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T*B*a or aUBNCBEmOVi One yew. in odnan -. tt N If not paid within six months 2R ffil TnQJlthX- ,....— .. W Hree miMithK 41 OFFICE |g n»ll«T 2h»t9i.' Bleak, MUUUt 1 General News Summary. COMRIH. Ijf the Senate, on the 21st, Mr. Ferry stated that be was instructed by a majority of tbe Finance Committee to report back without intendment tbe Howe bill fwWAtim tbe tcu tlier retirement of United States IspU tendrr notes, and to recommend ite passage. Several other bills were reported from committees and placed en, tbe calendar, among wmeh waa tho Home biu for tbe relief of settler* on public fond* under tbe Pre-emption taw. A new Con ference Coaimittec'w w appointed on toe Militate? Academy Appropriation bill. Tbe amendment to tbe hill to place tbe name of Geo. came of Gen. Gmnt. was reported and pMsed—32 to 29. An amendment to strike oat nil after the enacting clause and insert a provision authorizing tue Secretary, of the Inte rior to pUce (hen.unu of Oen. SBielda on the pension list at Me rate ot flOO a month, was, aft er a len :tbv de^xito. injected—SI ta SL The qaea tion IK in? then on the paa«jre of the biH, it was rejeoti'd -yoas. IfH nar s, 34— and a motion to ve~ consi icr the vote w-c% made—Tbe Army Appro priat on bill waa considered in Committee of the Whole of the House, and a general debate en" oued, involving the la »or question and the poli cy of a r-duotion of the Annv, and its use as a police force to protect laborers throughoat the ruiitrv in their right to work, in opposition to tho power and demanda of striken. A BILL was passed in the Senate, on the 22d, for the relief of settlers on public lands oader the Pre-emption law, giving to such set tlers who had been on pablic lands two or three years the benefit of that time upon changing t'eir claim MI HS to be under the Homestead law. M'. 1-o'imar spoke in favor of the Tcxa* Pacific K liirnad !iii. 'i be Conference report on the In dia Appropriation bill wan agreed to—Mr. Han son offered, as a que*tionot privilege, a res olution in thf* House, extending the Potter inves to(re^on and 8 »uth Carolina, and de clAno? that it is not the intention of tbe Hooae, through such investigtiijn. lo annul or at tempt tit annul tue decision of the Prudential (pie-ton made hy the i'citv-fnurth C-onyretu but several mem bcr-" d^lin-'d t') vote, the rssul being 71 to 60, and. the point of no quorum t»eing raised. Mr. H«rrifi'n withdrew tfie resolution. Mr. Wilson then ulfered a re?o'ut:nti, which was adopted without division, extetd n» the jower of the In vfstiL'atinj: Committee an. Htate where there may o-'r.ny well-gro'inde.t allegat on of fraud. Are "rt was submittc from the Committee on Kxp 'ml.tures netting forth ten articles of im peachment n'iain*? O. 13. Bradfoid, late Vioe I'oti.sul-Gcuoral at fcjhanshai. China, on charges of cml ezzteirciit, erc. Tue Army Appropria tion 1'ill was further bnt?d in Committee of the Whole. A bill waa reported on the subject of connt n? the KU-ctoral vote. Tbe Conference report on the Indian A] opriation bill was n^Teed to. A bill was passed for the pnbUoh- THE Legislative, Judicial and Execn tive Appropriation bill was reported in the Senate, with several amendments, on the 23d. A resolution wan adopted authorizing the Select Committee to continue tbe investigation of the finance reports, books, etc., of the Treasury De partment. A bill wan passed authorizing the Secretary of War to have neadatones erected over the graves of Union soldiers interred in private cemeteries .^^the House, the Army Api«ropria tion bill vilr turther considered in Commit tee of th,' Whole, and an amendment vu agreed t-115 to 107—to fix the strengtn of the army at 26.000 instead of 204)00 men, -e following Democrats voting with the Republicans in favor of the amendment: Cutler, Patterson, Williams (Mich.. Robertson (La.). Wiggint'm and atl the Texas members, except Reagan. Other amend menus were also agreed to increasing the item for the pay of the Army from if8.5J9j.tKX) to $9.0i»0 00). and the number of caval ry regiments from six to eight, and the number of infantry regiments from fifteen to eighteen, to correspond with the increase of the fori*. An amendment was atso adopted making tbe limita tion of cavalry companies 125, instead of 100, pri vates. as originally provided in the bill. A BILL was reported in the Senate, on the 21th, to amend the law rebiting to Presi dential elections and regulating the counting of votes for President and Vice-President and the decision of questions relative thereto. The bill to provide for the entry of articles imported for exhibition by societieR established for the en couragement of the ait* and pcienc?K was passed. Several amendment# were agreed to to time repfaling the law which pmvuit-i that no claim fir a pension not pros( cmed siureessful issue within five \eais from the date of filing tbe sam*: shall be admitted without reoord of the evidence from the War and Navy part ments incr -asingto seventy-two dollars a month pensions paid to soldiers orsulore who have lost Doth arms, both legs or th sight, of both eyes grantiug a pension of £37.50 a month to every pensioner who has id a leg amputated at the nip joint making it unlawful for any attorney or claim agent to demand or receive for his ser vices in a pension ease a greater sum than ten dollars. Several proimeed amendments to the Anny Appropriation bill were disposed of in Committee of the Whole. IN the Senate, on the 25th, the con current resolution was passed, declaring that the provisions of the existing treaty between China and tbe Uni'ed States, allowing unrestricted im migration from China, might widely be modified so as to subserve the best interests of both Gov ernments. and inviting the attention of tbe Ex ecutive to the subject. The House bill to provide for the publication of notices of contest nnier the Homesuad, Pv-einpti«n and Tree-Culture acts was passed ..In the House, a bill was re ferred to applv the proceeds of the sale of public lands to the ednratton of the people. The Army Appropriation bill was taken up in Committee of the Whole, and several proposed amendments were disposed of. A BILL was introduced and referred is the Senate, on the 27th, to repeal the existing taxes on camtal and deposits of banks and bank en, and to impose taxes on dividends ia excess of 8 per cent A resolution was agreed to re questing of the President copies of all corre spondence, not already submitted, and .of all memoranda and minutes in possession of the Government relating to the selection of Mr. Maurice Delfoasc as one of the Commissioners wilder the Treaty of Washington on the Fisheries question. After the further consideration of the bill to provide a permanent form of government for the District of Columbia, a motion to take Qp the bill to forbid the further retirement of legal-tender notes was agreed to—23 to 36—Sev eral bills were introduced and referred in the House, among which were the following: To reg ulate the sale of United States securities: to es tablish a permanent sinking fnnd to encour ajrw and aid the higher education of tho colored race in the District of Columbia and in the sever.il States to establish a National Uni versity at Washington. The Army Appropriation bill was further amended in Committee of the Whole and reported to the House, and a vote on the amendment increasing tbe limitation of the strength of tbe army from sWJWO to 35,000 men re sulted—yeas, 116: nays, 12). Mr. Garfield changed from yea to nay. so that he might move to recon sider, the vote then being 117 to 119. Messrs. Oar field and Hewitt roee simultaneously to move to reconsider, and the latter wa* recognised by tho Speaker who claimed that the Chair was bound by all parliamentary practice to recognize thetgei t'eman inohargeof the bilL A mo&ioa to lay the ible the motion to reconsider was finally carried—121 to 114—tbos limiting the strength of the army to 30,000 men. Messrs. Patterson, Williams (Mich.), Wigginton and all the I^xas member* except itsag.in voted with the cansinfsTor of the amendment limit to 36.000 men. MRiTIC. THE United States Treasury Depart* Dent lias discontinued the payment of stand ard silver dollars for Treasury notes, at the New York Sub-Treasury, for tbe reason that tbe silver thus issued, instead of going into genera] circulation, to returned to it in tbe payment of custom dues, the Importer thus saving the gold premium. For similar reasons the amount of silver Issued at Baltimore, for Treasury notes, is limited to $5 at a single payment JUDGE KIGHTER, of the Sixth Judi cial Court, at Nc«v Orleans, has recently re fused a mandamus to compel