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The Toledo chronicle. [volume] (Toledo, Tama County, Iowa) 1873-1924, May 23, 1878, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84038485/1878-05-23/ed-1/seq-1/

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Three montht
OFTIOB i
ji Otll'f Jdiutau't Black, IlMli
SieoDd Floor.
General News Summary,
MMMM.
fer the Senate, on the 14th. the House
gQjtndsieiitB to the bill •otbariiias atuenaof
CoWrado. Nevada and tha Temtorie* to fell and
-mora timber oo the poblie liwwin fcr.aitaina
iid domwtir riirpoeei were opncornd m. and
J£, bill was iA»ed. Bewml btila wen morted
from aimmitu*« and pheed OB,.tbe calendar.
The Postoffice Appropriation biU waa further
imendrd «nd p,»ed. Mearafc Coke sad Bapia
!inke in fiwr cf the bit! to reKal the Specie
ifoiairiptiun act...- The daad-lock eontuoed
the Houw on the imciticattoB reeolotion of Mr.
potter, the Sprakn- ann„unCTii|f the reprlar or
d«r to n ^tcfmdmjr the demand for toe
Drevioufl question. The RepaMicua refrained
from voting, thnR leaving tlie ROOM without a
aaanrnm. there were at 113 DemocnUn pres
ent J46 beintr necei*uy U make a quorum.
After fnrth«»r tililuTstonnp on th* part of the
Republicans, n motion to adjourn wu» cArried—
l5)to 104.
Ik the Senate, on the 15th, the peti
tion of Kobt. G. Ingersoll and others, favoring
tho repeal of the law prohibiting the transporta
tion of ntwfne litemtnre throngb the maila,
was reported from the Committee on the Herir
ionuf the Lawbfind referred to the Judiciary
Commitu-c. 'J'ht hill authoiizinc the public**
tion for Halt1 of an edition of tbe narrative of the
Polaris hxpctlition wns iwewi. Bills were in
troduced aud referred—to authorize the Poet
mastei ticueral to place mail-oervice on any pub
lic l,i{jhway. river or railroed wherever public
servio«- requires ic increasing to teventy-two
dolUrs a nmntfj the pension of certain pen
sioned soldiers and sailors who have
lost both arms, or Ixrth feet, or tho
sight of both eyes, in tbe service of the country.
....In the Houac. tlie Senate resolution for the
final adjournment of Congress on the iPth of
June came up AS
a question ot tbe highest BBTi
lege, and a n.otion was njfTeod to—130to 106—to
postpone its further e»»nsjieration until the 29th
of May. Th' dead-lock on the Potter resolution
contirined. the highest number of votes cart by
the Ot-moernts on the question to secoud the pre
vious Question beini: 1J0, the liepablicana still re
fitting to vote. A call showed 263 members pre»
ent, but effort* to wt a quorum to vote were inef
fectual, and the Houae bnully adjourned.
A CONCURRENT resolution was sub
mitted by Mr. Butler, of South Carolina, and re
ferred. in the Senate, oil the 16th, providing for
a Commission, to consist of two Senators, three
members of the House and three officers of the
regular army who havn served not leas than ten
years- to whom shall bo referred the whole sub
Jectof the rctorin unci reorganization of the
Army, the Commission to assemble as soon a«
practicable, and to report to the next session of
Congress through thf President of the United
States. The House joint resolution to print 300,
000 copies of the report of the Commissioner of
Agriculture for 1877 and 5JJ00 copies of the
Colonial Charters and Constitntiona was passed.
The bill to rent id the Speeie-Hesumption act was
further considered, and Mr. Matthews submitted
an amendment, in the nature of a sub
stitute, providing lor the reissue of Treasury
notes, when redeemed, tlie
amount of legal-tender
notes outstanding at any time not to exceed
$350,00j.000, nnd further providing for a coin-re
serve fund of if lOO.OM.OOO. and that bonds of the
United States shall leai»ld for legal-tender notes,
and that legal-tender notes shall be receivable for
all debts. pubHe ami private, except principal
and interest on the public debt... The dead-lock
continued in the House, two or three votes being
hud without indicating a quorum. One call
showed 263 members present, but the Republi
cans still refiaincd from voting on the motion to
second the prrvious question on the Investigation
resolution. The last vote showed 142 Democrat*
present, or within five of a quorum. A motion
to adjourn waa agreed to by a vote of 141 to
116.
SEVERAL Pension bills were passed
in the Senate, on the 17th. A number of bills
were reported from committees and placed on
the calendar. A resolution wjis adopted, in
structing tbe Committee on Rules to consider
tbe propriety of admitting the heads of bureaus
of Executive Departments of be Government to
the floor of tho Senate during the sessions
thereof. Adjourned to the 20th The Senate
amendments to tho Indian Appropriation bill
were non-concurred in by the House. After a
protra-ted struggle and tbe ifiHuing of a warrant
to the S**rgeant-nt-Arms to arrest and bring in
such members as were absent without leave, the
Democrats succeeded in securing a quorum of
their own numltcr. and the previous question on
the Potter resolution was ordered 148 to
1. A motion lay the resolution on
the t:ible was then defeated —115 to 146
—and Ihe preamble and reposition were
finally ado
»te!—142
to !i-thc Republic nw rofus-
ing to vote. M' ssrs. Mills and Mott ll)ein.)
voted in the negative. During the contest on the
previous-f|uestioti motion. Mr. Goode explained
why he vnt after a previous pair with Mr. Ijor
ing. and Mr. Conger tde the remark tlia' it was
simply a question of nnr whether he (Ooode)
would break his iir. Mr. Ci«M»dc replied thai" he
could take care of his own ho'ior. awl if Mr. Con
ger assailed it he should he held personally
responsible. Demands being made that the re
marks of the gentlemen be taken down, the
Speaker decided that the words of Mr. Conger
were not parliamentary if they were used in an
offensive sen*1 and that a man's honor could
not be called a question without allowing him to
defend it.
SENATE
BILLS
,-Kvr-f & ^jsnr
j"' V.f .- Ct-X'"„
& Xi.,-??'5iH'.??v-?
t^r
Present Series: VOLUME XII*
C., on the 17th, was respited at the last a».|
BMDt by GOT. Hampton tBl June
14. The rea-1
plte waa read to the condemned man opoa 1
tha tgtflbld, after the knot bad been adjuated
and prayers finished, aad Just as be Waa abbot
to be swnng oS.
AT Cincinnati, on the 18th, the
Americas Social Science Association met in
annual convention under the Presidency of
Hon. Rufus King. The session was largely
attended. Prof. Pierce, of Harvard College,
delivered the opening address.
GBEAT excitement prevailed. o the
20th, throughout the western portion ot North
Carolina, particularly along the rldga qf Bald
Mountain. It seems that, on tha 18th,
rumbling sounds were heard in the bowels of
the mountain similar to those vblch ao dis
turbed tbe scientists two years ago. Next day
tbe range began to yield, and, on the SOtb, the
mountain was rent In twain, leaving a chasm
300 feet long anil twenty feet wide, and ap
parently bottdtnlcss.
fSRSOlVAL AlfX POLITICAL.
THE Pennsylvania Republican State
Convention was held on the 15th. Geo. Harry
M. Hoyt was nominated for Governor Chas.
W. Stone for Lieutenant-Governor James P.
fiterrett for Supreme Judge |Aaron K. Dunkle
for Secretary of Internal Affairs. The plat
form adopted declares opposition to free
trade, in whatever form presented favors pro
tection to home industry that labor and cap
ital may both be profitably employed
clares that American commerce should be
fostered and home enterprise developed by the
National Government that the public lands
should be reserved exclusively for actual set
tlers declares opposition to the payment of
claims from the National Treasury to those
lately engaged in, or sympathising with, the
rebellion expresses sympathy with the South
ern Republicans in the unequal contest to
which they are subjected for civil liberty ad
the maintenance of their Constitutional privi
leges," etc., etc.
THENew York Legislature adjourned
tine die on tbe 15th.
THE Ohio Legislature adjourned, on
tbe 15th, until next January. Among the
bills passed by that body Is one allowing
women to practice law.
