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The Toledo chronicle. [volume] (Toledo, Tama County, Iowa) 1873-1924, February 07, 1878, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84038485/1878-02-07/ed-1/seq-1/

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Jfeneral Sews Summary
'IN the Senate, on the 29th, the Hons*
foiftt resolution accepting Carpenter's printing
of Lincoln and his Cabinet, was agreed to—43 to
-f. Mr. Beck called up and advocated the passage
ofa rc#olation previously submitted by him de
claring it unnecessary or inexpedient to main*
tain or lmpoee taxes at thin time for the purpose
of providing for #37,196.054.04 asked for by
the Secretary of the Treasury for a sink
ing fund." The House Silver bill waa
further debated. Mr. Wallace speakint? in
favor of, and Messrs. Bayard, Dawes and Whyte
against, the m?asure. Amendments were sub
mitted and ordered printed—providing that the
dollar shall consist of 420 of standard sil
»«, providing that it shall be a legal tender for
all debt*, public and private, amounting to sums
over —In the House, a resolution waa
adopted directing that the issue of passes for
admission to the floor of the House fe discon
tinued. A bill was passed—167 to 100—recogniz
ing the Woodruff Scientific Expedition around
the world.
SEVERAL petitions were presented in
the Senate, on the 31st ult. Bills were passed—
appropriating $200,000 for the erection of suita
ble posts for the protection of the Rio Grande
frontier to define the rights of persons with re
spect to homestead entries on public domains.
The House joint resolution extending the thanks
of Congress to Henry M. Stanley, the explorer of
Central Africa, was unanimously agreed to. Tbe
Silver bill was further considered, and Messrs.
Morgan and booth submitted amendments, after
which further consideration of the bill was
postponed until the 4th, to which date the Senate
adjourned.... In the House, a minority
port Eleetio
9 made from the Committee
In the California contested-election case, against
Pacheco. the sitting member, and in favor of
Wigginton, the contestant, a minority report
being also made, taking opposite grounds. he
following additional appointments to commit-
SEVERAL petitions were presented
and referred in the Senate, on the 4th, and a
number of reports of committees were made on
bills previously introduced. Bills were
to incorporate the National Pacific Railroad 6c
Telegraph Company: supplementary to the joint
resolution in relation to the Paris Kxposition.an
thoriz nu the President to appoint eig ite ti addi
tional Commissioners. The Silver lull was taken
up, and Mr. Beck submitted an amendment rela
tive to the purchase of silver bullion, atterwhieh
Mr. Bajard spoke in opposition to the
bill ...In the House, bills were intro
duced- authorizing the payment of customs
in legal-teuder notes: providing tliat ail bonds
hereafter issued by the Government shall le
payable, principal and interest, in gold, silver,
or legal-tender notes: for a uistitut onal
ment providing for the election of President by
a direct vote »f the people: making receivers of
railroad eorjorations amenable processes and
judgment^ of Courts of the several Suites through
which said railroads are run: to reorganize the
Judiciary. The Consular and Diplomatic Ap
propriation bill wis reported from committee.
An affidavit was presented and referred from the
Doorkeeper, denying, as utterly without founda
tion, the charges against his ollicial integrity,
and he earnestly requested an investigation on
the part of the House.
IT was stated, on the 30th ult., THAT
arrangements had been made by the Secretary
of the Treasury to receive, in payment of sub
scriptions to the 4-per-eent. loan, coin or cur
rency checks drawn on banks or bankers In
New York. The currency checks will be eon
verted into coin at current rates, without ex
pense to the owner, and any excess over the
amount due on the subscription will be re
turned to the subscriber. Similar arrange
ments would be made, if found necessary, in
other cities having Sub-Treasury offices.
THE steamship Metropolis, bound
from Philadelphia to Brazil, having on board
between 200 and 300 engineers and railroad la
borers, went ashore, in a terrible storm, and
was wrecked, on the North Carolina coast,
three miles south of Currituck Light-House,
on the evening of the 31st ult., and it was
thought, on the morning of the 2d, that at
least 200 persons had perished.
THE public-debt statement, as pub
lished on the 1st, indicates the following:
Total debt (including intcrestof $32,427,8:34),
$2,315,455,&i5 cash in Treasury, $171,108,
479 debt less cash in Treasury, $2,044,2^7,
306. Decrease during January, $1,06*,076. De
crease since June 30, 1877, $15,870,857.
telegram of the 1st
states that the Secretary of the. Treasury de
sires ail drafts sent him in payment of the 4
percent, loan to be drawn
payable to his order,
or they cannot be received.
Third Assistant Postmaster-
General has notified the Postmaster at New
I Tork City that the trade dollars not being a
legal tender the latter is not obliged to receive
I them in payment of postage, etc.
AT Malone, N. Y., on the 1st, Joseph
IWoode was executed, by hanging, for the
Itnurdcr of Stephen Woods.
A DISPATCH from Gen. Miles, dated
Port Keogh, Jan. 25, was received at St. Raul,
•linn., on the 3d. The main body of his field
[force was ch route to Fort Peck. lie confirms
he previous report that Sitting Bull was on
}his side of the boundary line, and was roam
ng where he pleased on American soil. Gen.
flileslnquires of Gen. Terry as to the status
bf Sitting Bull, and how he shall be treated in
he possible event of his being met and over
in a trial of arms. A courier left on the
d, with a reply from Gen. Terry.
were fifty-two failures in Chi-
ago during the month of January. The to
liabilities were: Secured, $810,196 uase
ured, $1,341,875.
ARRANGEMENTS were perfected, on
he 2d, to reopen the Topeka (Kan.) Bank and
avings Institution, the depositors agreeing
give six months' time, all deposits under
100 to be paid 50 per cent, on the reopeuing.
kn examination of the affairs of the bank
bowed tbe total liabilities to be $140,000, and
assets that are good $258,000.
was hanged at
Louis, on the 1st, for the murder, over a
ear ago, of a saloon-keeper named A. V.
awrence. On the «ame day a colored man
ned Philip Watson was hanged at Coving-
Ky.. for the murder of his wife last fall.
ON the night of the 31st ult., a wave
irept over a portion of Coney Island, near
lew York, and carried away four houses and
«ir bleeping occupants. About a dozen per
jns were drowned.
were 130 failures in New York
Ity during-January. Liabilities, $7,113^0^
ets, $1,433,831*.
[ACCORDING to NorfpHc (Va.) specials
the 3d, the ste^rn^f Metroiwlls, which i*
ntly foundered off the coast of North Caro
wur-fn all respects unseaworthy, its tira
being like rotten punk, and, both in re
to its construction and anointments,
I vessel being a veritable death-trap. An
npt would be made to hold the owners and
totractorb responsible. The vessel bad on
a vcrv
named person was formally commenced, a
change of venue having first been denied.
Anderson's counsel, on the motion for a
change of venue, alleged tliat the defend
ant could not have a fair trial in that
parBh, the prejudice against him
iviag increased during the preceding few
days. The Judge staled that the jury had
been drawn in the most impartial manner, and
was composed of conscientious, honest men,
of unimpeachable character. The defense
took a bill of exception? to the ruling of the
Court, after which the impaneling of the jury
was begun. A full jury, composed of ten
white and two colored men, was secured, on
the 29th.
A RESOLUTION was adopted, in the
Senate, on the 30th ult., asking information of
tbe President relative to the survey of lands in
the Indian Territory, and the Indian ownership
thereof. The Silver bill waa further considered,
•nd Mr. Christinncy submitted an amendment
providing for the coinage of silver dollars of 4S4
grains each—nine-tenths pure silver and one
tenth alloy—to be a legal-tender for all debta,
except when otherwise provided bv law or con
tract— In the House, a bill was introduced and
referred prohibiting any further destruction of
-tender notes, and mnking such notes legal
tender for customs duties. The Mil extending
the time for the withdrawal of distilled spirits in
bond until July 1, was considered, andasnbsti
tntcrwas adopted—1-fci to 112—declaring a reduc
tion of the tax on whisky inexpedient.
