JAN O'REILLY, with the
convict's brand upon hl^n,
cried out in the Tombs,
the other day that he
never has had a day of
luck since he was mixed
ly In the Thaw case. The crime for
which O'Reilly was sentenced to pris
on, and which disbars him as a
-lawyer, had nothing In the world
to do with the Thaw tragedy, but
•,. O'Reilly thinks, and many other per
sons will think, it was the Nemesis of
the Thaw case that worked his undo
So far the lives of 13 persons mixed
up in one way or another In the trag
edy have ,been blighted. And the end
is ont yet.
Never In the history of New York
was there a criminal case that gain
ed the international notoriety of the
Thaw trials. More lawyers were re
tained, greater efforts were put forth
and more money spent In the defense
of' the man' who' shot Stanford White
than in any case New York has known.
And no criminal case has had a more
Millions of people in this and other
countries read the expurgated ac
counts of the testimony and shuddered
"f at the noisome details. Nobody read
them without feeling of thankful
'. ness that "they need not be mixed up
in such a horrid mess." And people
there were Who fled from the country
for fear they might be ,called to tea
Sad Ending of Bright Career.
The hand of Nemesis has been laid
heavily upon Dan O'Reilly, once As
sistant District Attorney of New York,
now sentenced to a prison term.
O'Reilly was a clever man and a nim
ble-minded lawyer, with a fat if ques
tionable practice. He had the abil
ity to do a lot of fancy skating on
very thin legal ice. He had a wide ac
quaintance in criminal circles, and
when Thaw killed White, O'Reilly was
one of the lawyers retained. The part
he played in the defense of the mil
llonaire brought him international no
toriety and a lot of money. But today
his career is ended so far as the hon
orable regard of men is concerned.
He is an outcast. The Thaw case was
not the direct cause of his undoing,
yet, taken in connection with the se
ries of misfortunes that have visited
others" connected with it, it is not
'Strange if superstitious persons wag
their beads slowly and say to them
selves: "I thought as much—it had
And of the other lawyers who ap
peared in the trials, there is Clifford
W. Hartrldge, retained as personal
counsel-to Thaw, (and who, after a se
ries of domestic troubles now is fac
ing disbarment proceedings growing
out of his statements .of what he did
in the case Hartrldge presented a
bill of gigantic proportions for his
services. The bill was questioned.
He ^hereupon brought suit against the
mother of Thaw. A bill of particulars,
setting forth In detail the items for
which he sought reimbursement, was
demanded. Hartrldge told of trips he
had made seeking witnesses, of ex
curslons to various resorts entailing
v. large expenditures, of sums of money
paid out to buy the silence of certain
persons in possession of knowledge
that would damage Thaw's case.
His confessions brought upon him
the wrath and scorn and the lash of
the New York Bar asociatlon. Steps
-have been taken that will end his ca
reer of law practice in. this state
and elsewhere, unless the appellate 11
vision of the supreme court of the
State of New York is more kindly to
him than is expected.
The shadow of Nemesis Is over Cllf
Death Also Takes Hand.
A Russell Peabody, who was asso
ciated in Thaw's defense, is dead. So
are two other lawyers who played
parts of less importance. John Lee
and George Lee, both members of an
old southern family, who lie together
in the churchyard a short way out of
Again Nemesis, in the guise of
After the fl'st Thaw trial was un
der way out of the west came a man
who was heralded as a modern De
mosthenes. He was Delphln Michael
Delmas, and he was placed In the le
gal limelight over all the others. He
looked, or thought he looked, like Na
poleon, and his oratory flowed and
flowered and filled the court room
with resounding phrases. It was he
who made the famous plea of "Demen
tia Americana," and received for it
$50,000. His name was upon the lips
of a lot of people for months, but he
subsequently returned to his Califor
nia home. He has corn* back to
New York, however, and still practices
COMFORT FOR ASTHMATICS
Reasonable Hope of Reaching Old
Age, Notwithstanding Help
From Hygienic Living.
Among all physical ills asthma is
perhaps the most irritating. It is hard
to endure and terrible to observe. Its
victims die a thousand deaths as far
as suffering is concerned, and yet are
denied the dignity of having a fatal
disease, for It is one of the heartless
axioms of experience that the asth
matic sufferer is quite likely to die
of old age' as of his disease. It has
been said that asthma is not a disease
but a state of body, and if its victims
are able to extract any comfort from
the knowledge that it is nervous in its
origin they are entitled to that allevia
Any one looking on for the first time
at a well pronounced athmatlc seizure
lg convinced that he is watching a
death scene, and no wonder, so terri
fying are the symptoms. The patient
lights plteously for breath, sometimes
crouching for hours In one position.
zrvSL.'Y/v stsj&jr T/f/ivv
criminal law, but the Thaw trial was
the last of his great cases.
