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Martinsburg gazette. [volume] (Martinsburg, Va. [W. Va.]) 1833-1855, January 21, 1836, Image 1

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By Edmund P. Hunter.]
MARTINSBURG, (VA.) THURSDAY, JANUARY 21, 1836.
[Vol. XXXVI-Nd. 48.
KMfci —i——i i i--wy.—
I Office oftho Martinsburg Savings Institution >
June 9, 1834. $
BY a resolution of the board of direct
ors of this institution the following
rates of Interest have been adopted for
the government of the Treasurer thereof
nreceiving money on deposite, viz:
For deposites payable")
six months alter demand, f 5 f
certificates may be issued y r
hearing an interest at the j '
rate of J
For deposites papable")
four months after demand | wn,wm
certificates may be issued S mnum_
bearing an interest at the | 1
rate of J
For deposites payable")
ninetydays after demand, | «oerecntum
certificates may be issued
bearing an interest at the | ^
rate of J
By order
GEORGE DOLL, Treasurer.
July 10. 1834—tf
’ NOTICE.
THE subscribers give notice (hat they
have determined to close their busi
ness, & request all who know themselves
indebted to them to call and settle their
accounts. The situation of the subscribers
is such that it must be done immediately,
As it is impossible for them to call on all
their friends in person, they will attend
from this day until the first of February
at tb« Factory for the purpose of settle
sneut ; after that time legal measures will
be taken.
JOHN N. RIDDLE & Co,
December 31, 1835
CABS rOR CORN.
CASH will be paid by the subscriber
for any quantity of good sound Corn
delivered at his mill. H. I. SHAFER.
Bedington Dec. 16, 1835.—tf
VALUABLE JEFFERSON LAND
I1T MARKET 1
THAT fine estate belonging to the heiis
of Richard McSherry, dec’d, is offer
ed for sale. It contains between
700 & 800 ACRES.
Its natural and artificial advantages are
not surpassed by any farm in that fine
county. It is well improved with build
ings, orchards, fences, and well set in clo
ver; a large spring, and three good wells
of excellent water.
Application may he made to Job- Piet,
living on the premises, or the subscriber
in Marti*»»burg.
RICHARD McSHERRY.
December 24, 1835.—tf
VALUABLE MANUFACTURING
PROPERTV
FOR SALE OR RENT.
THE subscriber as trustee nf Edward
A. Gibbs of Martinshurg Berkeley co
Va., is autborized to sell or lease the fol
lowing valuable properly lying on the Tus
carortt creek in Martinshurg.
|. A valuable Woolen factory with all
the necessary machinery, implements Sic.
now in the occupancy of John N. Riddle
& Co. whose lease of the same expires on
the 1st of April 1836. To this valuable
factory is attached a machine Shop—and
every appurtenance and convenience ne
cessary for the spinning, weaving, dyeing,
and dressing processes in the making of
Cloth.
2 A Valuable Sawmill.
8. J1 Cvpalo Furnace, with its appara
tus and various flasks, patterns, and fur
niture.
4, Jf Blacksmith's i>hop and loots.
This valuable property will he disposed
or by the subscriber separately or together
at private sale, or will be leased separate
ly or together for a term of years. 1 he
lactory of course sold or leased subject to
the term of the present tenant—posses
sion of the rest delivered immediately —
The subscriber can assure persons who
may wish to engage in business of tins
sort that a Bargain can be had, the exe
ecution of his trust requiring that some
disposition should be peremptory made.
Enquire of the subscriber living in Mor
gan County. Va., opposite Hancock. Md.
ortoD. H. Conrad Esq.
Va. CROMWELL OBBIGK.
Trustee for E. Ji• Gibbs.
September 3, 1835—tf
LANDS AND Mill
FOR SALE.
HAVING sold a part of my estate near
Marlinsburg. Berkeley County. \ a.
I wish to dispose of the residue, consisting
of the Mill tract of about
B 4 0 ACRES,
and the Oak Ridge tract of 130 Aches
lands equal in quality to any in the state.
