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TRIAL OF GAPTAIN
REED FOR BRIBERl Charges Against Former Commis sary at Manila Are Being Airod. IT LOOKS LIKE A CONVICTION IK itvcn tn Direct Mannc* Thnt IUmhI Iti'ci'lvitl Money—Ho I'lnlinotl It Whm to l*rotcot Another Ofllcor. M:iy 1.—The trial of ('apt. (unit's i\ Ktvtl, former (U'pot onmmis irv at Manila ami who was am'stnl about a fnrini&hi nm» fur aII»*Kt'tl par liripatinii in tho commissary frauds, cvas boijun yostonlay. ami bMa fair to 3ow!op into a rolebratnl case. «'apt. U(M-(1 is cli:irK»Ml with snlirititiK tuul ru ri'ivini^ liitls, and with uthiT otUvlal tntsooinnhu t. At tho ln.-ijinnlnt,- of tlie trial counsel :or tho defendant obj^t'trrt to the Jurls aii-ti«»n of tho "»urt. alh^ln^ that iimh'r an act promulgated in ll'»H of Vers of tho ivirulnr t*stabUshim-nt aiv Ineligible as nu'inbors of a ourtmar tial to try an ollu'cr of volunb'TS. Tho 3ifVnsv furtbtM* il«nU*d that a state of ivar oxistt'd Iti Manila at this time and alleged that tho provost marshal. (I«*n. .?*m. W. lavls. is unauthorized t' 1 oon- v*ene a perioral court martial, and inti mating that as lion. MaeArthur vir tually preferred the charges a^dnst ""upt. Heed, tho (»rilers dlreetin^ his trial by coiirttnarilal should rmno from Washington. Tho d"feus,. further oh jf.ted to the fart that several mem bers of tho eourt were of inferior rank to Capt. Re-d. All these objections wore overhauled, and the hearing testimony \vas begun. Aci'iiK«'l Major 1hv1». Mr. Sehin«ller, manager of the Al hambj'a ci^ar factory, testltlcd that In November 'aptaln Ueed had told him that Major !•••»». It, 1'avis, who was the :b pot commissary bef«»rft ('aptaia lb ed. but who was sent to the t'nite.i States on sick leave and whose nam- 1 appears upon the bonks of Kvans Co.. government contractors at Manlln. us the reeipi.'jit of $1.00(1. was $2.0^1 short in his accounts. Continuing. Mr. Fchindler tpstified that those having profit a h1*'» contracts with the govevrn inent were a*ked to assist In making goud Major lavis* defleb-n'-y. Schin dler g:a\'e Captain He'd $1.0f.O which was 2 1 per c»-m commission, on tho cigars sold to the commissary depart ment during tho ti'mo that Major I Mi vis was depot commissary at Manila. An oilier named Franklin, who was assistant commissaryy, testified to tho •'fTect that on March IS. and following the direction of a superior oflWr, he :«btaine«l $1.0o0 from Major lavls, and pahl this money ov»t to Schindler. Inspector (leueral Darlington testl that during th^ preliminary inves tigation of the commissary scandals '.'aptain Heed admitted tn him recov ering monov from Schindler and others, nnd gave as an «-xcuse that the money cu recuvcrod was Intended to cover Da* is' ef shortage. I,uini Sum and Oominl*#lon. IJeut. Hb'h.'ird Townlcy, of the navy, at pr»'? .-nt suporintendent of the Ma nila nautb-al scliool. tistllled that an the result of conference with Oapt. Ibed he went to se.-» Castle Bros., con iraitors, who supply Ihu commissary department with vegetables, etc., and want-'l tb'-m to give Capt. Hood $2.00» 2nd U« p»-r cent commission on all sales. «'astle 1'ivs. demurred to thii proposition. Hieut. Townley again went to Castle Hros., and this tim»j nly asked thorn for $-.00". Casth w» :e re!\n-tant to hand over thin sum. arid Townlev explained lhat c.-ipt. IbM-d was in a position Udvaru-e the i!jt«Tests of the firm, and that it would be advantageous to 'astle Hros. to oblige him. Lieut. Townb-y tostitied that lis further expiain»-d to Castle Hros. that "upt. Ho.'d might allow them the us»i «f government lighters, and p«»ssihly '•e less rigid in the inspection of good's purchased. Hi- ut. Townley said that :ie thought Capt. Heed was doing a noble thing in attempting to protect '.he charaeU»r »f a bmther olllcer. i!'i •i I si said that such transactions wer» not customary in the navy. When toss i|iiesilonod. Hieut. Townley said, rafter sheepishly, that he v.as not so sure he was doing right in taking tin? witness chair. His SiiHptcloa^ ArouHoit. Colonel Charles A. Woodruff, chief oi the subsistence department In Manila, explained the circumstances of Capt. Heed's appointment, and described the duties of the depot commissary, mt knowing whether the accounts of Ma J. Davis wove correct or not. Colonel Woodruff explained that on December tto Castle Hros. aroused hia susph ion by intimating that money was being collected by an (itlic.-r of ifie commissary department. Later Colonel Woodruff sent for Capt. Heed, who admitted ree.dving rebates for the purpose of covering the delinquencies of MaJ. Davis. Tlie testimony of Colonel Woodruff !s unfinished, and ether witnesses are •twaiting exainitiation. Lieut. J. W. Hasermann of the Thir ty-fourth infantry, is judge advocate of the court, and MaJ. Thomas L. Har tlngan of the Thirtieth infantry, iinl Capt. Charles II. Marple of the For in a a a to hc defendants. FIVE PERISH IN FIRE. 'lunbiiml :mu Wlfo itiui Three (,'hihlrea Cremated. MjSlIouston.Tex., April ho.—Job Cupping, ft- florist. Ills wife mid three ehlKlreii) were burned to deullt early ye.sierjity morning, and Mr. mid Mrs. Jeft Hop per were biully Injured in (Ire whkh •Jesiroyed livery stable and three I eskleiueM. A negro who wmh recently dlselmrgeci liy Ills employer Ik under arri-al charged ivith having .-uart.-il the lire. In the ruins were found the boil!.