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,.*r SYIIT THUBSDAT ST Miuixa-a, i •ad PiwprleSs*,^. naurs OF S&MCBxPTioir: ftp Tea.k adnan. .........|8 00 S Hot paid within fffx months. 8 IS Xontba om fflg* Stmt, 9f tomAhzatk'* Clothing Store. Jfeneral Sews Summary ooiifiini. 'IN the Senate, on the 29th, the Hons* foiftt resolution accepting Carpenter's printing of Lincoln and his Cabinet, was agreed to—43 to -f. Mr. Beck called up and advocated the passage ofa rc#olation previously submitted by him de claring it unnecessary or inexpedient to main* tain or lmpoee taxes at thin time for the purpose of providing for #37,196.054.04 asked for by the Secretary of the Treasury for a sink ing fund." The House Silver bill waa further debated. Mr. Wallace speakint? in favor of, and Messrs. Bayard, Dawes and Whyte against, the m?asure. Amendments were sub mitted and ordered printed—providing that the dollar shall consist of 420 of standard sil _Jffri »«, providing that it shall be a legal tender for all debt*, public and private, amounting to sums over —In the House, a resolution waa adopted directing that the issue of passes for admission to the floor of the House fe discon tinued. A bill was passed—167 to 100—recogniz ing the Woodruff Scientific Expedition around the world. SEVERAL petitions were presented in the Senate, on the 31st ult. Bills were passed— appropriating $200,000 for the erection of suita ble posts for the protection of the Rio Grande frontier to define the rights of persons with re spect to homestead entries on public domains. The House joint resolution extending the thanks of Congress to Henry M. Stanley, the explorer of Central Africa, was unanimously agreed to. Tbe Silver bill was further considered, and Messrs. Morgan and booth submitted amendments, after which further consideration of the bill was postponed until the 4th, to which date the Senate adjourned.... In the House, a minority port Eleetio 9 made from the Committee In the California contested-election case, against Pacheco. the sitting member, and in favor of Wigginton, the contestant, a minority report being also made, taking opposite grounds. he following additional appointments to commit- SEVERAL petitions were presented and referred in the Senate, on the 4th, and a number of reports of committees were made on bills previously introduced. Bills were introduced to incorporate the National Pacific Railroad 6c Telegraph Company: supplementary to the joint resolution in relation to the Paris Kxposition.an thoriz nu the President to appoint eig ite ti addi tional Commissioners. The Silver lull was taken up, and Mr. Beck submitted an amendment rela tive to the purchase of silver bullion, atterwhieh Mr. Bajard spoke in opposition to the bill ...In the House, bills were intro duced- authorizing the payment of customs in legal-teuder notes: providing tliat ail bonds hereafter issued by the Government shall le payable, principal and interest, in gold, silver, or legal-tender notes: for a uistitut onal amend ment providing for the election of President by a direct vote »f the people: making receivers of railroad eorjorations amenable processes and judgment^ of Courts of the several Suites through which said railroads are run: to reorganize the Judiciary. The Consular and Diplomatic Ap propriation bill wis reported from committee. An affidavit was presented and referred from the Doorkeeper, denying, as utterly without founda tion, the charges against his ollicial integrity, and he earnestly requested an investigation on the part of the House. DOMESTIC. IT was stated, on the 30th ult., THAT arrangements had been made by the Secretary of the Treasury to receive, in payment of sub scriptions to the 4-per-eent. loan, coin or cur rency checks drawn on banks or bankers In New York. The currency checks will be eon verted into coin at current rates, without ex pense to the owner, and any excess over the amount due on the subscription will be re turned to the subscriber. Similar arrange ments would be made, if found necessary, in other cities having Sub-Treasury offices. THE steamship Metropolis, bound from Philadelphia to Brazil, having on board between 200 and 300 engineers and railroad la borers, went ashore, in a terrible storm, and was wrecked, on the North Carolina coast, three miles south of Currituck Light-House, on the evening of the 31st ult., and it was thought, on the morning of the 2d, that at least 200 persons had perished. THE public-debt statement, as pub lished on the 1st, indicates the following: Total debt (including intcrestof $32,427,8:34), $2,315,455,&i5 cash in Treasury, $171,108, 479 debt less cash in Treasury, $2,044,2^7, 306. Decrease during January, $1,06*,076. De crease since June 30, 1877, $15,870,857. A WASHINGTON telegram of the 1st states that the Secretary of the. Treasury de sires ail drafts sent him in payment of the 4 percent, loan to be drawn payable to his order, or they cannot be received. THE Third Assistant Postmaster- General has notified the Postmaster at New I Tork City that the trade dollars not being a legal tender the latter is not obliged to receive I them in payment of postage, etc. AT Malone, N. Y., on the 1st, Joseph IWoode was executed, by hanging, for the Itnurdcr of Stephen Woods. A DISPATCH from Gen. Miles, dated Port Keogh, Jan. 25, was received at St. Raul, •linn., on the 3d. The main body of his field [force was ch route to Fort Peck. lie confirms he previous report that Sitting Bull was on }his side of the boundary line, and was roam ng where he pleased on American soil. Gen. flileslnquires of Gen. Terry as to the status bf Sitting Bull, and how he shall be treated in he possible event of his being met and over in a trial of arms. A courier left on the d, with a reply from Gen. Terry. THEKE were fifty-two failures in Chi- ago during the month of January. The to liabilities were: Secured, $810,196 uase ured, $1,341,875. ARRANGEMENTS were perfected, on he 2d, to reopen the Topeka (Kan.) Bank and avings Institution, the depositors agreeing give six months' time, all deposits under 100 to be paid 50 per cent, on the reopeuing. kn examination of the affairs of the bank bowed tbe total liabilities to be $140,000, and assets that are good $258,000. WILLIAM WEINERS was hanged at Louis, on the 1st, for the murder, over a ear ago, of a saloon-keeper named A. V. awrence. On the «ame day a colored man ned Philip Watson was hanged at Coving- Ky.. for the murder of his wife last fall. ON the night of the 31st ult., a wave irept over a portion of Coney Island, near lew York, and carried away four houses and «ir bleeping occupants. About a dozen per jns were drowned. i TQEKE were 130 failures in New York Ity during-January. Liabilities, $7,113^0^ ets, $1,433,831*. [ACCORDING to NorfpHc (Va.) specials the 3d, the ste^rn^f Metroiwlls, which i* ntly foundered off the coast of North Caro wur-fn all respects unseaworthy, its tira being like rotten punk, and, both in re to its construction and anointments, I vessel being a veritable death-trap. An npt would be made to hold the owners and totractorb responsible. The vessel bad on a vcrv mw r*s& named person was formally commenced, a change of venue having first been denied. Anderson's counsel, on the motion for a change of venue, alleged tliat the defend ant could not have a fair trial in that parBh, the prejudice against him iviag increased during the preceding few days. The Judge staled that the jury had been drawn in the most impartial manner, and was composed of conscientious, honest men, of unimpeachable character. The defense took a bill of exception? to the ruling of the Court, after which the impaneling of the jury was begun. A full jury, composed of ten white and two colored men, was secured, on the 29th. THE A RESOLUTION was adopted, in the Senate, on the 30th ult., asking information of tbe President relative to the survey of lands in the Indian Territory, and the Indian ownership thereof. The Silver bill waa further considered, •nd Mr. Christinncy submitted an amendment providing for the coinage of silver dollars of 4S4 grains each—nine-tenths pure silver and one tenth alloy—to be a legal-tender for all debta, except when otherwise provided bv law or con tract— In the House, a bill was introduced and referred prohibiting any further destruction of legal -tender notes, and mnking such notes legal tender for customs duties. The Mil extending the time for the withdrawal of distilled spirits in bond