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Martinsburg gazette. [volume] (Martinsburg, Va. [W. Va.]) 1833-1855, May 21, 1846, Image 1

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g »Juki» zzkwspaper—Di-votev to General knietugenkh Advertioing. Votinkm Jktkraturh Art- and stunka FIJUTUUUUU Ge.
.- «- ---·.-. .-i.«.· .·:—-..«-,.————-..- -.- :—
».... ». ( «--. « -.. .«..—....—..·....-. -...·
ilY JinfN K. MTEWART At i
PI. K. >
martixsburg, virgiaia, Thursday iuokyiag. may 22, ssso.
j voixnr. 47.-xi:aiBER 12.
äsfw . JZM
«-» , rgs
käcxartmgsurg Essai-Mk
Publish'd terry Thurmlay Morning in .Marlin*
burg, lie tk dry County, Virginia, by
JAS. 23. STEWABT Ct XZ. IS. GHroa,
A* ^‘5,00 n yenr, If paid In advanrr ;
If pnid ivitltin »li inoiiiiui mid af
h r tl»< npiratlsm of atx niouKta So pa-*
p« r dlft on iiiunl until nil aii i-arflgfk nre
paid, except ml the option of (lac Lditora.
ft/'Ar>VERTi"KWEN,Ta will b-' inserted at $1 per
#fj'iarc for three times, and 25 ccnU per square for
every subsequent insertion.
fry Military Ac veutihemlnts will b*> insert* ci
at half'price.
(: / I»i ail r.«wea, th< Dumber of times mini be
marked on the MR**, or the adverti*: ment sent mill
be published until forbid, and charged accordingly
(yjhA liberal «h«ootmt made to those who contract
to advcitisc by the y * ur.
Adv* ri ikCM ur»- expected to make payment as
soon sif* the time « xpfrea for which their advertise
ment* are fukerH d.
(■ -;i- VOLNKY a. PALMER, E*q , i« thb dnty
author •/ d Agent in the Cai* s < I Rovion, N* w A orb,
Philadelphia and H.iltimui**, for procuring A<!?**r
lisemeulH, receiving Sub-cnpM^o*. and making col
lection* for the Maftinsbwg (!»/' ttc.
; GEORGE PRATT. E-q , of New York Ci
fv is abo the duly authorind Agent h r procuring
Advertisement*. r c ivitij* hubsci iptii-ns, and sna
king collect forts f >r the Marfinsburg Owlf*.
wMK3s^jMM.^.<«s»i»a<w.y»ak>*wwwg^ •nwnuwmmmmmmamm
^.■HSN r * A-, * -: —V
fliristirtsi Martyrology,
or Uic Mysteries of Popery Developed.
f g THE first nutnlxtr of this work was issued
1 August, 1845. This work is got up in
tin- most finished style of modern elegance, and
will * mbrace a complete view of Christian Mar
tv roloarv, from the earliest ages of the ('Kristian
Church down to the present time. Each num
ber is embellished with beautiful engravings.
Published monthly. Price. |l per year, or 12i
cents per copy.—To be completed in 21 Nos.
Sparry’s im.uminated asd Ii.lvstratf.d
Christian Mahtvroi.ooy ; or The Mysteries
of Popery Developed, published monthly at .41
a year. FTev. C. Sparry, Editor. This is a
ja-ge Pro. of 20 j •. ■■, beautifully printed,and
illmninated with elegant illustrative engravings,
win h alone are worth tie money charged for
the entire pul1 ■shun. Mr. S’s well-known
talent, 2'-:il. enterprise, pr r-' veranCe,and fidel
ity, cannot fail to si • ure to it a large patronage,
and render it an efficient instrumentality in be
half of Protestantisni and evangelical truth—
Lutheran Observer.
rnoc. 1 fit A H V WAdAilNr,
Or Anll-Jonll.
J'diferi by Rfv. (' Sparry. Published monthly, and
Hhistrated with finished /.tivaving*, (engraved
and pnntidbi/ of tins city,) at the tow
puce of $ l a year, in advance.
We now offer to the public the first number
of the “Noa'in Amerii an Pkotkstant M ui v
2< nx, or ANTi-.lt.srrr,” us an earnest of what
they may expect in future. An extensive cor
respondence. years of observation, and study,
have taught its what kind id a periodical the
country net d< at the present time, both as to
matter mid spirit A v ' n needed of a lofty
and inde: - uileiit tone, and ext ettted in a bold
and man!) siv!i . full o! ; ej and spirit stir
ri .- nv.eilt v. ha h •■' ill strike at the
!.. art of Itomanism and umwe-k the Jesuit.—
e h a work we shall aim to produce. For
mm than twelve year-:, we have narrowly
v.ala ied the moveiiu fits of io . >e, and done
1 atfio with this sworn, implacable foe to religion
:; I 1:1 and we have not done with her,
mr-.h.'.l w- be ti'i vv have done with life,
v .: it A -i r ii ii in itei r! tant Magazine.
••It . hied and published by Hev. ('. hpar
p tipi* and the
: . inthisci "a
il V a: •• i vlei. siv a kn< ”• • Hf wields anrigb
v I •• it iu tin., contest with i - man of sin. He
that Pup* ry is he i.ti: i tent with the safe
ty , : a IV..• p , i . an.! . hi! .: stallin g facts
i i regael to its en-'ti tciunenls in this coun
, . r.
I'm i . . or av in! ,e notic. - of the abovA
work, ve the religious and politic al press gen
I .mu r vt oftxn to Cf.iiHGYMr.*.—North
V .,u Mag ruie, nr Anti-Jesuit. Clergy
e n who will send us one subscriber with tho
i itiey tre* o! } c t::ge, -f ill revive this work
,r in, , itis -. vvn make the same liberal
. i of the Christina Martyrology.
|< it rv Am.nts Wanted, to whom a liberal
, II vv ii be given. 1’ ISO address
I ... 0 to th ■ F a' r and Prt pi it tor, C.
iiiifV, I- • Nassau .'-ms t. New York.
