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Martinsburg gazette. [volume] (Martinsburg, Va. [W. Va.]) 1833-1855, January 28, 1836, Image 1

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MurWwtmMmrg Gazette.
By Edmund P. Hunter.]
MARTINSBURG, (VA.) THURSDAY, JANUARY 28, 1836.
- —... t. —...» T , ——-1 imn-TTT———•—m-ifrnr ■ ■ ir p ^aa—wniiimiirwi>r t
[Vol. XXXVI—No. 49.
m"Tir~^nrr~ «., . - ttr|. • ,^^'jjjgnggjEiigf
Oliceofthe Martiusburg Savings Institution )
June 9,1824. $
BY a resolution of the board of direct
ors of this institution the following
rates of Interest have been adopted for
• the government of the Treasurer thereof
nreceiving money on deposite, viz:
For deposites payable')
•i* m°nlhs alter demand’ I 5per centum
certificates may be issued f ' aftnum_
bearing an interest at the j 1
rate of J
For deposites papablc')
four months after demand, | 4 centum
certificates may be issued ^ ' aunwn,
bearing an interest at the | r
rale of J
For deposites payable')
ninety days after demand, I 3 Ccntum
certificates may be issued ^ ' on*U(n.
bearing an interest at the I r
rate of J
By order
GEORGE DOLL, Treasurer.
July 10. 1834—If
” NOTICE.
THF. subscribers give notice that they '
have determined to close their busi
ness, &. request all who know themselves
indebted to them to call and settle their
accounts The situation of the subscribers
is such that it must be done immediately.
As it is impossible for them lo call on all
their friends in person, they will attend
from this day until the first of February
at the Factory for the purpose of settle
ment ; after that time legal measures will
be taken.
JOHN N. lUDDLE & Co,
December 31, 183ft
CASH FOR CORN.
CASH will be paid by Ike subscriber
for any quantity of good sound Com
delivered at bis mill. H I SHAbER.
Bedington Dec. 16, 1835.—tf
VALUABLE JEFFERSON LAND
iw market;
MnHAT fine estate belonging lo the heits
A of Richard McShorry, dec’d, is offer
ed for sale. It contain? between
700 & 800 ACRES.
Its natural and artificial advantages are
not surpassed by any farm in that line
county. It is well improved with build
ings, orchards, fences, and well set in clo
ver ; a large spring, and three good wells
of excellent water. _
Application may lie made to John Biel,
living on the premises, or the subscriber
in Martinsbuig.
RICHARD McSHERRY.
December 44, 1835.—It _
VALUABLE MAM I AU UUJWU
PHOLpr>■’ '* V
FOR SALE OR RENT.
nplIE subscriber as trustee of Kdwaru
I. A Gibbs of Martinsburg Berkeley co.
Va., is authorized to sell or lease the fol
lowing valuable property Ring on the Tus
carota creek in Martinsburg.
1. A valuable Woolen factory with all
the necessary machinery, implements kr.
now in the occupancy of John N. Riddle
& Co. whose lease of the same exprics on
(lie 1st of April 183G. To this valuable
factory is attached a machine Shop—and
every appurtenance and convenience ne
cessary lor the spinning, weaving, dy eing,
and dressing processes in the making ol
Cloth.
2. A Valuable Sawmill.
3. A Lvpalo Furnace, with iis appara
tus and various flasks, patterns, and lui
nilute. . ,
4. J\ Blacksmith's ishep and lcols
This valuable property will be disposed
of by the subsciiber separately or together
at private stile, or will be leased separate
ly or together for a term of years. 1 be
lactory of course sold or leased subject to
the term of the present tenant—posses
sion of the rest delivered immediately.—
The subscriber can assure persons who
may wish to engage in business ol this
sort that a Bauuaim can be, had, the cxe
ecution of his trust requiring that some
disposition should be peremptorily made.
Knquire of the nibscritnT living in * Jl,r
gau County. Va., opposite Hancock, Md.
or to D. H. Conrad Esq. Martinsburg,
Va. CROMWELL OKRICK,
Trustee for E- .2- CithLs.
September 3, 1835 —tl
I.ANBS AMD KIM*
FOR SALE.
HAVING sold a part of my estate near
Martinsburg. Berkeley County, \ a.
