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The Toledo chronicle. [volume] (Toledo, Tama County, Iowa) 1873-1924, May 30, 1878, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84038485/1878-05-30/ed-1/seq-1/

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General News Summary.
COMRIH.
Ijf the Senate, on the 21st, Mr. Ferry
stated that be was instructed by a majority of
tbe Finance Committee to report back without
intendment tbe Howe bill fwWAtim tbe tcu
tlier retirement of United States IspU tendrr
notes, and to recommend ite passage. Several
other bills were reported from committees and
placed en, tbe calendar, among wmeh waa tho
Home biu for tbe relief of settler* on public
fond* under tbe Pre-emption taw. A new Con
ference Coaimittec'w w appointed on toe Militate?
Academy Appropriation bill. Tbe amendment
to tbe hill to place tbe name of Geo.
came of Gen. Gmnt. was reported and
pMsed—32 to 29. An amendment to strike oat
nil after the enacting clause and insert a
provision authorizing tue Secretary, of the Inte
rior to pUce (hen.unu of Oen. SBielda on the
pension list at Me rate ot flOO a month, was, aft
er a len :tbv de^xito. injected—SI ta SL The qaea
tion IK in? then on the paa«jre of the biH, it was
rejeoti'd -yoas. IfH nar s, 34— and a motion to ve~
consi icr the vote w-c% made—Tbe Army Appro
priat on bill waa considered in Committee of the
Whole of the House, and a general debate en"
oued, involving the la »or question and the poli
cy of a r-duotion of the Annv, and its use as a
police force to protect laborers throughoat the
ruiitrv in their right to work, in opposition to
tho power and demanda of striken.
A BILL was passed in the Senate, on
the 22d, for the relief of settlers on public lands
oader the Pre-emption law, giving to such set
tlers who had been on pablic lands two or three
years the benefit of that time upon changing
t'eir claim MI HS to be under the Homestead law.
M'. 1-o'imar spoke in favor of the Tcxa* Pacific
K liirnad !iii. 'i be Conference report on the In
dia Appropriation bill wan agreed to—Mr.
Han son offered, as a que*tionot privilege, a res
olution in thf* House, extending the Potter inves
to(re^on and 8 »uth Carolina, and de
clAno? that it is not the intention of tbe Hooae,
through such investigtiijn. lo annul or at
tempt tit annul tue decision of the
Prudential (pie-ton made hy the
i'citv-fnurth C-onyretu but several mem
bcr-" d^lin-'d t') vote, the rssul being 71 to 60,
and. the point of no quorum t»eing raised. Mr.
H«rrifi'n withdrew tfie resolution. Mr. Wilson
then ulfered a re?o'ut:nti, which was adopted
without division, extetd n» the jower of the In
vfstiL'atinj: Committee an. Htate where there
may o-'r.ny well-gro'inde.t allegat on of fraud.
Are "rt was submittc from the Committee on
Kxp 'ml.tures netting forth ten articles of im
peachment n'iain*? O. 13. Bradfoid, late Vioe
I'oti.sul-Gcuoral at fcjhanshai. China, on charges
of cml ezzteirciit, erc. Tue Army Appropria
tion 1'ill was further bnt?d in Committee of
the Whole. A bill waa reported on the subject
of connt n? the KU-ctoral vote. Tbe Conference
report on the Indian A] opriation bill was
n^Teed to. A bill was passed for the pnbUoh-
THE Legislative, Judicial and Execn
tive Appropriation bill was reported in the
Senate, with several amendments, on the 23d. A
resolution wan adopted authorizing the Select
Committee to continue tbe investigation of the
finance reports, books, etc., of the Treasury De
partment. A bill wan passed authorizing the
Secretary of War to have neadatones erected over
the graves of Union soldiers interred in private
cemeteries .^^the House, the Army Api«ropria
tion bill vilr turther considered in Commit
tee of th,' Whole, and an amendment vu
agreed t-115 to 107—to fix the strengtn
of the army at 26.000 instead of 204)00
men, -e following Democrats voting with the
Republicans in favor of the amendment: Cutler,
Patterson, Williams (Mich.. Robertson (La.).
Wiggint'm and atl the Texas members, except
Reagan. Other amend menus were also agreed to
increasing the item for the pay of the Army from
if8.5J9j.tKX) to $9.0i»0 00). and the number of caval
ry regiments from six to eight, and the number
of infantry regiments from fifteen to eighteen,
to correspond with the increase of the fori*. An
amendment was atso adopted making tbe limita
tion of cavalry companies 125, instead of 100, pri
vates. as originally provided in the bill.
A BILL was reported in the Senate,
on the 21th, to amend the law rebiting to Presi
dential elections and regulating the counting of
votes for President and Vice-President and the
decision of questions relative thereto. The bill
to provide for the entry of articles imported for
exhibition by societieR established for the en
couragement of the ait* and pcienc?K was passed.
Several amendment# were agreed to to
time repfaling the law which pmvuit-i that no
claim fir a pension not pros( cmed siureessful
issue within five \eais from the date of filing
tbe sam*: shall be admitted without reoord
of the evidence from the War and Navy part
ments incr -asingto seventy-two dollars
a month
pensions paid to soldiers orsulore who have lost
Doth arms, both legs or th sight, of both eyes
grantiug a pension of £37.50 a month to every
pensioner who has id a leg amputated at the
nip joint making it unlawful for any attorney
or claim agent to demand or receive for his ser
vices in a pension ease a greater sum than ten
dollars. Several proimeed amendments to the
Anny Appropriation bill were disposed of in
Committee of the Whole.
IN the Senate, on the 25th, the con
current resolution was passed, declaring that the
provisions of the existing treaty between China
and tbe Uni'ed States, allowing unrestricted im
migration from China, might widely be modified
so as to subserve the best interests of both Gov
ernments. and inviting the attention of tbe Ex
ecutive to the subject. The House bill to provide
for the publication of notices of contest nnier
the Homesuad, Pv-einpti«n and Tree-Culture
acts was passed ..In the House, a bill was re
ferred to applv the proceeds of the sale of public
lands to the ednratton of the people. The Army
Appropriation bill was taken up in Committee of
the Whole, and several proposed amendments
were disposed of.
A BILL was introduced and referred
is the Senate, on the 27th, to repeal the existing
taxes on camtal and deposits
of banks and bank
en, and to impose taxes on dividends ia excess
of 8 per cent A resolution was agreed to re
questing of the President copies of all corre
spondence, not already submitted, and .of all
memoranda and minutes in possession of the
Government relating to the selection of Mr.
Maurice Delfoasc as one of the Commissioners
wilder the Treaty of Washington on the Fisheries
question. After the further consideration of the
bill to provide a permanent form of government
for the District of Columbia, a motion to take
Qp the bill to forbid the further retirement of
legal-tender notes was agreed to—23 to 36—Sev
eral bills were introduced and referred in the
House, among which were the following: To reg
ulate the sale of United States securities: to es
tablish a permanent sinking fnnd to encour
ajrw and aid the higher education of tho
colored race in the District of Columbia and in
the sever.il States to establish a National Uni
versity at Washington. The Army Appropriation
bill was further amended in Committee of the
Whole and reported to the House, and a vote on
the amendment increasing tbe limitation of the
strength of tbe army from sWJWO to
35,000 men re
sulted—yeas, 116: nays, 12). Mr. Garfield changed
from yea to nay. so that he might move to recon
sider, the vote then being 117 to 119. Messrs. Oar
field and Hewitt roee simultaneously to move to
reconsider, and the latter wa* recognised by tho
Speaker who claimed that the Chair was bound by
all parliamentary practice to recognize thetgei
t'eman inohargeof the bilL A mo&ioa to lay
the ible the motion to reconsider was finally
carried—121 to 114—tbos limiting the strength of
the army to 30,000 men. Messrs. Patterson,
Williams (Mich.), Wigginton and all the I^xas
member* except itsag.in voted with the
cansinfsTor of the amendment
limit to 36.000 men.
MRiTIC.