President, on the 30th ult., ap­
pointed the following Honorary Commission
ers to the Paris Industrial Exhibition Alex
ander McLeod, of Delaware Joseph (f.
Thorpe and Robert N. Baker, of Wisconsin,
and John W. "Mackey and W. S. Keys, of
States Supreme Court, attended a
State dinner
at the White House, on the 30th ult. This
bis first social recognition of Mr. Hayes.
ON the 30th ult., Mr. Hugh J. JeWett,
Receiver of tbe Erie Railroad of New York,
was held to bail in the 6um of $20,000 to an
swer to the charge of perjury in swearing to
alleged false statements of the condition of
the road. The complaint was made by an En
glish stockholder.
THOMAS LORD, Sr., of New York, the
wealthy old gentleman who recently married
the Widow Ilicks and thereby incurred the dis
pleasure of his sons, has recently come out
from his retirement, and will hotly contest the
suit brought against for his alleged lunacy.
He has engaged the services of the law firm of
ex-Judge Porter.
A BERLIN telegram of the 3d says
Russia had formally notified Roumania of her
intention to annex Bessarabia, giving her, in
exchange therefor, territory in the Dobrud
ROUMANIA has notified the Powers
to be the protection of the Christian subjects R^da^oiderVor'Feb
of Turkey from massacre at thy hands of their
fanatical Mohammedan neighbors. The entire
Turkish fleet had been ordered to the Piraeus.
AT Calais, France, on the evening of
the durii a icus performance, some one
raised n alarm fire. A anic resulted, and
ten persons were trampled to death and many
others badly i juri d.
VIENNA dispatches of the 4th say it
had transpired tliat Russia was concentrating
av.rylarge force in um.inia, to be used
against Austria in the event of armed opposi
tion to the pea e con 1 tions. Russia hod
ordered the raising of forty battalions of new
LATE Montenegrin advices are to the
effect that Montenegro was inclined to disre
gard the armistice aud continue the war. It
was reported, on the 4th, that she was about
to attack Scutari.
ADVICES from China, received at
London o the mornin of the 4th, state that
an asylum lor w. men and cMldreu at Tien
in, a been rncd, and over 2,0 0 perished
in the fire. Nine 1 ons of people were re
pored destitute in N rthem China, and the
Foreign Relief ommfttce had :de an appeal
to England and America for aid.
Artificial Pearls.
To snch perfection has
facture of artificial pearls been carried
that none but connoisseurs can readily
distinguish the real from the false. The
manufacture has gradually spread from
France to Italy and Turkey, and pearls
of all kinds of form and color are now
made. At the Exposition of the Prod
ucts of French Industry, at Paris, in
1856, high reputation had been attained
for these imitation pearls which were
so admirably made by M. Constant
Vales, that it was impossible at first
sight to distinguish the real from the
false, strung alternately on the same
string, and there is also claimed for
them the merit of not being affected fiv
perspiration, water, or any other effect
of wear. He received a silver medal
.then from the jury, and the perfection
of French imitation pearls has been sus
tained at subsequent International Ex
hibitions up to the present day. At the
same Exhibition another maker showed
four strings of pearls, two of them real
and two false, which the uninitiated
rcspon-siuli?. rue vewei naa on could not distinguish, yet one may be
,• l.rje South American mall, the P"td»wn f^en shil ln£8 »nd
It of Which wae riflwl bv human phoul*, the other £700. Asfalse pearls are too
Plun W tlio conmee iliat rvero thrown Perfect in form, in shape and light, it
i even of their became necessary to imitate the imper
fection* of nature, and this is now ef
fectively done.—N. Y. Graphic.
tlie beaeh, and ro'jbod Ui
'HBEE members of tbe Louisiana "I'zE RIGHT," shouted a military
itifr Beard—Anderson, Caeanave ami officer to h4« company. Well," grunt
ier—were brought Into court nt New ed a green private, nobody sua you
o n e a n e i a o e i
THE State Medical Association met at Des
Mofnes, on the 31st ult. A committee was
appointed to aid the bill now pendin^Tb the
Assembly for the regulation of the practice of
medicine and the establishment of a State
Board of Health. A resolution against State
aid to Medical Colleges as departments was
adopted. The following officers were elected
for the year: President, A.M. Carpenter, of
Keokuk Vice-Presidents, D. W. Crouse, of
Waterloo, and G. W. Custer, of Marshalltown
Secretary, J. F. Kennedy, of DesMoines As
sistant-Secretary, G. W. Grant, of Davenport
Treasurer, G. R. Stanner, of Cedar Rapids.
Davenport was fixed on as the place of next
meeting. The standing committees were ap
pointed, and nine Delegates appointed to the
American Medical Association.
GEORGE GIXDER, a prominent Marshalltown
merchant, failed, on the 31st ult.
TOM ALSOP, of Centre Grove, and his eon
were buried alive at the foot of alead s^pft, on
the 31st ult. Up to the morning of the 2d
their bodies had not leen recovered.
of the United
Two MEN, named Paul Schultz and George
Benn, fell to quarreling in SclicmmeJPs sfltoon,
at Dyersvllle, when Schultz drew a knife and
stabbed Benn several times in the head and
neck, itiflicting fatal injuries.
TIIE latest reports from St. Louis give the
following as the current prices for leading
staples: Flour—XXX, Fall, $5.70(d5.90.
Wheat—No. 3 Red, Fall, $1.12i£$}l.l3 No. 2
Spring, $1.0uY«jl.03j-j Corn—No. 2 Mixed,
[email protected] Rye—NO. 2, 51(a513$c Oats—
A NEW ORLEANS dispatch of the 3d
states that J. Madison Wells, in accordance
ith an arrangement made on tha' day, had
surrendered to Sheriff Houston, at Ri^oletf
Station, on the New Orleans &-Mobile Hail
roail, where he had been sojourning since his
departure from New Orleans, about a w?ek
before. He was taken to the Parish Prison in
New Orleans, on the 4th, and his bail was
fixed at $20,000.
and I3un-
dv: in the Navy Department. Pridemore and
Williams (Ore.) in the Postofhce Department,
Clark (Moj and McKinley: in the War Depart
ment, Dickey and Heed in the Interior Depart
ment. Patterson and Pound. The Military Acad
emy Appropriation bill (¥272,155 was considered
in Committee of the Whole.
THE Senate was not in session on the
1st—A bill was introduced and referred in the
House, to provide for funding the National debt
in home bonds, convertible into currency. Mr.
Baker, of Indiana, rising to a question of privi
lege, recited certain ht itement-i m:i(l" to him in
writing, involving grnve if not criminal endue*
on the part of the Doorkeeper of the House,
which statements had since bi'« n put into the
shape of affidavits. He offered a lesolution,
stating that John W. Polk, Doorkeep r, has been
guilty of corruption and malfeasance in
office that he has required employes
to pav to other employes part of their ?alaru s,
and that he is interested in claims and bills now
pending before Congress, and directing the Com
mittee on Rules to inquire into the truth or fal
sity of such allegations. After a lengthy and
spirited discussion, the previous question was
seconded and the motion was passed, after being
modified so a* to direct the investigation to be
made by the Committe on Reform in the Civil
Service. Adjourned to the 4th.
one of the New York Tammany Ring fugi
tives, surrendered to the authorities, on the
4th, and gave bail in the sum of
papers of the 30th 'all. "im­
port that typhus fever prevailed among the
Russians in the Caucasus and Armenia to such
an extent as almost to equal the plague in
AN Adrianople dispatch of the 30th
ult. saya all the Turkish troops within the
Quadrilateral had bueu retired upon the for
ACCORDING to Athens dispatches of
the 31st ult., Thessaly had demanded of
Greece protection and assistance in her war
with Turkey. The Grecian Chamber was
holding a secret sitting to consider the de
mand. Twenty-four Communes in Thessaly
had formed a Provisional Government.
