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Missouri Valley times. [volume] (Missouri Valley, Iowa) 1874-1931, December 02, 1920, Image 1

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VOL. 53'
Iowa News
Items of Interest
Summarized for
Busy Readers.
lature. There are two democrats in
Cessna Sf' ."T"
A on'
34
6
HnrT' ?, u'
nuley' Greno11'
R'_W- G-
L'j^i.ead.°/ Slle"
SA.°rS: I 2 "-2SST1«
36—Dallas, Jas. Peters, Perry, R.
3—Davis, F. C. Young, Bloomfleld, D.
6—Decatur, R. L. Ruinley, Leon, R.
68—Delaware, C. H. Doolittle, Delhi,
R.
21—Des Moines, Arthur McDonald,
Mediapoiis."
87—Duckinsoiir, C. E. Narey, Spirit
Lake, R.
68—Dubuque, T. J. O'Donnell, Du
buque, J. H. Weber, Cascade,
96—Emmet, W. G.' Gordon, Esther
ville, R.
71—Payetr.e, Wm. R. Hake, Clermont,
R,
the senate five democrats, one In- gut, R.
dependent and 102 republicans in thf SCAR
house. Holdover senators are: An d'66"
88—Floyd, J. S. Garber, Marble Rock,
The following 1b the unofficial list
of members of the next Iowa Legis- —Franklin, C. J. LeValley, Shefr
lo-F^emont, w. C.
in this list. The lawmakers will take ^—"Hardin, L. V. Carter, Lawn Hill,
their heats on January 10. Inaugura* n'
tion ceremonies fm- 32—Ilanibon, B. R. Mills, Woodbine,
tion ceremonies for Governor-elect
"Nate Kendall will take place the £ol
lowing Thursday.
Senate j'
Ben C. Abben, Jr., of Little Rock
R, Henry C. Adams of Algona, ^uu, .i. n. .m^eu, mzi,
Walter W. Anderson of Sc/anton, 40—Iowa, Fred McCulloc-h,
W. S. Baird of Council Bluffs, Plaine, R.
George S. Banta of Manchester, 46—Jackson, W. F. Schinner, Belle
L. J. Brookhart of Washington, vue, R.
Charles S. Browne of Monmouth, 3«—Jasper, H. B. Morgan, Baxter, R.
J. D. Buser of Conesville, W. A. 19—Jefferson, Wm. L. Long, Fairfield
Caldwell of Oskaloosa Ed H. R
Campbell of Battle Creek. R, T. 41—Johnson, R. A. Yenter, Iowa City,
C. Cessna of Grinnell, II A.
Gienwood, R, Charles M. 47—Jones, E. A. Grimwood, Oxford
Dutcher of Iowa City, John J. Jurction
-Ethel of Bloomfleld, Herbert I. 24—Ket.kuk, John Orr, Thomburg,
Foskett of Shenandoah, Joseph S5—Kossuth, L. O- Wolfe, Titonka
Prailey of Fort Madison, Charles 1—Lee, J. M. Rankin, Keokuk. R.
Lf!,f pr°! Furfleld R, W. J. Gree- 48—Linn, C. E. Clark. Cedar Rapids,
nell of Clinton, J. K. Hale of Ana- R., E. H. Knickerbocker, Fairfax,
mosa, George S. Hartman of Fa- R.
Yl
AiDia, R, J. J. Rainbow of Waterloo,
Haskell of Cedar 22—Louisa, Arthur Springer, Wapel-
Rapids, Perry C. Holdoegel of lo,
Rockwell City, B. J. Horchem of IS—Lucas, R. O- Miller Lucas "R
Chariton' K-' nw^t/' •Io,hllslf°"
oi
•:SSSt ot offlnV'R.
Alto, L. Mayue, Emmets
House burg, R.
.^^"nty
O ^,arber'
•87—Cerro Gordo, J. McGhee, Ma.
15—aark^lT M. Gibson'o^eofa,"
&3~Ssy:
RChaS'
—Clayton, Wm. Becker Klkader
'Ine nre at .VicCiOiland recently
caused a loss of iftiout ?50,000, with
920,000 insurance.