THE United States Treasury Depart*
Dent lias discontinued the payment of stand
ard silver dollars for Treasury notes, at the
New York Sub-Treasury, for tbe reason that
tbe silver thus issued, instead of going into
genera] circulation, to returned to it in tbe
payment of custom dues, the Importer thus
saving the gold premium. For similar reasons
the amount of silver Issued at Baltimore, for
Treasury notes, is limited to $5 at a single
payment
JUDGE KIGHTER, of the Sixth Judi
cial Court, at Nc«v Orleans, has recently re
fused a mandamus to compel tbe School
Board to admit colored children to schools
designated for whites.
THE Fifty-fourth Anniversary of the
American Sunday-School Union was celebrated
st the Academy of Music, in Philadelphia, on
the evening of the 21st. Addresses w ere made
by distinguished divines. Tbe reports read
showed that during the year 1.147 new schools
had been established, and 9,355 other schools
visited and aided. These had an aggiqpte ci
23,00ft teachers and 201,000 scholars. OltV
100,26*2 Bibles and Testaments had bMOtttrtb*
ated, and 2,830,113 scholars placod under
Bible instruction by tbe Union, during tks krt
tftj four years of its service. The past jmr
stated to have been one of the most soe
ttstftil of any.
JUDGE LOTS, of the United
Dktrict Court, sitting at
kaa decided that the
by the Charter Oak Ufa InsoraM OoflfMJ,
ss security for certain advances mads to B. T.
ABen, is mil asd void.
THE Coroner's Jury has returned ft
*wdtet In fet Minneapolis mill itturttrc—s»
in •nbstaMs tfcettfc* fiplwHw wm mm* If
the genei^lei t» Wildl w
'-5 "e y-
.IS
«?C#
Pwsent Series:
rusaiAL a*» muihu.
Hon. SBZAKH* AND BKKTLKT hay
Ing declined the nominations of the Pennsyl
vania Nationals for Lieutenant-Governor and
Supreme Judge, respective^, the Executive
Committee have substituted In their stead
Daniel M. Steck for Lieutenant-Governor and
Judge Daniel Agnew for Supreme Judge.
THE State Convention of the Nation
al Greenback Labor party of Indiana met at
Indianapolis, on the 23d, and nominated: For
Secretary of State, Henry James Auditor,
Jacob F. Bin! Treasurer, R. P. Main Attor
ney-General, David Moss Superintendent of
Public Instruction, John Young. Tbe plat
form declares for the abolition of all bank is
sues, tbe free and unlimited coinage of gold and
silver, and tbe issuing by the Government of
full legal-tender paper money receivable for
all dues, public and private opposition to
any measure looking to the resumption of
specie payment denounces the red flag
Communism, which asks for the equal dlstri
bution of property^ as well as toe communism
of National Bank*, Bond Syndicates and con
solidated railroad corporations, which have
already, by corrupt means, secured, and are
enforcing, an unequal division of property,
etc., etc.
THE National Democratic Committee
has passed a resolution indorsing the action
of the National House of Representatives in
respect to the Investigation of the alleged
frauds in the late Presidential election.
P. MILTON SPEEK, of Huntingdon,
has been chosen Chairman of the Pennsylva
nia Democratic State Central Committee.
THE Democrats of Pennsylvania, in
State Convention at Pittsburgh, on tbe 23d,
nominated: For Governor, Andrew H. Dill
Supreme Jud-. e, H. P. Ro?s Lieutenant-Gov
ernor, John Krtig Secretary of Internal Af
fairs, J. Simpson. The resolutions declare
that the Republican party, its measures and ite
men are responsible for the financial distress,
misery and want that now exist that its pres
ent bold upon the Federal power was secured
by fraud, perjury and forger}' against a fur
ther contraction of the volume of United
States legal-tender notes that "thorough in
vestigation into the Electoral frauds of 187t
should be made fraud should be exposed,
truth vindicated and criminals punished, but
we oppose any attacks upon the Presidential
title as dangerous to our institutions and
fruitless in its results."
-.e
bill
providing f-c a i»e -maaeiit forai government
tor the UistriC. of Columbia—Bills were parsed
in the Hous:*—providing that persons who were
deprived of their rcn.sii.-ns from March. Ic4i5. t-p
June. lsG'J, by ve. so of tli-Mr le ng in the Civil
Service, shall le paid their
]en.eii
THE Vermont Republican State Con
vention was held at Burlington, on the 23d.
Col. dfield Pioctor was nominated for Gov
ernor, E. P. Colton for Lieutenant-Governor,
and John A. Page (present incumbent) for
State Treasurer. Resolutions were adopted—
approving of the motives and general course
of President Hayes' Administration, and re
joicing in the belief that, though difference as
to policy may exist, both the Executive
and tbe
Republicans in Congress are disposed to suffer
no divisions, observing that excellent
precept,
ns for that
uIn
essentials, unity in non-essen­
tials, liberty in all things, charitycon
demning as "unfair, uncalled-for and revolu
tionary, the measure of the Democratic House
of Representatives to investigate a part only
of the facts pertaiulng to tbe Presidential
electionrecognizing the patriotic action
and devotion of those in the South who now
stand firm for the Union and tbe prosperity
of good government.
BISHOP MCCOSKRY reached Detroit,
Mich., on the 23d, and announced that he had
withdrawn his resignation, and would resume
his duties as Bishop of Michigan. He said
little concerning the scandal with which his
name was recently coupled, but intimated his
intention to seek redress at the hands of the
law.
A LARGE number of the manufactur
ers of Chicago and vicinity met in Chicago, on
the 23d, and perfected a Manufacturers1 Asso
ciation for the Northwest. Resolutions were
adopted—calling upon managers of railways
leading to tbe South, West and Northwest to
consider thetr schedules of freight rates and
classification with a view to correct some of
the evils existing in the matter of freight rates
between the East and points west of Chicago
declaring the identity of the interests of labor
and capital advocating aid to transportation
lines and railways under proper restrictions
favoring the repeal of the Bankrupt law dep
recating the passage of the Tariff bill pending
in Congress, etc., etc.
THE Pennsylvania Legislature kas
adjourned ritu die.
THE Chicago Board of Trade has
adopted a resolution to memorialize Congress
to provide by law for the increase and main
tenance of the army to full 100 regiments of
1,000 men each, to famish adequate protec
tion from any outside or loternal demonstra*
tions of violence which may arise in the fu
ture.
CLARKSON N. POTTER, Chairman of
the committee to investigate into tbe alleged
frauds in tbe late Presidential election, in a
long letter to a friend tn New York, says
President Hayes' title to the Presidency rests
upon tbe decision of the Electoral Tribunal,
everyone submitting to that determination.
u
AT the Cabinet meeting in Washing
ton, on tbe 21st, Sec'y Sbennan submitted a
financial statement, showing a deficiency In
tbe fiscal year, so far, of #11,000,000 less than
in the corresponding time of last year also
showing a decrease in expenditures of $8»
000,000.
If now it should appear that there was fraud,
w'aich probably affected the Electoral rote,
and which the Commission did not notice, snd
if a legal remedy exists for correcting the
error, you cannot believe that such a pro.
ceeding under the law could lead to a
disturbance. It is exactly because
this is not Mexico, snd because the people
prefer dcterminiogquestlons by legal methods,
and if leg il methods have not been provided
to invent legal methods of determining them,
and to submit to the determination thus ar
rived at, that this country cannot be Mexican
ized. Having accepted the Electoral Commis
sion, of course we were bound to submit to its
results, but we ought at least to be allowed to
show. If such was the fact, thai the returns
upon which the Commission passed were pro
cured by fraud." He says he does not believe
there is any danger of a civil war growing out
of the Investigation.
foaneH.
ACCOKDIXO to a Constantinople (pe
dal of the 33d, tbe Bnwiana bad defeated the
Mnsaulman insurgent* near the haadwatan
of tbeXtver Arda, kffltag many aad taking a
large uamber ot ptiaaoers.
A Caroo (Montenegro) telegram
of the2M*V« that a eonUct between the
Turk, aad MeatoaegriB* Impaled,
Tax pleasure-steamer Etnprose ot
India, with a party of about eighteen persons
cm board, became unmanageable, and capslxed
Over a d*m, on Grand River, at Gait, Out., on
ttealgStaf the33d. Of the passengers and
crew, eight were drowned.
