St. John Items.
Mrs. Lock wood and Wilds were
calling on St John friends on last
Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Denton
•isited their daughter in Council
Bluffs on Sunday last.
Robert Kirkland made a busi
ness trip to Omaha last Monday.
Wm. Jones Lad the misfortune
to loose apart of one of liis fin
gures while working with a thresh*
ing machine last week,
James Hatcher, once a resident
of this place, bat now living in
Kansas, is here visitiug his sister,
Mrs. J. M. Smith.
Mr and Mrs Means, accompa
nied by a Bon and daughter-in-law
are visiting with A Deal and
family. Mrs Means is a sister of
Mrs Deal they reside in Wayne
Thomas Denton and Geo. Cox
had quite an exciting time fnr a
time last Tuesday night. They
found a horse and buggy in some
high weedB near their barn, and
soon discovered the supposed own
er asleep in the barn loft. On
rousing him up he pretended to
be drunk and run out of the door
and fell ten or twelve feet, and
claimed to be pretty badly hurt.
Mr. Denton and Cox took the man
and rig over to the Valley and tur
ned them over to the City Marshal.
A Cclntosh has 75 peach trees
in bearing this year—we have
sampled them and found them to
be very fine flavored, better than
those shipped in from other parts
he is selling them at two dollars
per bushel, which will pay well
for the use of the ground for the
three years waiting for a crop.
Mrs Denton and Mrs Julia Car
ter and son, of Leon, Kansas, are
visiting relatives in St. John and
Harry Boise and Earl Edge
come were calling in St. John on
Wednesday. We caught tbe
boys raiding our plum orchard,
but they fixed it up
we will not
For week ending Sept. *.», 1001.
DES MOINES, Iowa.
The week was dry and warm, clos
ing "with lower temperature and wide
ly distributed shewers Saturday night
and Sunday, the largest amounts of
rainfall being reported from stations
In the central and northren districts.
The rain was greatly needed, and will
be beneacial to potatoes, pastures late
garden truck and to facilitate plowing
and fall seeding.
Late corn has been making unusal
rapid progress toward maturity, and
with continued favorable weather the
bulk of the crop will be in shock or
beyond danger of harm by moderate
froBts by the 80th. In ptrtions of the
southern and eastern districts about
one-half of the corn acreage has been
cut and shocked, and the work of cut
ting is in progress in all sections.
£xcept in favored portions of the
northern sections pastures are very
dry and short, and stock feeding is
quite general, lleports indicate a con
sidesable yield of clover seed, though
much less than in former years.
Proceedings of the W. C. T. U.
in Council Bluffs Yester
Mrs. Ida U. Wise, district president
of tbe Women's Christian Temperance
union, in her annual address yesterday
before the district convention said that
temperance had won a victory in Har
rison county, and the saloon petition
bad been twice defeated. Iler report
on conditions^in Pottawattamie county
were not so encouraging, butj|she de
clared that the towns in this county
should be assailed with arguments and
work, tftJbaniBh the saloon. She re
ported 15 flourishing unions in the dis
trict. Three were disbanded during
the last year.
The attendance at yesterday's ses
sions of tbe convention were good, but
many were absent on account of
threstning weather. During the fore
noon session reports were made from
An interesting "parliamentry drill"
was given by Mrs. Marlon H.Dunham,
who, after conclusion of the exercise,
declared that she bad never found so
large a proportion of the women of
•uoh a gathering versed In parliament
Committees were appointed as fol
lows: ltesolutions, Mrs, Frances Wll*
lett, Woodbinei Mn. Welle MaoAlll#
ter, Mo, Valleyi Mrs H, Johnston, Lo
gan auditing, Mrs, Dalle Johnston,
Council I)lulT*i Mrs, Lida Hel?jr, Love
land credentials, Mrs. M. E. West,
Little Sioux Mrs. Steele, DeGance
courtesies, Mrs. J. P. Greensliields,
Miss Ella MoiTatt of Marshalltown,
delivered a strenuous address in advo
cacy of women's suffrage from a bibli
cal and moral standpoint, and Mrs
Dunham took the place of Mrs, Mac
Alli8ter, of Missouri Valley and told
of "Victories in 1900."