until July 1, was considered, andasnbsti tntcrwas adopted—1-fci to 112—declaring a reduc tion of the tax on whisky inexpedient. President, on the 30th ult., ap pointed the following Honorary Commission ers to the Paris Industrial Exhibition Alex ander McLeod, of Delaware Joseph (f. Thorpe and Robert N. Baker, of Wisconsin, and John W. "Mackey and W. S. Keys, of Nevada. JUSTICE CLIFFORD, States Supreme Court, attended a State dinner at the White House, on the 30th ult. This bis first social recognition of Mr. Hayes. ON the 30th ult., Mr. Hugh J. JeWett, Receiver of tbe Erie Railroad of New York, was held to bail in the 6um of $20,000 to an swer to the charge of perjury in swearing to alleged false statements of the condition of the road. The complaint was made by an En glish stockholder. THOMAS LORD, Sr., of New York, the wealthy old gentleman who recently married the Widow Ilicks and thereby incurred the dis pleasure of his sons, has recently come out from his retirement, and will hotly contest the suit brought against for his alleged lunacy. He has engaged the services of the law firm of ex-Judge Porter. A BERLIN telegram of the 3d says Russia had formally notified Roumania of her intention to annex Bessarabia, giving her, in exchange therefor, territory in the Dobrud scha. ROUMANIA has notified the Powers to be the protection of the Christian subjects R^da^oiderVor'Feb of Turkey from massacre at thy hands of their fanatical Mohammedan neighbors. The entire Turkish fleet had been ordered to the Piraeus. AT Calais, France, on the evening of the durii a icus performance, some one raised n alarm fire. A anic resulted, and ten persons were trampled to death and many others badly i juri d. VIENNA dispatches of the 4th say it had transpired tliat Russia was concentrating av.rylarge force in um.inia, to be used against Austria in the event of armed opposi tion to the pea e con 1 tions. Russia hod ordered the raising of forty battalions of new troops. LATE Montenegrin advices are to the effect that Montenegro was inclined to disre gard the armistice aud continue the war. It was reported, on the 4th, that she was about to attack Scutari. ADVICES from China, received at London o the mornin of the 4th, state that an asylum lor w. men and cMldreu at Tien in, a been rncd, and over 2,0 0 perished in the fire. Nine 1 ons of people were re pored destitute in N rthem China, and the Foreign Relief ommfttce had :de an appeal to England and America for aid. Artificial Pearls. To snch perfection has facture of artificial pearls been carried that none but connoisseurs can readily distinguish the real from the false. The manufacture has gradually spread from France to Italy and Turkey, and pearls of all kinds of form and color are now made. At the Exposition of the Prod ucts of French Industry, at Paris, in 1856, high reputation had been attained for these imitation pearls which were so admirably made by M. Constant Vales, that it was impossible at first sight to distinguish the real from the false, strung alternately on the same string, and there is also claimed for them the merit of not being affected fiv perspiration, water, or any other effect of wear. He received a silver medal .then from the jury, and the perfection of French imitation pearls has been sus tained at subsequent International Ex hibitions up to the present day. At the same Exhibition another maker showed four strings of pearls, two of them real and two false, which the uninitiated rcspon-siuli?. rue vewei naa on could not distinguish, yet one may be ,• l.rje South American mall, the P"td»wn f^en shil ln£8 »nd It of Which wae riflwl bv human phoul*, the other £700. Asfalse pearls are too Plun W tlio conmee iliat rvero thrown Perfect in form, in shape and light, it i even of their became necessary to imitate the imper fection* of nature, and this is now ef fectively done.—N. Y. Graphic. PERSONAL AND POLI rlCAL. tlie beaeh, and ro'jbod Ui ring. 'HBEE members of tbe Louisiana "I'zE RIGHT," shouted a military itifr Beard—Anderson, Caeanave ami officer to h4« company. Well," grunt ier—were brought Into court nt New ed a green private, nobody sua you o n e a n e i a o e i tjs 3-5 IOWA STATE NEWS. THE State Medical Association met at Des Mofnes, on the 31st ult. A committee was appointed to aid the bill now pendin^Tb the Assembly for the regulation of the practice of medicine and the establishment of a State Board of Health. A resolution against State aid to Medical Colleges as departments was adopted. The following officers were elected for the year: President, A.M. Carpenter, of Keokuk Vice-Presidents, D. W. Crouse, of Waterloo, and G. W. Custer, of Marshalltown Secretary, J. F. Kennedy, of DesMoines As sistant-Secretary, G. W. Grant, of Davenport Treasurer, G. R. Stanner, of Cedar Rapids. Davenport was fixed on as the place of next meeting. The standing committees were ap pointed, and nine Delegates appointed to the American Medical Association. GEORGE GIXDER, a prominent Marshalltown merchant, failed, on the 31st ult. TOM ALSOP, of Centre Grove, and his eon were buried alive at the foot of alead s^pft, on the 31st ult. Up to the morning of the 2d their bodies had not leen recovered. of the United Two MEN, named Paul Schultz and George Benn, fell to quarreling in SclicmmeJPs sfltoon, at Dyersvllle, when Schultz drew a knife and stabbed Benn several times in the head and neck, itiflicting fatal injuries. TIIE latest reports from St. Louis give the following as the current prices for leading staples: Flour—XXX, Fall, $5.70(d5.90. Wheat—No. 3 Red, Fall, $1.12i£$}l.l3 No. 2 Spring, $1.0uY«jl.03j-j Corn—No. 2 Mixed, 41I4@UXC Rye—NO. 2, 51(a513$c Oats— 24324#C A NEW ORLEANS dispatch of the 3d states that J. Madison Wells, in accordance ith an arrangement made on tha' day, had surrendered to Sheriff Houston, at Ri^oletf Station, on the New Orleans &-Mobile Hail roail, where he had been sojourning since his departure from New Orleans, about a w?ek before. He was taken to the Parish Prison in New Orleans, on the 4th, and his bail was fixed at $20,000. and I3un- dv: in the Navy Department. Pridemore and Williams (Ore.) in the Postofhce Department, Clark (Moj and McKinley: in the War Depart ment, Dickey and Heed in the Interior Depart ment. Patterson and Pound. The Military Acad emy Appropriation bill (¥272,155 was considered in Committee of the Whole. THE Senate was not in session on the 1st—A bill was introduced and referred in the House, to provide for funding the National debt in home bonds, convertible into currency. Mr. Baker, of Indiana, rising to a question of privi lege, recited certain ht itement-i m:i(l" to him in writing, involving grnve if not criminal endue* on the part of the Doorkeeper of the House, which statements had since bi'« n put into the shape of affidavits. He offered a lesolution, stating that John W. Polk, Doorkeep r, has been guilty of corruption and malfeasance in office that he has required employes to pav to other employes part of their ?alaru s, and that he is interested in claims and bills now pending before Congress, and directing the Com mittee on Rules to inquire into the truth or fal sity of such allegations. After a lengthy and spirited discussion, the previous question was seconded and the motion was passed, after being modified so a* to direct the investigation to be made by the Committe on Reform in the Civil Service. Adjourned to the 4th. EX-STATE SENATOR HARRY GENET, one of the New York Tammany Ring fugi tives, surrendered to the authorities, on the 4th, and gave bail in the sum of vaitttiGX* RUSSIAH papers of the 30th 'all. "im port that typhus fever prevailed among the Russians in the Caucasus and Armenia to such an extent as almost to equal the plague in destructivcncss. AN Adrianople dispatch of the 30th ult. saya all the Turkish troops within the Quadrilateral had bueu retired upon the for tresses. ACCORDING to Athens dispatches of the 31st ult., Thessaly had demanded of Greece protection and assistance in her war with Turkey. The Grecian Chamber was holding a secret sitting to consider the de mand. Twenty-four Communes in Thessaly had formed a Provisional Government. THE Pope lias ratified the plans for the reconstruction of the Scottish Hierarchy, and appointed. two Archbishops and four Suffragans. ON the evening of the 31st ult., a meeting called in Loudon in the interest of peace was captured and broken up by the war element. The feeling against Russia had be come intense. THE Cretan insurgents have formal ly decreed the annexation of the island to GEORGE CRUIKSHANK, the well knoivn British artist and caricaturist, is dead. A BUCHAREST dispatch of the 1st says orders had been issued to all Russian col umns to stop where they are and await fur ther instructions. A VIENNA telegi'am of the 1st says it had been dcclded to hold the European Con ference which was to follow pcace in that city. AN Adrianople dispatch of the 3d savs the peace preliminaries between Russia and Turkey had at last been signed, and that they wire substantially as heretofore pub lished, except that instead of war-indemnity Turkey agrees to surrender Erzeroum and the Danubian fortresses. Pork $firstname.lastname@example.org Lard 7J&@7J4'c Hogs—$3.50(24.50 Cattle—$3.50 @5.50. THE LEGISLATURE, SENATE.