A M* occurred in' the quarter oc
uapiad by tbe Porte, at OoMtanttaople. oatbe
mrn'
iMtpift psiiwB wen eoMyMMfli
:r:.L
•.
VOLUME XII.
AT fire o'olock on tbe afternoon of
tbe 2M, tho Town ot Mineral Mat, in lows
Count Wis., w»» rWted by a tornMto,
wkfeh
left death and destruction in It* wake. The
atonn atraek tbe town la He trtuhieat center,
demcliahing a stone tnewerr, the Flrat Ward
School building, tbe Globe and Wtocotlata
Hotels and a laxj?e number of bnatneaa
atructures and private residences. Several
persons were killed, and a laiKe ntwber hurt.
Similar disasters, though not as serious, are
reported from other sections of the country.
THE seventh annual meeting of the
Women's Baptist Missionary Society of the
Northwest waa recently tn session at Indian
apolis^ Ind. Encouraging reports of work
were made by the societies In Ohio, Indiana,
Illinois, Michigan, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri,
Wisconsin and Minnesota. Mrs. Robert
Harris, of Chicago, was elected President for
tbe ensuing year, with one Vice-President for
each State Mrs. J. A- Brayman, of Chicago,
was chosen Recording Secretary, Mrs. A.
Bacon, of Dundee, ill., Corresponding Secre
tary, and Mrs. Blackall, of Chicago, Trea*-
f-yrn
FT- 'IM
•Ilile attempt by Italy to seize Treat and the
sumrahding country, had doubled the gir
Msou there, and quartered 45,000 troops in
Austrian Tyrol.
ACCORDING to a Constantinople tele
gram of the 84th, it bad been discovered that
the late fire in the Government buildings was
Incendiary In its origin. About 11,900,000
deposited there was burned up.
A CONSTANTINOPLE telegram of the
3Eth says papers had been found at Pera which
Implicated Midhat Pasha and the British Min
ister Ledyard In the late attempt to place
Murad on the throne.
THE Russian Government has decided
to abolish Jury-trials for political offenses.
Tax Austrians have occupied the
northern entrance of the Predeal Pass of the
Carpathian Mountains.
W. & A. LAICOCX,timber merchants,
of Yorkshire, Eng., have lately failed for
•000.000.
THE health of the Pope is said to be
falling, and bis abandonment of the Vatican
for some hralthler residence expected.
THE cholera has appeared at Morar,
in India. Of forty-one Europeans attacked
thirty died.
THE invitations to the Powers to
meet in European Congress at Berlin on the
llth of June, were formally Issued and dis
patched on the 27th. They were signed In
Prince Bismarck.
A ST. PETERSBURG dispatch OF the
27th says the Russian Imperial Bank had be
come so heavily Indebted that the Government
tiad declined to continue the publication ol
the weekly returns. The affairs of the bank
were in a condition of almost hopeless con
fusion.
A DISTURBANCE occurred in Belgrade
on the 27th, and an excited crowd pelted
I'rlnce Milan's palace and cheered for Kao
Seorgevltch.
IOWA STATE NEWS.
NIAL MOXROK, a contractor and builder, of
Council Bluffs, committed suicide, on tbe
90th, by placing a pistol in his mouth and
firing it off. He was In a state of mental de
pression induced by business and domestic
troubles.
Iir a suit ftr slander, recently tried tn
Buena Vista County, In which the plaintiff
claimed 910,000, the defendant set up a coun
ter-claim for a like amount, and the jury
brought in a verdict of 110,000 for the plain
tiff and 19,999 for the defendant.
THB National Greenback Convention, for
the First District, met at Mount Pleasant, on
the 21st, and nominated Col. A fl. Boreman
for Congress.
THE following were the postal changes in
Iowa during the week ending May 18, lb78:
Established—Blooming Prairie, Pochahontas
County, Mrs. E. C. Van Alstine, P. M. Dis
continued—High Lake, Emmet Cotinty. Post
masters Appointed—Fairmount, Jasper Coun-'
ty, J, Z. Volk Garden, Boone County, John
B. St-ouse Lakeside, Emmet County, Mrs.
Betsey W. Day Llscomb, Marshall County,
S. A. Emery Rossvillc, Allamakee County,
Jackson Mitchell.
TERES children, ranging from two to six
years of age, were suffocated to death, on the
20th, in the following manner: In the French
settlement, eight miles from Dubuque, lives a
farmer named Wormley. Himself and wife
were in the field planting corn some distance
from the house, in which were tho children.
The eldest child played with the fire, ignited
coti bustible matter in the wood-box, and
raised a smoke which suffocated all three of
the children. When the parents saw smoke
issuing from the bouse they hastened home
and found them all lying upon a lounge dead.
OLIVER HAMPTON married a farmer's
daughter, living in Jefferson County, in 1876,
having proved that be had procured a divorce
from his first wife, living in Missouri. Subse
quently he went to Missouri and remarried
his first wife, and this is why the bigamous
Hampton languishes in jail at Fairfield.
AT Des Moines, on the 22d, a decision was
rendered in the United States Circuit Court,
in the celebrated case of the Charter Oak Life
insurance Company, Wm. A. Stephens and
H. Blennerhasset vs. Hoyt Sherman, assignee
of B. F. Allen. Judge Love delivered the
opinion, wh'ch was concurred in by Judge
Dillon, holding the so-called blanket mort
gage made by B. F. Allen to the firm of Allen,
Stephens A Co., two mouths prior to Mr. Al
len's failure to secure a debt of $5,000alleged
to be due from tbe Cook County Bank to Al
len, Stephens & Co., was null and void be
cause it was kept concealed from the business
world in order to give B. F. Allen a fictitious
credit. It condemns tbe investment of $4,000
of depositors' money in tbe hands of Allen,
Stephens & Co. in the worthless Nono silver
mine, and exposes the easy manner the old
officers of Charter Oak Life-Insurance Com
pany had of disposing of that money. Tbe
opinion is a very lengthy one, and a scathing
rebuke of the frauds perpetrated upon the
business world by Allen, Stephens Co., and
relieves Allen's large real estate from heavy
incumbrance, and gives some chance of cred
itors getting a fair dividend. Judge Love
also promulgated a decision in the Allen
homestead case, denying Allen's claims to
the fine residence and grounds in Des
Molnes, and holding the property subject to
tbe pavnrent of his debt*.
THE Iowa Peace Society, in session at Iowa
City, adjourned, on the 20th, after electing
Charles Hutchinson, of Oskaloosa, President
Joseph D. Hoag, First Vice-President Prof.
Gilbert Pinkham, Secretary, and J. C. Coul
son, Treasurer. The place ot next meeting
was not determined.
THE United Ancient Order of Druids is an
organisation which has had a steady and
healthy growth in Iowa, and numbers many
lodges in the Hawkeye State, with a very large
membership. Tbe Grand Grove ot Iowa will
meet in Keokuk on the llth of June.
AT the time of tbe failure of Capt. West A
Son's bank, successor to the National State
Bank, the Treasurer of Polk County had
therein $7,445, which he had placed In the
vaults for safe-keeping, not as a deposit The
Treasurer was re-elected last October, but,
when he came to qualify, the Supervisors re
fused to accept him, because he had not ac
counted for all the money which had come In
to his hands. The Treasurer claimed that he
had complied with the statute, and exercised
diligence and care in keeping the funds of
the county. An agreed case was made to
be submitted to the Court, snd he was quali
fied. The case was called a few days ago, and
tbe testimony of the book-keeper of the bank
elicited tbe fact that, when the bank com
menced business, Capt West put in, as capi
tal, *8,854.84 Harry West, $221 03 A. L.
West, $73.14. The credits of the firm during
the operation of the bank were: $6,210 29 to
the Captain, »1,015.16 to Harry, and 11,358.32
to Ab. Tbe liabilities of the bank, at tbe
close, were over 1100,000.