tbe School Board to admit colored children to schools designated for whites. THE Fifty-fourth Anniversary of the American Sunday-School Union was celebrated st the Academy of Music, in Philadelphia, on the evening of the 21st. Addresses w ere made by distinguished divines. Tbe reports read showed that during the year 1.147 new schools had been established, and 9,355 other schools visited and aided. These had an aggiqpte ci 23,00ft teachers and 201,000 scholars. OltV 100,26*2 Bibles and Testaments had bMOtttrtb* ated, and 2,830,113 scholars placod under Bible instruction by tbe Union, during tks krt tftj four years of its service. The past jmr stated to have been one of the most soe ttstftil of any. JUDGE LOTS, of the United Dktrict Court, sitting at kaa decided that the by the Charter Oak Ufa InsoraM OoflfMJ, ss security for certain advances mads to B. T. ABen, is mil asd void. THE Coroner's Jury has returned ft *wdtet In fet Minneapolis mill itturttrc—s» in •nbstaMs tfcettfc* fiplwHw wm mm* If the genei^lei t» Wildl w '-5 "e y- .IS «?C# Pwsent Series: rusaiAL a*» muihu. Hon. SBZAKH* AND BKKTLKT hay Ing declined the nominations of the Pennsyl vania Nationals for Lieutenant-Governor and Supreme Judge, respective^, the Executive Committee have substituted In their stead Daniel M. Steck for Lieutenant-Governor and Judge Daniel Agnew for Supreme Judge. THE State Convention of the Nation al Greenback Labor party of Indiana met at Indianapolis, on the 23d, and nominated: For Secretary of State, Henry James Auditor, Jacob F. Bin! Treasurer, R. P. Main Attor ney-General, David Moss Superintendent of Public Instruction, John Young. Tbe plat form declares for the abolition of all bank is sues, tbe free and unlimited coinage of gold and silver, and tbe issuing by the Government of full legal-tender paper money receivable for all dues, public and private opposition to any measure looking to the resumption of specie payment denounces the red flag Communism, which asks for the equal dlstri bution of property^ as well as toe communism of National Bank*, Bond Syndicates and con solidated railroad corporations, which have already, by corrupt means, secured, and are enforcing, an unequal division of property, etc., etc. THE National Democratic Committee has passed a resolution indorsing the action of the National House of Representatives in respect to the Investigation of the alleged frauds in the late Presidential election. P. MILTON SPEEK, of Huntingdon, has been chosen Chairman of the Pennsylva nia Democratic State Central Committee. THE Democrats of Pennsylvania, in State Convention at Pittsburgh, on tbe 23d, nominated: For Governor, Andrew H. Dill Supreme Jud-. e, H. P. Ro?s Lieutenant-Gov ernor, John Krtig Secretary of Internal Af fairs, J. Simpson. The resolutions declare that the Republican party, its measures and ite men are responsible for the financial distress, misery and want that now exist that its pres ent bold upon the Federal power was secured by fraud, perjury and forger}' against a fur ther contraction of the volume of United States legal-tender notes that "thorough in vestigation into the Electoral frauds of 187t should be made fraud should be exposed, truth vindicated and criminals punished, but we oppose any attacks upon the Presidential title as dangerous to our institutions and fruitless in its results." -.e bill providing f-c a i»e -maaeiit forai government tor the UistriC. of Columbia—Bills were parsed in the Hous:*—providing that persons who were deprived of their rcn.sii.-ns from March. Ic4i5. t-p June. lsG'J, by ve. so of tli-Mr le ng in the Civil Service, shall le paid their ]en.eii THE Vermont Republican State Con vention was held at Burlington, on the 23d. Col. dfield Pioctor was nominated for Gov ernor, E. P. Colton for Lieutenant-Governor, and John A. Page (present incumbent) for State Treasurer. Resolutions were adopted— approving of the motives and general course of President Hayes' Administration, and re joicing in the belief that, though difference as to policy may exist, both the Executive and tbe Republicans in Congress are disposed to suffer no divisions, observing that excellent precept, ns for that uIn essentials, unity in non-essen tials, liberty in all things, charitycon demning as "unfair, uncalled-for and revolu tionary, the measure of the Democratic House of Representatives to investigate a part only of the facts pertaiulng to tbe Presidential electionrecognizing the patriotic action and devotion of those in the South who now stand firm for the Union and tbe prosperity of good government. BISHOP MCCOSKRY reached Detroit, Mich., on the 23d, and announced that he had withdrawn his resignation, and would resume his duties as Bishop of Michigan. He said little concerning the scandal with which his name was recently coupled, but intimated his intention to seek redress at the hands of the law. A LARGE number of the manufactur ers of Chicago and vicinity met in Chicago, on the 23d, and perfected a Manufacturers1 Asso ciation for the Northwest. Resolutions were adopted—calling upon managers of railways leading to tbe South, West and Northwest to consider thetr schedules of freight rates and classification with a view to correct some of the evils existing in the matter of freight rates between the East and points west of Chicago declaring the identity of the interests of labor and capital advocating aid to transportation lines and railways under proper restrictions favoring the repeal of the Bankrupt law dep recating the passage of the Tariff bill pending in Congress, etc., etc. THE Pennsylvania Legislature kas adjourned ritu die. THE Chicago Board of Trade has adopted a resolution to memorialize Congress to provide by law for the increase and main tenance of the army to full 100 regiments of 1,000 men each, to famish adequate protec tion from any outside or loternal demonstra* tions of violence which may arise in the fu ture. CLARKSON N. POTTER, Chairman of the committee to investigate into tbe alleged frauds in tbe late Presidential election, in a long letter to a friend tn New York, says President Hayes' title to the Presidency rests upon tbe decision of the Electoral Tribunal, everyone submitting to that determination. u AT the Cabinet meeting in Washing ton, on tbe 21st, Sec'y Sbennan submitted a financial statement, showing a deficiency In tbe fiscal year, so far, of #11,000,000 less than in the corresponding time of last year also showing a decrease in expenditures of $8» 000,000. If now it should appear that there was fraud, w'aich probably affected the Electoral rote, and which the Commission did not notice, snd if a legal remedy exists for correcting the error, you cannot believe that such a pro. ceeding under the law could lead to a disturbance. It is exactly because this is not Mexico, snd because the people prefer dcterminiogquestlons by legal methods, and if leg il methods have not been provided to invent legal methods of determining them, and to submit to the determination thus ar rived at, that this country cannot be Mexican ized. Having accepted the Electoral Commis sion, of course we were bound to submit to its results, but we ought at least to be allowed to show. If such was the fact, thai the returns upon which the Commission passed were pro cured by fraud." He says he does not believe there is any danger of a civil war growing out of the Investigation. foaneH. ACCOKDIXO to a Constantinople (pe dal of the 33d, tbe Bnwiana bad defeated the Mnsaulman insurgent* near the haadwatan of tbeXtver Arda, kffltag many aad taking a large uamber ot ptiaaoers. A Caroo (Montenegro) telegram of the2M*V« that a eonUct between the Turk, aad MeatoaegriB* Impaled, Tax pleasure-steamer Etnprose ot India, with a party of about eighteen persons cm board, became unmanageable, and capslxed Over a d*m, on Grand River, at Gait, Out., on ttealgStaf the33d. Of the passengers and crew, eight were drowned. A M* occurred in' the quarter oc uapiad by tbe Porte, at OoMtanttaople. oatbe mrn' iMtpift psiiwB wen eoMyMMfli :r:.L •. VOLUME XII. AT fire o'olock on tbe afternoon of tbe 2M, tho Town ot Mineral Mat, in lows Count Wis., w»» rWted by a tornMto, wkfeh left death and destruction in It* wake. The atonn atraek tbe town la He trtuhieat center, demcliahing a stone tnewerr, the Flrat Ward School building, tbe Globe and Wtocotlata Hotels and a laxj?e number of bnatneaa atructures and private residences. Several persons were killed, and a laiKe ntwber hurt. Similar disasters, though not as serious, are reported from other sections of the country. THE seventh annual meeting of the Women's Baptist Missionary Society of the Northwest waa recently tn session at Indian