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The Toledo chronicle. (Toledo, Tama County, Iowa) 1873-1924, February 07, 1878, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84038485/1878-02-07/ed-1/seq-2/

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eral Ifews Summary
OOR6BHI.
Is the Senate, on the 29th, the Hons#
Joint resolution accepting Carpenter'n painting
"~frf Lincoln and his Cabinet, was agreed to—43 to
Mr. Beck called up and advocated the passage
a resolution previously submitted by him de
elarinp it unnecessary or inexpedient to main
fetio or impose tnxes at thi* time for the purpose
of providing for ^37.1^6.054.04 asked for^ by
flie Secretary of the Treasury for a sink
lug fund." The House Silver bill waa
further delmt^d, Mr. Wallace speakint? in
favor of, and Mes*re. Bayard. Dawes and Whyte
against, the maasure. Amendn/entn were sob-
all clel ...
over £'00—In the House, a resolution waa
adopted directing that the issue of passes for
admission to the floor of the House fe discon
tinued. A bill was passed—167 to 100-recogniz
ing the Woodruff Scientific Expedition around
the world.
A RESOLUTION was adopted, in the
Senate, on the 90th alt., asking information of
the President relative to the survey of lands in
the Indian Territory, and the Indian ownership
thereof. 'J he Silver bill was further considered,
and Mr. ChrUtmney submitted an amendment
providing for the coinage of silver dollar* of 434
grains each—nine-tenths pure silver and one
tenth alloy—to be a legal-tender for ail debts,
except when otherwise provided bv law or con
tract— In the House, a bill waa introduced and
referred prohibiting any further destruction of
leeal- tender notes, and making such notes legal
tender for customs duties. Toe bill cxtt-nJing
the time for the withdrawal of distilled spirits in
bond until July 1, was considered, and a substi
tute was adopted—140 to 112—declaring a reduc
tion of the tax on whisky inexpedient.
SEVERAL petitions were presented in
the Senate, on the 31st ult. Bille were passed—
appropriating $200,OC© for the erection of suita
ble posts for the protection of the Rio Grande
frontier to define tfte rights of persons with re
spect t« homestead entries on public domains.
The House joint resolution extending the thanks
of Con'.Tress to Henry M. Stanley, the explorer of
Central Africa, was unanimously agreed to. The
Silver bill waa further considered, and Messrs.
Morgan and iJooth submitted amendment*, after
which further consideration of the hiil was
jHstpontd until the 4th. to which date the Senate
adjourned ...In the Houv, a minoriu re
port was made from the Committee on Elections,
in the California contested-election case, against
Pacheco, tke sitting member, and in favor of
Wiyginton, the contestant, a minority report
being also made, taking opposite grounds. The
following additional appointments to commit
tees were announced by the Sneaker: Expendi
tures in the State Department. Turner and liun
dv in the Navy Department. I'ridemore and
Williams (Ore. i in the Postoffice Department,
Clark (MoJ and McKinle.v: in the War Depart
ment, Dickey and Heed in the Interior Depart
ment. Patterson and Pound. The Military Acad
emy Appropriation bill ($272,155.) w*m» considered
in Committee of the Whole.
THE Senate was not in session on the
1st—A bill was introduced and referred in the
House, to provide for funding the National d(*bt
in home bonds, convertible into currency. Mr.
I'akcr, of Indiana, rising to A question of privi
lege, recited certain st itements mrtd" to him in
writing, involving grave if not eiimina! conduct
on the part of the Door*eei er of the House,
which statements had since b^ n put into the
sham: of affidavits. He offered a levolution,
stating that John W. Polk, Doorkecp -r, lias been
guilty of corruption and malfeasance in
office that he has required employes
to pav to other employes^ part of their salaries,
and that he is interested in claims and hills now
pending before Congress, and direct.ng the Com
mittee on Rules to inquire into the truth or fal
sity of such allegations. After a lengthy and
spirited discussion, the previous question was
seconded and the motion was passed, after being
modified so as to direct the investigation to be
made by the Committe on Reform in the Civi)
Service. Adjourned to the 4th.
SEVERAL petitions were presented
and referred in the Senate, on the 4th, and a
number of reports of committees were made on
bills previously introduced. Bills were
introduced
—to incorporate the National Pa ific Railroad &
Telegraph Company: supplementary to the joint
resolution in relation to the Paris Exposition,au
thor!/. n: the President to appoint eig ite-n addi
tional Commissioners. The Silver bill wjis taken
up, and Mr. Beck submitted an amendment rela
tive to the purchase of silvtr bullion, after which
Mr. Bayard spoke in opposition to the
bill In the House, bills were intro
duced-authorizing the payment of customs
in legal-tender notes: providing that all Ixmds
hereafter issued by the (iovernment shall le
payable, principal and int«reht. in gold, silver,
or legal-tender notes: for a »nstitnt onal amend
ment providing for the election of President by
a direct vote of the people: making receivers of
railroad c»norations amenable to proccss-?. and
judgments of Courts of the several States through
which said railroads are run to reorganize the
Judiciary. The Consular and Diplomatic Ap
propriation bill wis reported from committee.
An affidavit was presented and referred from the
Doorkeeper, denying, as utterly without founda
tion. the charges against his official^ integrity,
and he earnestly requested an investigation on
the part of the House.
DOMESTIC*
IT was stated, on the 30th ult., that
arrangements had been made by the Secretary
of the Treasury to receivc, in payment of sub
scriptions to the 4-per-cent. loan, coiu or cur
rency checks drawn on banks or bankers in
New York. The currency checks will be con
verted into coin at current rates, without ex
pense to the owner, and any excess over the
amount due on the subscription will be re
turned to the subscriber. Similar arrange
ments would be made, if found necessary, In
other cities haviDg Sub-Treasury offices.
THE steamship Metropolis, bound
from Philadelphia to Brazil, having on board
between 300 and 300 engineers and railroad la
borers, went ashore, in a terrible storm, and
was wrecked, on the North Carolina coast,
three miles south of Currituck Light-House,
on the evening of the 31st ult., and it was
thought, on the morning of the 2d, that at
least 200 persons had perished.
THE public-debt statement, as pub*
lislied on the 1st, indicates the following:
Total debt (including intcrestof $32,427,834),
$2,215,455,845 cagh in Treasury, $171,168,
479 debt less cash in Treasury, $2,044,287,
306. Decrease during January, $l,tifis,07t. De
crease since June 30, 1877, $15,870,857.
A WASHINGTON telegram ot the 1st
states that the Secretary of the. Treasury de
sires all drafts sent him in payment of the 4
per cent, loan to be drawn payable to his order,
j" or they cannot be received.
THE Third Assistant Postmaster
General has notified the Postmaster at New
I York City that the trade dollars not being a
legal tender the latter
is not obliged to receive
(them in payment of postage, etc.
AT Malone, N. Y., on the 1st, Joseph
Woods was executed, by hanging, for the
|murdcr of Stephen Woods.
A DISPATCH from Gen. Miles, dated
Port Keogh, Jan. 25, as received at St. Baul,
dinn., on the 3d. The main body of his field
{force was en route to Fort Peck. He confirms
he previous report that Sitting Bull waa on
|his side of the boundary line, and was roam
ng where he pleased on American soil. Gen.
Hiles inquires of Gen. Terry as to the status
bf Sitting Bull, and how he shall be treated in
he possible event of his bring met and over
omc in a trial of arms. A courier left on the
d, with a reply from Gen. Terry.
THERE were fifty-two failures in Chi
ago daring the month of January. The to*
liabilities were Secured, $810,196 unse
ured, $1,341,875.
ARRANGEMENTS were perfected, on
be 2d, to reopen the Topeka (Kan.) Bank and
uvings Institution, the depositors agreeing
give six months' time, all deposits uuder
1100 to be paid 50 per cent, on the reopening.
|LD examination of the uflairn of the bank
bowed the total liabilities to be $140,000, and
assets that are good $258,000.