THE Colorado State Democratic Con
vention will be held at Pueblo on the 15th of
July.
MRS. LYDIA SHERMAN, tbe poisoner,
who was serving a life sentence in the Con
necticut State Prison, died on the 16th.
THE next Democratic State Conven
tion of Ohio is to be held at Columbus, on
the 36th of June.
THE preamble to the Potter Investi
gation resolution adopted by the National
House of Representatives, on tbe 17th, sets
forth the action of the Maryland Legislature
In declaring that due effect was not given to
the Electoral vote cast bv that State last De
cember, by reason of fraudalent returns in
the Electoral votes from Florida and Louis
iana, and sets forth the affidavit of McLln al
leging fraud in tbe State of Florida whereby
the choice of the people of that State was an
nulled, and further Bets forth the alleged con
spiracy in the State of Louisiana, whereby a
like result was brought about in that State,
reversing the true vote thereof. The resolu
tion provides for the appointment of a com
mittee of eleven members of the House to
inquire into these alleged frauds, and
that said committee shall have power to send
for person: and papers, to administer oaths and
to take testimony, aud to detail sub-commit
tees with like full authority, and with power
to sit. in Florida and Louisiana. The resolu
tion offered by Mr. Hale, and which Mr. l'otter
refused to accept as an amendment, extended
the scope of the proposed investigation by in
cluding Oregon, Mississippi and other States
where frauds or attempts at frauds were al
leged to have been committed.
PROF.
not in session on the 18th.
—In the House. Mr. Stephens asked to be pnt
on record, stating that had he been present when
the Tote was taken on what is known as the Pot
ter resolution, on the 17th. and had he not been
paired with Air Harris, he would have voted
against the restitution as it stood. A resolution
wasrt-{Hrted from the Committee on Kh ctions
declaring that there had been no fair, free and
peaceable election in tho First Congressional
District of South Carolina, and that neither
Raine.v (the sitting member) nor Richardson
(contestant) was entitled to the scat. Conference
Comnutt^H were appointed on the Indian anl
Pension Appropriation bills, and a new commit
tee vas also ordered and named on the Military
Academy bill. The Army Appropriation hill
was considered in Committee of tbe Whole. The
Speaker stated that he would be absent during
tne early part of the enduing week, and a resolu
tion watt adopted appointing Mr. Sayler Speaker
pro Utn. It was arranged that there should be
evening sessions for business purposes during
allot the following week.
were introduced in the Senate,
tm the 20th, to reorganize the Court of Claims,
And to extend its jurisdiction to take all claims
from lefore Congress and the Departments for
adjudication to regulate immigration. A bill
was passed to amend the l()3d Article of War, so
as to provide that no person shall be tried orpon
ished by court-martial for any offense commit
ted more than two years, or in case of desertion
three years, before the arraignment of such per
son for such offense. Mr. Morrill, Chairman of
the Finance Committee, spoke in opposition to
the bill to repeal the Resumption act. The HousO
bill to place th name of Gen. Shields on the re
tired list of the army, with the rank of Briga
dieisGeneral, was taken up and an amendment
waso/Tered by Mr. bargentand adopted—
30 to 28—
to also place the name of Gen. Grant on the retired
list, with full rank and pay. Conference Coin
mi
Me-* were appointed on the Indian and Pen
sion Appropriation bills Bills were introduced
in the house—repealing the law imposing a tax
of 1 percent, on State banks to protect interna
tional and domestic commerce for taking the
Tenth and subsequent censuses requiring all ap
pointment in the Civil Service to le distributed
equally among the Congressional Districts. The
Speaker pro rem. announced the appointment of
tbe committee under the Potter resolution to in
quire into the alleged frauds in the late Presi
dential election as
follows. Potter,
DOMESTIC.
A FEW mornings ago, Annie Farrell,
servant girl of Chicago, was burned to death
bv the explosion of a quantity of kerosene,
which she was using to kindle the kitr.hen fire.
THE anniversary meeting of the Na
tional Temperance 8oclety opened in Chicago
on the 14th. Vice-President E. 8. Welli pre
sided. The address of welcome was delivered
by Rev. Dr. W. W. Everts, of Chicago. In
his address the Corresponding
THE
Pennsylvania Supreme Court
haslately decided that, when aa insured per
son Is in euch a state of mental incapacity as
to be unconscious of the consequences of his
acts, suicide by him falls without tbe provision
in his policy in regard to self-slaughter, and
does not absolve the insurers from liability.
THE
General Assembly of the Pres.
bjterian Church met In Fitteburgh, on the
10th. In consequence of the Illness of Dr.
Ellis, of Oakland, Cal., Dr. Morris, of Cincin
nati, acted as Moderator and preached the
openinz sermon. Rey. Dr. Francis L. Patton,
of Chicago, was elected Moderator for the en
sninc year.
THE General Synod of the Reformed
Prasbyterian Church of North America met
in Hew York City, on the 16th. Rev. A. 0.
Wjllc was elected Moderator, to serve daring
18K4.
THE General Assembly of the Cum
berland Presbyterian Church met at Lebanon,
Terra., on the 16th. Rev. W. D. Bashnell, ot
California, was elected Moderator for the en
«ol«S year.
THE General Assembly of the Presby
terian church South met in Knoxvllle, Tenil.,
OB the 16th. Rev. Thru. E. Peck, D. D., of
Virginia, was elected Moderator for 1878.
TllBNew York Syndicate, which recent
ly contracted with tlie iiecretarjr of the TlVatUfJT
to diHpoce of $50,000,000 of 4Vper-ceBt bonds
by Jan. 1,1879, have anticipated ihelr optlona
and subn-rlbel for tbe entire amount. It »a*
reported in New York, on the 17th, thrt the
paitles composing the Syndicate
to take fiO.i ua,fKX) of the 4-per
tbe option of *50 001,000 additional.
JjUF DATUS. a negro murderer.
to bare teen bung at AbbeTllle, &•
I^1
SPENCER F.
H£Os,,I.
BAIRD, Assistant
Secretary of the Smithsonian Institute, has
been elected Secretary, In place of Prof. Hem
deceased.
R. £. HOYT, Chairman of the Na
tional Greenback Organization Committee for
Michigan, has called a State Nominating Con
vention, to meet at. Grand Rapids, on the 5th
of June.
roREien.
RIOTS occurred in Blackburn and
Burnl.'y, Eng., on the 15th, which required
the efforts of the military to stop. At the
latter place a large warehouse was burned.
The riotous conduct was caused by the refusal
of the masters to compromise with the strikers.
THE Prince of Wales, accompanied
by the Princess and the Prince of Denmark,
visited the American Section of the French
Exposition, on the 15th. He said he was great
ly pleased.
A RECENT earthquake at Cua, in
Venezuela, destroyed much property, and
caused the loss of 600 lives.
THE recent drought in the District of
Demerara, in British Guiana, entailed a loss
to the planters of between (3,000,000 and ®4,
000,000.
BERLIN
dispatches of the 16th say
the Pan-Slavist party of Russia was rapidly
gaining the asccndency, and that its triumph
meant war with England.
SERVIA has increased her army of
observation from 15,000 men to 85,000. The
concentration of a large Turkish force on the
frontier is believed in Belgrade to forebode
mischief to Servia, and has largely stimulated
war preparations.
A BELGRADE dispatoh announces the
resignation of the Servian Ministry.
Tax Russian military authorities
have forbidden the Bessarabian members of
the Roumanian Parliament to attendany more
sittings of that assembly.
Horriaon, Hun-
tott,Btenger, McMahou. Cobb (ind.). JJiackbiirn,
OaxfOhio), Butler, Reed (Me.) and Hiscock.
IT was reported from Vienna, on the
17th, that tbe Mussulman insurgents had se
cured and were holding three of the Balkan
Passes, and that the Turkish Commissioners
had been unable to Induce tbsm to give
them up.
THE Turks have again attacked the
Christians In the Island of Crete.
A ST.
PETERSBURG
telegram of the
17th says that Coant Scbouvaloff had suc
ceeded in converting the Kmperor to his
pacific views, and would Immediately return to
his post In London. It waa believed that the
meeting of tbe European Congress waa as
sured, and that tbe gathering would take place
vlthin a fortnight unless further complications
arose.