apolis^ Ind. Encouraging reports of work were made by the societies In Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Wisconsin and Minnesota. Mrs. Robert Harris, of Chicago, was elected President for tbe ensuing year, with one Vice-President for each State Mrs. J. A- Brayman, of Chicago, was chosen Recording Secretary, Mrs. A. Bacon, of Dundee, ill., Corresponding Secre tary, and Mrs. Blackall, of Chicago, Trea*- f-yrn FT- 'IM •Ilile attempt by Italy to seize Treat and the sumrahding country, had doubled the gir Msou there, and quartered 45,000 troops in Austrian Tyrol. ACCORDING to a Constantinople tele gram of the 84th, it bad been discovered that the late fire in the Government buildings was Incendiary In its origin. About 11,900,000 deposited there was burned up. A CONSTANTINOPLE telegram of the 3Eth says papers had been found at Pera which Implicated Midhat Pasha and the British Min ister Ledyard In the late attempt to place Murad on the throne. THE Russian Government has decided to abolish Jury-trials for political offenses. Tax Austrians have occupied the northern entrance of the Predeal Pass of the Carpathian Mountains. W. & A. LAICOCX,timber merchants, of Yorkshire, Eng., have lately failed for •000.000. THE health of the Pope is said to be falling, and bis abandonment of the Vatican for some hralthler residence expected. THE cholera has appeared at Morar, in India. Of forty-one Europeans attacked thirty died. THE invitations to the Powers to meet in European Congress at Berlin on the llth of June, were formally Issued and dis patched on the 27th. They were signed In Prince Bismarck. A ST. PETERSBURG dispatch OF the 27th says the Russian Imperial Bank had be come so heavily Indebted that the Government tiad declined to continue the publication ol the weekly returns. The affairs of the bank were in a condition of almost hopeless con fusion. A DISTURBANCE occurred in Belgrade on the 27th, and an excited crowd pelted I'rlnce Milan's palace and cheered for Kao Seorgevltch. IOWA STATE NEWS. NIAL MOXROK, a contractor and builder, of Council Bluffs, committed suicide, on tbe 90th, by placing a pistol in his mouth and firing it off. He was In a state of mental de pression induced by business and domestic troubles. Iir a suit ftr slander, recently tried tn Buena Vista County, In which the plaintiff claimed 910,000, the defendant set up a coun ter-claim for a like amount, and the jury brought in a verdict of 110,000 for the plain tiff and 19,999 for the defendant. THB National Greenback Convention, for the First District, met at Mount Pleasant, on the 21st, and nominated Col. A fl. Boreman for Congress. THE following were the postal changes in Iowa during the week ending May 18, lb78: Established—Blooming Prairie, Pochahontas County, Mrs. E. C. Van Alstine, P. M. Dis continued—High Lake, Emmet Cotinty. Post masters Appointed—Fairmount, Jasper Coun-' ty, J, Z. Volk Garden, Boone County, John B. St-ouse Lakeside, Emmet County, Mrs. Betsey W. Day Llscomb, Marshall County, S. A. Emery Rossvillc, Allamakee County, Jackson Mitchell. TERES children, ranging from two to six years of age, were suffocated to death, on the 20th, in the following manner: In the French settlement, eight miles from Dubuque, lives a farmer named Wormley. Himself and wife were in the field planting corn some distance from the house, in which were tho children. The eldest child played with the fire, ignited coti bustible matter in the wood-box, and raised a smoke which suffocated all three of the children. When the parents saw smoke issuing from the bouse they hastened home and found them all lying upon a lounge dead. OLIVER HAMPTON married a farmer's daughter, living in Jefferson County, in 1876, having proved that be had procured a divorce from his first wife, living in Missouri. Subse quently he went to Missouri and remarried his first wife, and this is why the bigamous Hampton languishes in jail at Fairfield. AT Des Moines, on the 22d, a decision was rendered in the United States Circuit Court, in the celebrated case of the Charter Oak Life insurance Company, Wm. A. Stephens and H. Blennerhasset vs. Hoyt Sherman, assignee of B. F. Allen. Judge Love delivered the opinion, wh'ch was concurred in by Judge Dillon, holding the so-called blanket mort gage made by B. F. Allen to the firm of Allen, Stephens A Co., two mouths prior to Mr. Al len's failure to secure a debt of $5,000alleged to be due from tbe Cook County Bank to Al len, Stephens & Co., was null and void be cause it was kept concealed from the business world in order to give B. F. Allen a fictitious credit. It condemns tbe investment of $4,000 of depositors' money in tbe hands of Allen, Stephens & Co. in the worthless Nono silver mine, and exposes the easy manner the old officers of Charter Oak Life-Insurance Com pany had of disposing of that money. Tbe opinion is a very lengthy one, and a scathing rebuke of the frauds perpetrated upon the business world by Allen, Stephens Co., and relieves Allen's large real estate from heavy incumbrance, and gives some chance of cred itors getting a fair dividend. Judge Love also promulgated a decision in the Allen homestead case, denying Allen's claims to the fine residence and grounds in Des Molnes, and holding the property subject to tbe pavnrent of his debt*. THE Iowa Peace Society, in session at Iowa City, adjourned, on the 20th, after electing Charles Hutchinson, of Oskaloosa, President Joseph D. Hoag, First Vice-President Prof. Gilbert Pinkham, Secretary, and J. C. Coul son, Treasurer. The place ot next meeting was not determined. THE United Ancient Order of Druids is an organisation which has had a steady and healthy growth in Iowa, and numbers many lodges in the Hawkeye State, with a very large membership. Tbe Grand Grove ot Iowa will meet in Keokuk on the llth of June. AT the time of tbe failure of Capt. West A Son's bank, successor to the National State Bank, the Treasurer of Polk County had therein $7,445, which he had placed In the vaults for safe-keeping, not as a deposit The Treasurer was re-elected last October, but, when he came to qualify, the Supervisors re fused to accept him, because he had not ac counted for all the money which had come In to his hands. The Treasurer claimed that he had complied with the statute, and exercised diligence and care in keeping the funds of the county. An agreed case was made to be submitted to the Court, snd he was quali fied. The case was called a few days ago, and tbe testimony of the book-keeper of the bank elicited tbe fact that, when the bank com menced business, Capt West put in, as capi tal, *8,854.84 Harry West, $221 03 A. L. West, $73.14. The credits of the firm during the operation of the bank were: $6,210 29 to the Captain, »1,015.16 to Harry, and 11,358.32 to Ab. Tbe liabilities of the bank, at tbe close, were over 1100,000. Tax following Is the programme of the eighteenth annual commencement of the State University of Iowa: Friday, June 14, meeting of the Board of Regents Saturday, closing lecture of the law course, 4 p. m. class-day exercises, law class, 5 p.m. Sunday, bacca laureate sermon, by President Fairchild, of Obeiiln, 0- Monday, anniversary of literary societies Tuesday, law commencement, 9 a. a. law oration, 8 p. m., by Hon. .Taffies Gil IBaa, Chief-Jnstiee of Minnesota Wednes day, Alumni Association, 10 a. m., orator, Prof. T. K. Nipbsr, class *70, St Louis Uni versity oration, 8 p. nu, by Bev. Oscar Clute, Keokuk Thursday, collegiate commencement, a. is. Master's oration, 4 p. m., by T. W. class *75, Cincinnati conferring de iJD p. m. Inauguration of Fresident •ieet Joslah L. Plckard, 8 p. m. AT Iowa City, on the 1Mb, Gilbert Finney Shot aad seriously, if not fatally, wounded Jams Boy*, his brother-in-law. The alleged rsasoaeC the shooting was that Boyd dts Dwaaid fluney** atteatiosw to Miss Boyee, a who boarded In Boyd's gainst the Baa- ttliiteHnaai AKvta. K3wiieiiGoT- HiseUiasdthat Finney is Insane. •t. Loots give tbe Vrtesa for leading -XXX. fall, #4JK*fc«6. sm flu, taUatnMikl A KOXB jpwlal of th* MA aigr* Ait WW** Cera Ma.8 KM, TYW-KO. .9, S53KK* Devastation and Death. Destructive Toraatoaa In Psrtlsas «f Wteeomln sai Illiaiola-^rMrt 1.0— of Ufa sai Pr.perty. A tornado struck Mineral Point, Wis., about five o'clock on the after noon of the 22d, doing great damage to property and resulting in the loss of several lives. The following particu lars are given by telegraph: A large stone brewery and several buildings surrounding it were demolished. At the residence of John Spenselev there was a large family reunion. Mrs. Waller, mother of John Waller, one of the party, was instant- DBTOTEO TO THE DRTEKEST8 OF BARRINOTON, I1L, May 