Upon the Mill tract there are upwards of
one hundred acres of first rate bottom
land, and about »he same quantity ol
cleared upland, the balance in timber.
The Mill house is a substantialstone build
ing, one hundred feet by forty, in which
three pair of Burrs and one of Countij
Stones are worked by the luscarora
creek, one of the best andmost permanent
mill streams in the country.
The dwelling house, also of stone, is a
large convenient well finished building,
divided into fourteen rooms, besides a
passage of 13 feet width through its centre.
There are barns, stables and other out
houses in abundance, all good and conve
nient. ... ,
I The Oak Ridge tract is 21 miles distant
from the Mill tract, about one hall ol it
covered with timber, of the finest quality,
the balance cleared, well fencedf and m
a high state of cultivation. The improve
ments on it are indifferent. I will sell
those farmson accomodating terms, either
entire, or divided, to suit purchasers.
MATTHEW HANSON.
March 5, 1835-If
IOIS CJB LLAWY.
From the Boston Atlas.
Washington City, Dec. II.
Life at Gadsby's —As I am notin tbe
secrets of the White House, and as Con
gress is not at present in session, I have
little of interest to communicate to you.—
I am still at Gadsby's, which after the
Capitol and the royal palace, is (be centre
of attraction for all visiters at Washington.
Since the mode of conveyance between
this city and Baltimore has been cheapen
ed and improved by the new rail road, the
amount of travel has been greatly increa
sed, and tbe number of arrirals is proba
bly larger than tt has ever been before.—
Gadsby’s is literally crowded; and the lo
comotive from Baltimore comes puffing in
twice or three times a day with a train of
cars, filled with all sorts of people. These
cars are of unusual size a single one being
capable of containing some fifty persons.
If you wish to pursue the * proper study
of mankind,’ come and pats a week or
two at Gadsby’s. It is a perfect micro
cosm—an epitome of the world. Tbe
best time for viewing tbe herds who con
gregate here, is when they are fed at din
ner. Gadsby then calls together his me
nagerie by tbe sound of a vociferous bell,
which is rung by one of his sable myrini
doms. For about a quarter of an hour
before this very welcome signal is given
you m^y see a collection of individuals
looking “ very wolfnsh about the head and
shoulders,” eyeing the clock in the read
ing room, or promenading the open galle
ry which runs parallel with (he dining hall.
Sometimes a false alarm is created by the
ringing of the bell in the neighboring ho
tel of Brown’s, and then there is an abor
tive rush to the doors of the ball, which
are found hermetically sealed. The dis- I
appointed multitude retreat like waves
flung back from the shore; and await in si
lence the knell that shall summon them to
—dinner, I mean. At last the blinds of the
windows are thrown open, and this to the
knowing ones is a signal to stand by the
doors. The tongue of the hell is now
heard to move, and then peal upon peal
in quick succession follows. The doors
are opened—the mob rush in like raven
ous hyenas—hats are thrown down heie
and there and every where—chairs are se
cured with amazing alacrity, and (he first
course of culd soup dissappcais like en- 1
chantment. vvo to the miserable man
who comes in a minute after the attack
comminec*!
As soon as the soup is despatched, the
venerable Mr. Gadsby. w ho stands at the
head of the table, (which is a quaiter of a
mile in extent) gives the word of command
with military precision, but with an effVc
ting, and interesting pause between the
two words* remove covers!” In an in 1
slant every dish is denuded, and Mr Gads
by pioclaims the hill ol fare. ‘.Roast
beef, mutton, lamb, fish, turkey, ham,
chicken—and canvass backs,” \\ hat a
beautiful specimen to cap the climax.
*• Horace, some canvass back and cur
rant jelly, he quick.”
