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By Edmund P. Hunter.] . 31ARTINSBU11G, (VA.) THURSDAY, JANUARY 7, !S'(>. IVol. XXXVI—No. 46. Oifise oftha Martinihurg Savings I istitution ) June 9, lu'i-t. j BY a resolution of t lie boaid of direct orsofthis institution the fell owing rates of Interest have been adapted foj the government of the Treasurer thereol n receiving money on deposile, v iz : For deposites payable") six month* after demand, | , certificates rrny be issued . bearing an interest at the j 1 rate of J For deposites papable") four months afterdemand, | 4 cen(um certificates may be issued J- * U)m bearing an interest at the | 1 rate of J For deposites payable") ninety days after demand I <> .t,m certificate* may be\ per unnim. hearing an interest at the | 1 rate of J By order GEORGE DOLL, Treasurer. July 10, 1834.—tf VALUABLE MANUFAtl CK1NG 2? II O il i* T "Sr* FOR SALE OR RENT. rjaHE subscriber as trustee o( Edward 1. A. Gibbs of Matlinsburg Beikeley co Va., is authorized to sell or lease the fol lowing valuable property lying on the Tus carora creek in Marlin-Aur/. J. A valuable Woolen lactory with all the necessaiy machinery, implement* i;e. now in the occupancy of John N. Hid lie &. Co. whose lease of tlie same expires on the 1st of April 1336. To this valuable lactory is attached a machine Shop—and every appurtenance ami convenience ne cessary ior the spinning, weaving, dyeinz. and dressing processes in the making of Cloth. 2 A Valuable Sawmill. 3. Ji Cupula Furnace, with its appara tus and various flasks, patterns, and fur niture. 4. Jl Blacksmith's Shop and Tools This valuable property wi.i be < ,-posed of by the subscriber separately o: together at private sale, oi will be Sensed separate ly or together ior a term of j ars. The lactory oi course sold or teas:d sul j ct !o the term of the present tenant—p-i ses sion of the rest delivered immediately.— The subscriber cau assure persons who may wish to orb. ige i;i t>. i s>s «>. tins sort that a Bargain can he had, tin- exe ecution ol his trust iiipurir;. that some disposition should be p.t* iu, torilv nude. Enquire of the subsc.iita r h\ :ng in M..r gan County. Va., cpp< site 1' ■: ct I:, ,Md. or to D. II. Conrad E-q .i lu - jurg, Va. CBOMNVEI.L OdUH'E, Trustee for E Jl. (Jibls. September 3, 1835—tf z. aw sis a : r FOR SALE. HAVING sold a part of ray estalc nr r Martinsburg, Berkeley Courdy. Va. I wish to dispose of lire residue, consisting of the Mill tract of about ;j 4 0 A C11 E S, and the Oak Ridge tract of 130 Acres— lands eqjial in quality to any in the state. Upon the Mill tract there are up .ei u.of one hundred acres ot first i iW*, bmioni land, and about 'he same, quantity ol cleared upland, the balance in tin.her.— The Mill house isasubstanthi.-tone build ing, one hundred feet by forty, in winch three pair of Burrs and one of Country Stones arc worked by the. Tuscarura creek, one of the best and most permanent mill streams in the country The dwelling house, also of stone, is a large convenient well Crushed building, divided into fourteen rooms, hetid« - a passage of Id feet width through its centre. There are barns, stables and oilier out houses in abundance, nil good and conve nient. The Oak Ridge tract i« 2i milt s distant from the Mill ti set, about one liailol it covered with timber ol the finest quality, the balance cleared, well fenced, and in a high state of cultivation. The improve. merits on it are iiuJnlt-rcnt. I v. :■! sc'.! those farmson aceamadiiti g terms, either entire, or divided, to suit purchasers. MATTHEW HANSON. March 5, 18.43—11 ADSITIO - f A Z> G 0 P PtV! yySJILSON <$'. AXDEESON, an: tv again receiving an ad i.tioual sup ply of \\ INTER GOODS. They would particularly call the attention of the pub lie, to tneir very complete assortment ol Cloths and Cassimcres, Petersham. Lonl^n Buckskin, Cassiuclls, It kite anil loin Flannels; French, Eughslt, and