25. The peculiarities of the tornado, which swept through this town last Thursday do not seertrto be appreciated by any of the cor respondents. The formation of the great roll ing cloud, which expression fitly describes the tornado, was seen by a witness who explains that it was in reality a joining together of two clouds approaching from opposite direc tions, and that neither one had any danger iu It until joined with the other, it seems to have kept almost a uniform height through out the whole of its career that is, after It struck the house five miles from here. Before that time it had been gradually dropping to ward the earth, but after that it maintained substantial!) the same height all the way This is\ery clear from the fact that in the low places, bo-^s and marshes through which It passed it scarcely touched anything, where as, when it came to a rise of ground, or a hill of any kind, its force was terrific. The appearance of the country over which it passed is most extraordinary. There is what might be called a furrow about 200 feet wide, perfectly black, and having not a fixed thing resting in it That is, the turf was torn up and thrown cither out of the track or for ward some distance. The fences were taken bodily, excepting here and there a few posts. The hedges were stripped perfectly bare. Moft of the trees were torn up by the roots, except in a few cases where they were small. In these cases the insignificance of the object saved it. The blackness which characterizes this swath or furrow of 200 feet is due to the fact that the whole of the soil around about is of black loam after a few inches have beeu cut off. All through the path ot the wind, and for as much as a half a mile on each side, the ground is sprinkled with various kinds of sticks and lumber, and, curiously enough—a thing which cannot easily be explained—all these are stuck in the ground and are up right. One can see a fence-board and the timber of a barn standing side by side upright, and to look at a field over which the storm passed gives one Mic idea that some one has gone over it and driven stakes in it. 'i ins ap pearance is found from the beginning to the end of the cyeer of the cloud. The cloud made some curro.ua discriminations which are hard to explain. For instance, at Braun's place it annihilated the house itself, and even went so far as to tear out the stone lining of the cellar. And yet, within five feet of that place, it left the floor of a kitchen and it took one of the beams out of the barn and brought It forward some 100 feet throwing it down near where the bouee had stood, though tbe barn was some distance further on in the direction that the cloud was going. Again, it killed almost every liv ing thing with which it came in contact but made a curious exception of Braun's horses. It smashed up his hogs, and sheep, and poul try, but the horses were comparatively unin jured, and will recover. It is most remarkable to a person living here to see the path p'eked out by the cloud from tbe time it left Elgin until the time it disappeared. Its full force struck but one house, though others were somewhat affected. And yet it was almost im poaaibls to pick out a straight line through tbe town without encountering at least a dozen Probably a most ingenious mm not have laid down a path for such a had it strike only one house, as this one did. If it had veered to the right or left a hundred feet It would have taken at least a dosen places. Three persons were killed In this vicinity. —Gen. Grant speaks no foreign lan guage, so hi/i intercourse with distin guished foreigners is generally confined to a shake of the hand and a smile. He is ready in this fashion to make the acquaintance of alt persons, Princes or peasants, and he treats all who are in troduced to him with impartial urban ity.— Chicago Tribune. JUST back from a trip to Havre: "Ton will never-catch me traveling by an excursion train again. Why. sir, at the station at Havre I.lost my cane and my wife." Then, with Jus utterance choked by tears—" A new csne, too." —Paris Paper. BOSTON h.I# |,237 places LICENSED TO •ell liquor, The National eame." or the next few months the Ameri can people will be frequently and forci bly reminded of the so-called "Nation al game." Until the middle or latter part of June Conarress will receive a share of attention, bnt after that there will be no reason why the public mind should not be wholly devoted to base ball. The forty or fifty young men who compose the "league clubs" should feel highly flattered at this state of things, und it is to be hoped will feel a due sense of responsibility as National representatives. It is quite true that in some respects they fall very short of representing the Nationai intelligence, but in the matter of pitch ing, batting, catching, fielding, etc., they are undoubtedly pre-eminent, and will probably be the bright, particular models whom the youth of the land will spend their summer vacation in trying to imitate. There will be some broken limbs, a large number of dis jointed fingers, and not a few fractured skulls, but these are insignificant com pared with making progress in the National game. Base-ball, like other manias, is exclusive ih its nature. As piring to be recognized as the Na tional game it discourages all other ball games as irregular and illegiti mate. Occupying the whole field, it leaves no room for others. In former years there was a variety of these, and if they were not played with as much science or jockeying as base-ball is played with now, they at least fur nished jolly good sport to the youth of the last generation. Elder readers will easily recall some of these. There was the simple game of "two old cat,:' in which the ball passed back and forth between two pitchers and two strikers, the pitchers being also catch ers. There was not much room for fine fielding or jockeying in this game, and we never heard of any pool-selling in connection with it but it was an honest, enjoyable old game for all that. "Three old cat" was the same game played on a triangle, the ball passing round and round, and all hands alternating at the bat, as they caught in or got caught out. Then there was bull pen," in which thefs wa3 no batting except on the body. The ball passed from hand to hand until it got hot, and then some fellow was "soaked" with it in a way lie despised. "Run around," or, it was sometimes called, base-ball, was the nucleus of the present game of that name. There were no regular "nines," bnt sides had to be chosen. This, after the leaders were selected, was generally done by one of them tossing up a stick or bali lub, which the other caught, and then each one placed his doubled hand over that of the other, alternately, until the one who caught the end of the stick had first choice. If he could catch it by a very small end, but tight enough to throw it over his head, that was enough. The pitchers and catchers were selected by common consent or acclamation, and in that, as in other matters, universal suffrage did not al ways put the best men in office. Some times a lazy fellow who wanted to play, but did not like to run after balls, would set up a claim as pitcher, which would be recognized without much questioning. The playing was not very scientific, but it furnished good sport. The game could be learned without a teacher, there were no big salaries paid, no leagues, no admission fees, no pool selling, but it was a brave old game, notwithstanding. There were other games of hand-ball, not to speak of foot-ball and hookey, or more popularly "shinny." These filled an important place in the sports of former years, bnt they are rooted out and displaced now by the National game," with its com plicated rules, its fearful and wonder ful vocabulary, its high-salaried play ers, who make enough during the sum mer months to enjoy a whole winter of obscurity and idleness, its professional umpires, captains, managers, etc. All this goes to prove that times change, and that we are a progressive people. The youth of the last generation thought they enjoyed their simple games, but they didn't. The right way for people to play ball is to hire a few muscular chaps to play for them, and then bet on the result Indianapolis Journal. ller, mother The rest of the inmates of th^ aped be injuries. The residence 01 Jt ly escaped with only slight idence of Judge Cothren was also struck by the storm, and nis mother, an aged ludy, killed. After wrecking Mr. Spenscley's house, the cyclone lilted the house of Mr. Leonard from its foundation and shivered it to atoms in the air, carrying with it Mrs. Leonard, whose body was found about 100 yards distant, mangled in a fearful