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VOL. 34 St. John Items. BY MAC. Mrs. Lock wood and Wilds were calling on St John friends on last Friday. Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Denton •isited their daughter in Council Bluffs on Sunday last. Robert Kirkland made a busi ness trip to Omaha last Monday. Wm. Jones Lad the misfortune to loose apart of one of liis fin gures while working with a thresh* ing machine last week, James Hatcher, once a resident of this place, bat now living in Kansas, is here visitiug his sister, Mrs. J. M. Smith. Mr and Mrs Means, accompa nied by a Bon and daughter-in-law are visiting with A Deal and family. Mrs Means is a sister of Mrs Deal they reside in Wayne county, Iowa. Thomas Denton and Geo. Cox had quite an exciting time fnr a time last Tuesday night. They found a horse and buggy in some high weedB near their barn, and soon discovered the supposed own er asleep in the barn loft. On rousing him up he pretended to be drunk and run out of the door and fell ten or twelve feet, and claimed to be pretty badly hurt. Mr. Denton and Cox took the man and rig over to the Valley and tur ned them over to the City Marshal. A Cclntosh has 75 peach trees in bearing this year—we have sampled them and found them to be very fine flavored, better than those shipped in from other parts he is selling them at two dollars per bushel, which will pay well for the use of the ground for the three years waiting for a crop. Mrs Denton and Mrs Julia Car ter and son, of Leon, Kansas, are visiting relatives in St. John and vicinity. Harry Boise and Earl Edge come were calling in St. John on laBt Wednesday. We caught tbe boys raiding our plum orchard, but they fixed it up -vrr BO mention it. we will not Crop Bulletin, For week ending Sept. *.», 1001. DES MOINES, Iowa. The week was dry and warm, clos ing "with lower temperature and wide ly distributed shewers Saturday night and Sunday, the largest amounts of rainfall being reported from stations In the central and northren districts. The rain was greatly needed, and will be beneacial to potatoes, pastures late garden truck and to facilitate plowing and fall seeding. Late corn has been making unusal rapid progress toward maturity, and with continued favorable weather the bulk of the crop will be in shock or beyond danger of harm by moderate froBts by the 80th. In ptrtions of the southern and eastern districts about one-half of the corn acreage has been cut and shocked, and the work of cut ting is in progress in all sections. £xcept in favored portions of the northern sections pastures are very dry and short, and stock feeding is quite general, lleports indicate a con sidesable yield of clover seed, though much less than in former years. Proceedings of the W. C. T. U. in Council Bluffs Yester day. Mrs. Ida U. Wise, district president of tbe Women's Christian Temperance union, in her annual address yesterday before the district convention said that temperance had won a victory in Har rison county, and the saloon petition bad been twice defeated. Iler report on conditions^in Pottawattamie county were not so encouraging, butj|she de clared that the towns in this county should be assailed with arguments and work, tftJbaniBh the saloon. She re ported 15 flourishing unions in the dis trict. Three were disbanded during the last year. The attendance at yesterday's ses sions of tbe convention were good, but many were absent on account of threstning weather. During the fore noon session reports were made from local unions. An interesting "parliamentry drill" was given by Mrs. Marlon H.Dunham, who, after conclusion of the exercise, declared that she bad never found so large a proportion of the women of •uoh a gathering versed In parliament tary law. Committees were appointed as fol lows: ltesolutions, Mrs, Frances Wll* lett, Woodbinei Mn. Welle MaoAlll# ter, Mo, Valleyi Mrs H, Johnston, Lo gan auditing, Mrs, Dalle Johnston, Council I)lulT*i Mrs, Lida Hel?jr, Love land credentials, Mrs. M. E. West, Little Sioux Mrs. Steele, DeGance courtesies, Mrs. J. P. Greensliields, Council Bluffs. Miss Ella MoiTatt of Marshalltown, delivered a strenuous address in advo cacy of women's suffrage from a bibli cal and moral standpoint, and Mrs Dunham took the place of Mrs, Mac Alli8ter, of Missouri Valley and told of "Victories in 1900." Mrs. Ellen