—On the 28th, bills were in troduced—relating to the introduction of wit nesses in criminal cases providing for the com mutation of the sentence of criminals in the ad ditional Penitentiary at Anamosa for good be havior to abolish preliminary examinations in certain eases: in relation to lo+t instrunientaand projf edin^s thereon to prohibit Ju^tue* of the Peace and attorneys irom occupying th.' Kime room jisanollke requiring County Recorders to provide and ke on file an uMruct of the judg ments of the L! nil ed States District and Circuit Courts to provide for ditching lands by open or tile drains in relation to tnxes voted in aid of railroads. Resolutions were inlrodn. ed- to amend the rides to require that the object of every bill shall lie expressed in the title. The House resolution instructing the Senators and requesting Representatives «f Iowa to vote for the repeal of tlie Bankrupt law came up. am was read a third time. A substitute WHS offered that in the judgment of ihe General Assen the law should lie repealed immediately, but not instructing the Senators and Representativ The substitute v.as adopted, and afterward considered, and a sul-st'tute was moved ivori such amendments of the law as should correct its abuses. Quite an extensive debate followed. Adjournment was had before a vote v.as reached. HOUSE.—Hills were introduced—to authorize cities of the first and second eiass S provide for the construction of levees: requiring School Boards to adopt text-books for the use of schools: fixing the comp* ns.ition of Sheriffs to reduce the charges for Supreme Court reports to three dollais per volume in relauo-i to the nego tiability of notes given for patent rights to pre vent the spread ot the cockle-burr and Canada thistles. An solution WHS intioduced--that all resolutions on National tinai.ee be submitted to the House without debate, which was tabled after some debate. The hill to procure the right of way over railroad bridges across the Missi-sippi River, was taken up and passed. The Hous« voted to take only one session aday until further ordered. SENATE.—Bills were introduced, on the 2Jth, to collect taxes semi-annually to amend the laws for the payment of taxes in the cities existing under special charters providing for the election of a Township Treasurer of Schools in stead of a District Treasurer limiting the foes of attorneys appointed by the Court to defend per sons charged with crimes: for the assessment of telegraph lines relative to the liability of rail road companies for failing to make sufficient cattle-guards. Tbe resolution providing that all appropriation bills shall be presented to the Gt n --al Assembly by Thursday of the third week of reported from committees by ixth week, and made special of, was adopted. The visit ce was directed to report by ihe 10th The joint resolution requesting 1 Representatives in Congress to vote ... ... icndments to the Bankrupt law as shall prevent injustice to creditors and render the Law more effective, was pjisscd. HOI'SE.—Bills were introduced—to make County Superintendents arbitrators in case of disagreement of School Boards in regard to children attending schools requiring defend ants to demur or set aside indictment within a certain time providing the penalty of death for munley and rape: to restore capital punish ment for murder in the first degree to amend the Liquor law to provide for the preservation and bett'jr distribution of lish by the erection of fishway.s and dams to protect native forests: to regulate th»* driving and herding of cattle in re lation to the compensation of members, officers and employes of the General Assemblv:toamend the act"? of the Sixteenth General Assembly in relation to bonded county indebtedness. SENATE.—On the 30th, bills were in troduced—to give Justices exclusive jurisdiction of $30 to punish the fraudulent, trans fer of property bought on credit: to require Su pervitsors to settle with the County Treasurers 1 three, times a year. The Judiciary Committee 1 1 porated towns to extend their boundaries was 10,000 Greek regulars had crossed the frontier lost—25 to 71. The Committee on Federal Rela into Thessaly. the o.st»'li?ibh object being said fions reported a sul*titute for ail rcsolnt Which were made the special order for Feb. 6. Bills were intioduced to include ale and beer in the Prohibitory law to abolish appropriations to county agricultural societies to repeal the kw giving "County Treaa •ent. on collections to punish ofheers leposits by impris the Penitentiary to require of insolvent tanks THE blockade of the Black Sea be tween Constantinople a-:d Odessa has been raised. THE different Servian Commanders have been ordered to suspend hostilities. AN Athens dispatch of the 4th an nounces the capture of Domoco in Epirus. TheG:ee shad 50 killed and captured 1,300 prisoners. The Keys of Epirus had submitted to Grcecc. IC road tax to be paid in exempt the operation of the one-half cash Railroad Tariff Jaw from roads lo.v miles long: to es'abbsh a St ite J'oard of j'hai' maevforthe regulation of apothecaries toes tahli-h a Sta e No mal S h' ol a*, JLema's to re (juireied dv:sion fen es, trimmed t» forty- eight irich»*s t:» authorize S hool Poards tore move the See-i'tarv to nivc Just ces of the Peace exclusive jurisdict:on in sutrs less than to punish the fraudulent disposal of yrope.typ r edit,. and the fraudulent tra he i reccss was taken until the 7th. PERSONAL AND LITERARY. -Fannie Kemble is sixty-live years of age, and weighs nearly 200 pounds. —Gen. Grant refused to authorize the illustrated papers of Paris to print his portrait. —Mr. Elihu Burritt's health has so much improved that he hopes to be out again next spring. —Judge Hilton, who seems to know everything about the Stewart family, says that Mrs. A. T. Stewart will never marry again. —Gen. D. H. Hill, the ex-Confeder ate, a brother-in-law of Sonewall Jack son, has a Bible class of 200 members in Charlotte, N. C. —It is said that Winslow, the Boston forger, recently visited three of his friends in that city, and that his hiding place is not 500 miles away. —President Taylor's grave, in Jeffer son County, Ky., is unmarked by any monument and Gov. McCreary, of Kentucky, wishes the State Legislature to call upon Congress to put up one. —The oldest member of the House of Representatives is Mr. Patterson, of New York, who is almost seventy-nine years old. The youngest member is Mr. Kenna, of West Virginia, who is twenty-nine years old. —Miss Susan B. Anthony has sent $200 to assist in defraying the expenses of the Woman Suffrage organization that recently met in Washington, and it is said that she contributes every year as much money to aid the cause as all the rest of its advocate*. —Miss Tabitha A. Hojton, who has just been admitted by the Supreme Court of North Carolina, to practice at the Bar of that State, is the daughter of a clergyman and is only twenty-two isiiilllll Jk —5* Present Sexto: YOLUME XII. TOfcEDO, TAMA COUNTY, IOWA, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 7, 1878. years of age, small in figure, anil of modest, unassuming rtlanners. —Was ever there a sadder episode j# human experience than the CharKe Ross abduction? There is not a parent in all this round world whose heart does not go out in deepest sympathy fbr that fond father and anguished mother, who are bending beneath the weight of sorrow and disappointment which the loss of their pretty, curly-headed boy has brought upon them.