Tax following Is the programme of the
eighteenth annual commencement of the State
University of Iowa: Friday, June 14, meeting
of the Board of Regents Saturday, closing
lecture of the law course, 4 p. m. class-day
exercises, law class, 5 p.m. Sunday, bacca
laureate sermon, by President Fairchild, of
Obeiiln, 0- Monday, anniversary of literary
societies Tuesday, law commencement, 9 a.
a. law oration, 8 p. m., by Hon. .Taffies Gil
IBaa, Chief-Jnstiee of Minnesota Wednes
day, Alumni Association, 10 a. m., orator,
Prof. T. K. Nipbsr, class *70, St Louis Uni
versity oration, 8 p. nu, by Bev. Oscar Clute,
Keokuk Thursday, collegiate commencement,
a. is. Master's oration, 4 p. m., by T. W.
class *75, Cincinnati conferring de
iJD p. m. Inauguration of Fresident
•ieet Joslah L. Plckard, 8
p. m.
AT Iowa City, on the 1Mb, Gilbert Finney
Shot aad seriously, if not fatally, wounded
Jams Boy*, his brother-in-law. The alleged
rsasoaeC the shooting was that Boyd dts
Dwaaid fluney** atteatiosw to Miss Boyee, a
who boarded In Boyd's
gainst the Baa-
ttliiteHnaai AKvta.
K3wiieiiGoT-
HiseUiasdthat Finney is Insane.
•t. Loots give tbe
Vrtesa for leading
-XXX. fall, #4JK*fc«6.
sm flu,
taUatnMikl
A KOXB jpwlal of th* MA aigr* Ait
WW**
Cera Ma.8 KM,
TYW-KO. .9, S53KK*
Devastation and Death.
Destructive Toraatoaa In Psrtlsas «f
Wteeomln sai Illiaiola-^rMrt 1.0—
of Ufa sai Pr.perty.
A tornado struck Mineral Point,
Wis., about five o'clock on the after
noon of the 22d, doing great damage
to property and resulting in the loss of
several lives. The following particu
lars are given by telegraph:
A large stone brewery and several buildings
surrounding it were demolished.
At the residence of John Spenselev there was
a large family reunion. Mrs. Waller, mother
of John Waller, one of the party, was instant-
DBTOTEO TO THE DRTEKEST8 OF
BARRINOTON, I1L, May 25.
The peculiarities of the tornado, which
swept through this town last Thursday do
not seertrto be appreciated by any of the cor
respondents. The formation of the great roll
ing cloud, which expression fitly describes the
tornado, was seen by a witness who explains
that it was in reality a joining together of
two clouds approaching from opposite direc
tions, and that neither one had any danger iu
It until joined with the other, it seems to
have kept almost a uniform height through
out the whole of its career that is, after It
struck the house five miles from here. Before
that time it had been gradually dropping to
ward the earth, but after that it maintained
substantial!) the same height all the way
This is\ery clear from the fact that in the
low places, bo-^s and marshes through which
It passed it scarcely touched anything, where
as, when it came to a rise of ground, or a hill
of any kind, its force was terrific.
The appearance of the country over which
it passed is most extraordinary. There is
what might be called a furrow about 200 feet
wide, perfectly black, and having not a fixed
thing resting in it That is, the turf was torn
up and thrown cither out of the track or for
ward some distance. The fences were taken
bodily, excepting here and there a few posts.
The hedges were stripped perfectly bare.
Moft of the trees were torn up by the roots,
except in a few cases where they were small.
In these cases the insignificance of the object
saved it. The blackness which characterizes
this swath or furrow of 200 feet is due to the
fact that the whole of the soil around about
is of black loam after a few inches have beeu
cut off.
All through the path ot the wind, and for
as much as a half a mile on each side, the
ground is sprinkled with various kinds of
sticks and lumber, and, curiously enough—a
thing which cannot easily be explained—all
these are stuck in the ground and are up
right. One can see a fence-board and the
timber of a barn standing side by side upright,
and to look at a field over which the storm
passed gives one Mic idea that some one has
gone over it and driven stakes in it. 'i ins ap
pearance is found from the beginning to the
end of the cyeer of the cloud. The cloud
made some curro.ua discriminations which are
hard to explain. For instance, at Braun's
place it annihilated the house itself, and even
went so far as to tear out the stone lining of
the cellar. And yet, within five feet of that
place, it left the floor of a kitchen and it took
one of the beams out of the barn and brought
It forward some 100 feet throwing it
down near where the bouee had stood,
though tbe barn was some distance further
on in the direction that the cloud
was going. Again, it killed almost every liv
ing thing with which it came in contact but
made a curious exception of Braun's horses.
It smashed up his hogs, and sheep, and poul
try, but the horses were comparatively unin
jured, and will recover. It is most remarkable
to a person living here to see the path p'eked
out by the cloud from tbe time it left Elgin
until the time it disappeared. Its full force
struck but one house, though others were
somewhat affected. And yet it was almost im
poaaibls to pick out a straight line through tbe
town without encountering at least a dozen
Probably a most ingenious mm
not have laid down a path for such a
had it strike only one house, as
this one did. If it had veered to the right or
left a hundred feet It would have taken at
least a dosen places.
Three persons were killed In this vicinity.
—Gen. Grant speaks no foreign lan
guage, so hi/i intercourse with distin
guished foreigners is generally confined
to a shake of the hand and a smile.
He is ready in this fashion to make the
acquaintance of alt persons, Princes or
peasants, and he treats all who are in
troduced to him with impartial urban
ity.— Chicago Tribune.
JUST back from a trip to Havre:
"Ton will never-catch me traveling by
an excursion train again. Why. sir, at
the station at Havre I.lost my cane and
my wife." Then, with Jus utterance
choked by tears—" A new csne, too."
—Paris Paper.
BOSTON h.I# |,237 places LICENSED TO
•ell liquor,
The National eame."
or the next few months the Ameri
can people will be frequently and forci
bly reminded of the so-called "Nation
al game." Until the middle or latter
part of June Conarress will receive a
share of attention, bnt after that there
will be no reason why the public mind
should not be wholly devoted to base
ball. The forty or fifty young men
who compose the "league clubs"
should feel highly flattered at this
state of things, und it is to be hoped
will feel a due sense of responsibility
as National representatives. It is quite
true that in some respects they fall
very short of representing the Nationai
intelligence, but in the matter of pitch
ing, batting, catching, fielding, etc.,
they are undoubtedly pre-eminent, and
will probably be the bright, particular
models whom the youth of the land
will spend their summer vacation in
trying to imitate. There will be some
broken limbs, a large number of dis
jointed fingers, and not a few fractured
skulls, but these are insignificant com
pared with making progress in the
National game. Base-ball, like other
manias, is exclusive ih its nature. As
piring to be recognized as the Na
tional game it discourages all other
ball games as irregular and illegiti
mate. Occupying the whole field, it
leaves no room for others. In former
years there was a variety of these, and
if they were not played with as much
science or jockeying as base-ball is
played with now, they at least fur
nished jolly good sport to the youth of
the last generation. Elder readers
will easily recall some of these. There
was the simple game of "two old cat,:'
in which the ball passed back and
forth between two pitchers and two
strikers, the pitchers being also catch
ers. There was not much room for
fine fielding or jockeying in this game,
and we never heard of any pool-selling
in connection with it but it was an
honest, enjoyable old game for all
that. "Three old cat" was the same
game played on a triangle, the ball
passing round and round, and all
hands alternating at the bat, as they
caught in or got caught out. Then there
was bull pen," in which thefs wa3
no batting except on the body. The
ball passed from hand to hand until it
got hot, and then some fellow was
"soaked" with it in a way lie despised.
"Run around," or, it was sometimes
called, base-ball, was the nucleus of the
present game of that name. There
were no regular "nines," bnt sides had
to be chosen. This, after the leaders
were selected, was generally done by
one of them tossing up a stick or bali
lub, which the other caught, and then
each one placed his doubled hand over
that of the other, alternately, until the
one who caught the end of the stick
had first choice. If he could catch it
by a very small end, but tight enough
to throw it over his head, that was
enough. The pitchers and catchers
were selected by common consent or
acclamation, and in that, as in other
matters, universal suffrage did not al
ways put the best men in office. Some
times a lazy fellow who wanted to play,
but did not like to run after balls,
would set up a claim as pitcher, which
would be recognized without much
questioning. The playing was not very
scientific, but it furnished good sport.
