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Manchester Democrat. [volume] (Manchester, Iowa) 1875-1930, February 09, 1910, Image 7

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^he American varieties of the plum
Are hardier than either the Japanese
or European kinds.
The old cock and the young hens, or
'the young cock and the old hens, make
good combination.
Never sprinkle wood ashes on the
Hoor of the chicken-house, as It causes
loot trouble. Use fine coal ashes.
Young pigs should have fresh sod
thrown in to them occasionally if they
u*re not allowed to run out In a large
Don't forget the calves and year
lings. Don't leave them out in the
cold nights until they are pinched and
It Is natural for a hog to root, but
If you want to prevent him from doing
a simple ring in the snout will an
swer the purpose.
Apply manure from dairy stables and
lien houses also wood ashes If you
iiave them.' Don't be afraid of getting
the garden soil too rich.
Belect your squash seeds from among
the earliest good squash that matures.
It you wait till later, the next year's
product will be still later."
Daffodils are perhaps the first
•choice, with crocus, Snowdrops and
.grape hyacinths for variety, and in
ahady places lilies of the valley and
•aome others. •••.
The burning of a few strips of zinc
In the furnace or cook stove Is said
to .prove effective in moving the
*oot which has accumulated in the
flues and pipes.
Eggs are injured by washing. It
Cives them a frailer look. Washed
-eggs will not keep so well, neither will
they hatch as well. Wipe off the dirt
-with a moist woolen rag, but no more.
Have a place for the tools and see
that they are put in their places after
you have done using 'them. Many a
precious moment is wasted on the
farm by. /allure to observe this good
Have your name on every jar of but
ter you Bend out. Also write the
weight on the bottom so that it will
not rub off. A slip of paper pasted on,
with these things written in ink, is
One packer is authority for the
•-statement that the cost of picking
apples Varies from 7 cents per barrel
-where the trees are low to 20 cents
per barrel where the trees are large
-and limbs high.
When plnworms are noticed to be
present In horses, frequent injections
of Infusions of tobacco, Infusions of
•quassia chips, one-half pound to one
gallon of water, followed by a ca
thartic, are most efficient.
U«e of Side Saddle.''
%?, It is a good plan to girth a thick felt
separately about the horse under a
aide saddle. This affords a surface for
the saddle to move on and lessen^ the
danger of chafing or bruising.
Be sure that your bridle and saddle
lit and are properly put on. Never
nse\ a narrow bit. Buy the largest
and easiest one that you can find.
Milk for Chickens.
Every poultry farmer should allow a
ahare of the milk, Instead of feeding
ill to Bwine. It has been proven that
when milk is added to the grain ra
tion young chicks gain nearly twice as
fast-in weight as when grain alone is
used, and as skim milk and butter
milk contain nearly all the elements
of food, eggs are more easily produced
by hens upon Buch than when they are
not BO provided.
Tamtns the Heifer.
As the result of considerable trou
ble with fractlouB heifers I have
worked out the following method of
reducing them to gentleness at calving
time, Bays a dairyman. I handle the
rjjw-born calf and then carefully ap-
oach near enough to the heifer so
i'e, can smell the odor of the calf
7 )on my hands. This produces mar
velous results, for the young mother
fawns upon me almost as affection
ately as upon her calf. Having thus
won her confidence and will, I can
usually break her to milk without
Blectrle Llthta on Farms,
The Introduction of tungsten lamps
Is doing much to advance the use of
electricity on farms. It Is possible
for the farmer with a small plant,
driven either by a gasoline engine or
by damming a small stream, to ob
tain sufficient current to light his
house and barn with this economical
type of Incandescent lamp. The use
of electricity on the farm, by the way,
Is growing and, as pointed out by the
Electrical World, farmers will. In time
come to consider electricity a neces
sity. Then it will be found profitable
to establish central generating stations
for farming districts to take the place
of the small individual plants now be
ing installed.
Pake Bolter.
The Kansas State food inspeotor has
unearthed another "butter, dodge."
[You may -have noticed offers of a chem
ical by the aid of whibh you can take
a half, pound of butter and a half
pound of water and make a whole
pound ot solid butter, Mr. Klelnhans
got some of the chemical and had his
wife try It. To his surprise the prod
uct was up to advance notices, and It
could hardly ^be told from an all-pure
butter product. The inspector Is now
going to keep a sharp lookout for any
defrauding that may be attempted
along this line, and if. you are tempted
'by any of the alluring advertising and
claims for this chemical or prepara
tion, our advice would be—don't.—
Mall and Breeze.
Comparison of Grain Rations.
•, In a recent experiment to determine
the relative value of oats as feed for
horses, six mature grade Percheron
geldings were.fed on a basal ration of
clover and timothy hay, three receiv
ing joats and the'other three corn as
si pplemental ration. Estimating the
cor to be worth 40 cents per bushel,
oats 30 cents per bushel, and hay $8
per ton, it was found that the average
cost of food per hour'of work'was 3.3
cents for the ,corn-fed horse and 4.64
centB for those fed oats. Tha use of
corn to the exclusion of other'-graln
for a period of forty-eight weeks was
found not to be detrimental to the
health of work horses, and they eta
dured hard work during the hot
weather as well as those receiving
Importance of Graaa.