II. i\. (.il'.fXit;, A gent, Rlartinsburg, \ra.
April2, ltd6—6m
<J1 ^
r;'*IIF. unJi r iyaed has moved from the
-I Ware-House lately rent ift mMr.Shep
i : ■ 8 T O .V E
.11! !: II () U s i:, and h still prepa
i d to forward
A If. I J. V . AVI J IX f> r /.*
• i the District Markets, or lo purchase or make
liberal advances when received.
VV VI. hiIGR’l'T.
Shephcrdstovvn. Va., I1’, !>. 1‘J, 1810—tf
U.L-iSAVVS—«'a't and German f?tw 1;
Cross-Cut 8av. do. do. vari
<",s lengths;
11 urn's superior Chopping Axes—large and
'nail size;
Do. do. Hand do.—with handles;
D.i. do. Claw and 8hiugluig Hatch
i —with handles; _ ...
i .hi'' Knives—Kiduiiil Butcher smake;
1 s. :"*i Parallel \ ise; VV ire Rat I raps;
Y i tiny. ;; Garden and Corn lloes;
i i * »V hip-hftW It
ijudng.cort andumnwSleel;
Chisel —ihru. i Y Morticeing and Sockets ;
t rj>« nt. i"s llricesand Hitts;
hiliei p-hhears, ike. &.C.; lor sale by
Mann •. I). 8. li 111TE.
AM -A i.AAPdUIvoir^
^ctovnrR nt 3£ato,
%VA1LL CO.\ I I \ i ’ i'. to i'i;o'tJe.- in the
V v Sej orior a. » i n ( oio's of Ue;h
1 v (lountjr.
y-Ulitce at the Office of the Clerk of the
1 only < ourt of I lerkeley.
Uernnsburg, Jiui. lo, 1810—tf
it. (G us tin *5* L. G. Carrington,
attoinrfiS at Unto,
f 5 A VI \U associated themselves in the prec
is & lire* of tin ir profession, will attend the sev
• il I ourts of the t louuties of Morgan, Fred
••nek, Hampshire, &c.
lia'h. Morgan Co. Va., Feb. 20, 1840—tf
C A 1JI N E T - M A K I N fi.
VNDRF.W BOWMAN, having recently
opened his IFAUE-ItOOAl immediatc
ly opposite UotOPa Hotel, in the (shop formerly
occupied by Hiram Bowen, takes this occasion
to return his thanks for the generous support
heretofore received ; and to inform the public
that he is carrying on more extensively in eve
ry branch of his business.
He has now on hand a splendid assortment of
Of every description, such as ELEGANT
SOFAS, SIDEBOARDS, in short, every
article in his line, manufactured of the best ma
terial, and in the most workman-like manner;
and which he is determined to sell on as mod
erate terms as cun be had in the Valley of \ ir
Ile would respectfully invite persons in want
of Furniture, to call and examine his bef< re
purchasing elsewhere, flattering himself that
the style and quality eonnot fail to give satis
Martinsburg, Va., April 2, 1810—if
Respectfully announce to theciti
- zens ofMartinsbuig and vicinity that they
have associated themselves in co-partnership in
the above business, at the old stand, one door
South of Boyd’s Store, and will keep on hand
at all times, or manufacture to order, at the
shortest notice, in the latest and most fashiona
l hie style, every description of
Hoots, Shoes, Gaiters, $*c.,
which will he made in the best manner, and
I of the best materials, at moderate prices for
cash, or on time to punctual customers. The
public are requested to call and examine for
.joirv o. swin.it
Returns his thanks for the libprol patronage
heretofore received, and hopes the New Firm
may he lavored with a continuation of the same.
April 16,181G—ttm
FEAIIE subscriberltcgs leave to inform the
I citizens of Berkeley, and the adjoining
Counties, that he has, and intends constantly
keeping on hand, every variety and quality of
the Marble not surpassed by any in the \ alley.
Tie y are delivered to me without inscription—
so that persons can call, make tie ir selections,
and have any inscription engraved they mav
I desire; and in all cases accommodated with
| such credit as circumstances of the kind re
ttuire. Prices extremely low,
\VM. ABLE, Hgnit
for Win. Loughridge, if Pa.
| March ■ >, 1846—6m
\ns Saddle, assil
FI!HE undersigned respectfully begs leave
3 to iutorm the citizens of 11< dgcsville and
I vicinity, that he will continue the S 1DIILL,
i ii.hi.yess. and rnr.YK jipsi.yess,
I and pledges himself to use every honest exer
tion to give general satisfaction. He invites all
J persons having need of articles in his line, to
give him a call, knowing that his work. f..r
1 quality and style, will compare with any done
; in the County; therefore, he hop* s to oiler
i such inducements as will suit the taste of all.
| Ml orders shall meet with prompt attention,
■and all KEE.IIHIMI in tic aliovc lm".shall
be done with neatness and despatch. lie
hopes, by strict attention to business and a de
: sire to please, to merit and receive a share of
I public patronage.
Hedgesville, April 16, 15s 16—- it
SJ. S,. rnrnniii’x
|A \UMlins, Planters, ami Gentlemen can
E have water brought from a distance to a
■ ir from which it may be convoyed in
pipe • to lire boti. e, ham, hog -ties, Sec.; to the
'nil!' rooms for luieieig the milkee.ol in sum
m r; or to supply fountains. These Pumps
may lie wt rked by hand or by a tx atei-wheel
or wind mill, and :-re capable of forcing water
100 to tVu» feet horizontally, and from 30 to
it ii feet high; and with tin* addition of a Hose,
’ may be converted into a hire Engine.
