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MONO the visitors to the hospitals
in which the English wounded are
assigned is a bent and pallid old
woman of eighty-eight. Painfully she
hobbles from cot to cot, giving a
flower here, a pat and a word of en
couragement there. In appearance
she is no different from any old lady
of eighty-eight, unless the keen ob
server may see that she has suffered great and
The aged woman is Eugenie de Montljo, for
seventeen years, 1853-1870, empress of the
French wife of the Emperor Napoleon 111 and
mother of the ill-fated prince imperial, wtio was
killed in the English war against the Zulus In,
The old woman of sorrows .has been an em
press of romance as well as of France. Grand-.,
daughter of an Irishman named Kirkpatrlck and
a Spanish lady, with her mother and sister she
roved the cities of Europe for
.'seven years, look
ing for a great marriage. Scarce of noble birth,
though her father was known as the count of
Teba in Spain, a petty title at best, her chances
for a grand union seemed' vague indeed. At the
age of twenty-five she achieved a notable if not
a grand marrKge. No doubt it is a very great
thing to be empress of the French and reputed
one of the most beautiful and1 charming women
in the world and to set the fashions of the uni
verse. For it. was to Eugenie that the world
owed the terrible crinoline or hoopsklrts and the
dreadful chignon of the sixties. Previous to the
birth of the prince Imperial, Eugenie, very vain
of her figure, assumed the hoopskirt. The world
of women followed suit to the great amusement
and derision of their daughters and granddaugh
ters. Tet Napoleon III was far from being a
grand man, though he was emperor of the
French. In' the early fifties the countess of Teba
and her two daughters, the elder a dark Spaniard,
the other a type of northern beauty, chestnut
hair, violet eyes, a perfect complexion and lovely
oval features, appeared at various European
capitals. The mother lived a semibohemian life
at hotels, something which was not approved of
those days, when grand ladles believed that a
lady should live at home and visit only at the
houses of her friends. The girls were of ah age
when they should have been in a convent. So,
attractive as they were, and popular, it was
noted that many more men than women called
upon the^ Spanish countess and her daughters.
Women viewed t&ie attractive Spaniards with
lifted eyebrows of question and suspician. The
daughters of the countess of Teba were beautiful,
rarely so. They were not of great accomplish
ments and It cannot be said that:they were re
spected in the fullest sense of the word. They
were interesting, they were lovely, but in the
.early fifties it was held that ladies of rank should
not live at hotels or be seen at public dining
However, both girls made brilliant marriages.
The elder married the duke of Alva, owner of a
historic title. This marriage was regarded as a
triumph .for the managing mother. A wit said
that the duke was unfortunate In that she did
not choose to marry both daughters to htm by
•tapal dispensation, the implication being that not
even-the pope could withstand the blandishments
of the countess. No one, however. Imagined
that the tady would be successful beyond her
wildest.dreams and see her younger daughter
an empress, received with honor by the courts
of Europe, especially by the intensely proper Vic
toria of England.
Eugenie had been, it was said, a good deal of a
femme gallante, or very forward lady In love,
affairs. She had thrown herself at the heads of
two young noblemen. At one time she had a
violent fancy for the Spanish count di Galva
and tried to commit suicide by swallowing shoe
blacking when he made it plain that he did not
desire her.': Women gauged her as a wild and un
disciplined girl, a sort of Lydla Languish, Becky
Sharp and Lady Teasle combined, a girl calcu
lated to fill the mind of even ardent suitors with,
misgivings 'as to her conduct as a wife. She'
was always Spanish and never understood the
French. She had great personal courage and
feared nothing. She was a meddlesome match
maker and In after years earned the unenviable
distinction of having married. the famous song
stress, Adellna Patti, to the marquis of Caux, a
marriage which turned out most unhappily. She,
was superstitious, dealt with mediums, would
flirt audaciously, yet was always cold and emo
This was the young lady of twenty-five, who
appeared in Paris in 1851, just after Louis Napo
leon, president of th^s republic, had accomplished
the bloody coup d'etat in which hLs troops shot
'down hundreds of Innocent persons along the
boulevards of Paris. But Napoleon caused him
self to be re-elected president'for a term of ten
years, and later, in 1851, had himself declared
emperor of the French.