-a nf the victims, among them being infant which had been burn to Mun m. Copping during the progress of the 'Ire. Tin lire started In the livery stable, liver which several families lived. The building \v :s a mere shed, and was a mass of lhmies when the firemen jir ived. A crippled widow, Mrs. Thomp son, escaping from the building and sor,. escaped from the building and says tdie saw the Copping family run back into the!'- room from the hallway. That as the last seen of them alive. The Hoppers were cut off from escape by the stairs and jumped, Mr. llopni-r'a leg being fractured, and Mrs. jjupper ceielvlng internal injuries. :'WRECKECTBY*ROBBERS Dyiimmti' I scd to Open a Safe Destroy* store Ilnilding. 'Ashaliula. May 1.—Robbers early this morning blew open tho safe in the store of Richards and Herrlck. l-"lre qui'kly broke out after the ex plosion of dynamite. The building was totally destroyed, as was adjoining business houses. The loss Is $20,000. Vlie a nount secured by the robber's is unknown. Jiurllngtou Dividend. Hoston, April 2'J.—The directors of the I urllngton iailroud today declared a l'i\l!tml of per share for the Tour I iimitt ti.dliu' July %p CUBAfIS ARE SATISFIED. UrKlnlijr CmiTlnCP* Them No Trnnp» ^Vlll lie Spnt to tho hUml. New York, May 2.—T. Kstraila Palnm called on tho Cuban dolctatvs at the Fifth Avenue hotel Inst night and was In conference with them f'r over two hours. Nearly nil the mut ters which brought the delegates to tho United States were gone over. General falnm's views were ascertained and there Is reason to believe the question of a fitting candidate for the presi dency was brought up, and a possibil ity that Palina's selection was dis cussed. When asked for a statement (iencral Portuondo said: "A great stumbling block has been removed that Is all I can say." "What stumbling block do you mean?" was asked. Section 3 of the Piatt amendment," was the answer. "Cubans have been afraid of your armies. They fear what some call Imperialism. In section 3 it provided lhat the United States mav send troops Into Cuba whenever hi the opinion of Washington such action l:= necessary. This provision nwakein-.i wide spread suspicion. Many said It was only a pretext for the United States to continue a standing army in ftll time. The presence of soldiers, especially those of another people, cannot but be onerous and discomforting to us. Others said, al though the United States might with draw her forces now, she could, under this provision. Immediately send theni back again. It was perhaps magnill- .l in the eyes of the common people and tlie demanded, if these suspicion:* were well founded, that such measure should not receive our sanction. Hut McKlnley soon assured us that tlies suspicions were groundless. I'rrMltlcnl'fl Mitcwre AsHtiritncep. W' we said by this provision the United States had more jurisdiction over Cubn than over any one of its own states because In the latter case I understand national government cannot send troops into a state with out permission of the state govern ment, he said: 'Gentlemen, you need nave no fear. Troops will not be sent into Cuba unless conditions little less than anarchy prevail." "The president's answer so con vinced us thnt we could not but be impressed with his sincerity." "How do Cubans feel in regard to Independence?" was asked. "Ninety-nine per cent of our people," the general answered, "want Independ ence. They will not even listen to annexation. They want independence, absolute Independence. Now 1 do not mean Cuban people are not disposed to give Americans what they will need for their defense. If. the ijuestlon of Independence Is settled, all differences on tlv subject eliminated, everything else can be arranged. Hy Independ ence 1 mean sovereignty. We want to regulate our own international affairs but our preferences will be for Ameri ca to help, and support Cuba In case of need. I am sure the United States will grant Cuba Its desired Independ ence, and I believe Washington will soon announce to the world that Cuba is a sovereign power, and Cuba \vi in deed be a nation by February 24, lii02." A NATION OF PEACE. President McKiu'ey Talks to Loyal Alabama People on Nation's Position. In no other way. We never have gone to war for conquest, for exploitation ot Jor territory, bui always for liberty, hu manity, and In our recent war with Spain the people of the whole Cnited States, as one man, marched with the Hag for the honor of the nation to relieve an op }rei?scd peopie in Cuba. The rnitel States never acquired a foot of territory that has not been forever dedicated to liberty. I feel almosi like apologizing for having taken from you Joe Wheeler, but my compensation Is found In the fact that you have elected so distinguished a suc cessor to represent you." Secretary Hitchcock spoke brlctly. Mrs. McKlnley, called out on the plat form, was fairly deluged with roses and wild flowers. /'r M'fiOVERN STILL UK BEATEN The Brooklyn Terror Bests Oscar Gardner in Mechanics' Paval ion, San Francisco. San Francisco, May 2.—Terry Mc fSovern knocked out Oscar Gardner in the fourth round at Mechanics' pavil ion last night. From the first minute until the end came there was never a doubt In the minds of the spectators us to the outcome. McGovern forced the pace all through and had no trou ble in land when and where he lilted. Gardner's swings were very wild and ineffective, and only on two or three occasions did he put a dean blow upon the champion. Gardner took a terrific pummeling and went down repeatedly in the fierce assaults of the Hrooklyn terror. Jn the fourth round Terry landed half a dozen rights and lefts on face and body, and Gardner went down. He struggled to his feet only to go down again. Modern Fable The Ih Huntsvlllo, Ala., May 2.