THE Pope lias ratified the plans for
the reconstruction of the Scottish Hierarchy,
and appointed. two Archbishops and four
the evening of the 31st ult., a
meeting called in Loudon in the interest of
peace was captured and broken up by the war
element. The feeling against Russia had be
come intense.
THE Cretan insurgents have formal
ly decreed the annexation of the island to
knoivn British artist and caricaturist, is dead.
A BUCHAREST dispatch of the 1st
says orders had been issued to all Russian col
umns to stop where they are and await fur
ther instructions.
A VIENNA telegi'am of the 1st says it
had been dcclded to hold the European Con
ference which was to follow pcace in that city.
AN Adrianople dispatch of the 3d
savs the peace preliminaries between Russia
and Turkey had at last been signed, and that
they wire substantially as heretofore pub
lished, except that instead of war-indemnity
Turkey agrees to surrender Erzeroum and the
Danubian fortresses.
Pork [email protected] Lard
7J&@7J4'c Hogs—$3.50(24.50 Cattle—$3.50
SENATE.—On the 28th, bills were in
troduced—relating to the introduction of wit
nesses in criminal cases providing for the com
mutation of the sentence of criminals in the ad
ditional Penitentiary at Anamosa for good be
havior to abolish preliminary examinations in
certain eases: in relation to lo+t instrunientaand
projf edin^s thereon to prohibit Ju^tue* of the
Peace and attorneys irom occupying th.' Kime
room jisanollke requiring County Recorders to
provide and ke on file an uMruct of the judg
ments of the L! nil
ed States District and Circuit
Courts to provide for ditching lands by open
or tile drains in relation to tnxes voted in aid
of railroads. Resolutions were inlrodn. ed- to
amend the rides to require that the object of
every bill shall lie expressed in the title. The
House resolution instructing the Senators and
requesting Representatives «f Iowa to vote for
the repeal of tlie Bankrupt law came up. am
was read a third time. A substitute WHS offered
that in the judgment of ihe General Assen
the law should lie repealed immediately, but not
instructing the Senators and Representativ
The substitute v.as adopted, and afterward
considered, and a sul-st'tute was moved ivori
such amendments
of the law as should correct its
abuses. Quite an extensive debate followed.
Adjournment was had before a vote v.as reached.
HOUSE.—Hills were introduced—to
authorize cities of the first and second eiass S
provide for the construction of levees: requiring
School Boards to adopt text-books for the use of
schools: fixing the comp* ns.ition of Sheriffs to
reduce the charges for Supreme Court reports to
three dollais per volume in relauo-i to the nego
tiability of notes given for patent rights to pre
vent the spread ot the cockle-burr and Canada
thistles. An solution WHS intioduced--that all
resolutions on National tinai.ee be submitted to
the House without debate, which was
tabled after
some debate. The hill to procure the right of
way over railroad bridges across the Missi-sippi
River, was taken up and passed. The Hous«
voted to take only one session aday until further
SENATE.—Bills were introduced, on
the 2Jth, to collect taxes semi-annually to amend
the laws for the payment of taxes in the cities
existing under special charters providing for the
election of a Township Treasurer of Schools in
stead of a District Treasurer limiting the foes of
attorneys appointed by the Court to defend per
sons charged with crimes: for the assessment of
telegraph lines relative to the liability of rail
road companies for failing to make sufficient
cattle-guards. Tbe resolution providing that all
appropriation bills shall be presented to the Gt n
--al Assembly by Thursday of the third week of
reported from committees by
ixth week, and made special
of, was adopted. The visit
ce was directed to report by ihe 10th
The joint resolution requesting
1 Representatives in Congress to vote
... ... icndments to the Bankrupt law as
shall prevent injustice to creditors and render
the Law more effective, was pjisscd.
HOI'SE.—Bills were introduced—to
make County Superintendents arbitrators in
case of disagreement of School Boards in regard
to children attending schools requiring defend
ants to demur or set aside indictment within a
certain time providing the penalty of death
for munley and rape: to restore capital punish
ment for murder in the first degree to amend
the Liquor law to provide for the preservation
and bett'jr distribution of lish by the erection of
fishway.s and dams to protect native forests: to
regulate th»* driving and herding of cattle in re
lation to the compensation of members, officers
and employes of the General Assemblv:toamend
the act"? of the Sixteenth General Assembly in
relation to bonded county indebtedness.
SENATE.—On the 30th, bills were in
troduced—to give Justices exclusive jurisdiction
of $30 to punish the fraudulent, trans
fer of property bought on credit: to require Su
pervitsors to settle with the County Treasurers
three, times a year. The Judiciary Committee
1 porated towns to extend their boundaries was
10,000 Greek regulars had crossed the frontier lost—25 to 71. The Committee on Federal Rela
into Thessaly. the o.st»'li?ibh object being said fions reported a sul*titute for ail rcsolnt
Which were made the
special order for Feb. 6. Bills were intioduced
to include ale and beer in the Prohibitory law to
abolish appropriations to county agricultural
societies to repeal the kw giving "County Treaa
•ent. on collections to punish ofheers
leposits by impris
the Penitentiary to require
of insolvent tanks
THE blockade of the Black Sea be
tween Constantinople a-:d Odessa has been
THE different Servian Commanders
have been ordered to suspend hostilities.
AN Athens dispatch of the 4th an
nounces the capture of Domoco in Epirus.
TheG:ee shad 50 killed and captured 1,300
prisoners. The Keys of Epirus had submitted
to Grcecc.
IC road tax to be paid in
exempt the operation of the
Railroad Tariff Jaw from roads lo.v
miles long: to es'abbsh a St ite J'oard of j'hai'
maevforthe regulation of apothecaries toes
tahli-h a Sta e No mal S h' ol a*, JLema's to re
fen es, trimmed t» forty-
eight irich»*s t:» authorize S hool Poards tore
move the See-i'tarv to nivc Just ces of the Peace
exclusive jurisdict:on in sutrs less than to
punish the fraudulent disposal of yrope.typ r
edit,. and the fraudulent tra
he i
reccss was taken until
the 7th.
-Fannie Kemble is sixty-live years
of age, and weighs nearly 200 pounds.
—Gen. Grant refused to authorize the
illustrated papers of Paris to print his
—Mr. Elihu Burritt's health has so
much improved that he hopes to be out
again next spring.
—Judge Hilton, who seems to know
everything about the Stewart family,
says that Mrs. A. T. Stewart will never
marry again.
—Gen. D. H. Hill, the ex-Confeder
ate, a brother-in-law of Sonewall Jack
son, has a Bible class of 200 members
in Charlotte, N. C.
—It is said that Winslow, the Boston
forger, recently visited three of his
friends in that city, and that his hiding
place is not 500 miles away.
—President Taylor's grave, in Jeffer
son County, Ky., is unmarked by any
monument and Gov. McCreary, of
Kentucky, wishes the State Legislature
to call upon Congress to put up one.
—The oldest member of the House of
Representatives is Mr. Patterson, of
New York, who is almost seventy-nine
years old. The youngest member is
Mr. Kenna, of West Virginia, who is
twenty-nine years old.