James Coburn of Creston arrived
home from France recently bringing
with him a bride, who is a cousin of
Marshal Foch.
Anderson Lankford of Cincinnati
sold seven turkeys recently and rea
lized the sum of $41.24. The largest
bird brought $10.57.
A lone masked bandit lifeld up and
robbed the State bank at Oto, Iowa,
thirty miles southeast of Sioux City
He escaped with $1,200 in cash.
Howard P. Hanson of Hampton,
was killed when his gun was prema
tnrely discharged. Hanson tumbleu
over a stick In the road while out
duck hunting.
Henry Kruger is now the owner ol
tbe John Haperly farm of 120 acrec
west of Waukon on the Decorat
road. He bought it of the heirs at
$200 per acre, but like all of the lane
in that neighborhood it will nevei
sell as low as that again.
B. D. Rayburn, vice president ol
tbe First National bank of Monte
cuma was found guilty of assault anc
battery for shooting'' Dick /Morgan
memter of the board of supervisors
In
the
neck during a political argu
znent
following
the
:U*.
f'SO—Plymouth,
Aflalr-
49 .Benton. J. W. Hanna. Vinton, R. zuma, R.
SBCsirV611,
dependfnee. R.
72 Bremer, B. B. Shores, Janesville, II. 13. Moorhead, Davenport,
67 R„ri,nmn t, 3^—Shelby, G. A. Justice, Defiance,
F-
S,emmons
7«—Buena Vista. W C. Edson./Storm
Lake,
73—Butler, J. Ramsey, Clarksville
R.
61—Calhoun. Thos. Parsons, Farn
hamville. R.
55—Carroll. Win
ning.
30 Cass, C. W Hufr. Maspena,
44—Pedar, Wm. T. Giimore, Tipfon,
Parrott, Man- 18—Wapeilo,
23~wonh"
son Citv wuitu, k.
79—Cherokee. Txi^klin Aurelia
G,Imore Sloux
primiiry last sum.
Scott of Farra-
A' Westervelt.
Chur-
O. A. Oatjes, Holland, R.
35-Guthrie, L. I. Truax, Guthrie
Horchem, Kiruberly, Meredith, Nel- Center,
son, Paiker, Pitt, ltambow, Reed, 6$—Hamilton, J. C. Sterling, Web
Scott, Thompson, Wm Alstine, White, ster City, R.
Whitmore—21. Both democrats aro
SC—:Hancock,
E. P. Healy of Britt, R.
R.
20—Henry, Nels Peterson, Olds, R.
92—Howard, H. H. Dodd, Elma, R.
'6 Humboldt, Omen Nervig, Hardy,
59—Ida, J. H. Aiken, Ida Grove, R.
Belle
^9-Lyon, T. E. Moen, Inwood.V
Chariton, D. W. Kim'ierly of Day 28—Madison, W. I-f Vance Winter
enport, J. A. Mantz of Audubon, set, R. winter
vr
R°ck' Dav,id 25—Mahaska, J. C. McClune Oska-
Meredith 'of Lynnvir.e, Julius A. loosa -»^«»ie, usKa
hfrrvnnff^tlanKC' By°n w- New- 2,8—Marion,
berry of Strawberry Point, Char- R.
Addison M. 51—Marshall, F. B. Gilbert, State
Parker of Des Moines, Milton D. Center,
AlhlR0fnL0faT' "I01111
JrTi"e,
oI
C. S. Ahlrich, Knoxville,
Mi"s
^klr .?E.i o'S^ 5' & 0Me,
5:
C. R. Buffington, Glenwood,
H-
Smith of Winterset. M. Stod- 17—Monroe, H. S Berrv Albia
v"u 5I-
G. E. Held, Hinton, R.
R' Pocaliontas, C. L. Gundersou,
,13 Adams, S. E. Fackler, Prescott. R. Ro fe, R.
90—Allamnkee, I. E. Beeman, Wau- 37—Polk. A. O. H-.uigp, Des Moines,
4 Appanoose, Chas. H. Scott, Clark- 31—Pottawattamie W O Children,
J1- tmt f"°uncil Bhifls, 10. P.Harrison,
Audubon, (F. C. Sampson, Audu- Oakland,
°on'
R"
Wcavpr, Dos Moines, R.
