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nrvn ?AWABWi OUR C 0 U N T R Y H E R C 0 M M E R C E A N D HER FREE INSTITUTIONS OTTAWA, ILLINOIS, FRIDAY, OCTOIiFIt 20, I CIS. ISO. 10. VOL. IV. HOICM.XU. How many thousands arc awakcn'mi; nuw ! Hume to the sunns of the Inrcst lom,'h, To the rustling leaven at the lattice-fain, To the chiming lull of the latter ruin. And Rome far out on the deep miil-sea, To the dash of the waves in their lainiiij glee, Ah they break into spray on the tall ship's fide, That holds through the tumult her path of pride. And some in the camp, at ths bugle' breath, And the tramp of the steed on the echoing heath, And the sudden rour of the hostile, gun, Which tells that a tit-Id must 'ere night ho won. And some in the gloomy convent cell, To the dull, deep mile, of the warning bell, As it heavily calls them forth to die, While the bright sun mounts in the laughing sky. t a it is Tin: iiiuv vtni: away. Bring mo forth the cup of roM, Chased by Druid hand of old, Filled from yonder fountain's breast, Whore the wafers are nt rest ; This for iuo in joyous hour, This fur me in beauty's bower, This f.ir nin in manhood's prune, This for me in life's decline. II riii ot mo forth the humbler horn, Filled by hunter's hand at mom, From the crystal stream that tbuvs, Underneath the blooming rose, Where the violet loves to sip, And tho lily cools her lip. I3rin; me this, and I will sny, Take the ruby wine awav ! M IC.7EOKY. Yes, Memory ! beautiful dream of the mind, As in thy hnppv visions our fancy may stray ; Tlie shades of dead ll iw'rets oft liloom intertwined With thorns that encircle our journey to-day. And on those smiling shadows with lim-crhn eye, We uaze while tho lovely dchish ay la.t ; Oh! sad that we e'er .should awake with a sih, And roahtv tells us the vision is past ! Oregon l.iniirnnul I"renoiil' Ilrjor. The report of Lieut. Fremont, made by older of Congress, in relation to the country lyim; be tween the Missouri and the Kocky Mountains on lbs line of the Kaunas and Great Hatte rivers, is receiving consi lerah'o uttculioji on the part of tho newspaper press. The report abounds with : y interesting passages. The following ij a descrip tion of an Indian village : "We left our camp at seven, journcy ing along tlio foot of the hill which border the Kansas valley, generally ahont three miles wide, and cxhcmdy rich. We halted for dinner, after a march of about thirteen miles, on the banks of one of the many little tributaries l the Kansas, which look like trenches in the onirics, and are usuallay well timbered. After crossing this stream. I rods off some miles to the left, attracted by the appearance of a cluster of huts neat llie mouth of the Vermilion. It was a large hut deserted Kansas village, scattered in an open wood along the margin of the stream, on a spot chosen with the customary Indian fond ness for beauty of scenery. The Paw nees had attacked it in the early spting. Some of the houses were burnt, and oth ers blackened with 'smoke, and weeds! were already getting possession of the cleared places." On the subject of game he says, (p. 13.) thoy meet with frequent groves of oak, tenanted by wild turkeys ; tho elk were often seen on the hills, and that " now and then an antelope bounded across our path, or a deer broke from tho groves." Another item will go to prove that a herd of buffaloes, as frequently encountered in the great American desert, is a different spectacle from r.n agricultural cattle show : 'As we were riding slowly this after noon, clouds of dust in the ravines, among the hills to the right, suddenly attracted our attention ; and in a few minutes, column after column of buffaloes came gal lopping down, making directly to the river. I5y the time the leading herds had reached tho water, the prairie was darkened with the dense masses. Im mediately before us, when the bands fitst came duwn into the valley, streaehed an unbroken line, tho head of which was lost among the river hills on the op posite side, and still they poured down from the ridge on our right. From hill to hill the prairie bottom was certainly tiot less than two miles wide, and, allow ing the animals to be ten feet apart, and only ten in a line, there were 11,000 in view. Some idea may thus be formed of their number when they had occupied the whole plain. In a short time they sur rounded U9 on every side, extending for several miles in the rear, ami forward, as far as tho eyo could reach, leaving around us, as we advanced, an open space of only two or three hundred yards. 1 Ins move ment ol the huflalo indicated to us the presenco of Indians on tho north fork." And while we, of New York, were celebrating " the glorious fourth," in p. Yading the dusty streets, rejuvenating in the oyster shops, or in drinking root-beer (that abominable compound) in the Park, Lieutenant Fremont gives this account of his observance of the day. 