Ui for to Andrt w Ilunter, i V.p.and Hon.
! I. IS. 1' a.d;w, of Charlestown; Edmund I.
jl.ee, jr., of Ehenherdstown; P. IT. Conrad
! and I! rnajrd Doll. Esq<.,of Maniusburg; ('ol.
John Strother of Morgan County.
Ord.rs left with JOHN KAB1.E, of Ka
!bletown, Jr-li'er on County, or with RIIYS
' JON MS, Martin.-burg. Berkeley County, will
be promptly attended to. Sept. !, IS 15
1VOCLD well consult their own inti rests
7 V by calling at the ••Gnzette Ulia e ” and
j purchasing of Ii. K. GREGG,
: mumei ww&
Whereby the Quality and Quantity of Mijk
which any Cow will give may be accurately
I iletennim.il by observing Natural Marks ,a Kx
• temal Indications alone; the length of time she
will continue to give Milk. £tc. with In
i he tory Remarks and Observations on t ie
■CUir.AVD U.iun.” It >s a large and
neatly printed book, of S') pages, illustrated by
i numeroii latigjravings. Price, only o< i1 is.
\vv\\\\\v\v\\\ vvvxxxvw vwvvxxv
Fear not, beloved, though clouds may lower,
Whilst rainbow visions melt away,
Faith’s holy star has still a power
That may the deepest midnight sway.
Fear nut! 1 take a prophet’s tone,
Our love ran neither wave nor set;
My heart grows strong in trust—mine own,
We shall be happy yet!
What 1 though long anxious years have passed
Since this true heart was vowed to thine,
There comes, for us, a light at last
Whose beam upon uur path will shine.
We who have loved ’midst doubts and fears, ;
Yet neverwith one hour’s regret,
There comes a joy to gild our tears—
We shall be happy yet!
Ave! by the wand’ring hirdr, that find
A home beyond the mountain wave,
Though many a wave and stormed combined
To bow them to an ocean grave—
By summer suns that brightly rise,
Though erst in mournful tears they set—
Bv all Love’s hopeful prophecies,
We shall he happy yet!
Involved in gloomy thought, a swain
Was sauntering o’er a sun-bright plain ;
False delicacy iiad made his mind,
He thought himself foredoomed to know.
Disgust in all things here below,
And chief among the woes of life
He felt, or thought he felt, ms wife :
Her faults, 'tvvere hard to say or sing ;
But still she tv as not quite the thing;
Would fate permit to choose again !
Oh ! double grier. wish is in vain.
•‘Not so,” quoth Jove in accents soft,
And bore the murinerer aloit,
“There see those hags—now suit your wishes,
They hold not wind, as erst Ulysses,
But women, sir, besides-they show,
The qualities of all below ;
Now stand not there a mere beholder,
Bui list them freely to your shoulder,
That which most rommodionsly fits,
And to your back the nearest sits.
Will sure contain the maid, who best
Of all on earth can make you blest.”
He bowed—the pleasing task begun,
And weighed them careful one by one.
This was too heavy—that too light—
And none were yet exactly right.
And snug and easy. But at length
He finds one suited to his strength ;
He shoulders it—“I’ve got it Jove!
It fits me neater than a glove ;
In weight exact too—not a hair
Deficient—no ! nor one to spare ;
Grant me, great king! but such a wife,
And I’m completely blest for life.”
“’Tis yours,” said Jove—“Unrip the binding.
And let us see the lucky finding.”
’Twas done—and wonderful to show,
Out popped Ills OW N DEAR WIFE BELOW !
Shame hums thy checks, preposterous elf!
Who made the wretched hut thyself ?
Know henceforth this a truthful adage,
The fault’s in tiif.e and not thy baggage!
T he Gazkttr.
Some one has truly said, that “a family
without a newspaper are always half an age
; behind the times in general information.”—
But how many persons are there who do not
I take a newspaper, or do not even see one from
one year’s end to the other. These persons
who do not take a paper, may he divided into
several classes, to wit: the borrower, the mi
; ser, the careless, the ignorant, the poor, &r.
i The first named (the borrower) is generally as
well able to subscribe and pay for a newspaper
: as the si cond. (the miser,) ami might as well
he hitched-up in the same team. Upon gene
ral observation, it will be perceived that there
are very few persons, who can read, who, if
they are too miserly and close to subscribe, do
not rend overv paper tin y can obtain without
1 cost. But ask them to subscribe, and they
will say that the paper is not worth anything—
that it is not woith half the price asked for it,
fic. Vet, whenever they get hold of die very
1 paper that “is not worth anything,” they will
read it from beginning to end, and grow wine
on it. They tell us that “the times arc too
j hard” for tin ui to pay $2 for a newspaper—
, that they can t along very well without sob
scribing for a paper, as they can borrow their
neighbor’s—and a host of other trivial and nig
gardly excuses. As for the "times being too
' hard,” that is a song that has been sung so
long that it is well nigh worn out. As to be
ing too poor, is all a fudge. And as to getting
along very well without subscribing, by bor
rowing, is double-distilled filching.—In the
first place, they tileh the worth of the paper
from the Printer, who is generally less able to
loose that aiuouul than they are ; and second
! ly, it is filching the subscription price of the
paper from whom they borrow.
For tiie cardens, we will say nothing. F r
the ignorant, we can do nothing more than
pity —it is not (with only a few exceptions)
tluir fault that they cannot read, but it is the
1 fault of tie ir ancestors. For the indigent, we
| deeply sympathize, nnd will furnish them, as
far us it is in our power, with every facility to
obtain knowledge “without money and with
out price.”
. . • • r . r ».. *__ ..