—The scenei attending the passage of the presidential train today were a repetition of those ol jesterday. Crowds at every way station cheered and waved to the passing train, and every farm house and cross roads had Its group of eager watchers. At Huntsville a stop of ten minutes was made. Apparently the entire population of the town turned out to weleoim* the president, 'I he president was introduced hy Judge Kichardson, Joe Wheeler's suceessor it: ct ngress. The president said: "I greatly appreciate and return to ali my thanks for a welcome so warm ami generous upon the part of the peopks, the members of the Grand Army of the Republic, the Loyal Legion and Confed erate Veterans wno speak their greetings to us as we pass through your beautifuJ city. If 1 have been in any sense the In strument in the hands of the people tc bring together tho north and the south] it is the highest distinction 1 could covet. am glud to see the boys in gray milting I lr. giving this reception. Once foes, now friends forever once with hostile arms In hands, now with affection in hearts: one for another both united In love am loyalty for the flag and land we love. are not a military' people. We are not dedicated to arms. \V«* love peace the United States never gn««s to war ex cept for peace and only where it can have Gardner landed one left on tho body, and the blow only served to irritate Terry, who came back at him with lefts and rights in a perfect shower. Gardner received a hard right fairly in the pit of the stomach and as he was falling Terry sent In a left to the Jaw which ended the fight. Gardner lacked steam and was very slow on his feet. On the whole his showing with the champion was dis appointing. The preliminary between Danny Dougherty, of Philadelphia, and "Kid" McFadden, of San Francisco, was a whirl wind afTair from start to finish. In the tenth round Daugherty sent Mc Fadden to his knees and while he was In that position struck him a light and unintentional blow on the face. The referee promptly disqualified Daugh erty. The decision was very unpopular with the crowd. William E. Channing: Evc-y human being is intended to have a character jf his own to be what no other is and to do what no other can do. of Matrimonial Game. When lie hacked up to the Soft Coal Stove in the Grocery Store and parted his t'oat-Tails and began to breathe Wisdom, every one else Sang Low, He would tftve the National Admlnistra- Hoti a sharp CallinK Down overy few ays. and If the City Council ordered uny Improvements thnt did not suit him, he spoke of Mio Body as a Passel of Lunkheads. He knew how to cure Slrinyhalt and Chilblains or make a Flax-Seed Poul tice or persuade a Hen to Lay or get the Wi^tfle-Tails out of Uain-Wuter. lie Hked to pro]) himself up against a Feme and t.ivo Orders to some one who was trimming a Sh:ule Tro«\ He- fore any of the Neighbors sowed any Grass Peed or made Garden or put a Foundation under the House, they al ways went to Cncle Silas to get a few Tips as to how thew ought to go at It. If they failed to do so, he would come and lean over the Gate and give them the Cackle and tell them they were not doing it right. Uncle Sllus could guess how many Hands high a Horse was, and lie knew what kind of Halt to use for Goggle Eyes and that Corn ought to be Plant ed In the Dark of the Moon. As a Weather Prophet he was Old Light ning. If McKinley hud listened to Un cle Silas there wouldn't have been any Trouble In the Philippines, and as for that Nicaragua Canal Tomfoolery he said he'd be Switched if he had'i't saw through it from the Start.. Uncle Silas was just as Spry as a Sparrow ami Sharp as any Steel Trap. A good many Young Folks came and squatted at the Feet of Uncle Silas so as to get Truth in the Original Pack age and he never Spouted more co piously then when ho was holding forth to the Fledgelings. In fact, the Young er and more Sappy tho TJsteners the more elaborate was his Discourse. Among those who came to the Free Dispensary to get the benefit of Uncle Silas' vast Experience was a certain He-Belle who had been Girling for five or six Years, and was about ready to do something Desperate. "I want your Advice," he said, after had given the living l.andmark a sallow Cigar that had been wrapped by Exposure. "1 have got some Money in the Bank and a nice Position that may eventually develop Into a Job. I think 1 can support a Wife ill the Style to which she has been accustomed, pro viding flic has not been accustomed lo eery much, but: before shutting my Eves and doing the Plunge, I thought 1 would get your Opinion lis to the Move. I you consider it a AVIse i'lay?" Uncle Silas looked at the Young Man nut of the Tall of his Eye and Chortled |-.nowingly. "The Smooth citizen never gives Ad vice on Family Matters." auJd the Sage. "I am ready to Gas freely on most Top T'S, lint when it conies to a Question of commit ting Matrimony, that Is where 1 begin to Hack unil Fill. I am like my old friend Ben Franklin who told the Inquirer that every Man sooner or lat er come:: to the Parting of the Ways. He must choose between the broad and easy Path that leads to Single Misery mid the straight and narrow ltoad that, leads to Married rnhappiness. As Hen expressed it, no matter which Way the poor Fellow heads, lie will he Sore, now and then, that he did