'I halted earlier than usual, about for ty miles from the junction, and all hands were soon busily engaged in preparing a feast 'to celebrate the day. The kindness of our friends al St. Louis had provided us with a large supply of excellent pre serves and rich fruit cake J and when these were added to a macaroni soup and variously prepared dishes of the choicest huflalo meat, crowned with a cup of cof fee, and t-njoyed with prairie appetite, we felt, as we sat in barbaric luxury around our smoking supper on the grass, a grea ter sensation of enjoyment than the Wom an epicure at his perfumed feast. But most of all it seemed to please our Indian friends, who in the unrestrained enjoy ment of the moment, demanded to know if our 'medicine days come often.' " The Lieutcnent thus tells of one of those virgin landcapes in the fastnesses of the Hocky Mountains : "Here again a view of the most roman tic, beauty met our eyes. It seemed as if, from the vast expance of uninteresting prairiu we had passed over, Nature had collected all her beauties together in one chosen place. We were overlook ing a deep valley, which was entirely oc cupied by three lakes, and from the brink the surrounding ridges rose precipitously live hundred and a thousand feet, covered with a ihrk green of the balsam pine, re lieved at the border of the lake with the light foliage of the aspen. They all com municate with each other, and the green of the water (common to mountain lakes of great depth) showed that it would be impossible to cross them. The surprise of our guides w hen this impassable ob stacle suddenly barred our progress, pro ved that they were among the hidden treasures of the place unknown even to the wandering trappers f that region." And thus, of a night encampment in one of those green defiles, with which we are constrained to close our ('notations : "Our table service was rather scant, and we held the meat in our hands ; anil clean rocks made good plate, on which we spread oar macaroni. Among all the strange places we had occasion to en camp during our long journey , none have left so vivid an impression on my mind as the camp of lids evening. The disor der of the masses which surrounded us ; the little hole through which we saw the stirs over-head ; the dark pines where we slept ; and tho rocks lit up with the glow of nttr fejj; made a night picture of very wild beauty." "Great country this great country." And great is the change destined soon to come over it. The bees, which heiald the advance of civilization, are hiving away in the craigs of the Western Alps, nay, the evening hymn of the while set tler rises from the banks of the Walla mette, and the echo is caught and repeat ed from the advancing bands in the moun tain passes. And when Mr. Savicr, the indniuiiablc Senator of Arkansas, shall . , 1 it' I !--! lave succeeded in csiaoiisiung a ranro.iu oinmunieaikm across the prairies, (only 7t0 miles in a direct line,) thus opening a way for the cancelling of his Slate s bonds in the sale of the railroad stocks, a new empire will tie at once created on mo shores of the Pacific, the twin siste of our glorious Union, a new field of the enter prise of starving thousands, anew step to the advancement ol the human race, a new era in its history From the Dover KiKjuii cr. ."VAMY'K II 1 1. 1.." During a recent visit lo the While Mountains, while passing leisurly up the valley of the Saco, a little eminence was minted out to the writer, memorable lor its connection with an incident that oc curred many years ago, and which from that day lias borne the title of Aiuicy a (' , from the name of the devoted hero i tic who perished upon it amid the snows of an alpine winter. 1 he story may have been told before, but it will bear repeating. In the hands of some skill ful talo writer, it would form the ground work for a very respectable novel. The little eminence alluded to, which . . ,i .i i r . i is a lew miles ueiow tne aMiich oi mo White Mountains, was formerly covered with a thick growth of trees, a little cluster of which is yet suffered to remain, pro bably from the sad story connected Willi the spot. The pass through the notch of the mountains was discovered by one Nash, a famous hunter, an early pioneer in those regions, who, with others in their hunting excursions long before the settlemen'. of that part of the country, used to make this hill a resting place an object for which it was admirably calcu lated, as they could draw together the thick boughs and tops of the smaller trees, with which it was covered, so as to pro vide a temporary but comfortable shelter. For many