manner. it next carried off tbe house of John Cole man, badly injuring Mr. Coleman, his two daughters and Tip Allen, who were in tbe houfc at the time. Benjamin Bennett's house was totally de stroyed, and Mrs. Bennett thrown over in a Jacka were destroyed At the brewerv of C- Gellman the storm did the greatest amount of damage, carrying off the houses of Mr. Gellman and Mr. Adams, and badly injuring a Miss Zimmer. The btewery building and barn connected there with were totally demolished, and a uumber of valuable horses killed. The houses situated in the summer-garden of John Jenck, opposite the brewery building, were destroyed, and Mrs. Myers and Mary Jenck were killed. Mr. Bohan's family, who lived a short distance from the gardens, were dangerously injured, and Mrs. Bohan died about midnight. The house of Martin O'Dowd was reduced to ruins. Mr. Beardsley's house and barn were carried seven or eight rods from the foundations. William Cocking's house was taken, and nothiug left but a fewpieccs of the furniture. A school-house, about two and a half miles east of the city, was carried off, with the teach er and scholars. Two of the scholars, a broth er and sister, were killed and the teacher slightly injured- The teacher, while holding one of the smaller scholars in her arms, was thrown several rods. Most of the children are unhurt MINERAL POIST, Wis., May 25. The storm originated twelve miles south west of this city, doing no considerable dam age until within one' mile of here, when it struck II. Phillips' barn and carried it away, killing rive cows. Alter leaving the Town of Mineral Point it divided, and came together again six miles east of here, in the Town of Waldwiek. It swept everything before it for a distance of twelve miles^ where it again di vided. Mr. Kramer's place was totally de stroyed, and the next was Powers'. About fifty houses and barns were destroyed from here to Adam&ville. Between this place and Darley's store, three miles, six persons were killed, and the school-house, church and store demolished. Moscow- is also iu rum, and four persons killed^ Two families are blown away, and as yet nothing has been heard of them. From there to Perry is eii'ht miles, and noth ing ie left where the tornado struck. Perry is carried away. The damage from here to Per ry is estimated at #100,000, and fifteen lives lost. The Welch settlement, ten miles south west, is completely demolished. Several re ceived iujuries that will prove fatal, it is feared. Six funerals took place in this city on yes terday. MADISON, Wis., May 24. The tornado which passed over this place last night proves to have been more widespread and destructive than was thought last night. The storm came from the direction of the southwest,, passing through a section of the State where no telegraphic communications are established, hence details of the great de struction and loss of life are meagre. Enough has been received, however, to show that the devastation and sacrifice of property and life has been appalling. In the vielnit-v of Prim rose, twenty-five miles southwest of this city, from there through Mount Vernon to Paoli, the storm seems to have done widespread dam ago From twenty-five to tliirty. barns and farm houses were blown down, some of them utterly destroyed and the debris carried off before t.iie mighty avalanche of wind, some of it falling twelve and fifteen miles away, one shutter of a house falling in Lake Mendota, uear this city. Some twelve or eighteen persons are known to be killed, ami large numbers severely in jured. Graphic yet terrible descriptions are given of the terrible effect of the tornado. Teums and wagons are reported taken from roads, and carried in the air and dashed to the ground. At Dr. George Fox's, near Oregon, two valuable horses iu a pasture were taken up 100 feet in the air, carried fifty rods, and dashed to the earth, killing them instantly. The storm came from the direction of Mineral Point, where it wrought such terrible damage, raised from the ground seven or eight miles southwest of Madison, and again struck the earth near Fort Atkinson, northeast of here. Near Primrose and Paoli the storm seemed from a half to a mile in width, and swept ev erything before it. mowing down trees, fences, barns, houses and shrubbery as if with a scythe. A Step-Daughter's Revenge. A mystery of crime, which, on ac count of the anomalous circumstances attending it has puzzled both English bench and bar and afforded tbe profess ors of mental pathology a curious sub ject for speculation, has at last been cleared up by the statement of Dr. J. C. Bscknill in a lecture on Insanity in its Legal Relations" before the Roy al College of Physicians at London. The case is that of Constance Kent, who in 1865 confessed, five years after the deed, the murder of her little four years-old half-brother, Francis, at her father's home near Wilts, Eng. Con stance, then hardly more than twenty, was sentenced to death, but so oth were the authorities lo believe the gii-! really guilty that her sentence was commuted, and upon the opinion of Dr. Bucknill that imprisonment would cause her insanity, Miss Kent was al lowed to go scot-free. The chief perplexjty in connection with this crime was the lack of a suffi cient motive. The facts were briefly these: In 1860 the little boy, Francis Kent, was found dead in an out-house early one morning, with his throat cut and stabbed to the heart. At first the nurse was arrested, but quickly dis charged, as not the slightest evidence coulu be found against her. Then a sharp detective, finding a night-gown of Constance's missing, and learning iat she had on an occasion expressed petulant dislike of the child, had her arrested as the murderess. Whereat the popular indignation knew no bounds. The sixtcen-vear-old Con stance, a beautiful, rosy-cheeked girl, guilty of such a horrible deed! Impossi ble! Tbe father was suspected of bribing the detective to fasten the crime upon his innocent daughter for a pur pose, and he came near being mobbed, while the detective himself was in such odium that he had to leave the police force. And so the mystery remained unsolved. Constance bore herself com posedly through the whole investiga tion, and then went to school for two years, after which she entered as novice a high-church Episcopal convent at Brighton. In 1865, Miss Kent startled the father confessor of the institution with the story of her guilt, and then at his instance made a clean breast of the matter to Justice Willes, by whom, after solicitous warning of the effect of persistence in her confession, she was sentenced to death. At th e preliminary trial lr. Bucknill was called in as an expert to judge of Miss Kent's sanity. He pronounced the girl in her right mind, but failed to reveal to the Court what bad been confided to him by tbe wretched girl during Us privsfts exam ination of Eer—and that waa the motive for her dreadful crime, which if it had been exposed would probably have re sulted in Miss Kent's execution. Now that the people who would be most keenly aiTectea by the revelation an dead. Dr. Bootaill oooaideri him self absolved from carrying the ssoret any Longer. The laek of a motivs, as we have said, wm the ehief sttUBbttng block to bsllsf in Constance Kent's guilt, but that there was a motfrs ftid aen from the pablio it ooaeWwly woven. Constance had a itep-iaother wfeon aba oort^ly hstsd, Thja wofta* C\ A fW' TOLEDO, TAMA COUNTY IOWA, THURSDAY, MAY 30, 1878. NUMBER 22^ was a governess in the family at the time of Mrs. Kent's death, whose place and authority she assumed with un seemly haste. She even had tbe bad taste to make disparaging remarks about Constance's dead mother, and these heartless words kindled a thirst for re venge ir the young girl's heart. The plan of this was as studied and delib erate as it was horrible. Little Francis was the step-mother's only son, whom she loved as the apple of her eye. Con stance, too, loved the child, but her hate outmastered her love, and she butchered it in cold blood, knowing that in no other way could she so effectively wring with anguish the heart of her detesied step-mother. Thnt a sweet, sixteen-year-old En glish girl of good family and education slioula be capable of such a depth of depravity goes far to substantiate a certain cardinal tenet of the old the ology while her confession, even to the endangering of her neck, after long suppression of the guilty secret, is but another evidence of the existence of a conscience which, however long it may remaiD dormant, can never wholly die. '—Springfield (Mass.) Republican. Pleasing the Children. Some little girls, the youngest class of a private school in an