OCR Interpretation

Manchester Democrat. (Manchester, Iowa) 1875-1930, June 09, 1915, Image 9

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of Iowa

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84038306/1915-06-09/ed-1/seq-9/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

Naval Reserve.
(Correspondence of the Chicago Mews.)
Kiel, Germany.—At the beginning
ot last September, I had returned
from a patrol trip in the Baltic sea
After having a .day's rest I walked
through the streets' of Kiel at six
o'clock in the morning,, crossed the
harbor on one of the ferries and then
a short walk of five minutes brought
me to the main gate of the imperial
wharf. The sentries saluted at the
double gate,.but nevertheless I had
to show my card of .identification to
an officer of the wharf at the inner
gate.' Twenty thousand skilled work
men- were working there in two shifts,
day'and night, building and repairing.
I had to walk to one of the outer ba
sins where my boat was lying. We
had orders to leave at 9:30 a. m.
As I passed some of the first-class
battle ships, I looked 'with pride at the
little dark gray bodies of the subma
rines lying side.by side along the pier.
One might compare them to turned
up nutshells. By the black letter "X"
tai the bow of the second 6ne, I recog
nized my ._ boat. Seventy-five feet in
length and twelve feet in width are-'
the overall dimensions of the craft.
The body of the boat extended two
feet above water level and ten feet
below. The hull is built of five milli
meters (approximately three-six
teenths of an inch) Krupp steel.
Some of the new style boats, lying
not far from ours, are considerably
larger and more powerful. The bridge
on each boat 'is almost in the center
of the upper deck, ten feet in height
and five feet square. Besides the two
masts, supporting the wireless, the
exhaust of the gas engines and the
periscope, there is .only a rudder to
be seen on the upper deck and two
on each side just above the water lev
el. The rudder on the rear of the up
per deck serves as a help in steering
under water, and it is connected with
the main rudder. In other words, it
is an additional device for changing
the course and is of great help when
the vessel is submerged, for then turn
ing is naturally much more difficult
to accomplish. The side rudders
serve the purpose of allowing minor
up and down movements.
Getting Ready for the Start.
A few steps down the pier ladder
brings me to the upper deck of the
U-X. There the crew is busy getting
her ready for the trip. Twenty-four
men form the crew of our small bat
tleship.... Twelve are regular sailors,
Including noncommissioned officers,
and the rest are the engineering force
under my command. All of my men
are skilled mechanics in gas engines
and electrical work. German subma
rines are.driven by gas engines when
they are running above the water line
and by electric motors when under
I receive from my assistant* en
gineer the report that everything is
"clear for actioh." There are hun
dreds of things to be looked after. I
inspect carefully every mechanical
part of the upper deck, then descend
through the manhole, thirty-six inches
in diameter, which is the sole en
trance and exit of the boat I con
vince myself that everything la right
here, as each piece of mechanism is
of the greatest Importance for good'
results of our trip. All gasoline tanks
are at the lower part of the boat and
all have b«,en filled, the electric bat
teries have been charged and drinking
water and food supplies have been
taken on. The deadly torpedoes are
In place and the gas' engines and mo
tors are In iexcellent condition. Every
piece of apparatus has been tested
and found satisfactory.
It is nine o'clock, and our captain
in charge, bearing the rank of captain
lieutenant, arrives on board. I report
the engineering division "clear for ac
tion." We are talking about impor
tant orders for our trip. At 9:30
sharp we are on the bridge, the signal
goes through, every mail is at his
place. The mechanical telegraph
rings and gives speed orders to the
engine room. "Clear for maneuver,"
half speed forward, we are moving
salutes are exchanged with our com
rades while passing their .boats. Will
they see us return?
Through Kiel Canal to the Sea.
We are able to make fourteen knots
above water and nine when sub
merged. The newest type of German
submarine has been brought to a
speed of twenty knots above "water
and eleven knots below. We are head
ing for the Kaiser Wilhelm. canal (the
Kiel canal),.connecting the Baltic and
the North sea. Within three miles of
our starting place and yet within the
safest part of the harbor of Kiel we
enter the canal and go through its
locks. We are going full speed for
ward. Our 650 ton boat is vibrating
with the motion of the engines. After
four hours we leave the canal, which
has a length of approximately forty
five miles, and we enter the lower end
of the Elbe river at Brunsbuettel. Be
ing In the vicinity of Cuxhaven, we
are now meeting cruisers and torpedo
boat destroyers. A short salute and
Bignal and we are.:„heading for the
North sea.
Mother Sf nply Pulls a Needle Out of
iis Side and All Is
Frederick, Md —Irritable for a period
of nine months, Bobert Surguy, aged
eleven. months, was turned into the
best tempered baby in Frederick in the
fraction of a minute.
While the mother, Mrs. Henry Sur
guy, was giving the little chap a bath
Rich Friends of Ousted Pastor Erect
New Place of Worship Near
Old Church. ....
Abilene, Kan.—Last fall a church
case of more than ordinary interest
was tried in district court here, and
Rev. L. Brauer was declared by the
court to have been legally ousted from
the pastorate of the German Evan
gelical church at Shady Brook, south
east of Abilene.