Printed Merinos; Zutican, French, >y Common Calicoes. They have a pretty assortment of Black, and Colored Silks; Dress lints; Plain and Fig’d BoLLincls. do do Swiss and Book Muslin ; Cambric an l Jacknnet; Daces, Edgings, tns<rliugs, an l i coin. - — together with a general a ailment r l Domestic Goods, Hardware (Queens ware and Groceries. December 10,1335, CHINA, GLASS, AND IfiAH'AIA-N WARS. HUGH C. SMITH -V Co , have late. ly imported, per ship John Maii shall, and other direct oppoitunties, from Liverpool, a very lull and complete assortment of Chinn, Glass, dp Earthen-ware. Their s'oek comprises cveiy article in the line,—selected with great care,—and otter ed for sale, Wholesale or Retail, on yeiy accommodating terms. They respectfully request the attention of Merchants to theii stock, as from their long experience, am constantly receiving new goods, they flat •r themselves that Ware ean be purehas ed from them quite as low as at any cata biishment to the North. k Alexandria, D. G. Dec |10, 1835,—4t. COVN TL\ a -HO USE ALMANAC!, FOlt Tin: YE.Hl OF OUR LORD %, & 3; 6 * Being bissextile or leap year, and after the fourth day of July next, the six tieth of American Independence. s 5* S 5J 3 $ > 1 s. i 1 * & * ? I | | l § vs Jan. 1 • 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 18 14 15 Hi 17 18 19 20 -21 22 23 21 25 ' 26 ‘27 28 20 30 31 FcVy. 1 3 3 4 5 6 7 8 0 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21. 22 23 21 25 20 27 28 20 f March. 1 2 3 4 5 G 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26; 27 28 29 30 31 1 April. 1 2 j 3 4 5 6 7 8 91 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 29 21 22 23 24 25 20 27 28 20 30 May. 1 2 3 4 5 0 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 10 20 21 22 23 24 25 20 27 28 29 30 3,1 June. 12 3 4 5 0 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 11 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 2.5 21 25 20 27 28 29 30 July. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 0 10 11 12 13 It 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 23 23 24 25 26 27 28 20 30 31 Aug'st. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 0 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 2 2 23 24 25 20 27 28 29 30 31 Scpt'r. 12 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10| 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 i 18 10 20 21 22 23 24! 25 26 27 28 20 30 Oet'r. 1 2 3 4 5 0 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 11 15 10 17 18 19 20 21 22 ! 23 24 25 26 27 28 20 J 30 31 Nov'r. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Dec'r. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 35 26 27 28 29 30 31 — . HW <1 — i ■ — " - [Published b:/ Request ] From the Lexington tVa) Gazette. Briufm Saddles.—Permit me t<* re comm'ml to thotvho are interested in iir.pioven.* nts iu saddles, the recent inven tion of Messrs. H. fy >1 Beard, of Green ville, Virginia. It is, perhaps, by fur, the most important of its kind, that has been made Ibr many years, and needs only to i be known, to be brought into universal use, so as entirely to supercede every olh er plan upon which saddles have hereto fore been constructed. The improvement consists, 1st, in an angle steel spring fastened to the webbing for the purpose of giviog spring to the scat—2nd, in a spring fixed to the bars t.f I the girth, in order to give elasticity to the girth—and 3dly, in an iron horn mounted I u:i the pummel of the saddle, which gives it (he fashion of u Spanish saddle. It has long been a desideratum, consid 1 tred of the first importance, to attain such a spring to the saddle as would render it i elastic, and destroy the dead, inert weight, | alike fatiguing and uncomfortable to the l idler, and injurious to the horse. Ac | cordingly many attempts have been made ; to supply this defect in our saddles; but ! they iiave, until now, been