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I By E. P. Hunter.' MARTI JiSBURG, <VA.> THURSDAY. OCTOBER 24. .*«. 7- . __ ~ “' l.u ... - ■ _ LVol. XXXIV.—No. THD CfAZ-B.T'X!.*^ MUX1I.1V. OVTOBF.R 21. 1952 •“ . .-i.i-.- ... i. . , ' ——•mrnmmpmmmm From the Albany Daily UurrtiMr. The l snrpation.—We mentioned a short time since, that the Editor of the Richmond Enquirer, albeit a most dc voted adherent of (Jen. Jackson, had evinced the candor to express his doubts a* to the President’s jurisdiction over ibepublic deposites. The Albany Ar. gits thereupon expressed his conviction, that if Mr. Ritchie would examine the subject, his doubts would vanish. Alas! for the oracular prediction! It is most ;adly destitute of verification. 1 From the Richmond Enquirer. \\ e have expressed some doubts a. bout the jurisdiction of the President over the public deposites. The more I we hr."' examined this question, the more tuey are strengthened. We are willing to pay every tribute to the lofty patriotism—ari l the unsullied integrity of the President of the United States. We entertained no sort of doubt that be believes himself perfectly justified in the course lie has pursued—that he feels uq scruple about the power he has ex ecuted, and that he has been actuated by the just indignation he has conceived for the abominable abuses of the Hank if the United States. It is of not the slightest consequence as to the justice and legality of the act that the President believed himself jus tified—if lie could have so believed in die teeth of his own assertions and ad missions. It Jis no excuse for him, “that he feels no scruple about the jtow ir he has exercised,” such unscrupulous rulers are not wanted in America. A deliberate violation of the law is not to be defended by “good intentions.”— The illimitable floor of the palace of Satan is paved with that material. If the President lias done a wrong and dangerous act, honest men should not hesitate to condemn it and hi.-r. In the following passage the Enqui rer admits, hut with unworthy tame ness, the executive violation of the law. We are at a loss to conceive what act j nf Gen. Jackson would be monstrous: enough to call fortli a denunciation from the collar press. Mr. Cambre- j leng, according to the Courier and En quirer, maintains the General’s right to take the life of Mr- lliddle—to pis to 1 him with his own hand. “It seems to us, therefore, that the President disclaims all desire to dictate re the Secretary of the Treasury—hut only to press upon him his own “view of the considerations which impel him to immediate action.” If these views were not conclusive upon the mind of the Secretary, it ap|>ears to iu> that the President ought to have been con tent with doing his duty, and LEAV ING THE RESPONSIBILITY WHERE THE LAW had left it, I\ THE HANDS OF TIIE SECRETABT. The President might have, in the mean time, obtained information as to the best mode of depositing the public mo ney.sin the State If auks—and laid these t cts, along with the gross abuses of which the Bank had been guilty, be Crc Congress and his countrymen at >Iiq next session. For this cause a lone, lie should not have removed the Secretary and appointed a substitute. -1 people jealous of its liberties, should, watch the exercise of the Executive pacers, in all cases; and particular!)/ where the public purse is concerned.— Hie most virtuous Chief Magistrate may be led into error. His very vir tues may betray him. His indigna tion against the abuses of others may prompt him to the adoption of a rente <lv, which he erroneously considers within the strict line of his duty. ’ In another place the Editor of the Enquirer distinctly pronounces King Andrew m error. A very mild term, to he si’ve, for an act of high-hand and daring usurpation; but mild as it is, it is more brazen and courageous ihan any thing the collaritcs in this section dare avow: “If he removed him [Mr. Duane,] because of a difference of opinion on the l^eposites, we think the President has however pure his motives.” At the hanging of Getter, on the 4th .nstant, near Easton, l\n., the rope broke, and it was not until the laj»se of twenty minutes that the executioner was able to bring the culprit again to the beam. From the want of due care this cruelty often occurs. 11 the law provided that when the rope of the cri minal breaks, the sheriff should be tucked up in his stead1, the barbarous spectacle would gcldom be witnessed. New York. Oct. 10. Steamhwt Explosion..