We know not the origin ol the loucywmgcx
tracts, but they are true to the fi tter. \\ e have
seen, in our day, llie positions taken in them
exemplified in many instanees. Weintrodnee
them particularly to the attention ol the non
“It would seem that our annual political ex
| c dements would impress upon the minds ol
our children, the names of the most of our dis
tinguished politicians. Hut is not so. In or
der that our opinion, as here set down, should
1 be tested, we advise our readers to enquire ol
their children, who are yet m then minority,
tie' nanit* of the distinguished individuals who
Idl important offices of the General and State
Governments. There are hut few who will
or ran answer correctly. This should be rem
edied—.and can only he done by 'giving your
children a newspaper.’
“A child beginning to read becomes delight
ed with a newspaper, which is familiar, and
he will make progress accordingly. A news
paper in one year is worth a quarter’s sch .
ing to a child ; and cverv father must consider
that substantial information is connected with
advancement. The mother of a family In irtg
one of its heads, and having mom immediae
charge of children, should hersTf !»• instruct
ed. A mind occupied becomes fortified against
the ills oi life.
“Children amused by reading or study, are
of course moTe considerate, and more easily
governed. How many thoughtless y >ung men
have spent their money in taverns or grog
shops, who ought to have been reading. It w
many parents, who have not spent twenty
dollars for books for their families. have given
thousands to reclaim a son or a daughter who
had ignorantly and thoughtlessly lalleu iuto
Notwithstanding we like to see fun gn pa
pers have a free and full circulation in every
part of the country, yet we endorse and rec
ommend the truths contained in the following
extract from the Rah gh Register. 11 a man
is not able, or does not feel able, to take more
than one paper, wo do not think lie shnu! 1 re
linquish the paper published in his own Town,
County, or neighborhood, for the > d-.e <' t k
ing some other larger, cheaper, or more papular
paper published abroad. Dot s he sis' ,n it tl
news of his own County ? Do the citizens of
his Town and County send their advertise
ments abroad for publication?—or he
expect they will, l* cause it is a cheap, Irrg .
and (as he thinks) a '‘goo ! paper,” and be
cause he and sane' others of the County or
Town take it ? No, he thinks no such thing.
He expects to harrow the home pap<-r to learn
the news of his County, and can then send off
his money for a foreign publication. Let eve
ry such person read the wholesome truths
contained in the following extract, and then
go and subscribe for the home paper in pref
erence to a foreign, when he considers himself
not tthle to take wore Hum one:—
“I,“t no man relinquish the newspaper pub
lished in his own neighborhood for the sake
of taking some other larger, cheaper, or more
popular paper published abroad. The note
paper published in one’s own vicinity is al
ways, as a ge nera! rale, more valuable (ban
any other—if it he for nothing but the adver
tisements—aye, the much abused and some
what neglected advertisement-, are the ther
mometer of the place, and often the key which
opens the door to excellent bargains. It is of
no little importance for the farmer to know
what is going ou in his own market town, the
competition in selling goods and in buving
produce, the settlement of estates—the sale of
storks, iLc. We venture to say. then is not
one man who may not every year much more
than save the price of subscription to his
neighboring newspaper, from its advertising
columns alone; and on this ground, we exhort
all to patronize their own nt wspaper.”
After reading the above, the reader’s atten
tion is directed to the following remarks from
the Cumberland Allegnnian, respecting the
It wasMr. Jefferson, if we nu-takent t, who
made the remark, that a newspaper—no mat
ter how poorly conducted—was worth more
to every subscriber than the subscription price.
There is scarcely any one. we pr- trine, who
does not subscribe to the troth of the remark—
but many patroni-e city papers to the exclu
sion of those publish'd in tutor own county,
on the ground that the former furnishes the
news earlier and are more ablv conducted
that) the latter. As it general thing, the city
papers have the advantages spe- died ;—hut
there are some peculiar advantages belonging
to a country newspaper.
And then read the following extracts from
the Ontreville Sentinel, from which may be
f arne-1 that money can an 1 will be saved by
subscribing for the
I A few months ago a cr> !:to--, v.-ho-■ n i.a •
we shall not i ■ niton, “!t ppetl into the Uegts
i tei’s Office, for the pt;r| t so of filing an account
against the estate ol a deceased person, ilev; .is
| utterly astonished to learn that the e aateh.nl
, been closed for some time; ami that he was by
j law, “excluded from ail ben 'fit ol stud estate.”
Upon being told that the usual notice to credi
tors had been published m the ISeiUuitl for
I months and months before, he remarked that
lie did not even know that letters of adminis
tration had Iteen taken out. i>o much for not
patronising his own county paper, lie did
not sutler many months to puss, however, be
fore he made his appearance in our sanctum,
j and had his name entered on oar hook sis a
regular subscriber—and had be done so before
he would have saved about one hucuived uutUn s.
The second case is one in which a c ntie
man saved two hundred dollars (which he
never expected to get,) by being a subscriber
to the dentinel. Wo will relate the circum
stances as briefly us possible :—,'onie ten or
lift, en years ago the gentleman in question got
a note of hand from an individual who shortly
after died. Believing the estate to be msi
vent the holder of the note made no effort to
secure the amount—but held to the not until
a few months ago, when he got principal and
interest amounting to two hundred dollars or
more, by an advertisement which appeared
in the columns of the .‘Seutinel, It appears
that another creditor discovered a certain sum
of money due the deceased individual, and
forthwith applied to the Orphan’s Court. The
notice to creditors was given—by whk h means
the gentleman .above alluded to,saved his claim.