K. Danny, national or ganizer of the Women's Christian Temperance union, gave a most inter esting recital of reminiscences during the twenty years she has been engaged in the work. Mrs. Augusta Living ston of Missouri Valley read an ac count of the proceedings of the last convention written in biblical style.' The feature of last evening's session was an oratorical contest between matrons belonging to the order. The contestants and tneir subjects were: Mro. McCrea, Oakland, "Swore-oiT Mrs. II. II. West, Little Sioux, "Story of a Great Conviction Mrs. O. A. Smith, California Juuction, "Rum's Equivalent Mrs. Grace]lirookhouser, Loveland, "A Terrible Charge." The prize, a handsome gold medal, was awarded to Mrs. McCrea. Music for last evening's session was furnished by the choir of the liroad way Methodist Episcopal church. While the judges were selecting the winner of the contest Miss Ethel Lemen de livered a humorous recitation and Rev. Mary E. Mullenaugh of Magno lia gave a recitation. PreBbytery of Council Bluffs. Council Bluffs Presbytery jpaet in Casey, Iowa, Sept. 3rd and was opened with sermon by Rev. J. F. Cowling, of Knoxville. Rev. Stanton dinger, of Carson, was chosen moderator and El ders II. W. Kellogg, of Guthr|e Cen ter, and J. E. Darrah, of Greenfield, were elected as temporary clerks, Rev. W. M. Irwin was received from Pres bytery of Peoria and Rev. R. E. L. Hayes from the Presbytery of Omaha. Rev. Joshua Riale was dismissed to Omaha Presbytery and Rev. J. F. Cowling to Presbytery of Des Moines Rev. Jas. Vallier to the Presbytery of St. Louis Rev. Alex. II. Fraser to the Presbytery of Keamev. Rev. W. M. Irwin received a call to the church of Shelby and arrangements were made for his installation to take place Sept. 17th, Rev. S. dinger to preside and give charge to pastor, Rev. W. S. liarnes to give the charge to the peo ple and Rev. A. Aston to preach the sermon. Arthur Hulburd was licens ed to preach the gospel and dismissed to the Presbytery of Sioux City and Johu Neve was dismissed to the Pres bytery of Dubuque as a candidate for the gospel ministry. All the overtures set down by the General Assembly were answered in the allirmative. Pres byt erturned Synod to raise a committee whose duty it shall be to secure a meeting of the General As sembly In the bounds of the state at an early future date. The following brethren were chosen delegates to Sy nod Ministers Principals, Johu Mac Alllster, Mo. Valley Andrew Ilerron, Walnut S. Olinger, Carson, and A. Aston, Atlantic. Alternates J. F. Hinkhouse, Audubon J. N. Currens, Logan, S. Alexander, Council lilufTe and Stephen Phelps, Omaha. Elders Principals, D. L. Thomas, Audubon II. E. Hartley, Atlantic J. M. Ours ler, Council Bluffs It. Carney, Adair. Alternates: W. D. Stanley, Audubon A. T. Powell, Atlantic F. E. Hoag land Council Blull'j and J. M. Patten, Adair. Rev. Stephen Phelps gave notice of his resignation as professor of Homiletics in Omaha seminary. A very successful Young People's con vention was held at Adair on Monday and Tuesday under the direction of Presbytery. Presbytery adjourned to meet in Second church of Council Bluffs on Sept. 27th, at 1:30 p. m., at which time it expects to receive into Presbytery Rev. H. Hostetler, Rev. H. E. Nicklen and Rev. J. C. Sonnema and arrangements will be completed for their installation over the churches of Council Bluffs, 2nd Woodbine and Griswold. Spring meeting of Presby tery will be held in Missouri Valley. J. F. HINKHOUSE, Audobon, Sept. 5,1901. Stated Clerk. A. Good Thing. German Syrup is the special prescrip tion of Dr A BoBchee, a celebrated Ger man physician, and is acknowledged to lie one of the most fortunate discov eries in medicine. It quickly cures coughs, colds and all lung troubles of tbe severest nature, removing, as it does, the cause of the affection and leaving tbe parts in a strong and healthy condition. It is not an exper imental medicine, but has stood the test of years, giving satiafactlon in every case, which Its rapidly Increasing •ale every season confirm*. Twq mill ion bottles sold annually, Jioschee's German Syrup was Introduced in the United titates In 1808, and is now sold in every town and village In the civil toed world, Three doies will relieve any ordinary cough. Price 70 cents, 8 8 Giborne. mm Missouri "Valley SIGNALING TO MARS. The Difficulty of Dolus So by Mfiai of