Almost Immediately after the killing
of White Frank S. Black, lormer gov
ernor of New York state, was retained
to conduct the defense. He, with his
associate, William M. K. Olcott,
wished to interpose the plea of in
sanity, there seeming but one course
open to save Thaw from the electric
chair. They would have to pjjove In
herent Insanity—not mere temporary
aberration. This line of defense was
vigorously opposed by the members of
the Thaw family, and Black got out of
One Who Escaped Blight.
Of all the men who at one time or
another were counsel for Tliaw, It ap
pears that Frank S. Black iB the only
man who has escaped blight of
misfortune. He promptly withdrew
from all contact with the case, and he
alone has escaped the hand of Neme
sis. Lucky Mr. Black!
One of the associates of Stanford
White in tire acquaintance of Evelyn
Nesblt Thaw was a Wall street finan
cier. He was a millionaire, the head
of a prominent banking firm. He was
a man approaching the Biblical three
score years and I ten, win married
sons and two unmarried daughters.
He remained nameless throughout the
first Thaw trial and was known only
as the "Old Man." Fascina-ted by the
youth and fresh beauty of Evelyn Thaw
the old man paid no attention to his
business, but spent most of his time
in pursuit of the girl. He lavished
upon her gifts the price of which had
taken years to accumulate, Although
the unsettled conditions in the money
market demanded bis attention he let
events take their course. Deeper and
deeper he involved himself by reck
less spending and by neglect of his
business affairs. Before the end of
the first trial he was in deep water.
One day the city was startled by the
news that he had been declared bank
Yet Another Victim.
There was another man who trod
the flowery path In Evelyn Nesbit's
wake. Satiated with tjie pleasures his
$22,000,000 had bought and could buy,
his interest was whetted ty this girl
whose name was upon every one's lips.
Her husband in prison, the light of
tragic notoriety about her, her stand
ing in the family of the Pittsburg mil
lionaire extremely precarious, she ap
pealed to him and he constituted him
self her protector. But even the Gay
White Way withholds Its fa-vor and ap
proval sometimes. On more than one
occasion certain gilded palaces of re
freshment denied them hospitality.
Twice in one evening these two were
compelled to leave the places in which
they had sought entertainment.
This man, still young, bas had to
submit to the tying up of his huge
fortune by creditors and the insistence
of his family that he remain abroad,
so weary and discouraged are they by
his dissipations and spendthrift hab
its. Today he is a derelict upon the
boulevards of Paris—another of the
many victims of the most famous trag
edy New York has ever known. His
wife, after years of neglect, divorced
him. Today, despite his -wealth, he is
no more to be envied than Dan O'Reil
ly, for he is a hopeless drunkard.
The Mother's Suffering.
And if the Nemesis of Harry Thaw's
crime rests heavily upon his sister,
what frightful havoc has at wrought
in the heart and life of Mary Copley
Thaw, his mother! After a life al
ready filled with enough «f trouble,
the weight of a thousand humiliations
is laid upon her shoulders to bear the
best she can. Every sacrifice of which
a woman's heart is capable she has
made. She has fought each step of
the way with the frenzy of a terror
stricken mother trying to save her
child at any cost. Secret after secret
has been dragged forth from family
privacy and held up to make discus
sion for two continents. The pride of
a good woman and true lifts been hu
miliated before a world, her actions
criticised, her indulgence to a worth
less son blamed for his downfall. She
has depleted her fortune and given
the last years of her life that this sin
may pay the price of his crime with
the minimum misery and suffering.
pallid, bathed In perspiration and ap
parently in the final stages of suffoca
tion but curiously enough, with all
the distress, the patient does not seem
to feel any real alarm aa to the out
The attack may pass off either rap
idly or gradually, in many cases leav
ing no apparent after effcct except a
sense of great fatigue.
Asthma being a disease with a nerv
ous origin, it follows that there are as
many theories -about it and remedies
for it as there are sufferers from it.
With some persons the attacks are ap
parently. a certain outcom-e of eating
a certain kind of food, or "breathing a
certain kind of air, or reaching a cer
tain day and month of the year. Many
asthmatics claim the poorer of cheat
ing their enemy up to a certain point
by moving to some other locality
when the tragic date draws near the
asthmatics living in the valleys may
pass in transit their fellow sufferers
who habitually live on the hills.
Those who trace their attacks to di
gestive disturbances learn to avoid
the starchy food or the tat foods or
whatever food It is that up sets them.
And she is past the mark of three
score years and ten.