If Horace returns you your plate with a
liberal supply you may consider yourself a
fortunate man, and may let your victuals
slop your mouth. But you must he at
jour post seasonably, or you will he like
|y to be rendered unhappy for the rest of
the day. The following scene is not a fic
titious one—a Jackson Senator enters a
bout three minutes after dinner has com
menced, and takes his seat at the ordina
ry He calls upon one of the servants for
soup. Alter waiting five minutes he sees
the servant that he had addressed dodging
behind his chair and going to wait on some
one else. Forgetting his senatorial iligni
ty. he catches the fellow by the nape of
tbe neck, and says with some ferocity —
••you son of daikncss where is my soup?”
“ The soup, massa, all gone.”
‘ Then get me some canvass back and
bring it here in tbe twinkling of a bed
post.”
After tbe lapse of another five minutes,
Cutlee returns with a deprecatory look,
says that the canvass back is all gone
too.
*• The canvass back gone too! (with
much solemnity) Did you say that the
canvass back was all gone!”
•• Yes Massa, there is no more on the
tabic n
“ Then you may tell Mr,Gadsby that I
am gone too ; for it requires so much can
vassing to get a canvass back dock at bis
table, 1 11 go and dine out.”
Another scene wnrcn i wmicwu at »«•
■ |,|e to day, was piquant. A Kentucian
next me, who was apparently unaor.usto
med to the usages of laige hotels, had
striven in vain during dinner to get some
I thing on his plate.
As lie was about giving up the tflurt in
despair, an acquaintance olmine, who sat
opposite me, invited me to take wine ; at
the same time passing me Lis decanter,
which was labelled in the usual manner,
with his name. I tilled my glass ami was
about to return it to the owner, my neisrh
bor, the Kentuckian stopped me with
*. wait a moment stranger. I’ll trouble you
to let me fill my tumbler.” Unwilling to
expose his mistake, 1 handed him the de
canter; hut as he was pouring from it
! somewhat liberally, (be pel son who sat on
the other side of him, touched him with
| bis elbow and whispered “ that is private
j properly my friend” The Kentuckian.
I poor lellow, was utterly con founded. He
let go the decanter as if it had burnt his
fingers, and looked round with an air ol
pel feet simplicity and wonder, he slowly
rose from his chair and said, ‘‘Oh ho!
then everything on this table is private
properly. Well I thought it was all fired
odd, that I couldn’t get any thing to eat,
but now I see.”
After this sally, which called forth a ve
ry general smile, the Kentuckian became
quite a lion, A dozen waiters were sen
to attend on him—a dozen champaigne
j bottles were immedately proffered, ant
i wheo I quitted the room he seemed to bi
I in a fair way to make a very tolerable re
past
At Gadsby’s table all the courses an
put on at once—so that you may here
probably witness tbe most rapid disposition
of a dinner that is any where to be seen
People bolt their food with amazing preci
pitancy. They seem to be eating for a wa
ger, I forget how many hundred servants
Gadsby bas to wait on tbe dinner table,
but they are not sufficiently numerous to
supply the voracity of bis guests.
With all its faults, Gadsby’s is the mo-t
popular and the best kept bouse in Wash
ington. It is true, that you are obliged to
break the bell iu your room before you
can have it answered ; and you must eat
your meals by stratagem—but then there
are many counterbalancing advantages
about the Hotel—it is central, and in ma
ny respects well kept. You may meet
here many pleasant people, and many pro
fessional quid-nuncs, who keep you appri
sed of all the news that may be afloat. I
am told that there is no better hotel in the
country during the interval when congress
is not in session. Now it is in a state of
siege, and it is no easy matter to feed an
auny.
Stony Point.—The scenery of the Hud
son river bears nature’s grandest imprint.
The hand that framed an universe of
worlds, has thrown together along the
banks of this noble stream a wild assem
blage of rocks and mountains. Tbe pali
sides as they are called, commence on the
western side of the Hudson, just above the
Weebawk, or Weehawkeu, and extend
about twelve miles up the river. They
are bold, abrupt demonstrations of omni
potence, moulded by him whose power is
not bounded by time or circumstance.—
The cannon of a thousand armies might
roar out their ineffectual vengeance against
this natural battery, which frowns over
tbe broad bright stream at an elevation of
from sixty to one hundred and fifty feet;
and (he parapet would laugh in scorn the
power of battle.