Secretary stated
that the liquor problem was becoming more
and more a recognized paramount question of
practical politics. The Treasurer's report
shows receipts for the year from publications,
$46,898.62 donations, 17,182.13, making a
total of $54,080.75. Expenses for tbe same
period, $54,070.30.
ON the 17th, Gen. Todleben sent a
50te to the Forte demanding: First, the Im
mediate evacuation of Shumla, Varna and
Batoum second, the removal of the Turkish
camp at Maslak, and, third, permission to
occupy Buyukdere. It waa believed the
Turlu would fight rather than yield to thase
demands.
A CALCUTTA dispatch of the 19th
aays the Indian Government bad ordered tile
Immediate eouaUuetlen of coast defenses.
Madras, Bombay, Rangoon aad Calcutta were
among the point* to be strengthened.
A LONDON telegram of the 19th says
«wt (a proportion as the news tmm Bt
Petenbarg beeame peaceful, that from COB
(tantiDopto beeaaie warlike. The Turks were
hard at WOrit strengthening their lines and
getting gwis In poeWo*.'
A DISPATCH from Syria, published in
London on tbe Itth, aays ike Bliisfir^ Mec
ca had issued an appear to the fUthful ln
Arabia and throughout Asia Minor, declaring
the Kaflf in danger, and calling upon th«m to
fly to the rtsene.
Dcimra a theatrical performance, in
Ahmednengger, India, OO tbo light tha
18th, the building CMgfrt fire, and fqcty.
tons wan MMA'topMi.
A CSESTON railroad watchman found $11,«
080 In the yard belonging to a cattle shipper.
He rtflptW loser, gave tfm Ms m&ey,
was generously rewarded in the sum of
lto-CCBts!
Dtkim a recent thunder ktorm, a Mr.
Mogul, living near tbe County line in Ring
gold County, while going Dear a schoolliouse,
was knocked down by a shock from a stroke
of lightning. Recovering himself he went
into the schoolhouse near by, where he found
tbe teacher and all the children upon the floor,
their senses benumbed from the stroke and
the clothing of two little gir^ on fire—one his
own child. He extinguished the flames. One
of the children was dead, and hfs own child
died the next day.
A XEoao, named Charles Greeley, was re
cently tied to a tree, at West Liberty, and
horsewhipped for insulting a schoolmistress.
The young lady's father and friends did the
whipping.
TUB Secretary of State has given notice
that, nndec the new law regulatln? tbe distri
bution of laws, only the county officers, Jus
tices of the Peace, Township-Clerks and May
ors of cities or towns are entitled to the laws
at the expense of the State.
AH alarming case of trichina has developed
In Boone County, causing the death of one
person already, and from which some of tbe
four others now sick will not recover. Two
families living four miles south of Moingona,
by tbe name of Toliver and Cartwright, are
the victims. The attending physician being
unable to account for tbe sudden death, a
Boonesboro physician was called, who discov
ered the cause by a microscopic examination
of the meat. It was estimated to contain at
least twenty thousand of the parasites to the
square inch. The meat was ham, cured by
the family themselves. It seems impossible
for Mr. Cartwright to recover. All who ate
of the ham have been affected. The parties
are well-to-do farmers, and the discovery, has
caused a profound sensation in that com
munity.
17
de
HON. JOHN P. IRISH, editor of the Iowa
City Daily Froa, was recently assaulted by
two men, against whose appointment as
policemen he had vigorously protested.
THB pay-roll for material and workmen on
the new Capitol, in April, footed up $90,
551.37.
THE following were the postal changes in
Iowa during the week ending May 11,1878:
Established—Delphi, Ringgold County, Mi
chael Rush, Postmaster Losh Mills, Potta
watomie County, J. Z. Losh, Postmaster Re
no, Cass County, Jacob Steen, Postmaster
Scott, Floyd County, Mary E. S. Walker, Post
master. Postmasters Appointed—Carter,
Iowa County, William H. Everson Hamlin,
Audubon County, Robert W. Hanna Milton,
Van Buren County, H. M. Dysart Urbana,
Benton County,-William Wilcox.
THB Methodists of the State arc said to be
talking of consolidating the Mt. Pleasant and
Indianola Colleges, and re-locating at Des
Moines.
FRANK DEAN, a convict in the Anamosa
Penitentiary, was shot, the other afternoon,
by one of the guards, while attempting to es
cape f-oin a stone quarry where he was at
work.
THE Granger Elevator, at Creston, was
burned on the 15th. The building and ma
chinery were worth $12,000, and were totally
destroyed. The elevator was full of grain,
and th&t, too, was burned, as also were five
cars on the railroad track adjacent.
Cnuis. REBSE, a farmer, living four miles
south of Pulaski, committed suicide, the
other day, by hanging himself to a tree. He
was found about noon by his sons, hanging
rope fifteen :feet long, his feet five feet
from the ground. It appears that he went up
the tree and jumped down, breaking his neck
instantly.
THE Board of Regents of the State Univer
sity of Iowa met at DesMoines, on the 16th,
and by a unanimous vote elected J. L.
Pickard, of Chicago, late Superintendent of
Public Schools of that city, President of the
University. He will assume charge of the
Presidency at the beginning of the fall term
in September.
HAOARTT, Howland and Sanders, arrested
at St. Louis for burglary and attempted mur
der, at Father Cosgrove's residence, in Daven
port, have been sentenced, the first to five,
and the others to ten years' imprisonment in
the Penitentiary. Hagarty confessed.
AT Dubuque, on the 17th, Patrick H. Car.
roll, aged about sixty years, was knocked
down at the crossing near the passenger de
pot of the Illinois Central Road and. run over,
crushing both legs and one arm. Deafness
prevented his hearing the approaching train
or the signal of danger. Every effort was
made by the engineer to save him, but too
late.
THE Governor has issued a commission to
Charles V. Mount, of Vinton, as Major-Gen
eral of the State militia, which sqf-tles the
mooted question of the election.
THERE are about two hundred students In
attendance at the Iowa State Agricultural
College.
THE State Bar Association has appointed a
committee to secure tbe passage of a law re
quiring two years1 study for law students,
and certificates of admission to practice in
this State to be issued only by the Supreme
Court.
Ex-Uov. CARPENTER has consented to be
come a candidate for Congress from the Ninth
District.
THE Keokuk & DesMoines Railroad has
been leased to the Rock Island Railroad.
GEORGE JACKSON, an insurance agent, was
arrested at Carroll, the other day, charged
with forging applications for insurance and
premium rates. He was agent for the Farm
ers' Insurance Company, of Cedar Rapids, and
the State, of DesMoines, and his alleged plan
was when he got an application for insurance
in one company to forge one in the other,
thus doubling bis commission. He was also
charged with having forged township orders to
pay for pretended insurance on several school
houses.
THE latest reports from St. Louis give tbe
following as the current prices for leading
staples: Flour—XXX, Fall, $4.50(^5.65.
Wheat—No. 3 Red, Fall, $1.12^31.13 No. 3
Spring, [email protected]^ Corn—No. 2 Mixed,
33^@ «&c Eye—No. 2. 57K@5Sc Oats—
8»K@26tfc Pork—$8.75(^8.90 Lard
6H@t%c Hogs—$3.0033.50 Cattle—$3.35
ti#5.35w
The Increased Suicide Rate.
That there is an alarming increase
in the number of suicides in this coun
try is evident on reading the records as
published in the daily papers. Every
day the dispatches chronicle the suicide
of from three to five persons, whose
prominence or the circumstances of
whose death make the announcement
of general interest. During one month
of The present year the weekly average
of such suicides was over twenty, and
possibly the average has been nearly
as great for all the months. The re
ported cases take in all grades of so
ciety, and include young people as well
as old people prosperous and in good
health, us well as people disappointed
and sick.