And what of Evelyn Nesblt Thaw,
around whom the threads 'of all this
tragedy were woven—the girl whose
face inspired every artist who looked
upon it, who came as a child of fif
teen to the great city of New York
with her pet cat in a basket, and her
only stock In trade a face with chis
eled features and long, narrow, darK
eyes that quickly changed from eyes
of innocence to eyes that calculated
and appraised and chose to see noth
ing but the gilt and glitter of rich Bo
hemia? It is said that she was the
sole support of herself, her mother
and brother at the age of sixteen on
her earnings as a chorus girl and ar
Favorite of Broadway.
In a year she was the bright par
ticular star of a certain set oi pleas
ure-seekers, satiated with the types
that knew their Broadway well, eager
for a new, fresh face only too willing
to give itself In exchange for the
only "life" that seemed worth llviag.
Broadway trailed after her and show
ered upon her the gifts it bestows
upon its favorites. Motor cars, jew
els and costly fare were hers for the
taking, and she paid with her beauty,
her youth and her sparkling wit.
Then came Stanford White, one of
the greatest architects in the United
States, to "befriend" her when she
was earning $15 a week as artists'
model. The Incidents of their associ
ation are known to all. Then came
into the field Harry Thaw, young, rich,
spoiled, Idle and ready to spend his
millions for her smiles. There are
many who say she played one against
the other, receiving favors from both
unknown to the other. There was the
notorious tour through Europe with
Thaw and the subsequent return to
New York without him, and the re
sumption of friendship with White.
Next came the return of Thaw and
Evelyn's marriage to him and her
stay at the Thaw home in Pittsburg.
All the world knows of the killing of
Stanford White on the Madison Square
Roof Garden and the testimony of
Evelyn Thaw upon the witness starjd
which enveloped1 her in shame perpet
ual. It was this story of her fall that
sent Harry Tttaw to an asylum for
criminal insane Instead of to the elec
After the second trial various sto
ries were told and published as to the
whereabouts of the girl, her mode of
life and her ambitions. She was vari
ously described as living luxuriously
upon her Income from the Thaws and
as occupying a small studio in the
pursuit of sculpture study. But she
has drifted gradually out of the range
of public notice. As a matter of fact
this girl, not yet past the youth of her
twenties, the center of a tragedy
known throughout the world, is living
in a modest flat, unnoticed and alone.
Unfriended and Alone.
•Her name, once the open sesame to
every gilded hostelry in town, has
lost Its magic. It is not even upon her
doorplate. Perhaps she has some
friends, but the gay throng of Broad
way are no longer her friends. They
have no time to remember as they
hurry along in the current. But she,
in her quiet backwater of a refuge,
has plenty of time for memories. She
and Nemesis can look over a ghastly
trail of broken lives. Perhaps some
times she counts: Stanford White la
his grave Harry Thaw, wearing out
his days within the galling limits of
an asylum for criminal insane. His
aged mother and sister Alice self-ex
iled to the little village on the Hudson
where they may watch the never
fading lights in the second-floor win
dows of his prison,
aire sot aimlessly wandering about a
foreign land, watched by his creditors
and shunned by his family. An old
man, once a factor In the financial
life of Wall street, now broken and
impoverished. Three of the lawyers
dead who once fought to save Harry
Thaw's life two others whose careers
have been ended by their own discred
itable practices. Another man of law,
whose clory faded from the day of his
association with the Thaw case. And^
The toll Is thirteen.
Some cannot live near ^stable oth
ers cannot be near a certain shrub or
flower. Indeed, the specialties of these
unfortunate people are without num
The asthmatic, however, has two
great sources of comfort. One is the
reasonable hope of reaching a good
old age the other is the fact that
great help Is to be found for him in a
strictly hygienic mode of living. The
better air he -breaths, both day and
night, the simpler his diet and the
more wisely ordered his exercise the
fewer will be the number of his at
The jaunting car swung round the
corner from the station and the home
coming passenger noticed the closed
shop with "Murphy" over it. A man
he had known in the small Irish
town. "Ah, he's dead!" said the driver.
"Murphy dead? And how long ago
was it?" asked the sorrowful passen
"Ah," replied the driver, "if he had
lived till tomorrow he would be d«ad
HINTS ON MUSHROOMS
SIMPLE WAYS OF COOKING
THEM USUALLY ARE BEST.
Stewed With Cream, According to a
Favorite Waldorf Recipe—How the
Button Variety May Be D'-'ed
for Future' Use.
Mushrooms fought in the market
these days cannot compare in flavor
with the delicate manna which now
springs into existence over night and
may be plucked In all its perfection
by the "early bird" who is willing to
forego her "forty winks."
In Cooking. Mushrooms—In cook
ing mushrooms simplicity rules. It is
a great mistake to conceal their deli
cate flavor with high seasonings.
One of the nicest ways to prepare
the meadow mushrooms is to peel
them, trim off the stalks and lay
them in a porcelain lined saucepan
with a tablespoonful of sweet butter.