—11 is our painful duty to announce a serious disaster that occurred on board tlie new Steamboat New England, on her passage from this city to Hartford. It appears that at an early hour yester day, when the boat was off Essex, the north parish of Sa\ brook, both boilers exploded, and so great was the concus sion that hardly a fragment of either was left. There were upwards of one hundred ! [►assengers on board. Among the number was a young friend of ours, who left us the previous evening to at tend the University at .Middletown— from him we have received the follow, ing: Miodletowjt, (Ct.)Oct. 9. “I have this moment arrived, and presuming that you have not heard of the dreadful accident that occurred to the stcamliont, I hasten to drop vou a line. Through the mercy of a kind Providence I am safe and unhurt. Such a scene I never witnessed. The ex plosion took place about three o’clock in the morning. I was in my berth at the time, and was aroused amidst the crash and thunder of the explosion, and the shrieks ami groans of the wounded and dying. “About twenty-six are badly burned —some of whom, 1 think, cannot sur vive. One child was dead when 1 left the l>oat, and the baggage master was missing—it is feared he w as blown o verboard.” In addition to the above we find the following in the New Haven Herald of last evening: “A gentleman lias arrived in town for the purpose of obtaining further medical and surgical aid, who repre sents the case as one most truly disas trous and distressing. The clerk of the boot, two of the hands, and two passengers are missing —undoubtedly blown into the stream and lost. Seventeen persons w ere land ed at Essex, dangerously wounded, not more than half of whom, it w as thought, could recover. The passen gers for Hartford, it is supposed, suf fered least,—most of them being in their berths. Among the sufferers, were T. M. Heron, Esq., of Reading, on his way to attend the Episcopal Convention at Norwich; Hr. Whiting, of New Y ork; and Mr. Warner, brother of the Trea surer of Y ale College. Dr. Knight and Dr. N. II. Ives left here this after noon, to afford such aid us w as in their power.” Stocking Factory—Mr. Johnston com menced the manufacture of blockings in this town one year ago last May. He makes Cotton, Wollen and Worsted liosieiy. The demand for his work is now greater than his ability to supply, although lie has eleven frames in constant opera tion, which turn out 1200 pairs per month. This demand shows the estimation in which his goods are held. lie now consumes at his establishment two hundred pounds of woollen yarn per month, which amount he finds it difficult to procure.—Porttmouth (JY. 11) Jour. The New York Daily Advertiser states that from the 1st to the 26th of September, there were received from the Canal and different places on the North River, 89,956 barrels of Flour, 11,894 bushels of Wheat, 9,575 bush els of Rye, and 29,860 bushels ol'Corn. Forty thousand bushels of wheat, di rect from Archangel, Russia, have been received at the |»ort of Quebec. This is fulfilling the old adage, of “car rying coals to Newcastle.” Loss of the Slea/nltoat George Wash, ington, Capt. Walker, on Lake Erie.— The Buffalo Patriot says, “This new and splendid boat went ashore in the gale of Wednesday last, about 10 o’ clock in the morning, on tl»e beach two miles above Long Point, oil the Cana da side of Lake Krie. We learn from some of the passen gers that after riding at anchor for some hours, the gale encraasing, and the engines, from the strain oft lie ship, becoming unmanageable, it was deter, mined, tor the salety of the passengers and crew, amounting to about senven ty souls, to run her on shore, where she now lies, twenty rods from the wa ter’s edge, and broken in two. All tho individuals on board were saved except one, a Mr. Hillerd, of Lodi, Seneca county, who, notwith standing the expostulation of Captain Walker, ventured toswim to theshore. He sunk a short distance from the ves sel. The Washington was not ensured. Loss about $60,000. Sho belonged to the Huron Steam Boat Company. The stock was own cd in Detroit, Huron, Ohio, Arc. The gale was uncommonly severe, but we have heard of no other disaster of magnitude on the Lake. nre smvooii. Among tlie mountains on the Iron* tiers of ***, ia Germany, is situated a lonely village, oneo inhabited by poor, but industrious and virtuous people, now, since it has been thrown into the comer ot a kingdom, a nest of smog, glers and thieves