A correspondent of the Inter-Ocean
expresses his opinion that the increase
in the suicide rate is owing to the pub
lication of the particulars of every case
of suicide, and the throwing about the
act, in so many instances, the atmos
phere of martyrdom or heroism. Be
lieving that tbe publication of such
'Cases exercises an unwholesome in flu
on persons of morbid imagination,
leading them trf ad«pt, for the sake of
notoriety, the methods of the suicide,
this correspondent asks that all suicide
:items
of
a eategartaal aaplaeeHc
rtosloft«of the Clm-
Ma to AMmUiC«qf|i
PxxmB Mxuar «f*8ervia, bae par-
A BUT HAW) KAMI —4
Ji'' Ass*#*** "fc A
be omitted, at least from the
weekly edition of the Inter-Ocean,
This approximates
to a theory' of sui
¥Um tbat haa many advocates. As a
aad ill—inmlnlnrt boy takes a
LT*atMMtkm fat doing some
"tek, aad
lef of his
when thif Me him' rick unto
•o t* to argued that person suf
hp ^ia
to
Colcdo
n* .' e1
-»nl«
8 to
OCc£ ^o smuW
-n
naxm
ItfWA STATE SEWS.
to an act that, while it stops all re
proaches, arouses the sympathy of
friends and 'appeals to fTie charity of
enemies.
Has a man been wronged, he imag
ines that self-destruction softie way
makes the fact prominent, and that his
self-immolation makes the public tha
instrument for reproaching and pun
ishing those who have wronged him. A
man who thinks he has not been under
stood or appreciated is apt to "fancy
that his sudden taking off in a mysteri
ous way will open the eyes of the
world to the talent and ability that was
allowed to perish with him, and, ani
mated by this thought, he takes his re
venge on the public by an act which he
hopes will tear their hearts with re
morse.
The letters left by many suicides
show that in some such spirit they
contemplated self-destruction. Others
write as though they were simply tired
4 life, and disgusted with their own
infirmities. Others, again, wiite not
at all, but carry all clew as to motive
with them into the beyond. While the
public looks upon suicide as cowardly,
it is easy for the person who lists de
termined on suicide to convince him
self that his act is in some sanse heroic.
Certain it is that much thinking on sui
cide makes men mad, and in seeking
causes for the increased rate of self
destruction, we may lind the principal
one in the fact that with the change in
public opinion toward the suicide has
come a disposition to dwell more on
the romantic and peculiar features of
suicide cases.
In the old time the suicide was count
ed in the list of outcasts. The act it
self received the severest condemnation
of the Church, and was looked upon
with horror by the people. There was
in public print and common conversa
tion no disposition to excuse and no
tendency to justify the act by an array
of causes, or by enlarging upon the
troubles and trials of the deceased.
There was no encouragement to dwell
on the subject in secret or public, but
popular sentiment, custom and tradi
tion all were so many influences to di
rect men's minds away from the sub
ject. The sentiment in the churches,
the attitude of the Church itself, and
the feeling among the people at large,
all have changed, there is now more
charity for the act, and more considera
tion for the person who commits sui
cide, than formerly, and the means of
directing public thought to such occur
rences having greatly increased, are
used without scruple. In this change
of public sentiment we may find one
reason for the increase in the suicide
rate.
Supplementary to this is the fact that
suicides find apologists and defenders
in many brilliant and erratic writers.
An article is published, written years
ago by John M. Binckley (who is said
to have committed suicide a few days
since), which is in effect a strong plea
for charitable judgment on the suicide.
If Mr. Binckley did commit suicide, he
applied to the disappointments of his
career the reasoning common to dis
eased minds, and the article written in
former years shows that his mind had
been dwelling on the subject, and that
he had taken tlie lirst step in the direc
tion of danger.
Many seek causes for the numerous
suicides in the hard times and incident
privations. As a rule, however, the
trials of people struggling against pov
erty tend to rouse tlie very qualities in
human nature that contribute to whole
some and practical thought, even
though it be commonplace and prosy.
.rr-Neago Inter-Ocean.
The Wife's Mlstafcfc
Edwin was in duty bound to give An
gelina something on her birthday, even
if they have been four years married.
'tilVKi
I .0 *3fi
Angelina," he said contemplatively,
your birthday and the Widow Flam
mers' fall on the same day, don't
they?" "Yes," said she. "And the
Widow Flammers has been very kind
to us, and neighborly nothing could
have been more humane when litt'.e
Edgar was down with the measles, and
when you went home to spend a few
weeks with your mother she was kind
enough to run in every day and ses
that jane I know all about it
she was very kind, indeed, and I don't
know how I could ever repay her, not
e^en if I rolled in $1,000-Treasury
notes and lived to be as old as Methu
selah," replied Angelina, with a soup
con of sarcasm. "I wish," continued
Edwin, reflectively. that times
weren't quite so hard I should like to
be in a position to recognize and, in a
measure, repay her neighborly kind
ness with some little testimonial of a
friendly sort. I heard her say, the
other day, that she so wished some one'
would give her a set of jewelry." Here
he prudently dropped tho subject, but
Friday he happened to be out with An
gelina, and as he was passing a jew
elry-store said artlessly, Let's step in
here and look at some sets." The
viper!" said. Angelina to herself but
nerving herself with an effort she en
tered the store. Show us some sets
of jewelry," said Edwin to the polite
assistant something suitable for a
birthday present for alady fashionable
and in good taste, and reasonably good
—one doesn't mind going to a little ex
pense on such occasions. Perhaps, An
gelina," he p.dded, "you had better
make a selection. You know beat what
a woman would be apt to like. Some
thing really nice." "Monster!" whis
pered Angelina' to herself "lavishing
riotous sets of jewelry on a widow,
while I hadn't a new hat at Easter, and
my gloves are a sight to be seen—not
lit for a dog to wear. I'll fix him—and
her, too." Accordingly with that ex
quisite and ingenious malice in which a
woman—and especially a jealous one—
delights, «vhenever another woman is
in the case, she passed by all the ex
pensive sets and pitched upon a very
plain $6 india-rubber set. "My love,"
said Edwin, rather blankly, isn't-that
rather cheap and nasty, as it were?
Wouldn't it be better to take something
more expensive? Now, thin gold ana
coral—" Expensive jewelry," said
Angelina, emphatically, and exulting
in her soul "expensive jewelry is no
longer worn. Gold and coral are vul
gar. No woman who pretends to ele
gance wears anything but plain india
rubber." "But, my dear, he per
sisted, you yourself If I were
choosing for myself," she said, sternly,
"I would pick out this very set, and
nothing else." "Very well, my dear,
very well," said Edwin, and he paid
for them, and when they got home,
after a silent walk, he said, Angie,
this is your birthday gift," and gave
her the set of jewelry. She just burst
into tears, and said she would go home
to her mother the very next blessed
dav. Queer things, women.—Chicago
Tribune.
POOB young thing!
away at the was"
OKDEB received by a dentist, which
says: "My mouth is three inches
across, five-eight inches threw the jaw.
Snnytamoky on the edge. Shaped like
a hoM-fthew, toe forrara. If vou want
me to be more partikler, I shall have to
ire-
AMM ftBMw all* ami
DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OP TAMA COUNTY.
Cheapness.
iKtheaebard times how grertis the
inducement, if not the necessity,*6 get
everything cheaply, and how uniform
is the experience thatcheapness means
inferiority' Occasionally, indeed,
throujjh the misfortunes of our fellows,
we are enabled to secure property of
various kinds at a price far below its
value and so demoralized have we be
come by the pressure of financial dis
tress, which tends to selfishness and not
to generosity, as some would have us
believe, that we feel a triumphant ex
ultation that personal profit has ac
crued to us through our neighbors' loss*
But general cheapness is a very differ
ent thing, and we are led to conclude
that a cheap article of any kind is a
very undesirable one, and only to be
accepted through necessity.
The cost of anything, and conse
quently its value, is measured by two
tilings, quality of material and the la
bor employed to make it. These in
turn may be superior or inferior. In
consequence ot the demand for cheap
articles our stores are full of inferior
goods. Furniture made of unseasoned
wood and hastily glued together mu
sical instruments that are mere var
nished cases with the imitation of keys,
strings and reeds for interior mechan
ism silverware with a varnishing coat
of shining gloss jewelry that is fair
to look upon, but is hopelessly tarnished
by use clothing that presents a fair ex
terior, but that rips and fades and loses
shape when worn gloves that gape at
every seam at the Brst wearing—these
and innumerable other eonstantly-re
curring instances of inferiority impress
upon us the fact that, ordinarily, cheap
things are the dearest.