WILLIAM WEINERS was hanged at
Louis, on the 1st, for the murder, over a
•ear ago, of a saloon-keeper named A. V.
awrence. On the same day a colored man
led Philip Watson was hanged at Coving
bn, Ky., for the murder of his wife last fall.
ON the night of the 31st ult., a wave
irept over a portion of Covey Island, near
lew York, aud carried away four houses and
cir sleeping occupants. About a dozen per
re drowned.
THERE were 130 failures in New York
Ity during January. Liabilities, $7,ll£^0d$|
ets, $1,433,639.
[ACCORDING to NorJpHt (Va.) specials
the 3d, the MetroioJis, which re
•ntly foundered off the coast of North Caro
waftr-fn all rcspects unseaworthy, its tim
biiog like rotten punk, and, both in re
to its construction aud apiwintmente,
i vessel being a veritable death-trap. An
empt would be made to hold the owners
and
Dtrdctor* responsible. The vessel had on
itractorn
r( Sp
,me ve«
«t ^-r^VJNinjS
i *r ***&**• ^4^'
THE President, on the 30th ult., ap
pointed the following Honorary Commission
cr& to the Paris Industrial Exhibition: Alex
ander McLeod, of Delaware Joseph G.
Thorpe and Robert N. Baker, of Wisconsin,
and Jolm W. "Mackey and W. S. Keys, of
Nevada.
JUSTICE CLIFFORD, of the United
States Supreme Court, attended a State dinner
at the White House, on the 30th ult. This is
bis first social recognition of Mr. Hayes.
ON the 30th ult., Mr. Hugh J. JeWett,
Receiver of the Erie Railroad ot New York,
was held to bail in the sum of $20,000 to an
swer to the charge of perjury in swearing to
alleged false statements of the condition of
the road. The complaint was made by an En
glish stockholder.
THOMAS I.ORD, Sr., of New York, th€
wealthy old gentleman who recently married
the Widow Hicks and thereby incurred the dis
pleasure of his sons, has recently come out
from his retirement, and will hotly coutest the
suit brought against for bis alleged lunacy.
He has engaged the services of the law firm of
ex-Judge Porter.
A NEW ORLEANS dispatch of the 3d
states that J. Madison Wells, in accordance
with an arrangement made on that day, had
surrendered to Sheriff Houston, at Rigolets
Station, on the New Orleans & Mobile Rail
road, w here he had been sojourning since his
departure from New Orleans, about a week
before. He was taken to the Parish Prison in
New Orleans, on the 4th, and his bail was
fixed at $^1,000.
EX-STATE SENATOR HARRY GENET,
one of the New York Tammany Ring: fugi
tives, 6urreudered to the authorities, on the
4th, and gave bail in the sum of $36,000.
FOUEIG*.
RUSSIAN papers of the 30th ult. re
port that typhus fever prevailed among the
Russians in the Caucasus and Armenia to such
an extent as almost to equal the plague in
destructivcncss.
AH
Adiianople dispatch of the 30th
ult. says all the Turkish troops within the
Quadrilateral had been retired upon the for
tresses.
ACCORDING
to Athens dispatches of
the 31st ult., Thessaly had demauded of
Greecc protection and assistance in her war
with Turkey. The Grecian Chamber was
holdiug a secret sitting to consider the de
mand. Twenty-four Commuues in Thessaly
had formed a Provisional Government.
THE Pope has ratified the plans for
the reconstruction of the Scottish Hierarchy,
and appointed. two Archbishops and four
SuSragaus.
ON the evening of the Slst ult., a
meeting called in Loudon in the interest of
peace was captured and broken up by the war
element. The feeling against Russia had be
come intense.
THE Cretan insurgents have formal
ly decreed the annexation of the island to
Greece.
GEORGE CEUIKSHANK, the well
known British artist and caricaturist, is dead.
A BUCHAREST dispatch of the 1st
says orders had been issued to all Russian col
to stop where they are and await fur
ther instructions.
A VIENNA telegram of the 1st says it
had been decided to bold the European Con
ference which was to follow peace in that city.
AN Adiianople dispatch of the 3d
says the peace preliminaries between Russia
and Turkey had at last been signed, and that
they wire substantially as heretofore pub
lished, except that instead of war-indemnity
Turkey agrees to surrender Erzeroum and the
Danubian fortresses.
A BERLIN telegram of the 3d says
Russia had formally notified Roumania of her
intention to annex Bessarabia, tffrmg her, in
exchange therefor, territory iu the Dobrud
schu.
ROTTMANIA has notified the Powers
that, as a belligerent, she claims the right to
participate in the forthcoming European con
ferenee.-
AN
Athens telegram of the 3d says
10,000 Greek regulars had crossed the frontier
into Thessaly. the ostensible object being said i
to be the protection of the Christian subjects
of Turkey from massacre at the hands of their
fanatical Mohammedan neighbors. The entire
Turkish fleet had been ordered to the Piraeus.
THE blockade of the Black Sea be
tween Constantinople and Odessa has been
raised.
THE different Servian Commanders
have been ordered to sus)end hostilities.
AN Athens dispatch Of the 4th an
nounces the capture of Pnmwo in Epirus.
Ths(i:ee shad 50 ki. led and captured 1,300
prisoners. The Eeys of Epirus had submitted
to Greece.
AT Calais, France, on the evening of
the (1 durh's a icus performance, some one
raised n alarm i tiro. A auie resulted, and
ten persons were trampled to death *nd manj
others badly i jun d.
VIENNA dispatches of the 4th say it
had transpired that Russia was concentrating
a v.-ry large force in uni inia, to be used
agiainst Austria in the event of armed opposi
tion to the pea e con 1 tions. Russia had
ordered the raising of forty l^ttalious of new
troops.
LATE Montenegrin advices are to the
effect that Montenegro was inclined to disre
gard the armistice and continue the war. It
was reported, on the 4th, that she was about
to attack Scutari.
ADVICES from China, received at
London o the mornin of the 4th, state that
an asylum for vv. men and children at Tien
in, a been rncd, and over 2,0 0 perished
in the fire. Nine 1 otis of people were re*
pored destitute in N rthem China, and the
Foreign Relief onimfttee had :de an appeal
ft&d America for aid.
e!
•rd a verv !«r*e Sou.h American mil, the RUt
of which was rifled b, human
plun-lured the corj#e* that were thrown
on the beach, and robbed r.he n even of ttair
PERSONAL AND PALI flCAl*
asEE members of the Louisiana
Diner Bfitrd— Anderson, CManare and
Bner—were brought into court nt New
on the tod the trial of the fir
Artificial Pearls^./',
To svieli perfection lias anu
faeture of artificial pearls been carried
that none but connoisseurs can readily
distinguish the real from the false. The
manufacture has gradually spread from
France to Italy and Turkey, and pearls
of all kinds of form and color are now
made. At the Exposition of the Prod
ucts of French Industry, at Paris, in
1856, high reputation had been attained
for these imitation pearls which were
so admirably made by M. Constant
Vales, that it was impossible at first
sight to distinguish the real from the
false, strung alternately on the same
string, anl there is also claimed for
them the merit of not being affected fiy
perspiration, water, or any other effect
of wear. He received a silver medal
.then from the jury, and the perfection
of French imitation pearls has been sus
tained at subsequent International Ex
hibitions up to the present day. At the
same Exhibition another maker showed
four strings of pearls, two of them real
and two false, which the uninitiated
nan on not distinguish, yet one may be
K
v -5^ '^ifSf v*-v. ft^, rT
mmM
Present Series VOLUME XII
named person was formally commenced, a
change of venue having first been denied.
Anderson's counsel, on the motion for a
change of venue, alleged that the defend
ant could not have a fair trial in that
parish, the prejudice against him
li ivisg increased during the preceding few
days. The Judge stated that the jury had
been drawn in the most imp»rtial manner, and
was composed ol' conscientious, honest men,
of unimpeachable character. The defense
took a bill of exception* to the ruling of the
Court., aft'er which the impaneling of the jury
was bogun. A full Jury, composed of ten
white and two eolored men, was secured, on
the 29th.
gW^°S8
IOWA STATE NEWS.