Let the Juice gradually be drawn out.
then add as much cream or milk as
you have mushroom liquor. Simmer
six minutes, season lightly with salt
and pepper and turn over delicately
browned slices of toast.
Mushrooms Stewed With Cream—
This is a favorite Waldorf recipe.
Prepare a pound of mushrooms by
paring off the ends. Clean and wash
well, and If very large cut In halves.
Drain and place in a saucepan with
three ounces of butter. Season with
salt and pepper and cook flve min
utes. Add two tablespoonfuls of the
white sauce made from a tablespoon
ful of butter and one cf flour, blend
ed, then, cooked with three-fourths
cup milk to a smooth cream.
And also a half cupful sweet cream
to the mushrooms, cook three minutes
longer and serve in a hot dish with
eight heart-shaped bread croutons for
To Dry Mushrooms.—For this the
button mushroms are best. Take
them when perfectly fresh, place on
clean sheets of paper and dry thor
oughly in a slow oven. When quite
dry they may be powdered or put
away as they are, in clean dust and
insect-proof bags. When needed for
use put into cold gravy or stock and
Singe, clean and cut up a pair of
chickens as for fricass^ cover them
with boiiing water and simmer until
fairly tender. Make a plain paste of
rich biscuit dough roll out moderately
thin and cut it into long strips. But
ter the sides of the pot and line it
with the paste. In the bottom sprin
diced ham and raw potatoes,
then pieces of the chicken, dusting
each well with salt and pepper Fill
up in this way until all the chicken is
in, using altogether one-half of a
pound of bam and one pint of the
diced potato. If plenty of the crust is
desired a small piece may be laid here
and there through the meat. Roll out
the remainder of the paste to form a
top crust and cut a slit in the center,
through which pour in the chicken
gravy, slightly thickened and season-*
ed. Cover and simmer steadily for an
hour and ten minutes before taking up,
add one tablespoonful of butter cut
In bits. When done dish carefully, and
jjour- the gravy round.
A Clothes Sprinkler.
I have found a new way to sprinkle
clothes, that not only lessens the task,
but saves the hands as well, if they
have to be in water a great deal. My
happy Inspiration was a quart fruit
jar having a metal screw top lined
ifcith porcelain. I removed the por
celain by breaking it with a hammer
and then, taking an awl, 1 made a cir
cle of six tiny holes in the metal cover.
When ready for service, 1 fill the jar
about three-quarters full of water and
screw the cover on tightly, using the
rubber ring the same as when preserv
ing. This Improvised sprinkler has
been a great help to me, saving time,
strength and doing the work much bet
ter than the old method.—T. A. O., in
A Serving Table.
I save a good many steps every
week in carrying dishes to and from
the dining room, pantry and kitchen
by using what I call my serving table.
When not in use. I keep it beside the
sideboard. It is simply a small table,
made with two shelves, on wheels. As
the dishes are washed they are dried
and placed on the' table. When there
is company, and I am serving a large
dinner, the table is wheeled to the
kitchen, where the dishes are placed
upon It, and wheeled to the table and
unloaded, and then sent back for the
dessert course. I think I could not
do without my little table.—M. G., in
The velvet sashes are lined with
gold cloth and are embroidered with
gold on the ends and on the square
bows, with medallions around the gir
dle in the front also. The soft chif
fon sashes are double, in two shades,
to give the changeable effect so popu-.
lar this season. Some of the sash
ends are gathered into tassels at the
ends, some are knotted half way up.
while some are heavily fringed. There
styles to suit all wearers, even
lace sashes coming in for their share
Washing Lace Curtains.
To do up lace curtains nicely with
out stretchers, wash and Etarch with
out much rubbing or wringing and
hang lengthways on the line. Place
opposite scallops together and pull the
whole curtain straight. The starch
will stick the oposlte halves together,
no pins being needed. The curtains
will be straight and even and no Iron
ing will be necessary—only a pressing
of the scallops.
Children Like It.
A rice dish that children like is pre
pared by cooking scanty cupful of
rice in three cupfuls of water for 20
minutes, then adding half a cupful of
raisins, a cupful of milk and a table
spoonful of butter. Add also a little
sugar to suit the taste and a pinch of
salt. Stir well and cook a little long
er, until thick.
One cup granulated sugar, half a
cup butter, two eggs beaten light,
half cup flour (full measure), one and
a half tablespoonE of milk, two
squares chocolate melted, half a cup
walnuts chopped fine. Flavor with
vanilla. Bake in dripping pan. Cut
into bars when done.
Tea stains on a tablecloth, napkins
or a frock should be soaked In sour
milk as soon as possible and washed
out in soap suds.