•:-V y-.-'v-WT-.'.'^-r't1-'.-'' ''1'.
Report of a Cruise by an Engineer-Lieutenant Tells of Grim Work in
th^ North Sea—How the Deadly Craft Slipped Out of the Kiel
Canal and Torpedoed a Destroyer and Crept Back to Friendly £:•.'
Waters—Tense Moments When the Enemy Is Sighted,
'Engineer-Lieutenant of the German
We begin to feel the famous motion
of that body of water. Waves rush
overboard, and so we descend through
the manhole and take:our places in
side. The steady vibration and the
noise of the exhaust and of the en
gines, and the not at all appetizing
smell of oil and gasoline and also the
rocking of the boat make the interior
by no means a pleasant place for any
one-who is not accustomed to it The
only exit, our manhole, Is being
screwed down and made air and water
tight. Since men have to do their ut
most, under such conditions, you can
well Imagine that it take* will power
and energy. And the men have it.
Our air pump for the rear ballast
tank begins to show a little trouble
and immediately one of the mechanics
is underneath it to make repairs. He
is working hard in a. Bpace where
there is no room to turn around, lying
between moving engine parts, soaked
with oil and gasoline, but it is done
willingly at a moment's notice. The
captain has taken his place in the,
chart room", the most important part
of the submarine. He is intently study
ing the planes of the periscope, the
only eye of the submarine.
Mechanism of the "Torpedoes.
There are different styles of peri
scope. In use. Ours extends approxi
mately sixteen feet above the upper
deck and gives a very clear picture
of the surroundings.
The torpedo, the most splendidly
worked out weapon, but also the most
dreadful, may be called a small boat
in" itself. Of a cigarlike shape, the
outer shell, built of steel and bronze,
conceals the finest and most accurate
mechanical works, machinery and air
chambers, besides the deadly explo
sive, one of the most important se
crets. There are ait the rear of the
torpedo two propellers driven by com
pressed air and a dial to be used for
setting the range the torpedo has to
travel. For instance, If we fire the
torpedo at a target 1,000 yards away,
we set dial at 1,500 yards. Then if
the torpedo has traveled 1,500 yards
and has not hit the target by that
time, a flood valve opens, thus allow
ing the water to enter the torpedo
uid sink It, removing all danger for
shipping and preventing the enemy
from making studies of the most se
cret weapon of every navy.
When the torpedo is fired it is
forced out of the tube under water by
compressed air of 250 to 300 atmos
pheres, approximately 4,000 pounds to
the square inch. I will mention that
on torpedo boats we carry a small
sized torpedo which Is fired from a
tube above the water level and which
drops under water after leaving the
tube. Up to the present time we have
not been able to make use of this
type on submarines, for the reason
that we must keep the gravity point
of the boat as low as possible. This
disadvantage is noticed when reload
ing the torpedo tube on submarines.
It requires the work of an excellently
trained crew to bring an 8,000'pound
torpedo into the tube correctly on a
moving'boat and within as small space
as Is available for the torpedo room.
Getting Ready to Attack the Foe.
After traveling for hoars we are ap
proaching the line of torpedo boats of
the enemy on guard against us and
now ,every precaution must be taken.
The order, "Clear for actioi^!" is go
ing through the boat Everybody at
his place has done his duty for. the
last twelve hours without rest and.
everybody knows that chances for
rest are not very frequent And yet
our captain takes care bf that he has
studied his maps and knows the depth
of the water. Orderis go through and
within fifteen seconds our boat is
she felt a sting on one cf her hands,
and'glancing at the meihber discov
ered she had received a severe cut In
vestigating she found the point of a
needle protruding from the baby's side.
With a pair of pliers she removed a
good-sized needle.
She recalled that nine months ago a
needle she had been using and which
she had placed with some embroidery
work on the crib where the. child lay
had disappeared. And she and the phy
sicians laid the infant'B cranky dispo
sition to teething.
Some of the members of the congre
gation who were lifelong friends of the
ousted minister said then that they
would not worship with another pas
The Shady Brook community is a
wealthy one, and Rev. M. Brauer's
friends soon raised enough money to
build a handsome church near the one
of which Mr. Brauer was formerly
The Brauer church has just been
dedicated and regular services are be
ing held.
Count Macchi di Cellere, Italian ambassador to the United States, her*
seen with his wife and two children.
slowly going down. The ballast tanks
have been opened, water Is pressed in
and produces our downward move
ment. Our Instrument shows a depth
of forty-five feet when we come to a
stop. All machinery is Investigated,
some members of the crew stay on
watch, the others are ready for a
warm meal and a rest. All this is at
the bottom of the ocean, the only safe
place for the submarine.
The food that is served consists of
canned goods.' Fork' and beans, pork
chops with gravy, heated on an elec
tric stove, and peas are serving as a
main food and also tea wfth lemon to
quench thirst.