not take a t'hance of the other Route, lien opined that every Married Man al some time or other has a low, well-concealed, sneaking Desire to be Free, and every .11! r'ase-hardened, weather-beaten Old Hachelor occasionally runs into a lone some Streak when lie feels that he would willingly give Ten Years of his misspent Life to have just one chubby Darling to patter out to meet lilin in the Evening and call him 'Pup.' Mat rimony Is such a long contract and has so many Ups and Downs that some times It seems a sure Winner to those on the Outside, and again it is envel oped In a Blue Fog for those who have to Put Up with it. When any one usks ine whether he had better Tie Up or not, it is only my superior Foot-Work that enables me lo dodge the Issue. It I were to tell you to assume a Business I'tlsk, you would know In a little whtle whether you had made or lost. Hut If I get behind you and give you a hard Shove toward the Married State, you will be kept Guessing for Years as to whether meant it as a Good Turn or was trying lo Do you. Let us suppose that some Day 15 or 20 Years from now you come Home to find that the Furnace has flickered, tho Cook has done the Vanishing Lady Act, two of tho Children have the Scarlet Hash and the Better Half Is AVceping Softly and seems to think that yuu are to blame for all the Trib ulation. You escape lo the Cellar and throw Hard Coal at yoursc-lf for a while and then suddenly you remem ber that it was 1 who advised you to Marry and Settle Down, Thereupon you hurry to a Hardware Store and buy one of those Carpenter Pencils, that makes a wide Mark, and you go out to the Grave-Yard and write In sulting Kenmrks all over my white Heud-Stone. And it would be just us bad If 1 advised you not to take the Fatal Step. The Time would surely coine when you would be laid up in some Vermicelli Joint, suffering from indigestion and what Is known as Ho tel Melancholy, and then you would moan something about 'Of all Sad Words of Tongue or Pen,' and say: Ah, I might have been cozily domiciled in a Cheery Cot, reading Ghost Stories lo my own little Kiddles this very Ni^ht, if It had not been for that Unclc Silas and the tiy GHOKGE ADE. CopyriglitoJ, 1901, by Ilobart Howard ltus .oil. A decrepit Old Settlor commonly known as Uncle Silas, had Riven up all Manner of Employment except to Peg around and tell other People what to do next. Jle was one of tlieso County Seat Oracles. hoary old Fraud who steered me away from getting Married. So you see I have an Elegant Chance to satisfy you, no matter what I tell you to do. The trouble is that we have otfr Oft Days, whether we are Married or Sin gle. A Man cannot get up every morn ing and strike Concert Pitch the first Pull across the Strings, no matter how desirous he may be to keep Har mony. Again, after a Man has been' Tied Up for a while, he begins to re call the Bright Spots In his Career as a Hachelor, and he Is prone to Imagine that all the Unmarried Hoys are hav ing one long crimson Picnic, being Fancy Free and unhampered by Re sponsibilities. On the other hand, the male Hold-Over who occasionally re ceives an Invite to Dine with a Family gets a Flash of Domestic Bliss under the most favorable Conditions, and goes back to his substitute for a Home, feeling that a Hachelor Existence Is a Dog's Dlfe at the best." "Then a Man cannot be happy, no matter what Programme he «nder tukesV" usked the Young Man, in a discouraged Tone. "Legal Ceremonies and a change of Hoarding Houses do not greatly modi fy our Prospects for having more or less of a Good Time in this Life," re plied Uncle Silas. "You sec, every Man lias about so many Kicks coming, and he has to use them up, whether he Is Married or Single. When we are slightly Off our Feed, we are likely to Imagine that what we haven't got and can't get is the One Desirable Thing. Thus we have the diverting Picture of the Benedicts sitting around In Envy of the Bachelors, ..ilo those who are playing Lone Hands feel that they would he much better off with Part ners. 1 couldn't rig up a Policy for you that would not cause me to be dis liked at times. I think that you had better go out and Shake Dice with yourself to find out what you want to do. Hut no matter what your Course may be, you want to remember that there are Cloudy Days in all Latitudes and no matter how well-fixed we may neem to others, there are Moments when we would fain jump our Envi ronments." "Perhaps I had better go it Blind," suggested the Bachelor. "Most People do," said Uncle Silas. "A Leap in the Dark may land you in a Patch of Canadian Thistles or a Bed ot Hoses, but no matter where you bring up will get used to it." MORAL: Always advise a Friend to do what you are sure he is not going to do. Then, if his Venture falls you will receive credit for having warned him. If it succeeds, he will be happy in the Opportunity to tell you that you were Dead Wrong. THE NICER WAY FOR FUNST0N. Afternoon Ton I'ltit fur Detaining Agilln filt'o Would Havo llouii Uetter ThkIo, E. S. Martin in Harper's Weekly: The ethics of General Funston's cap ture of Aguinaldo are much In dispute by the doctors of conduct. General Funston, to gain access to Aguinaldo, used forged letters and dressed him self and Ills men in Filipino clothes. Mr. Cramrnond Kennedy wrlles from Washington to the Evening Post quot ing various authorities to support the opinion that this was not justtflablet warfare. His citations, however, from our government's rules of warfare, and General