The great probability is, if be had nut be, n a
subscriber this notice would have escaped his
observation, and, like the individual mention* 1
in the first case, would have lost the whole
The Right.—Always pursue what you
have reason to think e> the right course with
out regard to ease on the (.me hand and inter
e:.l on the other. Go string! t forward, de.'-r
niinecl to breast the floods of iniquity, or p*r
i»h ill the effort. Never stay with the multi
tude through fear or wordly policy, and u< vt r
listen to the advice of those who, rotten at
heart, move on with the popular current,
l’cel that you have something to do in the
world, and go about it forthwith—taking
Truth for your guide, and \ irlue for your
companion. Then you will have nothing to
A* AmtCAit v/himpa5zf.p. m Arm.-a*
Ocbaso Octavo in Live spool.—Mr. I*. T.
BerBUro, the American gentleman who bro’t
Tom Thumb to England, cad w ho has had
the honor of introducing his dimumi; ?;■ orat«rr
to most of the European crowned iwa l-', >a:U
this morning in the Great Western for .V tv
York. Mr. Barnum. who has a keen eye for
the extraordinary iu nature, takes out with hirn
a tine living c’ vp-ozer, or Aft lean ou'si’j'*
outang, which lie recently purchased for st
hundred guineas, from the proprietors of the
Surrey Z < k ghal Gardens. It is the only I v
ins specimen in England, and is universally
acknowledged to be the finest arid most extra
ordinary specimen ever seen in England. Its
net tons, the sound of its voice, while laughing
and crying, approach as closely as pose.: !" to
the human species, and its hands, face, and
feet are as pure white, and pus-ess as tod a
skin as any child living. Air. Barnum has
purchased the c/tt/awwiae® for his American
Mii euin, N<-w S'ort, and also for the- Balti
more Museum, of which lie has recently be
come the proprietor. The get; ;i-. is not only
extremely rare, but its exist* uce is precarious
iu northern latitudes—so that Mr. Barauin's
spirit in procuring the creature a t such a heavy
out lay lor the gratification of his country in-n,
is really deserving of praise. W *■ saw the
chimpanzee at the Waterloo, yesterday ,wh re
it was inspected by a few of Mr. Baruum s
personal tiieuds.—Liverpool Chrunicle.
Wht Women- ace not Fbesm asons.— An
English paper mentions a recent lecture deliv
er*-tl in L-rndon by a Air. W. Mackie, on the
“ Aritiijuity of Fr « \fnMinry”—a lecture
a! 'liuding, it is sai l, in hi'toi'icnl facts, an*v
t! s ami witticisms. Iu the course of hts
lecture, Mr. Mackie took occasion to state the
reason why women were not admitted as Ma
sons, remark ng that the fair sex were excluded
from as- eiating with the males iu til' ir itivs*
tie Prof'-don, n' * b- cause they tv-re deemed
unworthy of the s.vret, nor for the want ol
mechanical or scientific genius, nor from their
being the weaker sex, but from a conscious
ness in the men of their own weakness.—
should they b<* permitted to enter the Lodge,
Cupid, he said, would jump through the key
hole ; jealousy would sometimes rankle in the
hearts of the brethren, and fraternal affections
be metamorphosed into rivalship. '1 here
would be a second confusion of languages
among Masons—the hand of fellowship would
become clenched anti duels might ensue. But,
he continued, although the most amiable Mid
lovely part of Nature’s works are not admitted
into the meetings, yet our l>nightlv order pro
tects them from tli-■ attacks of vicious and un
principled men, and we are solemnly kiund
never to sacrifice the ease and peace of fami
lies for momentary gratification, nor to under
mine and take away the transcendant happi
ness from those hearts that arc united by the
dearest ties of love and etfection.
How to Grow Kirn.—In the first place,
make up your mind to accomplish whatever
j you undertake ; decide upon some particular
| employment, and then persevere in it.
“All difficulties are overcome by diligence
! and assiduity.”
Ik' not all aid to work with your own ham’ s
and diligently too. “A eat in gloves, catches
no mice.” “He who remains in the mill
grinds, not lie who goes and comes.”
Attend to your own business, and never
trust it with another. “A pot that belongs to
many, is ill stirred and worse boiled.”
lie frugal. "That which will not male' a
pot may in..he a pot li l.” “Save the pence
and the pounds will take care of themselves.”
Be abstemious. “Who daiulivs lev shall
beggars prove.”
J t < oily. “The sleeping f x erv h no
poultry.” “Plough deep whdeshiggnnls>leep,
and you will have corn to sell and to keep.”
Treat every one with politeness and civ ilily.
“Every thing is gained and nothing lost he
I courtesy.” “Good ina::.-. rs ensure success.”
1 Never ontk'pata wealth from any other
I source than your labor ; espn> ially never place
| dependence upon becoming the p . lessor of eti
inheritance. "He who waits for dead lien’s
! shoes, may have to go a long time bare foot.”
| “He who runs after a shadow, has a weari
some race.”
1 Above all tilings never despair. “God is
i wh re Im was.” “Heaven helps those who
! help them-elves.”
Follow imp.li illy these precepts, and nrv .
;ing can hinder you from accumulating rich s.
Oak who icsous.
Names of Towns.—Man, as he displays his
'trv to lor naming towns in this America of
1 ours, displays his disposition tor imitation in a
i most unmistaktable manner, as the following
will show. A recent wriler remarks that in
E 'rope there is but one Lcn-.'eit, whilst, in this
country we haven London*, one N w London,
and seven London ‘errys. In all the uld world
1 there are hut two places railed Baris, and we
have six, hrsides twenty-one Richmonds. t-x
tecn Led fonts, nine Brightens, nine Chat
hams, eleven Burlington*, sixteen Delawar- -,
fourteen hvner-ett. nine t ainbralges, twenty
five York--, and other English names in pro
fortkm. Wo have three Dresden*, fourteen
terlins, twenty Hanover*, and four Viennes.
1 All the eitierof the East are multiplied a great
many times with the exception ot Constanti
nople, in place of which we have a Constun
i tine.