Mrs. Ellen K. Danny, national or
ganizer of the Women's Christian
Temperance union, gave a most inter
esting recital of reminiscences during
the twenty years she has been engaged
in the work. Mrs. Augusta Living
ston of Missouri Valley read an ac
count of the proceedings of the last
convention written in biblical style.'
The feature of last evening's session
was an oratorical contest between
matrons belonging to the order. The
contestants and tneir subjects were:
Mro. McCrea, Oakland, "Swore-oiT
Mrs. II. II. West, Little Sioux, "Story
of a Great Conviction Mrs. O. A.
Smith, California Juuction, "Rum's
Equivalent Mrs. Grace]lirookhouser,
Loveland, "A Terrible Charge." The
prize, a handsome gold medal, was
awarded to Mrs. McCrea.
Music for last evening's session was
furnished by the choir of the liroad
way Methodist Episcopal church. While
the judges were selecting the winner
of the contest Miss Ethel Lemen de
livered a humorous recitation and
Rev. Mary E. Mullenaugh of Magno
lia gave a recitation.
PreBbytery of Council Bluffs.
Council Bluffs Presbytery jpaet in
Casey, Iowa, Sept. 3rd and was opened
with sermon by Rev. J. F. Cowling, of
Knoxville. Rev. Stanton dinger, of
Carson, was chosen moderator and El
ders II. W. Kellogg, of Guthr|e Cen
ter, and J. E. Darrah, of Greenfield,
were elected as temporary clerks, Rev.
W. M. Irwin was received from Pres
bytery of Peoria and Rev. R. E. L.
Hayes from the Presbytery of Omaha.
Rev. Joshua Riale was dismissed to
Omaha Presbytery and Rev. J. F.
Cowling to Presbytery of Des Moines
Rev. Jas. Vallier to the Presbytery of
St. Louis Rev. Alex. II. Fraser to the
Presbytery of Keamev. Rev. W. M.
Irwin received a call to the church of
Shelby and arrangements were made
for his installation to take place Sept.
17th, Rev. S. dinger to preside and
give charge to pastor, Rev. W. S.
liarnes to give the charge to the peo
ple and Rev. A. Aston to preach the
sermon. Arthur Hulburd was licens
ed to preach the gospel and dismissed
to the Presbytery of Sioux City and
Johu Neve was dismissed to the Pres
bytery of Dubuque as a candidate for
the gospel ministry. All the overtures
set down by the General Assembly
were answered in the allirmative. Pres
byt erturned Synod to raise a
committee whose duty it shall be to
secure a meeting of the General As
sembly In the bounds of the state at
an early future date. The following
brethren were chosen delegates to Sy
nod Ministers Principals, Johu Mac
Alllster, Mo. Valley Andrew Ilerron,
Walnut S. Olinger, Carson, and A.
Aston, Atlantic. Alternates J. F.
Hinkhouse, Audubon J. N. Currens,
Logan, S. Alexander, Council lilufTe
and Stephen Phelps, Omaha. Elders
Principals, D. L. Thomas, Audubon
II. E. Hartley, Atlantic J. M. Ours
ler, Council Bluffs It. Carney, Adair.
Alternates: W. D. Stanley, Audubon
A. T. Powell, Atlantic F. E. Hoag
land Council Blull'j and J. M. Patten,
Adair. Rev. Stephen Phelps gave
notice of his resignation as professor
of Homiletics in Omaha seminary. A
very successful Young People's con
vention was held at Adair on Monday
and Tuesday under the direction of
Presbytery. Presbytery adjourned to
meet in Second church of Council
Bluffs on Sept. 27th, at 1:30 p. m., at
which time it expects to receive into
Presbytery Rev. H. Hostetler, Rev. H.
E. Nicklen and Rev. J. C. Sonnema
and arrangements will be completed
for their installation over the churches
of Council Bluffs, 2nd Woodbine and
Griswold. Spring meeting of Presby
tery will be held in Missouri Valley.
J. F. HINKHOUSE,
Audobon, Sept. 5,1901. Stated Clerk.