—Miss Susan B. Anthony has sent
$200 to assist in defraying the expenses
of the Woman Suffrage organization
that recently met in Washington, and
it is said that she contributes every year
as much money to aid the cause as all
the rest of its advocate*.
—Miss Tabitha A. Hojton, who has
just been admitted by the Supreme
Court of North Carolina, to practice at
the Bar of that State, is the daughter
of a clergyman and is only twenty-two
Jk —5*
years of age, small in figure, anil of
modest, unassuming rtlanners.
—Was ever there a sadder episode j#
human experience than the CharKe
Ross abduction? There is not a parent
in all this round world whose heart
does not go out in deepest sympathy fbr
that fond father and anguished mother,
who are bending beneath the weight of
sorrow and disappointment which the
loss of their pretty, curly-headed boy
has brought upon them.—Rochester
—To a correspondent who talked with
President Hayes recently the latter
said: I don't mind the callers who
merely want to shake hands. They
often help me out of a d^unima. For
example, I may have soiap persisteD
obdurate office-seeker or office-man#^
ger. He will press his point, perhaps,
until lie lias put his knees against inme
and demands a 'yes' or 'no.' It n^y
be that I feel rising temper at his ag
gressiveness. Then 1 think of the peo
ple outside. They are always let in on
presentation of a card saying respects
only.' I see some of them at the in
stant, desirous to shake hands. So I
turn from the unpleasant caller, and
while I talk a minute to tlift people,
have a chance t^ calm my mind, and
prepare to answer the question."
A Survivor's Account of the Logs of
the Steamship Metropolis.
James F. Alcorn, temporarily at
tached to the Metropolis, formerly an
officer in the United States Navy, and a
journalist in Boston, makes the follow
On Wednesday night, at nine o'clock,
I was called by the Mate to assist the
carpenter in stopping a leak around the
rudder trunk. Found the stern-post
loose, and ^so reported. Remained at
the post, using all possible exertions to
stop the leak or prevent its increase,
until about 5:30 a. in., when 1 was
called on deck, and found the ship a
partial wreck. One of the port boats
was hanging over the side by her bow
tackle to the davit, the smoke-stack
gone, and the ship heading for the
beach. Reached the forecutter, and,
in obedience to an order from the
Captain, eommenccd to start the
water in the casks stored forward to
lighten the ship was assisted in so
doing by the carpenter and one
of the Quartermasters, who was after
ward drowned. Finding the Mate, sug
gested sail should be made by setting
the foresail, and, ou getting his con
sent, went aloft and, assisted by Charles
Seaman, loosed the foresail and suc
ceeded in setting the sail, which re
mained but a few minutes until carried
away, and it was necessary to clew up
the port wing of the sail. Shortly after
the ship struck heavily amidships, evi
dently breaking her back, but she con
tinued to drive on the beach. The ad
mirable management of the helm, as
sisted by the foresail, maintained the
ship's position head on until fairly
beached. I then took my station on the
hurricane-deck, with the desire
to assist the Commander and
oflieers in maintaining order. Some
one raised the cry of tire, which
was quickly found to be a false alarm.
Soon after this the mainmast went,
and she began to break up rapidly, the
lirst seas that boarded her having de
stroyed or crippled all the remaining
boats but the dingy, which was at
tached to the starboard forwaril davits.
Upon that boat I placed my chief hope
of safety, provided I could maintain
possession of the boat for sending a line
ashore at low water. But while my at
tention was otherwise engaged, the
boat was lowered and my purpose de
feated, while she, without any manage
ment, save the Providence of God, was
borne to the beach—a perfect ark of
safety" for the six or seven poor fel
lows who had the courage to secure the
During the trying hours of the day
several of the ill-fated passengers,
bravely intrusting themselves to the
tide, evidently lost heart with the pas
sage of the "first breaker over their
heads, and, abandoning all hope, sank
without a struggle. Others, either
washed or leaping oil'the wreck, would
almost seem to have committed sui
cide, so deliberately did they bun- their
heads beneath the waves and meet their
as relating
was instructed to inquire into th
banks organized und
participate In the forthcoming European con- to the Bankrupt law.
I HOUSE.—The bill authorizing incor-
AN Athens telegram of the 3d says
Toward evening the Second Officer,
Mr. Couzzins, having behaved with ad
mirable gallantry throughout the day,
proposed a passage to the shore, and,
taking leave of the narrator, left the
ship, falling fcrnl of a mass of
wreck under the ship's bow, which
had been fatal to many during
the afternoon. Here he became en
tangled, but the galiant fellow, using
a small pocket-knife, labored on, while
a dozen heavy breakers passed over
him, and succeeded in cutting several
ropes that confined ihe mass of wreck
tc the hull, and was swept away with
it to the northward along the beach. I
am happy to say he succeeded in extri
cating himself, and in landing safely.
to fi:
Judges of the Supreme Court af ^'.roo. of Ilisfri
and I ire nit Judges at and mileaoe for MIL
The Slate instit. t'ons are or ered to make a de
tailed rci.on of all the expenses for two years
within fifteen da^s.
SENATE.—Very little business was
transacted on the 81st.
HOUSE.—A bill was passed amend
ing the law relating to special terms of court.
Both houses met in Joint Convention and elrct/d
M:itt l'arrotf. State Uintier E. C. McMill m.
War-lcn of the Fort Madison Penitentiary, anti
A. E. Martin, Warden of the Anamosa Peniten
SENATE.—On the 1st, little business
was done bevond disposing of the Governor's
Message. The Senate voted to take a recess until
the 7tb.
HOUSE.—Numerous bills were intro
duced. A bill passed to amend the Code in rela
tion to incorporated towns making Trustees
elected for three yean.
The foremast falling aft, and the
foresail being still partially spread, sev
eral were either killed by its fall or
buried beneath the mass of the sail in
such a way as made death certain. One
young man, particularly conspicuous
for his daring during the day, at last
sought refuge on the topsail yard, evi
dently in the hope that the mast would
fall over the bows or side. Of course,
instant death was the result of his mis
take on the fall of the mast.
At about 4:30, or perhaps 5 p. m.,
the midship body of the hull, the fore
body being already gone, began to
break up rapidly, while I urged all who
would listen to me to trust themselves
to Providence, the waves anil their life
preservers. Many did so, and the ma
jority with success. At length the
closing scene was
upon us. The lower
deck beams gave way and the "star
board broadside, giving a few more
heavy shocks from the surf, sank slow
ly beneath the waves. Then the narra
tor, assured that neither advice nor ex
ample could be of service longer,
struck out for the beach and fortunate
ly reached it, but in such an exhausted
state that he would have certainly gone
to sea a victim of the undertow but for
friendly hands and aid.
The Captain and his officers are
highly commended. Quartermaster
Poland made three attempts to get a
line ashore, and only gave up when the
line proved too short, and Timothy
O'Brien, on reaching the shore himself,
returned into the water and rescued
some fifty persons as they were dashed
toward him by the waves.
The scattered dwellers along the
coast are given warm praise for
prompt aid and munificent hospitality.
Black Woolen Dresses—Hints
Spring Styles.
The black cashmere or camel's-hait
dresses worn 'n the day-time by young
ladies are brightened by vests of cardi
nal red silk. The waist is a habit
basque, with square plaited postilion
behind, while the black fronts are
sloped away gradually from the throat
to the sides, disclosing the red silk vest
below. This vest may be sewed in with
the basque, or it may be a separate
waist-coat with a cambric back and
armholes, or else it is shaped like a
chemisette, covering the shoulders and
extending in a point behind to the belt.