where all the vices have taken up their abode, and where they are fosterer! by the lucrative, tlio’ dangerous, profession that is there pur sued. Here, with all the pride of ban ditti boasting of their achievements, they related to me n circumstance, tlie I thought of which makes me shudder. “Gome along,” said a father one e vening to his daughter, a girl of lit, who had just returned from a pastor of the village, who was giving her instruc. tion, preparatory to confirmation; “put on your thick cont, we have something to get to-night. Hid your mother good bye, and beg her to lay her hand upon your head; for wc cannot tell whether tlie Almighty will bring us safe through the business or not.”— Tlie y set out. The wind blew intense ly cold over the hills, and howled a niongthe trees; while low clouds, hea vily laden with snow, sailed slowly over the grey heads of the naked rocks.— They proceeded in silence, along an unfrequented mountain path, and clam bered like chamois along a yawning abyss, where a foaming torrent was struggling against the overpowering force of winter. “Lay hold of my belt,” whispered the father, as though apprehensive lest the very air might overhear him, “and hold fast;’tis not the most pleasant walking here.” Tlio girl trembled with cold and tear, and silently followed her rough conductor. “Stop,” he cried, all at otice, “do you hear nothing? were not those men’s voices?” “No, father, it is the wind howling through the pines.” “Stand still, then, and listen—that must be footsteps. I hear them quite plain.” “No, father, it is the ice bursting in the abyss,and the water dashing against the rocks.” The old man, wrapped in a grey surtout, clap|ied his ear to the side of the rock to listen, and presently cried, “come on!” The path became more difficult, and the rocks were abrupt. “Should any misfortune bel'al me to night, my dear girl,” said he, “tell your mother she must not give up the busi ness: 1 have mude a profitable concern of it, and I should not die content, if I believed it would drop with my life.” He then directed her to concejl herself in a small cavern in the roek. “You may cat your supjier there,” he observed, “for wc ure now upon the frontier; and tip yonder you would on ly be in my way. I’ll whistle when 1 come back. When you bear that sign, look about you, and bestir yourself.” With these words be continued his ascent, and the half frozen girl crept sobbing into the snowy retreat. At a dizzy depth below her, the torrent roared monotonously, and before her tlie wind whirled the snow in eddies from the rocks. She w as alone in this dreary s|»ot. After awhile, the appointed signal was given, and she heard footsteps.— Her father came with a pack, which he dragged after him. “Here,” said he, “pull it in! it is but light,—you will have no difficulty. ’Tis worth a good round sum though.” Tlio pack was deposited in the cav ern, and the smuggler went back a gain. The girl, meanwhile, crouched behind tlie pack, and rublied her fro zen limbs, to warm and keep herself awake. Some time again elapsed; again a whistle wrus given as before, and the father returned with another load, lie bade her take up the first and made her go on Wfore him. “Father, I hear dogs barking! don’t you?” “No, no, ’tis only tlie wheezing of my old lungs.” “There again! I hear something be hind us.” “Go along, girl, and hold your tongue!” “Tlierc is some thing moving behind us, fattier, down yonder, don’t you see?” “Good God! the sharp shooters!— We are lost if we cannot reach the ra vine!” ! A dog came up and threatened to seize the man. Glinging, without oth er hopo of safety, to the rock, ho burl ed bis pack at the auiinal, which tum bled, bowling, together trtth a ss of snow, down the precipice. “Give it to me,” he cried, taking the lighter load from tlie girl, grasping her hand firmly, and drawing her w ith accelera ted steps down the rocky path. Fright deprived her of the use of her limbs, ami he dragged her along like a dead thing. Destruction pressed closer and closer upon their heels. Voices re peatedly cried “Halt!” No answer was return'd, and the report of a piece reverberated a hundred fold, by the | echoes of the mountains. The' bait struck the rock aud dropped at their 1 feet. “Merciful Hod!” ejaculated tho girl, “I can go no further. Leave me here, father, they will not murder me.” “Hut you will betray mo, girl?” “.No, no, no; leave me here, mid make your escape.” ou will betray and bring your fa ther to