Excellence and cheapness cannot go
together, and we would save ourselves
much annoyance and disappointment
by recognizing and remembering the
fact. The house which the contractor
builds too cheaply will invariably have
weak walls, woodwork that will shrink
at the corners, plastering that will drop
off, and paint that will crack. How
can it be otherwise? The builder is not
going to make a present of good work
and good materials to his patron cheap
work will be given for cheap pay. The
tailor is not going to put good material
and skilled labor in the suit of clothes
which looks as good as the best, but is
sold at a price far below what is asked
for the genuine article. It cannot be
done, and it should not be expected but
rather those who are compelled to buy
cheaply should philosophically make
up their minds to bear the consequences
that must follow cheap purchases
The individual may learn to estimate
rightly the consequences of cheapness,
and intelligently make choice for him
self with full knowledge of the inevita
ble results. In public affairs it is differ
ent, and hero the effort after cheapness
becomes a danger of great magnitude.
The outcry of the people against heavy
taxation is in danger of resulting in our
employing cheap teachers for our
schools, (-neap officials for our public
service, putting up cheap public build
ings, doing business on cheap methods,
and the effect canuot but be most dis
astrous. For public use cheapness is a
fatal quality. We must have excel
lence if we would have satisfactory
scrvice, and for excellence we have got
to pay. It is one of the duties of the
property. Only by requiring excel
lence, and paying "a fair price for it,
fan the public escape the loss and ilis-
tarily
ppointment that invariably and neces
accompanies cheapness.—('hicd
00 P0«t.
The Transit #f HeJNMrfjr^
By far the most interesting question
which was sought to be answered yes
terday, however, was whether or not
there is a planet nearer the sun than
Mercury is. Le Verrier, whose math
ematical calculations revealed the ex
istence and the place of one planet be
fore it was seen, thought that the exist
ence of still another planet, revolving
within the orbit of Mercury, was shown
by certain peculiarities of Mercury's
motion. The existence or non-exist
ence of this inter-Mercurial planet was
from the first a matter of profound cu
riosity among astronomers, and the
more because certain trustworthy ob
servers have believed that they have
seen the supposed planet, while the ac
curacy of .their observations has not
been confirmed by others which ought
to have confirmed it if they were right
in believing that they had seen the new
planet.
Without attempting to give more
than the most popular statement of the
matter, we may say tha' to solve this
question it waa necessary to discover
whether or not the planet Mercury
shows increased motion at its perihe
lion—that is to say, in that part of its
orbit which brings it nearest the Bun
as Le Verrier supposed. Upon this
supposed increased motion Le Verrier's
theory of the existence of an interior
planet rested.
It is not to be expected, of course,
that an exact agreement will appear
between the results of the observations
made in various parts of the country,
because the condition
of tbe atmosphere
and many other otruumst&fioee may af
fect the accuracy
of so nice a matter at
any given station
She fainted
wash-tub,- and her pretty
nose went kerslop into the soapsuds.
Some said it was overwork others,
however, whispered that her beau had
peeped over the back fence and called
out, "Hullo, there, Bridget, is V
Alioe at home?"
TOLEDO, TAMA COUNT
Yj IOWA, THURSDAY, MAY 23, 1878. NUMBER 2U
Prof. Peters, of Hamilton College, in
this State, believes that he has mide
an interesting discovery in observing
the transit, namely, that Mercury has
an atmosphere. His full report on this
point will be awaited with much inter
est. If the indications upon which he
founds his belief shall prove to be sat
isfactory to himself and to his fellow
astronomers when examined critically.
Prof. Peters will have made a contri
bution of moment to the store of astro
nomical facts which American observ
ers have so greatly enriched of late
years.—N. 1". Evening 1'osl.
tireat Promise of the Growing Ciaps.
With scarcely an exception, the
staples upon which most reliance is
placed—wheat, corn, cotton and grass
—are in at last as promising a condi
tion as they have been at any corre
sponding period (the second week in
May) during the past quarter of a cen
tury. There have been heavy rains re
cently in various parts of the West and
also in New England, yet but little
serious damage has occurred. The
Prairie Farmer of the 4th inst., after
referring to the damage caused by the
recent storms in some localities, speaks
most hopefully of the prospects in Illi
nois, Iowa, Indiana, Missouri, Michi
gan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Kansas,
Nebraska and other States it enumer
ates. In the latitude of St. Louis, it
says, the wheat is already heading out,
and in a very short time now the sickles
of the reapers will be running in thou
sands of fields South, and adds The
outlook on the whole was never better
in the South, Southwest and North
west." Our contemporary says that
in several States much of the corn is
up and ready for cultivation that it is
receiving trom all sections this cheer
ing intelligence: Crops never belter:
outlook all that could be desiredand
concludes by saying: We may re
iterate what we have before stated, that
never in the history of the West have
we had so advanced a season of uni
formly mild weather or so early a sea
son for planting. This our Record'
has shown from week to week. The
weather is now generally favorable for
farm work. Let us hope it may con
tinue, and at the close of the seaion's
labors all may unite in one grand harv
est-home such as the West has never
yet seen."
Our recent advices from the South,
..
0hio
It is yet too soon eVen to conjecture,
with anything like certainty, what re
sults will How from the many obser
vations made of the planet Mercury's
recent transit across the face of the
sun. Two points of importance are
certain, namely, that the weather was
particularly favorable for the making
,, ,, the quality will be improved. The re-
of observations, and that every avails- & States are generally en
able telescope of the country was
used, with the best aids to varied and
accurate observation thfct could be pro-
vided
There are several astronomical ques
tions which these observations are in
tended to solve, in whole or in part,
but two of them so outweigh the others
uhat their solution may be said to be
the object sought by all the astrono
mers. One of these is the question of
the sun's distance from the earth—a
question the full, accurate and conclu
sive answer to which would furnish the
means of solving by accurate calcula
tion a vast body of mathematical
problems with reference to the solar
system, and would at once greatly ad
vance astronomical science in its store
of facts and in the accuracy of its.com
putations. For purposes of this kind
the recent transit of Mercury was far
less valuable to astronomers than the
late transit of Venus, but it is hoped
ntleastthatthe observations of Mercury
may correct or confirm the results ob
tained at the time of Veuus' transit and
may thus narrow still further the mar
gin of doubt which exists with respect
to the exact distance between the sun
and the earth.
ibutthe
1are
both written and printed, are generally i
Georgia and T..S r.p.A dV 'CcS
more promising crops than ever be- 6 ...
fore, while the Virginias (old and West) Slves amount of a very sensible
and the CarolinasCare making notable ™a.n
progress in the line of increased agri-
h,'llf^°£
oultural production. Georgia, Alabama
and several other cotton-bowing
States
have wisely increased their acrSace of
corn, wheat, etc. Tlie planters are
fandry,more
upon cotton, and the result will be an
ifewYork: Pennsylvania and Ohio, and ^inted^aT the"sltfTdT plg""M
we find the great staples in a most i
promising condition, with
u
..._
Ial^r!
acreage than for many years. The
citizen who desires to see public money wheat crop never looked better at this i
used to the best alvantage and not I lesson
irop never looked better at tms
squandered to insist that nothing cheap ihan e^L-fore^ht^ymhl1mult^e^m- at' w'thout Serious
shall be purchased with public money, niense, unless the grain is seriously at
whether of public service or pubiii- tacked liy the Hessian fly or suffers
from rust or some other calamity. Our
accounts from Central and Western
New York are especially favorable in
regard to wheat and other staples, and
'dant,
Both
The season is at least two weeks ear
lier than" usual, and the grass and veg
etation generally is that much in ad
vance of the average of years. So far
the promise of the year is uncommonly
good." Our letters from Vermont,
New Hampshire and other parts of
New England all report the season
forward, and the farmers preparing to
plant more largely of corn and other
crops than for many years. The hay
crop will be large, and more wheat,
rye and tobacco will be grown than in
any previous season for years. An
abundant yield of apples is expected,
and other fruits promise v ell.
