourly miracles. Then we discover that we ourselves are most amazing creatures. The dull man Is not interested in himself, has no self love. I am certain that no man can love his neighbor unless he has learned to love himself. From ourselves we discover humanity. I know a nun who Is happy dreaming of the glories of a wonderful gray wonder-world. I know a Salva tionist who is happy because he Is a son of God. I know a cheeerful, roysterlng, often penniless, writer who Is happy because to him all men are good fellows and all women adorable. The happy Socialist dreams of the brotherhood of men the cantankerous Socialist yearns to interfere with Ills fellows. It often happens that the men who stimulate imag ination and encourage our dreams themselves fall to attain happiness. They stand on the mountain and point out the way, but they themselves never reach the land of delight. They are, however, the great men, and you and I are the common wayfarers. Their way is not our way, and It may be that their sorrow Is more precious than our joy. ENGLAND DESTINED TO LOSS OF INDIA. By Saint Nihil Singh. It Is not hard to understand the reason why the Britisher la destined to lose India, no matter what concessions he may make to the Indian. The minute the Englishman In troduced the Indian to the literature of tlje Occident a grave began to be automatically dug for him. This grave digging has been go ing on for at least fifty years. Each suc ceeding year has given a new impetus to the educated Indians, accelerating the process. The day has arrived In the history of Hlndoostan when the aspirations of the most intelligent of its na tives have reached a point where they are utterly Intol erant of foreign dependence and guidance. To use a phrase of the times, the Indian wants to be "the whole show." This attitude is fast becoming volcanic in tend ency, and this bodes no good to the Englishman in India. The example and the Inspiration of America has been of the greatest help to the Hindoo. On account of its old-time Isolation India, notwithstanding its size and undoubted strength, was practically helpless. But to the klowledge of Occidental literature has been added the knowledge of Occidental literature has been added the Occident. There are many Hindoos in the United States at present, and they have learned something of Western resourcefulness, not only In education but in politics. They have taken or sent some of this knowl edge home. When the awakening is complete England's grasp will be loosened. Two hundred thousand Englishmen domineer over 321,000,000 natives, and the day will not dawn to-mor row when England lets the Indians have complete charge of their foreign and military affairs. Recently Lord Ripon, a former Viceroy of India, said: "It Is impossible to place the military affairs of India under the control of the people of India. We, and we alone, must decide how many troops It is necessary to main tain-there and what money is needed to keep that force in efficiency." England's interests in India clash with those of the natives of the land. When the teeming millions of India awake to realize what is best for them the Eng lishman* will become absolutely Incapable of holding India. en. She wasn't ready to listen to any more—not just yet!—Chicago News. MARTYRS WHO ENTERTAIN. Difficult to Explain Why They Do It When It Pains Them. "In a periodical the other day," says the amateur philosopher of the Provi dence Tribune, "I ran across a Gibson like picture of what had evidently been a musical entertainment or must cale—I took It to have been a muslcale for choice. The fiddlers had gone and so had the soloist or soloists and guests. There remained in the fore ground the deserted room and a waste of empty chairs, along with the open grand piano. The host's bead was rest ing on his arms on a table the host ess had removed her shoes and was on the verge of collapse. In the back ground a butler was looking on com miseratingly. "Now, there's a good deal of that sort of thing first and last the country over. It was true to life, but I never could understand it. That Is, nobody has ever explained to me why people who don't enjoy entertaining or being entertained persist In making martyrs of themselves why anybody does something for pleasure that Invariably gives pain. A person who puts him self out and wears himself out In the line of duty Is comprehensible, but why you should sacrifice yourself when you're pretending to be looking for fun Is beyond me. "The woman who said her idea of a perfect life from the social point of view would be to be asked everywhere and to go nowhere doubtless expressed the sentiments of thousands,-but why go anywhere If you feel that way?" Blind Glrl'a Tribute to Rofera, There Is no more touching or sin cere personal tribute than that paid by Helen Keller, the deaf, dumb and blind young woman, on the memory of Henry H. Rogers, who had taken a great Interest in and largely paid for her education. Miss Keller writes in part: In the death of H. H. Rogers I have lost a dear friend. The protest of my heart against the thought