the gallows. Come, come a hmg.” Killed with despair, ho raise. I her Irom the ground, and wound, with bis two fold burthen, round a ledge of rocks. It was to no purpose. Tho sharp shooters appeared above and be low—and the anxiety of the smuggler increased every moment. The girl bad sunk dow n as if inanimate, and all the efforts of the affrighted father to rouse her were unavailing. Again w as heard the cry of “halt,” again the balls w hizzed past, and the ministers of the law kept approaching nearer and nearer. Lite or death depended on a single moment, lie bent over the child and caught her in his arms. “.So help me (lod in my utmost need!” lie ejacu lated aloud, and threw her down the a byss. The body dashed against the projecting crags in the descent, und rolled in the torrent U'lieath. The pursuers stood aghast at the atrocious deed, and overpowered with horror dropped their weapons. The smuggler escaped with his puck, and lias since often visited the spot on a similar errand. THE DESERTERS. The following narrative was found among the paften of Mr. Mason, Secretary to the Duke uf Cumberland. I hero were in the-regiment two young soldiers above the conunon level, both IVoin the surncplace, u town in Lancashire; and each had much j friendship for the other. They had I enlisted together, through different mo* I tives; they marched together, and were | inhabitants of the same tent. One, j whom 1 shall call the /over, had caroll ed his name through an uneasiness from being disappointed in what ho thought all his happiness was centered; the marrying of a sweet girl of his own town, by whom he was much beloved. Her relations were inexorable, and his hopes in vain. The other, tt lad of spirit, believing a soldier’s life such as the recruiting officer had described it, willing to sco wars, accompany his friend, and serve his country, likewise accepted the king’s pictures; and was called the volunteer. He was the on ly son of his mother, and she a widow; she was much grieved tit this step, which lie had taken without her privity or consent; but being in an easy situa tion, and not wanting his assistance for her support, she lamented only through affection for him, the widow sent forth her son with tears and blessings; the maid eyed her lover from a distant win dow (a nearer approach not being per mitted), and boat time to his steps with her heart, till he w as out of sight; and then sent her soul after him in a deep sigh. They had not been long in the camp before the volunteer had woful proof of the wide difference between the ideal gentleman and soldier which he had dressed up in his imagination, and the miserable, half starved food for powder. As for the lover, he was in sensible to the hardships of the body; the agitation of his mind absorbed his whole attention. In vain had ho en deavored to fly from the object of his love; he brought his person only, leav ing his thoughts and his heart behind him, and was absent from himself in the noise and bustle of the day, at a si lent midnight w atch, or when stretched upon his lied at night. 1 hey commu nicated their situations to each other, and took the fatal resolution to desert. Thus winged by love und urged by fear, the lulls of Scotland flew from their heels; and they hail arrived at a village within a mile of their own town when they were overtaken by a horse pursuit, and reconductcd to their camp. A court martial was held and they were condemned to die; but the ticno. ral ordered, ns is usual in such cases, that they should cast lots, und only one of them suffer. At the appointed time the ring was formed, the drum placed in the centre, with the box and dice upon it* head, and the delinquents made to enter. The horrors which sat brooding on their souls the preceding night, and were now overwhelming them, at the > awful crisis, were strongly painted in their pallid countenances. Their friendship was real and sincere, hut not that fabulous and heroic kind as to wish to die for each other; each w ish ed to live; and each was disquieted at the thought, that his safety must be built on the death of his friend. I hey alternately requested each other to be gin. The lover looked earnestly at the* little instruments ol' death, took ^ ( h,cm, ,n!