In attempting to farm without
grasses the farmer Is lifting without
a lever. He Is pujling his load with
the weight on the hind wheels. He
Is cutting wdth a dull saw.
First of all, grow more grasses and
study how to build up the fertility of
the soil so that It will grow larger'and
better crops of nutritious grasses. You
may convert the grass Into milk and
Its products into flesh and into manure
for grain crops, or you may Sell the
hay by the ton, according to the facta
of your particular location.
It sounds foolish to hear men talk
ing about farming without grasses and
land that can be made to yield at
least two tons of well-cured hay to
the acre. The greatest thrift that we
have seen among the farmers in va
rious parts of the ten leading agricul
tural states has been on' farms of
about 100 acres where grass was the
basis of their farming and where this
grass was fed out to animals that were
kept oh their farms.
Without grass it Is impossible to
keep up
rational system of crop ro­
tation and build up the fertility of the
soil for future crops. A farmer can
not afford to grow half a ton of grass
to the acre any more than he can af
ford to grow ten bushels of wheat or
corn. Such crops will keep him poor
forever^-Agrlcultural Epitomlst.
How to Keep Cream.
There Is no- better way of holding
cream from one day to another than
to run it over a cooler Immediately as
it comes from the separator, cooling it
thereby to some 50 degreed Fahrenheit.
It will be well to skl the first lot
of cream very rich, about 40 per cent
fat. Then cool this to a iow tempera
ture and hold It cold until the second
day. The cream separated on the sec
ond day may be 'somewhat thinner,
containing from 25 to 30 per cent fat.
This may be run directly into the cold,
rich cream of the previous day and the
two lots thoroughly mixed.
After the mixture has stood an hour
or so it ought to be tekted both for
fat and acidity. If it has a slow acid
ity near three-tenths of 1 per cent, a
starter may be used. After mixing the
starter with the cream ripen it at 65
to ,70 degrees until the acidity reaches
about five-tenthB of 1 per cent.
The cream ought then to be cooled
to about 60 degrees and held at this
temperature until It is churned.
Sweet cream) from clean milk ought
to keep without deterioration for twen
ty-four hours, and it this is mixed with
cream fresh from the separator the
mixture should stand from six to ten
hours, with an occasional stirring so
as to ripen uniformly.
If you do not do this the older cream
may churn before the fresh cream
when they are mixed together, and un
der such conditions there may be a
large loss of* butter in the buttermilk.
•E. W. Farrington.
Tnberenloala Concealed.
As it Is the often long-concealed
character of tuberculosis through
which It Is especially dangerous when
it affects animals that are valued, like
dairy cows, because an important ar
ticle of food, like milk, is produced
within and is dally drawn from their
living bodies' for long periods of time,
this concealed character must be re
garded as one of the Important facts
about the disease, and as too many
persons are Inclined to take for grant
ed that a dairy herd is free from tu
berculosis simply because the cows of
which It Is made up. look and act like
healthy animals, It seems desirable to
clearly define this concealed charac
Tuberculosis may beNacute and pro
gress rapidly, from Infection to death.
But this Is very rare. More commonly
it is an insidious, slowly progressive,
chronic disease, the beginning and
•early stages of which are rarely rec
ognized. It may attack and remain
confined to any one part of the body
It may attack many parts in succes
sion, one after the other, or it may at
tack several or many parts simulta
neously. Its encroachments are so
gradual that the body can adjust or
adapt Itself to the changes the dis
ease causes until they have become
very extensive, without giving exter
nal evidences of the struggle to do so,
and often the disease progresses to
nearly Its fatal termination In cattle
without showing a well-defined symp
tom or an observable sign of its pres
ence.—Farmers and Drovers', Journal.
Follr of Contlnapna Cropplaa.
A man near my home worked away,
for months clearing up a piece of land
that bad grown up to brush, cutting
the green stuff and hauling off the
stone, until he had a fine lot nicely
brought under cultivation. I saw this
field after it was plowed, and it cer
tainly did look fine.
This piece of land the man planted
to potatoes, and dug an excellent crop.
The owner of the farm told with con
siderable pride in his voice how many
buBbels he had taken from the field.
"It paid me for all my work—that one
first crop."
But where he made a mistake was
in putting potatoes on that lot the next
season. It seemed as If he must have
thought "Now I have got a thing,
I'll make.the most of it." For three
successive years that farmer kept the
field under the harrow, each time
planting the same crop—potatoes. The
other day I passed th^t way, and I
never saw a more completely demoral
ized piece of land than that was. The
outlook for a crop was dubious Indeed
One year more and the white bean
period will have been reached.