years after the inhabitants be gan to settle upon the rich intervals along the river, this hill was a common halting place.it being in tho direct rout of the traveler from the lower country to the re gion above. Among the caily settlers of the town ship of Dartmouth, (now Jefferson) was a gentleman ftom Portsmouth, of the name of W., in whoso family as a do- mcsiic, was a girl whose name was Nan cy, a young woman of respectable parent aire and no small share of personal charms. In the same family, was a young man of a similar station in life, between whom. anil Nanev. a mutual attachment existed, 1 and sincere on her part, but on his, rea there is too much reason to suppose, no thing more than passing fancy. After a few years' service in the family of Mr. W., they had agreed, at the close of au tumn, to go down to Portsmouth where they were to be married. Confiding in the sinceiity and honor of her lover, Nancy placed in his keeping her little stock of money, the saving of several years of industrious and faithful service. Taking advantage of her absence to a nei'diborin town, the young man clan destinely left Dartmouth, carrying with him her little idl. Learning on her re turn what had happened, and that her faithless lover had been seen by some travellers journeying towords Portsmouth, Nancy, with a woman's love and a wo man's resolution, determined lo follow him ; nothing doubting that she could persuade him to fulfil his vows and re quite her own faithful affection. Winter set in with more than its usual vigor. Deep snows had f.illen. rendering the way through the forest, which in those days was little more than a foot-path, almost impassable. From Dartmouth to l'art lett, a distance of more than thirty miles. there was not a habitation or any source from whence any human succor could be obtained by the weary or perishing trav eler. Yet, nothing daunted, and against the remonstrances and entreaties of her friends, Nancy determined to set out on her perilous journey. She would listen to no persuasions and give no heed to the representations of the dangers of the way. Providing hcrsell with a lew ne cessaries for the journey, and wrapping herself in her long cloak, she bade adieu to her friends. She had been gone but a few hours, when the sky, before serene, became overcast, and a violent storm set in one of those fearful tempests which are the peculiarity of our northern climate. Snow after snow succeeded for several days, and all coinunieation between the scattered habitations of the settlers was cut off. The adjacent mountains reared their while peaks in fearful sublimity to the heavens, deep forests in every direc tion were loaded down with snow, and the verry atmosphere seemed to glisten with frost. Several weeks after, some travelers succeeded in forcing their way upwards from liartlett. They arrived at the hill at nightfall and prepared as usual to'encainp. (lathering some dry branches, they Lin died a lire, to protect themselves in a measure from the inclemency of the weather. As the light streamed up from the burning wood, and illuminated the wintry landscape around, an unearthly figure stood before them beneath the ben ding brandies of a large tree. It was wrapped in a robe of ice, rigid and mo tionless, ami ret lining its head as if asleep against the trunk of a tree. It was thr lileless lorni ol Aancy ! Uccrtalicn by the storm, she had stopped at this plan for rest and shelter, and while endeavor' ing lo protect herself from the fury of tlx tempest by the trunk of the tree, had fall' en asleep, and perished from the intense cold ; her last thoughts directed, probably, lo the faithless lover who had abandon cd her, and for whom she had thus laid down her life I lie .Highly Itrntl. What a scene would lie presented to our eves could we congregate beneath some vast and shadowy douio the spirits of the illustrious dead ! Tho spectach would be imposing beyond all earih can display, all that imagination can embody Liven were we to select tne mental au moral princes from amongst the nations of contemporary men, and bring them togeth cr, while yet in their existence, it would be such a meeting as the world has neve beheld. Hut what if we could coininan the spell of I'ndor's sorceress to evok from their silent dwellings and gather in ghostly convention all the noble soul which have quickened these frames of clay for nine, score generntions. What a gen eral assembly of earth's first horn elildren would be there ! A spiritual congress of what unpriralle cd magnificence and power? How won! the man who has imbued his soul with the spirit of the pai, and paid his intel lectual worship nt the universal shrine stand fixed and rooted in overmastering awe before the grand rrmmeuical coun cil ; this sen-ite of nation ! this parliament of ages ! From all climes they come ; all tribes, all dynasti..