A. Good Thing.
German Syrup is the special prescrip
tion of Dr
BoBchee, a celebrated Ger
man physician, and is acknowledged
to lie one of the most fortunate discov
eries in medicine. It quickly cures
coughs, colds and all lung troubles of
tbe severest nature, removing, as it
does, the cause of the affection and
leaving tbe parts in a strong and
healthy condition. It is not an exper
imental medicine, but has stood the
test of years, giving satiafactlon in
every case, which Its rapidly Increasing
•ale every season confirm*. Twq mill
ion bottles sold annually, Jioschee's
German Syrup was Introduced in the
United titates In 1808, and is now sold
in every town and village In the civil
toed world, Three doies will relieve
any ordinary cough. Price 70 cents,
8 8 Giborne.
SIGNALING TO MARS.
The Difficulty of Dolus So by Mfiai
The very largest city tlmt this earth
has ever known would be altogether
too small to be visible to a being
dwelling on the planet Mars, even if
that being were endeavoring to see it
with a telescope as powerful as the
greatest and most perfect lustrumeut
in any observatory on this globe.
If the whole extent of Lake Superior
was covered with petroleum and if that
petroleum was set on Are, then, I think,
we may admit that an inhabitant of
Mars who was furnished with a tele
scope as gocxl as that which Pcrclval
Lowell uses at Flagstaff might be able
to see that something had happened.
But we must uot suppose that the
mighty contlagration would appear to
the Martian as a very conspicuous ob
ject. It would, rather, be a very small
feature, but still I think it would not
be beyond the reach of a practiced ob
server In that planet
On the other hand, If an area the size
of Lake Superior on Mars was to be
flooded with petroleum and that petro
leum was to be kindled, we should ex
pect to witness the event from here not
as a great and strlkiug conflagration,
but as a tiny little point of Just dis
cernible light. The disk of Mars Is
not a large object, and the conflagra
tion would not extend over the three
hundredth part of that disk.
It Is sufficient to state these facts to
show that the possibility of signaling
to Mars is entirely beyond the power of
human resources.—Sir Robert S. Ball
BLUNDERS IN FICTION.
The Queer Mistake* That Are Some
times Made by Authors*
We smile as we read and pass swiftly
by the stories of maidens that wander
In "lonely woods" at unearthly hours
of night, always clad In "a soft, white
clinging gown." Now, every girl knows
that the average maiden is too much
afraid of tramps and snakes to wander
In "lonely woods." The weather, too,
appears to perplex our novelists, for
not Infrequently they begin a chap
ter at dawn, there arc a few mo
ments' conversation, aud then the "sun
sots In lurid banks behind the distant
I aiu reminded at the outset of an
English story written by an author of
repute where the heroine iu one scene
was made on one page to 6toop down
and tie her shoestring, while three
pages farther on. directly following. It
was said of the same girl that she bad
remained barefooted the entire day. In
another story a blind woman Is made
to view the licro through spectacles be
fore the talc is ended.
In a French novel—and we generally
consider French such literary masters
—a heroine Is clearly made to go direct
from her bed to the breakfast table,
out shopping, to an afternoon tea and
to dinner In her robe de nuitl Cousins
suddenly transformed Into brothers
without a moment's warning are nu
merous iu this detective's library. Thus
one is amused to find the most mar
velous mistakes In books which we
think we have carefully read,—Modern
Qolf In the Old Day*.
Centuries back golf was a pastlmo of
the royal family, though then usually
played in Scotland. The Stuart family
was very fond of the game, aud the
first English club was established at
Blackheath in 1C0S by James I. Ills
eldest son, Henry, frequently played
and on one occasion nearly struck by
accident his tutor with a club, where
upon lie coolly remarked, "Had 1 done
so I had but paid my debts." Charlc3
I was playing golf when he received
the news of the Irish rebellion. James,
duke of York, afterward Jumns II, was
another ardent player. Golf Is fre
quently mentioned In ancient Scottish
records and In the fifteenth century
was prohibited because It Interfered
with the practice of archery. Strutt
considered It the most ancient game at
ball requiring a bat.—London Chron
The Sqnlrrel Banter's Wenpon.
The cream ,of squirrel hunting Is en
Joyed by the man who uses a light rifle
of small caliber and medium power.