adjoining city, followirig the custom of their elders, determined, a few days ago to hold a fair for the benefit of some orphans. The matter had been fully and properly canvassed, price of admission (five cents) agreed upon, fancy-work com menced. contributions solicited, lotter ies arranged, and all seemed to be working nicely after the manner of grown folks. The question where the fair was to be held was the only one unsettled, and this for a while bid fair to be an obstacle that would block the wheels of progress and turn into an utter failure an enterprise that had been commenced with such high hopes of abundant success. At whose house shall the fair be held? There was sickness at one, company at another one's mother was too busy and anoth er's thought it would be too raucli trouble. At last a little tot, the tiniest of the class, said, I think you can have it at our house. My mother says nothing is too 'much trouble when it pleases her children. I know she will be glad to have you come." Thus spoke the child of a wise woman. We want no further evidence of her wisdom than the testimony of her child, given in that simple, artless way. We wish we knew her, that we might do her reverence in person as we. do now in spirit. Brighter than anj jewels in Victoria's crown shines her motherhood. For her example in the treatment and home education of her children she deserves the thanks of the world. But do we not see, in the effect of the teaching of this mother in a more lowly station, the same wise treatment that produces the same ef fect on her children and all around her? Is there a mother of any one of those little school girls who will not feel a reproof when she hears her child say, Marie's mother says nothing is too much trouble to do for her chil dren. If there is, we are sorry for her, and for her children and her chil dren's children. Home influence is in this country too often unappreciated. Parents are too much occupied with the labor of accu mulating worldly wealth to attend to the home instruction of their children. They are entirely willing to give all the money necessary to pay for instruc tions in school or college, but cannot spend the time to give them personal attention. The education of children should be gin with their earliest infancy. Lessons of obedience, respect, confidence and love should be taught long before school days commence, and be taught in a spirit of confidence and love. When your child believes in you and knows that you are willing to do every pos sible thing you consider for his good when he trusts you because there has never been occasion tor doubt, you have laid a foundation for an education that A'ill be excellent, even though that child never sees the inside of a school house. What greater confidence can be expressed than that by the child who said, It is true, for my mother says so, and when she says a thing is so, it t.1!. whether it is so or not." Not very correctly put, perhaps—but we all know what it means—that if mother says a thing is so it will prove to be so, no matter how improbable it may look at present. This topic furnishes a good opportu nity to introduce an argument in favor of "the education of women, but we will not improve it further than to say that, iuour opinion, if liberal education can be given only to a part of the fam ily, the girls should have it. The in fluence of an educated mother in a household can scarcely be overrated. She is with the children every hour of their infancy, just when the twig that shall grow to be the tree is susceptible of being bent. And words spoken in a proper spirit, at a proper time, are seeds sown that will bear rich fruit in after years.—Rural New Yorker. An OUre-Seeker'8 Blunder. A good story is told of Mr. Scranton, of Madison, the ex-President of the old Shore Line Railroad. In a train that was on the way to New London, a short time ago, Gov. Hubbard was a passen ger. His Excellency sat quietly read ing a newspaper. In a seat on the other side of the car, and at the rear of the Governor, sat our old friend Clark, of Chester, and Mr. S. H. Scranton, of Madison. The former, who had just been using his handkerchief, said to Mr. Scranton, with a slight flirt of the handkerchief in the intended direction, That's Gov. Hubbard." "Is it, indeed?" said Scranton: "I've been waiting to see bim, and get ac quainted with him and I'll speak to Lim Whereupon Mr. S. quietly went three seats ahead and addressed Railroad Commissioner Arnold, of Haddan:: Good morning, Gov. Hubbard: I've been waiting to make your acquaint ance 1 am S. H. Scranton, of Madi son.'' Mr. Arnold stared, but bowed and his new friend proceeded: The fact is, Governor, I'm about as much of a Democrat as a Republican I vote to suit myself. I've been thinking, Governor, that I would like an appoint ment on the Railroad Commission, and if vou can fill the next vacancy with my appointment I would feel much gratified." Mr. Arnold bowed again. The fact is. Governor," his new ac quaintance proceeded, "the truth is, the present Commission don't practi cally amount to much, especially Ar nold. He ain't worth a row of pins. He just goes over the road, takes up a tie, here and there, glances al the bridge timbers, perhaps, and is oft again. What does sach an examina tion amount to Now if I get his place I'll promise you there shall be real service rendered. I'm a practical rail road man." Mr. Araold, being now fuPy con vinced of the real situation, blandly bowed again—a sort of bow of encour affaamnt snd said he'd think it over and Mr. Sertmtun went back, weH pleased at the prospect. It is said the story would never have got out but for die fu men joying (Com.) JVmMf. vonidc. V i """A TAMA OOl\TT. INCIDENTS A*D ACCIDENTS. —A man named Henry Miller, of Astoria, Ore., was joking with som# friends in an undertakers shop, and pointing to a coffin, Ssfd, I vfraht that one," and wrote his nathe tipon it. few days later he was buried in thesdme coffin. —The selection of a May Queen in Waco, Tex., was attended with consid erable strife and excitement. Miss Jones received 8,194 votes, and Miss Pace, the next highest candidate, 4,312. The ballots cost ten cents each, and everybody could cast as many as de sired by paving proportionately'. The gain to a public charity by this plan was $l,ii00. There were several in cidental fights, growing out of heated advocacy of the rival itspirants. —A convicted thief iu New Mexicd aroused the inmates of the jail by loud cries. He was found lying on the floor of his cell, professedly unable to move. He said that he had fallen from the bed and injured his spine. During the en suing month he pretended to be in con stant and terrible pain and on his be ing carried to Court for sentence, the sympathetic Judge imposed the lightest possible penalty: Afterward it was discovered that the thief had not been hurt at all. —A parrot created serisation ih a baggage-car on the Chicago fiurliflg tonSQuiticy Railroad the clthfcf rfrty. The cage was inclosed in paper add set on a coffin and was soon forgotten. As the conductor and other trainmen were passing through the car they heard a sepulchral voice issuing appar ently from the coffin, crying, Lemmo out!" They were startled and fright ened, and thought they had a sure case of a ghost, till polly was discovered whining for liberty. —There is now on trial in our courts a man possessed of a good trade, and capablc of earning a decent living in any city or town in the country. Under the influence of liquor, a few weeks since, he attempted to knife a man to him unknown, and lie will now pay for a few glasses of vile whisky by spend ing more or less time in tho Peniten tiary. Thursday's evening train brought to Denver another less fortunate vic tim. He, too, had been imbibing vile whisky, and, while tinder its influence, drove "the lock of a gun through the brain of an antagonist, from the effects of which he died! Here are two men— a would-be murderer and a murderer —whose proper pleas in court would be "Drunk, Your Honor."—Rocky Moun tain News. —Bryant Foley, a young Watertown man, who was suffering from a broken leg, in some way got the impression that he had taken poison in the form of carbolic acid, used as a wash for his limb, and died of fright. He was ap parently well at four p. m. Sunday, and at seven p. m. he was dead. lie ate an orange on Saturday, and thought it tasted of the acid, which caused him to faint, but he was quieted in a little while. The physicians say in their re port to the Coroner: We find, from a thorough examination and careful in vestigation, that his deat-i was caused by syncope or fainting: that we care fully examined the stomach and found no traces of poison of any kind the coats of the stomach and intestines free from inflammation from the appear ance of the heart, it was evident "from the absence of blood in its walls and their collapsed condition, that he died of syncope or faintness the condition of his limb warranted the belief that his leg would be returned to usefulness, as all of the parts surrounding the fracture were in a healthy condition, and reparation of the bone already commenced and favorably prospering." The jury reported that it could not as certain the cause of d» ath.