After six hours of rest, now. orders
come, everybody takes his place, and
scion we notice on our Instrument that
we are moving, upward: The same
noise and the same smell of oil and
gasoline and the same vibration. By
pressing the water out of the ballast
tanks our slow upward movement has
been accomplished. We are speeding
ahead just below the surface. The
gas engines have been stopped since
we began our first diving movement
Destruction of the Destroyer.
After running at this depth at very
low speed for six miles we begin to
realize that the time Is near for en
countering one of the enemy's battle
ships. Carefully we are moving up
to get a glimpse through the peri
scope. At a distance of- five miles we
spy three torpedo boat destroyers of
the enemy. The moment has come
when our captain has to show his skill
as master of the submarine. He is
calculating the distance,.the speed and
the course of the enemy's boats. His
plans are made. We are going down
thirty feet within the next twenty
minutes it will be Bhown whether his
figures are correct Everybody Is
ready for action, every nerve, every
muscle Is strained for that which Is
coming, if may be a successful ful
fillment of our orders or it may be
death for. all of us. No sign of emo
tion is to be seen In the earnest faces
of the fellows. Every one Is at his
place. Orders are repeated so that
all may understand them. Levers are
pulled and pushed suddenly we are
moving upwards, the periscope is
reaching the surface and one look
convinces the captain that his calcu
lations were correct.
We are within 800 yards of the near
est destroyer. Our boat swings
around under water to a certain angle,
a signal goes through the boat and
the torpedo Is fired. After thirty sec
onds a terrible thunder sounds across
the ocean, roaring and dying out at
the horizon. We turn the periscope
and observe thick black smoke where
the destroyer has disappeared, some
wreckage being blown within fifty
yards of UB. The vessel had been hit
at its center and destroyed almost In
stantly. At the same moment shells
strike the water In our immediate,
neighborhood. We have been seen by
the two other destroyers. One shell
well aimed would make us pay with
our lives for what we have just ac
complished. Almost too long we tried
to watch the results.
The Return to Friendly Waters.
Within a few seconds our periscope
has disappeared and we are below the
surface in a depth of thirty feet We
have fulfilled our instructions and are
turning back. Once more we have to
avoid mines, and also the torpedo
boats which may try to pursue us on
our return. We are heading accord
ing to orders for the naval base at
W— to report the results of our trip.
Arriving in safe waters we speed
ahead above the water level. The
collapsible masts of our wireless appa
ratus are set up and a message is
flashed that we are safe and return
ing with good results. Once more the
crew has escaped the iron grip of
death, and the "candidates,for heav
en," the nickname given them in naval
circles, will spend a restful night in
the harbor after very little sleep for
the last fifty-two hours.
We enter the harbor with smiling
salutes to our comrades passing by.
A cheerful "Hurrah!" is given to us
by an outgoing submarine. We are
glad we are turning in, even If it ls
only for a short time. Tomorrow we
expect new orders and we shall be
ready again for our hazardous game.
Quilts Sixty Years Old.
Arbuckle, Cal.—John Howell, one of
Arbuckle's aged citizens, had a collec
tion of about two dozen, quilts out for
an airing, which are perhaps the old
est In the state! They are in perfect
condition, yet are now over sixty
years old, having been made by How
ell's mother at their home on the
Shenandoah river, in Virginia, twenty
miles from Harper's Ferry. His aunt.
Miss Ann McCormlck, also had a hand
in their-making.
Pearl In Mussel.
Bedford. Ind.—While' digging mus
sel shells near his home in. Boon
township George McCUntock found a
pearl that weighed 16 grams in a mus
sel taken from White river. The pearl
is valued at $350.
Resents Criticism of Hat
New York.—At the point of a hat
pin, Miss Anna Goldsmith, eighteen,
took two young men to a police st»
tlon for passing remarks about her
new hat
Awakening to consciousness after
an auto crash, 'Harry Thompson, Chi
cago commission agent, found Leo Es
tle and Harlan Letts lying lifeless .up
on the road ten miles west of Musca
tine. The three men were riding In
a Ford runabout when they struck'a
chuck hole in the road. Estle and
Letts, who are sons of prominent Letts
flamllies, were thrown through the
^windshield of the car, both receiving
broken necks. ^Thompson is. injured
Leon and vicinity' were visited by
a very severe rain' -and' windstorm,
about an inch of water falling in an
hour, and accompanied by a heavy
wind. No serious damage has -been
reported, however. While some trees
were blown down' and outbuildings
twisted from their foundations,' the
farmers generally welcome the rain,
since the dry weather the last two
weeks was beginning to affect the
meadows and small grain.
A small quick tornado struck the
southern part of Davis county and did'
considerable damage. The James
Graham barn at Savannah was torn
to pieces. A chicken house was
blown on Wallace Brunk, seriously
injuring the young man. Residence
roofs were lifted and scattered
throughout the path of the storm,
which was about one mile wide going
east and -west.
Jack Carter, a laborer, was arrest
ed charged with pouring oil on and
burning a bulldog owned by I. A. 'Ev
ans of Sioux City. The dbg ran from
Carter's house a living torch. The
Humane society is ipuShlng Carter's,
prosecution. With tail and moBt of
the hide burned off, the .dog still lives.