Now, if that man had just taken off
one, or at most two, crops and then
seeded the land down it would have
been e. good piece .of ground for many
years. If I ever had a marked exam
ple of what continuous cropping will
do tor a field it was right therg. It
pays to adopt a good rotation—pays
the nan who owns the land now and
the one who will be Its master to-mor
row.—Agricultural Epitomlst.
No Ship Sabkldr Scheme.
Congress should not adopt "the Hum
phreys bill, whfch would oblige the na
tional government to pay out in subsi
dies to the tew American ships eligible
the annual profits of the foreign mall
service, which are between $5,000,000
and $6,000,000.
Foreign countries pay subsidies per
registered ton of merchant marine as
follows: France, $9.28 Japan, $7.40
Italy, $4.58 Germany, 72 cents Eng
land, 48 cents. The nation paying the
the lowest subsidy bas the largest mer
chant navy.
France and Italy have been unable
to Increase their fleet by subsidies.
Germany subsidizes only the North
German Lloyd and the German Afrlci
line to her colonies, the total amount
being about $1,800,000 a year. England
divides about $5,600,000 annually
among 400 vessels.
But a large part of England's sub
sidy consists of the remission of the
Suez canal fees to British ships, and,
since the canal annually nets more
than the total amount of subsidies, the
British taxpayer is not out of pocket
in the matter.
The United States already pays sub
sidles under the existing ocean mall
act to steamships carrying malls. The
annual amount is considerably more
(than $1,000,000. It has been stated,
and we have not seen It denied, that
last year the Ward line carried 1,900
pounds of mall from New York to Mex
ican and South American ports, receiv
ing a subsidy therefor of about $250,
If the Taft administration wishes to
make a gift of five or six millions a
year to certain steamship lines, it can
do so without taxing the American peo
ple, by securing adoption of the bill of
Congressman Borland of Mlsslurl,
which provides that on all goods
brought into this country in American
ships only 75 per cent of the import
duties fixed by the Aldrlch-Taft tariff
shall be collected.—Chicago Journal.
Twenty-dve Per Cent More Tariff.
Though the rates of duty set forth In
the tariff law enacted by Congress last
summer at Its special session'are very
generaliy criticised as being excessive
ly high, they are likely to be much
higher in many instances as soon as
{he feature of the law relating to maxi
mum and minimum rates becomes op
erative. That will be after March 31
The existing rates are the minimum
rates. They are to apply permanently
to Imports from countries that are held
to make no discrimination against ex
ports from the United States. Only six
European countries have been found
to be entitled to the minimum rates.
This is shown by a recent proclama
tion of the President. The six are
Great Britain, Russia, Italy, Spain,
Switzerland and Turkey. Germany and
France are conspicuously absent from
'the list. Hence imports from those
countries and from all others not in
cluded in the President's proclamation
presumably will have to pay the rates
of duty specified In the tariff law with
25 per cent ad valorem added.
It will be Impossible to tell the ef
fect of this arrapgement upon the peo
ple of the United States until it has
been in operation tor a time. How
ever, It Is certain to increase the price
of some goods, and to injure this na
tion's export trade.
The maximum and minimum provis
ion of the present tariff would have
been a very good feature if the law had
taken as the maximum the rates speci
fied in It Instead of making them the
minimum. As manipulated by Aldrlch,
the feattir^ in question has been util
ized as a, device for making tariff
rates higher by indirection than Con
gress would have dared make them by
direct action.—Chicago News.
A Dollar's Haying Power.
The newspapers and magazines are
devoting much space to attempted ex
planations of prevailing prices of food
It Is a commentary on the obtuseness
of a certain class of writers that they
devote much time and language to un
necessary "explanations," while over
looking the central fact that the buy
ing power of a dollar has steadily de
creased In exact proportion to the rise
of monopoly and trusts.
The average American oonsumer Is
not Interested in academic, theories as
to the rise or fall of prices and wages.
The consumer simply knows that' each
dollar of his earnings will purchase
less to-day than ten, or even Qve years
The real economic struggle In the
United States to-day is to increase the
buying power of the dollar. Those
who are wealthy know nothing, com
paratively, of this struggle.
It Is the average "middle-claas" con
sumers—those in professional occupa
tions, artisans, small storekeepers, of
fice.men generally—that are chiefly In
terested. They have no redress.
Incomes hai-e not Increased In pro
portion to prices. That 1B the kenote
of the struggle for relief. The dollar
Is worth leBS than It used to be.
If you go to a country that Is on
a silver basis or has other depreciated
currency you have to pay out for
standard goods more dollars In propor
tion to the money debasement.
So with extreme high prices In our
own country. High wages may enable
the consumer to handle more money.
But skyrocketing prices give him less
necessaries of life In exchange.
And eo the coming struggle for real
tariff revision, and the election of a
patriotic Congress to bring It about,
is simply a nation-wide protest against
decreasing the dollar's buying power.—
Chicago Journal.
How the Tariff Pata Up Pood Prlcea.
The Tribune has often asserted that
excessive protection jiuts up all prices,
even those of articles not directly af
fected by it We have been hearing
that the rlBe of farm products could
not be the result of the tariff because
the farmer never has had any but
sham proteotlon from the tariff.