Alter the palisades terminate, a country
of hills and vales succeeds; the former
rounded up like loaves of sugar; Riid the
latter indented like dimples on the check
of beauty. Occasionally, however, nature
lias projected into the stream one of her
bold trouts—a miniature formation of those
“ hills of fear ” which cast their sombre
shadows across the path of the highlands.
One of these projections is Stony Point.—
It stanus out m noiu renei iroin me rural
scenery just below, and challenges the at
tcniion of the passenger who has been re
licved from (he sublimity of the basaltic
rocks of Palisades only to prepare him for
a wilder devclopement ol nature’s cranio
logy But tlie impressions which crowd
into the spectator’s mind in this region are
nut all derived from river, mountain, or
valley—tradition and history lend a me
lancholy glory to this revolutionary ground
On the right or eastern hank stretches
away the celebrated “ neutral ground ”
through the entire extent ol Westchester
county, where regulars, cow hoys, Virgin
ia horse, and Continentals, whig and to
tics, appeared and disappeared like the
actors of a wild and bloody tragedy. On
the lelt, Stony Point is allied to associa
lions of military achievements, and unfa
ding renown—while farther up, Arnold's
treason, Andre’s capture and untimely al
though merited fate, twine around the me
morable rocks of West Point.
Stony Point is about forty mile* above
New York, and ten or fourteen below W.
Point. It is a rounded gravelly biil, of
small extent, jutting into the stream, and
connected with the main land by a low
morass which is partially overflowed by
the tide waters It was fortified in there
volutiouary war, and occupied by a small
force, might have been considered as a
remote outpost to the strong fortress ol
West Point. It was captured by the Bri
tish in the year 1779, and strongly repair
ed and garrisoned by more titan six hun
dred soldiers, commanded by (he brave
Lieut. Col. Johnson.
A few days before the sixteenth of July
in the same, year, a tall, commanding per
sonage mounted on a strong charger, was
seen on the eminences above Stony Point,
lie had a glass in his hand, and appeared
to study the character of (he defences w ith
an intensity of interest. Johnson, who
was returning the gaze of the horseman
w ith his spy glass, turned to one of his
staff and rental ked, that the apparition on
the hill portended no good. Humors were
afloat in the entrenchments that the same
tall figure bad been seen on the highest
| opposite eminence, the day before, like a
| horseman painted against the sky. A cow
boy said this figure was the apparition of
Washington, and that it never was seen
excepting just before a battle or thunder
storm. Hut while these rumors floated
around the atmosphere of the camp, the
real Washington, from observations made
with his own eyes, was concerting a sol
dier like plan lor its surprise.
On the night of the sixteenth of July, by
; the twinkling light of the stais that br<;ke
; over and through the clouds, two columns
of soldiers might have been seen under the
brow of the eminence in the rear of the
forP They were stern men—the silent,
thoughtful men of New England. The
eagle eyed Wayne was at their head, and
bis heart like that of the lion. The regi
I mt nts of Febiger and Meigs, with the.
youthful Major Holt’s detachment formed
the right column ; Butler's regiment, with
two companies under Maj Murphy, form
ed the left. The van of the right was
formed of one hundred and fifty volunteers
at whose head stood the brave Fleury ;
one huudred volunteers under Stewart
composed the van on the left. And still
fuither advanced, the noblest post of all
stood two “ forlorn hopes” of twenty each
—one commanded by Lieut. Gibbons anti
the other by Lieut. Knox. Wayne step
ped from man to man, through the van
| guards—saw them take their flints from
i their pieces and fix the death bayonet.