--unsexed, unbodied ; divested of their temporal distinctions, and preserving only the original worth and en ergy of their natures.' They come- the imperishable essences of those who hved and walked and suffered among their I'd - lows ; who labored for the welfare of hu- mat.ity and toiled to build themselves a name "the v.ir.ld would not willinply let die." Thcv come ! the light of intelli- gence beaming in their eyes, and the at Unisphere of immortality shining around them. Thev come ! scions from ;i!l bran- dies of the tree of Adam ; those who op posed tne tyrant ami upnciu uic iiih; those who fed the fires of truth amidst gloom and darkness ; and those w ho, self tutored, touched the chords of human sympathy, and breathed immortal strains of poetry and feeling ; recalling for awhile the hardened hearts of men lrom war and bloodshed, tumult and distress. i i i .iii .i. . .1 . . Doplsf not siinll Im 'iiiuina. It is related in the (Jcntlenian's Maga- zinc, of Ohanliy, the celebrated sculptor, that, when a boy, he was observed by a gentleman in the neighborhood of Shef field very attentively engaged in cutting a stick of wood with a penknife, lie asked the lad what he was doing; when, with great simplicity of manner, but w ith great ourtesy, he replied, "I am cutting old ox s bead. 1 ox was the school-master f the village. On this the gentleman sked to see what he had done, and pro- ouncing it to be an excellent likeness, avc the youth a sixpence. And this may be reckoned the first money Chantry ever ecfived for the production of his art. This anecdote is but one m a thousand iat might be cited ol as many ditUreut men who from small beginnings rise to tation ami influence ; and shows the im- lortance of not despising the day of small things, in any condition or circumstance of life. All nature, in f.iet, is full of in structive lessons on this point, which it vould be well for us more thoroughly to study and appreciate. The river tolling onward its accumula ted waters to the ocean, was in its; small be ginning but an oozing rill, trickling down some moss-covered rock, and winding like a silver thread between the green hanks to w hich it imparted verdure. The tree that swept the air with its huudrid 'ranches, and mocks at tho howling of the tempest, wns in its small beginning nit a little seed trodden under foot, unno ticed ; then a small shoot that ihc leaping hare might have forever crushed. Kvcry ihittg around us lells us not to espise small beginnings ; fur they are io lower rounds of a ladder that reaches lo great results, and we must step upon these before we can ascend higher. Despise not small beginnings of wealth. The lviithschi'ids, (iirard, Astor, and most of the richest men, began with sinal means. From cents they proceeded d ollars; from hundreds to thousands ; am lrom UiousaiHls to miliums. Mad lliey neglected these lirst earnings, had they said within theuivelves, what is the use of these few cents.' they are not of mm ii value, and I will just spend them and en oy insseii as 1 go inev would never i i I i ii nave risen lo lie tin; wealthiest among iheir fi lbuvs. It is only bv this milium al husbandin r o small .ins that they increase to largu sum-i. It is llie hardest part of success to gain a little ; this ( once gained, more will easily follow. Despise not small beginnings of educa tmn. Franklin had but little early education ; yet look at what he became, and how hi is reverenced. Fergusson, feeding his shrep on the hills of Scotland, picked up merely the rudiments of learning, but sub sequentlv rose to be ono of the fust astron omers in F.urope. Ilerschell, the great astronomer, was in his youth a drummer boy to a marching regiment, and received but a little more than a drummer-boy's ed ucation , but this name is now associated with the brightest discoveries of science, and is borne by the planet which his zeal discovered. A host of instances rise up lo testify that, by properly improving the small and perhaps imperfect beginnings of knowledge, they may ncconic as foundation-stones of a temple of learning, which the future shall gaze upon and admire. A man can scarcely he too avaricious in the acquisition of knowledge ; he should hoard up his intellectual gain with the ut most assiduity and dilligence; but, iinhk'' the lucre-seeking miser, must put out his knowledge nt usury, and by lending out his stock to others, increase by the com merce of his thoughts his capital, until his one talent shall have become five, and these live shall have gained lo l.'iem other live. Despise not small beginnings of fame or honor. The famo which spiiugs up on a sud den, like a mushroom plant, is