1 wish to disposo of the residue, consisting
Ol'the Mill tract of about
;i 4 0 A C R E S,
and the Oak Ridge tract of 130 Acres—
lands equal in quality to any in thcstale^
Upon the Mill tract there are upwards ol
one hundred acres of first rate bottom
land, and about <he same quantity of
cleared upland, the balance in timber.—
'The Mill bouse is a substantial stone build
ing, one hundred foet by forty• in which
three pair of Burrs and one of Country
Stones are worked by the luscaroia
creek, one of the best andmust permanent
mill streams in the country.
The dwelling bouse, also of stone, is a
large convenient well finished building,
divided into fourteen tooiiis, besides a
passage i f 13 feet width through its centre.
There are barti9, stables and other out
houses in abundance, all good and conve
nient.
The Oak Ridge tract is 21 miles distant
from the Mill tract, about one halt o! it
covered with timber ol the finest quality,
the balance cleared, v\ oil fenced, and in
a high state of cultivation. The improve
ments on it are indifferent. 1 will sell
those faimson accomodating terms, either
entire, or divided, to suit purchasers.
MATTHEW HANSON.
March 5, 1S35—tf
• From the Fredericksburg Arena
j MR. WATKIN’S EXPUNGING RESOLU.
TION.
On the 29th of March 1934, the Se
nate of the United States resolved,
“ That the President in the Executive
proceedings in relation to the public
revenue, has assumed upon himself au
thority and power not granted by tlie
i constitution and laws, but in deroga
tion of both,” by a vote of 26 to 20.
On the 8th day of February, 1834,
the following resolutions were passed
; by the General Assembly of Virginia,
I viz :
“ Whereas the General Assembly of
Virginia deem it of the utmost impor
tance, that the power to eontrol the
public revenue should be made to re
side in practice where it has been in -
vested by the Constitution, in the im
mediate representatives of tho people,
and of the States, in Congress assem
bled ; and all experience ofthe practi
cal operation of governments has pro
ved, that arbitrary assumptions of
power by them, or any officer of them,
if silently acquiesced in, become pre
cedents for farther and still greater
acts of usurpation ; therefore,
Resolved, by the General Assembly, i
That the recent act of the President;
of the United States, by exerting a
control over the public Doposites, by
causing them to be withheld & with- j
drawn, on his own responsibility, from j
tho United States Bank, in which they
had been ordered to be placed by the
act of Congress chartering the said
Bank, is, in the judgment of the Gene
ral Assembly, a dangerous and alarm
ing assumption of power by that offi
cer, which cannot be too strongly con
demned.” [In the Senate, Ayes 22,
Noes, 10—In the House of delegates,
Ayes, 83, Noes, 41.]
Resolved, That while the General
Assembly will ever be ready to sus
tain the President in the exercise of
all such powers as the Constitution has
confided- to him, they, nevertheless,
cannot but regard with apprehension
and distrust, the disposition to extend
his official authority beyond its just and
proper limits, which lie basso clearly
manifested in his recent interference
v. itii the Treasury Department of the
General Government, in the exercise
of a sound discretion, which Congress
has confided to the head of that De
partment alone. [Senate, Ayes, 21,
Noes, 11—1 louse, Ayes, 89, Noes, 35.
The ti.'ird resolution instructed the
Senators to “ use their last exertions
to procure the adoption by Congress
of proper measures for restoring the
public motley s to tho Bank ofthe I ni -
ted States.” [Senate, Ayes, 17, Noes,
13—House, Ayes, 08, Noes, 60.
The 4th resolution declares “ That
the General Assembly, cannot rec
ognize as constitutional the power
which has been claimed by Congress
to establish a United States Bank.”
[Senate, Ayes, 22, Noes, 10—House,
Ayes, 97, Noes, 27.— Watkins among\
the noes /[
The 5th resolution declares that
the foregoing was not intended to “qua
lify, or in any manner to impair the
force of their disapprobation ol the
withholding and withdrawing of the
Public deposites.” [Senate, Ayes, 17,
Acts. 15,—House, Ayes, 85, Noes,
34]
It will be remembered that the fore
going resolutions were passed by a Le
gislature of which a large majority
consisted of the friends of Gen. Jack
son, and supporters of his administra
tion. It will be seen, too, that tlieso
resolutions were passed by the Gene
ral Assembly ol Virginia, nearly two
months before thoso of the Senate ol
the United Stutes.