At twenty minutes past eleven, the tw
< columns moved to the bloody work befur
them, one going to the left, and (§e othe
to the right, to make their attack on op
posite sitfes
The inhabitant* on the eastern side o
the liver first beard a sharp crashing a
the forlorn hope, on eiiber side, broke it
! the double row of abattis ; the muskets o
j the sentinels flashed suddenly amidst tin
darkness, and in a moment the fortress
] vomited out flame mid thunder, as if a vol
: cano had been ignited, and was tossing iti
I lava upwards The err of battle not to
. be mistaken .shrill, wild, and fearful, broke
upon the dull ear of night. But all was
| in vain for the fortress. Under the show
ers of grape, aid full in the red eye of bat
tle, the two gljomy, stilj, unwavering r.o
; lumns moved oil, and the two vanguards
; met in the centie of the works. The Bri
j tish made an instant surrender, to avoid
j the extermination which awaited the de
ploy of the columns upon the entrench
ments. Sixty three British soldiers lay
' dead at their guns; five hundred and for
ty three were made prisouers; and the
spoils were two standards, two flags, fif
teen pieces of ordnance, and other mate
rials of war Of the sons of New England
ninety eight were killed or wounded. Of
Lieut. Gibbon s lotlorn hope, seventeen
were no more. Of Lieut. Knox's, about
the same number were slain.
These spots, where the life-blood of the
free has been poured out like water, and
where the traces of the revolutionary ditch
still remain, are altars sacred to the high
recollections of freemen. Green be the
turf over these departed patriot* I The
bold bluff of Stony I'oint is classic ground.
Hither, in future time, sh ill the poet and
the sentimentalist come, to pay their tri
bule of affection and honor, where
•• Oar lather* km-lt
In prayer, autl battled for a world.”
Personal Peculiarities.—/ferny Clay
the western orator, is the moat successful
debater ami tactician in a deliberative as
seinbly that has yet appeared in (be Uni
ted States. He lias earned mure meat
ures lor and against (he administration,
than any other American statesman. Tall,
spare, and erect m person, rich in voice,
graceful in manner, und always ready in
debate. Ilis personal ami political friend*
are strongly attached to him.
Edicurd Everett, is probably the first
scholar in the country, a brilliant and ver
satile orator, and on accomplished gentle
man. He is this side of forty two, lias seen
and travelled much, and probably written
more than any other man of his years.—
He is a man of bland and graceful man
nets, and withal, a handsome man.
Julia C. L'nUwun. is a most fearless and
uncompromising statesman. A little truck
ling might have Recurred him the socces
sion. He is a very rapid speaker.
Martin Can Bunn, is a little bald head
ed man, with sandy whiskers He is soft
aud insinuating in his address and man
ners, and it is said alway s recognises those
lo whom he has been introduced, lie mid
Calhoun, though they once drew together
are now wide asunder.
Daniel IVebster is a giant in intellect.—
He has a veiy marked head and counte
nance. You would select him among thou
sands, as a distinguished man. IJis jet
hair, high forehead, beetling brow, and
white teeth arrest the attention of every
observer. His delivery is somewhat mea
sured, and distinct 1 lis voice is deep and
powerful. At (be head of his profession—
in the first rank of American statesmen,
— and for intellectual ability lie has proba
bly no superior.— Salem Gas.
A plea of 'solo contendere.’—A na
tive of the Kmerald Isle being brought be
fore a corn I in Massachusetts, for assault
and battery, was asked if be was guiliy, or
not guilty. ‘Guilty ! by the powers!’ ex
claimed he, making demonstrations of
more fight, • haint a man a right in a free
country to knock down any body he pleii
ses, widout being guilty ol salt and brat
ties, I ax ye?” The court answered in the
negative, Pat was at a loss what to say.
He did not like the word guilty ; ahd yet
he gloried too much in his character of a
boxer, to wish to deny the charge. While
he was hesitating what to say, a gentle
man ol the bar whispered to bun lo put in
a plea of Auto Contendere. “Nollegeo
tender ye!” said (be Irishman, who was
better acquainted with shclalah than with
the law Latin, • what'a the maniiT iv that?”