THE State Medical Association met at DES
Moines, on the Slst ult. A committee was
appointed to aid the bill now pendin^th the
Assembly for the regulation of the practice of
medicine and the establishment of a State
Board of Health. A resolution against State
aid to Medical Colleges as departments was
adopted. The following officers were elected
for the year: President, A. M. Carpenter, of
Keokuk Vice-Presidents, D. W. Crouse, of
Waterloo, and G. W. Custer, of Marshalltown
Secretary, J. F. Kennedy, of DesMoines As
sistant-Secretary, G. W. Grant, of Davenport
Treasurer, «. R. Stanner, of Cedar Rapids.
Davenport was fixed on as the place of next
meeting. The standing committees were ap
pointed, and nine Delegates appointed to the
American Medical Association.
GEORGE GINDER, a prominent Marshalltown
merchant, failed, on the Slst ult.
TOM ALSOP, of Centre Grove, and his son
were buried alive at the foot of alead stypft, on
the 31st ult Up to the morning of the 2d
their bodies had not been recovered.
Two MEY, named Paul Sehultz and George
Benn, fell to quarreling in Schemm^ll's filSocn,
at DyerBvllle, when Sehultz drew a knife and
stabbed Benn several times in the head and
neck, inflicting fatal injuries.
THE latest reports from St. Louis give the
following as the eurreut prices for leading
staples: Flour—XXX, Fall, .55.70(^5.90.
Wheat—No. 3 Red, Fall, $1.12^(721.13 No. 2
Spring, [email protected] Corn—No. 2 Mixed,
[email protected],1-£c Rye—No. olftiol^c Oats—
24S£4 Pork —$11.00^11.10 Lard
7^@7Kc Hogs—[email protected] Cattle—$3.50
@5.50.
THE LEGISLATPRS.
SENATE.—On the 28th, bills were in
troduced—relating to the introduction of wit
nesses in criminal eases: providing for the com
mutation of the sentence of criminals in the ad
ditional Penitentiary at Anamosa for pood be
to abolish preliminary examinations in
i: in relation to loinstruments
and
thereon lo prohibit Ju-^ue? of the
certain
pro.f c-dira
Peace and Btto the
ullice requiring (\mntv K
provide and kerp on tile an attract of tl:
nientsot the Cnr.ed St ites District and
Court« to provide f«ir ditching lanrln by open
or tile drains in relation to taxes vot* in aid
of railroads. Resolutions were introduced—to
amend the rules to require that the object of
every bill shall be expressed in the title. The
House resolution instructing- the Senators and
requesting Representative* of Iowa to vote for
the repeal of tne Bankrupt law earne up. and
was read a third time. A substitute v.as offered
that in the judgment of the General Assembly
the law should be repealed immediately, but not
instrii' tiiii: the Senators and Representatives.
The substitute was adopted, and afterward re
considered, and a substitute was moved favoring:
snehamendments of the law as should corrert ita
abuses. Quite an extensive debate followed.
Adjournment was had before a vote was reached.
HOUSE.—Bills were introduced—to
authorize cities of the first anil second class S
provide for the construction of levees: requiring
School Boards to adopt text-books for the use of
schools fixing the eomprnsation of Sheriffs to
reduce the charges for Supreme Court reports to
three dollais per volume in relation to the nego
tiability of notes tdven for patent rights to pre
vent the spread ot the coekle-buiT and Canada
thistles. An solution was intioduced—that all
resolutions on National finance be submitted to
the House without debate, which was tabled after
some dohate. Th«- bill to procure the ri«_'h.t of
way over railroad brides across the Mississippi
River, was taken up and passed. The House
voted to take only one session a
day until further
ordered.
SENATE.—Bills were introduced, on
the 2Dth, to collect taxes
semi-annually to amend
the laws for the payment of taxes in the cities
existing under special ehartcrs providing for the
election of Township Treasurer of Schools in
stead of a District Treasurer limiting the fees of
attorneys appoinU-d by the Court to defend per
sons charged with erimcs: f?r the assessment of
telegraph lines relative to the liability of rail
road companies for failing to make'sufbeient
cattle-guards. The ievolution providing that all
appropriation bills shall be presented to th- Gen
eral Assembly by Thursday of the third week of
the session, and reported from eommitt'-es by
Thursday of the sixth week, and made special
order until disposed of, was adopted. The visit
ing committee was dirented to report by ihe 10th
of February. The joint, resolution requesting
Senators and Hepresi-utatives in Congress to vote
for such amendments to the Bankrupt law as
shall prevent injustice to creditors ami render
the Law more effective, was pjissed.
HOI'.SE.—Bills were introduced—to
make County Superintendents arbitrators in
case of disagreement of School Boards in regard
to children attending schools requiring defend
ants to demur or set .aside indictment within a
certain time providing the penalty of death
for murder and rape: to restore capital punish
ment ior murder in the first degree to amend
the Liquor law to provide for the pres^rvativdi
and better distribution of hsh by the erection of
fishways and dams to protect native forests to
regulate the driving and herding of cattle in re
lation to the compensation of members, officers
and employes of the General Assembly to amend
the acts of the Sixteenth General Assembly in
relation to bonded county indebtedness.
SENATE.—On the 30th, bills were in
troduced—to give Justices exclusive jurisdiction
in cases of $30 to punish the fraudulent trans
fer of property bought on credit: to require Su
pervisors to settle with the County Treasurers
three times a year. The Judiciary Committee
was instructed to inquire into the legality of
banks organized under the State law, as relating
to the Bankrupt law.
HOUSE.—The bill authorizing incor
porated towns to extend their boundaries was
lost—25 to 71. The Committee on Federal Rela
tions reported a snlwtitute for all resolutions re
lating to National finances, Which were made the
special order for Feb. 6. Rills were introduced
to include ale and beer hi the Prohibitory law to
abolish appropriations to county agricultural
societies to repeal the lawgiving Com ty Treas
urers 2 per cent. on collections to punish officers
of insolvent Imnks receiving deposits by impris
onment in the Penitentiary to require
one-half the ro id tax to le aid in
cash to exempt the operation of the
Railroad Tariff la v from roads le*s thin ten
miles long: to
establsh a StiteL'nard of I ha?
maevforthe reguhition of apothecaries: to ev
tabli-h a Sta e No mal S'In ol a" Leira- s to re
quire ed .e d.vision femes, trimmed forty
eight inches au'.loiT'c hool Foards tore
move the S«vtetiirv to uive Justices of the Peace
exclusive jurisdiet:on in sums legs timn to
punish the fraudulent disposdof rropc.typ-r
chased on credit, and the fraudulent tr irisler of
ral property «o place road taxes un ier the con
trol of Tov nship Trustees: to fix the ?alar,'of
Judges of the Supreme C'onrt a* *0X00. of Dislri
and ircuit Judges at v IK), and mileage for 1L
The State institutions are ordered to make a de
tailed rei ort of «I1 the expenses for two years
within fifteen dai-a.
SENATE.—Very little business was
transacted on the 31st.
HOUSE.—A bill was passed amend
ing the law relating to special terms of court.
Both houses inet in Joint Convention and elected
Matt i'arrott, State iJinder E. C. McMillan.
Warden of the Fort Madison Fenitentiary. ami
A. E. Martin, Warden of the Anamosa Peniten
tiary.
SENATE.—On the 1st, little business
was done beyond disposing of the Governor's
Message. The Senate voted to take a recess until
the 7th.
HOUSE.—Numerous bills were intro
duced. A bill iassed to amend the Code in rela
tion to incorporated towns making Trustees
elected for three yean. A reccss was taken until
the 7th.
PERSONAL VTfD LITERARY.