—Rochester Democrat. —To a correspondent who talked with President Hayes recently the latter said: I don't mind the callers who merely want to shake hands. They often help me out of a d^unima. For example, I may have soiap persisteD obdurate office-seeker or office-man#^ ger. He will press his point, perhaps, until lie lias put his knees against inme and demands a 'yes' or 'no.' It n^y be that I feel rising temper at his ag gressiveness. Then 1 think of the peo ple outside. They are always let in on presentation of a card saying respects only.' I see some of them at the in stant, desirous to shake hands. So I turn from the unpleasant caller, and while I talk a minute to tlift people, have a chance t^ calm my mind, and prepare to answer the question." A Survivor's Account of the Logs of the Steamship Metropolis. James F. Alcorn, temporarily at tached to the Metropolis, formerly an officer in the United States Navy, and a journalist in Boston, makes the follow statement: On Wednesday night, at nine o'clock, I was called by the Mate to assist the carpenter in stopping a leak around the rudder trunk. Found the stern-post loose, and ^so reported. Remained at the post, using all possible exertions to stop the leak or prevent its increase, until about 5:30 a. in., when 1 was called on deck, and found the ship a partial wreck. One of the port boats was hanging over the side by her bow tackle to the davit, the smoke-stack gone, and the ship heading for the beach. Reached the forecutter, and, in obedience to an order from the Captain, eommenccd to start the water in the casks stored forward to lighten the ship was assisted in so doing by the carpenter and one of the Quartermasters, who was after ward drowned. Finding the Mate, sug gested sail should be made by setting the foresail, and, ou getting his con sent, went aloft and, assisted by Charles Seaman, loosed the foresail and suc ceeded in setting the sail, which re mained but a few minutes until carried away, and it was necessary to clew up the port wing of the sail. Shortly after the ship struck heavily amidships, evi dently breaking her back, but she con tinued to drive on the beach. The ad mirable management of the helm, as sisted by the foresail, maintained the ship's position head on until fairly beached. I then took my station on the hurricane-deck, with the desire to assist the Commander and oflieers in maintaining order. Some one raised the cry of tire, which was quickly found to be a false alarm. Soon after this the mainmast went, and she began to break up rapidly, the lirst seas that boarded her having de stroyed or crippled all the remaining boats but the dingy, which was at tached to the starboard forwaril davits. Upon that boat I placed my chief hope of safety, provided I could maintain possession of the boat for sending a line ashore at low water. But while my at tention was otherwise engaged, the boat was lowered and my purpose de feated, while she, without any manage ment, save the Providence of God, was borne to the beach—a perfect ark of safety" for the six or seven poor fel lows who had the courage to secure the opportunity. During the trying hours of the day several of the ill-fated passengers, bravely intrusting themselves to the tide, evidently lost heart with the pas sage of the "first breaker over their heads, and, abandoning all hope, sank without a struggle. Others, either washed or leaping oil'the wreck, would almost seem to have committed sui cide, so deliberately did they bun- their heads beneath the waves and meet their doom. as relating was instructed to inquire into th banks organized und participate In the forthcoming European con- to the Bankrupt law. fcrenco. I HOUSE.—The bill authorizing incor- AN Athens telegram of the 3d says Toward evening the Second Officer, Mr. Couzzins, having behaved with ad mirable gallantry throughout the day, proposed a passage to the shore, and, taking leave of the narrator, left the ship, falling fcrnl of a mass of wreck under the ship's bow, which had been fatal to many during the afternoon. Here he became en tangled, but the galiant fellow, using a small pocket-knife, labored on, while a dozen heavy breakers passed over him, and succeeded in cutting several ropes that confined ihe mass of wreck tc the hull, and was swept away with it to the northward along the beach. I am happy to say he succeeded in extri cating himself, and in landing safely. of to fi: Judges of the Supreme Court af ^'.roo. of Ilisfri and I ire nit Judges at and mileaoe for MIL The Slate instit. t'ons are or ered to make a de tailed rci.on of all the expenses for two years within fifteen da^s. SENATE.—Very little business was transacted on the 81st. HOUSE.—A bill was passed amend ing the law relating to special terms of court. Both houses met in Joint Convention and elrct/d M:itt l'arrotf. State Uintier E. C. McMill m. War-lcn of the Fort Madison Penitentiary, anti A. E. Martin, Warden of the Anamosa Peniten tiary. SENATE.—On the 1st, little business was done bevond disposing of the Governor's Message. The Senate voted to take a recess until the 7tb. HOUSE.—Numerous bills were intro duced. A bill passed to amend the Code in rela tion to incorporated towns making Trustees elected for three yean. A The foremast falling aft, and the foresail being still partially spread, sev eral were either killed by its fall or buried beneath the mass of the sail in such a way as made death certain. One young man, particularly conspicuous for his daring during the day, at last sought refuge on the topsail yard, evi dently in the hope that the mast would fall over the bows or side. Of course, instant death was the result of his mis take on the fall of the mast. At about 4:30, or perhaps 5 p. m., the midship body of the hull, the fore body being already gone, began to break up rapidly, while I urged all who would listen to me to trust themselves to Providence, the waves anil their life preservers. Many did so, and the ma jority with success. At length the closing scene was upon us. The lower deck beams gave way and the "star board broadside, giving a few more heavy shocks from the surf, sank slow ly beneath the waves. Then the narra tor, assured that neither advice nor ex ample could be of service longer, struck out for the beach and fortunate ly reached it, but in such an exhausted state that he would have certainly gone to sea a victim of the undertow but for friendly hands and aid. The Captain and his officers are highly commended. Quartermaster Poland made three attempts to get a line ashore, and only gave up when the line proved too short, and Timothy O'Brien, on reaching the shore himself, returned into the water and rescued some fifty persons as they were dashed toward him by the waves. The scattered dwellers along the coast are given warm praise for prompt aid and munificent hospitality. Black Woolen Dresses—Hints Spring Styles. The black cashmere or camel's-hait dresses worn 'n the day-time by young ladies are brightened by vests of cardi nal red silk. The waist is a habit basque, with square plaited postilion behind, while the black fronts are sloped away gradually from the throat to the sides, disclosing the red silk vest below. This vest may be sewed in with the basque, or it may be a separate waist-coat with a cambric back and armholes, or else it is shaped like a chemisette, covering the shoulders and extending in a point behind to the belt. The neck is finished with a very high collar of the cashmeres lined with red silk, and it may be there are one or two knife-plaited frills of red silk doubled and placed erect inside the DEVOTE ft TO THE INTERESTS OF TAMA COIISTY. collar. A sailor knot of the cashmere faced with silk is at the throat. The skirt has lengthwise plaitings covering the front gore these are made of cash mere, but the inside of each plait is also silk. On the side gores are scarf draperies, which have the effect of an over-skirt in the back. Black camel's hair polonaises are made with veivet sleeves, velvet belt and plastron, and are worn over a silk skirt that has a velvet flounce covering all that part which is visible. Other midwinter suitajiave polonaises of bourette, with velvet skirts and velvet bonnets the polonaise and .the bonnets are then ^videly trimmed with a band of fur. lack marten fur bands, with white silvery points sewed in, are used on such garments. Though we are still in mid-winter, correspondents who prepare their ward robes themselves are already asking for hints of the styles that will be worn in the sprifig. The indications are that the •hurt costume with a cut-away coat and vest will be very popularly worn, in woolen materials for early