FINE FOR A HOT DAY DISH
Detailed Directions for the Making of
Chicken in Aspic That Will
Cut up a chicken, with the excep
tion of the breast, which should be
left whole. Put the pieces in a stew
pan, with the liver, heart and gizzard
and a small quantity of thyme, pars
ley and bay leaves and half a lemon.
Cover with water, season well with
salt and pepper and stew slowly until
tender. Take the chicken Out of the
liquor cut the meat of the breast into
three or four long strips and the rest
of the meat into dice. Put the bones
back into the saucepan with an ounce
of gelatine dissolved In a little water.
Boll for 20 minutes, strain through a
cloth and pour sufficient of the liquor
into a deep dish to cover the bottom.
When this has set arrange on top
of it a design with sliced hard boiled
eggs. Place the largest piece of chick
en in the center with smaller pieces
around it Pour in another layer of
jelly and when it has set place a de
sign of eggs and chicken as before.
Continue the Jelly and design alter
nately until the dish is full, putting a
layer of jelly over all. When the Jelly
IF quite firm, dip the dish into warm
water and turn out its contents quick
ly upon a platter. Garnish with pars
ley, slices of lemon and olives, and
serve with mayonnaise.
FOR USE IN THE NURSERY
Small Metal Refrigerator That Keep*
Baby's Milk Cold and Supplies
A small refrigerator, designed pri
marily Tor nursery use, has been In
vented by a New York man. but it
has advantages which will commend
it to families who have no babies, es
pecially if they live in apartments
where there is no room or necessity
Tor a regular refrigerator. The device
shown here consists of a metal can
divided into two compartments. One
compartment has a cross section with
perforations In it. adapted to hold
small bottles of the' babe's milk and
to keep the bottle from upsetting
when the icebox Is carried around.
The other compartment holds the ice
and has a spigot by which the melted
ice can be drawn off and used for
drinking water by the adults of the
family. If there are no babies in the
household the cold-air compartment
can be used for the storage of but
ter. eggs, etc. The whole contrivance
takes up little room and can easily
be moved about.
Take half an orange for each child,
carefully scooping out the meat and
leaving the shell like a littJe cup.
Break all the orange up in bits, re
moving all skin then add several bits
of grapefruit, two or three thin slices
of apple, a little sugar and a few
drops of olive oil. Then fill tbe or
ange skins with the mixture, and
when serving set each salad on a ten
der lettuce leaf. Small oranges must
be used to give a pretty and childish
effect, and to a dozen of these one or
two good sized grapefruits are enough.
Before filling the shells, it is best to
let the fruits marinate in the dressing
of oil and sugar.
Baking Powder Biscuits.
Sift together two cups flour, one-half
teaspoon salt and four teaspoons bak
ing powder cut in (with two knives)
two* tablespoons butter and wet with
about a cup of milk to make a stiff
dough turn on well-tioured board, pat
and roll lightly to an inch thickness
and cut with biscuit cutter. When In
a hurry do not bother to turn on
board and roll—Just take a niece of
dough the desired size and /roll be
tween the hands put in buttered
shallow pan, let it stand ten minutes
and bake in hot oven about 20 min
utes when done brush over with
One teacup home-made yeast, a lit
tle salt, one tablespoon sugat, a piece
of lard size of an egg. one pint of
milk, flour enough to mix. Put the
milk on the stove to scald with lard
in it. Prepare the flour with salt,
sugar and yeast then add milk, not
too hot knead thoroughly when mixed
at night In the morning very little
kneading Is necessary. Then cut out
with large biscuit cutter spread a lit
tle butter on each piece and lap to
gether. Let rise v6ry light and then
bake In quick oven.
Prune Jelly With Almonds.
Soak one pound of prunes over
night and stew till tender in the wa
ter in which they have soaked. Re
move the stones and sweeten to taste.
Soak one-half box of gelatin in a lit
tle cold water, dissolve in hot water
and add to the prunes while hot. Last
ly put In the juice of one lemon ami
two tablespoonfuls of blanched al
monds cut into small pieces. Pour
this jelly into molds, set it on ice to
harden and eat with cream.
Hot buttered toast is a delicious if a
pimento—Spanish red pepper put up
in oil—is heated through with a lit
tle butter and minced parsley for sea
soning and put on it after it is but
For the Ironing Board.
Instead of nrjilng the outer cloth on
the Ironing board with common tacks,
use thumb-tacks. They are very con
venient in changing the covering, are
perfectly smooth and look aiuch neat
NEW STYLE SPRAY STRAINER
One Perfected by Professor Stewart
of Pennsylvania, Eliminates
Trouble With Sediment.