of losing him makes me realize how much I loved him. I shall not try now to ex press my gratitude, for I think that Mr. Rogers shrank from expressions ol gratitude. Mr. Rogers was always re sponsive, always sympathetic. He was always doing little kindnesses quietly and unnoticed. If 1 needed books, he ordered them. If I admired a flower or a plant, he sent it to me. He had the imagination, the vision and the heart of a great man, and I count It one of the most precious privileges of my life to have had him for my friend. The memory of his friendship will grow sweeter and brighter each year until he takes my hand again and we gather roses together In the gardens of paradise. Orlffln of "Simon Pare." Simon Pure is a character In Mrs. Centlivre's comedy, "A Bold Stroke for a Wife." He fell in love with 8 charming girl and after being coun terfeited by an Imposter succeeded In establishing his identity, proving him self to be the Simon Pure. The ex pression then came to be used to mean the real article, or something genuine. Should Take Hi* Medicine. "A feller shouldn't stand In the mid dle of the street to talk pessimism," declared the Plunkvllle philosopher. "Why not?" "Fust he says life ain't worth llv Ibg, and then jumps when he hears an automobile honk." Washington Times. How many times a day do you com mend? How many times during a day do you find fault? I want a husband who Is easily pleased." "Don't worry, that's exactly what you will get." Belle—Dick says I grow prettier ev ery time he see^ me. Estelle—You should get him to call more often. Mllly—1 find this balm excellent for preserving the face. Jessie—But why do you wish to preserve your face? 'Yes they not only have everything to worry about that wouieu have, but they also have the womcu to worry abouti too."—Smart Set. "1 see they have the same means of rounding up the lambs in Wall-street as shepherds have In the field." "What Is that?" "A crook." "I started out on the theory that the world had an opening for me and I went to find U." "Did you find It?" "Oh, yes. I'm In a hole." Grace—He said 1 looked lovely in that gown, didn't he? Helen—Not ex actly, dear. He said that gown looked lovely on you.—Brooklyn Citizen. She (on the Atlantic liner)—Did you observe the great appetite of that stout man at dinner? He—Yes he must be what they call a stowaway. Suffragette—We believe that a wom an should get a man's wages. Mar ried Man—Well, judging from my own experience, she does.—Boston Tran script. "Sued for a breach of promise, eh?" "Yep." "Ajiy defense?" "Temporary Insanity and I expect to piove It by the love letters I wrote."—Washington Herald. "1 understand that manager 1^ pay ing fabulous salaries to his leading singers." "Not fabulous," replied the cynical press agent, "fictitious.'— New York Herald. "Your ocean trip was pretty nice, I s'pose?" "Oh, yes." "Saw icebergs and such things, eh?" "Yes but I missed the billboards, I can tell you." —Washington Herald. He (teaching her bridge)—When iu doubt it's a good rule to play trumps She—But that's just It when I'm In doubt I don't know what the trump is. —Philadelphia Record. Mother—Johnny, why didn't you wash your face this morning? Son— The doctor said to be careful and not get my feet wet, and 1 guess my face is just as good as my feet. Housekeeper—Look here, I ordered a dozen eggs from you this morning, and you only sent me ten. Dealer—Well, ma'am, two of 'em were bad, and I didn't think you'd want 'em. Her Father—When you marry, my daughter, you marry a big-hearted, no ble girl. Her Suiter (a wise guy)—I know that, sir, and I'm sure she inher its those qualities from you. "I have just decided to suspend your sentence," the judge began. "For the lord's sake, judge, you don't mean to say lifting a few chickens is a banging matter!"—New York Herald. Redd—This paper says there Is on exhibition in Saco the largest lobster that has been landed in those parts for yeaiB, If ever. Greene—Does It give the name of the lady who landed htm5 First Farmer (pointing to the flar ing horn on an automobile)—What's thet thing for? Second Farmer— Thet's th'. thing they blow jes' before they run y' down!—Town and Coun* try. Clergyman (examining a Sunday school class)—Now can any of you tell me what are sins of omission? Small Scholar—Please, sir, they're sins you ought to have committed and haven't. Gentleman (indignantly) You praised your kitchen coal to the skies and said it was most economical. Why. It won't burn at all! Coal Dealer (coolly)—Well, what could you havi more economical than that? "Mr. P., how is It xou liave no1 called upon me for your account?' "Oh, I never ask a gentleman fot money!" "Indeed! How, then, -o you get on if he don't pay?" "Why, aftei a certain time. I conclude that he la not a gentleman, and then 1 ask him/ "Here," said Dr. Price-Price, "just take these pellets. You've merely got a little fever, that's all. Five dollars, please." "My!" exclaimed the tran sient patient, who had happened intc his office by chance. "Excuse me, Doc. but I hope the fever ain't as high at the feel" "It is said that aggressive. Impul