seldom lasting. True fame and honor are of slow growth, ascending by degrees from the lowest offices to tho highest stations -from the rrgurd of a few lo the applause of a nation. But he who despises the lower strns of honor, hcrm? they ar low, will orldoiti readi the higher; and he j who spurns at the commendation of his own circle, us too small a thing to seek af- ter, will never secure the esteem and re-! nyvvn of a state or a kingdmn. j I):snise not the small beginnings of cr- ror. ; The walls of a castle have been rmh r- mined bv the borrowings of sin. .'Land lies-' pised animals, and lliehcginning rj error, j ihoudi at first unhealed, will soon, if not j checked, sai. the foundations of truth, and j build up i's own wretched dogmas on its ruins. All first errors are small ; despise them not ; they w ill soon increase to great ones, and, perhaps, devastate society. The Oecnii. In what a magnificent world do we live! What power, what depth, what expanse lay before us ! How singular, too, that while the grandeur of the land arises from bold irregularity , and inces sant change of aspect from the endless variety of forcM, vale and mountain, the same idled should be produced on ihe I ocean, ny an auscenee oi a.i n regularity, and all change ! A simple, levil horizon, perfectly unbroken, a line of almost com plete uniformity, compose a grandeur that impresses and tills the soul as powerfully as the most cloud-piercing Alp, or the Andes clothed with thunder I This was the ocean in calm, but how glorious, too, in tempest ! The storm that sweeps the land is simply a destroyer or a renovator; it smites the surface and is gone. 15ut I I I .11 .. .'... the ocean is the scat of its power, the scene of its majesty, the element in which ports, lives and rules penetrating lo its depth, rolling its surface in thunder on the shore changing its whole motion, its ispeel, its uses, and grand as it is in its crenity, giving it another and more aw ul grandeur in its convulsion. Then how strangely, yet how admirably, does it I'u I lil its treat human object! lis depth ind extent seem to render it the very ele ment of separation ; till tho armies of the earth might be swallowed up between the shores of the channel. Yet it is this cle ment which actually combines the remo test regions of the earth. Divisions and barriers are essential to llie protection ol kingdoms from each other, yet what height of mountain range, or what depth of precipice could be so secure as the lic ence so simply and perpetually supplied by a surrounding sea ? W bile this pro tecting clement al the same time pours the wealth of the globe into the bosom of a nation. Kven all this is only the ocean as referred to man. How much more magnificent is it in itself! Thrice the magnitude of the land, the woild of wa ters ! its depth unf ilhnimihle, its moun tains loftier than the loftiest id' the I ami, its valleys more profound, the pinnacles of its hills I shuuls ! What immense shapes of animal and vegetable life may fill those boundless pastures ami plains on which man shall never look ! What herds by thousands and millions, of ihosc mighty creatures whose skeleton we dis cover from time to lime in the wreck of the antediluvian globe! . W hat secrets of form and powi r of rapaeii y and enjoy ment may exist under the covi r of that migiiiv expanse of wives which tills the bed of the ocean and spreads round the .!., iii- The M it ii n it n. I Tlun, I was looking, one spring motning up on the swan al his iiioimng bath. In light, and graceful inovcincnls, he threw the water about him, which, fresh and clear, playing and foaming, danced on, making his while feathers still more re splendent, yielding, and forming them selves around his graecrul figure, and re flecting in every drop their beautiful ru ler, who sometimes struck thern with his wiiiL's, souu'tiines lovingly carressing din- ped his neck in their bosom. Sunn times lie plunged entirely in the water, and let it play over his head ; then he appeared again, shook the silvery spray from hi" wings, ami swam away proudly with ihc air of a conqueror, whilst the waves obe diently srperateil, and in their clear depths, gave back the proud and glorious im.-.gc. 1 was looking at this beautiful picture one spring morning, while the birds were singing, and me young leaves oi tne lor cst were whispering. 