For a fine example of this Indirect
but powerful influence examine the
effect upon American trade with Ger
many of the maximum duties that
must be put in effect within three
months, unless the plain intent of the
Cannon-Aldrlch law can be' defeated
by some righteous jnggllng of sched
ules by the President through the
treaty-making power or the tariff com
Germany's dutiable imports to this
country are more than $100,000,000.
The 25 per cent Increase of the maxl-
mum schedules will be applied to these
at the cost of the American people.
We mu«t pay so much more for what
ever articles of consumption we import
from Germany Indeed, we are prob
ably paying now In anticipation. Here
Is the direct boost of prices.
Then our' exports to Germany are
$300,000,000, Including wheat, corn,
cotton, meats, dried'fruits, lumber and
the lik4. On many of these Germany
will be obliged to apply her maximum
duties. This will transfer our market
In Germany for these things to Can
ada, South America, and other coun
tries, unless farm producers adopt the
'manufacturers' device of selling abroad
for half price and making It up with
higher prices at home.—Minneapolis
The Heal Cauae of Hlsh Pilcea.
In almost every State In the Union
there is a general movement to ascer
tain the cause of Increased cost of liv
ing. Legislatures are passing resolu
tions calling for investigation. Well
meaning but short-sighted enthusiasts
urge boycotts of certain articles of food
to force lower prices.
All this is waste of time, and utter
nonsense.- .The cause of. high prices
and the means of lowering them are no
The cost of living in the United
States is high because the Republican
protective tariff, the tariff devised by
Senator Aldrlch and approved by Pres
ident Taft, enables capitalists to mo
nopolize production and fix prices at
an exorbitantly high standard.
Just as long as the people tolerate a
high tariff they must expect to pay the
piper. The moment they Insist on a
low tariff the burden will be lightened.
The place to protest is at Washing
ton, and the man to whom to protest
Is President Taft, who harbors the de
lusion that, the American people are
satisfied with the Aldrlch-Taft tariff,
and will tamely submit to continued
extortion for the benefit of the big
Eastern tariff barons.
Aa to Bly Gnn Contracta.
The government arsenal at Water
vllet, N. Y„ represents an Investment
of more than $4,000,000. At full ca
pacity it employs 700 men. It is now
running with 250 employes.
Experience has demonstrated that
the W|tervllet arsenal can assemble
„a 12-inch gun for $12,000 less than it
costs to assemble one at the Bethle
hem or Mldvale plants, and a 3-Inch
field gun for $1,000 less than the Brit
ish-American Ordnance Company.
Why does the government give mil
lions of dollars' worth of big gun con
tracts to private concerns at much
greater cost to the taxpayers than the
work could be done for at Watervliet
and permit the splendid Watervliet
plant to lie idle?
What Influence 1B strong enough to
secure government contracts at prices
known to be unnecessarily high, and
cripple government arsenals by scat
tering their skilled employes through
lack of work?
In the Lead.
Amateur—If I can't have the leading
lady part I Just shan't be in the Bhow,
that's all!
Manager—But you will have the
leading part you will be the farm
maid, and you will have to lead the
little calf down to the Spring several
UmeB.—Boston Herald.
A Food Expert.
"What- is a food expert?"
"Any man who can make his wages
buy enough for the family table."-—
Philadelphia Ledger.
A shoal- of herrings Is sometimes
five or six miles long and two or three
miles broad.
Iowa News
Man Who Killed Stepmother Dnrlny
Cnroniiok Convicted.
The jury In the district court in Lo
gan found Guy Marley guilty of mur
der In' the first degree and fixed the
penalty at life Imprisonment. Young
Marley on Dec. 2, last, shot and killed
his stepmother during a drunken ca
rousal at the Marley home, near Mis
souri Valley. Henry Marley, his father,
and Edward Brundige, a friend, in
dieted with him as accomplices, were
acquitted. Young Brundige at the last
moment turned state's evidence and
took the stand and testified against
Marley. He said he did not see the
shooting, but heard the report of the
gun. A moment before he had seen
Marley standing In the door with the
weapon in his hands. The woman's
right arm was almost Bevered by the
shot She fled from the house and
made her way to a neighbor, where the
arm was amputated. She died ten days
ftllaa Caroline Henderahott Hurt at
Scalded by oyster, soup was the un
usual experience of Miss Charline Hen
derahott, a pretty Chicago girl, who
was visiting relatives In Marshalltown.
Miss Henderahott was a member of a
bob party of young people, which drove
to Albion for an oyster supper. While
seated at the table, awaiting the serv
ing.of the'steamlng oysters, Miss Hen
dershott was startled on seeing the
waiter's tray over her head begin to
slip. One bowl, slid off and the con
tents were poured down the young
woman's back. Miss Hendershott
screamed with pain, went into hys
terics and spoiled the dlnher party.
As the country waiter appeared with
the tray some one at the table said:
"What a good joke it would be If he
would spill a bowl down somebody's
back?" The words were no more than
uttered when Miss Hendershott drew
the stew.