The neck is finished with a very high
collar of the cashmeres lined with red
silk, and it may be there are one or
two knife-plaited frills of red silk
doubled and placed erect inside the
collar. A sailor knot of the cashmere
faced with silk is at the throat. The
skirt has lengthwise plaitings covering
the front gore these are made of cash
mere, but the inside of each plait is
also silk. On the side gores are scarf
draperies, which have the effect of an
over-skirt in the back. Black camel's
hair polonaises are made with veivet
sleeves, velvet belt and plastron, and
are worn over a silk skirt that has a
velvet flounce covering all that part
which is visible. Other midwinter
suitajiave polonaises of bourette, with
velvet skirts and velvet bonnets the
polonaise and .the bonnets are then
^videly trimmed with a band of fur.
lack marten fur bands, with white
silvery points sewed in, are used on
such garments.
Though we are still in mid-winter,
correspondents who prepare their ward
robes themselves are already asking for
hints of the styles that will be worn in
the sprifig. The indications are that
the •hurt costume with a cut-away coat
and vest will be very popularly worn, in
woolen materials for early spring. An
over-skirt will be worn with this basque,
and the lower skirt will be without
flounces, or else laid in kilt plaits.
Various shapes will be used for the
front of the coats, some of which will
dispense with vests, but there will be
many vests worn. The basques will be
in habit shapes, square-cornered or
sloping, but with few curves, and very
masculine in appearance, therefore
very simple in design, and almost whol
ly without trimming except ornamental
stitching and buttons.
For spring wraps, light gray, brown
or dark blue twilled and basket cloths
will be made up in jackets very similar
to those just described, though without
vests. They will have rolling collars,
and will button thence to the waist
there will be a seam at the wrist line
the sides and back, and the pocket-flaps
will be sewed in this seam, which ex
tends horizontally. A silk braid bind
ing, or else stitched edges, will give the
simple finish.
The polonaise with broad belts in
front will become more generally worn.
At present they arc most used in very
rich materials, but will soon be adopted
for plain woolens. The back will re
main in princesse shape, but for these
materials the front will be slightly
gathered, giving the full blouse effect
that is so becoming to tbe figure. The
fancy for using fringes headed with
galloons for trimming these polonaises
will continue the fringe, however,
will be confined to the front, and sides,
while the back will have only the gal
For wash dresses the pretty yoke
waists aud plaited blouses introduced,
or rather revived, last fall will be the
appropriate designs. Deep sailor col
lars and belts with buckles will be worn
with such waists. During the month of
February merchants make a point of
displaying wash goods, such as Scotch
ginghams, soft-finished percales, linen
lawns and prints, and ladies do well to
make their selections then for summer
dresses, and make them up in the leis
ure and quiet of Lenten days. There
is nothing known yet about the shape
of skirts and over-skirts, but it is gen
erally safe to make the long over-skirts
that are simply hemmed and easily
lanndried. It is rumored again, how
ever, that these are to j»ive place to
shorter over-skirts, and that many
house dresses will have but one skirt
still the long over-skirt is too popular
to be suddenly banished. Flowing back
breadths have been stylish all winter
for trained dresses, and it is probable
there will be more fullness than former
ly in skirts of thin dresses, especially,
when worn without an over-skirt.—
Harper's Bazar.
Gtravity in the Moons or .liars.
We are able to consider the relations
of inert matter in worlds where gravity
is so small as it must be in the Martian
moons. It has been said, by myself
among others, that building and all en
gineering processes would be much
easier in a world where gravity is very
small than in our own world. But if
less arduous, so far as mere labor is
concerned, they would in some respects
be far more difficult. Much more skill
would be required to give adequate
stability to buildings, made even of the
most solid materials, in a world where
all weights are so much reduced. Sup
pose oven platinum were available in
sufficient quantities for architectural
purposes, yet a block of platinum of
iven size would press downward with
less force there than a block of deal
wood of about one-twentieth its size on
our earth. Whewell has well described
in his Bridgewater treatise the effects
of a great reduc*frn in the force of
gravity, though he is not there consider
life in other worlds, but the import
ance (which many are apt to overlook)
of those portions of our earth's frame
which lie far below the deepest mines
ever yet dug by man. If the interior of
our earth could be scooped out and re
moved, we should in fact suffer from
precisely the same inconveniences as
would affect creatures like ourselves
living in the moons of Mars.
We should, indeed, find ourselves
living like them in dread and
terror. "Things," Whewell truly says,
would not lie where we placed them,
but would slide away with the slightest
push. We should have a difficulty in
standing or walking, something like
that we have on shipboard when the
deck is inclined: and we should stagger
helplessly through an atmosphere thin
ner than that which oppresses the
respiration of the traveler on the tops
of the highest mountains." It is
hard," says the ingenious writer in the
Spectator, "to conceive even a one
storied house holding together," in the
Martian moon world, against any
serious lateral blows." Projectiles
would be no less deadly than in our
own world. But the range which pro
jectiles such as ours would obtain in
such a world would render close fight
ing impossible on the one hand, and
efficient aiming impossible on the
other. A Krupp cannon, for instance,
whose greatest range on our earth is,
let us say, five miles, would on the
Martian moon fire a projectile which
would leave that moon forever, and the
recoil of the cannon would probably
carry it half a dozen miles away from
the tiring point. Much weaker pro
jectile force would have to be em
ployed, and less mischief would be done
on this account, and also because any
living body struck by one of these pro
jectiles would give way before it much
more readily than a similar body simi
larly struck on our own earth.—Richard
4- Proctor, in Belgravia.
AN amusing incident recently oo
curred in a church near Sellersville
Bucks County, Pa. The minister was
preaching in German, and delivering a
very interesting discourse, when he
was disturbed by two young men
whispering in the gallery. Finally he
stopped and suggested to them that if
they wanted to talk he would cease and
allow them to say what they wished, but
that their whispering annoyed him.
One of them hau presence of mind, and
arose and informed the preacher that
his friend could not understand a word
of German, and that if he did not trans
late it to him he would lose all the val
uable discourse. This completely took
the wind out of the sails of the minis
ter. Though it was pretty certain that
the two men were talking about some
thing else, tho assurance of the whis
perer brought him out first best.
t" -a«t ^Ef 2* .ii. '-As: 11
"A Jolty Jake" Turns Out to be a
Somewhat Serious Hatter.
The good people in La Veta and
vicinity have been considerably exer
cised of late over a triple wedding
which occurred at, that place last Sun
day night, under most peculiar circum
stances. Messrs. F. D. McHolland and
E. A. Palmer, and another gentleman
whose name has not yet reached Den
ver, were calling on three voung ladies,
named respectively Kate Lewis, Addie
Patterson and Laura Patterson. The
conversation ranged upon the general
topics of the day for a short time, but
the six gradually paired off, Mr. Mc
Holland and Miss Lew is occupying one
part of the room, Mr. Palmer and Miss
Patterson another, and the third gen
tleman and Miss Laura Patterson still
another. All proceeded merrily. Mr.
McHolland gradually warmed up to his
subject, and at last exclaimed, dyring
a brief general conversation:
Wouldn't it be nice for all of us to
be married?"
"Wouldn't it, now?" said one of the
Just the thing!" said another gen
Splendid!" said another lady.
I'm in for it!" said another gentle
Put'er thar, old pard!" said his
Well, now, this is really growing
interesting," said one of the ladies.
I suppose we'll be married before
Yes," responded the first speaker
married, and well of it."
"Shall I go for the doctor?" asked
one of the gentleman.
Chorus—" Yes make no dela^. Let
no dust stick to the bottom of your
soles. It's a desperate case."
And off he went.
Ain't this fun, though?" queried
one girl, as the interested messenger
was seen to turn the corner.
"The jolliest game!" said the second.