° *"* ‘ambling hand, and qui otlr laid them down. Tho officer was obliged to intcqMNK: and command the volunteer to throw; he lilted the box in the right hand, then shifted it into the left, and gave it to his right again; and us it ashamed ot weakness or supersti tion. cast his eye* upwards tor a mo. merit, and was in the act to throw, wlii'ii the shrieks of female sorrow struck his ear, and in burst from an op j l*>site part ot the circle, tlio widow and the maid; their hair dishevelled, and their garments, by travelling, soiled and torn. Wlmt a sight was this! The mother and son on the one side of the drum, and the maid and lover on the other!— The first transport* of their frantic joy at finding them alive, ware *0011 abated by the dreadful uncertainty of what must lollow. I lie officer was a man who did not hurry tho volunteer to throw . lie put Ills hand to the box of his own accord, his mother fell pros, •rate ii|m>ii the earth, ns did also the maid; and both, with equal constancy and fervor, jioiired forth their different prayers. lie threw nine; a gleamol imperfect joy lighted up the widow’s face; and she. looked us yon might supiiose her to have done, if standing on the shore, she hud seen her son shipwrecked, buf., letting the waves; when presently lie gains a raft and is paddling to shore, I and already she seems to feel his fond ! embrace, but still is anxious, lest even yet some envious billow should snatch him forever from her eves. Mean while the lovers, giving up all for lost, were locked in each other’s arm*, arid entreated to he killed thus together on the spot. She was held ftoin him bv force. 1 le advanced towards the drum with much the same air ns he would have ascended a ladder for his execu tion. lie threw ten! the maid sprang from the ground us if she would leap to heaven, he cuuglit her in his arms;— they fainted on each other’s neck, and recovered only to luint again. The volunteer was the least affected of the four;- and all his attentions were em ployed about his mother, whose la-ad was on his lap: hut she was insensible to his care. Soon after the women had rushed into the ring, an officer had run to the duke’s tent, to inform him of the uncommon tenderness of the scene. He accompanied tlic officer to the spot, and standing behind the first rank was an unobserved spectator of the whole transaction. He could hold out no longer, he came into the circle, raised the widow, and pronouncing in her ear “lie is pardoned,” restored her to life and happiness, together. Then turn ing to tho lovers, he commanded thorn to go immediately to tho chaplain, to be united by that tie which death only could dissolve. He often declared ho felt more pleasure from this action, than from the battle of Cullodcn. He shod tears, but they Were not those of Alexander, when he wept for more world* to conquer. J From the New York Farmer. SALTPETKE IN MEAT. Jt is a matter of regret that w hen so much salt meat is made and used, we have not yet acquired the proper know ledge of the beat mode to prepare and preserve it; nor is it generally known how noxious suit meat may become by an improper use of saltpetre in the pickle or brine usually employed. There are various modes of preserv ing salt meat ami tisli, by drying, salt ing, pickling, oiling, smoking, Ac.; but I merely mean at present to notice some of the defects und noxious pro perties of our actual salt meat, either beef or pork. One of the main defects appear to consist in the useless addition of salt pet ri: into the pickle, whereby the meat often becomes sour and spoiled, and always ucid and pernicious. I never could understand why this substance was added to common salt, in curing meat, except that it is said to make it look, better. Hut it ought to be known that part of saltpetre absorbed by the meat, is nitric acid or aquafortis, a deadly j>oison! whereby our salt meat becomes unpalatable and pernicious.— A slight excess of this acid makes the meat sour, or spoils it, as we say. It has boon suggested to correct this by potash, which re-absorbs the excess; but merely hides the defect without neutralizing the whole poison. Is it not surprising that we should feel and deal, as a staple of our coun try, containing a portion of such active poison as nitric acidl In fact, out ac* tual salt meats are no lunger meat! They are a new jiernicious substance produced by a chemical action of salt upon the flesh of animals. This flesh, vvhen fresh and clean, consists chiefly of gelatine or iiltrine. Gelatine, or jel ly, is the substance soluble in warm water, forming a broth by boiling, or become a jelly by concentration; w hite fibrine is the fibrous tougff part of the i »»»«*. " Inch cannot bo dissolved- auj JstlicrcK.ro unlit for food, while gtUtmo its the real nutricious part of tin! meat. \ l’,ul *t is well known that salt meat, I and even corned beef, can no longer at ' I lord a broth, and therefore gelatine jintist have been changed into anotltcr iMiUtunco no longer soluble, nor so mi jtricihus, hy the rlidmieul action ol salt and saltpetre. 