39—Powe.-:lr.ek, John Bradley, Monte-
By ED\7,.RD V.'..
What sliuil in- ilo'ie |.
Mount Ayr.
f"'n'dn,R- «rScoCUGFB\vPt^moUSaDaven 'oi
In- Sioux, D. O. Stone, Hawarden, R.
52—SStory, H. X. Donhowe, Story City,
50—Tama, p. W. IngerKoll, Tama, R.
3—Taylor. J.
s.
27—Warren,
R-
B'rancis, Gravity, R.
H—Union, W. J. Colbert, Creston, R.
2—Van Burr in, J. C. Calhoun, Keo
sauqua, 1
s.
J. Graham, Ottumwa,
D. A.. Emery, Oti.umwa, R.
J. A. Storey, India nola,
F. Letts, Ains-
r1'0"'
Co~m^'D W' Elson' Corydo».R-
v,. i^. K.in, Aurena, €2^Webs ter, J. W. ICime, Port Dodge,
91—VViunesl'i' O. Gilbertson, De-
ro
46-CUnton, Dr. Geo. A. Smith. Clin- c^v R-^T p' «-°UX
ton, John Ol*on, Calamus, R. ci Forshng, Sioux
56-Cra^f.rd, W. Powers, Denison,
94-wor H. SchuUe_ Manly, K.
7'S Wright. O Ulstad, Holmes. R.
Mis® Helen Morse, librarian at Tip
ton, was elected city librarian at Ma
quoketa.
Miss Florence Ward of Waterloo,
Iowa, is now directing home econo
mics in 33 states.
Twenty su.its and a dozen overcoats
were stolen from the Oblinger and
Grubb store at Scranton.
George Stohs, transient laborer em
Ployed on farm of William Miller,
near Glidden, died suddenly.
Butler county's oldest resident,
Auntie. Grisw old, passed away at the
county home at the age of 97 years.
The Rev. O. Sheveland, who has
preached at Newark, 111., for number
of years has resigned and will become
financial secretary or the Jewell col
lege.
One hundred pints of beer, six
quarts of whisky and three barrels
of raisin and molasses mash were
seized in a rail by federal officers
on the home of George Olnev at Iowa
City.
Thirty-six per cent of the votes In
Des Moines county November 2, was
cast by women, according to figures
obtained frcm the official county can
vass of the vote, fn the city of Bur
lington almost 38 per cent of the vote
was by women, but in the rural dis
trict the ei'centagt) .dropped to about
thirty-twoi.
1
S^iWwtS
njiui
I I S
....
filled
Sr"f\L .,
League of Watsons Assembly Is
Trying to Firti Gome
to Save A 'menia.
AMEHiC^,
^srrj'iTr
Balfour Suspect Plan to Recognizo
Kema! Pasha—Poies and Bolsne-
mm vlki hc3urv3 Negotiations—
Affairs in Greece—-Murders
*r and TrisalF in Dublin
:jICard.
That is llie ip
much of the an
of Naiionp asseii
Is not vet solve,
the wa of lieinj^
an probieni was
tion ol the assem
questions of ineini
save Anneiiia?
"-nun shut absorbed
ntion ol. tin- League
biy la ?t w\-k, and it
nor, aprmivutjy, in
solved. Ill" Armeiii
orced on ho '.ntten
t):" iviieatcd
of delegations
whose countries would not b" involved,
and the represen-.-itivcx of tin- water
powers were ivnn.elied to 1 it up.
The net result, so far, is tli" :'.|jpoint
ment of a commission which will ex
amine the Armenian situn:ion. Sir
Robert Cecil, Souili Afi ifa, i
inan. and tl'e oilier members
ator lienn I.n 1- cn.:ime. Bel
tor Knd|ti Hansen, Norwav
Puevrredon, Ar :eiruna S'tri
zi, Ttulv, and Kene Viviani.
itH chalr
in-: Si'ii
iru: loc
f! on otio
ir .Schnu-.