From otlier part3 of the continent—
as Dakota, Colorado and California in
the West, and Canada on the North—
we also have favorable reports as to
the season and prospects of growing
crops. Colorado and Dakota are cul
tivating much greater areas than ever
before, the increase bein^ prineipally
in wheat and coin, of which there will
be a large aggregate production. The
reports from California and Oregon are
very favorable in regard to the con
dition and prospects of the staple
crops of the Pacific region, and espe
cially wheat, of which there is promise
of an immense surplus for export.
From Canada also, particularly the
Province of Ontario, the accounts of
the wheatcrop are unusually promising
for more than an average yield, and as
the acreage is greater than ever before,
the aggregate production must be large
ly augmented.
In conclusion, if AmerlCA was before
justly called the granary of the world,
it promises to be more fully entitled to
the claim and name after the coming
harvest, for if nothing unforeseen oc
curs meantime its production of ce
reals will far exceed any ever known
in its history. And if the threatened
European war occurs, America will be
prepared to supply the "staff of life"
to the millions who will thereby be
come consumers instead of producers
of the most important of all our sta
ples. True, the wheat crop is not be
yond danger of serious injury from va
rious causes—notably rust and the
Hessian fly, both which have attacked
it in some localities—yet the probabil
ity is that, with such an immense area
devoted to the great cereal, the aggre
gate yield will be unprecedented in
fbe history of a country remarkable
for its agrienitaral productions. But
or is diminished mate
rial??from aninBause, others are likely
to yield abuiidantly, so that our people
will not want for the necessaries of life,
while the pcfeeent indications are that
there will be a large surplus of all the
leading staples for exportation.—If. T.
World-
Washington
observations which weire made with the
very best apparatus at nand, show pret
ty conclusively aa increased motion
even greater than that on which Le
Verrier founded his calculation, and so
far as reports have been received the
observations made at other points gen
erally confirm this conchwion. The
figures are yet to be worked out in
many places, comparisons are to be
.made, and the exact results will not be
known immediately, but the. indication*
pretty clear that Le Verrier'? theory
will prove to be ooywot
sSilSii
CLOTHES-Pins can now be bought lor
two centa^Mr don»B and there is no
longer an^ exeuSB *f*r hanging linen
pants on the line by a knot in tne leg.
—Detroit Free Prtt*.
?jb
I iiT -:j ff-C,\• •,) 'ft 6 (., -m!
Antipathies.
Antipnthy is commonly defined to be
an involuntary dislike or aversion
Ho at
animate or inanimate object, and ero^
braces a class of cases in which indi
viduals are disagreeably affected by.
things innoxious or agreeable to the
majority of mankind. Antipathies are
as various as they are unnacountable,
and often in appearancc ridiculous,
yet to those who are influenced by
them they are generally natural in
firmities or peculiarities, beyond tlie
control and not always the result of
fantastical imaginings. Different de-"
grees of antipathy are exhibited, sonle
even amounting to a revulsive feeling,
such as the hysterical dread of spiders'
crawling on the body, dislike of cats,
dogs, toads, mice, rattlesnakes and'
the like. Most Europeans and Amer
icans have an antipathy for serpent®,
while inhabitants of Eastern countries
experience no such dread.
Nearly all persons have a loathing
of reptiles or insects some are thrown
into convulsions by smelling musk «r
ambergris several persons are men
tioned in history, amonj them Mary
de Medicis, who woula faint at tlie
smell of roses. Lusitanus also relate*
the case of a monk who fainted w hen
he beheld a rose, and never quitted hit
cell when that flower was blooming.
Scaliger mentions one of his relations
who experienced a similar horror when
seeing a lily. Zimmerman tells of
lady who could not endure the feeling
of silk and satin, and who shuddered
when touching the velvety skin of a
peach. Erasmus, though a native of
Rotterdam, had such an aversion to
fish that the smell of it threw him into
a fever. Ambrose Pare mentions a
gentleman who would fall into convul
sions at the sight of an eel, while ft
French lady always fainted on seeing
lobsters. Montaigne, in discussing Ihe
subject of antipatliies, remarked that
there were men who dreaded an apple
more than a musket ball. Uladislaus,
King of Poland, could not bear to see
apples, and if that fruit was shown to
Chesne, secretary to Francis I., be bit
at the nose.
Hanover, would faint outright, or, if
u
.. „„l.i
I staples, anu
the farmers are hopeful of an abundant,
lfae ht of a roagt pig Julill
could not taste meat without serious
accident.
A large class of persons have an an
tipathy to animal food, and from child
hood refuse to eat it in others the
aversion is limited to one kind of meat.
a9 Teal or others are
'pork
k whi
ie
who
ge of the leading products. Both entertain a horror of cheese.
1 *, I j.| j. I KD0VS 11 IU t/lllClttlrlll It llUllUt VI VIXl/VUVi
and Pennsylvania wUl, according
No reason can be given for these and
numerous other instances of secret dis
likes, yet it seems quite certain their
manifestations are beyond the control
of the individual will. These peculiar
ities are no doubt sometimes acquired
in early life by injudiciously terrifying
children with some object, the mental
impression becoming permanent. It is
uncharitable, in dealing with such per
sons as are tinder these uncontrollable
influences, to make light of their fears
and antipathies, while only pure selfish
ness can expect every member of tho
human family to be actuated by simi
lar impulses or regulated by similar
self-eontrcl.—Boston Cultivator.
A Word fur the Little Ones.
I hate to see children forced to do
things that are disagreeable to them,
merely for the purpose of making them
obey. Where any good end is to be
answered it is different. Little ones
often object to what is best for them,
and when firmness is necessary people
should, of course, be firm. But if a
little, powerless creature has a strong
fancy, or a great repugnance, a parent
or guardian abuses his power in ignor
ing it. Why should your little boy be
made to eat the fat of his meat, if he
loaths it, or anything, no matter what,
that is repulsive to him? It may be nec
essary to refuse some things at table to
children, but seldom, if ever, to force
anything upon them.
Why make a child, either girl or
boy, miserable by forcing it to wear
articles of clothing of which its taste
does not approve, or at which other
children laugh? I think little girls
suffer more from this than from any
other one thing. Almost all of us have
some such memory. 1 knew a lady
whose childish life was made very
wretched for a year by an obsolete old
bag in which she was forced to carry
her books to school and another whose
mother forced her to wear some old
lace which, though
costly, waa laughed
at by tbe ignorant children who made
her world, who declares that she actu
aBy wished herself dead, until that laoe
was banished from her wardrobe.
if yon can afford it. Hi is wiser to
give
your boy the particular top or kite he
wants, and your girl the (follahe cov
ets, or th« blue ribbon she admires.
And. at any rate, you aeed not
lyforoe them to aaj^hi»g,ir«n which
they shrink, or whtoh Jfahes them nn
happy.—Bcadtwy (fo.) Sagk.
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t. SH'!",v"!» «T!: :wtr.iwiw Mtf
Our Young Headers,
Mamma, tehy is it that
the nm
Himieafmly in thedmy? $
Why rtopa he shine so
nice aim wKg.
Wht'ii he (w) far away?
Wbv are tbe i'um
PO
fold
Many individuals take singular dis
like to harmless animals. Henry III.
of France, could never sit in the room
with a cat, and the Duke of Schonberg
ran out of any chamber into which one
entered, while a gentleman in the
court of the Emperor Ferdinand would
bleed at the nose on hearing the mew-
10 crnbcd
th for two
-vears.h.e
lned
an
mate with a verJ" braVe offlcer Wh° WaS
Thn „i!„ £l, so terrified at the sight of a mouse that
iving attention to mixed hus
i j- he had his sword in Ins hand- Man\
instead of depending mainly
k om unlegg
1
.V1and
...
,nn
increase of prosperity and '"depend-
ence. Arkansas and the Indian Terr 1
tory promise unusually large yields of
wheat, cotton and tobacco, with in
creased attention to other crops.