Halleck's book of International law, give the Impression not so much that exploits like Funston's are dishon orable, as that, being outside the rules of war, they are excessively hazardous. Of course spies and perfidious Intrud ers, If caught, are not prisoners of war, and are not entitled to treatment as such. If Funston and his comrades had been caught and hanged, there would have been nothing to complain of. They took the chance of that, and won. That they did anything worse than spies are used to do Is not ap parent, and the most scrupulous gen erals use spies when they can. Mis use of a llag of truce is dishonorable In war, but not lies and strategies in gen eral. Spying and imposing on the cre dulity of the enemy Is, of course, dis tasteful to gentlemen, but there Is a great deal in war that is distasteful to gentlemen. Any general who is en gaged in war will tell you that war seems still to be indispensable to civ ilization, but it isn't nice, and there is no longer much pretense that it Is, though some soldiers make a little pret tier work of It than others do. A nice way to have caught Aguinaldo would have been to Invite him In to afternoon tea. and put beeswax or some adhesive substance on his chair. That would have been in better taste than General Funston's way, If only It could have been made to work. General Funston, if he needs to be consoled for catching Aguinaldo, will have the solace of knowing that there Is very little that we have done so far In the Philippines that the doctors of conduct have been able to approve. Perhaps now that Aguinaldo is caught and the other Filipino leaders, are sur rendering, it may be possible to make our actions accord better with our magnamlnity and benevolence than heretofore. SPINSTERS HOLD A CONVENTION Gathering of Old MallH In Jer»ej Town to Moralize on Their State. New York Sun: A "Ministers Con vention of Unclaimed Blessings" was called at Bayonnc, N. J., last week In aid of a local church and It drew a large attendance. The hostess wore a gown of blue-fig ured silk and a poke bonnet. She sang "No One to Love Kone to Caress" in a manner to move the most callous bach elor to tears. The president read a convincing paper on "The Eligible Men In Our Church," which seemed to touch those persons differently. The secretary's gown had been In her fam ily seventy years, and she so announc ed, though she didn't say how long she had been in the family. Other members of the convention in ringlets, chintz, yellow satin and poke bonnets sang respectively "Why Don't the Men Propose, Mamma?" and rqp.l papers on "Woman's nights," and "Roles for Ladles in First-Class Ho tels." A male professor was on hand with a machine called "the Remodel scope." which worked wonders on the wall flowers, and as a result of it all the church received substantial finan cial benefit. "A gush of bird song, a patter of dew, A cloud and a rainbow's warning, Suddunly sunshine and perfect blue— An April day In the morning." L0N8 LIST NAMED. President McKlnley Annanncet NameroH Appointments* Washington, May 1.—The president yesterday made the following ap pointments: Consuls—Clias. II. Egbert, Illinois, to itate of Durango, Mexico Geo. W. Colvln, Oregon, to Barranqullia, Co lombia. Chief Engineers, with Rank of Brig adier General—John W. Barlow, Geo. L. Gillespie, Henry M. ltoobert. Judge Advocate Generals, with Rank of Brigadier General—Thos. F. Barr, Jphn W. Clous, Geo. B. Davis. Judge Advocate, with Rank of Col onel—Geo. B. Davis, Edward Hunter. Judge Advocate, with Rank of Lieu tenant Colonel—Jasper N. Morrison, Enoch H. Crowder. Judge Advocate Generals, with Rank of Major—John Blddle Porter, Arthur Murray. Captain of Cavalry—Casper H. Con rad, Jr. Second Lieutenant of Artillery Corps —Robert F. McMillan. Brigadier Generals of Volunteers— Merrltt Berber, Tasker H. Bliss, Oscar F. Long, John B. Ballance. Surgeons of Volunteers, with Rank of Major—Wm. D. Bell, Harold L. Cof fin, Chas. L. Furbush, Samuel C. Dekraftt. Assistant Surgeons of Volunteers with Rank of Captain—Richard 8. Grlswold, Michael E. Hughes. First Lieutenant Thirty-ninth Volun teer Infantry—Charles S. Frank. Second Lieutenants Thirty-ninth Vol unteer Infantry George W. Wilklns, Lewis Bradley, Arthur T. Packwood. Second Lieutenant Forty-fourth Vol unteer Infantry—Warren Windham. First Lieutenant Twenty-sixth Vol unteer Infantry—Hilden. Olln. Second Lieutenant Twenty-sixth Vol unteer Infantry—Jay II. Hennlng. Navy: Passed Assistant Surgeon, with Rank of Lieutenant, Junior Grade—Ed V. Armstrong. Boatswain—Dennis J. O'Connell. Indian Agent, Fort Apache Agency, Arizona—Cornelius W. Crouse. Commissions were made out for James Allen Enoch H. Crowder and Robert L. Hughes in case vacancies oc cur in the list of volunteer brigadier generals whllo the president Is away. In the army Appointments announced yesterday Enoch H. Crowder is made a brigadier general of volunteers and a lieutenant colonel. He secures the latter promotion by the retirement of Generals Lleber, Barr and Clous. Tho appointment as a brigadier general of volunteers is a compliment given him for services In the Philippines. This position he will hold until July I. Col onel Crowder has been longer In the Philippines than any other officer of prominence. Major Stephen W. Groes beck, whose name does not appear In the list today, will be promoted to lieu tenant colonel. The question whether the detail of Colonel Davis to be Judge advocate general under the reorganiza tion