1 Then- arc I IS town* and counties in the U.
IS. called Wssiiinotos ; there are nin»ty-one
•Jacksons, sixty-nine JeileisinK, fifty-eight
Monroes, fifty Madisons, thirty two Harrisons,
I nineteen Adamses, sixteen Van Bur*ns, ~1_
Clays, three Wrbstei-, und one Tyler. Of
I Bentons there are fourteen, Franklins etghly
1 three, and Lafayette* thirty four. The popu
larity of an individual ean hardly be interred
i from the number of times his name occurs on
I the map. < Minton is multiplied tw< nty-seven
• times, Decatur t.ine, and Perry litiy-one.—•
There are very ft w name that occur but one*,
and these are very peculiar. Smai.i. Box, tor
instance, a town m Joe Davies County, Illi
nois, stands alone yet, or did when th * census
i was taken ; so docs th'- town ot Jim Henry,
Miller county. Missouri; but they will, doubt
less, be imitated belore long-—1‘rtm.
Sacrldxess of Team.—'There isawtered
u* ss in tear j. They are not the riuux of we.ik
ni . hut ilie power. They speak mmce.o.
uni ntly than ten thousand tongue--;. t hey
a messtig'-rs of overwhelming grief, ot u- -p
contrition, and of unspeakable love. Oh .
speak not harshly of the stricken one weeping
in silence | Break not the deep scummy b*.
rude laughter, or intrusive footsteps. -Scot!
not if the stern heart of manhood is sometimes
in-ir-J toi -of syuip-itli) — hey are what
h. in In elevate him #!* v<* the brute. 1 love to
s, c It ursofnl’" tion. They are painful tokens,
but still mn-t hoi) - Taore is pleasure in tears
_aw.nl p’ - sure! If tlicre wit- none on
earth to shed a tear ior me, 1 should be loth to
live ; and if no < me might w- . r> over ray grave,
1 could li ver die in peace.— 1k. Mmtun.
Pimt'i hy t't fyir'd !nn al t'ts -Sc#
*t . 1/ if f.*—0.
An act to iae .> ; . t- - V Rail
road Company. To o® luct » n'lr 1 front
Petersburg m mint po.nt of Cox'* r< > i ia Not- j
tewav, Lbret of lit--* k'.i and \\ bin's Tttvrni.
Capital not exceeding 1>■ * VtAb to be r-*1
by subscriptu®. Subject U> t. > g octal taw j
iuaorporatmg radrowl..
Au a< t to utcorponte tire Virginia MW!-n
Company, in the rite of Uicbtte'fl); for man
ufactttrmg wool, ci mit. hemp ami siib, in the
said city aiul town « Maucim*n-r. t U'ltai
not loss than nor mon than $ si),- :
WO, and real property not ex, re ling tire acre*.
To lie g,.verneiJ by ti.e g- ncml la".
An a t to incorporate the lliomoni Iron
Company; to manufacture iron, meet, pai!-, :
and other pitteles. Capital not it * Ulan $10,
OUO, nor more than $!*),(' M, with fawi estate
tv t exceeding 3* C note*, To be governed by ,
the general law.
An act to provide for the collection of £n *
m volunteer companies ; {jives tire companies
the right to place n» the hbeiiilvoi s igeaut**
hands lor < ollt ton, ah lines as *- ■ *d by com
pany courts of enquiry agaust lln-ir oliicers
and member* for oil- nc<*s agntntit lie 11 by-lav, s,
anti Jbr uon-auendunee at nil mti-ters orderer*
tinder said by-laws, uuthoi sing the romps 11 - *
to fix the amount of the tines for toi-ctust at
muster. provided tueh n mount shall not be
less than that itnpo-t-! by-law for absenc t
from legal muster. The a. t require* sin r it*
and sergeant* to pay aii root; 1 s coiit-i ted to
the treasurer of the companies or other officers
appointed by them to receive the same; the
return of insolvents for each company to be
made annually at such company courts of en
quiry as the companies may appoint to receive
them; and lor failure to pay over money col
lected, the remedy of motion by the trea
nrer, or other officer of tite company ajipoiuted
therelbr, in the county or corporation court, on
ten days’ notice, is given against the shertif or
sergeant. The compensauou to tint sheriff or
sat;. .: ls not less man ten nor more than fif
teen per cent, for collection, as the courts of
enquiry may allow.
Ait act accepting, by t! 0 State of Virginia,
the county of Alexandria in the District of
Columbia, when the same shall !*• re-c . 1
hv the Congress of the l-nited States. Pro
vide*. that th. :;atuc shall b- re-gitnexed to the
State of V irginia as soon as Congress shall re
linquish their exclusive jurisdiction, us well of
territory as of persons residing or to rs to
therein, subject to such rse nation » specting
the public pro-petty of the Curled States as
Cotigre:s may enact in their act of iu-ee.*s:ou.
The laws of ihe f'nited States to remain in
force after such re-cession, until tite (.tenoral
Assembly of Virginia shall provide lor the
government of said county under the 1 onsti
; tulion and laws of tile Stale.