The previous life of the new emperor had been
rather a discreditable one. He had been a con
stable in London, a penniless exile in Hoboken,
N. J., he had made several futile and ridiculous
attempts to restore the empire, his reputation
was that of a silly, impracticable dreamer. He
had had many disreputable love affairs and it
was known that an English woman who was
enamored of him had financed his successful
effort in that direction. Soon afterward he
caused her to be deported by the police.
Though he bore the magical name of Bona
parte, It was doubtful that he had a drop of Na
LONG RUN FOR HER MONEY
It Was Only 20 Cents in Bag Snatched
by Thief, but Woman Gives
A young woman walking up First
avenue, New York, was near Seven
teenth street, when a youth slipped up
behind her, snatched her handbag and
ran. Screaming, she pursued him.
The youth swung west in Seven
teenth street and dashed through
Stuyvesant park. A crowd now was
TOO MUCH OF AN ORDEAL
insurmountable Obstacle to Eminent
American's Having His Life
"Richard Brooks, an American
sculptor, who recently gave up his
studio in Paris and came back home,
not long ago told me of an experience
he had with a certain distinguished
American who has attained the high
•est honors at the hands of his coun-,
•trymen," remarked Frank J. Daly of
chasing him, with the woman leading.
Patrolman O'Connor caught him at
Third avenue, just as the woman ran
She told how she had been robbed
and demanded to know what the pris
oner had done with her handbag. Just
then a man came up with the bag and
handed it to O'Connor.
"How much money was in it?" said
O'Connor to the owner.
"Twenty cents," panted the woman,
who described herself as Mrs. Hen
rietta Noack, of 327 East Twentieth
Fort Smith, Ark., at Washington.
"Mr. Brooks, while dabbling with his
clay and experimenting in Paris, hit
upon a new method of making life
masks of distinguished persons, the
life mask, of course, always being
preferable to a death mask. This
method was a simple one, consisting
merely of lathering the person's face
and, after the lather had dried, apply
ing wax, over which the plaster paris
was spread. Brooks explained what
he desired to the secretary of the dis
tinguished American, and the secre-
I-i 1, W*
poleonic blood in
his veins. He was
he established a
brilliant court at
the Tuileries and
promised to revive
the Napoleonic glo
ries of France in
peace, not in war.
But he had had an illegitimate son in America,
he had been arrested in an evil resort in Paris,
he had been promiscuous in his love affairs,, he
had an unattractive personality, bad skin, poor
eyes, poor carriage. Yet he was attractive to
women nyho did not think he ever would be an
He was fascinated bp Eugenie and made love
to her in an informal, easy-going manner. But
he tried hard to marry some princess of an es
tablished dynasty. No woman of royal rank
would accept the adventurer. Had anyone sig
nified her willingness to do so Eugenie had never
been empress of the French.
It is said that he at. first offered her a mor
ganatic marriage. This she refused, and also
refused to see him again. Chance drove Napo
leon into the marriage. His uncle, Jerome, for
mer king of Westphalia, circulated a rumor that'
he was Incapable of marriage. Bismarck, it is:
said, believed the story. To disprove it. Napoleon
asked Eugenie de Montljo to share his throne.
They were married January. 30, 1853, at Notre
Dame, Paris, and began a reign of seventeen,
years, in which good was intermingled with much
Their positions were hard at first. Not being
of royal blood, royal, families looked askance
upon them. They circulated all sorts of stories
abcut them. In his marriage proclamation'the
emperor said: "I hope that she will revive the
virtues of Josephine.'? Cynical Paris roared. It
remembered the easy virtue of Josephine before
and after her marriage to the great. Corslcan. A
postcard bearing the picture of the empress had
this sentence upon it:
"The portrait and virtues of the empress—all
for two sous."