The offense is punishable by five
years' imprisonment.
Charles Messett,: a stone cutter in
the Algona Granite and Marble works,
has received Information by cabled
gram that his brother, a young man,
has died in the hospital in Boulogne^
France. He enlisted' at Picton, Ont,
and was wounded in the abdomen on
April 29 in fighting against the Ger
mans at Tpres.
The work of excavating for the
foundation of the new $50,000 storage
plant of the Northwestern States
Portland Cement company, which Is
being erected north of Fort Dodge, at
the plant of the company, has been
completed, and the structural work
Is to be started Immediately.
Judge Emlln McClain, former chief
justice of the Iowa Supreme Court
and more recently Dean of the Iowa
University Law college, died at his
home In Iowa City from apoplexy.
Judge McClaln's death has stunned
the University and Iowa -City, coming
as It did with such suddenness.
A movement, is Ob foot to try and
secure a fish reserve for Atlantic,
the movement
.toeing headed by D. W.
White, who is the deputy game war
den there. His idea Is that |he state
put a dam In the river there and
make a reservoir "which can be stock
ed with fish.
With the death of Capt. Leonard
Hallet Regur at his home near Ke
osauqua, Iowa lost one of its oldest
veterans of the civil war. Had Captain
Regur lived a month longer he would
have been 95 years old. He was born
in New York In 1820.
Asa result in a back yard quarrel
over a piece of. rope, a pall of boiling
Vater is said to .have been thrown
on Mrs. Albert Yost by Mrs. George
Jones, both of Nevada. A suit to re
cover damages amounting to 1730 has
been filed by the former.
The Ida Grove natatorium, the first
municipal pool in the state of Iowa,
has opened for its second season. Har
old Clark, a student of Leiand Stan
ford university, and a resident of Ida
Grove has been appointed custodian
and swimming master.
The Webster City Commercial
league, acting in conjunction with
the merchants of the city, will put on
a "Trade Booster Week." The date
Is June 1.4 to 19, inclusive. It Is the
intention of every merchant in the
city to hold special sales all week.
The Shenandoah Electric Light ft
Power company has Appealed to the
district court because the city coun
cil, sitting as a board of review on
April 29, raised the assessment of
the light plant from $26,000 to $75,-
Mrs. Julia Ann Snyder, aged 80
years, wife of J. M. Snyder, died, at
Norwalk recently. She had celebrat
ed her fifty-ninth wedding anniver
sary on May 4—
The rain and electrical storm In
western Iowa was quite destructive
In some places. Many cellars were
flooded at Glidden. The rain was gen
erally needed.
John W. Hawkins, formerly of Le
Mars, dropped dead of heart disease
at HarriBonvilie, Mo., where he had
lived during the past few years.
M. K. Smith, a prominent resi
dent of Ames, died suddenly at his
home there of heart failure. He was
stricken while at work in his garden.
H« had been engaged in the real es
tate business and served one term as
mayor of the city.
Fire caused by lightning destroyed
a barn and nine head of horses be
longing to Wray Logan and Harry
Jackson of Modale. The' loss amounts
to about .$3,000.
A1 Perry of Madrid, district game
warden for this section of Iowa, died
at the Oakdale sanitarium of tubercu
The contract was let for the con
struction of the new high school
building at Nichols. Twelve competi
tive bids were received, the lowest
being for $15,750. The new building
Will embrace departments in agricul
ture, domestic science, manual train
ing and will 'be one of the finest
school buildings in a city of its size
in Iowa.
Police of Iowa Falls have been un
alble to find afty of the friends or rela
tives of Lucy Butler, an apparently
demented woman found driving ah old
horse along the country road (between
Iowa Falls and Eldora.
The next big gathering In Water
loo will be the fifteenth annual camp
meeting cf the Seventh Day Adven
tlsts. They will come from all parts
of the "Btate. All of the buildings on
the Chautauqua grounds will be used
and in addition 150 tents will be pitch
ed. It is expected 1,000 visitors will
come, including the entire ministry
of the church In Iowa.
Three army officers are at Mason
City looking over a possible site for
a state rifle range. The site, which
is located jnst south of the city, is
regarded a favorable one by the
Baxter Bros, ft Co., one of the
strongest and most reliable financial
Institutions lu Ida Grove, were made
defendants in a damage suit Involv
ing $22,550 by an answer filed by
Johnson Bros., the attorneys for Lee
Grant. Baxter Bros. & Co. brought
suit to collect on a promissory note
given the bank by Grant. Grant be
came involved In a real estate deal
made in Kansas and to protect hlm
.self and the bank, he claims he gave
'the bank a deed signed by his wife
and himself, but with no description
-of property-or consideration therein.
Later the deed was reported lost by
the bank, but had been recorded with
Baxter's name entered in the blank
space. Grant avers in his answer
that he never gave any one authority
to make the transfer.