The game could be learned without a
teacher, there were no big salaries paid,
no leagues, no admission fees, no pool
selling, but it was a brave old game,
notwithstanding. There were other
games of hand-ball, not to speak of
foot-ball and hookey, or more popularly
"shinny." These filled an important
place in the sports of former years, bnt
they are rooted out and displaced now
by the National game," with its com
plicated rules, its fearful and wonder
ful vocabulary, its high-salaried play
ers, who make enough during the sum
mer months to enjoy a whole winter of
obscurity and idleness, its professional
umpires, captains, managers, etc. All
this goes to prove that times change,
and that we are a progressive people.
The youth of the last
generation thought
they enjoyed their simple games, but
they didn't. The right way for people
to play ball is to hire a few muscular
chaps to play for them, and then bet on
the result Indianapolis Journal.
ller, mother
The rest of the inmates of th^
aped
be
injuries. The residence 01 Jt
ly escaped with only slight
idence of Judge Cothren was
also struck by the storm, and nis mother, an
aged ludy, killed.
After wrecking Mr. Spenscley's house, the
cyclone lilted the house of Mr. Leonard from
its foundation and shivered it to atoms in the
air, carrying with it Mrs. Leonard, whose body
was found about 100 yards distant, mangled in
a fearful manner.
it next carried off tbe house of John Cole
man, badly injuring Mr. Coleman, his two
daughters and Tip Allen, who were in tbe
houfc at the time.
Benjamin Bennett's house was totally de
stroyed, and Mrs. Bennett thrown over in a
Jacka were destroyed
At the brewerv of C- Gellman the storm did
the greatest amount of damage, carrying off
the houses of Mr. Gellman and Mr. Adams,
and badly injuring a Miss Zimmer. The
btewery building and barn connected there
with were totally demolished, and a uumber
of valuable horses killed.
The houses situated in the summer-garden
of John Jenck, opposite the brewery building,
were destroyed, and Mrs. Myers and Mary
Jenck were killed. Mr. Bohan's family, who
lived a short distance from the gardens, were
dangerously injured, and Mrs. Bohan died
about midnight.
The house of Martin O'Dowd was reduced
to ruins. Mr. Beardsley's house and barn
were carried seven or eight rods from the
foundations. William Cocking's house was
taken, and nothiug left but a fewpieccs of the
furniture.
A school-house, about two and a half miles
east of the city, was carried off, with the teach
er and scholars. Two of the scholars, a broth
er and sister, were killed and the teacher
slightly injured- The teacher, while holding
one of the smaller scholars in her arms, was
thrown several rods. Most of the children
are unhurt
MINERAL POIST, Wis., May 25.
The storm originated twelve miles south
west of this city, doing no considerable dam
age until within one' mile of here, when it
struck II. Phillips' barn and carried it away,
killing rive cows. Alter leaving the Town of
Mineral Point it divided, and came together
again six miles east of here, in the Town of
Waldwiek. It swept everything before it for
a distance of twelve miles^ where it again di
vided. Mr. Kramer's place was totally de
stroyed, and the next was Powers'. About
fifty houses and barns were destroyed from
here to Adam&ville. Between this place and
Darley's store, three miles, six persons were
killed, and the school-house, church and store
demolished. Moscow- is also iu rum, and four
persons killed^ Two families are blown away,
and as yet nothing has been heard of them.
From there to Perry is eii'ht miles, and noth
ing ie left where the tornado struck. Perry is
carried away. The damage from here to Per
ry is estimated at #100,000, and fifteen lives
lost. The Welch settlement, ten miles south
west, is completely demolished. Several re
ceived iujuries that will prove fatal, it is
feared.
Six funerals took place in this city on yes
terday.
MADISON, Wis., May 24.
The tornado which passed over this place
last night proves to have been more widespread
and destructive than was thought last night.
The storm came from the direction of the
southwest,, passing through a section of the
State where no telegraphic communications
are established, hence details of the great de
struction and loss of life are meagre. Enough
has been received, however, to show that the
devastation and sacrifice of property and life
has been appalling. In the vielnit-v of Prim
rose, twenty-five miles southwest of this city,
from there through Mount Vernon to Paoli,
the storm seems to have done widespread dam
ago From twenty-five to tliirty. barns and
farm houses were blown down, some of
them utterly destroyed and the debris
carried off before t.iie mighty avalanche
of wind, some of it falling twelve and
fifteen miles away, one shutter of a
house falling in Lake Mendota, uear this city.
Some twelve or eighteen persons are known
to be killed, ami large numbers severely in
jured. Graphic yet terrible descriptions are
given of the terrible effect of the tornado.
Teums and wagons are reported taken from
roads, and carried in the air and dashed to the
ground. At Dr. George Fox's, near Oregon,
two valuable horses iu a pasture were taken
up 100 feet in the air, carried fifty rods, and
dashed to the earth, killing them instantly.
The storm came from the direction of Mineral
Point, where it wrought such terrible damage,
raised from the ground seven or eight miles
southwest of Madison, and again struck the
earth near Fort Atkinson, northeast of here.
Near Primrose and Paoli the storm seemed
from a half to a mile in width, and swept ev
erything before it. mowing down trees, fences,
barns, houses and shrubbery as if with a
scythe.
A Step-Daughter's Revenge.
A mystery of crime, which, on ac
count of the anomalous circumstances
attending it has puzzled both English
bench and bar and afforded tbe profess
ors of mental pathology a curious sub
ject for speculation, has at last been
cleared up by the statement of Dr. J.
C. Bscknill in a lecture on Insanity
in its Legal Relations" before the Roy
al College of Physicians at London.
The case is that of Constance Kent,
who in 1865 confessed, five years after
the deed, the murder of her little four
years-old half-brother, Francis, at her
father's home near Wilts, Eng. Con
stance, then hardly more than twenty,
was sentenced to death, but so oth
were the authorities lo believe the gii-!
really guilty that her sentence was
commuted, and upon the opinion of
Dr. Bucknill that imprisonment would
cause her insanity, Miss Kent was al
lowed to go scot-free.
The chief perplexjty in connection
with this crime was the lack of a suffi
cient motive. The facts were briefly
these: In 1860 the little boy, Francis
Kent, was found dead in an out-house
early one morning, with his throat cut
and stabbed to the heart. At first the
nurse was arrested, but quickly dis
charged, as not the slightest evidence
coulu be found against her. Then a
sharp detective, finding a night-gown
of Constance's missing, and learning
iat she had on an occasion expressed
petulant dislike of the child, had her
arrested as the murderess. Whereat
the popular indignation knew no
bounds. The sixtcen-vear-old Con
stance, a beautiful, rosy-cheeked girl,
guilty of such a horrible deed! Impossi
ble! Tbe father was suspected of
bribing the detective to fasten the crime
upon his innocent daughter for a pur
pose, and he came near being mobbed,
while the detective himself was in such
odium that he had to leave the police
force. And so the mystery remained
unsolved. Constance bore herself com
posedly through the whole investiga
tion, and then went to school for two
years, after which she entered as novice
a high-church Episcopal convent at
Brighton. In 1865, Miss Kent startled
the father confessor of the institution
with the story of her guilt, and then at
his instance made a clean breast of the
matter to Justice Willes, by whom,
after solicitous warning of the effect of
persistence in her confession, she was
sentenced to death. At th
e preliminary
trial lr. Bucknill was called in as an
expert to judge of Miss Kent's sanity.
He pronounced the girl in her right
mind, but failed to reveal to the Court
what bad been confided to him by tbe
wretched girl during Us privsfts exam
ination of Eer—and that waa the motive
for her dreadful crime, which if it had
been exposed would probably have re
sulted in Miss Kent's execution.
Now that the people who would be
most keenly aiTectea by the revelation
an dead. Dr. Bootaill oooaideri him
self absolved from carrying the ssoret
any Longer. The laek of a motivs, as
we have said, wm the ehief sttUBbttng
block to bsllsf in Constance Kent's
guilt, but that there was a motfrs ftid
aen from the pablio it ooaeWwly
woven. Constance had a itep-iaother
wfeon aba oort^ly hstsd, Thja wofta*
C\ A
fW'
TOLEDO, TAMA COUNTY IOWA, THURSDAY, MAY 30, 1878. NUMBER 22^
was a governess in the family at the
time of Mrs. Kent's death, whose place
and authority she assumed with un
seemly haste. She even had tbe bad
taste to make disparaging remarks about
Constance's dead mother, and these
heartless words kindled a thirst for re
venge ir the young girl's heart. The
plan of this was as studied and delib
erate as it was horrible. Little Francis
was the step-mother's only son, whom
she loved as the apple of her eye. Con
stance, too, loved the child, but her
hate outmastered her love, and she
butchered it in cold blood, knowing that
in no other way could she so effectively
wring with anguish the heart of her
detesied step-mother.