None the less Eugenie's Influence was great
She urged her, husband to undertake many en
terprises that proved dangerous' to his empire,
but for twenty years France was successful in
peace and In war. The court glittered. Every
form of pleasure was encouraged. The empress
shone with the supreme radiance of womanly
fascination. Paris was the center of interna
tional society. Whatever Eugenie did was done
by the women of all the world. She wore the
ridiculous crinoline and huge, fantastic chignon.
The world wore them, too. She had Haussman
remodel and rebuild Paris. The great boule
'vards and avenues of today are the work of the
little old woman who now moves among the
wounded in England.
In 1856 an heir was born, the little Louis,
whose end was to be so tragic. She dabbled in
politics and offended her husband. She even led
a party which opposed him In the chamber of
deputies. He found out that the love letters
which had charmed him had been written by the
distinguished academician, Prosper Merimee,
hired by Eugenie to do it. When Eugenie had to
write herself, her letters were no better than
those of a semiliterate peasant girl. Asked about
it Merimee said: "God gave her the choice be
tween beauty and brains and she chose beauty."
Eugenie loved bohemlanism and laxity and
Paris became effeminate. Handsome faces, a
small gift of epigram, a romantic past, were the
credentials to the court of the empress. A grad
ual decay honeycombed society and the army and
the foundations of Sedan were laid.
Eugenie was not popular with princesses who
flouted her birth or with French women who
felt that when Napoleon made up his mind to
marry a woman of less than royal rank he
street, as she examined the contents
of the recovered bag.
"You got a run for your money,"
In the West Twentieth street police
station the prisoner described himsielf
as Joseph Mudra, twenty, of Wihfield.
Eats Pie at Midnight, Is 98.
Observing hygienic rules at which
doctors stand aghast, Mrs. Mary
Brand, oldest resident of Belmont
county. West Virginia, celebrated her
ninety-eighth birthday anniversary,
tary, after deliberating, said he saw no
objection to it He would consult his
chief, he said.
"'How long will it take?' Inquired
the secretary, as he was about to de
part to apprise his chief.
'About half an hour,' returned Mr'
'Oh, I forgot to ask,' suddenly said
the secretary, returning. 'Can he talk
while the mask is being made?'
'Certainly not,' replied the sculp
'Then it's all off,' returned the sec-
should have. chosen one of theli'
However, in the end Eugenie was
received in all the courts of Europe.
Napoleon won Victoria of England, a
very conservative queen, and Eugenie
made a conquest of Victoria's hus
In many wise she had been her hus
band's evil genius. She had urged
him to set up Maximilian as emperor
of Mexico that she might patronize a
people speaking her native tongue.
fell the star of Na
poleon also waned.
was the "empress* party" in the
chamber of deputies that forced the
war of 1870 upon France, though Na
poleon knew his country was not pre
pared for war with Germany. After
Gravelotte and Sedan he would have
returned' to prepare for the defense
of Paris as Joffre retreated after the
defeats of Liege, Mons, Charleroi, La
Cateau and Maubeuge, but Eugenie
imperiously commanded him to re
trieve his fortunes in the field. Then
she disobeyed his most positive In
junction and summoned parliament She refused
to allow the king of Italy to enter Rome, though
he promised to lend France his army for the
privilege. She estranged Italy and offended Aus
tria, which might have joined Napoleon against
Quickly the star of Eugenie declined, Her
husband was taken prisoner at Sedan and rushed
Into Germany.. The parliament she .had sum
xnoned against his order dethroned her and her
emperor. The glittering empire fell in a tre
mendous "crash. Her life was threatened by
.Apaches on the boulevards. In disguise, Doctor
Evans, the famous American dentist, helped her
to sneak out of Paris to the seacoast, where a
British yacht conveyed her to England. Stripped
of her glory in a few weeks, Eugenie settled in
a modest home given her by Victoria at Chisel
hurst, England. Three years later Napoleon died
there/of cancer of the stomach.