Light. The very largest city tlmt this earth has ever known would be altogether too small to be visible to a being dwelling on the planet Mars, even if that being were endeavoring to see it with a telescope as powerful as the greatest and most perfect lustrumeut in any observatory on this globe. If the whole extent of Lake Superior was covered with petroleum and if that petroleum was set on Are, then, I think, we may admit that an inhabitant of Mars who was furnished with a tele scope as gocxl as that which Pcrclval Lowell uses at Flagstaff might be able to see that something had happened. But we must uot suppose that the mighty contlagration would appear to the Martian as a very conspicuous ob ject. It would, rather, be a very small feature, but still I think it would not be beyond the reach of a practiced ob server In that planet On the other hand, If an area the size of Lake Superior on Mars was to be flooded with petroleum and that petro leum was to be kindled, we should ex pect to witness the event from here not as a great and strlkiug conflagration, but as a tiny little point of Just dis cernible light. The disk of Mars Is not a large object, and the conflagra tion would not extend over the three hundredth part of that disk. It Is sufficient to state these facts to show that the possibility of signaling to Mars is entirely beyond the power of human resources.—Sir Robert S. Ball in Independent. BLUNDERS IN FICTION. The Queer Mistake* That Are Some times Made by Authors* We smile as we read and pass swiftly by the stories of maidens that wander In "lonely woods" at unearthly hours of night, always clad In "a soft, white clinging gown." Now, every girl knows that the average maiden is too much afraid of tramps and snakes to wander In "lonely woods." The weather, too, appears to perplex our novelists, for not Infrequently they begin a chap ter at dawn, there arc a few mo ments' conversation, aud then the "sun sots In lurid banks behind the distant empurpled mountains." I aiu reminded at the outset of an English story written by an author of repute where the heroine iu one scene was made on one page to 6toop down and tie her shoestring, while three pages farther on. directly following. It was said of the same girl that she bad remained barefooted the entire day. In another story a blind woman Is made to view the licro through spectacles be fore the talc is ended. In a French novel—and we generally consider French such literary masters —a heroine Is clearly made to go direct from her bed to the breakfast table, out shopping, to an afternoon tea and to dinner In her robe de nuitl Cousins suddenly transformed Into brothers without a moment's warning are nu merous iu this detective's library. Thus one is amused to find the most mar velous mistakes In books which we think we have carefully read,—Modern Culture. Qolf In the Old Day*. Centuries back golf was a pastlmo of the royal family, though then usually played in Scotland. The Stuart family was very fond of the game, aud the first English club was established at Blackheath in 1C0S by James I. Ills eldest son, Henry, frequently played and on one occasion nearly struck by accident his tutor with a club, where upon lie coolly remarked, "Had 1 done so I had but paid my debts." Charlc3 I was playing golf when he received the news of the Irish rebellion. James, duke of York, afterward Jumns II, was another ardent player. Golf Is fre quently mentioned In ancient Scottish records and In the fifteenth century was prohibited because It Interfered with the practice of archery. Strutt considered It the most ancient game at ball requiring a bat.—London Chron icle. The Sqnlrrel Banter's Wenpon. The cream ,of squirrel hunting Is en Joyed by the man who uses a light rifle of small caliber and medium power. The ".22 long" as now turned out by our leading makers Is an excellent weapon—In fact, the best In the world for the purpose. Though not of suffi cient range to be dangerous to people or stock at a distance, It throws lead with surprising accuracy to the tops of the tallest trees. Good rifle shots al ways aim for the squirrel's head both to add to tbe difficulty of the sport and to avoid spoiling meat And be It known tbht a squirrel's head at a range of 40 or 50 yards Is no easy mark. If a reader doubts this, let him go to the woods for a day, keep all empty shells, and at the end of the day let him try to make the dead squirrels and the empty shells tally.