Thnt a sweet, sixteen-year-old En
glish girl of good family and education
slioula be capable of such a depth of
depravity goes far to substantiate a
certain cardinal tenet of the old the
ology while her confession, even to the
endangering of her neck, after long
suppression of the guilty secret, is but
another evidence of the existence of a
conscience which, however long it may
remaiD dormant, can never wholly die.
'—Springfield (Mass.) Republican.
Pleasing
the
Children.
Some little girls, the youngest class
of a private school in an adjoining city,
followirig the custom of their elders,
determined, a few days ago to hold a
fair for the benefit of some orphans.
The matter had been fully and properly
canvassed, price of admission (five
cents) agreed upon, fancy-work com
menced. contributions solicited, lotter
ies arranged, and all seemed to be
working nicely after the manner of
grown folks. The question where the
fair was to be held was the only one
unsettled, and this for a while bid fair
to be an obstacle that would block the
wheels of progress and turn into an
utter failure an enterprise that had
been commenced with such high hopes
of abundant success. At whose house
shall the fair be held? There was
sickness at one, company at another
one's mother was too busy and anoth
er's thought it would be too raucli
trouble. At last a little tot, the tiniest
of the class, said, I think you can
have it at our house. My mother says
nothing is too 'much trouble when it
pleases her children. I know she will
be glad to have you come."
Thus spoke the child of a wise
woman. We want no further evidence
of her wisdom than the testimony of
her child, given in that simple, artless
way. We wish we knew her, that we
might do her reverence in person as
we. do now in spirit. Brighter than
anj jewels in Victoria's crown shines
her motherhood. For her example in
the treatment and home education of
her children she deserves the thanks of
the world. But do we not see, in the
effect of the teaching of this mother in
a more lowly station, the same wise
treatment that produces the same ef
fect on her children and all around
her? Is there a mother of any one of
those little school girls who will not
feel a reproof when she hears her child
say, Marie's mother says nothing is
too much trouble to do for her chil
dren. If there is, we are sorry for
her, and for her children and her chil
dren's children.
Home influence is in this country too
often unappreciated. Parents are too
much occupied with the labor of accu
mulating worldly wealth to attend to the
home instruction of their children.
They are entirely willing to give all the
money necessary to pay for instruc
tions in school or college, but cannot
spend the time to give them personal
attention.
The education of children should be
gin with their earliest infancy. Lessons
of obedience, respect, confidence and
love should be taught long before school
days commence, and be taught in a
spirit of confidence and love. When
your child believes in you and knows
that you are willing to do every pos
sible thing you consider for his good
when he trusts you because there has
never been occasion tor doubt, you
have laid a foundation for an education
that A'ill be excellent, even though that
child never sees the inside of a school
house. What greater confidence can
be expressed than that by the child who
said, It is true, for my mother says
so, and when she says a thing is so, it
t.1!. whether it is so or not." Not very
correctly put, perhaps—but we all
know what it means—that if mother
says a thing is so it will prove to be so,
no matter how improbable it may look
at present.
This topic furnishes a good opportu
nity to introduce an argument in favor
of "the education of women, but we
will not improve it further than to say
that, iuour opinion, if liberal education
can be given only to a part of the fam
ily, the girls should have it. The in
fluence of an educated mother in a
household can scarcely be overrated.
She is with the children every hour of
their infancy, just when the twig that
shall grow to be the tree is susceptible
of being bent. And words spoken in a
proper spirit, at a proper time, are
seeds sown that will bear rich fruit in
after years.—Rural New Yorker.
An OUre-Seeker'8 Blunder.
A good story is told of Mr. Scranton,
of Madison, the ex-President of the old
Shore Line Railroad. In a train that
was on the way to New London, a short
time ago, Gov. Hubbard was a passen
ger. His Excellency sat quietly read
ing a newspaper. In a seat on the
other side of the car, and at the rear of
the Governor, sat our old friend Clark,
of Chester, and Mr. S. H. Scranton, of
Madison. The former, who had just
been using his handkerchief, said to
Mr. Scranton, with a slight flirt of the
handkerchief in the intended direction,
That's Gov. Hubbard."
"Is it, indeed?" said Scranton: "I've
been waiting to see bim, and get ac
quainted with him and I'll speak to
Lim
Whereupon Mr. S. quietly went three
seats ahead and addressed Railroad
Commissioner Arnold, of Haddan::
Good morning, Gov. Hubbard: I've
been waiting to make your acquaint
ance 1 am S. H. Scranton, of Madi
son.''
Mr. Arnold stared, but bowed and
his new friend proceeded:
The fact is, Governor, I'm about as
much of a Democrat as a Republican I
vote to suit myself. I've been thinking,
Governor, that I would like an appoint
ment on the Railroad Commission, and
if vou can fill the next vacancy with
my appointment I would feel much
gratified."
Mr. Arnold bowed again.
The fact is. Governor," his new ac
quaintance proceeded, "the truth is,
the present Commission don't practi
cally amount to much, especially Ar
nold. He ain't worth a row of pins.
He just goes over the road, takes up a
tie, here and there, glances al the
bridge timbers, perhaps, and is oft
again. What does sach an examina
tion amount to Now if I get his place
I'll promise you there shall be real
service rendered. I'm a practical rail
road man."
Mr. Araold, being now fuPy con
vinced of the real situation, blandly
bowed again—a sort of bow of encour
affaamnt snd said he'd think it over
and Mr. Sertmtun went back, weH
pleased at the prospect. It is said the
story would never have got out but
for die fu men joying
(Com.) JVmMf.
vonidc.
V i
"""A
TAMA OOl\TT.
INCIDENTS A*D ACCIDENTS.
—A man named Henry Miller, of
Astoria, Ore., was joking with som#
friends in an undertakers shop, and
pointing to a coffin, Ssfd, I vfraht that
one," and wrote his nathe tipon it.
few days later he was buried in thesdme
coffin.
—The selection of a May Queen in
Waco, Tex., was attended with consid
erable strife and excitement. Miss
Jones received 8,194 votes, and Miss
Pace, the next highest candidate, 4,312.
The ballots cost ten cents each, and
everybody could cast as many as de
sired by paving proportionately'. The
gain to a public charity by this plan
was $l,ii00. There were several in
cidental fights, growing out of heated
advocacy of the rival itspirants.
—A convicted thief iu New Mexicd
aroused the inmates of the jail by loud
cries. He was found lying on the floor
of his cell, professedly unable to move.
He said that he had fallen from the bed
and injured his spine. During the en
suing month he pretended to be in con
stant and terrible pain and on his be
ing carried to Court for sentence, the
sympathetic Judge imposed the lightest
possible penalty: Afterward it was
discovered that the thief had not been
hurt at all.
—A parrot created serisation ih a
baggage-car on the Chicago fiurliflg
tonSQuiticy Railroad the clthfcf rfrty.
The cage was inclosed in paper add
set on a coffin and was soon forgotten.
As the conductor and other trainmen
were passing through the car they
heard a sepulchral voice issuing appar
ently from the coffin, crying, Lemmo
out!" They were startled and fright
ened, and thought they had a sure case
of a ghost, till polly was discovered
whining for liberty.
—There is now on trial in our courts
a man possessed of a good trade, and
capablc of earning a decent living in
any city or town in the country. Under
the influence of liquor, a few weeks
since, he attempted to knife a man to
him unknown, and lie will now pay for
a few glasses of vile whisky by spend
ing more or less time in tho Peniten
tiary. Thursday's evening train brought
to Denver another less fortunate vic
tim. He, too, had been imbibing vile
whisky, and, while tinder its influence,
drove "the lock of a gun through the
brain of an antagonist, from the effects
of which he died! Here are two men—
a would-be murderer and a murderer
—whose proper pleas in court would be
"Drunk, Your Honor."—Rocky Moun
tain News.