L' rrjiri*.
Vivian!
i-oiincil
In the course of the debii
proposed that the Ica^i.
sliould seelc some ^overnin
will mediati' ior Armenia
Turkish lialionalisis anil I-v to ob
tain a cessation ol" tio^tiii• i.•- The
council therounon cabled 'li ['resident
Wilson asking 11•.• I'niteu sin res* to
act as mediator in the ca.".' •, r.mnnnK
out that althiiimb the soni'.ic had re
jected the mainline for Armenia, a
now situation had arisen and a new
solution was posh-ble. The Uniied
States is not ashed to S'»nd an exne
ditionarv force and onlv a sinnli out
lay of mnnev will bfi uecps::-irv. since
we are a^K'cil me-elv i« repcHsr-nt Ar
menia bv eriterm:.- .letroiialioits toward
ending warfare with Kenmi .fasha
lt is believed in Geneva tbal the Na
tionalist leader would welt
Jen us mediator because
of Mi'- boundaries of Ar
left to President ilson.
'ii which
Willi lllH
in.
M. Viviaui declared thai
ed .States would the
power to represent Anne
proposed negotiations, am
fact that it was not a men
league would no! liverfere.
respondents saw
endeavor to "lure" t!
Anderson'
Auier
li:-:ing
ii was
I he
II
til.- Cnif
•ft logical
.•1 In the
fhat the
of tiie
Some cor-
II tin-- talk an
United Stiites
into the len'.'tie. Mr. Ilnlfour saw inure
than this in ihe rench nlsn. He be
lieved it was the hi gininiifr of an ef
fort to tear up the treatv of Sevres
with Turkev and to deprive Greece of
tha territory piven her bv that piK't
also tliat it was designed first Lo rec
oenb.e Muslapha Kemai I'a'.'ia. lie
demanded whether the Kemalists
would be offered moiev or territory as
a bribe to cease attacklnsr the Armeni
ans. and said Kemnl was ent relv- in
different about the league's opinion
furthermore, he did not believe a
mandatory power for Armenia could
be found anywhere in the world, and
said the league could not send an ex
pedition Into Asia 51 nor unless It was
wide: the control of some treaty slim
ing power.
Various deletrates asserted their be
lief that the United States would now
accept the mandate and furnish the
expeditionary force, which, according
to Doctor Hansen of Norwav, would
require 60.000 men and S100.000.000.
Hisrh French officials in Pans sa'.d on
Wednesday 'bat France would rxt
seud a man or spend a franc on an
Armenian mandate, but intimated that
she might ask Kema! Pasha what
changes in the treaty would make it
acceptable to him.
The league subcommission on new
meml-'irs has decided not to admit
.states carved out of the former Itus
«ian empire—Lithuania, Latvia. Ks
thonia and Ukraine and undoubtedly
this means that Azerbuldjan, Georgia
Ud ottar atatM in the Caucasus will
LSKonri" Valley Times
MISSOURI VALLEY, foWA, DECEMBER 2, 1920
,, -iW
s:|
,^v 'j«-x
s'
l--l)i'rtlpa i(in ot iiKMiiori.il Va icouvcr to 07'Japanese who fell with
ov m.o:is. !i,sl' hjiiiji.iiIii/.im iii mi "cniili-s.-s procession" around fountain
.learing down houses in i'etroarrad to obtain fm-i.
IJ 3
Ssf tia
!)o ii:fi!oil admittance. Tills accords
will) Hie tiosition taken by the Unit
oil Stai.vP adiuinistiat ion sonn* weeks
::k'O.
'liio league council decided to I unit
In1 .sr ope ol policing oiieral lons to i^e
ilna ri'^ion and to keep ihe loaRue
I "anii.v" down to 1,800 men. Of these
•••fepiim will supply 300, Sweden 100,
1i 5ih:c
nr
VJzy
li-ast
1.000, and Great Brit-
sun nnd lcl£iuni small detachments,
lioilaiui and .Switzerland refused to.