—B. W. Sandys in Outing. •trlf Birds. The green finch Is the earliest riser. It pipes as early as half past 1 in the morning. The blackcap begins at half past 2. It Is nearly 4 o'clock beforo the blackbird appears. It Is beard half an hour before tho thrush, and the chirp of tbe robin begins about the same length of time before that of the wren. Tbe house sparrow and tho tom tit tako tho last stago of tho list Advantages of Port Cities. The rovenuo Now York derives from tbe rental of piers to tho Cuuard, tho White Star, tho Amorfoan, tho Atlantic Transport, tho Freutji, tho tho National and other line* fy, '-V ILeyland, MISSOURI VALLEY, IOWA, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 1901 nearly 11,000,000 annually, Tho Wblte Star line pays tho lurgost rental, 9817,000 the Guuoid line Is next with 1120,000 and the American lino third with |8&> 400,-Airmloe's, Intlaensa. It Is very well known that the In* fluenza is not an exclusively modern complaint, but I am not sure whether ft curious reference to It ly Bower, the contiuuator of Fonlun's chronicle, has been noted. Writing of tho year 1420 he says that among those who died In Scotland that year were Sir Usury St. Clair, carl of Orkucy Sir James Doug Ins of Dalkeith. Sir William de Aber nethy. Sir William de St. Clair, Sir Wil liam Cockburn and many others, all by "that infirmity whereby not only great men, but innumerable quantity of tho commonalty, perished. Which was vul garly termed le Quhow lie ljuhew a vurgarlbus dicebatur]" (Rower, xv, 32.) Now, "quh" iu- Scottish texts usu ally represents the sound of "\vh" (properly aspirated.) Therefore it seems that in the fifteenth century the influenza was known as "the whew," Just as it is known iu tho twentieth century as "the Hue." I have refrained from quoting at length Bower's explanation of tho cause of the epidemic, but-thore seems little doubt that the disease was iden tical with that with which we are so grievously familiar. Notes and Que ries. Barometric nee*. Whoever observes these Interesting Inserts finds It easy enough to foretell exactly the kind of weather to be ex pected. At least this Is the opinion of many raisers of bees. Geuerally the bee stays at home when rain is in the air. When the sky Is simply dark and cloudy, these busy workers do not leave their dwelling all at once. A few go out tlrst, as though the queen had sent out messengers to study the state of the atmosphere. The greater number reinaiu on observation until the clouds liegin to dissipate, and It Is ouly then that the battalions en tire rush out In search of their nectar. A bee never goes out In a fog, because It Is well aware that dampness and cold are two fearsome, redoubtable enemies. We do not mean, however, that tho bee Is a meteorologist in the absolute sense of the word. Its clever ness consists In never being takc-n un awares, for It possesses untiring vigi lnnce. Often one may observe the sud den entrance of bees Into the hive when a dense cloud hides the sun and even though the rain Is uot iu evidence. —-St. Louis Globe-Democrat Chaniced Times. Times have changed Indeed from the time when Sydney Smith complacently observed that the United States had so much wilderness clearing to do that It might well tako Its literature, learn ing and luxury In the bulk from Eng lish factories. "Why," he had asked, "should the Americans write books when a six weeks' passage brings them. In their owu tongue, our sense, science and gen ius in bales and hogsheads? Prairies, steamboats, gristmills, are their nat ural objects for centuries to come." We might almost reverse this and ask, "Why should the lCugllsh feel ill at ease when six days' passage brings them our sense, science and geniusV" For the time at least the Rev. Syd ney Smith's chief notoriety seems to be that he was tho author of certain observations whoso truthfulness has proved as brief as it was bitter.