Dallaa County Grand' Jury Hold*
Hljjh Bridge Man.
The Dallas County grand jury made
Its report, indicting among ten pther
men Thomas Muller of High Bridge,
the man accused of the murder of An
derson at High Bridge Christmas
night. Muller will plead self-defense
as the cause of his act. He claims
that Anderson was the assailant and
•was choking him when he took out a
comrrton cheap jack-knife and In des
peration struck out, the blade sink
ing into Anderson's heart. He struck
several times, and each time the knife
penetrated Anderson's body. Ander
son is said to have killed two men in
the old country, and it was this fear
of. him which paused Muller to fight
to kill, so he claims.
Bodies of Hoy and Girl Foand Sitting
In Their Bogvr*
Because their parents would not let
them marry, Vernon Barr, aged 16,
slid EMa Ammer, aged 14 killed.them-,
selves. Tfieir bodies were found near
Monroe in Vernon's buggy, in which
they were riding home from a dance.
Th girl's arms were around the. boy's
neck and his arms held her close. They
were sitting upright. On the girl's
lap rested a cup partially filled with
strychnine and water. They had both
drank of this and then waited for
death. Their horse, unmindful of the
tragedy, took the buggy home.
llursrlara Brcalc Into Caah Drawer
anil Secure *5R.13—No Clue.
Burglars broke Into the cash drawer
at the Northwestern station In Mt.
Vernon some time between 6 and. 7
o'clock a. m., and secured $58.13. The
deed was evidently carried through by
someone familiar with the working
hours of the station. The night op
erator leaves after train No. 3 passes
and the day operator does not report
for duty until 7 o'clock. This leaves
the office without an attendant for a
short time. The cash taken was that
received from night ticket sales.
Hambarff Farm Chanare Handa at
Hiarh Price*.
Some big land deals have been made
around Hamburg in the last few days.
Eb. Smith sold 110 acres three miles
east of town for $175 per acre Arnold
Garst sold 160 acres north of town
one mile for $187.fj0 per acre, and W.
K. Miller sold ,40 acres four miles
southeast of town, in Missouri, for
$150 per acre. A. Klzer sold 153
acres southeast of Hamburg for $125
per acre.
Train Kllla Man In SlclKh.
W. J. Brlckley, unmarried, residing
with his parents near Winthrop, was
killed by being struck by a train on
the Illinois Central Railroad, while
riding In a sleigh.
Sorority Girla Find Burglar.
Miss Edna Harper, of the^ Delta
Sorority in Iowa City discovered a
burglar try ing to enter the house, gave
the alarm, and the girls drove the
robber away. Nothing was taken.
Hlsk Bridge Slayer Geta S Yeara.
Thomas Mullier has been sentenced
to eight years in the penitentiary for
the murder of a cousin in a fight at
High Bridge. Jas. Lane, who held up
a train at Waukee, was sent to the
penitentiary for five years.
Chicago Lawyer Paya a Pine.
R. W. Barger, a Chicago attorney,
was fined $50 for contempt of court
by Judge Hobson at Waukeon. Barger
in his argument to the jury intimated
the court was Influenced by the op
posing counsel. Barger paid the fine.
Leak In Grand Jnryf
Eight of thirteen people indicted on
criminal charges by the Wapello Coun
ty greed jury got the tip through a
leak and disappeared before the jury's
report was made. Judge Roberts is
working hard to find' where the leak
occurred. This is the first time In the
history of the county that there has
ever been a leak from the grand jury.
Pioneer Manufacturer Dlea.
Thomas Casadell, Sr., an early day
manufacturer, died, suddenly, of apop
lexy in Waterloo.
The Polk county grand jury has
started an Investigation of charges that
there Is a grocers' trust In Des Moines.
Marion Stoddard, 4-year-old daugh
ter of B. M. Stoddard of Solon, died of
acute throat trouble after a one day's
Bert Meek, foreman of the J. H.
Welch Printing CoSipany at Des
Moines, was badly injured when struck
by a street car.
Evidently an insane man is prowling
around Sidney, for a small boy of Dr.
L. W. Bunnell was shot at while doing
chores in his father's barn.
A sixteen pound baby boy. one of
the largest babies ever born in the
city, arrived at the home of Mr. and
Mrs. Carl Kreiger of Mason City.
The new Drake gymnasium at Des
Moines, which has just been finished
and which represents an expenditure
of about $35,000, will be called Alumni
George Gollnghorsts, Sr., aged 73, a
pioneer settler of Scott county, died
in Davenport as a result of injuries
sustained from a fall on an Icy side
Lewis Sprlgen, aged 15, who ran
away from his home at Woodburn on
Jan. 1, Is being eagerly sought for by
his father, C. L. Sprlgen, a wealthy
Willie Bulen, aged 12, and Ben Hupp
of Indlaiiola were victims of a coast
ing accident. Bulen had his 'neck
broken and Hupp's ankle was badly
Two hundred dollars per acre was
the price paid by Charles Hilleman of
Pipestone, Minn., for a thirty-five acre
farm near. State Center, owned by Alex
Miio claims the record in the way of
twin babies. Mrs. Finley Runyan gave
birth to a fine pair of twin boyB weigh
ing'eighteen pounds, each weighing
exactly nine pounds.