With spraying solutions, such as
bordeaux and lime-sulphur, the prob
lem Is to get rid of the sediment. With
the ordinary strainer there is sooner
8tralner for Fungicides.
or later a clogging of the sieve if
plr.ced at the bottom or the end of the
receptacle. With the strainer per
fected by Prof. J. P. Stewart of Penn
sylvania state college no such trouble
can occur. The illustrations show
that the |lquid must pass upward to
Cross Section of 8tralner.
the faucet Thus the sediment is kept
away from this part, and there is al
ways a steady stream. The liquid Is
poured in at the top, A. A hose may
be attached at the faucet Should
any solution remain with the sediment
it may be saved by pouring boiling
water upon It and using this water In
making the next batch of spray solu
COST OF RAISING CURRANTS
On Outlay of $15 Per Acre Man
Able to Clear Not More Than
$200—Keeps Full Record.
The cost last year for labor and
teams to cultivate our orchard was
about $15 an acre. It cost us more
the first year to cultivate our currants
because they were planted on a piece
of land which was full of quack, says
a writer in the American Agriculturist.
We cultivated that field 50 times dur
ing six months. On those 13 acres of
currants in the spring we find It
necessary to keep one man on the
field all the time.' We can work it
with only one horse now since the
bushes are large. We keep an exact
record of all work done on each field
Each man has his time sheet, and his
time and that of his team are charged
up to each field each night So far wo
have not been able to secure more
than $200 an acre, gross, on our bear
ing orchards. We hope to get more.
We hear such stories about some of
the orchards of the west yielding from
$800 to $1,500 an acre that one Is led
to wonder whether their acres are av
erage acres or not. I was in a four
acre block of Twenty Ounce and Alex
ander apples this year at Hilton, N.
Y., and the fruit from it was sold two
years ago for $6,400, or $1,600 an acre,
and I judge it would make about the
same money this year. This repre
sents what is obtainable.
After Investigating the cause of
plant overgrowths, or galls, as they
are more commonly called, the depart
ment of agriculture lias arrived at the
conclusion that the gall Is due to bac
teria and is Infectious, being readily
transmitted not only from plant to
plant of the same kind, but also to
many plants of widely different fami
lies. A bulletin on the subject shows
that the growth is not only of Itself
Injurious to the plant, but also may
form an open wound through which
other parasites are likely to enter,
such as the fungus of root rot, and the
bacteria, which cause blight of apples
Restriction on Cherry Culture.
Cherries are expensive to gather
and are not adapted to a distant mar
ket, that is a market tbat is several
days away. Perhaps this Is the reason
why they are not raised more ex
tensively on the Pacific coast, where
they grow In certain limited areas
with most gratifying success. Cherries
do not thrive «well beyond a certain
limit of latitude, either north or south.
New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania,
Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, Nebraska and
Kansas are notably well located in
Plum Clusters Breed Brown Rot.
Wherever plums hang In clusters
touching one another, brown rot devel
opment Is favored. In susceptible varie
ties. The spores are washed down by
rains and any which came to lodge
between two plums that touch are apt
to be held there, and to find conditions
favorable to growth. If one plum of a
cluster Is seen to be diseased it should
be removed and destroyed at once, as
others In the cluster are almost sure
to go If the rotting ones hang long In
contact with them.
Care of Orchard Trees.
If your favorite cherry tree is badly
decayed, clean out everything in the
cavity as carefully as your dentist
would prepare a tooth for filling then
spray thoroughly with a 2 per cent,
solution of formalin, fill the cavity
solid with cement and paint over all.
Go over the young apple trees and
cut off every water sprout with a
sharp knife close to the trunk. Do It
early and they will heal this season.
The only practical remedy for crown
galls is the knife. A shoemaker's
knife is the best,'as It gives a clean
rocking cut. Follow the tunnels until
you find the grubs and destroy them,
then remove the dead and sulky bark,
leaving a clean-cut, live bark surface.
Rub a little moist dirt over the wound
to prevent the bark from drying too
rapidly. It is a good thing to disinfect
the knife by dipping it into weak car
bolic acid solution. This prevents
spreading crown Ralls by tha knife
from tree tQ two.
CARING FOR FRUIT GARDENS
Trees Planted Last Fall Will Require
Cultivation During Summer to
Keep Soil Mellow.
The bearing red raspberry cones,
after they have done fruiting, die
These cones should be cut out as soon
as the leaves commence to turn yellow
to make room for the new growth. The
new cones should not be Allowed to
reach a higher growth than four and
one-half to flve feet. The leading bud
should be pinched out. This checking
of the main shoot causes the side
shoots to make growth and these in
turn should be pinched back when
thoy are 18 Inches in length. Allow
three to four cones to the hill. All
suckers should be cut close to the
ground. Run the cultivator between
the rows and. cut out all grass and
weeds among the cones. The soil
should be kept clean and mellow, to
promote stocky growth of next year's
fruiting cones. The same culture
should be followed with the black
Black cap raspberries differ In their
manner of' growth from the red and
yellow raspberry family. They do not
throw up suckers from the root, but
multiply by rooting at the ends of the
cones, which naturally bend down, and
touch the earth.