—Utica Her ald. A Baptism of Hundreds. On Sunday morning the roads and lanes leading across Chimborazo Park were filled with persons, white and black, male and female, from the gray haired sire to the infant in arms, all hurrying in the direction of Gillie's Creek to witness the great baptizing. By ten o'clock in the morning at least 4,000 persons had assembled on the York River Railroad and the surround ing hills, and the long line of new con verts, male and female, in twos, ar rived on the ground and stood in readi ness on either side of the stream—the males on one side and the females on the other. The females were dressed in white, with white turbans around their heads, and the men with white shirts, and white handkerchiefs around their heads, awaited patiently under the burning sun the arrival of their turn After the singing of a hymn and a short prayer, the Rev. Scott Gwathmay, ac companied by one of his deacons, stepped down into the water, and the baptizing was begun. The females were served first, and they were quickly disposed of, to make room for others in waiting. The men outnumbered the women. By 12:30 the ceremony was over, and 233 per sons had been immersed by one man. The converts, for the most part, were very quiet and undemonstrative, but occasionally some manifestations of re ligious fervor would break out. One old woman, at least seventy years of age, walking on crutches, hobbled to the pool ana was among those baptized. She was taken in the arms of a stalwart deacon and borne out to the dressin room.—Uichmuml (Fa.) Stat^ QMie Familiarity. The late Dr. .Sprague.of Albany, was a gentleman of tlie old school type, of remarkable courteousness of manner and of corresponding reverence of feel ing. He never trifled with the names of prominent men, and it is hardly probable that he could suppose anyone would use his name with undue famil iarity. The following anecdote illus trative of this characteristic of the grand old man, was related to us by one of his sons, and subsequently ac knowledged, with a hearty laugh, by the older son of whom it was tola: One day, at the tea-table, this son, then in business in Albany, but living at his father's house, spoke of "Char ley Bridgman." The name arrested his father's attention, and he said: "Mvson, of whom arc you speak ing?" Of Mr. Bridgman, father," i tbe ot of Rev. Dr. Bridgman, surely, William?" "Why yes, father why not?" "Why not? my son, because such familiarity in connection with a prom inent preacher is unbecoming. I am quite surprised and shocked at your freedom and I hope he has no knowl edge of it." Well, what does he call you then?" Generally he oaBs me 4 Z'JgA' 7~5 I _l± ffill.'" This waa taw much for the good Doc tor, and with ill-suppressed sympathy with the mirth that rang round the tea-table, be made good hw retreat.— Chicago Standard. THB St. Lous Journal call* Ue dabangl«tt»ftlo»9f bangle ".v?* ,* Our Young Headers. TffE tOX ASD TBS CROW. A CROW, one day. STOL* A nice bit of cheeS6 And flew up in a tree to eat it at for gnat* A fly yOung tttx. who was paaiing below. Saw hei as the flew, and he said, Oh, Ml A MifciAm Crow, What a fine bird you with yotai feathezS so As brifiiant as tbe rainbow, and fairer than tbe day. If yoar voice is as sweet as your form would show. Then aing me a aong: pray don't flay Ho, Madam Crow.' The crow began her song, when down fall the cheese: The fox sprang and caught it as quickly aajen please: And as he trotted off, he said. Oh, ho! That is joftt what 1 wanted. I'll go, Madam Crow." —Annie Moure, JVfcrtkr*. COIAL'STKERS. THERE is a very curious, wonderful and beautiful little crcature, living in the sea, so small and simple in its con struction, that to look at it, without knowing anything about it, one might suppose that it could be of very litue, if any use. But "things are not what they seem," the poet tells us and very true is it, in this case, for the Polyps— that is the name of the family to which this little animal belongs—insignificant as they appear in otir eyes, are really tfc.-y useful. Different kinds are found in almost all the seas, rivers and lakes on the globe. They are of tarioUs sizes and forms. We shall confine ourselves, in this article, to some varieties fonnd only in Tropical seas. Some of these perforin an immense and important work, no less than the building of isl ands for man to live on. One tiny creature cannot, of course, do much toward such a grand result bttt the large family working together in In numerable numbers, beautifully illus trate the truth of the axiom, In union is strength." The polyps, as has been said, vary iu size, some being several inches long, others, too small to be seen without the help of a microscope. They have neither heads, legs, feet, hearts, lungs nor other organs which higher animals have consequently, they are without sense or motion. A polyp may be described as a sack or bag, with an opening at one end. This opening is surrounded by a fringe of fine, thread-like things called ten tacles or feelers. We will call them arms, also, because the animal uses them not only as feelers, but also to seize, grasp, hold and push with. The opening into the sack is called a mouth, not because it looks like one, but be cause of its use in admitting food to the sack-like stomach. Weak and defense less as this odd little mite of a being is, when seized by enemies more powerful than itself, it shows itself brave in se curing its own prey among creatures still smaller. The polyp is very gresdy. it fastens itself to a leaf, plant, or rock under the water, and when it is hungry—as it al most always is—it stretches out its arms in search of food. Whatever comes within their reach i.s quickly seized and pushed into the stomach. Sometimes the thing seized is larger than the polyp. But that makes no difference as to the victim's fate, pro vided it is not strong enough to tree itself. It is pushed and crammed into the captor's month, and held there by its many arms until it is digested. Unwary little worms—for there are worms in* the water as well as on land —often come too near the polyp for their own safety, and, in spite of all their squirming and wriggling, they have to go the way of all flesh that is not stronger than the polyp. It is almost impossible to kill one of these strange little animals. Probably the only way of doing so is either to keep it out of water until it dies, or grind it to atoms. Possibly even then the atoms would live, for if a polyp is cut into two parts, the mouth will keep on swallowing, even though the focd drops through the opening made by the cut as fast as it is taken in at the mouth. If the creature is all cut up into pieces, The baby-polyps of one branch of the family grow like buds on the body of the mother. Just as soon as a bud is perfected, it puts oat a bud too, and this bud sends out another, and so on until one po'.yp becomes the parent of many. As soon as the youngster be comes of age it leaves the parental home and starts housekeeping on its own account, and prepares to semi forth a numerous progeny into the world. This kind of polyp is inclined to solitude. Each one lives by itself and sends its children away from home to shift for themselves as soon as pos sible. But they have relatives of a more social turn. These are THE CORAL-MAKING POLYPS. They live in large communities, each one occupying its own apartment or cell. They work together most indus triously in perfect order and harmony. A coral-maker's baby does not grow as the solitary polyp's infant does. It is at first only a drop of jelly provided with a fringe of fine hair-like append ages called cilia. These cilia enable it to swim about in the water. They are in constant motion. This tiny drop of a thing is left by its mother to take care of itself during its babyhcod. For a time it leads a free and careless kind of life, enjoying itself, no doubt, unless it happens to be gobbled up by some greedy and unfeeling fish. After a while it fastens itself by its cilia to a rock, or piece of coral, and settles down. Then the cilia being no longer necessary for its motion, become quiet. Changes