]aitic.p.nc
Peace negotiations between 1,'ulund
and soviet liussia wen resumed ufter
iaijse tliat threatened Ihe renewal
ol active hostilities. The Poles, how
j:e\cr, consented to withdraw their
troops to the armistice line. Moscow
I notiiied Lithuania that the Red forces
I would have to occupy Vllna, which Is
I Mill in the hands ol General Zellgou
ski. 'Ih* soviet Rovernment 1ms now
I .preiiy nearly cleared Russia of nil
Us active opponents. Peilura's troops
have about- all escaped from the Uk
raine iuto Poland and have been dls
aimed there, and now it is announced
hat General SemenofflV' campaign in
*-Kiber has collapseu entirely. His
last base has been taken by the Reds,
the corps that was defending It hav-
iiik
mutinied, killed its ofllcers and
I joined tfie Bolshevilu. Semenofl' him
self li'is Ik 11 lo Japan.-
Unless the temper of the Greek peo
ple changes, Uicy will vote, on Decem
ber
tor
the return of Constuntiiie
to, the throne. This will be the logi
cal onicome of the victory ol Gounaris
and Illiailis in the election. However,
(lie new government is placed in a
somewhat uncomfortable position, for
to restore tile ex-kinc will be to alien
ate I' ranee and possibly Great Brit
ain. The former has warned Greeco
ihat it will withdraw its material and
moral .support, but it is not known
certainly what attitude Lloyd George
will assume. The Greek newspapers
favorable to Constantino assert that
Great llrit ii in is willing to recognize
the right of Greece to manage her
own aifairs and that King George is
in constant communication with Con
stantino and has assented to his re
turn to the throne.
Of course. Khallis and bis confreres
are most worried over the possible ef
fect of the restoration on Greece's
adventure in Asia 5Iinor. They can
hardly hope to maintain their army
there against the Turkish nationalists
and ihe Arabs without the active co
ope.ation of the entente allies, and,
too. tiic.v rely on the British to sup
ply tlie money needed for the occupa
tion. It is said by them that Veniz
elists left the treasury empty, de
stroyed quantities of documents and
lett Athens without Informing their
successors of the state of business In
the various departments.
Queen Mother Olga, tbe regent,
Staged a triumphal return last week
tor two of Constantino's brothers,
I'm ce Andreas and Prlnco Christo
pher. '1 iifv were received by enthusi
astic crowds and escorted to the pal
ace. The same da.v the foreign news
pa per correspondents made formal
complaint that the press censorship
was being continued and that their
dtsnatches were suppressed or do
laved. llhalits and Gounaris made ex
planations and promised all restric
tions should he removed.
l'arls had press dispatches from
Smyrna saving the Greek army in:
Asia Minor was split into two camps,
one for and one anainst Constantine,
and that fighting between them al
ready had broken out. Some of the
troops were said to be demobilizing
themselves, declaring they were done
with the war against the Turks.
Sunday, November 21, was a day of
bloodshed and terror in Dublin. The
Sinn Fein assassins early In the day
put into execution a deliberate plan
of murder, calling 14 British officers
or former officers to their doors and
shooting them dead. About sixty oth
ers were wounded In these attacks.
The black and tans got into action
at once, making many arrests. Then
they forcibly entered Croke park,
where 15,000 persons were watching
a football game, and. being hooted and
attacked, fired on the crowd. Several
score of persons were killed and many
vi junded before the wild combat *.nded.
Of course more murders and more re
prisals followed, and the military took
possesion of tlife city. Nonwroqs «r-
the Canadian expedition nrv forres siisK
In the White House grounds. 3—
rests were made by them and quanti
ties of documents said to he Incrim
inating seized.
Though attacked bitterly by the op
position press and members of parli
ament for tlds Dublin affair as well
a* for Its Irish policy generally, the
government defended Its position with
extraordinary tenacity, and to support
it made public captured documents
which were salfl to expose Sinn Fein
plots for campaign of terrorism In
England, including assassinations' and
the destruction of property by dyna
mite and tire. In the house of com
mons Wednesday night Lloyd George
scored a notable victory. Former Pre
mier Asquitli moved a resolution ex
pressing abhorrence of tbe Dublin as
sassinations and condemning the re
prisals and urging immediate steps
to pacify Ireland. Col. John Ward by
an amendment changed the. motion
into an expression of admiration for
the courage of the crown forces In
Ireland, und this was adopted by a
vote of 303 to 83, amid the cheers of
the government's supporters.