Alter Mr. Watkins has succeeded
in his present scheme of procuring the
last to “ be expunged” from the jour
nal of the Senate of the United Slates,
by causing black lines to be drawn a-^
round the said resolution, lie will, of
course, maintain his consistency, by
causing those of the Virginia Assem
bly to “ be expunged from the journal,”
by causing black lines to be drawn a
round them, and these words plainly
written across the face of the said res
olution and entry, “ Expunged by or
der oi’Gcneral Jackson, per Mr. W at
kins of Goochland. '’
But I cannot be convinced that the
expunging resolutions of Mi. IV atkins
will pass the Legislature of Virginia.
Party discipline will carry them thro’
the House of Delegates, but constitu
ted us is the Senate of Virginia of ho.
noruble and consistent men, this body
cannotswallow the nausoatingdra light.
The Senate consists of 20 Jackson men
and 12 Whigs—of the twenty Jackson
members, the following voted in Feb
ruary 1834, for the first and second
resolutions of the General Assembly,
viz; Mash* of Powhatan Bilhnga]y,oi
Monongalia, Parker, of Caroline, Kel
ler, of Washington, Bayse of North
umberland, und Ilciricood 4 of King and
I Queen.
| Common honesty, if no other motive
' shall govern them, will compel the a
I bove Senators to vote against the ex
punging resolutions of Air. Watkins.
Six votes, united with the Whig vote ot
that body, will produce this result,—
Ayes 14—Noes 18. The honor of
Virginia demand their rejection. If
unhappily, this honor be tarnished bv
their passage, the people will avengo
the wrong by returning the chalice to
the lips of those who now offer it.
POWHATAN.
•Then members of the House.
Nomination ok Mb. Tylkr,—To
the letter from the olhcers of the Mary
land state convention, announcing to
the Hon. John Tyi.kh, of Virginia,
his nomination for the vice presidency
by that body, Mr. Tyler has returned
the following answer by which it will
be seen, he accepts the nomination :
Washington, Ian. 5, 183H.
Gkntltmgn—Your letter ofthe24th
December, communicating the fact of
my having been unanimously nomina
ted by the Whig state convention of
Maryland for the vice presidency of
the United States, in consequence of;
my necessary absence from this city, I
was not received until tins morning. 1
I beg that you will present to the mem- i
hers of that convention, my most pro- '
found acknowledgements for the high
and unexpected honor which they have ;
conferred ujion me. I could have re- j
ceived from no state iu the Union, so
flattering a tribute of respect and con- j,
fidence with greater sensibility, ldcn- I
tified as is the state of Maryland with j
the most glorious events ofour revolu
tionary history—distinguished as have
been her citizens, for their devotion to
the principles of civil liberty ; to be
deemed worthy to be recommended to
their suffrages for the second highest
office known among men, is an honor
of which I might justly be proud, and
to which I hud not bethought me to
aspire.
To our fellow citizens of the United
States, happily belongs the power of
selecting for their trustees, whomsoev
er they may please, to fill the two high
est offices known to the constitution.
In the free exercise of their sovreign
will, it is flic duty of all to acquiesce.
For myself, 1 neither ask nor expect
any tiling ; hut if 1 have been nomina
ted, my duty will be to submit to the
public will.
1 have the honor fo be, gentlemen,
with high r spcct, your fellow citizen,
JOHN TYLER.
To Wm. Bradley Tyler, President,
Robert W, Bowie, "1
11. V. Somerville, yica PresiJenls
Reuben J all,
Henry S. Titos,
J. 11- Nicholson,
John B. Ivcrr,
From the Richmond Enquirer of May 1831.
Testimonials of an Enemy—Judge
White.—“Judge White is a man of the
most vigorous mind, and one of the
PUREST POLITICIANS in the U
nited States.'’
From the same May 6, 1831.