sive people usually have black eyes," remarked a man who was interested in the suggestion how far the face la an Index of the mind. "That's quit€ true," rejoined a listener. "If they haven't got them at first, they get them later." Dashaway—You say your sister will be down in a minute, Willie. That'i good news. I thought perhaps that sh« wanted to be excused, as she did tht other day. Willie—Not this time. 1 played a trick on her. Dashaway— What did you do? Willie (triumph antly)—I said you were another fel low. Jack—I nave a chance to marry a poor girl whom I love, or a rich wom an whom I do not love. What would you advise? George—Love Is the sail of life, my friend. Without it all else is naught. Love—pure joy—makes poverty wealth, pain a joy, earth a paradise. Jack—Enough! I will mar ry the poor girl whom I love. George —Bravely spoken! By the way, would you—er—mind introducing me to the rich woman whom you do not love? Got the Number. Police Captain—You say that an au tomobile containing several persona sped along the street and struck down an old man? New Officer—Yls, sor. Police Captain—And that after chas ing this auto for several blocks you Anally succeeded In getting the num ber? New Officer—Yls, sor. Police Captain—Good! What was the num ber? New Officer—There wor just folve persons In th' car, sor!—Circle Magazine. DntitcerouM Alibi. A prisoner at the sessions had been duly convicted of theft, when It was seen, on "proving previous convic tions," that he had actually been In prison at the time the theft was com mitted. "Why didn't you say so?" asked the judge ol the prisoner angri ly. "Your lordship, 1 was afraid ol prejudicing the Jury against me." Ar gonaut. If .lie Ciet« (be Agae. Madge—lidilh Is surely not going to marry that living skeleton of a man. He's nothing but skin and bones. Tess—Why not! He'll make her a rattling husband.—Boston Transcript. A MINISTER'S STOBY. II Didn't Ilnve the Intended EflMt Upon the Congregation. It Is said that a New England min ister once told the following story just before the collection was taken up: "I have hoard of a man. prosperous rind well to do. who went to church one Sunday and put a cent—just a plain copper cent—In the collection box. "On the way home he was overtaken by a sudden heavy shower and, hav ing no umbrella, crawled into a hol low log by the roadside to keep him self dry uutll the downpour was over. "Soon the log began to swell, and the wetter It got the more It swelled until the sides finally closed In on the prosperous citizen and held him In a grip like a vise. "The rain ceased, but the unfortu nate man was unable to move hand or foot. He shouted foY help, but no one heard him. He was about to give up in despair when he suddenly thought of the cent he had dropped into the collection box that day, and it made him feel so mean and small that he crawled right out of the log without any further trouble. "Now, if you expect to get caught tn a shower and be obliged to take refuge in a hallow log on the way home, by all means put a cent in the contribu tion basket! If you don't anticipate a crisis of that sort—well, you will know what to do when the basket is passed." The minister expected a shower of silver and bills to follow tills story, but unfortunately just as the collec tion began a black cloud passed over head, It suddenly began to sprinkle, and the pennies fairly rained into the contribution basket. Only one quar ter, a solitary dime and a lone nickel were found among the coppers, and they got in before the shower began. The congregation, it seems, had all left their umbrellas at home, and they were not taking any chances.—New York Times. SHORT METER SEEMONS. The Law of Service. The law service is the touchstone of human endeavor.—Rev. E. Y. Mullins, Baptist, Louisville. Surrender. Surrender is a necessary principle to Christian activity.—Ilev. Paul G. Stephens, Presbyterian, Santa Monica. Cal. Moral Caoocliieii*. Life is a sham and a failure unless it is a success in moral goodness.— Rev. T. J. McDonald, Roman Catholic, Utlca, N. Y. Creed. A creed is that which a man thinks In his heart, and whit he thinks in his heart he is and do:--s.—Rev. Murdoch McLeod, Presbyterian, Tacoma. Spirit of Br ''herhood. The spirit of brotherhood Is the un derlying motive for philanthropists and humanities.—Rev. Stephen S. Wise, Hebrew, New York City. Ileal Religion. The religion of no man is real who does not extend the lqyalty he profess es toward God to God's people as well. —Rev. George A. Smith, Presbyterian, Glasgow, Scotla.id. Furpowe of Education. The design of education Is to so aug ment the powers of the mind &« to make men and women wise, strong and useful.—Rev. Statom, Presbyterian, Coeur D'Alene, Idaho. T.ovr. Love lasts, it endureth, and never falleth. Prophesies fail In that they are fulfilled. Tongues cease, but the words of love spoken never die.—Rev. S. J. Porter, Baptist, Richmond, Va. Solution of Life. However wide life may be In Its reach, or however narrow, It Is still ever true that the solution is within the individual heart.