Fruit trees planted last fall and thia
spring require extra care and culture.
The ground for a space of three feet
should be kept'mellow. If the leaves
commence to wilt and curl It Is a sign
that the roots need moisture. Take a
bar and make several holes one foot
out from the tree and one foot in
depth, fill these holes with water late
In the evening. Thj water will go di
rect to the roots. Water twice'a week
in hot, dry weather. Spread a thick
dressing of grass or weeds around
each tree to keep the soil cool and
moist. Dwarf trees are to be kept In
the shape of bushes, pyramids or
whatever style of training may be
thought best by pinching. Long shoots
must be pinched back. Thin out all
small fruit The best fruit Is only to
be had by thinning.
The amall useless shoota that start
from the middle of the currant and
gooseberry bushes, should be cut out
close to the ground. Leave only Uie
strongest and most-thrifty shoots.
All fruits should be planted In
straight wide rows, so' most all' the
work may be done with the horse
Keep the. garden neat. It will not
only give much pleasure to the entire
family, but the abundance of choice
fruit will fully pay for the outlay of
both labor and cash.
GRAPES OF HIGHEST QUALITY
May Be Secured by Fastening Manila
Paper Bags Over Clusters as
Shown In Illustration.
If you wish to procure grapes of the
highest quality and free from rot,
slip and fasten paper bags over the
clusters. Manila paper bags are the
kind to use. When the grapes are
about half grown cover each bunch
with a paper bag by slitting the top
Protection for Grapes.
to fit the stem of the bunch and
fastening the laps down with pins.
Grapes covered with paper bags are
not only of better quality, but they
ripen earlier, and the bags are a pro
tection against frost for late maturing
sorts. The illustration shows how the
operation Is performed.
Humus In Orchard 8oll.
The humus looseas the soil particles
which in turn Increases its water ca
pacity. The humus Is essential for the
growth of the beneficial bacteria of
the soil. One of the most important
parts that a clover crop plays is its
ability to change chemically the com
pounds in the soil aJid put them in an
available form for the trees. The
clover crop gathers, digests and turns
over to the trees the plant food which
it has stored.
The fruiting strawberries should be
kept clean of grass.
A muzzle upon the horse's nose pre
vent many nipped limbs.
Sometimes old strawberry beds will
pay to keep for another fruiting.
Good fruit and vegetables In clean,
attractive packages need no salesman.
Grape vines planted this spring
should have but one shoot allowed to
The critical stage In the life of a
strawberry bed is the first year of Its
Ground bone and vood ashes make
a complete fertilizer for fruit trees
If a new peach, apricot or plum tree
develops yellows or little peach, Im
mediately destroy It.
Watch for the little slugs—darkish,
slimy fellows—that are likely to be on
pear or cherry leaves now.
No grain or grass crops In the young
orchard cultivation Is best. Stir the
soli every two weeks until August
Currants and gooseberries must be
dusted with white hellebore at the
first appearance of the currant worms.
For success in fruit raising it is
absolutely necessary to keep the trees
free from all injurious Insects and
Keep the fruit of strawberries cool
until the time to use or market them.
Never pick berries for market when
they are wet
One of the surest ways to keep
down weeds in the strawberry field Is
to cut off all the runners until July
1, to allow close cultivation.
Fine, dry dust. If throwto in the trees,
will kill every slug it covers. Or al
most any of the regulation orchard
.sprays will exterminate this pest
Penal Code 8enslble and Most Effoov
tlve for Punishment of Child
Public opinion sways the child
world. Sometimes this public
Is created by what an Intelligent child
has learned through older people,
sometimes It comes of the children
own reasoning. And the child who
fails in the etiquette demanded from
him by his own world is punished In
the surest and severest way. Public
opinion is against him or his mis
deed he must remain on the outside
until he has proved his repentance.
There may he a suggestion for older
people in this method of treating of
fenders In their midst. Punishment
by the family's ostracism may bring a
rude or indifferent-mannered little
person to terms sooner than anything
Emerson had a little daughter, El
len, who once told a lie. She was not
punished in the way that you or I
might think wise. All the children In
the family were brought together and
told that something very dreadful had
happened In their family Ellen had
told a lie. They must not romp or
play or sing, for Ellen had told a lie.—
HIRAM CARPENTER'S WONDER
FUL CURE OF PSORIASIS.