It seemed as if fate, which had lavished all Its
favors on Eugenie, was now bent upon her de
struction. Bereft of empire, husband, honors,
her cup seemed full to the brim. But'the bitter
est blow of all was yet to fall upon Eugenie. Her
son. Prince Louis, whom she brought up as heir
to the French throne, was killed in a petty war
against savages in South Africa. He was an
amiable, attractive youth of twenty-three, with
excellent parts, when a Zulu assegai found his
heart. The gay French had mocked when he had
been sent to South Africa. They felt that Eu
genie was '.'making a play" to their well-known
love'of martial glory. So in the cafes chantants
they sang: .-r
"Loulou, Loulou, :.V
He chases Zulus."
But even the French cry of mockery turned
to an agonized wail of sorrow when the prince
imperial was stricken down in a savage am
buscade. It was a sad death. The party had
knowledge of. the coming of the savages and
proceeded to mount their horses and gallop away.
Thinking that the prince had mounted, his Eng
lish companions galloped off. Alas, the horse
used by Eugenie's only son proved restive and
ran away, leaving his rider to the mercy of the
savages, who did not know a prince from a pau
per and-who gave no quarter.
The women of the world who had once dressed
with Eugenie now mourned with her. It was the
last of the many blows sustained by the once
beautiful Mademoiselle de Montljo.
Then it was said that her fierce impenetrable
pride and ambition had lost her her son. He
had been wanting to marry a gentle English girl
and Eugenie wanted him to marry a reigning
princess. She sent him to South Africa to sepa
rate him from his love. So, the high ambition
of this Spanish woman raised her to the position
of the greatest monarch in Europe and dropped
her to a state so lowly that even peasant women
pitied her forlorn plight..
She had been responsible for the death of
Maximilian, the madness of Carlotta, the loss of
the French empire and for the lives of her hus
band and only son.
Even the wildest French socialists now show
deep respect for the small, bowed figure, always
clothed in deepest mourning.
Such is the story of the little, white, bent old
woman who moves among the English wounded.
She is of the past. She is a living sorrow. An
old woman, poor in everything that makes a
woman rich,, save in sympathy. Her dearest de
sire is to be forgotten.
and laughingly predicted that she
would at least live to be a hundred.
She attributes her longevity to a
few rules, chief of which is to "eat
what you want, when you want it."
Mrs. Brand practices this rule un
reservedly and enthusiastically. She
smilingly explained that often she
rises in the middle of the night, "just
to stay her stomach," and that fre
quently this nocturnal menu includes
pie. "If ydu're hungry for a thing,
that thing won't hurt you," Mrs. Brand
retary, throwing up his hands. "He
couldn't keep still that long to save
The Hayaeed'a Inning.
Tell us not in mournful numt.rs,
life is but an empty dream for no
bunko steerer slumbeis while us rubes
fall for his scheme. Let us then be up
and doing, adding dollars to our
hoard, as we, the bunko chaps punn
ing, work them for their summer
THF MANCHESTER DEMOCRAT, MANCHESTER, IOWA.
fought against Russia in the Crimea.
Napoleon and Eugenie visited Lon
don and the man who had been a
police officer on its,streets was now
received with royal honors and de
clared an emperor by the grace of
God. .The beautiful woman who had
run the gamut of life in every large
city of Europe and who had swal
lowed blacking in an attempt at sui
cide was now an empress/ welcome
everywhere. She was thrice made
regent of. France when her husband
was out with his army. She repre
sented France at the opening, of the
Suez canal in 1869. She had the es
cort of the khedive at the first per
formance of the opera "Aida," for
writing which Verdi got 80,000 francs.
KEEP SWINE HEALTHY
Scours in Pigs Often Caused By
Correct Trouble Give 8ow Dose of
Sulphate of Iron In Her 8lop—
js§p Animals In Dry
(By A. S. ALEXANDER.)