The meaning of that is you'll not eon
tend with the country.” ‘ Nollegen ten
derye,” said Hie accused, turning to the
bench—‘that is to say, I'll not contend
with the whole countryjbut by St. Patrick
spitting on his hands, 'lean whip any
three iv ye at the same time.’
The following is an extract of a letter,
which was written by Napoleon Bonaparte
in 1787,—when about to depart for Egypt
to a young American, with whom he bail
previously foimed an acquaintance, and
who was toon to leave France for the
United blates. The letter, which wai
published as authentic in the newspapers
1 of that period, is curious, as exhibiting his
| ideas of the United States at that time :
I «• You soon depart fur the Western, and
I for the Eastern Hemisphere. A new
| career of action is now open before me
i and I hope to unite my name with new
] and great events, and with the unrivalled
greatness of Ibe republic ; you go to unite
j yourself once moie with a people among
whom I behold at once the simple man
| tiers of the first ages of Home, and (he lux
ury of her decline ; where 1 see the taste
the sensibility and science of Athens ; am
the valor of bparta without her discipline
As a citizen of the world, 1 would ad
dress your country in the following Ian
guage ; ‘ Evety man and every nation i
ambitious and ambition grows with tbi
power, as Ibe blaze of the vertical suit i
tke most fierce. Ckeiisb, therefore, a na
- i tional strength—strengthen jour political
» ' Institutions—remember that armies and
9 navies are of the same use in the wot hi
r j as the police in London or Paris, and sol
• diers are not made like potter's vessels, in
I a minute—cultivate union, or your empire
f trill be a collossus of gold fallen on the
> earth, broken in pieces, and the prey of
foreign and domestic Saracens. II you
are wise, your republic will lie permanent;
and perhaps Washington will be hailed as
the founder of a glorious and happy em
pire, when the name of Bonaparte shall be
obscured by succeeding i*volutions.”’
A Qimker's Dorstiok.—-At a meeting
of the Wilt’s Bible Society, held at Devi
*e«, Mr John Sheppard, of Frome related
! the following anecdote of the Society of
FriendsBeing asked for a contribution
for building a church, lie replied, “ Thou
knoweat we are not friends to thy steeple
houses ; hut I suppose before thou wilt
build another, thou wilt pull down the old
one?” •’ VVs,” was the reply. “Well,
then,” said he “ I'll give thee 5001 to pull
dowu the old one.”
A Civil. REqoKST.—An old woman ob
served a sailor going by herdoor, and sup
posing it to be her son Billy, cried out to
him ’Billy, where is my cow gone.' The
I sailor replied in a contemptuous manner,
, ’gone to the devil for what I know.’ • Well
' as you are going that wav.’ said the old
i woman, • 1 wish you would let down the
| bars.’
j I m, bis ess.—Burton in bit * Anatomy of
I Melancholy,’ describes idleness as being
j • the cushion upon which the devli reposes.’
: Dr. Johnson designates it as * the lust of
I Uie soul.’
Front the National Intelligencer.
UniTBn States and Mexico —In rcla
(ion lo (lie iote lliguncc pul.li-licd ycsler
day, reapecting (he closing of the. Mexi
can ports against the commerce of (he U.
Slates, we find the following in tho New
; Orleans Uee of the 24th ult It w ill he
' seen that the measure alluded to was only
- partial, and nut general, and that it had
! not received the sanction of the Central
1 Government:
i “ The embargo said to have been laid
no American ship* entering tho ports of
Mexico is not wholly without Inundation;
yet it is nut of such a nature us to warrant
apprehensions of a ruptnre with the Mexi
can government, or of any cessation ol
our trade with that country.
It is true that the port of Tampico wan
closed for a few days, but that was lo pre
vent intelligence being communicated of
the equipment of Mexican eutte's for the
| coast of Texas; and ii is also (rue, that the
Kanaw ha whs not pci milted to hind any
of her passengers or discharge her freight,
Gut that was because she h id been freight
ed with provisions, which are declared
contraband by the revenue laws of Mexi
co, and because slw bad gone victualled
purposely to support the attempt of Gun.