law creates a vacancy is yet to be decided. Of the other brigadier generals of volunteers announced today. Gen. Bliss is of the commissary department and had been collector at Havana since its occupation by the United States Gen. Allen Is of the signal corps, and has a record for good work during the Spanish war and since in the Philippine*. Gen. Ballance is a major In the adjutant general's depart ment at Manila. Gen. Howze is lieu tenant colonel of the Thirty-fourth volunteer infantry. With respect to the office of chief engineers, the following general plan of succession will be followed: Gen. J. M. Wilson, the incumbent, will re tire on his own application next Wed nesday. Col. Henry Mr. Robert and Col. John Barlow will be made chief of engineers successively, and Immediate ly retired. These retirements will make Col. Peter C. Haines, now at tached to the Isthmian canal commis sion, the senior officer in the corps of engineers. He will be made a briga dier general in the line in the army before his statutory retirement in July, 1904, but the new chief of engineers will be Col. Geo. L. Gillespio, who will enter upon the duties of that office by viext Monday at the latest, and retain It until retirement in October, 1905. CUBANS ARE SATISFIED. tir. Portuondo Tnlki of the Conference In \V»Htiluff ton. New York, May 1.—"Even annexa tion might be acceptable to Cuba, If It came after independence," said Dr. Rafael M. Portuondo, a member of ths delegation from the Cuban national convention to Washington, last night. For forty years she has fought and bled for independence. That once at tained and she would agree to any fair demands America could make." General Portuondo was eloquent In expressing his satisfaction with the re sult of the mission to Washington. "There was a misunderstanding," hi said, "and now, for us at least. It has all been cleared. The trouble was with the Piatt amendment. Many Cubans suspected It. They did not know what it meant. Tliey doubted the motives that lay behind it. Not that they thought It might be unfair to Cuba only, but to the United States. The explanation gtven us at Washington was plain and dispels our doubt. None of us can now question the honesty or impugn the fair-mindedness of the sen ate. To be sure their terms Is th« amendment which cannot be adopted, but I think a great deal has been ac complished." Asked how long it wouhl take to es tablish a Cuban government, Portuon do replied: "Not less than ten months. There must be conventions and elections be fore the electoral council, which chooses the president, is selected. That will all take time, and I think we shall feel satisfied of our government is set in motion by February 24, netxt year. That, you know, is our Fourth of July. The anniversary of our rise against Spain." EXPLOSION KILLS FIVE. A Fatal Disaster at Conl Mine* at Aniv •on, I. T. South McAllister, I T., May J.— Five miners were killed outright yes terday, seven others were burned se riously and one is missing, the result af an explosion at the coal mines at Anderson owned by the Choctaw, Okla homa and Gulf railroad, and operated by the McAllister Coal company: The dead: EMANUEL TAYLOR. JOHN CLARK. AVILEY CLARIC, all colored. AN DREW PEOZOLI. DOMINE WESULITY. The last two named are Italians. Injured: Ed Andrews. Pat Woods. Paul Saulaelc. Moses Merrltt. Three other men, names unknown. Missing: Joseph Petronisti. Shamrock Kan on Mudtmnlr. Glasgow, April 29.—It transpires that Shamrock II. grounded on a mud bank near Dumbarton, while proceeding sea tward Saturday. She was floated In the course of an hour and It Is believed she was uninjured. Gold Exports. New York, April 29.—Kuhn Loeb A Co., will ship ^250,000, and Heidelbach Ichelhelmer & Co., $1,500,000 in gold to Germany tomorrow. Keoeleu jls* U. Ik Hlnlitw. Budapest, April 29.—Emperor Francis Joseph today granted a farewell audience to retiring Minister Harris, and subse quently received the new United States minister, Robert 8. McCormlck. who pre sented his credentials. MODERN WARFARE IS LESS DEADLY Battlefields Not Piled With the Dead of Slaughtered Armies as in Ancient Times. TEW WEAPONS ARE MORE HUMANE Fighting Is Carried on at Greater Distance and a Defeated Army Can Now Beastly Escape C'v'i Annihilation. When men get so near together that they cannot run away with any chance of escaping they must either kill or bo killed. Hence the same instinct of preservation which nowadays makes a man a coward made him in the old historic days a hero, says the Satur day Review. Whole armies and tribes perished in the Homeric combats of antiquity. When your foes stood but a few yards from you to turn your back meant to give him the opening to deal a death blow for which he was watching, and to run away was, there fore, more dangerous than to face him. In the days of Eugene and Marlbor ough, although villainous saltpetre had asserted its supremacy, it took a long time to load and Are a musket, and the bayonet and broadsword were the surest means of destruction. Cold steel was the stanchest ally even tip to the early days of the present century, and t.o "give them the bayo net" the most favored tactical device of our peninsular generals. Brown Bess was ineffective at 100 yards, and to hit a haystack at half that? range was as much as the soldier had any right to expect. Thus armies, when they drew together for a fight, had to come to the closest quarters to gain any important, or far-reaching result. Not, so near