—Har per's Weekly. The Iriahtnnn'u Itequewt. In the days when flogging was In vogue ns a punishment in the British navy a Scotchman and an Irishman, on the arrival of their ship In harbor, ob tained leave to go ashore for a couple days, mid they overstald the period of leave granted them. When they did put In au appearance, they were order ed 50 lashes each. On the day of the punishment a parade was ordered to witness the infliction of the flogging. When all was ready, the Scotchman asked as a favor to be allowed a piece of canvas on his back while he receiv ed his Hogging. Tho captain granted his request and, turning to the Irish man, asked him if he required any thing on his back while lie was being flogged, to which he replied, "If ye plaze, yer honor, I'd loiko to have the Scotchman on my hack, If ye wouldn't mind." W' It Was Ills Deal. A mining engineer who has returned from Alaska brings, among other inter esting things, evidence that the higher the latitude the greater tho latitude. Watching a poker game in which the stakes were heavy he saw a player give himself four aces from tho bottom of the pack. Burning with Indignation at such shameless cheating, he turned to a by stander and whispered, "Did you see that?" "See what?" "Why, that fellow dealt himself four aces I" "Well, wasn't it his deal?" Why We Buttle. Professor Vivian Lowes, at the Lon don Institution, recently furnished the following answer to the question, "Why do we butheV" Twenty-eight miles of sweat glands In our skin are discharging 20 ounces of wutor per day and leaving upon the outer surface of the skin a full ounce of solid matter. These are aided by the oil glands of the hair, which facilitate tho adhereuco of external dirt. Hence tho refreshing character of tho morning bath nnd the necessity for grease absorbing alkalies In soup. Softening the Pnrtlnir, Twoivo was on the point of striking. "To think," cried Iho fair girl in an guish, "wo will never h»o oach other nguln till tomorrow night!" "Boar up, sweet one!" wus Ills en couraging remark- "Time will PUSH. UoHldon, I'll write to you when 1 get homo and In Utu morning."—Philadel phia Tl urn .» ,-V/' v- 7} •^Swr-" A Mode!. Mr. Jones came home at anunseemty hour the other ulght nnd was surprised to see Mrs. Jones sitting up for him below stairs, with no other light than that of tho gas lamp, which faced the door, .to keep her company. "M-M-Marie." he said huskily, "y-you shouldn't sit up s'lato wlieu I'm out on business." As Mrs. Jones did uot answer him, he continued In an alarmed voice: "Sliorry, m'denr, but it's last time tell you I'm sorry—1won't shpeak to me?" At this moment Mrs. Jones callcd from above stairs: "Mr. Jones, who are you talking to at this hour ef the ulghtY" "Thash what I'd like to know m-:n-mysel:\" stammered Jones. Mrs. .Jor.es hastened down stairs, lamp in hand. When she saw tTie sit uation. she laughed iu spite of1 being very angry. "It's the model." she said—"themod el I bought today to tit l.iy dre: .scs-on." "Yes. thash so," said Jones tipsily. "Model woman—didn't talk back—make some fellow good wife."—Lou2ou .Tit IJitS. The Odd SlillllngTH. There Is very little difference be tween a pound nnd a guinea only a shilling, and yet the keen business man Insists that the shilling shall be consid ered. After Thackeray's series of lets ures ou the four Georges had been delivered in London, Willert Xlcale says that he called upon the novelist in Onslow square with a check for i'2."0. "What's this, W. IV?" cried Thack eray, reading the cheek. "Pounds? Our agreement says guineas, and guineas it must be." "You are aware that the lectures so far have Involved very heavy losses," said Iteale apologetically. "That's not my affair." said Thaclc cray. "1 don't know what occult means you have to protect yourself from loss. Guineas, W. 11.! Guineas it must be, and nothing else. I must have the shillings." Aud the shillings were scut hhn im mediately. Palntlnnr BIncIc Ryes. "Tlie painting of blackened eyes, of winch you hear little nowadays," said a man of experience, "Is so well estab lished a business now that It does not even need advertising. A slgu which I Just passed aroused memories of earlier days within me. It was merely the name of a man who does this kind of painting, with the brief announce ment, 'Itlack Eyes I'nlnteil.' "Some years ago such a simple state ment was not enough to enable one in that business to live. The artist whose calling this sign declared is the same man who some years back used to have a place ou the avenue farther west, and in front of that old office he used to have an expansive and gorgeous sign which told his accomplishments in the phraseology which the ouly Tody Ham ilton after perfected In describing tho charms of the best that liaruuui of fered."