Mehia on Tampico
It is equilly tiue that the poit of Vera
Ciuat has been closed for a short time by
arbitrary ordeis. and from similar motives
1 —but it it also true that this species of
embargo had not received the sanrtiou of
the general government, and must be con
aidered rather as individual acts, and us re
i sort* supposed to be required by policy or
i a just indignation.
The posts of Mexico are now open to
our trade; arid greater tranquility pie
vails in the interior of that country than
we had supposed - at least so we were in
formed. It was also staled that (he for
mer refractory states of Jalisco and Guan
atiuato have declared in favor of Santa
Anna and Centralism; uud that even Zi
cutccas is likely to give Iter adhoion to
the ceutral foitn of government; at her
citizens seem more disposed to promote
war or insurrection, ami are engaged in
forwarding couductns with large amounts
of specie to the maritime coasts. VNew ere
also informed ycsler.-ay by an experien
cud merchant that most of the Mexican
States will now combine against ‘lexas in
a common cause.
'The embargo rumored was therefore
rather menaced than enforced, or if en
forced, was resorted to in only a few in
stances, and for special purposes.
From (he Baltimore Patriot.
The following i* given in a Philadelphia
paper, as a pari of a speech recently deli
vered by Mr. Adams, in (be House of Re
presentatives :
•*l was one of Ihe Committee offnvrst.i
gallon, and on our arrival at Philadelphia
jit was proposed that the Bank ol thu U
States should furnish us a list of all mem
bers of congress, and public officers, who
had had loaus or applied hr discounts.—
This 1 opposed with all my (tower, on the
giomid that it was not our business to pry
; into the affairs of private gentlemen. A
majority of the Committee opposed me,
ami I was overruled. Well, sir, the list
was furnished ; but when we came to look
at it, it was a two edged sword ; it cut on
the right and on the left—on both sides of
the house, and contained the names of
many members, and the names of men,
high in office! Well, sir, then the Com
unttee thought that it ought not to be pub
lished, because it related to the piivate af*
fairs of privute gentlemen But, sir, I then
thought differently, and 1 advocated its
publication with as much zeal as I had
opposed the original proposition ; but f
was overruled. When wo got hark, sir,
a majority of ihe committee made their re
port, and 1 made mine for myself and as
, social*; and, to that report, I attached ihe
list of members of Congress, aud gentle
men hiuli in office who owed ibe Bank, or
had tolicUed mans. Well, sir, that was a
two edged »word ; it cut to the right and
i the left—on both sides of Ihe House ; and,
! sir, it was not allowed to go before the
i country, because it refersed to the private
■ I affairs of private gentlemen I ”
.
TWENTY-FOURTH CONGRESS
FIRST SESSION.
xsas. ————.. r • • r--|
Liy SENA TE.
Mannar, Januart II.
SPECULATION IN INDUS CLAIMS.
Mr BLACK Mid ho had received, and
would lake this occasion to present a me
mortal from a number of the cifise.as at
Mi**i**ipp«, residing in (he Northern part
j of that state, on an important subject. It
| related to ext-nsive frauds said to* ha a
I bout to be practised on die Government
| in relation to the public lands, involving,
| as the memorialists suppose, at ieaat the
quantity of upwards of two millions acres
of the public land.
Mr WKBSTKR. from the Committee
nu Finance, reported a bill making appro
priation for suppressing the hostilities with
the hrminoie Indians, with an amend
ment
Mr WEBSTER explained briefly the
necessity for acting on this trill at once,
and explained that the amendment increa
sed the appropriation from 80,000 to 120,
000 dollar*.
The amendment was ordered to be en
grossed, and the bill to lie read a third
lime.
THE UNITED STATES AND FRANCE.