An act if*carpor:u::.g lue t iVSRur.i ana i
rectors of the Southwestern Turnpike Hoad,
anil for oilier purpu-'-. t onstitules the Board
1 of Public Works t!.o Company, subject to the
I regulations of the general act for the incorpo
ration of turnpike cnj.jpnnies. to exercise the
powers bestowed by the act pgcscribuig the ex
trfpcio duties of the go vei n m-A) t, passed March
i 5th JKs3. They are to cause to be construct
ed a Macadamised road from ;al< m, by Chris
tianbuitr. Newborn, Wytheril-Ma.-. and
i Abingdon, to the Tennessee line, l or the
con rnicbou thereof, an appropriation is ma le,
lor this year, of $75,1KkI ir«nn the pul. c treas
ury. They are to employ « competent engi
neer to locatn the road, at a grade no where
exceeding three degne*. I’iie net prove'.-s
i the mode of obtaining land for the road, and
for i - biig damage.-to the propiietuis. Au
i thoriscs the appoinlmant and removal of a so
! pcrtnii adent, mid of as many a - Aunts ns the
board may think necessary, ihe superinten
dent to make all contracts under the direction
’ of the engineer. Toil-gates to be erected as
soon as ten miles of th read arc completed,
and as often as sections of that length are iin
; dn- !, end such t.."- lo be ch . a- tic' i h tr
ge.l as the board may prescribe, The tolls, al
ter defraying expenses and np-.ur-, to bo paid
I into the po -lio trt tsury. »i ir .i-ur-1 ot
the State to be Treasurer for ttie road. The
construction of the road to In- commenced at
; .-ali at.nod Ire completed from that point west
ward. '1 lie act gives the company the right
either to purcba.se the stock of any other turn*
! pike company along the route, if they should
i select the l".i-* of S',1-'!) turnpike tor their road,
I or lo admit the stockholders of r uch companies
to share in the toils in proportion to the si. ck
now held lry them, or to purchase the wuiks
.. - id i i t • of 4w$gtt
rnoiit, the value [hereof is to be aacertained by
eoiumissioners eppo nted m equal number by
the E-;« -alive, and by the courts of the coun
ties in wbi.-h such turnp.k:-. ate located. (. l m»
net is subsequently amended.J
An act to incorporate the Richmond and
' Ohio Railroad ( o many; subject to the prtv
: visions of the gen-rat act tor tr.e incorporate, ui
of ni l. yjd companies, passed March II, R >«,
I except as modified by this charter, an i except
that the company tuny declare dividend* ot all
its nett profits, a.id prov 'ed that tie*tot - shat!
not tie under tin! cotitrcd ol the Boor lot ihildkj
Works. The company are am Itoeon
struct a railroad ft m Ha fimoitd on tim noutlt
1 side of Jam*- riv-i to sortie point on tin1 Ohio
river, at or bek w the mo nil of i • <liwtl Ka
nawha river, lev the m* st * hgibie route other
than the immediate valley of the James river
below Lynchbur?. The rout- rt t to interfere
with trie lin- wh.-h th- f ■ .t-« Itivcr an I Ra
i nawita (Company shall indicate ns their line to
the Board of I’ubhc Umk., ivii'un iIim
i months aft- r this nelroad company are innx
i ted with their powers. Th. ir company may
1 cross to the North side of James river at ..r
nhove Lynchburg, so ns not to interfere with
I the Jain • riv-r . md, or th- J. R. and K.
1 t i Th
! capital of the company i» fl‘2,(M)(l,tXK). The
road is to be commenced nt that oowt at-r
i above Lynchburg at which it shall t-uch or
most ne.oly approximate the James river, and
iie completed to its western termination before
the ec—ern portion is commenced ; or, it may
commence at that point r.nd the western ter
rniatis of the n id at the same time. The
company may ( xp-nd iv.it exeeehing two mil
lions of dollars in the purchase of property*
and have the right of buying, setting and im
proving iinsi'tied and win■>* hauls west of i
the Blue Ridge, and of carrying on inanufitc- i
lures of iron, wool, c«rtt-»u and o'ner articles, ■
nut of mining for coni, iron and lead ; but tae
western section of tlretr road is to t* complete-.1 1
before they can appropriate any part ot thr tr
capital lo manufacturing or mining purposes, t
'Phtir privileges are restricted to the distance
of tw -nt v miles from the Ittteol ibeir ro.ui, and
they are prohibited from vesting in real prop
erty more than $ W.HHO. Tlrey have ta
pe werto con struct la tend railroads ot twenty
miles in length in anv direction, if they do not
interfere with any existing lme of improve- '
ni-nt. Books for subscriptions to be opened
w i*'i six months from t!. ' passage cf the r.et,
and w’.-n ti e whole ot cne-Tourth part of tho
, ,, j . •..•.(•■wi'-rf, a general meeting i« to b*
called to oiw" (g'-si.hmt end director* The
act t-xrmnt* the capital and dividends of the
<1 •n'vnn from taxation, unless the nett oromo
shsll exceed six per cent., in which case the
viiiemSs tnav be tnvel as dividends of other
■no mi-sat the time are taxed. The com -
i it", are to commence their work within two
, and r> we under contract not has than
s of their rend, and complete and
; ■,■■■• nt >n after the expiration of three
v< >••« from the passage of tlie act not le«s than
ini tally of the same, under the
i ■ i.f :* * sung anv portion of the road
,u m u not h ive be* n commenced. \\ )it*n
niiiiua.t paid into the Hank of Viminia
or i -i i-rs’liatik of Vircmta, to the credit of
I <• i r - , atul the i -itdue theieof is fully
*■ ■ i If |* .id in, the company arc to bo
. v.. h all h.-ir corporate power*, and are
i!i"i ■•oil to borrow money to aid in the con
strue! on of the road, and to issue it* bonds
• ad .r, mid to pledge any unsubscribed stock
.f the c nnpany aa security for such loans,
w : i fi»* privih -o of converting the same into
stock ; th- amount to he b >rrowed to tie limited
by t i- amount of stock actually paid in or Re
cur.*1 ns ah* • stud. Tin state have the right
• r thirty years, and every three years tin m
attcr. to purchase the capital stock of the com
pany ii.ivsntd m tiie nmm liue oftlwcoad at
ptr, and n -h interest as shall make fc >d to
u » • ■*,[i*i:.\ p r cent, upon the stock from
the lmn- l paying in the name, in case tho
stockholders have received it less sum in divi
dends. The maximum u>U for pic sengens on
tin* road is limited at four cents |>er mile.