spring. An over-skirt will be worn with this basque, and the lower skirt will be without flounces, or else laid in kilt plaits. Various shapes will be used for the front of the coats, some of which will dispense with vests, but there will be many vests worn. The basques will be in habit shapes, square-cornered or sloping, but with few curves, and very masculine in appearance, therefore very simple in design, and almost whol ly without trimming except ornamental stitching and buttons. For spring wraps, light gray, brown or dark blue twilled and basket cloths will be made up in jackets very similar to those just described, though without vests. They will have rolling collars, and will button thence to the waist there will be a seam at the wrist line on the sides and back, and the pocket-flaps will be sewed in this seam, which ex tends horizontally. A silk braid bind ing, or else stitched edges, will give the simple finish. The polonaise with broad belts in front will become more generally worn. At present they arc most used in very rich materials, but will soon be adopted for plain woolens. The back will re main in princesse shape, but for these materials the front will be slightly gathered, giving the full blouse effect that is so becoming to tbe figure. The fancy for using fringes headed with galloons for trimming these polonaises will continue the fringe, however, will be confined to the front, and sides, while the back will have only the gal loon. For wash dresses the pretty yoke waists aud plaited blouses introduced, or rather revived, last fall will be the appropriate designs. Deep sailor col lars and belts with buckles will be worn with such waists. During the month of February merchants make a point of displaying wash goods, such as Scotch ginghams, soft-finished percales, linen lawns and prints, and ladies do well to make their selections then for summer dresses, and make them up in the leis ure and quiet of Lenten days. There is nothing known yet about the shape of skirts and over-skirts, but it is gen erally safe to make the long over-skirts that are simply hemmed and easily lanndried. It is rumored again, how ever, that these are to j»ive place to shorter over-skirts, and that many house dresses will have but one skirt still the long over-skirt is too popular to be suddenly banished. Flowing back breadths have been stylish all winter for trained dresses, and it is probable there will be more fullness than former ly in skirts of thin dresses, especially, when worn without an over-skirt.— Harper's Bazar. Gtravity in the Moons or .liars. We are able to consider the relations of inert matter in worlds where gravity is so small as it must be in the Martian moons. It has been said, by myself among others, that building and all en gineering processes would be much easier in a world where gravity is very small than in our own world. But if less arduous, so far as mere labor is concerned, they would in some respects be far more difficult. Much more skill would be required to give adequate stability to buildings, made even of the most solid materials, in a world where all weights are so much reduced. Sup pose oven platinum were available in sufficient quantities for architectural purposes, yet a block of platinum of iven size would press downward with less force there than a block of deal wood of about one-twentieth its size on our earth. Whewell has well described in his Bridgewater treatise the effects of a great reduc*frn in the force of gravity, though he is not there consider life in other worlds, but the import ance (which many are apt to overlook) of those portions of our earth's frame which lie far below the deepest mines ever yet dug by man. If the interior of our earth could be scooped out and re moved, we should in fact suffer from precisely the same inconveniences as would affect creatures like ourselves living in the moons of Mars. We should, indeed, find ourselves living like them in dread and terror. "Things," Whewell truly says, would not lie where we placed them, but would slide away with the slightest push. We should have a difficulty in standing or walking, something like that we have on shipboard when the deck is inclined: and we should stagger helplessly through an atmosphere thin ner than that which oppresses the respiration of the traveler on the tops of the highest mountains." It is hard," says the ingenious writer in the Spectator, "to conceive even a one storied house holding together," in the Martian moon world, against any serious lateral blows." Projectiles would be no less deadly than in our own world. But the range which pro jectiles such as ours would obtain in such a world would render close fight ing impossible on the one hand, and efficient aiming impossible on the other. A Krupp cannon, for instance, whose greatest range on our earth is, let us say, five miles, would on the Martian moon fire a projectile which would leave that moon forever, and the recoil of the cannon would probably carry it half a dozen miles away from the tiring point. Much weaker pro jectile force would have to be em ployed, and less mischief would be done on this account, and also because any living body struck by one of these pro jectiles would give way before it much more readily than a similar body simi larly struck on our own earth.—Richard 4- Proctor, in Belgravia. AN amusing incident recently oo curred in a church near Sellersville Bucks County, Pa. The minister was preaching in German, and delivering a very interesting discourse, when he was disturbed by two young men whispering in the gallery. Finally he stopped and suggested to them that if they wanted to talk he would cease and allow them to say what they wished, but that their whispering annoyed him. One of them hau presence of mind, and arose and informed the preacher that his friend could not understand a word of German, and that if he did not trans late it to him he would lose all the val uable discourse. This completely took the wind out of the sails of the minis ter. Though it was pretty certain that the two men were talking about some thing else, tho assurance of the whis perer brought him out first best. r^ V '1.# t" -a«t ^Ef 2* .ii. '-As: 11 "A Jolty Jake" Turns Out to be a Somewhat Serious Hatter. The good people in La Veta and vicinity have been considerably exer cised of late over a triple wedding which occurred at, that place last Sun day night, under most peculiar circum stances. Messrs. F. D. McHolland and E. A. Palmer, and another gentleman whose name has not yet reached Den ver, were calling on three voung ladies, named respectively Kate Lewis, Addie Patterson and Laura Patterson. The conversation ranged upon the general topics of the day for a short time, but the six gradually paired off, Mr. Mc Holland and Miss Lew is occupying one part of the room, Mr. Palmer and Miss Patterson another, and the third gen tleman and Miss Laura Patterson still another. All proceeded merrily. Mr. McHolland gradually warmed up to his subject, and at last exclaimed, dyring a brief general conversation: Wouldn't it be nice for all of us to be married?" "Wouldn't it, now?" said one of the ladies. Just the thing!" said another gen tleman. Splendid!" said another lady. I'm in for it!" said another gentle man. Put'er thar, old pard!" said his riend. Well, now, this is really growing interesting," said one of the ladies. I suppose we'll be married before morning?" Yes," responded the first speaker married, and well of it." "Shall I go for the doctor?" asked one of the gentleman. Chorus—" Yes make no dela^. Let no dust stick to the bottom of your soles. It's a desperate case." And off he went. Ain't this fun, though?" queried one girl, as the interested messenger was seen to turn the corner. "The jolliest game!" said the second. The messenger flew with the speed of Mercury himself. W. A. Toffelmire was the doctor" before whom he laid the case. Now, Mr. Toffelmire is a Justice of the l'eacc, fully authorized by law to solemnize the rite of matri mony. He was at his house waiting for something to turn up. No delay was necessary. He went immediately to the place where he was told that his services were required. No license is necessary for marriage in this State. He called the young parties into the middle of the parlor floor. With a few words solemnly spoken and in due form of law, he pronounced the words that made three of six, and united forever tho destinies of thesi^adventurous cou ples. Afier