1’® this new substance chemist* have as \ et uot given a name but it is uitlbreiit from meat as loath Ivr ls f,0,n *ho hide before it is tanned |by tbo tan bark, or tannin. I o this chemical chungcSn meat, is t® he ascribed all the noxious qualities of salt meat, and the diseases to which those who Iced chiefly on it become li. able,—sea scurvy, land scun y, soro gums, rotten teeth, biles, ulcers, dee., which we entail on ourselves by using a kind of poisonous bud meat, which wo call salt. This imp. >rtnnt and doleful fuel ought to l»e wi ll known, or mado known ge nerally to all those who raise cattle, euro meat or eat it, in order that they may correct this sail defect. The first thing to he done is to a l.aiidon altogether the use of saltpetre [hi curing meat. This is indispensable, und no one who is told that aquafortis is the produce of it, ought any longer to uso this poison in pickles or brines. The best substance for it is svgar— n small quantity added makes tbo meat healthier, sweeter,, nicer, and equally durable. Let this bo known to all our farmers and sailors. Ilowto make brine for meat per fectly Innoxious, is yet n desideratum. (Jelutine ought to be preserved in salt meat perfectly pure and soluble, ns it is in broth rakes, and before salt meat can be perfectly faultily and equal to fresh meat. Hut at any rate, by with holding the saltpetre, wo divest it of a deadly poisonous substance. V. S. RAFINKSQrE, Professor Hist, and Natural Sciences. The TVesf.—-About forty-five years ago, Ib il Stone Old Fort, the Vocation of which is not very lav from tlio cen tre of Pennsylvania, was called the Hack Woods, and tlio writer of this well remembers t he departure of a res pectable family for that place, of whom leave wiib taken «» of persons now pro ceeding to the Koeky Mountains. Next, Ohio became “the West,” then Indiana and Illinois, and tlio left Bank of the Mississippi, was the extreme “west.” But the fattier of waters was leaped at a hound, and what is now the State of Missouri became the “West;” then Boon’s Lick, and where the city of Jefferson now stands, the “West” was next located on the Yellow .Stone, some tsvo thousand miles from the Mississip pi, but has been removed over the Rocky Mountains, and will soon huvo its placo at the month of the Columbia River, on tlio Pacific Ocean. W hen that happens, “the West” will he no longer heard of. In the present jour ney to “the West” pretty near three thousand miles are passed over in steam boats. — JVi If s' ll egi stir. Lithotomy.—The Dedham Gazette states that this surgical operation was successfully performed in that town on Tuesday last, by I>r. L. Miller ofl’ro ridt nee, upon the person ofan individu al who had been long and severely af llicted with the gravel. Two hundred ind sixty-six stones were extracted, fourteen of them being as large as ha de-nuts. The patient is at present as roinfortablo us could have been expect ed from the circumstances of the case, ind hopes are entertained of his final recovery. A good one.—The Post Master at Irungcburg, S. C., writing to the edi or of tho Charleston Mercury, says, hat Major Barry has made un attempt o turn him out, but nobody will take ilie appointment} and after making di vers complaints of the Post Master Ge neral's own short comings, he adds, that unless Major Barry resigns, lie intends to continue in office himsolt, ni.iugre the whole Kitchen Cabinet,and he signs liiingelf“Jo/in A. Tyler, Tost Muster in spite of'em. Mojiticello is again for sale. Per haps no property in Virginia will ho dispos'd of at 4 lower rate than tho *p|<ndid scat of Mr. Jefferson. Tho -xtreinQ beauty of its situation, tho ;ostly and chaste architecture of tho iwelling, added to all its historical as sociations, would, we should think, en sure it a purchaser. Its present pro prietor is Dr. Barclay, who bought it jf the executor of Mr- Jefferson. —— A/ex. Gaz. Citm/en Genet, who forty years ago, denounced’president Washington as an aristocrat and enemy ot the people, now appears in the New \ork Stand ard as a champion of president Jackson, and opponent of the bank of the Utti* >cd States.