compaiatively unsuccessful. The icason of the failme of some of the picvious inventions was, that the spring was so placed as to wear out the saddle by friction; and of others, that the spiing was fixed so far on the back of the saddle as to render it neecssa ry, in consequence of its position, so to I cut gnd weaken Hie tiee that it pressed 1 down upon the horse, and inflicted severe ! injury on iia back. But the inventors ' have remedied these imperfections in a most admirable and ingenious manner,by I placing the spring in the head of the Tree : b,i that it is impossible fur the hoise’s back to be injuied, or the aaddie to be i affected by friction. A large number of the best Saddlers iu Virginia have given certificates to this ef : fed- They declare that Beard’s impiov ed saddle is superior to all in use, and that it completely answers the purposes, with out possessing the defects of the spring saddles formuly used. One gentleman, ■ Mr. II. l‘\ Young, of Augusta, says that he has had a saddle of Messrs. Beards’ in me upward* of twelve month*, nnd re none of the vices belonging to the forme patented spring saddles have shewn them selves in this—but that on the contrary it is decidedly “ superior to all saddles In ever rode,” The same declaration i* madi by some of the most respectable gentle men in Augusta, viz: Col. Davis, Hobrr .Steele, Esq , Dr. I. Mali, Ballard Smith Esq., John 13 Christian, Rev. J. Sprigs DavidS. Young, Esq, I. Christian, Rev George Rutledge, ike. Sic. It is remark able that every one of that highly ret pert able gentlemen declare this tobesupenoi to any saddle they ever rode. After the closest examination by the most competent and scrutinizing judges this invention has been pronounced an unequalled improvement—and this, too, when it had to encounter all the prejudi ce* which have been excited against it in consequence of the failure of other inven tions of a similar character. The Messrs. Beard’s have already realized a consider able suiu from sales of patent rights to different individuals— a reward whichthei. industrious habits, mechanical ingenuity, and respectable characters well deserve. It will afford pleasure to the ci'izens of our Slate to patronize the invention of a Virginian, if they shall believe a* the wri ter feels convinced they must, that the improved saddles are incomparably stipe rior to all ever heretofore present-.} to the public. A nom.k oeed.—The young gen tleman, who is the hero of the follow ing deeply affecting narrative, is mid shipman Lewis Wilkins, lately re turned in the Brandywine from the Pa cific, son of Martin S. Wilkins and grandson to the late Lewis .Morris of Morrisiana, one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, By the mother's side, young Wilkies is u line al descendant of tho Lords Ryhs, the princes of tjontii Wales. from the Jf. V Mercantile AdvertUer. Gentl&ncn.—I have just heard (by a friend) of n very gallant and heroic deed, performed by a young gentleman during the lute conflagration, and think it is but justice to him and indeed to our frail human nature, that it should bo made known. Passing along one of the streets then a prey to the devouring element his ears were assailed with the cries ol a female to whom he immediately rushed, and on hearing from her thru her only child an infant, was then in the upper part of a house then already in flames, and would inevitably l>c burnt up if some one did not instantly fly to its rescue, lie forced his way up tiic stairs, not withstanding the repeated winnings ol the by-slanders, that he would inevita bly perish in the attempt, and thcr - found tho innocent in bed, w ho uncon scious of its danger, was phtving with its little hands,pleased no doubt at the brilliancy of the scene, (for the room was thin on lire!) lie seized it, ami happily succeeded in effecting his es cape, restored it to the embrace ol ib almost distracted mother, who, with lrantic joy, tnrew ncr arms rounu ms neck, exclaiming xvith a heart over flowing with gratitude. ‘ my God, my God, tlioti hast not forsaken me.’ A such heroism is always accompanied by modesty, and by feelings easily overpowered by scenes like this, lit | made his escape from tho applauding ' crowd, with as much precipitation as possible, but he will, I trust, long live to remember, (and when called to‘his account’ find them true,) tho words o one of them exclaiming os ho passed ‘for that act alone you have gained < ;place in heaven.' No reward tha could be offered to him on earth cai equal tho satisfaction that such a deci carries with it. A SriFFisn Pinanck.—John Peek ham, Archbishop of Canterbury, nbou the close of tho 13th cer.turv, excoin municated Sir Osborne Gilford, foi stealing a couple of nuns out of a con vent at Wilton. The knight paid ra ther dcav for his “ gallivanting,” inas much as the interdict was only remo ved on the condition that “ he shoulc never come within any nunnerio, or ir the company of a nunne; that lltret Sundays together he should be whip ped in the parish church of Wilton anc as many times in tho market at Shahs burie ; that lie should fast a eortair number of months, that he should no we a re a shirt for three years; lastly that ho should not any more take upoi him the habits or title of a knight, bu wear apparel of a russet color, until In bad spent three years in the Holy Land Peci tiAit Moon or Posting.—On< would have thought that a postmai was a postman all the world over. Qu, postman, however, is not the genera one. We could not have conceive! that there was so many “modes of car rying letters” extant in the world, ni we are assured there are—and that tin subject excites great curiosity. Wi will not be sure that even the following is the most remarkable of all : “ Th< postman who is the medium ofcommu nication between the coast of the Pa cific Ocean and the provinces whicl are situated on the east of the Andes 1 swims for two days down the river r Chanteys, and through a part of tho Amazon, carrying his bag of lott rs ' wrapped about his head like a turban.” [ This is stated on the authority of n l*a ris journal. It is pleasant to hear that correspondence in that remote region j goes on so swimmingly, and to find i that letters are not only written but I cqnveyed on the principle of up.strokes down-strokes. Tho postman must be ( worth seeing, swimming for two days together, with his letters about his head like n turban, or fools cap. Never was a navigator famous for carrying so many sheets in the wind, nor was ever a river so prolific of seals ns the Chamc vs. It is remarkable, too, that notwithstanding the number of letters, they are all carried by one swimmer, and not by divers ! the fi !lowing bok) but cot red view of the evil* of mobocrscy deserve* Ml attcutire read ing f— “Wo tell the people ol the United States, that unless they look well to th ru lelves, the day of their ikstfueti n is «! b ind. They ere trjing to destroy them selves.- We. do denounce as a tumor, ev ery man who encourages, in any slmpe, or under anv pretext, the putting down or abrogating the laws. We tfiseiaity every man whohdvist s the people to take the iiuv into their own hands, no nialtef for what case, no matter for what good teason, no matter to answer what end of justice, no matter hoiv much good tii«y lor once bu done thereby. We say that every man who deptivea or attempts to deprive the veriest wretch that bn ;-ihs (J 1 s etnios phere. ol the rigid of trial by jury, lor any crime, is a traitor—in’ll only to h » com try. hut to his own best lights mot dearest interests. Men who unchain a mob, are like men who unchain the plague and the pestilence It may rid thorn and their country of their enemies and its scourges; but it will alio sweep them sway in its poisonous career. V\ e. shook, inks him to he in- two who worth) s.t on the brink of a volcano, and throw into it the trillaru mable matter to produce an eruption, b it we see men advocating mob Invalid an ateky, on the sccire of expediency, (as ii any expediency can justify overwhelming the li>v,j umt we still sutler them to preach on.