Lee R. Robinson was brought back
from Omaha to face a charge of wife
desertion. Information against him
was sworn out by his wife, Delia Rob
inson, on Dec. 4, 1909.
A woman partially identified as the
daughter of E. W. Farnsworth of Shel
don is a patient in the observation
ward of the City hospital in St. Louis
suffering from aphasia.
There are three sausage factories in
Dubuque, which are perhaps the best
known of their sort in the United
States, and their joint output Is some
1,031,000 pounds per year.
Diphtheria, which has caused several
deaths and placed quarantine on sev
eral homes at Eldon, was not stamped
out as was supposed, but it has again
appeared in the home of Warren Mc
Westbound Chicago Great Western
passenger train ran Into a freight train
standing on an open switch at Graf,
and Engineer McManigal of Chicago
was fatally injured with a fractured
skull. The caboose and a freight ear
A south-bound St. Paul passenger
train was wrecked In the railroad
yards at Dubuque and an unidentified
man was killed. A^ter the engine had
passed a switch it opened and the rest
of the train ran into a coal car. Sev
eral passengers were slightly hurt.
Two mrfn. with a fusillade of shots,
held Banker J. A. Thompson and Miss
Grace Eldrldge, telephone girl, prison
ers in the Thompson home the other
morning at 3* o'clock, whUe three of
their pals dynamited -the vault of the
Farmers' Savings bank in Hepburn,
and got $16.50 tor their trouble.
A handsomely dressed woman, appar
ently about 30 years of age, walked to
the center of the Omaha ft Council
Bluffs Street Railway Company's
bridge and, poising tor a moment on
the high railing, hurled herself fifty
feet into the water below. The river
was filled with Boating ice and the
body quickly disappeared. It was re
covered later.
Following the sensational suicide of
Mrs. Fred Barbeir in Marshalltown,
Mr. Barber, crazed with grief, threat
ened to take his life and was restrain
ed only when Charles Probst, at whose
home Mrs. Barber drank the chloro
form, grabbed ^arber's hand, vhich
held his opened pocket knife. It devel
oped that Mrs. Barber's suicide was
the fourth attempt she had made.
Five members of the Fritz familyi
living south of Menlo, were poisoned
in some unknown way the other day.
Mr. Fritz had jusjt come to town when
he was called home immediately and
Dr. Nlcol was called out to the place.
The Victims were in terrible agony
when the doctor and Mr. Fritz arrived
and one child was in spasms. The doc
tor worked with them nearly all day,
and it Is thought that they will ail get
well. The family do not know what it
was that caused their sickness unless
it was oatmeal, which they had for
breakfast. Two of the children did not
eat any of the oatmeal and were not
sick. Mrs. Fritz and four other chil
dren had eaten heartily of it It Is
thought that tjie oatmeal contained
poison, which was the cause of their
The bursting of a 12-lnch water main
flooded many downtown business
houses in Des Molhes and cut off the
northwest part of the city from water
'supply and fire protection tor 'six
Following a long Illness with cancer
of the stomach, W. S. Reed, aged 61,
prominent citizen, inventor and for
mer councilman, died in Marshalltown.
At the age of 16 he invented the Reed
heater, which has since netted him a
Apparently. In the best of health,
Mrs. T. J. Owens of Ottumwa, formerly
of Jesup, went to sleep in a hotel at
Sait Lake City. Utah, while enroute to
California and slept to death. Phy
sicians worked strenuously, but were
unable to awaken her.
Fred Lahr of Harper committed sul
oide while insane soon after entering a
Burlington train at Creston. He had
bought a .ticket for Ottumwa and told
a man seated near him that he in
tended to kill himself, and before the
man could Interfere lie drew a revol
ver and fired.
Mrs. Marie Williamson of Mollne,
111., jumped in front of a train at Dav
enport with the intention of commit
ting suicide: The snow was high be
tween the rails and the engine pushed
her from the track with only a tew
Mrs. Henry Janssen, the insane wom
an who was taken into custody tor
strangling her little baby about three
weeks ago, made her escape from the
county jail at Elk Point while Jailoi
Lyman Tuttle was at breakfast and
nearly perished from the Intense cold
before recaptured.
rarassx OF MISCE m&
Property Made of New Material,
They Are Very Toothaome.
A Polish coal miner In Ohio, biting
onto a slab of Pittsburg mince pie
struck a rivet and broke off seven
teeth but, being extremely hungry
and having no money to buy actual
food, he kept at his grim task. A min
ute later he struck a stick of dyna
mite In the core of the same pie and
was burled from his late residence the
next day, leaving a wife In Poland and
another in Ohio.