The ".22 long" as now turned out by
our leading makers Is an excellent
weapon—In fact, the best In the world
for the purpose. Though not of suffi
cient range to be dangerous to people
or stock at a distance, It throws lead
with surprising accuracy to the tops of
the tallest trees. Good rifle shots al
ways aim for the squirrel's head both
to add to tbe difficulty of the sport and
to avoid spoiling meat And be It
known tbht a squirrel's head at a range
of 40 or 50 yards Is no easy mark. If
a reader doubts this, let him go to the
woods for a day, keep all empty shells,
and at the end of the day let him try
to make the dead squirrels and the
empty shells tally.—B. W. Sandys in
The green finch Is the earliest riser.
It pipes as early as half past 1 in the
morning. The blackcap begins at half
past 2. It Is nearly 4 o'clock beforo
the blackbird appears. It Is beard half
an hour before tho thrush, and the
chirp of tbe robin begins about the
same length of time before that of the
wren. Tbe house sparrow and tho tom
tit tako tho last stago of tho list
Advantages of Port Cities.
The rovenuo Now York derives from
tbe rental of piers to tho Cuuard, tho
White Star, tho Amorfoan, tho Atlantic
Transport, tho Freutji, tho
tho National and other line*
MISSOURI VALLEY, IOWA, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 1901
11,000,000 annually, Tho Wblte Star
line pays tho lurgost rental, 9817,000
the Guuoid line Is next with 1120,000
and the American lino third with |8&>
It Is very well known that the In*
fluenza is not an exclusively modern
complaint, but I am not sure whether
ft curious reference to It ly Bower, the
contiuuator of Fonlun's chronicle, has
been noted. Writing of tho year 1420
he says that among those who died In
Scotland that year were Sir Usury St.
Clair, carl of Orkucy Sir James Doug
Ins of Dalkeith. Sir William de Aber
nethy. Sir William de St. Clair, Sir Wil
liam Cockburn and many others, all by
"that infirmity whereby not only great
men, but innumerable quantity of tho
commonalty, perished. Which was vul
garly termed le Quhow lie ljuhew a
vurgarlbus dicebatur]" (Rower, xv,
32.) Now, "quh" iu- Scottish texts usu
ally represents the sound of "\vh"
(properly aspirated.) Therefore it
seems that in the fifteenth century the
influenza was known as "the whew,"
Just as it is known iu tho twentieth
century as "the Hue."
I have refrained from quoting at
length Bower's explanation of tho
cause of the epidemic, but-thore seems
little doubt that the disease was iden
tical with that with which we are so
grievously familiar. Notes and Que
Whoever observes these Interesting
Inserts finds It easy enough to foretell
exactly the kind of weather to be ex
pected. At least this Is the opinion of
many raisers of bees.
Geuerally the bee stays at home
when rain is in the air. When the sky
Is simply dark and cloudy, these busy
workers do not leave their dwelling all
at once. A few go out tlrst, as though
the queen had sent out messengers to
study the state of the atmosphere. The
greater number reinaiu on observation
until the clouds liegin to dissipate, and
It Is ouly then that the battalions en
tire rush out In search of their nectar.
A bee never goes out In a fog, because
It Is well aware that dampness and
cold are two fearsome, redoubtable
enemies. We do not mean, however,
that tho bee Is a meteorologist in the
absolute sense of the word. Its clever
ness consists In never being takc-n un
awares, for It possesses untiring vigi
lnnce. Often one may observe the sud
den entrance of bees Into the hive
when a dense cloud hides the sun and
even though the rain Is uot iu evidence.
—-St. Louis Globe-Democrat
Times have changed Indeed from the
time when Sydney Smith complacently
observed that the United States had
so much wilderness clearing to do that
It might well tako Its literature, learn
ing and luxury In the bulk from Eng
"Why," he had asked, "should the
Americans write books when a six
weeks' passage brings them. In their
owu tongue, our sense, science and gen
ius in bales and hogsheads? Prairies,
steamboats, gristmills, are their nat
ural objects for centuries to come."
We might almost reverse this and
ask, "Why should the lCugllsh feel ill
at ease when six days' passage brings
them our sense, science and geniusV"
For the time at least the Rev. Syd
ney Smith's chief notoriety seems to
be that he was tho author of certain
observations whoso truthfulness has
proved as brief as it was bitter.—Har
The Iriahtnnn'u Itequewt.