—New York Sun. Teats of Culture. The chemist Llebig proposed to meas ure tho standard of civilization by the consumption of soap, a creation which would put the Inhabitants of north Holland at the head of all civilised na tions. As a more reliable test Kdmuud About suggested the sale of steel pens, the socialist Itebel the frequency of re form meetings. Dr. Iiernard the use of undergarments, a luxury unknown to the scmlcivilized tribes of Asia and South America Professor Kbcrs the sale of postage stamps. The mileage of railroads per hundred square miles of territory might do In comparing countries of equal density of popula tion.—Exchange. Te!ei rni1iliiK With Cnnnons. When the first vessel completed the passage of the then new Erie canal In 1S25. there being no such thing as a telegraph In those days, tlie news was communicated to New York and to Itufl'alo by cannons placed within hear ing of each other all tho way along from Albany to each of the other cities. Tha signal vras passed along iu this way from Albany to New York city and back ngalu to Albany In 58 min utes. The experiment was a costly one, but was a success in every particu lar. Der Sentiments. They were looking over the paper to gether. "Ob, my, how funny 1" suid she. "What Is It?' he asked. "Why, here's an advertisement that says, 'No reasonable offer refused.'" "What Is there odd about that?" "Nothing, nothing," she replied, try ing to blush "only those are my senti ments." Another weddlug shortly. nnlland Customs. Holland has some peculiar customs. In many towus bulletins are affixed to the doors of houses In which persons are sick Iu order that their friends may be apprised of the state of their health without kuockliig or ringiug, aud In Haarlem the birth of child Is an nounced by means of a small placard adorned with red silk aud lace. hS,* A Reasonable Conductor. PlUy—Aud Just because you had lost your ulckcl tho conductor made you gut off tha car aud walk all tho way homo? Ill) key—Oh, no. IIo only put mo off. I could have eat by tbe roadside all night If 1 hud wanted to.—Uultlmoro World. Tho Chlnene began to wrlto books be fore they migrated from tho region smith of the (-'unpinn Ren, Two of lliclr greatest literary productions nro die. tluimry In n.O'.'O volumes tuid au en* cyclopedia in '.'^0^7 volumes, •V" THE ALPHABET'S MEETING. The alphabet met ami saM that Wore not arrange".! in a proper way.*' A hati stooil at tho head too long It was not right it w.ui utterly wron?, •'For you all Uaow antl can plainly BC®: That phiot» Wlonys to mo," said (J. *'You talio tho hea l, indeed!" said •'That place is meant for my dear S." •'Tut, tut, tut! Well, well,* well! 1*11 btund tlicie myself then,*' s:u4 L. "Excuse us, please, we think that \va Uttve a word to say," said U, C\ 1). "Suppose you have/* said jia he Softly whbi'.eml a word to ft. "Who'll prevent, I'd liko to know, Standing head M, N or 0?M "We've listened in siltiu-c to allot you And now will 'head* you," cald and Q. ••Our taiprc&siuti is, ycu had better try," •... Thou angrily l»oth 11 and I. "Uow rude ami coarse!" said R, 5?, T. "The 4aivs* oC eomc!" said and V, "Would drive one mad," said TV, X, Y, 2L But, after all, tho letters still stand A at tho head, at the foot —Brooklyn Eagle. TALK OF MARRIAGE. It Is I*ro|«r Por tlie Man, bat Not For (liif irl. Aiixturrntly. A man may remark on his Intention to marry at some indefinite future time, when prudence or other considerations may make It possible or advisable, without having, as a rule, to run the gantlet of a chorus cf Impertinent and stupid would bo witty remarks. But should a girl be bold enough, or, rather, natural and simple enough, Jo say the same thing what would he the result? Why, every onu knows that she would he promptly sneered out of counte nance. And why? Is It Immodest for a wom an to express a determinatiou to enter Into a state which we are being contin ually reminded is a natural and honor able state, while It is modest and prop er for a man to do so? Such a distinc tion would never lie drawn except for the "cheapness" to which reference lias been made. If a man wants to marry, he can mar ry. If the first woman he asks refuses him, he has only to ask a second or per haps a third or fourth. It would be safe to guarantee that within a month any man of fairly