the ceremony was performed, one of the ladies declared that she had n»ver been a party to such a jolly joke in all her born days." Joke!" exclaimed the Judge. "Joke! If you think you'll find this a joke, you are very much mistaken. You're tied as tight as Haman when he was hung." No joke! Horrors! What a time for faints! Blank looks took the place of joyous countenances. The pulses of the young ladies fell below zero from the boiling point in an instant. They had not intended to be married, but they were. It was a joke, and such a joke as others might laugh at more than those most directly interested. The ladies were young and had not dreamed of matrimony. Beside, it is said that one of them was engaged to a young man who has been digging away in the San Juan mines for he last year, with the hope of getting money enough to set up housekeeping. But what is to be done? Divorce is the only alternative. The married people have not lived to gether. It is understood that proceedings will at once be commenced to obtain the papers that will set them free again. What plea will be urged cannot be stated, but in the present condition of the minds of the young ladies, there is no doubt that that of incompatibility of temper would prove a good one. Mr. McHolland is Deputy-Sheriff of Huerfano County Mr. Palmer is Agent for the Denver & Rio Grande Railroad at La Veta, and the other gentleman is onnected with a saw-mill. The ladies reside at La Veta.—Denver (Col.) Trib une. The Work of a Lop«r» We noticed some days sinceffttfrteatli of William P. Ragsdale, the distin guished leper of the Sandwich Islands, and referred to the reforms instituted by him.in the leper settlement on the Island of Molokai. Mr. Ragsdale, previous to his removal to Molokai, was one of the most prominent lawyers and the most noted orator in the Hawaiian Kingdom. He spoke English as fluently as the native language, and promised to be one of the most in fluential men in the Kingdom when he discovered that he had the leprosy. The Jews, regarding leprosy as a disease for which no natural remedy could be prescribed, separated lepers, even though they were Kings, from the rest of the people, and founded leper villages, where the outcasts dragged out their wretched lives. After the crusades, leprosy invaded Western Europe, and statesmen and sovereigns struggled with the problem of how to stop the ravages of the disease, and of how best to care for those afflicted. During the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries there was scarcely a town in Europe which had not its leper hospital or village. Even in these hospitals the condition of the inmates was pitiable. Under the most favorable circumstances the leper was considered both legally and practically a dead person. His marriage ties were dissolved, he was prohibited from entering any church or place where food was prepared, was compelled to wear a peculiar dress, and to give notice of his approach by ring ing a bell. There are now compara tively few oases in Europe, but the dis ease is still prevalent in the old locali ties in the East, on the coasts of Africa, and among other localities in the Hawaiian Islands. In the Hawaiian Kingdom the isola tion of lepers was comparatively easy, as the Island of Molokai was given up to them, and from a very early date there had been on that island a large settlement of lepers. As soon as a man was known to have leprosy he was ar rested was compelled to give up family ties, unless members of his family chose to banish themselves from society for life, and was conveyed to Molokai, where he remained until his death. There was no exception, and as there was no hope of cure, there was no pos sibility of recall. For a man to admit that he had the leprosy was to court banishment for life ana to give up all ambitious hopes. Realizing all this, Mr. Ragsdale, as soon as he discovered indications of the dread disease, called the attention of the authorities te the fact. It is said that he was led "to believe he had the leprosy by an experience in picking up hot lamp chimney. The chimney from his lamp fell on the table one night, and he |ut it on without experi encing any pain or inconvenience. He did this again and again, and openly declared that he had the leprosy. As there were no outward signs of the dis ease, he was regarded for some time as laboring under a hallucination, but an fession and his property, and, leaving his family, was sent to Molokai. Mr. Ragsdale had studied the history of leprosy to some purpose. The con stitution of the Knights Hospitallers of St. Lazarus (a military order composed of lepers established by the Crusaders in the twelfth century) required that the Grand Master should be a leper, that the organization might the better de vote its energies to relieving the dis tress of men similarly afflicted. With the history of this society in mind, and familiar with their plans for relieving the unfortunate, Mr. Ragsdale went to Molokai, ambitious to ameliorate the condition of those who were fated to be his companions for life. He found on the island about 800 people, all of whom, cxcept seventy-five, were lepers. He was made Governor of the Colony, and began at once the work of reform. The Government gave him all needed support, and it has been said many times that by tact, kindness of heart, and administrative ability he made one of tlie saddest communities in the world one of the most cheerful. Great as was tho promise of his career at the capital, he entered upon one more useful at Molokai, and soon became known the world over as a man who had mastered the leprosy problem, so far as the com parative comfort and happiness of those afflicted was concerned. The dis tinguished lepers of the olden times in many cases gave way to despair, and simply waited for death to release them. Mr. Ragsdale employed all his talent and gave all his time to the work of perfecting a system that would contrib ute to the comfort of those like himself, unfortunate. That he succeeded the condition of the leper settlement of Molokai shows. In the Sandwich Islands, as in the older communities, a leper is allowed to marry a leper, but must give up his own family. Soon after Ragsdale established himself at Molokai, a young native woman, healthy herself, but who had lost two husbands by leprosy, fell in love with hi'.i and became his wife. She was the beauty of the settlement, and, notwithstanding her association with lepers, still lives in perfect health. The natural successor to Mr. Ragsdale as Governor of the lepers was Peter Kao, a relative of Queen Emma, but he was allo-ved to leave the island some months since, and a successor has not been appointed. To rightly appreciate the work of Mi-. Ragsdale, it is necessary only to say that leprosy is a disease that has inspired in all ages the greatest horror, and entailed upon those afflicted much needless suffering. Liveling, defining leprosy as an incurable constitutional disease of adult life, especially preva lent in tropical and sub-tropical cli mates, divides it into three forms: Mac ular leprosy, characterized by an erup tion of the skin, accompanied by a diminution or loss of sense of feeling anaesthetic leprosy, characterized by loss of sense of feeling, discolorizations of the skin, atrophy of the muscles, with ulceration and mutilation of the hands and feet tuberculated leprosy, charac terized by a bronzing and tuberculated thickening of the skin, especially of the face, ears, hands and feet, ending fatal ly in from two to fifteen years by inter current disease in some vital organ.— Chicago Inter-Ocean. Tkc Tramp NulsaMe» The CMef of tho State Detect!