—Fannie Kemble is sixty-five years
of age, and weighs nearly 200 pounds.
—(Jen. Grant refused to authorize the
illustrated papers of Paris to print his
portrait.
—Mr. Elihu Burritt's health has so
much improved that he hopes to be out
again next spring.
—Judge Ililton, who seems to know
everything about the Stewart family,
says that Mrs. A. T. Stewart will never
marry again.
—Gen. 1). H. Hill, the ex-Confeder
ate, a brother-in-law of Sonewall Jack
son. has a Bible class of 200 members
in Charlotte, N. C.
—It is said that Winslow, the Boston
forger, recently visited three of his
friends in that city, and that his hiding
place is not 500 miles away.
—President Taylor's grave, in Jeffer
son County, Ky., is unmarked by any
monument and Gov. McCreary, of
Kentucky, wishes the State Legislature
to call upon Congress to put up one.
—The oldeo'. member of the House of
Representatives is Mr. Patterson, of
New York, who is almost seventy-nine
years old. The youngest member is
Mr. Kenna, of West Virginia, who is
twenty-nine years old.
—Miss Susan B. Anthony has sent
$200 to assist in defraying the expenses
of the Woman Suffrage organization
that recently met in Washington, and
it is said that she contributes every year
as much money to aid the cause as all
the rest of its advocates.
—Miss Tabitba A. Hojton, who has
just been admitted by the Supreme
»nd
houls, the other £700. As false pewto are too
perfect in form, in shape and light, it
became necassarv to imitate the imper
fections of nature, and this is now ef
fectively done.—AT. Y. Graphic.
"I'ZE BIGHT," shouted a military
cSoer to hi« company. Well," grunt
ed a green private, nobody said you
right."
Court of North Carolina, to practice at
the Bar of that State, is the daughter
i of a clergyman and is only twenty-two
yp-
years of age, small in figure, and of
modest, unassuming irianners.
—Was ever there a sadder episode in
human experience than the Charlie
Ross abduction? There is not a parent
in all this round world whose heart
does not go out in deepest sympathy fbr
that fond father and anguished mother,
who are bending beneath the weight of
sorrow and disappointment which the
loss of their pretty, curly-headed boy
has brought upon them.—Rochester
Democrat.
—To a correspondent who talked with
President Hayes recently the latter
said: I don't mind the callets who
merely want to shako hands. They
often help me out of a d^emma. For
example, I may have sola? persistenj
obdurate office-seeker or "ollice-man#
ger. He will press his point, perhaps',
until lie has put his knees against mijie
and demands a 'yes' or 'no.' It may
be that I feel rising temper at his ag
gressiveness Then I think of the peo
ple outside. They are always let in on
presentation of a card saying respects
only.' I see some of them at the in
stant, desirous to shake hands. So I
turn from the unpleasant caller, and
while I talk a minute to th! people,
have a chance i^ calm my mind, and
prepare to answer the question."
A Survivor's Account of the Loss of
the Steamship Metropolis.
James F. Alcorn, temporarily at
tached to the Metropolis, formerly an
officer in the United States Navy, and a
journalist in Boston, makes the follow
ing statement:.
On Wednesday night, at nine o'clock,
I was called by the Mate to assist the
carpenter in stopping a leak around the
rudder trunk. Found the stern-post
loose, and ^so reported. Remained at
the post, using all possible exertions to
stop the leak or prevent its increase,
until about 5:30 a. m., when I was
called on deck, and found the ship a
partial wreck. One of the port boats
was hanging over the side by her bow
tackle to the davit, the smoke-stack
£one, and the ship heading for the
beach. Reached the forecutter, and,
obedience to an order from the
Captain, commenced to start the
water in the oasks stored forward to
hten the ship was assisted in so
doing by the carpenter and one
of the Quartermasters, who was after
ward drowned. Finding the Mate, sug
gested sail should be made by setting
the foresail, and, on getting his con
sent, went aloft and, assisted by Charles
Seaman, loosed the foresail and suc
ceeded in setting the sail, which re
mained but a few minutes until carried
away, and it was necessary to clew up
the port wing of the sail. Shortly after
the ship struck heavily amidships, evi
dently breaking her back, but she con
tinued to drive on the beach. The ad
mirable management of the helm, as
sisted by the foresail, maintained the
ship's position head on until fairly
beached. I then took my station on the
hurricane-deck, with the desire
assist the Commander and
oflieers in maintaining order. Some
one raised the cry of tire, which
was quickly found to be a false alarm.
Soon after this the mainmast went,
and she began to break up rapidly, the
first seas that boarded her having de
stroyed or crippled all the remaining
boats but the dingy, which was at
tached to the starboard forward davits
Upon that boat I placed my chief hope
of safety, provided I could maintain
possession of the boat for sending a line
ashore at low water. But while my at
tention was otherwise engaged, the
boat was lowered and my purpose de
feated, while she, without any manage
ment, save the Providence of God, was
borne to the beach—a perfect ark of
afety" for the six or seven poor fel
lows who had the courage to secure the
opportunity.
During the trying hours of the day.
several of the ill-fated passengers,
bravely intrusting themselves to the
tide, evidently lost heart with the pas
i of the tirst breaker over their
heads, and, abandoning all hope, sank
ithout a struggle. Others, either
washed or leaping off the wreck, would
almost seem to have committed sui
cide, so deliberately did they bury their
heads beneath the waves and meet their
doom.
Toward evening the Second Officer,
Mr. Couzzins, having behaved with ad
mirable gallantry throughout the day,
proposed a passage to the shore, and,
taking leave of the narrator, left the
ship, falling Jpul of a mass of
wreck under the ship's bow, which
had been fatal to many during
the afternoon. Here he became en
tangled, but the gallant fellow, using
a small pocket-knife, labored on, while
a dozen heavy breakers passed over
him, and succeeded in cutting several
ropes that confined the mass of wreck
tc the hull, and was swept away with
it to the northward along the beach. 1
happy to say lie succeeded in extri
cating himself, and in landing safely.
The foremast falling aft. and the
foresail being still partially spread, sev
eral were either killed by its fall or
buried beneath the mass of the sail in
such a way as made death certain. One
young man, particularly conspicuous
for his daring during the day, at last
sought refuge on the topsail vard, evi
dently in the hope that the mast would
fall over the bows or side. Of course,
instant death was the result of his mis
take on the fall of the mast.
At about 4:30, or perhaps 5 p. m.,
the midship body of the hull, tne fore
body being already gone, began to
break up rapidly. While I urged all who
would listen to me to trust themselves
to Providence, the waves and their life
preservers. Many did so, and the ma
jority with success. At length the
closing scene was upon us. The lower
deck beams gave way and the star
board broadside, giving a few more
heavy shocks from the surf, sank slow
ly beneath the waves. Then the narra
tor, assured that neither advice nor ex
ample could be of service longer,
struck out for the beach and fortunate
ly reached it, but in such an exhausted
state that he would have certainly gone
to sea a victim of the undertow but for
friendly hands and aid.
The Captain and his officers are
highly commended. Quartermaster
Poland made three attempts to get a
line ashore, and only gave up when the
line proved too short, and Timothy
O'Brien, on reaching the shore himself,
returned into the water and rescued
some fifty persons as they were dashed
toward him by the waves.
The scattered dwellers along the
coast are given warm praise for
prompt aid and munificent hospitality.
Black Woolen Dresses—Hint! n
Spring Styles.
The black cashmere or camel's-halr
dresses worn 'n the day-time by young
ladies are brightened by vests of cardi
nal red silk. The waist is a habit
basque, with square plaited postilion
behind, while the black fronts are
sloped away gradually from the throat
to the sides, disclosing the red silk vest
below. This vest may be sewed in with
the basque, or it may be a separate
waist-coat with a cambric back and
armholes, or else it is shaped like a
chemisette, coveting the shoulders and
extending in a point behind to the belt.