—Arkansas Advocate. From liio Raltirnore Patriot. We find m the l-t New Oilcans pa pels, an address of l.arry II. M-mtu. a member of the Louisiana Senate, to th ■ citizens of New Orleans. The ‘ ri* an or. 11 inch mg reformer, and »• < r.mi-h of a humorist withal. Jic thus c . * L;» remarks: “There is probably not a city in (!.<■ United States under a worse polite than your city, not an officer doing his duty, from the highest Order m the Stale to tr.c lowest member ol the city guard. Thu negro is armed with the finest gun in open violation ol the laws, and some 11 the highest rtlicers in the Sate fighting duels, m CwiiUmpl of severe penal statutes. Look out oliicets of the State—take cure duel i Is —and quake grog shop k.-e. pus that stdl to negroes. Your day* arc numbered 11 (Jod spares old LARUY H. MOOttU. From the National Ink'lligcnecr, SPEECH OF MR WISE, OF VA. OX Mil. JOJiXSOX'.S HJ£SO/.UT/OX. In a debate which occurred inthr Horn,: of Representatives on Thursday, 10:1: nit. upon the Resolution offered by t ol. John son, o! Ky., for supplying with cop: -s of (be printed Documents certain llewls of Depaitmcnt and Bureaus, e.id other Dili cers of the Government, some len.nil.s were nrule by Mr. Wise, r.t Virginia, which, although the subject of the ih l ute whs in itself of no gieat magnitude, de serve to be brought out into strong relief We have always been uudr-i th« impit * siun that a majority of tbo last House ol Re pi esentalives was opposed in cons: ieirce and in principle to the remov.,1 of the de posit** of public money from the 15ink of the United States ; and something w said, in other quarters, of the vutnugtniciit by which their votes were made to cm era present their opinions; But wv n» ver < x peeled to hear the facts of such u,.ii>age iT,cnt to he made a matter of confident and unccnlradicted assertion on tin- II mrof the House, as they were by Mr. V\ i.c in the remarks which follow. REMARKS OF MR. WISE, OF VA. Mr. Wise said that he was uttcity op posed to this resolution on tju- rente of l economy, but in another and much more important, point of view, such a rtsolu tiun was actually abhorrent to Me princi ple* of our Government, and to tin indc pendence of the legislation of this House, .Sir, instead ol Iteiug what we ait; by the 1 Constitution, an independent branch ul the National Legislature, this resolution would resolve ns into a meek commi itke, to report proceedings rj the Lci.istc.tue tie parlment to the Kxccutive! Gentlemen may not intend such an t fleet hut Ibis re : solution docs, in ussemblacce and in sub , 1 stance, recognize a responsibility mi the . ’ part of this House to the Executive for I its legislative acts and proceedings. What , sir • has it come to this, that we shall dui ly carry to the foot of the throue a icpoit ! of our proceedings, m order to show— i | not the President, but to his very undeu : LINOS—“thus far have we gone,” in order : that they may say, “thus far shall thou go , and no farther!” The Executive Depart ; merit, sir, iutermeddlles already too much with the performai.ee of our Legislative ■ duties and fuugtioiis, and 1 do solemnly ■ ! protest against resolving upon this written II invitation to superintend and interfere , I with our action here, more than it has tdready done. I wish to preserve mir own independence nn I the chuck* and balan ce* of mil Government. (He: « Mr. Anthony (of Pa.) madosmne ! remark*, which he condnden by saying j that “the Executive Departments hud u | right to know what we were doing io this ilo'l«e."j Me V\jst again rose and said, that ho wn* asto irhed to bear such a right ad nutted 01 claimed for the Executive on i that dour. Mu wruhi only cat! the alten i lien of the House £c the country to (his i claim tor the Exec Hive as n right,! | Mr Johbson of Iv ntueky, in reply tr> | tho gentleman from Virginia, challenged j him to put hi* iingi r upon nwv one act of Executive usurpation l niuaikmg at tho : stunt* time, that it was cn.