—Bryant Foley, a young Watertown
man, who was suffering from a broken
leg, in some way got the impression
that he had taken poison in the form
of carbolic acid, used as a wash for his
limb, and died of fright. He was ap
parently well at four p. m. Sunday,
and at seven p. m. he was dead. lie
ate an orange on Saturday, and thought
it tasted of the acid, which caused him
to faint, but he was quieted in a little
while. The physicians say in their re
port to the Coroner: We find, from a
thorough examination and careful in
vestigation, that his deat-i was caused
by syncope or fainting: that we care
fully examined the stomach and found
no traces of poison of any kind the
coats of the stomach and intestines free
from inflammation from the appear
ance of the heart, it was evident "from
the absence of blood in its walls and
their collapsed condition, that he died
of syncope or faintness the condition
of his limb warranted the belief that
his leg would be returned to usefulness,
as all of the parts surrounding the
fracture were in a healthy condition,
and reparation of the bone already
commenced and favorably prospering."
The jury reported that it could not as
certain the cause of d» ath.—Utica Her
ald.
A Baptism of Hundreds.
On Sunday morning the roads and
lanes leading across Chimborazo Park
were filled with persons, white and
black, male and female, from the gray
haired sire to the infant in arms, all
hurrying in the direction of Gillie's
Creek to witness the great baptizing.
By ten o'clock in the morning at least
4,000 persons had assembled on the
York River Railroad and the surround
ing hills, and the long line of new con
verts, male and female, in twos, ar
rived on the ground and stood in readi
ness on either side of the stream—the
males on one side and the females on
the other.
The females were dressed in white,
with white turbans around their heads,
and the men with white shirts, and
white handkerchiefs around their
heads, awaited patiently under the
burning sun the arrival of their turn
After the singing of a hymn and a short
prayer, the Rev. Scott Gwathmay, ac
companied by one of his deacons,
stepped down into the water, and the
baptizing was begun.
The females were served first, and
they were quickly disposed of, to make
room for others in waiting. The men
outnumbered the women. By 12:30
the ceremony was over, and 233 per
sons had been immersed by one man.
The converts, for the most part, were
very quiet and undemonstrative, but
occasionally some manifestations of re
ligious fervor would break out. One
old woman, at least seventy years of
age, walking on crutches, hobbled to
the pool ana was among those baptized.
She was taken in the arms of a stalwart
deacon and borne out to the dressin
room.—Uichmuml (Fa.) Stat^
QMie Familiarity.
The late Dr. .Sprague.of Albany, was
a gentleman of tlie old school type, of
remarkable courteousness of manner
and of corresponding reverence of feel
ing. He never trifled with the names
of prominent men, and it is hardly
probable that he could suppose anyone
would use his name with undue famil
iarity. The following anecdote illus
trative of this characteristic of the
grand old man, was related to us by
one of his sons, and subsequently ac
knowledged, with a hearty laugh, by
the older son of whom it was tola:
One day, at the tea-table, this son,
then in business in Albany, but living
at his father's house, spoke of "Char
ley Bridgman." The name arrested
his father's attention, and he said:
"Mvson, of whom arc you speak
ing?"
Of Mr. Bridgman, father," i tbe
ot of Rev. Dr. Bridgman, surely,
William?"
"Why yes, father why not?"
"Why not? my son, because such
familiarity in connection with a prom
inent preacher is unbecoming. I am
quite surprised and shocked at your
freedom and I hope he has no knowl
edge of it."
Well, what does he call you then?"
Generally he oaBs me
4
Z'JgA'
7~5
I
_l±
ffill.'"
This waa taw much for the good Doc
tor, and with ill-suppressed sympathy
with the mirth that rang round the
tea-table, be made good hw retreat.—
Chicago Standard.
THB St. Lous Journal call* Ue
dabangl«tt»ftlo»9f bangle
".v?* ,*
Our Young Headers.
TffE tOX ASD TBS CROW.
A CROW, one day. STOL* A nice bit of cheeS6
And flew up in a tree to eat it at for gnat*
A fly yOung tttx. who was paaiing below.
Saw hei as the flew, and he said, Oh, Ml
A
MifciAm Crow,
What a fine bird you with yotai feathezS so
As brifiiant as tbe rainbow, and fairer than tbe
day.
If yoar voice is as sweet as your form would
show.
Then aing me a aong: pray don't flay Ho,
Madam Crow.'
The crow began her song, when down fall the
cheese:
The fox sprang and caught it as quickly aajen
please:
And as he trotted off, he said. Oh, ho!
That is joftt what 1 wanted. I'll go,
Madam Crow."
—Annie Moure, JVfcrtkr*.
COIAL'STKERS.
THERE is a very curious, wonderful
and beautiful little crcature, living in
the sea, so small and simple in its con
struction, that to look at it, without
knowing anything about it, one might
suppose that it could be of very litue,
if any use. But "things are not what
they seem," the poet tells us and very
true is it, in this case, for the Polyps—
that is the name of the family to which
this little animal belongs—insignificant
as they appear in otir eyes, are really
tfc.-y useful.
Different kinds are found in almost
all the seas, rivers and lakes on the
globe. They are of tarioUs sizes and
forms. We shall confine ourselves, in
this article, to some varieties fonnd
only in Tropical seas. Some of these
perforin an immense and important
work, no less than the building of isl
ands for man to live on. One tiny
creature cannot, of course, do much
toward such a grand result bttt the
large family working together in In
numerable numbers, beautifully illus
trate the truth of the axiom, In union
is strength."
The polyps, as has been said, vary iu
size, some being several inches long,
others, too small to be seen without the
help of a microscope. They have
neither heads, legs, feet, hearts, lungs
nor other organs which higher animals
have consequently, they are without
sense or motion.
A polyp may be described as a sack
or bag, with an opening at one end.
This opening is surrounded by a fringe
of fine, thread-like things called ten
tacles or feelers. We will call them
arms, also, because the animal uses
them not only as feelers, but also to
seize, grasp, hold and push with. The
opening into the sack is called a mouth,
not because it looks like one, but be
cause of its use in admitting food to the
sack-like stomach. Weak and defense
less as this odd little mite of a being is,
when seized by enemies more powerful
than itself, it shows itself brave in se
curing its own prey among creatures
still smaller.
The polyp is very gresdy. it fastens
itself to a leaf, plant, or rock under the
water, and when it is hungry—as it al
most always is—it stretches out its
arms in search of food. Whatever
comes within their reach i.s quickly
seized and pushed into the stomach.
Sometimes the thing seized is larger
than the polyp. But that makes no
difference as to the victim's fate, pro
vided it is not strong enough to tree
itself. It is pushed and crammed into
the captor's month, and held there by
its many arms until it is digested.
Unwary little worms—for there are
worms in* the water as well as on land
—often come too near the polyp for
their own safety, and, in spite of all
their squirming and wriggling, they
have to go the way of all flesh that is
not stronger than the polyp.
It is almost impossible to kill one of
these strange little animals. Probably
the only way of doing so is either to
keep it out of water until it dies, or
grind it to atoms. Possibly even then
the atoms would live, for if a polyp is
cut into two parts, the mouth will keep
on swallowing, even though the focd
drops through the opening made by the
cut as fast as it is taken in at the mouth.
If the creature is all cut up into pieces,
The baby-polyps of one branch of the
family grow like buds on the body of
the mother. Just as soon as a bud is
perfected, it puts oat a bud too, and
this bud sends out another, and so on
until one po'.yp becomes the parent of
many. As soon as the youngster be
comes of age it leaves the parental
home and starts housekeeping on its
own account, and prepares to semi
forth a numerous progeny into the
world. This kind of polyp is inclined
to solitude. Each one lives by itself
and sends its children away from home
to shift for themselves as soon as pos
sible. But they have relatives of a
more social turn. These are
THE CORAL-MAKING POLYPS.
They live in large communities, each
one occupying its own apartment or
cell. They work together most indus
triously in perfect order and harmony.