Att :i*'t supplementary to an ait euntied, an
aef me •rjKireiiug the Fresident and Id.rectors
of the Southwestern Turnpike Iliad, and for
other purpose*. Vests in the Stale the feu
simple title to the land upon which the rou ! it
located, witli the lots obtained for ton non—s,
and other ner-ssior purposes. Prohibits the
company in laying out their road from invad
ing the dwelling-home, yard or garden ol any
proprietor, without hi* assent, uni’ 9* the cost
of constructing the road ahull thereby lieiu*
creased to an extent dwproportionetl to tho
valueofthe prtijicrty invaded. If nny person
or corporation tmallueem htiiwll or inoinfcivc**
aggrieved by the location of the road, or the
works of the company, they are allowed twelve
months to tile a suggestion of the injury com
plained of, and for which damages nrn claim
ed, before the County or Circuit Court, and
the Court may cause a jury to tie impanelled
to assess the damages ; and ihe ( 'utility Courts
are required to nunc the necessary luud* for
pav irur melt damages, by «»' "iiwut on all
property subject to taxation undsr the Btnto
law'. Infants are allowed six rnontlis to assert
their right to damages after attainiug legal age.
In locating the road, the Engineer is required
to pa s by Clnisi.ansburg ot Blacksburg, ns
he rimy prefer. Repeal- »> much of the miiin
suction of th" net incorporating the Company,
as refutes to the receipts and di-'-urs. meats of
borrowed money, ami provides thatntolu’ - re
ceived shall be paid out on the warrant ot the
.Second Auditor. The act gives the Comp-my
the right to purchase such turnpike rou Is as
inav he passed over hv their road : and in ease
of disagreement, gives said roe I Companies tho
remedy to recover damages given to individu
als. The engineer is to I"- the prim-ip I su
perintendent; he is to make all contra t" sull
|.*et to the ratification of the Hoard, and super
intend the execution of the work, and perform
such duties as tho Board may prescribe.
All act changing the time of comparing th*
polls, and making returns in eras'-* of emigres
sional and Senatorial elections. Th- time of
meeting to compare the Congre sional poll* is
the l">ih day, and that for eoi a paring the Sen
atofial polls is on the eighth day, after that on
which eaeh election shall have coinin'ic '-d.—
Where nnv of the polls on the day of meeting
an-not returned, or are informal, the officers
may adjourn some dav. not ■ thau live,
nor 1 lore than t- n days from the first meeting,
an 1 i sue a summons to the d- faulting offi
cers, to testify before them ?n relation to said
poll; and if the comparing officer-' arc satisfied
that the poll \vn» n-1- n suf • inti: '! • r-lmg
to law, they shall regard it as the true poll,
and make their return accordingly. Matin ,
however, the character of such infortqnlily.—
parties failing to appear and testify under such
summons, are liable to a fir 'of fifty dollars, t.t
hr- recovered by motion Ik-fore the circuit court
of the county where such partes r. .vide, and
the officers failing to make returns, required to
p ry the expenses of the sheriU’s at their ad
journed meetings, recoverable by warrant l> •
j- .* rmv ju-ti- c of tie peace for the county in
: which the delinquent resides.
An net providing fur the acquisition of ma
terials for the repair of the Cumberland toad
in Yirginbt, and for other purposes. Author
ises the Bonn! of public works, and its 0T1 ■« r»
aud »r -ills in obtaining such »n it -i ah to t
erciwr th - power, and he subject to the regula
tions of the 151th section of the general turupiko
1 iw. Anil gives authority totin' I,it;!" Ka
nawha bridge company to increase tfieir Capi
tal by an amount nut exceeding $!-■»,‘it'.
An act concerning the Arruory, Direct*
the < 'aptaiu of ihe public gnarj to s<dl, ttlidir
the di'cctien of the Ex-- At live, the an - and
accontreiT.- n's n< w in the armory which arc
re t worth repairing. Dir-vts a lulck wall
with vt"n" topping to b «;tl; titut'-d fora pjmik
fistce heretofore dire.-t-d to he constiu tejl in
front of the Armen,', and requires the culverts
leading from the canal to th ■ Armory, and tq
•h > h r ug mill, to fie repaired, and appropri
ates for f ed purpoa-s. The art also iu
■ ro ts the h irdof public works to U a o out
for -.rtkii-i of ten j ears, so much of tho armo
ry building, water power and grounds atlsch
e 1 thereto as in t’i- ir opinion can li2 spared
Without injury to the Co.-rmionwealth.
An a-1 to lessen the costs of appellate courts,
1 Provided that wln*u writs of error ittjta ttilr
, m, t ,iio!-ari, or appeal,, ar-. ajq bed lor, it shall
uot Le n .cesi.try to carry up lull copies of re
'cords, biUuch [tarts oat', as wiif be sufficient
f.ir hearing and dot rniitiiug the questions on
’ which tit-' judgment of tin: appellate court is
. tSesinsl. 1 ar;.- t if! tiding to apply tor up
j are required io notify the opposite
ji iity, . ! ycli [•arty .ty then designatesoeh
; siiti of the record as may be divirej, and the
ii.ili shall copf the an tie accordingly, Prin
i 1 csiii: it. are uot required to be copied, but
if furnished by eith. r pari; .11 lie attached
to and form part of the record for (ho appellate
court. The said court, however, may order
rm) jutttc.d part of thu record to be supplied
by the clerk below.
Itcr l ■’ oil to n ■ a.i the u - union requiring
notice to Is- given to persons having claims on
V irginia tor revolutionary land bounty, to prr
s it the same by a riven day for adjustment,
or that the same sh .il fherealtrr be v .id.and ex
tending the iii .. ■ f a pit. venting their claims.
Provides, mat the said resolution, adopted Feb
roarv 4th, 1154*2, shall l*; rescinded, and allow*
the claimaintt till the 1st of March, 1847, to
prosecute their claims ; and directs the Regis

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