A New Plot.—One or two of the
opposition papers have already insinua
ted, that the new Cabinet is composed
of Van Burrn inert. Is such stuff never
to be at an end ? An intelligent gentle
man at Washington, writing to his
friend in this city, thus indignantly and
justly notices the suggestion. In Cod’s
name ! are we never to be done with
suspicion of plots and intrigues!! Is
there a man in the United States, of
common candor, who knows the char
acter of Hugh L. White, and of Louis
McLane, who will believe lor one mo
ment, that they can be any Man's
Maul There.iiro not in this world,
two more pure, lofty, highminded gen
tlemen.—Judge White, 1 know, has
always been personally friendly to
both gentleman, and I know also, from
an intimate knowledge of his charac
ter and exalted worth, that there is j
nothing his lofty spirit would spurn
with more indignation, than the itnpu- j
tution that he belonged to any Man. 1
He never sought oflice, and lie never .
received one that was not pressed upon
him. And our fears here, at this time j
are that he cannot be induced to accept
tho situation that he lias been offered
in the New Cabinet. He is the bosom
friend <f the President, and m»y pos
sibly yield to his pressing solicitations,
but 1 think it doubtful.”
From the mum. May 20, 1831.
Judge White.—We are sorry to
understand that he has declined the ap
pointment of Secretary of War. It is
said, that hie letter to the President
reached Washington on Friday last—
and that lie assigns, in tho most touch
ing manner, his reasons for declining.
The domestic afflictions of this worthy
man have been severe, almost beyond
example.—They have preyed upon
I his spirits, and stripped public life of
all its attractions. He has lost, in ra
pid succession, nine children and late
ly his beloved wife. His only remain
ing child (Mrs. Armstrong,) is now
threatened with tho same complaint
which has proved so fatal to his family.
Every generous heart will sympathise
in his feelings—while we lament the
loss of so pure and accomplished a man
to the councils of his country.”
From tho same, May 24th, 1S3I.
“ Who is to be Secretary [of War,] tee
know not. VVe hope it will be some firm,
high minded man, honest,capable./nM/'d
to the Conilitution, one of your Jejf'trton
Republican*; a man if we can got him like
JUDGE WHITE, above /ear and above
reproach."
From the same, May 30;h, IS31.
“ We know of no arrangement [the ap
pointment of Judge White, as Secretary
i/f War,] which could be more satisfacto
ry to ourselves—and we presume it must
be so to the opposition, who have not he
litated to lavish their praises u|>ontbe man
ivhen thrv understood that he had derl'm
»d the office. IIoW long (hey will conlin
le their endorsement of his character, is
mother part of Speech. Not longer than
jne revolution of the moon—or ‘ere those j
»hoes wore old.’ For ourselves, we shall
mil hit appointment with the greatest sa
isfaetion.”
It.i.isots Sf.nator—Gen. Wiliam
3 Riving of Vandaha, was elected a Me
iator in Congre*>s, to till the vacancy oe
lasioned hy tho death of the Mon .Mr.
Cane Gen. Ewing i« we suppose a faith
ul member of the Administration party
"roin the tone of the Globe, which says to.it
us election is‘* highly gratifying lo the de
nocracy." I
THE “SPECIAL MESSAGE.’^
MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT TO
BOTH HOUSES OF CONGRESS.
Received, and read, and referred to the
(■orrunillce on Foreign Relations in
loth Houses.
Monday, January 18.
To the Senate and House
of Representatives:
Gentlemen : In my message al the o
lening ol your session, I informed you
hat our Charge' do Affaire* at Palis had
>een instructed to ask for the final deter
.nidation of the French Government, in
elation to the payment of tl»e iiidenmiti
•atiun secured by ihe treaty of the 4th of
July. 1831. un<1 that, when advices of the
result should ho received, it would be the
subject of a special communication,
In execution of this design, I now trans
mit to you the papers numbered from one
to 13, inclusive, containing, among otlirr
ihiii'M, the correspondence on this subject
between our Charge' de Affaires and the
French Minister of Foreign Allans, from
which it will he seen that France require*
(i condition precedent to the execution
afa treaty unconditionally ratified, and to
ihe payment ol a debt acknowledged by
ill Wiu blanches of her Government to he
luc, that certain explanations shail be
made, of which she dictates the terms —
1 litse terms arc such a» that Government
lias ahead) been officially informed can
mt be complied with ; :vnd, if pci titled in
lliey must be considered as a deliberate
refusal on the part of France to fulfil, eu
'ageincuts binding by die laws of nations,
nid held sacred by the whole civilized
ivoiId. 'I ho nature of the act which
France requires from llu* Government is
dearly set hath in the letter of the French
Minister, marked No. 4, We will pa)
the money, says he, when “the Govern
meut ij the United Slates is unity on its
i,art to declare to vs. hy adju sting its claim
to iis officially in writing, lhol it regnts Ihe
misunderstanding which has arisen between
the two countries ; that this misunderstand
i/ig is founded on a mistake ; that it never
entered into its intention to colt in question
the. good faith of Ihe French Government,
not to take a menacing altitude towards
France;" and he adds, ‘ i/ the Govern
ment vj the United Holes does not give this
assurance, we shall be obliged lo think that
this misunderstanding is not the result oj
an error."