"I have been afflicted for twenty
y^ars with an obstinate skin disease,
called by some M. D.'s. psoriasis, and
others leprosy, commencing on my
scalp and In spite of all I could do,
with the help of thb most skilful doc
tors, It slowly but surely extended' un
til a year ago this winter It covered
my entire person In the form of dry
scales. For the last three years I have
been unable to do any labor, and
suffering Intensely all the time. Every
morning there would be nearly a dust
panful of scales taken from the sheet
on my bed, some of them half as largo
as the envelope containing this letter.
In the latter part of winter my Bkln
commenced cracking open. 1 tried
everything, almost, that could b*
thought of, without any relief. The
12th of June I started West, in hopes
I could reach the Hot Springs. 1
reached Detroit and was so low I
thought I should have to go to the
hospital, hut finally got as far as Lan
sing, Mich., where I had a sister liv
ing. One Dr. treated me about
two weeks, but did me no good. All
thought I bad but a short time to live.
I earnestly prayed to die. Cracked
through the skin all .over my back,
across my ribs, arms, hands, limbs
feet badly swollen toe-nails came off
finger-nails dead and hard as a bdne
hair dead, dry and lifeless as old
straw. O my God! how I did suffer.
"My sister wouldn't give up said,
•We will try Cuticura.' Some was ap
plied to one hand and arm. Eureka!
there was relief stopped the terrible
burning sensation from the word go.
They Immediately got Cuticura Re
solvent, Ointment and Soap. I com
menced by taking Cuticura Resolvent
three times a day after meals had a
bath once a day, water about blood
heat used Cuticura Soap freely ap
plied Cuticura Ointment morning and
evening. Result: returned to my
home in just'six weeks'from the tlm*
I left, and my skin as smooth as this
sheet of paper. Hiram E. Carpenter,
Henderson, N. Tf."
The above remarkable testimonial
was written January 19, 1880, and Is
republished because of. the perman
ency of the cure. Under date of April
22,1910, Mr. Carpenter wrote from his
present home, 610 Walnut St. So.,
Lansing, Mich.: "I have never suB
fered a return of the psoriasis and al
though many years have passed I have
not forgotten the terrible suffering 1
endured before using the Cuticura
THE WORLD OF JUNIORS
Harry Nort—I'm going up In an all*
Flatman—Well, drop In on us II
you're passing our way.
Mrs. Willis—Isn't it awful the waj
people paw over goods in a store?
Mrs. Gillis—Shocking. I went ovet
to, the waist counter this morning and
picked up every single garment and
there wasn't one that didn't have the
marks where somebody had been han
Never Forgot Business.
"What yould you take for a cold?"
the sufferer said.
"I dunno." the man who never for
gets business replied. "What'd you
be willing to give?"
The Proper Way.
"Can you answer the questions
about this bench show categorically?"
"I prefer to do so dogmatically?"
Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets cure consti
pation. Constipation is the cause of many
diseases. Cure the cause and you curs
the disease. Easy to take.
Two may be company—unless they
are husband and wife.'
FARMERS df THE CENTRAL MATES—
Tour fathers came West In the pioneerdayS Uocause
tber could better their condition. Times, have
changed and attain Horace Ureelej^a adrtco to "Go
West'Ms hearathrongbout the land of jour homes.
The last West bas been reached* and in thefcraaer
Vallcr of British Columbia, Canada, Ton will find
the Paradise of the Pacific. Here farmers own
tbeirownautos, hare electric light and telephones In
their homes and railway transportation at their
doors. The secret's In the soil and clitnato. A five
aero farm yiolds from S6.000 to $7,000 annually. Think
of these returns per acre: Strawberries, (over7,008
lbs.,) 1650.00 Tomatoes, 91,500.00 Potatoes, (Sell from
U0 to 90S per ton.) tlMMX): Cabbage. W0U4X): Onions,
p26.00 Carrots, taoo.UO: Turnips, WXM0: Khubarb.
fcaO.UO Raspberries and Blackberries, 1300.00: Applet
and Pears, 11.200 to 12.000. Last year poultry and
•Kits to the value of I2.fi00.000 were Imported, from the
Southern States and Kastorn Canada. Poultry Rais
ing pays Immense profits here. If you are interested
dropme a line today. My information will be reli
able in every particular. You can depend on me.
W. J. Kerr.LUWNew Westminster,British Columbia,
nCJin onr Booklets "WhjrThey More to North
Tbat Grows Dollars.**
Thor'll interest fanners, they're free. Write KOBTH
KU lailG&ATlOX ASSOCIATION, FAKCO, SOUTH DAKOTA
Land For Sals or Trade 'AuiUn'ooaStj?
WEST TENME08RE—ImproTed fertile farm*
OtoMtoccnmtruui KtoS90p«r«cra. ItaM
climate, water, Umber and markets. Write for fnt
UM. T. 8. Jeattna, Hnflnartnn, Tennewe.,
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