Turning from the South to the great
agricultural States of the North, notably
strong-minded sensible people,
.. i i i even in our own midst, are thrown into
and silver coinsnsed in the country,
here are also
Those of you who have been in Phil
adelphia will remembe*, on the north
side of Chestnut street, near Broad, a
Grecian building of white marble,
somewhat gray from age, with a tall
lt

h.ls b°wffs
were
in
lnlr^
the same au
],lor,. ZZZ
"Visitors admitted from n.ne to
twelve. The door opens into a c.rcu-
sigi,t
of a
mouse. Tyche Brake shuddered at the
sight of a fox Cwsar trembled at the
crowing of a cock the l)tike d'Fpernon
swooned on beholding a leveret, al
though a hare did not produce the
same effect, while Marshal d'Albert
A small piece is then cut off, and its
fineness ascertained by a long and deli-
ir
celebrated huntsman in
Vaughein,
Hanover,
he had sufficient time, would run away
le families arc
Jo )h Scali
TO present indications, produce a greater
reter Abono never
c(m] drjnk
abundance of ccreals than ever before,
while other crops, including fruit, are
most promising. New Jersey, Dela
ware and Maryland w,11 probably yield
a greater amount of fruit than has been
£ilkand
Cardau
|f Lo
tl)e
^(1
expected and sec ions where the ,c|,
crop has been diminished in quantity
Aspects of other
From New England—a region so
generally regarded by people of more
favored localities as bleak, sterile and
too rocky and hilly for profitable culti
vation—we have favorable accounts of
the season and crops. Advices as late
as the 6th instant say the recent heavy
rain, which continued eight days,
caused no serious damage. A Boston
agricultural journal of the 4th says:
Baco) {ttinted at
f^r ^x
I 'J j«l, 'f
.yiiit.T.
k
very larae?
I'-aWi one look* like a upark.
Why doe. the moon .hine when it.
liflht.
And oeTer when it's* dark?
Why an' the Rummer* alwnyw I*
The winteisaiwMys eohl?
\Y!ly is it th.it each year mnst dia
When only one year old?
And why can't little children b,
AM Uitr aw tl eir papas?
And when I ask you tiuefftioli*. ta%-
Why Oo you say, Uecause
Why i. it. niaoima, when it rainfc
Myo, why ia it little hiy«
Can never walk duwa at&irs.
But sliding down the railing no
Necessitate repairs
Why w ill they walk upon their kaaei
And make such dreadful ho!e*f
Why do their hands b{ often lcefc ,•
Aa if they shoveled coal.?
Why are their (xx k. ts full of nail*
And stones and iron rings.'
Why is it their delieht to sec
Tlie ch.iirs festooned with strunp?
Win are their faces seldom cl. an?
Their (lothes oft stained with oMr
And can you tell mc why it is
Th it k r-ses cure a hurt?
Whv are niHl! ttand^so misrhitwofla,
timi-hirr,' forbidden things
Tnmina the mds in papa's watelk,
Or wearing mamma's nnga?
riaving itfith matches or with fiw.
Or picking at. the pie.
Or hiainp yraiui|a's spectacles
In som' slum p'ace so sly
And why can't little boys stand atill?
Why will they chase the cat?
Why do they nev, shut the door.
Or hang up coat or hat?
Why is it when mamma is ill
Tlicy make unusual noiae?
ind why, in spite of naughty trUa,
Mammas love little hoys
-Mr*. C. B. C'hrintian Unto*.
Where Money is Made.
lar entrance hall, with sea s around the {{,is
cate process called assaying. This de- jt,le PraJ'inS ,.luthe
eides the v:dueof the lot. The depos- most earnest Christian men on the
itor is then paid, and the metal is coast His religious
handed over to tlie inciter and refiner, flia
acid, squeezed under immense pressure,
baked in a hot cellar, and finally car
ried to this dingy-looking room, at the
averse to
mil
left of the court-yard, where we have
stood all this time. The metal is per
fectly pure now, but before the final
melting one-tenth of its weight in cop
per is added to it, to make it hard
enough to bear the rough usage which
it will meet with in traveling about the
world.
was particu-
larly disgusted at the sight of eggs
Boy le records the case of a man who
felt a natural abhorrence to honey.
Qther si lar anlipatiiies
are vouched
every
the moo nml Ariosto at the
g[ ft batfa Hlpl)ocr!l
one Nicanore who swooned whenever
he heard a flute, while Shakespeare has
alluded to the similar effects of the bag
pipe. Boyle fainted when he heard the
splashing of water, while John Rol, a
gentleman of Alcantara, would swoon
on hearing the word lana (wool) pro
nounced, although his cloak was made
of wool. La Motte le Vayer could not
endure the sound of musical instru
ments, though he experienced a lively
pleasure whenever it thundered. A
lady living near Exeter, in England,
had a mortal aversion to all colors ex
cept green, yellow or white she has
been known to swoon away at the sight
of a soldier, while a funeral never
failed to throw her into a violent per
spiration. The author of the "Turk
ish Spy" tells us that he would rather
encounter a lion in the deserts of Ara
bia, provided he had but a sword in his
hand, than feel a spider crawling on
him in the dark.
The room would be dark but for the
tierv glow of the furnaces which line
one" end of the place. On these are a
number of small pots, tilled with red
hot liquid metal and while we look, a
workman lifts one after another, with
a pair of long tongs, and pours the
glowing gold in streams into narrow
iron molds.
,es mentions
We would gladly remain longer,
peering in at the glowing fires and the
swarthy figures of the workmen, but
our guide is already half-way across the
court, and we reluctantly follow, step
ping aside to make reom for a work
man with his burden of silver bars,
which he is carrying to undergo the
rolling process. The rollers give the
metal the form of ribbons, from which
another machine punches theplanchets,
which are the coins before they are
milled and stamped.—St. Nichohls for
May.
She Ueness and the
IN Dublin, which, you know, is one
of the great cities of Ireland, there are
gardens where all kinds of wild ani
mals are kept for show. 1
hese are
called Zoological Gardens. Our word
zo-ology oomes from the Greek words,
zo-on, an animal, and lo-gos, discourse
so that zo-ology means that part of
natural history which treats of ani
mals.
In these Dublin Gardens there was a
lioness that went by the name of Old
Girl. She was born in the Gardens in
1859, and died there at tbe age of six
teen years (a pretty old age for a
lioness), after having reared fifty cubs.
She was a lioness of very high spirit,
though quite gentle and goo« judges
said she was the handsomest one they
had ever seen.
These fiesh-eating beasts, when in
health, have no objection to the pres
ence of rats in their cages on the con
trary, they rather welcome them as a
relief to that sameness of life which is
the chief trial of a wild animal in con
finement. But in illness the case is
different, for the ungrateful rats, not
contented with sharing the lion's food,
then begin to nibble the toes of the
helpless lord of the forest, and add
much to his discomfort.
To save Old Girl from this vexation,
the keepers placed in her cage a fine
little terrier. He was at first received
with a sulky growl from Old Girl but
when the first rat appeared, and she
saw the little terrier toss him into the
air and catch him across the loins with
a snap when he came down,^ she began
to understand what the temer was lor.
Her whole manner was changed.
She ooaxed the little dog to her side,
and folded her paw around him, as if
to thank him for saving her from her
terrible enemies, the rats. Every night
•Iter that, the little terrier slept at the
breast of the lioness, enfolded with her
paws, and on the watch for enemies.
Yon may be sure, that during the six
weeks that Old Girl lived after this, the
rats had a bad time.—Nursery.
How They Treat Babies.
When the Lord Jesus came down to
earth as the Babe of beuuuhotn. His
mother, the Virgin Mary, wrapped Htm
ia (waddling clothes or linen hands
wound tightly round His little body, as
tbe custom was among those Jewtoh
people. In the present time, the
babies
£Fiiie Dutch and Garniatt peasantry
are laced tightly to a pillow, whioh one
would thus unit to «VM
J&H
ght ffiolab £hronicle. '01
Tn Chboxicu It published at th# Connty teat
wt Tama, 6n» the largest, richest, most central
ind populous countiec ia IOWA. It is the oldest
paper In the County and one of the oldest in the
Bute—herlug been established in 185®. lla circa
latlon beios lai*e end consUutljr increaslut:, make*
It a very desirable advertising medium for business
nen and manufacturers wishing to Wing their
goods and wares to the notice of the people of
Central Iowa.
jja* i ft I
I to have their little limbs confined in
I swaddling bands however, it is said,
I that being kept thus still and motion
i less in infancy has a good deal to do
with forming the slow, quiet nature and
habits of the German and Dutch men
and women.