respectable life aud position and appearance who eared to make the experiment could marry in his own class, could marry probably a woman nmeh superior to himself. Rut what about the girl who Intends to marry "some day?" Is she not In a very different posit ion from the man? Here Is a girl of good character—much better thau the man's, probably—aver age Intelligence, average good looks. Theoretically she Is free to marry whom she will, but Is she? If alio re ceives one distinct offer of marriage, she has had more than her share, ac cording to the probable average. The fact that by an unwritten law a woman must not take. and. indeed, does not want to take, the Initiative has very little to do with tho extremely limited choice which modern conditions impose upon English women—Nineteenth Cen tury. Snatloirod Two Pounds of Stone. Stones do not form part of the rec ognized diet of the cormorant, but one of these birds In the National Zoolog ical park In Washington had a craving which could be satlslicd ouly by cat lug two pounds of stones. The keep er's nllentlon was attracted to tho bird because after having once Bat down It couldn't get tip. lie was picked up, and then the stones were heard rattling inside or him. An oiliclal connected with the park decided that (something must be done, and he promptly cut tho cormorant open aud relieved him of Ills burden. One of the stones, of Irregular shape, was IHi Indies long. Tho In cision was sewed up. aud for five days the bird got along all right, the wound healing finely, but at the end of that time the cormorant grew restive and pulled out the stitches with his hooked bill. As a consequence of opening up the wound lie died. Ar»nic!nl Stone* QuarrymiMi nnd stoni* drosRors will probably be gradually crowded out of their occupation by the use of artificial stone. Iu the manufacture of this stone the sand is heated and the cement add ed to the amount of l'J per cent of the mixture. The steel molds are filled with the dry material and moved Into an immense cylinder, which Is closed and bolted. Boiling water Is then turned In under pressure sufficient to force It all through the sand In the molds. The cement slacks, but the steel molds do not permit any expan sion to occur, and the stone is formed and dried under an immense pressure. Tho result Is a very hard stone, which can be supplied in shapes desired and much cheaper than the nutural stone Nunrnoklns Rcatnurnnts. Odd as it may appear to dwellers In small cities, some of the down town restaurants of New York are in build ings In which no cooking Is allowed. Some of the busiest ot tho midday res taurants purchase all their meats and stews already cooked and merely heat them through again before serving them to patrons. This branch of the restaurant business has reached such proportions that the mere operation of cooking for such places has become an established business, and owners of ovena thrive ut It.—New York Sun. TVVIPO ITS niiivk. Sam Cole—.Miss Yallerby done treat mo scan'lous. Sho done tolo uio yes tld'y dat I wns black as do nee of spades. Jim Crow--Dnt'8 on'y half as bad as what she sc7. 'bout me. She tolo me I was blneli as do deuce.—Catholic Htundnrd and Times. Tho pennl code of tho Chlneso em pire Is ut least '.',000 years old, and un der Its provision!) about 1 '.',000 person* urc nummlly executed. Tlu ili'Ht bulloon nacunt took plnoo I* lliu yum- 17HU, i'-„ •MM NO. 12 DWELLERS)INfFLATS. ... ANEW YORK REAL ESTATE AGENT ON' THEIR CHARACTERISTICS. Pccnllar Lines Which, According to Ills Experience, People ot Different Nationalities Tako la Cawlnff Trouble to the Owners. Tim first question put by tbe renting agent was, "What nationality, please?" and tile woman In the blue hat replied byasktng,"\Vhy do you want to know?'' "I meant no offense," said the agent.. "I only thought that by finding out your nationality I could refer you at once to certain buildings ou my list which would be apt to please you." Tho woman in the blue hat had half a notion to get angry. "I don't see what my nationality'has to do with finding a suitable flat," she said. "It 1ms a good deal to do with it," said tho ngeut. "Now, I ?an sen straight off that you are an American, born nnd bred. This is a delicate ques tion that you have plunged mo Into, but since 1 am in It I mean to flounder around a little while longer and toll you a few facts