The messenger flew with the speed of
Mercury himself. W. A. Toffelmire
was the doctor" before whom he laid
the case. Now, Mr. Toffelmire is a
Justice of the l'eacc, fully authorized
by law to solemnize the rite of matri
mony. He was at his house waiting for
something to turn up. No delay was
necessary. He went immediately to the
place where he was told that his services
were required. No license is necessary
for marriage in this State. He called
the young parties into the middle of
the parlor floor. With a few words
solemnly spoken and in due form of
law, he pronounced the words that
made three of six, and united forever
tho destinies of thesi^adventurous cou
Afier the ceremony was performed,
one of the ladies declared that she had
n»ver been a party to such a jolly
joke in all her born days."
Joke!" exclaimed the Judge.
"Joke! If you think you'll find this a
joke, you are very much mistaken.
You're tied as tight as Haman when he
was hung."
No joke! Horrors! What a time for
faints! Blank looks took the place of
joyous countenances. The pulses of
the young ladies fell below zero from
the boiling point in an instant. They
had not intended to be married, but
they were.
It was a joke, and such a joke as
others might laugh at more than those
most directly interested. The ladies
were young and had not dreamed of
matrimony. Beside, it is said that one
of them was engaged to a young man
who has been digging away in the San
Juan mines for he last year, with the
hope of getting money enough to set
up housekeeping. But what is to be
done? Divorce is the only alternative.
The married people have not lived to
gether. It is understood that proceedings
will at once be commenced to obtain
the papers that will set them free again.
What plea will be urged cannot be
stated, but in the present condition of
the minds of the young ladies, there is
no doubt that that of incompatibility of
temper would prove a good one.
Mr. McHolland is Deputy-Sheriff of
Huerfano County Mr. Palmer is Agent
for the Denver & Rio Grande Railroad
at La Veta, and the other gentleman is
onnected with a saw-mill. The ladies
reside at La Veta.—Denver (Col.) Trib
The Work of a Lop«r»
We noticed some days sinceffttfrteatli
of William P. Ragsdale, the distin
guished leper of the Sandwich Islands,
and referred to the reforms instituted
by him.in the leper settlement on the
Island of Molokai. Mr. Ragsdale,
previous to his removal to Molokai,
was one of the most prominent lawyers
and the most noted orator in the
Hawaiian Kingdom. He spoke English
as fluently as the native language, and
promised to be one of the most in
fluential men in the Kingdom when he
discovered that he had the leprosy.
The Jews, regarding leprosy as a
disease for which no natural remedy
could be prescribed, separated lepers,
even though they were Kings, from the
rest of the people, and founded leper
villages, where the outcasts dragged
out their wretched lives. After the
crusades, leprosy invaded Western
Europe, and statesmen and sovereigns
struggled with the problem of how to
stop the ravages of the disease, and of
how best to care for those afflicted.
During the thirteenth and fourteenth
centuries there was scarcely a town in
Europe which had not its leper hospital
or village. Even in these hospitals the
condition of the inmates was pitiable.
Under the most favorable circumstances
the leper was considered both legally
and practically a dead person. His
marriage ties were dissolved, he was
prohibited from entering any church or
place where food was prepared, was
compelled to wear a peculiar dress, and
to give notice of his approach by ring
ing a bell. There are now compara
tively few oases in Europe, but the dis
ease is still prevalent in the old locali
ties in the East, on the coasts of Africa,
and among other localities in the
Hawaiian Islands.
In the Hawaiian Kingdom the isola
tion of lepers was comparatively easy,
as the Island of Molokai was given up
to them, and from a very early date
there had been on that island a large
settlement of lepers. As soon as a man
was known to have leprosy he was ar
rested was compelled to give up family
ties, unless members of his family chose
to banish themselves from society for
life, and was conveyed to Molokai,
where he remained until his death.
There was no exception, and as there
was no hope of cure, there was no pos
sibility of recall. For a man to admit
that he had the leprosy was to court
banishment for life ana to give up all
ambitious hopes.
Realizing all this, Mr. Ragsdale, as
soon as he discovered indications of the
dread disease, called the attention of
the authorities te the fact. It is said
that he was led "to believe he had the
leprosy by an experience in picking up
hot lamp chimney. The chimney
from his lamp fell on the table one
night, and he |ut it on without experi
encing any pain or inconvenience. He
did this again and again, and openly
declared that he had the leprosy. As
there were no outward signs of the dis
ease, he was regarded for some time as
laboring under a hallucination, but an
fession and his property, and, leaving
his family, was sent to Molokai.
Mr. Ragsdale had studied the history
of leprosy to some purpose. The con
stitution of the Knights Hospitallers of
St. Lazarus (a military order composed
of lepers established by the Crusaders
the twelfth century) required that the
Grand Master should be a leper, that
the organization might the better de
vote its energies to relieving the dis
tress of men similarly afflicted. With
the history of this society in mind, and
familiar with their plans for relieving
the unfortunate, Mr. Ragsdale went to
Molokai, ambitious to ameliorate the
condition of those who were fated to be
his companions for life. He found on
the island about 800 people, all of
whom, cxcept seventy-five, were lepers.
He was made Governor of the Colony,
and began at once the work of reform.
The Government gave him all needed
support, and it has been said many
times that by tact, kindness of heart,
and administrative ability he made one
of tlie saddest communities in the world
one of the most cheerful. Great as was
tho promise of his career at the capital,
he entered upon one more useful at
Molokai, and soon became known the
world over as a man who had mastered
the leprosy problem, so far as the com
parative comfort and happiness of
those afflicted was concerned. The dis
tinguished lepers of the olden times in
many cases gave way to despair, and
simply waited for death to release them.
Mr. Ragsdale employed all his talent
and gave all his time to the work of
perfecting a system that would contrib
ute to the comfort of those like himself,
unfortunate. That he succeeded the
condition of the leper settlement of
Molokai shows.
In the Sandwich Islands, as in the
older communities, a leper is allowed
to marry a leper, but must give up
his own family. Soon after Ragsdale
established himself at Molokai, a young
native woman, healthy herself, but who
had lost two husbands by leprosy, fell
in love with hi'.i and became his wife.
She was the beauty of the settlement,
and, notwithstanding her association
with lepers, still lives in perfect health.
The natural successor to Mr. Ragsdale
as Governor of the lepers was Peter
Kao, a relative of Queen Emma, but he
was allo-ved to leave the island some
months since, and a successor has not
been appointed.
To rightly appreciate the work of
Mi-. Ragsdale, it is necessary only to
say that leprosy is a disease that has
inspired in all ages the greatest horror,
and entailed upon those afflicted much
needless suffering. Liveling, defining
leprosy as an incurable constitutional
disease of adult life, especially preva
lent in tropical and sub-tropical cli
mates, divides it into three forms: Mac
ular leprosy, characterized by an erup
tion of the skin, accompanied by a
diminution or loss of sense of feeling
anaesthetic leprosy, characterized by
loss of sense of feeling, discolorizations
of the skin, atrophy of the muscles, with
ulceration and mutilation of the hands
and feet tuberculated leprosy, charac
terized by a bronzing and tuberculated
thickening of the skin, especially of the
face, ears, hands and feet, ending fatal
ly in from two to fifteen years by inter
current disease in some vital organ.—
Chicago Inter-Ocean.