Ail echo of the Irish trouble was
heard in New York Thanksgiving day,
when an anti-English mob undertook
to sack the Union club on Fifth ave
nue. On the club building was flying
the American flag between British and
French flags,' and the manager was
asked to remove the British emblem.
He compiled, but later the flag was re
placed, and then the mob attacked the
building, breaking all its windows
and destroying most of Its painting*
and furnishings before the police
could disperse it.
The American commission on condi
tions fn Ireland Is hearing many wit
nesses und has naw decided to send
special committee to conduct a first
hand investigation. It is made up of
MaJ. Oliver P. Newman of Washing
ton, Rev. Dr. Norman Thomas and
Arthur Gleason of New York and J. H.
Maurer, president of the Pennsylvania
State Federation of Labor.
The row between the Western Union
Telegraph company and the adminis
tration has leached the acute stage.
It has lo do with the laying of cer
tain cables ut Blscayne bay, Miami,
Ma., permission for which was grant
ed some time ago. Connected with It
was the attempt to land a cable from
Barbados, which the Navy department
prevented. The company thereupon
declined to carry further messages for
tbe State department at reduced'rates,
and the Navy department threatened
to destroy the buv cable if the con
strue! Ion work was not stopped. The
company applied for an injunction to
restrain Secretary Daniels from In
terfering with the work, and the next
duy Secretary of War Baker revoked
the permit for the laying of the ca
bles. Tbe courts must now decide the
entire mutter.
f: President-elect Harding and his
party landed at Cristobal on Tuesday
for a five-day visit in the Canal Zone
Wednesday he made a trip on the
canal to Panama City and called on
President Porras. Later the president
crossed' into American territory! to re
turn the call. Thursday Mr. Harding
had a game of golf, followed by din
ner with President Porras, and Friday
he returned to Cristobal, whence he
sailed on Sunday for Norfolk.
'A Thanksgiving day announcement
was made to the effect that John D.
Rockefeller had given to charities und
public Institutions the sum of $63,
763,357, In memory of his late wife.
The fund is being administered by
the Laura- Spellman Rockefeller me
morial, chartered In New York, and
the beneficiaries are mostly organiza
tions In the support of which Mrs.
Rockefeller was especially' Interested
in her lifetime. More than eight mil
lions'of the fund already has been ap
propriated to 22 Institutions. It Is
estimated that this brings the total of
Mr. Rockefeller's big gifts up to ap
proximately 9475,000,000, making him
the most munificent' giver, known to
history.
Gaston- Chevrolet, one of the best 1
known'of the automobile Speed kings,
was killed and Eddie O'Dotinel, an
other race driver, fatally hhrt when
their cars collided during the 250
mlle nationul championship 'ifece at
Los Angeles on Thanksgiving (by. l%e
watf won by Sarlaa.
HOW=
W
tlll.n-FAMOUS TO DO
SWORDS AUK PERFKCTKD.
—In ihe famou-i sword factory
at Toledo, in Spain, absolute se
crecy surrounds some ot the
processes emplovod In the malt
ing of these celebrated blades,
although under certain condi
tions visitors tire allowed to go
through the factory. No one. how
ever. is permitted to look upon
tbe Una I secrets ol tempering.
in the flrst room there may
be seen a curious large round
shield fastened against the wall,
where the last test of a tlnished
sword is made. It is thrown
against this target us an arrow
Is thrown from a how it its
point is perfect, nell and good
ft does not turn a fraction of
the fineM hair's breadth. If the
blade makes an escape from
thi.s trial, and it usually floes
it is woiiliv to lie marked with
the lo.val sinn and the word
"Ai lilei i.i." thai proves that it
was made Toledo. 11 the
point wavers, even In a manner
imperccntihle to inprie.
liced e.M... the blade must go
back to a renewal of its fiery
discipline.