In the letter maik. d No C. the I> tench
Minister also remarks that “the Govern
incut oj the United Hales knows that upon
itself depends hcncejonvaul Ihe execution of
the Treaty oj July 4, 1331.”
Obliged, by the precise language thus
used by the French Minister, to view it as
a Peremptory refusal to execute the 1 rea
ly, except on term* incompatible with the
tumor and independence of thu Undid
States, and persuaded that, on consider
ing the correspondence now submitted to
you, you can regard u in no uiner «gm,
it becomes my doty to call your attention
to such ineasuies as the exigency of the
case demands, if the claim of interfiling
in the communications between the ddler
ent branch"* of our Government shall be
peisistcd in. This pretension is rendered
the moie unreasonable by the fact that
the substance of the required explanation
has been repeatedly and voluntarily given
lel'oic it was insisted on as a condition—a
condition the more humiliating because it
is demanded a* the equivalent 0) a pecu
niary consideration. Does b ranee desire
only a declaration that we had no inten
tion to obtain our rights by an address to
her fears rather than to be" justice ? She
has already had it, frankly and explicitly
given by our Minister accredited to her
Government, his act ratified by me, and
my confirmation of it officially communi
cated by hioi, in his letter to the breach
Minister of Foregn Affairs of the 25th of
April, fbdo, a.ul lepcatcd by my publish
ed approval of that letter after the passage
of the bid of indemnification. Doc* France
i want a degrading, servile repetition of
j this act in term* which she shall dictate,
j and which will involve an acknowledge
ment of her assumed right to interfere in
j our domestic councils ? She will never
obtain it The spirit of the American jm»o
! pie, the dignity of the legislature, and tho
: firm resolves of the executive government
forbid it.
As tin* answer of the French Minister
to our Charge d’Afl'aires at Paris contains
an allusion to a letter addressed by him to
the representative of France at this place,
it now becomes necessary to l»y beforo
' you the correspondence ha I between that
functionary and the Secretary of State re
lutive to that letter, and to enable you to
understand the course of the Executive
in regard to it. Recurring to the histori
cal statement made at the commencement
of your session, of tho origin amt progress
of our claims on France, it will bo recol
lected that, on the return of our Minister
to the Uuited States, I caused my »tli
cial approval of tho explanation he had i
given to the French Minister of foreign ,
Affaires to be made public As the ,
French Government had noticed the mes- j
sage without it* being officially enmmu
nicatcd, it was not doubled that, if they
were disposed to pay the money duo u*.
they would notice any public explanation
of the Government of ton United State* m
the same way. But, contrary to^ those
well founded expectations, tho French
Ministry did not tako this lair opportuni
ty to relieve Ihemselvu* from thoir unfor
tunate position, and to do justice to tho
United States.
Whilst, however, the Government of
the United States was awaiting tho move
ments of the French Government, in per
fect confidence that the difficulty was at
an end, the Secretary of State received a
call from die Jjjrencb Charge d’Afl «ire» at
Washington, ivho desired to read higa a
letter ho had received from the French
Minister of For* tgn A (fairs. He was as
Led whether In* was instructed or directed
to nuke any official communication, and
replied that he was only authorized to
read the letter, and famish a copy it re
quested. The substance of it* content*,
it is presumed, may be gathered fioni
Nos 4 and (i, herewith transmitted^ It
was an attempt made known In the Guv
eminent of tbo United State*, privately
in what manner it could make explain*
toms, apparently voluntaiy, hut really dic
tated by France, acceptable t<> her, and
thus obtain the payment ol the twenty
five millions ol franc* No exception was
taken to ibis made of c nmiiuuicution,
which is often used to prepare the way tor
official Intercourse ; but the suggestions
made ill it were in lhe ir substance wholly
inadaiissablc Not being in tin: shape r.t
an otticial communication to this gov ern
iww*. it did lint admit of reply or official
notice, nor could 'll safely he made the ba
si* of any action by tbc legislature. or tin*.