*eFfrree devotes an interesting portion of his report to the "Tramp." In order to ascertain something definite of the hab its and characteristics of this peripa tetic nuisance, he sent two men last summer on a tramp in the western part of the State, where they fell in with one gang and another and traveled with them from town to town. They were found to be of various ages and nation alities, and in most cases had in past years been employed in some regular occupation. The}" had been on the tramp for periods ranging from two or three to fourteen years. During the warm weather they generally slept in barns or in the woods, preferring to keep away from lock-ups and station houses. They obtained food by beg ging and stealing, the latter method apparently being preferred. They were uniformly averse to earning any thing by labor, and though, when beg ging, they always profess a desire to obtain work, only two were found dur ing a tramp of several weeks who did not scout the idea of working for a liv and show a decided preference for their vagabond life. It was clear that lack of employment had little or noth ng to do with the wanderings of these vagrants. They did not seek employ ment and did not want it, but preferred to subsist upon charity and plunder. One said that it was his habit in winter to go to some large citv and commit a petty crime that would send him to some public institution to be taken care of till warmer weather. There was a complete lack of moral scruple among them, which showed what a dangei ous element they might become in the community. Sot only did they steal without the least com punction, but there was no doubt that they were ready for any crime that could gratify revengeful or other pas sions, provided there was a fair chance to escape detection and punishment. In many localities they were a terror to th inhV :'ants, and obtained what they asked for because unprotected women in the houses which they visited did not dare refuse. Several parties in July set out for Pennsylvania to join in the railroad riots, and others waited about the stations along the Boston & Albany Road in anticipation of a strike. It was plain that their purpose was plun der, and they were ready to take ad vantage of any opportunity to join in a lawless outbreak. The Chief of the De tective Force is of the opinion that the tramp system had its origin in the return of "bummers" and camp-fol lowers from the armies after the war. These men had become accustomed to a life of vagrancy and had no disposi tion to settle down at any regular oc cupation but their ranks were soon re cruited by the idle and thriftless vaga bonds who now for the most part fill the ranks of the tramps.—Boston Globe. FBOM trustworthy figures just com piled regarding the liquor traffic, it appears that there are nearly twice as many drinking saloons in New York as in any other State. The exact number is 23,854. Illinois follows with 16,548, Pennsylvania with 16,105, Ohio with 14,248 and California with 8,408. In Massachusetts there are onl) 6,386 saloons, while in the comparatively in significant District of Columbia, the seat Of National Government, there are no less than 1,105. North Carolina heads the list with 1,205 distilleries, while New York has only 111 distiller ies. In addition to these, however, there are 379 beer breweries in the State. On an average there is in the Union one drinking saloon for every. 280 inhabitants. Considering the pro portion of the population, most of the whisky is consumed by our brethren in the South, whild*nearly all the beer is drank by the people of the West and North.—N. Times. NOBODY knows where you go or how long you stay, if you are broke, but everybody wants to know which way you went and if they think they'll catch examination by physicians demonstrat- you if you happen to be broker. These ed that Ragsdale's suspicions were cor- are times of perilous financial unoer rect. He voluntarily gave up his pro- tainty.—Hurhnqton Hawk-Eye. SB I V NUMBER 6. Youth's Department. O DEAR ME MY little boy sinjn a verv uoor sena— dear mo! Nothing coes right and everything Wionc! What will he do the whole dAV lone? rOdrarmer* It poors and it pours, and will notfttop "0 dear roe!") He has loot hin whip, and broken his top He wishes it would not rain one drop! O dear me!") Come, play at toll-gate with plume £ot toll v" 0 dear me!") Or take op your drum and beat me a roll: Or go a-fi&hing. vonr cane for a pole. ("O desir me!") You will not have them, your toys or ball? r'O dear men Well, here are your tools, the hammer and all Then piny you re a eoldier, Rtruiffht and tall! ("Odear me!") Soldiers are horrid? Well, hereaieyoor blocks (*'O dear roe!") Build mamma a house high up on the rockn You only like Hhitwt that are on the stocks? O dear me!") Well, sing no more that dolefullest strain. "O dear me!" Bnt give poor mamma a chance to complain rve a troublesome bov along with the rain: OI—dear!—w»t!" I thought that mamma could make him smile Well, come and sit on her knee awhile One two—three!" There! now we'll sin in a rollicking style: "O dear WE!" —Harriet, Mt&H'en in Youth** Com panion. A TRUE STORY FOR BOYS. 1 WANT to tell the boys about a friend of mine whose faithful performance of present duty led him into higher posi tions than he had ever dreamed of fill ing, and gave him what we would all like to reach—honor and success. In the earlier years of my experience as a printer in Chicago, more than twenty years ago, our firm did a good deal of printing for the Chicago, Bur lington & Quincy Railroad, and, be cause of this, I came to know a young man who is the subject of my story. He came from Massachusetts, he was poor, and had no influential friend to even give him a letter of reeomriienda tion. He sought employment on the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad, and, after waiting a time, at last se cured a position as brakeman on a freight train—salary about thirty dol lars a month. He was faithful in this position, aud, being both intelligent and industrious, he was soon made con ducts of the train, with wages nearly doubled. He soon attracted the atten tion of his superior oflieers, who saw in him an honest, faithful and conscien tious conductor, one not seeking his own ease or pleasure, but constantly devoted to the interests of the com pany that employed him, so that not many mouths elapseil before he was made conductor of a passenger train— a more comfortable position, and one yielding a somewhat higher salary. Here I first Knew him, and I saw in him a modest, quiet, unassuming young man, free from the popular vice's, and one who tried to be just as faithful and true and devoted to his work as a con ductor as though the position had been that of General Superintendent. He did not apparently have a high opin ion of his own abilities: there was a total absence of that swagger and strut so often seen in those who come to similar subaltern positions. It seemed as though he thought that to properly conduct his train—to secure the com fort of his passengers and rightly serve the interests of lus company—required the full exercise of all the powers God had given him. One of the sternest and most exact ing, and yet one of the noblest, ablest and most conscientious men who ever filled a similar position was then Gen eral Superintendent of the road. This man, Col. C. G. Hammond, watched every employe of the road with an eagle's eye. He measured every man, knew the ability of each, and seemed intuitively to know which were the faithful workers and which tlie lazy shirks. Our young conductor did not escape the keen eye. When he least thought of it his chief was measuring and sounding him. and finding out what kind of metal lie was made of but none ever knew whether he was approved or not, for the chief's look was always stern and cold as ice. One Saturday morning train No. 4 moved slowly out of Chicago under the care of my friend, who, only intent on doing his work as well as he knew how, seemed to have no higher ambi tion than to be a good conductor silarv $900 a year. About noon, when he stopped at a station, he found a tele gram from the heatf office, ordering liim to "leave the train in the care of and take the first train for Chi- The conductor's heart sank lower than ever. What before was only fear ful foreboding, was now painful truth. He had served the company to the best of his ability. He had kept the affairs of his train in complete order, his re ports had been carefully and correctly made and yet, after all, he had lost his position he knew not why, and he felt that his case was sad indeed. He inwardly resolved that, having missed his calling, he would quit railroading and try some other service, where faith ful work would be appreciated. He dared not hope to reverse the decision of the all-powerful official, yet in as calm a voice as he could command, he politely asked the reason for his sum mary dismissal. Col. Hammond waited a while before he answered. Then the muscles of hi face relaxed a little, and he said: want an Assistant Superintendent in my office, and I have called you to take the place." True worth is always modest, and our thunderstruck conductor could only stammer, "But I am not competent, sir, to fill the position." "Youcan do what I