Thus lives are wiped out and homes
are made desolate by the ordinary
mince pie of commerce—a dubious and
sinister victual, In whose dark depths
a million dangers lurk, the Baltimore
Sun remarks. The average mince pie
manufacturer, -we have no doubt what
ever, starts out in business with high
ideals and a real love for his art. It
is his firm Intent to devise only the
best and purest pies and to use In
them nothing but genuine fruit, honest
soup meat, choice brands of fourth
rate flour, clean bacon rinds and chem
ically pure glucose, magnesia and ani
line dyes.
But as he goes on and the mad
thirst for opulence seizes him the
temptation to sophisticate his product
becomes irresistible. His first false
step may seem harmless—It may be
nothing worse. Indeed, than the addi
tion of some sterilized wood pulp to
his pie filling—but that first falBe step
is fatal. Ere long he is launched upon
a A\ay career of chicanery and subter
fuge. Abandoning apples and peaches
entirely, he begins to fill his pies with
carrot, and turnips. Instead of flour,
he tries plaster of parls Instead of
soup meat, cat meat Instead of sugar.
New Orleans molasses instead of mag
nesia, manganese. Finally, Instead of
baking his pies, he merely varnishes
them with shellac.
No wonder the ordinary mince pie of
our hostelries and eating houses, our
public banquets and our cook stands
bears an evil name. No wonder It is
avoided as a pestilence, even by shoe
drummers. 'And yet mince pie, per se,
Is not nefarious. Made at home, and
without too great a dependence upon
left-overs and other culinary debris, It
may be both nourishing and palatable
—a sound and even delightful viand,
with something of lobster salad's
hearty solidarity and something of the
wiener schnitzel's haunting mystery.
Made upon the eastern shore of Mary
land, where pleology Is an art as noble
as piano playing or therapeutics, it
may rise even higher than that, be
coming a true victual of the first class
and ranking with Smlthfield ham salad
and fried smelts.
Ileal Kewa from the United State.
Something to Bo Treaaured Up.
"Down in the tropics we don't get
the newspapers from home every day,"
said the man with the tanned face,
"and when we do get them it isn't a
matter of skimming through them in
a hurry, as a man would do up here.
A newspaper with real news from the
United StateB is something to treas
ure up.
"When the Bteamer comes In that
brings my week's accumulation of pa
pers from home I just skim across the
first pages to" see what has happened
of importance. Just a case of looking
at the headlines for me. Then I take
the papers and put them In order of
their dates.
"Each morning when I sit down to
breakfast I take one paper. I read that
carefully through, from the first page
to the last If I can't get through with
it before noon I don't hurry, but make
It do for the late evening, too. Thenpxt
day I take up the next date, and so on.
We get about one mall a week, so I
just about get through with one batch
when the next one is due."
His hearer, who had been in the
tropics himself, was able to testify to
the thoroughness with which the exiles
read the newspapers.
"You fellows beat me," he said. "I
know whenever I get down to one of
the stations I always find folks who
can ask me more questions about the
details of articles In the newspapers
that I hardly read at home than you
would think possible.
"It gives a man a pretty strong sense
of how quiet the life must be In some
ot those places: I should think some
of the newspapers would be worn out
the way the men go over every bit of
the news which is almost forgotten
matter by the time it gets to them."
"It isn't the men alone," said the ex
consul, "who want to see the papers.
It would amuse some folks to see the
women studying'up the autumn and
winter styles and discussing the pic
tures of some fur piece or a heavy coat,
with a thermometer up in the nineties
and not showing any particular signs,
of falling. Of course, when It comes to
:he summer things they naturally want
to know, because they have a chance
to make use of thoBe fashion hints
but the idea of a fur coat a few de
grees north of the equator Is a good
The Chlefa Error.
Goron was chief of the Paris police
»hen the following incident took place:
Lombroso had written a book in 1888
on criminality among women, BO runs
the story, and when It was finished
torote to Goron to send him "forth
with" some portraits of Parisian wom
an criminals. Anxious to please the
writer, the package was made up and
Btarted on Its tour to Italy. When
the book came out Lombroso sent a
:opy, handsomely bound, to Goron, who
saw his gift acknowledged on the first
page. "It was a scholarly book," said
the chief, "and would have had a large
sale but for an error on my part. The
pictures came out of the wrong drawer
of my desk. They were not criminals
at all, but women who had applied for
hucksters' licenses, ahd a.new edition
had to be printed! to make good a po
lice mistake."
Her Sad PlnUh.
"Did you ever know a "girl to die
for love?"
"Did she just fade away and die
because some man deserted her?"
"No. She juBt took in washing and
worked herself to death because the
man she loved married her."—Hous
ton Post.
Acme of Real Stupidity.
It is claimed that in his boyhood
Shakespeare was so stupid that he
did not know enough to come In out
of the rain. Perhaps through this stu
pidity he got so wet that he became
the great intellectual ocean whose
waves touch the shores of all thought.
When shiftless people are unable to
annoy their neighbors in any other
way they get a dog that will hrwl all
night Ions.