together, perhaps, as were the antagonists of a century before, but far more within the reach of one another than were the French and Germans in 1870. The vanquished could not escape so easily as in that last campaign, and in accordance with experience, although it took longer to effect tlje slaughter, the piles of dead were higher, tlierefore, in the earlier than in the latter days. At Zorndorf one-half to one-third of the total forces engaged were either killed or wounded at Marengo one-quarter were left on the field at Borodino the blood of one-third dyed the Russian snow. The invention of rifled guns and muskets reduced the losses at Splferino to one-eleventh, at Konnig (Tatz to one-fifteenth, while even the chassepot and mitrailleuse did not bring the total at Gravelotte to more than one-eleventh of all the forces en gaged. IVili Re Few Omdurmnns. Yet, In spite of the testimony of sta tistics such as these, our newspapers l*ave lately been filled with the most sensational paragraphs as to the hor rors modern war will bring with it, and the headlines covering the poten tialities of our newest weapons have been positively nauseating. It seems to be imagined that because 25,000 der vishes were killed and wounded in a forenoon the other day therefore wc ^way expect a similar holocaust every time a bataille rangee is accepted. The circumstances under which these gal lant lives were lost, seem often lost sight of, and the smallncss of otir own losses appears to convey iio meaning to the sensation mongers. It might have been supposed that the lessons of the war in Thessaly would have, had some steadying effect- on the perfervid imaginations of our journalists. There we saw modern weapons and appli ances also brought into the field, magazine rifles, breechloading cannon made by the indefatigable Ilerr Kvupp, shrapnel shells and the whole paraphernalia of destruction which are to turn the battlefields of the fu ture into abattoirs. Yet, as happened on another celebrated occasioh, "no one (comparatively speaking) seemed one penny the worse!". The unspeak able Turk has seldom indulged in bloodshed so abstemiously as at Do mokos. The valiant Greeks made no hecatombs such as caused the coil to reek in the old classic days. Easily-ISxplainoi Anomaly. The anomaly is easily explained. Both parties knew the deadliness of the other's armament., and, like many of the opponents in the old dueling times, the nerves of both were more or less influenced by what they knew. A few hits were enough to make tlieni keep their distance. The guns never dared to move into decisive range, and when one side had done enough to sat isfy Its sense of self-respect it made a strategic movement to the rear. Long range fire, both from rifles and guns, had an exceptionally good oportunity for exhibiting its destructive effect, and these weapons were as efficient as those in the hands of any army at the time. But it is not by armament that wars arc decided the personal element is still the predominant one, and the flesh and blood of the soldier is not to be steeled or hardened by any me chanical process such as may be ap plied to plates or gunbarrels. The men at Domokos did not shoot well because they were themselves being shot at, and because the officers had not the same control over those in the ranks that our officers on the Nile possessed over the men they had trained. No doubt at Omdurman both British and Egyptians were being shot at, too, and many a bullet found its way into a brave man's body, but the men actu ally shooting were comparatively lit tle hit, and if the bullets which sailed over the heads of those in the firing line found victims in the rear, those in front did not kno\y of it until the battle was over and the victory won. When your enemy does not get nearer than half a mile away, it is easy to keep your head, to feel confident, to aim deliberately, especially if you know that you are supported by powerful artillery while he has none, and if you are certain that the weapon in your hand is infinitely superior to Birthplace of the 1'olnto. Chicago Record: Peru is the birth place of the potato, which was used as an article of food by the Ineas and ex ported to Europe by the Spaniards when they took over quinine bark and named it in honor of the countess of Chincon, whose husband at that time was viceroy. The Indians had used the mark for medicinal purposes as long as any one could remember, but this noble lady was the first- Euro pean to test its efficacy, and it proved so excellent a cure for the malaria which saturates the atmosphere of Lima that she induced the Jesuit fa that whlth your enemy Carries, Con* elusions hastily drawn from the re sults arrived at under such conditions are to he.acpepted with caution, and we shall do well to considerably cur tail the estimates made as to the fu ture by the sensation mongers. More mischievous than anything:: cl.-o, however, is the prominence which has been given to the performances Of the high explosive shells which were for the first time tried in war last autumn on the Nile. Wc have cause for congratulation as to the results of what may most profitably be regarded as an interesting experiment. Until they liad been thoroughly tested the doubt was not so much whether heavy shells full of high explosives would or would not do considerable destruc tion, but as to whether they could safely be fired at all. Such shells may easily prove more dangerous to friends than foes, anil should one explode pre maturely in the weapon firing it, the disastrous effect would not end even with the complete destruction of the. gun or howitzer and the men in tho neighborhood. Not a man, after such a catastrophe, would be got to handle such ammunition with confidence. The nerves of all in the battery using it would be in a state of tension, and their own weapons would be held in greater terror by tho detachments than those of the enemy. It.