The recent ralnB were so heavy that
railroad lines lost many hundred feet
of track. Tlei Rock Island had 300
feet washed out at Minden, the Great
Western has a bridge out near Min
den, tracks on the Illinois Central are
soft near Denison, the Northwestern
had trouble near Woodlblne but was
able to care for the trains of other
.lines entirely put out. The loss from
live stock killed and damage to crops
was heavy, the greatest being to corn
being covered with mud, requiring
A new corporation has "been organ
ized in Creston for,the purpose of
constructing a railroad from Creston
to Arispe. The. Incorporators have
filed their articles with the county
recorder, designating the name of the
new corporation as the Creston Con
necting Railway company. The capi
tal stock authorized is $10,000, fully
paid up when issued.
An unidentified man was killed un
der a Northwestern train along the
right-of way near Lamoille. Parts of
his body were found strewn along the
track by a train crew'giving rise to
the belief that the man fell from a
freight train on which .he was steal
ing a,ride. 'Because of the- mangled
condition of the body, an accurate
description is Impossible.
All the farm buildings on the Hen
ry Miller farm of Arcadia township
near Manning were burned at a loss'
of $10,000, with -perhaps an insurance
of one-fourth of that amount. The
cause of the fire is unknown. The
pr.operty destroyed was all new, hav
ing- been built since a cyclone de
stroyed other buildings two years ago.
Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Maddy of Knox
vllle celebrated their 60th wedding
anniversary. They were married in
1855 at the home of her parents in
Marion county. Among the guests
were five children, 26 grandchildren
and five great grandchildren. Mr. Mad
dy is 84 and his wife 82.
Osage is a prosperous town in spite
of the effect of the war on other
places. There ia not a vacant house
in town and thorty-two new dwellings
are in the course of construction.
•Fifty blocks are to be macadamized,
contract for the crushed rock having
been let.
Conditions that have net been equal
ed in twenty years existed in Council
Bluffs when between eight hundred
and one thousand homes wer. with
out lights. The recent storm was the'
cause and the electric company im
Southern Iowa and northern Mis
souri suffered from' a Revere wind
and electrical storm. Thus far one life
Is reported lost. Lee Nixon, of Stock
port, while aiding his father to hitch
a team, was instantly killed by light
ning and the father was shocked.
Mrs. Herman Buschbom, living near
Lamoille, died from a kick of the fam
ily horse. When Mrs. Buschbom
alighted from the buggy, the horse
became frightened and kicked her
in the stomach, the rupture of three,
arteries resulting!
The auto owners of Wapello county
recently met at Ottumwa and organ
ized a county auto club. H. B. Pat
terson, a member of fhe board of su
pervisors, was elected president. Vic*
presidents for* the several townships
were also chosen.
Nine townships in Muscatine county
will have new culverts, according te
tentative action authorized by the
county board of supervisors. The
'approximate cost of the concrete lay
ing is $7042.30.
The body of a drowned man about
SO years old was picked up in the
river near Greene. It was dressed in
farmer's clothing and was in bad
condition. It Is
being held for the
coroner's Inquest unidentified.
Falling suddenly in a faint while
playing with her husband and chit
dren recently Mrs. Annie Douty of
Davenport struck her head against a
coal' chute and broke her neck, dying
Iowa' City received news from. Bat
tle Creek, Mich., of the death of C.
F. Ranck, former state senator from
that district, who passed away at a
sanitarium there.
The 3 year old daughter of Thur
man Ward, living nine miles west of
knoxville was severely scalded when
she fell Into a tub of scalding hot
Information against Elmer Goodell
of, Waterloo, acting deputy game war
den and others, has been filed-In jus
tice court. It charged illegal fishing.
Goodell pleaded guilty and was fined.
When" some of the people at York
town refused to vaccinate, the mayor,
C. W Mitchell, ordered the women
to keep In their- own homes as a
precautionary measure to stop the
spreaid ot smallpox, of which there
are three cases.
Sioux City has given up hope of
securing 60,000. So -far the count
stands at 57,000 and the census takers
do not believe another 1,000 names
can be, added to the list.
Mrs. Kate Heimanway, and two la
borers at Clio, Wayne county, were
severely -Injured in a cyclone which
swept over that section.
Although the supreme court, after
a long contested case in the lower.
court,. declared the consolidation of
rural schools at Ferguson, in Marshall
county, legal, voters have taken the
question to the polls again to make
sure that the sentiment now Is still
in favor of consolidation. The propo
sition was carried again 'by a major
ity ot twenty votes.
Fred Reinking of Crawford county
refused $500 per acre for his farm
of 133 acres adjoining the corporation
limits of Schleswlg. This offer was
made by Ed Meents. The farm has
$12,000 worth of improvements.
The first alfalfa week for a county
in Iowa ended at Hartley with Hart
ley day. Over 375 different farmers
were reached and fully 1,000 acres
of this great farm crop will be put In
this year. T. R. Douglas of Ames
did fine work and his efforts are ap
preciated by the progressive farmers.