Tkc Tramp NulsaMe»
The CMef of tho State Detect!*eFfrree
devotes an interesting portion of his
report to the "Tramp." In order to
ascertain something definite of the hab
its and characteristics of this peripa
tetic nuisance, he sent two men last
summer on a tramp in the western part
of the State, where they fell in with
one gang and another and traveled with
them from town to town. They were
found to be of various ages and nation
alities, and in most cases had in past
years been employed in some regular
occupation. The}" had been on the
tramp for periods ranging from two or
three to fourteen years. During the
warm weather they generally slept in
barns or in the woods, preferring to
keep away from lock-ups and station
houses. They obtained food by beg
ging and stealing, the latter method
apparently being preferred. They
were uniformly averse to earning any
thing by labor, and though, when beg
ging, they always profess a desire to
obtain work, only two were found dur
ing a tramp of several weeks who did
not scout the idea of working for a liv
and show a decided preference for
their vagabond life. It was clear that
lack of employment had little or noth
ng to do with the wanderings of these
vagrants. They did not seek employ
ment and did not want it, but preferred
to subsist upon charity and plunder.
One said that it was his habit in winter
to go to some large citv and commit a
petty crime that would send him to
some public institution to be taken care
of till warmer weather.
There was a complete lack of moral
scruple among them, which showed
what a dangei ous element they might
become in the community. Sot only
did they steal without the least com
punction, but there was no doubt that
they were ready for any crime that
could gratify revengeful or other pas
sions, provided there was a fair chance
to escape detection and punishment. In
many localities they were a terror to
th inhV
and obtained what they
asked for because unprotected women
in the houses which they visited did not
dare refuse. Several parties in July
set out for Pennsylvania to join in the
railroad riots, and others waited about
the stations along the Boston & Albany
Road in anticipation of a strike. It
was plain that their purpose was plun
der, and they were ready to take ad
vantage of any opportunity to join in a
lawless outbreak. The Chief of the De
tective Force is of the opinion that the
tramp system had its origin in the
return of "bummers" and camp-fol
lowers from the armies after the war.
These men had become accustomed to
a life of vagrancy and had no disposi
tion to settle down at any regular oc
cupation but their ranks were soon re
cruited by the idle and thriftless vaga
bonds who now for the most part fill
the ranks of the tramps.—Boston Globe.
FBOM trustworthy figures just com
piled regarding the liquor traffic, it
appears that there are nearly twice
as many drinking saloons in New York
as in any other State. The exact
number is 23,854. Illinois follows with
16,548, Pennsylvania with 16,105, Ohio
with 14,248 and California with 8,408.
In Massachusetts there are onl) 6,386
saloons, while in the comparatively in
significant District of Columbia, the
seat Of National Government, there are
no less than 1,105. North Carolina
heads the list with 1,205 distilleries,
while New York has only 111 distiller
ies. In addition to these, however,
there are 379 beer breweries in the
State. On an average there is in the
Union one drinking saloon for every.
280 inhabitants. Considering the pro
portion of the population, most of the
whisky is consumed by our brethren
in the South, whild*nearly all the beer
is drank by the people of the West and
North.—N. Times.
NOBODY knows where you go or how
long you stay, if you are broke, but
everybody wants to know which way
you went and if they think they'll catch
examination by physicians demonstrat- you if you happen to be broker. These
ed that Ragsdale's suspicions were cor- are times of perilous financial unoer
rect. He voluntarily gave up his pro- tainty.—Hurhnqton Hawk-Eye.
Youth's Department.
MY little boy sinjn a verv uoor sena—
dear mo!
Nothing coes right and everything Wionc!
What will he do the whole dAV lone?
It poors and it pours, and will notfttop
"0 dear roe!")
He has loot hin whip, and broken his top
He wishes it would not rain one drop!
O dear me!")
Come, play at toll-gate with plume £ot toll
v" 0 dear me!")
Or take op your drum and beat me a roll:
Or go a-fi&hing. vonr cane for a pole.
("O desir me!")
You will not have them, your toys or ball?
r'O dear men
Well, here are your tools, the hammer and all
Then piny you re a eoldier, Rtruiffht and tall!
("Odear me!")
Soldiers are horrid? Well, hereaieyoor blocks
(*'O dear roe!")
Build mamma a house high up on the rockn
You only like Hhitwt that are on the stocks?
O dear me!")
Well, sing no more that dolefullest strain.
"O dear me!"
Bnt give poor mamma a chance to complain
rve a troublesome bov along with the rain:
I thought that mamma could make him smile
Well, come and sit on her knee awhile
There! now we'll sin in a rollicking style:
"O dear WE!"
—Harriet, Mt&H'en in Youth** Com
1 WANT to tell the boys about a friend
of mine whose faithful performance of
present duty led him into higher posi
tions than he had ever dreamed of fill
ing, and gave him what we would all
like to reach—honor and success.
In the earlier years of my experience
as a printer in Chicago, more than
twenty years ago, our firm did a good
deal of printing for the Chicago, Bur
lington & Quincy Railroad, and, be
cause of this, I came to know a young
man who is the subject of my story.
He came from Massachusetts, he was
poor, and had no influential friend to
even give him a letter of reeomriienda
tion. He sought employment on the
Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad,
and, after waiting a time, at last se
cured a position as brakeman on a
freight train—salary about thirty dol
lars a month. He was faithful in this
position, aud, being both intelligent and
industrious, he was soon made con
ducts of the train, with wages nearly
doubled. He soon attracted the atten
tion of his superior oflieers, who saw in
him an honest, faithful and conscien
tious conductor, one not seeking his
own ease or pleasure, but constantly
devoted to the interests of the com
pany that employed him, so that not
many mouths elapseil before he was
made conductor of a passenger train—
a more comfortable position, and one
yielding a somewhat higher salary.
Here I first Knew him, and I saw in
him a modest, quiet, unassuming young
man, free from the popular vice's, and
one who tried to be just as faithful and
true and devoted to his work as a con
ductor as though the position had
been that of General Superintendent.
He did not apparently have a high opin
ion of his own abilities: there was a total
absence of that swagger and strut so
often seen in those who come to similar
subaltern positions. It seemed as
though he thought that to properly
conduct his train—to secure the com
fort of his passengers and rightly serve
the interests of lus company—required
the full exercise of all the powers God
had given him.
One of the sternest and most exact
ing, and yet one of the noblest, ablest
and most conscientious men who ever
filled a similar position was then Gen
eral Superintendent of the road. This
man, Col. C. G. Hammond, watched
every employe of the road with an
eagle's eye. He measured every man,
knew the ability of each, and seemed
intuitively to know which were the
faithful workers and which tlie lazy
shirks. Our young conductor did not
escape the keen eye. When he least
thought of it his chief was measuring
and sounding him. and finding out
what kind of metal lie was made of
but none ever knew whether he was
approved or not, for the chief's look
was always stern and cold as ice.
One Saturday morning train No. 4
moved slowly out of Chicago under the
care of my friend, who, only intent on
doing his work as well as he knew
how, seemed to have no higher ambi
tion than to be a good conductor
silarv $900 a year. About noon, when
he stopped at a station, he found a tele
gram from the heatf office, ordering
liim to "leave the train in the care of
and take the first train for Chi-
The conductor's heart sank lower
than ever. What before was only fear
ful foreboding, was now painful truth.
He had served the company to the best
of his ability. He had kept the affairs
of his train in complete order, his re
ports had been carefully and correctly
made and yet, after all, he had lost
his position he knew not why, and he
felt that his case was sad indeed. He
inwardly resolved that, having missed
his calling, he would quit railroading
and try some other service, where faith
ful work would be appreciated. He
dared not hope to reverse the decision
of the all-powerful official, yet in as
calm a voice as he could command, he
politely asked the reason for his sum
mary dismissal.
Col. Hammond waited a while before
he answered. Then the muscles of hi
face relaxed a little, and he said:
want an Assistant Superintendent in
my office, and I have called you to take
the place."
True worth is always modest, and
our thunderstruck conductor could only
stammer, "But I am not competent,
sir, to fill the position."