-y to deal iu ge I ucral denunciations and declaration*, but j more dd’i'ultto support them by facts.— j He, Mr. J looked to (be voice of the pen pic a* lu< guide, and ho doubted not that i the President did. The President had | Bern supported, in all Ids acts, by a large j uiajmitr of the people, slut could tlieru I loro, with more res on, complain of the ! course of the gentleman, than the go title man could of hia. Mr, Wish said, in n joinder, that the, gshtle.inan from Kenturkr, (Got Johnson) hast called upon him to d;» that who h it w.u the eitsh'-it thing imaginable to do.— j He would gne him and tho country the ; infoimail u asked for with the giealest ; pleasure; w.i* happy to have (ho oppor tunity to give tlic gentleman a satisfactory and direct reply, and was ready and wif- 1 ling to put Io* finger upoii some acts of Executive Inbiferencrt wi ii the legislation of that House. When 1 speak, however, of Executive interference, 1 do not mean tne acts of the President alone arid let me lie so understood, t>tU t.he nets of Ibo whole of th* DeptittmertH, 1 it possible, sir, that the gentleman me,in* it Io ln‘ un derstood by hr* u ,iking thin call and by Iu* ni.rkin,; it. that bo himself th e* not SuppOSA speedi catlap* of HCtive, tn termed ling yvi.h onr b .-'iiu »* of legislation can no made? Why, »ii, tint geulletmiu trip*! Nut specify uelsol E.x -eulivc kite* Icmtcc! 8it Hy ibo getilhmuitt knows that the Gonstoutiou makes it the duly of (ho PiC.-ideni to Conninltite ite. to Cotigrcg**,b.< his Message, l.i., tin* I’.xeeutiv c.* view* of all opr relations, and on all subject* of !o gislatioo. lie is cvuiiitutioriHhy' bound Io give us r.tli, hilly Hi * opinions *m what we should d'l and should not do as It, iaturs Lint let not the nih nian urfdoi stand rnc us pointing to Ibis coustitutioofil duly as out; ol my spu. ideations ol r.xcc«tiv( into* icieot e. *i . -end ns Us mcswige is no act ol intermeddling, it is an hci «| do iy and ubtigujiuii. Sir, I do not intend to t tdc in gcntbwiinu’s i ,i11 I inn r will i"". > any ic. pur; ,.n..,» un coy occasion. 1 allude iii it ini- ibe purpose of reminding tin; gctibemun that tin*. Constitution fixe* the u:e. - hi: and mode ol executive intei position in a."s of li-givlation. 1 he Con solution intend* that the President •hall, by a put.lie B».>*Nge, call our attention to i nil subject* ol leyiclaim* action, and that lilt u l lie Executive functions shall c< ase until wo have pctfointitd our nets, mid ic bind them to him Er bis rt-i,»tifi,(i«xi :d sanction or veto. And the Com-tbutiun intends, most cautiously and jealously in tend*, (bat whilst pnlurudog onr act*, whilst deliberating ,*.•. hiist di ,cu.-*t»g, wliil-t iK-cwing upon inns to o : p; s i i or le jeeted, Ho shall beJi.c aim indepei deni ol Executive ioflm-nce, And now, fir, "bat I baresaid, meant to say, and mean to repeat, is, UvAiwnare not thus Ip ,e and n dependent, that the Executive does iu | U'lii.t ddle, iinpii pi ily, d.lngerou ly, mid j t re q iently wild our li-gistativc :•’*.■ tir«u !— the ginUeinr.it asks to: me to point to the instances, and 1 will speedy some of tin in. Was it not admitted tbe other day on this ilooi by a im-mber id •' the par*},” mid Ibe Chairman of a Coftiniidec,(?dr hu tbcilai.il) (bat our Committee* do tint malic their own icpoit ? \\ bo doc* make them •'—nut wfitc them, Shi —make them? Vv ho but iho.e who are con;,til i d, and olio advise on ail our leu ting mt-antiifc*, and upou the ’■ cuo” of the •* lead" of all out men-dies? The undt cling* and all tell u» what is to lie done, m u what nat ! Lpoo the Appinpii.itimi hiiN, p*i liculaity, who ha* die el l f control, the Executive or the Legislative Department f* fcir, 1 refer lo nil the m« mb* i» i f the House a* witnesses. 