p-rtalning to the merlta and demerits of different nationalities considered in the light of flathouso tenauts. "First of all, I want to speal from the standpoint of prompt payment. If my success in business depended upon each tenant paying his rent exactly when It was due, I would try to fill all my houses with Scotchmen. Never have I lost a penny on a Scot, and sel dom have I had to wait. "I am uot making the rash assertion that it is impossible for a Scotchman to be dishonest while everybody else la trying his best to cheat mo out of my, very eyeteetli. The poiut I wish to' make Is that personally I have never suffered loss at the hands of a Scot. But they give trouble iu other ways. They are fearfully quarrelsome and raise so many rows with the other ten ants through the dumb waiter shaft that It keeps the janitor busy straight cuing out domestic snarls. In all my. buildings where Scotchmen reside select a Janitor with a view to his everv disposition aud diplomatic gifts. It doesn't matter so much about his abil ity for scrubbing aud keeping the fur nace going. Utilitarian accomplish ments aro a secondary consideration so long as ho Is endowed with the blessed: qualities of a peacemaker. "Taken all In all, the most peaceablo' people I get In my houses hail from Sweden. You never hear a peep out of a S«*de. He doesn't bother his neighbors and he doesn't bother mo unless the provocation Is extreme. As a rule, he is good pay too. The only, fault I h3Te to find with him Is his fondness for moving. A lease is a dead letter In his eye, and he has no more compunction about moving with out a day's fiotlce thau he has about going to bed when lie is sleepy." The woman in the blue hat asked what were the chief characteristics of Americans as tenauts. "Their supreme selfishness," said tho agent. "They have not a spark of consideration for a landlord. They waut the earth. They never get through asking for improvements. Tliey, are not content to get the walls tinted and tho woodwork painted and tho plumbing fixed once or twice a year. Tlicy wnnt neO decorations every, month, aud all tho trimmlugs must ba first class too. American tenants pay big prices for their Hats, but there isn't really so much profit In catering to them as to other nationalities, for tho simple reason tlint I have to pny out nearly all my income in trying to keep up the building In the style they de mand. On tho other baud, the people who ask for the least are the Italians aud the Trench. They tako most any old thlug I feel like giving them, tho French meekly providing their own decorations and tho Italians golug without "I like Gorman tenants pretty well, too, but they tiro terribly hard on flats. I never could uuderstand how they manage to Inflict so much damage on walls and lloors. Judging by the looks of an apartment Just vacatcd by a largo German family, one would think that their star piece of furniture waa a battering ram. "The czar's former subjects also havo an abnormally developed bumx of dc structlveness, although they ruu to glass instead of plastering. I have ono house down town that is occupied by, ten Russian families, and If they were not compelled to repair their own dam ages it would keep me poor putting in new wludows and buying new gas globes. "1 also rent to colored people. I havo three houses full of them at present, and I must say that I have never had better tenants. But when you coino down to facts, all my tenants are nlco people, only I thought It might not bo amiss while on the subject of nation ality to mcntlou a few of the peculiari ties of each."—New York Sun, Homemade Stoves. In many parts of Spain tho stove in general use Is made from an empty petroleum oil can by cutting a holo near the bottom on ono of the sides to make a druft, the can being lined with gypsum to the pleasure of tho con structor, giving the fire space accord ingly. The stove thus made, primitive as It Is iu its appearance, is effective In purpose and costs the equivalent of but a few ceuts of our money. Petorboro, In Now Hampshire, es tablished tho first free public llbrury iu tho Uultod States In 1833, and as ourly lis 1811) a general law authorizing taxa tion for library purposes waa passed. One of tbo most destructive earth (luiikos in tho world's history was that which occurred Iu Tokyo iu tho year 17011, wlum 100,000 pooplo were killed.