The neck is finished with a very high
collar of the cashmeres lined with red
silk, and it may be there are one or
two knife-plaited frills of red silk
doubled and placed erect inside the
*i n* .•'*
•1
DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF TAMA CMJXTf
collar. A sailor knot of the cashmere
faced with silk is at the throat. The
skirt has lengthwise plaitings covering
the front gore these are made of cash
mere, but the inside of each plait is
also silk. On the side gores are scarf
draperies, which have the effect of an
over-skirt in the back. Black camel's
hair polonaises are made with velvet
sleeves, velvet belt and plastron, and
are worn over a silk skirt that has a
velvet flounce covering all that part
which is visible. Other midwinter
suitsjiave polonaises of bourette, with
velvet skirts and velvet bonnets the
polonaise and .the bonnets are then
.widely trimmed with a band of fur.
%}laek marten fur bands, with white
silvery points sewed in, are used on
such garments.
Though we are still in mid-winter,
correspondents who prepare their ward
robes themselves are already asking for
hints of the styles that will be worn in
the sprifig. The indications are that
the •hort costume with a cut-away coat
and vest will be very popularly worn in
woolen materials for early spring. An
over-skirt will be worn with this basque,
and the lower skirt will he without
flounces, or else laid in kilt plaits.
Various shapes will be used for the
front of the coats, some of which will
dispense with vests, but there will be
many vests worn. The basques will be
in habit shapes, square-cornered or
sloping, but with few curves, and very
masculine in appearance, therefore
very simple in design, and almost whol
ly without trimming except ornamental
stitching and buttons.
For spring wraps, light gray, brown
or dark blue twilled and basket cloths
will be made up in jackets very similar
to those just described, though without
vests. They will have rolling collars,
and will button thence to the waist
there will be a seam at the wrist lineou
the sides and back, and the poeket-flaps
will be sewed in this seam, which ex
tends horizontally. A silk braid bind
ing, or else stitched edges, will give the
simple finish.
The polonaise with broad belts in
front will become more generally worn.
At present they are most used in very
rich materials, but will soon be adopted
for plain woolens. The back will re
main in princesse shape, bv.t for these
materials the front will be slightly
gathered, giving the full blouse effect
that is so becoming to the figure. The
fancy for using fringes headed with
galloons for trimming these polonaises
will continue the fringe, however,
will be confined to the front, and sides,
while the back will have only the gal
loon.
For wash dresses the pretty yoke
waists aud plaited blouses introduced,
or rather revived, last fall will be the
appropriate designs. Deep sailor col
lars and belts with buckles will be worn
with such waists. During the month of
February merchants make a point of
displaying wash goods, such as Scotch
ginghams, soft-finished percales, linen
lawns and prints, and ladies do well to
make their selections then for summer
dresses, and make them up in the leis
ure and quiet of Lenten days. There
is nothing known yet about the shape
of skirts and over-skirts, but it is gen
erally safe to make the long over-skirts
that are simply hemmed and easily
laundried. It is rumored again, how
ever, that these are to eive place to
shorter over-skirts, anil that many
house dresses will have but one skirt
still the long over-skirt is too popular
to be suddenly banished. Flowing back
breadths have been stylish all winter
for trained dresses, and it is probable
there will be more fullness than former
ly in skirts of thin dresses, especially,
when worn without an over-skirt.—
Harper's Bazar.
Gravity in the Moons of Mars.
We are able to consider the relations
of inert matter in worlds where gravity
is so small as it must be in the Martian
moons. It has been said, by myself
among others, that building and all en
gineering processes would be much
easier in a world where gravity is very
small than in our own world. But if
less arduous, so far as mere labor is
concerned, they would in some respects
be far more difficult. Much more skill
would be required to give adequate
stability to buildings, made even of the
most solid materials, in a world where
all weights are so much reduced. Sup
pose even platinum were available in
sufficient quantities for architectural
purposes, yet a block of platinum of
given size would press downward with
less force there than a block of deal
wood of about one-twentieth its size on
our earth. Whewell has well described
in his Bridgewater treatise the effects
of a great reduc*fcn in the force of
gravity, though he is not there consider
ing life in other worlds, but the import
ance (which many are apt to overlook)
of those portions" of our earth's frame
which lie far below the deepest mines
ever yet dug by man. If the interior of
our earth could be scooped out and re
moved, we should in fact suffer from
precisely the same inconveniences as
would affect creatures like ourselves
living in the moons of Mars.
We should, indeed, find ourselves
living like them in dread and
terror. "Things," Whewell truly says,
would not lie where we placed thein,
but would slide away with the slightest
push. We should have a difficulty in
standing or walking, something like
that we have on shipboard when the
deck is inclined: and we should stajrger
helplessly through an atmosphere thin
ner than that which oppresses the
respiration of the traveler on the tops
of the highest mountains." It is
hard," says the ingenious writer in the
tipectntor, "to conceive even a one
storied house holding together," in the
Martian moon world, against any
serious lateral blows." Projectiles
would be no less deadly than in our
own world. But the range which pro
jectiles such as ours would obtain in
such a world would render close fight
ing impossible on the one hand, and
efficient aiming impossible on the
other. A Krupp cannon, for instance,
whose greatest range on our earth is,
let us say, five miles, would on the
Martian moon fire a projectile which
would leave that moon forever, and the
recoil of the cannon would probably
carry it half a dozen miles away from
the firing point. Much weaker pro
jectile force would have to be em
ployed, and less mischief would be done
on this account, and also because any
liviDg body struck by one of these pro
jectiles would give way before it much
more readily than a similar body simi
larly struck on our own earth.—Richard
4- Proctor, in Belgravia.
AN amusing incident recently oc
curred in a church near Sellersville,
Bucks County, Pa. The minister was
preaching in German, and delivering a
very interesting discourse, when he
was disturbea by two young men
whispering in the gallery. Finally he
stopped and suggested to them that if
they wanted to talk he would cease and
allow them to say what they wished, but
that their whispering annoyed him.
One of them had presence of mind, and
arose and informed the preacher that
his friend could not understand a word
of German, and that if he did not trans
late it to him he would lose all the val
uable discourse. This completely took
the wind out of the sails of the minis
ter. Though it was pretty certain that
the two men were talking about some
thing else, the assurance of the whis
perer brought him out first best.
TOfcEDO, TAMA COUNTY, IOWA, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY T, 1878. NUMBER 6.
"A Jolly Joke" Turns Ont to be a
Somewhat Serious Hatter.
The good people in La Veta and
vicinity have been considerably exer
cised of late over a triple wedding
which occurred at that place last Sun
day night, under most peculiar circum
stances. Messrs. F. D. McHolland and
E. A. Palmer, and another gentleman
whose name has not yet reached Den
ver, were calling on three young ladies,
named respectively Kate Lewis, Addie
Patterson and Laura Patterson. The
conversation ranged upon the general
topics of the day for a short time, but
the six gradually paired off, Mr. Mc
Holland and Miss Lewis occupying one
part of the room, Mr. Palmer and Miss
Patterson another, and the third gen
tleman and Miss Laura Patterson still
another. All proceeded merrily. Mr.
McHolland gradually warmed up to his
subject, and at last exclaimed, dyring
a brief general conversation:
Wouldn't it be nice for all of us to
be married?"
"Wouldn't it, now?" said one of the
ladies.
Just the thing!" said another gen
tleman.
Splendid!" said another lady.
"I'm in for it!" said another gentle
man.
Put'er thar, old pard!" said his
riend.
Well, now, this is really growing
interesting," said one of the ladies.
I suppose we'll be married before
morning?"
"Yes," responded the first speaker
married, and well of it."
"Shall I go for the doctor?" asked
one of the gentleman.
Chorus—" Yes make no delaj'. Let
no dust stick to the bottom of your
soles. It's a desperate case."
And off he went.
Ain't this fun, though?" queried
one girl, as the interested messenger
was seen to turn the corner.
"The jolliest game!" said the second.