Over 100 acres of sweet clover was
found in that county used as a farm
Miss Edith Davis, residing near
Bridgewater, was painfully injured
when a 22 calibre revolver, which she
waa handling, was accidentally dis
charged, the bullet entering her foot
Suggests That the Administration'
Will Lend Its Active Moral Sup
port to 8ome Man or Group
Who Can Rally People.
Washington,.June 4—President Wil
son on Wednesday served warning on
the leaders of the various factions In
Mexico "to act together and to act
promptly for the relief and redemp
tion of their prostrate country" or
the United States "will be constrained
to decide what means should be em
ployed in order to help Mexico save
herself and serve her people."
The president's statement Is ad
dressed to the American people.
"For more than two years revolu
tionary conditions have existed In
Mexico. The purpose of the revolu
tion was to rid Mexico of men who
Ignored the constitution of the repub
lic and used their powers in contempt
of the rights of ita people and with
these purposes the president of the
United States Instinctively and gener
ously sympathized. But the leaders
of the revolution, in the very hour
of their success, have disagreed and
turned their arms against one anoth
er. All professing the same objects,
they are. nevertheless unable or un
willing to co-operate. A central au
thority at Mexico City is no sooner
set up than. it la undermined and-Jta
authority denied by those who were
expected to support it.
"In these circumstances the presi
dent and government of the .United
States cannot stand indifferently by
and do nothing to serve their neigh
bor. They .want nothing for them
selves In Mexico. Least ot all do they
desire to settle her affairs for her or
claim any-right to do so.- But neither
do they wish to see utter': ruin come
upon her and they deem it their duty
as friends, and neighbors to lend any
aid they properly can to any instru
mentality which promises to be effec
tive in bringing about a settlement
which will embody the real objects of
the revolution—constitutional govern
ment and the rights of the people.
"It is time therefore that the gov
ernment of the United States should
frankly state the policy which in these
extraordinary circumstances it be
comes its duty to adopt It must pres
ently do what it has not hitherto done,
or felt at liberty to do, lend Its active
moral support to some man or group
of men, if such may be found, who can
rally the suffering people of Mexico
to their support in an effort .to ig-'
nore, if they cannot unite, the warring
factions of the country, return to the
constitution of the republic so long^ le.=
abeyance and set up a governjaent at
Mexico City which the great powers
of the world can recognize and deal
with, a government irith whom the
program of the revolution will- be a
business and not merely a platform. I
therefore, publicly '£atd very solemnly
call upon the leasts of factions in
Mexico to act together and to act
promptly fbr. ijjitf'.relief and redemp
tion of their prostrate country. I feel
It to be my duty to tell them that, if
they cannot 'accommodate thelr-dlffer
ences and unite .with .this'great pur
pose within a .yery shoirt time this
government will be constrainelLtp de
cide what means should' be employed
by the United St&tes. ln order to help
Mexico save hereelf and serve her
•arenst, Wlio Resigned After Chargee
of Disloyalty, Comes to America
'vS for Vacation. ,:
.New York, June 4.—Sir Edgar
Speyer, the English baronet who re
cently resigned his 'privy councillor
ship of Great Britain, divested himself
of other ofllces and honors and be
sought the prime minister to revoke
his baronetcy because of growing sug
gestions and charges of disloyalty to
the British crown, arrived in New
York aboard the American liner Phil
With Sir Edgar came his wife and
family. Before sailing from Liver
pool, May 26, Sir Edgar said he ex
pected to take the trip as a part of a
short holiday.
The steamer had, aboard 715 pas
sengers and the bodies, of eight vlo
tims of the Lusitanla tragedy.
Philip Klein, son of Charles Klein,
the playwright, who died when the
Lusitanla went down, was a passen
ger. Those aboard included also
Louis G. Dreyfus, American vlce-con
sul at Berlin and Raymond T. Baker
of the American embassy at Petro
When the Philadelphia left Liver
pool it avoided the usual sailing lanes.
10,000 Canadians Landed.
Ottawa, June 4.-—More, than ten
thousand Canadian soldiers were land
ed safely In! England during the'last
week, not a submarine being sighted.
There are now nearly sixty-five thou
sand Canadians with the allies.
Earthquake In Bavaria.
Amsterdam, June 4.—An earthquake
Bhock is reported from Munich, Ba
varia. The earth tremors began at
3:35 o'clock and were very severe, de
stroying Instruments In the observa
tory and shaking buildings.
To Protect Buildings.
London, June 4.—It is reported that
an agreement has been- arranged be
tween the British and German govern*
ments for the protection of specified
buildings. These buildings include
museums, churches and hospitals.
Turks Still in Retreat.
Petrograd, June 4. The Turkish
army in the vilayet of Van, Armenia,
is still retreating before the Russians,
It Is officially announced in a state
ment on operations on the Transcau
caslan frontier.
Russ Plan Road to Arctic.
Petrograd, June 4.—The council of
ministers has sanctioned the era
.struction of a railroad, to cost $8,500,
000, from* Kandalaska, in the province
of Archangel, across the Kola penin
sula, to the port of Kola, on the Arc
tic 'ocean. This new line will con
nect the Arctic with the railroad sys
tem ot Russia and give another out
let to a Russian seaport on the north.