1 u.,k of all die Chairman of i C'ommiMeea, id every member of each ! Committee, if the Executive Di partnient do not intcileie with our legblation ? Not ! always, pel haps, wilh the knew ledge and } consent or by die older ot tlie President, hut habitually without orders, and always in pursuance ot (heir own intereidt. Put this is dealing t«o imnli in gene ralities, for i»y own interest, am) i» tii , fling, comparatively, with, a subject of : most serious mcmcM. I will sp> ci!y a more signal and a warning instance of Kxecu I live interference wilh (he Legislative ac lion of diis House by the President hint | self tbe facts in relation lo which I can vetify uml make good before the House ; and die Nation. Sir, the |M>uri of the President over a single appointment alone, commanded on this floor, thirty-five votes r‘. least, in fa vor ot one ot the most impmtaut Execu tive act* which ever agitated ihi* country ’or ofleeted ils inti-mt*. On no otiiei ; question than the great Deputise Question of last session, 1 veuly believe ami have reason toknow—1 would,if reipiin d.niske oalh in suppoi t of the opinion— that (be majority ol the Home was decidedly a gamst tbe act of the President, in reason, conviction and conscience. Cut fir, the true sense of the Commons was stilled.— The Speaker of the House was kept in that chair, (pointing to ihc speakers chair) i with an Executive promise in bis pocket 1 until the work of tbe master was finished I There sat the Speaker like a canker upon the body pidilic, which ramified its roots 1 to more than 2 or or 2 or 3 dozen seats on tbi* It tor I There were no less than four Chairmen of the principal Com mi tee a with their eye* of aspiration fixed upon that high place, each looping to he suc cessor to the incumbent; and besides theio there tvas another candidate on an impor tant committee. To say nothing of the subordinates of these committees, who no doubt were willing to have their chairman respectively elected Speaker, to create a t ii vacancy for themselves, jr is surely moderate in calculation lossy that each of those candidates had at least half a dozen , of zealous friends-—they were poor indeed it they hail not. Each candidate looked to what is lure called • Administration votes,’—a term w hich imports Executive interference, by the |-y — to elect him, and according to un arithmetic. Sir, the live candidates with their six friends each, made thirty-five vote*, that according to to the worth of lb.- prize of the speaker's chair, v,me morally certain (o ho called ‘ Administration *totes ’ Less than one third »d that number of votes would, if changed from otic «id« to the other, h*vn changed the vote ol the House on that vi tal’queslion, and I presume that no one here, who sees and know s what we all see and ]tivo‘.‘ . can doubt tint tbeso thirty live voles, taken a-the least pos-iiila num ber to be all’-1 ted, were influenced by, hut left free, nod independent uf Executive in lliicncc ! II y :h- aid ol these i wo oilic.eis, the Mil ishV to I'rij-lrti,.', and the Speaker ol the. Hume of Itepr«sentruitres, tho one executive and the other legislative—one v.t whom the President tippmats, mid tho other he ikes not actually appoint—the lY.-ident, i suppose, w o. enabled to com mand •* niajon;y on tt.is ll.o i! Wliat may not a President do in legislation, when lie has our S’pt Her for his tool?_ So much foe- rp tdi atiohs, by which let it be mob is Rod. I dp not intend to he in volved in any personalities. * b ..'tr.b oati ms he *)noks the voice oft - I " \..e, sir, and so I, and so <in w( all. l'iic tune, i* now short —in due tunc sir,--yet a In’.le while, longer, anil th: t voice shell cur .