The messenger flew with the speed of
Mercury himself. VV. A. Tofi'elmirc
was the doctor" before whom he laid
the case. Now, Mr. Totl'elmire is a
Justice of the Peace, fully authorized
by law to solemnize the rite of matri
mony. He Was at his house waiting for
something to turn up. No delay was
necessary. He went immediately to the
place where he was told that his services
were required. No license is necessary
for marriage in this State. He called
the young parties into the middle of
the parlor floor. With a few words
solemnly spoken and in due form of
law, he pronounced the words that
made three of six, and united forever
the destinies of thesc^adventurous cou
ples.
After the ceremony was performed,
one of the ladies declared that she had
never been a party to such a jolly
joke in all her born days."
Joke!" exclaimed the Judge.
Joke! If you think you'll find this a
joke, you are very much mistaken.
You're tied as tight as Haman when he
was hung."
No joke! Horrors! What a time for
faints! Blank looks took the place of
joyous countenances. The pulses of
the young ladies fell below zero from
the boiling point in an instant. They
had not intended to be married, but
they were.
It was a joke, and such a joke as
others might laugh at more than those
most directly interested. The ladies
were young and had not dreamed of
matrimony. Beside, it is said that one
of them was engaged to a young man
who has been digging away in the San
Juan mines for lie last year, with the
hope of getting money enough to set
up housekeeping. But what is to be
done? Divorce is the only alternative.
The married people have not lived to
gether. It is
understood that proceedings
will at once bo commenced to obtain
the papers that will set them free again.
What plea will be urged cannot be
stated, but in the present condition of
the minds of the young ladies, there is
no doubt that that of incompatibility of
temper would prove a good one.
Mr. McHolland is Deputy-Sheriff of
Huerfano County Mr. Palmer is Agent
for the Denver & Rio Grande Railroad
at La Veta, and the other gentleman is
connected with a saw-mill. The ladies
reside at La Veta.—Denver (Col.) Trib-
The Work of a Leper.
We noticed some days since the death
of William P. Ragsdale, the distin
guished leper of the Sandwich Islands,
and referred to the reforms instituted
by him in the leper settlement on the
Island of Molokai. Mr. Ragsdale,
previous to his removal to Molokai,
was one of the most prominent lawyers
and the most noted orator in the
Hawaiian Kingdom. He spoke
Tr^*?"
fession and his property, and, leaving
his family, was sent to Molokai.
Mr. Ragsdale had studied the history
of leprosy to some purpose. The con
stitution of the Knights Hospitallers of
St. Lazarus (a military order composed
of lepers established by the Crusaders in
the twelfth century) required that the
Grand Master should be a leper, that
the organization might the better de
vote its energies to relieving the dis
tress of men similarly afflicted. With
the history of this society in mind, and
familiar with their plans for relieving
the unfortunate, Mr. Ragsdale went to
Molokai, ambitious to ameliorate the
condition of those who were fated to be
his companions for life. He found on
the island about 800 people, all of
whom, except seventy-five, were lepers.
He was made Governor of the Colony,
and began at once the work of reform.
The Government gave him all needed
support, and it has been said many
times that by tact, kindness of heart,
and administrative ability he made one
of the saddest communities in the world
one of the most cheerful. Great as was
the promise of his career at the capital,
he entered upon one more useful at
Molokai, and soon became known the
world over as a man who had mastered
the leprosy problem, so far as the com
parative comfort and happiness of
those afflicted was concerned. The dis
tinguished lepers of the olden times in
many cases gave way to despair, and
simply waited for death to release them.
Mr. Ragsdale employed all his talent
and gave all his time to the work of
perfecting a system that would contrib
ute lo the comfort of those like himself,
unfortunate. That he succeeded the
condition of the leper settlement of
Molokai shows.
In the Sandwich Islands, as in the
older communities, a leper is allowed
to marry a leper, but must give up
his own family. Soon after Ragsdale
established himself at Molokai. a young
native woman, healthy herself, but who
had lost two husbands by leprosy, fell
in love with hir.i and became his wife.
She was the beauty of the settlement,
and, notwithstanding her association
with lepers, still lives in perfect health.
The natural successor to Mr. Ragsdale
as Governor of the lepers was Peter
Kao, a relative of Queen Emma, but he
was allowed to leave the island some
months since, and a successor has not
been appointed.
To rightly appreciate the work of
Mr. Ragsdale, it is necessary only to
say that leprosy is a disease that has
inspired in all ages the greatest horror,
and entailed upon those afflicted much
needless suffering. Liveling, defining
leprosy as an incurable constitutional
disease of adult life, especially preva
lent in tropical and sub-tropical cli
mates, divides it into three forms: Mac
ular leprosy, characterized by an erup
tion of the skin, accompanied by a
diminution or loss of sense of feeling
anesthetic leprosy, characterized by
loss of sense of feeling, discolorizations
of the skin, atrophy of the muscles, with
ulceration and mutilation of the hands
and feet tubereulated leprosy, charac
terized by a bronzing and tubereulated
thickening of the skin, especially of the
face, ears, hands and feet, ending fatal
ly in from two to fifteen years by inter
current disease in some vital organ.—
Chicago Inh r-Ocean.
The Tramp Nuisance.
The Chief of the State Detective
Force
devotes an interesting portion of his
report to the "Tramp." In order to
ascertain something definite of the hab
its and characteristics of this peripa
tetic nuisance, he sent two men last
summer on a tramp in the western part
of the State, where they fell in with
one gang and another aud traveled with
them from town to town. They were
found to be o£ various ages and nation
alities. and in most cases had in past
years been employed in some regular
occupation. They had been on the
tramp for periods ranging from two or
three to fourteen years. During the
warm weather they generally slept in
barns or in the woods, preferring to
keep away from lock-ups and station
liouses. They obtained food by beg
ging and stealing, the latter method
apparently being preferred. They
were uniformly averse to earning any
thing by labor, and though, when beg
ging, tiiey always profess a desire to
obtain work, only two were found dur
ing a tramp of several weeks who did
not scout the idea of working for a liv
and show a decided preference for
their vagabond life. It was clear that
lack of employment had little or noth-
o
In the Hawaiian Kingdom the isola
tion of lepers was comparatively easy,
as the Island of Molokai was given up
to them, and from a very early date
there had been on that island a large
settlement of lepers. As soon as a man
was known to have leprosy he was ar
rested was compelled to give up family
ties, unless members of his family chose
to banish themselves from society for
life, and was conveyed to Molokai,
where he remained until his death.
There was no exception, and as there
was no hope of cure, there was no pos
sibility of recall. For a man to admit
that he had the leprosy was to court
banishment for life and to give up all
ambitions hopes.
Realizing all this, Mr. Ragsdale, as
soon as he discovered indications of the
dread disease, called the attention of
the authorities to the fact. It is said
that he was led "to believe he had the
leprosy by an experience in picking up
hot lamp chimney. The chimney
from his lamp fell on the table one
night, and he put it on without experi
encing any pain or inconvenience. He
did tills again and again, and openly
declared that he had the leprosy. As
there were no outward signs of the dis
ease, he was regarded for some time as
laboring under a hallucination, but an
examination by physicians demonstrat
ed that Ragsdale's suspicions were cor
rect. He voluntarily gave up his pro­
to do witli the wanderings of these
vagrants. They did not seek employ
ment and did not want it, but preferred
to subsist upon charity and plunder.
One said that it was his habit in winter
to go to some large city and commit a
petty crime that would send him to
some public institution to be taken care
of till warmer weather.
English
as fluently as the native language, and
promised to be one of the most in
fluential men in the Kingdom when he
discovered that he had the leprosy.
The Jews, regarding leprosy as a
disease for which no natural remedy
eould be prescribed, separated lepers,
even though they were Kings, from the
rest of the people, and founded leper
villages, where the outcasts dragged
out their wretched lives. After the
crusades, leprosy invaded Western
Europe, and statesmen and sovereigns
struggled with the problem of how to
stop the ravages of the disease, and of
how best to care for those afflicted.