begin to take place in the young polyp's appearance. The little lump of jelly begins to swell itself up into a tube-like shape A. kind of rim is formed around the top edge of the tube. This is the beginning of the house, or frame-work, or, more prob ably, the skeleton which the little creat ure is going to make for itself. Then a little rising appears, which soon forms itseif into a mouth and feelers, or arms which at once begin to work. The arms seize everything they can get hold of—for they are neither scrupu lous nor dainty—and push it through the open mouth into the stomach. Then the little creature begins its life work, which is the manufacture of th^ lovely coral from which so many DM ornaments are made. I have Why yes, ho has, father. called him 'Charley' to his face! "''Charley' to his face and does he call you William?" "Well no! father no I can't say that he does." Naturalists used to suppose that the, coral was the polyp's hooae: but the* have discovered that it is the skeletal* of the animal—really a part of its body —as our bones are apart of our bodies. Only the polyp's skeleton is outside of its body instead of being inside like ours. The skeleton is made of the same subataaoe as chalk, or limestone, mixed with a little phosphorus. There ass myriads of minute creatures, ia thaaaa, oogtgto foot $?•» '. s -k A&^^sa g]b galedv gftronkt*. fa •f.t* S*, Tn pimncu W pitHaM «t th. Conntf i if Tint, on. of Ih. 111. rielwrt, m«t cu •atf popikma emta loin. It li tb. oldat P.POT tl tk. OWNQPAGA CM of tk. oMertia th* gut.—having bM Mtabllsbtjd la 1M. Iu circa lation being larg. *ad nwmllj tncreMlnft, make* It rery dednbto .dr.rtl.taf Kediu V III for boalDM* mm *nd manufacturer* wiahtag to bring thd (ooda and ware. to tk. aotic. tk. pMglo «t Catmllowa. Advertlaiitf 5" #r ntc. Md. tawnaa «|ijlli JOB PBINTINQ Of nay description eneatodwNh rnmiamUlt llaptfck. 8»wt«J utialloa p^d to PRINTING IN OOLOM Tw km Hill wlllim phosphorus. The polyp feeds on some of these and so takes in phosphorus, which, in a way mysterious to us, is mixed with the chalk, which It also gets with its food from the sea and converts it into coral. if the polyp has any motto to inspire it, it must be "excelsior," for it is an aspiring little being, continually aim ing to greater heights, toward the light. It works only in tropical seas and nev er so fsr down in the water rs to get into the cold currents of the deep sea. There are high rocks, rising from the bottom of the ocean, which have been thrown up by volcanic forces. On these the polyp fastens itself and builds higher and higher, constantly making for itself a Hew skeleton on the ruins of an old one, which dies and hardens when the live polvp deserts it. This is tlie way great coral islands are formed, little by little, by the con stant and persevering industry of myr iads of these tiny creatures. There are several kinds of coral, of various forms, and of different colors, white, red and pihk. It is very interesting to watch the coral-makers at their work. Some times they are st rest. Then myriads of tiny thread-like feelers or arms may be seen spread out of loveliest forms and the most brilliant colors, looking like exquisitely beautiful flowers be neath the clear water. But, generally, the tentacles arc in motion. The polyp requires a good deal of material for its work, and as it can get it only by eat ing, and as it nses it up as fast as it gets it, of course, the little thing is al ways hungry and greedy. Their greediness serves another pur pose, however, beside coral-making. There is always in the sea a great deal of dead decaying matter which would make the water very impure if not dis posed of. As the polyp is not at all fnstidious in its choice of food, it de vours a good deal of this offensive mat ter, and through its simple digestive apparatus, converts it into the useful, curious and beautiful coral. Thus they serve with the lobster and some other creatures as scavengers of the sea. How wonderful is the economy of Na Uire. In her vast workshop nothing is wasted. Even the most unsightly and impure matter is made over into new forms and colors of marvelous lieauty and use. The coral-inaking polyp used to be considered a sub-marine plant, because its lovely forms and bright colors re semble flowers so much. Later, it was supposed to be both animal and vegeta ble. But still more recent investiga tions have dccided naturalists to class it among the simplest forms of animal life. No creature that God has made is too small or humble to teach proud man some lesson. One of the lessons the little polyp teaches us is, the value of persevering industry and another is this, that it is our duty to contribute cheerfully each our part, if only a mite, to the general good of the family and community in which our Maker has placed us. We have seen on what a simple plan this minute animal, with nothing but a stomach, :nouth and arms, i.s made. Yet what more does it need for the life it leads, and the uses it performs? Simple as it is, like all of the Creator's work, it is wonderful and perfect of its kind. Evi-1 lUiug lino Houn ix'tvet! it. necessary for its happiness and good in the place it fills. Tnus, even the least of the Almighty's creatures show forth His infinite goodnes. wisdom and love. —Olive Rtiymonil, in Lutheran Observer. A New Submarine Torpedo Boat. A new torpedo boat, designed to work under water, has just been brought under the notice of the Admiralty, and a model four feet eight inches long has been made. The boat was originally designed by the late Lord Milton, who was well known at Wentworth Wood house for his skill as a mechanic, as sisted by Mr. Turner, of the same place, and recently improved by Mr. Councillor White, of Thorpe, near Rotheram. .,, i The new torpedo boat is intended to these pieces will live right on, and, under ^ater strange to say, each one will grow until, anJ -n it becomes a complete polyp. If onlj 1 .' ... i an arm is cut off, the arm will live, grow and become the parent of a large family. Once a polyp was turned in side out. What did it do? Die? Not a bit of it. It went right on living and taking in food just as if nothing un usual had happened. The outside of its body seemed to make just as good a lining as the original inside, although the polyp appeared to be conscious of its false position, and made many un successful efforts to put itsell right again before the world. raeanP „f oom- rp re In the foi-epart iembles a huge fish. or head there"are two large eyes, from which radiate a strong electric light that will exhibit the keel of an enemy's vessel for a considerable distance, while a powerful ram is placed just above, capablc of penetrating an iron clad. In what may be termed the nos tril there is a revolving-gun worked by hjdraulic power and tired by electricity with a new explosive, one pound of which, in a recent test, displaced 137 tons of iron stone in situ. The tail plays an important part, for it is not only the propeller, but, being perforated on either side, serves to expel either water or foul air. There are no masts, the deck being level, while inside the boat is divided into compartments charged with compressed air. The boat is sunk to the depth re quired by taking water in at the bot tom, and she could then remain under water, Mr. White states, from three to nine hours, while in attacking a vessel the speed would be about eighteen knots an hour. The gun, which was the invention of Lord Milton, differs from all others. It is rotary, but has four chambers, placed like the spokes of a wheel, so that while one shot is being fired a sec ond is being charged, a third sponged and a fourt'i cleaned, so that the shots can be fired in rapid succession. Such is the brief outline of the latest inven tion connected with torpedoes, the in ventors of which state that they can prove that it can accomplish all that has been said it was capable of doing. —London Times. THE MARKETS. NEW YORK, May 88,1878. FLOUR—Good to Cnoice WHEAT—No. 2 Chicago CORN—Western Mixed... OATS—Western Mixed RYE -Western PORK—Mesa LARD—Steam— CHEESE WOOL—Domestic Fleece CHICAGO. BEEVEB-Extra Choice Good Medium HOGS—Live—Good to Choice.. SHEEP—Common to Choice.. BUTTER—Fancy Creamery.... Good to Choice EGGS-fresh JLOUB—Choi Jhoice Winter 6.00 Choice to Fine Spring 6.C0 Patent 6J6 GRAIN—Wheat, No. 2, Spring.. 1.01 Corn, No. 2 38\ Oate. No. 2 Rye, No. 2. do.. Green Brush Red-Tipped do Crooked .0614 .044 .04 PORK—Mess LDMLREK-l.t and ii Ci«l 3d Clear 6.03 6J0 SIFLO fl&Oft Oleu OMMd. Bidiac. Common Siding. Common and Fencing Lath A Shingles iu» 1*2.60 r* BALTIMORE. «SJIH i &JT1W 1 B.2S «.n HOGS—Good SBPERjP—Good iiS SA8f LIBERTY.