—Rev. P. A. Simp kin. Congregationalism Salt Lake City. Salvation. Salvation is not mere salvage. Sal vation Is high and holy service it Is doing the will of God It Is a call to share In a divine purpose.—Rev. W. H. Stevens, Presbyterian, Huntington, Can. Regeneration. The moment a sinner comes Into vital touch with Chrl3t, by faith, he Is reanimated, tliat la, "regenerated," un der the Influence of the Spirit.—Rev. David J.- Burrell, Reformed, New York City. Mind. Cause, basis, principle must be In telligence or mind. There Is only one cause, one God. Therefore, speaking scientifically, there Is only one mind. —Rev. Blcknell Young, Christian Sci entist, Boston, Mas3. Ttie SouJ. The soul Is a mechanism, and Is not self-propulsive. Like a ship. It asks the winds to fill its sail like a car, It asks power to drive the wheels.—Rev. Newell Dwlght Hill is. Congregational ism Brooklyn, N. Y. Rivht Idea*. You are ruled by your ideals. See to It that they Include purity, charity. Justice, truth, righteousness, love. Jesus Christ is the ideal character. Fashion your life after His—Rev. S. H. C. Burgin, Methodist, San Antonio, Tex. Education*, Education Is not the enemy of faith. You have a right—a duty—to use your mind within your religion. Only do not make the fatal error of thinking that you must never trust the soul be yond the confines of cold Intellectual calculation.-—Rev. Richard W. Hogue, Episcopalian, Raleigh, N. C. The Brute. A certain Chicago marrjed man who boasts to the boys that ills wife never sits up for him, slipped out for a cigar the other evening after supper, and failed to notice that Ills wife had her party gown on. When lie softly tip toed Into the house at 2 a. m„ says the Record-Herald, he was slightly sur prised to see a dewey-eyed lady trip down the stairway, turn her back to him and tearfully say: "There are two hooks I just couldn't reach, won't you unfasten them so I can go to bed?" Fortunately he could and did. Holland'* Fumoua Bird. The stork Is treated with great and singular respect In the Netherlands. These strange birds may be seen here and there, almost everywhere In the South, but are rarely met with In the North. The house selected by the stork for a nesting place Is considered fortunate, and very special facilities are provided by the householders to enable It to build a nest comfortably.. At The Hague many of these birds are maintained at public expense. Every cloud has a silver lining—for the umbrella man. t'* $!k It about the span of a lifetime ago—71 years—since Miss Zeruiah Porter marched through Oberlln Col lege and came out at the other end with a head full of 'ologles and 'Isms. It was recognized as an epoch-making event, and every living soul on the continent had his or her pet theory as to the consequences that must ensue. Among all the sages who must have discussed the matter with Indignation or delight or amusement, was there even one who foretold what has really begun to happen who prophesied that In this year of grace, 1909, the number of women studying In Institutions for hlghei education would tit quite half the tale of men, while co educational institutions would be facing the danger of being swamped by the horde of women clamoring for admission? Taking Oberlln, the first coeducational Institution, and, therefore, the best for such comparison, one finds the number of graduates divided Into l,41p men against 1,031 women. Women now outnumber the men in va rious other Western universities, and Stanford has had r.rbitrarily to limit the number of women admitted lest it should be overwhelmed. In the East, Tufts College has been forced to decide on the segregation of its women, after tho fashion or Harvard, for they are pour ing In so fast as to upset the men'B department. So to the music of June a new note has been added— the Bound, light yet solemn, of thousands of girlish feet marching down the college aisle and across the com mencement stago and out into the great wide world. It was thoughtful of flie rose to choose the same month as this fine flower of civilization—broad-minded, too, for she faces a serious rival. The sweet girl graduate holds the center of the stage, and If poets have not be gun to rhapsodize over her It is merely because the sta tistician has not yet finished with her. It Is not easy to figure out that more than 50 per cent of college women marry, and It Is a hard struggle to get that far. Some colleges have pretty full figures, as Bryn Mawr and Smith. Since 1879 out of 967 students at Bryn Mawr 22* have married. Out of 3,854 students at Smith 1,296 married. Dr. Mary Robert Smith, who Htudied for the Ameri can statistical Association, drew the conclusion that the average age of marriage would be between 26 and 27 years, or two years later than for non-college wom en. The average age at graduation Is probably about 22. If one goes back five years to look at the figures, the number of marriages does not show up very well. Be ing generous and going back ten years, one gets B0 per cent in Smith, less In Bryn Mawr. Dr. Smith made a careful and Important study, but one Is Inclined to