In the days when flogging was In
vogue ns a punishment in the British
navy a Scotchman and an Irishman, on
the arrival of their ship In harbor, ob
tained leave to go ashore for a couple
days, mid they overstald the period of
leave granted them. When they did
put In au appearance, they were order
ed 50 lashes each. On the day of the
punishment a parade was ordered to
witness the infliction of the flogging.
When all was ready, the Scotchman
asked as a favor to be allowed a piece
of canvas on his back while he receiv
ed his Hogging. Tho captain granted
his request and, turning to the Irish
man, asked him if he required any
thing on his back while lie was being
flogged, to which he replied, "If ye
plaze, yer honor, I'd loiko to have the
Scotchman on my hack, If ye wouldn't
W' It Was Ills Deal.
A mining engineer who has returned
from Alaska brings, among other inter
esting things, evidence that the higher
the latitude the greater tho latitude.
Watching a poker game in which the
stakes were heavy he saw a player give
himself four aces from tho bottom of
Burning with Indignation at such
shameless cheating, he turned to a by
stander and whispered, "Did you see
"Why, that fellow dealt himself four
"Well, wasn't it his deal?"
Why We Buttle.
Professor Vivian Lowes, at the Lon
don Institution, recently furnished the
following answer to the question,
"Why do we butheV" Twenty-eight
miles of sweat glands In our skin are
discharging 20 ounces of wutor per day
and leaving upon the outer surface of
the skin a full ounce of solid matter.
These are aided by the oil glands of the
hair, which facilitate tho adhereuco of
external dirt. Hence tho refreshing
character of tho morning bath nnd the
necessity for grease absorbing alkalies
Softening the Pnrtlnir,
Twoivo was on the point of striking.
"To think," cried Iho fair girl in an
guish, "wo will never h»o oach other
nguln till tomorrow night!"
"Boar up, sweet one!" wus Ills en
couraging remark- "Time will PUSH.
UoHldon, I'll write to you when 1 get
homo and In Utu morning."—Philadel
phia Tl urn
Mr. Jones came home at anunseemty
hour the other ulght nnd was surprised
to see Mrs. Jones sitting up for him
below stairs, with no other light than
that of tho gas lamp, which faced the
door, .to keep her company.
"M-M-Marie." he said huskily, "y-you
shouldn't sit up s'lato wlieu I'm out on
As Mrs. Jones did uot answer him, he
continued In an alarmed voice:
"Sliorry, m'denr, but it's last time
tell you I'm sorry—1won't shpeak to
At this moment Mrs. Jones callcd
from above stairs:
"Mr. Jones, who are you talking to
at this hour ef the ulghtY"
"Thash what I'd like to know
m-:n-mysel:\" stammered Jones.
Mrs. .Jor.es hastened down stairs,
lamp in hand. When she saw tTie sit
uation. she laughed iu spite of1 being
"It's the model." she said—"themod
el I bought today to tit l.iy dre: .scs-on."
"Yes. thash so," said Jones tipsily.
"Model woman—didn't talk back—make
some fellow good wife."—Lou2ou .Tit
The Odd SlillllngTH.
There Is very little difference be
tween a pound nnd a guinea only a
shilling, and yet the keen business man
Insists that the shilling shall be consid
ered. After Thackeray's series of lets
ures ou the four Georges had been
delivered in London, Willert Xlcale
says that he called upon the novelist
in Onslow square with a check for
"What's this, W. IV?" cried Thack
eray, reading the cheek. "Pounds?
Our agreement says guineas, and
guineas it must be."
"You are aware that the lectures so
far have Involved very heavy losses,"
said Iteale apologetically.
"That's not my affair." said Thaclc
cray. "1 don't know what occult
means you have to protect yourself
from loss. Guineas, W. 11.! Guineas
it must be, and nothing else. I must
have the shillings."
Aud the shillings were scut hhn im
Palntlnnr BIncIc Ryes.
"Tlie painting of blackened eyes, of
winch you hear little nowadays," said
a man of experience, "Is so well estab
lished a business now that It does not
even need advertising. A slgu which
I Just passed aroused memories of
earlier days within me. It was merely
the name of a man who does this kind
of painting, with the brief announce
ment, 'Itlack Eyes I'nlnteil.'