A coral-maker's baby does not grow as
the solitary polyp's infant does. It is
at first only a drop of jelly provided
with a fringe of fine hair-like append
ages called cilia. These cilia enable it
to swim about in the water. They are
in constant motion. This tiny drop of
a thing is left by its mother to take care
of itself during its babyhcod. For a
time it leads a free and careless kind of
life, enjoying itself, no doubt, unless it
happens to be gobbled up by some
greedy and unfeeling fish. After a
while it fastens itself by its cilia to a
rock, or piece of coral, and settles
down. Then the cilia being no longer
necessary for its motion, become quiet.
Changes begin to take place in the
young polyp's appearance. The little
lump of jelly begins to swell itself up
into a tube-like shape A. kind of rim
is formed around the top edge of the
tube. This is the beginning of the
house, or frame-work, or, more prob
ably, the skeleton which the little creat­
ure is going to make for itself. Then
a little rising appears, which soon
forms itseif into a mouth and feelers,
or arms which at once begin to work.
The arms seize everything they can get
hold of—for they are neither scrupu
lous nor dainty—and push it through
the open mouth into the stomach.
Then the little creature begins its life
work, which is the manufacture of th^
lovely coral from which so many DM
ornaments are made.
I have
Why yes, ho has, father.
called him 'Charley' to his face!
"''Charley' to his face and does he
call you William?"
"Well no! father no I can't say that
he does."
Naturalists used to suppose that the,
coral was the polyp's hooae: but the*
have discovered that it is the skeletal*
of the animal—really a part of its body
—as our bones are apart of our bodies.
Only the polyp's skeleton is outside of
its body instead of being inside like
ours.
The skeleton is made of the same
subataaoe as chalk, or limestone, mixed
with a little phosphorus. There ass
myriads of minute creatures, ia thaaaa,
oogtgto foot $?•»
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phosphorus. The polyp feeds on some
of these and so takes in phosphorus,
which, in a way mysterious to us, is
mixed with the chalk, which It also gets
with its food from the sea and converts
it into coral.
if the polyp has any motto to inspire
it, it must be "excelsior," for it is an
aspiring little being, continually aim
ing to greater heights, toward the light.
It works only in tropical seas and nev
er so fsr down in the water rs to get
into the cold currents of the deep sea.
There are high rocks, rising from the
bottom of the ocean, which have been
thrown up by volcanic forces. On
these the polyp fastens itself and builds
higher and higher, constantly making
for itself a Hew skeleton on the ruins of
an old one, which dies and hardens when
the live polvp deserts it.
This is tlie way great coral islands
are formed, little by little, by the con
stant and persevering industry of myr
iads of these tiny creatures. There
are several kinds of coral, of various
forms, and of different colors, white,
red and pihk.
It is very interesting to watch the
coral-makers at their work. Some
times they are st rest. Then myriads
of tiny thread-like feelers or arms may
be seen spread out of loveliest forms
and the most brilliant colors, looking
like exquisitely beautiful flowers be
neath the clear water. But, generally,
the tentacles arc in motion. The polyp
requires a good deal of material for its
work, and as it can get it only by eat
ing, and as it nses it up as fast as it
gets it, of course, the little thing is al
ways hungry and greedy.
Their greediness serves another pur
pose, however, beside coral-making.
There is always in the sea a great deal
of dead decaying matter which would
make the water very impure if not dis
posed of. As the polyp is not at all
fnstidious in its choice of food, it de
vours a good deal of this offensive mat
ter, and through its simple digestive
apparatus, converts it into the useful,
curious and beautiful coral. Thus they
serve with the lobster and some other
creatures as scavengers of the sea.
How wonderful is the economy of Na
Uire. In her vast workshop nothing is
wasted. Even the most unsightly and
impure matter is made over into new
forms and colors of marvelous lieauty
and use.
The coral-inaking polyp used to be
considered a sub-marine plant, because
its lovely forms and bright colors re
semble flowers so much. Later, it was
supposed to be both animal and vegeta
ble. But still more recent investiga
tions have dccided naturalists to class
it among the simplest forms of animal
life.
No creature that God has made is too
small or humble to teach proud man
some lesson. One of the lessons the
little polyp teaches us is, the value of
persevering industry and another is
this, that it is our duty to contribute
cheerfully each our part, if only a mite,
to the general good of the family and
community in which our Maker has
placed us.
We have seen on what a simple plan
this minute animal, with nothing but a
stomach, :nouth and arms, i.s made.
Yet what more does it need for the life
it leads, and the uses it performs?
Simple as it is, like all of the Creator's
work, it is wonderful and perfect of its
kind.
Evi-1 lUiug lino Houn ix'tvet! it.
necessary for its happiness and good in
the place it fills. Tnus, even the least
of the Almighty's creatures show forth
His infinite goodnes. wisdom and love.
—Olive Rtiymonil, in Lutheran Observer.
A New Submarine Torpedo Boat.
A new torpedo boat, designed to
work under water, has just been brought
under the notice of the Admiralty, and
a model four feet eight inches long has
been made. The boat was originally
designed by the late Lord Milton, who
was well known at Wentworth Wood
house for his skill as a mechanic, as
sisted by Mr. Turner, of the same
place, and recently improved by Mr.
Councillor White, of Thorpe, near
Rotheram.
.,, i The new torpedo boat is intended to
these pieces will live right on, and,
under
^ater
strange to say, each one will grow until, anJ -n
it becomes a complete polyp. If onlj 1 .' ... i
an arm is cut off, the arm will live,
grow and become the parent of a large
family. Once a polyp was turned in
side out. What did it do? Die? Not
a bit of it. It went right on living and
taking in food just as if nothing un
usual had happened. The outside of
its body seemed to make just as good a
lining as the original inside, although
the polyp appeared to be conscious of
its false position, and made many un
successful efforts to put itsell right
again before the world.
raeanP
„f oom-
rp re
In the foi-epart
iembles a huge fish.
or head there"are two large eyes, from
which radiate a strong electric light
that will exhibit the keel of an enemy's
vessel for a considerable distance,
while a powerful ram is placed just
above, capablc of penetrating an iron
clad. In what may be termed the nos
tril there is a revolving-gun worked by
hjdraulic power and tired by electricity
with a new explosive, one pound of
which, in a recent test, displaced 137
tons of iron stone in situ. The tail
plays an important part, for it is not
only the propeller, but, being perforated
on either side, serves to expel either
water or foul air. There are no masts,
the deck being level, while inside the
boat is divided into compartments
charged with compressed air.
The boat is sunk to the depth re
quired by taking water in at the bot
tom, and she could then remain under
water, Mr. White states, from three to
nine hours, while in attacking a vessel
the speed would be about eighteen
knots an hour.
The gun, which was the invention of
Lord Milton, differs from all others.
It is rotary, but has four chambers,
placed like the spokes of a wheel, so
that while one shot is being fired a sec
ond is being charged, a third sponged
and a fourt'i cleaned, so that the shots
can be fired in rapid succession. Such
is the brief outline of the latest inven
tion connected with torpedoes, the in
ventors of which state that they can
prove that it can accomplish all that
has been said it was capable of doing.
—London Times.
THE MARKETS.
NEW YORK, May 88,1878.
FLOUR—Good to Cnoice
WHEAT—No. 2 Chicago
CORN—Western Mixed...
OATS—Western Mixed
RYE -Western
PORK—Mesa
LARD—Steam—
CHEESE
WOOL—Domestic Fleece
CHICAGO.
BEEVEB-Extra
Choice
Good
Medium
HOGS—Live—Good to Choice..
SHEEP—Common to Choice..
BUTTER—Fancy Creamery....
Good to Choice
EGGS-fresh
JLOUB—Choi
Jhoice Winter 6.00
Choice to Fine Spring 6.C0
Patent 6J6
GRAIN—Wheat, No. 2, Spring.. 1.01
Corn, No. 2 38\
Oate. No. 2
Rye, No. 2.
do..
Green Brush
Red-Tipped do
Crooked
.0614
.044
.04
PORK—Mess
LDMLREK-l.t and ii Ci«l
3d Clear
6.03
6J0
SIFLO
fl&Oft
Oleu OMMd. Bidiac.
Common Siding.
Common and Fencing
Lath
A Shingles
iu»
1*2.60
r* BALTIMORE.
«SJIH
i &JT1W
1 B.2S
«.n
HOGS—Good
SBPERjP—Good
iiS
SA8f LIBERTY.

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