think from these figures that college girls, In the East, at any rate, must marry rather later than the ago Bhe gave. Prof. C. F. Emerlck, writing in the current Political Science Quarterly, remarks that the marriage rate for Vassar women Jumped from B3.5 per cent for those at 40 years of age to about 63 per cent for those at 47. Cupid is not always, apparently, a hasty boy. Why women colleges should be so "touchy" on the subject of matrimony It Is not easy to understand. There Is certainly no dlegrace in remaining unmarried and doing a share of the world's work in ways other than domestic. Although Bhe marries later and probably marries less than other women of her class, the college woman has nearly as many children. She has more, In proportion to the number of years she Is married. But this is not Science n*.. U: nvention It takes 13.82 cubic feet of air to weigh a pound.' Electric power Is used on 2,286 miles of street railways In Great Britain to 148 miles operated by other means. Probably the world'B Bwlfest battle ship is the British Bellerophon, which recently made 25 Vi knots In an official trial. The total pig Iron production of the United States last year was 15,936,018 long tons as against 25,781,361 tons iu 1907. Recent additions to the French army'B field equipment were several automobile refrigerators for the trans portation of fresh meat. Up to a certain point exposure to radium rays stimulates the germina tion of seeds, but If that point be pass* ed the growth Is stopped. Ivory which has become yellow may be bleached by dipping It in soapy water several times and exposing It to sunlight after each dipping. A new instrument for use when stropping razors includes a guide which prevents the blade slipping and injuring itself or the strop. A match box containing a cigar cut ter, which clips off the end of a cigar when the box is closed, is the recent invention of a New York man. The clock of the tower of Colum bia University, New York, Is said to be one of the roost accurate in the world, varying but six seconds a year. Commenting on the recent announce ment of the discovery of a "new rival of radium," called radlo-thor, and to which wonderful properties are said to have been ascribed by its discoverer. Dr. Bailey, of Chicago, Frederick Sod dy remarks that the description of this substance bears an obvious resem blance to radio-thorium, which has been well known for some time. The cheapness of the new substance Is ex ploited, but radlo-thorlum can be ob tained from the thorium salts which are manufactured by the ton in the Welsbach mantle Industry, and Profes sorRutherford long ago suggested that It might serve as a cheap and effect ive substitute for radium for many purposes. Thorium produces meso thorium, and from meso-thorium comes forth radlo-thorlum. Its activity is not permanent, like that of radium, but it would last for many years, and for most purposes would be as valuable as radium. Prof. C. Davidson points out that the great Messina earthquake had three centers of maximum disturbance, the greatest being under the Strait of Mes sina, and the other two near Palma and Monteleone in Italy. Oh other oc casions some of these centers have been successively active, but this time they were simultaneously in action. 2" -Tt A" t4 (&• if* AFTER LIFE OF THE COLLEGE GIRL GRADUATE saying a great deal, for she does not co*ie of a class given to raising a quiver-full. Dr. Smlt comparison of college women with their non-college .tives went to show that neither had an average ofr .ite two liv ing children, with the college woman a ti.^e below the average of the other, on account of her later marriage. Emerging from the thicket of figures and contradic tions which surrounds the marriage of the girl gradu ate, there arises another difficulty, but happily a less perplexing one. If she decides not to enter the state of matrimony and rear a Bmall but admirable family, what happens to hjr? How does she earn a living? In the old days a well-bred and well-educated woman could teach, and she could do nothing else. Nowadays, while many professions are open to her, jshe still chooses this career In preference to any other, although the proportion of graduates It claims Is not so large as for merly. The lines of work opened up by modern sociol ogy are attracting a great many. Sucli professions will doubtless soon begin to rival teaching, and professors of economics In women's colleges bear this In mind. Turning again to the admirable statistics of Bryn Mawr, one finds that 145 students are teaching. Deduct Ing the number of graduates without occupation, there are left about 450 who earn a living. Of this number 145 is a high percentage. The percentage Is not, how ever, keeping up to quite this level. Forty-flve girls are put down as "paid "philanthropists." As one of this number obnerved, this is a dreadful name to call anybody, but it Indicates the tendency of college wom en to turn toward social work of one kind or another. Physicians come next with 12, and the profession of private secretary counts 11. This latter work 1b at tracting