"Some years ago such a simple state
ment was not enough to enable one in
that business to live. The artist whose
calling this sign declared is the same
man who some years back used to have
a place ou the avenue farther west, and
in front of that old office he used to
have an expansive and gorgeous sign
which told his accomplishments in the
phraseology which the ouly Tody Ham
ilton after perfected In describing tho
charms of the best that liaruuui of
fered."—New York Sun.
Teats of Culture.
The chemist Llebig proposed to meas
ure tho standard of civilization by the
consumption of soap, a creation which
would put the Inhabitants of north
Holland at the head of all civilised na
tions. As a more reliable test Kdmuud
About suggested the sale of steel pens,
the socialist Itebel the frequency of re
form meetings. Dr. Iiernard the use of
undergarments, a luxury unknown to
the scmlcivilized tribes of Asia and
South America Professor Kbcrs the
sale of postage stamps. The mileage
of railroads per hundred square miles
of territory might do In comparing
countries of equal density of popula
Te!ei rni1iliiK With Cnnnons.
When the first vessel completed the
passage of the then new Erie canal In
1S25. there being no such thing as a
telegraph In those days, tlie news was
communicated to New York and to
Itufl'alo by cannons placed within hear
ing of each other all tho way along
from Albany to each of the other cities.
Tha signal vras passed along iu this
way from Albany to New York city
and back ngalu to Albany In 58 min
utes. The experiment was a costly
one, but was a success in every particu
They were looking over the paper to
gether. "Ob, my, how funny
"What Is It?' he asked.
"Why, here's an advertisement that
says, 'No reasonable offer refused.'"
"What Is there odd about that?"
"Nothing, nothing," she replied, try
ing to blush "only those are my senti
Another weddlug shortly.
Holland has some peculiar customs.
In many towus bulletins are affixed to
the doors of houses In which persons
are sick Iu order that their friends may
be apprised of the state of their health
without kuockliig or ringiug, aud In
Haarlem the birth of child Is an
nounced by means of a small placard
adorned with red silk aud lace.
A Reasonable Conductor.
PlUy—Aud Just because you had lost
your ulckcl tho conductor made you
gut off tha car aud walk all tho way
Ill) key—Oh, no. IIo only put mo off.
I could have eat by tbe roadside all
night If 1 hud wanted to.—Uultlmoro
Tho Chlnene began to wrlto books be
fore they migrated from tho region
smith of the (-'unpinn Ren, Two of lliclr
greatest literary productions nro die.
tluimry In n.O'.'O volumes tuid au en*
cyclopedia in '.'^0^7 volumes,
THE ALPHABET'S MEETING.
The alphabet met ami saM that
Wore not arrange".! in a proper way.*'
A hati stooil at tho head too long
It was not right it w.ui utterly wron?,
•'For you all Uaow antl can plainly
That phiot» Wlonys to mo," said (J.
*'You talio tho hea l, indeed!" said
•'That place is meant for my dear S."
•'Tut, tut, tut! Well, well,* well!
1*11 btund tlicie myself then,*' s:u4 L.
"Excuse us, please, we think that \va
Uttve a word to say," said U, C\ 1).
"Suppose you have/* said jia he
Softly whbi'.eml a word to ft.
"Who'll prevent, I'd liko to know,
Standing head M, N or 0?M
"We've listened in siltiu-c to allot you
And now will 'head* you," cald and Q.
••Our taiprc&siuti is, ycu had better try,"
•... Thou angrily l»oth 11 and I.
"Uow rude ami coarse!" said R, 5?, T.
oC eomc!" said and V,
"Would drive one mad," said TV, X, Y, 2L
But, after all, tho letters still stand
A at tho head, at the foot
TALK OF MARRIAGE.
It Is I*ro|«r Por tlie Man, bat Not
For (liif irl. Aiixturrntly.
A man may remark on his Intention
to marry at some indefinite future time,
when prudence or other considerations
may make It possible or advisable,
without having, as a rule, to run the
gantlet of a chorus cf Impertinent and
stupid would bo witty remarks. But
should a girl be bold enough, or, rather,
natural and simple enough, Jo say the
same thing what would he the result?