- is some thing, therefore, that, no accident oc curred, and it is also satisfactory to find that the destructive effect of the great shells among buildings is as con siderable as was expected. Warfare of llie Future. But heavy pieces of ordnance and weighty shells conveyed up a great waterway in vessels, and landed on the side of a wide river, sccure from at tack, to bombard buildings on the Other side, by no means supply an il lustration as to field warfare in the future, or at least- not one which we can regard as convincing. In an ab normal situation they accomplish what was expected from them, and de serve all credit for doing so, but we must none tlie less protest against the misleading lessons which are offered to the public by those who delight to make capital out of the latest novelty. We will do well to remember the pre dictions years ago as to "Greek fire," the vaunted prowess of the mitrail leuse and the appalling anticipations as to the Zalinski gun. Men, it is fairly Bafe to prophesy, will not be blown away in whole battalions in any campaign of the immediate future. While science on either side will neu tralize itself, nerve, pluck, courage, or whatever it may be called, will turn the scale, and he who in the future forgets human nature when making his calculations will be a pedant rather than a general, and will fall as: ignominiously in the most modern battle as other pedants have failed in the closely locked struggles of the olden time. What we know of the destructive powers of modern weapons should encourage us to foster and develop dis cipline and careful training, just as in the past the great leaders studied to bring them to perfection. If the man behind it can~keep his head, the new est gun and rifle will indeed be form idable, but if no stout heart beats be hind the butt, bullets will skim aim lessly and innocuously into space, and a panic-striken herd with empty pouches will be slaughtered by cool, disciplined soldiers, just as Alexan der's well-drilled phalanx made havoc among the Persians, Caesar's legions scattered the Gauls, or Kitchener's well drilled battalions shot down tho brave dervishes. SPIRITS HELP A MINER. They Loll Peter Martin to a Gold Mine Unit Made lilni IMcli. To be led to a gold mine through the agency of an unseen spirit would convert almost anybody to spiritual ism, says the New York World. Even young Peter Martin, of Sail Francisco, admits this, although he is the least credulous of beings. A few weeks ago Mr. Martin was a rich and contented young man, whose thoughts had never dwelt on tlie possession of a gold mine, and who hardly realized that there were such things as spirits and mediums in the world. Now he is the owner of a newly discovered gold mine, and will tell you that mediums area very remarkable class of persons. One day Mr. Martin met on the street George E. Hall, the Turkish consul, llail suggested a visit to a medium as a diverting way to pass the afternoon. They went, and the me dium told Martin and his friend their names, histories, seerets and a great deal more besides. Among other things he told Martin that he was about to strike a rich mine on some property lie owned. Martin laughed heartily at the absurdity of it.. The next week the young man started off on a ramble through Southern Cali fornia, and just for flie fun of the thing visited his ranch in tlie San Diego mountains. A big ledge runs through this prop erty. He found great excitement pre vailing over the discoveries just made along this ledge. They had found a quantity of apparently rich ore. Mr. Martin got mining men to investigate, and they reported that tlie ore was syl vanite, very like the Cripple Creek ore. Mr. Martin believes that he has every reason to expect the develop ment of a new Cripple Creek on his own land. Since then Mr. Martin tried to find the medium who told him the wonder ful story and cross-question him a lit tle, but he has disappeared. Tlie Man Willi tlie Hoe. Catholic Times: Millet's "Angelus" shows what the "man with the hoe" could be if religion alone were his friend. The church is far indeed and the angelus faint, but they hear it! Pierre and Susette are not brother to the ox. Their bodies are toil-worn and hardened, it- is true, but their souls are akin to the sera phim, and they know it. Their heads are bowed low, but their hearts are lifted high, whereas Markham's pic ture shows well what the "man with the lioe" beconics when religion fails to stand between him and "the world's blind greed." thers to recommend it to tlie medicos of the old world. These wise oirl chapi sent it to Spain and Italy, and it if said that one of the first doses of qui nine that was evor administered in Eu rope was swallowed by the pope. The unregencrate potato, which is still found in a wild state among the moun tains of Peru, is a delicate vine which bears a fruit about the size of a plum and as yellow as an orange. Cultiva tion has increased its size and im proved its flavor. Flattery and fool's foo:l ara both fashioned out of the same cook book.