During the thirteenth and fourteenth
centuries there was scarcely a town in
Europe which had not its leper hospital
or village. Even in these hospitals the
condition of the inmates was pitiable.
Under the most favorable circumstances
the leper was considered both legally
and practically a dead person. His
marriage ties were dissolved, he was
prohibited from entering any church or
place where food was prepared, was
compelled to wear a peculiar dress, and
to give notice of his approach by ring
ing a bell. There are now compara
tively few cases in Europe, but the dis
ease is still prevalent in the old locali
ties in the East, on the coasts of Africa,
and among other localities in the
Hawaiian Islands.
There was a complete lack of moral
scruple among them, which showed
what a danger.ous element they might
become in the community. Not only
did they steal without the least com
punction, but there was no doubt that
they were ready for any crime that
could gratify revengeful or other pas
sions, provided there was a fair chance
to escape detection and punishment. In
many localities they were a terror to
th inhn' "ants, and obtained what they
asked for because unprotected women
in the houses which they visited did not
dare refuse. Several parties in July
set out for Pennsylvania to join in the
railroad riots, and others waited about
the stations along the Boston & Albany
Koad in anticipation of a strike. It
was plain that their purpose was plun
der, and they were ready to take ad
vantage of any opportunity to join in a
lawless outbreak. The Chief of the De
tective Force is of the opinion that the
tramp system had its origin in the
return of "bummers" and camp-fol
lowers from the armies after the war.
These men had become accustomed to
a life of vagrancy and had no disposi
tion to settle down at any regular oc
cupation but their ranks were soon re
cruited by the idle and thriftless vaga
bonds who now for the most part fill
the ranks of the tramps.—Boston Globe.
FROM trustworthy figures just com
piled regarding the liquor traffic, it
appears that there are nearly twice
as many drinking saloons in New
Youth's Department.
O DEAR ME
MY little boy sings A very poor song—
O dear me!"
Nothing eoes ri?ht and everything wrong!
What will he do the whol day knig?
O dear meT'v
It poors and it pours, and will not stop
"0 dear roe
He has lost his'whip, and broken his top
He wishes it would not rain one drop!
t'*0 dear me!")
Gome, play at toll-gate with plums for toll
O dear me!")
Or take np your drum and beat me a roll:
Or go a-fishing. your cane for a pole.
(kkO dear me!")
You will not have them, your toys or ball
V' O dear me
Well, here are your tools, the hammer and all
Then play yon re a soldier, straight and tali!
O dear me!")
Soldiers are horrid Well, here ate your blocks
CO dear roof)
Build mamma a house hich up on the rocks
Well, sing no more that dolefullest strain,
"O dear me!"
Bnt give poor mamma a chance to oomplain
Vve a troublesome boy along with the rain:
O!—dear!—-«»!"
I thought that mamma could make him smile
"fck'J'! see! sfe!"
Well, come and sit on her knc* awhile
One—two— three!"
There! now well sins i» rollicking style:
"O dear WE!"
—Harriet McEucn Youth's Com
panion,
A TRUE STORY FOR BOYS.
I WANT to tell the boys abont a friend
of mine whose faithful performance of
present duty led him into higher posi
tions than he had ever dreamed of fill
ing, and gave him what we would all
like to reach—honor and success.
In the earlier years of my experience
as a printer in Chicago, more than
twenty years ago, our tirm did a good
deal of printing for the Chicago, Bur
lington & Quincy Railroad, and, be
cause of this, I came to know a young
man who is the subject of my story.
He came from Massachusetts, he was
poor, and had no influential friend to
even give him a letter of reeomriienda
tion. He sought employment on the
Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad,
and, after waiting a time, at last se
cured a position as brakeman on a
freight train—salary about thirty dol
lars a month. He teas faithful in this
position, aud, being both intelligent and
industrious, he was soon made con
ductsr of the train, with wages nearly
doubled. He soon attracted the atten
tion of his superior oflieers, who saw in
him an honest, faithful and conscien
tious conductor, one not seeking his
own ease or pleasure, but constantly
devoted to the interests of the com
pany that employed him, so that not
many months elapsed before he was
made conductor of a passenger train—
a more comfortable position, and one
yielding a somewhat higher salary.
Here I first knew him, aud I saw in
him a modest, quiet, unassuming young
man, free from the popular vices, and
one who tried to be just as faithful and
true and devoted to his work as a con
ductor as though the position had
been that of General Superintendent.
He did not apparently have a high opin
ion of his own abilities: there was a total
absence of that swagger and strut so
often seen in those who come to similar
subaltern positions. It seemed as
though he thought that to properly
Conduct his train—to secure the com
fort of his passengers and rightly serve
the interests of lus company—required
the full exercise of all the powers God
hail given him.
One of the sternest and most exact
ing, and yet one of the noblest, ablest
and most conscientious men who ever
filled a similar position was then Gen
eral Superintendent of the road. This
man, Col. C. G. Hammond, watched
every employe of the road with an
eagle's eye. He measured every man,
knew the ability of each, and seemed
intuitively to know which were the
faithful workers and which the lazy
shirks. Our young conductor did not
escape the keen eye. When he least
One Saturday morning train No. 4
moved slowly out of Chicago under the
care of my friend, who, only intent on
doing his work as well as he knew
how, seemed to have no higher ambi
tion than to be a good conductor
salary $900 a year. About noon, when
he stopped at a station, he found a tele
gram from the head* office, ordering
him to "leave the train in the care of
and take the first train for Chi
cago."
This was an unusual thing. Wonder
ing what could be the matter con
scious that he had tried to do exactly
right, and yet remembering how exact
ing was the General Superintendent,
he feared that unintentionally he had
fallen under his displeasure. Reaching
Chicago late Saturday evening, he
found Col. Hammond had gone home,
and knowing how strict he was in his
observance of the Sabbath, the con
ductor waited impatiently for the com
ing Monday morning, when, with a
fearful heart, he presented himself at
the office of the Superintendent.
"Good morning, Mr. Hammond I
have received your telegram and come
to see what it means."
"Good morning," growled the chief,
I see you have, sir I have concluded
to take'your train away from you."
The conductor's heart sank lower
than ever. What before was only fear
ful foreboding, was now painful truth.
He had served the company to the best
of his ability. He had kept the affairs
of his train in complete order, his re
ports had been carefully and correctly
made and yet, after all, he had lost
his position he knew not why, and he
felt that his case was sad indeed. He
inwardlv resolved that, having missed
his calling, he would quit railroading
and try some other service, where faith
ful work would be appreciated. He
dared not hope to reverse the decision
of the all-powerful official, yet in as
calm a voice as he could command, he
politely asked the reason for his sum
mary dismissal.
York
as in any other State. The exact
number is 23,854. Illinois follows with
16,548, Pennsylvania with 16,105, Ohio
with 14,248 and California with 8,408.
In Massachusetts there are onlj 6,386
saloons, while in the comparatively in
significant District of Columbia, the
seat 6i National Government, there are
no less than 1,105. North Carolina
heads the list with 1,205 distilleries,
while New York has only 111 distiller
ies. In addition to these, however,
there are 379 beer breweries in the
State. On an average there is in the
Union one drinking saloon for every
280 inhabitants. Considering the pro
portion of the population, most of the
whisky is consumed by our brethren
in the South, whil^nearly all the beer
is drank by the people of the West and
North.—N. Y Times.
i you go or
long you stay, if you are broke, but
everybody wants to know which way
vou went and if they think they'll catch
you if you happen to be broker. Thee*
are times of perilous financial uncer
tainty Burhngton Hawk-Bye.
jpfo ffiohdo fahremtU.
TK« CHBOHICLB to pabliahed it th.
Connty Ml
It Tama, on. at the largest, rtcheet, mo«t central
ud popaloaa coantio* in Iowa. It i. th« oldest
piper in th. Connty and OM ot th. oldaM In th.