Executive: and the Societal)' of Stale
did not thick proper to ask u Copy , be
cause he could have no 11*0 for it.
Copies of paper* m.ifkcil No*. !), 10,
audit, c bow an attempt on (he part ol
the French Charge d’AHaires, to place n
copy of this letter among the at chive* ol
tin* government, which, lor obvious tea
*ons, wa» not allowed to be d mu ; but till*
assurance before given was repeated, that
any otlicial communication which lie might
tie authorized to make, in the accustomed
t urn, would receive a prompt and ju*t
consideration, i tie indiscretion of Hd*
attempt wa» made mole manifest by the
*ub*eq tent hi owal of the French Charge
d’Affiiies, that the object wa* to tning
this letter before Congress and the Ame
rican people. If foreign agents, on a sub
jact of disagreement between their Gov
ernmerit and ib'.s, wish to piefcr an ap
peal to tile American People, they will
hereafter, it i* hoped, better appreciate
their own lights and the respect due to
others, than to attempt to use the Exeeu
live as the passive organ of their cbtnrnu
nicafion*.
I. : .1_ rl.,. ot.aronfar nf mil* lltuflfll
lions, that the diplomatic intercourse of
this Government should he conducted with
(he utmost directness and simplicity ; and
that, in ull coses of importance, tho com.
muuications received or made by the Ex
relive should assume the accustomed
official form, it is only by insis-ieg on
this form, that foreign powers can be held
to lull responsibility, that their communi
cations can he officially replied to, or that
the advice or interference of the legi-.li
tun-can with propriety be invited by the
President, 1’lii* course is al o best cal
culated, on the one hand, to, shield that
officer from unjust sir pieions, and, on the
utlier, to subj- ct this portion of bis acta to
public scrutiny, and if occasion shall re
quire it, to constitutional animadversion.—
li was the more necessary to adhere to
these principles in the instance in question,
inasmuch us, tn addition to ullt.r impor
tant interests, it very intimately concerned
the national honor—a matter, in my judg
ment, much too sacred to he made tin- sub
1 ject of private and unofficial negotiation.
I It will be perceived that Ibis letter of
j the French MtnWUr of Foreign Affairs
j was read to the Secretary of State on the
' 11th of Sept lost. This was the, first au
thentic indication ol the specific view* of
the Franco Government received by that
of the U. States, aferthc passage of the
bill of indemnification. Inasmuch as the
letter had been written before the official
notice of my approval of Mr. Livingston’s
last explanation and remostranee could
have reached Paris, just ground of hope
was left, as has been before stated, that
the French Government, on receiving that
information in the same manner as the al
leged offensive message had reached them,
would desist from its extraordinary de
mand, and pay the money at once, lo
give them an opportunity to do so, ami at
all events lo elicit their final determination
j and the ground they intended •» occupy,
j instructions were given to our Charge rl
Affaires which wrro advened lo at tha
I commencement of the present session of
Congress The result, as you have seen
is a demand of an oliii-ixi written expres- ,
sion ol regrets, and a direct explanation
addressed to Fratice, with a distinct iuti
illation that this is a nine qua non.
Mr Barton having, in pursuance of hi*
instructions, returned to the United States
and the Charge d’Affaires of France hav
ing been recalled, all diplomatic inter
course between the two countries is sus
pended—a state of things originating in
an unreasonable susceptibility on the part
Of (he French Government, and rendered
necessary on our part by their refusal to
pcifurtn engagements contained in a trea
ty, from the faithful performance oftvhich
hy u», they are to thi* day enjoying many
important commercial advantages.
It is time that thu unequal position of
affairs should cease, and that legislative
action should be brought to sustain execu
tive exertion in such measures at the case
requires. While Franco persists in her
refusal to comply with the terms of a
treaty, the object ol which was, ny remo
ving all causes of mutual complaint, tore
new ancient feelings ol friendship, and to
unite the two nations in the hood* of am
ity and of a mutually beneficial commerce,
she cannot justly complain if we adopt
such peaceful remedies as the I.aw of na
tions and the circumstances of the ease
may authorize and demand. Of the na
ture of these leuicdie* I have heretofore
had occasion to speak, and, in reference
to a particular contingency, to express my
conviction that reprisal.* would ho best
adapted (o the emergency then contem
plated.