1 looked at it u ith d"pp-fclt pleasure, and et was oppress- cd at the same time with peculiarly sad and said I, tender emotion. "The bird," 'moves like a ruler in his (de ment, which surrounds him, only lo hold him up on its breast, and to reflect back again his beauty. In thn relation be tween this living being and the world in which be moves, what harmony, what freedom, what beauty ! The creature and linn. Man, in perpetual struggle with the world aiottnd him, till his mo tions constrained ; oppressed by the very air which lie breathes Man, tho lord of nature and her d ivc." I ihou'iht. a:t I ii)o;i;n:'d. I f. It mvse!f bound knew myself a slate. Ah ! I undcrstoo 1 not ihcn the doctrine of rccon filiation ; that man may acquire agniil the dominion over nature, which he lost in the Fall; that he may again move like the swan, in his own dement.' fit eilotii and beauty, id I'l tdlrlkn JJrcmtr. "'" .Uml..f ...r.Ju3 Children, The invariable custom was fcr the squaw r!a the ; or inf.nt in an upright cruiiie, wi.icn was siicpenucu iroiu nvr back and which she ci.nifd about with her throughout all her arduous (oils fioni morning till night. The infant was lied with iktr skin Mraps to' a board which rested against the back of the mother, and as they were back to back they looked of course in contrary directions. The feet rested on a baud, and from iho roof of the eradli led ous and beautiful t"s ami rattles with which the little Indian amused itself in its waking iiuiiut nts. The position was considered one eminently conducive lo the full devdopt incut of the limbs and chest, and the growth of a healthy frame. The mother in the course of operation in culling wood, cooking or dressing skins, was continually stooping and rising, by which the papoose enjoyed an almost perpetual rocking motion. If it was cross and cried the mother only worked the harder and upon no consideration did the take it down for the purpose ( f soothing or coaxing it lo good nature. There it swung up and down till it fell asleep at its own convenience ; but when the moth er heard that the child had awakened and was good humeredly playing w ith IIS rat tles, she took it in her arms tMid fondled and fed it, though on the lirst symtotn of a frown it was again suspended tack lo back in its cradle. Might not ci vilized mothers take a leaf from the book of the squaw, as to the inutility of over fondling cross infants which arc deter mined to give tioisey proof of their pre sence in the world. Cw.'oi's Lecture. Copal. This resin' is found upon the coast of Africa. There are no trees in the vicinity nor any thing to indicate that there ever were any. It is found a few inches below the surface of the ground in beds resembling lava. The uaiives who' gather it can give no account of its origin. When taken from the bed the gum is cov ered with a black earthy substance which nothing can remove but the strongest lie. As the only establishment known to exist fir cleansing it is nt Soletn, Mass., all the gum brought to tli'n country is scut there. It is placed Into vast vats, into wlueii etron," lie is poured, and alter re maining there suuie days, it is removed, spread upon hoards and dried in the sun. The action of a slid' brush then removes the coating and tenders it lit for use ; it is then assorted, the clear (which is the first quality) separated from the t potted ; and it is then packed itl boxes and sent to all parts of thr; world. 15 V removing t!u imiive coaling the gtim is left with a pale ;old co'or. Put by cutting witii oml coating, a l.nif.! through thij sec- tit .s.iif.i. c is presen ted that nearly eq i ds the bnl.iaticy oi precious slum s. In many pieeis ol gent insects are found, large, peifict and beau tiful ; also fluids, some transparent, some colored. Villiiiait's Jjvnwl f Science. At this time, when the general com plaint is 'Tii.it money i seaier, it will be an act of kindness to inform the money less how they may re-iiil'orce iheir pock ets. I will acquaint them with the true secret of mo. icy catching the certain wav to fill cuity pupc and how to keep iheui always full! Two simple rules, . 1 1 well observed, will the business : Firs', let honesty and industry be ihy constant companion. And second, spend one penny less than thy dear gain. Then shall thy hide-bound-pocket soon begin to thrive, and wul never again cry with empty In llv-aehe ; neither v ill creditors insult thee, nor wants oppress, nor hun ger bite, nor uncivilness freeze thee; the whole hemisphere will shine brighter, ami pleasure spring up in every corner of thy hearth. ILu. Vir.-.A.'.'J. "Why, Jonathan, what urc you going to do uiih thai loud of bran down on York I" asked a pretty country cirl of her sw-cihct'.it, as she saw him driving his team down to the loop. "Well, I guess, I shouldn't like to tell." "Will now, do tell," said ihc curious girl- "Well, ii is to make w onion things of." 1 "Women thing of," said Sally, blush ing a little. "Well, I guess so ; that's what I call 'cm. The ladies down in York have got a ctazy notion of looking fat, and bran's riz in consequence." Sally im.V-J away, thinking bran w as a strange article lor women to gel fat on.