more girls than formerly. Lawyers are four In number. On the side of art 17 girls have taken up music as a career and three chose art. Other occupa tions Include photography, Inn-keeping, managing a shop, bookbinding, Illustrating, hand weaving, trained nursing, wood carving, millinery, jewelry work, Jour nalism and library work. Several are deans of colleges there Is an agent In a government office and a title searcher In a law office. The census of 1900 showed among women workers 50 astronomers, 100 architects, 40 civil engineers and 30 mechanical and electrical engineers. These cannot be traced to their respective colleges, but no doubt they have degrees to their account, as have also the 8,000 women clergymen. It would seem that the college woman, married or unmarried, gets a good deal out of life. Unmarried, she has an Interesting profession. Married, she has a healthy child and a statistical fraction of another healthy one. Three-fifths of this child and a fraction Is a boy. What more could the heart of a woman desire? Of course she marries late, but civilization brings that to pass all over the world. The world has wagged con siderably since the days of Romeo and Juliet ARGENTINA'S FLOOD OF IMMIGRANTS. mm-m /ssi /9 OS Growth of Immigration Into Argentina. People who &ink that all the Immigrants who leave Europe make a bee line for 'Canada or the United States will be surprised to learn that Argen-: tina received more Immigrants in 1908 than the United States did In 1897 or 1898. In 1908 Argentina received 255,750 strangers. This was about one third the number the United States received that year, but In proportion to population she Is far ahead of the United States as a promised land for Europeans who leave home. A glance at the reference books In which these figures appear shows, however, that the rest of South America must not be judged by Argentina. Brazil's Immigration Is falling off and Chile's Is In significant. From the 76,292 foreigners who settled in Brazil In 1901, the number of annual additions to the population has dwindled until the last census, In 1904, glvos but 12,447. In the five years Including 1901 and 1905 Chile records a total of only 14,000 Immigrants. One of the main reasons why Argentina is so eagerly picked out for set tlement lies doubtless In the determined efforts of the government to popu late the Island districts. As soon as the Immigrants land they are pro vided with good food and comfortable shelter for five days. The National Bureau of Labor finds places for them, If they are laborers or mechanics and they are dispatched to their destination and supported for ten days free of charge under the direction or an agent of the bureau. If after arriving at his original destination "the immigrant wishes to continue his journey still farther by another railroad, he Is provided with a ticket and conducted to the station by the agent." As to the number of immigrants. Argentina received in 1865 11,767 Immigrants in 1875, 42,066 In 1885 108 722- in 1897, 135,205 in 1905, 221,622 in 1907. 209.108 and in 190s! 255 750 im migrants. This appears to Indicate some deep seated connection between them. The total area disturbed by the Messina earthquake was about 150,000 square miles. In the San Francisco earth quake the disturbed area covered more than 1,000,000 square miles. JuBt as the British Association for the Advancement of Science has ac cepted Invitations to hold sessions In Canada and South Africa, so the Amer ican association bearing a slmllarname Is now seriously considering the ad visability of accepting the Invitation of Hawaii to meet In 1910 in those Islands. At Its recent Baltimore meet ing the association reaffirmed the reso lution adopted at Chicago In 1907 to the effect that It is desirable to go to Hawaii. "Keen delight" Is said to be expressed In Hawaii over the pros pect that the Invitation will be accept ed, and the wonderful attractions of the Islands for scientific visitors are set forth—their great volcanoes, their tropical vegetation, their wealth of animal and vegetable life, their eth nological offerings. The association Is sounding Its members on the subject, with the prospect that there will b« a strong sentiment In favor of the dto ject. Nut Ahiiif, What They Seem. Professor and Mrs. Hadley were on a train bound for New York, where Yale's president was to speak before a national convention. He made use of the hour and twenty minutes he spent in the train by rehearsing his speech In a low voice, using his hands to emphasize certain passages. A kindly matron who was sitting directly behind Mr. and Mrs. Hadley and who had been watching and listed Ing, leaned forward, and, tapping Mrs. Hadley on the shoulder, said feelingly, "You have my sincere sympathy, njy poor woman I have one Just like him at home."—Success Magazine. lismoolaeii. "My husband alwaya insists that 1 spend the summer at the seashore!" "I actually wish that my husband would get tired of seeing me around, too."—Houston Post. A man who thinks more of a dollar than he does of his self-respect Is In sult-proof. Mi-