The port of Archangel is more than
300 miles farther south than Kola.
Archangel is now opento navigation.
•••.•.• t.n,.-, -:t
2—DePalma .,
5—Anderson ..
4—Cooper ....
8—Burman ...
1—Wilcox ....
1S—Hughes ....
7—Van Raalte
MILES IN 5:33:55.50.
Dario Resta Is 8econd and Anderson
Third in Fifth Annual Internation
al Sweepstakes.
June 2.—Ralph
Palma, driving one of the most spec
tacular races ever seen on any Amer
ican automobile track, won the fifth
annual revival of the International
SweepBtakes 500-mile race at Indian
apolis on Monday when he drove his
Mercedes to victory over the classiest
field which ever has been seen in the
In winning the race, DePalma
clipped more than half an hour off
the old record, going the route la
5:33:55.50, an average of 89.84 miles
an hour. The old record was
6:03:55.50, an average of 82.47 miles
an hour, made a year ago by Rene
Thomas in a Delage.
Close behind DePalma came Dario
Resta, winner of the Vaaderbilt and
Grand Prix races this year. L«ss
than three laps separated these two
Italian rivals and the duel between
them bad been in progress all day.
It was DePalma's greater experience
and better racing brain that told the
DePalma virtually ran Resta to
death on two occasions, once when he
'was striving to regain a lost lead and
the other when Resta was trying to do
the same thing. On both occasions
DePalma jockeyed with his Anglicized
compatriot and on both occasions he
made Resta overstep the' bounds of
safety for himself.
America had to be content with
third and fourth places, Gil Anderson
taking third with a Stutz, while Earl
Cooper took fourth with another Stut^i
German Flyers Seen Over Suburba
and Nearby Towns— Many
Fires Reported.
London, June 2.—The official press
bureau issued the following announce
ment on Monday night:
"Zeppelins are reported to have
been seen near Ramsgate (fin the
Kentish coast, sixty-seven miles east
southeast of London) and Brentwood
^(seventeen miles east-northeast of
l*ndon), and in certain outlying dis
tricts of London. Many fires are re
Sported, but these cannot ^be absolute
ly connected with the airship visits.
Prior to giving out the Vfcmve com
munication the,a®olal'*TSress bureau
issued ^Sr^iiotrce reminding the news
papers that, in the interest of public
safety, no statement whatever should
be published dealing with places in
the neighborhood of London reached
by air craft or the course supposed
to be taken by them.
It was added that an admiralty com
munication would give all the Informa
tion which might properly be' pub
lished. ,i
Berlin Says Wsak Fores Was Driven
S\ Back From. San River—More
Prisoners Taken.
Berlin, May 31.—A reverse at the
hands of the Russians in the fighting
along the River San, ia central Ga
licla, la announced in the statement
from the war office on Friday. It la
•aid the Germans in the region of
Slenlawa, on the left bank of the
river, were forced back and lost s^x
cannon. The German positions, ac
cording to this announcement, were
not defended by strong forces.
In the district northeast of: Prse
mysl the Teutons are still progressing
favorably on both sides of the River
Wysznla. In addition to the booty re
ported May 25, about 9,000 additional
prisoners have been taken.
Petrograd, May 31.—Russian troops
have recaptured Urumiah, the impor
tant city of Persian Armenia, which
was occupied by the Turks several
months ago.
Wins Eastern Golf Championahlp.
Philadelphia, June 3.—Mrs. C. H.
Vanderbeck of the Philadelphia Crick
et, club won the championship of-the
Woman's Eastern Golf association at
the Merion Cricket club. After a poor
.start she turned in a score of 92 for
the day's round of eighteen holes.
The round was played In a heavy
Victory Won by the Wete.
Washington, June 3.—The convic
tion pf a Lowellville (O.) liquor deal
er for taking orders in Hettsville, Pa.,
in violation of the law was set aside
by the Supreme court as an improper
interference with interstate commerce.
5,806,532 In Gotham, Claim.
New York, June 3.—Enumerators
began a decennial census of the popu
lation of the state. It was estimated
that the count would show a total of
10,200,000. The population of New
York city was estimated at 5,806,532.
Mexican Famine Desperate.
Washington, June 2.—Bread riots
continue in Mexico City and the situa
tion is growing more desperate, ac
cording to foreigners reaching Vera
Cruz from the capital. Consul S111I
man reported to the state department
Germans Killed by Bombs.
Amsterdam, June 2.—Forty-four Ger
man soldiers were killed and thirty
wounded In a raid on the German
aerodrome at Gontrode, between Ghent
and Brussels. The raid was carried
out by two ot the allies' aviators.
U. S. Cruiser Aground.
Washington, May 31. Captain
Oman, commanding the United States
cruiser North Carolina, reported to
the navy department that his vessel
Is aground, but uninjured, inside the
outer harbor of Alexandria, Egypt
Danish Steamer Hits Mine.