At one table a man, working
by aid of was and a sharp
pointed needle-like Instrument
Is busily engaged In the letter
ing of a blade. At another table
Is an nrtlsan pounding with a
tiny sharp-edged sort of ham
mer, working out a handle pat
tern. There are several hundred
employees in this sword factory,
and a great many of them are
boys under twenty, but the
most trusted workers are not
oliou young.
BARTERED MILLIONS FOR DOG
How Representative of British Capi
talist* Made Big Fortune for
His Employers.
f4-»\ ^u
There is a copper mountain on
Prince of Wales Island. Alaska, worth
millions of dollars nnd Is snid to he
one of the largest single bodies of cop
per ore in the world, that was "bought
for a yellow dog."
I Years ago a representative of British
capitalists was stalled lor the winter
at Fort Yukon and there met an old
Alaskan prospector, who was seeking
a grubstake and particularly a dog.
The mountain, according to the
prospector, had been worked bv the
Russians In the days when Alaska was
a Russian possession, and several ship
londs of ore had been carried awav.
The prospector got the desired dog.
but lost Ins life while limiting for
game. The British representative,
however, did not forget the storv and
later induced his backers to Invest suf
ficient money to pay the expense of
finding It
How Pebbles Travel.
The pebbles on the beach, In their
relations with the sea. aiVord end
less subjects of observation and In
terest, says Hallum IlawUsworth,
writing In St. Nicholas. Hv wlmt sim
ple magic the waves breaking on the
heaeli transform them from dull
stones to sparkling gems: "As pret
ty as a wet pebble," savs Victor Hugo
of a girl of sixteen. But It Is
not only for a fine completion that
tbe little pehhle Is Indebted to rhe
sea. He Is also a great ocean trav
eler. Even on the calmest day, the
pebbles travel a little distance werv
time a wave strikes them. Take out
your watch and time these pulsations,
and you will find that the beats
occur about six times minute. The
distance traveled bv pehhle. buck
and forth, as the result of one wave
stroke. Professor Slialer of Harvard
placed at un nverage of ten feet—
taking all kinds of summer weather
together CO feet every minute. Mul
tiply this by 60. and then by 24. and
what Is the aggregate of the daily
promenades of one of these little fel
low summer Idlers of our*? Over 16
miles I
How Uncle Horace Knew.
"Tell me. Uncle florace." pleaded
Amelia, "do you think Henrv will
make a good husband?"
"I think he will," replied Uncle
Horace without hesitation. "1 offered
him a cigar lost evening and he took
It as freely as It was given. When he
opened his cont In search of a match
he exposed his waistcoat, and Its two
upper pockets were filled with dears.
I have no hesitation In saving that
Henry will prove a saving, economical
husband."
How Arabs Eat Cucumber Rind.
The cucumber Is grown in great
quantities In Palestine. A traveler
visiting an Arab school Jerusalem
writes that the dinner the children
brought with them to school "consist
ed of a piece of barley cake nnd
a raw cucumber, which they ate, rind
•nd all."
Why He Didn't.
"He knows all the best people in
town."
"Then why doesn't he associate
Wltli them?"
"They know hUn."—Boston Tran
WHY^
NO. 23
Napoleon Chose Violet as
Floral Emblem -'j
Why
whs
the violet selected as the
floral emblem of the House of Boiui
piiiieV Why was that traditionally
modest, shrinking Utile flower chosen
by aggressive a character as ,\'u
I'ob'on IV
I lie subject was recalled with re
newed interest recently by the various
anecdotes printed ot the lute lim
pi-i'is 1Cugenie, several ol them dwell
ing on her fondness for violets, the
llower of the lionapartes. The follow
ing Is an interesting explanation of
the matter, given by an authoritv on
ihe Bonaparte family, Edward T.eirsre,
author of "The Empress Eugenie.' a
book Unit aroused considerable com
ment ten vi-iirs ago.