In the South of Italy, the babies are
bound up, too something after tho
fashion of Egyptian mummies they
I are fastened to a board, and are allowed
to use their arms and hands as they
i hang up to a tree or wall. If we were
to travel in Hindostan. we should find
the Europeans who dwell there protect
I ing their babies from the troublesome
i mosquitos, by putting them while they
I sleep under a frame covered with green
I gauze. Very much like a wire meat
guard, is it not? but then if it gives
i poor baby quiet rest, that does not mat
I ter.
1
Ho cloudy in the sky? ....
I'll like toknow 'bout lot* of thiajlB
The really reaaou w bar.
MANILA'S WHYR.
The different tribes of East Indians
nmstly carry their babies on their hips
the Egyptians hold them on their
shoulders but in all these lands wo
I sec the mother's love and mother's
jare which (ind has implanted in the
hearts of these women for their helpless
offspring.
But what do you think of the Sa
moan'father? He gives his baby away
to one of his relations, from whom he
receives some gift in return which he
likes better.
The poor Sioux mother straps her
baby to a board, puts a canopy over its
head to screen it from the sun, and a
toy in its small hands, and she carries
it on her back till it is seven months
old, when it is thought old enough to
lie in the folds of a blanket. But if the
little thing dies during those first
months of life, its place is filled with
black quills and feathers, and the moth
er still bears this burden about as care
fully as if her child was there, and con
tinues doing so for twelve months.
I Poor woman! 1 suppose it comforts
THEME arc but three cities in all the her to fancy the little baby is there, for
Union where money is actually made
that is, where metals are coined. The
nrincipal mint of the United States is
in Philadelphia. Here are made all the
copper and nickel coins—one, two and
tive-ecnt pieces-and a large part of the
she has not learned to think of it in the
arms of the Savior, who carries the
lambs in His bosom. —-V. 1". Observer.
PERSONAL A Jill LITERARY.
The French papers announce tho
branch mints at San death, in his Prison, at New York, of
Francisco and trson City. And at
these places gold and silver coins of
every value are coined in great quanti
ties.
Williams Twed.'
—The estate of Oakes Ames, who
died several y ears ago, is still unsettled.
When he died he was supposed, to lie
worth several million dollars, but it is
now doubtful whether the estate will
meet the debts.
A brother of the late Vice-Prcsi-
d( nt vvnsotl opens th(
e center, and
to
chimney rising from the ..
the United States flag Hying from the
a
roof. This is the mint. Let us climb
s
to be entirely freed from its impurities church work, in t-hr.stian associntmn,
in the Sunday-Schools, in the otlil, way
side labor of missions, he is foremost.
and made tit for coinage.
And a hard time it has of it, to be
sure. Nothing but pure gold andsil-. i„,.
vcr could ever stand such treatment. It company cheery, genial^unj-tHisi.
is melted again, dissolved in nitric
On board the steamer he was the lite of
n'"'k- fn,'."'A*:
"'lU'
aU
tj
"I
t-UJ
i mi
i, tit
A
A
Advertising rates made known on application.
JOB PHINTIN
svery description executed with nealMfe
lispatch. Special attention paid to
3 A
PRINT1NO IN COLOKBr
Tovur favors earnestli solicited.
,)0()r for visitors
|lg States Senate Chamber,
^j"° of".Senaior Blaine, who
on
the long fliffht of steps and enter the
jy slightly resembles him, folds pa-
efg
ju
building. On the door is a acard:
tjie
j()cunil»nt room.
e th
wall. In a moment a polite usher who „.„'m
h...
.t^.^rlW^Vm.t.i1'!1K:,r,ht,
vlaitnm «.ri Allowed to see.
defaulter, ran
fr()m
£hioa„((i
he
ieft
a
looked
box* se(i to
K
eontain
much Teas-
mvslerioua
depository was
coul.t
„leH
1
otlier
day,
and was found to contain "a copy of
.. ti. ailll Wltn lUlllJtl HJ ct'iilillll it tuuy v#*
st.tut.on, comes to show us all.that,
Capt. WilHam MorKail's
cdebratodex-
1
visitors are allowed to see.
When the gold has been weighed,"
says our guide, it is locked up in iron
boxes, and carried to the melting-room,
where It is melted and poured into
molds."
..
posure of Masonry, undated, but yel
low with age." And then his creditors
felt better.—N. V. Graphic.
—"tien. O. O. Howard," a Portland
(Ore.) correspondent of the Boston
Journal writes, is marvellously pop
alar with the people. Ho is known as
is one of
On Sunday
I he arranged Divine service, led the
singing and aided the preacher in his
part. His personal bravery and cour
age is admitted by his enemies."
—Senator Withers, of Virginia, dis
played wonderful nerve fluringa recent
operation, when the surgeons had to
cut into the inside of tho pupil of the
eye and remove from it a particle of
diseased matter. He absolutely refused
to take morphine or any other anes
thetic, and, lying on a sofa with his
head propped'up to allow the surgeons
to reach his eye readily, submitted him
self to the shock with entire compos
ure. Mr. Withers not only did not
utter a sound under the knife, but did
not once wince or give any other evi
dence of feeling pain. The exhibition
of nerve aud power of will was wonder
ful, and the best results followed. The
operation was more successful than if
the patient had been subjected to the
influence of anesthetics.
Tom Plaeide's widow died at Tom's
River, N. J., recently, aged eighty-three.
Fifty-three years ago Placide fell in love
with her, but Mary Ann Knight, who was
ten years his senior, did not encourage
his suit and married another man. In
1868 her old lover met her, then a wid
ow, renewed the courtship of forty
years before, and this time was success
ful. After their marriage they went to
Tom's River to live, he having retired
from the stage. Their home was a
beautiful place, and they are said to
have lived very happily together. In
July last Plaeide committed suicide by
shooting himself. He had suflered pro
tracted agony from a cancer in his
moulh, and, in a letter written just be
fore the deed, he explained that he
could endure no more. Mrs. Plaeide
was prostrated by his death, and her
health thereafter steadily declined.
—A canal boatman at Rondout, N.
Y., claims relationship with the Em
peror of Germany. He showrs letters
purporting to have been written by
members of the royal family to him.
some of them bearing the royal seal ofi
Germany stamped upon their face.
His Teutonic friends pronounce them
genuino.
STHAWBEKRY short cake is so called!,
because it is short of strawberries
THE MARKETS.
NEW YORK, May 21,1878. V
LIVE STOCK—Cattle
Sheep
I!ne»
FLOUR—Good to Choice
WHKA1"—No. 2 Chicago
COliN- Western Mixed
OATS-Western Mixed
K^K— WeslGtn
POKK—Miss
LAlil—Steam
CHEK.SE
WOOL—Domestic Fleet®
HOGS-Live-5ood to Choice..
8 HKE P— Co
ai raon to Choice...
BVTTElt— Fancy Creamery....
CATTLK-Bect
worw
•/j
CHICAGO.
BEEVES—Extra
Choice
Gooi
1
evf
$s.a
6
JO
Medium
ti L.:x
Good to Choice
EGGS—Fresh
FLOUR— Choice Winter
Choice to Fioe Spring
e.60
6.75
e.oo
1.074?^
Patent
GBAIN-Wheat No. 2, Spring.
Corn, No. 2
Oats, No. 2
Bye, No. 2.
Bnrlev, No. 2
.67
si
BROOM CORK— Green Hurl...
Bed-'lipped do
Green Brn»h
Red-Tipped do
Crooked
FORK—Men
LUMBER
1st and 2d Cle^r
Sd Clear
ear Dra*el Biding..
Hiding--.*..
and Fenc'g.
Mt
BALTIMORE.
EAOT LIBKBTY.

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