tell you you can obey orders, can't you? That's all you have to do, sir. You will begin work this morning. That is your desk." The new duties were not as difficult as he expected. At first he had only to obey orders, and carry out the details of work laid out by the chief, and to these duties he brought the same faith fulness and thoroughness that had made him noticeable as a conductor. His elevation did not spoil him or make him vain. He was as plain, and modest, and hard-working as before—the salary at first was $1,800. After a few years' service under Col. Hammond, and an advance of salary to $9,500, the plain young man was in vited to take the office of General Su perintendent of a younger road at a salary of $4,000. Distrusting his owu ability, but determined to do his best, he aocepted the call, and succeeded. V ,-ihsk* ,'4'„ It _g£7 J$he f^ohdo fahrottitU, Tin CHBOXICU la published at tba Connty ml •4 Tut, on* of the largest, richest, most central lod populous counties la Iowa. It Is tb* oldest paper la tbe County «nd one of tbe oldest In th* Stat*—hailng been established in 18M. Its citc» Istion being large and constantly Increasing, maks* It a very desirable advertising medium for business men and maunfactuten wishing to brinf thelf good* and wares to th* notice at th* people Central Iowa. Advertising cates made knewnon application. JOB FrEtlXTTXXTO' ersry description executed with neatness aW itaprtch. Special attention paid to PRINTING- IN COLORS. Ton fa roc earnestly solicited. until the C., B. & Q., realizing hovt much they had lost in parting witli him, invited him to resume his old po» sition, and secured his services by tht tempting oiler of $6,000 a year. In the meantime. Col. Hammond had become the General Superintendent of the Union Pacific Railroad, running from Omaha to Ogden, where it con nects with the Central Pacific Railroad. This Central Pacific Road was owned by four or live millionaires who built it. one of whom was its General Superin tendent. However good a business man he was, he knew but little about railroading, and under his care th» road was anything but prosperous, un til the other owners and Directors re solved upon a radical and sweeping change. But where could they find a General Superintendent who had the ability and would dare to reorganize the roaa and put its affairs upon a better basis. Thev consulted Col. Hammond and other railroad men, and the result was that, most unexpectedly, our whilom modest and liard-working conductor one day received a telegram asking him if he would undertake the duties of General Superintendent of tho Central Pacilio R. R. at a salary of $10,000. He was satisfied with and appreciated by the C. B. & Q., who proposed to increase his pay to $7,000, and as he preferred to remain in Chicago, lie declined the princely offer made by the California road. Then another telegram asked at what salary he would become the chief of the Central Pacific. Almost hoping to discourage his tempters, he /tele graphed. $13,000 a year in gold." At once came the answer, "Accepted." So, taken in his own trap, he had noth ing to do but to bid adieu to the city that had served him so well, and turn his face toward the land of gold. My story would be too long if I should fry to tell you the unexpected difficulties he encountered from the old officers of the road, who had determined that they would not be superseded, and thifct the new Superintendent should never enter upon his duties—how they, before his arrival, set the whole press and people of California against him—how, sup ported by the Directors of the road, ho quietly took control, disarmed preju dice, conquered submission, and earned success. This was nine years ago. He is still General Superintendent of the Central Pacific Railroad, one of the most im portant railroads in the world. With its connections in California, this quiet man, not yet forty-eight years old, now superintends 2,7 !4 miles of railroad and over fifty connecting steamers, be side dictating the tariffs of the China, the Australian and the Panama lines of steamships. While other young men, preferring present ease and comfort to the interests of their emplo\ors, wast ing money and time in billiard halls, theaters and drinking-saloons, Albion N. Towne was at work, building up character as well as reputation, and now fills one of the most important po sitions in California, and instead of *560 a year, as brakeman on a freight train, he now draws tho comfortable salary of $20,000 a year in gold. Lucky man," says one. "Luck" had but little to do with it. Modest worth did it. Work did it. FAITHFUL NESS IN THE PEltFOKMANCE OF PRESENT DUTIES, HOWEVER HUMBLE, di(l it. This untiring faithfulness in tho hum bler duties not only attracted the no tice and won the appreciation of his superiors, but fitted him for the higher fle iositions, which, without his seeking, was called to fill. I have long desired to tell this story of a young man's faithfulness and eon sequent success, for I considered it a lesson that boys and young men of tho present day can study to advantage.—• Alfred L. Sewell, in Home Arts, Chicago. The "Petrified Man" Humbug. Any doubt as to tlie real character of the so-called petrified man of Colorado is removed by the confession of Mr. Fitch, one of its makers. Mr. Fitch is the proprietor of a manufactory of arti ficial stone, of a city in the northern part of this State. He says that George Hull, the maker of the Cardiff Giant, called upon him in February, 1876, and suggested the schcme. The statue was made near Elkland, Pa., tho ma terial used being Portland cement, col ored with metallic brown. Human bones were introduced where examination was likely to be made, and to prevent in jnry to tlw» itjipwr part of tlie UOtlV the shin-bone of the cow was inserted through the neck from the middle of the head down to the point of the chest, where the statue subsequently broke. When it was completed it was bal^fd. P. T. Barnum was then taken into the arrangement, and he supplied money, and under his directions the statue wa." carefully boxed and shipped as fine ma chinery, with a false bottom on steel springs beneath it, to Wonder ing what could be the matter con scious that he had tried to do exactly right, and yet remembering how exact ing was the General Superintendent, he feared that unintentionally he had fallen under his displeasure. Reaching Chicago late Saturday evening, he found Col. Hammond had gone home, and knowing how strict he was in his observance of the Sabbath, the con ductor waited impatiently for the com ing Monday morning, when, with a fearful heart, he presented himself at the office of the Superintendent. "Good morning, Mr. Hammond I have received your telegram and come to see what it means." "Good morning," growled the chief, "I see you have, sir I have concluded to take your train away from you." Bridgeport, Conn., in March, 1877, and thence to Colorado Springs. The statue is now in a Broad way cellar, w here one of the owners has been introducing into its abdomen a quantity of crystals which were in tended to make it stand the final test of scientific men.—N. Y. Evening Post, Jan. '28. DUBING the year 1876, the total pro duction of amber in Prussia amounted to 135 tons. The mine of Palmmcken yielded eighty-live tons. The amber was exported principally to Austria, France, America, Russia, China and Japan. The number of men employed in Prussia by this industry is nearly 1,400. "THE wicked stand in slippery places," but for a perfect picture of reckless insecurity, you want to look at a frightened woman trying to stand on a camp-stool to keep out of the way of a mouse.—Danbury News. THE future greatness and destiny of this country depends upon the virtue and intelligence of the farmers.—Ex change. THE MARKETS. NEW YORK. Feb. 5.1878. 9 &2S FIjOUR—Good to Choice WHEAT-N". 2 Chicago COBN—Western Muted. DATS—Western and State RYK—Western PORK—Mess LARD—Steam CHEESE WOOL—Domestic Fleece CHICAGO. BEEVES—Extra Choice Good Medinm HOGS—Live—Good to Choice SHEEP—Common to Choice. BUTTER—Fancy Creamery.. 3.76 a Good to Choice.... EGGS—Fresh FLOUR—Choice Winter ...... Choice to Fine 8pring. 7 00 75 8.50 -r 1.01 Patent QBAIN—Wheat. No. 2, Spring Corn, No. 2 Oats, No. 2 Rye, No. 2 Barlev, No. 2- BBOOM CORN—Choice Hod.. Good Medium-,• Inside and Co* ...... Crooked PORK—Mess pmswifii-^CnmmoP imd Fene'g 10.80 1X00 OATTLE-Bcst Medium J-™ HOGS-Gwxl. J-S SHEEP—Good EAST LIBERT*. Ari too