Since that peiiod, France, hy all Ilia
Departments ol iijr Government, lus ac
knowledged ihe validity of our claims, amt
the obligations of the irealy, and lias ap
propriated the moneys which are necessa
ry to it* execution; and, though payment
is withheld uiigrounds vitally important to
ouf existence as nn independent Nation,
it is not to bu believed that she can havo
determined, permaneii li, to retain a po
aitipiV so utteily indefensible in the al
ined state of the question* m controversy
and under nil existing circumstance*, it
app >urs to mo th at, until such a determi
nation thall have heroine evident, it will
he proper and ridlir.it nt to retaliate) her
present rtf'.sal lo comply with her engage
int-nls. hy prohibiting tilts introduction i f
French products and the enliy of French
vessel* into our poils. Between this and
the interdiction of ml tomnieicutl Inter
course, of other lemtaiits, you, as the to
prctciijaiivv* of the pt ople must deter
mine. J recunuii 'iul the former, in ihe
present posture of our idkiiis,a* being tho
least injuiioug to our commerce, mid as
attended with the least ddli nl y of return
fug to the u* i ll »t..' '■ of In ndly inter
course, if th* Goveinmant < f France shall
render us the justice that i* due.and also
as a proper piclilnintiiy step to stronger
measures,, should their adopfr m he deem
ed iieces<NU> hy - ium tj icnl events
Tin’ return ol mil' Charge d',Affaires is
a ((ended with public indices of naval pre
parations nu the part of France destined
for our .-c is. Of Ihe Coast! anil intent of
these armaments I hate no authentic in
formation, nor any uther means of jtidgirtg
i xi t pt such as aic common to yourselves
ant) to the public; but, whatever may bo
(In tr object, we lire not at Idurly lo re
gal d tin in as unconnected with the mea
sures which hostile movements ou thu part
of Fiairr.a may compel us to pursue. They
at (east deseire to he met by adequate
preparation on our pait; and I theiefore
strongly urge large mii 1 speedy rq-propria
lions lor the increase ol (lie navy and tho
completion of our co ast "defence*.
If this array of mild try force he really
designed to idled the ac'iort of ihe Go
vernoieut and i’eople of !ho U. Jstatcs on
the question now pending tu t wa rn tho two
nations, then, indeed, would it he dishon
orable to pati*o a lauim fit on thu alterna
tive which such a Slate of tilings would
present to u*. Como what u «y, the ex
pl.uiation which France iiemaiids can ne
ver lie accorded; an.! no suiiiauimt, how
ever powerful urn! imposing, al a uislaiico
or on our coast, will, i tin t, ' '-i us from
discharging the high duti :* wpiclr we owe
fo our constitm nts, our national Ch irac
ter, and to the world.
’l lie House of fte^neieidat’ves, at the
close of (lie I ist session of Congress,unan
imously resolved that the treat’ of tins 4lh
of Inly, 18.11. should L maminiii I, and
its execution insisted uu hy the (J, State*.
It is due to the weljare ol the human race
not less than to our own itih-.n-jU and ho
nor. that this resolution xhou! I, at all h\
zards, lie adhered to If, alter b'l signal
an example as that g.veri hy the American
People during then- long protracted diffi
cullies with France, of forbearance under
accumulated wiongs,aii(l of genctous con
fidence in her ultimate return to justice,
she shall now lie permitted to withhold
from usrthc tardy aud imperfect indemni
fication which,alter years nf lemonstiance
and discussion, had at length Men solemn
ly agree : on hy the treaty of 18.11, ond to
set at naught the ohfigati-in it imposes, the
United Slates will Hot be the only suffer
| er*. 'I’he efforts of hmiianily and religion
to substitute the appeals of justice and tho
i arbitrament of reason lor iho coercive re*
1 medics usually resorted to hy injured na
tions, will receive Idtle encouragement
from such an issue. By the selection and
; enforcement of such lawful and expedient
measures as may |*e necessary to prevent
a result -o injurious to ourselves and SCI.
fatal to the hopes of the philanthcojiid, we
shall therefore not only preserve the pecu
niary interest* of our cit^r.s, lb* inde
pendence of our Government, and the ho
nor of our country, hut do much, it may
! he hoped, to vindicate the faith of treaties
and to promote the general interests of
peace, civilization, and improvement. *
j ANlJKfcVY JACKSON.
Washington, Jan- 15, 1816.
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