Stat.—haTlng been ettabliahed in 18&6. Its circu
lation being large and constantly increasing, tnaktt
It ft very desirable advertising medium for baalcM
men and mannfactnnra wishing to brine UttjRT''
(ooda and wares ts UM notice at th. peoplw MF
Central Iowa.
AdTerttiing tales msds known on application.
JOB PHINTINQ
erery description executed with I
li Special attention paid to
PRINTING IN COLORS.
Ton ClTOr. earnestly .oil
cited.
until the C., B. & Q., realizing how
mnch they had lost in parting with
him, invited him to resume his old po
sition, and secured his services by the
tempting otter of $6,000 a year.
In the meantime, Col. Hammond had
become the General Superintendent of
the Union Pacific Railroad, running
from Omaha to Ogden, where it con
nects with the Central Pacific Railroad.
This Central Pacific Road was owned by
four or five millionaires who built it,
one of whom was its General Superin
tendent. However good a business
man he was, he knew but little about
railroading, and under his care the
road was anything but prosperous, lift
til the other owners and Directors re
solved upon a radical and sweeping
change.
But where could they find a General
Superintendent who had the ability and
would dare to reorganize the road and
put its affairs upon a better basis. They
consulted Col. Hammond and other
railroad men, and the result was that,
most unexpectedly, our whilom modest
and hard-working conductor one day
received a telegram asking him if he
would undertake the duties of General
Superintendent of the Central Pacific
R. R. at a salary of $10,000. He was
satisfied with and appreciated by the
C. B. & Q., who proposed to increase
his pay to $7,000, and as he preferred
to remain in Chicago, he declined the
princely ofl'er made by the California
road. Then another telegram asked at
what salary he would become the chief
of the Central Pacific. Almost hoping
to discourage his tempters, he tele
graphed, "$13,000 a year in gold." At
once came the answer, "Accepted."
So, taken in his own trap, he had noth
ing to do but to bid adieu to the city
that had served him so well, and turn
his face toward the land of gold. My
story would be too long if I should try
to tell you the unexpected ditliculties
he encountered from the old officers of
the road, who had determined that they
would not be superseded, and th^rlhe
new Superintendent should never enter
upon his duties—how they, before hi*
arrival, set the whole press and people
of California against him—how, sim
ported by the Directors of the road, ne
quietly took control, disarmed preju
dice, conquered submission, and earned
success.
This was nine years ago. He is still
General Superintendent of the Central
Pacific Railroad, one of the most im
portant railroads in the world. With
its connections in California, this quiet
man, not yet forty-eight years old, now
superintends 2,734 miles of railroad
and over fifty connecting steamers, be
side dictating the tarifl's of the China,
the Australian and the Panama lines of
steamships. While other young men,
preferring present ease and comfort to
the interests of their employurs, wait
ing money and time in billiard haBs,
theaters and drinking-saloons, Albion
N. Towne was at work, building np
character as well as reputation, anl
now fills one of the most important po
sitions in California, and instead of
$360 a year, as brakeman on a freight
train, he now draws the comfortable
salary of $20,000 a year in gold.
Lucky man," says one. "Luck"
had but little to do with it. Modest
worth did it. Work did it. FAITIIFVL
N'ESS IN THE PERFORMANCE OK RRESBB*
DUTIES, HOWEVER HUMBLE, did it.
This, untiring faithfulness in the hum
bler duties not only attracted the no
tice and won the appreciation of his
superiors, but fitted him for the higlie*
positions, which, without his seekio(g,
lie was called to fill.
I have long desired to tell this stofy
of a young man's faithfulness and c*n*
sequent success, for I considered it ft
lesson that boys and young men of tte
present day can study to advantage^?—
Alfred L. iscwell,in Home Arts, Chicago.
The "Petrified Man" Humbug.
Any doubt as to the real character of
the so-called petrified man of Colorado
is removed by the confession of Mr.
Fitch, one of its makers. Mr. Fitch is
thought of it his chief was measuring |1(, pr0prjet0r of a manufactory of art!
and sounding him. and finding out
what kind of metal he was made of
but none ever knew whether he was
approved or not, for the chief's look
was always stern and cold as ice.
ficial stone, of a city in the northom
part of this State. He says that George
Hull, the maker of the Cardiff Giant,
called upon him in February, 1876.
and suggested the scheme. The statue
was made near Elkland, Pa., the mar
terial used being Portland cement, col
ored with metallic brown. Human bones
were introduced where examination was
likely to be made, and to preveut in«
jury to tho uppwr |«rt of lllG DOfltT
the shin-bone of the cow was inserted
through the neck from the middle of
the head down to the point of the ehaet,
where the statue subsequently broke.
When it was completed it was bat^pd.
P. T. Barnum was then taken into the
arrangement, and he supplied money,
and under his directions the statue
carefully boxed and shipped as fine ma
chinery, with a false bottom on stMl
springs beneath it, to Bridgeport, Conn.,
in March, 1877, and thence to Colorado
Springs. The statue is now in a Broad
way cellar, where one of the owners
has been introducing into its abdomen
a quantity of crystals which were in
tended to make it stand the final test*#
scientific men.—Y. Evening Pmt,
Jan. 28.
DURING the year 1876, the total pro
duction of amber in Prussia amounted
to 135 tons. The mine of Palmmcken
yielded eighty-five tons. The amber
was exported principally to Austria,
France, America, Russia, China and
Japan. The number of men employed
in Prussia by this industry is neariy
1,400.
"THE wicked stand in slippoy
places," but for a perfect picture of
reckless insecurity, you want to
a frightened woman trying to stand on
a camp-stool to keep out of the way of
a mouse.—Danbury News.
THE future greatness and destiny of
this country depends upon the viiiue
and intelligence of the farmers.—*9
change.
THE MARKETS.
NEW YOBK. Feb. B. 18Jt
UTS BIO
Col. Hammond waited a while before
he answered. Then the muscles of his
face relaxed a little, and he said: "I
want an Assistant Superintendent in
my office, and I have called you to take
the place."
True worth is alwavs modest, and
our thunderstruck conductor could only
stammer, But I am not competent,
sir, to fill the position."
"Youcan do what I tell you you
can obey orders, can't you? That's all
you have to do, sir. You will begin
work this morning. That is your
desk."
The new duties were not as difficult
as he expected. At first he had only to
obey orders, and carry out the details
of work laid out by the chief, and to
these duties he brought the same faith
fulness and thoroughness that had made
him noticeable as a conductor. His
elevation did not spoil him or make
him vain. He was as plain, and modest,
and hard-workingas before—the salary
at first was 11,800.
After a few years1 service under Col.
Hammond, and an advance of salary
to 93,600, the plain young man was in
vited to take the office of General Su
perintendent of a younger road at a
salary of $4,000. Distrusting his own
ability, bnt determined to do his best,
he accepted the oall, and succeeded.
FLOCK—Good
WHEAT—No. 2
CORN—Western
0AT8—Western and btate
BYK—'Western
PORK-Mess
LARD—Steam
CHEESE •.——
WOOL—Domestic F1e«e
BEEVES-Extra
Choice...
Good
CHICAGO.
Medium
HOGS—Live—Good to Ohoioe-.
SHEEP—Common to Choice.
BUTTER—Fancy Creamery
Good to Choioe..
EGOS—Fresh...
FLOUR—Choice Winter.^
Choice to Fine Spring
No. 2.
ts, No
Barley, No. 2....
BBOOM cor
Inside and Co»'a WHj
Crooked
POBK-Mess
trm&RTi^Oommon and Fene'g 10.60
^^^^IBhinelea
26n
BALTIMORE.
CATTLE-B«t .„
... 6.75
Medium
H0G8—Good.
SHEEP—Good
CATTLE-Best
Medium...
HOG8—Yorkew
EAST LIBERTY
Philadelphia* *4
gHBEF—Best
Common-."

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