When young nursing pigs begin to
scour it is. evident that the milk of
the sow is disagreeing with them and
immediate attention,- therefore, should
be.directed toward improving her ra
tions. Most'often the trouble comes
from overfeeding on corn, or other
rich food, -just after farrowing, and
pigs of fat, flabby, cross, nervous, con
stipated sows are most apt to suffer
Sudden changes, of food, or feeding
sour swill, or food from dirty troughs
also tend to cause-diarrhea either in
nursing pigs or those" that have been
weaned,'and. all such cases should be
prevented or removed.
To correct scouring in nursing pigs,
give the sow. 15 to 20 grains of sul
phate of iron (copperas) in her slop
night and morning and, if necessary,
slightly Increase, the doses until ef
fective. Lime water may, with ad
vantage, be freely mixed with the slop
as a preventive when there is a ten
dency to derangement, or after the
trouble has been checked, and also
is an excellent corrective for weaned
pigs showing a tendency to scour on
slop or skimmed milk. When little
pigs are scouring severely, each may
be given a raw egg and five to ten
grains of subnltrate of bismuth twice
daily in addition to changing the food
of the sow and mixing copperas in her
slop. In cases which do not respond
promptly to treatment, success may
follow the administration of a dose of
castor oil shaken' up in milk.
In all cases it is important to set
right all errors in diet and sanitation
and to provide the pigs with dry,
sunny, well-ventilated quarters. The
derangement is most apt to occur
Prize-Winning Mule-Footed Hog.
among pigs kept in insanitary condi
Inactivity of the bowels most often
gives trouble in pregnant sows and
other adult hogs when given too little
exercise and too much rich food. •. In
such animals the liver is torpid, the
system feverish and the muscles and
other organs overloaded with fat.
Constipation seldopi troubles where
hogs are fed laxative foods, such as
bran, flaxseed meal, roots or alfalfa
during the winter season, and in addi
tion are made to take abundant out
In the common disease of young
pigs known as rickets, there is en
largement, bending and distortion of
the bones of the joints and limbs, and
fractures of leg bones are not uncom
mon. The bones of the body In 'af
fected pigs lack their normal propor
tion of mineral material and have an
excess of vegetable matter. The ten
dency to the disease is hereditary and
most likely to be seen in closely in
bred hogs or those of herds kept
under insanitary conditions and long
Imperfectly nourished upon unbal
anced rations. The excessive feeding
of corn to generation after generation
doubtless induces a weakness of con
stitution conducive to rickets 'and the
disease may appear as a result of any
aggravating circumstance productive
BREEDING ONLY BEST CATTLE
Counterfeit Dairy Cow Has No Place
on Pasture or In Feed Yard—
Discard Poor Producers.
(By ROUD M'CANN, Colorado Experi
The development of the Increasing
demand for well-bred dairy cattle is
based upon the recognition of the fact
that under present production condi
tions, the counterfeit dairy cow has
no place on the pasture or in the feed
During the past few years difficulty
of replenishing and starting herds
with good animals has confronted the
dairy farmer at every turn. High
feed bills have demonstrated the fu
tility of expecting satisfactory returns
when keeping poor producers, and the
wideawake, progressive, businesslike
dairymen are centering their demands
on merit, of which there must be a
greater supply to meet this demand.
Foreign competition has created a
well grounded impression that the
most effective way of evading it Is
by greater production per animal and
better products. ].
Take It Easy.
Don't work your horses too. hard
*rhen-' beginning your plowing. Re
member that the horses are soft and
not hardened to such strenuous work,
sore necks and shoulders are "easily
started at this time, which may make
trouble'during the entire working sea
son, as well as badly disfiguring the
''•y 'Fowl to Avoid.
No bird should be taken Into a flock
for breeding purposes that is lacking
in vigor, vitality or good health.
Silo Pays Well.