Mr CLAY rose and syid, it must he
obvious to every observer of passing events
that out affairs with Franco are becoming
more and more serious In their character,
and are rapidly (ending to a ciisis. Mu
tual irritations are daily occurring, from
the anima 1 versions of iho public press,
Hiid among individuals, in and out of of
fice in both countries. And a state of fee
•mg, greatly to be deprecated, if we are
to preserve tho relations of peace, tnusl
certainly lie the consequence
According io (he theory of our Constitu
tion. our diplomatic concerns with foreign
countin'* are entrusted to the (’resident
of dm United States, unlit they reach k
certain point involving the question of
peare or war, and then Congress is to de
teimina on that mornentuous question,—
In other words, the President conducts
our foreign intercourse! Congress ulei.c
can change that intercourse from a peace
able to n belligerent one. This right, to
decide the question of war, cariirs along
with it tUu light to know whatever has
passed between our own Executive and
the Government of any foreign Power.—
No matter what may he the nature of tho
cornspondcucc— whether oflieial or not—
whether formal or informal—Congress has
the right to any and all information what
ever which may be in the possession of
the ether branch ol the Gov. rnment. No
Senator here, could have failed to have
been acquainted with die tact that tho
contents of h most important overtoil*
canvassed in the different newspapers-in
private and political circles—by individn
als: everybody, in fact, knows what has
taken place, except the Congress of the
United Stales. The papers friendly la
the Adminstrntion— indeed, the whole cir
cle of the American press—are in posscs
riun of the contents of a paper which this
l*ody has not yet been allowed to see ; &
1 have one journal, a Southern Adminis
tration journal, before me,'which state* is
new and important. Let in reference to if.
I have eaid that our situation wiltifFrance
grow* every day more embarrassing —
die aspect of our relation* with her n.oro
and more dark and thruatning. I could
uni therefore longer delay *in making tho
follow ing motion. I should have done so
hi fore, but lor a prevalent rumor that
the President would soon make n commu
nication to Cnngiess, which would do a
way tho necessity of the resolutions which
I now submit, tiy Ljiug before Congress
the information, which is the object of
my motion, lie has not, however donn
so ; and probably will not, without R call
from the N nalc.
Mr. CLrtY then offered the following
resolution*, which lie upon the table for
one uay:
Resolved, 'l*h»t the President he reques
ted to communicate to the Senate (if it Le
not, in bis opinion, incompatible with the
public interest) whether since the termin
ation of the Ih»| Congress, any overturn
formal nr informal, official or unofficial,
lias been made by the French Government
to the Executive of the United Slates to
accommodate the difficulties between Ibe
two Governments respecting the execution
of tbe convention of the 4th of July 1831 ;
and particularly whether a dispatch front
die Due dr Broglie, the Fusoek ,*••*?***—
ol Foreign Attunes, to the rreneb Charge
d'Affairs at Washington, was read, and
a copy of it furnished by him to the Sec
retary of State, lor the purpose of indica
ting h mode in which these difficulties
might be removed.
Resolved, also, under the resolution 8
bore mentioned, in the event of any such
overture baviug been made,That the Pre
sident be requested to inform the Senate
what answer was given to it; and if a ro
py of any auch despatch was received,
that he be funher requested to communi
cate a cop)- of it to tire Senate,
'J he resolution* lie one day under the
rule,
Mr BENTON offered the following re
solutions, which lie one day under the tn ■
ble.
Resolved, That the surplus revenue of
the United States, ought to be set apart
and applied to the gcuvrat deduce and
permanent security of the country
Resolved. That the President be reques
ted to cause tbe Senate to be mfuirued of,
1st t he probable amount that would be
necessary lor iuilffViuit tin lain*, maritime
and gulf frontier of the Unit- d States, and
such points of the land fiontier us may re
quire permanent fortification.
3d The probable amount that would be
ikci seary to construct an adequate num
| bar of armories and arsenals in tbe U.
States,and to supply the States, and auch

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