1797—Weekly mail service established
between the United States and
1802-?—Detroit Incorporated as a city.
1807—Congress officially informed of
Aaron Burr's conspiracy.
1813—British and Indians defeated tbs
Americans at Frencfctown, about
twenty-five miles south of Detroit*
....British repulsed at French*
town, on Lake Erie.
1814—Pope Plus VII. dismissed from
1818—Gov. Mitchell of Georgia con
cluded a treaty with the Creek In*
1826—The Spanish evacuated Peru*
1827—Duke of Wellington made com*
mander-ln-chief of the British
1828—Indiana college established.
1833—South Carolina suspended th*
Nullification ordinance.
1849—"Rebellion Losses Bill" Intro
duced in Dominion Parliament.
1855—The eastern coast of Canada vis
ited by a disastrous storm, many
lives being lost
1861—The. Virginia Legislature appro
prlated $1,000,000 for the defense
of the State....The Confederates
seized the United States arsenal at
Augusta... .Georgt& convention In
session at Mllledgeville passed the
ordinance of secession.
1863—Joseph Wheeler promoted ma
jor-general In the Confederate
States army.
1865—Lord Monck opened the last
Canadian Parliament.
1871—King William of Prussia pro
claimed German Emperor....Tha
British Columbia Legislature pass
ed resolutions in favor of Joining
the Dominion.
1873—Gen. John B. Gordon elected
United States Senator from Geor
1874—Morrison R. Walte appointed
chief justice of the Supreme Court
of the United States.
1888—New South Wales celebrated Its
centenary as a colony... .Thomas
Greenway became premier of Man
1900—John P. Stockton, former United
States Senator frt)m New Jersey,
died in New York.
1901—King Edward VII. of Great Brit
aln and Ireland ascended tha
1903—Alaska boundary treaty signed
by United States and Great Brit
1905—Robert M. LaFollette elected
United States Senator from Wis
1907—Twenty-eight persons killed 'n
explosion of carload of powder at
Sandford, Ind.
1908—John R. Walsh, president of tha
Chicago National Bank, found guil
ty of misappropriating the funds
of that institution.
1909—George E. Chamberlain elected
United States Senator from Ore
Workmen Boycott Meats.
In Cleveland, Ohio, 460 superintend
ents and foremen employed in twenty
one of the largest factories there, have
pledged themselves not to eat any
meats for thirty days, and to induce as
many as-possible of the 7,000 men un
der them to do likewise, as a practical
protest against the high price charged
by the meat trust This action was
taken at a meeting of the Superintend
ents' Club, after a brief trial of the
vegetarian diet The pledge states that
the signers, as wage earners, are will
ing to assist the authorities In an In
vestigation of the high cost of living*
particularly of meats. Some of the
signers were quoted as saying that
Americans eat too much meat anyway*
and that they want to test the state
ment of the packers that the prices are
the result of gluttonous eating of meats
by the great mass of people.
4,000 Acres tor Unemployed.:
George M. Jackson, of Plggott Ark*
announces that he will give to unem
ployed men, under the auspices of the
Bro.therhood Welfare Association, 4,000
acres of good bottom lands near his
home. The offer was made at St Louis*
at a meeting of the association, of
which James Eads Howe, the million
aire hobo, is the head. The plan sug
gested by Jackson Is that 400 men take
ten acres each without any conditions.
Jackson, who is 75 years old, is work
ing for the redistribution of all lands,
and.will seek additional gifts from oth
er wealthy1 land owners for similar
purposes. Althqugh he has nine grand
children, he refuses to leave any land
to them, saying that they have done
nothing to deserve It.
Murder May Be Justifiable.
Dr. Edward A.t Spitzka, of the Jeffer
son Medical College,- Philadelphia, In
an address before the Protestant Epis
copal Clerical Brotherhood at New
York, created a sensation by arguing
that murder and suicide were at times
justified^ Doctors, he said, had the
moral right to kill patients to end their
tortures in hopeless cases. Spitzka also
said that the so-called science ot
phrenology is in error and that the
theory of criminal brains Is all wrong.
And Now Shoes Go Up.
Tho National Shoe wholesale Asso-^
elation, in session at New York, voted,
after discussing the increased cost of
leather and other materials used in the
manufacture of shoes, to raise the
prices sufficiently "to permit the addi
tion to each grade of such value as
will compensate the wearer for the in
creased cost" This naws has excited
much sarcastic comment in the press*
owing to the fact that the same asso
ciation recently prevailed upon Con
gress to place hides on the free list be
cause leather was too high.
Karly a Leper Atter All.
The committee of five recently ap
pointed by the Society of Medical Jur
isprudence at New York to determine
finally as to whether Oohn R. Early is
a leper, reported to that society the
Washington authorities were justified
In keeping him in quarantine for sev
eral months last year as a victim of
that disease. Dr. L. Duncan Bulkley,
who has stood by Early from the first,
made a vigorous protest against the
committee's findings, and the society
decided to postpone final action in the
matter until the meeting Qf Feb. 14.

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