Why, every onu knows that she would
he promptly sneered out of counte
And why? Is It Immodest for a wom
an to express a determinatiou to enter
Into a state which we are being contin
ually reminded is a natural and honor
able state, while It is modest and prop
er for a man to do so? Such a distinc
tion would never lie drawn except for
the "cheapness" to which reference lias
If a man wants to marry, he can mar
ry. If the first woman he asks refuses
him, he has only to ask a second or per
haps a third or fourth. It would be
safe to guarantee that within a month
any man of fairly respectable life aud
position and appearance who eared to
make the experiment could marry in
his own class, could marry probably a
woman nmeh superior to himself.
Rut what about the girl who Intends
to marry "some day?" Is she not In a
very different posit ion from the man?
Here Is a girl of good character—much
better thau the man's, probably—aver
age Intelligence, average good looks.
Theoretically she Is free to marry
whom she will, but Is she? If alio re
ceives one distinct offer of marriage,
she has had more than her share, ac
cording to the probable average.
The fact that by an unwritten law a
woman must not take. and. indeed, does
not want to take, the Initiative has very
little to do with tho extremely limited
choice which modern conditions impose
upon English women—Nineteenth Cen
Snatloirod Two Pounds of Stone.
Stones do not form part of the rec
ognized diet of the cormorant, but one
of these birds In the National Zoolog
ical park In Washington had a craving
which could be satlslicd ouly by cat
lug two pounds of stones. The keep
er's nllentlon was attracted to tho bird
because after having once Bat down
It couldn't get tip. lie was picked up,
and then the stones were heard rattling
inside or him. An oiliclal connected
with the park decided that (something
must be done, and he promptly cut tho
cormorant open aud relieved him of Ills
burden. One of the stones, of Irregular
shape, was IHi Indies long. Tho In
cision was sewed up. aud for five days
the bird got along all right, the wound
healing finely, but at the end of that
time the cormorant grew restive and
pulled out the stitches with his hooked
bill. As a consequence of opening up
the wound lie died.
QuarrymiMi nnd stoni* drosRors will
probably be gradually crowded out of
their occupation by the use of artificial
stone. Iu the manufacture of this stone
the sand is heated and the cement add
ed to the amount of l'J per cent of the
mixture. The steel molds are filled
with the dry material and moved Into
an immense cylinder, which Is closed
and bolted. Boiling water Is then
turned In under pressure sufficient to
force It all through the sand In the
molds. The cement slacks, but the
steel molds do not permit any expan
sion to occur, and the stone is formed
and dried under an immense pressure.
Tho result Is a very hard stone, which
can be supplied in shapes desired and
much cheaper than the nutural stone
Odd as it may appear to dwellers In
small cities, some of the down town
restaurants of New York are in build
ings In which no cooking Is allowed.
Some of the busiest ot tho midday res
taurants purchase all their meats and
stews already cooked and merely heat
them through again before serving
them to patrons. This branch of the
restaurant business has reached such
proportions that the mere operation of
cooking for such places has become an
established business, and owners of
ovena thrive ut It.—New York Sun.
TVVIPO ITS niiivk.
Sam Cole—.Miss Yallerby done treat
mo scan'lous. Sho done tolo uio yes
tld'y dat I wns black as do nee of
Jim Crow--Dnt'8 on'y half as bad as
what she sc7. 'bout me. She tolo me I
was blneli as do deuce.—Catholic
Htundnrd and Times.
Tho pennl code of tho Chlneso em
pire Is ut least '.',000 years old, and un
der Its provision!) about 1
urc nummlly executed.
Tlu ili'Ht bulloon nacunt took plnoo I*
lliu yum- 17HU,
ANEW YORK REAL ESTATE AGENT ON'
Pccnllar Lines Which, According to
Ills Experience, People ot Different
Nationalities Tako la Cawlnff
Trouble to the Owners.
Tim first question put by tbe renting
agent was, "What nationality, please?"
and tile woman In the blue hat replied
byasktng,"\Vhy do you want to know?''
"I meant no offense," said the agent..
"I only thought that by finding out
your nationality I could refer you at
once to certain buildings ou my list
which would be apt to please you."
Tho woman in the blue hat had half a
notion to get angry.