According to 5!r. I.egL", three davn
before Napoleon I embarked lor I.lba
the creat emperor, still undecided
whether he would resign himself to
his banishment, was walking in th«
gardens at Fontainchioau. The lHie
de I'.assano was arguiiiL- that the time
lor withdrawal was past and Napo
leon was much excited. He saw a
inld gMiiering violets anc asked for
them. The boy gave their, and after
a few minutes the emperoc, who had
not replied to the Due. hitherto, re
ran r!..-!:
The accident of this occurrence is
a secret hint to me to follow the ex
ample of these modest flowers. Yes,
gentlemen, henceforth the violet shall
he the emblem of my wishes"
General Bertrnnd expressed the
hope that Napoleon's resolution might
last longer than the flc-wers which had
inspired It. The next dm* Napoleon
wns seen walking about the gardens
with a hunch of violets and stopping
to pick some from a bed. A grenadier
on guard suggested that It wonld be
easier to pick them in a year's time—
they would be more plentiful. In an
swer to the emperor's questions the
man Informed him that almost nil his
comrades, as well as he. hoped he
would come back from Elba before
the year was out. On returning to
his barracks this grenadier told his
I comrades about the emperor's violets,
nnd they began to call Bonaparte
"Pere la Vlolette," which led to the
adherents of the ex-emperor wearing
the flower as a memorlnl In the spring.
I INDUCING OTHERS TO TALK
Why the Art of Listening Is One That
Is Well Worthy of 4
1
When tills prospector learned that
the representative of British capital
ists was looking for iron and copper
he bargained to show bun great
mountain of the ore In consideration
for one good dog.
Acquirement. J,
I It has been noted llml men who
have attained great eminence were
veritable interrogation marks when
youngsters. They wunted to know the
why and the wherefore of everything.
They wanted to listen.
I There Is a difference between listen
ing and silence. The best listener is •.»
not the person who never says a word
there is an art of listening. a
The expert listener guides the talker
into the desired paths not only by ask
ing the right questions, but by evinc
ing Intelligent, sympathetic Interest
and making appropriate comments.
It Is tny experience savs a writer in
Forbes magazine, that very few men
who have accomplished big things can?
talk freely about themselves or their
activities. They have to be coaxed,Ms
they have to be steered, thev have towsgS
lie stimulated. They must have the
right kind of listening.
I
Adolph Ochs, publisher of the Now
York Times, wns once approached by
an interviewer who wanted .Mr. Och9«K$0.
to give an account of his career. The^sg
famous publisher politely hut em
phatically declined. Bv arid by, how
ever, he discovered that the interview
er was surprisingly familiar with hl8
life's work and, under the influence
of the right kind of listening, Mr.
Ochs, almost before he realized It,
was talking more Intimately about
himself than he had ever talked b^
fore.
Why Atlantic I* Patrolled.
After the wreck of the Titanic,
eleven 01 the leading nations of
Europe toined with the United States.?
and Canada to provide a service for
the observation and patrol of Ice along
the north Atlantic steamsaip lanes.
These nations contribute In different
proportions to the expense of this
service, hut the work is done by the
United States coast guard cutters
Seneca and Tampa, who cruise back
and forth during the warmer months
when the Icebergs come south and.
send out to all vessels wireless re
ports of the location and movements
ol the ice.—Boys' Life.
Why "Yellow-Backs" Have Gone.
Fathers who used to be warned
against the evil effects of stories deal-.
Ing with Jesse James nnd other ban-?
dlts now furnish the money so their..
own boys can go to the movies and see
actual reproductions of nil sorts of
crimes. The motion picture art Is
worthy of higher subjects than these.
Unless the reform
5?
Dfe$lns
from the in*
side, the outside influences.• as Mr.
PInkertou suggests, will be forced ta
make the Initial move.- lndl«napolla
News.
How Hay Is Loaded.
Hay Is now loaded and packed intoi jKfj
freight cars by means of the air blast.aj^|
The hay Is drawn up to a platform-ivsjj
beside the car by a crane, and a pow-\.,'^
erful air blower hurls It Into the car,
pressing it down and packing it.'
&
I Why He la Good Citizen.
The ndage runs: "Many men, many
minds," yet all minds are not equnlly
keen, nor equally honest. It's the man
who thinks clearly and honestly that
most invites confidence. Such a man
to a big aaaat to any community.

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