No building on the farm will pay
better returns than a good silo. If
properly built and filled on time, and
in the right way.
Reduces Farm Drudgery.
The modern equipment in the way
of litter carriers and feed carts re
duces the drudgery of the barns to a
Proper Breeding Counts.
There is more in the way the birds
have been bred and the way they are
cared for than In the particular breed
or variety of fowls selected.
Advantages of Silo.
The silo stores the corn safely and
permanently and it stores it at a time
Vhen there is a maximum amount of
feeding value In the plant.
Start cultivating potatoes before
jttey are up—then on and on.
HANDY AS POTATO MARKER
Wheelbarrow Arranged With Pine
8trips Hinged to Bottom Center
Board Proves Satisfactory.
Last spring we had occasion to fit
a very stumpy piece of sandy new
ground for early potatoes. The one
and two horse corn'markers would not
work because of so many stumps.' The
wheelbarrow being near with seed up
on it a happy thought struck me—this
would roll over the rough ground,
roots, etc., and leave a distinct mark
in the soil, besides running easily,
writes G. A. Randall in /Farm!' and
A half-inch hole]was bored through
the bottom center board and two
pieces, c, of inch pine strips 36 inches
long were hinged, as shown, to a cen
ter section, e, fastened with a .wire
through the holes, f, to the, bottom
board. On the outer ends, of these
Handy Marker for Potatoes.
strips a light runner, a, extends to the
ground and slants back. These run
ners with the wheel in the center
make three distinct marks when
pushed across the field. In coming to.
a stump' either or both sections are
easily folded back until the obstruc
tion is passed, then dropped to posi
tion again to mark.
Being light and mounted on a center
wheel it pushed as easily as a wheel
barrow seeder and was extremely easy
to guide marks clear across the field
being straight as those made with a
line and' very distinct. When not in
use for a marker the sections are
BURN CHOLERA CARCASSES
Burial of Dead Animals Not Approved
by Nebraska 8tation—Excellent
Plan Is Described.
The burial of hogs dying of cholera
is not advised by the department of
animal pathology at the Nebraska ex
periment station. The germs of the
disease will last a long time in the
'earth under favorable conditions and
are liable to cause a new outbreak.
The safest way to dispose of a carcass
is to burn it.
Burning may be easily accomplished
in the following manner: Dig two
trenches a few inches deep intersect
ing each other at right angles. At the
intersection of these, cornstalks, cobs,
or other fuel may be laid. Over the
trenches, may next be laid strips of
metal to support the carcass. Before
being placed over the supports, the
abdominal and thoracic cavities should
be opened and be liberally sprinkled
with kerosene. Then the hog should
be placed belly downward over the
fuel. As soon as the material in the
trenches is ignited, It will rapidly
spread to the kerosene and fat and
the body will be quickly consumed.
If a large iron wheel Is handy, it
may be substituted with good results
for the trench and iron bars.
IMPROVE YOUR POTATO SEED
Wisconsin Experiment Station Gives
Six Excellent Rules for Farm
era to Follow.,
The Wisconsin experiment station
tells the farmers of that state to im
prove their potato seed.
1. By co-operating with their neigh
sin securing, pure seed.
2. By planting this foundation
stock by Itself where it will not be
mixed: with other varieties.
3., By learning the vine and tuber
characteristics of the variety one
4. By discarding as seed all hills
which do not have these characteris
5. By selecting seed for next year
on the field at digging time.
6. By organizing the growers, deal
ers and others in your community who
are interested In the development and
improvement of its'potato industry.
TREATMENT OF COVER CROPS
Thoroughly Cut Up Clover or Other
Crops With Disk Harrow Before
Never turn the clover or" other crop
under without first thoroughly cutting
up with a disk harrow, as the material
plowed under in a layer seriously in
terferes with the capillary action of
the moisture in the soil. The effects
of turning under in a layer are what
Is sometimes called souring the soil
with green manuring crops.