"I don't see what my nationality'has
to do with finding a suitable flat," she
"It 1ms a good deal to do with it,"
said tho ngeut. "Now, I ?an sen
straight off that you are an American,
born nnd bred. This is a delicate ques
tion that you have plunged mo Into,
but since 1 am in It I mean to flounder
around a little while longer and toll
you a few facts p-rtalning to the merlta
and demerits of different nationalities
considered in the light of flathouso
"First of all, I want to speal from
the standpoint of prompt payment. If
my success in business depended upon
each tenant paying his rent exactly
when It was due, I would try to fill all
my houses with Scotchmen. Never
have I lost a penny on a Scot, and sel
dom have I had to wait.
"I am uot making the rash assertion
that it is impossible for a Scotchman
to be dishonest while everybody else la
trying his best to cheat mo out of my,
very eyeteetli. The poiut I wish to'
make Is that personally I have never
suffered loss at the hands of a Scot.
But they give trouble iu other ways.
They are fearfully quarrelsome and
raise so many rows with the other ten
ants through the dumb waiter shaft
that It keeps the janitor busy straight
cuing out domestic snarls. In all my.
buildings where Scotchmen reside
select a Janitor with a view to his everv
disposition aud diplomatic gifts. It
doesn't matter so much about his abil
ity for scrubbing aud keeping the fur
nace going. Utilitarian accomplish
ments aro a secondary consideration so
long as ho Is endowed with the blessed:
qualities of a peacemaker.
"Taken all In all, the most peaceablo'
people I get In my houses hail from
Sweden. You never hear a peep out
of a S«*de. He doesn't bother his
neighbors and he doesn't bother mo
unless the provocation Is extreme. As
a rule, he is good pay too. The only,
fault I h3Te to find with him Is his
fondness for moving. A lease is a
dead letter In his eye, and he has no
more compunction about moving with
out a day's fiotlce thau he has about
going to bed when lie is sleepy."
The woman in the blue hat asked
what were the chief characteristics of
Americans as tenauts.
"Their supreme selfishness," said tho
agent. "They have not a spark of
consideration for a landlord. They
waut the earth. They never get
through asking for improvements. Tliey,
are not content to get the walls tinted
and tho woodwork painted and tho
plumbing fixed once or twice a year.
Tlicy wnnt neO decorations every,
month, aud all tho trimmlugs must ba
first class too. American tenants pay
big prices for their Hats, but there isn't
really so much profit In catering to
them as to other nationalities, for tho
simple reason tlint I have to pny out
nearly all my income in trying to keep
up the building In the style they de
mand. On tho other baud, the people
who ask for the least are the Italians
aud the Trench. They tako most any
old thlug I feel like giving them, tho
French meekly providing their own
decorations and tho Italians golug
"I like Gorman tenants pretty well,
too, but they tiro terribly hard on flats.
I never could uuderstand how they
manage to Inflict so much damage on
walls and lloors. Judging by the looks
of an apartment Just vacatcd by a
largo German family, one would think
that their star piece of furniture waa
a battering ram.
"The czar's former subjects also havo
an abnormally developed bumx of dc
structlveness, although they ruu to
glass instead of plastering. I have ono
house down town that is occupied by,
ten Russian families, and If they were
not compelled to repair their own dam
ages it would keep me poor putting in
new wludows and buying new gas
"1 also rent to colored people. I havo
three houses full of them at present,
and I must say that I have never had
better tenants. But when you coino
down to facts, all my tenants are nlco
people, only I thought It might not bo
amiss while on the subject of nation
ality to mcntlou a few of the peculiari
ties of each."—New York Sun,
In many parts of Spain tho stove in
general use Is made from an empty
petroleum oil can by cutting a holo
near the bottom on ono of the sides to
make a druft, the can being lined with
gypsum to the pleasure of tho con
structor, giving the fire space accord
ingly. The stove thus made, primitive
as It Is iu its appearance, is effective In
purpose and costs the equivalent of but
a few ceuts of our money.
Petorboro, In Now Hampshire, es
tablished tho first free public llbrury iu
tho Uultod States In 1833, and as ourly
lis 1811) a general law authorizing taxa
tion for library purposes waa passed.
One of tbo most destructive earth
(luiikos in tho world's history was that
which occurred Iu Tokyo iu tho year
17011, wlum 100,000 pooplo were killed.
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