Stockholm, May 31.—The Danish
steamer Ely struck a German mine in
the Baltic on Wednesday and sank off
Sooderarm. The crew was rescued
and landed at Norretelje. The Ely,
1.747 tons, was laden with coal.
Ninety Missiles Dropped by Teuton
Flyers Injure Many and Start Nu
merous Fires, Authorities Report-
Berlin Says Act is Reprisal.
London, June 3.—As a result of the
Zeppelin raid the anti-German riot
ing broke out again in London on
When It was officially announced
that German flyers had dropped 90
bombs, killing four persons. Injuring
others and starting many fires in the
attack, angry mobs surrounded thai
premises of persons suspected of be
ing of German nationality in Shore
ditch, and attacked the shops which
were smashed in the previous rioting
and had since been barricaded.
In one case the occupants fled when
the mob approached, and were pur
sued by the infuriated crowd.
A special constabulary has been
called out in an attempt to check the
In Pimllco Walk three shops were
attacked. A baker's shop In Pearson
street, raided a fortnight ago, was de
stroyed by an angry crowd composed
chiefly ot women.
The statement of the authoritlek on
the Zeppelin raid reads:
"Late Monday night about ninety
bombs, mostly of an Incendiary char
acter, were dropped from hostile air
craft in various localities not far dls-j
tant from each other. A number of
fires, of-which only three were large
enough to require the services of fire
engines, broke out. AH of them were,
promptly and effectively dealt witb.
The fires all were caused by the In
cendiary bombs referred to.
"No public building was injured,
but a number of private premises were
damaged by fire or water.
"The number of casualties is small,
so far as has at present been ascer
tained. One Infant, one boy, one man
and one woman were killed, and an
other woman was so seriously injured
that her life was despaired of.
"A few other private citizens were
seriously injured, but the precise num
ber has not yet been ascertained."
Berlin, June -3.—The official report
of the Zeppelin'attack on London fol
"As a reprisal for the bombardment
of the open town of Ludwlgshafen we
threw numerous bombs on Monday,
night on wharves and docks of Lon
don. Enemy airmen bombarded Ost
end, damaging some houses without
causing any other injury."
Officers Ordered by Washington
Get Companies' In Pink of
Three Przemyel Forts Stormed, Ra
dom Evacuated and City of Stry
*4 Captured by Teutona. ,l
Berlin, June 3.—Tremendous galas
against the Russians are announced
In reports available here on Tuesday.
These Includes Storming of three
forts before Prsemysl Russian evacu
ation of Radom in Poland 'capture of
Stry, south of Lemberg capture of
24,700 prisoners north of the Nlemen
in May total prisbneni taken on east
era front, 10,582.
An official German statement issued
here tells of the successful storming
of forts 10-A, 11-A and 12 west of Dun-,
kowlczkl, which constitute part of the
outer defense of Prsemysl, and of the
capture of 1,400 men, together with
eighteen heavy and five light cannon.
Chicago Woman Held for Espionage.
Milan, June 3.—Isabel Wade, thirty
seven years old, said to be from Chl
cago, is under arrest here. She la
charged with being the accomplice of
a Bavarian officer under arrest for
Ad Wolgast Given Beating.
New York, June 4.—Leach Cross
took Ad Wolgast, the Michigan wild
cat, on for ten rounds Wednesday
night at the St Nicholas rink and in
cidentally handed the old champion a
terrible trouncing.
Woman Gets High Degree.
New York, June 4.—For the first
time in Its history Columbia univer
sity conferred upon a woman the de
gree of doctor of laws. The recipient,
was Miss Louise Lee Schuyler, a phil
Joel Foster Pleads Guilty.
Mobile, Ala., June 3.—Joel M. Fos
ter, a millionaire poultry man of New
Jersey, entered a plea of guilty to a
statutory charge in the city court and
was fined $100. Foster was arrested at
a hotel with Delitah Bradley.
American Launch Fired On.
San Diego, Cal., June 3.—The Amer
ican fishing launch America arrived
here speckled with bullet holes re
ceived, the crew said, at Junta Ban
day bay, 12 miles southeast of En
senada, Lower Californa.
Big Freighter Torpedoed.
Liverpool, May 31.—The British*
liner Argyllshire, one of the largest
freighters afloat, was torpedoed and
seriously damaged by a German sub
marine off the Scllly islands. The ves
sel succeeded in reaching port
Village Destroyed by Fire.
Alton, N. H., May 31.—The village
of Gllmanton was almost destroyed
by an incendiary fire. Every tele
phone was put out of commission. A
church, school and several stores wet*
Denver, Colo., June 3.—Colorado
militia officers received special orders
from Washington to get their com
panies in the pink of condition and
immediately bring the equipment upi
to the required minimum standard,
In case of war Colorado would be ex
pected to raise the standard to the1,
maximum and put into the field 3,800?
men. Officers of the United States
army have been notified that they will
be court-martialed In case they discuss^
the war situation with anyone outside
the army service. General Chase said
Immediate steps would be taken to ful
fill the orders from Washington and the
desired equipment will be acquired at
once. .V

xml | txt