Double disk the cover crop two or
three times with a sharp disk harrow
before plowing plow well by taking
a narrow furrow and edging rather
than•/ inverting the, furrow then
double disk the land again rather
deeply, and no injurious effect will re
sult however large the growth may
... Bulls In Same Enclosure.
If dehorned, bulls of the same oi
different ages may be safely kept in
the same enclosure. When two bulls
are. kept in adjoining enclosures they
should be separated by a strong,, high
board fence, so they are unable to see
Before Buds Open.
Spray fruit tree's for San Jose' scale
before the flower buds open, using
concentrated lime sulphur solution.
The commercial form is very satisfac
tory and' should be used in the pro
portion of one gallon of the mixture
to nine gallons of water.
No man should undertake sheep
raising until he has his farm prop
erly fenced. The old-time barb wire,
with wool hanging to it, is a relic of
the past on the up-to-date sheep frrm.
Give the Boy a Chance.
Give the boy a chance to do some
thing for himself this year. Let him
have an acre of land, some chickens
or a sow, or a calf, and then be sure
to see that he geis the produce and
Important Farm Work.
Marketing farm products is a very
important line of farm work. It haa
been ignored too long.
Only More So.
Alfalfa is like clover, only more
When Governor iGlynn appointed
Thomas Mott Osborne warden of Sing
Sing prison he said he. did so that
those who claim the present method
of trying to reform men who have
gone bad is wrong might have a
chance to prove that their theory is
the correct one. Mr. Osborne is un
hampered by any power except the
laws, and the trial of his system of
treating prisoners is being watched
by the country with keen interest
His intimate friends refer to him
affectionately as "Dear Old Ben." His
superiors describe him with the single
word "loyal." His subordinates call
him "human." And, in brief, coupled
with his record for steady advance
ment and absolute dependability,
which has made him the prototype
In the navy of what Brig. Gen. Hugh
Scott chief of'staff, stands for In the
army, these characteristics give per
haps as good an idea as can be ob
tained of the kind of man Rear Ad
miral William Shepherd Benson, chief
of naval operations, really is..
New Anthracite Field.
The discovery of a twenty-foot vein
of anthracite in Pennsylvania is good
news for everybody. The Pennsyl
vania papers say that this Is the sec
ond recent discovery lu the Bear
Ridge mountain region, and the third
of importance in the anthracite terri
tory within a few years. If we do not
know the resources of so familiar and
thoroughly exploited a territory as
Pennsylvania, the inference is strong
that the world at large still holds un
suspected riches, even at the time that
HAMMERING THE TURK
Mr. Osborne, who is heir to a
large fortune, has been intensely In
terested in prison reform, and he be-.
lieves there is something good in
everybody, even In the unlucky
wretch who has to wear prison gray
and sleep In cell.
where he went with the Gordon Highlanders, and where, at the British de
feat at Majuba hill, he discovered that there wasn't a British soldier la a
hundred who knew how to handle his musket, and not one in a thousand who
appreciated the necessity of learning how.
Wounded at Majuba hill and taken to the hospital, Hamilton was given
up for dead. He revived. when Sir Evelyn Wood dashed up, covered with
mud from a long ride, to tell, him that the dispatches home were going to
mention hip bravery. It was the first of a series of honor records which now
have become so numerous that they would fill a book, while his medals and
clasps, it he wore them all at the same time, would weigh him down like a
coat of malL
Hamilton has written books of poetry and ballads, a history of the Jap
anese campaign in Manchuria and a book on military methods. He is married
to a Scotch-Irishwife, one of the best-dressed women of I/radon society, who
also has literary tastes, but who hsts not presented her gallant husband with
SING SING'S NEW WARDEN
Not only does Mr. Osborne believe
In the men in the cells, but he goes
further. He does not believe in the
cells. If he could have his way, there
would be no Sing Sing there would
be no more of the dank cells, dark
and gloomy, with their walls dripping moisture and breeding disease there
would be no more of the wearing down a man with solitary confinement, shat
tering his health and ruining his self-respect so that he is indelibly stamped
"prison~matie'*~wiieii ne again g6t» jut-»mJ trtes to prg»..»~*oh
He believes that a lot of the fellows behind"the (Tars are no worse than a
lot who are at large he believes that a lot of them are the victims of cir
cumstances, driven to crime maybe by the extremity to which they have been
put he believes that some of them are there because they never had a better
training In their youth and did not know a crime when they saw one. A lot
more, he knows, had good bringing up, but fell victims to evil associates.