"Youcan do what I tell you you
can obey orders, can't you? That's all
you have to do, sir. You will begin
work this morning. That is your
The new duties were not as difficult
as he expected. At first he had only to
obey orders, and carry out the details
of work laid out by the chief, and to
these duties he brought the same faith
fulness and thoroughness that had made
him noticeable as a conductor. His
elevation did not spoil him or make
him vain. He was as plain, and modest,
and hard-working as before—the salary
at first was $1,800.
After a few years' service under Col.
Hammond, and an advance of salary
to $9,500, the plain young man was in
vited to take the office of General Su
perintendent of a younger road at a
salary of $4,000. Distrusting his owu
ability, but determined to do his best,
he aocepted the call, and succeeded.
V ,-ihsk*
J$he f^ohdo fahrottitU,
Tin CHBOXICU la published at tba Connty ml
•4 Tut, on* of the largest, richest, most central
lod populous counties la Iowa. It Is tb* oldest
paper la tbe County «nd one of tbe oldest In th*
Stat*—hailng been established in 18M. Its citc»
Istion being large and constantly Increasing, maks*
It a very desirable advertising medium for business
men and maunfactuten wishing to brinf thelf
good* and wares to th* notice at th* people
Central Iowa.
Advertising cates made knewnon application.
ersry description executed with neatness aW
itaprtch. Special attention paid to
Ton fa roc earnestly solicited.
until the C., B. & Q., realizing hovt
much they had lost in parting witli
him, invited him to resume his old po»
sition, and secured his services by tht
tempting oiler of $6,000 a year.
In the meantime. Col. Hammond had
become the General Superintendent of
the Union Pacific Railroad, running
from Omaha to Ogden, where it con
nects with the Central Pacific Railroad.
This Central Pacific Road was owned by
four or live millionaires who built it.
one of whom was its General Superin
tendent. However good a business
man he was, he knew but little about
railroading, and under his care th»
road was anything but prosperous, un
til the other owners and Directors re
solved upon a radical and sweeping
But where could they find a General
Superintendent who had the ability and
would dare to reorganize the roaa and
put its affairs upon a better basis. Thev
consulted Col. Hammond and other
railroad men, and the result was that,
most unexpectedly, our whilom modest
and liard-working conductor one day
received a telegram asking him if he
would undertake the duties of General
Superintendent of tho Central Pacilio
R. R. at a salary of $10,000. He was
satisfied with and appreciated by the
C. B. & Q., who proposed to increase
his pay to $7,000, and as he preferred
to remain in Chicago, lie declined the
princely offer made by the California
road. Then another telegram asked at
what salary he would become the chief
of the Central Pacific. Almost hoping
to discourage his tempters, he /tele
graphed. $13,000 a year in gold." At
once came the answer, "Accepted."
So, taken in his own trap, he had noth
ing to do but to bid adieu to the city
that had served him so well, and turn
his face toward the land of gold. My
story would be too long if I should fry
to tell you the unexpected difficulties
he encountered from the old officers of
the road, who had determined that they
would not be superseded, and thifct the
new Superintendent should never enter
upon his duties—how they, before his
arrival, set the whole press and people
of California against him—how, sup
ported by the Directors of the road, ho
quietly took control, disarmed preju
dice, conquered submission, and earned
This was nine years ago. He is still
General Superintendent of the Central
Pacific Railroad, one of the most im
portant railroads in the world. With
its connections in California, this quiet
man, not yet forty-eight years old, now
superintends 2,7 !4 miles of railroad
and over fifty connecting steamers, be
side dictating the tariffs of the China,
the Australian and the Panama lines of
steamships. While other young men,
preferring present ease and comfort to
the interests of their emplo\ors, wast
ing money and time in billiard halls,
theaters and drinking-saloons, Albion
N. Towne was at work, building up
character as well as reputation, and
now fills one of the most important po
sitions in California, and instead of
*560 a year, as brakeman on a freight
train, he now draws tho comfortable
salary of $20,000 a year in gold.
Lucky man," says one. "Luck"
had but little to do with it. Modest
worth did it. Work did it. FAITHFUL
This untiring faithfulness in tho hum
bler duties not only attracted the no
tice and won the appreciation of his
superiors, but fitted him for the higher
iositions, which, without his seeking,
was called to fill.
I have long desired to tell this story
of a young man's faithfulness and eon
sequent success, for I considered it a
lesson that boys and young men of tho
present day can study to advantage.—•
Alfred L. Sewell, in Home Arts, Chicago.
The "Petrified Man" Humbug.
Any doubt as to tlie real character of
the so-called petrified man of Colorado
is removed by the confession of Mr.
Fitch, one of its makers. Mr. Fitch is
the proprietor of a manufactory of arti
ficial stone, of a city in the northern
part of this State. He says that George
Hull, the maker of the Cardiff Giant,
called upon him in February, 1876,
and suggested the schcme. The statue
was made near Elkland, Pa., tho ma
terial used being Portland cement, col
ored with metallic brown. Human bones
were introduced where examination was
likely to be made, and to prevent in
jnry to tlw» itjipwr part of tlie UOtlV
the shin-bone of the cow was inserted
through the neck from the middle of
the head down to the point of the chest,
where the statue subsequently broke.
When it was completed it was bal^fd.
P. T. Barnum was then taken into the
arrangement, and he supplied money,
and under his directions the statue wa."
carefully boxed and shipped as fine ma
chinery, with a false bottom on steel
springs beneath it, to
ing what could be the matter con
scious that he had tried to do exactly
right, and yet remembering how exact
ing was the General Superintendent,
he feared that unintentionally he had
fallen under his displeasure. Reaching
Chicago late Saturday evening, he
found Col. Hammond had gone home,
and knowing how strict he was in his
observance of the Sabbath, the con
ductor waited impatiently for the com
ing Monday morning, when, with a
fearful heart, he presented himself at
the office of the Superintendent.
"Good morning, Mr. Hammond I
have received your telegram and come
to see what it means."
"Good morning," growled the chief,
"I see you have, sir I have concluded
to take your train away from you."
Bridgeport, Conn.,
in March, 1877, and thence to Colorado
Springs. The statue is now in a Broad
way cellar, w here one of the owners
has been introducing into its abdomen
a quantity of crystals which were in
tended to make it stand the final test of
scientific men.—N. Y. Evening Post,
Jan. '28.
DUBING the year 1876, the total pro
duction of amber in Prussia amounted
to 135 tons. The mine of Palmmcken
yielded eighty-live tons. The amber
was exported principally to Austria,
France, America, Russia, China and
Japan. The number of men employed
in Prussia by this industry is nearly
"THE wicked stand in slippery
places," but for a perfect picture of
reckless insecurity, you want to look at
a frightened woman trying to stand on
a camp-stool to keep out of the way of
a mouse.—Danbury News.
THE future greatness and destiny of
this country depends upon the virtue
and intelligence of the farmers.—Ex
NEW YORK. Feb. 5.1878.
9 &2S
FIjOUR—Good to Choice
WHEAT-N". 2 Chicago
COBN—Western Muted.
DATS—Western and State
WOOL—Domestic Fleece
HOGS—Live—Good to Choice
SHEEP—Common to Choice.
BUTTER—Fancy Creamery..
3.76 a
Good to Choice....
FLOUR—Choice Winter ......
Choice to Fine 8pring.
7 00
8.50 -r
QBAIN—Wheat. No. 2, Spring
Corn, No. 2
Oats, No. 2
Rye, No. 2
Barlev, No. 2-
BBOOM CORN—Choice Hod..
Good Medium-,•
Inside and Co*
pmswifii-^CnmmoP imd Fene'g 10.80
Medium J-™
HOGS-Gwxl. J-S

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