■ up t,, us and terhigh place., in tohi » uf thunder !» The gentleman • it* 1 have denouncid the, l'icrnlent. Denounced the Presided! I deny it, sir. luce lutvo l supported th( Pfesid. id, for bi* ofiicu, With a z-al.-if not ability, which might cxe.t itself * qlia|. ly aideat fi .*m, under the same circum stance*. Uu;, sir, nor for Hie President, nor tor myself, will 1 cotmal f.c.tg and truths from (be people, t hen they w ere su pointedly called h i both by iire gentleman mid the good i f the country. Ha* it como to thin, that political truth dare not be told K *-1 th- Pi siifnnt be denounced't Ves, »i , time f a |.4 tv which make »hn President a * rcupo go,id fr iu sin*, ard which always takes : Lriicr under hit great name Th re aro tho-e who, if (he r art* be deno ned, always i s He tie i ry of do nmi idtiou itguos: t!iu Pie ident,’ wlo lias us much k soii a* any mm ] know of 1 i pray Gild to s ive him from s mm ofhis fis i <1*. Why should I denounce the pre slut nt in fhc dlM-,(f»siim nf (hit question ? He does not, I hope, call Tor this resolu Intiim. For the t • (mt»y ’* sake; I hope, he j »’oc* imt desiie tin* debasing obsequious nrs* Hum this House No patriot can ask that i no di pm tim .it ul uwr govern ment shall In nd||. iisiif to another, Mir, l bape that the c, rdiem. n hiniseil, if ho i tK i,(i; I U'h;;t I do iioifi fi»^ rceolu lion, "ould will.draw it and sprfu, it, I have ilmt respect for I im to believe_ho knows that I uni personally |,is friend— Unit if he foresaw the effects which f think I foresee from this, h'» im , life, n humi. lie.Hug to tl is flown*, hi would i.handon it. .it once. But, *I U*od soy, rot, how ever, in uU i>*i-ii to tliin i. tauee, tlj.it iheie ore too ioi.il> voluntary and glutinous of- * < ring* of fealty and flattery made to tlie l'n'Mdentt wtiieh may e o eitto him who i- i t tempted to b- Callerw| by them, which g»ii lie .pi, it# i.f freemen attached to him, and which impair the spirit of free institutions to a.’iiich lW>e fietHiica an? still idmn aitHChwl f^ir, the underlings nlways ttnhu • nd, i .finitely transcend the utmost umt i.ion id king., tin mt trike* iu doing honor and Item-.;-; and too often are our Pr< Mdi n't Compelled to he an swerable, uml mudu odious, for the cfiici • us ness ol adulati » and praise! I never will hnlt, hovvi vei, in the path of nuy duty tieenu'M the i’ic-idcnt or his parasites stand in in) vt;iy. The gentleman lias said that he he did not expert such a debate as this to arise upon such ii proposition. I should have 1 been surprised, indeed, if no voice here lj.nl h -eii tawed against such a proposition. ’1 his is no smali matter, either in point of the money or of tl.e principle winch is proposed to be squandered am! prostrated, ami l beg the gentleman to reflect that lbs line of march towards the concentration and consolidation of potter is always be gun by rhort steps at first, whic h arc gra dually mid (imperceptibly stielehed into va.-t and fast strides, hastening onward to the certain and fearful end ol despotism! j Mr. Johnson, of Kentucky, (lieu taid, that the gentleman bad, no doubt, spoken what bo believed to be (rue in which he wan perfectly justifiable But vvhat lie had slated was a matter of personal opinion, in which he was peiivcily justifiable. But what he bad stated was a matter of per * sonal opinion, in which fie (Mr. J) did not coincide. Fur his unit, part, (hough he had been iu this arid rfc other House for twenty nine successive years—ever since ! the first" session after the attack on the Chesapeake—lie could conscientiously sa I that he had nevei aettd uuder any impro per influence, and had never known an^i other member so to aet. On the ocrasio alluded to by the, gentleman from Virgiu ia, he bad not the least doubt that ever} member, on one side as well as on ths other, voted conscientiously,and free front Executive or other improper influence.— I bis was his opinion.