ILLINOIS' FIRST WOMAN MAYOR-
and foremost among them Is graft Graft has got to go from this town."
Mrs. Canfleld was born In New York state. During the Civil war days,
when she was Mrs. O. J. Hlldreth—she has been twice married—she was
superintendent of the Nashville messhouse of the United States army.
When the "Molly McGulres" were keeping the eastern Pennsylvania coal
region in terror and destroying lives and property, Mrs. Canfleld was an oper
ative for a detective agency. For the most part she worked inside, but on a
number of occasions was sent out into the region on missions which she
Invariably carried through successfully. Now she is a milliner.
"DEAR OLD BEN"
But be not misled by the nick
name, or by the fact that he was
graduated In '77, and is nearing his
sixtieth birthday, into picturing him
as a crotchety and bewhlskered old
seadog for after you have heard his
friends call him "Old Ben" and have
heard how he has spent 22 years at
sea, circumnavigating the African
coast at one time and going to the
Arctic with the Greely relief expedition at another, meeting Admiral Bensoa
Includes considerable of a shock.
In appearance "Old Ben" is a "fine upstandin' man" of forty-five. He Is
tall, well knit, and compactly sinewy. His dark hair is closely cropped and
shows traces of graying. His mouth is large and friendly, and his eyes, dark
and deep set, snap with the light of instant comprehension, for you don't
have to say a thing to "Old Ben" more than once.
Gen. Sir Ian Standlsh Monteith
Hamilton, in supreme command of
the British-French army now landed
on the Galllpoli peninsula to co-op
erate with the British-French fleet for
the conquest of the Dardanelles and
Constantinople, is a
the tough, wiry frame of the Scotch
and the Scotsman's long, narrow
head, strong nose and bold chin, and
with the big ears of the generous
Irishman and the Irishman's ingratiat
ing smile. The eyes are shrewd and
calculating, as becomes a canny Scot,
but no less emotional and full of fun
—the endowment of a son of Erin.
The son of a Scotch father, stern,
industrious and far-sighted, a distin
guished military man himself, and of
an Irish moUier, fascinating, vi
vacious and artistic, Haipllton was
born sixty-two years ago in the
fortress at Corfu.
Hamilton came under the notice
of Roberts in the Boer war of 1880,
Mrs. Angela Rose Canfleld of
Warren, first woman mayor In Illi
nois, who was elected over two other
candidates by a plurality of four
votes, has ideals for her'little city.
Warren, situated within half
at all, she says. She will Cry to
of the Wisconsin Btate line in Jo
Daviess county, is not
the city even, more attractive than It
Is during the two years she will over
see Its municipal affairs.
The first woman mayor In Illinois,,
and, incidentally, the second in the
United States, is seventy-four years
"Young as I certainly am," she said,
'1 am confident that I have reached
years of discretion. I know I can run
Warren's affairs better than they have
been in the past
"There are things in the city of
Warren that need to be remedied I
have not lived here for 35 years with
out knowing all about them. First
the alarm of exhaustion is raised
anew. Forty years ago, when the an
nual production of anthracite ran
about' 25,000,000 tons, alarmists
thought there would soon be no more.
Now the output is about fourfold, and
the discoveries continue.—New Yorl
Probably nothing would afford the
small boy more pleasure than the.
privilege of assuming the role of fa
ther to the man occasionally.—Chi
go Newa ......